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Spirit of the age. [volume] (Woodstock, Vt.) 1845-1913, February 15, 1913, Image 1

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THE
mr OFTHE A
VERMOl
rublic Ubrary
The People's RightsA Kcprescr.taihe Liitcazcy-
The llnion and the Constitution Without Any Infractions.
VOL. L. NO. 41 WHOLE NO. 4492.
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1913.
VHEN MANHATTAN'S LAND
WAS
rade of Over a Century Ago When Columbia University Got
its Fifth Avenue " Garden ", Now, Worth About $30,
000,000, in Place of a Cuen Mounlain Township.
Ovor diii) liuiiilieil unil l vvent turii nf jifT.ii rn. TIih Male nnllioiilit 8
oiii'n ngu uniiiinnia uni vciHiiy, in
jio 'H-y oi imuv i
Iiiii iu vvlmi mil
o i'it.y of Nmv York, li-piiiK.u town-
1 1 (ii tviini kiiiim q'li'iiliy nrmiue
a .
Iih Klitle nf Vermont, Hui.iiifl i iittf!i(t cuune Vermont, nanteil Iii lio u nepn
i ili)t of uriMiiiil iiii Miiiihuliiin h rale .htnle Tn t-quure thiiiKB up thu
I i . I r r j. ...I . I .11 i . I
ill I. H wu n very gnoii innio nn
boluiuhiii Univerniiy The piopeity
s nnw north iihoiit. ..(J 0(Jt) ()()().
lnmgli nl iluti tinie MiiiiImiIIiim'k
niiil, in-iiul nl il, uim not niilike
jrei tiniiit.'ts
Tlw .e.enl wili f tlif UnivW.iv
),..)M.t.y at th no.ll. w.l eO.iier nl
FiUU nve.iue ar..l 17.l. Ht..Hail n.
,o vnlued at uhnui $3 000 000.
erv.,.1 u. rc-all. Hayn the Nmv Y-'.ik
Jvoi.hu MrtH, llmt K'mI lu-k liMure.l
nrweU ii, ll.e lu.ii. ol ov. I.i. I,
i
lnceil llinl Iiii niiil llic fiKiiiiii ni-lv
wiiiiiiiine iiinm ciii nnx'hR
iu iln
iu.Kirt oi iiih iiih.iiii.ii'.i.
Voi'inont, p.irt oT u'liii'li van oii
imlly umli'i- llie ciiiitro'l of Yi'ik.
lecan.e a Hepaiiite's.alf iiikI vmis ail
initteil to tlitt Uiiimi in 1701. li'n i
lental to tiiib cliuiiKf, it lluuiili t Iu-
ipei'atinn iT Hi.nie law, Coluniliia lnnt
he tuu iiHliip
Proiml.ly tlm fi jrniln i.flie cole.e
i vere a" "PHel "vtr ''''H "i'f"ri .Little
BRIDGEWATER CORNERS
Rev. Frank (.uitis ol Hiirnind
ivvill ptt-jicli at Onk cliiipel liiiiioitovv.
The niercuKy dtopped n t6
deiivees belovv zcio .fohdiiy iTHrn-
Hftiry Henr.ett lnis leturilctl tc
AnilreW Dimick utpitit'd to HrigK
tist vVcck.
SOUTH POMFRET
F. C. I'eiry liasn't bcen feelinn
illtc so wcll, .iiitl iliiiii,rlit it ailvis't
le to sentl for Ur. Mmisell of Wc.i.t
Hartford.
Mis. Altoi. Iiiil(j!i' of Cliiiemtiut,
EVlrs VV'ill Porter of WhitB River
Junctfoii and Mrs. Geore I'bflpsof
Nortli Pomfret was nt tbetr f.itlier's.
F. C. Perry's, 'I'luiidiiy.
Last reports froin Judo C II
IMnxllM'ii were inorc lavornbje.
Good whfeliny at prt'seut ti iil-.
HARTLAND.
Asn, only xon of Mr. ami Mic.
Lewis E. Menitt, pnsscil ayvav at 4
11. ni. Sundny, Ftb. 9, of spiunl
incniugitis, nuud one-montti and live
hiys. The funeral vvas beld at tlie
hnnltr Monday Feb. 10, ,at -i p. m.
Tlu nfi vice wiir privatf , Rcv. ,C O.
Gill nfHciiititi. The littUs finn .v.is
plnced in tlu- tnmb.
Mtss May Mennett Iii.k rt'ttii'ind
fiom 11 six wtrt'ksstaviin Mriilneport,
Coiiiifclicut. s
P. VV. Whitne) of Ca)iibiTd):'i
Miiss . wiis 11 vt'ek-ei,d yilfst at I.
G. Underwood'K" iiikI I). C.
W fbstei'n.
Mik. J. G. UnilefWiiMd anil -MU-.
Miiiinii Webhter atttjtldi'd Hle con
Ventioti ol Siiililn V scllinil wiirkfii.
at Uhite
runry 1 1.
Uiver Jiincliiiii I'Vli
Hartland Four Corneirs.
The linlk'K of,1 1 1 iu Univi'isalist
church iiiiide about $50 nt theit
feslival tU'en FltdilV eVeuif.U, Ftb
7 Thf viiui.n pt'ople prt'Nentt'd thi-
comed, EIiiw Jitn Nlade Good."
at the chuich, iind diit Hiiely, and
supper and daiiciiii; at the town
luill tollowt-d. '
Hnzel Stillsin of Cluitham, N. Y.M
is visilinu here.
Mr. ami Mrs. Jinnen Willaril oi,
Spriiififhl, MasH., wre reCeid
Ui.i'Ms Ht W P. Kmce's.Mrs. Royci
b:8 returned froin UridUewater.
What is the State riin(i';ti du
with its bn.l yonths? TQtiei,tion in
newspaper.3
U h:it is ii goinvto io with tb
iiitherit iiiiilmotliei' ol"tliise ba'i
outb?-iw peJJprtl"Staiilai.tJ.
'J t i
LIKE VERMONT'S
nnn .1111 iiiiii i ciiiiniiiii wim 1101 gei-
tinxn qiiaiti ilenl in heiiiK iIiiih ilc-
. I 1 . I 1 , t.l
)nvn ne iioniingH, sinipiy ne-
huul uuiifn aiiiiinu iiiiii ixiiigni. wiiiii
w.in t.lieii kiicmn im llie Klgin Hnliuiiu
Qnnlen' Fom ooveiii.li ntieui ii. Fil
ty - liiKt htieels, Fifili ln SiX'li tiive
nui's unil fjuve it nver to tlien)-
l( - ;e.
'I'lmt whhii tf.e.it .lay for Coli.n.hin.
,lm'k i,,I7J)1- uliw ''u..lit l.eei.i.ie
a ",K "w.v ""' "'.M.tp
mi .r,initli.iii ns i e. prewni value
,f l'niiMilnr Imumliip i t.oi
,'""". ' ' p-na.iiy isu i.mu-.i.
Pr''" .e.mso. iuat.iia.iai. ik.
la.nl real cnlalc. I'lie mhhi'hhciI viiIii.
ntion nf all ilio .Val Mal ii. ilit
Hiatn nf Verm mt la nnly al ul $ 158.
()'K).(IU0 ainl lliero ai' Hi ini'Hnf ti.vxi h
wliicli cu.ilil Iih liouulit iniliiilil. IiiikI
nml lniil.liiiK tnuii lnill anil ojicra
liinmt, for Ihhx tlian unillil onti l'"id.
UVI'llllt) culiioi- lot.
'I'hin varV imxeHneil valuati'n ol
IUh (Fvo lilui'kn liii:li Uoliiiuliia fii
in )lai' of ll.at VtTiuont towijHliip
i betweeu $!).()H0,()Ui ainl $30,-
0(K),'tlK).
TRAFFIC TIED UP
Heavy Locomotive Goes Into
Turnpit.at White Rivcr Junc
tion. Grand Triink locninoiivn 777, oin
of tho heavy tniHoliilalcil coiiipoiiuii
'JreiK'iC ' eifijiii'i'H' ' oit ilie,, Koiufici 11
dii l.-ii.in of- iho t.'fiiiral Vermont
railrnad, nhile leaking uteani, 1111
out of the ruund Jioiihu at White
Uiver Juiietioii ami into the turii
Utlilo pit, wivcking the liiuoiiinlive
ami tying up thu motivo power ol
tho yard.
it iri claimeil "n loose llnutlle valve
ullovved. c'liiiiiyli Hleain lo lcuk iiii'
llie cyliiiilerri to bl.art tliu eiiine,
whiuh ruii about 40U Jeet ainl leli
into the pit. I'ho tiirniable vi
badly ilainaged unil tho fmnt of thi
hieomuttvu vviih tn:iamlRd ainl Miine
ilutnahe iviih diine the inh:kn
The ai'ciileut liappened ahiilil 4,
o'uloek I'uuHila) alternoi'iii iind tiuint
piusing tliroiigh vere ilclayed, iih n
loooinoltve eouhl betnriieil ainl nniir
takea out or put iu the muiiilhniibe
CAPT. SCOTT AND
PAR'IY PERISIi
Die from Hunger ahd Exposure
; ,. in Poiar ulizzaru.
N.nVft uf llie ilealli li'l (Jajit Itulieii
F cio.iti nud Iiih lour biave ui.nt,an
lilM, uho hiHL-tt'ifil by u linal nuhi
111 IvueliViig the boiilh 1 1 lc, 1 nl l
iin'l priMiln lliul. Aiiiiiiiilt-eii Iiiiii li.n
nlullel ihriii, coiik'H iu a liltd tti
vpatuli lloin Lteul Lvaim ol the
niul mvy, ivlni "lifi 'hlh'oiiiI iii c.itli
niaml n lnin llio ixpilliliin hlailcn.
Itllil kVIIO II111V nlgllnlln C'nllllliullOHI' '
il lliu expeiliou. '1 he nifhMige mir
Mgualed Iriini llie I'erni Nuvii, ii -'iiliinilg
I111111 iIih Aliaiu.'c. H7.11 nf
U'lfil' piiHHiii Onlinii ti, K Z
'vjeotiV lotii' im iiipimii'iio nlm.j n
iHheif w'iiji liuti w?i Ui K. A. ll
joii, ' hi.-ut II U IS.nvcrH, (.'upliitll
h IS U 0.t ainl IVkj Ollieei
ISvllllh ,
On t m lt;li.Mi liip 11t.Mil Nlnli li
2H, 11)113.11 Itiile lli 111 O.ie "'Iih
Dfpot, it lilizziinl ovei w belnied llii-in
I'lti'V had Hiillnred ureatly frnu him-
uer 'iti:tl ''expi'riun! uiid tliedenth
So.iii. Ii.nel8 tittil WiIhoii wiirt Vr
imilly iliui to iliut They dieil soon
afier the blizzanl suept ilown 011 the
,pinty. ; (;
Tliioiij'b the yt'iieinMty of .Mik
Icm.c Tiiikhnni nnd Mri Jului
ie.ee o) Rocbt'httr, 11 Mt'ieopiicon
oulfit.luis been puicba.f d, unil ill
listralt-d tnlkh will lie uiveit for thi
I eilt-iit of tht; cliildrtn tu kevetal
fcliool dUtttctK in that town. N
cbatui' will be nmde fo'r cbilib'e
imtl only n sltcl t one for ndtiltis
wbich, will be used to putch.tse new
lides, ctc
Propbsals of Amendment to the Consti
tution of Vermont to Be Rati
;U fied March 4, 1913
F1RST PROI'OSAL OF AMIWDMKNT
Relating to approving, signinjj or vetoing of bills :
Articlo 11
Every bill which shall have passed
slmll, boforo it becomea a law, bo presented to tho governor; if he approvo, ho ' I1-ro 18 uanto s poero. atiti ntanaing
ehall sign it; if not, ho Bhal return it, with hia objections In writingr, to tho ; Hbo cathodral. whllo the autlior who
I ousc, in which it shall have originated; which shall proceed to reconsider it. If. I butlt It and the tliousujida wbo have
1 pon Buch roconsideration, two-thirds of the membcra present of tho house ehall ' walkcd tn U llc burjed In tbo church
pasB tho bill, It shall, together with tho objections, bo sent to tho other house, by ; y6rtj
Nvhichit shall. likewlso. be reconsidered. and. if approved by two-thlrda of the Ue , shakcspearo'B book; tho
members present of that houso, it shall becomo a law. - ",, .,." i u nii
But, in all Buch cases, the votea of both Housea ahall bo tak'en by yeas and " a, woraun 11 nre mor a"v.
,nys, and tho namea of tho porsona votinij for or against tho bill Bhall bo ontored t0lla' lUan wero tho 1uecn who pat
n the journal of each house, respectively. If any bill shall not b'o returned by ronlzed and the crowd that eaped at
he governor, a8 aforesaid, within five-daya, (Sundaya excepted) aftcr it shall hlu playa.
; ave been presented to him,' the oame ahall bocomo a law, in liko manner, as if Tho churacters of Dlckens hava
! o had sigaed it; unloaa tho two Housest by thelr adjournmont, within threo days moro recllty than Dlckens hlmsolf;
iier tne presencmenc 01 sucn diii, snan.prevenc ts return; lnwmcn caso. icanun
ot become a law. I
SRCOND PROPO.SAL OF AMfOKIJMF.NT
Relating to biennial sessiohs and elections, term of offico of governor, lieu
tenant governor, treaaurer, sazratary of state, auditor of accounts and county
fficers.
Article 24, Sectiona 1, 2, 4, 5 and 6.
Section 1. Tho General Assembly shall meet biennially on the flrst Wed
. csday next aftcr the first Monday of January, beginning in A. D. 1915.
SEC. z. 'l ne mvGrnor. nmitnnnnt
uditor of accounts, senatord, town
unty courc, snernts, nign uaimis, state's attorneys, juages ot prooato anu
suces 01 tne peace, shall be ciectcd biennially, on the tirst xuesday next aiter
ti o first Mondav of November. beirinninir
wo years, commencing, on the flrst Wednesday next aftr tho first Monday of "L , n " Z' L Z n ,- mt ' . un"?rstana be"ef,8rl,a"d "rac
l. nnnrv fnllnwinfr thntr in(.Hnn illvcs of men. comparcd with w l.at . tlces of a people llke the T betans. un-
ouu. 4. iiie lerm oi oiuce oi BBnaiora anu uiwn reDresenuiLives uiiuii uu
&Ec. 4. 1 ne term 01 omce 01 acnatora ana town ropresentatives. snau 00
Ji nuarv followimr their clection
Sec. 5. The term of ofllce of the assistant judgca of. the county court, sher
iffs, high bailiffs, stato'a attorneys, judges of probato and justices of the peace,
.all be two years, and shall commcnce on tho first day of February next after
tbeir election.
Sec. 6. Tho persons who shall bo severally electcd in 1912 to tho offlces
cntioned in this article shall hold such offices until tho term of their buc
. issors clected tho first Tuesday 'next after' tho firat Monday of November,
A. D. 1914, ahall begin aB herein providcd. , v
THII?D PROPOSAL QF-AMIiNDMENT
Kelating to the printing of the journah.
Chapter 2, Section 14
The votea and proceedings of the General Assembly shall be-printed (when
ne-third of tho members of either house thinlcit necessary), as soon as conven-
' nt after the end of tho session, with the- yeas and nays of the houso of repro
entatiyes on any' question when requircd'by fivo members and of the senato when
vequire'd by ontrsenator, (except where the votea ahall be takeh'by'ljallot), in
hich case every member of either house shall have a rlght to insort the reasons
f hia voto upon the minutes.
FOOIITM PROPOSAL OF AMENDMENT
Relating tb the powers of the legislaturo and governor. '
Chapter 2, Section 20
Sec. 20.. ' No person ought-in any case, or in any time, to bo declared'guilty
v treison or'felony, by the legislature, nor to have hia'sentenco upon'conviction
f or felony commuted, remitted or mitigated by the. legislaturo.
And that Section 11 of Chapter 2 be amended by omltting the worda " and
'urder"' whero they occur therein.
. FIFTH PROPOSAL OF AMENDMENT - .
Relating to the grant, extcnslon, change or amendment of charters.
Articlo 30
Nocharter of incorporation shall bo grantcd. extended, changed or amended
y spccial law, except for such munlclpal, charitable, cducational, penal or
efor natory corporatlons as' are to be and remain undcr the patronage or control
f the .State; but tho General Assembly ahall provido by general Taws for the
rganiz'ation of all eorporations hercafter to be created. All general laws passed
ursuant' to thte article may bo nltered from timo to time or repealed.
SIXTM PROPOSAL OF AMENDMENT
Relating to tho change of tho worda-" judge " or "judges " to " justice " oi'
justices." -
.Article 31
That wherever the words judcre "or " iudtres " aro used in tho constitution.
t f Vermont or amcndments tliereof,
vupreme court, the words " justice " or
.13 tho case may require..
SEVKNTII PROPO'AL OF AMENDMENT '
Relating to the powcr of the General Assembly to pass laws compelling cbm-
pensation for injuries.
Article
The General Assembly may pass lawa
rcceived bv emnlovees in' the bourso of
bodily hurt, for the bcnefit of auch cmploycos,, thefr widowa or next of kin. ' l).
nav dcsitrnate tho class or classes of emnlovers and emnloveea to which such law-.
shall appTy.
EK1IITII PROPOSAL OF AMENDMENT
Relating to the rcvision of Chapter 2 of the Constitution.
Articlo 33
That the iudcres of tho suprome court bo and aro horobv authorized nn-1
directed to revise Chapter Two of tho
inapcer au amenumencs 01 inu l onscicuuon tnac are now or may oe tnon in iorc ;
and excluding theref rom all sections, clauses and words riot in f orce and rearfang
mg,and renumberlng the sections thereof under appropriato titles as In tho r
judgment may bo most loglcat and con venientr and said revised Chapter twj
as certified to tho secretary of state by said judges or a majority thereof shall !
apart of tho constitution of this state In substitution for exlsting Chapter. tw
uiiu uii uuieuuiiienm uifeui.
Office of thle Secretary of State
I hereby ccrtify that the foregoing proposals of amendment to the constitu
tion ot the State of Vermont, aro true copies of tho proposals of araendment to
the constitution of said state as oronosed bv a twn.thirrin vntn nf thn Snnntn nn
concurred in by a majority of the membcra of. the House of Rcpresentativea a.
the session of thegeneral assembly holden
of amendment Were submltted to tho general assembly of 1912 and wero co -curred
in by a majority of the members pf the Senate and of tho Hot.se nf Repr a
sentatives, as appeara from tho files and recorda of this ofilco.
Witness my hand and tho seal of thl3 office, at Montpelier, thle fifth day of
February, one thousand nino hundred and thirteen.
Secretary of State.
fl.
the senato and houso of repreaentatives,
irnvemor. irensuror. seerotarv 01 stnto.
rcpresentativcs, assistant iudges of the
In A. D. 1914
to dcsignate a judge or judges - of the
"justices" shall be substituted therefor,
32s
compollinir comnensation for iniuric3
their emnlovmont reaultincr in death or
Constitution by incorporating Into said
m 1910; that said propoaala of amen i-1
BOOKS HAVE A PERSONALIT
It Makes Thelr Influence, Accordlng
.to One Authorlty, Greater Than
That of Man.
Thi rcnl populntlon of tho wortd
Ib not compoBed of Its Uuinan bodlcB.
but of ita bookn. Mon como nnU i;o:
books rwnaln. Llfe 1b rnorely n fecdor
ot Ilteraturo.
Thlnss, whlch Johnson eald nro tho
Eona of hcnvcn, pass uway, whllo
words, wliicli lio callcd tho dauEhtera
of carth, remaln,
Thcro la tho Hlblo; tho raon who
bclloved It nnd the mcn who dlebo
llbved tt huve fallon llke nutuain
lea'vea, and tho book ttaolf Ib over
green.
tne nohiCs and mllllonalrcs ho looked
i,n,v rnritn urhi'in
Uriah Heep nnd Davld Copporileld are
Ininate rcallUes to each succeedlng
gcneration.
A book has a personality of Ita own.
qulte apart from Its outhor, lust as
a chlld cannot be accounted for by
his riiother and father. A book leads
Its own llfe. It extcnds Ita mastcry I
over roen Independently of thelr-Btrug-
glcs agalnst It, or it dles desplto thelr
iiioai ineiiL-iiiuuB iuuuuaLiuu. 11
tlea not with fleah and blood, but with
other books.
What Is a man, -any man, compaied
to a book? In real valuo what has'
i
books havo dono? What nre tho ex
plolts of Tlmour, Alexander and Char
lcmagne to tho resulta of "The PU
grltn's Progress. "Das Kapltal." "Le
Contrat Eoclal" nnd "Progresa nnd
Poverty"? New York Independent.
Go What's the Use?
At a downtown restaurant the other
Uay four men, wbo dld not know each
other, were seated at the same tablo,
and each'ln turn ordered water with-,
out lce. Tho first to want water un
c'oolpd suggested that they comparo
renEona.
. "For my part," ho said. "I think lce
told water rctards dlgestlon
1 fnrr ihn Inn .mav nnma
from nonds and' dDmB-'fui
verotnble matttr and may have
germs cf malarla or typhold." ox
plainpd tho sccond,
"I dlEllko tho chemlcal taste of ar
tlllclal lce." said tho thlrd. '
"It'a JUBt hablt -with me," spoko up
the fourth. "I'm an EncllBhman, and
was brought up to tako -water un
iced." I3ut tho man who dldn't wnnt to re
tard hls dlgestlon' dranlt a steln of tce
cold beer. The one who feared germs
ordered raw oysters! the one -who
dUllked the "chemlcal taste" drank
Tom gln, and tho Engllshmriir ordered
sauerkraut. New York Mail.
Compllcatlons In Ansver.
"Johnny, dear," said the vlsltor.
John McTurk turned around whlla
tho famlly cat roscued her tall from,
hls grubby flst.
"Now .that you are goihg to school."
continued the vlsltor, "I want to ask
you a little quQStlon. How many mar
bles woufd yotl get if I ave you twen
ty to bo dlvlded between you acd An
drew MacDonald?"
Johnny thoughtfully rubbed the
polnt of hls nose where the cat had
scratched him
"I dlnpafken." he satd
"Como.. ' como," said - tho elder
"How's that?" sv ..
"Well, ina'am,'' said Johnny, "ye
seo tt's a' accordlng. If ye gle mc
thcm when wo're both here, wo'd hae
teu npleco. If Andrew was here and
I wasna, I'd only hne about fivo. But
If I 'were to get them whenr Andrew
wasna hero I dlnna kcn whether ho'd
- hae ony at a V
Katherlnc's Klndneso.
1 Kathe'rino is two a.iil d half years
old. Her father cariie home ono after
noon, after working threo days and
tnree niguts ai nign pvessure, wttr. ni-
most no sicop. mo ia aown win; tne
leeung tnat no ata not want to waise
up for week Half an hour later,
rrom me ueptne 01 o areams. ne -
heard a small. cloar volce: "Father!
The sleeper stlrred and turued hia
bead ou tho plllow.
"Father! Father!"
He btlrred and moaned.
"Father! Father!"
He struggted und reslsted and floun-,
dered, and flnally ralsed- htB. eyellds -llke
a man llftliiR heavy velghtB: He
sav Katherlua bmllliig dlvlncly bcslde '
his couch ,- ;
"Fatheri Fatherl" i
"What ls It. daugher?" . j
"Fa'thor, aro you havlng ' a nice
nap?" Youth'a' Companlon 1
It Brlngs Them Down. -Courtland
Fleld Ulaliap, who. ls an
expcrt In airmanship In all Its
branches. smlled at a dlnnor In L'enox
over Grahamo Whlte's contemplated
trans-Atiantic uignt oy hydroaero-
plano. .
"The raere dtscusslon of auch.a
fllght." ho said. "makea the younc
lady's joke about ".ying seem trun nnd
Be",J(08
i can i unoertiiunu uiu uiiracuuii
of flylng.' an elderly mon said to thu
y9Ung lady.
"She answcrcd. smiling demurely:
'"Don't you think i; must be the
attxaction of graVUatloa?"
ruir T"
T
73ET, tho mountaln-cradled land
of mystery. ls slowly glving up
Its sccrets, though the tlnie Ib
far dlstant when famtllarlty
will breed contcmpt. The sharp-
eBt contrasts to tho clvillzatlon of tho
old and new worlds aro thero seen
agalnst the picturcsquo background of
an lmmemorial past. extendlng so far
back as C39 A. D., when BudUhlsm waa
flrst Introduced from Indla.
Thoro are wlzards and necroman-
cer8 enough Itl tho coiintry to run tho
Jndustrles of a thriving modern town.
anu It ls dlulcult for a westGrnur to ud-
dcrstand how the natlves can unques
tlonlngly accept tholr hanky-panky as
Indubltablo prcofa of supernatural
powers. No Occldental can thorough-
. . .
less hls mlnd Is entlrely denuiled of Its
materla! prepossesslons. Buddhlsm
ercbraces practlrally the whole soclal
strticture of tho people. for the" half
mtlllon Ponbos. who conserve the
jearlier relfglon of tho land, aro the vlc
tlma of slmllar superstltlons aud prac
ticea. Iri no other country In tho wqrld ls
the prleatly Influence so paramount.
Wlzards abound. Exorclsta and rell
glous Impostors IIvo on the Tat of the
land. For all the people of Tlbet arid
"far Eastern As!a, of whom the wotiil
knows little, the unlverse Is full of
Immatprlal powers nnd Intelligence3.
demonloc and dnngprous. Every Incl-
ilent.ln bclleved to have supernatural
oQhs of llfe nr-
ordered by the wlzards' or the down-at
heol.mcndlcant prlests. who thrlve es
ppclally among the poorer classes
The people bulld many temples, ev
bnust thelr resources tn ercctlng sta
tuea, they prostrate themselves. sing
welrd hymns nnd mutter cmlless
prayers. make oifcrlngs and glve ban
quct.i to all the gods' and all the
devlls.
Sorcerers' ThrlVlng Trade.
Tho wizard In Tlbet Is a sort of unt
versal provlder of every klnd of asslst
ance. It Is tho wizard who comes to"
tho slck man's bcdsldo. If he dles a
commemoratlve ceremony Is held a
year after hls decease Every year
llbatlons are ofTered to tho ehades of
dead ancostors. A cord ls stretched
before each tent horizontally. and
streamers covercd with BuddhUt In
scrlptlona are fastened to lt. Itlsmore
than probablo that the departtiro of
ranny slck to the other world is has
tened by the danclng sorcerer, or rnag.
pa. as he Is called, and hls liorrible
yells. supposcd to bo calls for ald.
Thp sorcerer also does a thriving
trado asa fortuno teller, whllo dlvlna
tlon Is a remuneratlvo sldo llne. When
pebbles are arranged 'In a certain way
fhey nre supposed to convev an oracu
lar'mesrage. and the" Inapectlon of the
shoulder blado of a sheep, when held
clrse to the flre. Is also part of the
fako crremonlal There Is"no end to
It. A Iiousp has to bo bullt a village
nceds quelllng. ihe crops are back
ward and scanfy. the region needs
raln. there 13 a marriago. n funeral or
a nlrth for all these affalr3 a wizard
ls called In for advlce, and for tho ex
erclsp of hls myoterlous powers over
all forres that w'ork agalnst the well
belng of nmnklnd.
Most of the wlzard-priests nre men
r.f dp.eqeratp habt,s and of repulslve
'dnmennor
Son)p engage themselves
for the merest plttance. n few bowls
, fow -ha r,r
fern, .ighanrh wi,eu tho feasts cele-
bmtjng anv of thelr professlonal du-
tlea are carrletl out.
l.nTialsm is the partlcufar form of
Eudithism of which these superstttlous
practltes rorm an Integral part. and
the Htrnnge rltual of tun Ponbo aect is
much thp nnie But ihe Ponho prlests
nro comp'elled to co'Ibacy, Somo of
thPirt I!vp In convents ond others are
diafrlbUied nmong the populntlon. IrjMi
who-n th"'v fre ecnrcely tliEtlngulsh
abl'e. As f he riionks; the ntiro sbl
ftnry the: are. the greater their repu
tatlon as magiclnns. When engaged
f ri thelr myp'tic ritcs the Eorcerers be
lOnp.lnR to fhe Ponbo sect wpar a tall
polntod blak hat. surmounted hy a
pearoclt's feather. a dcath3 head and
n palr of crosped thumlerbolts. and
bcat a drum formed of two human,
rkuiis rncre is one sneu stiu praa-
tlccd cnjong them whleh until recent
,.ear3 nas ijeen occaslonally used bv
rustlcs In out-of-the wny parts of Ed-
ropo This Is Ihe sticklns of pinn Into
,He efr'G.v of a man over whom it Is
de.ired. 'o east n ppell
AVeird Oure of Dlseases.
The nicthods cniploycd to curo dls
easeE1 are extrcn'ely welrd. Ono pre
scriptlpn Is to vlrsas up a clny figuro ln.
he slck man's clothes Hls name la,
wrlttch upon the flgure. whleh, is
Uirown away, They bcJLievu tat tjjo
PALACE.LHAaA
splrlt of death mlstakea the llttlfl
Etatue for thq patlent hlmBelf and. de
celvcd Into thlnklng him to bo dead
troubles him no nioro.
Whon a Tibotan )s accused of hav
Ing u demon, tt Is one of tho worsi
misfortunes that could befall him, He
may appcal to the oQlclal admlnUtra
tor of Justice, who hlmsolf often turni
away In fear from reputed vlctlms. Ht
ls ostracized In tho harshest ways and
Is everywhere an outcast. and there
lo uo hope for him unleas ho la abli
to consult an honornble member o'B
tho exorclst fraternlty. Fces for tliitj
affalr are gonerally reckoned exorblB
taht Even If tho demon-posseBsed ln
dlvld.ial can scrape together the fpe.
anyhlng may happen to him. The ex
orclst may drlvo a nail Into hls tcmple,
or stick a ncedle through hls arm, o'r
preBcribo repeated portlons of aboml
nablo malze splrlt for a glvcn numbor
or ilays. But whatevor may bo'the na
ture of tho remedy. the effects leave
the man gonerally so much of a physl
cal wrcck that ho ls Ied to bctleve ihat
tho demon has Ieft him, no without
givlng him rathcr a bad'shake-up In
the departuro. AVhon convalcscent he
ls again ollowed to bocomo a decent
member df the communlty. -
The "Forbidden Land"-;is Inclosod
between the Kuen Lua and Hlmalaya
roountatns. and covefa an area elght
UiJlRP the slze of Great Brltaln. Its
remote and almost Inatcessibto loca
tlonj.counts for much In the prcserya
tlon of raclal pccullarttles, maklng Tlbet-
stlli T fhe- cthnologlcal 'niuseurn ol
the world. Thoro areln all 3,000.000
Tibetans. subjects of Indln and Chlna
respectively. They are supple and
graceful, and possess gcntlenesS not
devotd of hypocrisy. Thp chlef fea
tures of tho. country aro tho 3,000 mon
asteries. perchcd llko fortressea upon
tho mountain rocks. symbola of a
prlestly tyranny. which is llkely to pro
vall for many a long day.
Y0UNG CR0W HAD T0 LEARN,
Veteran Seaman Draws Morat Hrom ,n
Fate of Blrd Who Refused to" "
Llsten to Its Elders.
"There's nothlng llko experlence.
said Captaln Robert C. Warr of tho
Campanla. who has retlred from sea
llfe after 49 ycara' servlco. "When
the young and enthuslastlc and bold
sneer at the caution of old age I
think of two crows.
" 'I,ook at that bcautlful woman In
the cornfield there I" a young crow
cried. -
" Be,autiful woman! Nonsense! r
torted tho old, blrd; 'Thafs a scare-.
crow.' ' I
" 'But how do you know it's a '
scarecrowt' .
-" '"Because there's- no man about.
'Do you suppose a beautiful woman
would loaf all day long In one place
If there wasn't a man somewhere near
to adtnlro her?' '
" Tm suro lt's a bcautlful woman.'
lnslsted the young crow. 'And there,
too, is a man's flgure behind the
oak. I'm going over to slze her up.'. '
"And the young crow fiew off, nnd
a gun banged, and. a few mlnutos
later ho camo llniplhg back wl(h .a
brokcn wing and ii hole In hls leg:,
" Aha.' sneered the old crow. 'you
youngstera aro all allke think you
lcnow more about women than your
elders!'"
Her Pen Betrayi Her.
A man whose fountain pen requlrei
repatrs, and borrows hls wtfc's to uso
ln the Interval, has a chance to make
an interesting study. A woman's pen.
llke a woman's watch, jias a psychol
ogy of its own. It betrays tho fom
lnlne temporament In every move
ment. Gonerally you flnd that, tn order to
get the pen to wrlto-at all, you have
to dlp It to ono slde, for women al
ways writo with the slde or edge of a
pen. If you can get It to "Scratch a
little aa It gocs over;, the paper, It, will
wrlte; If lt can't, it teaves the paper
blank. If you lay It down flat on the
paper, lt leaka ink. It betrays by Its
general conducfthat it is carrted
wrong end up when not In actlqn .
or sometimes ono end ip and eomo
tlmcs tho other. .-ti y
It is a mystery why a woman. whb
can be so neat anfl order'ly about her
house. and wbo wtl not let you dls
place a dcily on the back of a cbalr.
can always "be relled on to get a
watch out of order and demorallze a
pen. '
Warnlng. . ,
"They cay a lot about that old man's
bad tempcr. but I atx. going to teet
him."
"TbeB you'

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