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THE F THE ; WOOOSTCXK, VERMONT The Feople's RightsA Representative Deir.ocracy- TheUnion and the Constitution Without Any Infractibns. tfOL. L NO. 50 WHOLE NO. 4501. SATURDAY, APRIL 19, 1913. ' SPIRIFF , fl'( f - - v ' Natural Arcfaway In Japa ?'f , "I I I I 11 I 111111.111 C- ii iM . i i lt All along the shores of the Japanese l.lands the trayeler encountera most plcturcsque scencry,one of tha mott attractlve reglon. belng the Bay of Matsushlma, In th'e southernmoot Island of Kyushu. A natural archway at Zalmoku Island In that bay Is ahown In our lllustratlon. L0ND0.i'S ABDUCTION CLUB Club3 sprlng up wlth and without reason. One of the strangest on roc ord was the ..bduction club, organleed ln 1706 by Bomo well-connected Irlsh youths ln London, who banded tbem selvea tcgether to abduct helreases and good-looklng young women of gen tle birth. A.a there was a large mem bErshlp, raany forcod marrlages took placo ln consequence of -thelr explolts. The evll becamo eventually so Bcrloua that a speqlal act of parllanient was passed maklng abduction a capltal of fensc. Two oftkomerabers wero ex ecifted for tho abduction of two wealthy slstors ln 1779, but tho club was dlsbanded tlll 1802. . TAMRIDA MOSQUE, . SOKOTRA Not raany tourlsts land at SoUotra Island,, ln tho Arabian sua, bu thodo who do aro well repaid by the mauy boautlful and interestlng blts of scen ery. Tamrlda 1b the capltal and tho anclent tnosquo of that clty Is here shown. Sokotra ls under Brltlsh pro tcctlon, but haa a sultan of its own who receives an annual Bubsldy for proventlng tho Iootlng of vcssols that may be wrecked on hla coastsv GIANT'S SNEEZE BREAKS RIB Joseph B. Flynny asslstant mastor at the Urilon rallroad statlon ln WaEh' ingtin, vho etands 6'fcet2 Tnche'a ln hls gtbclcing feetft welghs' mof o than 200, and wn.B fornierlysa football play er, sneezcd yie other day with all the force that a man of hla slze and vlcor ustally puts Into-sucb a perforraauce and broke ono of hls rlba. Resiilt of a One of tho curlotltles of London.both to took at from for Its tradltlonal story, I St. John'e church, South .quaro. Wwttor. Aecordlno to one tradltlon-there aro eeveral varlantthe !!ahU" h ehape of the bulldlng. whence lt 9 IU nanje. the -Ftrtool church, wa. due to a queenWflood Qupen Anne''-haln0 lort hr tempor on. day. The archltect worrled Queen Anne about debl o of the de.lon. Her maj. esty, at lenoth loslng patlence, kloked her foot.tool over, and replled In anaer: "Dulld lt llke that." The arhlteet fulflll.U the royal. vvl.he.. and thriuutph niMitBndB today. lth the cornera protrudlnfl up warda Jlke tha fowr Um ot & eaplxed fooUtool. FIRST FICTURE F0ST CARDS In Nuremberg, Qefmany, thoy have been maklng arrangeme'nts to ccliv brate tho thlrtleth annlversary of th plcture post card wlth a congrcss and "xpoaltlon. Unfortunately for thelr. plans, howe'ver, lt haB beon dlacovcTr cd, that tho flrst plcture poat card waa not made ln Germany or sent from Nuromberg, nor was lt born ln 1SR2. as they had supposcd. The dlstlnctlon of maklng and malllng the flrst ls now clalmcd by Leon Desnardcau, a book Beller of SHIe-lo-Qulllaume, near Con 'le, department of Sartho. France. in 1870, durlng Ihe war wlth Prussla, he prlntcd' plctures on postal cards lie was eendlng to cllents. M. tiosnar deau ls Btlll allve, and there arc many of hls old custoraers ln France who bave tho cards ho posted thora. The 3ermr.na adopted the ldea fdr the Nuremberg exposltlon ln 1882. -UUMAN PUMP V0F THE DESERT In the desert of Kalaharl, ln Afrlca, ls seen the buman pump. Though there ls no water found on the surface ln thls orld reglon, there aro places where, velns nre struck sevcrol feet underground. A bamboo tube ls run down to the watar suppl and when any one comes for wnter tho wejl 'ten der, who ls uaually a woman, puts her mouth over the bamboo and by a vlg orous lntake of brcath aucks up a quantlty of water. Thls sho thcn dejc Iroualy squlrts from hcr mouth lnto the shell of an ostrlch egg. Thcse shells wbcn furnlahod wlth corks of plth make very g'ood water bottles and they wlll stand conslderable rougb handllng. , . R0SE GROWS IN A CHICKEN An almost fully blown amall Mnr tha Washington roso was dlscovered cncasod ln a doublo sac"of protec(Iv tlssue ln a Plymouth- rock hcn klllGd by" Mrs. Florence Matthes of Ohema wa, Oro. Desplte that acvcral weolts must have' clapsed slnco the swallow Ing of the bud to cnable lt to 'have becomo ceated, tho ftower had not un 'dergone .decay, neen's Anger USED HYMNS IN ARGUMENT New York Pa.tor Who Has Been Hav Ing Trouble Wlth Hl. Wlfe, Vlctor Aftcr Campalgn of Song. New York. In what seemcd to ba rually a hymn contoat, Rey. P. T. Mar tln, pastor of tho Occan Parkway Mothodlst church, ono of the rlcheat congrcgatlons ln Flatbusb, won out wlth hands down (ln bepediction) ro cently. Pastor Martin Btlll holds hls Job ai a domlnlo, although a blg flght was carr(ed on to flro hlm by nearly half of the. congregatlon. Tho nioetliig of tho congregatlon was to elect four now tfuatcea. Two slales were put up, one a Martin slate and tho other an anti'Martln slate.. On tho electlon would hang the fnto of the pastor. Of course, there was a woman at tho bottom of lt all. tho paator's wlto ln thls lnslance. The antl-Martlna clalmed the doml nlo had treated hls wlfe as no Qod fearlng sky pllot should. Ho clalmed sho was cr&nky and a. shrow and that her actlons were such tlmt he would have to glvo "up rellglon lf he conttn lied to llve wlth her. So the Ilne-up was made nnd a hot Martin partlsan Called for tho- hymn. "We Know Jn Whom We Have. Be lleved." It was roared out lustlly by the Martlnltes. As'thu last noto end ed. an antl-Martln called for thi hymn "Only a Slnner," ana tho opposltlon put in all 'of. Its eoiil and' volce f9r tbo rendltlon. ' v The mlnlBter roso and cxplalned what tho sttuallon was and bow he had dohe hla bcst to get along calmly lu raatrimouy, but hadn't been able to get away wlth it He then opened hls hymn-book and, called for "I Can Now Read My Tltles Clear." The ad mlnlstratlon adberents1 chanted lt nobly, a cOrps of Flatbuah tonors put tlng on the .tremolo effect."-- It was pretty near tlme for a vote "and tho feaders for ctther slde passed around typewrltten fcdples of thelr slatea. The vote was taken and the admlnlstratlon truatees were elected easily. SALUTE HEARSE FOR H0UST0.M Studcnts Mlstake Funeral Processlon for Cablnet 'Member's Eccort In 8t. Louls. St. Louls. Studcnts and faculty membera of WaBhlngton. unlverslty grooted thelr chanccllor, Davld H. Ifouaton, the secrptary ofagrlcultiire, when ho arrlved home from tho na tlonal capltal. A large reception com mltteo tnet hlm at the Unton statlon and escorted hlm to the unlverslty campus, ' Plans had been made to let o(I sev enteen bombs as tho processlon ap- Davld F. Houston. proached tho campua. Juat before tho Houston party arrlved. however. "a fu neral processlon passed, and, mlstak Ing tho cortego for tho student, parado, thoso ln cbarge ot tbo flreworks set off 16 of tho bombs - A lovlng cup was presented to Soc retary1 Houston by. the otudents. MIGHT HAVE ST0LEN F0RTUNE Flve-Dollar-a-Week Etnploye In Uon don Steal Only $1,285 In Ten Yeare. London. Tho chlef clerk ln tho bor ough trehsury of Wlgnn corifessed" ln the pollco court to havlng robbed tho borough treasury of i,285 durlng tho last ten yoars. The prlaonor, hls coun sol domonotrated. held a hlghly re spectable posltl'on, for whlch he. rp colvcd'a snlary of $550 a year Ho kept the Uoys of the strong room; dur lng tha' year between $350,000 and $400,090 passed through hia hands, and hls books wero novcr audlted. "I cnn only wonder at tho chief clerk's moderatlon. One may as well ho hangcd for a sheep nB fdr a lamb. To place n man in unchecked control of huge sums of money' whllo paylng hlm a paltry, 2 a weok ls trylng hu man naturo too htgh, and employcra who oxpoBo men to such tomptatlon are little better than accesories to any crlmes that may follow," t Berlin Glant lo Bowlegged. Phlludblpbla. Seven feet two Inchea Is now tho belgbt of Juloa 'Laubacb. Iho glant - who camo from. Berlin to grow up wlth. the country. He Is on hls way to Chlcago to have a famoua ftirgeon add about four Inchea tq hla itaturo by Jstralghtonlns blg u BOY PLEADSf OR LIFE ln Terror of Turklsh Butohers, Child Writes to U. S. Rolatives. Ottoman., Rcpulaed by Alllee, Vlslt Wrath Upon the Chrl.tlan Natlvea, Who Have No Eacape Youth Appeala to Grandmother. Chlcago. Atrocltlos moro revolting than those practlced upon Christlans in tho days of Nero aro belng vlsited jpon Chrlstlan natlves of Armenla, iccordlng to a vlvld flrst-hand descrtp tlon that has reached Chlcago. A pathotlc plea for rescuo from a terrl ble death has been sent by a little eloven-year-old Armonlan boy whose Erandmother and aunt have fled tho :ountry and have arrlved ln Chlcago. Supplemented. by the knowledgq ot in aunt, Mtss Bllzaboth Doraboura llan, who ls staylng at a mlsslonary '.ralnlng school at 4940 Indlana avo- aue, the boy'a lcttor Indlcates that tho 3alkan wnr has turned lnto a frenzlod ; -ollglous confllct. The Turks, who iro holng drlven out of Europo by :he Christlans of the Balkan BtateB, iro wreaklng vengeance upon the Ar ttenfaus. Scoros of Araerlcan cltlzena A'ho have rcarrled Armenlans are ln as trave danger as the ArmenlanB them lelvcs, MisBDombouraJian declared. The letter, written .by Arsen Meger Htchlan, and sent from Dlerbeklr, Ar menla, ls as follows: "My Doar Grandma: Though. I have not seen you I llke to wrlte ,to you Secause you aro the xnpther of my larjlng mother. We nro bappy at lomc, but outsldeour condttlon is so and that I do not know bow to tell ?ou. Cbolera ls ono slde, the Turks tnbther slde. the fomlno another; where shall ,we run? Thouaanda are eavlng; we llke to run awoy nlso, jut in' what way can we get. away md bow? "Now we warn you lf somethlng lappened and we dled then our slps wlll be upon your sbouldors. "We nre ln constant fear. 'Tomor ;ow wo wlll WII you' (Is a comraon laylng). We cannot bear any longer Do qutck and take us there. "Would you llke lf tho heads ot our grandsons were pulled off T . II on do not, hurry up. Grandma, take is there qulclt. "Tlll thls letter reachea there lt wlll 30 Chrlstmas to you. so. I klss youi lands. - "Grandma, don't you have any frnds who would lend us ten Turk leh pounds? I promlse to pay back ib soon as I como. We cannot. Btay aere any lbnger. Your grandson. "ARSfiN MEGERDITCHIAN." The boy 1b the aon of Rev. Thomaa Mcgerdltchlan, a accretary ln tbe Brltlsh legatlon at Dlerbekir. As the ivagcs pald to natlvo asslstants In the forelgn lcgatlona of Armenla are ex tremely small. and little Arsen has many brothers and elstoro, tbe fathcr ln- splte of hls anxlety has been tn able to get .tho money neceasary to get hls famlly out of the country. . Rer. Johnston Myers took up the caso of the dlstressed famlly He ex pects to do what he can in assiatlng to raldo f 600, whlch would be requlred to get little Arsen, hls' brothers, sis ters and mother snfely to Amerlca D0GS SC0RNED BY C0Y0TES 8how No He.ltancy In Vlsltlng Chicken Coopa; Flve of the Raldera Are Trapped. Orass Valley, Cal. Flve coyotes and two wlldcats were trapped wtthin a few days ln Penn valley by Wlll Tiah er. Durlng tho past several. months the doga. all over the 'country bave been muzzled and the coyotes seem to have reallzod that thelr prlvlloges In the fornglng Jlne were' Incrensed They lyinturcd cloae to tho bouses nnd appeared to have no fear of thf muzzifl dogs. But now that thn fear of rables has pasBed, the tarmers har? rraoytd tho muzzles, and for a nlght or two the dogs brougbt. down several coyotes, al though lt requlred. a stlff flght ln somr Instances. Other fnrmers in that scction hve been successful ln trapptng the nnl' mnla, and ln additio'n to rldding them selves of these chicken thleves and pcata they wlll recelvo a bounty ot $2.60 eacli for the coyote acalps. WOULD STAY WITH FRIENDS Qlrl's Deslre Carrle No Welght Wlth the Court .8he Must 8tay Wltn, Parent Lob Angeles. Atl'er ropudlatlni? hqr mother, Mrs. T?va Poterson. and telltng the court that Bhe preferred to llve wlth Mr.and Mre.Ethan Bltlo, nelgh bors, ten-year-old Dorothca Stygals was forced to gOwIth her mothnr by Judge Monroe ln the euperlor court. Bltter teoling waa dlaplayed ln rnurt by the Bttleys nnd Petersons, Ultfey abd the glrl's Btcpfather nearly comlng to blowa several tlrnea durlng tbo hear lng. Tho two womcu are sald -to havo engaged ln a flght ovor the custody of tbe culld prlor to tho Invoking or the law by the Petersons. The Bltleys, who aro chlldless, nl leged that tho PetirnoTis Old not nup port the chlld, who had llvcd wlth tbem for several years. Surplua Flesh Causes Death. Savannah, Ga. Mellssa Cooper, a col ored woman of Uuyette county, thls state, Increased In welght In flva months from 1E0 pounds to 613 pounds and dled when her BUrpIus fleeb sup- LOVE DUKE'S AMERICAN WIFE Chlef Intere.t of Duchess of Marl borough la the Welfare of Humbler Cla.ae., London. "lf a voto wero takon among the poor as to who ls the most popular lady ln London, Queen Alox ' andra probably would be -flrst, but tho duchess ot Marlborough a closo sec- ond, for the intorost whlch she takoa In the welfaro of tho humblor classefl Is notspasmodlc. It h'as becomo hor chlef Intorost ln llfo and, llke a genulnc Amerlcan, she Inslsts on dolng as much pefsonally as he tlme wlll permlt, (nstead ot fol lowlng the easlor Engllsh way of do lng good by proxy. Recently sho has boen very much taken up wlth tho worklng of "Alblon House," establlshed ln the bcart of Kensington laundrydoni, to help poor washerwomen and otlior humhle to male totlSTs. Thls houBo was until lulto recently a saloon, but ls now a Duchess of Marlborough. resldentlal club and restaurant run by the Natlonal Assoclatlon of Women's Lodglng Hous'ea. The duchess dropped lnto tbe club tbo other .day to havo afternoon tea wlth tbe inmates and greatly enjoyed a large cup of tea and two "slnkers," supplled at the reasonablo prlce ot one penny. , When she went away thero was not one. of the woman or glrl's who would nogo through flro or wa ter for tho Am'erican duchess. RESTORE OLD MEETING HOUSE- .South Structure, In Boston Has Ita Anclent Feattires Agaln After Palnt la Washed Off. Boston, Mobs. lf those Brltlsh dra goons who sallod away from Boston 137 years ngo could return to the Bccnes of ttielr rldlng explolts they would- probably recognlze the 'Old South mceting house as lt has emcrg ed today from beneath the drab palnt of nearty a century The hlstorlc edl flce was bullt ln 1726 of red brlck, but for some reason whlch does not ap pear on its recorda the outside walls were palnted ln the sprlng of 1815. Tho meetlng house .narrowly es caped .destruction iri the blg flro ot 1872 aa well as a few years later, when an assoclatlon was hurrledy formed to prevent lts belng supplant ed by a bu'slnesB block The auccese. whlch attended the etforts of the state In brlnglng out the anclent features ot '.he old statehouse, fartner down Washington street..by . yashlng ofT the paint. prompted .the Old. South as soclatlon to folow, and the last trace of palnt was removed. MADE T0RCH 0F HIS WIFE? Boy Sayo Father Poured Gasollne on Her and Llghted It Woman Dles of Injurles. Nutley, N. J. A -nelghbor who henrd screams In the home of Petor Deako wltz ln South Center street ran lnto the house and 'found Mrs. 'Deskowltz , lylng on the floor envcloped ln flames and Deskowltz trylng' to aavo a. birn. Ing tablecloth. Th'e woman dled ln the, lSiBsa!f! hospltaK Deskowltz fled'i Tho DesUowltzes' hne-year-old son Mlchael told tho pollca that hls, father held thfs womnn,, poured' tho. contentR of two blg bottles of gasollne oyer beT nnd llghted lt yrfth a match. Mrs. IcBkowltz- .was forty yaars old and Deskowltz ls-twenty-elght. Desko wltz had beon out Jate, the nlght be fore. When hls wlfe. waa proparln'g breakfaet thls mornlng she complalned of hls conduct and they qunrrejed. Des kowltz haa been a llneman ln the env ploy of the New York Telephone com pany. . EACH FOUR TIMES WEDDED Man of Seventy-Three Hobblea to Al tar to' M'arry Womah Ten Years' Hls Junlor. BellevlUe, 111. When J. H, Seott, seventy-three years old, and Mrs. An na V. Brfra, slxty-three years old, were marrled. here. Scott took hls fourth bfldo and Mrs. Brlm, for the fourth tlme bocame tho 'wlfe of a Clv)l war veteran. Scolt hobbled to the court-houso on crutches, the result of a bullot vbund recelved at the battlo of Shllob. Statue of Vlrgln In Tree. Parls. While'cutting up a century old flr tree on the Slmplon foresters found ln the heart of the trunk a bronze statue of the Vlrgln Mary It was about a foot tall and perfectly preneryed It is supposcd that th'e 'statuette ,was placed 4n b -Jalcho carved in the tree, abd. that tbo wood TAXPAYERS URGE GOOD R0ADS Representatlves of Both Town and Country Vote In Favor of Tax to Create a State Fund. Thofo never has been ln the past Eo much dlBContent over tho dlscom fort of travcllng ovor mud'roads us there ls at tho presont. tlrao. YhUo lt I lt well known that tho maklng of hurd ' roads ln communltles whero thero 'la no hnrd matcrlal must lnvolvo an onormous expense, yet moro and moro taxpayera are cxpresalng n wllllng nees to ,bo taxcd for pormanent, roada. Thls waa plalnly tndlcated at a road conferenco held ln Dos Molnes, la., where 200 delcgatcs composed of typlcnl representatlves of both town j and country voted-unanlmolsly In ravor of a one-mlll tax 10 create a stato nld fund, says tho Iowa Home Btender. In the past the best thnt Iowa has beon aule to do along thls Hne has been to support n non-salarled hlghway commlsaton wlth but little power and 'wlth,- practlcally no' money to "work. wlth. Thls aamo conferenco endorae'd al most unanlmoualy the establlshment of a permanent hlghway commlsslon wlth ample power. In addltlon a rec ommendatlon was made to the leglsla turo to submlt tho quostlon of bond Ing tho state for good roads purposea to tho' peoplo at tho noxt general elec tlon. We appreclato tho fact that thls program ls. nof endorsed' by all the people and lt fa Just poaalble that at the present tlme lt may not meet wlth tho encloraement of even a majorlty, but tho rapldly changlng tecllng Indl cates that tho tlme wlll soon come when all states of tho com belt wlll undertake the constructlon ot per manent roads.' Thls belng the caso tho quostlon of admlnlstrs.tlon ln the 1m portant one to dcsldo. In thls matter there aro establlshed precedonts whlch may be safely followed and these .precedentB ln evory caae tend In a greater or leas degreo to centrall. jatlon'. In other wprds, wherevergood roads 'havo been economlcally bullt ln thls country -they have been, bullt under the general supervlslon of the stato under a plan of co-ordmatlon with tho coiftty and wlth the town shlp. No plan wlll overy -work out practlcally ln the com belt that does not In a largo way leave wlth the lo-. callty'the authorlty to Bay when .-they aro1" willlng to bear the expense ol good roada. When It is declded to ln cur the expense of bullding per manent roads tho townshlp, county and state wlll as unlts flnd-,.themselves compelled through tho operatlon of .a sound bualness princlple to adopt' planB" and speclflcatlons prepared by Ihe bcst avallable talent, whethor thls be furnlahed by the natlon or by tbo Btate. The most urgent need at the pres ent tlme ln all states' of the com belt" ls tho classlflcation of hlghways. ln or der that the quostlon for all tlme may be settled as to what conBtltutes nrnln roads ahd whlch aro the secondary j hlghways, Thls recommendatlpn waa made to.the leglalaturo at the Iowa road conference referred to. When ' thls plan ls onco carrled out we- wlll then know deflnltely the order ln whlch our roads should be permanent ly Improved. It ls a well-known fact that 90 per cent. of tli.o rural trafflce la carrled on ovef 10 per cent. of tha. hlghways and cortalnly the flrst move should be to Improvo thls tempor cent In th'e meantlnie we are Btrongly ln favor qf keeplng the- secondary roada In the best posslblo condltloh by the conatructlon of sultablo culverts wherever they are needed nnd by the senslble nnd ' compulsory uso of the drag. There wlll always be large and -Impprtant townBhlp and county dutles tib that no man need have fear that tho. adoptlon of permenent road ad mlnlBtratlon wlll In any wny Interfern wlth the ' prlnolple pf local govern ment. ' 1 BIG DISAPPOINTMENT IN 0HI0 Buckeye State Falled to Pasa Appro prlatlon of $50,000,000 to lnf prove Its Roads. The grcateBt dlsappolntment of last year was the "vote of Ohlo on the con Btltulionnl amendment-- to authorizo the general assembly to' lssue bonds of the state ln an,amount not to exceed $50,000,000 for tho purposo of con 8tructlng and malntulnlng an Inter county systom, ofwagon roads. Tho vote was: for. 272.527: against, 274. C18; maiorltr against. 2.001 Thlaclose vbte was all the more unfortunate. be cnuso tho lssue waa n"t declded on lts.- merlta. Forty-two ameridments 'ere voted on, and In the'zial to de feat some of them, thousands of votera slaughtered all So. under the circumstancea, it wna prob.tbly sur prlslng thut the vote In- favor was as large as U waa IlUt lt Is a shock to fnd that such a state af Ohlo out of 1.250.000 quallflea vqtcrs less than 1 6OO.060 took the trouble to go to the I pollB to vote on conatitutlonal amend ' ments, and nof all of theso pald any nttention to good roads. t OAD BUiLPINC MAKE BETTER PUBLIC R0ADS Experlence Haa Taught That Much Work Can Be Done Durlng the Wlnter and Early Sprlng. At thls tlme of year much Intere.t" la aroused conccralng rond lmprove mont As has beon found out by ex perlence, much work can be dono to earth roads early ln tho season, la fact, durlng the wlnter and sprlng when they soften, lf they aro ytem attcally dragged there ls no equal amount of work that can be dono wlth as good effect at any other tlme of tho year. The law permlt. tha hlghway com knlsstoncrs to malto contracts wlth per sons Ilvlng alongBlde a road to do the dragglng. To facllltato thls work, tho ptato hlghway commlsslon has Ju.t Is eued blank contract forms whlch may be used by commlsolonora ln maklng thelr contracts, says the Farin Home. Thcso blank forms aro bound wlth etubs attachcd llke an ordlnary cUcck Cru.hed Rock Road In Mls.ourl. book and are very convonlent They wlll be furnlahed tree of' charge to any hlghway commlssloner' who wlll apply for them to tho state hlghway commlssloner, Sprlngfleld, IU. Tho commlsBlon haa also just la eued a pamphlet on the prpceduro that should be taken when a vote on hard roads Is propoaed. Much ,tlma and expense wlll be eaved lf all who are Interested In havlng petltlons clr culaled and vote taken wlll be aurp that all atepa have been' takVn ln. ao cordance wlth the law. Instances aro constantly arlslng whero through a ralsstep at some polnt or other tha whole proceeding ls made lnvalld. causlng delay and expense. Any one wlahlng informatlon concernlng tho townshlp hard road law ot the stato of Illlnols can get- the pamphlet hero mentloned tree of charge on appllca tlon to the' Illlnols hlghway commla sion. Sprlngfleld, 111. GOOD ROADS IN CALIF0RNIA Paciflc Coast State Ranka, Next to New York In Maklng Apnroprla tlons for Improvement. Next to Now1 York; Caltfornla ls do lng .ho blg thlng In road , bullding.. . It haa 2,300 mlles of maln routes and 400 mlles of' laterals, and' lt is apend lng Its lunip appToprlatlon of $18.. 000,000, of w,hlch lt is sald., "Apprpxl inately 70 per.- cent. cf the, burdcn wlll. fall upon the Incorporated bltlea." Cal ifprala communltleB havo th'o oplrlt of the- tlmes. .For Inatanco.-i Loa Angol the county alono BCnt,, 1 3.500.000 on oll mac'adam blghwayi: J' . ' In Alabama 'a'o'yatem of tnlrik' roada from north to south 'and, from ca.t tq west, has beeti lald out. Loulala'na . bas spent nlraost ?10,000;600 In ' fotir years. Mlssisalppl cd'untlea havo der ctared bond tssuea of. $000,000, nnd'tho state wlll pend.mll)ons(in thenext throo years. Utah spent $2,000,000 la the past two yearii. '' ''Minnosota 1 prepnrlngi t'o bulld 2,700 mlles or road next; year. .. Marzlaod bas got Ita rpad - bulfdlng under a rlgorous syatem. Ita ,newest program calla for about $5,000, 000 ln two years' ln the 23 countles. . Thls la the latost expert knowledge, FILLING ROADS AND STREETS . MoJern Tran.poratlon Oemanda Beat of Thoroughfarea Alm Should Be, to Even Fllllng. , When gravellng Btroots. lf the out sldes nre fllled flrst and tho stonea raked toward the cenor'and covered, lt wlll leave tho surfaca In nlce .con dttlon. When the centei1 Is fllled flrat lt. ls lmposslble to cover the stonea wlth the, thln coverlng at the outsido of the fltl- I notlccd a vlllago ntreot that was belng raised ten Inches Vlth coarse gravet The center waa fllled flrst and the coarse stones raked. to thn ouUidos, It requlred twlco tho tlme to do the gradlng as lf the but sldes had been fllled flrst and the coarse stones raked toward the dcep est part of the flll ln the center. writes an expert in tho Farm ' and Hotne. Moreover. the atreet ii' sprin ltled wlth stones that could sot bo covered, whlch ylll make exira pense to baul away. nnd 'U wUl lmyM'