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Spirit of the age. [volume] (Woodstock, Vt.) 1845-1913, July 19, 1913, Image 1

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The People's Rights A Representative Democracy The Union and the Constitution Without Any Infractions.
I. I I rlfl II
Government Document Shows a
Dcplorablc Condition.
Sltuatlon Haa Improved 8lnce the
Operatora Have L'earned to Close
the Wells, but the Waste Is
Stlll Immenao In Places.
Washington. Tho hifitory ot tho
natural gas Industry of tho Unltod
States Is nn appalllng rocord of in
credlblo wasto, accordlng to Ilalph
Arnold nnd Frederlck Q. Clapp, nu
thors of toclintcnl papor 38 of the
Unltcd StatcB bureau of mlncs on tho
eubject, "Wnstos In the Production
nnd Utlllzation of Natural Oas and.
Moans of Thpir Prpventlon." In thts
tcchnlcal paper, whlch has Just been
Issued by tho- bureau, aro tho follow
lng Btatomonts from tho autbora:
"Thero was ovldently no. great
wnsto of gas In thls oountry bofore
1873, as 110 largogas flelds had boen
dlBcoyercd, nlthougli gas was nlways
vast4d ln oll production. Jn 1878 a
woll of groat volumo and prcssuro
was struck at Murraynvllle, Pa., 20
mtlcs east of Plttsburgh, and tho gas
from HiIb woll was nllowed to flow to
waste for throo yoars, wlth no effort
to chcck lt. TJp to thls tlmo tho bo
llof that natural gas was tne.xhaust
Ibla seemed to be unlvorsal, just as in
lator years a Blmtlar ytfplnlon pro.
valled regardlng the favests, coal and
many nilnerals, and honco It was not
untll 1G ' or 20 years nfter tho flrst
utlllzation of gas that tho pronounced
decllno of production caused the truth
to dawn upon producors and .consum
ers that the supply wna-lnd'ewJrnv
"Tho wasto of natural gas has
, Mrawn the attentlon of the entlre
country, nnd bocauso the waste
throatcns the llfe of gas flclds It has
provented mnnylnvcBtors from bulld
Ing plants ln tho varlous flelds, thero
by deprlylng the localltles of ln-
crensod populatlon and wealtli. In
conslderlng the questlon of wast lt
tnust be understobd that the geologlc
occurrence of the. na ln the snnd
Etono, sand or llmostono resorvolrs
ls sucli that tho flow of gas from dne
woll causes a decreaao ln the flow of
'othora and a roductlon of the Bupply
throughout tho entlre" fleld.
"Instances are common where care-
lessness and lndlfference ln drllllng
havo resulted ln wasto of gas from
formatloris ponetratod above the regu
Inr sand.
"In otlicr instances, If tho forma
tlons aro loose, tho gas sand falrly
shallow, tho pressuro great, and tho
propor precautions are not taken In
scttlng the caslng, tho gaB may escapo
arpund the caslng, loosenlng the
ground rapldly, and ultlmatcly galn
Ing sufDclent volumo and pressure to
blow thq caBlng from the well. Such
'blpw-puts' havo hnppened a number
of tlmcs ln the Texas nnd Caddo
flelds. They aro llkely to occur ln tho
flrst wells drilled ln any fleld beforo
tho condltlons attendlng the gns
pockets are genorally ' known. Some
excuso may exls for the occurrence
of' one such 'blow-out' ln a new fleld,
before tho presenco of tho hlgb-pres-auro
gas pockct Is known, but thero
Is usually little rcason for a second
or n subseauent 'blow-out' ln a fleld,
becauso precautions can be taken to
prevent lt.
"Wasto ln drllllng Is not so great as
formorly, becauso at tho prescnt tlmo
.drlllers havo usually every faclllty at
,hand to closo a well as soon as com
plcted. By proper proparatlon most
wolls can bo packed, tubed and shut
ln wlthln two hours. Accordlng to the
conservatlon commlssfon. of Loutsi
ttna, tho waste from tho two prlnclpal
'wlld' wells ln Loulslana had lts be
glnnlng moro from a lack of knowl
odgo of what precautions would bo
effectlvo that from negllgonco or ln
dlffcrpnco. Tho wasto from the 'flrst
blg- "gas . well ejctjuntered in drllllng
for. oll In the Bu'n Vlsta hllls fleld
of Callfornla was u;ue) to the unoxpect
odnesa pf tho great flow nnd to jocal
lnexpcrlenco ln hpndltng such' pres
aurca. Thls well was controllcd only
nfter n Texas operator had beon en
gaged tp do tho worl.
"The mpst noto'rlous wnsto at pres
ont Is ln Oklalioma, Loulslana nnd
Cnllfornla. Tho comml'sslon on thb
conservatlon of .tho natural resourcos
in Loulslana, nfter an exhaustlve ex
nmlnntlou of tho sltuatfon In tho
Caddo fleld, found that 'tho- waste ap
proxlmated 75,O0Q,O0d cublc fcet per
24 hours, an nmount cqual to 20 tlmes
what the clty of Shroveport,uses now
ln tho snmo gpaco pf tlme, nnd equal
to ono-twentloth of tho nmount con
uumed by tho entlii Unltod States.
"It also found hat thpvaluo'pf tho
gas wastod from n singlo 'wlld' well
ln tlmt.stato wns ln cxccss of $2,000
per dny." ,
Cartor Glass, roprcsontatlvo in con
gress from tho slxth dlstrlct of Vlr
glnla, had hls plcturo tnken In hls of
flco not long ngo; Wh'lle the photog
rdphor was arranglng hls camorn Mr.
Glass remarked thnt ho hopod thp
plcturo wouldn't Uattor hlm too much.
"I had apmo tnken oncot'1' ho sald.
"to glvo to my frlonds. Ono' I ga'vo to
b neighbor down. ln Lynchburgi who
placod It att the mantelplecd in thd
,"Not long hftor lt had boon placed
there, Alint Hannnh, an old colored
Vomnn, whp had known mo slnco I
wna n boy, wna cnliod In to help wlth
the houaeclcnnlng. She was worklng
away in tho parlor whon tho mla-
1AUI1I L1 lYTf A Cl A
ircss of thp houso cnmo in to'see how i
the work wns progrosslng. I
"Aunt Hannah, restlng on hor j
broom, polnted toward tho plcturo on
tho mantel and naked: I
"'Mlsay, who am de gemman ln do
photograf?' j
"Tho lady replled thnt lt waa Mr.
Glaas. -v ',
" 'Does ye mean Warso Ca'tah
Glass?' lnqulred tho old woman.
"Yes, of course,' replied lior mia
treos. "'Well, fo' de lan' aakc!" exclaimed
Aunt Hannah. 'An guess Ah .never
Beon dat sldo ob hls faco bofo'.' "
Qy thls tlme the camera man had
, hls apparatUB nrranged and the pic
j tures wero qulckly made. When tho
I flnlshqd product came to tho offlco
j Mr. Glass glanced at them hastily nnd(
uuiiiuu uuwn iqo uaii to biiuw uiuui
to hls colleague, Representative
Jones. Mr. Jones looked thom bvor
i carefully, but possed no commont
"What's tho matter? Don't you
llko thom?" lnqulred Glass.
"Why, yes, I llko them," roplled
Jones, "but who sat for them7"
In Congress Ilall hotel, located near
tho Capltol bulldlig, olghty congress
men aro domlclled. They are of all
partleB nnd bellefs, but on Sunday
ovenlng tho nelghborly splrlt of all
men ot all cllmes ls mnnlfested. Tho
progrnm follows no order, and is 11m
Ited to no speclal number of "nrt
Ists." Thero ls no lack of volunteers,
however, nnd the plano is kept going
wlth song and muslc. Con'gressman
Falconer 'of Washington walks brave-ly-to
the plano.' and st'ngs, followed by
other. colleaguos, nnd down through
tho corridor ring the volces of tho
people's represontatlves In Sunday
ov'oning song. There ls hearty nnd
enthuslastic applause, nnd Httlo
groups gather all about the lobby,
havlng a good old-foshloned tlmo.
Later ln the ovenlng the slnglng
naturally drifts to tho old-tlme songs;.
thero Is a hush, the chalrs cease rock- t
lng, and' tho conversatlon BOftens aa
tho old heart songs nro aung, awnk
enlng memoriea of the folks at homo
for thero are-congressmen who. get 1
homealck ln splte of nn attractlve sal
ary and tho honor of servlng tho gov
ernment under the Capltol dome. Tho
hcartfulness of the homo llfe of the
Amerlcan people as lndicated in theae
gatherings of congreaa'men ls ono of
the most fasclnating and charmlng
nspecta. of Amerlcan democracy. Na-
ttonal Magazlno.
liy the eBtabllshment of' a com
munal warehouso, and tho creatlon of
a bureau whlch will aupervlno the pur
chaso of all supplles, the local gov
ernment of tho Dlstrlct of Columbla
cxpecta not only to save thousands
or doiiars annuauy in tne operation
of the capltal,.but to polnt a way for
other cltiea to lmprove thefr systems.
A speclal commlttee haa been at
work for some tlmo past mapplng out
the plans.
The maln advantagea that will ncr
cruo, the commltteo beliovea, will bo
the preventlon pf "tenka" ln tho ac
qulsition of Supplles through a co
ordlnatlon of the varlous purchaalng
Kqulpped wlth a ccntral -warehouso,
advantage also could be taken of
prlces when tho markot la low. An
other function of the buroaU will be
lts aupervlslon of property acqulred,
.and it will no glven full authorlty to
demand an accountlng from omployes
ior moi conmuon araunicipui pruy-
Inqulry lnto the propoded reform
waa made by Alonzo Twfeedale.audi
tor of tho dlstrlct; W. A. McFarland,
auDerlntendent of tho water depkrt-
mont, and M. C. Hargrovo, purchaalng
ofllcer. The dlstrlct commissloners
havo authorlzed tho adoptlon, of the
Producera- In the Unlted Statea
wero recelvlng for thelr staplo crops
28 per cent lcsa' on Junp 1 than at
the same tlmo laa yoar, 5.1 per cent
less thnn in 1911, and 9.2 less than
in 1910. The avorage prlco for corn
on June 1 was C0.G centa, agalnat 82.5
laat year; for wheat, 82.7, agalnat
102.8; for pata 3G, agalnat 65.3; for
barl'oy, 52'.7, agalnat 91.1; for ryo,
G4:i, agalnat 86.1, and for potatoea
55.2, 'agalnat 119.7.
Prlces pald for meat. anlmals on
May 15, nccbrdlng to tho dopartment
pf ngriculture, ayeraged about 10.7
per cent hlghor than, at- tho same
tlmo Jasf year, 27-7 hlghor thSh two
years agp, but 4 per cent. lewer than
in 19.10.
Tho average prlco, fpr hpgs per 100
ppunds on May.JG waa $7.45, against
JG.79 laat year: for boof cattle $6.01,
agalnat $5.36; ,for yeal cnlvea, $7,17
agalnat $TT.23; fpr aheep $4.91, against
JS " T ,M 8'"'
Wasted Telephone Talk.
Theso who havo made a oloso. calcu-
ono-half a mlnulb 1b wasted by the
averago telephone, usor just jn getung
under yay lhtalklng The rieceasary-i
tnlk on tho" averago could bo condensed
to ontS mlnuto. The ''goodbya" and
tho "don't fprgetB"'lhatexceod ln tlme
Just the saylng of theso worda once
conaumo anothor full mlnuto. -Tlilu
dlvldea tho averago call, lnto thrpo
pacta, only ono of ,which )a' Jlhdls
pensablo. Casea aro Unowhere wom
on aubserlbers call up'aTrcevllnr clrclo
of frlonds' every morntng Juat for 'a
chat. They havo ;nothIng; Important to
sny, but troat tJjo matter, "ai if they
bnd mot thelr ncqunintahco or frlend
oti'tho street and bad stoppod'to "paas
the tlmo of day."
"The most neglected and tho most
ncfflclent of nll Amerlcan liiBtitutlonn
today is tho rural
school," sald Da
vid Franklin
Houaton, aecre
taxy of ngrlcul
turo, when asked
tho other day to
talk on the most
urgent problcm
faced ln the work
of lmprovlng coun
try llfe condltlons,
of maklng llfe
more attractlve in
centera whlch aro
productng the na
tion's food supply.
'Our boys and glrls of tho country,"
inld Secretary Houaton, "are not glven
i Bquare deal, so far as thelr educa
Jon is concerned, and there ls little
vondor that they aro flocklng to tho
ittles. MbBt people will admlt that
iountry boya and glrla ahould havo
in opportunity for as good nn edu
:atlon as tho clty boys and glrls ro
:eivo, but wo know that they aro not
etting It from the rural school.-
"A glance at a few flgures will show"
why the children of the country are
jot gettlng fair troatment. In tho
whoje Unlted Statea thero ls a report
sd expendlturo of more than $440,000,
)00 a year for school purposea, wlth
in Investment ln school property of
fl.220,000,000 and an enrollnient ot
ipproxlmately 18,000,000 puplls. Theao
)gures are lnsplrlng when wo aro
joas'tlng of the. greatness of the Amer
.can publlc school, but our enthusiasm
Irops suddenly when we consider
what sbare of the expendlturo goes to
rural educatton.
"The enrollment of the rural achools
is moro than 65 per cent. of tho to
tal enrollment, but the annual ex
pendlturo for rural schoola ls less than
10 per cent. of the total, and tho in
Topeka, Kan., ls to be the home of
in unlque rellglous lnotltutlon, "MrB.
Mennlnger a Blble
Clasa." That'sthe
tltle and the claas
la known omong
U 1 b 1 e's t u d enta
throughout the
world nnd there
are students now
taklng tho coura
es in cltiea from
Oakland, Cal., to
Battle Creok,
JVflch., and thero
havp been stu
dents in practical
ly evory state of
( the Union
Thp, course of atudy requlrea 120
lessons, coverlng a perlod of four
years, nnd thp olghth graduatlng class
held lts commencement exerclaes ln
Topeka recently. Thero wero 100
graduates thls year, the largest num
ber havlng ovor recelved dlplomaa.
Tho course vof study co.vera the en
tlre Old and New Testament, divlded
lnto four parta, eacb a ycar'a work,
wlth 30 lessons each. They afo
crouped as follows! Gonesls to Ktnga,
patrlarchal; Klnga to Malachi,
propheUi Gospela, llfe of Chrlsf;
Eplatles, er llfe or Paul.
Threo -women who do not Uvo ln
Topeka -were there tb graduate: Mre
Nella Gregg of IjtarrlBbu'rstll.; Mrs,
fl. H.. .TnhnRton of f-TntnhlnRnn nnA Mna
Clara Hoaglln of Marthattan. The lat-
ter two fermerly llved ln Tepeka and
wero members thero of Mrs. Menntn-
Papa Longyea'rbf Boston Is satls-
He wanted nll hls children to
be able to earn
thelr own llvlng
desplte the many
mllllons he had
plled up ln mlnlng
and other flelds
pf flnance. They
have all made
good and John
Longyear, Jr., haa
ao far followed
the parcntal edlct
thateven hls wlfe
can do tho same
and -poverty haa
no feap for tho
Mlss Elizaboth Barrett, the daughter
of an olectrlcal contractor at Hough
ton, Mlch., ls tho immedlate cause ot
tho Longyear-'happlness.
Papa . Longyear has four children.
Threo pf them are glrls and all have
been taught some useful occupation,
iBven the yeungeat has cultivated her
rolco and lt is of tho kind that ls
1 -
Rpmantlc ArchduchcsB Elconore ot
Auatrla gavo up her tltle to marry
a navni ueuten
ant. Her father. the
Archduke Charles
Stcphon, second
cousln of the em
poror, had Lleut
von Glaas aa
slgned to the
command of hls
yacht On board
he mot ,'tho Arch
duchess Eleonoro.
and they, tell
Inlove, nlthougli
.thero ls no Btrlct-
er court in tho world as regarda mat
t'ers of- ranlt.
But Emperor Franz Joaef la a soft-
vestment ln rural echool property ls
leaathan 33 per cent . On n clty chlld
thero ls nn averago expendlturo for
oducatlon ot $33 a year, but ln tho
j-ural communlty tho amount spent
cach year ls only $13 for each acholar.
Averages do not tell tho wholo Btpry
of tho neglect ot the country chlld, for
the clty tho amount of monoy appro
priatcd ls spent under much moro fa
yorablo condItlona, wlth less waato
and lncreascd efllclency,
"All persona who havo the sllght
est acqualntance wlth the averago
country Bchool lmows the rosult of the
inadequato flnanclal support and the
goneral neglect ot theBo lnstltutlona.
The teachers are poorly patd, and usu
ally lnexperienccd and badly traln
ed. There ls a lack of s,uporvlslon
from top to bottom; equlpment is al
nipst always Inadequato; surroundings
are ofton lnsanltary and work ln tho
school is lacklng 'ln efllclency and
ls usually unsulted to the Ufo ot the
communlty. Frequently, thero ls tho
baneful influenco of polltlcs. School
teachers' salarles ln rural sectlous
range. from $200 to $100, and In tho
cltiea from $500 to $1,800 to $2,000 or
more. Rural echool teachors get losa
than street laborers ,In cltiea, and ln
one place tho supcrlntendent reports
that the pay la less than tho averago
earnlngs of.convlcts.
"Wo cannot hopo to better condl
tlons in rural educatlon until teach
ers are pald a Uving wage, and untll
moro monoy ls put lnto equlpment.
.Little can bo expocted from untralned,
poorly pald glrls, or men elther, work
ing wlth little or no aupervlslon or as
alatance, wltbout proper facllltles, hav
lng many recltatlons from puplls of
wldely dlffer'ent ages each day during
a few months of the year. The prob
lomB of a country Bchool teachor are
many. I know, for I aerved as tho
head of a typlcal one-teachor school
when I was soventeen yoars old."
ger'a classea. Mra. Gregg waa a stu
dent ln Mrs. Menningor's Biblo classea
for two aummera at Winona, Ind., at
the Chautauqua. Sho organlzed a
class at Harrlaburg, her home, and
now has 94 students there. Mlss
Edna Beedle and Mlss Mamlo Chand
ler of Bazaar, Kan., who were taklng
the work, but dld not graduate thls
year, wero at the commencement as
Almost four hundred women and
glrls have been taklng tho Blble
atudy work thls year. There were 91
ln tbe,y Tu98day-.olaeVoB for mar
rled -women;- 131 ln thb' Y.. Mk C. A.
claasos and 19 in the Sunday, or
high school, clasa, Xhen there are
clasaelf ln Laramlo, Wyo.; Spokano,
Waah.; Clay Center and Cottoriwood
Falls, Kan. Thoreare persona alao
taklng tho work ln Oakland, Cal.;
Portland, Ore.; Battle Croek, Mlch.;
Bl Paao, Tox.; Kirkwood, Mo.; Sherl
dan, Wyo.; Chlcago, Santa Pauln, Cal.,
nnd many Kansaa towns, lncludtng
Hutchlnson,- Manhattan, Ottawa, Cot
tonwood Falls and Bazaar.
FUteen years ago Mrs. Mennlnger
began teachlng the Blble, flrst ln the
Sunday echool of the Flrst Preabyte
rlan chu'rch, but her succobb waa such
that there was not sufllclent tlme ,to
carry on the work In thp school, so
sho nrranged a apeclal.four-year course
of atudy for wcek-day classea, and ln
addltlon has the normal Jralnlng work
for the Prcsbyterlan Sunday school.
Sho has graduated elght dlfferent
classea whlch have completed tho
four-year course.
worth "bo muph per" on tho stago.
Sho even tried It and that ls proot
enough belng as she drow a nlco little
pay envelope each wcok.
But to get back to John, Jr. Ho
went out- to Hoqghton to tho coppor
mllls, attendod the mlnlng school, ran
a boardlng houso and a motor car to
earn hls way and then struck tho mlno
boss for a Job.
They made hlm an efflglency bosa.
"Whnt'a that?" he asked tho bosa.
"Go take a plck and get down lnto
tho dlrt. and show tho other mlners
bcw to uso thelr tools," sald tho boss.
Johnny ahouldered hls plck ' 'and
went at tho job. Ho mado good.
Then ho marrled MIbs Barrott,:who
was not constdcred In tho runnng rdr
tho Longyear mllllons becauso'' cho
waa poor. They aro off on a honey
moon, nnd tho old man is golng to
welcomo hls son and hls brlde when
they come home thls summer
"They're. all marrled and self-sup-porting,"
sald tho old man, "and I
guess I ought to bo happy."
bearted rulcr, and when ho. learned of
tho attachment of tho two ypung per
sona ho promptly gavo hla consont to
thelr union, atlpulatlng, howover, that
tho archduchess gives j:p her rankand
becomo slmple Frau vori IClosa.
Whilo tho handsomo archduchess
has lost her Tlght of precedence at;
court, she haa not chosen poverty aa
her lotr for upon her wedding day she.
camo lnto a great fortune. nnd sho and
her lleutenant-husband ought to havo.
many cauaes fer happiness if thelr rp
manco coatlnuos. V6n Klbsa la tho
aon of a poor iiarbormaster at Trioste.
lts Doflnltlon.
"What does thls horo notlco mean.
by 'abuttlng promlsoa?'" . (
"I guess lt means premlsea where
they. keop a goat" . .
New York Doctor Clairtis to Havo
Performed Act.
Blood Tranofuslon Revlvlfted Pneumo-
nla Vlctlm After Reeplratlon Had
Cea8od Dr. Soreal Talks of
Now York. Tho mlracle of brinslng
the dsad back to lifo, Dr. A, L. Soresl
pf Fordham unlvorslty thlnks, will bo
a Eclentlllc achlevemont of tho fiuro.
Dr. Soresl, nttnched to thtf staff of
Flower hospltal, - has. for flvo years
conductcd oxperimcnta of transfuslon
of blood, wlth robults, ho says, that
aro amazlng.
ProfesBor Soresl teld of aavlng tho'
llfe pf a patfont Btrickon wlth puru
i menln by transfuslon of blood to tho
left aldo of tho heart nfter rosplratlou
had entlroly ceaBod in tho patlent and
tho body was npparently moribund.
After explalnlng his exporlments
wlth transfuslon of blood ln anlmals,
PrpfosBPr Spresl sald:
"An experlmcnt wlth a pneumonla
patlent was perliaps net as spectacu
lar. Thls patlent was entlroly without
resptratlen from all known tcsts ap
pltcd, and therofore actually moribund
to all human knowledgo, when I mado
a transfuslon of blood frpm a normal
man through tho Jugular vein of the
patlent. Tho roturn "to life was
prompt and recovery followed ln due
"If such transfuslons could hn made
f promptly tlre-loss of llfe could bo ma
terlally lowered.
"In 'a recent test at Flower hospltal
I pumped all tho -blood, frpm a dog
untll the anlmal lay absolutely llfe
lCss. For flfteen mlnutes I allowcd
the anlmal to romaln without a spark
of llfe. Tho heart had stepped beat
lng and every functlcn pf lifo had
ceased. '
"I ccnnected tho blood vessels ol
the dog wlth those of anothor dog and
permltted tho blood to flow. Inslde of
flve mlnutes there was a completo re
turn of Ufo, and' the dog soon waa.
yelptng In an entirely normal way,
Other experlments with dogs havo
yieldcd resultB as amazlng.
"When tho way ha bden found to
ccnriect dfrectly wlth the left slde of
tho heart medlcal sclence will bo able
to reatoro human beings to iffo after
nll anlmatlon has been suspended, pro
vlded there ls no organlo trouble. Tho
resuscltation will bo effectlvo lif cases
of gas or drug polsonlng, hemor
rhages, and such dlsdases as typljold.
fever and pneumonla. Sudden deaths,
By accldbtit, when no vltal organa
linvo been crippled, will fall wlthln
mo Bcope oi uio iransiusion metnoa,
J'Under the new- scleuco lt will be
P03slble tp restore Ufo after It has
beon extlnct for half dn hour. I am
dovoting most of my tlmo to these
experlmentn nnd hope beforo long tp
be able to make an important an
npuncemont te tho world of sclence."
Brltlsh Muaeum Acqulres Rellc of
Babylon Is .Very Rare and
HlQhly Prized.
London. Tho Britiah museum haa
Juat acqulred a Bllver coln of Tlmar
chua, Satrap of Babylon, pnrt of tho
Syrtan emplro. Tlmarchua on the
dcath of the relgnlng klng of Syrla,
Anttochus IV., In 162 B. C, usurpcd
the tbrono, refuelng to apknpwledgc
Pemetrlus and hls wlfe,. Laodlco, the
legitfmate succesEPrs. Tlmarchus
rplgned pnly pnp year, during whlch
tlmo'lia struck a few colns, whlch are
now very rnre. Of these one is n
unlqUe gold coln now -In the Berlin
rausoum; anothor a unlquo sllvcr coln
of ,oVie drachm, whlch ls ln the Brlt
Ish museum. Untll recently no specl
men of tho largor four drachm sllvor
coln wa's known tp oxUt excopt ono,
whlch had boen , tnken by tho logltl
mato rulerp, Demetrlus and his wlfe,
nnd rcstruck wlth thelr portralls. Last
year a coln bcarlng tho efllgy of Tlm
archua was aold at an auctlon tn Gor
many, and anothor cxnmplo, taken toi
the British museum n short tlmo ngo,
has now bscn secured for thp natlonal
Kcntucky .Farmer; May Serve a
Mo'del for. Sculptor In Maklng
LlfjCjoJn Statue.
Loulsvlllo. Thero is a poaslbllltj
that Georgo Groy, Barnard, tho Nov.
York uculptbr w'ho haa Como to Ken
tucky in scarch ofa llvlng modol fo;
tbjj statuo .ho ls,to mako of Abraliarr
Lincoln, will flnd lils man tn Beu A
Lee of Lebanon, Ky.
L. Bernard Thompeon of Lebanon
havlng. seen Mr, Bornard's advertlso
ments, addreBqed n lottor to hlm, say
lng that Mr, Loo, who ls. flfty yoari
old, la bo llko tho martyrod preslden'
ln form and fenturo thnt ho la fnmll
larly known na "Abo Lincoln."
Of Mr. Lop Mr. Thompson wrjtea,
"Ho ls, n farmer by occupation nnd
strlctly pf tho Anglo-Snxon typo wltl
the physlcal features of ccnturloi
Locates Sweetheart at "Movfes."
Cralg, -Cal. Whllo watchlng n mov
lng plcturo hcro, Norraan 13. Lowp
reccgnlzcd pnp of the actrosses ns hli
oweetheart. Mlss Tholma Lumsden
from whpm ho was aoparatod -three j
yeara ngo by thp wrocklng pf nn ox- !
curalon boat ln tho Hudson rlvor- '
Lowo wrpte tp hor ln- cnro of tho pro- '
ducors' pf tho fllm nnd rocolvad n, r
quoat to comb at onco. . I
" :
St. Geqrge and ' the' Dragoii
Amono the rocky hllls on the left bank of the Danube, where It dlvldeo
Hunoary from Servla, are a number of flreat caverns, one of whlch la named
the cavern of Galambocz, and In It, accordlng to one traditlon, the mlghty
flght between St. George and the dragon took place. After havlng slaln the
monster, St. George left the carcass In the cave, where It has laln ever slnce,
putrcfylng and provldlng a breedlng place for a polsonous fly whlch kllls oxen '
and horses. Every summor these flles appear In such swarms that they
resemble a volumo of smoke and sometlmes cover an area of several Vriilea.
Graftlng flesh from a dylng man to
tho body of a llvlng' porson.-hns boen
successfully carrled. out. ln n Mlchi-
gan hospltal. Threo months ago Ja
cob Kulem, an employo of tho Kala
inazoo Papor compnny, was cnught ln
n paper maklng machlne and tho flesh
from IiIb right shoulder torn away.
Afterwards a vlctlm of a rallroad ac
cident wns brought ln a dylng condi
tion to the hospltal, and 360 squaro
Inchfls,. pf flesh . was taken frpm hls
legF hnd grafted to the shoulder of
Kulem, says tho San.Franclsco Call.
Ho ls now out of thp hospltal and en
tlroly restored to his usual health.
Necklets oit Convict Ship .
An Idea of the treatment meted out t'o prlsonei-s In the days beforo
humanltarlans took up the work of betterlng the condltlons -of convlcta may
. be soen on the "Success,''' anohored at New York. Down In the' hold la the
to'rture chamber, called the "bllboes" or necklets, where refractory prls
ofters were Jackcd up against a beam wlth an Iron bracdlet aroundAhe neck
nc another pnlr around the ankles. Thls punlshmeritproved tlnflnfalllble
means of breaklng the splrlt of the most unruly prlnoner. ' Total darknesa
ind the pltchlng and heavlng In the heasty sea's as the aalllng vessel plowed.
her way through the turbulent watera added a good deal to the dlscomfort
of tho unfortunatea who were sentenced to the f'bllbocs." The "Success" Is
now used.aa a museum.
SATURDAY, JULY 19, 1913.
Llghtnlng played a curloua prank.
Plorro Deese, a Creolo farmer, Uving
on tho place of Sldney Arceneaux, slx
mlles north of Rayno, Ln,, was return
Ing from town drlvlng a wagon loadod
wlth cotton aeed, when he was struck
by a bolt of llghtnlng.
Thb llghtnlng tore hls hat, clothing
and shoes to shreds, meltlng the eye
lqt&out of hlB shoea and tearlng the
Bolea off. Hls trousers were torn as
though slashed wlth a knlfe ngaln and
ngnln. Hls two horses wbre both in
Btnntly kllled. Yet, beyond sevoro
burns and the shock, he waa nqt sorl
ously lnjurcd and will recover.

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