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Spirit of the age. [volume] (Woodstock, Vt.) 1845-1913, July 26, 1913, Image 1

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The People's Rights A Rcpresentative Democracy The Union and the Constitution Without Any Infractions.
VOL. LI NO. 12 WHOLE NO. 4515.
SATURDAY. JULY 26, 1913:
Ono Grain Is Mado to Bear Thirty
Thousand in Year.
lt Is an Old Chlnese Method Plan
Hna Qeen Adopted In Franco and
Has Trlpled the Ylold In
8omo Sectlona.
Great intorest ls taken in Pranco
Just now ln a now method by whlch
tho ylold of crops por ncro ls onorm
ously incrcaaed. In one toat caso tho
ylold of wheat haa boon throo tlraos
abovo that grown ln slmllar boII ln
tho samo nolghborhood.
The romarkablo value of tho method
is indicatpd by tho BtaWment that lt
has mado twenty grains of whent pro-
auco 700,000 in ono year.
Tho method conolats ln preparlng
Booa beds ln widely spacod llnoa on
vory mollow land, thon at tho ond of
two months dlvldlng tho tufta sprlng-
mg rrom oach graln, roplanttng each
of theso rootod shoota thua detached,
and nnolly Jn, hoelng and earthlng up
theso now planta many times ln such
mannor aa to provoko at all tho potnta
brought Into intlmato contaet wth tho
eartn tho growth of numorous advcntl
tloua shoota, oach- of whlch bcara an
ino Bysiem is not roaiiy now, cut a
vory anclent one, used lmmcraorlally
by tho Chlnese, and to lt ls duo the
tnormous yleld of th,elr flelds, whlch
bave beon treatod llko gardons.
Whlle our farmers throw- broadcast
handfuls of graln on the harrowed
earth, offerlng rlch paaturago to plllag
lng blrds and rodonts, the Chlnaman,
aftor furrowlng the eart wlth hls wood
en plowsharo without turnliig lt, crum
bles each-luinp ln hla handa tlll lt Is
llke the powder, Thls' dqno. at plnnt
lng tlmb ho walks Blowly down each
furrow, carrylng a graln drlll, whlch
1b a marvel of lngonlous slmpllclty.
Plcturo to yourself two polnted
plowshares about 20 Inches apart and
connected by a transverse bar sup
portlng af hopper ftlled wlth graln.
from whlch lssuo two alender bamboo
tubes dealgned to conduct the graln so
that each wlll drop In the wnko of one
of the shares. Tho diaineter ot each
tube 1b Just great onough to allow the
paBaage of ono graln af a time with
out lettlng lt drop urttll lt recolves tho
. lmpulse of a sllght shock glven by
moana of the handles whlch complote
tho npparatus.
The aower puaho8 the drlll ln front
of hlm, lncllnlng lt now to the rlght
and now to tho I'eft ln such a way tha
each Incllnatlon causca the Issue of a
slngle eeed, whlch ls lnBtantly pressed
under by the track of one foot or the
other. Each graln ls thua planted at a
dlBtanco of 1C to 20 lnches from Ita
xielghbora ln every dlrectlon.
At the end of a few woeks germlna
tlon beglns. When the young plant
ls ten or twelve Inches ln helght there
are a score of Btalks about' Ub stem.
each provlded wlth a frlngo of root
leta. Tho farmer covera.each wlth
loose earth by means ot careful hoe
lng, thua ralslng tho level ot the fur
row, All are the' lhdlrect Isaue of a
alngle graln, whlch provea, therefore.
to have been the parent of 300 to 400
stalka, each bearlng an ear.
Tranaferrlng thla method to oxperl
xnental fielda and perfectlng lt, 'lt haa
been found posalble to separato from
the atem each of tho prlmltlve stalk
lets wlth Its own roots, trnnsplant it.
and then treat ln the sams way each
of the new plants thua formed.
An Algerlan French farmer; Mr
Bourdlol-Hurabort, haa bccn plantlng
wheat and oata ln the samo fielda for
flve yeara without the appllcatlon of
manuro. tle makea hla furrows 30
lnchea apart and plants tho seeda
thereln at a dlstance of 20 lnchea, from
ca'ch other. Then ho harrows the
earth constantly, stlrrlng tho boII, de
stroylng lta parasltes and kceplng U
pulverlzed. For flvo yeara, without
fertlllzlng, without dlstrlbutlqn of
cropa and without, rotatlon, hb has
harveatcd an avorage yleld ot 1,800
pounda of oata per acre and 1,000 of
wheat, .whlle hls uelghbor'a yleld was
a scant 830 pounda of oats and 500 ot
Equal to All Occaslons.
The Earl of Morley, on hla return
from Jamaica, rcmalncd a whlle ln
New York, and at a dlnnor there, he
told, apropos of self-confldenco, a story
about a young Engllsh atatesman.
"Thls youth," Ixsrd Morley sald,
"ought to got on. He works hard- and
nothlng ever fazes Hlm.
"He Wanted rocontly to puSh a blll
that had little support from hia own
party. A frlend, hoyover, sald to hlm
ln a warnlng- volce: ,
" 'But, supposo, my boy,. ' thla blll
should ,causo yoiif party to Jthrow you
" Well, ln, that caae, old chap,' ho ro
IHed, 'L'nt aulto suro 'H haye strength
cnough to swlm across to tharbthq'r
t t
Samo Hlsser, All Rlght'.
Crittc The heroJuo ofyour story,
old man, ls slmply wonderful.
Author (dellghted) You thlnk bo7
Crltlc STea. You say.on page ten
that she hlssoil 'You are a llar!" and
any woman who can hlss such a Bon
tence as that can't hoip being wonder
ful. Way lt Work.
"He drinlta exc'esslvely'-
"Stlll I proposo to aharo
and sorrowa." .
"With Ihoso convlvlal chapa, my
dear, a wlfe only Eeiaa chanco to
Bhare Iho sorrowa. Sho can't Jola
hlm wben he'B out wlth. the boya."
Unitcd Statcs Leads (n
of Grcat Staplcs.
RalseaProducta for Own Peoplo and
, Many Other NatlonB-4Eacb Coun- j
- .... I rr-.lZ .
of Food Supply, ,
Washington. Each country and
oach epoch has lta apeclal tood prob
lcina. Durlng the last 400 yeara and
more tho Unlted Stutoa has pasaed on
from the condltlona provalllng ln a
nawly dlscovered country, wlth only n
amnll area under cultlvatlon, and haa
becomo vt producor of food and other
great staplo products not only for lta
own peoplo, but also for- ezport to oth
or natlona. An equally groat chango
has taken placo wlth rcspoct to tho
dlfforent reglona of tho Unlted Statea.
Aa tho country haa been 'doveloDCd
frontlor condltlona of Uvlng have ro -
ceaea, unui toaay, bb nover
tho food-problems of country and town
are approachng each other, and lt la
do longer tho caae that tho: rural com
munity is, aa regards ita aupply of
staiilo food, Inrgely lndopendent and
tho urban community largoly depen
dont. Each must rely on tho other, for ln
goneral tho farm-grown' crop la mllled
and the llvo stock la slaugbtered in
the largo establlshmenta where faclll
tles are adequate, as they could not be
In the caso of hoine enterprlao. And,
Indeed, ln all economlc wayri the two
reglona are perhapa more naturaly ln
terdopendent than ,ever beforo. All
thla meanB that 'many problems re
lated to food tfsmand are Btudled in
order that the bost uso may be made
of agrlcultural food cropa by the far
mer who growB them, the manufac
turer who converta the raw material
lnto food products, -the- merchant who
suppllea the food to the household and
tho. housewlfe who aelects and pro
parea lt for tho, family table.
Somo of the proWemB whlch pertain
to thlH subject have been atudled by
tho Federal departmont of agrlculturo
and C. F. Langworthy, has complled
the data rognrdlng-food condltlonB as
a whole, tho characterlstica of tho
Atncrlpnn dlot and tho spocial prob
lema of hou'SQkeepers In both country
and town, The majority of jersonB
set thelr pleaa of the food hablta of a
race or region from popular wrltlnga
and often the sourco of lnformatlbn la
Inaccurato, or lncomplete. If a wrlter
states Iha't tho dlet ln New England
ls pork and beana and brown bread,
or that ln tho south it ls corn -meal
and pork, every one knows that tho
statement is vcry inadequate. Wlth
tho qucstlon of dlet. ln less famtllar
reglons, tho dlscropancy ls not so ob
tIous. It la often sald and is generally be-
lieved that the dlet ln the Unlted
3tatea ls generous and that-the ran'ge
ln varlety of food products is unusu
illy large. Tho dletary comblnes many
cuBtbms and food hablts qf the racea
whlch have helped to make up tho
populatlon, but ln lta goneral ch'arac-
ter it is Brltlsh, as ls natural," for the
bulk of tho earller settlers were from
Great Britaln and . brought tho cua
toms and mconers of the old home
wlth them, adapted them to the npw
'country, aad. pasaed them" on to the
3ucceding goneratlons. Aa tlmo.
has passcd marked changes ln ' tho
character of the dlet have taken. placo.
awlng largely to lmproved meihoda of
cultlvatlon' of food cropa, to better
mothoda of tranaportation and Btorago.
to lmproremonts .ln mllllng .and other
manufacturlng proceasea .whlc'b; "'per
tain to food, to improvement ln houao
constructlon and kltchen appllanQun.
and to Blmilar- factors. Wheth,er tho
ralue of tho daily dlet haa changed'
whcn consldered frdm the BtandDp'lnt
of the' amount of nutritivo ' materia)
supplled la another mattcr, and, ono'
whlch is more dllHcult to deolde.
Aa an illuBtratlon of' changed food
condltlona, facta relating. to ttie dlo
In publlc instltutions may ,bo of ln
terest, as it seoms faff to eay. that
such a ration beara thej .Barao-, ,fela-'
tlon to the food hablta of any' "ono
period as iloes a correspondlng one to
those of another In an accpuntpf.
the dlet ln a large Inatltutlon ln Bos"
ton ln 18S0 a very BlmplO'.tlon was
supplled in 'whlch bread, molasses, po
tatocs and alt pork were. the BtaplftS.
In recent studles carrled pn n the
samo clty in a slmllar lnsUtution the'
ration. la much moro varled and cbii
talna many artlcles, such as oatmoal.
Jresh anrf-dried frults, taplpca'and'
sago, whlch would have been conald
ercd luxurles ln most homea ln 1850.
It ls not without lnteraat to copald
er ln moie detall some of the factors
whlch have modlfleddtetary .hablta.
In northern reglona of tho -U'nlteif
States, ln earller tlmea,' th'e vegetablb
supply ln the summer waa falrly abun
dant, but ln the wlnter was Hmitcd to'
a few variettes, chlefly root' crops,
whlch were. of gooV kopp'lng qualRy.
Eggs, aalt meats and lesa commonly
poultry were ataplo summer fooda, but
Fresh bocf, mutton and' pork were moro
tbundant ln wlnter thanrIn summer
becauso they coutd bo kopt ln goodJ
sondltion frozon.' Tbe lack of. voriety
?f vegeablo foods in- wlnter ,and ot
fresh meat In au'mmor Avas without
doubt tho reason for the great abun
danco ot preaerves and picklea whlch
every housowlfo deemed necasary, apd
tor tho great number ot klnds of pastry.
cake and slmllar dishcs. In other
worda, there wns a craylng for varlety,
and It waB Batlsfled by using In many
dirfercnt ways the comparatively qniall
number of food materlala whlch were
most commonly obtalnable. With 1m-
provomeutB ln crop growing, transuor.
tatlon, atorage and markotlng of fooda
thoro la much' leaa Boaooual vorlatlon
In the food aupply and consequontly
much more unlformlty ln tho dlot at
dlfferent tlmea of the year.
In conslderlng tho human raco, ob,
wholo, thoro are throo great opochs ln
man'a dlot, namoly: 'Tho early fiuntlng
perlod, ln whlch man dependod enttro-
ly on a natural aupply of both nnlmal
auu vegotabio food; tho cooklng po
riod, ln whlch man atlll used a nat
ural aupply ot food, butpropared lt for
uso wlth tho ald of heat, and the ao
oallod clblcultural or food produclng
porlod Uiat ls, tho porlbd ln whlch
man haa dependod upon tho cultlva
tlon of both flocka and herda and fleld
and garden cropa to aupplement a wlld
supply ot food.
In 1b asy to boo thoro 1b a presa
agent a,twork ln tho departmont of
agrlculturo. -For
Warm Bread,
for All.
ho comes to baf
wlth two wonder
ful talea, vlbront
wlth oxcltlng newa lnteroat Tho flrBt
announcoB the startllng dlacovery by
, the omntBciont bureau of chemlatry ln'
aocrotary HouBton s departmont of a
method by whtah "wrappod bread"
can bo warmod.
"The. oxperta found," aaya tho an
nouncomont, "that lf a cold wrappod
loaf la unwrapped and placod ln a
pan in tho ovon, ln good medlum heat
fbr ten mlnutes, it wlll bo aa good'as
aresh, crlsp without and tonder wlth'
Thq other dtssertatlon touchea upon
an even more lmportant ltem of house
hold economy "how to keep eggs
from cracklng." To show how lmpor
tant thla problpm is, the presa agent
recorda the fact that out of 1,632,276,
200 shipped into Now York last year,
137,804,768 wero broken. So Secro-
tary Houston has put the food ro-
Bearch laboratory to work on thla
problem, and they are -flhipping eggs
to all quarters of tho country, by par
cel post ond otherwlse, lh an effort to
flnd tho' best way to shlp. thom, with
out breaklng. No reBulta have yet
beon announccd.
Col. Oeorge W. OoethalB, who ls In
chargo of the army of mon on tho con
... struction of tho
ReportS MOSt- Poaama canal,
Iriterestinn. wh,le ,n 'WaBhing'-
ton ' some time
ago, referred to tho great number of
reports whlch" are Bont to hls offlco
from all branches of tho work, and
whlch ho roada hlmaelf. Ho declared
that lt gatherek. tpgether tho reporta'
would mako a volume of most lnter
es'tl'ng reading,
' A "cbpy "of a report from tho nsslst--ant
"foreman of tho toolroom to hla'su
perior offlcor, whlch had been for-,
warded to Colonel Goethals, waa pro
' duced. Tho report waa on an accl
dent to a Jamaica negro omployo of
. tho canal commlaslon, and was'as fol
I lowa:
"Mr. Jor.dan; Mr. D. Adams got
bust hls btg ' thumb almost cut ptf.
Ho was attendod by other machlnists
ln toolroom. Tho uses of wrapplnga
waa requlred. lio start falnting and
stretchers waa gettlng ready. Thefo
was no amall Btlr; overybpdy ln mo
tlon as brigade. Mr. Cassell was the
. swlftest. Locomotlve ready ..at hand
and' blowlng solemn for hospltal. ' I
gueBa he waa gono and all was over.
-FPTty-two delegotes, representtng
all, Engllsh-Bpeaklng countries, -gath-''
cred (n WaBhing-
.ftS Defmed by ton -and former
tho Gtlide. Senator Chauncoy
. , M,-Depew of New.
York, acting as guldo, 'conducted the
party' through. a greater parti of tho
cabltol and then onnounced that .ho
.would next show them the "Chambor
of' Horrors,'
A .number of the Engllsh delegotes
fallod to' comprehend, ond Andrew
Carpogio ralaed hls handa ln horror at
the remarkas the. delegatlon entered
Statuary hall, where tho great mon
of tho natio'n repoao ln graulto and
tonA.5,"Tho vlsltors commented ,on
oach statuoand were aa pollto as any
one could be under the ahock of .tho
flrBt Blg'ht of thls hall.
"And now, gentlemen, we come to
the ciiambo'r of tho aenata of .the
Unlted Statea,' sald Quido Depew.
"Hairo you inany rulea?'' asked Lord
"No rulos to shut oft dobate," sald
Ouide 'Depew.
' "And when a sonator talks too long,
you ' fcall 'that' fillbuaterlng, do ypu'
nptT"' lnquired a Fronchman. ,'
"We call it a nulsanco,"- replled the
ven'orablo and pollshed capltol guldo
- The lnk used ln printing the -paper
money la a Bplendld germlclde and for
thla reason' fow ol
lnk 0(1 Money the thousands ot
IS GermicidO. professionaJ mon-
-i oy handlers jhave
ovr cpntracted dlsoaso. from thls
Bburco," accdrdlng ,to Dr. W. O, itucker,
asBlstant surgeon goneral' of tho Unlt
ed .States publlc health servlce.
"'The fdrmula f tho lnk used ln tho
ongravlng of the money ls, oitlior by
deslgn or accldont, a aplendld germlclde,"-
sald Dr. Rucker. "
"The publlc health servlco was call-,
od upon eorao time. ago to oxamlno the
old' money roturnod to tho treasury
'after months of travellng around tho
.country nnd..passIng'through all klnds
of handa. It was found that lt waa
cpmparatlvejy froo from hactorla', and
ttio lnk ls. glyon credit for thla" Batl
factory condition of affalra."
"lt Is not known to what lngredlent
of the reclpo fbr the lnk la duo tho
credit, for the aecret of ita camp'osl
tlon ls carofully guarded by tho gov-ernmont
Elm Tree
iSpirit of
First Number to be Issued
OGTOBER 1, 1913
The JEHm' Tree ,Press announces the'publi-'
cation of-a new jouniah, beginnihg Octoberfj
1,' succeeding the present newspaper, which
discontinues .publication with this issue.
It will be devoted to the presentation and
discussion of the best interests of-Wood-t
stock, of Windsor coiinty and of Vermont.
It will have at least 16 pages 8x 11 iniches,
and not infrequently more. Some of the .
local features of the newspaper will be f e
tained and the more important news of theN
nionth will be reported. - ; -
The Klnl Tree Press intends that its rep-
utation for' g6od x printing, shall be niain-
tained, and asks the continued support of its,.
formerjpatrons. ' . '
WelllPrinted and Entertaining
The Elm Tree Monthly will, as far'as.
space permits, cover the whole field of local
and neighborhood lif e in an attractive review. ;
It will be indepeudent in its comment'on!
local and State affairs.
Its field of news- discussion will include
Schools and Uducation Politics and State
Econom'ic Problems, Health Problems, .the
Social Uplift,- Agricultural InteressV and.
allied topics.
In several departments git will1, gtve -,the
news of the Grangesr activities -of 'the
Y. M. C. A., the churches, andfraternal,
and patnbtic societies.
A New Magazine inlVermdiit,
for Vermont
The new monthly wi.ll keep its readers
.well informed as to .the progress of the,
- Greater "Vermont movemenfeand -the devel- ;
bpmet of the State in general. '' TheStateV,
should be made a more popular recreation ,
gr'ound ; there shoulcl be more summer ;visit
. ' ors in thisideal vacat'ion ,land.-
The pric"e.of the'Elm Tree, Monthly "arid;
Spirit"o the A'ge vvill be . - "' Ktfy-;;
$1.00 A
Woodstock Vermont . ...
the Age
, I;,. . : '
One f Kisig
Daudl, or Davld, the clghteen - year
land belongs to Great Britaln, Is now
mr nas neen educated by an Engllsh
Oavld Is slx feeytall and strongly bullt. He Is fond of cycllng, tennla and '
golf and deslres'to. make a trlp In an aeroplane.
Because rattlesnakcs flgured proml-
nently ln her honeymoon Besslo Scog
gan McGlhose asks for a dlvorce ln a
complalnt flled in Donver agalnst her
husband, Hoy R. McElhose. Sho says
Bhe waa marrlod Fiabruay 12, 190S,
ln Pawnee, Neb.,when but olghteen
years old and McElhoso took hor to
ppend her honeymoon on nn unira
proved dosert claim near Deer Trall,
The complainant recltes that Bhe
hdheymoonod dlgglng post holcs,
plowlng and harrowing, and among
othe.r tlilnga the brldegroom compelled
her to do was "to"d!g cockleburra on
a tract of 110 acres lnfested with rat
tlesnakes, Avhlch were so numerous
that In splte of care'nnd cautlon used
by the plalntlff Bhe atepped on several
snakeB, which cnused hor great mental
sufferlng from whlch sho has not yet
completoly recovered."
Mlss Kata Oraham, Uvlng elght
mlles aoutheast of Rogcrs, Ark., aroso
durlng tho nlght whlle asleep and
swallowod ten "strychnlne tablettf
whlch sho had. been in the h'ab'lt of
admlnlstermg to her invalld mother.
Th'e bverdoee of the; polson ithrew her
into convulslons, whlch awaltened the
family. A physlclan Baved her Ufo.
SpreHerbrucke at Lucerne
ucerno Is renowned as one of the most beautlful and Intorestlng cltleo
In the world, and Ita walls, fortlflcatlona and other hlstorlc features are vory
carofully preserved. Among the souvenlra Of otden tlmea la th "Spre'ueK
brucke," an anolent brldge, horo plcturod. ' "
George's Kings
- old monarch of Uaanda. whlch Afrlcan
In England maklng an educational tour.
tutor and speaks Ennllsh verv well.
A curiouB churchyard momorlal la
found at Plnnor, England. It resenv
ule,a a church towor, and half way up
tho structure, on both sldea, a coffln
projects. Beneath and supportlng the
structure la an nrch filled in.Wlth iron
work bearlng tho. Words: "Byde My
Tyme." The stono coffln contalns tho
Temains of a Scotch merchant. whoso
deBcendants retain hls properly only
as long as ho remalna aboyo ground.
- .

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