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Essex County herald. [volume] (Guildhall, Vt.) 1873-1964, January 11, 1873, Image 2

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3302 County Herald
I'CHLISHED EVEB.Y SATURDAY BY
Tb.9 Essss County Herald Association.
UEXItY fc. liATIuS, - - Editor.
" '-'--,'-,-'-'-S'V.
Gt'ILVHYtX, VI., January 11. 1873.
Salutatory.
We doff our hat to the public
generally, and tlie citizens of Es
sex County particularly, and trem
blingly assume the plural pronouns
and ask admission to the corps
editorial of the State. In present
ing the first number of the Hek
ald to the reading public we hope
not to bo spared from candid . crit
icism, since it is by having our
faults exposed that wo soonest
Jearn to correct them, and the
erase of failure stimulating us to
stronger effort, to scldeve success.
Having assumed the .editorial di
rection of the IIeralb, we prom
ise the public that nothing but ac
tual want of ability shall prevent
us from doing it justice, and while
wo solicit the forbearance and
friendship of our brethren of the
quill we at the same time declare
our intention to conduct this de
partment in accordance with our
lawn views of the needs of our pat
rons and in the interests of our
own section of the State. That
every enterprise of a public na
ture should be received with cold
ness by some, is but natural, and
from this rule we believe this en
terprise will not be anexception :
still Ave think that the citizens of
Essex County will generally be
gratified if in this undertaking we
siro successful, and on the other
iiiand would regret our failure.
We consider it proper in this,
the first number of tLe Herald to
-give some of the reasons which led
to its existence. Essex County
heretofore has been oblijred to de
pend for its local news on sources
-outside its own limits and entirely
distinct and separate from it in
local interests, and though the full
reports of all incidents of general
interest may have been faithfully
chronicled by the papers of Cale
donia, Orleans and Coos, we have
ever i'dt that we occupied a place
of secondary importance, and that
for want of the means of a more
intimate acquaintance with the
State at large, we did not possess
that degree of consideration and
respect which as a county wo are
iustly entitled to claim. Possess
ing some of the finest agricultura
advantages in the etate, an
-abundance of water power, excel
lent means of communication with
the principle markets of New
England, we are yet somewhat be
riind.risa whole in the development
of our resources. The citizens of
this county are not one whit be-
hind the average in other counties
an all those qualities which go to
make up a good and respectable
community, and tho advantages
which Essex offers for profitable
business ventures, ought, and we
believe will attract to it tho cap
ital and enterprise necessary for
the development of its sources of
wealth. 1 ho large extent of tim
bered lands in the county, the con
stantly increasing price of this
kind of property, tho excellent
facilities for manufacturing anc
marketing the same cannot fail to
be a source of much profit to the
county in the future. And we
predict that no other county in
the state will show as much ad
vancement in manufacturing en
terprises and as much proportion
ate increase in wealth and popula
tion in the coming ten years, as
Essex. That the Herald may in
a measure contribute toward a!
the material interests oi this sec
tion of the State la our earnest
hope.
Essex, from its peculiar situ
-ution, being separated from the
ibusiness centers on the west by
natural barriers, is more essentia
ly an independent county than any
of the others, and we venture to
say that less is really known by
the people of the btate, concern
ing her natural advantages as
field for business, than of any othe
-.
county. Ana it there is any one
county in tho State which needs
well conducted and able loca
newspaper, it is this. We hope to
bo able to give you such a paper as
you need, but to do so, we must
ask your aid in tho way of patron
age. Tho local department being
' not fully organized as yet, in this
number we have been obliged to
depend upon our exchanges for
locals. Y e shall engage
ces oi correspondents in every
town, and wo cordially invite a
persons to give us early reports of
any news of general interest,
which may occur in their
Jiorhood.
The Usury Lw.
The question of whether or not the
present usury law of tho State of
Vermont is for the best interest o f the
citizens of the State, engaged the at
tention of the hist Legislature, for a
The trial of Stoke?, for the murder
of Fisk, in New York, resulted in a
verdict of guilty of murder in the first
degree, and on Monday, the Cth Inst,,
he was sentenced to be hanged on the
28th of February next. The result of
considerable time, and the lfw was this trial is somewhat contrary to the
continued by a vote of 107 in its favor, cxpectationof the public generally
against 104 for its repeal, in the Much has been said of its moral effect
House of Representatives, the Sen- on the society of tho land, and many
ate voting fur its repeal by alwut a are free in expressing the hope that no
two-thirds vote. The question is one mercy will be shown the condemned
of practical importance, and deserves man, hut that the sentenco of the
candid consideration by all. While court may be rigorously carried out.
if strictly followed and obeyed, it While we can offer no excuse for the
might work well, it is objected that crime, we question the wisdom of the
with tho many means of evading H sentence, and believe that if Stokes is
resorted to by money-lenders, and the executed it will he done more as a
very great amount of litigation it propitiatory offering to the demands
causes, it is on the whole an injury i. of public sentiment and the press,
. .. n . It J
rather than a ucneiit, to an parues.
kat the law of supply and deiu and
heretofore has, and forever will, regu
late the price for the use of money,
as It does for the manual labor of those periodical paroxysms ot virtue
inankiud, ami for the general neeessa- which occasionally visit every communi
ries of life, the experience of past ty, nl the voice ot the people is cry-
cars shows, i hat legislation m at
tempting to regulate this matter is ex
ceeding its natural jurisdiction and un
dertaking the government of matters
nder the control of laws of a higher
nature aud greater force than laws sidercd by communities and govern-
any legislature can enact, is the gen
eral opinion of the thinking men of
tho day.- It is tho belief of the op-
onents of the law, that it is of-
ferins a premium for bad faith and
dishonesty upon the part of borrow-
is, who, whea they can, do take ad- doubt, and thi verdict of the jury has
autage of its provisions, since a pro- declared that it was a willful aud de-
vision to pay a higher rate than six liberate act. ut the latter proposition
,ier cent ii morally binding, aud
though not gooi in law, still ought
in be as sacredly kcot as any other
promise or agreement whatever
It is further said that the tendency
of the law is to lack up the capital of
the country, and impede business en
terprises for want of tho means to
carry business ea; that the money
which ought to bo employed in devel
neigli-
than for any other reason.
'flic time ot Ins trial has been most
Unfortunate for Stokes, for just now the
city of New York is undergoing one of
inz out for some victim of whom to
make au example. The responsibility
tof scudinj into the presence of his
Mukur a fellow-being, by act of vio
lence, is one which should be well con-
Coos and Essex Farmers' Club, 'o. 1.
At the meeting of the above Club,
held at Lancaster, on the 23d ult., J.
G. Crawford, Esq., read an essay,
which we are obliged to condense
for want of room, on the subject as
signed for discussion by the Club,
now can farming be made more
- ruormuLE ?
The fiYst and great important work
in connection with profitable farming
is to cultivate tho soil. The farmer
must understand the art; and by art
is meant skill. A soil, to be culti
vated, must be ploughed ; it must be
mellow, free from stumps and large
stones, dry, and clear from weeds.
How many farms are there in this
County that are cultivated? How
many fields in the whole State would
bear an examination? Should you
inspect them you would find brush
and weeds m tho fence corners
stones piled up like mountains,
stumps left to decay, uneven surface
and rocks marked by the plow and
harrow teeth, which you have dragged
over for years.
To make farming more profitable
there must be an additional outlay of
money, and especially of labor,
! tati.iSrt)
meat, as well as individuals, and add
ing to the already long list of New-
York City crimes that of judicial mur
der fails to commend itself to our ap
proval. That Fisk came to his death
I by the hand of Stokes there is no
t to supply top much of any need of more intelligence among far-
one element to the neglect of others
Common manures must be used in
connection with commercial fertilizers.
The same principle applies to other
vegetables, grains and grasses.
Every farmer should be supplied
with the standard works on Agricul
ture. In connection with the study
of these works let this club be main
tained. Here you can meet and dis
cuss questions connected with the
employment in which you are engaged.
Let our soil be put in condition to
to raise bread-stuffs, instead of send
ing money to the West to buy them.
Let all those interested take hold
of this matter. Let them reason, let
them think ; so that when others
come to look at your fine fields, and
wonder at your prosperity, you will
bo able to
"Touch him that States, of nntlvo strength
possessed,
Thouirh vci-v noor. mav still be verv blessed
That trade's prowl empire hastes to swill decuy
as ocean sweeps me luDoreii mole away:
Whilst self-dependent power can time defy,
As rocks resist tho billows and the sky."
Uiere is no doubt, but in any event the
murder of Stokes by the Slate will nei
ther reform him nor restore Fisk, but
will only place the community upon an
equal footing with the former. What
influences may have led to the verdict
returned none can tell. Possibly the
hue-and-cry, raised of late upon this
question, has led to this result ; and it
may have been the fact that in finding
it I . .i .
ooin- the resources of the State a nd ulcir vcruici me jury in tins case have
h ,i ........
in carrying ou such manufactories as Pee "ucncca more iy their desire ot
would offer profitable employment to coutorming to the demands ot public
nitr iinnnlntinn at. lnraf hv force of Beiuimeui, man uiey KiuiiiKi nave
v ' J . ... . .
this law, is sent U foreign markets been' ana ,liat comP1,;te Jicc may
for investment, aud we thus rendered uot "aTe becu uoue
unable to compete with other States Whlle we liave 110 tJiat the of-
in the establishment aud continuance fen,ler phouKl g ""punished, we do
of lanre manufactories : that upon confess a desire that the divine attri
the whole the tendency of the law is buto of iner(,y 7 J "own by the
Governor ot iew lork, and the sen
tence of the tin fortunate man may be
commuted.
Tbat.tbe death penalty should ever
be inflicted is a horrible reflection. Wc
look upon it as a relic of barbarism,
and predict the day not for distant
when it will assume its proper place
in the category of by-gone wrongs,
along with the stories of tite burning
of witches aud th inquisitorial rack.
ir 1 A n i i . .
thenromiscd extra interest,cl.arge and Piore P""iy we kh.k tor that
nw r,M. ti.ot ..lat tiint tho tin,e5 as wc believe the world advaucmji
tendetiey of the law is to give the Na
tional Banks the monopoly of money
lending and at a higher rate of inter
est than is allowed to private individ
als, and this
to make the actual rite per cent, of in
terest higher tksn it otherwise would
be, as the more conscientious class of
money lenders not wishing to violate
the law, either invest their surplus
money in stocks or Government se
curities, or send it out of this State,
and into States where a higher rate
of Laterest is allowed by law, leaving
the borrower at the mercy of sharpers,
who- lenowine their liability to loose
in civilization aud Cliristianization, aud
as we view the mighty strides towards
this end since that time not, long past,
when even the crime of petit larceny
at the expanse of or PoachinS w" punished hy death,
that the experi- The ol,ject ol" Pmi!sl'""t w as a
business . men, of mcans of 3? for "' wrong done,
where a higher butas a metins of reformation aud
prevention, lo accomplish these ends
the borrower ;
ence of the
those States
rate, when specified in
merit, is made legal,
such as to lead them to seek for a con
tinuance of the law making it so ;
tlmt. aiipIi inilividnjil. lciinwinr bis
own wants and circumstances far bet- J
ter than the State can know them, is
in his own case best qualified to judge
of tie amount of benefit he can de
rive from the use of money for a lim
ited time, atid of how much he can
anv asree
o . . .
has been mere not oiner ana oetter ways at
the command of the people, whereby
the shedding of humau blood, often
times of innocent persons, mav be
An Important Case Decided.
This was a writ of cntrv. Geo. W.
Gaboon and Wife against E. S. Coe,
for ten thousand acres of laud iu
Wentworth'8 Location. The defend-
arTord to pay therefor, aud that from ant Cc, claimed the land by virtue
principle or reason there is no better f a l''faim deed from , David S
1 ' ,. , t , , Grcenough, and the plaintifl claimed
cause for making arbitrary rules to t;tn h ,.:,., f ,v 0i . r-i.D
govern his conduct In this particular, Bellows. Sheriff f Coos Countv. made
lie sum he mav upon the State Treasurer's warm
than there is to state the sum he may
pay for his board, or for the rent of
his house, or for any other necessary
or luxury ho may choose to buy.
pon the btate lreasurer s warrant of
1849, and sold July, 1800. The case
was tried at Colebrook, Feb., 1871,
His Honor, Judge Foster, presiding;
the case went to the jury, who return-
It mav he farther urged against the ed a verdict for the plaintiff : the coun
nrnannt-.fWir.nhliclii.il rntn t.hnr. ir. h J SCl for deft, filed an exception to the
. , . i . r sale, the case was then transferred to
not kept pace m its advancement of the Supreme Court ; a hearing was had
price with other articles of use ; that, at Haverhill, and was there very ably
though perhaps a fair and just rate at argued by Bingham & Ray for plff's,
the time of tbo first enactment of the a "i Hey woods for deft. I his case
i, r...:.. n. f f was continued to the July term at
..... . i t, ii .i Lancaster, without giving an opinion ;
witu uiv; uutuuwu uosu ui .i me tue case wa8 tl,ere llean, alui lhe
nccesarics of life it is not propor- court decided that eight out of the nine
tionate, aud that if any fixed rate is exceptions were . not well taken, re-
pst.ftblUlin.il hv biw it. Khnnlil h so serving the ninth tor luither consul
increased as to contribute
towards the support of the lender as
. oration, to be rc-aro-nnd nrnllv nt Gon
na ..itiili I ' O J
. i i i i.i.
tuiu , nils wus ncaiu huh, very amy
The question is often asked why
tho Pamphlets containing the Acts of
tho list session of the Vermont Legis
lature arc not published and distribu
ted this year as usual. They have
heretofore been distributed much ear
lier than this. Will some one inform
Us what occasions the delay this year?
The horse distemper continues to
increase in the extreme Wee tern States
and Territories, Reports show the
disease has broken out almost simul
taneously . along the whole . eastern
slope of tho Rocky Mountains for a
distance of 200 miles north and south.
it did when tho rate was first estab
lished at six per cent. ; again,
that there is a degree ot incon
sistency in allowing a Stato to
nay eight per cent, as tho State of
Vermont does aud prohibiting private
individuals from doing the same if so
disposed.
argued by Bingham & Ray fur plffs
and Iley woods for deft, lhe court
listened very attentively to the ar
guments and alter considering the
case, decided that the ninth exception
also was uot well taken, so the ver
dict below was sustained and Cahoon
& AVife recovered. Judge Ladd who
drew the writ for the plff's. and Judge
Bellows who is a relative ot tho plffs
did not tako part m the case.
This is the first tax sale by a Sheriff
I he filth Avenue lhcatrc, New that has ever been sustained in this
York-.wjisilftstrovr.fi hv fun AVednes- date ana will go very tar to cive
' Lni.ll,U.w,nl ..I.. IU., I U.. LI...
day aaernoou. A portion of the """V'r ' -uJ u-
wall of tho fifth Avenue Hotel was po, tance to citizens of Coos County,
broken in, and two private stables, where so much depends upon the
demolished bv the fall of the theatre validity of tax titles. Cor. Jnd. Ga
. v
hy fire is estimated at 180,000. Fires
are also reported on , Broadway, loss
$40,000, and on Chnrch street, loss
17,000.
It is estimated there have been
three thousand cases of small-pox in
Boston, of which seven hundred and
Glty have proved fatal.
where we find a farm cut up into
small lots, and much of the best land
occupied by walls and fences, the
maintaining of whnjiian pnoruious
tax upon tho farmer. These must be
removed, and the fields made larger ;
and by removing them we remove
the place of deposit of obnoxious
weeds, which will ripen and scatter
broadcast over the land ; and much
time and labor is wasted iu eradicat
ing thein from the fields cultivated.
By removing the fences and enlarging
fields much time is saved in plowing.
In plowing small fields, where turns
at the ends are often made, much
time is consumed which, with large
fields and long furrows, would be
saved. As labor is the greatest ex
pense to the farmer, whatever he can
do to lessen it, and at the same
time increase tho products of his
land, it is for his advantage to do.
By spending a portion of the time
consumed in idleness, or the time oc
cupied in getting over and around ob
structions, most, if not all, the
lao stones could be removed from
our fields or suuk beneath the sur
face, so that j our fields could be
worked with a machine ; and when
we know that a pair of horses and
mower can accomplish as much in a
given length of time as the combined ,
abor of eleven men, every former
should prepare his ground so he can
dispense with this extra expense. If
your farms are small, and you do not
feel able to purchase a machine, three
or four can club together and own a
mower that can be used by each in
turn, and more than enough to pay
for it will be saved iu one season.
If there arc fields and there are
many in this County which are
covered with rocks that it would be
mposiible to remove, such should
be allowed to go back into forests.
and in a few years the product of the
growth of wood would bo more than
any other crop which could be raised
upon it.
In regard to 6tock kept upon farms,
it seems that there might be a'great
change for the better. How often do
farmer, when in want of a
horse, buy some old animal which
has been used up, and is constantly
depreciating in value, use him for a
while, and if he does not die before
winter, Kill him because he is not
worth keeping, when, if he had bought
a young horse, or raised one from
some good stock, ho would have an
animal capable of doing more work,
costing no more to keep, steadily in
creasing in value, and instead of kill
ing can sell at a good advance over
the cost. The same rule applies to
oxen. Instead of buying an old
yoke of cattle which are on the de
cline, and paying the great price you
must to get them, buy a young pair
which will do nearly, if not quite, as
much work, and then instead of keep-
ng them until they are so old it will
cost more to fatten them than they
will bring at the butcher's, sell thein
when they are in the best condition,
when to keep them longer would be
a loss. Many farmers will keep cows
and milk them year after year, which
for profit should have been sent to
the shambles before they were milked
the first season. It costs no more to
keep a good cow than a poor cne, and
by raising the best calves from your
best milkers, you will soon see a
greater return from vour dairy, with
out a dollar additional expense. Your
farms must bo kept up, not only that
they must, in order to be more profit
able be made better, and in order to
do this we must know the art of cul
tivating the soil.
The knowledge of tho art of culti
vating the soil involves more knowl
edge than that which is required to
hold the plow, or ride a mower, or
handle, a spade. He must acquaint
himself with the nature of his soil.
He must be able to analyze it, to
know what he can raise to tho best
advantage, what will yield him the
greatest profit, to kuowwhat peculiar
property his soil stands in need of,
and apply it in some form. A good
farmer desires to grow largo crops
with the least cost; at the same time
he must not forget, that to do this,
he must keep his land in good condi
tion ; aud to accomplish this he must
more than plow, sow, plant and reap ;
he must study and think.
Tho inorganic bodies of plants are
in a large degree taken from tho soil,
and if it does not contain these pro
crties, tho crop upon tho same will bo
a failure. The ash of the potato con
tains over 51 per cent, of potash.
How long would it be before the soil
would becomo exhausted were this
constant drain made upon it without
replacing this potash, Farmers
should ascertain the cause for the fail
ure of their tillage to produce its
wonted crops and supply tho element
that proves to bo lacking. Wood
ashes are good for potatoes, ns they
.contain potash. But care should be
Following Mr. Crawford, Co). W,
D. Weeks read the following essay on
the same subject
I presume It was not rxpocteil by the Com
mittee who nppointuil mo one of tho pnraons
to open tills discussion that I should offer any
new ideas with repaid to farming, or that I
should advocate any '-new departure," us I
should thus advocate a theory contrary to my
praillco, having followed the old customs of
funning, with. I trust, some improvements,
First, then, I do not believe in making a
a specialty of anv one thin2 In the lino of
fanning. Scv.oral standard crops should
be raisod on a very great majority' of our
farms, as frequently one crop fulls while an
other succeeds, and as a majority of the crops
of tills country are good, the loss on those
that fail is only a sort of insurance paid for
the.success of the others. A keen discrimina
tion and sound judgment should be used m
locating crops upon suitable soil. Farming is
an occupation which it lias been thought uny
one was competent for, even though net
competent for cither ot th professions
of the country or for any oilier kind of
business ; but such is not the case. , If there Is
uny occupation under heaven which requires
a whole man to successfully curry on, it is
farming. The farmer has to act Indepcnd
ent and alone; all other occupations
have their associations which incut
frequently and discuss' matters ot Inter
est to them, and as the majority think, so the
whole association act; and as farming is the
foundation of tho business of all countries.
all these associations ami combinations are
created to enable their members to get some
advantage over the producer, and they do it
to some extent, and I don't know but they al
ways must, for au association of iiirmm-a of
tho country would bo too unwieldy to accoui
plish any good results; but I do think that
certain interests should associate together.
such as lha wool growers, butter and cheese
makers, hop raisers, potato raisers for starch,
and starch makers, should understand each
other in order to make those kinds ot busi
ness safe and reliable. Auother feature of
practicnl farming is to keep none but likely
animals. See to it they aro well bred and
that they have tho eleinonts of growth. In
neat slock you not only gain In the size of
the animal, but in the time of maturing and
quantity of food consumed. It is also the
same with sheep and much tho same with
horses; with the latter, liowevcr.there should
be more pains taken to breed properly, be
cause the Inferior ones cannot be sent to the
shambles as of other stock. Don't breed
from unsound animals, as their unsoundness
is likely to bo entailed upon their offspring.
It cosst no more to raise a colt worth $200 ut
four years of age, than to raise one worth
$50. This too,requires experience, the keenest
skill and soundest judgment, as well us lo
know when to sell. A man cannot afford to
keep au animal after it is matured, unless he
has business for said animal to perform.
Keep no more hogs than enough for your
own use unless you keep a dairy, as it takes a
dollar's worth of corn to make 50 cents' worth
of pork, iu this section.
We cannot afford to let miniatured un
Imuls stop growing, evenin winter.
They must be fed with good nourishing food
at regular seasons und kept as comfortable
as possible , you cannot afford to let them
range the fields after the snow is on tho
ground because they git something that fills
them up; they will fall away under such treat
ment; neither can you afford to over stock
your pastures, for there is the place where the
judicious fanner makes his best profits, it be
ing mucli easier to make beef on grass than
on hay or grain. The problem how to ohtain
and retain competent help, is in my Judgment
more difficult lo solvo than any other which
farmers are called to consider. Our country
is so prosperous in rail roading, manufactur
ing, building and lumbering, that each ol
those occupations can afford and does pay
high wages, and thereby obtains the better
class of labor, which leaves us no other altcr
nuiive in our present unorganized state, but
employ wliat remains, or over-bid those other
interests.
In this, above all other things, 1 think farm
ers should understand each other, and require
that an inexperienced man should not bo en
abled to impose upon a neighbor, alter liav.
Ing been tried and found wanting. The fact
that a faithful and experienced hand, who un
derstands his employer' mode of doing busi
ness, obtains, as be should, good round wages,
is no reason why another, who cannot speak
a word of English, harness a horse, yoke or
drive a pair of oxen, should receive the same
pay, or any where near it.
Col. Weeks suggested that the evil
above refened to might perhaps be
remedied by farmers associating them
selves together and offering to pay
first class wages, only to competent
help, and discharge from their service
incompetent help, by whom they may
have ueen imposcu upon, as soon as
their incompetency became known.
He deprecated the habit indulged in
by many farmers of idling their time
away at the village store, tavern and
a
iners. luey should real and think
more. Every farmer f bould become
acquainted with the nature of his own
soil and ascertain what fertilizers arc
required to reproduce the elements ex
hausted by crops. There should be
the same progress in farming that there
is in other branches of business. The
great aim should be to ascertain how
to get the largest crops without im
poverishing the soil. Ve should be
mere ready to abandon the old rou
tine followed by our fathers, when it
was evident wc could improve upon
it.
Jas. W. Weeks, Esq., said tho far
mer should be a man of intelligence
and observation. His occupation af
forded him an opportunity for improv
ing the mind far above that of the
shop hand, who worked at some sim
ple business until be became a mere
machine, unfit for any business requir
ing the exercise of the intellect. He
agreed with the previous speakers in
the matter f hiring help, and advis
ed farmers to give their undivided at
tention to their farms and not have
other and outside business occupy
ing their time, and taxing their mind.
He believed it was all important that
our forests should be preserved, and
replenished, to prevent tho soil from
becoming barren. When the country
was new there was not the necessity
for head work that now exists, in con
sequence of the soil becoming de
pleted by continuous cropping. Far
mers should learn to replace the ele
ments exhausted.
S. A. Way inquired if the real rea
son our soil was fertile and fruitful
wa3 not because our mountains had
the effect upon the atmosphere to pro
duce rain. In regard to book knowl
edge in farming, he believed it was a
humbug. The reports and other Ag
ricultural works were written for other
sections of tho country, and would
not apply to New England. He be
lieved that to make a successful far
mer a person wanted but little educa
tion, as it would incline him to other
pursuits. He had found that the most
successful farmers were the least ed
ucated. . The remarks of Mr. Way met with
decided opposition from nearly all
the other speakers. Judse Weeks
contended that books were a great
help in any business. Although it
would not do to depend upon them
entirely, the mechanic, as well as the
farmer, would get much assistance by
consulting the. standard works upon
the branch of industry in which he
was enguged. Mr. Crawford believ
ed that for a farmer to bring up his
boy in ignorance who had a desire for
education was most sure to create a
distaste for his occupation and drive
him from the farm. Capt. Williams
argued that books were valuable as
giving us for a paltry sum the expe
rience .vhich had cost others thousands
of dollars.
The next meeting of the Club oc
curs Monday evening, the 13th, when
Lapt. J. 1. Williams will read a pa
per on the subject of Manures, which
will be discussed by the Club.
To make the Centennial Celebration
such a success as the patriotism and
the pride of every American demands
will require the co-operation of the
people of the whole country. The
United States Centennial Commission
has received no Government aid, such
as England extends to her World's
Fair, and France to her Universal
Exposition, yet the labor and respon
sibility imposed upon tlie Commission
is as great as in cither of those under
takings. It is estimated that ten
millions of dollars will be required,
and this sum Congress has provided
snaii ne raised ny stock subscription,
and that the people shall have the
opportunity of subscribing in propor
tion io uie population or their respec
nit uiaicj llllll 1 erriioi ICS.
The Commission looks to the unfail
ing patriotism of the people of every
section.to see that each contributes its
share to the expenses, and receives
its share of the benefits of an enter
prise in which all are so decpely inter
ested. It would further 'earnestly
urge to formation in each State and
Territory of a centennial organization,
which shall in time sec that county
associations arc formed, so that when
the nations are gathered together iu
1870 each Commonwealth can view
with pride the contributions she has
made to the national glory.
Confidently relying on the zeal and
patriotism ever displayed by our peo
ple in every national undertaking, we
pledge and prophesy, that the Cen
tennial Celebration will worthily show
how greatness, wealth and intelligence
can be fostered by such institutions as
those which have for one hundred
years blessed the people of the United
States.
JOSEPH . IIAWLEY,
President.
Lewis Wals Smith,
Temporary Secretary.
other places of resort. Although
man's physical condition would not
admit of continuous work, the farmer
should spend much more of what ho
terms his leisure time at or near home,
as there is hardly a day when ubsent
that something does not occur requir
ing his presence. Observation taught
that the farmer who made farming
finality was, as a rule, more successful
than the one who engaged in other
buisncss. We purposed to' publish
Col. Weeks essay entire, but have
been obliged to abridge for want of
room. Ed.
Capt. J. I. Williams was the next
sneaker. He believed that much of
the expense of fencing farms should
be avoided. If every farmer would
fence against his own 6tock, it would
remove the necessity for fencing mow
ing and tillage. In this way nearly
enough would bo saved to the farmers
of Lancaster, in two years, to pay
their town debt. Ho agreed with Mr.
Weeks iVregard to hiring help. His
experience had boon that good help
was the cheapest ; the extra anion nt
paid a first class hand was saved in
tools and animals which would be in
jured and destroyed by inexperienced
hands. He believed there wa1: great
AN ADDEESS
BY THE
United States Centennial Commission.
To the people of the United States:
The Congress of the United States
has enacted that the completion of the
One Iluudreth Year of American Inde
pendence shall be celebrated by an In
ternational Exhibition of the Arts
Manufactures and l'rodncts of the
soil and mine, to be held at Philadel
phia, in 187G, and has-appointed a
Commission, consisting of represent
atives fro me each State and Territory,
to conduit the celebration.
Originating under the auspices of a
National Legislature controlled by a
National Commission, and designed
as it is to "uommemoratc the nrst
Century of our existence, by an Ex
hibition of the National resources of
the Country and their dcvelopement,
and of our progress in those Arts
which benefit mankind, in comparison
with those of older Nations," it is to
the people at large that the Commiss
ion look for the aid which is neccessa
ry to make the Centennial Celebration
tho grandest anniversary the world has
ever seen.
That the completion of the first
century of our existencee should be
marked by some imposing demonstra
tion is, we believe, the patriotic wish
of the people of thi whole country.
The Congress of the United State lias
wisely decided that the liirth-day of
the Great Republic can be most fitt
ingly celebrated by tlie universal col
lection and display of all the trophies
of its progress. It is designed to
bring together, within a building cov
ering fifty acres, not only the varied
productions of our mines and of the
soil, but types ot all the intellectual
triumphs of our citizens, specimens of
everything that America can furnish
whether from tho brains or the hands
of her children, and thus make evi
dent to the world the advancement of
which a self governed people is cap
able. In this "Celebration" all nations
will be invited to participate ; its
character being International. Europe
will display her arts and manufactories,-India
her curious fabrics, while
ncwley opened China and Japan will
lay bare the treasures which for cen
turies their ingenious people have been
perfecting. Each land will compete
in generous rivalry for the palin of
superior excellccne.
Tp this grand gathering every zone
will contribute its fruits and cereals.
No mineral shall be wanting; for
what the East lacks the West will
supply. Under one roof will the
South display in rich luxuriance her
growing cotton, and the North in
miniature, the ceaseless machinery of
her mills converting that cotton into
cloth. Each section of the globe will
send its best offerings to this exhibi
tion, and each Stato of tho Union, as
a member of oue united body politic,
will show to her sister States . and to
the world, how much she can add to
the greatness of the nation of which
she is a hannonio-.s part.
N. H. Items.
At a dinner given by Eli A. Bout
well, of Hopkinton, on last Thanks
giving day, a gentleman and his wife
were present with an infant a few
months old. which was his second child
his first child being a son, then forty
nine years old.
ir... T..i... i- i .
mis. .joiiu iveisea, agect nity-iive
years, of Lisbon, dropped dead the 22d
inst., while washing her breakfast
dishes. She had been in unusual good
health for somo time.
A brakeman on the Cheshire Rail
road, named Milan Prentiss, was in
stantly killed atFitzwilliam, on Mon
day, 23d, by striking his head against
a bridge, lie belonged in Swanzey,and
had been on the railroad only about
one week.
lion. James A. Weston, was on
Thursday nominated by the Democratic
State Convention, as candidate for Gov
ernor, aud Henry Colony, of Keene,
for Railroad Commissioner.
The public schools in Farmington
have been closed on account of tho
small pox. The disease is confined to
the household of Mr. S. S. Cloutman.
Small-pox exists to a considerable
extent in Dover. There have been
several deaths. Two new enses ap
peared at Sawyer's mills on Friday.
Arrangements have been made for
the trial of Evans, the North wood
murderer, at the term commencing on
the the 21st of January, 1873, at Exe-,
ter. J ustices Doc and Ladd will preside.
C. G. McAlpine of Warner recently
sold a thorough-bred bull calf, seven
months old, to Joseph Barnard of
Contoocookvillc for, 100.
The New Hampshire Editors', Pub
lirhers' and Printers' Association will
hold their winter session iu Nashua,
on the 17th of January, the anniver
sary of the birth of Benjamin Frank
lin. Portsmouth has organized a Soci
ety for the Prevention of Cruelty to
Animals. .
Wolfebordugh is carrying a debt of
over $100, 000-
The Lewiston Journal for 1873.
Among the Weekly papers of Maine
designed for general State Circulation
none more completely fills the ideal
of what a comprehensive family news
paper should be than the Lewiston
Weekly Journal a paper as large as
the New York Weeklies, and for tho
purposes of Maine readers much more
acceptably filled. While of course it
is the duty of every citizens to sub
scribe for his own local county paper
(because no other paper can supply
its place in the matter of local news
and local interests), yet in these days
most families find it convenient to
have a second paper of a more general
character, which shall give them more
in detail the news of the State and of
tho country at large, as well as of
other countries.
This is precisely the field occupied
by the Lewiston Weekly Journal,which
stands in the front rank of Maine or
even New England newspapers. Al
though decidedly Republican in sen
timent, yet its political convictions
are expressed so courteously and fair
ly as to command the respect of those
holding different views ; while its high
tone and entire freedom frm offen
sive personalities and exceptionablo
reading, make it welladaped to every
fireside.
The Journal's news summary, both
general and State, is unsurpassed ; its
Agricultural Department is complete ;
its literary matter of choice character
aud iu good variety ; its Children's
useful and entertaining ; while its re
ports of all important gatherings, and
its correspondence, are unsurpassed.
In a work, next to one's own county
paper, which all should patronize, Tlie
Journal is the paper for every Maine
man at home or abroad. It is a largo
forty-eight column paper, and is fur
nished at only2,00 a year in advance ;
or it will bo sent on trial throe months
for SOcts. Specimon copies forwarded
gratuitously on application. .
Address
NELSON DINGLEY, Jr.,& to.,
Editors and Publishers, i
u

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