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Farm, Garden and Household.
Here is some plain language address ed to Nebraska husbandmen bj the editor of a local journal: Farmers, it is your own fault if you do not get -what you want from the Legislature, because you send men who will waste weeks in the expenditure of political buncombe, and who lack the wit or energy to put even any good law in force on our statute books. Why grumble then? i-iet us all do what we can with those we have placed in high places. The Western Farmer dares to main tain that it would be quite possible to take many of the so-called " run down " farms, and increase the crops steadily far several years without the aid of any manures, simply by more thorough cul tivation or better tillage. This of course would not be advisable, for the use of fertilizers in addition would be a great help, but it would illustrate what our authority fully believes, that there is comparatively little land from which the " plant food has been exhausted, The eighth annual Convention of the American Dairymen's Association will be held at Utica, Jan. 14-16. The Pres ident, Horatio Seymour, is expected to present a paper on the use of the micro scope in testing milk, cream, cheeee, Ac, and other addresses on appropriate topics are announced by L. li. Arnold, David W. Lewis, O. S. Bliss, B. B. Moon, Wm. Blanding, S. A. Farrington, T. D. Curtis, Harris Lewis, Alex. Macadam, J. V. H. Scovill. Levi and Charles Scher merhorn, and H. Cooley Greene. In addition to these, prominent and sncces ful cheese and butter makers will be called on for experience, a "question drawer" will be inaugurated and mem bers will have privilege of bringing for ward such pertinent subjects as they may desire to have considered. A pop ular churn will be given as premium for the best 20 or 25 pounds of butter. Further particulars furnished by the Secretary, Gardner B. Weeks, Syracuse, Take some rump steak and pound it well, to make it soft, and lard it thor oughly. Put it in a stewpan, in equal parts of white wine and water, and add some slices from a leg of veal. Season it with spice, salt, garlic, thyme and parsley. Boil them over a steady fire, four or five hours. When sufficiently done, remove the meat, and strain the broth through a sieve ; then put it into another pan, and boil it down until it becomes a jelly. If it is wished that the jelly should be clear, the whites of two eggs may be beaten up in a tablespoon ful of stock broth, and added to it, and well mixed. It must then be boiled for seven or eight minutes. Some letnon is then'to be added, and the contents of the etewpan strained through a fine cotton strainer, taking care not to squeeze the cloth, or the dregs may be forced through the pores of the material. The filtered jelly is then put in a cold place to set. When it has become perfectly solid, it is to be cut with a spoon into largo pieces, which are arranged on the dish, around the piece of meat. Sometimes the jelly is colored before being strained, by the addition of a little cochineal. V ery many persons seem to think that because beauty and utility are not the same, they must be antagonistic. But do beautiful colors in a fowl's plumage make its flesh less juicy and appetizing after liaving been upn the gridiron ? To be sure fancy hues do not necessari ly, and of themselves, produce good in regard to useful qualities, but neither do they necessarily do harm. Only those who love fowl, that is, those who take an interest in them and study their peculiarities, are the ones who will be likely to effect any improvements as to their economical value, and it is these very keepers who may also, as a matter of course, be expected to have their eyes tought by external, and who will pre fer some particular hues and colors. I am convinced that breeding for fancy and to a standard, provided due promin ence is given to symmetry and size, and all "in and-in breeding" strictly avoid ed, is not detrimental to utility, and that birds thus bred will always com pare more than favorably with common stock, supposing neither to be bred with any special reference to extraordinary prolificness, as is not generally the case with either fancy fowls ,or the common aorts, Cider and Pickles for Fever. Some two months ago, a resident of Detroit named Broef, was taken ill with some sort of a fever, and for two weeks there was little hope of saving his life. He continued to sink, in spite of all the physicians could do, and they nnauy gave mm up. All through his sickness the man had continually asked for pickles and cider, and when he had got so low that his death was considered only a question of a few hours, Mrs, Broef decided to gratify his wishes. A glass of sweet cider was given him, and he declared himself much better for it, More was given through the night, in place of medicine, and the next morning me aocior declared that a most favor able change had taken place. Some strong pickles were procured and given him, and he began to call for gruel and broth. To be brief, he is now able to move around the house, and everybody an uie neignDornooa, as weu as the phy sician, gives the cider and pickles the credit of performing the cure. The Cheyenne Leader comes to us with a vigorous protest against what it calls the rape of Wyoming, or the pro posed annexion of a portion of Wyo ming Territory to Colorado, in order to give the latter sufficient population to be decently admitted into the Union as a State. The Leader affirms that Wyo ming possesses the natural advantages to become itself a State at no far-distant day, unless dismembered to accommo date the ambitious designs of Colorado. The latter territory, it says, has only 50,000 inhabitants, and with the addi tion of Wyoming would have only 65, 000, or only one-half the number re quired for a Congressional District. The consequenoes likely to follow tho proposed annexation, if we may believe the Leader, are truly terrible, and they include the crushing out of human energy, stopping the march of civiliza tion, undoing all that has been done and blasting the bright prospects of all that might be done in the fair territory of Wyoming. The latest pets which the Parisian, ladies affect are monkeys. These charming little animals are to take the place of the inevitable poodle, and are said to take kindlyvtp the attention and affection lavished upon them. They are adorned by dainty silver collars but on their walks are left unchained, as each " respectable monkey is attended by two footmen, who guide his wayward steps and keep him within the bounds of the civilization of which he may one day form- a part. We do not know wnethr Mr. Darwin, or a freak of fashion is to be thanked for this trans fer of affections. General Oiangarnler, the Pro pee tire Ruler of France. Among the lively veterans whom the latest Freach revolution has brought upper-most, after years of enforced or voluntary exile, is General Changnrnier. This distinguished man is now acting aa chief of the Right Centre, or Orleanist section of the Assembly, and is not un likely, should M. liners finally carry out his repeated threats of resignation, to be placed at the head of the Govern ment. The general is four or five years older than the president, having passed his eightieth anniversary, yet displays a vigor in action and nerve in speech not inferior to that of Thiers himself, Changarnier, after a successful career in the African campaign in the reign of Louis Philippe, suddenly became prominent figure when the Revolution of livia superseded the UrJeans regime. He was active in aiding to suppress the June insurrection, and, when Bona parte became president, was made com mandant of the military forces in Paris. But the sturdy independence of his character made Bonaparte doubtful of his co-operation when the coup d'etat was planned, and the suggestion of his name as a candidate for the presidential succession added to this feeling of dis trust; in consequence, Bonaparte re moved him from his command. Chan gamier, like Thiers, was one of those who were arrested on the morning of coup d'etat, imprisoned, and finally ban lshed: and. like Thiers, he never lor gave the indignity. He disappeared quite out of history until the i ranco Prussian War, wherein he received com maud of a division, and shared Bazaine's misfortunes at Metz. Elected a mem ber of the Assembly, he has taken very active part in its proceedings throughout, showing himself to be as able a debater as he was valiant on the field. He is a conservative of the Or leanist type, and has made himself especially conspicuous for his violent attacks upon Uambetta. Ueneral Uhan gamier has been compared, in personal appearance, to Maior Pendennis: he is the sleekest and most hnical of antiqua ted dandies, attires himself in the latest fashions, always seems to have the in stant before issued from the hands of his valet and his coiffeur, and has the jaunty, springy step of a fashionable man in the vigor of his prime. His brown wicr is all too brown : this is tha only article in which he displays a want of taste ; but his gray eye is bright and stern, his mouth family set, and his whole expression one of bellig erent determination. His party zeal is as notable as was his dash and spirit on Algerian plains forty years ago ; more than once he has assailed M. liners with a courage and eloquence which has frightened more than his own support' ers. The secret of his influence, how ever, rests not so much upon his orator ical powers or his political shrewdness as upon his probity and incorruptibility, Few men in the assembly are so com pletely trusted. His character is open, simple, and sensitively honorable. Were he to become president or dicta tor, no one doubts that he would regard with exclusive view what he thought to be the weal of 1 ranco. What Came of a Tomboy. Miss Martha Knight is a good-looking girl who was born in Boston, and very early in life mortified her parents and their friends by being that childish fem inine monstrosity called a " Tomboy." She cared nothing for dolls and mini ature housekeeping, like other little girls, but wanted gimlets and augers, and saws and hatchets, and nails and lumber to work with. Instead of learning to sew on dolls' clothes, she made sleds and wagons and kites for her numbscull brothers, and she finally be came a wonder of mechanical genius. Her taste ran that way, and her friends concluded to let it go when they found tliey could not stop it. Miss Martha Knight, being poor, went into a paper bag manufactory to earn her livelihood. Of course such a girl could not stay at home and drone away her life at the family fireside. She went to work like a man, and has now become famous and the pride of the old folks. She has won the distinction of being the first female inventor that ever received a patent for a complete invention at Washington. Her invention is a machine for making paper bags. Several attempts had pre viously been made in this direction by men of mechanical genius, and all had failed. This " Tomboy " has now done it, and made a success. Unaided she drew her plans, and she superintended the putting up of the machinery at Am herst, Mass. It works well, and her everlasting fortune is made. Remarkable Succession of Deaths. A singular fatality appears to have attached to the new building of the Young Men's Christian Association, in New York City, as no less than eight sudden deaths have occurred among the artists, occupants of its studios, and of those intimately connected with them, within a period of little more than two years. Edward J. Kuntze's death oc curred first, shortly after the opening of the building. Edward D. Nelson was killed, a few hours after leaving his studio, on the Harlem Railroad. Adolph Vogt died a few months later, very sud denly, of smallpox. Mrs. Tait, wife of the artist, died in her husband's studio last Winter. Ames, the portrait paint er, was stricken down in his studio while working before his easel last summer, and died a few days later. Mrs. Vincent Colyer, wife of tne artist, was drowned at Darien, Connecticut, in October. Mr. Kensett's death occurred suddenly on the 14th of the present month, anil before the emblems of mourning were removed from his studio door, Mr. George P. Putnam, the art publisher, was stricken with apoplexy in his store and died before he could be removed to his home. This is a sad record. The Richest Man in the World. This enviable person is probably the Khedive of Egypt. His yearly income is $50,000,000, and he has twenty-five richly - furnished palaces within the walls of Cairo. He is vastly more pro gressive than the Sultan, his Turkish master ; is rapidly extending his do minions, building railroads, and making commercial improvements, and will ul timately become independent of Turk ish domination, ne is at present mak ing arrangements for the connection of a railroad up the Nile to Dongola, and thence across the desert to Loudan, which country he will make one of his own provinces. It has been remarked of him that as Viceroy upon any throne in Europe,he would be the greatest mon arch of the age. He is not only a prince but a merchant, a capitalist, a states man and a cultivator. He sleeps only four hours out of twenty-four, and at his desk center his railroads, steamship lines, telegraphs, postal service, private estates, sugar mills, cotton culture, army, navy and civil service. Associated Habitual Movement in the Lower Animals. Dogs, when they wish to go to sleep on a carpet or other hard surface, gen erally turn round and round and scratch the ground with their fore-paws in a senseless manner, as if they intend to trample down the grass and scoop out a hollow, as no doubt their wild parents did, when they uvea on open grassy plains or in the woods. Jackals, fen nacs, and other allied animals in the Zoological Gardens, treat their straw in this manner ; but it is a rather1 odd cir cumstance that tho keepers, after ob serving for some months, have never seen the wolves thus behave. A semi idiotic and an animal in this condition would be particularly liable to follow a senseless habit was observed by friend to turn completely round on a carpet thirteen times before going to sleep. Many carnivorous animals, as they crawl toward their prey and prepare to rush or spring on it, lower their heads and crouch, partly, as it would appear, to hide themselves, and partly to get ready for their ni3h ; and this habit in an exaggerated form has become heredi tary in our pointers and guttlers. Now I have noticed (.cores of times that, when two strange dogs meet on an open road, the one which sees the other first, after the first glance, always lowers its head, generally crouches a little, or even lies down ; that is he takes the proper attitude for concealing himself and for making a rush or spring, although the road is quite open end the distance is great. Again, dogs of all kinds, when intently watching and slowly ap proaching their prey, frequently keep one of their fore-legs doubled up for a long time, ready for the next cautious step ; and this is eminently characteris tic of the pointer. But from habit they behave in exactly the same manner whenever their rttention h aroused. I have seen a dog at the foot of a high wall, litening attentively to a sound on the opposite side, with one leg doubled up ; and in this there could have been no intention of making a cautious ap proach. Dogs scratch themselves by a rapid movement of one of their hind-feet; and, when their backs are rubbed with a stick, so strong is the habit, that they cannot help rapidly scratching the air or the ground in a useless and ludicrous manner. Horses scratch themselves by nibbling those parts of their bodies which they can reach with their teeth; but more commonly one horse shows another where he wants to be sirtched, and they then nibble eacn otner. A friend whose attention I hod called to the sub ject, observed that when he rubbed his horse's neck, tho animal protruded his head, uncovered his teeth, and moved his jaws, exactly as if nibbling another horse's neck, for he could never have nibbled his own neck. If a horse is much tickled, as when curry-combed, his wish to bite something becomes so intolerably strong that he will clatter his teeth together, and, though not vicious, bite his groom. At the same time, from habit, he closely depresses his ears, so as to protect them from be ing bitten, as if he wore lighting with another horse. A horse, when eager to start on a journey, makes tn nearest approach which lie can to th habitual movement of progression by pawing the ground. Now, when horses in their stalls are about to be fed and are eager for their corn, they paw the pavement or the straw. Two of my horses thus behave when they see or hear tho corn given ,o their neighbors. But here ve have what may almost be called a true ex pression, as pawW the ground is uni versally recognized as a sign of eager ness. Evil Speaking. Speaking evil of others is one of the most unamiable habits that can be ac quired, and one that leads to infinite mischief ; it is not always easy to avoid it, for there are a great many persona in the world who are not what they ongat to be, and who do many things they ought not to do. -it is hard for a blunt, generous mind to refrain from express ing itself about mean people and mean acts ; there is something in meanness and dishonesty that rouses the lndigna tion of such a mind, and it likes the luxury of denouncing them in bold, un sparing language. But the practice, as a practice, is a troublesome and danger ous one. There are occasions when it is our duty to speak out in exposure of wrong ; bat in general, it is best to abstain from evil speaking, even of evil persons. We are not made judges of others' actions ; no one has the right to assume the char acter of arbiter and censor. Even the best of us have our faults, and if every one should presume to denounce the vices and misconduct of others, the world would be given up to defamation, We may see and hear much that we do not admire and cannot like ; we may become cognizant of many evil deeds done by evil persons ; but it is the part of wisdom and discretion to pass them by withqjit notice, except .when to speak of them cautiously may be necessary as a warning to a friend. We all have enough enemies in this world, without provoking others by ill tempered comments. The enmity of evil men is a thing to be avoided, for while it can do us no good, it may do us much harm. Besides we may make mistakes in the haste of honest indigna tion, and speak evil of good men for acts we do not understand. Such a mistake is worse than the other ; for while it is imprudent to promiscuously denounce evil men, it is cruel wrong to defame a good one. Milk Paint. In Every Man His Own. Painter we find the following : " For painting in rooms where the smell of oil of turpentine would be objectionable a preparation may be made as fallows : Take eight ounces of freshly slacked lime and mix it in an earthen vessel with three quarts of skimmed sweet milk. In another vessel mix three and a half pounds of Paris white with three pints of the milk. When three mixtures are well stirred up put them together and add six ounces of linseed oil. Mix these well and it will be ready for use. This preparation is equal to oil paint, and is excellent for walls arid ceilings. Any shade may be made by the addition of dry pigments." The leading actors at the New York theaters are by no means badly paid. John Brougham has a weekly salary of 6300, and a handsome income besides from his many plays ; Mrs. John Wood gets $600 ; Rose Hcrsce, $500 ; Stuart Robson, $150. These are at the Grand Opera House. At the Fifth Avenue Theater Miss Davenport ( whom Bonci cault pronounces one of the best light oomedy actresses of the day) gets $150; George Clark 125 ; James Lewis, $125; Plessy Mordaunt $80 ; Jenny Lee, $60; Emily Westayer 50. There are very many others receiving salaries ranging from $30 to $60 a week. Most of these are prudent, money-saving people, regu lar visitors at the sayings-banks. Less Labor and More Happiness. We favor a system that shall contri bute most to the happiness of the indi- viuuai ana tne class. II the one hour saved from labor be devoted to intel lectual improvement, it is well. If the laborer Uius released applies his leisure hour to his own domestic business, to his garden or his shop, to his needed rest or the education of his children, to the pleasant interchange of ideas and good-will between neighbors, to almost anything except dissipation, idleness and debauchery-it will prove a blessing. taking him out of the enforced treadmill of grinding toil, and giving him a status in tne world above that of the mere toiling serf. One hour a day saved from slavish toil, if rightly employed and improved, can oe tne means of creating a new class of men new in their capacities for enjoyment, and for toil itself. The devotion of one hour a day to self-education, to mental development, can do what has so often been done before ; transform mere drudges into thinking, intelligent beings, with their capacities iur ueuiiuuu enjoyment increased in proportion to the cultivation of their intellects. But this will not be the re sult to the man who covets the one hour saved from toil in order that he may have so much more time to devote to the shuffling of cards or the shaking of dice at the corner grocery. It is a common mistake made that release from the necessity of labor en sures happiness. Employment is the law of all really intelligent, certainly an rtiuiiy progressive, nations and in. dividuals. Others may exist, but they do not live in the true sense of the word. We must work with the mind if not with the hands. The invisible wheels and springs of the brain must be kept moving. Thought will be evolved, and in its proper direction is the correct cue to happiness. Let the laborer get his release from the hitherto extra hour or two of enforced toil, and then devote it sensibly to better purposes than dissipation, or idleness, -which leads to dissipation if not to vagabondage and crime. About Bears. The provisions of nature are strange. Climate forces upon animals different habits. Towards the end of Decern' ber the female white bear places her self in a position where the snow will drift over her. Lying still upon a rock. the snow falls tliickly upon her. and a cell is formed for" a winter habitation In this cell the animal resides during the period of accouchement. The cubs are produced, and the mother remains secluded with them until the month of March. The young are very small at first, but as they grow the heat of the bodies melt the snow and thus enlarges the cell. The warm breath ascends up ward, and makes an aperature for the admission of pure air. Before hiber nating, the bear eats enormously of nu tritious food, and becomes very fat, on which fat Bhe exists during her winter retirement. The phenomenon is all the more singular, as the female bear is com pelled to give sustenence to her young as wen as to live herself, and the sur plus fat in her own body her only store of food. Pertinent to this, Dr. Wood remarks: "It is worthy of notice that in the bears of the Old as well as tho New World, is found the curious phenome' non of the ' tappen.' a hard concreted substance, which plugs up the intestines and seems to be of service in retaining the animal condition. In Scandinavia. where the bears of both sexes retire to winter quarters, and remain in their hidden recesses for five full months, the tappen is very seldom cast until the bear leaves its den. In the rare instan ces where such an event has happened. the bear is said to have becom misera bly thin and weak." The snow packs closely, and makes a warm bed. lhe caloric exhaled from the body is not swept away by the wind, but it is conserved around the animal, and sensation is preserved. People You Expect to Meet. Mr. Smith, who speaks his native English with a slightly foreign accent whenever he returns from a week upon tne Continent. Mr. Brown, who can't appreciate Bee' thoven, but dotes upon the bagpipes Mr. Jones, who, when he shares a cab with you, somehow never has small change about him. Mr. Robinson, who carefully abstains from volunteering a political opinion until he has consulted half a dozen newspapers. Mr. Cruiser, who keeps a schooner yacht, but, except in a dead calm, never ventures out of harbor. Mr. Sharpe, who, when he drops his money into the collection plate, can make a sixpence sound as though it were a dollar. Mrs. Snobbington, who calls her little knife-boy a page, and when she hires a fay, talks of taking carriage exercise. Mr. Tytle Tattle: who, from some offi cial .source of information, always brings the latest news of the intentions of the government. Mr. Hodger, who considers Tupper far superior to Milton, and goes ready primed with arguments to prove it. Mr. Dodger, who invariably takes an old umbrella to a party, in the hope, by lucky accident, to change it for a new one. Miss Sniveller, who keeps a sentimen tal diary, and bullies her small broth ers. Mr. Funnimen, who can not cut a tongue without cutting a stale joke about it. The Philosophy of Frying Meats. Of all methods of cooking none is so common, so conyenient and so economi cal, as frying. And yet very few people understand the philosophy of a good fry, or there would certainly be less com plaint of its unhealthfulnesB, and less mdigestion from its consumption. Perfect frying is perfect cooking, and is in reality very easily done. It is only necessary that the fat should be boiling bubbling hot. Then the article dropped into it is at once covered with a thin crust, crisp, brown and appetizing, and the interior of the meat retains its juices and is quite free from all suspicions of fat. But the frying-pan, it is self-evident, cannot be a shallow one, for it must have a depth of boiling fat sufficient to coi'cr the steak or cutlet, &c, for if this is not donee at once, the part remaining cold cools the adjoining fat and then absorbs it, so that the whole benefit of the boiling fat is neutralized. If a steak is at once covered with a brown crisp crust it will cook as readily as water would. The meat then is neither greasey in appearance nor reality, so that keeping this point in view there is no reason why this convenient method of cooking should not be as delicate and as healthy as either broiling baking or boiling. AlltheWorldaYUlaffe.l What would the ghost of Cantain James Cook, or that of Admiral Anson, or of any other great circumnavigator, say to the following advertisement, which has appeared simultaneously in bun irancisco, .New lork and London ? Round the world in Eighty-one Days for $1145 in gold. (229. sterling.) From San Francisco to Yokohama, 4700 miles; from xokohama to Hong Kong, 1600 miles; from Hong Kong to Calcut ta, 3500; from Calcutta to Bombay, 1400 miles; from Bombay to Suez, 3600 miles; from Suez to Alexandria, 225 miles; from Alexandria to Brindisi, 850 miles; from Brindisi to London, 1200 miles; from London to New York, 3200 miles; from New York to San Francisco, 3294 miles. This announcement is a veritable sign of the times and of the restless activity of the race. Nobody thinks it much of an achievement in our day to circum navigate the globe. English and Ameri can manufacturers make the grand tour in tne way oi their business, and look upon it as a matter of course. And not only tho young but the old make the circle, that would have appaled their granaiatners. JUr. Beward, late Secre tary of State for the American Union, made the trip at the ripe age of seventy, mm waving aiea at tne riper age ot seventy-two, has left the world the reci ,i l i i in - tal of what he saw. heard, and did. dur ing the journey. A hale old friend of mine, who is upwards of seventy-five years of age, started from London, a few months ago, to .New lork and San Fran cisco, intending to proceed from San Francisco to India, China, Australia and New Zealand, and thought little more of it than if he were going to the High lands oi Scotland for his autumnal holi day. Doubtless he will return all right for he has pluck enough for anything, and, barring accident or shipwreck, it is very likely that he will accomplish the leat, which he has undertaken from pure love' of adventure, or the desire of change ard occupation. The late Mr, Anson Burlingame, who was appointed ambassador from the United States to China, and reappointed ambassador by China to his own country and to all the great powers of Europe, declared he never knew how little the world was until he had sailed around it. "In fact," said he, "I have Teamed to look upon the world as ne more than a good sizea village. Distance and remoteness have be' come traditions of the past, and the imagination of the man who can cor' respond, by the electric cable, with New York, San Francisco, or Canton, and receive an answer in an hour or two, or perhaps in a few minutes, needs no great prompting to look upon those places as within easy reach of his foot. if it be his pleasure to visit there. The consequences of this neighborship of once widely-separated lands are de fining themselves more distinctly every day, and threaten, perhaps it should be said promise, to assimilate the costume. the manners, and to a partial extent the language of all the nations of the world. Time was when the traveller, who strayed no further afield than to the Continent of Europe, would refresh his eyes by the study of many pictures' que varieties of national costume. In Belgium, in Holland, in Germany, in Italy, in Switzerland, in Brittany, in the South of France, in Spain, he found not only a change of scene, language, and manner, but a change in the attire of men and women, which pleased him by its novelty, as well as by its beauty. There was something piquant and at tractive in the Spanish mantilla, as worn by the dark-eyed Andalusians and Madrilenas. This garment is now rare ly to be seen, though not many years ago it was as cojimon in the streets of Brussels and Antweip as in those of Madrid and Seville. The hideous chignon and the miserable apologies for head-gear which the ladies of Eng land, France, and America delight to wear, have rendered the beautiful man tilla impossible. The peasant girls of the Swiss cantons, with their quaint petticoats, and their coquettish hats, have revolutionized their dress, and ap pear no longer in the coarse, but pic turesque and serviceable attire of the olden time, but in the slatternly imita tion of the tawdry dress affected by servant-girls who ape the style of their mistresses. All the Christian nations of the world dress pretty nearly alike, and the Orientals to follow suit. Not the least curious incident of the approximation of the peoples, which steam and the electric wire have brought about, is the awakening of the sluggish Oriental mind to a knowledge of the fact that there is a Western as well as an Eastern civilization, and that the former is in many respects worthy of imitation and cultivation. The Chinese and Jap anese have begun to swarm over their own border into other lands, and cross ing the Pacfic, have made a foot-hold in California and Oregon, to the great ad vantage of themselves and of those two states of the American Union. They are excellent mechanics, first rate bakers and gardeners, and as laundresses and getters up of fine linen, they are un rivalled for neatness, punctuality, and cheapness. They also make admirable servants, and in a country like America, where domestic help is not only very costty but very independent and inso lent, the economic, thrifty, painstaking, and industrious Chinese supply a press ing want so admirably, as to make the people of New York and New England, and other states on the Atlantic sea board, very anxious for a similar visita tion, to replace the lazy negroes and the saucy Irish, to whom they are almost delusively beholden for domestic ser vice. Perhaps, as the intercourse among the nations of the East and West be comes more frequent and more intimate, the Chinese and Japanese may find their way to Europe as well as to America, and there the sorely needed parts of respectful, economical, and capable servants. And not only do the eastern potentates of China, Japan, Borneo, and Siam, send to England and Scotland for steam yachts, for railway iron, and for capable engineers to lay down their railroads ; not only do they send envoys and am bassadors to report to them on their return the wonders they have seen, and the things to be avoided and imitated, in the example set them by the West ; but they themselves begin to perceive the advantages of foreign travel. It was thought a daring innovation on an cient routine when first the Sultan of Turkey the great Padishah himself, and after him the Khedive, or Viceroy of Egypt, visited England. :No sultan or shah of Persia had ever been known to travel beyond the limits of that land of flowers and romance ; but the present shah, inspired by the spirit of the age, and perhaps prompted by the knowledge of what has been done by his brother of Turkey, has resolved to visit Europe and to see for himself as much as sul tans, shahs, kings, emperors, and other great potentates are permitted to see by the viralant jealousy of those who sur round 0"n, or by the absurd etiquette with wjfich they surround themselves. Doubtless he will return to the land of roses a wiser man, with ideas more en- larged and cosmopolitan than he pos sessed when he started. Possibly the Mikado or the Tycoon may come next, or the Emperor of China, or that shad owy personage, the Grand Llama of Thibet. Don't Fret. What good does it do? Certainly you are none the happier nor your friends because you constantly air your troubles. Fretting is useless and unnecessary, 'lo be sure, 1 don t be lieve in the cant that a woman must al ways, under all and any circumstances. wear a smiling face when her husband comes home, or that she needs to take her hands out of the dough, or drop the baby on the floor, to run and meet him at the door. But I do bebeve, nay. know, for I have seen it with my own eyes among my mends, that many a woman has driven a kind husband away from her, away irom his home and its sacred influences, and caused him to spend his time at a billiard-table or in a dnnkmg-saloon, amid their profane influences, simply by her ceaseless fret ting over trifles which were not worth a word, much less the peace and happi ness of a home. 1 know that manv i mother has turned her son against her own sex, and made him dread and dis like the Bociety of women, by her exam pie, constantly set before him. I know that many a mother has brought up and developed a daughter lust like herself, who, in her turn, would wreck and ruin the comfort of another family circle, And knowing all this, my sisters, and brothers, too, if they need it, I know that ' we ought to set our faces like a flint against this useless, sinful, peace destroying and home-disturbing habit of lrettihg. A well-known miner in California recently visited his mine and stepped into the bucket and was let down. Dur ing the descent the rop"e broke and let the bucket loose. Its occupant seized the upper end of the rope and held on for some time. His assistant kept on lowering until he thought his employer had reached the bottom of the shaft it being 250 feet deer and then stopped, Meanwhile the victim clung to the rope and shouted wildly for help but none was near. At length, when exhausted he indulged in a silent prayer, in' the expectation of being dashed to pieces by the tall to take place, and, closing his eyes, let go and fell about eighteen inches. When found he was in a state of unconsciousness. "Paddy, what's your belief," said gentleman to an Irish guide, anxious to discover what his religion was. " Shure yer honor, I'm of my landlady's belief, "What's that, Pat?" he inquired " Why, then, I owe her five half-years1 rent, and she believes that I'll never pay her, and that s my belief too. Editorial notices are so common that it is almost impossible for an editor to express his honest opinion of the merits of any article without being suspected of interested motives. This fact, how ever, shall not deter us from saying what we think of a new addition to the Materia Medica to which our attention has been recently directed. We refer to Dr. J. Walker's California Vinegar Bitters, a remedy which is making its way into more families just now than all the other advertised medicines put together. Its popularity, as far as we can judge, is not based on empty pre tension. There seems to be no question about the potency of its tonic and al terative properties, while it possesses the great negative recommendation of containing neither alcohol nor mineral poison. That it is a specific for Indi gestion, Biliousness, Constipation, and many complaints of nervous origin, we have reason to know ; and we are as sured on good authority that as a gen eral invigorant, regulating and purifying medicine it has no equal. It is stated that its ingredients (obtained from the wilds of California) are new to the medical world; and its extraordinary ef fects certainly warrant the conclusion that it is a compound of agents hitherto unknown. If popularity is any criterion, there can be no doubt of the efficiency of the Vinegar Bitters, for the sale of the article is immense and continually increasing. Com. Flapg'B Instant Btliof. Warranted to rcliove all Khemnatic Afflictions, Sprains, Neuralgia, etc. Tha best, tho purest, and tho quickest remedy for oil Bowel Complaints. Relief guaranteed or the monev refunded. Com. Mormon Secrets sent free. Address AN DREW HENLEY, Omaha, Nebraska Com. THE WEEKLY BVS. Only $1 a Year. 8 Page The Best Familt Paper The Weekly N. Y Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send your dollars The Rest Aoricxltural Paper. Tho Week ly N. Y. Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send your Dollar. The Best Political Paper. Tho Weekly N. Y. Sun. Iudqpondcnt and faithful. Against Public Plunder. 8 pages, tl a year. Send your Dollar. The Best Newspaper. Tho Weekly N. Y. Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send your Dollar Has All the News. The Weekly New York Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send your Dollar. The Best Story Paper. Tho Wcokly N. Y. Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send your Dollar. TnE Best Fashion Reports In the Weekly N. Y. Sun. 8 pages, tl a year. Bond your Dollar. The Best Market Beports in the Weekly N. Y. Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send your Dollar. The Best Cattle Reports in the Weekly N. Y Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send your Dtllar. The Best Paper in Every Respect. The Wcokly. N.Y. Sun. 8 pages, ilayear. Send your Dollar. Address THE SUN, New York City. A Jlanual of Health. An edition of between nine and ten millousof polo ies of a Tory useful work Is new ready for gratuitoul distribution, and can be bad for the asking at any drug store in the United States, the British Colonies, Spanish America or Brazil. The work referred to ia Uoptetter's Almaiiac for 1873. The medical portion of it treats of the various ailments to which the hu man system is subject, and sots forth the peculiar properties of Hostetter's Stomach Bitters the purest and best tonic at prcsont known as a preser vative of health and strength, and as a remedy for debility and disease. The Almnuso Is printed in al the principal languages of tho civilized world, and reaches a ltrger number of families and individuals than any other medical treatise that ever issued from the press. No man or woman who has a due regard for that choicest oi heaven's blessings, bodily vigor, should fail to read the plain, simple and convincing articles wblch this truly practical publication con tains. The miscellaneous matter is varied, instruc tive and amusiug, and the calendar department copious and comprehensive. Hostetter's Almanac is, in short, a household convenience, adapted to the use of all classes and callings. The farmer, tha planter, the miner, the merchant, the mechanic, the laborer, the professional mac, all need it; and to in. validsof both sexes it Is literally an article of prime necessity. The medical technicalities which ren der so many medical treatises intended for popular use unintelllt ible to the general reador, have been carefully avoided In thia phamphlet. All is clear, explicit, forcible, and reconcilable with reason and common sense. The proprietors, Messrs. Hostetter's 4t Smith, Pittsburgh, ra., on receipt of a two-cent stamp, will forward a copy by mail to any person who cannot prooure on In bis neighborhood. Vinegar nitter are not a vile Fancy Dn'nk, made of Poor Rum, Whiskey, Proof Spinta and Refute Liouors, doctored, spiced, and sweetened to please the taste, called Tonics," "Appetisers," ' Restorers,' &c, that lead the tippler on to drankennesa and ruin, but are a true Medicine, made from the native roots and herbs of California, free from al1 Alcoholic Stimulants. They are the Great Blood Purifier and a Life-giving rTmciple, a Perfect Renovator and invigoratorot tlte System, carrying off all poisonous matter and restofing trie blood to a healthy condition, enrichine it, refreshing: and invigorating both mind and body, Tliey are easy of administration, prompt in tneir action, certain in their results, safe and reliable in all forms of disease. No Person can take these Bitter accord ing to directions, and remain long unwell, provided their bones are not destroyed by mineral poison or other means, and the vital orgaus wasted beyond the point of repair. UyspcDsla or Indlarestlon. Headache. Pain in the Shoulders, Coughs, Tightness of the Chest, Dis siness, Sriur Eructations of the Stomach, Bad Taste in the Mouth. Bilious Attacks, Palpitation of the Heart, Inflammation of the Lungs, Pain in the regions of the Kidneys, and a hundred other painful symptoms, are the ofsprings of Dyspepsia. In these complains it has no equal, and one bottle will prove a better guar antee of its merits than a lengthy advertisement. Vnr t eimile complaints, m young or old, married or single, at the dawn of womanhood, or the turn of life, these Tonic Bitters display so decided an influence that a marked improvement is soon percep tible. For Inflammatory anil Chronic Rheu matism and Gout, Dyspepsia or Indigestion, Bilious, Remittent and Intermittent Fevers, Diseases of the Blood, Liver, Kidneys and Bladder, these Bitters have been most successful. Such Diseases are caused by Vitiated Blood, wh'ch is generally produced by derange ment of the Digestive Organs. They are a Gentle Purgative a Well as a Tonic, possessing also the peculiar merit of acting as a powerful agent in relieving Congestion or Inflam mation of the Liver and Visceral Organs, and in Bilious Diseases. For Skin Diseases, Eruptions, Tetter, Salt Rheum, Blotches, Spots, Pimples, Pustules, Boils, Car buncles, Ring-worms, Scald-Htad, Sore Eyes, Ery sipelas, Itch, Scurfs, Discolorationsof the Skin, Humors and Diseases of the Skin, of whatever name or nature, are literally dug up and carried out of the system in a short time by tke use of these Bitters. One bottle in such cases will convince the most incredulous of their curative effects. Cleanse the Vitiated Blood whenever you find its impurities bursting through the skin in Purines, Eruptions, or Sores ; cleanse it when you find it ob structed and sluggish in the veins ; cleanse it when it is foul ; your feelings will tell you when. Keep the blood pure, and the health of the system will follow. Grateful thousands proclaim Vinegar Bit ters the most wonderful Invigorant that ever sustained the sinking system. Pin, Tape, and other Worms, lurking in the system of so many thousands, are effectually de stroyed and removed Says a distinguished physiol ogist: There is scarcely an individual upon the face of the earth whose body is exempt from the.presence of worms. It is not upon the healthy elements of the body that worms exist, but upon the diseased humors and slimy deposits that breed these living monsters of disease. No system of Medicine, no vermifuges, no anthelmin tics, will tree tne system irom worms iuc ineae mi ters. Mechanical Diseases. Persons engaged in Paints and Minerals, such as Plumbers, Type-setters. Gold-beaters, and'Miners, as they advance m life, will be subject to paralysis of the Bowels. To gu&rd against this take a dose of Walker's Vinegar Bittexs once or twice a week, as a Preventive. Bilious, Remittent, and Intermittent Fevers, which are so prevalent in the valleys of our great rivers throughout the United States, especially those of the Mississippi, Ohio, Missouri, Illinois, Ten nessee, Cumberland, Arkansas. Red, Colorado, Brazos, Rio Grande, Pearl, Alabama, Mobile. Savannah, Roan oke, James, and many others, with their vast tributa ries, throughout our entire country dining the Summer and Autumn, and remarkably so during seasons of unusual heat ad dryness, are invariably accompanied by extensive derangements of the stomach andtliver, and other abdominal viscera. There are always more or less obstructions of the liver, a weakness and irritable state of the stomach, and great torpor of the bowels, being clogged up with vitiated accumulations. In their treat ment, a purgative, exerting a powerful influence upon these various organs, is essentially necessary. There is no cathartic for the purpose equal to Dr. J. Walker's Vinegar Bittkrs, as they will speedily remove she dark-colored viscid matter with which the bowels are loaded, at the same time stimulating the secretions of the liver, and generally restoring the healthy functions of the digestive organs. Scrofula, or Kind's Evil, White Swellings, Ulcers, Erysipelas, Swelled Neck, Goiter, Scrofulous Inflammations, Indolent Inflammations, Mercurial Af fections, Old Sores, Eruptions of tin Skin, Sore Eves, etc, etc. In these, as in all other constitutional Dis eases, Walker's Vinegar Bitters have shown their great curative powers in tlii- most obstinate and iutract able cases. Dr. Walker's California Vinegar Bitters act on all these cases in a similar manner. By purifying the Blood they remove the cause, and by resolving away the effects of the inflammntion'tthe tubercular deposits) the affected parts receive health, and a permanent cure is effected. The propertie of Dr. Walker's Vinegar Bitters are Aperient, Diaphoretic and Carminative, Nutritious, Laxative, Diuretic, Sedative, Counter-irritant. Sudorific, Alterative, and Anti-Bilious. The Aperient and mild Laxative properties of LDr. Walker's Vinkgar Bitters" are the best safe guard in an cases oi erupiiuns auu nidiij;iiaiii icvcrs, their balsamic, healing, and soothing properties protect the humors of the fauces. Their Sedative properties allay pain in the nervous system, stomach, and bowels, either from inflammation, wind, colic, cramps, etc Their Counter-irritant influence extends throughout the system. Their Diuretic properties act on the Kid neys, correcting and regulating the flow of urine. Their Anti-Bilious properties stimulate the liver, in the secre tion of bile, and us discharges through the biliary ducts, and are superior to all remedial agents, for the cure of Bilious Fever, Fever and Ague, etc. Fortify the body against disease by puri fying all its fluids with Vinegar Bitthrs. No epi. demic can take hold of a system thus forearmed. The liver, the stomach, the bowels, the kidneys, and the nerves are rendered disease-proof by this great invig orant. Direction. Take of the Bitters on going to bed at night from a half to one and one-half wine-glassfull. ' Eat good nourislking food, such as beefsteak, mutton chop, venison, roast beef, and vegetables, and take out-door exercise. They are composed of purely veget able ingredients, and contain no spirit. J.WALKKrI, Prop'r. K. II. McDONAI.D& CO., Druggists and Gen. Agts. . San Francisco and New York. - SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS & DEALERS. r i - 7. T A C! I I K T .1 We wore plcasod to see, not long sine, in one of onr exchanges, some pretty severe re marks addressed to several persons who, dur ing an interesting lecture by Kev. Jno. 8. C. Abbott, kept op a continuous coughing, which prevented many from hearing. Peoplo who cannot refrain from coughing had better stay away from such places, or else tak a bottle of Johnson's Anodyno Liniment with them. Com. To the Weak, tho win, and the 'weary, the editor of the Boston Kecordeb says, " We can most unhesitatingly recommend tho Peruvian Syrup, a protected solution of the protoxides of iron, to all the weak, the worn and tho woary, having richly experienced its benefits. It possesses all tho qualities claimed for it by its proprietor." Com. Vegotable rulmonary Balsam. "Doubtloss the beat Cough Moidcine in the World." Com. A Noglected Cough, Cold' or Sons Throat, which might be checked by a simple remedy, like Brown's Bronchial Troches, if allowed to progress may terminate seriously. Com. Tho importanc of giving Sheridan's Cavalry Condition Powde.j to horses that have been out in the cold rain, stood in cold wind, or drank tqo much cold water, cannot bo overes timated ; no man should be without them who owns a horso. Com. The Browns and Blacks produced by that sterling preparation, Christ adoro's Excelsior Hair Dye cannot be excelled by Nature; its tints challenge comparison with Nature's most favored productions, and defy detection. Com. Locke's National Monthly is a magazine of 48 pages publishod by Locke & Joaes, Toledo, Ohio. Mr. Locke (Nasby) writes for every number, avoiding politics. Read his "Ambi tious Young Man, in the January number. To got it ask your newsdealor, or send 10 cents to publishers. By the year 11.00. Bond for special circular to agents. Sont free. An agent wanted at every post-office. Cora." Chapped Hands, face, rough skin, pimplos, ring-worm, salt-rheum and other cutaneous affections cured, and the skin made soft and smooth, by using the Juniper Tab Soap, made by Caswell, Hazard & Co., New York, It s more conyenient and easily applied than other remedies, avoiding the trouble of the greasy oom pounds now in use.