OCR Interpretation

Essex County herald. [volume] (Guildhall, Vt.) 1873-1964, January 11, 1873, Image 4

Image and text provided by University of Vermont

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84023416/1873-01-11/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Farm, Garden and Household.
Here is some plain language address
ed to Nebraska husbandmen bj the
editor of a local journal: Farmers, it is
your own fault if you do not get -what
you want from the Legislature, because
you send men who will waste weeks in
the expenditure of political buncombe,
and who lack the wit or energy to put
even any good law in force on our statute
books. Why grumble then? i-iet us
all do what we can with those we have
placed in high places.
The Western Farmer dares to main
tain that it would be quite possible to
take many of the so-called " run down "
farms, and increase the crops steadily
far several years without the aid of any
manures, simply by more thorough cul
tivation or better tillage. This of
course would not be advisable, for the
use of fertilizers in addition would be a
great help, but it would illustrate what
our authority fully believes, that there
is comparatively little land from which
the " plant food has been exhausted,
The eighth annual Convention of the
American Dairymen's Association will
be held at Utica, Jan. 14-16. The Pres
ident, Horatio Seymour, is expected to
present a paper on the use of the micro
scope in testing milk, cream, cheeee,
Ac, and other addresses on appropriate
topics are announced by L. li. Arnold,
David W. Lewis, O. S. Bliss, B. B. Moon,
Wm. Blanding, S. A. Farrington, T. D.
Curtis, Harris Lewis, Alex. Macadam,
J. V. H. Scovill. Levi and Charles Scher
merhorn, and H. Cooley Greene. In
addition to these, prominent and sncces
ful cheese and butter makers will be
called on for experience, a "question
drawer" will be inaugurated and mem
bers will have privilege of bringing for
ward such pertinent subjects as they
may desire to have considered. A pop
ular churn will be given as premium for
the best 20 or 25 pounds of butter.
Further particulars furnished by the
Secretary, Gardner B. Weeks, Syracuse,
Take some rump steak and pound it
well, to make it soft, and lard it thor
oughly. Put it in a stewpan, in equal
parts of white wine and water, and add
some slices from a leg of veal. Season
it with spice, salt, garlic, thyme and
parsley. Boil them over a steady fire,
four or five hours. When sufficiently
done, remove the meat, and strain the
broth through a sieve ; then put it into
another pan, and boil it down until it
becomes a jelly. If it is wished that the
jelly should be clear, the whites of two
eggs may be beaten up in a tablespoon
ful of stock broth, and added to it, and
well mixed. It must then be boiled for
seven or eight minutes. Some letnon is
then'to be added, and the contents of the
etewpan strained through a fine cotton
strainer, taking care not to squeeze the
cloth, or the dregs may be forced through
the pores of the material. The filtered
jelly is then put in a cold place to set.
When it has become perfectly solid, it
is to be cut with a spoon into largo
pieces, which are arranged on the dish,
around the piece of meat. Sometimes
the jelly is colored before being strained,
by the addition of a little cochineal.
V ery many persons seem to think that
because beauty and utility are not the
same, they must be antagonistic. But
do beautiful colors in a fowl's plumage
make its flesh less juicy and appetizing
after liaving been upn the gridiron ?
To be sure fancy hues do not necessari
ly, and of themselves, produce good in
regard to useful qualities, but neither
do they necessarily do harm. Only
those who love fowl, that is, those who
take an interest in them and study their
peculiarities, are the ones who will be
likely to effect any improvements as to
their economical value, and it is these
very keepers who may also, as a matter
of course, be expected to have their eyes
tought by external, and who will pre
fer some particular hues and colors. I
am convinced that breeding for fancy
and to a standard, provided due promin
ence is given to symmetry and size, and
all "in and-in breeding" strictly avoid
ed, is not detrimental to utility, and
that birds thus bred will always com
pare more than favorably with common
stock, supposing neither to be bred with
any special reference to extraordinary
prolificness, as is not generally the case
with either fancy fowls ,or the common
Cider and Pickles for Fever.
Some two months ago, a resident of
Detroit named Broef, was taken ill
with some sort of a fever, and for two
weeks there was little hope of saving his
life. He continued to sink, in spite of
all the physicians could do, and they
nnauy gave mm up. All through his
sickness the man had continually asked
for pickles and cider, and when he had
got so low that his death was considered
only a question of a few hours, Mrs,
Broef decided to gratify his wishes. A
glass of sweet cider was given him, and
he declared himself much better for it,
More was given through the night, in
place of medicine, and the next morning
me aocior declared that a most favor
able change had taken place. Some
strong pickles were procured and given
him, and he began to call for gruel and
broth. To be brief, he is now able to
move around the house, and everybody
an uie neignDornooa, as weu as the phy
sician, gives the cider and pickles the
credit of performing the cure.
The Cheyenne Leader comes to us
with a vigorous protest against what it
calls the rape of Wyoming, or the pro
posed annexion of a portion of Wyo
ming Territory to Colorado, in order to
give the latter sufficient population to
be decently admitted into the Union as
a State. The Leader affirms that Wyo
ming possesses the natural advantages
to become itself a State at no far-distant
day, unless dismembered to accommo
date the ambitious designs of Colorado.
The latter territory, it says, has only
50,000 inhabitants, and with the addi
tion of Wyoming would have only 65,
000, or only one-half the number re
quired for a Congressional District.
The consequenoes likely to follow tho
proposed annexation, if we may believe
the Leader, are truly terrible, and they
include the crushing out of human
energy, stopping the march of civiliza
tion, undoing all that has been done
and blasting the bright prospects of all
that might be done in the fair territory
of Wyoming.
The latest pets which the Parisian,
ladies affect are monkeys. These
charming little animals are to take the
place of the inevitable poodle, and are
said to take kindlyvtp the attention and
affection lavished upon them. They
are adorned by dainty silver collars but
on their walks are left unchained, as
each " respectable monkey is attended
by two footmen, who guide his wayward
steps and keep him within the bounds
of the civilization of which he may one
day form- a part. We do not know
wnethr Mr. Darwin, or a freak of
fashion is to be thanked for this trans
fer of affections.
General Oiangarnler, the Pro pee tire
Ruler of France.
Among the lively veterans whom the
latest Freach revolution has brought
upper-most, after years of enforced or
voluntary exile, is General Changnrnier.
This distinguished man is now acting aa
chief of the Right Centre, or Orleanist
section of the Assembly, and is not un
likely, should M. liners finally carry
out his repeated threats of resignation,
to be placed at the head of the Govern
ment. The general is four or five years
older than the president, having passed
his eightieth anniversary, yet displays
a vigor in action and nerve in speech
not inferior to that of Thiers himself,
Changarnier, after a successful career
in the African campaign in the reign of
Louis Philippe, suddenly became
prominent figure when the Revolution
of livia superseded the UrJeans regime.
He was active in aiding to suppress
the June insurrection, and, when Bona
parte became president, was made com
mandant of the military forces in Paris.
But the sturdy independence of his
character made Bonaparte doubtful of
his co-operation when the coup d'etat
was planned, and the suggestion of his
name as a candidate for the presidential
succession added to this feeling of dis
trust; in consequence, Bonaparte re
moved him from his command. Chan
gamier, like Thiers, was one of those
who were arrested on the morning of
coup d'etat, imprisoned, and finally ban
lshed: and. like Thiers, he never lor
gave the indignity. He disappeared
quite out of history until the i ranco
Prussian War, wherein he received com
maud of a division, and shared Bazaine's
misfortunes at Metz. Elected a mem
ber of the Assembly, he has taken
very active part in its proceedings
throughout, showing himself to be as
able a debater as he was valiant on the
field. He is a conservative of the Or
leanist type, and has made himself
especially conspicuous for his violent
attacks upon Uambetta. Ueneral Uhan
gamier has been compared, in personal
appearance, to Maior Pendennis: he is
the sleekest and most hnical of antiqua
ted dandies, attires himself in the latest
fashions, always seems to have the in
stant before issued from the hands of
his valet and his coiffeur, and has the
jaunty, springy step of a fashionable
man in the vigor of his prime.
His brown wicr is all too brown : this
is tha only article in which he displays
a want of taste ; but his gray eye is
bright and stern, his mouth family set,
and his whole expression one of bellig
erent determination. His party zeal is as
notable as was his dash and spirit on
Algerian plains forty years ago ; more
than once he has assailed M. liners
with a courage and eloquence which has
frightened more than his own support'
ers. The secret of his influence, how
ever, rests not so much upon his orator
ical powers or his political shrewdness
as upon his probity and incorruptibility,
Few men in the assembly are so com
pletely trusted. His character is open,
simple, and sensitively honorable.
Were he to become president or dicta
tor, no one doubts that he would regard
with exclusive view what he thought to
be the weal of 1 ranco.
What Came of a Tomboy.
Miss Martha Knight is a good-looking
girl who was born in Boston, and very
early in life mortified her parents and
their friends by being that childish fem
inine monstrosity called a " Tomboy."
She cared nothing for dolls and mini
ature housekeeping, like other little
girls, but wanted gimlets and augers,
and saws and hatchets, and nails and
lumber to work with. Instead of
learning to sew on dolls' clothes, she
made sleds and wagons and kites for her
numbscull brothers, and she finally be
came a wonder of mechanical genius.
Her taste ran that way, and her friends
concluded to let it go when they found
tliey could not stop it. Miss Martha
Knight, being poor, went into a paper
bag manufactory to earn her livelihood.
Of course such a girl could not stay at
home and drone away her life at the
family fireside. She went to work like
a man, and has now become famous and
the pride of the old folks. She has won
the distinction of being the first female
inventor that ever received a patent for
a complete invention at Washington.
Her invention is a machine for making
paper bags. Several attempts had pre
viously been made in this direction by
men of mechanical genius, and all had
failed. This " Tomboy " has now done
it, and made a success. Unaided she
drew her plans, and she superintended
the putting up of the machinery at Am
herst, Mass. It works well, and her
everlasting fortune is made.
Remarkable Succession of Deaths.
A singular fatality appears to have
attached to the new building of the
Young Men's Christian Association, in
New York City, as no less than eight
sudden deaths have occurred among the
artists, occupants of its studios, and of
those intimately connected with them,
within a period of little more than two
years. Edward J. Kuntze's death oc
curred first, shortly after the opening of
the building. Edward D. Nelson was
killed, a few hours after leaving his
studio, on the Harlem Railroad. Adolph
Vogt died a few months later, very sud
denly, of smallpox. Mrs. Tait, wife of
the artist, died in her husband's studio
last Winter. Ames, the portrait paint
er, was stricken down in his studio while
working before his easel last summer,
and died a few days later. Mrs. Vincent
Colyer, wife of tne artist, was drowned
at Darien, Connecticut, in October.
Mr. Kensett's death occurred suddenly
on the 14th of the present month, anil
before the emblems of mourning were
removed from his studio door, Mr.
George P. Putnam, the art publisher,
was stricken with apoplexy in his store
and died before he could be removed to
his home. This is a sad record.
The Richest Man in the World.
This enviable person is probably the
Khedive of Egypt. His yearly income
is $50,000,000, and he has twenty-five
richly - furnished palaces within the
walls of Cairo. He is vastly more pro
gressive than the Sultan, his Turkish
master ; is rapidly extending his do
minions, building railroads, and making
commercial improvements, and will ul
timately become independent of Turk
ish domination, ne is at present mak
ing arrangements for the connection of
a railroad up the Nile to Dongola, and
thence across the desert to Loudan,
which country he will make one of his
own provinces. It has been remarked
of him that as Viceroy upon any throne
in Europe,he would be the greatest mon
arch of the age. He is not only a prince
but a merchant, a capitalist, a states
man and a cultivator. He sleeps only
four hours out of twenty-four, and at
his desk center his railroads, steamship
lines, telegraphs, postal service, private
estates, sugar mills, cotton culture,
army, navy and civil service.
Associated Habitual Movement in the
Lower Animals.
Dogs, when they wish to go to sleep
on a carpet or other hard surface, gen
erally turn round and round and scratch
the ground with their fore-paws in a
senseless manner, as if they intend to
trample down the grass and scoop out a
hollow, as no doubt their wild parents
did, when they uvea on open grassy
plains or in the woods. Jackals, fen
nacs, and other allied animals in the
Zoological Gardens, treat their straw in
this manner ; but it is a rather1 odd cir
cumstance that tho keepers, after ob
serving for some months, have never
seen the wolves thus behave. A semi
idiotic and an animal in this condition
would be particularly liable to follow a
senseless habit was observed by
friend to turn completely round on a
carpet thirteen times before going to
Many carnivorous animals, as they
crawl toward their prey and prepare to
rush or spring on it, lower their heads
and crouch, partly, as it would appear,
to hide themselves, and partly to get
ready for their ni3h ; and this habit in
an exaggerated form has become heredi
tary in our pointers and guttlers. Now
I have noticed (.cores of times that,
when two strange dogs meet on an open
road, the one which sees the other first,
after the first glance, always lowers its
head, generally crouches a little, or even
lies down ; that is he takes the proper
attitude for concealing himself and for
making a rush or spring, although the
road is quite open end the distance
is great. Again, dogs of all kinds,
when intently watching and slowly ap
proaching their prey, frequently keep
one of their fore-legs doubled up for a
long time, ready for the next cautious
step ; and this is eminently characteris
tic of the pointer. But from habit they
behave in exactly the same manner
whenever their rttention h aroused. I
have seen a dog at the foot of a high
wall, litening attentively to a sound on
the opposite side, with one leg doubled
up ; and in this there could have been
no intention of making a cautious ap
proach. Dogs scratch themselves by a rapid
movement of one of their hind-feet;
and, when their backs are rubbed with
a stick, so strong is the habit, that they
cannot help rapidly scratching the air
or the ground in a useless and ludicrous
Horses scratch themselves by nibbling
those parts of their bodies which they
can reach with their teeth; but more
commonly one horse shows another
where he wants to be sirtched, and
they then nibble eacn otner. A friend
whose attention I hod called to the sub
ject, observed that when he rubbed his
horse's neck, tho animal protruded his
head, uncovered his teeth, and moved
his jaws, exactly as if nibbling another
horse's neck, for he could never have
nibbled his own neck. If a horse is
much tickled, as when curry-combed,
his wish to bite something becomes so
intolerably strong that he will clatter
his teeth together, and, though not
vicious, bite his groom. At the same
time, from habit, he closely depresses
his ears, so as to protect them from be
ing bitten, as if he wore lighting with
another horse.
A horse, when eager to start on a
journey, makes tn nearest approach
which lie can to th habitual movement
of progression by pawing the ground.
Now, when horses in their stalls are
about to be fed and are eager for their
corn, they paw the pavement or the
straw. Two of my horses thus behave
when they see or hear tho corn given ,o
their neighbors. But here ve have
what may almost be called a true ex
pression, as pawW the ground is uni
versally recognized as a sign of eager
Evil Speaking.
Speaking evil of others is one of the
most unamiable habits that can be ac
quired, and one that leads to infinite
mischief ; it is not always easy to avoid
it, for there are a great many persona in
the world who are not what they ongat
to be, and who do many things they
ought not to do. -it is hard for a blunt,
generous mind to refrain from express
ing itself about mean people and mean
acts ; there is something in meanness
and dishonesty that rouses the lndigna
tion of such a mind, and it likes the
luxury of denouncing them in bold, un
sparing language. But the practice, as
a practice, is a troublesome and danger
ous one.
There are occasions when it is our
duty to speak out in exposure of wrong ;
bat in general, it is best to abstain from
evil speaking, even of evil persons. We
are not made judges of others' actions ;
no one has the right to assume the char
acter of arbiter and censor. Even the
best of us have our faults, and if every
one should presume to denounce the
vices and misconduct of others, the
world would be given up to defamation,
We may see and hear much that we
do not admire and cannot like ; we may
become cognizant of many evil deeds
done by evil persons ; but it is the part
of wisdom and discretion to pass them
by withqjit notice, except .when to speak
of them cautiously may be necessary as
a warning to a friend.
We all have enough enemies in this
world, without provoking others by ill
tempered comments. The enmity of
evil men is a thing to be avoided, for
while it can do us no good, it may do
us much harm. Besides we may make
mistakes in the haste of honest indigna
tion, and speak evil of good men for
acts we do not understand. Such a
mistake is worse than the other ; for
while it is imprudent to promiscuously
denounce evil men, it is cruel wrong to
defame a good one.
Milk Paint. In Every Man His Own.
Painter we find the following : " For
painting in rooms where the smell of
oil of turpentine would be objectionable
a preparation may be made as fallows :
Take eight ounces of freshly slacked
lime and mix it in an earthen vessel
with three quarts of skimmed sweet
milk. In another vessel mix three and
a half pounds of Paris white with three
pints of the milk. When three mixtures
are well stirred up put them together
and add six ounces of linseed oil. Mix
these well and it will be ready for use.
This preparation is equal to oil paint,
and is excellent for walls arid ceilings.
Any shade may be made by the addition
of dry pigments."
The leading actors at the New York
theaters are by no means badly paid.
John Brougham has a weekly salary of
6300, and a handsome income besides
from his many plays ; Mrs. John Wood
gets $600 ; Rose Hcrsce, $500 ; Stuart
Robson, $150. These are at the Grand
Opera House. At the Fifth Avenue
Theater Miss Davenport ( whom Bonci
cault pronounces one of the best light
oomedy actresses of the day) gets $150;
George Clark 125 ; James Lewis, $125;
Plessy Mordaunt $80 ; Jenny Lee, $60;
Emily Westayer 50. There are very
many others receiving salaries ranging
from $30 to $60 a week. Most of these
are prudent, money-saving people, regu
lar visitors at the sayings-banks.
Less Labor and More Happiness.
We favor a system that shall contri
bute most to the happiness of the indi-
viuuai ana tne class. II the one hour
saved from labor be devoted to intel
lectual improvement, it is well. If the
laborer Uius released applies his leisure
hour to his own domestic business, to
his garden or his shop, to his needed
rest or the education of his children, to
the pleasant interchange of ideas and
good-will between neighbors, to almost
anything except dissipation, idleness
and debauchery-it will prove a blessing.
taking him out of the enforced treadmill
of grinding toil, and giving him a status
in tne world above that of the mere
toiling serf.
One hour a day saved from slavish
toil, if rightly employed and improved,
can oe tne means of creating a new
class of men new in their capacities
for enjoyment, and for toil itself. The
devotion of one hour a day to self-education,
to mental development, can do
what has so often been done before ;
transform mere drudges into thinking,
intelligent beings, with their capacities
iur ueuiiuuu enjoyment increased in
proportion to the cultivation of their
intellects. But this will not be the re
sult to the man who covets the one
hour saved from toil in order that he
may have so much more time to devote
to the shuffling of cards or the shaking
of dice at the corner grocery.
It is a common mistake made that
release from the necessity of labor en
sures happiness. Employment is the
law of all really intelligent, certainly
an rtiuiiy progressive, nations and in.
dividuals. Others may exist, but they
do not live in the true sense of the word.
We must work with the mind if not
with the hands. The invisible wheels
and springs of the brain must be kept
moving. Thought will be evolved, and
in its proper direction is the correct cue
to happiness. Let the laborer get his
release from the hitherto extra hour or
two of enforced toil, and then devote
it sensibly to better purposes than
dissipation, or idleness, -which leads to
dissipation if not to vagabondage and
About Bears.
The provisions of nature are strange.
Climate forces upon animals different
habits. Towards the end of Decern'
ber the female white bear places her
self in a position where the snow will
drift over her. Lying still upon a rock.
the snow falls tliickly upon her. and a
cell is formed for" a winter habitation
In this cell the animal resides during
the period of accouchement. The cubs
are produced, and the mother remains
secluded with them until the month of
March. The young are very small at
first, but as they grow the heat of the
bodies melt the snow and thus enlarges
the cell. The warm breath ascends up
ward, and makes an aperature for the
admission of pure air. Before hiber
nating, the bear eats enormously of nu
tritious food, and becomes very fat, on
which fat Bhe exists during her winter
retirement. The phenomenon is all the
more singular, as the female bear is com
pelled to give sustenence to her young
as wen as to live herself, and the sur
plus fat in her own body her only store
of food. Pertinent to this, Dr. Wood
"It is worthy of notice that in the
bears of the Old as well as tho New
World, is found the curious phenome'
non of the ' tappen.' a hard concreted
substance, which plugs up the intestines
and seems to be of service in retaining
the animal condition. In Scandinavia.
where the bears of both sexes retire to
winter quarters, and remain in their
hidden recesses for five full months, the
tappen is very seldom cast until the
bear leaves its den. In the rare instan
ces where such an event has happened.
the bear is said to have becom misera
bly thin and weak."
The snow packs closely, and makes a
warm bed. lhe caloric exhaled from
the body is not swept away by the wind,
but it is conserved around the animal,
and sensation is preserved.
People You Expect to Meet.
Mr. Smith, who speaks his native
English with a slightly foreign accent
whenever he returns from a week upon
tne Continent.
Mr. Brown, who can't appreciate Bee'
thoven, but dotes upon the bagpipes
Mr. Jones, who, when he shares a cab
with you, somehow never has small
change about him.
Mr. Robinson, who carefully abstains
from volunteering a political opinion
until he has consulted half a dozen
Mr. Cruiser, who keeps a schooner
yacht, but, except in a dead calm, never
ventures out of harbor.
Mr. Sharpe, who, when he drops his
money into the collection plate, can
make a sixpence sound as though it
were a dollar.
Mrs. Snobbington, who calls her little
knife-boy a page, and when she hires a
fay, talks of taking carriage exercise.
Mr. Tytle Tattle: who, from some offi
cial .source of information, always
brings the latest news of the intentions
of the government.
Mr. Hodger, who considers Tupper
far superior to Milton, and goes ready
primed with arguments to prove it.
Mr. Dodger, who invariably takes an
old umbrella to a party, in the hope, by
lucky accident, to change it for a new
Miss Sniveller, who keeps a sentimen
tal diary, and bullies her small broth
ers. Mr. Funnimen, who can not cut a
tongue without cutting a stale joke
about it.
The Philosophy of Frying Meats.
Of all methods of cooking none is so
common, so conyenient and so economi
cal, as frying. And yet very few people
understand the philosophy of a good fry,
or there would certainly be less com
plaint of its unhealthfulnesB, and less
mdigestion from its consumption.
Perfect frying is perfect cooking, and
is in reality very easily done. It is only
necessary that the fat should be boiling
bubbling hot. Then the article dropped
into it is at once covered with a thin
crust, crisp, brown and appetizing, and
the interior of the meat retains its juices
and is quite free from all suspicions of
But the frying-pan, it is self-evident,
cannot be a shallow one, for it must
have a depth of boiling fat sufficient to
coi'cr the steak or cutlet, &c, for if this
is not donee at once, the part remaining
cold cools the adjoining fat and then
absorbs it, so that the whole benefit of
the boiling fat is neutralized.
If a steak is at once covered with a
brown crisp crust it will cook as readily
as water would. The meat then is neither
greasey in appearance nor reality, so
that keeping this point in view there is
no reason why this convenient method
of cooking should not be as delicate and
as healthy as either broiling baking or
What would the ghost of Cantain
James Cook, or that of Admiral Anson,
or of any other great circumnavigator,
say to the following advertisement,
which has appeared simultaneously in
bun irancisco, .New lork and London ?
Round the world in Eighty-one Days
for $1145 in gold. (229. sterling.)
From San Francisco to Yokohama, 4700
miles; from xokohama to Hong Kong,
1600 miles; from Hong Kong to Calcut
ta, 3500; from Calcutta to Bombay, 1400
miles; from Bombay to Suez, 3600 miles;
from Suez to Alexandria, 225 miles; from
Alexandria to Brindisi, 850 miles; from
Brindisi to London, 1200 miles; from
London to New York, 3200 miles; from
New York to San Francisco, 3294 miles.
This announcement is a veritable sign
of the times and of the restless activity
of the race. Nobody thinks it much of
an achievement in our day to circum
navigate the globe. English and Ameri
can manufacturers make the grand tour
in tne way oi their business, and look
upon it as a matter of course. And not
only tho young but the old make the
circle, that would have appaled their
granaiatners. JUr. Beward, late Secre
tary of State for the American Union,
made the trip at the ripe age of seventy,
mm waving aiea at tne riper age ot
seventy-two, has left the world the reci
,i l i i in -
tal of what he saw. heard, and did. dur
ing the journey. A hale old friend of
mine, who is upwards of seventy-five
years of age, started from London, a few
months ago, to .New lork and San Fran
cisco, intending to proceed from San
Francisco to India, China, Australia and
New Zealand, and thought little more
of it than if he were going to the High
lands oi Scotland for his autumnal holi
day. Doubtless he will return all right
for he has pluck enough for anything,
and, barring accident or shipwreck, it is
very likely that he will accomplish the
leat, which he has undertaken from pure
love' of adventure, or the desire of
change ard occupation. The late Mr,
Anson Burlingame, who was appointed
ambassador from the United States to
China, and reappointed ambassador by
China to his own country and to all the
great powers of Europe, declared he
never knew how little the world was
until he had sailed around it. "In
fact," said he, "I have Teamed to look
upon the world as ne more than a good
sizea village.
Distance and remoteness have be'
come traditions of the past, and the
imagination of the man who can cor'
respond, by the electric cable, with New
York, San Francisco, or Canton, and
receive an answer in an hour or two, or
perhaps in a few minutes, needs no
great prompting to look upon those
places as within easy reach of his foot.
if it be his pleasure to visit there. The
consequences of this neighborship of
once widely-separated lands are de
fining themselves more distinctly every
day, and threaten, perhaps it should be
said promise, to assimilate the costume.
the manners, and to a partial extent
the language of all the nations of the
world. Time was when the traveller,
who strayed no further afield than to
the Continent of Europe, would refresh
his eyes by the study of many pictures'
que varieties of national costume. In
Belgium, in Holland, in Germany, in
Italy, in Switzerland, in Brittany, in
the South of France, in Spain, he found
not only a change of scene, language,
and manner, but a change in the attire
of men and women, which pleased him
by its novelty, as well as by its beauty.
There was something piquant and at
tractive in the Spanish mantilla, as
worn by the dark-eyed Andalusians and
Madrilenas. This garment is now rare
ly to be seen, though not many years
ago it was as cojimon in the streets of
Brussels and Antweip as in those of
Madrid and Seville. The hideous
chignon and the miserable apologies
for head-gear which the ladies of Eng
land, France, and America delight to
wear, have rendered the beautiful man
tilla impossible. The peasant girls of
the Swiss cantons, with their quaint
petticoats, and their coquettish hats,
have revolutionized their dress, and ap
pear no longer in the coarse, but pic
turesque and serviceable attire of the
olden time, but in the slatternly imita
tion of the tawdry dress affected by servant-girls
who ape the style of their
mistresses. All the Christian nations
of the world dress pretty nearly alike,
and the Orientals to follow suit.
Not the least curious incident of the
approximation of the peoples, which
steam and the electric wire have brought
about, is the awakening of the sluggish
Oriental mind to a knowledge of the fact
that there is a Western as well as an
Eastern civilization, and that the former
is in many respects worthy of imitation
and cultivation. The Chinese and Jap
anese have begun to swarm over their
own border into other lands, and cross
ing the Pacfic, have made a foot-hold in
California and Oregon, to the great ad
vantage of themselves and of those two
states of the American Union. They
are excellent mechanics, first rate bakers
and gardeners, and as laundresses and
getters up of fine linen, they are un
rivalled for neatness, punctuality, and
cheapness. They also make admirable
servants, and in a country like America,
where domestic help is not only very
costty but very independent and inso
lent, the economic, thrifty, painstaking,
and industrious Chinese supply a press
ing want so admirably, as to make the
people of New York and New England,
and other states on the Atlantic sea
board, very anxious for a similar visita
tion, to replace the lazy negroes and
the saucy Irish, to whom they are almost
delusively beholden for domestic ser
vice. Perhaps, as the intercourse among
the nations of the East and West be
comes more frequent and more intimate,
the Chinese and Japanese may find their
way to Europe as well as to America,
and there the sorely needed
parts of respectful, economical, and
capable servants.
And not only do the eastern potentates
of China, Japan, Borneo, and Siam, send
to England and Scotland for steam
yachts, for railway iron, and for capable
engineers to lay down their railroads ;
not only do they send envoys and am
bassadors to report to them on their
return the wonders they have seen, and
the things to be avoided and imitated,
in the example set them by the West ;
but they themselves begin to perceive
the advantages of foreign travel. It
was thought a daring innovation on an
cient routine when first the Sultan of
Turkey the great Padishah himself, and
after him the Khedive, or Viceroy of
Egypt, visited England. :No sultan or
shah of Persia had ever been known to
travel beyond the limits of that land of
flowers and romance ; but the present
shah, inspired by the spirit of the age,
and perhaps prompted by the knowledge
of what has been done by his brother of
Turkey, has resolved to visit Europe
and to see for himself as much as sul
tans, shahs, kings, emperors, and other
great potentates are permitted to see by
the viralant jealousy of those who sur
round 0"n, or by the absurd etiquette
with wjfich they surround themselves.
Doubtless he will return to the land of
roses a wiser man, with ideas more en-
larged and cosmopolitan than he pos
sessed when he started. Possibly the
Mikado or the Tycoon may come next,
or the Emperor of China, or that shad
owy personage, the Grand Llama of
Don't Fret.
What good does it do? Certainly
you are none the happier nor your
friends because you constantly air
your troubles. Fretting is useless and
unnecessary, 'lo be sure, 1 don t be
lieve in the cant that a woman must al
ways, under all and any circumstances.
wear a smiling face when her husband
comes home, or that she needs to take
her hands out of the dough, or drop the
baby on the floor, to run and meet him
at the door. But I do bebeve, nay.
know, for I have seen it with my own
eyes among my mends, that many a
woman has driven a kind husband away
from her, away irom his home and its
sacred influences, and caused him to
spend his time at a billiard-table or in
a dnnkmg-saloon, amid their profane
influences, simply by her ceaseless fret
ting over trifles which were not worth a
word, much less the peace and happi
ness of a home. 1 know that manv i
mother has turned her son against her
own sex, and made him dread and dis
like the Bociety of women, by her exam
pie, constantly set before him. I know
that many a mother has brought up and
developed a daughter lust like herself,
who, in her turn, would wreck and ruin
the comfort of another family circle,
And knowing all this, my sisters, and
brothers, too, if they need it, I know
that ' we ought to set our faces like a
flint against this useless, sinful, peace
destroying and home-disturbing habit
of lrettihg.
A well-known miner in California
recently visited his mine and stepped
into the bucket and was let down. Dur
ing the descent the rop"e broke and let
the bucket loose. Its occupant seized
the upper end of the rope and held on
for some time. His assistant kept on
lowering until he thought his employer
had reached the bottom of the shaft it
being 250 feet deer and then stopped,
Meanwhile the victim clung to the rope
and shouted wildly for help but none
was near. At length, when exhausted
he indulged in a silent prayer, in' the
expectation of being dashed to pieces by
the tall to take place, and, closing his
eyes, let go and fell about eighteen
inches. When found he was in a state
of unconsciousness.
"Paddy, what's your belief," said
gentleman to an Irish guide, anxious to
discover what his religion was. " Shure
yer honor, I'm of my landlady's belief,
"What's that, Pat?" he inquired
" Why, then, I owe her five half-years1
rent, and she believes that I'll never pay
her, and that s my belief too.
Editorial notices are so common that
it is almost impossible for an editor to
express his honest opinion of the merits
of any article without being suspected
of interested motives. This fact, how
ever, shall not deter us from saying
what we think of a new addition to the
Materia Medica to which our attention
has been recently directed. We refer
to Dr. J. Walker's California Vinegar
Bitters, a remedy which is making its
way into more families just now than
all the other advertised medicines put
together. Its popularity, as far as we
can judge, is not based on empty pre
tension. There seems to be no question
about the potency of its tonic and al
terative properties, while it possesses
the great negative recommendation of
containing neither alcohol nor mineral
poison. That it is a specific for Indi
gestion, Biliousness, Constipation, and
many complaints of nervous origin, we
have reason to know ; and we are as
sured on good authority that as a gen
eral invigorant, regulating and purifying
medicine it has no equal. It is stated
that its ingredients (obtained from the
wilds of California) are new to the
medical world; and its extraordinary ef
fects certainly warrant the conclusion
that it is a compound of agents hitherto
unknown. If popularity is any criterion,
there can be no doubt of the efficiency
of the Vinegar Bitters, for the sale of
the article is immense and continually
increasing. Com.
Flapg'B Instant Btliof. Warranted to rcliove
all Khemnatic Afflictions, Sprains, Neuralgia,
etc. Tha best, tho purest, and tho quickest
remedy for oil Bowel Complaints. Relief
guaranteed or the monev refunded. Com.
Mormon Secrets sent free. Address AN
DREW HENLEY, Omaha, Nebraska Com.
Only $1 a Year. 8 Page
The Best Familt Paper The Weekly N. Y
Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send your dollars
The Rest Aoricxltural Paper. Tho Week
ly N. Y. Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send
your Dollar.
The Best Political Paper. Tho Weekly N.
Y. Sun. Iudqpondcnt and faithful. Against
Public Plunder. 8 pages, tl a year. Send
your Dollar.
The Best Newspaper. Tho Weekly N. Y.
Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send your Dollar
Has All the News. The Weekly New York
Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send your Dollar.
The Best Story Paper. Tho Wcokly N. Y.
Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send your Dollar.
TnE Best Fashion Reports In the Weekly N.
Y. Sun. 8 pages, tl a year. Bond your
The Best Market Beports in the Weekly N.
Y. Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send your
The Best Cattle Reports in the Weekly N. Y
Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send your Dtllar.
The Best Paper in Every Respect. The Wcokly.
N.Y. Sun. 8 pages, ilayear. Send your Dollar.
Address THE SUN, New York City.
A Jlanual of Health.
An edition of between nine and ten millousof polo
ies of a Tory useful work Is new ready for gratuitoul
distribution, and can be bad for the asking at any
drug store in the United States, the British Colonies,
Spanish America or Brazil. The work referred to ia
Uoptetter's Almaiiac for 1873. The medical portion
of it treats of the various ailments to which the hu
man system is subject, and sots forth the peculiar
properties of Hostetter's Stomach Bitters the
purest and best tonic at prcsont known as a preser
vative of health and strength, and as a remedy for
debility and disease. The Almnuso Is printed in al
the principal languages of tho civilized world, and
reaches a ltrger number of families and individuals
than any other medical treatise that ever issued from
the press. No man or woman who has a due regard
for that choicest oi heaven's blessings, bodily vigor,
should fail to read the plain, simple and convincing
articles wblch this truly practical publication con
tains. The miscellaneous matter is varied, instruc
tive and amusiug, and the calendar department
copious and comprehensive. Hostetter's Almanac is,
in short, a household convenience, adapted to the
use of all classes and callings. The farmer, tha
planter, the miner, the merchant, the mechanic, the
laborer, the professional mac, all need it; and to in.
validsof both sexes it Is literally an article of prime
necessity. The medical technicalities which ren
der so many medical treatises intended for popular
use unintelllt ible to the general reador, have been
carefully avoided In thia phamphlet. All is clear,
explicit, forcible, and reconcilable with reason and
common sense.
The proprietors, Messrs. Hostetter's 4t Smith,
Pittsburgh, ra., on receipt of a two-cent stamp, will
forward a copy by mail to any person who cannot
prooure on In bis neighborhood.
Vinegar nitter are not a vile Fancy Dn'nk,
made of Poor Rum, Whiskey, Proof Spinta and Refute
Liouors, doctored, spiced, and sweetened to please the
taste, called Tonics," "Appetisers," ' Restorers,'
&c, that lead the tippler on to drankennesa and ruin,
but are a true Medicine, made from the native roots
and herbs of California, free from al1 Alcoholic Stimulants.
They are the Great Blood Purifier and a Life-giving
rTmciple, a Perfect Renovator and invigoratorot tlte
System, carrying off all poisonous matter and restofing
trie blood to a healthy condition, enrichine it, refreshing:
and invigorating both mind and body, Tliey are easy
of administration, prompt in tneir action, certain in their
results, safe and reliable in all forms of disease.
No Person can take these Bitter accord
ing to directions, and remain long unwell, provided
their bones are not destroyed by mineral poison or other
means, and the vital orgaus wasted beyond the point
of repair.
UyspcDsla or Indlarestlon. Headache. Pain
in the Shoulders, Coughs, Tightness of the Chest, Dis
siness, Sriur Eructations of the Stomach, Bad Taste
in the Mouth. Bilious Attacks, Palpitation of the
Heart, Inflammation of the Lungs, Pain in the regions of
the Kidneys, and a hundred other painful symptoms,
are the ofsprings of Dyspepsia. In these complains
it has no equal, and one bottle will prove a better guar
antee of its merits than a lengthy advertisement.
Vnr t eimile complaints, m young or old,
married or single, at the dawn of womanhood, or the
turn of life, these Tonic Bitters display so decided an
influence that a marked improvement is soon percep
tible. For Inflammatory anil Chronic Rheu
matism and Gout, Dyspepsia or Indigestion, Bilious,
Remittent and Intermittent Fevers, Diseases of the
Blood, Liver, Kidneys and Bladder, these Bitters have
been most successful. Such Diseases are caused by
Vitiated Blood, wh'ch is generally produced by derange
ment of the Digestive Organs.
They are a Gentle Purgative a Well as
a Tonic, possessing also the peculiar merit of acting
as a powerful agent in relieving Congestion or Inflam
mation of the Liver and Visceral Organs, and in Bilious
For Skin Diseases, Eruptions, Tetter, Salt
Rheum, Blotches, Spots, Pimples, Pustules, Boils, Car
buncles, Ring-worms, Scald-Htad, Sore Eyes, Ery
sipelas, Itch, Scurfs, Discolorationsof the Skin, Humors
and Diseases of the Skin, of whatever name or nature,
are literally dug up and carried out of the system in a
short time by tke use of these Bitters. One bottle in
such cases will convince the most incredulous of their
curative effects.
Cleanse the Vitiated Blood whenever you
find its impurities bursting through the skin in Purines,
Eruptions, or Sores ; cleanse it when you find it ob
structed and sluggish in the veins ; cleanse it when it is
foul ; your feelings will tell you when. Keep the blood
pure, and the health of the system will follow.
Grateful thousands proclaim Vinegar Bit
ters the most wonderful Invigorant that ever sustained
the sinking system.
Pin, Tape, and other Worms, lurking in
the system of so many thousands, are effectually de
stroyed and removed Says a distinguished physiol
ogist: There is scarcely an individual upon the face of the
earth whose body is exempt from the.presence of worms.
It is not upon the healthy elements of the body that
worms exist, but upon the diseased humors and slimy
deposits that breed these living monsters of disease.
No system of Medicine, no vermifuges, no anthelmin
tics, will tree tne system irom worms iuc ineae mi
Mechanical Diseases. Persons engaged in
Paints and Minerals, such as Plumbers, Type-setters.
Gold-beaters, and'Miners, as they advance m life, will
be subject to paralysis of the Bowels. To gu&rd against
this take a dose of Walker's Vinegar Bittexs once
or twice a week, as a Preventive.
Bilious, Remittent, and Intermittent
Fevers, which are so prevalent in the valleys of our
great rivers throughout the United States, especially
those of the Mississippi, Ohio, Missouri, Illinois, Ten
nessee, Cumberland, Arkansas. Red, Colorado, Brazos,
Rio Grande, Pearl, Alabama, Mobile. Savannah, Roan
oke, James, and many others, with their vast tributa
ries, throughout our entire country dining the Summer
and Autumn, and remarkably so during seasons of
unusual heat ad dryness, are invariably accompanied
by extensive derangements of the stomach andtliver, and
other abdominal viscera. There are always more or less
obstructions of the liver, a weakness and irritable state
of the stomach, and great torpor of the bowels, being
clogged up with vitiated accumulations. In their treat
ment, a purgative, exerting a powerful influence upon
these various organs, is essentially necessary. There is
no cathartic for the purpose equal to Dr. J. Walker's
Vinegar Bittkrs, as they will speedily remove she
dark-colored viscid matter with which the bowels are
loaded, at the same time stimulating the secretions of
the liver, and generally restoring the healthy functions
of the digestive organs.
Scrofula, or Kind's Evil, White Swellings,
Ulcers, Erysipelas, Swelled Neck, Goiter, Scrofulous
Inflammations, Indolent Inflammations, Mercurial Af
fections, Old Sores, Eruptions of tin Skin, Sore Eves,
etc, etc. In these, as in all other constitutional Dis
eases, Walker's Vinegar Bitters have shown their
great curative powers in tlii- most obstinate and iutract
able cases.
Dr. Walker's California Vinegar Bitters
act on all these cases in a similar manner. By purifying
the Blood they remove the cause, and by resolving away
the effects of the inflammntion'tthe tubercular deposits)
the affected parts receive health, and a permanent cure
is effected.
The propertie of Dr. Walker's Vinegar
Bitters are Aperient, Diaphoretic and Carminative,
Nutritious, Laxative, Diuretic, Sedative, Counter-irritant.
Sudorific, Alterative, and Anti-Bilious.
The Aperient and mild Laxative properties of
LDr. Walker's Vinkgar Bitters" are the best safe
guard in an cases oi erupiiuns auu nidiij;iiaiii icvcrs,
their balsamic, healing, and soothing properties protect
the humors of the fauces. Their Sedative properties
allay pain in the nervous system, stomach, and bowels,
either from inflammation, wind, colic, cramps, etc
Their Counter-irritant influence extends throughout
the system. Their Diuretic properties act on the Kid
neys, correcting and regulating the flow of urine. Their
Anti-Bilious properties stimulate the liver, in the secre
tion of bile, and us discharges through the biliary ducts,
and are superior to all remedial agents, for the cure of
Bilious Fever, Fever and Ague, etc.
Fortify the body against disease by puri
fying all its fluids with Vinegar Bitthrs. No epi.
demic can take hold of a system thus forearmed. The
liver, the stomach, the bowels, the kidneys, and the
nerves are rendered disease-proof by this great invig
orant. Direction. Take of the Bitters on going to bed
at night from a half to one and one-half wine-glassfull. '
Eat good nourislking food, such as beefsteak, mutton
chop, venison, roast beef, and vegetables, and take
out-door exercise. They are composed of purely veget
able ingredients, and contain no spirit.
J.WALKKrI, Prop'r. K. II. McDONAI.D& CO.,
Druggists and Gen. Agts. . San Francisco and New York.
r i - 7. T A C! I I K T .1
We wore plcasod to see, not long sine, in
one of onr exchanges, some pretty severe re
marks addressed to several persons who, dur
ing an interesting lecture by Kev. Jno. 8. C.
Abbott, kept op a continuous coughing, which
prevented many from hearing. Peoplo who
cannot refrain from coughing had better stay
away from such places, or else tak a bottle of
Johnson's Anodyno Liniment with them. Com.
To the Weak, tho win, and the 'weary, the
editor of the Boston Kecordeb says, " We can
most unhesitatingly recommend tho Peruvian
Syrup, a protected solution of the protoxides
of iron, to all the weak, the worn and tho
woary, having richly experienced its benefits.
It possesses all tho qualities claimed for it by
its proprietor." Com.
Vegotable rulmonary Balsam. "Doubtloss
the beat Cough Moidcine in the World." Com.
A Noglected Cough, Cold' or Sons Throat,
which might be checked by a simple remedy,
like Brown's Bronchial Troches, if allowed
to progress may terminate seriously. Com.
Tho importanc of giving Sheridan's Cavalry
Condition Powde.j to horses that have been
out in the cold rain, stood in cold wind, or
drank tqo much cold water, cannot bo overes
timated ; no man should be without them who
owns a horso. Com.
The Browns and Blacks produced by that
sterling preparation, Christ adoro's Excelsior
Hair Dye cannot be excelled by Nature; its
tints challenge comparison with Nature's most
favored productions, and defy detection. Com.
Locke's National Monthly is a magazine
of 48 pages publishod by Locke & Joaes, Toledo,
Ohio. Mr. Locke (Nasby) writes for every
number, avoiding politics. Read his "Ambi
tious Young Man, in the January number.
To got it ask your newsdealor, or send 10 cents
to publishers. By the year 11.00. Bond for
special circular to agents. Sont free. An
agent wanted at every post-office. Cora."
Chapped Hands, face, rough skin, pimplos,
ring-worm, salt-rheum and other cutaneous
affections cured, and the skin made soft and
smooth, by using the Juniper Tab Soap, made
by Caswell, Hazard & Co., New York, It
s more conyenient and easily applied than
other remedies, avoiding the trouble of the
greasy oom pounds now in use.

xml | txt