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HERALD. HENRY C. BATES, Editob. DEVOTED TO LOCAL, POLITICAL AND GENERAL NEWS, AND THE INTERESTS OF ESSEX COUNTY. Teems : $1.50 per Anscm, is Advance. VOL. I. GUILDHALL. VERMONT. SATURDAY, JANUARY 18. 187:. NO. 2. A Clerk who Went West. I am unfortunately one of that class whose services in all the labor markets of the world are at discount, a clerk, married, with four children, two boys and two girls, in ages graduated from three to fifteen. But with a position permanent, as such usually are, and re ceiving a fair salary, I could, in looking out for future years, see no provision for age, no resource when unfitted by sickness or accident for the performance of customary duties, and with increas ing expenses and stationary income I chafed at the prospect to which distance seemed to lend no enchantment, and having in time past improved some va cations on the farm, acquired a taste for its independence, its physical exeercise, vigorous appetite, and generous board. I seemed to gravitate toward it. In the winter of 1869 -and 1870 my health failed. I became from sedentary habits, broken down, worn out. Mv physician recommended a change. , As I had some money in a saving bank, early in the spring of 1870 1 pulled up stakes and started for the West; left my family with some farmer friends in Wisconsin, and moved out to Kansas, where I ex pected to buy land at from $3 to $5 per acre. But lands in the Kansas River valley I found held at an average of $20 per acre this was near Manhattan still I thought I had travelled too for to pay so much, and inquired for the Gov ernment alternates with a view of pre empting or homesteading; but none considered desirable were to be had mn less at the extreme limits of the railroad grant. I then eHgaged a sent in a stage for Fort Sibly, lying North, near the Nebraska line, but even at this distance eighty miles from railroad, preemptions were held at $7 per acre, and these cov ered every water claim water in this case means wood also timber lands proper being out of tli9 question, a few scattered cotton woods being by them designated as timber. The only alternative was to pre-empt a quarter section, on the open prairie, with no wood, no water, no schools, no churches, no society, in a land of ex treme heat and cold, subject to floods, high winds, grasshoppers, and other annoyances. My courage failed me, and I aeknowled the absence of that grit or nerve, call it what you will, necessary to the successful development of a farm on the frontier. In a community it might do but single-handed, and that hand unused to the plow no, sir, never. But a farm, and a cheap sne, seemed a necessity. So I turned backward and influenced by some little circumstance or current for which 'tis difficult to account, I found myself soon again prospecting iu northwestern Iowa. Supplied with plots from the Land Offioe, at Sioux City, I began the hunt; and while I live I shall never forget it. Tired, hungry, foot-sore, sleeping in all kinds of places. At last not suited, but despairing of doing better, I bought out a pre-emption claim for $230. The whole country is covered with squatters, who with no disposition to farm, but holding the lands under homestead or pre-emption claims, qualify the action of the Govenment in giving and selling hinds to the actual settlers only, by seeking out every de sirable spot, building their cabins, turn ing two or three acres of sod, or moving a little liny just enough to comply with the law. and then wait for a chance to sellout. This is legitimate, without a doubt, but it is a state of things which few are familiar with, and is not recog nized by the new comer without a feel ing of disappointment. However, the owner of an average piece of rolling prairie, a shanty, and a hay stack, I took possession, fitted it up with stove, groceries, and other necessaries, sup plied doors and windows, which the former owner viewed as among the lux uries of life, and just as I settled down it began to blow great guns. Such a blow I never felt before, and the me mory of it is sufficient for the future, Although the middle of April, it was cold, very cold indeed, and wood was scarce; not a stick on the newly accquir ed possession, and none in sight. tey railr?ad ties, borrowed frem the Railroad on my journey from the depot to the shanty, in anticipation of such a contingency, was the extent of my woodpile; but I was looking anxi ously and expectantly for a change of weather these extreme blows not cus tomarily lasting more than forty-eight hours, so I was told. But seven days passed away, the wind still howled, the railroad ties were exhausted, and the rafters to the slmntv -worn pearing, and I decided to make tracks.' j.u my solitary watchmt the shanty I was one morning roused by a human voice. "Auh woh yo?" I started, halted the team, enquired where from and where to. A hired man of Dr. Somebody a few miles back, on his way to the Floyd river in search of wood. My eyes sparkled, for I had not yet pro cured a team. I explained my situation. A new comer, no wood, extreme cold, badly protected from the weather, fee, would pay any price for part of a load ; but it was no use ; that was a faithful servant in the most extreme sense ; he could not be bribed or swerved from what he thought to be his duty. The claims of the emigrant, the calls of hu manity, the Weifrht nf rlnllnra onI nanlc were alike unavailing, as looking back Qua. xi yOU Hre oaaiy in want of wood, trim off the sheath your shanty. Git up," and I saw him I abandoned the shanty that night, arrived at the site of what is now a town, put ur at the residAncn nf TVonoV.. the onlvnnolocv for lm'fai a . next morning the wind ceased, the sun shone out cheerfully, and I looked about with a view of making some purchases, such as ateair, cows, hogs, poultry, &c, but in every instance the price was double what I expected to pay, and I determined to take a trip to Wisconsin, cofer with my family, buy a team, etc., there; but, alas for human calculations, they did not like the description of our new home, and persuaded me to dispose of the Iowa preemption, A small farm was for sale on satisfactory terms here, surrounded by friends', churches, schools, society, railroad, and mail, everything that was desirable, and I bought again seventy-one acres improv ed, two miles from a depot, with wood a4 water, thirty-five acres under plough, house, barn, seed, stock, tools, etc., for $ 3,500 ; $1,000 cash ; the rest in five years at 8 per cent. Thus, after six weeks of tedious aud in one sense unprofitable search, I found myself a farmer. In was near May day, crops had to be put in with a rush, and many said that I was too late for spring wheat, but I put it in with all possible dispatch, and followed immediately with oats and corn. From ravages by the chinch bug the wheat crop was f ar.below the average but mine was as good as that of any of my neighbors. The prospecting in Kansas and Iowa, payment ou the farm, freigbt on household goods, some trifl ing purchases, and provisions for the summer had reduced, yes, exhausted, iy capital, and I worked all harvest to cover the expense of getting in my crops. Opportunity presenting, I put my team upon a thresh ing-macliine and went with that thirty days, for which I received $75. This, to one unused to such labor, was trying, still, although losing flesh, I was gaining health acd vigor. The threshing introduced me to a new and varied phases of life, we threshed alike for rich and poor, American, Eng lish, German, and Norwegian, the clean ly and the filthy, without distinction, from daylight until dark, but this ex perience was valuable ; it gave me an insight into American farm life, that un der other circumstances I shonld never have had ; it showed me that in farming there were distinctions even greater than among merchants. I saw homes in every grade from the easy well to do on the rich prairie and bottom lands, to those struggling with a debt and misfortune, as also the hard seratching among stumps and rocks of the German and Swede, yet happiness was not confined to any one class, indeed I saw content ment and thankfulness under circum stances which will for all time give me a greater appreciation of the blessings I enjoy. . Well, at the close of the season, with land ploughed for the next year's crops, I sat down to sum up the results, and my net income proved to be $270, frotti which I was to deduct $200 for interest, $20 for taxes, procure boots and shoes (offsetting groceries with butter and eggs) and provide a sinking fund to cancel the debt. Things were becoming serious, and tlsit something must be done I was satisfied. Winter was at hand, which imposed no duties beyond feeding cattle and cutting wood. My health was good, the nervous debility and want of confi dence with which I planted my first hill of corn had given way to vigorous health and confidence and trust. My eldest boy was, with tiie exeption of wood-cutting, man enough for the occasion, and I looked to the city. My old employer wrou?d make room for me. But thoughts of my wife and little ones, lonely and alone created a struggle. let the inrm was self-sustaining. I could in two years pay for it ; then comparative independence would be mine. I hesitated, but be lieved that the end would justify the means ; it was a righteous effort, a stroke for a home, exemption from land lords, a refuge in adversity, the pure air of heaven with wholesome influences for my children. I bade them good-by, and to'day the farm is ours. Onoe a New York lerk. Matrimonial Infelicity. A melancholy argument against the undesirability of marriage is demon strated by the many unhappy couples who are yoked together for life, and have not the tact, or kindliness, to con ceal from the world how that yoke galls. The truth is that the greater proportion of the so-called incompatibilities and uncongenialities of domestic life which are so often made the ground for the disruption of the matrimonial bond, are inadmissible as a justifying ground for any such dissolution, and could be readily overcome and blotted out of ex istence if the parties most concerned had only the will to do it. A couple are no sooner married than they find that differences of opinion and mutual jars ensue, and all is not gold that glistened; and then one or both straightway imagine that there is no remedy but in ruthlessly breaking the solemn, sacred tie that binds them. A vague, restless feeling seizes upon one or both, produc ing discontent, engendering a certain thought of present bondage which exists only in fancy, and creating a feverish desire for other associations and spheres which are supposed to be mare fitted and providentially designed for the mind and heart. No escape, it is said, but in cutting the knot. It is a delusion. The marriage relation, in all its history, was never expected, perhaps, to be entirely free from misunderstanding and dis cords. Foolish to think that the whole mutual life can flow on, like the early stream, without a ripple or eddy. Home is a school a discipline whereby husband and wife are to grow into each other, getting rid of their angularities, har monizing their peculiar characteristics, and more bocoming one in thought, sympathy and life. The true blessed ness of wedded souls is not insured by a simple exchange of plighted faith. It comes through and after many a self denial, many a crucifiction of the will, many a scourging of the resentment, anger, pride, vanity, and passions of the heart. It is true here, as in other rela tions, that he who saveth his life shall lose it, and ho that loseth his life shall save it. A Georgia scene: Mr. Thomas Gibbs, a substantial citizen of Wilcox, went into the woods a few days ago to feed some of his hogs. Wliile going along he saw a black fox squirrel moving very slowly through the grass, and his curi osity being excited, he went tip to it, when to his astonishment he beheld a small highland terrapin holding fast to the squirrel by one of its hind legs. The squirrel used all its strength to es cape by actually dragging the terrapin several yards through the weeds, and finally reaching a small sapling,it climb ing up that in the hope of releasing the terrapin. But the terrapin held to the squirrel's foot with a death grip, and Mr. Gibbs went to the sapling and shook them out. The terrapin still kept his hold, and was dragged by the squir rel to a gopher hole near iy, and was carried into it. This was, the last seen of the terrapin and. its victim, Farm, Garden find Honschold. Keeping Apples. The Vermont Far mer recommends long shallow boxes, large enough for two men to lift when full of fruit, by each takingliold at the end, filling not quite up to the top, and then as the apples are put in, placing one on the other till piled as high as a man's shoulders. In this way a large quantity occupies a small space, and whenever the apples need picking over the boxes are successively lifted off and examined. In some cases it might be as well to make the boxes shorter, so that one man could put them up and take them down. Beef Cattle. Ony a small proportion of the western milch cows nre sold or exchanged in the market-places. When no longer valuable for the dairy or for breeding they ore mostly sold to West ern beef-pacliers located "at points most convenient for the collection of what they term coarse cattle at the smallest expense for transportation. Of the steers nnd fat oxen not far from 400,000 are aanually slaughtered west and south of Chicago, 150,000 in that city, and about 750,000 are sent to the cities of New York' Albany, Boston, Philadelphia, and Baltimore. . Fully 5,000,000 sheep and lambs are used up annuaKy, of which more than 1,000,000 were sold to slaughterers in New York City. In eleven Western States from which re turns were received there were packed last season 4,868,4-18 hogs; very nearly 2,000,000 were received in New York alive, not far from 1,000,000 in Boston, and about 500, 000 in Baltimore and Fhil adelnhia: so that at leRt 10.000.000 are yearly slaughtered in all the States. A correspondent of The, Prairie Far mer tells "how he cured a runaway horse" on which all previous prescrip tions nad been tried m vam. At last lie observed that the fiery, untamed steed never gave him any troubble at night, particularly if it was quite dark. On this hint he acted. He made a hood of leather, and attached it to the headstall in such a way that by pulling a cord the hood came down and completely cut off his view. Adjusting this appliance, he drove to a favorable place and let him have his will. In a few moments he was under full sail, then the cord was pulled and the hood fell. Mr. Horse could see nothing, began to slacken of his own accord, and finally stopped stock still. The hoed was lifted, he be gan his pranks again, and again the blinder covered his eyes. He was guid ed agaiust a cart standing in the road, which hurt him some. In a little while he could not be whipped into a run, and was completely cured of his bad habit. Sugor Beets. There is a great amount of food produced in sugar beet culture, the leaves, the pressed pulp, or macer ated slices of boet, as well as the tops, being at the disposal of the farmer. The leaves, some three to six tons per acre, should not bo taken from the beet during the grtwth, as quantity and quality are greatly impaired. 'Those not fed fresh t cattle and sheep should be stored up in trenches for winter use. They must be firmly trodden down ; one per cent, of salt may be added, as well as chaff of grain. The whole is well and tightly covered by earth, and after un dergoing a process of fermentation in be fed at the rate of twelve to fifteen pounds per head of cattle, and one to one and one-half pounds per sheep. The pulp, of which fifteen to eighteen per cent, in weight is returned, and of slices some seventy or eighty per cent., should also be trenched and firmly trodden down ; the pits of the last should be properly drained. They can be fed fresh and after fermentation, being composed of a great amount of water and hydro carbons, nitrogeneous or prpteine sub stances should be fed, suoh as oil cake, bean and pea meal, and clover hay. All this food brought back to the farm, with the lime Used in saturating and there fuse of the - filter, will nearly make up Hie loss of mineral substances exported therefrom ; the former will therefore in reality export sugar, that is, oxygen, hydrogen and carbon, given away in in exhaustible quantities by a bountiful nature. Muck as a Manure. Ned Martin, Alexandria, Va., writes to the Farmers' Club, "I shall feel extremely obliged lor the opinion of the club on muck as a manure for meadows. . I have had the opinion of a gentleman in this neigh borhood, who is considered an authori ty on manures, and he by no means recommends its use, for the reason that weeds, especially sorrel, are certain to follow its application; otherwise I think he considers that it would to some ex tent have a beneficial influence. The muck I have in wiew is Hear to the mouth of a small tributary of the Po tomac and forms portion of a small marsh. It consists principally of de cayed marsh vegetation and sand, in some places nearly black, and where the sand is more abundant of a dark brown black." A question arose as to what is muck, lo which Mr. Bruer replied, "I suppose by muck he means turf, does he not ?" S. E. Tood. Turf may consist of clear muck, or of muck, sand and clay in equal or unequal parts. Pure muck contains no sand. H. H. Inglesby gave details of his ex periments in the use of muck on his cultivable fields. A bountiful dressing was applied to soma fields more than twenty years ago, and the fertilizing ef fect is perceived to this day. W. L. Heuser advocated the use of muck on light land. Dr. E. W. Sylvester said that muck which is produced by the decay of leaves is very valuble as a fertilizer on almost any soil, as there is a large amount of inorganic matter in leaves, which is soluble after they have decayed. But the muck produced by the decay of cranberry moss is comparatively worth less for fertilizing purposes. He had used muck as a top dressing on his meadows with satisfactory results. F. D. Curtis. If the muck contains much sand, it will not be worth ten cents per two-horse wagon load. Omnibus and other drivers must be careful with their long whip lashes. One of them in London had to pay $6 25 to a gentleman whose eye he had injured with his lash in effecting a flourish. Commrncenipnt of the Year. By the reformation of the calender by Gregory, the year 1873 began on the first of January, and, consequently, whenever and wherever the new stylr of reckoning time was adopted, then and there the yeor commenced on this day. Previous to the use of the Gregorian Calender, the years had different days of beginning at various times in the same aud different centuaries, and occa sionally at the same time in the same country. In most countries it began on one of the following days. Christmas-day, the 25th of December ; Circumcision-day, the 1st of January; Lady-day, the 25th of Maroh ; Easter-day, the day of the Resurrec tion of our Lord. In England, in the seventh, and so late as the thirteenth centner, the year began on Christmas-day; Tb'ut, iu the twelfth century, the Anglican Chufeli commenced the year on tyie 25th of March, as did also the civilians of the fourteenth century. This continued until 1752, the time of adoption of the new style. By this it aripears that two modes of reckoning the commencement of the year have generally existed in Groat Brittain and its colonies, causing what is called the Civil, Ecclesiastical, or Legal Year, and the Historical Year. The Imt named of these has commenced on the 1st of January for a long period of time. In order to prevent, as far as possible, the occurrences of error by the use of two commencements of the year, it is now usual to annex the date ot the His torical to that of the Legal Year, when alluding to any day between the 1st of January and the 25th of March previous to 1752, thus : 10 Jan. 1G2J ; or 10 Jan. 1,021-2. When double dating occurs, the upper or first figure indicates the Legal, and the lower or the last the His torical Year. The last of these is the year used in the present computation. An Eventful Voyage. The Bremen bark Columbia, arrived at New York after a long and eventful passage. She sailed from Bremen on the 18th of October, having on board 300 passengers, of whish number 150 were children under eight years of ago. Early on the voyage she met witli bad weather, which continuned during the whole of her passage across the Atlantic. Captain Helder says that ho never en countered a continuous series of such violent gales during his long experience afloat. The wind blew with tremendous fury, and the sea rose up in great angry waves that breached over the vessel' threatening her every moment with ut ter annihilation. It was impossible to carry much sail, and head winds retard ed the vessel's progress. Deaths soon became very prevalent among the young er passengers, for their parents became exhausted and were unnble to supply them with sufficient nourishment. The waves breaching over the vessel and bursting upon her decks rendered it ab solutely necessary to keep the hatches battened for days together, the foul air generated thereby doubtless tending to produce sickness among the enervated children. Though the Columbus was amply supplied with provisions, having been supervised by the Bremen officials prior to sailing, it was frequently found impossible to do any cooking aboard, the crew and a ..nit passengers became exhausted, the former by their laborious exertions and the latter by the sudden difference between quiet life ashore and the miseries they experienced afloat, parents could not care properly for their offspring, ad the result is the sad fact that twenty-one of these little sufferers died during the passage. Diphtheria was the cause of the demise of many. There were two births on board, and the mother of one of the these tempest-born children expired just prior to the vessel reaching Sandy Hook. The infants were buried at sea. The United Stales Census. Of the 40,000.000 people in the United States, 7,000,000 are engaged in agricul tural and other producing occupations. 1,500,000 in manufactures. 300,000 in commerce. 170,000 in intellectual pur suits, embracing the learned profes sions. 90,000 in ocean navigation. 70, 000 in mining and 50,000 in internal na vigation, making in all about 9,000,000, or a little more than 1-4 of the entire population. Agricultural Statistics show at the present time a cash value for farms of $0,650,000,000; a cash value for farm ing implements, of $247,000,000. The value for live stock, for one year, $1, 107,000,000, and for animals slaughter ed $213,000,000; for the products of the orchard, $19,000,000. Of wheat, rye, Indian corn, oats, peas and beans, Irish potatoes, sweet potatoes, barley, buckwheat, flax-seed, clover-seed and graBS-seed iu ono year, that 1800, the number of bushels raised was 1,400,000,000- Of rice, wool, butter, cheese-, hops, flax, tobacco, silk cocoons, maple sugar, beeswax, and honey, the total quantity in pounds in one year (1860) was 1,324, 306,000. Of wine, cane molasses, sorghum mo lasses, in one year (1860) 27,000,000 gal lons. The quantity of ginned cotton was 2,079,000,000 lbs. (1860). The market gardens yielded $15,000,000 in value. Destruction of Life nnd Property. Since the beginning of the present Avinter the destruction of life and prop erty in Europe, by storms and floods, has been without a parallel for centuries. Whole villages have been destroyed ; vast sections of country have been in undated ; hundreds of vessels have been wrecked ; thousands of lives have been lost. So great was the destruction in some localities that the superstitious fears of the people were aroused, and it was believed that the end of the world was at hand. The destroying elements have seemed to be unusually active on both sides of the Atlantic during the last eighteen months. While Europe has been deso lated by storms and floods, we have been scathed by fire, and the destruction of property has been vast beyond all for mer experienee. A Vermont man has, this year, shot seven large eagles, which he sold at $10 each just an eagle for an eagle. A Father's Displeusure. Bland Ballnrd, a young man of 25, son of Thomas Ballard, Esq., a wealthy farmer, living about eight miles from Bardstown, Kentucky, had contracted a matrimonial engagement with Miss Rhodes, a young lady living in the same neighborhood. Tuesday, the 31st u'lt., had been selected as the date of the nuptials, which were to be celebra ted at Holy Cross. The young man had not said anything to his father concerning his approaching marriage, and he learned that old gen tleman was displeased on account of not having been consulted in the matter. Accordingly, on Friday, the 13th inst., he went to his father and told him what he had heard. His father said it was true that he thought hard of his not having named the matter to him sooner, especially if he had expected a recep tion or anything of that kind. The young man said that when his brother had married that he had not told his father any longer before the wedding. The father replied that his other son had told four weeks beforehand. Bland, than asked his father what he thought of the match, to which the lat ter replied, jestingly, " I think the girl will get the worst of it." Upon this Bland turned about and, remarking, " I wish I was dead," went away. Soon after this his sister, entering his room, saw him rising from the floor by his trunk, which he had open. He appear ed much dejected, and repeated to her the wish that he were dead. Shortly after this he left the house, and was seen no more alive. His absence created no particular un easiness at first, not being unusual. On Sunday the bans for the contempla ted marriage were proclaimed at Holy Cross, according to the custom of the Catholic Church. On Monday the fam ily, having heard nothing from him, and learning that he had not been at church on Sunday, became anxious about him, and search was instituted, in which a number of the neighbors joined. On Tuesday Messrs. Dury and Milt. Bryan, who were searching a thicket about half a mile from the residence of Mr. Thomas Ballard, had their attention drawn by a dog belonging to the family to a particular spot where the dead body of young Ballard was found. The dog, with the characteristic fidelity of his species, endeavored to prevent any one from approaching the corpse. Young Ballard appeared to have sat down iu a little path through the thick et preparatory to the desperate deed he meditated. He had fallen over on his left side. At his feet lay his pistol, a five-shooter, with one chamber empty. The ball had entered the right temple, passed directly through his head, and came out on the other side. Upon his person about $100 were found sonio in his pocketbook, the rest loose in his pocket. Hunting Wild Turkeys. A correspondent of the Richmond Whir, writing of Christmas pastimes in Virginia, gives the following acco.unt of a turkey hunt: The second day after tls was set apart for hunting wild turkeys, of which several gangs were known to exist in the neighborhood. The mode of hunt ing these wary birds is worth some de scription. It is preferable to use a dog trained to that business exclusively, an English setter being, perhaps, the best. Our huntsman were all mounted. The first object being to find a covey, a line was formed so as to beat the woods along a breadth of more than half a mile. Dickory's "Roscoe," an Irish setter, under his master's eye aud bid ding, hunted along one .flank, and his nose being good for more than a quar ter, we covered nearly the breadth of a mile as we moved through the woods. "Roscoe" presently struck a hot scent, and, head erect, darted like the wind along tho trail. In five minutes he had the covey up, and his warning bark called all the horsemen to the spot. The splendid birds rose over the tree tops, as if for a long flight. Now began busy preparations for slaughter. , The habit of these birds, which the hunter takes advantage of, is tamove gradually back to the spot where they took wing, and there the scattered gang gets to gether again. The hunters tied their horses at a safe distance, and then each chose his spot and built his blind so as to intercept the turkeys when they re turned. The blinds completed, everything for the space of half an hour was still as death, and then you might have heard our more experienced hunters cautious ly begin to yelp the turkeys up. This mode of decoying the birds is univer sally practiced among the old hunters. The yelper is commonly made of a large and small bone of tho turkey, jointed together. With this simple little instru ment any person, by a little practice, can mock the peculiar call of wild tur keys with sufficient accuracy to deceive the cuuning birds themselves. If the gang is a large one, the woods about the blinds are in a little whilo alive with turkeys, running at their race-horse speed hither and thither, and yelping to each other anxiously. The hunter bides his time, snugly hid in his blind, till some unfortunate bird, attracted by his call, comes running up to the muzzle of Lis gun to join his supposed mate. Fashionable Little Girls. But one of the worst concomitants of this love of fashioa is, that it is infect ing even young children. Little girls (and it is to be feared there will be none left snortly, for they seem to be fast dis appearing) are now trigged off, and by Christian parents, too, who ought to know and do better, in all the ridiculous paraphernalia of their mothers. It is sad to look upon children thus trans mogrified. It takes away tho childlike character, which is the beauty of early years, and makes them women before their time, robbing life of one of its spe cial excellences, the charm of unsophis ticated nature.. A little girl looks far more interesting and pleasing in a plain and simple attiro than when tricked out in the rings and furbelows and all the gorgeonsness of fashionable ornamenta tion. Let us have children yet, if you please, O fathers and mothers ! and not creatures born into the world, like Eve, to immediate womanhood, to eat what ought to be forbidden fruit. How Fflrmm May Co-Operute. Farmer Jones invitee fanners Smith, Brown, and Robinson to drop iu of an evening, and they have a elint. Of course the subjects discussed are those in which they iiold a common interest stock, crops,' the result of labors and experiences, and their lump and plans for the future. The interchange of ideas is mutually entertaining and instructive, and tliej (Wire that the conference may, like a Ledcr tory, be continued, so fanner Smith asks iltfl company to meet next week at his house. Other friends drop in, and thus it comes about in a very natural way, that a farmers' club is instituted with no parade or noise grows, in fart, like Topsy. This is the whole affair; rules, by-laws, places of meeting to accommodate grow ing numbers, are mere matters of Con venience provided for as the occasion may arrive. Three years ago a club at Elmira, N. Y., was commenced with seven members. It has 100 members now, who meet weekly during Winter, and at longer intervals during Summer; who possess already 1,000 volumes, and add yearly to the library fund J000. The result is that this Club has intro duced improved stock and new seeds and implements; that valuable experi ments have been tried and their issues noted and discussed. A farmers' club in Connecticut has kept up its organiza tion for 14 years continuously; another on Long Island has, during tho past few seasons, purchased at wholesale over $50,000 worth of fertilizers for the use of its members, saving thereby a third of that large sum. A recent convention of a farmers' club in Illinois had delegates from 11 local associations, whose members aggregated 1,000, ranging from 38 to 300 for each. Several of these clubs co-operate in buy ing supplies at a large saving in cost. Now these are illustrative eases of the thousands of asssociations among intel ligent and enlightened farmers. But only a commencement has been made as yet. This co-operation is net ex ceptional, and not until there is a farm ers' club in eery township throughout America, or possibly several, will the work attain completeness. Think of the business to come before the fanners in these associations. Our English brethern have found a vast profit in them, aud many compauies own engines and plows worth $20,fi()0, with which their fields are plowed at an expense f $2 per acre, and dividends 25 per cent, paid each year on the cost of machinery. Our stock is in an immediate need of improvement. Horses, cows, sheep, and hogs pay now not half the profit they might if the best and most suitable breeds were used. Thoroughbred ani mals cost much money, but by coopera tion may easily be procured, as has been done by the Elmira Club, before referred to. Insurance against fire by such cooperative associations is a com mon thing throughout Pennsylvania, and in that way is established the cheap est and most trustworthy insurance company possible to conceive of. When there is no loss no premiums are paid ; when there is a loss it is divided among the whole number insured, and the veriest trifle from each builds up the brother's bam again, or pays for his stack of grain. It is needless to say more ; but we urge farmers to think of these things, see how they are done, and " act accordingly." The African Slave Trade. The agent in charge of the barracoon, says an African correspondent writing of the slave trade, has his signal station on the top of a high tree, or, where pos sible, on some bluff, looking seaward, so as to keep up communication with the slave ship whenever she heaves in sight. She can thus be warned of danger, and told in which direction to steer to avoid it; what cruisers have been in sight and the direction in which they disappeared; the number of slaves he has ou hand in short, on all matters of mutual inter est. Some afternoon, the slaver, stand ing in, makes out the signal, ." all ready, coast clear;" and as soon as it is dark enough, he makes his furtive run right up to the factory, and, without loss of time, all hands go to work with a will, to make ready for the run out again in a few hours. The sand ballast is imme diately leveled and covered with plank ing; as soon as thisflooringis laid, some get on board the large " coppers " used for boiling rice, others carry the rice on board; another gang secure and fill the water casks, and the barracoon men hurry the slaves on board in manage able groups, force them to sit on the flooring with their legs wide apart ironed to long rods running fore and aft, placing the next batch to sit between the legs of the first, and so on till the floor is covered from the sides to the keelson with living, reeking human bodies literally packed trunk to back, within a few iuciies of each other. Be fore daybreak, all is ready, and with the favoring land-breeze off they go to well, it is hard to say where, beyond the confluence. The first act the captain of a slaver performs when he finds he is chased, is to throw overboard the signal-book; this book is always kept enclosed in a box, leaded on the bottom and punctured with holes to insure its sinking. An Awful Condition. The Macon Enterprise says of the condition of Mrs. Bone, who attempted suicide by cutting her throat: "The vocal chords are silent, consequently no intelligent sound or word will prob ably ever be uttered by her again. She cannot eject the sputsand morbid secre tions from her mouth and throat, hence there is constant dread of suffocation. She failed to cut the nerve of taste, and therefore craves for food as she is hun gry, she calls for something to cool her thirst and for something to eat, but she is unable to swallow. If she sips a lit tle ice. water it glides ever her parched tongue mechanically and out at the wound in her neck, which affords her no relief. She is thus tantalized from day to day. She often exclaims, "I am hungry! I am starving!" but the muscles which convey the Savory food into the pharpnx are paralyzed, and she cannot swallow. All the surgical skill yet em ployed has failed to afford her any re- If a man has but one eye, let him get a wife, and she should be his other L Facts and Fancies. Edwin Forrest's estate is valued at $1,200,000. The man who will invent a mild blast ing powder for snww-drifts will die rich. .From 8,000,000 to 10,000,000 sheep are boiled down for their tallow annually in Buenos Ayres. A body of over $10,000 acres of land has been secured for a colony in Diokin son County, Kan. A ship has arrived in the Thames freighted with manure from Australia for trial in England. The name " grass widow "is of French origin. It is derived from the French "grace," and originally means a widow by courtesy. A recent decision in the courts would seem to prove that a lamb becomes a sheep legally when it has its first per manent teeth. A foolish youth in Girard, Kan., lately paid $28 express charges on a box of sawdust which he supposed contained " the queer." A calf from a native cow, sired by a thoroughbred Durham, will be two thirds Durham, so much preponderence is there in the breeding qualities of high bred stock. The city of Watertown, WTis., is in a bad financial way. Its assessed proper ty of all kinds is set pwn at $1,250,000, and its bonded railroad debt, interest included, at $750,000. The force exercised by a growing seed is able to raise a weight of 200 pounds. This has been shown by en closing a seed within a ball requiring that force to burst it. The Boston Herald says if the clerk of ward two can establish the fact that he was very drunk at the time of the late city election, he will do a good thing for his reputation. There are fifty-six savings banks in the State of Maine, whose total invest ments for 1872 reach $24,500,000 an in crease of more thon two millions aver the investments of 1871. There were two astonished families in Bangor, Me., recently. The milkman delivered a can of pure milk to one, and pure water to the other, by reason of a mistake in filling the cans. Life is like a roll of costly material passing swiftly through our hands, and we must embroider our pattern on it as it goes. We cannot wait to pick up a false stitch, or pause too long before we set another, The Western Farmer in same remarks regarding the "decline and fall of" of the New York Farmer's Club, says : "If it should expire we suspect a Coroner's Jury would find a verdict of "Death from too much ax-grinding, complicated with -other disorders." A correspondent of the Poultry World says he kept a flock each of com mon fows and of dark Brahmas "same age, same feed, house and nins precisely alike," with a result two to one in favor of the latter, not only in respect to eggs, but as regards care and feed. An old German while on his way from Tmli n.n nnnl is to Lafavette froze his nose. Whilu fliou-incr the frost Ollt of that Very necessary member he remarked: "By tarn ! 1 no understand dis ting. j. jiri cni'i-v dnt nose fortv-seven years and he never freezed hisself before." A Vmilrnn farmer in Ohio adonts a novel way of disposing of his pork. He nuta nri n. bnnr nnd asks his assembled neighbors to guess on the weight, charg ing them 1 apiece ior ine privilege, im TiPVKnn comincr nearest the notch indi cated by the steelyards being declared owner. Mil nli 1ms been said about the sale of dead persons' hair, and at one time this created quite a sensation. Of course, some is always in the market, but it is not the best quality, and is very easily detected. It is quite dry and bnttlo, and does not keep in curl, so that the dealers do not care to buy it. The Great Eastern Circus was sold at auction in Selma, Ala,., a few days ago. The elephant was bought by Mr. De Haven for $10,000. Six bay horses brought $3,400. The den containing tlia Unnpss nnd cubs. &5.085. The Ben gal tiger and leopards, $6,000. The DUliaioes, eacu. me uuioto sold at from $500 to $1,000 each. It is asserted that an ice house in Lyons Falls, New York, has not been empty for 20 years, nor has a pound of nut. into it. The buildinff is constructed after the ordinary method and when it is designed to fill it, a rose jet is placed over the water pipe, and as the water comes through it is chilled and drops into the house, where it forms a solid mass. The eighth annual convention of the American Dairymen's Association will be held at Utica, New York, on January 14th, 15th and 16th. L. B. Arnold, of Ithica, N. Y., will deliver the annual address, and several other addresses and papers on subjects interesting to dairy men are expected from other gentlemen. Admission to the sessions of the conven tion will be by ticket, costing one dol lar ; ladies are admitted free. " Stop mi papper," says an indignant " Tike" to the editor of a country paper. " It's rong for folkes to lay-out munney bi-in pappers. Mi daddy diddent. My dadd was asmartt man: All the naboors all arround the knaborhood sed he's the most intelligantist man in the hole kun try. Our domany that usto preched in our toun sed dadd's familer was the smartist of boiz and galz that he knode on anny whar abought. So Misterr Ed atar stop mi papper. I kno anuff tow once. When three Irishmen dug a ditch, for which they were to receive four dollars, the trouble was how to divide four among three and have it equal. One of them remained quiet and the other two at last deferred to . his judg ment, as he had been to school and knew arithmetic, to make the divisiou. He did it at once, sayingi " Its aisy enough ! Shure there's two for you two, and two forme too." "Begorra," said one of his co-laborers, what a great thing it is to have learning !" " And," said the other, as he pocketed his single dollar " and to know' ' rithmetic, too ! " Its the like of us two'd never divided them four dollars aqually."