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Essex County herald. [volume] (Guildhall, Vt.) 1873-1964, October 06, 1899, Image 1

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NO. 24.
ISsox UiMrirt lrliat Court.
Sk-hi.-ik ui Court will lr htM ;i
flnu'lilon ihc vcnil Tmi-ti tt -t.J. r ..mi
pril, Cnti.'iaii iHr w.ril iu'l;iy ! ;
vcmlitr ;tm. M.iy. c .m,.r'. Uu- rt1
Tuf'lav n Ih-crmtw" t imr. I.niu liintry
the ctunl Tut l:t ;imi:,r ;im) n I v .
Sprcial hc -. n vv til hrlii ;u :i!.y pliin- in
Chr Jtivtrict airrtfiiieni .
kultlCkT v II ASK. unv.
Notary Public w ith Seal
llrntlit uT.i-t-, Mam! fori. I Vl
Attorneys at Law
St Jolmliury, Vt.
lslan.1 I'oiul, Vt
Physician and Surgeon
oss Street, Is an l'ond. Vt
Physician and 5ureon
'jftice (ivtr Vallce, I.mlJ iV lli.bsoii's Mor
I In ml I'ttnii, Vt
( tl u, I i f. 1 .. is tu K!:u;) P.. ml. Vt
Deputy Sheriff
Ka-t C:nirk-vt.,n. Vt
Tonsoriul Artist
post office !:tk. .-1 1 I i ''. i
Undertaker Funeral .Supplies
OtVice oer 1 ost otle I s i ; 1 1 1 I -1 " 1 1 i . t
Licensed Auctioneer
Isl.-c.i.! i'..ll !, Vt.
Islam r. ..:. V
make a specialty of
Repairs in Leather and Rubber
Sat is taction uanin teeii.
10(1. Davis, Dorb.vSt, IsUml ...ui
Orders lel't with S. J. Muroney will re
ceive prompt attentiun. TKKMS CASH.
Cross Street, ISLAM' rM. VT
ffjS? All kinds of repairing done "- Vj
in a neat and thirahle stvle H
and Timber Land Explorer.
Twenty-tux year experience in New Unm1--wiek,
Maine, New Hampshire and Wvimmt
Can h'ivv accurate estimates I y mcLhutU not
Known to others. Ctinjns. surveys ;t pc
cinltv. Post oltice Coos N II
Doors, Windows, Blinds,
Mouldings, Stuir Kail. Halusters, NcwcN
Ash ami Pine Sheathing. Window n tut Hour
Kraiiiw, Hiackcts, Pickets, lite. Uutsiilt
Windows made to order. Regular sizes in
stock. Allgooilsat Portland wholesale prices.
Boston and Maine Railway,
Tickets via the first class mutes t point
west and south and via trans-atlantie lines
to nnd Iron. lCuropean points. Mauat
cheeked throuuh. Sleeping ear aceonimoda
lions secured in advance.
Fashionable Tailors,
Importers of Fine Woolens,
i or'1-osiTi: iKKin.i moi-hk)
We keep notliin;; lint the
which arc made up by practical mid experi
enced workmen, and trimmed in the niot
npprovfd stU :' Orders I'mui a distance
promptly attended to.
s Thi a( Hon a'AKAvn:i:i.
A Cki. Mr. ,1. M. ('.r.'Hit, orir vntter and
-alc-niiMi. will vimi Nland l'ond at least
1 wiev i-jic-Yf year with the Intent ;tin pic ami
fashions, ottenrr ii rcipiested when lour or
more desire suits. Jtue notice ot call visit
i jjivni in the iocal r.diintn ol thifc papt-t.
If lint itt l'irthtinl rtiU tttitt rv it.
the Great Color and
ccbeaa Models Used.
j I'lalp Bun 1 rd tu l)Uilu n' Mir
plan !iiltri-i:fl-,-t lu a rw 1. 1 lira
r o( lllark. Wood With Itrtl t'lnl.U
Inn oil ( balra For the ll.-i-r.-
Clu.i Salua.
j I;.m1. rmiuiut; through tin- piuiut of
Its rli-h tl.vi'H, friini morris M-iirlt't to
tin- tltfjM'st mulUrry, Is tln favorite
colt r lu house tU'ttinulon lliis st'iisoa.
Tin' stc.'iilil.v IhiTi-usiiij; ninilui'it) of
uiuho'any iu simple' colonial forms has
brought this t-nlor luto fnsliioti. uuU
after luug (lalliancc with I'rfUih st.lt-s
anil a imiuifutai-.v fain-y for tlclft hlm's,
a lavish use of jjihliui; ami white paint,
the whole lueliuatioii of Interior orua-tut-iiiatlou
Is toward the oliler, darker
and severer English modes, says the
New York Sun. Nothing is more fash
ioualile, for instance, than a library, u
hall or even iui entire lirst Hoor wholly
deeorated and furnished after the best
Jacobean uioihls left iu England, Ire
laud and Scotland, and one of the
churnis of a King James room is that
It can be tloiie at as lavish or moderate
cost as you please, and It is like noth
ing fcoou before In American homes.
lu one .v York house only recently
completed there is a small Jacobean
library that would be a faultless model
I for any oue desiring a similar room to
j copy. The walls are hung iu murrey
j colored leather, and the woodwork Is
j carved cedar. The tloor Is stained
I blr.i k. then waxed, highly polished, and
1 on it are laid red rugs. All the furui
j lure and this motif In decoration come
: frotu an ancient manor house on the
j border between England and Scotland.
I Carved fumed oak, so called from be
i Ing blacked by age and the smoke
from slow peat tires, forms the presses
thai hold the books and the woodeu
portion of the quaint, uncomfortable,
long legged, low backed conversation
chairs, the window stools and the set
tees. Murrey colored leather upholsters
these, ami In corners against the walls
there are carved locked chests for
holding valued manuscripts and family
papers, and one long tapestry curtain
hangs at each deeply recessed window.
The effect of the Jacobean room is,
in spite of Its absence of mirrors, gilt
and loose bric-a-brac, wonderfully rich,
stately and cozy, and In those houses
where no such liberal expenditure
could be Indulged the decorations have
pursued the King James style with
I nuimi-nui ciieapuoss and success,
j They copy the quaint furniture forms
I lu carved black American walnut or
j use an oak to which art has givin tip?
worn, dusky tone of great age. itur
I laps are laid on the walls and painted
murrey red, and walnut Is used for
; woodwork or door facings, etc., paint
ed black. Where In any room this ear
ly sixteenth century Idea of decoration
; is followed the bric-a-brac is cnivfullv
hoanlcd up in open fronted ciip'ioni'ds
or shallow presses with half ulass
doors, and the very newest idea in din
ing rooms is a great plate sideboard.
When a dinner party is given now
adays, it is in order for the hostess to
put on view all her beautiful plate,
gold and silver, not so much for actual
table use as for display and the orna
mentation of her dining room. Now,
the ordinary long, low (Jeorgian, or
colonial, sideboard of mahogany is not
well suited for this, so that some wo
men who own splendid silver services
require special sideboards on which to
exhibit their glittering hoards. For
this purpose iu black carved oak Ja
cobean plate boys, with shelves rising
nearly to the ceiling, are being espe
cially built and so placed in handsome
ditiing rooms that the light front a
many branched candelabrum can fall
effectively on tiers of silver. Other
plate boys are built of any simple wood
and then entirely covered iu ruby red
Sang tie boeuf, or bull's blood red, Is
the approved tint iu which the draw
ing rooms are being done over, and
the decorators say that It Is the most
becoming background possible for wo
men of all colorings and especially
when in evening dress. It appears that
in drawing room decoration, as lu the
feminine wardrobe, fabric go la and
out of fashion about every live years,
and now, after the brocades and dam
asks of the French influence, velvet
has come to Its own again. It is used
as a wall hauglug, for portieres and
curtains, not draped, but hanging
straight, arras fashion. Modern silk
vtlvet is not approved. Venetian,
Utrecht and Flanders velvet are the
kluds employed for hangings mid up
holstery, and just now, no matter If
your hall Is colonial, your library Ja
cobean and your dining room of an
other period, your drawing room must
not be in any particular cut and dried
fashion. One of Its most important
features is Its chairs, that can be cho
Reu from every period In history If
you choose, provided they are all
graceful and ornumeutal.
Iu the newly done over reception
salons there Is sure to be a carved
cedar gondola chair inlaid with very
pink pearl and bits of coral nnd soften
ed in its curved scat by a plump pil
low covered wltii Venetian vA-vi nnd
having heavy gold tassels tit its four
corners. Ou either side the drawing
room fireplace are also Inevitably a
pair of lofty backed court chairs. These?
have gilded frames, perfectly straight:
solid wood backs, down the center of
! which ft strip of red velvet is fastened:
; velvet teats and are occupied usually
i by the hostess and her most honored
I ferulnlne guest. A deep Dutch easy
chair Is another one of the net-comers
! In the American drnwlu room.
t. ana Hrlat-p v Build a Merl and
traalle Stranurr.
The .ou w' the u.ikado. the crown
prtlicf of Japuu. U tu have a royal p-d-uce
built lor lilui. m which he may et
li; au estAblishmeiit comineusurnte
with I. Is Imperial dluiiy.
Tokuinu Kmayuuiu .t lokto. the ar
chitect, hits hct-U lu tbf I Uited Slate
thiee months to buy plans j.ud tpcclll-t-.itiotis
and to place the loLtuut for
the striK-ioral steel, fays u I... u-.m
dSpatch to the New York Times. Ud.
ward Sliaiikland and Kalph Shankl..Ld
have drawn up the plans and (poel&.i
tlons for the structural steel, and Mr.
Katayama is now lu New York ct.LsiJ
erillg the bids of the makers of steel ill
order to place the contract.
Some thousand tons of steel are re
quired at an approximate cost of SlT.'i
1m. A ventilating plant has been d--signed
for the proposed palace at t
contemplated oust of from S."tti.ini to
JtKUi'N". The palace will be huilt of
Japanese granite and will be as nearlv
earthquake proof as possible. The Im
perial government has appropriated
2.oilu."H yen for its construction. The
foundations are now being laid, and It
Is estimated that tin- work will con
Hume about three years at the rale of
building in Japan. The palace will
have a front of 3ST. feet ami a depth
of "till feet and Is pure renaissance In
Ill SoMlrra III 1hr l'hllliplur 1
m om Vurhlp Him.
The following Is from the Manila
Dally American of Aug. H. says a New
York dispatch to the l'hiladelphla
Hrlgadler Ooucral l-'red D. tlrant.
who was seriously Injured by the
stumbling of his horse at liacoor the
other day. Is an officer who Is almost
worshiped by his men.
One hot afternoon the general ob
served a little squad eoiite marching
slowly Into camp. The squad halted,
and the men told him that they had
been out on a scout since early morn
ing. They were almost too tired to
walk, but they were anxious to get to
their quarters, some litt.e distance
further on.
When asked the cause of their hurry
when they were so tired, the sergeant
explained that they had eaten but n
scanty breakfast and hail missed their
"Then I suppose you are hungry
enough," said Oeueral Oram, "('onie
with me."
They went. In a few minutes tbe
squad occupied seats nt the table, and
tbe boys were being served with the
best that the general's cook could dish
up for them.
Invented by Illrnm J. IlriMvn, a l.onu I
Island Stutlon Aifmt.
A new mail pouch catcher has been
Invented and patented by Hiram J. j
P.row n, the station agent of the Long 1
Island railroad at IJueeus. says the i
New York Times. The contrivance Is j
for taking and delivering mall bags at I
stations where trains do not stop. !
The arrangement consists of a wire, ;
fastened at one end to a post near
enough to the track to admit of a '
hook attached to the arm on the mail ,
cars falling over it. The wire tin n '.
runs away from the track at an angle
and draws the hook to which the
pouch is attached away from the car,
leaving die pouch suspended on the
wire. At the same time a similar hook
catches the pouch, suspended on a
post, nnd takes It aboard the train. '
Au exhibition of the workings of the i
new patent was given recently at
Queens for the benefit of the govern- I
uicnt ollh-ials. It was very satisfac- j
tory and was witnessed by a large .
number of railroad official. i
I-'lntm KintarntlliK.
It looks as If the emigration of Finns
to the Dominion of Canada has but
Just begun, says the Kansas City Star.
Aguits from Finland recently nrrived
at Winnipeg state that ltKUHHl of their
people will follow those who have al
ready made their homes In North
America. The United States is now
In a condition to furnish any climate
nnd a first class article of liberty to all
who come.
Hint For Fnll.
With cornhusk millinery perhaps the
head of the house would not have to
"shell out" so frequently. St. Louis
Oil, the wheat is wearinp whtvkers.
And t tie torn is u-parinp silk.
Am! the F'.'K-kii nn vavlnpr taunt-lit all so fair;
Atnl the hi-rrii-s blush fnr pickers,
And i he cows pivc butter milk.
And the thistle down In Boating In the air.
And the artrua eyed new later
Is Q-peeiin from the lull,
And the flax eavs, "Won't jou twist me Into
And the chnst dint covered miller
In jrrlniHiia; at the mill,
And the puak'in Is a-pullin at the vine.
And once more 'tis Indian summer,
for the weather's smoky blue.
And the little ones are swlnglne on the garei
Tlu- melon and the cucumber
Are both making much ado.
And the office seeker's ik-eking o'er the state.
And wo hear the loud exhortcrs.
For 'tis now camp meetina; time,
And the chickens are a layinu very low;
And the harvest moon (rites quarter!
To ah those without a dime,
And lovera stroll where a-entle breezes blow.
And .lack Frost his neat has feathered,
A the squirrel! are In (flee.
And the thrasiier'i hum is heard throughout tha
And the nuts will snon lie gathered.
And we'll hate a husking bee,
And nature's musk- beats the ltossa band.
And the cider press is urindiriB;
A'l the nec.cr from the fruit,
And the fanner takes his swine unto the fair;
And we se the pourd a-cllmhlnar,
While the prices follow suit,
And the thistle down ts floatlm,- In tlu- air.
Hide's fud.-et.
E. P. McCaslia of Scoitsburg.
Ind., Develops Valuable Grain.
Five anil a Hnlf rounds Sold I'oc
Krrd I'or $3oo I'roilut't la a t run
llrinn-u (.rnmfr tlnut nail Kult.
Odd Mu Rpiirh One llnndri-I
llunbelfi l'er Afrr.
Undoubtedly the most valuable p!ec.'
of v heat raised In the United State
this -ur was that produced ou a little
plor i,f ground In Sous!urg, I ml. It
was ra.rrd by E. P. MCa.-dln. a scien
tific faru.ti- nd experimenter, trio
thousand iiv -::.rs for a few handfuls of
wheat seem- u prodigious price, yet
that Is the vlIu-iIuu of this wheat, if,
ludet-d. It i-uu be i:.h..d at all. One
half luteres' lu the u!:.l yield of It,
which was but II i.nin.s. sold for
This amount was paid i a wealthy
Teunesseeati from '1 ullahoii - utter a
personal lusp.-ctiuu of the wi,t-M . hilt
jrrtuvlug under au agreement to r .iLi-:
additional capital sufficient to raise u..
wheat on a large scale. .Mr. Met 'as. m
received many handsome offers for the
entire crop, luelndlng otle of 1.('
tush, but h.' refused to sell at un
Tills remarkable wheat Is uu a-v!
dental hybrid, being a truss between
the Oenesce Oiant and the l-'ul:. and
.Mr. Mci'asliu has given It the name of
Hoosiei- iJiant, says tue Chicago Trib
une. The lloosler Clam Is u square,
smooth bearded wheat, with a pearly
red berry, parti. king mure strongly of
the ploperties of the 1 liilz than of the
Oetiesi-e. The distinctive nnd aluab:e
feature of this wheat, however, is Its
Wonderful steeling capacity, whi. h is
beyond comparison with any other va
riety known. In this respe, t It is un
like either of its geultors.
Its great tract leal alue iu wheat
raising may be easily comprehended
when it Is known that oU"-slxth of the
amount of seed wheat usually used
will raise as much wheat as other va
rieties. Individual grains of this
wheat produced as high as id stalks.
From tliis numlsT It ranged down
ward to M."i stalks, giving each hiil a
btislillke appearance. Nor Is this pro
lific growth produced at the expense of
the berry, either lu quantity or quality.
No Imperfectly developed heads ot
grains are found, the yield of each
stalk being full and torfe t. Its hard,
pearly and translucent berry makes it
a perfect wheat lu every respect fo
rommerelnl purposes.
This wheat was sown at the rate of
10 pounds per acre or 1 bushel to every
ti acres, while the usual rate Is from
1 to I!- bushels per acre. Italn and fog
during the blooming period, which
caused a light yield of wheat over
southern Indiana, operated against the
lloosler liiant, ye the plat yielded at
the rate of -14 bushels iter acre. Indi
vidual rows showed yields running1
from tis to :;s bushels per acre. Mr.
Mi-Caslln has no hesitation In saying
that the wheat Is capable of producing
from so to MO bushels to the acre, with
proper care ami propitious weather.
The stooling quality of this wheat en
ables It to winter well. It has a rani;
stalk and has a habit peculiar to beard
ed Russian wheals, that of lying Hat
upon the ground like moss us soon as
Wlille growing this wheat attracted
the w idest attention. Agricultural men
from all tarts of the state and from
other states as well came to see it.
Hundreds of farmers viewed It, but
none had ever seen similar wheat. For
weeks before harvest Mr. McCaslIn
employed buys to guard It from sunrise
to sunset against attacks of birds. He
thrashed it by hand. The next crop
will be raised on his Shadow-mount
farm, in Jennings township. The
wheat will not be put on the market
for several years.
Brisk ( oorllnc In tier etioetaw Sta
tion. There Is a great rush for brides In
the Choctaw nation and thousands of
white men are now plying their suits
with great fervor, says the Chicago
Record. The stakes nre high .ViO
acres of land, a thousand or more dol
lars In money, an Interest In tribal
privileges and a woman. Most of the
Choctaw women are pretty too, and
most of them are well educated. The
Dawes commission has Just annouueed
that the citizenship rolls of the Choc
taw nation will close about the 1st of
uext month aud thereafter no white
men who marry Choctaw girls will be
allowed to Join the tribe and share in
the funds and annuities. During the
last live years thousands of white men
have married these Choctaw belles and
all nre now rich. The demand for
Choctaw girls Increases yearly. At near
ly every town In the Choctaw nation
many white men are now stopping
with no other end In view than to mar
ry a Choctaw girl.
Hi Lost Gold to De lletiirned.
A year ago Professor L. T. Weeks of
Wlnfleld, Kan., was climbing a inoun
iln lu Switzerland when he lost his
pocketbook containing $15 iu gold.
He notified the authorities of his loss,
but had no hope whatever of recover
ing the money, says the Kansas City
Journal. The other day he received a
Fetter frotu the olllclals In Switzerland
Informing him that his pocketbook had
been found and that Its contents would
be forwarded to hlui nt once.
An Eje to nnstness.
C course If John Hull Is determined'
to penetrate the Transvaal we are pre
pared to quote figures for the bridge'
wa-k. Washington p0st.
't'lilrai;., lna Will tV.:i:.l Our la
j 1'riiDi) ltaia t citlltrlil.
i Ellsworth will In- t:-e name of n
new "model" Industrial city f iunded
j on a plan similar t that of Puihaau
! nnd other experii-n-tnal tow ns that
! have boon built m one plan. James
I YV. Ellsworth, formerly of Chicago.
1 now of New York, is building the
'town In a coal mining district Hi miles
loutbea-it of Pittsburg.
! There will be tit Usual features al-
i ways made much of lu such towiis.
!lay and night schools will be estah
1 llsht-d nt the expense of Mr. Ellsworth.
He will furnish a library and an ntli
, letic field. Two churches are to be
j built and a number of store buildings.
I No liquor will be sold lu or uear the
I chy, as a large amount of contiguous
jland belongs to Mr. Ellsworth,
i Mr. Ellsworth owns IL'.ihn) acres of
foal lands In this region, and It was lu
1 ileveluping plans for getting out the
' real that the Idea of a town suggested
Itself. Mr. Ellsworth expects ultlmate
i ly to mine 4.ohi.imo to o,(KMt,(niii tons
i of conl a year. Within is months Ells
i worth l expected to have u population
I of :s,ikmi.
j The plan of the town, according to
i the Chicago Tribune, is said to be su
i iterior to that of most Industrial towns.
Each miner is to have a house on a
quarter of an acre of land. He will
be able to buy hMI house ou easy terms,
and renting will be discouraged. The
l ouses are to be plainly nnd solidly
ttvilt in the colonial style. Maeadam
Ized -Ueets and gravel walks, lined on
t ithe; s.uc by hedges and lluwer gar
dens. . ::l ;.;-.( the entire phfe the ap
pearance et park.
Mr. Ellsv, eith Is Interested In the so
cial side of i.'s experiment ns well as
the eommciciai says he hopes the
town will solv - some phases of the
trust problem. The u wu Is not being
built as a social o.pt ;!u.-!tt pure and
simple ul:d to be coUsW.d a success
u 1.1 have to pay.
All Are Improvements un the Juiiiia
: rue, and "unit ltu -I!U cla- lit cL.
A bicycle isctory at Heading. Fa .
has Just completed a number of jiu
1 riklshas for South Africa. China, ,1a
' tan and the Philippines. It is believed
that this firm Is the only one in Ameri-
ca making this odd vehicle on a largo
; scale for the orient. To the New York
Bun correspondent on-.- of the rm said:
"Y"es. 1 helii-Ne we it'v jr only lirni
, In America now manufacturing tlds
j buggy lu fo'.:r different uatterus. The
: bodies of the carriages are of wood
; aud the wheels nre of steel tubing. As
you w ill note, some of the wheels are
of bicycle finish, with rubber tires. In
Head of steel tires. All have tops to
' protect the users from the intense heat
' of the tropical countries where we
: send them."
"Where and how did you get ou to
' the first pattern'"" was asked.
"We tirst got the idea of making
i these vehicles some years ago. The
Idea was suggested to ns by an Auierl
j can linn now in the orient. There was
a Japanese tea garden on the board
j walk at Atlantic City. They had a
; rude Jlnriklsha there on exhibition, in
j which patrons could take a ride. V
' tried hard to get hold of the buggy to
I get the pattern, but it required a long
i time and considerable diplomacy to
get the loan of it to take the measure
i nients. Finally we succeeded lu bor
; rowing It for a time, and in this way
I we got the tirst pattern, on w hi.h we
have considerably Improved since
; then. I might say that we ship all
such vehicles now to one firm. An
, drews & Oeorge of Yokohama. Japan.
: They have their agents who distribute
i them."
Eleotrold Gas Kquals the Muht ot
Two Hundred und Slity ('nndlea.
According to a London dispatch to
the New York World a new Illumlnaut
called electroid gas has been tried with
much success in Hiiumauby. near Sear
borough. It Is composed of acetylene
with an admixture of Inert matter and
a proportion of oxygen.
The light Is perfectly white and
equals Uoi) candle power as against an
average of 17 caudle tower produced
by ordinary coal gas. The manufacture
of the new gas Is very simple.
Found n Ten Foot Giant's Skeleton.
j It. has recently been made public that
j a find of Incalculable value to science
! was made at a stone quarry three miles
northwest of Akron. O. The find eon
i slsts of the skeleton of a gigantic man,
believed to have lived iu prehistoric
times, and relics of a time when civi
lization was Just beginning to dawn.
In clearing away refuse quarrymeu,
net -ording to the Cleveland Plain Deal
er, fouud the almost complete skeleton
of n mau. The skull was entire and
the lower Jaw bone of such proportions
as to easily lit over the outside of the
Jaw of the largest modern man. Ver
tebrae were found, as were also ribs
nnd femurs and the large pelvis bone,
which was broken lu two. It is be
lieved the man must have been at least
10 feet In height.
Chased Into the River hj- Hers.
John Mnrtlnek of La Crosse. Wis.,
had a terrible experience with bees
the other flay that may cost him his
life. He was attacked by two swurnis,
and they kept nt him so persistently
that he was forced to seek refuge In
the Mississippi river, but a few rods
distant, says the Chicago Inter Ocean.
The bees pursued him, and he plunged
headlong Into the water, only showing
enough of his face above water to give
liliu opportunity to breathe from time
to time. Finally the bees flew away aft
terMartlnekhad been In the water more
than an hour. He returned to his
home, and the doctors fund on his face,
neck ntitl hands over UK) distinct bee
ftjnirs. He Is In a critical condition.
Indiscreet hyuipathy For Dreyfus.
So bwcet and high it sentiment aa
ytiipathy may In- ovei wuii;tl. Take
the Dreyfus case, for example. In
England, Germany and the United
States a great maturity of the people
believe that Dreyfus the victim of a
conspiracy and that the man really
guilty of the treason cl.argi-d has been
rhlclded by u cabal of high military
etHoials. It Is also Itclieved that the
religion of the accused man has been
It potent incentive In the Injustice done
und cruelty practiced against him. Iu
these views It Is natural that all fair
uilndetl men should sympathize with
the unfortunate captain and his family
and hold a feeling of Indignation
against his persecutors. But these
sentiments should not Ik- itcruiltted to
carry us to extremes.
The Chicago employer wiio discharg
ed half a iIokcii French painters be
cause of the Ueunes verdict and the
ebullient citizen of Indiana who pro
ceeded to burn a French Aug in a pub
lie place made of themselves absurd
stectacles In the eyes of seu.-.iblo peo
ple, while the Chicago man was guilty
of a piece of the Injustice and persecu
tion of which he professed to com
plain. More serious was the threat made In
England, Germany and this country
(but which, happily, ends with the
threati to boycott the Paris exposition
In l'.KKi.
The French people themselves were
and are divided on the Dreyfus ques
tion. He was not itersccuted by the
civil authorities, but by the representa
tives of the army, the spirit of militar
ism. The president of the republic aud
others high iu government office have
shown marked fairness and friendli
ness toward tile accused man.
The exposition has nothing to do
with politics or the army. It is com
mercial, industrial, artistic, and unr
part In it, as that of the other countries
mentioned, Is merely a matter of busi
ness. To withdraw our commissioners
.ud boycott the exposition would not
u. nd matters for Captain Dreyfus nor
ii.i.i.e France more amenable to our In
tl..ti:ie in his or any other case. In
deet:. it Is not at all unlikely that the
tieuionstrutlous of , disapproval made
in other countries have angered
l iarice, ate. especially the generals
aud the judgti at llcuuirs, nnd reacted
upon Dreyfus.
M. Max OTtell (.Paul llloucti, the fa
IMius French Journalist and litterateur,
bus written to the Loudon Chronicle
expressing the hope that there will be
no public expression of sympathy, "as
It will go against Dreyfus." He adds:
"l'or Cod's sake use your influence to
top it. Hut for the universal sympa
thy shown for Dreyfus, whom 1 per
sonally believe to be Innocent, in Eng
land and Germany he would have been
acquitted. It is a terrible thing to say,
but 1 say It and am not afraid of con
tradiction." O'Hell may draw It a little strong,
but there can be no doubt that Dreyfus
is lu great danger of being injured by
too much sympathetic friendship.
There seems to be an Impression
abroad that the United States Is not a
musical country, but for some reasou
or other foreigners appear to like our
musical instruments. The Musical
Ago publishes uu interesting table
showing the exports of musical Instru
ments from this country during the
last llscal year. This report shows
that our plauos and organs are going
to all the countries of Europe, even
Turkey. It is one of our boasts that
we make better pianos than the Eu
ropeans, nnd It is to be hoped that if
they continue to Import them the con
cert of the European towers will here
after be more harmonious.
The sugar trust has made another
cut In prices that Is, It has fixed
thiugs so that wholesale dealers can
make $4 more on 100 barrels. This
necessitates a concession on the part of
the ludependent refiners. Thus the war
Is kept up, and possibly the consumer
may get some temporary benefit from
the persistent light between the trust
and the Independents, though lu the
long run they would lie more benefited
by u wholesome competition in which
the trust factor was wholly eliminated.
The Judges In the court martial at
lienues which found Captain Dreyfus
guilty of treason aud sentenced him to
ten years' imprisonment accompanied
their verdict with the statement that
there were extenuating circumstances.
The principal "extenuating clrcutu
Btance" was the fact, patent to every
oue who read the farcical proceedings,
that they did not find a particle of evi
dence against the prisoner.
It is announced that at the coming
session of congress Itepreseutatlve
I'oss of Illinois will "boom the navy."
There seems to be a pretty general con
viction that the navy has of late amply
demonstrated the ability to do Its own
Auother automobile In Franca has
Itroken the record. Iu this country
the automobiles are too busy breaking
the machinery to pay much attention
to the record.
To put It mathematically, If Terry
McGoveru is to the Columbia as Ped
lar Palmer Is to the Shamrock tbe
America's cup is safe.
A Vast Yarlet)- of Deslsjas eressarr
to Meet the Demands ot tbe Trade.
Aa luterestlnac Bnslaess and llovr
It Is t'ondoeted.
Hatters' printing, which is the print
lug of names, trademarks and other de
signs upon hut tips aud sweat leather
In huts, and upon the labels used on
hat boxes. Is a business by Itself. Tbe
hat 11)1. or crown lining of a hat. Is
sometimes made of paper, oftenest of
satin. Iu a silk hat und In some stiff
hats the tip covers the entire Interior
of the crown above the sweat leather;
lu straw hats the tip is very often
composed of a broad strip of satin
upou a lace crown lining. Many stiff
hats and most soft hats are now fin
ished without tips, in wliliAi case the
trademark or name Is printed on tho
sweat leather.
Tip printing is done from brass dies
and In the finest work from steel
plates. These dies and plates are made
lu very great variety. Iu a large es
tablishment devoted to hatters' print
ing there might be found IlO.iHX) dies
aud 10,000 steel plates. Proof impres
sions of this great number of dies and
plates fill many huge, ledger like vol
umes, upon whose pages they are se
cured as In scrapbooks.
There are throughout the country
thousands of retailing hatters, each
having a separate die of his own, with
which the tips of the hats he sells are
printed; some hat jobbers might have
many dies, Including dies of trade
marks und designs for special lines of
goods. All these dies aud plates, how
ever varied aud widely distributed
their ownership may be, are kept la the
establishment of the printer, ready for
use ou occasion. The owuer pays for
the engraving of the first die. tho cost
varying according to Its elaborateness;
i 1 a die or plate becomes worn and a
new die is needed the printer supplies
In the large hatters' printing estab
lishments everything pertaining to the
business Is done, including the design
ing nnd engraving of the dies aud
plates, as well as the printing from
: them. Some designs, the trademarks
j of old established houses, become fa
miliar from long continued use. As dies
aud plates wear out they are simply
replaced, the design continuing the
Ou the other hand, every year, for
oue reasou and another, many designs
go out of use, and finally the dies and
plates are destroyed; but every year
there are produced for Individual deal
ers and for general trade purposes
thousands of new designs, so that the
number of dies and plates on hand nt
the printer's Is always great. These
deslgus, aside from those made for In
dividual hatters, Include a very great
variety of subjects. Thus there might
be seen printed on hat tips ships and
locomotives and horses aud anvils
and many other tilings; and any name
or object of public interest at the tuo-
j incut is lijiely to be reproduced Inside
j of hats.
Almost every hat worn bears within
', it printing In some form. If the hat
! has no tip it appears on the sweat leatn
! er, aud it may also bo lu such a hat
j upon what is called a sticker, this be
I iug n piece of paper, cloth or leather,
i in outline of the exact shape and size
; of the die, upon which are printed the
dealer s trademark nnd name, the
sticker being pasted In the center of
the crown of the hat.
The retail hat dealer, wherever ue
may be, If he desires a distinctive
trademark or name design to appear lu
the hats he sells, semis to some big
hatters' printing establishment for a
design; he sends, perhaps, a suggestion
of Ills own, or it may be that he relies
upon the designer of the printing es
tablishment. One or more designs are
made and submitted to him for ap
proval. According as may be required,
such designs might embody iu some ar
tistic form simply the name and ad
dress: often such dies or plates aro
tuude In designs appropriate to the re
gion, state or locality. Such dies and
plates are made In almost endless va
riety. The plate would remain at the
printer's, aud when the retailer ordered
hats of the Jobber with whom he dealt
the jobber would have the tips aud
sweat leathers with which the hats
thus ordered were finished printed
from the customer's own dies.
Tips are printed iu gold leaf, lu silver
leaf and lu aluminium leaf and in Ink
In various colors; sometimes they ure
printed In combinations of colors. Most
commonly, however, they are printed
In a single metal or color. All sweat
leathers are printed In one or another
of the metals.
Box labels for hat boxes are made
both plain aud embossed In a very
great variety of styles, and these are
printed lu vurlety as to color. A hat
dealer might have his own design com
plete for box label as well as for hat
tip; or he may select one from among
many box labels that nre made with a
blank space to receive u die and have
his own die Inserted In the label.
Many hat tips printed from dies en
graved here nre exported to Canada for
use In hats that are finished there; and
there are also made here suitable dies
from which are printed hat tips for
hats exported to South America. New
York Sun.
His Fair I'roposltlon.
"Are you able to support my daugh
ter?" asked the old gentleman. "You
kftow she has pretty expensive tnsto,.
nnd I don't tnlud saying that the bur
den has been pretty hard for me nt:
"That's Just the point," exclaimed
the prospective benedict. "If I marry
her, we can divide the expense."
Chicago Post.

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