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ISLAND POND, VT., FRIDAY AUGUST 5, 1904. VOL NO. 12 j rmm vxx t v mm -aw-v i i i . a ...i..k(A(!mirL - . . L.llirt wtii re nciu m "' ":" i 1u,-.,l;iv odR-tolierand ""'Vi,. ..vi.ii'l Tumday "f No- "";'," . t roncord theeecoad """''iw v?.ii':'l 'u,,c- V."7,b"r '''' . ill 'h held at any place la 1,1 " k".i:KT CIIASB. Indite W. H. BISHOP, , public with Seal lslnnil I'ond Vt DALE & AMEY. Attorneys vlj ;l,Uaml promptly remitted. SUM POND. VT. H. W. BLAKE, Attorney, isi.asp rusi), vt. WAY & HILL, . . ........ll.ira nt Ijiw. ,ttorneys ' I V W. HILL, Si. J..hnsliiry, Vt SIMONDS & FARNHAM, Lawyers, ut, Hunk lilm-k, St. Johiishury. Vt. A. ELIE, Physician aid Surjteon Mra't, Isiand I'ond, Vt H.E. SARGENT Physician and Surgeon Ofu'c ai Ki-iiiU-iiir Main St., Isbml ronil, Vt. I, TRENHOLME, D. D. S; Dentist. ;Uirr).Kt "II'IW. Islltlld Polld, Vt G, E. CLARKE, Undertaker luneral Supplies Island I'ond, Vt L, W, STEVENS, UCk'XSI-D AUCTIONEER, J, puty Sheriff. Island fond, Vt. E. A, BEMIS, Deputy .Sheriff. Island I'ond, Vt. S. P. MAXIM & SON. -ItXI'FtCTI'HKHS AND IlKAI.liK IN is, Windows, Blinds, -Wiafis, Stair Kail, Halusters Newels, and 1'inc Sliest thing, Window d Doot w, lir.u-kcls, I'U-kets, lUc. Outside Juws made to order. Refill A hizch in ANjiOoiissit rorllaiHl whuiesf'cpricis I.H. HENDERSON, I'ICKET AGENT talon and Maine Railway,' ST, JOHNSBURY. VT. '''t via the first clns rnntfii in nninl fand smith ami via trans-n tlantic lint' "'J i r .-1 u i I.;,,,-,,,., ,,,,:i ii.,.,,.. 'Itliruiiyli, Slct-ping car aceommoda- ""ra in mlvance. ' S. MOODY, Matchmaker and Jeweler, lK-nlcr in itches, Clocks, Jewelry, Silver irnl Plated Ware, Etc. MCU REPAIRUIB SPECIRLTV. All Work Warranted. "oni, . . . Vermont. R-I-P-A-N-S Tabules Doctors find A cood prescription Tor mankind. win imi-kct is ti,Mh.fOT usual ooca ' '""lv '"'tUc l"'" cents contains TO Lira ve,.,r. AP itrdBgistg sell them,;. BUY THE SEWING MACHINE t0O ri-00 Sewing Machine for lUil modi uiiv tu uui Wt from $15.00 to $18.00. tor u. . top fc A VARIETY. JWW HOME IS THE BEST. LI 'tt'rminesthe strength or kbl St'wmK Machines. The I "Oi(J I'A.k.l .,,,, 1,1 , ... ., 41tamllk...stle New Home . bewiutt Machine to huv. audwlSffinu-S-aK: PteW HOKE SEWIRS MACHINE GO. "nR,, v v " -Uui, j ' ' VUWaeo, 111., Atlanta, Ga., ' u,,1)'l,,'w,Tox.,SanFruuoliico,Cal Uobix 'n SALE BY XSOX, Island Pond. f JNG CARDS printed or graved. The HERALD v.itarv iv ' .)MMUV. ImproTlnf the Rape. A new aclencc haa been Inaugurated. It la called "eugenic- and relate to tho improvement of the race, chiefly In a pby alcal way. In a word. It concern, the breeding of stronger children. Pro fenaor Francis Oaltou, the famous Eng lish blologlHt, aays of the new science: "The aim of eugenics Is to represent each class or sect by Its best speci mens, causing them to contribute more tbun their proportion to the next gen eration; that done, to leave them to work out their common civilization In their own way," What can a learned society do to further such a aclem? Professor Gal-' toiisuggests the" following 'tfourse tf procedure: First, dissemination of a knowledge of the laws of heredity so fur as they are surely known and pro motion of their further study; second, historical Inquiry Into the rates with which the various classes of society have contributed to the population at various times; third, systematic col lection of facts showing the circum stances in which large and thriving families have most frequently originat ed; fourth, a study of the influences affecting marriage; - fifth, persistence in setting forth the national Importance of this kind of study. Says the writer in conclusion: "There are three stages to be passed through before eugenics can be widely practiced. First, It must be made' fa miliar as an academic question until Its exact Importance has been under stood and accepted ub a fact; second ly, It must be recognized as a subject the practical development of which Is In near prospect and requires serious consideration; thirdly, It must be In troduced Into the nationul conscience, like a new religion. ' It has indeed strong claims to become an orthodox religious tenet of the future, for -eugenics co-operates with the workings of nature by securing that humanity shall be represented by the fittest races. Whnt nature does blindly, slowly and ruthlessly man may do providently, quickly and kindly. As it lies within his power, so It becomes his duty to work in that direction, Just as it Is his duty to be charitable to those In mis fortune. The Improvement of our stock seems one of the highest objects that can be reasonably attempted. We are Ignorant of the ultimate destinies 'or humanity, but feel perfectly Bure that It Is as noble a work to raise Its level as it would be disgraceful to abase It I see no Impossibility in eugenics be coming a religious dogma among man kind, but Its detalW muBt first be work ed out sedulously In the study. Over zeal leading to hasty action would do harm by holding out expectations of I near golden age which would certainly be falsified and cause the science to be discredited. The first and main point Is to secure the general intellectual ac ceptance of eugenics as a hopeful and most Important study. Then let Its principles work Into the" heart of the nation, which will gradually give prac tical effect to them in ways that -we may not wholly foresee." It surely is time that matters of this sort be talked of in purity and frank ness. The upbuilding of the race In every' possible ' way ' should become " a passion with us all. The chief question of life is not "What can Fdo to get rich?" or "What can I do to become notorious?" or even "What can I do to save myself?" but "What can I do to make the world better?" In Darkest Russia. 'i To realize Just how unjust and out rageous governmental oppression In Russia has become the' folWwlhg 'story, taken from the New . York Evening Post, Is Illustrative: Not long ago a number of students at Lemberg sent an address expressing sym pathy with the Japanese in the present WOl iv xvwkjrv. i 4w --"".- r --- ujaMDw rioeinrpd thAt some of the signa tures were those of Polish 'Jews and'made this the excuse for making domiciliary visits, Issuing summonses against' the SbtuV of prominent families, opening private let ters, etc. Sometimes they experienced re sistance, which was magnified Into a story of organised rebellion. There is abundant testimony that the Socialists are making rapid progress in Warsaw, as In other parts of the Russian empire; and It 'la said that the police are neglecting all their or dinary duties to keep watch' over this par .Inula, rinnirpr. Public security In the streets Is decreasing to the ' Vanlshlnir point .Latterly the lower orqers nave been arming themselves wltH" long nW 'or daggers, and the natural conaequencu Is the multiplication of fatal" assaults and .nhhi.. The criminal classes' are prac tically free from supervision, the nolle devoting all their tune ana bum the Socialists ana tne siuaenm. "Whom the' gods would destroy they first make mad." Surely Ilussia is go ing to the verge of madness In her seizing of English vessels and her treatment of her own subjects. "Nobody wants the nation destrdyed, but the majority of mankind would be pleased to see the despotism smashed that op presses the Russian people..' Judglilg by prices, the beef trust la hitching Its meat wagons to a star, though not exactly In the Emersonian fashion. The public is solaced by ttte fact' that prunes and treakfast foods iromise to be cheap. The Philadelphia man who' was run" over by a hearse Is a testimonial to the fact that the funeral Is about the moBt active thing In the Quaker City. ' A Chicago1 man wants 'pay folf' the time he spent lrr courting a girl who refused him.' It Is plainly the glrf who la entitled to damages. A Tale of Two Outurlea. The pendulum of the ages awlnc by centuries. 1 ' W have swept outward to the end of the arc and are ready to begin the return.' At the end of each hundred years 1b b time to balance accounts. It la time when' men reckon up the movements of the past and ask them selves. What of the future? The nineteenth century accomplished much, yet It was but an earnest of what 'will be accomplished by the twentieth. . In the past hundred years the prog ress was Individual and material. In the next hundred years It will be so cial a ad spiritual-" In the' former It was toward political liberty. In the latter It wlU be to ward Industrial liberty. The nineteenth century was prolific In discoveries In the realm of physical science.' The twentieth century will be prolific In the discoveries In mental science, which lies behind the physical. The nineteenth century saw the ex tension of trade and empire through out the world. The twentieth century will see the extension of religion and civilization. The nineteenth century was remarka ble for the growth of many strong and splendid states. ' The twentieth century will be remarkable in that it will wit ness 4 federation of the nations a re public of the world. ' The nineteenth century struck the shackles from the black chattel slave. The twentieth century will unbind the limbs of the white wage slave. ' In the nineteenth- century competi tion brought about Its most splendid results and reached its logical end by destroying Itself. In the twentieth cen tury wirr be' ushered in the era of co operation. In the nineteenth century Christiani ty was oarrled to the so called heuthen world." In the' twentieth century the truer 'and higher Christianity will be taught to the Christian as well us to the heathen world. '- - ' The nineteenth century ran mad with extrenJeH)f ' riches and poverty, of culture and Ignorance, of high char acter and degeneraeyv the twentieth century will see more equitable condi tlousi an uplifting of the entire mass, more' general diffusion of iwosperlty. -- The nineteenth century was filled with1 war; the twentieth century will finally usher In a worldwide peace. ' The nineteenth century was marked by noisy struggle and barbaric splen dor; ! the twentieth "century will be marked by 'more silent, but more sys tematic, effort and by the cultivation of the" artistic "and beautiful. In a Word,' the' progress of the nine teenth century was outward; the prog ress 1 of the twentieth 'century will be lnwdrd. The centuries form the rounds on the ladder hi advancement Humanity la about to make anotbei step upward. , Be' not" dismayed. ' The world grows better, brighter,' happier. Be1 not dismayed. Our side mny lose In a factional struggle: It Is but an Incident In the world progress. Be nof dismayed." Things may not n6ve astap!dly''BB' wo would wish, but they1 do move, and that is much. Bel hot' dismayed.' There Is a Benefi cent' Intelligence ' In the universe, and through all things runs a purpose; the law of evolution still operates, and the human race Is not retrograding, but is moving onward. ' Do hot be so egotistical as to Imagine that; 'simply because things do not gc your way, the Lord 'has quit doing hualnessl;' Remember It Is always possible that you may have been the one mistaken. The world fs not perfect, and Is not apt to become "so in a hundred years, ,or,a thousand, either; but It is going in the rig'ht 'direction and It will reach the 'goai of a higher civilization by and by. - Be an optimist." He Is the only sound and healthy philosopher. It is not nec essary to shut your eyes to present ;evHjj, but do'Ubt let them distort youi Vision of the future. , With i reverence1 for what has gone let us turn unto the new. " John D. Rockefeller's old school teacher Is collecting John's schoolboy poems'with a vletv to publishing them. ' Here is a chance for Rockefeller tc make an educational contribution and ;to gain eternal public gratitude by buy lng the old man off. Standard Oil and poetry do hot mix. ,,,The fact that the war correspond ents in the far east have been permit ted to go to the front would Indicate that the Japs are about to do some thing to the Russians and want the world to see how it Is done. The Guatemalan red ants Imported' into thl's pouhtry to devour boil weevils are eating native red ants Instead. Somebody could make a fortune by selling therb 16 picnic parties. Carrie1 Nation got knocked down fot swiping a cigarette1 out of a young ijnan'8 mouth- In Kentucky. Carrie should resume her hatchet as a weapon of defense.' 1 v' i-..' . - The English 'are to tax cats some thing over a dollar per head. Look out for howL ' "Too Old. 1 Recently In two American cttjes two aged men have committed suicide be en use they could not obtain 'employ i.ient. Oue of the case Is .reported rroui New York. A man about seventy-two years old had applied to the nii;lit watchman at a lumber yard for work and was told to call In th inom litK. He sat down by a pile of luiulx where a uumler of men were lathered and appeared quite 'dejected. "No one wants an old man," be said. As the night wore on the other went u way, and the watchunan In moving hi rounds found the old man stretched at full length, breathing heavily. He ap peared to be in great pain, and hi Up were burned. The man waa taken to Roosevelt ho pltnl In an ambulance and rt'ed three hours later. ' The other' case occurred In Chicago. Andrew Wermllen, forty-five year old, could not obtain employment "So ber, Industrious and a first class me chanical engineer," wus his description In his letters of recommendation, but all these qualities counted for nothing with the meu to whom he went seeking employment. Tou are too old' they told him. So Andrew Wermllen com mitted suicide. The Chicago Record-Herald In com menting on the latter case well says: We are apt to spend much breath from time to time In denouncing the drones and "spongers" on society whether beggar or Idle rich and often we use the very practical argument that they consume what they do not produce and that they are consequently wasteful members of society. AVhat fchall we say of the waste that Is Involved when society Itself can find no place for competent men over forty-five, who are thus driven either to destitution or to lower grades of work or to suicide? The blame rest, on society, which means on ourselves. Does a man get "too old" to be denied the treatment of common humanity? Are we civilized, or even half civilised, when those who have grown aged In service can appeal to us in vain? Are not the soldiers of peace entitled to our care and consideration as well as those of war? Are those who fight to give life less entitled to kindness than those who fight to kill? When men ask not for charity, but only for a chance to earn, are we to turn from them be cause they have a few white hairs? Is there,, not enough for all did not the selfishness of man rise up to murder Sils brother? There are the almshouses. We say. True, but they are often overcrowded, and some would rather' die than lose their own self respect. They do not wnnt to spouge, but to serve. They de sire to give an equivalent for what they receive. What shall we say of a society-where things like these can occur? Surely It needs more humanity and lessgreed. Russia's Port Arthur Fleet." Sanguinary speculators about the Russian naval, problem In the far east have laid much stress on the fact that with all the battering of Togo's guns and torpedoes and the accidents that befell them the Russians icarne out with a couple of battleships and. twice as many cruisers In good sailing as well as good fighting trim and a couple of battleships effective after damages were patched up as floating, batteries. A warship is not done for until dis mantled or sunk. With whatythe brave and Hi starred Makaroff left to his sue cessors there still remained atcbance to do something not only heroic, biit tell tng on the naval situation. AH the world remembers what Cervera might have done when he sallied out of San tiago harbor to cover his name ' And that of his fleeti with Imperishable re nown. But glory i was all thfft lay ahead of the Spaniards had they chosen to ruu amuck wlth Sampson's fleet in stead of running away. The situation could not have been changed. There was ho haven for a lucky ship to run to In case of escape, no friendly" fleut bearing down to succor the surviving ships. ' But not so with the RnsBian fleet either in Port Arthur w the opetrrsea. Its partially disabled ships might ilafnd a few telling stmts In an enemy's ibull before going to the bottom ' or striking the flag, and the sound ones ' should give a good account of tlaemselves "un less the spirit' of Makaroff ; has fled from the Russian navyi If 'all should be lost In an encounter the sink-" lng of a Japanese" warship ontwo would be far better than surrender without, a fight or the destruction of the fleet to keep jt out of the enemy's hands.: lJ-' Mayor Harrison has "been' asked , to name the most ''beautiful woman.' in Chicago. If he wants to kill off his political enemy, he mlgbst delegate the job to John P. Hopkins. ' If somebody, will only find a red ant that will killthe brown tall motth; the people will rise up and pefltloii Tor his appointment as an agricultural! depart ment expert .. . Mrs. Maybrlckils free at last Jus itice gets her innings ' some ' time, though she frequently has toHvaltt Long time nt leant In England. . The number of widows a man, leaves seems to Increase In direct rati) with the number of dollarslbe lea ires. ; Boston Is said to bej sinking about I a Coot every century. Heavy thinking baa Its penalties. The Smart Set A Hagazin e of Cleverness Magazines should have a well-defined nirnose. . Genuine entertainment, amusement and mental recreation are the motives of The Smart Set, the MOST SUCCESSFUL OF MAGAZINES Its novels (a complete one in every number) are by the most brilliant authors fhoth hemispheres. Its abort torl are matchless clean and fnl of human interests It poetry covering the entire field of verse pathos, love, humor, tenderness is try the most popular poets, men and women, of the day. Its JoktS, witticisms, sketches, etc., are admittedly the most mirth provoking. 160 PAGES DELIGHTFUL BEADING No pages are wasted on cheap illustrations, editorial v iporinga or wearying essays and Hie discussions. -y ?;v..w' v'-v? ;ii.i. Entry pttjt will Interest, charm and refresh you. Subscribe now $2.50 per year. Remit by cheque; P. O. or Express .order or registered letter to THE 8MART SET, 452 FIFTH AVENUE, NEW YORK. N. B. -SAMPLE COPIES SENT FREE ON APPLICATION. " ' Uallroad Building In Korea. ' That the Japs are quite as effective In an industrial as in a military way la shown by the rapid manner in which they are pushing railroad construction In Korea. A recent report from United States Minister Allen states that south f Seoul there are CO miles now com pleted On either end out of the whole 218 miles, the whole to be completed this year.- To the north the Seoul WIJu railway Is also progressing very fast. Blasting goes on day and night lu a deep rock cut near Seoul. This is expected to be completed to Pingyang this year. This will give a complete line from Fusaii, on the south, to Pingyang, on the north, by the beginning of the new year. ' That a nation whose attention is engrossed In a gigantic war can yet find time to pUBh the construction of a railroad In such a rapid and effective manner la little short of marvelous. Concerning the building of thv south ern Hue, from Fusau to Seoul, the Japan ' Dally 1 Mall of Yokohama - re cently said: We learn from the Jl Jl Bhlmpo that the total length of this line Is 208 miles and that It la divided nearly equally by Yong dong, ' which Ilea 130 miles south of Seoul and 138 mile north of Fusan. Work Is be ing carried on vigorously, from Yongdong In both directions and from Fusan and Seoul toward the north and sonth, respec tively. The whole will be finished, it Is ex pected,' by the end of this year. Already construction train are running from Fu san to Ctihongdo, GO miles, and from Seoul to Phyongtha-k, M miles. A. section of 88 miles southward from Phyongthak and 13 miles' northward from Chhongdo wtll be finished by June or July, making 151 miles open In all. The portion not actually com menced, out only surveyed, la 117 miles. There lis a very difficult piece of tunnel ing at Sanghyon In the thirteen mile sec tion beyond Chhongdo. The tunnel li S.M0 feet long; and not more than one-half has been pierced. 'It cannot be finished speedily, and the Intention Is to carry a temporary line over the hill so as not to Salay the opening of the service. Two ridges of from 1,200 to 1,800 feet and one of 2,000 feet will have to be built.- - . "'The ! orient 1s- truly, awakening. K6ra, the dirty and sleepy corner of the far - east -Is to be reclaimed. ' The railroad Is the harbinger of progress, and where It has made Its appearance trade1 and civilization will certainly fol low. ; New1, lines -are constantly ' being built In China, and it Is only a question of tlhie when the swarms of dead hu manity In the yellow kingdom Vill be touched wlttr a new 'life: England Is pushing Into -Tibet and that land of mystery and seclusion can no longer bold back the tide of Invasion from the west. The human 'race is 'one race, and the whole earth - must be claimed for ad vancement. What has happened to Japan must happen to all Asia. A Triumph of Love. In 'ibis prosaic and commercial age we are liable1 to'forget the tenderer and more beautiful side of our humanity. Then some little incident comes to Strike Into music the lost chord' within us. "Such is the case 'of a mother in a Htfeky mountain city who - lost her buftyboy fourteen years ago. She was told that he waB dead. But the moth er 'love gave her faith that her child still lived and with it hope that some day she would see him. '"This chapter out of common life has In It the elements that 'make romance. It is a tale of the bitterest hardship softened at last by 'a great joy.' The' mother 'tvas taken' from her two little ones by some mental disorder, While being treated In the county iho pital one of her boys died. The father placed the other boy, a mere baUy, un der the care of a strange family, giv ing the child an assumed name. Then the man, giving out word that this boy also had died, killed himself. J Upon being released ; from the hos pital the laOtllef'lreturned 'toa -home left 'desolate. 'She was told -of her triple bereavement. Yet without any apparent reason she would not believe thut her buby was dead. Later In a dream she saw him still alive. And at last, after so' many years or waiting, her faith whs' rewarded. - Her ; dream came true. Her boy was found and returned to her. We In our superior wisdom are apt to sneer at dreams. And yet there may be things we do hot know.' When the world with Its noise has receded, some thing4 may touch the soul that tells' of things-unseen ' Possibly the simple mother's faith was wiser than our sci s- ence. Possibly it is we who dream and she who touched teallty. Sometimes little things happen that give us fleeting glimpses of worlds and worlds which are not visible from the sense windows through which we look. However that may be, this trust sus tained a soul through the long night of trial. It was worth while 11 only for that worth while even though the boy had never returned. ' We all need more of the faith and hope that are born of love. We need them in our everyday life. We need them to help us' do our work. We need them to lighten our burden. Without faith and the hope that is born of it life would be a treadmill, an unendurablo round of effort that promised no result But with faith boundless faith In the final triumph of good, faith, that our own will come to us, faith that our labors will bring us blessing, fulth that the seed we sow will bear a golden harvest faith that a brighter way Is before us If we toll on to reach It with such a faith life grows beautiful, and from out of the heart forever bubbles a song.. But with faith boundless faith In love, ; and, like the bereaved mother, you can bear whatever comes to you. And who knows, after all, but that some' time, some place, the very pres ence of your faith may bring its own fulfillment? Men have made themselves poets, teachers, 'philosophers and rulers by faith. Have faith in yourself if noth ing else, for that has conquered armies. It was Napoleon's faith In his owu destiny that made him Invincible. , Faith Is like a dynamo of energy within you. It carries you over the hard places and keeps you going till you accomplish results. Faith, confidence, bolds the business world together. You cannot have too much of it, for it Is the mainstay of the soul. The Camera Scores Again. The possibilities of photography, like those of electricity,: seem endless. A California artist has succeeded in pro ducing a photograph 1 thlrty-stx feet long. Taken by Itself this might be considered a mere freak to serve as a nine days' wonder. But experts give assurance that It is only a question of time when photographs will be pro duced every day In the colors of nature. Every year brings the color photo graphs nearer to perfection. When this Is accomplished landscapes and the countless marvelous scenes of beauty and grandeur the world over can be produced on a- scale commensurate with their natural proportions. When a Kansas City woman rushed up to a man and kissed him under the impression that he was her long lost brother, the brute had her arrested. There Is no need for any other candi dates for the meanest man medal to apply. - Chicago lawyers are to form a labor union. Any one who doubts that law yers are entitled to form a labor union should carefully observe the amount of bustling the average limb of the law goes through In getting a case. - - -i The war cloud ' ls'again doing an overshadowing business In Europe. The trouble with the European war cloud Is that it belongs to the variety known as wind clouds. This one may turn out to be a cyclone. Mr. Perdicarls thinks Italsull ought to be sultan of Morocco. Perdlcnrls seems to be making himself solid against an other kidnaping expedition. A twelve pound New Jersey fish re cently caught had In its stomach a watch stolen threo years ago. -Query: Which Is the greater miracle', the fish swallowing the watch or a man swal lowing the story? There are seven candidates for presi dent? Roosevelt, Parker, Watson, Swal low, Debs, Corrigan and Scott. There Will be six Victims for the slaughter. . A St. Louis man wants a divorce be cause his wife has not spoken to him for eleven years. That Is not the com plaint of most men. .City Ownership. Walter C Hamm, Americas consul it Hull. England, makes a very Inter esting report of the progress In that ancient city since the Inception of the policy of the municipal ownership of street cars five- year ago. Up to that I me Hull had been considered one of the most uninviting places In Great Britain. It had no public Improve luents, the streets were exceedingly narrow and 111 pa veil, the street car system was Inadequate and autiquated, and altogether conditions were so bad that the place, althosvh the third port tu the kingdom, had such an unsavory name that It was avoided by tourists and was only visited by those who had to go there on business. But with the advent of the mayoralty of Sir Alfred Gelder In 1K'J8 a new iMilicy was In troduced, The wand of progress seem- ed to pass over the city, and a trans formation has taken place. Broad ave nues have been cut from the business center of the city to the corporation line, many new buildings have been erected, the streets have been paved in the best and most enduring manner, the car lines have been acquired and modernized, an unfailing supply of fil tered drinking water bus been Intro duced and the dock systems Improved and enlarged until the city today Is one of the best, If not the best, provided with docks of any city In England. As a result the city's trade and popu lation have rapidly Increased. The city ownership of the street rail way lines has revolutionized the service In the city. From being the most antiquated they ore now among the most Improved in England. - One of the chief peculiarities of the Hull tram system is the double decked car. All the cars, of which there are 116 In number, are of this pattern-. In adopting the double decker, however, Hull has only followed the style in use In every city In Great Britain and Ire land. Recent statistics show that of the 0,000 electric cars In use in the United Kingdom 00 per cent are double deckers and only 10 per cent single deckers. In this way the seating ca pacity of the cars is more than dou bled, ; the upper deck accommodating more: passengers than the lower deck. The Hull cars are of two different di mensions, the smaller seating twenty two passengers below and thirty-five on top. . After careful investigation Mr. namni concludes that the double deck cars are suitable for American use and enters into a rather extended argu ment In their favor. Next to the style of cars the chief distinguishing feature of the Hull tramway system Is the cheapness of the fares. These are 1 penny (2 cents) on all lines and for all distances. The financial results of this low fare system are equally Interesting. During the latest twelve months reported on there were ten niilfcs of double track, or twen ty miles of single track, In operation. The gross Income was about $445,000. The cost of operation was about $233, 000. This left a gross profit of $212,000 and, deducting interest on the invest ment and the sinking sum, left a net profit ' of $122,000, or an average of over $12,000 a mile of double track, which went into the city treasury. Mr! Hamm closes his report with this significant statement: These are the results of the municipal ization of city transit In Hull. They give American cities a striking proof of the mistake they have made In surrendering their : streets to i private companies that operate the lines for their private benefit and often to the detriment of the public. If the advocates of the municipalization of street car lines In the United Suites wish a good object lesson on their side of the question they cannot do better than to study the Hull tramway system. " Utilities that are public In their na ture Bhould be operated for the public good rather than - for private greed. When they are so operated, the world's progress, prosperity and happiness will be correspondingly Increased. Milking by Electricity. A recent consular report from Ger many tells of a newly Invented ap paratus for milking cow-s by eleqtrlcl- -ty, in which rubber hoods are attached- to the udder of the cow. These hoods are' connected with a vessel for receiving the milk by means of a rub ber tube, from which the air is exhaust ed by means of the electrical device. It Is claimed that the suction thus secur ed resembles very closely the sucking of a calf and that for this reason the cow "lets down" her milk more freely than when milked by hand. It Is also claimed that absolute cleanliness of the milk may be secured when this method of milking is employed. The courts have decided that the Igorrotes do not have to wear trousers. It is evident that the Judges who made the decision have had experience with St. Louis climate in summer. So ' long as our two most prominent cities are Oyster' Bay and Esopus we have no stones' to throw at the out landish names of towns in the far east 0 A warning has been given to Wash ington policemen - not to chew tooth picks. Evidently there should be a school of cop etiquette. The campaign managers should se cure some of tho Russians who report Japanese losses to make ante-election estimates, ! II j I j f ! i i .