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Essex County herald. [volume] (Guildhall, Vt.) 1873-1964, September 02, 1920, Image 2

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Ml Tired Ouf ?
Are you burdened with a dull, nag
ping backache? Does any little exer
tion wear you out? Does it seem some
times as if you just can't keep poing?
Modern life with its hurry and worry,
and lack of rest, throws a heavy strain
on the kidneys. The kidneys slow up
and that tired feeling and constant
backache are but natural results. Use
Dnan's Kidney 1'iUs. Doan's have
helped thousands. They should help
you. Ask your neighbor!
A New Hampshire Case
I 'M,s- Fred Uoofl-
m-'." '-Jr.. yd rich, 17 Center St.,
Iff '"Pr aSSfii-'Woli'e1oro Falls,
JTs--,lN. H.. snys: "I suf-
fereil from dull.
nasging backaches
a n 1 distressing
pains across my
killrw-v AT r bid.
: neys also caused
rr.vft JvC7 a Rreai ueai ot
lttr ."".. I'annnyiini e, t 0 o.
r-O-'rt-fifSI bad headaches
iy:and spells of dizzi-
. ! 1.4- -'. folt
ness and mornings
tired and lan-
cuid. Doan's Kid
ney Pills quickly corrected the trouble
and I have had no 'return of it."
Gt Doen'i at Any Store, COc Box
P. D. Q.
A 3B box of r. D. Q. makes a full
quart of the strongest bug killer on
The new chemical, P. D. Q Pesky
Devil's Quietus puts the everlasting to
bMl-hurs, roaches, ant;j and fleas. Pesky
bed-bugs can't exist where P. IX Q Is
used, as it leaves a coating on their
tyt's and prevents hatching.
A box of P. T. Q. coes farther than
a barrel ' of old -fashioned bug killer.
P. D. Q. will not rot or stain clothlnu,
kills fleas on dops. Your druggist has
it or hn can get It for you, or sent pre
paid on receipt of price by the Owl
Ch"mloal Works. Terre Hnute, Indiana.
Used for 70 Years
Thru its use Grandmother's
youthful appearance has
remained until youth has
become but a memory,
The soft, refined, pearly
white appearance it
renders leaves the joy
of beauty with you
for many
I years. (gW&'tM
Prnckle Ointment---Your drmralst or by
. ur. c. n. jerry
Avanut. Ctiffago.
Problem Put Up to Private Kelly Was
Something Over Which He Had
Been Pondering.
Kelly bad drawn a summary for be
ing absent from post while on guard
"Whore were you," demanded the
judge advocate, "when the sergeant of
the guard passed just in front of your
"At the rear."
"Where were you when the corporal
passed just behind it?''
"At the front."
"And now," triumphantly, "where
were jou when the sergeant and the
rorporal walked around your post
from opposite directions without see
ing you."
"Judge," said Kelly hopefully,
"that's been worrying me. Where was
I?" The American Legion Weekly.
Haw, Haw!
"I must be getting absent minded,"
remarked the first doctor. "The other
day when filling out a death certifi
cate I placed my name in the space
reserved for eause-'of death."
"llr.h!" commented the second doc
tor. "What makes you think that you
are getting absent minded?" Cincin
nati Enquirer.
A mind filled with trilles cannot get
the swing of large affairs.
"Cold la the Head"
13 an acute attack of Nasal Catarrh.
Those subject to frequent "colds in the
head" will find that the use of HALL'S
CATAPJtH MEDICINE will build up the
System, cleanse the Blood and render
them less liable to colds. Repeated at
tacks of Acute Catarrh may lead to
Chronic Catarrh.
taken internally and acts through the
Blood on the Mucous Surfaces of the Sys
tem, thus reducing the inflammation and
restoring normal conditions.
All Druggists. Circulars free.
F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio.
Animals Causes Asthma.
Certain people are liable to attacks
of asthma when brought into contact
with cats, dogs, etc. This Is due to
an emanation from the skin or fur of
tlu? animal.
Important to Mothers
Examine carefully every bottle of
OASTORIA. that famous old remedy
for infants and children, and see that it
Bears the
In Use for Ovpr ao yu, ire
Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria
Historical Knowledge.
"Who was the first highwayman on
"Atlas; he held uu the world."
Don't streak or ruin your material in a
poor' dye. Insist on "Diamond Dyes."
Easy, directions in package.
Lift Right. Off Without Pain
1 f rV" '"
v ii
Doesn't hurt a bit! Drop a little
"Freezone" on nn aching corn, instantly
that' corn stops hurting, then shortly
you lift it right off with fingers. Truly !
Tour druggist sells a tiny bottle of
"Freezone" for a few cents, sufficient to
remove every hard corn, soft corn, or
corn between the toes, and the calluses,
without soreness or Irritation.
John Pemberton Oak Has History
Probably Unequaled by That of
Any Other Tree.
Soldlars of five wars have been
drilled beneath the John Pemberton
oak tree, Bristol, Virginia-Tennessee,
nominated for a place In the hall
of fame of the American Forestry
association at Washington by Mrs. II.
F. Lewis, secretary of Virginia for
the Daughters of the American Rev
olution. Under this tree Col. John
Pemberton mustered his troops for
the battle of King's Mountain. A
marker has been placed on the tree
by the Sycamore Shoals chapter, says
the American Forestry Magazine, in
making the announcement. The sol
diers of the War of 1812 met here.
Then came the Mexican war and the
old tree saw men again leave their
hoines to fight. Next came the
struggle between the states, and the
oak witnessed the drilling of men to
fight one another In their own coun
try. Then came the World war and
again the veteran oak saw our boys
answer "their united country's call.
Their Method.
"In the days of the cave man,"
remarked the man on the car, "the
girls wore their hair loose down the
back, so they would be' easy to catch."
Toledo P.lade.
Every Kid Likes
Good Things
lo Jbat
So every
kid likes
ft iuS vi
Made W
Postum Cereal Col., Battle Creek.Mick J
si zi fa
Wimt National Park I
JVtrvifV' itwfj l 1L 1
OIXG to "Colter's Hell" this sum-,
nier? If so, be sure to take with
you Uncle Sam's 1020 bulletin, just
off the government press. It tells
you all about "Colter's Hell"
which is to say, the Yellowstone,
oldest and most famous of our 19
national parks.
Why "Colter's Hell"? Well, It's
an interesting story and not every
one knows it. The story of John Colter and "Col
ter's llell" properly begins away back In 180o,
when Thomas Jefferson, our third president,
bought the Louisiana territory from Napoleon
The western boundary of the United States
was then the Mississippi, as fixed by the treaty
with Great Britain after the Involution. Jeffer
son sent James Monroe to France to co-oirerate
with Minister Robert It. Livingston in the pur
chase of the Mississippi's mouth for $2,000,XH).'
Napoleon laughed at them, lie had just made
Spain cede him the Louisiana Territory, Intend
ing to establish there an empire to replace that
lost to the British In Canada. Then Napoleon saw
be must fight the British. He could not fight and
colonize, too. So, to spite the British, he told the
two Americans they could have all the country
between the Mississippi and the Itockies (Texas
not included) for $15,(XK),000. And he made Mon
roe and Livingston agree. Jefferson was scared
stiff at the act of his agents. There was a nation
wide rumpus over the purchase, but congress rati
fied it and the people finally approved it.
Jefferson had not the slightest idea what the
United States had bought and in the spring of 1S04
ho started the Lewis and Clark expedition from St.
Louis to find out Tills famous expedition went to
the mouth of the Columbia river and returned to
St. Louis in lSOG, after having been given, up for
lost. It passed a few miles to the north of the
Yellowstone, without even suspecting its existence.
John Colter was one of the private soldiers of
the exiedltioii. Before it reached St. Louis he got
his discharge and returned with two trappers to
the headwaters of the Missouri for beaver. In the
firing of 1S07 at the mouth of the Platte be met
Manuel Lisa and . again turned back. Lisa built
Fort Lisa at the confluence of tlfe Yellowstone and
the Big Horn. Colter, going alone to summon the
Crows lo (lie fort for trade, passed to the south of
tlie Yellowstone tltrough Jackson's Hole to Tierre's
Hole at the west of the Yellowstone. Returning
thence to Fort Lisa, he passed diagonally through
the Yellowstone, the first white man to see its won
ders. Colter, after adventures and travels that give
him a front rank among explorers of the west, re
turned to St. Louis in 1S10. lie recounted his ad
ventures and lie told of the marvels of the Yellow
stone. St. Louis believed some of his tales of ad
venture, but would have none of the geysers, boil
ing springs and paint-pots of the Yellowstone.
They derisively dubbed it "Colter's Hell," laughed
over it for a time and then forgot it. Gen. Wil
liam Clark, his commander, was the only one to
believe him. On the oflicial map of the Lewis and
Clark expedition Is a dotted line from Fort Lisa
to the Yellowstone and return, with the legend,
"Colter's route in 1807."
The Yellowstone v'as discovered the second
time about 1S27 this time by Jim Bridger, one of
(Jen. William 11. Ashley's lieutenants In the Rocky
Mountain Fur company. Bridger was the discov
erer of Great Salt Lake, a map-maker without an
equal, a mountaineer, plainsman and guide with
no superior. But he had a hobby big yarns. It
is he who made up those classic "whoppers" of
the west the obsidian cliff, boiling spring, echo
and alum creek stories. So, when he told about
the wonders of the Yellowstone, u scoffing frontier
said, with laughter: "Oh, just another of Jim
Bridgor's yarns."
Warren Angus Fenis described the Upper Gey
ser basin of the Yellowstone in 1S-12 and was not
believed. Prospectors in the Montana gold excite
ment of 1802 again described the Yellowstone; they
were set down as liars. Newspapers and maga
zines would not publish the stories; lecturers were
stoned. Iu 1809 the semi-official Montana Wash-burn-Langford
expedition did succeed in getting a
hearing. In 1870 the federal government sent an
official exjied It ion which official ly put Mie Yellow
stone on the map.
Cornelius Hedges, September 18, 1S70, by a
campflre In the Yellowstone, proposed that the
wonderland be niado a national park a pluy-
ground set aside for the people's use forever. The
idea took. Congress established the Yellowstone
National park, March 1, 1872.
The establishment of the Yellowstone as a na
tional park after 05 years of "discoveries" was
the first time such a thing had been done In all
history. It was the first national park in all the
world. The United States set the example which
practically all the civilized world has followed.
Uncle Sam's 1920 Yellowstone Bulletin is a
fascinating booklet of 103 pages of text, maps
and illustrations. It contains everything that the
tourist needs to know, from how to get there to 0
time table of the geysers and from the different
kinds of trout to the automobile regulations. The
following items are taken from the introductory
pages :
The Yellowstone National park was created by
the act of March 1, 1872. It is approximately G2
miles long and 54 miles wide, giving an area of
3.348 square miles, or 2,142,720 acres. It Is under
the control and supervision of the national park
service of the Interior department.
The Yellowstone is probably the best known of
our national parks. Its geysers are celebrated the
world over because, for size, power, and variety
of action, as well as number, the region has no
The Yellowstone National park is located in
northwestern Wyoming, encroaching slightly upon
Montana and Idaho. It is our largest national
park. The central portion Is essentially a broad,
elevated, volcanic plateau, between 7,000 and 8,500
feet above st-a level and with an average elevation
of about 8,000 feet. Surrounding ft on the south,
east, north, and northwest are mountain ranges
with culminating peaks and ridges rising from
2,000 to 4,000 feet above the general level of the
inclosed tableland.
The entire region is volcanic. Not only the sur
rounding mountains but the great interior plain
is made of material once ejected, as ash and lava,
from depths far below the surface. Geological
speculation points to a crater which doubtless once
opened just west of Mount Washburn.
There are five active geyser basins, the Norris,
the Lower, the Upper, the Heart lake, and Sho
shone basins, all lying In the wesMind south cen
tral parts of the park. The geysers exhibit a large
variety of character and action. Some, like Old
Faithful, spout at quite regular Intervals, longer
or shorter. Others are irregular. Some burst up
ward with immense power. Others shoot streams
at angles or bubble anil foam In action.
Geysers arc. roughly speaking, water volca
noes. They occur only at places where the Inter
nal heat of the earth approaches close to the sur
face. Their action, for so many years unex
plained, and even now regarded with wonder by
so many. Is simple. Water from the surface trick
ling through crack In the rocks, or water from
subterranean springs collecting in the bottom of
the geyser's crater, down among the strata of in
tense heat, becomes Itself Intensely heated and
gives off steam, which expands and forces upward
the cooler water that lies above It.
At last the water in the bottom reaches so
great an expansion under continued heat that the
less: heated water above can no longer weigh It
down, so it hursts upward with great violence,
rising many feet in the air and continuing to play
until practically all the water In the crater has
been expelled.
Nearly the entire Yellowstone region Is remark
able for its hot water phenomena. The more
prominent geysers are confined to three basins
lying near each other In the middle west side of
the park, but other hot water manifestations oc
cur nt more widely separated points. Marvelous
ly colored hot springs, mud volcanoes, and other
strange phenomena are frequent. At Mammoth,
at Norris, and at Thumb the hot water lias
lrought to the surface quantities of white min
eral deposits which build terraces of beautifully
incrusted basins high up into the air, often en
gulfing trees of considerable size. Over the edges'
of these carved basins pours the hot water. Mi
croscopic plants called algae grow on the edges
and sides of these basins, painting them hues of
red and pink and bluish gray, which glow bril
liantly. At many other points lesser hot spring
occur, introducing strange, almost uncanny, ele
ments into wooded and otherwise quite normal
The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone affords
a spectacle worthy of a national park were there
no geysers. Standing upon Inspiration Point,
which pushes out almost to the center of tle can
yon, one seems to look almost vertically down
upon the foaming Yellowstone river. To the south
a waterfall twice the height of Niagara rustics
seemingly out of the pine-clad hills and pours
downward to be lost again in green. From that
point two .or three miles to where you stand and
beneath you widens out the most glorious kaleido.
scope of color you will ever see in nature. The
steep slopes, dropping on either side 1,000 feet and
more from the pine-topped levels above, are incon
ceivably carved and fretted by the frost and the
erosion of the ages.
The fossil forests of the YellowstoneNatlon.il
park cover an extensive area in the northern por
tion of the park, being especially abundant along
the west side of Lamar river for about 20 miles
above its junction with the Yellowstone. One
traversing the valley of the Lamar river may see
at many places numerous upright fossil trunks in
the faces of nearly vertical walls. These trunks
are not all at a particular level hut occur at Irreg
ular heights; in fact a section cut down through
these 2,000 feet of beds would disclose a succes
sion of fossil forests. That is to say, after the
first forest grew and was entombed, there was a
time without volcanic outburst a period long
enougli to permit a second forest to grow above
the first. Tliis In turn was covered by volcanic
material and preserved, to.be followed again by a
period of quiet, and these more or less regular al
ternations of volcanlsm and forest growth contin
ued throughout the time the beds were iu process
of formation.
The Yellowstone National park Is . the largest
and most succesNful wild animal refuge In the
world. It Is also, for this reason, the best and
most accessible field for nature study. Its. 3.300
square miles of mountains and valleys remain
nearly as nature made them, for the 2HJ miles of
roads and the four hotels and many camps are as
nothing in this immense wilderness. No tree has
been cut except when absolutely necessary for
road or trail or camp. No herds Invade Its val
leys. Visitors for the most part keep to the beat
en road, and the wild animals have learned in the
years that they mean them no barm. To be sure
they are not always seen by the ioople In the
automobile stages which whirl from point to point
dally during the season; but the quiet watcher on
the trails may see deer and bear and elk and an
telope to his heart's content, and he may even see
mountain sheep, moose, and bison by journeying
on foot or by horseback into their distant retreats.
It is an excellent bird preserve also; 20U spe
cies live natural, undisturbed lives. Eagles aro
found among the crags.
Trout fishing in Yellowstone waters Is unex
celled. All three of the great watersheds abound
in trout, which often attain large size. Yellow
stone lake is. t lie home of large trout, which are
taken freely from boats, and the Yellowstone riv
er and Its tributaries yield excellent catches to the
skillful angler.
The criticism often made by persons who have
visited granite countries that the Yellowstone re
gion lacks the supreme grandeur of some others
of our national parks will cease to have weight
when the magnificent Teton mountains just south
of the soiflhern boundary are added to the park.
These mountains begin at the foot of the Pitch
stone plateau a mile or two below the southern
gateway and extend south and west. They bor
der Jackson lake on its west side, rising rapidly
in a series of remarkably toothed and Jagged peaks
until they reach a sublime climax, 30 miles south
of the park, in the Grand Teton, which rises cathedral-like
to nn altitude of 13,747 feet. ,
These amazing mountains are, from their na
ture, a component part of the Yellowstone Na
tional park, whose gamut of majestic scenery they
complete, and no doubt would have been Included
within its original boundaries had their supremo
magnificence been then appreciated. Already Yel
lowstone visitors have claimed It, and nutomohllo
stages run to Moran and back on regular schedule.
In time, no doubt, part of it will be added forumlly
to the park territory.

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