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IN TIIE DABK ASD TROUBLED OTGHT THAT IS UPON US, THERE IS NO STAR ABOVE THE nORIZOITTO GIVE US A GLEAM OF LIGHT, EXCEPTING THE INTELLIGENT, PATRIOTIC WHIG PARTY OF TIIE UNITED STA'TES "
Websteb ' VOLUME XII. lrmnT minmr TrnmiYYYtm rtrTTicir. a -ir tm-nimm t ihtt nn . . .. vramuixi, xujloihli MUltllJtr, JAiUAM 11, 1345; NUMBER 37, n. BELL, editou asj rRorniETon. TERMS OF VOLUME XII. Villagc subscrilers, ...... Mail siibscribcrs, within thc State, - -If not paid withm thc vcar, - - - - Mnil stuVcribcrs out of thc State, - - 52,00 S1.50 S1.75 S2,00 Imlivi duals and Companics vrlio takc at thc officc, 51,50, or Sl,75 if not paid within the ycar. Tliosc wlio takc of Postridcrs, - - - - S2.00 If not paiJ at thc cnd of tht ycar, - - - S2.25 Xo papcrs discontinucd until nrrenragcs arc paiu, cxccpi ai uic opuon ui mc propnciur. xo contract witli, or pnjmcnt madc to Carricrs, cash, keeping, or othenvLe, allowcd, cxccpt asscntcd to Iiy tlic proprictor. " AII communications must bc addrcsscd to the cililor 1'ost 1'aii). JUSTUS C01JI'., rniNTEiE, I1V WHOM AI.I. K1MIS ftrilOUlC ASI JOB l'RINT ISO WIU r.E KXKCUTEb OS MIOKT NOTICE. ODE Mrs. IIemass. Tlic breaking waves dar-h'd high On a steni and rock-bound coast, And tho woods agniust a stomiy :ky Thcir giant branchcs to'J And thc heavj- night hung ilark, The hills and waters o'er, When a liaml of cxiles nioor'd tlicir bark On tlic wild Xew England shore Xot as the conqucror comes, 1'hcy, thc tnie-hcnrted came, Xot with thc roll ofthc Mirring dnims, Or the truiupct that sings of fame Xot as the flyinjr eomp, I ii silcncc and in fear: Thcv sliook the depths of the descrt's gloom, With thcir hjnins of lofty clieer Amidst tlic storm thcy sang, 4 And the stnrs heanl and thc sca, rang And the sounding aisles of the dim wood To the anthcm oi'thc frec The ocean eagle soar'd From his nest by thc white wavc's foam, Aml the roekingpines of the forest roar'd This was thcir wclcome honie! What fotight thcy thns afar? Bright jeweLs of the mine? Thc wealtlof seas, the kjIIs of war ? Thcy tought ai'aith's pure iJiritic ! Ay, call it holy gronnd: The sjHt whVrc first thcy trod! Tlicv have left unstainM what thcrc the Frccdoin to worship God ! l'ound DUMHSTIC KC0XO.MV. IJiii.ixii Vi:ii:TAiiLE asd JIeats. In lioil- in vc-'ctAhlc-i, tliev fliuuUl nt le tmt into tlic watrr until it i fnllv Iicalal.ainltiicn thcrc .-lionlil lie no ccsiatiuu of iicat until the coukni is lnmlU doiic. Ilnt whcn liu-at arc to tf lioiUii, ijmte an op- jio-itc iirof-eutitv ti lie ol-cri-l. llicy rciUin to le put intu tlic watcr liilc it is o!d;(ir, i: mse of fowN. m Iiilu tlic watcr i a little wann tlii'ii, in-tcail of niiM iKiilin, tlic mitrr liould I men'ly .ininiiTCil. IJ tlii- iinii-cs, the nicat i nuidc ti'iiilcr. uliilc liy (icrcc Uiilin it i Iiardcnci and lu.icle toimh. I'mirie I'aiunr, TIhtc i imirli dii" tn tlu Miction as to thi manncr if iDnkiii. IkmUii. liniiliu. roa-tin 01 lukin, of Imtli tctaMo aiiil mc;iL-. Ilaviii'. Iiranl thc scpji"ti:i tirit iHitatni-- .-iiiiuM lic pir inM iMiMin, iu-li-:n! itf. toM uiitcr ovcr thc (irc wliilc wanniii'4 tlic fcct in kili lun at thc time o! cmiMnxau airly Iireakf.i'it. aw tlic vati lioiliii U'fo.-c tlic ni.iii hail Itnxivtlit in thc oti-t').-i. takcii iliat innrnin; frjni thc -;rcr.iiiil. Tlic nil of tlic 'ranl n ".i Mirivh n to inake thc pu t:ito, hcavv: wcll rlcnniHl. thcy wcrc hoilcd a iuiik a hivi1iIc: and witliin .-mnc twcnty miiiu-tc-i itc wcrc cithi th.'iii at the lircakf.ist t.ililc. lmrstin from thc tcndcr skin. and mcaly a- thc hcst iKtatoc raiscd upon thc ric-h gronnd'! upon our neiglilmring hirjhlanJs. Fatmtrs Mmillilj Msitor. To MAKE Gooil BCTTEK IN 'WlSTr.K. "Wc ofien hcir tlic foiiiplaint tluit lmtter madc in thc wintor is poor. Ours was so for sevcral scasons. It was vcr" slow incouuns. and frothv, whitcnid soinctimcs hittcr; whilc lmtter niadc from thc amc kind of milk in thc ivarm scason was pood. I dcisl niany jihnis for improvcincnt, snch as throwin-iin alt, warm milk, scaldin crcam, Imt to no purpoic. At lcnth I .--ralilcd my milk whcn hrouglit from thc cow. aftcrw-.mls sctting it in cithcr a cold or vrann p'.a-c as mo-t ft)nvcniint I mcan I rammumcatcii MtlTiricnt hcat to my milk to dttroy the cflcct wliich frostv fccil in au tuinn or dry fi-cd in wiatcr had um it. Sintc Mhich timc wc havc madc, with tiftccn minutcs churuiiijr, purcr, swcctcr, and morc ycllow lmtter tlian wc cvcr madc in snnimcr and sometimes from thc frnzcn crcam frradiiidly warmcil. And wcrc it not that thc incrca.se of tnanufjcturics, thc pursnit of fashion, and othcr causcs combincd, rcmlcr helping hands in a dairy-room now-a-days vcry scarcc, 1 shouhl bc at thc'trouhlc of scalkiu' mymilkliclbrc sctting it during the sutnmci, as wcll as in wintcr: forsurcly, hutter madc in this way poscsscs a dclicions'richness and drvness wluch cannot be found in any othcr. Cult'vator. rcnmxcs that aue qcicklt made -with ot-T MEcit excexs Rcat up four spoonfuls of i rauK anu lour cjz-s to a cood liattcr, mttmcg and supar to vour taste; bnttcr tca raps, fill thcm tlirec parts full,and send tlicm to thc ovcn. A qiiartcr of an hour will bake thcm Wasiiixg Flaxxel. If white, it shonld lc uonc in as hot watcr as possible, with hard soap. SiimxKixG of Flasxel. Enclose new flan ncl ina bas; pnt it into a hoilcr with cold watcr; hcat and boil it. It will ncrcr shrink anv morc after this opcratioD, and thonld tltcn hc madc up into garmtnts. BCOOM Conx. It jS aisertcd lir those who havc madc ample cxpcrimcnts, that the secd of uroom coru posscsscs thc propcrty of fattening shccp morc rapidly than that of aav othcr vceta Ue known. In thc Boston l'lougliman it is sTated in an articlc on this subject, that Albcrt Hibbard, Esq, of Xorth Iladley, makcs uv: of all thc secd of his broom corn for this pnrposc that the ani mals arc rcmarkablc fond of it, and will fattca more rapidly than on Indiancom. Hens arealso vcry fond of it, and so are swinc, in fceding and fittcning wliich wc have found it highly valuablc. Feedixo Domestic Aximals. If one cow daily trcads tlirec ponnds of hay nndcr footjn the mud, she will waste abont a hundred ponnds per month; or a herd of twenty cows would waste a ton per month. At this ratc, how many timcs, evety tcn ycars, wonld tho quantity wasted pay tHe cxpcnsc of tuaking fccding boxcs and racb ? MXSCELLAHY. JACK BRAMBLE'S FAMILY BIBLE. PART I. "You ccrtainly havc a strange way of slioiv ing your grief at thc deatlt of a rclattve," said Quibblc, a smile lurking in his eyes, although hc attemnted to look serious; l,but allow uic to eongratulatc you, Jack, upon your good for tune. I hope he lnay liavc lcft you something handsome." "I hope so too," said Jack from the bottom of his heart. "I3ut cotno," said Quibblc, "gct to work and copy that ilued." tfack ouce niore mountedtlicstoveand wcnt to work, but be wrote nieehanically bia tho'ts were anywhcrc but upon the jiapcr before him aml he made so many ludurous b'.un dcrs that at l:u-t old Quibble said thcre was no usc of his working any niore, aud that Jack miglit takc a holiday.' Of all othcr days'in the "ycar, this one ap- pcarcd to Jack thc longcst and most tircsome lic liad cvcr known; but as all things must havc an cnd, so had tlns.and cight o clock in thc cvc ning bchcld Jack standing upon the stcps of lawvcr IJ s olhcc, witu a bcatinpr Ucart and tcr- riblv ncnousfcclincs. He was soon ushcrcd into" thc officc whcrc lic found thc othcr two relations, (vcry distant ones, but who now fclt vcrj' ncar,; togetlicr witli alew tncnus, alrca- dy asscniulcd. lhc will was brokcn ojicn with all tluc lonnality, and reau tims: I, ltichard Uranible, of the city of Lontlon Kngland, bcing ofsound disposing mind and tncnioiy, uo liinKC atnl puulisli tliis lor my iai will and testamcnt. To mv sccond cousin, Tliomas Joiicp, give and becpicath the sutn of fivc thousand dollars. To his brothcr Augustus Joncs, fivc thou: and. To mv well bclovcd ncpliew, John Bratnblc if still alivc, I give and bcipicath myold Fam ily Bible, which I hope he will ahvays prc- serve, asl tlunk lic wiiiimUit to lx;,as l liavc. thc bcst fncnd hc lias cvcr known. "llic devu nc uocs; cxclauncu Jack in a perfcet agony of ragc and disappointmcnt 'AVhat thc mischicf docs hc think I want with alible? AVhv.I have two nlrcvnlv. Ifitwas only a watch or a gun; but a a Pashaw ! can srct onc anvwhcrc." All condoled with Jack uiion liis singnlar ill-fortunc, and Lawvcr lirown handcdhim his diarc of thc jtroncrty, carcfully wrapped ut and dircctcd to his namc, themanncr of whicl: it had bccn reccncd lrom Amcnca. Unfortiinatc .lack ! As he took it un, and mtting it tinilcr his ann, walkcd out of thc !ioiise, nccr did lic in his wholc lifc fccl so -troii!i antip.ithv to thc holy volumc hcnow 'arricd. The tcars Martcd into his cvos, poor iciiow, as ne gazcu upon ns mouiucnng lorni. md once or twicc he had morc than rcsolvcd to throw it into the strect: but something whispcrcd in his heart it vould bc wrong and unirencrous. "Xcvcr mind," said Jack. "111 kccp thc old liook anyhow, jtvst forfun just to look at whcn 1 jrct a little too high; it will soucr mc, I know, i-! soon a soda watcr. So carrytng it up to Ins mo:n, hc laid it awny verv caretullv upon the top shclf of hi closet, and thcn with a hca- t heart, with all his bright golden viions of 'h:- fiitnrc di?olveil into cmptv air, and witl 11 thc manv discomforii and wants of thc ire-cnt, st.irinr him in thc countcnance, Jack !indrcAed hnnself and junipcu mto ucd. PAUT II. AiHiut si wccks aftcr thc reading of the will, Jack fimnd himsctf verv unexncctcdl v, bv thc ilcath fii'old ( iiilb!c, thrown out of cm- jrm niciit. Jni'k h.ul no tnoncy and no cn-dit. liis laiiiliamlv w:ts at him lrom Iay to dav 'or thc Miiall i'cm he owcd her for lioard, and he wire of thc door-bell was alniost worn out y iiup'irttiiinic pullings of clamorous crcditors wiioin nc v.a tosauv unauic tonav. iacKtooK it crv iihi'iHoiiiiicailr. Ilc. got up m the nioriiiiiganil, atler eating his brcakfast, hc wou'd iro to ffliii1 ldacc wlicre hecouldscc ilic ailv naiici-s. nnd n-ad thc advcrtiscmcnls all ver verv carefullv, hopinir to find somelhing wliich would smt Ins aUlitics. rrom thciUT he would uo and wandcr niuinslv along thc locks until ineal tiinc, whcn hc would rettirn to his loardin!r housc, to nicct cold looks and ent thc warni ilinncr of his hoslcss. One evcning aflcr adav stient in this unsat isfactory nianncr, Jack was scatcd in his rooni, his fcct rcsting uiion his bcd, with a mild 11a- vana m lus tnouth, (a prcsent lrom a fellow lioanlcr,) smoking away vciy complnccntly, cnjoying the soothing proiicrtics of thc delic ious wced, whcn his nieditations were unplcas anthv brought to a tcrminiition by the suddcn appcarance of his laudlady. "iiy dear Mr. Bramble," thc ladj- bcgan in her most winning manncr, "I shouhl rcally likc tahavc somc money this evcning." "So would I, Mrs. Joncs," rciilicd Jack with thc most pcrfcct sang froid. "I should likc to go and scc the new pantomimc at Astlcy's. "You would V exclaimcd Mrs. Jones, her voicc grown suddcnly as shnll as a crackcd ckrionct, "you would likc to go to thc.theatre, would you, instcad of paying your honest debts! Xowljusttcll you what it is, Mr. Bramble, if you think I ani agoin' to markct cverj- mornin' of my lifc to buy thc bcst as thc market afibnls for such idlc, tobacco-smokin fcllows as you, you arc mistakcn. Kot anoth cr dayTlo you hvc in this housc; and if vou don'f go to-morrow mornin', 111 get a policc ofliccr and have you put out ncck and licc's. So rcmcmbcr; and shutting thc door after her with a crash, shc wcnt down stairs. "AVliat is to bccomc of me ?" thought Jack. as soon as shc had dcpartcd. "Tlicre is no mistakc about the old lady now I'vc got to c vacuatc thc premiscs. Oh Unclc, why did'nt youleavcmca fcwhundrcds, instcad ofthat old Bible," suddcnly thought Jack, "I wondcr, if I was to rcad a fcw chaptcrs in it, if I conld 'nt dtscovcr somc way of gctting out of this difficulty? any how, 111 reada little in it. Maybe U's becausc I ncvcr havc rcad any in it that I am so unlucky. So hcrc gocs. Jack rcachcd down thc old Bible frcm its rcsting placc, andplacingit upon thc little ta blc, drew it up tothe side of the bed, upon which hc scatcd luniself, and snufiing his can dlc, coramenccd turning ovcr thc ycllow lcavcs ofthc an-icnt volumc, in ordcrto find that por sion of it which tclls of Daniel's deli very from out thc lion's dcn, as that he considercd thc most applicable to his sitnatiori, thc onlv ven jmmatcrial differcncc bcing that Danicltvas m the lion's dcn, and unablc to gct out, whilc Jack was in what hc considercd a bad a placc, and had to go out Jack had not turned ovcr morc than thirty pagcs. when suddenly lus eyc rcsted upon some thmglnngbctwccn thc lcavcs. Xfith a crv of joy he scizcs it in his hands and holds it up to thc light. It ia a bank notc ! can hc bclicvc it ? and for onc thousand pounds ! Quickly he tcrns ovcr anothcr lcaf, anothcr notc, and for thc same lamc amountl LuckyJack, all thy woes arc cnded. Prccious lcaves, twcnty of thcm cach concealing thc samc amount, making m all twenty thousand pounds. Dear, dear old Bibl(J and hc fairly clasps it to his heart, ;anu rolls uack with it upon thc bcu m joy. Thc first thing that Jack did upon thc fol lowing morning was to look into thc prccious boolc and assure luinscll that hc had not bccn drcaming, and thc ncxt after, gctting change foronc ofthc notes to pav Mrs. Joncs, wliich hc did to that good lady's uttcr astonishment. 11c alsostartlcd all lnsother crcuitors ina likc nianncr, and could aftcrwards walk thc strcct without molestation Jack said it somchow got wind that hc had bccome hcir to a fortunc, and says it is astonithing how tho numbcr of his lriends (?) inercascd in conccqucncc of this. Jack Bramble is a marricd man with a largc tanulv, and altliou"h lic lovcs his witc, anu thcre is not anothcr just such a onc in the uni- vcrsc, and altliougu hc dotcs upon 1ns chudrcn and thiuks thcm a little fmarter than anv body's clse, yet bcttcr than all does hc lovc thc old volume that brought him such good fortunc, and as Jack has bccomc a vcry sobcr fellow, and a mcmber of niecting besides, he sa3-s his unclc was right aftcr all: and cvcn if thcrc had bcen no monev in it, he couldn't have left him any tliing bcttcr than "the old Family Llble." GALLATIN ON TIIE WAR. Tnn Claim of Texas to tiie Kio Del NollTE, AS ITS UOUXDAIIY, ExASIINED. From what prcccdcs, it appears that thc Gov cmnient of the Unitcd Statcs considercd thc rcfu sal of 3Iexico to rcccivc a rcsident Envoy or Min istcr as a sufiicicnt causc for'War; nnd thc Kio del Xortc as thc lcgitiraate boundary of Tcxas. Thc first opinion is now of no importancc ; lut thc qucstion of Boundary, wliich was thc immedi atc causc of hotilitics, has to tliis day bccn the grcatcst impeilimcnt t(We Huiiilion,of.rcacc. I fccl satisfied that, if this was scttlcd,thcre would hc no insnpcrablc difficulty iu arranging othcr prctensions. Thc Unitcd Statcs claim no othcr portion cf tlic Mcxican dominions, unlcss it bc by right of conuucst. Thc tract of countrr hctwccn tlic Kio Xucccs and the dcl XoKa, is thc only one which has bccn clahned by lioth partics, as rcspcctivcly bclonging cithcr to Tcxas or jlcxico. As rc gards cycry othcr partof the Mcxican posscssions, the Unitcd Statcs ncvcr had claiincd any portion of it. Thc inifiuity of acnuirinsanv nortion of it. othcrwisc than liv fair compact frcclv conscnted to by Wcxico, is sclf-cident. It is,in cvcry rcspcct, most important to cxaiuinc the grounds "on which thc claim ofthc Unitcd Statcs tothc only territorj claimcd by both natiuns is foundcd. It is thcinaih qncstion at issuc. The Kcpublic of Tcxas did, by an act of De ccmbcr, 183C, dcclare thc Kio dcl Xortc to bc its lioiindary. It will not bcscriously contcndcd that a nation has a right, hv a l.tw of its own, to dctcr inine what is or shall c thc boundary bclwccn it and anothcr country. Tlic act was nothing morc than thc exprcssions of tho wishcs or prctensions of thc Govcranicnt. Its only prcctical cflcct was that, cminating from its Congrcss or lcgishittvc body, it madc it impcrativc on thc Exccutivc not to conclude any l'cace with Jlcxiro unlcss that boundary was agrced to. As regards right, thc actofTcxns is a pcrfcct nullity. Wc want the arguments and documcuts by which thc claim is sustaintd. On a first icv thc prctcntion is truly startling. Thcrc is no cxccptioii : the Kio Xortc, from its sourcc to its mouth, is dcclarcd to be tlicriglitful l:oun'l.in- or Tcxas. Tho rivcr has its sourcc within tlic Dcpartmcnt, I'roviiicc or State of New Jlcxico, which it travcrscs through its wholc lcngth from north to south, dividing it into two imciiual parts. J lic larecst and most poimlou incliuling Sauta Fc, the capital, Iies on thc lcft bank ofthe rivor,anil is, tlicrcforc, cinbraccd with in thc claim ofTcxa. X'ow this iiroinccof Xcw Jlcxico was first visitcd and occupicd hv the Spaniards nndcr Ynsqmz Coronado, in tlie ycars lo4U to iJiz. it was at tliat time volnntanly c vacuated, snhscnucntlr rcvisitcd, nid somc scttlc- mcnts madc about the vcar I5S3: finallv con- iiucren in luus iiy tlic bpaniarils, undcr Uic com mand of Onatc. An insiirrcction of thc Imliani drove away thc Spaniards in the ycar 1CS0. Thcy recntcrcd in thc cnsninjr ycar, nnd. aftcr a long re sistancc, rcconnucrcd it." This was an intcmal conflict with thc Abori"incs: bnt, as rclatcd to Forchni l'owcrs, the sovcreisntv of the Snaniards ovcr ttic tcmtorv was ncvcr callctl m iiucstion and it was, in exiircs tcrm, madc the Wes tcrn Bonndarv of Iiiiisiana in thc lioval Chartcr of thc irench Govcniinent. Thc coniiucst of thc nrovincc liv Onatc took placc fivc-and-twcnty ycars prior to tho landingof tlic 1'iignms in .cff Aiigianu, anu twclve ycars licforc any pcrmancnt scttlcmcnt had bccn madc in rortn mcncn, on tlic sliorcs of tlic Atlanlic. iv citncr .ngianu, rrancc, iionami, awcucn or any other Powcr, but that m Florida by Spain nerscii. I havc in vain s ouirlit for any documcnt. ciiU' nating from the K cpnblic or State of Tcxas for .i r e :. - uic purpui Ul BUJ UUlllili; JIS ClUllll chuit to new r - .1 . i i r . . , iixexico or uic cuuntrv ixjnit-nu on inc lowcr portion of tlic dcl rvorle. 1 lie onlv olhcial nancrs within mv rcach, in which thc claim of Tcxas is sustaincd, arc the Frcsident's Jlessagc of Alay 1 1 and Dcrcinbcr 3, 184G; and thcse rcfcr only to uic country Doruenng on tnc lowcr part ot tne ucl Xortc. The portion of tho Mcssac of Jlav 11. I&46, relatine to that snbicct, is as follows : Jlcan- time .tcxas liv tho hnal action ot our Lonjrrcss, had bccome an mtcsral part of onr Union. Thc Congrcss of Tcxas. by its act of Dcccmbcr 19, ibob, nait ucciarcil the Kio dcl JNortc to bc tlic boundary ofthat Kcpublic. Its junsdiction had bccn cxicndcd and cxcrciscd beyond the Xncccs. The country betwccn that rivcr "and thc dcl Xortc had bccn rcprcscntcd in thc Congrcss and in thc Convcntion of Tcxas; hadthus takcn part in thc act of Anncxation itsclf : anu is now mcluded within onc of our Con"rcssional Districts. Our own Concrcss had, raorcover. with crcat unanim itv, by the act approveu iJcccmLcr 31, 1845, rc- cognizcd thc country hcyond thc X'neces as a part of onr tcrritory, by incluiling it witliin our Kcvc- nue systcm ; anu a itcvcnnc othccr, to rcsiue with in that District, has bccn appointcd, by and with the advicc and consent of tlic Scnatc. It bccame, tlicrcforc, of urgcnt ncccssity to provmc for thc dcfcncc of that portion of our country. Accor- dingly, on the 13th of January last mstrnctions wcrc lssucu to thc Ucncral in commanu ot thesc troops to occupy thc left bank of thc del Xortc "The movcmcnt of our troops to the del Korte was made by the Commanding Gcncral, undcr positivc instrnctionstoabstain from all assrressive acts toward Mexico or Mcxican citizcns, and to rcgard the relations bctwcen that Itcpnbhc and the Unitcd Statcs as pcaccful, unlcss shc should dcclare 'War, or conimit ar ts of hostilityindicativc ofa state oOVar. He was spcciallv dircctcd to protcct prh-ato propcrty, and rcspcct pcrsonal rights." In his annual mcssage ot IJcccmuer 8, 184G, the Presidcnt statcs that Texas, as ccdcd to thc Unitcd Statcs byFranccin 1803, has Lccn lwavs claimed as cxtcnumg -west to the ltio Grandc; that this factis cstablishcd by dec- larations of our Govcrnment during Mr. JelTcr son's and Monroc's adminbtration; and that thc Tcxas wliich was ccdcd to Spain by thc Flonda trcaty of 1819, cmbraccd all the coun try now claimcd by the State of Tcxas bc twcen the Nueces and thc Kio Grandc. He thcn rcpeats the Acts of Texas with ref crencc to thcir boundarics; statin that "du ring a pcriod of niore than ninc ycars, which intcryened bctwcen the adoption of her con stitution and her anncxation as onc of thc atates ot our union, icxas asserted and cxer- ciscu many acts orsovercinty and jurisdiction cvcr thc tcrritory and inhabitants wtnfthe Xueccs; suchs aorganizing and definin " limits of counties cxtcnding to tho Kio Grande; cs tablishing courts of justicc, and extendiii" her judicial systcm ovcr the tcrritoty ; establishin" also a custom housc, post-ofliees, aud a laiuE officc, &c." Tlic Presidcnt dcsi"natcs by thc namc of Texas, thc ccssion of Louisana by Francc to the Unitcd Statcs; and he again calls thc territorj- ccdcd to Spain by the Florida trcatv of lhl9, the lexas. lie intnnatcs that the claim of the Unitcd Statcs to thc territorj- bctwcen the Sabine and thc Kio JTortc was derived from thc boundaries'of Tcxas, and that by claiming asfar west as thc rivcr, thc Unitcd States did reconiizc that it was the boundary of the Texas. Ircally do not understand what is mcant by tliis assertion. The Unitcd Statcs claimcd thc Kio Xortc as being thc Icgitimate boundaiyofZouiVann,and not of Tcxas. Keither thcy " nor France had cvcr bccn in posscssion ofthc country bcyond thc Sabine, Spain had alwaj-s hcld posscssion and had dividcd thc territorj- into provinccsas shcpleascd. Onc of thcse was callcd Tcxas, and its boundarics had bccn dcsignatcd and altercd at hcr will. Wth thcse the Uni tcd fStatcs had no conccrn. If thcir claim could bc sustained, it must bc bv proving that Louisana cxtended of right thus'far. This had no conncction with the boundarics which Spain might havc assigncd to hcr provincc of Texas. Thesc lnight have cxtended bcyond thc Kio del Nortc, or have bccn east ofthc Kio Nue ccs. Tlicre is not the slightcst conncction bc twcen the Icgitimate boundarics of Louisiana and those of thc Spanish provinccs of Tcxas. Thc presumcd identity is a mcrc supposition. It is not ncccssarj- to discuss the soundncss ofthc prctensions to thc Rio Xortc, asscrtcd by Mr. Jcnerson and Mr. Monroc, sincc thcy were yieldcd in cxchangc of Florida and somc othcr objccts by thc trcaty of 1819: a trcatv cxtrcmely popular at thc time, and thc exe cution of which was prcsscd with grcat zeal and perscvcrancc. Iicncvcr ultimatcly ccdcd to Mexico, that rcpublic fixcd its boundarics as it thought prop cr. Tcxas and Coahuila wcrc dcclarcd to forma State; and thc Ilio Nueccs was made thc bounclarj- of Tcxas. "Whcn Tcxas dcclar cd itsclf indepcndcnt, it was thc insurrcction of only part ofa State; for Cohahuila remaincd unitcd to Mexico. But thc ItioNucccs was the boundarj- bctwcen the dcpartmcnt of Tex as and thc State of Tamauhpas. Tlic wholc cohtestcd territorj-lics within thc limits of Ta maulipas, which ncvcr was. undcr the Mcxican Govcrnment, connected in any shapc with Tcxas. Thc qncstion now undcr considcration is only tluit bctwcen thc Unitcd States and Mex ico; and in that vicw of thc subject, it is quitc immatcrial whcthcr thc acts of thc Unitcd States cmanatcd from Congrcss or from thc Exccutivc. Ko act of cithcr, rccognizing thc territorj-bcyond thc Xucccs as a part ofthc territorj-ofthc Unitcd Statcs. can bc alledrrcd against Mexico, as a proof of their right to this country was claimcd, Anj- such act is onlj- an assertion, a dcclaration, but not an anrumcnt sustaining thc right It is howcvcr, propcr to obscrve hcrc that thc port of delivcry west of the Xucccs, crccted by the act of Congrcss, "To establish a collcction district in the SLatu of Texas," was at Corpus Christi, a placc which was in thc actual posscssion of thc State of Tcxas. It must also bc prcmised that, in thc joint rcsolution for thc anncxation of Tcxas, thc qncstion ofthc lwundarj- bctwcen it and Mex ico was cxpresslj- rcscrvcdas one which shouhl be settlcd fij- trcatj- bctwcen thc Unitcd Statcs and Mexico. Thc onlv armimcnfs in lhc. Prpsidcnt's mos- sagc, which sustain tlic right of Texas to tcrri ritoiy bcjond thc Xucccs, arc containcd in those passagcs, in which it is asscrtcd that thc jurisdjction of Tcxas has bccn cxtended and cxcrciscd bcj-ond the Xncces: that the countrj bctwccn thc rivcr and thc dcl Xortc liad bccn rcpresented in the Congrcss and Convcntion of Tcxas, had takcn part in thc anncxation of itsclf, and was now includcd within onc of our Ccngrcssional districls. Bnt it is not stated in thc Prcsidcnt's mes sage, how far bcj-ond thc Xucccs tho jurisdic tion of Texas had bccn cxtended, nor what partof thc countrj-betwccn that rivcr and thc dcl Xortc had bcen rcpresented in tho Con grcss aml Convcntion of Tcxas and was then includcd within onc of our Congrcssional dis tricts. Xow thc actual jurisdiction bcj-ond thc Xuc- ces ncvcr cxtended farthcr than tho adjacent ! scttlemept or San 1'atnco, consistmg of about 1 twenty iaroihes. Ihat small distnct, though bcvondthc Xucccs, was contigttoUs to andln I the actual nosscs.sinn of Tov.is On this .ic- 1 countit might be righlfully includcd within thc limits which wc wcrc bound to protcct against Mcxican invasion, uui wnat was tnc countrr betwccn this Hnau scu cniciu oi oan i-atnco, or betwccn tne 11 ..1 . n i- . . i -i e- -i- ' that thn illrisilictmn nf Ti.vn s Iiooti nt ..n. iiiuii ii jui!iiii uu siiTiiKJseii iroiu mc mcssage ded, so as to bc includcd within onc of our vyougrcssionai uisinctsr iicrc, again, Acxas , imu crccieu tuai Miiau sctucmcnt into a coun- ty callcd San Patrico, and dcclarcd that this countv pxtpnilpd fo thn VAn ilnl X'nrt. Tlns. likc all othcr dcclaratorv acts cftho samc kind wa, only ancrtion nafi-ecting thc qucstion ' ot ngnt. l nc state ot j.cxas nught witli c- nual propnety hayc dcclarcd that the boun- ' uarj-cxtended to thc Sierra Madro ortothe iacinc. Ahctruc qucstion ot nglit.to any tcr- nlory bcj-ond tho Mcxicvn limits of the l)c- , partmcnt of Texas dcpcnds upon thc facts: By 1 whom was thc territor-in nucstion actiinllv in-' hacitedand occupicd? and had the inhab- ' ltants unitcd witn Xcxasm the insurrcction a- "air.st Mexico? iiie wnoio countrj- bcvond the scttlcmcnt ot i oan xainco anu v-orpus uunsu, till witmn a i c x. ... i r-t - . .. .... .... fmilesoftho dcl Xortc, is a pcrfcct dcscrt "mra "mu 7, rouiu puraucu oy ucd. fin thcmsclvcs in tho ncwspapc?, and malignant Taylor, as stated bv himsclf, and ncar 120 . ivattcmptins to cxclndc tlicir brothcr oflhcrs milcsinastraightlinc. f"rom thc crcdit they verv justly claim. AU this The only settlcd part of it is along thc lcft . is donc in lansuase ridicu!oulv afl'ectcd. bank ofthe dcl Xortc, and but a few milesin : Lraadth. This bclt was setlled, inhabited and t occupicd cxclusively by Mexicans. It inclu-' ded tho town of Lercdo; and Mexico had a ' ca tom housc at Brazos, north of thc mouth of thc rivcr. Till occupicd by tho Amcrican arms it had cvcr bcen, and was at tho time whcn invaded by Gcn. Taj-lor, h part of tlic I .1 1 l -fT i: . .1 I,. .1 UCIIU1 iilimu Ul J.uuiiiuuiiaa uuu duujwi iu iuv i jurisdiction oftlio Prcfcct of the Xorthcrn iistnct ot thc Ucpartmcnt. In the coursc of the war betwccn Mexico and Tcxas, incursions had bccn occasionallj made by cach partj- into tho tcrritories ofthe othcr. A Mcxican ofliccr had, once or twicc obtaincd teinporarj- occupation of San Anto nio, within the limits of Tcxas; and the Tex- ans liad on one occasion takcn loredo ltsclt, and morc than once had carricd thcir arms not only totho left bank ofthc dcl Xortc, but cvcn bcj-ond that rivcr. In both cases thc aggres sive partics had bcen repul-ed and cxpcllcd. The last Tcxan expcdition of that kind took placc in Deccmbcr, 1842, and tcrminated in thcir dcfcat at Mier. That thc countrj- adjacent tothc leftlankof thc nver was cxclusivclv m thc jiosscssion ol the Mexicans, was wcll known to our Govcrn ment. Whcn Gcncral Tajlor marchcd to thc del Xortc, hc issued an ordcr, Xo. 30 translated into tho Spanish, ordcring all undcr his com mand to obscrve with thc most scmpulous rc spcct the lights of all tho inhabitants, who might be found in pcaccful prosccutionof thcir respcetivc occupations, as wcll on thc right as on thc left sidc ofthc Kio Grandc. Xo mtcr fercncc, hc adds, will bc allowcd with thc civ il rights or rcligious privilegcs of the inhabi tants. In June, 1845, Gcncral Taylorliad been di rcctcd to sclcct and occupj-, on or ncar the Kio Grandc dcl Xortc, such a sitc as would bc bcst adapt d to repcl invasion and to protcct our "W'cstcrn boitlcr. But on thc 8th of July following, thc Sccrctarj- of 'War, addresscd thc following letter to him : "Thc Dcpartmcnt is infonucd that Mexico lias somc niilitarj- cstablishmcnts on thc c.-st side ofthc Kio Grandc, which arc and for somc time havc bccn in thc actual occupation of hcr troops. In cariying out the instme tions hcrctoforo rcceivcd, j-ou will bc carcful toavoid anj-acts of aggrcssiou unlcss an actual state of war should cxist. Thc Mcxican for ccs at thc posts in lhc posscf sion, and which havc bccn so, will not bc disturbcd as long as thc relations of pcacc bctwcen thc U. S. and Mexico continuc." On thc SOth July 1845, thc Sccrctarj- of U ar again addresscd ucncral iaylor, asiol lows : "You arc cxpcctcd to occupj-, protcct and dcfend thc tcrritory of Texas; to thc cxtcnt that it has bccn occupicd bj- thc pcoplc of lexas. lhc luo urando is claimcu to bc tlic lxmndarj- betwccn the two countrics, aud up to this boundarj- j-ou arc to cxtend j-our pro tection, only cxccpting anj- tiosts on the cas- tcrn side thcrcof, which arc in thc actual oo cupancj- of Mcxican forccs, or Mcxican scttlc mcnts ovcr whicli thc Kcpublic of Tcxas did not cxcrcisc jurisdiction at the pcriod of an ncxation or shortlj- beforc that evcnt. It is cxpcctcd, in sclccting thc cstablihmcnt for your troops, j-ou will anproach as ncar thc boundary line, thc Kio Grandc, as prudcnce will dictatc. 'With this vicw thc Presidcnt dc- sircs that j-our position, for a part of your for ccs at Icast, should bc west of thc ltivcr Xuc ccs." Thc Mcxican scltlcmcnts, thus cxccpted,aro not those ovcr which Tcxas did not claim ju risdiction, but tliosc on thc east bank ot tlic Kio Grandc ovcr which Tcxas did not cxcr cisc iurisdiction at thc pcriod mcntioned. The Presidcnt had noatithoiity to givc up thc lioun- darj- claimcd bj- Jtcxas; but it is clcar mat at that time, whcn war was not contcmplatcd; thc Administration was ofthc opinion that, till the qncstion was dcfinitclj- settlcd, the occupancy bj-thc 'cxicans ofthc territorj- adjacent thc lcft bank ofthc del Xoite ought not to be dis tnrbed. Xcithcr thc sulise(ucnt refusal by Mexico to rcccivc a rcsiding Fnvoj-, nor the successcs of Ilio Amcrican aims haic not aficctcd thc qucstion of right. Thc claim of Tcxas, whcthcr to Xcw-Mexico or to thc low cr portion of thc Kto Xortc, was idcnticallj the samc, as invalid and groundless in onc casc as in thc othcr. "Whv a dsitinction has becn madc bv thc Kxccutive has nnt bccn statcd. The fact is that he has cstabli.-hiil a tcmporarv Govcrnment for Xew-Mcxicoasa coiintrv con- riucrcd, and without anv rcgard to the claim of Tcxas; whilc, on thc othcr hand, hc has pcr- mitted that State to cxtend its jiinsdiclion o- vcr the countrj- Ijing on tlic Ictt bank ot tlic del Xortc, which, like Xcw-Mcxico, had bccn conqueicd bj-thc arms ofthc Unitcd Statcs. Xot a shadow of proof lias bccn adducedjlo sustain thc prctensions of Tcxas to that dis trict; and justicc lmpcnouslj- rcqnircs tnat it should bj- trcatj- of pcacc bc rcstorcd to Mex ico. GEX. SCOTT AXD HIS OFFICEKS. Thc commandcr-in-ihiff of thc army in Mexr co. and tho captain of thc naval forccs in thc Gulf, havc both committed blumlcrs, thc cflects of which will stick to thcm quitc as long asnnyfumc which thcy maj- acquirc dnring thc warwith Mex ico. The ungcntlcmanly rcprimand of Licut. Huntcr, by Commodorc Pcrry couchcd as it was jn such langnagc, that thcdisgraccfcll cntircly up ob thc commod0rc in thc cvcs of ninc tcnths of. , . . , . f .iii : ,i, . l'countrymc.i,-has found a parallel m the gcn cral ordcr of Gen. Scott respcctmg ccrtain lctttrs writtcn from thc army. Dogbcrry might not havc becn so grcat a hcro as cithcr of thc cpaulct- tcj gcntlcmcn who liavc so sagclr appropriatcd to ci n.i,.;r(. , hc rcrtaiiilv excceded mwiwwi " w 't mi . . ,,.,,;. Ti.c vew.York Pb linsihefol owinzscnsibloreinarkscoTlmngtlic ' latCSt foolisll act Of Gcn. bCOtt iVhatevermav be the rcasons for thcarrcstof thc olnccrs, and howcvcr propern may uc iokccp nnr nuimon rcsncctinc it iu hkii h ; morc ofthc facts, thcrc .is no snch rcason for sus- ncndin.? our iudscment concermng bcotts gener- al ordcr, which carrics its condcmnation on its &JZ VI Z?T?t ic ucrs in the newspapcrs ofthe Unitcd gK wtrS to cobm from tl.e army, in "ji;raiL u b&towcd on ccrtain officcrs and .Bn fmm ntkrs. in a iiunncr not acTceing -nR.n R,ti'own views. He innnediatcly wuHGcn. takcs it for grantcd that thc lctters were wjittcn nr nmrmYifl to 1 writtcn bv the officcrs wliose praiscs thcy sct forth, and puts this charge, not di- rectiy, out in sucn lenus uiui nu iunS.o w.. bcar no other construction, mto a ecncrai orucr. "i"-'"" -- i -- - ... ViV, : "V .1 .1 m ,rt,mi, tpcsrc nniv 10 inier ii iroiu iiiu miutnwui iuci,i SffiWSf i'wfthl Xo furtlier disclosim: of facts is necded toshow thc injnsticc of this proccedingof Gen. Scott. To makc his own suspicions thc ground of a 1 n lic charBe ,J,e ,,onor omccl? " command. however s trongthose susp.cions maj ''llClr J T. . i.i., thr, i1ipsi mmnnn! were .Ttrcmelv vairuc. Gen. Scott docs not himself . - . to t-.-l. u. -U.ll l. o. gainst tho officcrs against whom his gcncral order is issued whcthcr that of having writtcn thc Iet- prctCnU tO KUOW wnab C1UUIC uc uu -'-f tcrs, or mstigated others to write thcm. Hc rcfcrs for his authonty to the "conjectarcs" of the uin t'clligcnt." Wc vcry much fcar tliat Gcn. Scott's hcad has bccn turned by his sncccsscs in thc Mcxican war. His military carcer ihiis far has bccn cxtraonlina rily bnlliant. He is a bravc lnan. of murli mi'tin. Licnulition, and in private lifc, wp IwlicTe, aman oi Kinuiy icciings, uui ins vanuj- is lus besctting infirmitj-, and so CTcatly does this prcdominatc. that whcncYcr any occasion ariscs to stimnlatc it the opcrations of his mind scarccly kccp witliin the bounds of sanit v. Such an ordcr as lhc onc we publishcd j-csterday bciiring his signature, if it oe not a torgcry, could not havc been issueu bv a commanding olhccr who was not, for thc mo mcnt at Icast a inailman .AVc arc sorrv that Gcn cral bcott iJiould havc staincd hi3 rcputation by an act bcaring on ils faec soclt manifcst cvidcncc ot loiiy and uijiisticc. Vnjit to scrce on a Junt. A iuror in the Su prcme Court of Xcw York lhc othcr day madc many cfforts to gct ofl", on inmimcrablc "cxcusc. of cvcry sort. Judgc Gray lutcncd wiih paticncc 10 inc cno, anu tncn toid him that hc might go not becausc that hc bclicvcd any of his cxcascs, goingover thcm all.nndcxprcssinghiscoriTictioii tliat cach and cvcry onc of thcm was faUc, but because a man rap'ablc of rcsorling to sucli dcccp tion to gct rid of scrvir.g on a jnry, was unfit to bc cntmstcd, cvcu on hisoath, with thc imcrests of his fellow mcn. 'ITic unluckj-juror took him sclf off, fccling likc thc mcancst man's counscl in crcation. TIIE SOX OF AX EMPEROR. Tlic following ist opicd from thcX. Orleans Dclta: Ycsterdaj- mornin': wc happencil lo be iu thc ClcrkV ollice ofthc First DiVtrict Court. A crowd of gcntlcmcn, mostof thcm clcrks, or in somc wav cmpiovcu m tnc courts, were . i . . stanuing ni-ounu a iiaiiu-.onic lookmg young man, in whom thcj- sccmcd to rccognize an old comiianion. Thc young man worc a beanl and moiista- chc, and had on a splcndid chirct-colorcd coat, a satin vc, anu a pair ol light bluc nnlitair pantaloons, stnixtl with sih cr. Sei cral of thc clcrks rccognizcd him as a school-mate. and talked ovcr their pastiincs in thc gounds sur- l-oundmg bt. Alary s tollcgc, m Baltimore. The foldicr who had bccn through nearlv all thc bloody wars m Mexico Mill lemcmbercd with dehght lus boyih gaines in good old Bal timore. Thongh he liad forsakcn thc marble for thc cannor.-liall, and the 'handv-.-tick" for the sa- brc, he still rcccollcctcd lus lihivmatcs and lhc gamcs that thcv wcrc wont to delinht in. The TK.rsoiiwcspc.ik ofwas Aiigii.-.tin Iturhide, ol Alexico. Ile conics hcre a prisoner ofwar. but has, we belicve, obtaincil lcae on his pa role of lionor, to traicl whithcrjoecr he chooses. In thc Mcxicnu amiy hc hcld tho rank of aiajor, amt is ri'iiortcdto be a gallant amUkil- lut ollicer Ile was, il we mi.-takc not, an anl to Santa Anna, aml in various actions tlial luivc takcn tilace, dciioitcd himsclf in a nian- .i ? ,.t i.. . ner mai gaineti tlic crcuit anct approbation ot iill. Wc undcntiind that thc faniilvnftlm l.-ilc Empcror Iturhide rcsidc iu Philadclphia, and that Maior Aumistin Iturhide will lcac thi city in a few daj-s, on a short visit tj his rela - ties. Washi.n-oto.v, Dcc. 27, 181 Tlic natnral conseciucnccs of the war with : with Mexico, are just now be-nniiinsto thow thcm - v-v-j iu mi; iiiiii.iiiu Iliauu 11JIOU l. OIlgTVSS lor i .i..i t- " r r- bpoiiations romnuttcd upon pnvate pro)crty. Among the alniost innumcrable bctitions beforc the tommittcc on Claims, arc betwccn thirt and fortv growing out ofthe war with Mcxiio Somc of thesc arc crv largc in amount, am! onc of thc iiiiiulicr is l'or hoiMrs seizcil, ncccs- sanlv for thc pnlilic fcnite, bv C'oloncl Ihini phan in tlicir lonir iouincv lhroii"h Xew Afex ko. A claim is al.-osct up, fbr vnln.ililc iroi- cnj-10-1 ai inc sanic time, anu thc two lo om jici-Miiis or partj- is for an amount cqual to oni iiuniircu tnoiisaiiit iiou.m. Another claim isfor the horses lost throii"! thc gre.it Uxly of Mesicans who attackcd tht hnraniacion pwcncir, of nhich.Mpsf rs. Gaiiic i r if ! ..i. i-. .. anu v. i.i i.ij oi jy., wcrc partics. juicm arc iiui as tirops ui i.:e grcat occan ot loss .".n: expcnditurc im-idcnt to thc war with Mexico. Tlicir claims growing out ofthc Florida war. and wluch havc nl.-iimcd so manv for thcii Z i1: "Z?Z"T l0ar, 'nr,'?. f Ml i . . i.r i i f .. . iiiwiiiih. .iiiii iiiu.i mt jii tll. Pll 111-11 CMaulIMI- cd in justicc that their pnyinent cannot lic es- capcdlrom. From thc Providcnce Jotirnal. EXPEXSES OF TIIE WAK. Amnngtlie cxpcnscs ofthc war, is onc class tliat sclilom cnter mto thc 0ng1n.1l otim.itc, but wliich necr fails to twcllthctotal nmotitit thc class of pricate elnliii', growing out of losscs sustaincd and propcrty scizcil.add to thc u.iici iiiuu.iiiii 1111 ui ii.ii. iivu viaiiii.'- 111 UJV. A. IUI lli.l lllll, 111.1V 111I11IIUU-, llllll 1111.. 1 havc not ccascd cvcn vct. Similar claims a-1 i 1 1 1.. l... I rilllll UUI Ol 11IU III U21.I1I. Hill Iiibli: illlUlUl Ut- . ....... .. . "un to come in. and it thc war could bc clo-1 sed to daj-, thcj- would not ceasc to comc in for manv" vears. It will nrobablv sunirisc I manv of our rcadcrs to Ieani, that durinz and aftcr thc last war with Grcat Britain, thcse I claims ciiuallcd thc wholc onlmary cxpcnsct I oi tnc war: anu yet wc arc assurcn oy one wno i kcnt thc account, that such was the casc. The numucrann vanctj- anu amouni oi incsc cjainu-1 i i .. i .., , i iiiii ut. itii uii-iiiui iu inu niii imiii in uui int- vious one, Onc claim for propcrtr takcn by Col. Doniphan, has becn procntcd, amounting than onc hundred thousand dolLirs. 1UI 1 1.1 1 114U1I11 I 17111IVJ lllll. vv ..Hka.i.i., ...... I thn 1 .-toA .-iml tlm extmva.Tnnt al- lowed. This is inevitable. It u not possible m'thintcntions howcvcr cood and with indus- trv howcvcrnaticnt: can fully investigate all cases that ansc and dccidc justly upon thcm. Thesc claims will go to swcll that vast na- tional debt 'which the war will lcave to thc country, or thcy will rcmain a prey upon the rcvenuc of succeedinf; j-cars. lono govcrn ment unon theelobc is war so cxpcnsivc as to ours; to no peopic is war. succosiiu or unsuc ccssful, fraught with greater or more ccrtain c vils. The Icast of thcm is thc pccnniary cost: thc deht sooncst dL-liarged is that which can Lc reckoned in dollars and ccnts. . . f i WESlY'S LIBEIIALITY. Perhans no Enzlishman, sincc thc days of Ber- nard Gilpin, has givcn so much away as did John Wcslev. Whcn lus mcome was thirty ponnds al hn uvtti on iweniv-eir'iii. ann KiTcunmiori tn mnrf- Thesc claims arc manv of thcm just, and manv armv; anu ycsterdaj- the 5amo j ofthemcxtravagant, "and the classes arc sb comnuttco rcportcil a bill aatborizing "twcnty- r: mixed up and confotinded, oftcn so cntanglcd "cw in-imcnts of vokntcers." When all theso ; ,.:.i t:.:, .i t.i ;iin lf rcgiments shall bc raiscd thc Armv of tho U- 'J living" on 28 he had 32 to spend. A fourth vear ,u"aaa": n inc purciiaso oi uiaruio . . i.i.y Lr. i : . iin ,,,,, d.tr..; .for thc entirc front ofa honso hcu wcctiazin his plan, thc poor got 92. In thc ycar 1775, the lu,u I Accountant Gcncral serit him a conv Aftiw V cisc Ordcr for a rctnm of. 'Kev. Sir.As it Commissioncrs cannot doubt but TnnlinTn nl for which j-on liavc hithertornegitctcd to maket cntry, &c, ta which hc wrote this m'cmorablc ui wcr "Sir, I liavc two silvcr tca snoona nt Iii don and two at Bristol. This is all thc ula wluch I havc at prcsent and I shall not buy ar morc, whilc so many around mc want bread, am, Sir, your uwsi humbte serrant, Jon We PiftiliDEtrlnA, Dcc 2, P. M. Ax ELcniAXT Bk6ke Loosn His Aicric An ejcpliant at the Zoological Institutc, in th citj-, tliis aftcmoon, liccame grcatly cnragcd,Avhc V,X.'."" '"" cay wnca ins nccpcr, namc Villliiiin l..Ui- 1 r .1 i i 1 . , . ... . viuu 1 tbc cagcs iontainmg wild bcasts.and sct thcm t lilKMly. Hc thcn procecded to kill scvcial moi kcvs. wliom Iii tlfv.ii'iteli.i.i : i m . . was grcat cxcitemcnr and abrm among tfic pcc'i mastcrcd antl sccrircd. 1 HofSu's TELCGRAPl't. OFtl wuuui.u ui uiiiiucn c rcinarKs inns: T 1 ! i- V . !"" Housc s tclegrjph prints its communii ations t thc ratc of 1P0 lcttcw n minutc. Bctwcen evoi . two words is a dash, cud-beforc the opcratoris rcglstcr by which he cart d'ctcct aiiy crror thc mt nient it is madc. , HoiiscVTcIcgrapH is-cxreridiil!r rn'marivilir..i tions, and is vpry popular cvcry wherc. Its Aian agcrs lake pains lo aciomnioilmc tlic pcoplc, aif to sccurc thc good will of cvcrv bodv. Wc hoiif it will scncrallv suucrscdc . O..I. SnntJi's opoly.- MAJOK GAIXKS AT 110XE. IIoh-.-John P. ftnirics arrivcd at Covingtot Ivy., (ui Thursdaj-, and was recctvcd witlfdil tingui.-hcd honor. A largc pfocscssion w.-s fol med at the Kcnton IIoilm;; aml- inovcd thenc to thc McthodiM Church. Mr. John W. Sti vcn-on, in bchalf ofthe citizcns, then add'rCsi wl Major Gaines. tcnilcring him their conjra ulatious and loulial welcoaie oA n retar heiiiC. ' M.i! fZntnni 'l'- l'.i-aiV thanks, i-poke al out an houraud a half, for most part pnsoiitin: a narrativc of his- .j. -..titi.- uiivi 11:1111 iiiic- ina xicnril trance mto .Mcxkoi tlic ict6ries bf Gcftcn Scott.&c. He said vcrj- little of political matters'. I rcgard to the war, hc le-avowcd thc opinio itcclaix-d by him beforc he joincd thii ann; that it wii Trthsfidlj1 brought abo,u"t by oi Govcninicnt, nnoVhe n6w addeif rtaf,j?-j miiii.tratioii wcrc qnite as icnsurahle for tl nianncr of its prosectition as for its unjust or gin. TJh! aruiy, hc kncw from pcrsonal ol -crvatiort, had fnflcretl for want ot proiision; li'iiiiliofif aml ilifir.-th iiiraiisoffnrrJsIiing a which haV been xAmai il tnc hands of"th l rcMiicnt by longrcss. f Xot only had thn gallant soldicrs arScn srcat pcn-onal privations owing totha lTeli' tion offfuS Exccutivc, but thc war luwf Kct' ai tually pro!ongcd and rcndercd inwh mor bloody and disnMrous than it would olherwisi have U'cn. Uad the Prcsiilcnt emulovwl tli nipans at his disposal ii rcinforcing Gcn. S ( the?citv ofMc.tico Wonhl Iiave been rantun4 . carlicr, r.nd in his njiiiiHin, with far "le.-s loA I "l'Kfe than that a-tu:illv incurrctf from thcitf 1 ediciciicy ofthp AiIuiiiiiMralion.- L I In thesc opiniofts rpfCclnig thc failurc c the h.xecutie to furrtL-h pnnkions, miinitioif and mcn 10 thi'.lrmv, and the iiu.nrnliil rc -iiits ol sncli inclhcicncy, iilajor (Jaincs sar t'H'n man in' thc aniiv. whntniT his tiKtn-i-! f twlilictions. ciiiDhatic ilh- con nmtl will . ' J : I llllll. Ile avowcil his lntenlinn to vote in Congres lhc ampfot snpplics for the armv as loi a the war lcgallv pxiMs; bnt he also avowcd.wit!1 grcat cmpliasis; us rfecisive detcrnunation t! npj)rc the aiinexafion of any Mcxican tcrri I tory tn llie l intcd Statcs, or thc incorjiorntiot j of any portion ofthc pcoplo of Mexico wittfl oir. rrl He rcniarlcd that hc ncvcrfonndaMexicnili in Mexico in iiu or of iicace with thc Unitcf'l States, and hc had no hone of anv treaU I iiirougn tnc instrumcntalitT ofMr. Tn.t. H i .. . .1 lLincuinati Atlas. jl Wele.inifioiii Grcat Falls that Bnrnham.'l one ofthe icixns arrcstcd on susnicion oiil haiiighccii i-ngat'cd in the murilcr ofFrce-'jl man. h.is ttininl Statcs cvidcncc, aml tcitificdj that Jrrccinaii was knockcd down and ftunncdJ by LVhcr, robhcd and takcn to thc rivcr ani helil undcr watcr bv the thn-i mcn wlm h.ivn I undcr bv the thrce mc.. bccn iispccti-d nf tficcrinic, iz:himsclf,youiigi Feniald aml (Mier.nntil lifc was extinct. LMi-.J er w.is nrretcil on sasiiii-ion of bcing thc nmr- I lercrof Parker, at Manchccr. Doctr ln-' ijuirm A Jfll fias bccn ilifroduccd into thc LanthAl turc of ALiIkuii.1, thc ol jcct of which is to pnrj vcnt the sepnration ofthc familics of ii-to-i. and ta cxcmnt their sale bv 1pm1 motion was mailu to indcfinitclv liostiwnc thoS l.tll I .- .... . I i i 1 bill, but was lost bva larc nuiioritv. Fil Mr. Lownc, of whoso tcrriblc dcath, inthcjH PI.Ti, ...... Cir...J . e .tP I wi.i.iv-i. i.'vu.-, ui; V1IUI.U illl ULI.OU111 ITlJIll II1C It - t-i . r-nsiiMi papcrs. was a son ot th llon. w. Lowrie, l'or tnanj- ycars Secrctary ofthc U. S. Scnstc, and a sraduatc ofthc Pnnccton Scm- inarj-. lie mam'ed a dauuhtcr of thc latc S. i Bovd.Escj. ofthc Xew York Board, and wcnt fi to jm.ia in thc scrvicc of thc Presbj-tcnan, I uim oi .uiiuii. IXCKEASE OF TIIE ARMY ...... rt ... . j TI' Mthtary Cominittcc of the Senafc, re-f. I' a bl" ? fuw daJ's aSi r adding ten r? , ": ' , ",u prescni iwcatyvc rcgimcnts T -r I r. . , 1 . . nltcu Statcs, rcgular and voluntccr, will a- "'",,,u ' ?n, seveniy thousand men, latacostofnulhonsof moncy. which it is at Pcnt impossiblc tocstimatend all to -nndU catc tbe personal consistcncv ol" l'ri-sidpiit Polk. The ruinous conscnuences of this ilU starred Mexican war are now ranidlv annron. chiirg a jioint wliich the most blind.ed fuUower of jiartj-will bc unable to extenuatc or ui hold. Watcbixo Cattle. Manv finners snfTcrn loss bv not providin-r cooil ouJ conrcnient w-jicp for thcir cattlc. An animal that is couipcllcd to go half a milc ovcr u slippery road, and rhascd crliaps bv ilogs. cannot gain m llesh by thc op- cration. Jfa cow has to travcl twicc adaY half a milc to watcr, and rctum, shc travobt two miloi a d.ty ; or tcn cows pcrfom twcnty miles of trarel in per day, and two thousand miles each wintcr. icjrTf ? iT..,t fnn nnn w tiinn n. i i ..i t ..ul .