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JAT IjHB D.LRA -42VZ) TROUBLED NIGIIT TIIAT IS UPON US, THERE IS XO STAR ABOVE TIIE IIORIZON TO GIVE US A GLEAM OF LIG11T, EXCEPTIKG TIIE INTELLIGEXT, PATRIOTIC WIIIG PARTY OF TIIE UXITED STATES Webster.
V0LUA1E III. MIDDLEBURY, YERMOHT. TUESMY MOEKING, 1TARCH 14, 1S-1S. MUMBER 4C. II. BELL, bditor asd rnorniETon. JOSEPII H. BARRETT, ASSOCIATE EDITOR. ' TERMS OF VOLUME XII. Villazc subscrihcr, 52,00 Mail suhscribcr. witliin tlic State. - - - $1.50 lf not mid within the vcar, - - - - SI,' IaU suhscribers out of" the State, - - - 52,00 Individu.ils nml Companicswho takent tlie oflice, Thosc who take of Postridcrs, - - - - 52,00 If not paid at thc cnd of tht ycar, - - - S2.2, No papcrs discontinued uiitll arrcnnigcs nrc paid, cxccpt at thc oplion of thc prnprictor. No rontract witli, or payincnt niadc lo Carricrs, catli. kce ping, or otherwisc, allowcd, cxcept assentcd to bv thc nropnctor. All communications must bc addresscd to thc editor Post 1'aid. JUSTUS COBB, riMNTKR, iit irnoM all kixds or nooit and joii rniNi ino wn.i. r.n rxECfTED os SIIOKT SOTH'C. Mniionv. I am an old inan very old My bair is tbin and grcy ; JIv hand shakes like an nutiunn lcaf, That wild wiuds toss all d.iy. Ifriieatli thc pent-hotise of my brows, Jly dun and watcry cyes Glcam likc faint lights witliin a ilc, Which half in ruin lies. OVr happy chiidlwod's sports ar.d plays, YoatU's friendship, and youth's lovc, 1 ofuimcs brood in nicmory, As o'cr its nc-t llie iove. In faniy through thc fieldi I stray, And by llic river widc ; And sec ,i onre bcloicd facc Still smi!iiig at my sidc. I sit in die old parlnr nook, And sUt sits ni.n mc there ; W- read fixjin thc same Uk my cheek lonrhing hcr chcstiiu'. bair. I !:ic jrrovrn old oii, very old ! Btili-iio Uevcr jiiiing, Ai whcn tl.roagli moon-li: alleys green Wc walkcd, aud talked. aud ung. :, Is umltaiiged I f ce her r.o'.v As in that last, last vicw, V'hcn ly tlic gardcti gntc wc touk A Mai'iug short adieu. Oh UeatU, lu.u lia-t ncliarmed tuucb, Thnah rrucl U and U ; r.'ii.a!mcJ by thcc in incimirr, Luvc nevcr cui grow old. Thc Kuul.crbofl.cr, in iu Go-si;, rtlatc t'.io fj.lowhv. A vni:n: lloiK'r prccii!('d b'un-iir to tl.ciap tm func .f " v.oUni tt-.;m: :!. t.!iiij;!lia-)!- b i liecn il! for i ml w-vk. v..;- i-ntijcly ou' of innti-.T.ai'i! wi-!iiu a iiua:iuii. Thc raptuin tv iird t!t.it ;bcrc wu tio M'tulio.t o:i ! j- l o-t tl:a. V.l lllt. W'rll'. -:iid llif Iloosier. ' I dm"t i :.rc tthat it i 1 .! I :i:ti-t liaM-'Otnc vtnatii.n.' - I l.atuit any fur ju l ni nrr Ka,'"rc;'Kc' t'.c cataiij. Wf!!.MO-.v lixklierr.' .il 1 l;t IIijT.'wr woa. ViJlaVUITll-a'oUtifcltPlItltUW utt i'll'o i'li-n v:t!i m firt!M pfc-iTi for iiro bnni'.r tl !'-l.ir-. and at thc f that liit;c. it "iou dou"t illu r.i:, rJUytU UvtV u If tl.?rc i-- any '-o ly lt'idcr tlic -.sii!'cr of Ii IiCt . . r. tl.at 1 lniid in u!ti-r fxcrc-ct:u-e." r.id .Air-. l'aitintmi. - it is a Maiali rer. p:n a! ont bl.c a ilf ! oi-c.in-inii tor, cirruUiiiig hi calomclaLo'ui l.L-l.f. t Kjlkj..'1 Tlic .V. 0 i'unr "iies thefulioiwng aa roi lion of tlii! l.ii!y oii'-iiantl (.1o!K'Iu,l' ol" thf :,i.i:i tliat " stirs np thc monLey V at a 3Ieiuj; e.ie, ' out 'West." "Tln?, l.i lios atitl "cntlciiioii, is tlic nainr.il kanparoo tlic aniin.il wlr.it apjiroadii'slom: n sivon'l onlv to thc baljoon : it skinsaboiit witli lmtoh vclo.ity oa iis Isiml lep, of whicli it hns two, Irom rwk to ro-k. It woulil bo murli inoro likc tnati if it liadu'l a ail lmt this ilf- fivt is rpnicdicd v.ith inm-li art. It curls it rsnlly into its waiifcoat pnckot aail nuboily i anv thu ivicr. It foci! nrimipa'.lvuiion wliat tt can ct and is foiind iu t!:c iil.indof Ilorne o, wliicli I liave a brollicr wlio ivas born thcrc n:vM'.f. Mv brotlier lia- oftcnsccn tlickan- aroin a wcll a ir.v5c!l" tVedin upon clanuby mi'at and sliavin tht!iuelvi,!i witli tlio blid'is. Tl.c kaivaroo is remarkablo for li-5 vali-c. v'uicli is a natural dc. avity in liis abilomcn. in to wliicli lii' jmN his kittcns and is cxoecdiiig lv portaWe. Tliesu arc tlic pninoa pi.cs frotn tlie tJantl of Gninca; tlicy are as ycllow as guinc.i5, and cot one guinca a-piei'C." L ACOXtc. Parson Milton, of Xewlmryport. an cccentric diviiic, was oncc called tipon for a praycr at a Fonrth of JulvtliniHT.anil gavc " Oh Iord, JuJivcr us lrom sbam patrioU Amcu." Backing IJacic. It is said tliat rrcsident Pollc '-backed ont" of tlic Oropron lioundary, Wt it is not so, be only backcd back four hun drcd miles. Tiie WnnEi.nAtiROW Lixe. Tlie Batl Tribnne says "Thc mail for tlie East, sincc tlie ferry-boat broke her sbaft, leaves tbis city ia a one icheel eoacb." Tiie Kigiit Xajie Fouxd. Tlic. I.cgis laturc of Micliigan aro in a quandarj' to vrbat nanic thcy shall givc thcir backwood; Capital. ' Cass" wa among those proposcJ, bat -was voted down almost unaniraously. A whig cditor in that rcgion thus assists them to a saitable cognomen : '"It aopcars to us therc are somc good rea wns for giving tho Capital the namc of Polk. It was thc last place one would ever bavctho't of for tlie Capital, just as Polk was thc last raan he would have drcaincd of for the Presi dent. It is a very small placc, but a placc of powcr cxactly like Polk. Its bcst fricnds are ashanied of it so arc Polk's. It is decp in thc woods so is Polk, in rpgard iothc war. When the Capital wa3 locatcd, thc people cx claimcd"whcre is Lansinj?" just as whcn rolk wa ocminated. the cry was " who is From tJie American Recieic. KATE RUSSELL; 0S,A CUAPTEn FEOM THK FIItST TAIIT OF2IT LIFE. It was strangc that KateRussell and Ishould quarrcl. Strangc that, aftcr weeks of fondncs, atler our uaily wanucniigsin wooa anu meau ows aftcr wc had chnstencd cvcry green bank that thc brooks baptizuil, and consecia tcd evcrv shaded knoll witli somc mcmorj' of Iove after all glad intluenccs of carth and sky had bound our hearts togethcr a little word of jealous anger should have had powcr to uurst tuc Uonus ar.u lrec us trom our :wcct slavery. But fo it was. Long wc sat togcther in the twilight, one Octobcr cvening, whirpcring brightdreanis of thc future, jirouiising uever tobeparted, and rowing that doubt, ar.d chaiige, and coldncss, should tiever enter our true hearts; and, souio tweh c ihort hours theretiftcr, a baniheil Ioer, ilh an cmpty stotnacli, and, as I faucied, an empty heart, I was paeked elose in a conier of thc Old C'ol ony siagc, and hastciiing towajds the new A thcns. It was a dreary day, the tlismalet since the delusie. One ol'wititcr's Texan Ransers, a Xcw Eniiland north-easter, had got the better of "brave old autuum," and was t'ast banihing bird and Ilower evcrytbin" that dared to wear a look of eheerfulness frcm his masierV new dotninion. It was not a day for rclletting on deeds that need repentanec. The rain trickk-d down the closcd windows, and hid tlic world froin mv si-iht. Ihe pasieii"ers wete "loomv and silent, as at a funeral. Ifone snokc, it was witli a i-iiili and a shudder. The wind honh-'d throtigh the gapinir cranntes of thc stage, like a di.-cnibod!ed cpirit. Tlie niud 1'ell ou the roof, wilii thu dull souud of clod-; upon a eolltn, and, long before wc l eachcd (juincv bride. I had lepentcd niost bitttrlv ol" my Iiasty and l'oolish anger. Jt was not lor pnde tliat 1 lul not turu baek. Jlen may be proud when the um shines, but an east wind brins liuinilitv. On tliat unv Lurifer bitnsclf mi"lit I.aie been dmjjied a- bout likc a nhippeddog. Xo, pride was not m my tl.ouguts, but lleit that we never more could renew our old sympathy. The bilter wonls v.e had spoken must ahvays rcniain a bnrrier between our hearts. The rasracdest reiciiant of toniuion snse would hac taucht mc tliat we had iiuarrcllcd onlv bceauso wc weie ''a little lower tlian the angels ;'ihat Kate iras under the samc eloud tliat &hrouded mc. aud that a epiick return, one kiss, one word oi loxe, woiku Iieal tlic wouni! lorevcr. IJut it is not perniitted that loiu and coni inon scnsfsliall dwell togetherin uien's brains, and so I he'd my eourte, glooinily thinking of all th.-.t Iiad chaneed sincc I traclled that road before; of tlie new wishos, aud plcasurcs. :iuil l.opcs, that, sincc then, had sprung uji iu my lieart, anu ot t!ic suuden siorm that had b!a-.ted Ihiinall. Turn back, ilear reatlcr, withtliosc thourht.- of mir.f, 1 pray thee. Jcst liclorc thc Ituhan oumtuer, my good i'rlend, Fiauk Uusm'11, had prou i-ed me a l'ort niglit s sl'.ojting in the Old Colony for thus fomlly do the good peoplc of Plymouth namc ihelr we.ither-uorn conntry. AVe were' to .iit his uiule, the Cj!onel,and muclihc boast .il to my willing ear of the old gentlcmanV Wpttnlity. Somcthing there was loo, in imiM! ol'his eoiuin Kate's beauty, but that 1 uiindcd !css. AVe were i.early ready foi iitr jouincy, when suddcnly Satan or .Mouius. r sonii' o:1ht of the iubternincans, vrazed Frank's oicrnor witli a vain hope that Iii o:i inight niake Fonieiliing in the world ifhc ut loo c from his old assOv iatious. Sj-e:di!v :o coin tliisinto reality, he shipped poor Frank tinwarned, witbout one farewell call, orj:art '.n.!; supper, to Xew York, there, from the bad .niini-ir e ol'a stool in Front s-trect, to wing 'iis lliglit to usfi'uliicis, distincticn, and a iliim. I was not to le balked of my sport, and a day or two aftor Frank's di.-'ajipearance, 1 mounted the Plymoutli .'age, bejide llcn Stebbins, thc driiur, Jind siarted down the road at the decent ltite of about six miles an hour. Sp?ed is rctkon-.-d by miles and lninutis on tliat roate, now-a-days"; but the "way of life" was then a pleasant walk not the steeple jhase that sieam hasmade it siurc. Scnsible peopV were laughing atthc vagariesof a mad rap fellow, named Fulton. who pretendcd to !iac niadc a boat movc wilhout oar or sail. Old sea-dogs wagged thcir hiKids, and rcckoned that sho went down the strcam. Wc pay dcarly lor thcse new invcntions that mcn lind out, and, for steam. we hae barlcred away a racc of grca!-ou!ed men. vclept stajc-i'lrivcrs; unitersal phi!anthrotiits. imcreni in manc and nnmuer trom tliose ol our bad days; men whosc hearts had no oi- juiiuuiiv iu ciuse, wnose uauy uusmess it was to ride chatting and Iaughing, stealing seeret- kisse, lcaTmg kuul niess;i3es. and dronmn" lovc lcttcrs and presents ofgame& eityliucry tnrousu nuie' oi sunnv woouianu. Ilut, alas, for tfie nob'.c craft! Tlic men of the long wlup and thc many conts, thc oracles ot thc way-side mn, the rulers of thc world if 'all the world s a staue" arc fast nassiii" a- way. Yet they arc booked tor a glorious im- mortahty. I licir lincs have fallen in pleas ant places. Jony Weller will kcep thc road till "thc last pike" is paid, and tho last man sei uown in I'arailifC. Of this racc, so full of thc milk of hnman kindnes, I.cn Stebbms was, likc Sir John, tnc very tmtter. btill morc like Sir John, he was "iivc finsers thiek unon the rib.s." and. in all that goodly frame. therc was not nerve or muscle that did not vibratc with srood bumor. Wcll was it for me, that I oon appropriatcd a uiciie iu 1113 ncariio mvselt. Thc Coloncl's house was but a fcw miles from 1 lymotitli. J5cn iiointed it out to me n w approachcd, and, peering tlirough thc rows of niiiy cinis iuai nici u irom tlic road, niy ey icu on a tovciy girt, wuo was hastenin" to- wanls us; herlong dark curls blownback frcm her fluied cheeks, and her eycs sparkling.and ui iuai uecp uiunn iuai nas no counterpart in naturc.no ravcns wing, or snmmcr sky, to help thc pocts to a simile, and so has passcd unsunguy tne passionatetnuc. 'That arc's thc Coloncl's darter," said Ben, a fact wliic-h I had gncsscd many a second be fore, It was the first tiinc that ever woman's beauty had quickencd my heart, and, in a mo- nau wisneu iTanK siatner a mc time of afllictions for having separated mc from so bcwitching acompanion. She had a baskct to be taken to Plymouth, and, as T sat on the sidc of thc coach nearcst hcr, she reachcd it to mc. My eycs were Cxcd on hcr beantiful face, aud I groped about for the chargc likc a blind man;ofcourse I inisscd it, and it fell, etrew-ng thc ground with nccdle-bcokf, thim- blcs, scissor?, and all thc infinite armor of a ladv'swork-box. She lookcd lialf vcxcd, half amused. at my awkwardness, and, abashcd for thc first time m my life, I Icaped to tlic ground to rcnair thc fault. Thc articles were gath- ercd too quickly for mc to summon cnough of my scaticreu wns 10 say anyimng preuy 10 he'r brijiht eyes, but one little spool wasso con- sideratc as to roll apart trom tlie rest, and, it bcing the last of thc group, our hatids tnct up on it. Thrillcd by thc touch, I looked up in to hcr cvcs, as, for a momcnt, thc' were turn- cd towards minc. Kind thoughts travel quick botwecn young hearts, and, though she turncd liastilv awav-, l saw a smiie uimpic ncr llushcd chceL Thc next instant she was gone. The victor had fled, and thc vanquished held the ficld. The next morning thc wind wa3 in thc outh, and, sportsman like, I rosc boforc thc day. Ilut clouded tkies had lost thcir charm. There had been anarchv in mv drcams, anda revolution in mv bniin. King Ximrod had abdieated, and fjupid, the tatis-cvlotle, had as- sumed the dtrcctorate. I jiieked a tlint, and then my leetb. I snoodcila hook, and caught mv thumb. I put on mv mv hunting toggerv, :tnd put it olTagain, and vent baekto my bcd, and la half drcauiing, half thinking of cotta- es in the green wooil and Katc Kussell in musliu, of palaces m thc city and Katc Ilus- el in satin, ofaltars and llames, and arrows & rings till, at sound of bell, I rose up, deter niincd to Ieavc birds to their boughs and fishcs to their brooks, and to look on Ivatc Itusscll a gain nith all specd. Xow therc would have been nothins iniprop- er iu my walkingover to the Colonel's, and in- troducint: nivsclt likca gentlemau. liutrounu- bout wavs arc natural to lovcrs.and a round- about wav I naturally took. I kncw that Frank had warned the Colonel of our coming. and I trusted tkit his 1'rieniUliip had paintcd me in winning eolors. I hadbrought witli mc, tor eenin reading, thc first cdition of thc Lady of thc Lake," then trcsh from the press; and, having inscribcd on thc blank page, Katc Itusscll, from her cousin Frank," in 'rank's ownsiirawlin'' hand, I madc a dash for thccamp. Fortune was in lovc iwth me, and I met Kate wherc wc had parted. I in- troduccd mvsclf, saving that I came with bet ter auspiccs than before, for Ibrought with me a gift ftoiu hcr couitr, which Lc had chargcd ic to deliver nnracdiately IIc cotild not have s-cnt a Ictter of introduc- tion morc fairly writ," said she, "aud I have been longing for this book for weeks. But now uiu ! ranK cvcr ureaui oi uuiug so preuy thing?" I b'.ushed at my poor trick. "Perhans Frank's fricnds are blesscd witli a bctier ttiste," continued she. "But pardon me ior detaining you here. Thc minstrel makcs mc forget all courtcsy. You must lct me lead vou to our house. My fathcr will be most liappy to wclconic a fnend of our dcar cousin to thc Old Colonv." At thc house 1 found Col. Russcll.who grcct- ed mc with that warm, vct stately eourtesy whieli has so poor a substitute, cither m pnm coldncss, or the blunt familarity of our parvc- nus a courtcsy in wiiojc prescnce neitncr rudeness nor dillidcncc could cxit, a courtcsy wliicli both conferrcd and commandcd respcct. Thc old ladv was one of those who ncvcr lose the kimllincss&vivacityof 3011th; cne of Colc ridge's "dear old Fou!s;"and, to all, that I was thc fncnd of thcir relativc, scemed sufiieient re.Ton for thc warmcst kindness. Thc Colonel reprcavlied me fcr not conung dircctlv to his hou-e, and r.othing would atone for thc fault but that mv trunks should forth with be brought, and I bccame one cf the houehold. Thus, kind rcatler. thou hast thc beginntng nnd thc cnd of my wooing. IIow it sped, and how mucb thc tale of Malcom and Ellcn had to do withopening Kaic's heart, and how, ivhcn and wlicre, tlic swect conicssion was tempted from her ripe lins, arc secrcts not to DC IOUI, cven 10 tuce. Actieiiuu iviirn uil-c, fair one, if thou wouldst noteasily be uon, to bcwarc how,at twilig!it,in the listtning woods, tho.i hcarest that tale from a young man'slips, or flce, ere "with decp and low and plcading tonc, he reads Ilis cliain of cold the king unstrung Thc liuks o'cr Jlalcolm's ucck he flung ; Then gcntly drtw the e;littcnnj;band, And laid tSe clasp on.lillcn's hand." - Ifhobc of morial mould. he cannot but press lliv hand somcwhat meaningly, as he closis the liook, and tliu same thoughts will be in both your hearts, aud thou wilt find it hard to sav liun wXay. Two montlis hadnasscd ovcrmc miscrablc, aud Uiad heard no woiJ cf Kate. I had tried to write lo her, but my Jieart had failcd mc, and, atlcngth.I had taken pbilo?ophy to my bo.-om, and comfortcd my ;elf with wisc saws, aud laid an cmbargo on all thoughts of lovc. It was the daybeiore CIinstmas,:inUlsat urown ini my sorrows in the bowl of my mcer schauiu, when Fnink ltussell burst into my room. 'What makcst thou berc from bo'.liam, FranciscoV" "Mucli "ood it does, Ilarrv, to scnd you to 1 . 1 1 1 1 ..1 . a prettv gtn inai yeuow .iuiuer jnraira iuu more tlian the rcddest lips in thc Bay State. I mcant for you to marry Kate lvttsseit, anu here you sit pufiing your confounded Turk's headfand betause you arc a laggard at woo ins, Katc must be bacriliced to a nocilic." "Xot to be marricd 1" iaid I, with a vigorous pufT. 'Soincthing very like it, or thcre's no mcan-iii"- in white ribbons and to-morrow night, too. But what are you blushing at, man ? That's a new trick vou'vc learncd. Zounds, but vou are in love with her. Why did 'nt yoa tell iicrso? A girl that would marry Bill Jancs at a fortni'sht's notice, would jump like a trout at a comely fellow like you. Was your inodcsty your bane, or did'nttbc oh gentlemau take to'you, or do you shoot her ehickens? Come, confess." But eonfcs3 I would not. M uch as I nccded counsel, I knew that Frank was to bc trustcd with nothing less seeret thananadvertisement. Ile urged mc to go to Plymoutli with liim in the morning, and willing'togive up anj-thing that I might be left alone, I consentcd. Little pleasure was tlicrc in my loncly thoughts. I tried to find comfort in reflecting how unworthy Katc must bc of my love, if, so soon, slic could takc anotlier to her lieart But it was all in vain; that swect facc would still come back to mc, laden witli love, as of old; thosejlarge cyes, dim with unsbcd tears, as at our cruclparting, hauntcd my mcmory; and then I thought, how strangely angcr movcs a proud woman how willingly she gives up all hopcs of happiness, r.ither"than scem to yield to one who has slightcd her lovc. I could not but suspcct that it was for my sorrow, not for herown joy, that Kate had sought thcse new bonds. Perplexcdand bcwildcred, I hastcncd into thc street. Lcd by instinct ralher than rea son, mvsteps turncd towards. thc stage officc. Thc eycning coach was about starting, and my old acquaintancc, Ben, was on the box. With 110 puqiose, cxcept to be near hcr I lovcd, I junipcd up bctide him. Ile saw that I was in trouble, and, with thc tact of truc kindness, said not a word. For an hour we rodc ou in silencc. At length Ben paticncc begau to tottcr on its thronc, and ho turncd to mc with thc politc inquiry, "Lost yonr grandmother, squire The cold wintcr air, and the scn sntiou of motion had somcwhat aroud mc, and I tried totalk as usual. Ben doubtlcss, suspccted thc eause of niy trouble. and, in a momcnt, hc remarkcd : "We'vcgot thc chap inside, 'at's coin" to hcv thc cbloncl's darter likely lookiii" feller. hc is, tu." Ile had lcd up to my tnimpi. A lawycr could not morc cunningly have cau"ht thc train ofa witncss's thoughts. The confidence I had refused to my bcst friend, I gave, witbout rcscrvc, to one whoiu I had secn but oncc be fore in my life. In a fcw words, I told him mv whole story. '"Wall, that's bad," said Bcn, "tu dcvilish bad. The feller isn't niuch, aftcr au Ifyou had stuck to the road, you'd a come iu lust. bnt you're distanccd uow, any wav. What d'yc'mcan to du? I'm too heavy 'for a cap size, you know. l'H try to Ieavc thc chap 011 thc road, if that'll accommodatc." "Boit, Bcn," iaid I, vainly cndcavoring to grasp his immensc hand, "and I'll make our fortune." " Wall, I must du my dcoty: but, if Joncs docs git out, my stage won't be iept waitin" all day for him, that's sartin." c Tlic possibility of anticipating my rival, made mc asdelirious with hope, as, before, 1 had been stupid with despair. A thoasand wild plans rushcd to my thoughts, and each scemed ccrtain of success. A"thousand mov iug phrases of loc and repentance seemcd writtcn in light bel'orc my eyes. But they iled as suddcnly asthey came", whcn I reflectc'd how little promisc therc was, that Katc, angered, slightcd, and apparently forgotten, would take mc back to her lieart, would abondon her new lovc for niy angry jcalousy. 1 had just encngh reason witbin my control, to enable mc to sus pect, that I was making a fool of inyself., But, cven in my despondcncy, I could not resist being amused at the pcrtinacity with which Ben drovc up to evcry tavcrn "within miles of his route, and, by his "five minutcs here, gcntlcmen," and, now and lhcn, a "bcst o' liquor," tried to brllie Jlr. Jones to rct his foot oncc morc on solid earth. But ilr. Joncs was not to bc mocd. IIc was a fixturc. An old travelcr would somctimes put out his hcad to suggest that wc were in a new road, but Bcn's answer was ready : "Wc always gocs a round hcrc, a Wcdnesdays," cheekcd thc rc monstrancc. Little impression as thcse cndcavors made on Mr. Joncs, Ben was, at last, ovcrcome by them. Ui cry descent addcd to our loid at lcast one glass of brandy, not muchaiTeelcd Ly thc fewdtnps of water, which, "for the looks ol the thing," as he said, hc scornfully d:ishcil at it. The frcqucncy of his libations would have been a statistic to thc Washingtonians, if Wash ingtonians there had been in thosc days. Ile aftcrwards informcd mc, that hc mcant to gct drunk, and Uac me to tlo as I plcascd with with thc stagc, as he kncw" that his "Losscs" would sooncr pardon that, than any apparently intcntional negleet of dttty. I somcwhat sus pcct that Ben was, at airtimcs, easy of con viction, as'to tho propriety oftaking anothcr glass; but, ifit was rcally his jmrpost: to gcl cminently fuddled, seldom have hmnan plar.s met with so perfect a success. Aftcr fortune had saved us from many an iniminent danger, slccp "wrapped him about like a cloak," and I ftssumed his ollice, with a detcnnination to car ry out his plans that might have been an exam p'lc to Mr.Tylcr. Our delays had consumcd somc hours, and it was now quite dark. I kncw that Mr. Joncs could seq nothing from hisposition, and Imade upmy mind that hc should go to Plymouth, Once, only, did he givc signs of vigilanec, by putting out his hcad and ""bidding thc drivcr siop at Colonel Itusscll's. "Indccd will I, nuo' Findlay." - From my ridcs and walks with Katc, I kncw cvery inchof thc road for miles. In a Chris tian spirit, I drovc slowly and stcadily,in ordcr that iMr. Joncs might bc able to inilulgc any inclination he might fecl for repose. It was cight o'clock when wc reachcd the house. Through tbc bare branchesof the clnis, I could sce the lighted windows, and ospecially I 110 ticcd onc candle burning aboveho hall,wherc it had doubtlcss been plaecd at sunsct, lo marslial Jlr. Joncs the way hc was not going without my pcnuis:on. Aftersome tu"-"ing I arouscil Ben's hands to their accustomcd ollicc and whispcring, "Go aIiead,"inhisdrowsycar, Ijnmpcd to thc ground. Thc blood ru.hed to my heart with a thrill ofdclisht, as I heard thoiiorses' hoofs elatter ovcr thc frozcn road. The prizc was before mc. and considcring the situation of my rival's ncck, thc od.ls were scareely acainst mc. 1 hastencd to thc house and iiito tlic room w here I sawtha liglits. I liad thought '.o speak quickly & to the purpose, but Kate, who had doubtless risen to wclcome hcr other lovcr, met me at thc door, and hcr look changed so suddcnly to cold, surprited anger, that my heart fell and my hopes llewin an in-tant. "i could not uttcr a word not a stammer came to mv relief. Through pilcsof silks and Ir.ccs, and gar mcnts known and unknown,I diicovered Mrs. ltusell. Ilerfaior I hadcarly won bya new recipc for jam, and she bad the gracc to olfer me a scat and inquire about my hcalth. On my replying that I was uiuch fatigued by my stage ride, she askcd : "Was not Mr. Joncs with you in the stagc? Wc have been expceting him for hours." A martyr to truth, I answercd that ho was, but had gonc to Ph mouth. I glanccd at Kate, who was bttsily strivinc to hide a crinison riblion in white roses. 1 could see that her hands trembled, and hcr check was thin and palc. Gladly would I have argued that our separation had prevcd upon her hcalth, as it had upon minc, but that chilling look of hersforb.ide. At lengthl vcn turcd to aJc if sho was wcll. "Ycs, sir, thank you." Her pets all in good condition ? "All wcll, sir, thank'you." Xothing but the rcquiaite mouosyllablcs." After an awkwardsilence, I came nearly to mypoint, by asking, "".Uay I hope that Miss Itusscll has forgivcn my pctulancc?" "For a moment, she fixod uponmeherbrown cyes, as if to mcasure how mucli my words meant, then quickly looked down and held her pcace. My courage, that had ebbed so quickly, bc gan to llow again. "May I speak a word with you in privatc, Kate ri said. - Hcr mothcr rose. Thc good old lady cvi dently racditated a sally tlirough the outward adornmcnts, behind which she was as closely bclcagucrcd, as a garrison behind Gcncral Pillow's intrenchments. "Sit still, ma," said Katc, and then, with a demurc voice, but a twinklc of exquisitc wo manly malicc in her eye : "I have so mucb. to think of now, that you must cxcusc mc. Perhaps to-morrow or the ncxtday, I shall bc morc capablc of holding counsel ritb vou." This was too much I was anory mvsclf now, and I losc togo. As I opcnedthc doof, thc samc voice salutcdmo that had bid me stop at thc Colonel's. I felt thc absurdity of going olf so manifcslly shorn, and looking again at Kate, I sawa tear nestlingin hcr eyeliiL Clearing two drcsscs at a jump,l kissed hcr as of old, aud whispcrcd, "1 lovc you dcarly, Kate--will youforgive mcV" Foramoiuent, shehid her facc upon my breast; tben turncd it towards mine "andour spirits rushcd togcther at the mccting of thc lips.' Mr. Joncs, who had entered the room in time to bc a spectator of this plcasing sccnc, made a desperate atlcmpt at a look of lofty scorn an attempt which would, doubtless, have bccn morc succcssful, had the icc bccn stroncer, or the water shallowcr, of tlie brook into which Ben had upset him, and then de- parted to lus Ietlger and lus moncy-making. Frank attircd'mein hisBroadwaygarmenU. The wcdding was not dcferred,and Kate and I have not quarrelcd sincc. Aly tale has its moral: a man should go carly to his own weddintr. SPEECII OF ME. A. STEWART, OF PENXSYLVAXIA, IX 1IUVIEW OF TIIE FltEE-TItADE DOCTRIXES COXTAIX- ED IX MR. WALKKR'S AX XUAL REPORT OX TIIE FIXAXCES. DEUVEltED IN TIIE HOUSE OF RF.rfiXSEN TATIVES, JAXUAEY 11, 181S. Concluded. TIIE EI'FECT OF LOW UUTIF.S AND FKEi: TRADE OX LAUOlt ANU lT.ICr.S. rrt.e tf mruinK lliif Tr lnnrnoil Rpf rpfnrv' utopian schemcs look excecditig wcll till his tactsare Urougntto uearuponiiicni, inen iney l.llllll iillw till. .... ....w. ...u.v.. .... .... W:dker,iii"enuitv cannot ovcrcome truth, for ... , "il r. t "truth lsmigiuy anu wiu prevaii. a o mio thc contradictory charactcr of Air. WalkcrV lteports, he would here citc a fcw, out ofa great many instanccs. In onc nart of his Rcport, thc Sccrctary lwiTisUnf tlm linnnv e(Tects of the tarilfof 1S46, iu reducim' taxes, Iiirhtening thc burdcns of I.. ..am. ri' flirt 'intlinif millinTW Tn snilie 111 stances, he says, they Tiave been reduccd from qnntirtpiinnl ilrnrn In 'JOnnd !10. On bar iron the duty had been brouglit down from 75 to 30 per cent, from S2o to 10 dollars pcr ton; on the poor man's coal, thc duty had been reduccd from G7 down to 30 pcr cent, morc than lialf thc tax bad been taken oiffor citin coal; no;v all looks very wcll for the ton sumcrsof iron and coal, but aftcr a while he comcs to speak of anotlier class of thc "toiling ..i:1ltnnclliA,nlre r-V T.nT1vK-!linn- who mnki U141IIU1., 1 - J iron and di" coal; and now hear what this con- ' . . .. 1 . II .1 sibtcnt Seire.ary tells them. iic tetis luem that thc tarill' of 18-JC is thc ery thing for them; hc congratulates them on thc fact that 'coal and iron areiiigreatcrdcinand.arc bring- ing better prtccs tlian belore tlie repcai oi tiie tariir of 18-12 thcse were his icry words. Xow, how thc tariir of 18-1G can at thc samc time rcduce thc priccs of iron and coal to fa vor consumcrs and raisc it to favor producers, isa theory Icannot unuctand itisanupaad .lA. n-A rn nnnrnt-nn. uliicll it will nUZ- zle th'e"ingenuity of thc . Secretary bimsclf to lj.tf iUn lii line .-inntlnr. and a won-c CApUUil. UUl, t. .w . " , dillicultv to cxplain. The objcct of the tarill ofl46wa3to increasc me rcicmw;. what has been its cflect? It has destroyed morc than half the rcvcnuc arisiug ftom tliese icn articlcs, without bcncfit to any body but thc r.,..:.. imnnrinr irlin sidls us his iion. accoid- lUILIII .w. ... ". in"toMr. Walker, for a bctter pncc p.vs Ttr.tt .. ,lfMiiiti-i' rnii ilin fiftppii dollars as atlditional profits into lus pocKet, wtiicn unacrineianii oi io-.., m: paid into thc Trcasury. Xow thc ame thing n-ivbesnid of coal instcad ofsix ccnts a bus'hcl, the forcign importer r.ow pays lcss than .!,, .llj i.w -n,il ?it n 'lifttnr nrii-e.' and fobs IIIIUViV" vw... j ' . ,, , the diirerencc. Who thcu dces Mr. alkcrs tarilT bencfit? The forcigncr, and tlic lorcign eronlv. at the cxpcnsc ofthe Anictican Tie:is- - . t 1 1.. C.I.. irnelll. urv anu tiie mencan pcujm-. .u.., other articlc illustrating the folly of law duties the efiect of which wastodcstroy lccnue ami r . ii.rt ,.i-;f.i.c ni-ii incri'asnd bv di- minishing Iiome supply, and gn mg the foreign- er tlic control ot me marKei, anu iuu -" i...i i. fi.n nnnmtmn. Xcarlv threc- fourths ofthe duty was taken oirplt to tayor the poor thc result is, that torcign sau uas rai5cd 25 pcr cent, nnd the Trcasury lias Ia-t threc-fourths of thc revenue. And yet iMr. Wa!kerinsits that his tariir favors the poor and incrcaics the rcvcnuc ! This f amu thmg :s . : tnCntin rinnti- of similar cascs. iriic in iii.. ... which he had not time now to particulanze ; he would, iiowcver.reicr ui oiik ui benefit ofthe South thc cotton-growers, the rcat admirers of the taritTof 1810 now how lias it nflevted thcte gcntlcmen V Tlie duty hail bccn greatlv rcduced on cotton bagging; this cheekcd the" domestic supply, and the pncc I am crcdibly informcd, has mcrcascd from 12 1 n,t,r !,.. tarilTof 1842. to 20 ceiiis iici jiu, . . . ccnts under thc glonous frcc tradc taritlot 18- 4C. Thc Trcasurv gctting lcss, anu tlie cop sumcr paying more;' the jirice of tlie cotton it self has been reduccd ncarly onc-thinl, amourt in" to a loss on thc cctton crop oftwcnty nnllions l-ll. rv... ,.n,lnr ihn LirilT of 1842. Ol UUIK1I3. - ---- brouThtten cents per pound, it is now down to scvcn, and stiil accuning. im; - I am told, has fared cven worsc than thc cot ton. Mr. Walkcr is himsclf obhged toadnut that thc cotton intercst has suficred; and what c..i...... v,ni nnt ? The iniurv is u- .kiuliii;iuiiilvii.j. ...... .w- - - . niveal,and the sulTering must soon becomc SO. Alie iamincan" i" - - for the momcnt, the Xorth and "tt est; but that over, and thc floods of forcign goods will soon s wcep away thcir last dollar. Such always has been and ahvavswill be the eflcctof lowdutics. Xothing but tcar and famine has saved thts Adminfstration; it is now the dady bread it fceds upon; destroy the war at homc, and the famine abroad, and it cannot survtve an liour. Before leaving thistopic, he wished tomake ths: that it annearcU UU13 UUICi Jtuwi," " . . f from thc Trcasurv Reports, that theimports ol l. O.". l. Imnn lltlle ln- iron, coai, sau, xi., " :,, -, creascd, so that the Trcasury had actually lost more than half the revenue on thcse articles, n umnl millinr.i nf dollnrs. which UiUUUIIIUIg V ' . . ' was so mnch clear gain to the forcign importer, AtrII.n..'o Uiwmi Tnnli" Kid licen obliged to pay morc for thcse nocenancs of life imported from abroad, than thev had to jwy under theoppressive and much abused tar- iu oi 104.', wuen prouuecdat home. But therc is anothcr position taken hv Afr. Walkcr in favorof the free trade tlieorv. which 1 caunot lct pass unnbticed. Jlr. Walkcr dUtinct- lyavows ittooclus purpose and hw policy, to prcvcnt"tlie substitution pf rival domcstic pro ducts" for similar forcign ;oods. This purpose was more than once avowed ly Jlr. Wulker inliis cclcbratcd rcport of 1843. It h his dcclarcd poli cy to put down the productions of American in dustry, American "rival product3," and give the American markct to our lorcign "nvais. Aim thcse are the principlcs and policy opcnly avowcd hv an American Sccrctarv. and sanctioncd bv an American Prcsidcnt to prcfer the productions of lumijn to tlioscot Amcnain uiUustry tosenuour monev. nltv milnons ot unllars mora tlian was re- quircil umlir the tarilf of 1 842, to get the same a- mount ot rcvcnuc. And whv scnd this titty au- ditional millions to support and cnrich forcign la- bor intcad or our own? Y hy destroy tlie mark cts for lifty lnillions of tlic productions of Amtri can agriculture and American lalnir combincd, and snpply its place witli the productions ofor eiijit agriculture aud fnrcign labor ? I dcmand a rcusuu lur picicrnu lurciun lo vincncaii pruuuc tions. I ask our Prcsidcnt and Sccrctaiv, whv they t.rcfcr forcign hats, shocs, boots, coats evc rv thing thcy cat, drink, auil wcar to thosc, of Aincncan manutacture s iiy thcr prclcr ror- cign suar, salt, irori, and coal, when our rcoar- ces arc abnmunt and lnexhanstiblc.andour labor ready and willing, witli propcr protcction and cn couragcment. to brin-' them forth 1 Ilut no! This must not bc pcrmittcd. 'Domcstic rival pro ductstaust not, says Jfr. Walkcr, bc suhstitutcd for those of forcign countrics, and cspc ially for tll0c of Englaml: for, says Jlr. Walkcr if we do not takc morc BritrJi cood, "Enland will have to pay spctie for our hrcadiiifls and not having it to sparc, fhc will bring down thc price of our cotton. owondcr this Itcport was priutcu m the House of Lord; and its author mouM ap car niach bcttcr iidvocating su:h doitriucs lc fore thc House of Lords, than lieforc oar Ameri can Congrcss. Thcy wcrc BritUh doctrir.es not Amencaii; and tlicy mut lie so pronoui'ccd by evt rv truc Aincricaii heart. Yet we nrc told, that Jlr. "Polk is "thc modcl Prcsidcnt,"and Mr. Walk cr, the 'modcl" Secretary: aud a prcttv pair nf Tnodclv' tlicv arc. 1 A langli.) (iucen n-toria would surcly gnmt a patcni forsucli "niodci'' verinxu statcincn ns tlicrc. But lct them luok out. Old ltouh is couiing, with his chcik sliirt and hoaic niadc ront, to pitch nll thcse niUcrahlc mod- cls and lititish doctrincs ovcrhoard, to go wlicre thcy bclong, to Hcr Jlajcsty, or thcir fncud Uon Antonio Lopcz de Santa Anna. But, sir, Jlr. Walkcr's ostcii.-ihle oljcct is rcvc nuc. IIc reduccs duties to incrcasc rcvcnuc, and this can only bc done by incrciuiii imports in a grcatcr ratio tlian tlie rciluction otuutie? lorni' stance : he has reduccd thc duty on hats from fil- tv lo thirty ptr cent; on thocs, from forty-tive to tl.irty pcr cent ; on rcady-mndc clothing hc has reduccd thc duties from "tiltv to tliinv ticrctnt : on smith work from sixty onc to thirty, making an avcragc rcduction of morc tlian forty perccnt, on thcse artiilcs. llus will, ot eourc, (IiuuniI tlie rcvcnuc forty jicr icnt, unlcss thc imports are incrcascd inthc s-anic pronortion. Xow. whvim- port two-tiftlis morc shocs. hats, clutliing rcady madc, and M.uksniilli work from nbroad, and throw our owii lucrhauics out of cmplovmcnt, to hcg or starvc, mid givc our moncy to lorcigncrs by millions, without adilnig u cent to tlie rcvc nuc robbiti!; Anicric-an industry of its just rc- w.mls, and giving it to forehjncrs ; and this ii thc way Jfr. Walkcr favors and s.upports American labor, thc toiling millions ! A DIAI.0GUE. Supposc Mr. Walkcr ralls torcttle with his hat tcr onthe Aicnuc, Jlr. Tod,saing,"ir, Iain sor rv tn Ieavc vun. but I inut cct 1:1 v liats from Kno lainl licrcalicr, to cnablc hcr to paymea high price for cotton ; but renicmlicr, sir, I am a gn-at fricnd to the umcchank-s and workingincn,"' and panictilnrly to the "vorcrs;" would not Jlr. Tod he very ajt to trll him that hc would vote ior tliosc whosupportal American inutistry anu A mcrican inci lianics, instcad of forchjncrs, mid hc wuiild hc vcrv likclv to rcceivc thc saine kind of comfort fi-om his tailor, sloemakcr, blacUnnth, and all. Suppose Jlr. Walkcr ncxt addrcscs thc iron, the wollcn, tlie cotton, ti.c p.ipcr, tne gtass.anu other manulacttircrs ol tlic Unitcd Matcs, saving. '"tntlcnien vou niiKtccasctosulistitute vour do mcstic products' for forcign gocds; and to cum)iel you to do so, I have taken oii' morc than half thc duty levied by thc tariir of lc"42 on tlie Jorcuin -rival produr'ts." But why, they may say. Jlr. Walkcr. thus dcstn-v Anur'.citi:icpit; ! and Aincr- ivan lal.or, iriviiisour mon'-v r.nd our markct to forrirrners .' Whv cnd millions nfmoncy alnoad to purchasc foreigii viI, and other agriciiltiiral proeacc lircau.-tulls, ana raw uinicriais in uis gubc f.ish:oncd inlogcods. whiih wc canbcttci supply at homc, niadc of Anicricaii ngrictiltural producc,nnd saving millions and hundrcd. of mill ions of dollars to iill up the chamicls of t-ircala-tion at homc, making our own, instcad of forcign coantrics pros perous 1 " Wi ll therc is ? omc fon i in thi. liut gcntlcnicn," aya Jlr. AValkcr, -I rc duce the dutieto incrcasc tnc rcvcnuc. Kowwill you answcr llii", pintlcracn?'' Thc answer if plain; thcse low duties l.cvcrdid and ncvcr ill incrcasc revenue. Thc rcvcnuc bat always gouc up aud down with the duties. thcy bcing the soarcc of rcienne. Ih this rountry, wlicre thc rcvcmie is a voluntary, and not a compulsor-. rontri'iutiori. by thc i.copIe to the Govcrnmint, thc way to mak'c aiii h Trcasury is to makea rith and prospcrotis perplc Smd yourmoncy nbroad, lireak uown and iinporcrih your own cit izcns.and you of courio inipovcrWi your Trcas urv. Whcn do people piirrha.-e and consume ricli goods, paying Iiighdutics? Whcu thcy hac thc ability, wl.-en thty arc pru?licrous. Wlicn dp thcy abstiin? When they arc poor, and without inoiiFT. If you wish. tir. to cnriih your cxclicq ncr. eive froicction and r.ro'.pciitv to vonr own people. and thcoae is alivay the on.cqucncc of thc other. uBur. ccntlt-nicn." savs Jlr Walkcr. -I liave anothcr rcason forrcdncmg dntics, it isto favor thc 'poor the toiling millions ly rcduring the prucof thcir goods."" Well, sir, how is this? Ilavc you doncit? You tcll u? that you have, bv the tariif of 1S4G. rctlutcd thc duties on iron, coal, salt, and many other lcading articlc', morc than onc-ha'.f, and yctyoayoursclftell us in jcur Iatc off.cial rcnort th:it"tlic p.-cs of thcse articles are now highcr, under thc tarilfof IS4C,than thcy were befor- the rcnc-al of tlic tariif nf 1842! Can vou explain this? "Wcll, ecntlcmcn, not cxact 1 . .. . ... ... . i .1, .. i iv not at tius niomcnr. cn, sir, nuiiuui low us to do it? "Ccrtainly, gcntlcmen, certnin Iy, ifyou plcasc." VclI, sfr, by destroy iug pro tcction, and opcning our poris to forcigncrs, you alarm capital you clicckinvotmcnts joubrcak down conipctilion, and you nf coursc diminisb suonlv aud incrcasc price. 'Dcm.uid and snpply rcglliatc pncc. uivc proiccuuii, liu-icuc ;um machinery, start new facturics, stimulatc compe tition, increase fupply, and yon rcduce price. TliLs sir, is a law of trade as ccrtain in its opcra tions r s the ebbinc and flowina ol thc tidcs "Wcll; gcntlcmen, I nm not piacticaUj acquaintcd with thcse mattcrs. 1 am a cotton-jrrowcr, 1 wisli w maKC monsy pieniy, anc pnrcs nign aoioau n uere I scll, and make it scarcc and prices low at homc whcre I buv: I want tn sell in -liiih. nml buv in a low markct. I have not now time to discuss this question farther. I am very busy, I rautgo to tlie Treasnrv.hut I beg you to'bclicTe tliat Iam thcspccial fricnd of tho American mcchanns, workingmen, and particularly the votcrs Good bye, I mnst be oflV , . ButMr.AValkcrhasnot only reduccd thc du ties on the productions of American mcchanics, but he-has rcduced still more the duties on the Inxuricsoftherich. Among thc rest, he has re duccd the dutr on foreigu brandy and spntsdis t!ttl fmin "Tiiin nearlv one-balf: and this, too.is done to incAase the rerenue. Wc mnst thercfore import and drink double asmuch brandy ondv spirits as we did under the taritf of 1842. other- x wise Jlr. Walker will lose rCTcmie. Yes sir, im- ; port amt consume uonulc as mucli iirandy to gct ; Irir 1hia nmftimt t rivonni- lntiflil rmfiiriinp i should have doublcd thoscdutics, and ifhc and I his fricnds will drink foreigu liquors, lct them pay l ana lic nuw calls on congrcss to make up lor tlia loss of revenue on brandy, tinc cloths, and other luxuncs. bv taxmz the tioer man s tfa ana corier f.ct hi m restore thc duties on the rich man's bran dy, and other lnxnrics, and then talk of taxing tea hc will ncvcr succccd in perpctrating this ontrago on the American pcoplc ivnowmg ttiat low tlutics atways invitc cxccs sive imporu, rc'suliin-' in a lanre Lalancc of trcds agamst tne conntry, cnding m bankruptcy and ru- in, .iir. tvaiKcrunucrtakcs to stiow tliat an unia- vor.iblc balaucc of tradc is of no impurtancc; that thc baiancc ngninst Os has bccn frcqucnt and heavy. Yet. he savs, our countrv has mrvived and prospcrcd. IJut uoes not Jlr. alKcr, know that exccssira imports, anu an mitavoraiile Dalanccor trade, aro 1 iitwni'4 fnMnwpil liv tli nmnrf atinn rf vTiit-ii tfl i all its disastrous conseijucticcs ? Mr. Walkcr niisiht as wcll tcll afarmerinPcnn sylvauia, who sold his whole crop to a mcrclmnt from whom he gpt nll his siipplics for his family, that it madc no difi'ercnce to him, whctlier at tho cnC. ofthe ycar, the balance was in his favor or a gainsthim". A natiori isa family upon a largo scalc, aud tho samc principlcs of indnstry and e conoray tliat seciirc wcallli and prospcriiy to tho onc, will sccurc it to the other. The grcat error, onthi-i point, comistsin thc assumption ofa fart that is not truc that the forcign goods wc pur chase arc to bc sold, whc.cas thcy arc imported for comraiption, nnd arc coiisumed.and thc ludance a gainst the conntry hxsto lic jiaid in rash. I mu-it ha--tcii on but I cannot Oinit to noti'-e fora momcnt, onc ofthe greatcst absurdities cf this cxtraoidinarT licport. Jlr. Walkci gravcly tells n, that our dninestie pro.lurt im.onnt to 53,000.000,000 a ycar, of tlii we cxpnrted hist year S 150.000.000 thc balnncc bcing rrqu'rcd for the supply of thc l.onie markrt: bnt hc says that by adopting low dtilics, we mij;ht ir.ircascour c ports to 'Jf'O.OOO.OOO. and our n-vcrue to $90, 000,000 n ycar. Thi he makcs ont by mywiiM, agai:it all cxpcrien"e.t!i:itf')r.,incoitntrie-won.-i takc from us thrce tiinos ..s niin'li as thcy nor ih hut Jtippa-ingwhat Istis always happcin d..that by loir ilntifs you brcak down and jara!yzo our own national indiMry, i-xportvuur tpccie, mvohing the conntry in ruin and linl:niptry, dcstroying both cxports and impirts, thcu wb.it? Jn..tcait of f'JSO 000,000, jniir cxports nnd ircijwjrt will sink down to Icss than two aud a liali tiie onlii.. ry nnioimt. But Jlr. Walkcr kocs furthcr til', hc say. l.y adopting absclute nnd unqnalilfed frcc-tradc, rc-orting, of crrtitsc, to i rtcf tarnli-m fur rcvcnuc Icvying the taxrs on th jI iiertci n jHnplc in-!cadof Jvrti'in ijmcli Jlr. Wnlkcr say wc would "mcaMiie our aununl trad'; in unjior.s and exiiCTt'! by thvnfnmb nj imlLons .rl AVIiot-.n lmt Miiite :.t surlt tnsanity riininad. Jlr WVikcr might inc.tsurejiis nnprtrtsby H.wisnudsof ni7'0M ifhc had moncy U- pav fnrt'icin, but when lic His us that" the whole of the tpeiic in the Unitcd Stntcs doei not cxcccd ninc ty millions of dollars, not cr.ougb to pay for one moatli's imports under his frcc-trarie" systcm, how lonp; would it last? Ilis 'frcc-tradc'' engine would Mow out before it got Tairly under way. Our imports may di pcnd tipon oursclvcs, but our cxports dcpcud unon tho dispo-i!ion of forciVn countrics to purchasc, nnd they will not piirclia'e from tu whctl they c-au snpply thcmsclvos. ,lfJIr. Walkcr can clcvle a plau to crcatc a f.imhic orthe jKitatoc rot in Bu ropc, hc may. to somtcxtcut, carry out his theo ry, but not nthcnvi-c.'i1 Wccrn pun.ha.ie nsmuch as wc please while wc harc moncy or crcdit; tnt likc tho rcckless Apcndtbrift, whcn thcse arc gon", we must ijuit, nml go to work. orstarve. There is bnt one way in which Jlr. Walker's plnn ofnia kinj; our iraports cnd cxportsnniount.imilcr frec tradc,' to "thouar.ds of millions," and that is the plan, r.o doubt, hc 1ms in vicw. That Ls. to er port nr.r ore and coalto Xiu;!niid, and bringit liack in bar iron, axcs.Koc, shovi-N, ncctllcx. anl anrhors. Kxportour whcat nnd com. and bring it back iu flour; or what is worse for u, and bet ter for them, worked up in co-.tlv maimf.irtures. Seud them our hoc. and bring them' L-ark in Uo lognasaiisagcs. Scnd them our raw l.idcs, and 1-ring them brcl: in lcatlicr, shocs, glovc, &.r. Scnd them our wool nt 50 ccnts per pound, nnd Ijny it ngain at tcu times that amount, in cloth paying. not only for the wool, but for thc furcigil laor,und the profits of forcign capital employcd in its manufat turc. Scnd tcnilollars worth of raw matrriiil aud buy it back with the r.ddition ofono. hundrcd dollars "paid to forcign la'mr for wo:king it into goodi. while our own labor is left without moncy aud without cmplovmciit. I src it stntcd, that onc dollur's worth of iron , madfi into mnin tprings ofwatihrs, is worth 520,000; aud this is all hihor and its sii!n-Iiienc". Siuh i Jlr. Walkcr's tlicory of 'frcc-tradc'' car-ric-d out to its practical rcii!ts this, he say, would 'ivc cmploynicijttoall onrsl.ips. Ycs.sir, nnd with thc ninc piopricty hs miht advisc wcstcrn I'cnn.ulvania larnnT to load his wagon with whcat. nnd takc it to Kcntuiky to be grouud, and bnng back his Hour. to kcep hi tcam cm ployed what would thc fnrmcr say to Jlr. Wnlk cr's" proposition I TIIE I)EGRAl)IXfi EFFF.CT OF "FREE TRADE' OX LAUOIt AND WAGES. But, sir, I wisli to jircscnt anothcr, nnd a moro important vicw. in conticxion with tliiss u'ljert of -Irce-tradc," which Jlr. Walkcr rcsards as tke grcatcst blcing thnt could I-e lK-stowtd nion the people ofthis countrv. nnd cspccinlly upon tl.c la 'or'ng pioplc the "toiling niiilioiis' as he cnlls them in whosc propcrity and wclfarc hc cins to take such csnci ial intcrcsuhc tienks ofincTeaf- ing thcir "comfort. cdnrntion. nr.d iiitcllScnre," of "cnhanring wagrs of mcrhcnics and toiling work- mcn, lileSMng Ilicm wun mrrcaseu proncruy. Now, I undcrtakc to say, nnd to dcmonstratc, that iust thc rcvcrse of all this wouM be its ronsc- qucnccs ; and I snbmit tke mattcr to thc cnlight encd judgment nnd dccision of thc American people. I say that, instcad of cnhnucing wages and incrcasing the "prosperity, comfort, cducation and intclli?cnce or "tlie toil.ng mil ions, it would dcgrade ihcm,:u evcry dcpnrtment of indus trv. to thc miscrable condition of thc patincr and crf-!aborof ICuropc, snbsisting thcmsdves and families on a shilling a dnv. Brcak down the wnllsof protection.rcpcal the tarifTopen vour norts. cstablisb free tracle, & lct intheproductso! forcign 12 1-2 cents a day labor, and Aniericafi lalor must quit work & give up thcir markcti till our money is all gonc ; then our mcchanics and workingmen must come down. and wcrk a3 chcap as they do. Is not lliis incvitablo ? r.nd thcse are tho blessinus Jlr. Walkcr has in rcscrvc for thc dear people, " the votcrs.," " thc toiling mill ions." Mr. AValker says in his Repoit, thst " fretght," with steam and uiodcm improve- mcnts, amouhts tolittie or noiamg; iiuii imiira arc thc only thing that prcv cnts forcigncrs from taking free nml full possession of our markets, in this hc is ri"ht for oncc; they will taka possession of our-markcts till American labor, mcchanics, and all, come down and woik for a shilling a day. Is this not pcrfectly clear ' Can it bc doubted orcienieur jcor iuuatra- tion: supposc in baltimore nyinniactnrers acu mcchanics hire woikmen nt 23 ccnts a day, ic here in Washington thev pay ji dollar, wi'.l r.ot the Baltiuiorc-anS scnd down thcir coods, hat.s. shoes, clothes, cverythiog, underscll tho hat- ters and othcrs bcre, ana mttsx tncy noi euner aivc up busines3, or bring thcir labor down to thc Baltimore standard." They may buy as Ion" as thev have money, but when thtir mon- c .. - . , , . ey w all gonc, tliey must worK cucap or suirve. Thc only diflcTcnce bctwocn Kurope and Bai-