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tjy TIIE DARK AXD TROUBLED XIGIIT THAT IS UPOX US, TIIERE IS XO STAR ABOVE TIIE IIORIZOX TO qiVE US A GLEA3I OF LIGUT, EXCEPTIXG TIIE IXTELLIGEXT, PATRI0T1C WIIIG PARTY OF TIIE UXITED STATES." AVebsteh.
MIDDLEBURY, VERMONT, TOESDAT MORKING, APRILll, 1843. KUAIBER 50. VOLUME XII II. T3ELL, editoh axd rr.orRiETOR. JOSEPII H. BABRETT, ASSOCIATE EDITOK. TER5IS OF YOIXME XII. Yilhge subscribcrs. S2.00 Mail subscribcrs, within thc State, - - - $1,50 lf not paid witliin tlie vear, ----- Sl,75 Jlail subscribcrs oat of tlic Statc. - - - 52,00 Jndividualsand Companics who takeat the officc, $1,50. or SI,7j if not paid witliin tlie ycar. Those who lake of 1'ostridcrs, - - - - S2,00 If not paid at thc cnd of tht ycar, - - - S2.25 Xo papcrs disrontinucd until arrcarages arc ruid, cxccpt at tlie option of tlic proprictor. Xo t ontract with. or payment madc to Carriers, cash. kcepin?, or othcnvise, allowcd, except assentcd to lr thc proprictor. ' A1I conimnnications must be addrcsscd to thc c'.itur Post 1'aiii. .TUSTUS COBB, Prixter, ET WIIOM ALL KIXIlS OF 1IOOK A-D JOB IT.INT ISC WII.I. 11E KXECUTED OS SIIOKT XOTICE. MAliSEILLES HYMX OFLIBEKTY. 21T BOUCET I)E L1SLK. Yc 5ons of Francc, awalc to glory ! Hark '. Hark ! wliat myriads bid you risc, Yourchildrcn. wivcs, and grandsires hoary, Bthold tlicir tcars and licar tbcir crics ! Shall liatcftil tyrants, michicfs brccding, With hircling hosts, a ruffian band, AfFright and dcsolatc tlic ljnd, Wl.ilc Pcace and Libcrty lic blecding 3 To arms! to arms! yc bravc! Tlic avcnging sword un-hcath: March on, march on, all Iicarts rcsolvcd On victory or dcatli. Xbw. now. tlic dangcrous stonn is rolling, Which trcai licrous kings confcdcrate raisc. Tlic c'.o;:s of war. Ict loo-c, arc howh'ng, And lo! cnrliclds and citics blazc. And hall wc hasely view the ruin, Vliilc lawlcss Force. with gtiilty stride, Sprcads dcsolation far and widc, With crimcs and blood hi hand iinbniins? To arms ! to anns! yc bravc, &o. With Itixury and pridc sunoundcd, Thc vilc insatiate dcspots darc Thcir thirst of powcrand jrold unlioundcd To incct and vend thc Uht and air: Likc bcats of burden wonld thcy load us, l.il.e God. would biil thcir slaves adore ; Ilut mmi is man, and wlio i more ! Thcn shall thcy longcr Iash and poad ns 1 To arms ! to arms ! yc bravc, &c. t.'h ! I.ibcrty, can man rei;;n thcc, :ice tiaving ftdt tby gcnerous fiamc ? C.ni dungcnn, bolts and bars ccntinc thcc, Or whips thy noMc pirit tanic ? Too long thc world lias wept, licwailing That f.ilehood"s dacr tyranti icld : l'ut frccdom is our swonl and sliicld, And all thcir arts arc unavailin, To anns ! to arm ! vc bravc, &r. EDITIXC A XEWSl'Al'EH. "Mo.-t pcrons tliink thc sclcvtion of suitaMr matter for a ncwpajicr !bc ca-ict part of thc Im incs. How rcat an crror ! It i-by aUnican tlic inot difficult. To look ovcr l.iindrcils f c. ch.ine papcrs cvcry wcek. froni wliich ti sclcii inuiih foronc. cjiccially whcn tbc Uestioii i-. not what shall, bnt what hall int bc sclcctcd, i iui'.eed "no casv taik." Ifevcrv iicr-on who read n uewpaKT could havc cditcd it, wc jdiou'd bcar ii toiui!amt- ot unircfiuentiy it ii uic cajc thut :in cditor looks ovcr all "his cxi bnncs fui soiin-tliiu iiitcrcstinjr. and can aliolntcly fim! jiKilini'. Evcrv iupcr i dn-cr tlinn a coiitribii- - tipn lo: and vct somcthin niu-t bc liml his pa- "Hcr inut bavc soin'thuttj iu it. and lic docs thc 1C!-I h'c can. To an cditor who ha thc lca-t -arc a- l.mit what hc clcrt. thc Mrritin that bc doc i tlie ea-ict part of his labor. A papcrh n 10m plctcd hoald bc one tltat thc cditor wonld U-wi -iini; to rcad to his wife. his inolhcr. bi- .iter or !ii d.mrhtcr: and if hc dncs tliat, if bc ;rct snrb n papcr. hc will lind his Ialor a mibi di(li nlt nnc. 2".cry MiU-rrihcr think tlie papcr ir.i piintcd for .i's c-HK.ial lK.Mii.fit, and if thcre i nothin in il that fuits bim. it must be stoppcd, it i tood fnr nothiii". Onc look- ovcr the dcaths and niarria t'C. and artually complaius of tlie cditor, if but fcw peoplc dic. or vrcrc Sufortunate as to ct niin rlcd thc preiious wcek. An cditor shotild havc Micli tliins in his iapcr, whcthertbey occiirornot. Ju?t as many subscribers as an cditor may havc. ju-t so many didcTcnt tastes hc liT.s to coiuult. C'ne wants stories aud jioetry : anothcr abboi all this. Tlic politirian wants nothin but poli tics. Ouc must bavc fomcthinj: sound. Onc Ukes anecdotcs, fun and frolic and a ntt door ncihlior wouders that a mnn of scnse would put Mit-h ituflT iu his papcr. Somctbin; f picy como ont: and thc editor is a bhickjruard. Xcxt conics finictbin arjrumcntativc. and the cditor is a dull fool. And so bctwccn thcm all, you sce the poor fellow ets rouphly handlcd. And vct, to nincty niueoutofa hundrcd tbese tliiugs ncvcr occur. Tliev ncrcrrcflcct that whit docs notplcase thcm. may pleasc thc ncst man, but thcy insi-t.that if tlie papcr uocs not suit Uian, it is gooa tor notli in. SIXGULAR MAURIAGE. A rcmarkablc aftair latcly liajipcned iu New York, wliirh is narratcd as follows: A pcn tlcman reading iu a Southcrn Statc, was a rciru- lar corrcpomlcnt of a certain jieriodical in Xew York. whicfi periodical was cbiclly cditcd by tlic ilauglitcr ot thc proprictor. In proccss of tnnc thc Kcntlcman and ladv allitdcd to beramc nrct- tv well acquainted with each othcr, and corrcs- pondcd in a friendly manncr. Tlie formcr. to make a lon storv snort. tcll m lovc vwtn tlic as vct unsecn ladr, and offercd hcr his hand in mar- riac. Aftfr a maturc delibcration the lover was acccpud. llis next step was to visit 'cw York. jvbcrehe kept himsclf ontof the way ofhisin tcndcd wifc, thonh Ixith parties wcre makins ar rangcmcnts for thcir union. Thc day was tixcd, aiso tuc nour. and tlic fricnds of the laily asscm b'ed in hcrfathcrs mansion. and she wa rcady to bccomc a brldc At thU stagc of tlic procccdinjs. a gcntlcmau madc his appcarancc hcraldcd bvhis card. lic was rei-onizcd as thc futnrc sou-in-Iaw and husbanu, and was warmly wclconied bvall prescnt, tlic lady in thc mcanwhilc standin a mons hcr fricnds conipletely vcilcd. Thc cicr"v man now stcppcd forward, and thc marriageccrc nionvwaspcrformcd; thcnit was that tlie busUind f.rst fixed his cycs upon thc eycs and countenance ot his wifc. JS"Thcother daya conntryman called on a physician in this cityj brinsin? witli liim a stont Sk)t, whosc robust appcarance indicated tliat lic jui;hi provc a matcti Jor any UisorUcr. lnc anx ioas fathcrstated to the doctor that as hissouhad bccn rfisposed to the mall pox, hc hould likc to Iiac him r,tit,lall if it did not cot ovcr half a - .ll.ir-.fr ' .u W.. n SPEECn OF m. UPHM, OF VEHMOXT, OX THE TENIIEGLMENT GILL. AND THE MEXICAN WAR. Ddivered in the Senazcoj the Unitetl Stales. Ftl. 1 5, 1S4S. Mr- rr.F.siPEXT: I do not know, sir, thatl shall bc able, in the hunible part I am about to takeinthis uobate, to mipart anythm"ot in- tercst or freshncss to thu iubject, or to bring any new contnbutiou ot facts to bcar upon the the nucstions I tiropose to discuss. Almost cv- cry topic connected with, or growinj: out of the existin" war with iilcuco. lias liccn allu iled to and ably commented upon by honora- blc benators, wlio liave preecueu me on tlie lloor. Iut, sir, cxhaustcd as the subject is, I yinnot coutent niyself with a silcut votc on tlie nuestion. lielievin, as I do, that undcr exijtinj; laws, our force in M exico can be tncreased to near- ly sixty-five thousand mcn, and that the more vijrorous pfoccutiou oftha war for thc pur jioses now avowud, vvonld be dkhonorable to the comitry, I sltall be cotnpellcil to record my vote against this bill. Uut, I shall do it. sir, with no view to embarniss the Exccutive in his ellbrts for an honorablc pcacc ; but to prcvent the forcible disniembenncut ofa weak, distracted sister rcpublic, and to pre serve uiitarnished tlie fair name of thc coun try, which I prize infitiitely highcr than any territorial acpaiition3 we can ruakc, or any glory wc can win, by thc succcss of our anus. l'hc honorablc C'hairnian of the Comtuittce on Military Atfairs, in his cloijucnt rcmarks thu othcr day, in support of this bill, cxprcssed a desirc that the bill might pass witliout opposi tion, and tliat the discussion, which hc was a warc would are upon the war policy of the Adniinistnttion, and which hc had uo dCMre to avoid, might be had upon sonic othcr mcai ure, hereallcr to conic beforc the Senate. This bill, he thought, Avas safo and common ground, upon which we could all mect and act togcthcr. Sir, safe as the honorable Sen atormay think thc ground to be on which hc !.tands, l c-annot occupy it with him, bccause, in my judgiuent, it is dangcrous ground. TJiis bill is thc first ofa series of mcasures, wliich, if carried out to the full cxtent of Ex ccutive recommcudation, muit bring our frcc in.-titutionsinto grcat pcril, and, I fear, in tlic cnd, overthrow thcm. The reccnnncndcd in crcasc of thc arniy, froni Mxty-live thousand to ncarly nincty-live thoosand mcn, to bc en gaged iu thc coiiifuest of forcign States and pronnrcJ, is a propojition too startling for me to support. llcre, sir, I must pause, and herc I must stanil nutil I am well conviuced that this mea-sure is neccssary to indicatc thc rights and inaintain thc honor of the coun try. TIio cry is onwanl: and onwanl, at all haz anls, the Adniiiii.-tratiou sccnis dctcnnincd to go. until the whole JJexican rcpublic falls bc ncath our conipicring arms. e preach thc loclriue of inin-intcifcrcncc in the atfairs of othcr nations, and still raisc armies to iuvadc and coiujuer a ncighlioring rcpublic. M proclaim the grcat principlc of sclf-govern-mcnt, and thc right of cvcry jicnple to fonn tlicir own iiistitutions, and at thc same tinie we send our conipicring armies to force upon,: .i dNiant aud rclnrtant pcopleornis of gocrn meiit hlch thcy have no cnpaeity to main faiii. and to nliicli thcy arc utterly oppocd. Yc coniicmn the dWmcnibenucnt td Saxoiiy. thc annexation of the Itcpublic of Gcnoa tc thckiii'jdom of Sardinia, and the absorption of Ycnii c by Aii-tria, and still wc go on with thc work of dimcmbenncnt and annexation oursclvcs. AVc ilcnouncc l!nfsia,l'mFsia, an: Austria, for the ili n'.cniliermcnt of I'oland, and at the miiiic timc wcareattcinpting to dis mcinlicr a "-Uter Itcpublic ; and if she refuses to subuiit to our ilctnands, the absoqition of hcr whole tcrritorv, tlie hoiiorable Chainnan f thc Comniittcc on Military Allairs says. may bc thc pcnalty sho will bc compcllcd to pay for lierobstinacy. lMcxico, sir. i in our powcr she lies quiv cri.'is and bh cdin" at our fcet we can de- Mroy hcr natinnality and blot hcr name froni the map of nations but such an act of inju tice, viol;ni-c. and outmgc, would bring !own upon our hcads thc just indiguation ofall Chrijfcndoiu, and brnud us asa nation of rob- bcs. yir. FOOTE. I am qnitc ftirc that thc Senator has no dcsiie to misieiiicieiit any S,-nator on this side of tlic ch.imbcr. C'er- tainlv helu not hcard eithcr thc Chainnan of the Comtuittce on Military Allairs, or any othcr Senator on this side, givc cxpression to the opinion that it might become politic to ab--orb the whole of Mcxico. The absorption o! Mexico has bcen unifonnly spoken of by ns a a thing to bc dcprccatcd, but froni which, ii forced upon us, wc werc to deducc all thc jood that was possible. Mr. UPIIA.M. I havc no desire to mLrep- rescnt any fcenator, but 1 unucrstood tlie honorable Chairman of thc Committec on Militaty Aflairs, in alluding to this sul jcct, to say, tliat it might bc iieccsary, in ordcr to bring the war to an honorablc closc, to absorb thc whole of Mexico. Ilowcver, I have his rcmarks beforc me, and will rcad thein. In the debatc onthe instructionsto General Scott to occupy thc rcpublic of Mexico, the Senator sam: "I repcat what I beforc said, that the lonccr Mexico continues hcr obstinate rcjcction of rcasonauie inucmnitv, anu the trreatcr thc ex ertion shc compels us to make, the greater will be our ucmanits and the hcavier herlos: cs. AYhat wc would havc aeccpted lat ycar, or cven at thc couimcneement of the prescnt campaign, wc may well rcfuse now: and what wc would accetit now, we nm- well rcfuse af- tcr a fcw montlis. And how much thc pub- lie scntimcnt ot tlns countn- may lcmanu a year or two years hcnce, if the war continues so long, I do not prctcnd to prcdict. AVc may have to make the great experiment so drcadcd by the Senator from South Carolina anu thc fccnator irom Kentuckv, and anncx the domam of Mcxico to our own. This i the jicnalty whicli national injustice has oftcn been called to pay, and wliich Mcxico may be nrepann'r tor ncrsclt. Mr. CASS. I havc again and again becn called upon" to state thc purport of the rc marks to wliich thc Senator alludcs, and I do hopc that it will not bc ncccssary to ontcr into any explanation with regard to thcm hcreaflcr. I am confident that thc Senator docs not intentionally mistakc"my vicws ; but 1 will repcat, that all along I havc dcprccatcd thc absorption of the wliolc of Mexico; but, as the Senator from Mississippi has correctlv said. I added, that if forced upon us, we must mak.c tne most ot ic At the timc when thc honorable Senator from South Carolina (Mr. Calhoun) introduccd his resolutions. I stntprl distinctly, that if Mcxico protracted this war, i me puuti- opmion ot tnc cauntrj- might mani- j fest a desire for thc annexation of thc whole of that country. But I ncver cxprcssed any opinion in favor of such a rcsult ; but. on the . .. , i i , contrarv, it m a tmng to be teareu anu avoiu cd. M r. UPIIAM. Thc position.thcn, that thc Senator has assumcd is. that such mi"ht be the condition of things, such might bc thc ob stinacy of Mcxico in rcfusing to yield to our dcmands, tliat wc might be compclled to pros- ccutc the war to such an extremity as woum load to thc dcstruction of licr nationaltty, and the absorption of hcr whole territory by the Unitcd Statcs. And, sir, notwithstanding this rcsult is deprecated, and, I have no doubt, sincercly, still, in my humblc judgmcnt, the tcndencv ct the mcasures reccminenucu uy thc Prcsidcnt. if camed out to the lull ex tent. must inevitably rcsult in thc absorption of thc whole country ; and I tliink I can sec in the signs of the times cnougli to alann thc countrv in reference to this subiect. Such a iiolicv has becn more than dimly shadowcd forth in the resolutions introduccd by thc honorablc Scnators from Xew York and Indi ana. Thc fonr.cr suggcsted to thc countrv thc Tiroprictv and cxpedicncv of strcngthen ing our conimcrcial relations by thc annexa tion of contiguous territory. The lattcr a vowcd thc constitutional powcr and authority of our Govcrnmcnt to hold and govcrn Mcx ico as a dcpondent provincc. Sir, I have sccn it avowed in tlic procccdings ofpublic mectings, in the spccches of our military of ficcrs who havc won glorv and rcnown upon thc battlc-ficlds of Mcxico', and who havc rcturncd bccause thcre arc no more Jaurels to be gaincd, and have undertakcn to indoctrin ate the pcoplc of this nation that it is our du ty or dotiny tocarry into Mexico ourfrec in stitutions, and that "this war ought to be pros ccutcd until her govcnimcnt is oyerthrown, and a more libcral govcnimcnt cstablished, to be sustaincd b)' thc powcr of our arms. Vllat ? Arc we, thcn, to become a nation of propagandists ? 'Yhy, sir, souic gcntlcraen liave gone so far as to denouncc cvcry man who raues his voice against the prosecution ofa war, for thc purpoc of forcing upon Mcxico a govcrmncnt of which she does not atiTirovc. as traitors to thcir countrv ! Such is the scntimcnt cxprcssed in the spcech of Coloncl Morgan wlucli i liave DClorc me. "As . Chri.stians," says he, "we arc bound toprotect thc Sloxicans fiontthc bad intcn tions of thcir mlcrs." "And," hc adds, ''all who will advocatcjhc withholding of suiiplics, or withdrawingour armies, disguise their scn- timcnts howevcr thcv mav, under whatcvcr artful plea thcy choosc, are traitors at hcart." lcs, sir, cvefy man, evcrv- citizcn, evcry nicmber of Consress who belicves it to be his duty toraise hisvoicc against the furthcr pros ecution of the war, for the punjo?c noxc a- vowed by the Administration, is dcnottneed by this orator as a "traitor at hcart," and un worthy of thc conftdcncc of the pcople. I al-.-o have in my pos?ession a sjcech of Captaiu Stockton, advocating thc same principlc, that the anny shall not be withdrawn until tlic over throw of ihe Mcxican Govcrnmcnt, and thc cstablislimcnt ofa govcninicnt thcre upon lil cral principlc3, be accomjilishcd. lic Iiolds tue iollowing language : "I would imist, if thc war werc to be pro- innscil fiftv vcars and cost moncy enough to lctiiaud froni each ofyou half ofall that you posos, 1 woum msist that tlie ti:c--sings otciv- ii nii n'ucious uucriv snuuui uu "uaiauimi to Mcxico." I bclievc that thc scntimcnts advanced by Col. iMonjan and Captain Stockton, so fai tYom mcotinz with disapprobation on the occa-.-ions on which thcy werc cxprcssed, elicitcd thc mosl uncptivocal marks of favor. Those jcntlcmcn, tniiccd, 'ccm to liave bccn prepar ing thc minds of tlie poople for the unquali iied admi.ion of the doctrinc, that it is thc duty of the Goverument to cxtend itsclf over the whole Amcrican contincnt. At the sup ier givcn tn Colonel Morgan, the following toasts vTVrc reccived with the greatest enthusi asm : "The Dcstiny of the I'nital Slates Gorcrn mcnt To overshadow the whole of Xorth A merica; thcrcfore wc uiavas well bcgin with Metico." uTne American Con'incnt An Almighty hand hasrolleil thc barricrof thc seasaround it, to mark it as one rcpublic. 'Xo jicnt-tip Utica contracts onr powcrs, 'Ilnt thc liolc lioundless contincnt is ours.'' uThe r.thmuA ofl'ttmima The next rcst-ing-placc in the exlenion of frcedom's aroa." 2sow, sir, thcse significantinilicationsstrong ly imprcss upnn my mind thc couviction, how evcr much the result may bc deprecated, that great ctlcrts are making to convince the pco ple, that it is the dcstiny of our Governmcnt to cxtend its jurisdiction over the entire con tincnt. An ocean-bound rcpublic is spoken of with npparent scriousncss. Let it not be said that the:-e indication3 are to be lightly reirarded. Thev proclaim, in Ian2ua"C not be mistaken. thc interprctation which niasscs of thc people liave put upon the policy wlnch the Govcrnmcnt scems to havc adopted. And, sir, if this pcrilous carecr of connueston which we have entcrcd, is not to be arrested till our arms shall havc subjugated thc whole Ameri can contmeut, uis Mtrelv time that thc coun trv understood it. It is timc that thc voice of warning should arousc thc peoplc to a full sensc of the impending danger. Our Govcniment was not constructod with a view to wars of aggrcssion and conqucst. The armies contemplatcd by the Constitution are armies of dcfencc, and not of atiCTCssion armies to dcfcnil our own territory, not to invadethe temtones of othcr nations. Ihe unlimited power to raise and support annies, conferrcd upon Congrcss by the Conitution, was lookcd upon with srcat icalousv bv the pcoplc. It was assailcd in thc Statc convcn tions, and clsewherc, with grcat zeal and per- tinacitv. as danicrons to libcrty, anu subver- sive of thc State covcrnments. It was said, that the powcr bcing unlimited, Con2rns3 mi"ht keeii larse armies constantly on foot, and thus exliaust the resourccs of thc country ; and tliat wc miiiht bc comnelled to livc under a !iovcrmnent of inilitarv force. To thcsc su j- gestions it was replicd, that the power was nccessarv, and that to be of any value, it must bc unlimited ; tliat thc power was cx clusivcly confined to the lesislativc body, to thc represcntativcs of thc Statcs, and to thc pcoplc of the Statcs, and that it would besafe in tlicir hands; that the powcr was nccessarv. bccause we werc surroundcd by thc coloaies, and dcpendencics of powerful foreign govcm- menis, wuijse mantime poncrs ungiii luniiMi thcm with thc mcans of annoyancc, and mis chief, and invasion ; that it was nccessarv to proteotour frontier3 against thc Indians, and to man our forls aud garrion3 in diflcrent partsofthc countr'. Ilcrc, sir, you havc the reasonsfor which the power "to raisc and sup port rhroies" was deemed ncccssary. The con oucst of foreisrn Statcs and provinccs was nov- crdrcamt of by thc framers of the Consti tution. But thc wisdom of thc past, with thc "progrcssivc dcinocracy" of thc prescnt day, isfully; acd, indced, so rapid has becn the advanccment bcvond that old-fashioned dc- mocracy, which prcvailed in the bettcr days of thc republic, that calls havc actually bccn madc for convcntions of the pcople to recon- struct thc govcrnmcnt. lo carry out thesc splcndiil schemcs of national aggrandizcmcnt, it has becn found nccessarv to wagcwara-gain-tthe freedom of spccch and the nrcss; a war infinitclv uiore dangcrous to tue libcr- tics of thc pcoplc than a war of conqucst. Thc message of iOcccmber, 1S46, contains the dcclaration of war against frcc discussion, and Ibcglcavcto rcadit: "The war has been, (says thc IVcsident.') rcprcsentcd as unjust Jtnd unnccessary, and one of aggrcssion, onour part, upon a weak and injured cnemy. Such crroncous views. though cntertaintd by fcw, havc been widely circulated not only at home, but havc bccn sprcad throughout Mcxico and the wliolc world. A more cffcctual mcans could not have been devised to enconrage thc jenly"l and protraet the war 7i(ih lo wJrorate and ml here to their causc, and thus gire them aid and comfort." Ilcrc, sir, is a bold, and I.was aliout to say. shameless attcmpt, on the part of the Exeeu tivc, to stifle all inquiry into the origin, ne ccssity, juslicc and purposes of this war. All who darc call in qucstion the powcr ofthe President to wagc war, and to prosecute it for thc purposes of conquest and plundcr,arc dcnounced as traitors to thcir country. And all who doubt the necessity of thc war and think it could, and should, havc bcen avoidcd, are hold up as adhcring to, and advocatiii2 the cause ofthe enemv. Thesc dennnciations,sir, coming from that high sourcc, should not be sulTcrcd to pass unnoticcd and uncondcmned. Thc framers ofthe Conitittttion, reganling free discus-ion as thc great safcguard of libcr ty, declarcd, in thc first articlc of amenilmcnts, tliat "Congrcss shall make no law abridging thc frccdom of specch or thc prcss." This right of free discusiion belongs to thc people, and no powcr on earlh should be pernuttcd to abridge or inipair it. It is thc great powcr that overturns deiiiotisms and builds up republics it shakes tyrants from thcir tbroncs and confrsthe blcssings of libcrty upon millions of our racc it kindlcd thc firc ol'our own rcv olution and made U3 a free and indcpendent nation and it is tlie uest sccunty wc can havc for thc preservation of our libcrties. It was Sheridan, I bclieve, who, in speaking in thc IIousc of Cotnmous on thc powcr of the prcss to avcrt thecncroachincnts ofthe IMinis trv, cxclaimcd in onc of his lofticst stniins of cloqucncc: "Givc thcma cornipt Ilouse of Lords; givc them a venal IlouiC of Common.s : givc thcm a tyrannical Prince : give thcm a truckling Court ; and lct me havc but an unfettcrcd press, and Iwill defy thcm to cncroach a hair's breadth upon the liburtics of England." If the frccdom of thc prcss werc so essen tial to thc protcction of ISritiah libcrty, it must bc resranlcd as inlimtclv more important to thc sccurity of n Govcrnment likc ours, found cd ttiion and deriving its support from cn lihfcned public opinion. But, to pass on : gentlcmcn have searchcd for prcccdcnts lbr this war, anif the bcnator rroui lltinois imag incs that hc lias dicovcrcd dne in thc war of 1S12. "That war," he says, "was declarcd in thc same fonn and almost in thc same Ian suage as thc prescnt." Sir, did Prcjident Madion announce to thc country that war existcd bctwccn thc United Statcs and Grcat Britain ? Or did hc infonn Congress that '.ong-cxiitins difiicultics 1 etwccn the two c-ottn- tries rcmaincl unsettlod ? that he had ex hautcd all his powers in making pacific cf forts : and that he was unable to bring thc controvcrsv to a close ; and that it was for Coni;res.s to dccide whcther or not an appcal to arms should be madc in orderto vindtcatc our honor and sustain cur rights ? Ilcar hi. language : 'We behold, in Cnc, on thc side of Great Britain, a tatc of war against the United States ; and on thc side ofthe United Statcs, a statc ot pcace towarus urcat Jintani. Whether thc United States shall continne passivc under thciiC progressive usuqiation" anu these.accumulating wrong3; or, opposmg force to force in dcfence of the natiutial rights, shall commit our just cause into the hands of the Almighty Powcrs, andprcserv- mg a eonitint rcailiness to concur in an Hon orablc cstablislimcnt of pcace and fricndship, is a solemn rmcstion, which the Constitution wiely confides to thc lcgislative dpartment ot the Govcrnmcnt. In recomuusidmgittotiieir early dcliberations, I am happy in the assu- ntncc tliat the ilccision will bo wortliv tlic cn- lightened and patriotic councils ofa virtuous, a trec, amt a powcrlul nation. Upoa thismcssagc Congrets annonnced to the country, byits legi;lativc act, that asfatc cf war cxisted betwccn the two Govcrnmcnts How was it with the exting war? AVhat was the charactcr ofthe mcsagc reccivctUlth May, 1S4GV Did it set forth tlie wrong pcrpctratcd by Mcxico; that the Prcsidcnt had cxertcd all thc jiowcrs confcrred on him by thc Constitution to clFeet a pacific adjust mcnt without success ; and that it was a iptcs tion for Conrjrcsn to decide upon the furthcr stcps to be taken to viudicatc the rights and maintainthe honor ofthe country? .'Xo, sir! The firrannouncement to the couutry ofthe cxistence ofthe war was by Exccutive mes sage. Howi I ask, could a war cxist betwccn a tbrcign Govcrnmcnt and the Unitcd State without the knowlcdgc of thc war-making powcr? Had thc Prcsidcnt any authority to declarc war ? Xo, sir, that powcr is vcsted, cxclusively, in Congress. IIow thcn can thcre bc any anilogy between thc wars that of 1S12 having been dccLiretl according to thc fonn ofthe Constitution, whilst the pres ent war was waged by thc Exccutive in opcn violation ofthe Constitution. But the Sena tor says the war of 1812 met with violent op position from the pulpit and the Prcss, and hc has givcn us specimens ofthe fulminations of thc onc, and the rantings ofthe other. For what purposc wcre thcsc cxtracts rcad? Werc they designed to instruct thc Scnators in thc discharge of thcir functions, or werc thcy intended to opcratc on public opinion to excitc prcjudices in the minds of tlic peoplc, against all who fclt it to be their duty to op pose the policy recommcndcd by thc Admin istration, for the furthcr prosecution of"this war, with a view to the dismemberment ofa sister rcpablic?? Ii" this war cannot be sus tained upon upon itsmerits ifit bc nccessa rv to sustain the policy of its further prosecu tfon by such a courrcofargnmcntasthat adop ted by thc Senator from Illinois, I think, the sooncr it is brought to a closc, thc bettcr it will be for tho honor ofall conccracd. Most of thc opposition to the war of 1812 grew out of the particular policy recommcndca for its prosecution. An incrcasc of thc anny had bccn rccommendcd for the invasion of Cana da, and it was objedtcd that thc war otiJit to bc a maritiine war; thatwc should budd up a navy, man it, and prcparc oursclvcs to mect thc cncnvy upon tho occan, wherc thc injuries had bcen receivcd, which wc had armcd our- selves to redrcss. Whocver looks at thc dc- bates upon appropriation bills for thc support ot tlie war ot 1011', wui nnu mat inosi oi uic opposition was bascd upon thc ground that tlie naval powcr sliouiu bc augincnieu to mect thc encniy on the occan, jnstead of in creasins thc anny lbr thc invasion of Canado. But to pass to anothcr poiut. I statcd in thc outsct that, under existing laws, our force in Mcxico could bc incrcased to ncarly Gj.OOo mcn. Xow, sir, is this truc? The honorable Senator from MissLsippi, thc othcr day, said, that he did not so understand it. To scttle this qucstioii I wi'tl refer to thc report of the Sccrctary of War. Hc says the twcnty-fivo rcgiments of the reular army, as distiniruishcd fiam voluntccr force, when fillcd to the limit fixcd by law, would be 2S,SU, cxclusivc ofolliccrs; but thc actual sfrength he says, is now about 21, 533: it will, therefore, rc(mire7,3Sl enlisted nicu4o complcte thu regular military cstablisli mcnt. Therc are now in the scnice, en gaged for the war, sa s thc Secretaiy. twcn-ty-thrce rcgiments of voluntecrs, seven battal ions, and thirty-thrcc eompanics not organ ized into rcgiments or battalious; but the rank and filc ofall those, the Sccrctary thinks, do'nct cxcccd 20,000 mcn ; and that to give those serving for the war hcir complete or sanization, will require an addition of alout 12.500 mcn. Thc force in Mexico at this timc, including the rcgiments ficm Michigan, and the two baitaitons on me way, is ni.uuv. iu auuuiuu to this numbcr, thc Exccutive, uniler existing laws, has the power to cnlist upwards of 7,000 regulars, andto call into thc ficld 12,500 vol untecrs, to servc during thc war making iu "all 65,200. If thc 5,000 scamcn and marincs, also engagcd in the war, be addcd, we then havc a numerical force naval and military of 70,200 nien. If wc add to this force tlie troops proposcd by tlns bill, 10,100 rcguiars, wc shall have an anny iu Mcxico of upwards ofS0,000: and it the voluntccr bill is topas, we shall have a force of upwards ot 100,000: aml that, too, aftcr the country has bcen vir- tually conquered by less tuan oue-lourtu ot that numbcr. Sir, I can see no nccessitv for thc forrc contemplatcd by this bill. When the rcgi ments of thc line, and thc volitntcer rcgi ments, arc filled up, wc shall have a force am nlv sufiicicnt to nrosecutc thc war "with in crcased energy and powcr, in tho vital parts of the cncmv's" country" aud this is all thc Prcsidcnt dcsircs. Thc Sccrctary of. war says: "Our further oncrations in Mexico nicst bc conductcd in onc of thothrcc following modcs. First, to tako and hold an mdemmty line ; to rcccde from all placcs and positions now occupied in advance of it, and ccasc from all aggrcssivc opcrations ocyonuiiiai nnc. clu- OXD, tooverrnn the wlio'.e country, anu uoiu all the nrineipal placcs in it bv permanent garrisons ; and, Tinr.n. to retain wl.at we r.ow posscss, opcn Imes ot commuiiication mio uic mtcrior, and extend our opcrations to othcr important placcs, as our mcans and the pros noct of advauta"es shall indicate, kceiiin a dispoablc force always rcady, witliin approach- ablc limits, lo annoy tttc cnemy, to setzc sup p;ies, enforcc contiibutions, and fnistrate his ctrorts to collcct means and assemble troops for thc purposc of protracting the war." Tlie Secretary,arterdisi-ussitig thecompara tivc mcrits of these moles of conducting the war, comcs to tlic conclusion that thc tliml niodc is prefei able, and adopts it. Xow, sir, what force is r.cressarv lo carrv it out ? I havc cxamincd th's question with somc carc, an-l I cannot icsist tlie conctuston 'iiat ti:c force now aut'iorizcd by law is sufiicicnt. This convii tion bas bccn forced upon my mind bv the sueccs; wliich ha- l.i:hortoattcnd cd our anns, and by the dcspateh of General Scott, under clate of heptenilKr lsm, ixi. Gencnil Tavlor, at'thc battle of Palo Alto.wilh a force of 2,300, defi atcd a Mextcan force of COOO. At Itcaca de la Pdlma, with a force of onlv 1,700, hc dcfcatcd 0,300 Mcxicans. At Montcrev, with C.045 mcn, hc stormcd and too!: thc strong fortrt!es of thc city, and compolled the surrcnder ofa Mcxican anny 10.000 strong. And at Bucn.i tsta, with 1,750 rcguiars ard voluntcors, he dtfVatcd Santa Anna at thc hcail of 20i00 wcll-armcd Mcxicans. General Scott, at tlic hoad of 1 1,- 000 men. compe'.lcd the surrcnder of Ycra Cruz and the strong ca-t!e by which it was dcfcndcd. At Cerr Gonio. with an army of 8,500. he met and defeated a Mexican ar- mv of 12.500. At Contreras, tan Antonio, arid Churubusco, with S.497 men, he dcfcatcd i Mevican force of 32,ono. And with i.iao . c-tT ! ;.... t . 1 t o-. rMi -r, :,r,. UJ. nu.i.-tiii; ...... . -. - - T - - ti. ., t ri posetl by tlns out i nnncreoJri. nui. what says General Scott. in his despatch ot thc lStli of Scntcmlicr, 1847? Hc says, that ' with thc force en rottte and 4,000 more, soon tn follow. hc can hold the city of .Mexico witli : n .-iTTison of 7.500 men, aiainst any attacl: e.tcrnai, or '"'V, .urrcction. and have an arnple splii; tcrcc. to o-cupy Ptiebla, Pcrote.Jalapa, tle Aation- .il Bndge, the Pasode Obyos, Saiita tc, antt . 1 - i . " ...... 1 . Ycra Cruz; and, as a modtiication oi im , 1 .1. . -.1. t r?n Alift r-in man. nc savs m.n, nn .1 ' thc principal mining distncts ofthe country ow, sir, u . , '""'"X - . " siveh.inl.hit. of callin-- ntH, n. to c Iiant victoncs, w tu a orce yv , j , (i wc can now put into the iieHi, tlic torcc pro- . .1.1. ,irC)inii,i.. rntaii.iii!r a mav also lic occupied, and a secure transit tlC ca:C. and thnt sticli tras the unrtcrstamlni'.'. H "ivcn to "old and silver bullion which, paying well known. A Senator now dcccasol. (Mr. Sic cnslouiarv duties, would cover a consid- Sptight.) dMinrtlr, and overand overag.iin, aid erablc part of thc cxtienscs of occupation. ; that scc-h was the nnderstanding witli recard to But this is not alUsir. General Scctt further our vote It is a gnss misconception, thcn, to but , , ' ,1,,, . -,0 0011 snpposc that wc voted for the preamhle, or cvcr. sugscsts that to aamcnt tho arm -' , mnt t0 Votc for it . I Iio, tnis statement will would cnablc it to occupv all the jta c cam- M . icc ei Jo!loui tals and pnncipal citicto dnvaguemllas n . -n a fl)-ure tIlIIC. and robbing parties from thc grcat lngliways ; 'Mr L-j.uAM. Ithank thc Iionor.ibIc Senator of tradc to scizo into our hands all thcjrpv- j f()r tIlc a,t,iitional infoniiation hc lias giren ufn caucs ofthe countrv, and to kecpthe Central thc subject thc country houId have thc whole Govcrnmcnt in constant lr.otioti and alarm ! truth in rcgard to thc matter. Appcal werc frc until constraincd to suc for pcace. Docs thc ; .mcntly made to Scnators on the other side of thc President desire to accomplish more than ! chamUr, to strikc ont thc prcambic to thcb,ll.as i rcsiut.111 Ul- c 1 , criJcnce of its truth bad bcen cxhibitcd. and licncrai .-cott says can . force Ot 5,000 .' 11 ucciccs, ..ac.. . it toannilnlate thc sovcrcignly 01 ''co j,,.,, . crt3kctuc rerK.n-ibility of vi.tin and make hcr a depcndcnt province or tlie a,;stt Gt.ncrari'jylor had bccn ordered to Unitcd States ? Such a pnrposc has bccn ; tfc cft bank o ,1C uio Gnuuic n-xth .1 small force. denicd bv his fricnds on this floor. Vi hat 1 an(j wcrc cntcnaincd, that hc would bc un thcn can'bc desircd froin thc passagc of this ' au;c to sustain bim.-c!f, without reinforrcmcnt : bill but the patronaiie it will confcr UK)n thc , and thc bill was jiassccl for his rclicf. Xo intima Prcsident9 It will nvc him an opportnnitv tion was made by the Exccutive, that tlic warhad to appoint Vivc or six hundrcd ofliccrs, to bc 1 bcen wagwl with a view to the iermancnt acqui- cngagcd in recruthng tor tne Presidenftal camnaisn. Ihe measure is noi wantcil tor nn incrcasc 01 iuiuku . ' - , asc of soldiers ; ofolliccrj athomc. lhc ; army can be incrcased but foran increac ,r,r1 fito nt tbc n nniv witbnnt this bill. but thcre can he no 1 incrcasc of ofliccrs unless it passes. Fill ttp 1 thcrcnilarand voluntccr rcgiments now in thc ficld.and, aftcr that is done, if more mcn ; are necessaW for thc prosecution of the war, ! arc necessary tor int- i ask for thcm, anu, iprcsumc, cuW . sranted. ... , ... I . T .,. , ... v,M, nf the ' But, sir,I will leavc this branch ot thc subject, and pass on, to show tnai mc ciku.- 1 1 ter and objccfs of the war have changcd ; and that its furthcr prosecution, for tho purposes cs noic avowed, would be dishonorabfe to the . countrv. When Texas was nnnexcd to thc Unitcd States, its westeruboiir.dary was lcft an open question, to Ucsettlcil by ncgotiatioti, bctwccn thc Mexican Govcrnmcnt and ours. Tln Prcsidcnt. in his nicssagc of Mny 11th, 1S4C, informed Congress that a strous desire to rei;- ulate and adjust our boundary andother caus cs of ditl'urcnee with Mexico, on fnir and eipaitable principlc-'. juduced him, in Septcm bcr, 1S45, io scck the rc-opcning of diploma- tic regulations between the two couiitncs; that the Mcxican Govcrnment, in Octobcr followins, arccd to reccivc a Mmistcr from thc Unitcd States investcd with full powers to scttle and adjust all mattcrs in diiVeYence be tween the two cjovernnients : tliat an envoy fromthe United States repaircd to Mexico, with full powers to adjust cvcry cxiiding dif fcrcncc ; and tliat the Mexican Govcnimcnt had not only rcl'ujed to n-ceive him, or Kstcn to his jirofja-itions, but, aftcra long continucd series ofmcnai cs. had invaded our tcrritorv, and shcd thc Uood of our fcllow-cilizcnson our own soil. This message was acccuianicd by about one huudred nnd lifty pages of uianusi ript docmnents. Thc usual tiKiticm !o jirint thc documcuts was madc, but it was vo tcd down by Scnators on the othcr side of the cbamber. A call for the reading was thcn nsndc, but that also was refused, aud the bill ofthe 13th May. lS4ti. was pa?sed by a vote of forty yeas to two nays. Thc unanimity with which this bill was passed, has lievn fii-qui-iit-ly refcrrcd to, as evidcncc to show lluit C"on gress was almost cnanimously of the oinion that Mexh.o-coiniiienced the war. Tlu- Prcsi dcnt, in his last aniiual mcssnjjc, refcrrcd toi it for that purt)oc. He savs, in substaiue. that Congress, by the act of the 13th May. 1840, declarcd. with gieat unanimitr, that 'by the act ofthe republic of Mexico. a state of war exists bctwccn tliat Goveriuncnt r-ml the Unitcd Statcs. thcre bcin" but two np"a- tivc votes in thc Scnate aml fourtcen in ihcM'Cfrpm, (Jlr. lle.r.eii.) to Scnatc 1 i.I. .-. It 3, House of Bcpresentativcs." Xow, sir, I pio- "'nHkin- fnrthcr ni.prot.nat.t.n to Lrin- ih. t- to rP,-i.t to thc Sctmte :md the countrv r.n.i... r'.i. ...:.i. auiuo liicis c oiuin icii iim inu iii-iv ., . i -,, ri-i , -ii r. .i ... ii-.. oii.... , ! "ni. lliai Ulll. jMic oni onui.iicti .11 uic- jiuusi- ui ltcprcsentativcs. On the 2Gth of Jamiary, lM4ti, Mr. Haralson, froin thc CommUlee on Military Allairs, rcportcd a bill to authorize the Prcsidcnt of the Unitcd Statcs. under certain cin-umstanccs therein mcn tioncd, to accept thu ervHCJ of loluntccrs, and for othcr purposes. On the 11th of May. Mr. Brinkerhofl' moved to anicnd thc bill by iiwerting a. new section with a prcamblo, in the words fol!owing : 'whcrea1, by the act of thc rcpublic of Mexico, a statc ofwcr cxi.-L-Iietwccn tliat Govcrnment and thc I'uilcd Statcs." Theaniendincnt was carried by a votc of 12" ycas to C7yoas ; and, on thc ssnie d.iy, the bill pasvcd tho House by a vote of 174 lo 14. So it appi-ar that 07 mer.ibcrs of thc House voted against thc preamble to the bill. Well, sir, what is the history cf this bill in the Senate? Onthe 12th of'Miy, it cr.me up for consideration, and Mi. Huntington.' thcn a Senator from Connecticut, sim-c ilc ceascd, lnoicil to amcmlit by staikctig out the prcambic : and thu journal shows that thcn.o tion failitl Ly a votc of 18 ycas to in rays all thc Senators on this side. of thc cluiml.er. with thc exccplion of thrce, vcfcd iu the :if firmativc A inotimi was thcn maile bv the honoralileS'.nator frnm Ke. tncky, (Mr. Cnn Tnsrinx.) to take a mte upon the prramblc alonc, but the chair riilcd that it -mi!d not bc separated from tlie bill. and the n.otion w.-..-dccideil out of onlc-r. The bill was thcn presed toa votc aud jmssed yca-" 10, nays 2. .Mr. Berricn, .Mr. Evans, Mr. Hur.t;ugton.and Mr. Calhoun declitilnir to votc, and vIimui Scnators on this idc ofthf chamlKT voiing vci with a protcst against tlie preamble to thc bill. This, sir. is a inm ic history of thc pio "rcss of thc biil throtigh the two llouics ol Congrw. Now, I a'k, in all candnr, wliat cxcusc can the PresMcnt rcndcr to thc countrv forassort-loi" in in his mcssaae, tli.it h..il, br.i.iclics of Cn - warf xi c I bv h act f eico tl-i cbcngl.ul I .FrrtM ,-ti (fNiii mtrtnimiiv. iifi-'.-iri'ii iiini iih-i fonrtpc-n ne-ja'.ive voti-s in thc Hoii-i" of l!c rcscntativcs and to in the Scn.-itc? Sir, tl,c joumal of tlie IJoti-o hows G7 ii"gative voti-s. and tlie journal t th..- -natc sliur.s is, ma kir.i; in thc w!m!e ."5. Mr. CLAYTOX. Will the f ena:r allon mr a word ; Mr. ITHAM. CVfaii.Iy. Mr. CI.AVTOX. Ai t'u. timc thc bill p.Ts-' d , i.I. n-iii--thisScnatc. thoseof'i who loifd br i's paiip 1 iiit-:o!icr. r,.. ',;i.n, il.. (tiort to -tri!;t-"iit t.ie ir. -! amhle. as thc Senator Irom erniont lias trtcil. tl.cr -ntc tlic ixcc-'-1 oie for a I i'l. lies for the i statenicm of a mattcr of fact ofwbuli e had not cvnlencu lie- j frc u, y,'c rencatolly dc:nan-led thc sipuraiion ofthe two t'roucitionsr but thc s,.i,araiio!i Bm refu-cd, tlie rresidcnt of tlnScnate k i.lin that wc had 110 rii-lit to call for a dhi-ion of thc i;ih--- tion. Thcnweiiui tcd tiion it that wc )-hoald 1 iinrp iiw ntiiir 111 in r uiioii 1 . n iiii i i u . i -.111 ' .1- 1 ! ..tM lhe fnHe. And thc Senator from Mi-1 I m . on - t!iat furIl ,TOH,(l ,mr ( snrfj nn,Ier!.t..in,Iini lint ifwe i ,,.aveourTot ,3 ,n f ;1Tor f tlic biil .we wcre to be e . . - ,. . - ; vor 0r tiie j)ream;,c- ;j",u u ihe siinile factof r,.n.e(i K vo-.in lor nte Minimcs, nni noi inia- f . .,; . ,.,. mI.o.lnit. Wc n.u.t votc for thc bill as it ! I.tlt tt llitf rrf.ntll'1,11 11 ot tlic o .KH11"1 '? M!0 ,-,,e ,hwe" -J- lrti!n .t. . -i..,l,ln5.o:i tlie othcr liand.it wonld be a niwthin .1 ' 1 IU 1 J. ICALIU, MI3 I1ICS9UV, ' I " d thc boundarv of thJ Unitcd States, bas in-1 onrtcrriorr;am, sh?a Amcrican l.loodnp- on Anierican soiL Toenable Uie Prcsidcnt to , .t:. nnfl ato nroeeate tho- war to a jpccjv-aiiu snccessfnl tcnnination.1 I votcd for tiiebill of the 13th iUy, 1S4G. Vtett, sir, what fai thc Prcsidcnt in rcsanl to thc war, in hu mes-age of Dcc, 1S4G ? Hcarh.. lanpage: . wa:rc(i wlthaviewto bcen commenced by Jtexr- , hnfi..n carried into thc enemv's country, co. t bas bcen camea into me ene , mb pfc.scr.utcd thcre, with'a view to obtain an honoraMc'pcacc.'' Hcie. .-ir.ronqucst, 'with a view to permanent occupancy of Mexican territorv," is disavowcd. Thc war had becn carried into Mexico, to cripple hcr power, and compcl hcr to make an honorable peacc. Again. sir, tlic l'rcident, in his message of August 4th 1846, says : -lipially anxioss to tcrminnte, hy a pcacc hon orable to lioth panit-s. as I wa oriinally ta avcid' tlfe cxi-ting war, I hnve decmed it my du'y a pain to cxtend the olive branch to jrrxico. Should the Govennnt nt of tliat republic arccpt tlic otler, in the same friendly spirit br w'lich it waj dictatcd. ncgotiations will specdily commencc for the cumdusioii ofa trcaty." ".1 jfjre hfmortille lnth vaTtits" was the ob- ject dejircd. 'Tlw chief difiictilty to be antici lau-il in the rigotiatmii. say3 the I rciutnt r-Is the adjustmtut of the bonndary bctv cen tha ponic?. by a lrae wliirh shall l e at "oncc satisf.ic tory aml mnvcnimt to lioth, nnd ui h as neithcr will hcrcnftei . 1h- indni d to di.-turb. TL j is tho licst mode of securin txirpctual pcarc ar.d gooil iicurhliorhoc d bctwevn tlie two rcpn!Ii s. Shonld the Mexican (Jovemment in order toancmp'ih thec objcct-, ie willins toccilc any peitioii of thcir territorv to the United Stati-. w- ; uht to pay tlnni a faimjuivalrnt ; ajiuiand '.nioraMu po:ni. and not ronqncst. bcing our pui-po-cin thu pni'n:tioii of tl.c war."' The iHinndnry imtoiion was the niati t in dis ptite lictwrtn tlic tb coiintrics and sl i ulil thc Mcxiran Govcrnment. for thc pui-josc iftstal li.hiii!f a lincconveiiiiiit fer botli part.-. - Itvr,- in( to itdt tt ftiVyH uf hr tuiltrn-fi ' , i'si'td tutnt. ut- fliiA to ity a fmr fqnirw i ' ' -r t. ce.-Mfn ct tcrritorv wa.- to ie reijTrtJ v it'.out tl.c fri-c roiient of tl e Mcxican lio-i riurnt Ent this i nns aII. ir : the l'rcsidint L-ki'' for rn ai'propi iation of 3.(H.'0. otm, to rnablc lirtu to ad- vanri a poniini of i f the ciiiidcrat'n i "non j , for n:iy t e-yion ot' tcnitufy thc Movi.j-it v1'm nicnt cii'ht I willinjr to m.ike. 'Ili i!n ;cr aml obk'tts ofthe w.ir iiavinir !cen tl. ii- i mi ed j lo (.Vuress i.r.d tliciocn'rv I. wiih i. . ct t'x t uator on llii? -Me or tlic iliaini.tr. 4 Mie M t sc.-ion of C'onjrc-.. Totcti rii n and uu'i i ; fi r it pro-.iiii!iiii. Aid. -ir. to show t!.-t i.'ii- vc'. s wcre givcn twth t i. n to the ai i n cf Mc:aii terriur Iv ! ,nf Iti'u t.. -' uiciitliiifni nlU riii I v il.v lu:..iral Ic f. p.i-i r fin " war W1L" ,CN" 0 ,0 a .'.l-T11 roui lii-inii." loninionlv caibd the thr,'e tniuicn Therollon in!; are tlu- v.ordi of ' c tt..i t.d ment : "lVoviucil alwav. and it i-- hcrcTiv di i -p f1 to be ihe trne intvnt ad nu niii i f ( c.nri m niakinir this apprnpn.uioii th.it ihe aarmh S'f-x iio oivht r.ot to If f.nci-!':ed l-y t!i' o im mcnt. witli any viciv t" the dL-t'H-': . i tliat repablic, or to thc aiiiu-'ilim. ' t . ol nny lurlion of hcr tcrriti-ry. 'Jhat'tli- (Jv eiT.HT' Ht. cver ile-iiri'iis to inaintiiin ai d prc crve pi-.T-cfnl and frini"!'- re!:;.i wit! :'! it r ajiil :i tic-tdarli witli tl.e n iIdiori:i; r'-, i. ... of Jli'vu o. will afiv:n - l.e rc. ir tocntcr H; ": t'rt tijtion with a vk'.r :o tcniinatc the pt. r.t U' hapj.y i-ontiiet. on tcir.i !.;i!i slui!' a-- tl it liyhts, and pncrve iiiviolatc tl e r. 'l ial honor of thc I'nitcd Statcs and Mcxii ". 'J ' a' t is c-pei i.illy dcsiral.'.e. in orderto tnil.iMi" prccrve thb-c Hini.-nble n !.. tions !iiti .-. 'f. - avs to cxit 1 ctwecn ni iiilioring n-.-n'nn s. t ait thc Uinudarr of tlu- Stale f Tcxus - i i-nM 1 n t"nit:c!y M-ttlcd. and ihat piovi.-ion U in: it.- ly the rcpublic of Jlesi'O for thc prcmiit ..n ' p.ii:.'-Mc- adju-itRcnt of lt-c jiiat ilainis of o.,r cu 113 y:i tha: rcpublir. ' (In the iuetiot:."-'iall llii-. am n'i ';: ' 1 .'optid ' it was deterniiii' d in tlic I a votc of m-3", tnenty-four nay?. ttreiiM nni -1 -crv Senator on tl.i idc of :hi ciia'nl.i r wi. . ? j-ii'tii itf Mr. Johnson, ol JniNuma. 1 . n in thc nd rnintivc. Hcr". -ir. i.s ihc 1 . T ; -p i.:oi! of thc Whiu Ili" N nalc, tli.it t!.i- r r iu!!t i) to lic ).-o-oi u'cd wnh a ri to 1. -..i-i-Mtiim. bv romj'ics'. ofanv por;ioii of M X:c n terriwy. And Iurc. too, ; n . f-rrlcd or ' . n of t'o diinoira. i cf ibc Siiiat . ,ti-iritti o-ri n to tbat c. rc-eil by tl;- nbig Thc is n - l ,. rlv joincd rml to thc 1 ountrc I nni pe-f i-tl; v. .!, " to-u' nii'thc di-ii-i"i ol ih.- qui r.Hi." I b.i-.n -hoiin I thir.k. -ir. Iiy cudw w!m !i Si i:'fn on tl c o her.-ilc cf the -!.:ini'-crare not at li cr ty to di-pute, that u:i to ihe close ofthe fcist r--.'ion ot fonsns-. tl:- aripn-ition, by -on ,:i st cf Mri. " tirritnii. divowcd bv the i.xe u livc. AVbar. -Ir,"l , thc ibara. ter of tli- .irnoir' j For w'.at pornoje 1- f ' e proccuMl -w t.i 10 I i-rea-i c : -cr?y awi i v. 1 m t-ie niore v.'ai ; .r 5 ih- ii'rn'- ""'. J"V t- iI ! '7i'-." '? .,h- 1 s,,:,i'"! n 'T ? . . ... 11.1:- 01 111 r terri ory. iul il-..i-aad of l-ir ritorv 1 I'cmandtd. ii r, oir.nTi 1 llic war bc mr- than t'lr c I. j- flii, ti lO'i ' ! ! eruus - y,L ' . tl 1 -"ni.itelv r f 1 ,t -j- "1 r" ii-irc th. dive lr!i h. v n otrcn"' bv o r t,,- i-mnicnt. JleM- " Int". nrei'.l to ri c a (.'..nimU-i'mcr. to n ! ; ti -1 t'i ;nelion f.l'iOii' ' -rjr l tcvi-cn t' f to lov' mtii. nt-. int II c i r : cnc I nt a Muii'trr l'lciiipi t'-n;i.': . ntnl -,.1 n-- . t, i UiM : cnt-c-!-in. I.ov.i-. . r. f. tae aii.e t-r ti to roii-ne i.im ni i.c- cllllld lint, -ir. .bd -a. notieriil bc C". rcji-i f tw . Li. iii--io'rr I 1 1 t n-ai.i . v tt"- 'A 1 ,f hcr m,i .i. 1 ' N". ir. e rr- e 1 it rin-- an-d a it w.i ciiii 1:10 Moo-I ot Ii -r t riil v. aivn a'ld C i ilrc :. And vcii.it "T f' c ti nns of pcaic i.ffi-n d t-y our (;oeimi"it Thc-v'vf n-fir-t. tlu-IJio tiinih'c foroar vv. n l-onmiarv : secoiid.tbe 1 .'ssiuij tothc I'n.f'-d w of Nc-w Slcxic-o aod tl.c tv o Cuiifo-'ii - a. d thin!. a liht of 'vav nn.i - ' Ist'imu- "f J ii .'IiI'-jjci-. And.in 10.1 1! riti.iiiofihi.-t't. 1, ij. if roiii-i-.'.. d. we propn-t d. th t. to rc.,1'1- .. 1 1 i-laim ( r the cxiim ot t!n- war.. sci-cmi ! tu as- . . - 1 .. . 1 - - M-xicn (io-n.nu.ir. to he V t vjCCn..rt.) and tl.ird. to p,v SIp.m. ,p a bV ,:,..: .,., i m,v t f.-mtorr .! d .r..- t K ,l0rt:i ovcr aml alaire mir ch:;ms nr.cn 1 -r Uovcrmnerit. itie uni oiicreu oy air. Airst ts stateil to have bcn from liitren tolwenrv iim . oi of dolbrs and that, too, after our dcmand ' n-1 licen redueed to Ihe ultiinatmn of the I're- drr t Wc-H, ir, what wa thc rcply of Ihe M ica n Cor -ernmc'nt to onr deniHinU ! It was. in t! ' ' n aac of UicMcxic-anC'onimissioncrs to3!r Trist, -The cxijting war was nndcrtatcn s-.lely nn ac-count of thc tcrritorv ofthe State of Texii. n-spec-ting whirh. thc Xorth Ami'rican repu't ic reents as its title thc act of thc said State bv which it wa anncxedto the Xorth Amcricnucon fedcratinn. after Iuving proclaimcd its indepcnd cncc of Jiexiro. Thc Mexican republic ofuriivr (as wc have informed your cxrelln',y tocon eat fof a proper indcmuiflration, to pretcasion'5 cf the (iovcrnment of Yashinp:on to tho tcrritorr of Tcxas. thc causc of the uar has dinppearet and thc war ir.-clf otijtht to ccae, since tliere is no wrr rant for its connTniancc. To thc othcr tcrri'or-M tacntioned in the fonrth arth-lc of yonr cxt len-cv-'s draught, no risht has herc'ofore lcn ar-crt eii bv thc repuldirof Xordi Amcri' a. not ilu ito nclicve it possible for it to assert nny, rqnsinc"it lr. it could not aennire thcm cxccpt by thc ri,-ht of conipicit, orby the title which wrln-sn't fnnn tlie ce.f ian or salc whi.-h Mcxico misht now make, Dut. as we arc pcrsnaded. that thc rcpn'jlir of U"nbinrfon will not onlv aWlutclv n pel l:t ' . . . . . . and contrary to cvcry idi of j-ist war nron a pcopleforno otherjea.' rnnsc it refused to scd temtorvwh: cvcrv iiiwi 01 j-iiii.v, w je.ison tuan oc. which its neish- liors sought to bny, wc cxpcct froni thc jai of thc governmcnt anu people of Xorth Amcnc-.r. that thc ample inodification whkhwchave topri posc to thc cession of territory. contempratl in thc fonrth articlc. will not be a mntive to po ';t in n war which thc worthy General of ihe Xorth Amcrican troops has jostiv styled vnnatun l." In rcranl to tho Kio Oraride ai the westcnj ibouut&ry ofthe State cf TcxaSj and tSe ccs on 11 j '? r- i 1 i ,