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"IN TIIE DARK AND TROUBLED NIGHT TIIAT IS UPON US, TIIERE IS NO STAR ABOVE TIIE IIORIZON TO GIVE US A GLEA3I OF LIGIIT, EXCEPTING TIIE INTELtlGENT, PATRI0T1C WIIIG PARTY OF TI1E UNITED STATESr-Vi'EDSTzr..
MIDDLEBURY, VERMONT, TUESDAY MORNING, APRIL 18, 1843. NUMRER 51. L VOLUME xn. II. BELL, EDITOR AND I'ROrRIETOR. JOSEni II. BARRETT, Associate Editor. TERMS OF VOLUME XII. Yillage subscrihcrs, ------- S2,00 MiiH subscribcrr, witliin tlic Statc, - - - S1.50 lf notpaid within the ycar, ----- SI,"5 Mail subscribers out of thc Statc, - - - S2.00 Individuals and Companics who lake at thc office, $1,50, or S1.75 if not paiil within thc year. Those who take of Postridcrs, - - - - S2,00 If not paid at the cnd of tht ycar, - - - $2.25 Xo papcrs discontinucd until arrcaragcs are paid, cxccpt at the option of the proprietor. No rtntract with, or payment madc to Carricrs, cash, kccpinc;, or otherwisc, allowcd, exccpt asscnted to bv tlie proprictor. AU communications must bc nddrcsscd to thc cJuorl'osT I'aii. JUSTUS COBB, ri:iXTEK, BT ffnOM ALL KISDS OK EOOK ASD JOB rnlNT 1XC WILL EK EXECUTED OX snor.T notice. TIIE MLDXlGHT WIND. ET V5!. JIOTI1ERWELL. Mourufully! O, mournfully The midnight wind doth sigh, Like fome swcet plaintivc melody Of ngcs long gone hy: lt speaks a tale of othcr ycars Of hopcs that bloomcd to dic Of sunny smilcs that sct in tcars. And lovcs tliat mouldcring lie ! Monrr.fully! O, mournfully This midnight wind doth moan; lt Btirs fomc cbord of memory In cach dull Iieavy tonc: The voiccs of tlic much-loved dcad Seem floalingthcrcupon All, all my fond hccrt chenMicd Urc dcalhhad made it lotic Mnnrnfully ! O, mounifiilly This midnight wind doth swcll, "Viili its quaint pensivciiiinstrclsy Hopc's passionatc farcwt-U To thc drcamy joys of carly ycars, Ere yet grief s cankcr fcll On the hcan's bloom ay ! wcll niay tcars Start at ths parting knU ! H-'-rigs in Halifax," says tlic Livcrpool Al liiuii, " arc now butchercd un:ler th iutluenco of rhlorofonn, and dic in bliss." C7-One person nsked anothcr if hc bclicvcd in tlic appcarance of spirits. -No," was thc rc-plv;-lmtl hclicvc in their Ji"sujwmi.rf. for J liave missed a bottle of gin sincc last night" Kj" In thcmiddlc ages, inFrancc,apcrsoncon virtcd of bcing a calumniator was coudcnined to place himself on all fours, aud batk like a dogfor u (marter of an liour. An A rrr.NTtvE Hcsband. Snrh wn the liastpuith wiiicl.the fumily ol Li.ui Phitip- ner lufi liis prrlty litlle wil'e Iichmd hiaiii: ihe ttrectsol I'ans, wiiliout a protector. Cool. HudFon, the lccmrrr on Slink rpcarn, in addrcssing the pcnple of Law rcnce the otlierevening.liegaii tlius: "T.n.Hn and Gcntlcmcn 1 lcar I have in.uie a ivrongEi-lfctioii IV" among my lec- tr iliinevcnir.2. lliclact i, Boraooi my lecmren are npon topicfl whicli reqnirc r considrrablp ilcgrce 01 iniorinauiHi, iu u,. prcrale tlicm." r-,vn JrTEr.-Us. A lettcrin 'hc Bos- ton Ailvortiifr, firom I'nris. elntcs tlialtliP Frcnch Repnhlic will prnhahly adopl a Con stiluiion citnilar to that oi the Uniied StatcE a President and t.vo Chamucrs. Cui-CHING AND I-ISMKG A LOVER. Four pirls 'vcre recentfy arrcftod in thr villa"c uf Odcll, Bedfordshirp, (Enp.J for fsik-Mnsrncnt lull ol j.ms and tnen biiriiinir lier alivc Tlic rrycl dced was pcrlbriucd nc .n rhnrm. to af'ccrtatM tlie coiutanry ofa lover oronenl.alio girls. The Eiipcrstitmn was that il ihelovcr was raiihrul lie would nppcar to the irl in hei uri-.ams. 1 lie par fid cach. " Tlic finc wonld probably Iiave the cfTer.t to rifttrov thc rharm and ninkc thcm dreani of ronstablcs anil treadnnlls. Ti.,oPitiiTPi.c' "Famii.y. T.ouis rhil- i -j . . innc marricd Amelia, daughtcr of tbc Kmg of OIl'UV, in lOUJ. J-UCU ''""" T ;'-,. -n.-;fo nf r.pnnold. Kinsr of Belsium, born lfl2, Louis, Duke of Xemour?, liorn 1814, marricd Qucen Victoria's husband's cousin Alaria Clcmontina, born 1S17 Admiral Fran-T:-. .Tmvillp. liorn 1818. marncd sistcr Ilenrv. Dukc of Aumalc, born 1S22 Anthony, Duke of Montpensier, born 1824, marricd tho Qucen of . .'. . r.r lntp T)nke of Orleans, are the Count dc Paris, agcd 10, and the Duke ot Chartres, ageU i. A CaT MAT I.OOK AT A KlXG. Puticll saya thisisa Tcry nncieni maxim; but,if Kings do not take care,it will bccome obsolcte, for tbough it may be always true tliat a cat may look at a King, the time may comewhen a cat must look very sharp lndced to tina one. It was said of the late Mr. Bell, of thc Tlnr F.nrrlnndMhathc wrote thrce rsvcral liands, one of which no one could rcad but himself, another which lns Cicrc couiu rcau and hc could not ; and a third which nobody couia rcau. "I wish rou would glvc me that gold rinj on your fingcr," said villaje dandr to a coun try girl, "for it rcsembles the duration of mr love toryou Jt nasno cna. ".xcusemesir, aid she," "I choosc to keep it, for it islikeuise omblcmatical of mino for you it haj uo bc ginning." 1" Mrs. Janc Moodyadrcrtises In the Bos- ton Journal that her liusband has abandoned hcr, although ihe has "borne hini twclvp. chil lrea and never gave hini an angry word, not withtanding his frenuent ill uge." Jane has actcd fully up to the injunction "bcar and forbear." '"I am much strack by your peculiar wayi," & tho nail said to the carpentcr. PAGANEfl AND MARIANA. A dreaii November night had lowercd ovcr the Grcat Babcl London. The chill autumnal mist swaycd heavily in tbc air, and bung in dew-drops from the slanting eaves. Thero was no brilliancy in the lightcd shops, and naught savc the sullcn glarc from the lamps abovc ; and houscless dogs crept shivering into door-wavs, and houscless want huddlcd itsclf beside thcm on the stones while hastily and chcerlessly the human currcntpass ed onward, longing for the warm chimney corner, wherc wcll known faces would revive the spirits, and mcrry voiccs ring musically round thc hcarth. Thc pale milliner trippcd lightly on her way. and forgot her palpitating heart and blecding fingers in the joy of cmancipation, froin the toilthat was destroying her. Slcek Fashion rolleu on its carriagc cusbions along the thoroughfare, and, yawr.in.3 its last yawn, becamc senMble to external objects. Tawdry Vice leurcd from the vagrant's cye.and iturdy Labor elbowcd its way along the Irotloir all, the prince and the peasant, tbe good and the bad, pursued their paths in silcnt haste all, save the poor mendicant musician, who stood plaving unhecded to the busy crowd. "Unnotcd, indccd ! for what had the throng insr wavfarers todo with music onsuch a night? Though his inelodics might awakcn visions of many a land of sunny France, in thc age of chiviiliy ot thc latticed bowers ot spain, anu the rustic pipings that floated ovcr Tyrolcan hills what were tlicse to the prosaic citizcns of'Chcpe?' Yet tho player did not droop, thougli his efforts and thcy were of feeblo f kill cxcited little charity in the multitudc. Again and a gain hc rcsumcd thc violin witb freshcnrd cn ergy, until his framc tremblcd with cold, and the spirit of Hope gradually retrcated bcforc Dcspair. Thcu he swept the ravcn curls from his brow ; and, while thc night dew K)d- dcncd into his frame, he bcnt despondingly o- vcr thc instrunicnt. " Xo pity for thcc, Mariana 1" hc muttcrcd, tcarfully: "nothingto sootho thc agony and sweat nftlivdyiugmomeuts! Ab,ivhydid wc leave Italy'?' " "Youcomo from Italy?" f aid a strangcr, approarhing thc poor musician. Si, iignor," answcrcd thc player, and he looked nnploringly upon thc qucstioner. "AVc are ftom the banks of thc bright Amo my iiiter and I, signor, and the dcath-strokc is on hcr. Oh, hclp me, hclp me, for the sakc of M ariana !" " Mariana !" exclaimed thc jtrangcr, with a sudden ftart. So wild and ogitatcd had his wholocoun tcnance grown at thc mcntion of that namc, that a llash of lightning could scarcclr have illuminatcd his features with moro ficry lus trc. Thc musician garcd carncstly upon tlie form bcfore him, but saw nothing to explain thc intercst it had cxcited. Tlic strangcr was slight, cicn to attenuation ; his hair hung down his shoulilcrs in thick mafses;and it was not until he turned from thc palc, meagrc chcck to tho black eye and olive complcxion, that the gazcr rccognized somc of tho traits of a country-man. " I seu it now, signor !" f aid tho musician : " you arc trom Italr ; von too, navc uwcu m u . .. ... " " , - ., t t r. iny bpautitul riorcnce, ucmuc mc iinio. is u not so " I havc," was thc faltercd rcply. " Ah ! thcn vou know how sad it is to an- guish for home, whcn occans roll bctwccti the ioot and its nativc ioil. And she, continucu thc mu3cian " she ravcs of the fkics of It aly in the deliriuni of hcr parting soul our poor stnckcn M ariana: lou start at that namp, sisnor '." " It rccals," said thc itranger, "an ccho of youtb.a forgottcn urcam lct it jiass '. His tlnn wlutc lianus waiulerecl ovcr lns face as if to shut out the world for a momcnt, or hidc somc ficeting cmotion. " But you are in want," he ndded, aftcr a pause; "thcn I will aid vou, for thc lovc of It- alv awt ol jlaxvina. And, as the last words crcpt from hu lips in the faintest whisper, he took the violin from tho musician's hand, and slouching bis hat o- vcr his cycs, assumeu a jxisition beside him on the curb. ' With somclhing of astonithmcnt, but more of the Ittlos apathy of dcspair, the poor play er yicldeu witliout a rcmark. Anu tlie stran trcr wipcd the damp miit fiom tlic strings, and tuncd tbe lustrumcnt alresn, until at last all was preparcd. Thcn it fcll into the hollow of his brcast he raiscd the magie stick witb a triumphant gesturc, and a burst of impcluous harmony came like a torrent upon the bystan dcrs. Ah ! ah ! thc spirit flf mnsic has found its master ccnius now ! It quails bcfore him : it opens its richcst harmonies with the hand of a prodigal. Js ine gowcn f uowcr ieii on i;anac, lalls the stream of melody at the touch of thc stranger. Like thc low wail of an infant's lamenlation like the joyous laugb of an Ital ian lazzaronc like tho soft whispcrof a maid en who tells her love like the mournful sigh for one lovcd, but lost, stcal tho golden notes from the Cremona. Every passion has found a voice, cvcry thought of Love, or "War, or Kcstlessncss, or 1'c-ace, now flashcs from the strings in cadcnccs of uncarthly skill. Aiid Orphcus has charmed the inanimatc things of clay. Ifirst onc and thcn anothcr pauscs tolistcn in bewildermcnt; and thc fcw become many, and thc poor musician's hat jrows heavy with the coins that pour in. Lit tle sympatby had the multitude with his sor row'or famine, but thcypay him now, as thcy would a succcssful mountebank, and he ac knowlcdged it with grateful tcars. Suddcnly the stranger, who had givcn no symptoms of surprisc at his succcss, came to a pause. IIc returned the violin to thc player, arrested a public vehicle that was passing, and motioncd his companion to entcr. "Whither wilt thou lcad me now?" askcd the musician, as they hurried through the crowd. " To Mariana !" rcplied tho stranger; and thcy drovc silently away. f'ollowinir the "direetion pointed out bv the muflcian.they tbreadcd dcnousjtracks through out the maze of the great city. And far from thc haunts of wealth, in a narrow.lonely strect, whcre tbc darkncss was doubly jdrear, their conveyance drew up, and the musician alight cd, followcd by the stranger. They found admission by a key whicb was produccd by tliotenant, and mounted the cra zy stairs for jsome distance. At lcngth the musician stop'pcd at a chambcr door. IIo lis tcned, but all was still. Somc anguish shook him: somo drcad to uncounter thc miscry within, madc him trcmble ; but, at a signal from the stranger, hc opcncd the door, and thcy ftole noisclesJy into the apartmcnt. It required no second glancc to tcll that it was the chamber of tho dyiDg. There was a character about the disarray m which every thing was scattcred; thero was a charnel breath in the atmosphere that hung around tbe lowly couch, which spokc in plainest tcrms of the grave. Tho musieian drew asido tho curtains, so that the lamp fcll upon the- occupant of thc bed, revcaling a fcmale form of rarcst beauty. The approach ofdeath hadrcft nochann from that matchlcss countenance, which sccmed to havc gathercd up its lustrc in one cxpiring flashof lovcliness; but the long dark hair streamed in cbony waves along thc pillow,and hereyes were closcd with the exhaustion that suqcecds pain. " She slecps," said thc poor mnsician,knccl ingbeaide her;"and hcrdrcamsare not of this world, for shc sccms happy.'' As ho spokc, a burning sinilc lit up tho wan fcaturcs of thc girl. Thc musician was so wrapt in his watchfulncss of her face, that he saw not the agony which shook tho stran-"cr. Still by hcr sidc, the watchcr smoothcd hcr pillow, and urcw togetbcr thc wanacnng tres scs with childlikc fondness. While ho busied himself in thcsc officcs of a dcvoted lovc, her countenance grew yct more bright, and an m explicable splcndor playcd around her parted lips. Suddcnly her cycs opcncd ; she started up from hcr couch, and, swceping thc dishevelled hair from hcr forchcad, cazed wistfully around. Thc stranger stcppcd forward from the shad- ow in wluch be liau stood : nor cycs lcit upon him, and she uttered ir wild shriek of joy. "ltUhi!" she cricd, and hcr arnis clung round his ncck hcr hcad sank upon his breast with cnraptured gladness, "it is he! the lost lover who was mine in happy Florence. Did I not say that hc would coino again, to rest upon my bosom?" " .Mariana!" said thc stranger, while tears fell from his eyelids like summcr rain ; " look at me ; say that you forgivc that you will yet be mine 1" Again thc unutterablo splcndor rested upon her lips. " And you havc won fame," sho continued, witbout hceding his last words ; " I forctold that. 'What could arrcst thc gcnius of Paga- m ! ' " Whr speak of famo now ?" cafpcd thc listcncr through bissobs; "tcll me of yourself, .Mariana tliat vou will vetlive to blcss me. " Hush !" she exclaimed, interrupting him with a hastv "csturc. Her cyes grew fixcd : shc prcsscd him closcr to her fluttcring heart. " Xlicy tolu mc you wcro iaisc, snc wnispcreu in his car : "but it was not so : you lovc rac now : you bavc loved mccvcr, anu wc sball mect a train !" Y e will ncver part : cxciaimcux acanini, clasping hcr frantically, as if to arrest her wa- vcnng spint by tbe bonds ot luscmbracc; "lct my homc bc thinc ; and our hands shall be u nitcd, as our souls havc cvcr becn. Tell mc that you will livc, Mariana, to be mine 1" "1 tcill bc thinc, shc murmurcd faintly; "1 tcill be lliine in ir. heavcn !" And hcr hcad sanc forward until tho chcck touched his. A slight quivcr crcpt through hcr framc ; a long deep-drawn sigh cscapcd. and hcr loving ipirit had flown. It was but thc dust of Mnnana that lay foldcd in the arms ot 1 aganim ! FltAXCE ASTi IIEK ItEVOLUTIOX LET TEU FKOM AN AMERICAX IX TARIS TO IIOX. JOHN P. IIALE. Corrcspondencc of thc Tributic. "WASinxoToy,April 2, 1848. I have jnst becn favorcd with thc pcrusal of an intcrcsting kttcr, addrcsscd to Hon. Johk 1'- Hai.e, by an cmincnt Xcw England Clcrgyman, now in l'aris, nnd who wos a spectator lo the in tcrcsting cvents rcccntly occurring in that city He says: "Xo ono who is not fullr aware of tbc supposcd strcngthandrcsourccsof l.ouiil'liilinpe. can conccive how wondcrful thcsc cvents havc bccn. l'crhaps thcrc nevcr has bccn a monarch more shrcwd and worldly-wise than Iic, or who has )ccn moro succcsmuI m all bc undcrtook ; a finc family ; n f ubserricnt House of Pccrs and Deputics ; immense wcaltli ; all his pohry m rc card to oilicr national aHairs succcssful :" Bclgi um ruled bv UU fon-in-law; Spain dcstmcd to bt nilcd by his daughtcr-in-law ; Austria. Itussia, Kn"Ian"d, oiTcrin'' no oppontion to Iil- sclicmcs : tlic war in Algiers just endcd. and 100,000 troops witliin call, and thus girt with fortifications which his crafthad crcctcd wliatbad hcto fcar? Xothing, he thought. Tucsday, Fcb. 22, he cx jircsscd to an Englisb gcntlcman all tlie time in tlic highcst spirits thc conlidence that thcsc facts inspircd, nor arcamca ot a cnangc ot poncy. Thursdav. at noon, he ficd from lns palacc and departcd in an omnibus, unattcndcd savebytno or tlircofollowcrs, in such haste tliat hc took not evcn a change of clothcs.and was obligcd to havc a subscription takcn up to dsfray Iiis cxpcnscs to England, whcre hc has jut arnvcd wcary and wnrn wiili his iournev in a fisliin-boat and a lorromd pca-jackct. Iiis palacc is a hospital for noor workmcn: (I saw them thc otbcr day smo- kinc: their pipcs in thc thronc-ro&m.) and mcn in smock frocks sit in thc seats of Pccrs dcliberating on the afTairs of the Heputlic 'Jloro wondcrful still, i. e. to those who havc no faith in tbe peoplc, property is as safe, (thus far,) and ordcr and peace prcvail cvcrywhere, as tully as was tne casc wncn at cvcry tum onc met an armcn pouccman. "Xo la'nsuasre can do iustice (eventhe Englisb. who love not Kcpublics, say this) to the -nholc condnct of the pcople. "Wlien the tidings ramc on Thnrsday night that Paris lay as abiolutcly at tliemerry of the moii as ltwas possiDie to con ccive : tliat some 50,000,000, mostl v of the low- cst clasp, and who had bccn for the last fcw montbs no'.onouslv in ereat distrcss, were para ding thcstrccts, and that nothing under Heavcn, at lcast lor thatnignt, was ociwccn incm ana an thc wealth of Paris but tlieir own will ; many thouch nonc of ns were in any fear must have fclt frichtcncd cnonsh. l-.verv storc was clcarcd, cvcry door barrcd. Tliat night passcd ofl, and so h'avc subseqncnt nights, in pcrfcct sccurity ; anu now l'ans. as respccts ousiness anu picasurc. is very much as it always was. v c are protcct cd bv thoso of whom almost cvcrr onc was a- fraid. Thc roval palaccs wcro roughlv treatcd at first, butaquartcr of an honrhad not passcd bcfore mcn (in tatters and probably hungry) were nosted to nrotcct thc property, and no one was al lowcd to carry away anything. ValuaMes.wortb. tbousands of dollars, wcrc carneu to tne puwic treasury, bv mcn who probably kncw not wherp " , - "... " T.l .11 to gct a lnorsci lor lac jnurruw. aiuauic Church ornaments were rcvcrcntly carricd to a ncighboring place of sccnrity. "Chiist is the master of us all.brethrcn," said onc, and the rcst bowed their hcads as the articlcs were borne ly. Sixtv thousand dollars. or more, wcro earricd throutrh the ranks of thc mob, tlic ncxt day. pnarded bv somc halfdozen workmcn. Thcsc arehut two ortlirce out of a hundrcd of such il lostrations. Tlien. too. thcirmcrcy was wonder ful. The Municipal Guards actcd with the most atrocious cruclty: they killcd sevcral (as I saw with my own eycs), who were advancing with nnnn lmt ihe mo'st fricndlv intcntions. Yct the pcople, in almost every inrtancc, whcn theygot thcm in theimowcr. sparcd their livcs. There was always some One to say, "Thev are onrbroth crs still." "Thc Amcricans, cvcn the merolv fnvolous, faskionablo and conscri-alive, I am clad to say, bave sympathized almost to a man, with this grand movcment. uur mimsicr was uic iirsi io recognize thc new Govcrnmcnt, and wc are to go in a body, somc 250, to-morrow, mercly as ri vate citizens of coursc, to concratulate, &c. The address which is to be dclivered would have bccn much strongcr, but a Sonthern membcr of thc Committec objccted to ccrtain cxprcssions a- bout tho nyht o all lo lioerly : w Alio grcar man of the Govcrnmcnt is Lamartlnc. Hc is cminently a Pcace man. Onc of his first mcas ures was to urocurc the passace of an act for- bidding capital pnnishracut against political of- rendcrs. All secms hopciui. mcworsi signs are the rapiditv of convcrsions in thc circlcs oftbeCourt nnd a'mong thc officials; and thc demands of the workingmcn, tincturcd as they are by Communism and Fouricrismj still, 1 would rathcr scc a good deal of mischief follow than have tbese noble lcllows tana mey are ny far the most honest clasi) chcatcd out of what they havc bought (thcy did almost all thc figbt ing) by their blood, as thcy were in the last Itcvoliition. I bclieve thc Kincr dcservcd his fate. Theyhavcpostcdnpapraycr.which, though rathcr irrevcrcnt. is so gooa mai x ticiu to the temptation of scnding it. It is this : "Onr Lord, who icast at tho Tuileries, forgottcn be thy namc, thy will be witbout cfiect, in thc Provinccs as in Paris. Xeave us onr daily papcrs, and forgivc ns our victory, as wc forgive thy obstina cy ; and count not upon tbe balls of thy Muni cipal Guard, and delivcrus from thy prcsence as quick as possible. Wc ask it in the name of thc IlepuUic .- Amen.' "Whcre will tho end be of tho progrcss of Itcpublicanism, if arniics cannot pro tcct Kings, and tho pcople manu est cvcrywucre such noblcness a3 have this noble pcople !" SPEECII OF MR. TJPIIAM, OF YEIIMOXT, ON TIIE TEN REGIMENT BILL, AND THE MEXICANWAR. Dtlivercd intlie Scnate of the Unitcd Stales, Feb. 15, I84S. (Concludcd.) Ilerc, sir, wc bavc not only a full endorse mpnt of hr. Yan Burcn a views aaainst anncx- ation, but a strong argumcnt showing that Mcxico and lcxas were at war, anu that the adoption of the mcasure would makc us a par ty to thc war, and compcl us to bring it to a conclusion, cither by ncgotiation or by arms. tV'cll, sir, as the northcrn dcmocracy anticipa tcd, the "firc-brand" was thrown into Congrcss. On tbc 22d of April, 1844, President Tyler transmitted to the Scnate, for ratiGcation, a treaty annexing tho republic of Texas to the United Statcs. And what was its fate? Why sir, it was rejccted by a votc of 1C ycas to 33 navs. Every dcmocratio Scnator from the north, witb the cxccption of 3In "Yoodburj-, from New nampshirc, votcd against it. Thc rcjec-tion, of the treaty, howevcr, was but a temporary dcfeat of the mcasnrc. Thc Balti more Convcntion, asscmblcd for thc purposc of nominating democratic candidatcs for Presi dent and Yice Presidcut,took the foreign rc lations of thc countrv in charco, and rcsolvcd upon tho re-annexation of Texas and thc rc occupation of Orcgon. How, Mr. Piesidcnt, was this resolution rcccivcd by the northcrn dcmocracy ? New York rcbelled at once. Thc lcadcrs of thc party camo out in a circu lar dcnouneing it as an unauthoriscd intcrpo- lation into the democratic crccd and rciuscd to sustain it M r. Yan Buron, their favorite candidatc for thc Prcsidcncy, bad bpcn rejcet cd bv that convention for his omiosition to an- nexation ; and Mr. Polk, known to bc fricnd- Iy to tho measurc, had rcccivcd tlie Homma tion. In this condition of things, it was a work ofsome diflicultv to rcconcilc thc dcmocracy of New York to thc nominces of thc convcn tion. But difiicult as the task sccmed, it was at lcngth accoraplisbcd. Thc honorable Silas Wright, who was a membcr of thc Scnate in 1844, and had votcd against tho treaty of an- ncxation, and who was known to bc strongiy opposcd to thc mcasure, was nominated as a candidatc for govcrnor. This nomination re .... . " -. . .i,t conciled tbe dcmocracy to votc lor iur. xoik, provided no democratic nicmbpr of Congrcss should bc clcctcd who was not nlcdgcd against anncxation. Thc ncws of this arrangcmont of family difiiculties in New York wa3 soon con- vcycd to thc rvcw Jngland dcmocracy. ir Wright's nomination, it was said, would sccurc New York to Mr. Polk, and New England mut come in and sustain the party. Oppo- sition to anucxation soon began to dic away, and. in a fcw wecks. thc wholc democratic party wheclcd into the ranks and gave their support to tbe nominces ot tbe convcntion. Ivow, sir, to keep up the party character of tlie mcasure, I will go back to tbo resolution of an ncxation. In thc wintcr of 1845, aftcr the elcc-tinn-nfMr. Polk. a ioint resolution was intro- duccd into thc llousc of ltcprcsentativcs for thc anncxation of Texas to tbe Unitcd Statcs, and. on thc same day, I bclieve, a resolution for thc same purposc was lntrounccd into the oenatc. On the 25th of Januarv, thc tcst votc was takcn on the resolution in thcllousc of Kcprcsentativcs, and it was passcd Ycas, 1 13, Xays, 10C, every whig in the House, with tlie cxccption of thrce from Tcancsscc, two trom ucorgia, and one irom Alabama, votingin thc ncgativc. Thc House resolution came to thc Scnate, and the honorable Scnator from Alabama, (Mr. Bag- br,) aniong othcrs, made an ablo spcech against it He dcnicd thc constitutional powcr of Con grcss to bring rato tho Union a foreign State, by ajoint resolution ; tliat powcr, hc maintained, bc lon?ed cxclusivclv. to anotlicr branch of thc gov- emment, viz : thc treaty making powcr. Aftcr tbis avowal of tbe benator irom jviauama. tnat hc could not support the resolution as it came fiom thc House, Mr. Walkcr, thcn a Scnator from Mis sissiDni. movcd an amcndment confcrrinc; upon the President the powcr to withhold thc resolu tion, if in his judgmcnt and discrction, he should dccm it mostadvisablc, and to ncgotiatc vith the republic of Texas for hcr admission into the Un ion. Tbc amendmcnt was adoptcd. A motion was thcn madc, by a Scnator on this sidc of the chamber, to stnkc out thc nrst and second sec tions of the resolution and confine the President to ncgotiation alono forthc acquisition of thc country. This measure was opposcd and dcfcat ed the Scnator from Alabama voting with the majority. The resolution was thcn passed by a voteot 27 ycas, to nays, cvcry democratic acn ator votinir in thc afiirmativc, and every whij Scnator, with the cxccption ofMr. Hendcrson, from JIusissippi, Jlr. Johnson, from J)uiuna and Jlr. Jlcrrick, from Man-land, voting in the .ncgativc. Mr. BAGBl. I donot suppose for momcnt fhatthcScnator intends to do me thc slightcst in jnsticc,irfTcfc?cncc to what I said tlien or at any time. Wliat I thcn said was, and I Tcpcat it now that I never wonld vote for tho resolution? as they came from thc House of ltcprcsentativcs, but that I wonld vote for tlie proposmon as amcnucd by the Scnate. I disclaimcd thc idea of its bcing indispcnsably nccessary to anncz Texas by trca tv. but said it misht be done by treaty, of coni' pact, and citcd thc compact bctwccn thc Unitcd Stitcs t nd Georgia, in 1802, as a casc in point. Mr. UPIIAM. The Scnator opposcd the resolution as it came from tue llousc. Mr. BAGBY. Decidcdly. Mr. UPIIAM. No consiueration could in- ducc mc to misrepresent thc honorable Scna tor in any spcccli ue Has mauc, or any votc ue has givcn upon this qujstion. I alludcd tothe spcech and votesofthe Scnator for the pur posc 'of showing that tbe first and second sec tions of thc resolution prcsented to the repub lic of Texas, never had a majority of thc Scn ate in their favor. Thc democratic Senators from tho North who voted auainst anncxation in 1844, votcd for it in 1845. Now, what happcned intlie uine njonths that elapscd bctween the rejec tion of the treaty and the passagc of thc reso lutiou, to change tlieir mindsupouthcsubject? crc thc obiections urgcd against thc mcas ure less formidable iu 1845 than they were in 1844 i Was anncxation lcss obiectionable to thc dcmocracy of thc North aftcr it becamc a party mcasure than bcfore it assumcd a puty character? Thesa aro questions worthy of conidcration, and on somc convcnicnt occa sion I hopc they will be answered. The resolution of anncxation having passcd both IIouscs of Congrcss, President lyler, on the 1st of March, 1845, approved it ; and the ncxt day hc scnt otF his mesicngcr witb db-ec- tions to submit thc first and second section3 of tbe resolution to the republic of Texas, as an ovcrturc for her admission, as a Statc, into our Lniou. In this condition olatlairs, i rcsidcnt Tyler rctired, and thc new administration came into power; and what, sir, was thc first act of the new President ? It was to declarc bis aproval of thc resolution for thc anncxa tion of Texas, and to assure thc country that, in his opinion, our titlc to tho Orcgon country was "clcar and unqucstionablc." But, sjr, it has bccn said by Scnators, on thc other sido of thc chamber, that President Polk is in nowisc rcsjwnsible for thc manner of anncxation. Tho Scnator from Tcnncssec, (Mr. Turncy.) in his speecb thc othcr day, said that anncxa tion took place under thc Tyler administra tion ; that President Polk liad no conncxion witb it or powcr ovcr it ; that Mr. Tyler, in tho last hours of his administration, sclccted thc mode of anncxation, and thercby dcpriycd the new administration of the power to with hold thc resolution and negotiate for tho ac quisition of thc country. Mr. President, thc honorable Scnator is la boring under a grcat mistakc in this mattcr. Mr. Polk bad as much to do in sclectmg thc modc of anncxation as Mr. Tyler. IIc not on ly approved of the procccdmgs of President Tyler, but dirccted our Charge d'Aflaires in Texas to prcscnt thc first and second sections of tlic resolution to that republic for her ac ccptancc. Tho messagc of Dcccmbcr 2, 1845, will scttlc this question. Thc President says: "In pursuancc of the joint resolution of Con ercss, for annexing Texas to thc Uniied Statcs, my preucccssor, on tne tniru uay oi marcu, 1S45, clectcd to submit tho first and second sec tions of that resolution to the Republic of Tex as, as an ovcrturc, on thc part ot tbe Unitcd States, for hcr admission as a State into our Union. This cleclion I approved, and accor dingly the charge d'afiairsof thc Uniied States in Texas, under instructions of the 10th of March, 1815, prcsented thcsc sections of thc resolution for tho acccptancc of that republic." Here, Mr. President, isa full approval of all thc proccedings of Mr. Tyler, touehing thc manner of anncxation. Thc first and second sections of thc rcsolutions were prcsented to Texas for hcr aceeptancc, under instructions from President Polk, givcn scvcn days aftcr Mr. Tylcr's term of ofiicc had cxpired. Mr. Polkw'as not bound by thc proccedings of his predcccssor. Hc had full powcr to withhold the resolution, and procecd by ncgotiation, if hc prcferred that mode of acquisition. But, Mr. President, it is time to lcavc this branch of tbe subjcct, and piss to thc order of thc 13th of January, 184G, ftr thc march of the army from Corpus Chrisli, to thc left bank ofthc Bio Grandc. This ordcr, in my judg mcnt, was an act of Exccutivc nsurpation,and the immediate cauc of tho war. If ourarmy had rcmained at Corpus ChrNti, thc acquisi tion of Texas would, to use thc languagc of tho President "Havc bccn a bloodlcss achicvcmcnt No arm offorcc would havc bccn raiscd to produce tbo result. The sword would have had no part in the victory." The resolution of anncxation declarcs : 'That Congrcss doth conscnt, tliat the territory propcrlv included within and rightfully bclong ing to the Kcpublicof Texas, maybc crectcd iuto a new statc, &cn in order ihat the same may be admitlcd as onc of the States of this"Lnion Said State to be formcd. subjcct to thc adjust mcnt bv this Govcrnmcnt of all iincstions of boundary that may arise with other Govcrn lncnts." Itappcars on thc f.ice of the resolution, tliat a portion ofthc territory claimcd by the Republic of Texas was in dispute, and might not propcrlv bclongtohcr, and that hcr right to the di.-putcd territorv wasa qucstion to be scttled by this Gov crnmcnt aud Mcxico. Tbe Repnblic of Texas had, bv hcr act of Congrcss, passcd in Dcccmbcr, 183C, Jcclarcd thc Itio Grandc, from its mouth to its sourcc, be to her southwcstcm boundary ; but shc had not, at that time, nor at the time tlic res olution of anncxation was pascd, posscssion of an v portion of the country west of tbc Nucccs, cx ceiit a small scttlcmcnt on the wcstcrn banks of that rivcr. Thc wholc country, bctwccn thc Nu eccs and the ltio Grandc, as I shall show bcfore I resume mv scat, with tlie cxccption of the small scttlcment mcntioncd, was in ppsscsion of Mcxi co and claimcd as n part of hcr republic. ow, sir what was the duty ofthc President mrcgard to this matter ? What arc his powcrs in thc ad justnicnt of intcrnational conlrovcrsies t Thcy arcpacific; not bclligcrent. His instrumcntali tics arc diplomatic agcnts; not annics and navics. Hemakcs contracts and trcatics with foreign "ovcrnmcnts; but hc has no authouty, witbout thc conscnt of Congrcss, to call on thc military powcr of the country to enforcc tlieir pcrform ancc. Hc is, it is true, commandcr-in-dncf of the armv andnavy, but hchasno authonty to cmploy thcm against a foreign nation for any pnrposc whatcvcr, without tbc ordcr of Congrcs?.- flie wholc war-making powcr is, by the Constitution, Iod"cd in Congrcss. And Congrcss alone is con stitutionallv invcstcd with the powcr of cbanging thc condition of tbe country from pcacc to war. This was thc opinion of Mr. JefTcrson, as cx prcssed to Congrcss in his confidcntial mcssagc ofDccemlH:r9,IE05, inregard to a qucstion of dispntcd boundary bctwccn the United btatcs and Spain, growing out of our Louisiana pur chasc. Aftcr nearlv five months of rruitlesscndeavor," savsMr.JetTcrion, "our minister cndcd Uic con fcfcnccs, widiout bcing able tofobtain indcmnuy for spoliations of any dcscnption, or any satis factionas to the boundarics of Iwisuina, othcr than a dcclaration tliat we had no nghts castward oftllcIbcrvic.', n , "Con-sidering thnt Congrcss alonc i, contim tionallv invcstcd wiih thc power of AJSins J condition from pearc to war, I havc thought it mydutrtoawait their a.uhontr for nsmS forco in any'dcgrce which could bcavoidcd. Thi Mr President, .is sound constitutional doSnc, and if Mr. Polk had followcd n the fbotsteps ofhisillustrious predeceor this mr world bave been avoidcd. It was the duty of Uio Sent to scttle this qucstion of d.sputcd boun dary with Mcxico, by ncgotiation if he ccrald, but if his cflorts failcd, it was cqnally his dutv to in fonn Congrcss oftlicfact, and ajvait their authori ty for marching thc army on (b the dispntcd ter ritory. Congrcss was in scssion, and could have bccn consulted witbout the lcast-inconvcnience. The grouud I assurac is, that the Territory bc twccn thc Nucces aud tlie ltio Grandc lcing dis putablcrand most of it in posscssion of .Mcxico, tbc President had no right to take forcible posscs sion of it, cvcn if it rightfully bel6nged to the State of Texas, without anthority from Congrcss. We have had many questions ot disputcd boun dary' with foreign nations, and nJ adiiiinistration. cxccnt the prescnt, cvcr thoncht of taking forci ble p"osscssion of the nndispntcd territorv. Our nortbeastern tionndary was in dispute from tbe pcacc of 17S3 to 1842, and noattempt was made by any of our Prcsidents to take posscssion, by lorcc, ot thc territory we claimcd. iiut, -ur. President. various prctcnccs havc bccn set np to justify the march of our army to tho lcft bank of tbo Jtio urandc. Ihe honorable' fcenator trom Maryland, (Mr. Johnson,) in his cloqucnt sjiccch upon tbis qucstion said, that thc Unitcd Statcs had rcccivcd tbe republic ofToxas into thc U nion wilhout nntcccdcutlv dcfining Iicr bounda rics, and under a constitution includingtbe dispn tcd territorv: and. thcrcfor. thev were liound todcfcnd it Sir, tbe constitution of Tcxas,form- cd aficr thc passagc of tlic resolution of aunexa tion, and nnder which -eho was admitlcd as a Statc of this Union. did notdcfiuc hcr southwcs tcm bonndary thnt was lcft nn opcn qncstion to be scttled by ncgotiation betwecn tbe Unitcd Statcs and "icxico. Again, Mr.Proidcnt, thc honorable Scnator said tliat Mexico bad mnstcrcd an armyon the ltio Grandc with tbc dcclarcd ob ject of iuvading Texas, and rccovcrrng the whole to hcr own snvcrcinntv, and that we bad a clcar. undcniablc right to mect hcr there nnd strikc tlie first blow. But I undcrstood tbc bcnator to ad mit, that our right to mcct licr there and rikc ibc first blow could bcji.stificd onlvupontlic prin- cinlc of self-dcfciicc. If wewcre in no danger ofa blow from Mcxico if shc had no force col lectcd for the iuvasion of Texas, thcn our march into tbe disputed territory was anunjutiliablc act of hostilit v. Now, sir, where is thc cviilcncc that Mcxico bad mnstcrcd au nrmy on thu Uio Grandc wiili thc dcclarcd olncct ofinvadin and coniiuer- iiiir Texas? Did thc President sav anvthing of thc kind in his mcssaso of thc 11th of May,lS4G. infunning Congrcss that hc bad ordered thc army to thc lcft bank of thc Uio Grandc ? No. sir, bc asshmcd no siu-h rcason forthconlcr. Jlcsaid in that mcsagc that our forcc rcmained at Corpus Christi until afier he had rcccivcd such infornia tion from Mcxico as rcndcred it probablc, if not ccrtain, that tlie ilcxiran (jovcmment would not rcccivc our cnvov. Ouraimv, thcn, was ordered to occupy thc lcft bank of tho Kio Grandc, bc causc tbc President apprchcndcd that Mcxico would rcjcct our cnvoy. jNow, -ir. i resiucnt, io show that iMexico li.nt nuislercd no nrniy on tho Bio Grandc with a view to thc invasion of Texas, and that thc President kncw it whcn he issucdtho ordcr ofthc 13th of Janu arv, 184C, I call thc attcntion of the Scnate and thc country to Gen. Taylor'a corrcspon dencc with the" "War Departmcot while hc rc mained at Corpus Lbnsti. In adcspatcb to the "War Department, da tcd Corjms Christi, August 20th, 1845, Gen. Taylor says that "Caravans of tradcrs arrivo occasionally from thc Uio Grandc, but bring no news of importanco. Thcy rcprescnt that thero arc no rcgular troops on that nver, cxccpt at Mat amoras, and do not sccm to bc awarc of any prcparation for a dcmonstration on tbis side of tho rivcr. On thc Gth of Scptcmbcr, 1845, in nnolhcr despatcu, he says : "I havc tbo bonor to rcport that a confidcn tial agcnt, dcspatched somo days since to Matamoras, lias returned, and ii-ports that no evtraordinarv prcparations arc going forwanl there; that tlic garrison docsnot sccm to havc becn incrcasrd, nnd that ourconsul is oropm ion there will bc no dcclaration of war." Again, in anothcr despatcb of Scptcmbcr 14th, 184 o, Ucn. 1 aylor says: "We havc no ncws of intcrest from tlic fmnticr. Ariata. at the last accounts, was al Micr, but without any force ; nor is thcrc, as yct, any concentration of troops on the rivcr.' In a despatcb under datc of Oclobcr 11th, lS45,hc says that 'Iiccent arrivals from the Bio Grandc bring no ncws. or information ofadiflerent am'rt from that which I rcportcd in my last. 'I hc vicws exprcsscd in jirevious communications rclativc to thc pacific disjiosilion of the bonler pcople on both sides of the rivcr arc confiniied." And in anotlicr despatcb under datc of Jan. 7, 1K4G, hc says: "Wc havc many arrivals from Matamoras and othcr points on thc rivcr, but they bring no intclligencc of intcrest. A rccciit scoiit of voluntcers from San Antonio struck the river near Prcsidio, Bio Grandc, nnd the comman- dcr rcporu evcryiunig quici m iuul nuum i. Who, Mr. President, with thiscvidcnce le forc him, can say that Gen. Taylor, on thc 13th of January, 1H10, was ordcreu io tne Uin Grandc to nieet and rcpcl aAlcxican army there collcclcd for thc invasion of 'l'cx- as f Un tlie 7th ot .lannary, oniy six nays bcfore the order wa? i?sued, Gcneral Taylor infoimed the President that etcry thing was quict in that quartcr. I!ut, sir, the honorable Spnator from lllinois, (Mr Donglass,) has at- tempteil lo justify thc ordcr, on anothcr TOund. 11C S3VS ltwas ifsucu on liiu rccuni- mcndation and at thc rcquestof Gcneral I ay Inr. If this wcrc true. it would bc noiustifi- calion for thc President. 'I hc cxpcdicncy of such a mcasure was a qucstion for Congrcss to scttle. Gcneral Taylor had nothing to do with it. But, Mr. President, thc army wa. not ordered to thc Bio Grandc on tho rccom mcndation of GeiieralTaylor. All hc said upon thc subjcct is eontaincd in his lctter to thc War Department, under dato of Octobcr 1th, 1845, more than thrce months bcforc he rcccivcd ordcrs to leavo Corpus Christi. Iu that lcttc&bc says : . "It will bc recollcctcd that thc instructions of Junc tho 15th, issncd by Mr. Bancrolt.thcn acting Sccrctary of War, dirccted me to so lppt nnl nccum-I on or ncar tbc Bio Grandc, such a sitc as "will consist witb thc hcaltb of thc troops, and will bc bcst adaptcd to repcl invasion, &c." Aftcr assi"nin2 tho rrasons which induecd him to concentratc his force at Corpus Chris ti, ho procceds as follows: "It is with grcat dcferencc that I makc any sn'mestions on topics which may bccomc mat ter of delicatc ncgotiation; but if our govcrn mcnt, in settling the question of boundary, makcs thc line of thc tlio Grandc an ultiina tum, I cannot iloubt that thc scttlcmcnt will I.p rnfentlr fat-iliiated and ha-.tpned bv our ta king posscssion at once of onc or two suitablc nnt nn or nnilp npar that rivcr. Our strength and preparatian shouldbe displaycd in a manner not to bc mistaken." Tf ntir anremment had dctcrmincd, at all ppnti! tn make the Bio Grandc the westcin boundary of Texas, thc sooner wo lct Mcxi pn tnnw it thc bctter This is thc sum and t,snpp nf nll Gen. Tavlor said npon the subjcct. His euggcstion was bascd upon tho round that tho lino of the Rio Grando wj our ultimatum. Mr. President, th6rc must havobcpn, at tho bottom of this movcment, somctbing moro than a dcsire to scttlc upon just and honora ble terms the wcstcrn boundary of Texas r and I will endcavor toh6w what it was. Our Govcrnmcnt was nware that thc annexatioh ofToxas would givc olfence to Mexico, and an cflbrt was-mado to reconcile her to tbo mcasure. On thc 3th of April, 1844, Mr. Calhoun, thc Sccrctary of State, drrcctcd Mr. Green, our Charge d'Aflaires in Mcxicd, tct inform that Govcrnmcnt that a tnaty for tho annexalion of Texas to' the United Statcs had; bccn signed by the Plenipotentiarics of tho two Govcrnmcnts, and would be sent to thc' Scnate, without dclay, for its approval. Irr making this fact known, Mr. Green was di rccted to'givo tho Mcxican Govcrnmcnt tho strongcst assurancc that, in adopting thc mcasurC,- we wera actuatcd by no fcehng of disrespeet orindificrcnec to thc honor or dig nity of Mcxico; and that thc slen was forced upon thc Unitcd States in sclt-defencc, in consequcr.ee 6f tbc jKjlicy adoptcd by Great Britain in referenccto thc abolition of jlavo-. ry in Texas. Mr. Green vtfas furthcr cnjoined to assure tho Mexiean fiovcrnnient that it was our desiro to scttle all questions lotwcen the two cOuntries which might grow out of tba treaty, or any othcr causc, on tho most libcral terms. ineludiny that afboundaryOn tbo 23d of May, M r. Green gave thc Mcxican Govcrnmcnt notiee of tbe treaty and tho strongas.siir.incc that the qucstion ofbonnda rv would bc setlled on th6 most liberal tcrms. " On thc 10th ofSeplenibcr, 1314, Mr. Cal honn, as Secrpfary of Statc, ilirccli d Mr. Shanuon, our Minister in Mexico, to rcncwto-' thc Mcxican Govcrnmcnt the dcclaration' madc by our Charge d'Afiairc.s, that if anncx ation thonhl 1)0 cohsummatcd, the T.'nitcd Statcs would be prcpared to ndjust all ques tions growing out of it, inrluding that of bouuiU&y, rtji thc most W'cral tcrms. Wcll, Mr. Proidcnt, aftcr having givcn thcsc strong asiurances to Mcxico, in regard to the qacstioh of boundary, wo passcd tbo resolution annexing Texas to thc Uniied States, and it was approved on tbe 1st of March, 1845. On thc 15th of.Tnnc, 1845, about thrce months aftcr tho pasagc ofthc resolution, and fivc months boforc Texas acc-eptcd our prop-o-ition of annexation, the President ordered Gcneral Taylor to thc lcft bauk of tho Bio Grandc, to protect what, in tho cvcnt of an ncxation, was to bc our wesiern bordcr. Ycs, Mr. President, bcforc anncxation wa3 con sumuiatcd, the nilministration, notwiljistand ing thc strong assuranccs givcn to Mcxico.that thc qucstion of boundary would bc scttled up on the most liberal tertiu, bad dctcrmincd that thc Bio Grsndu should bc the wcstcrn boun dary of Texa3. "Was this acting in gooil faith towards Mcxico? Was it calculatcd lo allay hcr oppo-ilion, and reconcile bcr to anncxa tion V No, sir, it was calcuUted lo jncrcaso' hcr hostility to the mcasure, and widen thc brcach betwcen tho two Govc'rnments'. Mr.SEYIEK. Thc order of thc 15th of June was, that Gen. Taylor should rcmainoir the Sabinc. Mr. UPIIAM. I liavo it in my haml nmT will rcad it. Tlie acting Sccrctary of War, in hi- onlcnr loGen. Taylcr, under dato of Juno 15, 1815, says: "Thc point of your ultiinato dcstinalion is the wcstern fronticr of Texas, wherc you will sclcct and occnpy, on or ncar thc Bio Grando' Dcl Norte, suchsito as will consist wilh thtf hcaltb ofthc troops, will bo best ndapled to" repcl invasion, and to protcct what, in tho mcnt of anncxation, will bc our wcjtorn bor der." Ilerc, sir.is thp dcclaration of tba rrcsidenf, bv his Secretary of War, thit, in lhe cvcn of anncxation, "thc Bio Grandc will bc our wcstcrn bordcr. I was, thcrcforc, rorrcct in thc ascrlion that thc Adriiinistration had dc tcrmincd, long bcforc nnnoxation was consum matcil, to forcc upon Mc-xico tbe bonndary of the Bio Grande. And, Mr. President, if time wonld pcrmit , I conld show by thc cor rcspondencc of tho WarDcpartinent with Our military and navarofiViTS iu Mcxico, tliat tho Exeiutivp, aficr hc had jieldcd td Great Brituin 5 40 of territory in OrrgOn.to which hp had dcclarcd our title "clear and unqucs tionablc," turned bis attcntion to Mcxico, with a fixcd detcrminalion to wret from her, by thc sword, New Mcxico and Uppcr Californ i.i. On thc M cf Junc, 11G, tlie Sccrct.irj of War, in his despatcb to Gen. Kcarncy. savs : ""It has bccn dccidcd by thc Trcsidcnt to be ofthc greatcst importancc in thc pcnding war with Mexico, to take tho carlicst pose tion of Uppcr Califiiruia. An cxpcdition vrith that view is hereby onlcrcd, and you are dc ignalciito command." In a despatcb to Col- Stcvcnson, under datc cf September 11th, 18 10, thc Scprcjary savs "tho military occnpation of Calil'ornia is th'e main objcct in view." In anothcr de spatcb, to Commodorc Sloat, commanding our naval forccs in thc Pacific Occan, under datc of July 12th, 18 1G. ho says: "Thc objcct of thc United Stfctes b, under its rights as a bclligcrent nation, to poscss it sclf entircly of Uppcr California " Commodorc Sloat, in bis gcneral 6rdcr of Julv 7th, 184C, says. "it is not only our duty to take California, but to prcscrvc it after wanLs, as a part of the United Statcs, at all hazards." In rogard to New Mcxico, Gcner al Kcarncy, in his lettcr to thc Department of War, under datc of August 24th, 184G, ays: "On the 22d, I issucd a proclamation.claim ing thc wholc of New Mcxico, witb its then boundarics, as a territory of tbc Unitcd States of America, aro! tatingit nnder our protcc tion." "It is thc wish and intcntion of the U nitcd States," (sa)-s Kcarncy in his proclama tion,)"to providc for New Mcxico a frco gor crnmcnt, with the lcast possible dclay, similar tothosc in the United Statcs; and tho pco ple of New Mcxico will thcn bccallcd on to cxcrcisc the rights of frecmcn inclccting their own represcntativcs :o tho Territorial Legish turcs." I have no time, Mr. President, topursuc this branch of thc subjcct furthcr. The extracts I havc rcad show, bcyond a'.l doubt, that tho, war w.i3 wagcd for the acquisition of Mcxican territorv. bv conqucst, and not to compel a just and cquitable scttlcmcnt of tho boundary bctwccn tbc two countrics. Mr. President, a fcw words upon thc claim of Texas to thc lcftlank of the Rio Grando shall close my rvmarks. In 182t, -Mexico. by her reprcscntatives in conjention asscmUcd, formcd and adoptcd a constitution similar to ours, and becamc a republic Tcxssv at that time, did not contain tlic rqquired population to bccomc a Statc. but w provisionally lmilcd with thc ncighboring province of Coahnila, to form tbe State of Coahuila and Texas, until il.- t... .vl.t nnsvss tbo nprcssarv clp- ' IUC iAlii SHWU". 1 ' . j mcnts to form a separate State lor hcrsclt. In