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b deprecated by the fneivlsof religion and ,
liumamty. J heir jicriiiia-ions cnnnoc lan ai thc right time to free tho mastcr from thc tlave aad Hie slave from' th mastor ; jicrhaps before the latter shall liavo fonml out nnd ac kiiowletljrcd th-it thc rc'atio!i lictwccn the par tics had long been inutuallyprejudieialto thcir v.oridly intcrK'ts. Thcre 'n no cu without, in llie ordcr of Proxidcr.cc, romc compensating bencfits. The blecding Afric.-.n w.-.s torn from his savr.go homc by his forocious neighboi-s, sold into nlavcry'and ca?t upoa tl.is oontinent. llera i" tho rr.ild South, tha race hua wonderfully iiinlt'iplicd, cemparrJ with nnyllting cver known in thc harbarous lifi'- The descend nnts of a few thoufands havc bccomc many lnillions ; and all, from thc fiiat mado aequaint ed witfi the arts of -iilizatIoi, and abote all, brought imder tl-e lijrlit of the Gospcl. From the promise made to Abraham somc Ira thomand vcars had elapsed bcforc the ad- vent of our Sav:or,and the Tt.rr.elitcs, tho cho ffn pconle of Gh1, Trcre fr wisr purposes, suf . 1 i .1 i .!,- v; irrcuio rcniaiu in uuiiuagc ...... eans havc been on our shorc. This race has already expcricr.ccd thc resulting componsa tions alludcd to, snd as the white missionary has ncvcr been able to penetrate the dark re- gions of Africa, or to cstablisti lnniseii in iis ni tcrior, it mav bc within tlic whcme of Provi rf..no Tit hp trrcAt work of sprrading thc Gspcl over that vast Gntinent, with all the nrts and comforts ot cirilization, is to bc final- ly acoomplisbed by thc black m?n restorcd from American bondage. A foothold thure hs already bccn gaincd for hini, and in such a schemo ccnturic are bnt a saconds to Hini wlui nmies worlds as tnan moves a Gngcr. I (Vbut suggcst the n-medirs and comolations t.lvprvTto instiilf Datience, hopc and char- itv on ali i-ides. The lnighty subject calls for the oxcreise of all mnn's wisdom anil iirtue, nnd therc may not rufiicc without aid from Irighar sources. Il is in the foregoing raanner that I havc long bfen in thi habit m c-onvcr-aatton, of cxpressinj; ray.self, all over our oom nion conntry, on the fjiic?tnm of negro slave tv and I mnt fay ihat I have found but vcrr fcw penona t difier wuh me. howi'vrr oppo- c;ik ilipir rcoTraiihicai iiofilions. bm h aro tlio ricwsor omnii'ii wbich ."son icek. I ean not iiipprea or nuitilafe thcm, allhongh ncitv liabln to bc moro ;nnirjiry inown. I)o ivith tlirm what vou ph-ac l" ueitlier court nor jhun publieily. I reiaair. Ter trnlr roure, AViN'HIKLD SCOTT. PKIUTE IN TIIE SEXATK PROTKC TIOX OF PKOPEHTY IX TIIK D1S TH1CT OF COLL'.MUIA. An exciting debate look vlaeo in thc Scn ntu on llmrsdav, llie 20th nlt.. Uon tho tub-jei-t offlavrrr t!-e rcsnlt ofthe recent at teuint of slaYcs to eacflwe. Mr. Hale, of Xew Jlamishire, aked leave to jntroduce a bill for the p'rotoction of property in tho Dulriet of Gjlumbia iuakii.g any ity. town, orcorpor ate place liable for injurii-s done by mohs. In making this reiiutit, Mr. Hale sfated that the bill was ncarly an abstract cfasimilarlawuoK in foix-c ia .MarylanJ and niany other Statcs. It neccisity, he'iaid. would be appnrent to ev ery Senator, from thc fm that during thc wifl'c, large nnd riotous anetnb!a"03 had takou plac in tho D'utrii-t, and had threatcned to carryinto cflect r hemcs uttsrlr cu'T'rtiic of law and tho ri4atj of property. "At this monwnt (said Mr. Hle)we prnt a smular Kpectaclo to tho j.cople of tbi conntry and to the world. Thc rotes ofiongratulation whu h thii Stnate sent an-on the Atlantie tn thepeo ple of Franef, ou thcir delivcrancc from thral dom, havc hardlv ceased, whcn tho supresna cv of mob hiw a"nd the deitmetion ofthe frcc d"o f the Vrci'- aro thrcatened in thia C.-.pi-tal of the Unirtn " !. .!. f Alnlimff TftlP! find 9AUI ' uvt - t I rise for the i urpoc ofgiiiug notii-e that i !.... l.v.l ji.ll ln. ivnortrdhvthecoin- when niittee if it cver s.'iould bc I nhall propose t.i amiid it bv suction TiroidinR a lulliaout psnaltr for th" triiiic of kulnappingin this l)is trict. I w.n strut-k by a reinark snado by the Senator from Xew Hanipihire. IIc advert to tha rejokingorthc pcoplo ol tliis country t the cvents now in proress in Kurope, and thrnfe infers tUt the slave3 ot tlus country "4 t.. I.p nfiniiitud to cut the throats of their masteri. I jhali vertainly, Sir, attend to this S!lDCCt. Mr. Hale in rpjily jaid that in hif rcmarks ho had purjosclv abstaincd from making the tuost ilisUnt alliwon to Slaxery, berantc he wished to presci.t to the considcration of thc Scnatc tho simp'.c lineition ofthe integrily ot the lavr nnd righu o( property, nnembarras cd br other conii.lt-ratioiH. Aj to the law f,r kidnappin!;, he thould unitc with tho Senator from Alabama in fai or f it. " IJocamft (said he) if 1 am convitV informed by itidividuaU np'.ia whaja tojtionlav I placo tlio most im-jili-it credit. that ono "ofthe most oiitragcoii! -am of kidnapj.ing w.-w committed within aight oftiiis Ca-itol," no longer asro than yes tenlar.and that too in thc casc of an individu n haviii in his ijocket an injunction isjucd by thc higheat jndirial atithority in this district to resirain all persiins from ino!cting him Yt, in viulation of this injunction he was for cib'.v scized, not only withnut law, but againet law notonly in ntt'cr ncglect, but in llagraut contcnipt ofthe mot sa'Med siarantee ofthe -oi.stitution. 'J hU outrago was pcrpctratcd within tho liruit? of thc citv, in the vciy neigh borhood ofthe Capitn'. 1 will, thnn, go with thc Senator from Alabama heart and hand in tliE adoption of nnv les'rdatimi for thc preven tion of suth outras'es; but I must sr that that U verv foreign t the object of thu bill which i liavo tntroduced. Mr. Calhoun said: T suppoaa no Senator cait jaitakc tho object orthis bill, and thcoccurret.ee which has lcd to U introduction. Xow, Sir, I am amazed that ven the St-nator fioin New Jlampahire fho ild havc so little regard for the Jaw and the Constitution of the country, as to.iatrortuco sueh a bill as tlti., without including in it thc . .,r (1... mvr.,' tu-naltii s ""aint thc l liir. illlirin. ui t ' . ntrocious act vthich has occ:Lioncd thu excito- inent. Sir.gehl'.cinenitwould sccm havc at lut come to'lKilieve, that thc Souihcrn pto plc and Southernajcudiers havc lort all en?i- what this lcads. I havc known fur a dozen -cf ofvears to what all tl" n n-nuiug. v ucn thw subjcct was fir.-st ngitated, I faid to my friend-i, thcre is but one"meslion that can dc ttroy this Union and our tu'tituliuns, and thai i, t'hijvcrv slao quetim, for I chooio to speak of kdir9Cily. I ai-l farther, that thc only Wiy bv which such n ronlt could beprc vcntixl, was bv prompt and ellicient actson that ifthetlung was pcimiticd to go on, and the Comtitutiou to bc trampkd on thft if it wera allowed to procccd to a corta.n jioint, it would be bevond tho power ofany nuin or nny combination'of i::cn to prcvcnt the reult. ""iVe are approaching that cri.sis. and evnlencc ofit is presented bv the fH, that such a bill utKra sueh an oex-urYence, shonhl be brought m toprcventlhejustindignationof cur peoplc fiotn wwakini thcir rengcam- upon thc atrc cioui pcrpctratoni of th.wc crinw orti.oscwho -ontribut to theia without a dcnunciation o' thccausc, that excitcd that mdignation. 1 caanot but truit that 1 do not stand aloue :n these viewi. I havc for so manv vrare raiw.d my yo:co on this inbjart. Ut 1 havc bceii conSldcrcd j.Wt thc oxclusive dcfcnder of this great iii ytitution ofthe South, upon which not only it? prosperitv, but its vcrj- cxii-tcnrc dcpcnds. J iiad liore'd vou.-r niemU-r? who have c-on o intotbfi boiy, ho reprr.,unt port.ons oi Lc ,,utv at Uat mu.li .ntcreted a- t f ii W c'i I' -cw. "kht hae takan thc iC.td and relievcd me from thc ncccwity of cver a gain speaking upon this tubjcct. 1 trust we will grant no lcave to inirouucc ims uut we will reject it, and that if anylhing bo re ferrcd to the Committee on the Judiciary, it will bc to makepcnalenactments, tojircvcnt thetc atrocitics thesc wholesale capturcs fliei-c robberics of scvcnty odd of our slavcs at a sinle grasp. Dclay is dangerous on this que.'tion. Thc critis has come, and wc must mcet it and mect it dircctly and I will add wc havc amplu nieans to nieet it. "Yc can uut thc issuu to the Xorth, if thcy disrcgard the proMsions ofthe Constitution in our favor if their sea-going vessels eannot eafcly come up into our ports, we can pretcnt incm irom coming there, and tbus make the issucatonce. If the stipulations inthe Constitution in our fa vor are not to be respcctud, why should wc rc tpectthosc inothc-rs? I do not iutend to make a long fpecch on this occasion, but I i.i i,n. r.n tcnlf in 1ms lackimr m mv duty to thc people" ofthe South, and to the peoplo ofthe United States, had I not raised my voice against the introduction of such a bill on such an occarion. Mr. 'Wc.-'tcott of Florida, Mr. Bavis of Mis sissippi, and Mr. Footc of Missisippi, also snokc in the usual blustering manncr of the fmallcr fry of tho Southcrn cbivalry. Mr. Footc made a Tcry tilly fpeech he couldnt do any thing clse the concluding paragraph of which wc copy, as follows: All must sec that thc courst ofthe Senator from New Hampshire is calculatcd to cmbroil thc Confcdcracy to put in peril our free in stitutions to jcopardizs that Union which our forefathers estabhshed, and which evcry pure patriot Ihronghout the country dcsircs shall be peqictuated. Can any man bc a patriot who pursuessuchacourse? AVhodocs not know that such nicn are practically thc worst cn cmies ofthe slavcs '! I do not bescech the gcntlciuan to stop;but if he pcrs evcrcs, he will awakc indignatiou cvcrywherc, and t cannot be that enhghtencd mcu, who conscientiously bclong to thc faction at the North of which bs is undcrstood to be tha hcad, can sanction or approvc t-vcrything that he may do under thc iiillucnce of exeitemcnt in this botly. I will close by saying. that if ho really wiihes glory, and to'be regaidcd as the great liberator ofthe blacks if he withes to be particularly diitin; uishcd in this cause of cniancipation, as it is callcd let him, instcad of romaining herc in the Senatc ofthe United Statcs, or instcad of ccrtting himsclf in somc dark comer of Now Ilaninsbire- where ho uiav rossibh" escapo thc just indignation of good incn throughout this rrpubhc let Imu nsit tbe gcou ctaie oi iwis kissippi, in which I havc thc honor to reside, and no doubt he will be rcceivcii with mch ho saniiasanil.ihouls ofjoy as havc rarcly mark ed thc reccp'.ion of any individual in this day and goncration. I invito him there, and will trll him bcforehand,in all honcslv.that he could not go teu milcs into thc intcnor, before h wouhl grace one ofthe tallest trces ofthe for cst, wilh a rope around his neck, with the ap probatinn of cvery virtuous and patriotic citi zcn: nnd that, if ncccssary, I should myselfas sist in the opcratien. In reiilv lo an insinuation fiom Mr. Fcole, that he had been conccrncd in thc etcape of 70 slavcs, .!r. Jlalc exphcitlv ucnieutnestate- raent. IIc then read a card (lublishcd in the National Intelliyencer by the Eilitor of thcNa tional Era, in which hedcnirs thathe hadany thing t do with thc attempted scape of the !aves and states theposition orthc papcr, viz: at heiiin faior cf no unconfti'u!ion.-.lorille2- al mcasuras for the alolition of slavcrv hcllei ing :hat it can be cilceted in accordancc with the onstitution and law : that he has not violated this principlo: that he has abstaincd from dc- uunci.V.iun and addrcsscd himsclf to thc rcas on, conscience and patriotism of thc slavchold urs. e quote now from Houston's Itcports : Jlr. Hale 1 appcal to tlie scnsc otjusticcot thc Scnatc and ask what justification therc can bc for assailing thc charaeter and property of i man who kncw no more ofthis occurrcncc than anv of iti mcmbcrs ? I appeal to the honorablc Senator who spokc so cl(Hmcntly of thc high and chivalric idcas of right which are undcrstood in his scction of thc country. Mr. Foote I ask the Senator and I bcgto rcmind him that twcnty millions of people are listeninjf to his answcr in the circumstances ofthe casc, cvidcntly known to him, docs hc mpposo that this occurrencc could have takcn place without cxtcnrivo counteuancc acd aid from mcn of standing in tlii District, whcther mcmbcrs of congrcss or others ? Mr. Ilale 1 havc ho doubt that thoie per soin could not have got away without tome aid. It is enough that I have disclaimed all knowledgc-of it. I thought that when the honorable Senator was speaking, more than Iwenty millions of people were listcning. IIc invites me to vi"t Mi5sissippi, and kindly in fomis mc that he would bc oao of thoso who would act thu asasin, and put an cnd to mr arecr. llo wonhl aiil in bnnging mc to pub .ie exccution no, dcath h' a mob. Wcll, in rctuni for his hnspitable inritation, I can only espress the ilcsire that hoSvouhljjcnetrate in to i-onic or the dark corncrs of New Hampshire, and if he do I am much mistakcn if hc would not find that thc people in that bcnightrd re gion would bc very happy to lis'cn to his ar gunients and engage in an intellrctual conflict with him, in which thc truth might bc olicitcd I think, howevor.that thc announcoment which thc honorable Senator has made on this floor of the futc which awaits so humblc an individ ual as niyself in thc S'.atc of Missisippi, must ..onviuce evory one of the propriety of the high culogiiiBi which ho pronounccd upon her the othcr day, whcn hc spokc ofthe high posi tion which she occupit-d among thc Statcs of this coufedcracy. 'Ijut enough ofthis pcrton al raatter. I think, if I did not misundcrstand the hon orable Senator from South Carolin.i, thathe is iurpriscd at the temcrity of the Senator from N'cw Hampshire in introducing this bill. Let mc ask what is this bill ? What is this inccn diary bill that has clicitcd such a torrcnt of in. vcctivc ? Has it been manufacturcd by some ' tanatical abolitionit !" AVhy, it is copicd al most word for word, from a law on tho statutc book, which has been in opcration for ycars, in thc ncighboring S'ato of Maryland. Jt has no allusion, dircctly or indircctly, to thc sub jcct of I.-iTcry. Yet I am accuscd of throwing it e a Cre-brand, and in order to make war upon thc institutions of thc South ! 'Why ? In God's namc, is it come to thii, that ia the American Senatc, and in thc year of grace onc thousand cigi;t hundrcd and forty-cight, thc righta ofpropeity cannot bc n.imed, but the adocates of slavery aro in arms, and cxclaim that war is made on" thcir institutions, bccausc it is attempted to east thc protcction ofthe law over thc property of an American citizcn.who apiicals to an American bcnatc ! It hxs long bccn hcld bv vou that l our pc- culiar instituiion is incompatiblc with tlic riht of specch ; but if it be aso incompatiblc with liie satcgnaras oi tlic constitution ucing tltrown tround propertv of American citizcn, let thc country know it 1 Ifthatistobe thc princi ple ofytur action, let it bo proclaimcd through out thc longth and brcad'.h of the land, that there is an institution so omnipotont to nl mihtv that even thc sacrcd rightsof life and propeny musi uow uown ucioru ii : Do not let it bc faid that I hnvc introduccd this subjcct. I hnvc fimply nsked that thc plaincjt provifionsof common law tho clear ost dictatcn of justicc hall bc cxtcndcd and escrciscd for the protection of tho property of .-itizcns of t"..'.s District; and, yet, tho honora blc Senator from South Carolina is shockcd at my temctity. Mr. Bntler Allowme lo ask one ques tion wilh perfect good lcmpcr. The Sen ator is discusMng tlic subjcct with somc feeling ; but I s;k hini uliothcr lic nould volc for a bill, propcrly drawn, infliclinif puntshment on pcrsons inveigling slavcs from the District of Columbia. Mr. Hale Ct-rtainly not, and why? Because I do not believe that slavery should cxlsthcre. Mr. Calhoun (In his Eeal) Hewish cs to ann the robbers, and disann the peo ple of the District. Mr. Hale The honorable Senatoi is alarmcd at my tetiierity Mr. Calhoun (In his scat.) I did not usc llie word, but did not tliink it worth white to correct the Senator. Mr. Hale The Senator did not usc the term. .Mr. Calhoun No. I said it was bra zen in the Senator, or somelhing like ! that. Mr. Hale The meaning was the jame. It was strange then that 1 should inlro duce a bill for the protection of property in this District a bill perfectly harmless, but which hehas construed into an at lack upon the South. I ask the Senator and the country wherein consists the te- merity 7 I suppose tn the section ol the country from which it comes. Hc says we see'm to think the South has lost all feelinff? Ah! There is the tementy, The bill comes from the wrong side of a certam bourtdary. hy did the honora ble Senator from Carolina imasine that wc of the North with our faces bowed down to theearth, and our backs to the sun, had receivcd the lash so long that we dar ed nol look up 1 Did he suppose that we dared not ask the protection ofthe law to be thrown around property in the District to which we caine to be the legislature? I dcsirc no war upon the institution of slavc-ry in the set.se in which the Senator understands nie. I will not be a party to any cncroachinents upon rights gttaran teed by the Constitution and the law not at all. 1 wish no war, but a war of rea son ofpersuasion of atgument ; a war that should look toconrincing the under standing, subduiug the afiections and nio ving thc synipathics of the heart. That is the only war in which I would engagc. But it is said thc time has come that the crisis has come, and that the South must tneet it. In all candor and honrsty, then, let me say, that thcre could not bc a beltcr platform on which to mect thc qucstion, than that prcsented by the principles of thia bill. Thcre conld not be a better ocvasion than this to appeal to thc coun try. Let the tncsin round. Let the word g o forth. Lct the free North be told that her cravcn representatires on the floor of the Senate are not at liberty evcn to claim the protcction of thc rijhts of property. The right of rpecch was sacrifioed long ago. But now it is to be i.roclaimed that wo cannot cven introducc a bill looking to thc czccution of tlie plaincst prorisions of the Constitution, ar.d tlic clearest principles of justicc for tho protcction ofpcrsoual rights, because gentlcmen choose to construc it into an attack upon that particular in stitution ! I ask again, what is it that has produccd this stcp, callcd up thesc dcnunciations, cscitcd all this invective which has bccn poured out upon ine as if I had been guilty of all tho crimcs in the dcaloglle I I call upon tlic Scnatc and the conn try to takc coticc of it. I atk on what do gentlc men of tlie South- rcly for thc protection of any institutions on which ihey place any valuct It will bc answercd npon the constitution nnd the law. Wcll, then, if tlie safcguards of the constitution nre rcndercd inadcquate to the protection of one spccics of property, how can it bo supposcd that thcre will bc protcction for any. It is because I dcsirc to nmiiittin in all their "streagth and abili tr, the safcguards ofthe protcction of property in this District. And hcre lct me tell my friend from Alabama, that hc will haTC my full co opc ration in any mcaiuro to prcvcnt kidnapping. I shall expcct him to rcdcera his plcdge. Again: I am ihocked to hear the honorable Senatorfrom South Carolina denounce this bill as a mcasure calculated to repress those citizcns from the -pression of their just indignation. Mr. Calhoun If tho Senator will allow me, I will csplain. I said no such thing. But I will tnle the occasion to tay tbat I would just as soon arguo with a maniae from bedlam, as with the Senator from New Hampshire on this qucstion. Several Scnators Order, order. Mr. Callioan I do not intcnd to correct his statcmcnts. A m&n who invs that the people of t-.:- i i . . .i . . iui5 jiMrici jinTe (nu n;ui iu lucir siares anu that it ii no robbory to takc thcir property from theni is not endtled to. bc regardcd as in poises sion of his rcason. Aftcr somo funher remarks hv Mr. Hale in whiih he saidit w an cxtrcmelj- noTcl mode of icrinioanng a conirovcrsy, Dycnantaoiy torowmg the niantlc of mnniacal irrespomibilty'oTer one's antagonist Mr. Footc again obtaincd thc floor, andprocicdcd in a characteristic strain as fol lows : I havc dcclarcd that thc duty of tho pcoplo whose rights wcrc thus pnt in da'ngcr would be, to inflict summary punishment upon thc offender. Uut, says the Senator. Tictims havc bccn made and there are othcr rictims ready. I am sure thathe could not pcrsuadc me that he would cver be a virtim. 1 havc nc-Ter deplored tho dcath of such victims and ncvcr shall dcplore it. Such ollicious intcrmcddling dcscrvcd it fntc. I bc lievo nojiood man who i? not a maniac, as the Senatorfrom New llarapshiro is. apprehended to bc, can liavo any smpathy for those who lawless ly interferc with thc rights of others. He, how ercr, will never bc a victim 1 Hc is ono of those gusty disclaimcrs a windy jpcakcr Mr. Crittcndcn. If thegentlcmcn will allow me, I rise to a qucstion of order. Gcntlemcn have cvidcntly beccmc cxcited, and I hear onall-sides languagc that is not bccoming. I call the gentlc men to ordcr for liU iersonal rcfcrcnce to thc Sen ator from New Hampshire. Thc Chair dccidcd thc gcntlemcn from Missis sippi lo Ieout of order, and he procecded in a moro moderatc tonc. Mr. Foote haTing conclud ed, Mr. Mangnm ofNorth Carolina addressed the Scnate as follows : Itisnow about fonrtcen ycars, I belicvc, since the Scnatc Tcry wiscly, by the concurrcnce of the ablcst and most distinguished mcn on both tides, came to thc resolntion to cxciudrdiscussion upon the jnflaming topic of Slavery; and thnt whcn ab olition petitions were prcscntcd, upon thc. qucs tion of rereption, a motion should be entcrtained which motion is not dcbateable and thc Totc taken upon it is, to lay the motion for reccp'.ion npon thc tablc. Thcre has bccn, ever sincc this rule was cstablishcd, a stcady and uniform adhcr cncc to it, hot I am sorry to pcrccivc that there is lattcrlv a diposition mauifcstiiig itsclf to dcpart from the salutary rule of action which thc Scnatc thus wiscly prescribcd for itsclf. Upon this nncs tion of Slavery wc know how thcre are dinerent opinions entcrtained m diflcrcnt quarters ofthe Lnion. I stand hcre represcnting the intcrcsts of onc portion of that Union, but 1 could notifl would, bring mysclf to a state of exeitemcnt and alarm in consequcnce of any mcnaccs that may ' bc thrown out I stand npon the Constitutior.nl I compromiscs; and while I would not inrade the rights of others, I am very sure that the sound portion ofthe community will not invadc onr rights. Why shonld we pursuc thfs discnssion 1 Is itto bo believcd that wc are to bc rcasoned out of ourrights ? Arcwe to bc reasoned out of our convictions ? No sir. Then why discuss thc snbject ? Why not stand thus perfectly passion less.butprcparcdtodefend thcm when thcy shall bc assailed 1 Uut are thcy to be assailcd ? Sir, nothing has occurrcd during this session that has atforded memoresatisfaction than to hcarfrnm some ofthe nblrst and most distiniruiihcil mrn in this Union the dcclaration that while thcv are op poscd toall cxtcnsion ol Slavery, thcy are not dis pnsed to trample npon thc cdmprongjfes ofthe Constitutii.n. This is our ttrcngth. Tt is to lic found in thc patriotism of thorcwho love the insti tutions of our country better than party. I believe the great body if the people are prcparcd to stand nnon the comoromises of the Constitution. It is upon this grouud that I stand content and pas sionlcss, nnd if I know myself I shall continne to do so. Sir, ni good can resnlt from this dicns sion. I shall vute against the rereption ofthe bill at this time. And why ' Because I think that thc occasion which is selected for lts intro duction is a very unhappy one. It seems to grOw out of tho occurrence of an unwarrantahlc trespjss, recenUy committed upon the rights of thc citizens ofthis District, without bcirig dircct edto the prevention of such aggressions m future, but on the coptrary, having for its objcct the sup prcssion of the manifcstations of the fcchngs of indignation which such facts naturally create, Wc, who are the onlr legUlators for the District of Columbia, are not informed of their wants and wishes in rcgard to thc legislation upon this sub ject. If thc peoplo ofthis District rcquircany othcr laws than thev already havc, for the pur pose of protccting tlicir propcity against unlaw ful violence. lct thcm indicatc to ns thcir wishes : and I shall be ready to lend a willing car to their request, ana to am m passmg u wn as m mvjudgment maybc neccssary for thcir protcc tion. Ifon tho other hand, the citizcns of this District, should requiro othcr and more penal laws for the purpose of protecting their slave property, I shall be as ready to rote for a bill for that purpose. But I shall never vote for one nor the othcr, when I find thetn pressed forward by gentlemen of cx treme opinions gentlemen from remote portions ofthe Union, baving few feelings in common wilh the citizens of the Dis trict. Sir, upon these subjects I am ac- cuslomcd to look to thc silcnt operalion of the law for the protcction of all our rights. Tn thc. state from which I come therc is no cxci'tement in regard to these subjects. If I know anylhing ofthe char aclcr of that loyal, stcady, fixed and mode- rale State, there is no State, in the Union which will hold to her principles and her rights with more firmness than that State, But we nppeal to the silent operation of the law ; we know nothing of mob law or of Ivnch law: wc know nothing of cxces ses ofthis description. Although I have Hvcd to bc an old man, and most of the time in North Carolina, I have never seen anylhing in that State approxi'mating cren to a spirit of pnpular tumult. Mr. Douglassof Illinois then took the floor. I havc listcncd to this debate with a good deal of interest. Uut while I have seen considcrabh excilctncnt exhibilcd on the part of a fow gentlemen around me, I confcss that I iave not bccn ablo lo work mjself into anylhing likc a passion. I think that probably the Senator from New Hampshire has done much to accotnplish htsobjeot. His bill is a very harmless thing in itself; but bcing brought forward at this time and under the present cir cumstances, it has created a good deal of excitcment among gentlemen on llusside ofthe chamber. In the first place, I must congratulate thc Senalor from New Hampshire on the great triumph hc has achieved. He stands very promiuently before the American people, and as I belicre, the only man who has a national nominalion for the Prcsidency. I firmly believe that on this floor to-day. by thc side of the Senator from South Carolina, and thc Senator frm Missisjippi, he has more than doub led his vote at the Prcsidential Election, and evcry man in this Chamber from a Free State knowsit! I looked on with amazement for a time, to sce wbether there could be an understanding betwcen tha Senator from 'New Himpshirc and his Souihcrn fricnds, calculatcd to girc him cncouragcmcnt, streng'h and power in ihc contest. But I know that those dis tinguished Scnators from the South, to whom I havc rcferrcd, arc incapablc of such an underlaking, yet I tell thcm if thcy had gone intoa caucus with thc Sen ator from New Hampshire, and after a niglu's study and deliberation, had dcvised tbe bcst means to manufacture abolilion ism and abolition rotesin the North, they would havefallcn upon precisely the same kind ol p'rocecdtire which thcy have adopt-i ed to-day. A fcw such exciting sccncs were suflicicnt to send that Senator hcre. 1 mean no disrcpcct to him pcrsonally, but I say with his sentiments, with his principles, he could never have represent ed a free State of this Union on this floor but for the aid of Southavn spcechei. It is the. snprtlips nf Sr.iithprn nipn. rpnrp- i i ' ' i ' senting Slave States, ging to an cxtretne; breathtnga Tanaticism as wild and as rcck less as that of the Senator from New Hampshire, which creates Abolitionism in the North. The cxtrcmcs mcet. Itis no othcr, than Southern Senalors acting in concert, and )d without design, that produccs abolition. Mr. Footc. If the eflect of my rcmarks will be to give to that Senator all thc Ab olition votes, he is fairly entitled to thcm. Had the Senator from Illinois lived where I have resided had he seen insur rection exhibiting its fiery front in thc midstoftbe men, women and children of the community had hc had reascn to be lieve .that the machtnery of insurrection was at such time in readincss for purpo ses ofthe most deadly charaeter, involving life, and that dearer than life, to erery Southern man had he witncssed such sccnes, and believcd that movements likc that ofthis morning were calculatcd to en gendcr feelings out of which were to a rise fire, blood, and desolation, the de struction finally of the South, he would regard himselfas a traitorlo the bcstsen timpnts ofthe human heart, if hedid not speak out ofthe language of manly denun ciation. I cau nsc no other language. I cannot but repeat my conviction, that any man who darcs to ulier such sentiments as those ofthe Senator from New Hamp shire.aiid attempts to act them out any whcrein thesunny South, will meetdealh upon thc scaffold, and deservcs it ! Mr Douglass. I must again congratu late the Senator from N.Hampshireon the accession of five thousand votes! The debate was closed by Mr. Davis of Massachusctts. THE SUPPOSED DOUBLE SUICIDE. Tlie unccrtainty which existcd at Mobilc and New Orleans "rclativc to tho disappear ancc of E. L. and Z. Andrcws, both of thcfirm of Andrcws & Co. is partially dctermined by thc fmding ofthe body ofthe former, at Mo bilc, under circumstances which lcft no donbt of suicide. His body was found on the 2Cth ult, ncar tho wharf, whence it was supposed tliat hc had thrown himsclf, and where his hat and umbrclla wcrc found thc Saturday prcvi ous. It had riscn from dccompositon and was oasily identified. His pockcts wore found loadcd wilh wcights, to secure him from nsing. This f cntleman was a nativc of Philadclpbi.i,- and was about thirty-four ycnrs of age. Hc was an cxtensive cotion urokcr, ana u is sup poscd thaf tho latc revulsions in cotton hau caused them considerablc losses. We sce by the New Orleans papers that nothing had been heard of thc brother in that city, and his fam ily have advcrtised for information of him. Both of thcm had communicatcd to their fami lies their intention not to live. The Mobilo Register, spcakiug of Mr. E. L. Andrcw?, "X3 . ' Jcttcrs receivca trom nim maice ii cenain that the annrchendcd failurc of his house had so preyed upon bis mind that hc had deter- mincd not to survive, aitnougn ue manncr oi his contcmnlated dcath was not mtimated. The house has, through tho worst of timcs, hithcrto sustained an unimpeachablo credit, and its honor was a passion with Mr. A. so strong that hc could not bcar to live under a protest. His private accounts are all accuratc ly and atisfactorily arrranged his pcrsonal obligations were all tettlcd and cvery cent which has rcached him appears to be duly ac counted for. He left his watch, purse, and other pocket articlcs, in his privato drawer, and communicated his lcave-takingtohis part ner and wife by a lcttcr. There is a ttrong feeling in the community for thc departcd. Through a mcrcantilc career of uncommon length, considcring his ycars for he was hard lv bcyond roiddle age he has bccn noted for a high and scrupulous scnse of honor, and was held in the highest credit. The dread of los ing his position, it seems, drovc him to his end that( at least, is the conviction of all who kneir him, orhad had pait dcalingt with him.' COKGRESS. Thursday, May 11. Scnate. After sundry metnorials and reporlsof Cbmmittces had been prescntcd, the consideration ofthe Yucatan bill was reuewcd. Mr. Davis, of Mass., addressed the Sen ate in oppoiition to the general principles contaiued in the message of the Presideut on the subject. He hoped the Senate and thc country would pondtr icdl before entering upon a policy which might in volve us in a war with nations more pow. crful than the imbecile Yucatanese. Ad journcd. Hocsc. Thc bill for the admission of Wisconsin into thc Uuion was taken up and passcd. Friday, May 12. Senate. The bill for the admisrion of Wisconsin into the Union was recd twice and referred to thc Committee on TerrU tories. After some othcr unimportantbusiness, Mr. Itcverdy Johnson, of Md , moved to takc up his resolution, calling upon the Prcsident to comniunicate the namcs of ofliccri serving in the army, whose nomi uations had bccn withheld, and hisreasons for doing so. After hc had spokcn at some length, (in reply to Mr. Allen,) in defence of what hc conccircd to be the Constitutional rights ofthe Scnatc, and of the limitations ofthe Excculive authority, the subject was deferred. After some time spent in Executiva Session. the Senate adjourned. House The House was mainly em ployed, in Committee of tbe Whole on thc state ofthe Union, upon the private Cal endar. The bill for the reliefofMr. Meado was passcd. Saturday, May 13. Senate. A fter the presentation of sun dry petitions, the Yucatan I il! was takcn up, and an able specch in opposilion to it was made by Mr. Millcr, ofNew Jcrsey, afier wliich the bill was iaid on the table, and the Senatc adjourned. IIocsis.-After some cnimportant morn ing business, the private calendar was taken up and an exciting slavery discus sion cnsued, on a bill granting indemnity to tbe heirs of Benjamin Hodges, deceascd, for ncgrocs lost in the last war with Great Britain, carried ofTby the cncmy. Thc spcakers were Messrs Chapinan, Tuck, Khett, Jurt, Woodward, Giddings, Bayley, Atkinsnn, and Hol'mes, of South Carolina Mr. Giddings wai never more vc hcment. He dared any Sou thern metnbcr on that floor dared him over and over a-gain-to' mect the qucstion whether slavcs were or were not property. He said no onc ever had, no one dared to takc the position. Mr. Woodward and Mr. Holmes rcp'.icd, and stated the case as they undcr stood it. Mr. Giddings said they were on the fcncc, ready to jump on eilhcr side. Without action on the bill, thc House adjourned. Monday, May 15. Senatk The resolution of Mr. John son, respecling tlie army appointments, was called up, and, after some rcmarks by Mr. Borland, of Arkansas, was in formally laid aside. The Yncatan bill was then taken up. when Mr. Calhoun addressed the Senate in opposition to the bill. House The bill for refunding mon ics advanced to volunteers in fitting them out for Mexico, and the bill for conlinu ing the charter of the city of Washing ton, wcrc takcn up in order. and passed. Mr. Andrev Stcwart of Pennsylvania, submilted a resolution calling upon the Secretary ofthe Trcasury for a report of the amountof breadstuffs and cotton ex- ported. to England. during the two last specilied penods, showing wnetner tney were increased by the TarifT of 1846. On this moticn debate sprung up, in which Messrs. C. J. Ingersoll, Stewart. Bayley of Virginia, &. othcr?, participated. Mr. Bayley moved an amendment to thej-es-olution in favor of including specie and breadstnfis for the last twenty yeari . The resolution was then adopted, and on mo tion the House adjourned. Tuesday, May 1G. Senate. The Yucatan bill was the chief subject of consideration. Mr. Bag by, of Alabama, spoko at length in sup port of the bill. Housr.. The bill from the Senate, extending certain privileges to American trading vessels, and tbe Pension bill in favor of revolutionary soldiers, were read the third time, and passed. The House took up the Naral Pension bill, and Mr. Bayley addressed the Com mittee, not on the bill, but on thc rights ofTerritories. Mr. Jas. S. Wiley, of Mainc, read a speech, in which he favored the Mcxican War, and defended the adminislration, When he concltided, the Committee rose, and the House adjourned. f rr Vvfnni.r AVo 1.3oti Imt Ivn little . t cii c. ! - .1 Tal, were urowncu in w moosKi niver tasi r n- . . . - .... . i. l . w . dar, about 7 o ciock. une ot tncm was aooui . . .. . n ,1 T 10 anu tne otner n ycars oia. uiunmgwn Sentinel. US" Gov. Henry Dodge, of Wisconsin. is . i l II A1n. nnJ X spOKen ot in tuo .-ioany 111, uiuci Democratic papers, asa candidate for tho L resiacncy. Prof. C. B. Adaras or this town late State Geologist of Vt was serionsly injured on Monday last by being thrown fiom hia head, and great feara wereentertained at firat thatoneeye was destroyed. yimnersi i-ujjct Mur.DEn at BAitTOXSViLi-E. Micbsel Coragan was mnrdered bv Jamcs llarty, at the Stono Quarry of II- & II. II. Baxter, m Bartonsvillc, on Saturday cvening last, about 7 o'clock. They were outonthe'leUge togctn cr, and got into disputo about somethmg, when llarty picked up a stonc, and dclibcrately walkmg up bchind Coragan, strntk him upon the back nart ofthe head. ncar thc richt ear, fracturing the sknll and.producing almost ms- tant dcath. Ihc deceascd uoragan was a large man, generally qukt and peacoablc, and had been at work for two or three wccks. llar ty, the murderer, had boen at work about two montlis on thc road. Ha is supposed to bc a bout 25 ycars old, is of small size, about 5 feet high, light complexion, and has lost onc or two front teeth. lle immcdiatoly madehwcscape, and has probably gone up tho lino. Bellows Falls Gazettc. ANOTIIER FIRE IN ALBANY. Corrcspondence of the Exprcss. Albany, May 15, 1848. A firc-broke out at four o'clock.this afternoon, in a frame building on Cburch strcet, between Lydius and South Broadway, used by Stephen T. Thome, as a manufactory of camphencgns. The llamcs soon sprcad, with great violence and rapidity, north and south, destroying Thorne's store and two or three Dutch board ing houscs, north of the Store, and on the' south side of it a three story brick building, former Iv tho Fort Orange Ilotcl, also thc Dayton House, the National Hotel, and thc Columbia Ilotcl, all large three story buildings. The Ioss will cxcecd S30.000, and all insurance companics arc sutrcrers by this fire. Thc fire dcpartments of East Troy and of West Troy sent down aid, being rcquestcd by tclcgraph to do so. FBOl THE AEMI. Latcrfrom Mexico. PKTEnsuURG, May 14. ARIUVAL OF GENS. PILLOAY, TOW- SON, AND CUSIIING. GEN. SCOTT ON HIS WAY TO NEW YORK. Anokher Ovcrland Exprcss has jutt arrivcd, bringing New Orleans datcs to the 8th insf. Thc stcamship Orleans, Capt, Auld, had ar rivcd at New Orleans from " cra Cruz, which plxcc ihe lcft on the Sd imt. Gcns. Pillow, Towson, and Cushing, and a largo nnmber of ofliccrs ramc passcngcrs. It was generally believcd in Mexico, that the trcaty would bc ratified. General Scott and staff arrivad at Vcra Cruz on the 30th ult., and immediately t m barkcd on board the rctersburgh dircct for New Y'ork. Pr.AX or the Batti.e of Saxta Cucse. A grouud planofthisbrilliant achioYcmcnUhc last (probably) of tho glorious actions which havc marked tha miliUiry prosccution of the war. has bccn rccrived m this clif from Ma jor B. L. Beal, ofthe first United Statcs Dra gooni 1 gallant olliccr, who has seen hard and distinguished service in Maxico, and was iiromotcd for good conduct at Cerr Gordo. t apprari from this plan, that by a judicious disposition of hi littlo force, tho coir.mand ing ofliccr, Gcn. rrice, complctcly fnrround ed the place, commanding thc approach cs from all dircctions. Thc assault was then made, and aftor a dcsperate rcsistaucc from thc cncmy within tho walls, was crowncd with dccisivc succcss. Mfcjor Beal statcs that thc numbcr of our forces actually cngagcd was 38G ; that ofthe cnemy 900, and in a well for- tihed position. Jialtimorc I'atnot, balvrde'j. Gp.v. CusntNC Tjie Peack Tr.EATT. Tlio New Orleans Crcsocnt of the 8lh inst., says "Wchadthe honor ofa passing call from Gcn. Cushing last cvening, who informed us that he intendcd uostinir on forthwith to thc North, flen. Cushing is in tho posscssion of tho most perfect hcalln, nnrt tecms to liayc well witustood ms rcsidcnco and opcrations m Maxico. We lcarn from thc General that therc is little doubt of thc ratilication of the Pcaco Trcaty by thc Mcxican Congrcss. If a quorum does not som convene at Qucretaro, the covcniment will havo tho treaty passcd throusrh thc forms without a nuorum that is. if the American Commiisioncrs will acccpt of it m that way. Gen. Scott. The Kcayune publishcsa corrcspondence betwcen ucn. bcott and nir. Crossman. Mavor of New Orleans, in which tho latter tenders him thc hospitalitics of the city. Gen. Scott, in a lcttcr writtcn on board the brig Pctcrsburg, May 1,. rcspectfully de clincs the invitation on tho ground of his pc- cuhar tituation with the govcrnmcnt. The Couet of iNQUtnT. The Now Or leans Picavunc of thc 8th says" Tbe Court of Inqnirj'met at the St. Cbarle Hotel, inthis citT. this mornincr. with closcd doors. and ad journed until lo-morrow morning, when vari- . v: w:n k. A..m. IUUS WimCSCS I1UTT 111 imu viibi "i" incd. We undcrstand that thc members ot the Court will leavo the city on tho 10th or 11th br the way ofthe rivcr, to hold a sesaon m F"rcdcrick, Md., where they will adjoum about the 23th instant, unles somothing unexpccted should turn up in thc meantimc." More Tkoubie in IIai-ti. Tho fbllow inT T nxtract from a lettor to a hiehlv rc- spcctable mcrcantilc house rcccivod in lioston datcd, " Aux Cates, April 14. Our city and its environs aro in arms. The people are dcter mined to ovcrthrow tho Prcsident and and the present order of tbings, and to clcct another chief. Thc aktrm gun has bccn fired in Ca vaillon, St. Louis, Aquin and Aux Caycs, and business generally is suspendcd. Col. Tonis Jaqucs, who is the chief of this insurrection, yestcrday took forcible possossion of Cavaillon twenty milcs from Aux Caycs, and is reportcd to bo raarching on our city 1 All storcs aro closed. Evcry citizrn is cnrollcd in the mili tary ranks, and perform duty dav and nisht. The Ministers havo rcsigned by tbe desiro of thc populace, and the newly electcd ones arc afraid to accept oflicc. All is difordcr and confusion, and wc havo fcars that thc present state of things may last for somo time'' TnE Detkoit Fire. The Dctroit Free Prcss ofthe 13th inst. contains a mapof tho burnt district of that city, with a list of the names of the sufTercrs as far as could bc arcer taincd. The whole nnmber ofsufTcrers nauied is 124. and there aro about 47. familics and 30 owners of buildings whose namcs could not be ' asccrtained. Thf wholc amount of loss is stated at S200,000, and thc insurance at lcss .' than S50.000. The numberordwellingsburn-1 ed was 107, with abont tho same number of stores, groccrjcs, shopj and barns covering af fraction over ten acrcs cf grcund. thwlly .ct tlcd, built upmostly of fmall weodcn buildinn, generally on lcased land. " THE GALAXY. MIDDCEBURY.YT. Tnesday, May 23, 1848. TID3 SLAVERY QUESTJON. Wo have given a consitfcrable portam of our spacc, this wcek, to the discussion which took place in the Senate, not long since.on thc exciting subject cf Slavery. The course of Mr. Hale, and tho bold and manly stand be takes in prwenca of the mc,t virulent and furious champions of Slavery, has alrendv re coived our commendation. The elecuok of Mr, nale ta the Senatc is an cvidence, such as none can mistake, that tho poor Slave ha3 a party at the North who are determined to maintain his cause, and who can and will do something effccthe in his behalf. It ihowj tbat the Whig party, while It looks upon tha. Protcction of Ilomc Industry.the great schemo of Internal Improvemcnts, a resistance of Ex ctntive cncroachments, and a firm adhesion to thc Conslitntion, as most important principles in its crecd, has within its bosom, leixdes, all the zcal for liberty and cquality, which thoso attcrapting an incfTcctive and poworless or ganuation upon Ihat ufea alonc, ever tave manifested or ever can toanifcst. As sure s there is an eternal rigSt and" wrong, and a God in hoavcn who- regards tho opprcsscd and the oppressor, the principloa cf frcedom must and will ultimately prevail. This will not happen, howevcr, without doing' something to bring it about. It will do no good to fly in a passion, and ravc, and stormy and denounce. Our actiun must bc dcliber ate. It must commence in the right place. It must proceed in tho right direction. To cx- pcct any help for the Slave while tho powor is in the hands of the Locofoco party is manifeit- ly absurd. Thc first ohslaclc to bo rcmov.ed u this tima dough-factd Locofocolsm. That par ty must bc broken down, or all thc ravings and dcnunciations of all the Liberty mcn this side of Mnson and Dixon's lino, will be aspow erless as the whimperings of a child. Wo doubt not that a largo portion of our Liberty fricnds who havo seen fit to attach themiclvcs to an organization Sndcpendcnt of thc Whig party, havo bccn Ied scriously to bo liovc that thcy shall thus bcst accomplish the great purpose we all havc at heart. But how can thc result ofthe last Presidcnlial election tho great strcngthcning ofthe bonds of Slave ry which has followcd dircctly from the tri umph of Loeofocoisni, in tho pcrson of 'Jame K. Polk fail to show such persons as refloct upon these things, and are sinccro in the counu thcy aro taking, that thcy can hopo nothing but disaster from pcrsisting in their separatiou from tho true friends of freedom ? Mr. Ilalo is now presonted as a candidato for the rrcsidcncy. On tho Slavery qucitoc, his views are mainly soSnd would bc entire Iy so, could hc escape thc growing infatuation to which tho one-idfa crecd ncccssarily cxposM him. On all othcr pointt, he is a Locofoco an anti-protcctionist an encmy to the rcost vital intcrcsts of tho North. Whcn tho choico was between Mr. llaln snd another cqually oflensivo on all thcso lalti-r points, and a pro slavcry man to boot, tho Whigs of New Hsmp shiro did not hesitalo to give him their vote. In this they showcd that thcir attachracnt to Liberty was thc preduminant principlc. To talk of so. young and incipcricnccd a statcs man as Mr. Hale for tho PmidcKcy, is simply ludicrons but for Northcrn men, who rcflcct that there arc othcr intcrcsts than that of Eman cipation, & that on ali thesc other intcrcsts Mr. Hale is unsound ridical Locofoco to east thcir votes for him at tho ncxt election, is lil tlc short of madncs.". Those who call ttcir selvcs Liberty mcn, in 10 far as thcy havc sid cd and abctted Locofocoism, havo done it, wo arc willing to believe, unwittingly, hitherto but how can thcy bo mistakcn mrch longcr? And how can thcy fail to sce the dircct result of this wholc movcmcnt ? We commend tho Dubata in our colunmi to-day, to tho attention of all onr rcadors. It will amply rcpay a pcrusal. Vermont has al ways takcn decided ground on this subjcct. Our own District furnishcd for many years, one ofthe most fearless champions in Congrcss of Anti-Slavcry principles. Wo trustourah horrencoto that accurscd institution will never bc Icss. THE YUCATAN BILL. It will be seen by rcferring to our Con- grcssional record, that the Senate havo been cmployed tho last week or two in discussing a bill for ihe aid and relicf (and swallowing) ofiucatan. This bill had its origin in. the earnest petitions of Senor Sierra, a co.-nmissioner and special agcnt of the Yucatan Government, who asks for the interfercnce of thc United States against the overpowering number? of thelndians who havo risen inrebellion against them. Of the charaeter of tha ravagcs and massacres perpetrated by the Indians, our readers are-already aware. Some facts, howevcr, connccted with this insurrection, are not probably so general- ly known. The White race in Yucatan are of course Spanish in their origin, and in all important respectslikc their immediate neighbors, the Mexicans. This State ha been a member ofthe Mcxican Confede racy and cnly a few ycars since (in 1839f wc believe) tried the cxpcriment of an in dependent government. This independent movement was car-. ried by an appeal to thc aid ofthe Indian race, though opposcd by all the more so bcr portion of thc White inhabitants, for reasons that arc obvious. Thc Savsgc ; then first learncd their strenr,ta they swcpt evcrylhing before iheu. "