lik t That U tha everlastinrr fact of fbe mat-
ter ; trne to-day as it was at the beginniDg of
the worid and only overjooked (lor rcasonsi
m ccrtaln confuscdheavy laden periods, which
by their nature are citlicrfat.il orclse transito-
ry. Constitutiomd mcn, 1 beliete, will graou
aliy become aware of tliis ; and once well dis
ceruing it, will find a whole unel.nborated
world of practical reform, on tbatunsxpected
side of curtailing tbe suflraee agHm I
In brief bis Ibnlship's bill for improved reg
iatration of Irish couary votcr?, vrbicb is said
to be good oi its sort, andbiilfor impnncd
ditto i?i Irisb municipalitics, whkh bas not yet
i-oma iuto the li"ht, do, to impartial extrapar-
liitmaitary pertons, seem as nrange a pair of
bills as wcre ever propounded on sucn an oc-v-aion.
Our impious Irish 7Vtrer oBdbel,
built hisrh for eenturies now aiii.st God's
coiuaiindmcntjbaTingat last with fatcfulshud
der throagb every stone of it craclced fromtop
tobasc; and bcnding now visiblyto every
eve, and bangjngin momentary peril of tumb
hn whollv and of carrving our own dwelling
place along with it, will his Lordship, with
these two cxquisite Whitechapel ncedks, bring
tbe iaimineut bulging masonries, the bigbeams
.1 .1 .1 V . . T .1 tnfn . riT nrrain ?
Tbisit appcars are bis !( crowbars; with
these he. meana to begin and try.
Is his Lordship not aware, tben.tkat the I
risb potatoe has, nractieally speaking, fallen
extinct : that the hideous forni of Irish so-call-
ed "soi-ial existence," sustained thercby, has
henceforth become impossible? That some
new exiitence. dcscrvinz a little jnore to be
called 'social,' will hac to introducc itself
there ; cr worse, ever worsa, down to some
namcluss Trorst of all, will haTe to follow ?
That accordinglv a real government, como from
whcra it cau, is indispensable for the huinan
Leinirs that iuhabit Ireland ? That on the
whole. real rovernment, etrective suidance and
constniiiit of human folly by huinan wisdom,
u very desirsblc for all manncr or human be
incs! Tliat. in fine, the Kin" of the Frcnrl
drove lntely through the Barrie ofPassy in
a cwe borse chaisc ? And farthermoro that
Europe at large has riscn bebind him, to testi-
fy that it also will, at lcaat, nae uone wiid
hani governinent, aSid have either true gov-
ernmcnt or elw noue at all i 1 hese are grave
fa.Jis, and indioate to all creatures tnat a new
nisd verv ominouj era, for Ireland and for tu,
IreV.nd, whicb was nevcr yet organic with
olhcr thau m.ike-bclieve arrangement, now
wiitiies in bitter asonr, plainly disorcantc
from ihure to fhore ; its perennial hunger
sjipwn ;oo snarp erca lor insn ncrves. x.ng
land ha her Charti.'ms, her jmtly discontent-
cil work-peojile countaale by tbc imllion ; re
preiS'A or extinguished by the glorious 10th
o:' A.iril. fcr .Thicli a monumcnt is to be built.
jNo, iin'l Kurope, we say, from Cadiz to Cop-
cnlaii . lia crasued together suddenly mto
tae bo.touiiess ileeps; tho thin carthrind, whol
lr ar tfciul. giving way beneath it ; and wolt
eri no-one!mj;el)emocracv, one hn;e anarehy
ur tinj ssntss; its 'kins' all flying Ii ke a setof
tncro p!nt-actor kings, nnd noue now eren pre
tcndin io rulv, and lieroically, at his lifu's peril,
i-u-ninau'l i:uil conttrain. Coes our chicf govcru
wr cikuliite that Enpland, with such a Chartism
unJt-r lik. and such a firc ship of an Ireland in
dNso'.uMj c'nineJ te her, beaten on continnally by
H!i ni.tn liic Kuropc and its all-permeating influ
clccs au.l inimcs, can keep the waters on these
;trnii By bcr old comtimtional methods, of
proiJiiciuf imall rtpistmtion bills, niurh Parlia
Eiciuir. cloquince, and gctting the supplics vot
ed. iu -.vliich lattur puint, it woald seem now, ow
iM'j to incrci.so of I'arlinmcntary elouuence, the
chicf ovf nior linds iliQicullies ? Is it by such
alcticiay that he will front the crisis ? A chief
rcYeni r of that humor, at the present juncturc,
i re!r rathcr an a'arminj; phtnoraeuon I
4 ConM any projcctinj; Wamer of the long
rance be fi.mid whu would undcrtake to vnanchor
t!it 1,'and of Ireland, and sailfairly awaywithit,
and with all its populations and posscssions, to
the last toru hat iliat Jiops a winilow panc.and
t.-.rhor dicm safe again at a diitance, say, of3000
milei frum ns fnr.Js to anr amount would be
fubjcribcd here lor puttin; in immcdiate actirity
nx-Ii Warucr of theloug range." Kxamimr, A
From the St. Louis Jlepullican cMay 29th.
CKN'EKAL TAYLOK'S rOSITION.
Ai our readers know, wc have never had !
ny K,ibt about thepoition which Gen. Tay
lor would octupy, in the event of the nouiina-
tion oinotiicr tlian nimsclt lor 1 rcsiuent, oy
the Whiii National Concnlion. Wc have al-
ways b'dieed that the friends of Gcneral Tay
lor ,.ert' lcft bj- hiniat fulllibcrty towithdraA'
im naiuc from belore the puuhc, so soon as a
tiate offai-ts urosc which would justify it, and
that this eontingcncy would anse cs soon as
the Vh:2 nomiuation should be made. Ef-
lorii hae bcin made bv the enemies of the
Ull (i.'i.cral to give a dilferent interretation
tu his Vttcnt and opinions, and in a lew cases
thtse vfibrts have operated to his prejndice.
J'ut n; I:ne no sort ot doubt tnat bis rosi
J:-.n iV l'f wrll understood by the National
.'onventioii. llis frinds will uiake up a ve
ry coiiMilcrable jiortioa of that body. They
tale ; tir Mit thcre, in all honor, witha de
term:i::ition to abide the issue of the nomina
tion As lionorablu men, they will, in the e
vrnt oi'a liilure to nominatc "Gcneral Taylor,
at onrc; cnrry out his expressed wishes, and
with ira his name from thecanvass. Wcbu
lievj that the Convention will nominatc Gen.
Tay or fcr the- I'residcney, but if it should be
otbcrw'ae, we lecl the same nssuranee that his
uame wiit not Manu in tne way oi, tne succcss
of the W'lus nominee. Of all this, the Loco
Foros may rcst satiffied Evcn were wc iu
doubt about thc course of his fricnds in thu
Convrntion, the following cxtract from a let
ter from General Taylor himself ought to sct
tle the qucstion. It "was writtcn on the 24th
of April, and addressed to a gcntleman of Io
wa, who bas Kindly sent it to us, to satisfy the
incrcdulity ofthe conductors ofthe Washing
ton Union, andiother Loco Fcco papers.
General Taylor says :
" I now considcr mysclf in the hands ofthe
PeopIe a portion of tchom, at lcast, bave
pi.H'ed wy nama bcfore the country, for the
ol5e in questicn, and who alone are author
ized to withdraw it from the canvass; ichich
t'tty t "M to do, providcd they can fix on any
c'Jj?'- who wou'.d be worc available, and bct
t -r -a'ified to serve them, and east their vote
i:- ''i.'t at te propcr time. And should they
scc i in electing him, I slia'.l be neither dis
app' intcd nor mortificd at the rcsult : on the
c.ni,'-arr, if he is hcncsr, tmthful and patriot
. , i will rcjoice at the same."
itneral I aylor further says, in the same
ktlcr, that he only pcrmitted the uso of his
i atne, because "many ofthe purest citizens of
t' e xaA inSSsted that he should do so." Our
.r?!Tondent, who is, it may be remarked, a
fe :jkc Democrat, remarks upon this letter
'VJioe.er kr.ows Gcneral Taylor, can fully
er.'or into his i'eelings, and see the utter falsi
t ofthegroand asjumcd ag.iiust him. He
does not feel at libcrty to undo wliat has been
done by the. people without his agency yet
he says, that the people should undo their act
i? one mors availablc and bcttt'rqualifiedthan
Limself can be found. Tliau General Taylor,
wherc can the bearts of all the gcod aud" pa-triv-iic
of our land, beatin; with high hones for
its welfare, and braUiing ardent praycrs for
it. recovcry from tbe present miscrablc mis
rule, tdicate a more "available" candidate, or
find onc in whoni valor, truth, parnotism, pru
dericc, lirmness in fino, evcry noblo qualitv
combining to.pcrfect a man abovc reproach ?
(jy A destructire fire has laid waste a large
portion of the viilage of Allentown, Pa. Loss
estimated at 5250,000. ParUy intured.
BY MAGNETIC TELEGRAPH.
REPOHTED FOR THE GALAXY.
NewYork, June 12, C 1-2 P. M.
JWr. F.X. Aubrey arrired atSt. Lou is.on
the 2d inst., Iming traveled from faanta
Fe in theincredibly shorispaceofM days.
The St. Louis report says, ha kiljed three
horses and two mules, and walKea w
iniles, was three days without provision,
and slept onlyfourur five hnurs on the
roule. The Indians attacKeu ini,
tained his baggage, Ietlers, provtsions,
&c, but he contrived to escape.
Mr. A. left Sanla Fe 20 days alter the
mail autl arrived at Independence one
day in advance of it. A tram of wagons
owned by Bullard, Hook Co., which
left the Statelast Fall, had been cut offbT
the Indians The last heard of them
was at Ft. Mann. Thcre were 20 men
with the train, and since then nothing has
been heard of the wagons, tnen, or gootis.
Johnny Gilpin had asuccessful fight with
a party of the Cainanches near the Moro.
Loss of the Indians ?aid to have been
nreat. That of the Ainericans one or two
killed and two wounded
Col. Newbv had a brush xvith a party
of Navajoes, in which one of their prin-
cipal cbiefs and tliree or tour otners were
Qniiea large meelingiB now beingheld In
the I'aik, to ratify the nomination of Cass
nnd Builer. Jolin 31. tiraanurst presiaes.
Hfisiftcdbv 13Vice Presidents nnd as niany
5?errpiiiriej. Sennlor Beiilon has made n
Biieerh. und Senalor Alleti of Oliio ia now
tpeakine. Thc nireliiii; is ncnrly as large
as that recenilv hebl bv iht Bnmburners.
Thon.as Baring, M. P- presided nt a meet-
ino- hcld in.-Lnndon on the 27ih ull., lor tlie
purposeof propncing ineand to liold the sys
tem ol Free Lah"r in the BritUh Colonial
posesMons to as to prevent ihiscountrv be-
! . . . r i r I T .
ing dependenl on Slave L,noor lor ns Hiippnea
of Susrar and Colfee. J lie nieeting wns
of a motit iinporlant character.
New York, June 10, 9 o'clor.k, A. M.
AURJVAL OF THE ACAD1A.
The Acadia nrrifed nt Halifax, on
Weduesdav. The Expresa Boat broueht
ncws to Uoetoii at 11 o'clock, last mglit.
There is grcnte'r Iranquilily than at Iftst
lntes. There ishowever, coniiderable Iroub-
le in some of ihc Provmces. I here had
been a severe riot at Lyons. The grandee
at Paris pnssed oll quiclly, but tlieie is said
to be a disagreenicnt, in some parliculnr
nie:isures, between the IVatnnal Ae;emblv
and the oilier membcrs of the Govetnmeni.
There is a rumor prrvalent that Lamartine
and Ledru Rollin will reeign and be suc
ceeded by M. M. Mnrrast nnd Araco. The
L,cj;ilirnists ate jfetltnir more connaence.
20.000 iroops surrnundod the National A-
semnly nnd viciiuiy.
Thc consitiraluri ol nl tne Jo'.n ult. were
siill iu prison. iIr. Kush prcscnlcd thc ad
drcss ol the Ameiioan Congress tn M. Lnm
arlinc. on the 22il. Endeavors me mnking
to ilitbanil the Govemment. Thc laborers
of Lyons are uisorgnnizing in their fcelincs.
At loulon thcre nas been a coliision be
tween the iroops nnd the people. The lntler
took thearsetial, but were subsequently driv-
cu out and delentcd.
llopcs of peace in the North arc not real
ized. Schleawig remains as belore. Dant-
zic nnd S'.ettnti ihrenlen a sepaiation Irom
Prusnia The Gennnn Parliament had elec
lcd Dugerne. thc Hefsian ininister, ns Presi
drnt. Thc Emperor and Empreks nf Aus
trU ran away secretly on the 17ih. Endeav
ors to proclaim a republir. had failed. The
Emperor returnrd on the 19ih. Peschiera
vas hepieged. Trevira is inrcsled by the
There has been a great insurrcction in Xa
plcs. The City was nearly destroyed. 400
troops was killed. Tlie X.itional Guatd was
disbanded and anew Ministry formcd.
The Gorernmcnt had dismisscd Bulwcr, the
Biritish Miniiter, who had arrived at London,
whcre the cvcnt created much excitcment.
Thcre had been an insurrcction at Seville, and
great los.s of life.
The Poles h.ad been uefcated with great
shiughter at Poscn.
Ireland was Tery turbulent, clubs of work-
ir.cn paradc iJublin nianor. lhcre were
many small contcsts with the police. The
whole Countrv was in blaze ofjor on the disa-
crrcpraent of the jurv in the case of Jleagher
anu Jilitciici. x-ircs oiazeu on ovcry niu. ana
ihe people were in ecitacics. Great alarm
was feit esi outbrcaks should occur. There
K nk;on that the Government will nack
iurors for Alitcliel. rreu bills wcre tounct a-
llepcal languishes. Daily Free
The Boston Morning l'ost, of Tucsdav last,
contams "a urst rate notiee ot the lile of Gen
cral Cass, which thc editor ofthe Post dcsires
should be carefully rcad by every" voterin the
United States. In this noticeable docutneiit,
the writer undertakes the sccmingly hopeless
tast ot provin" tnat "onu!i me tioiuer is s
frreat man. and entirely worthy of the confl
dence ofthe people. As might bc cxpectcd,
our bionranher succccds to 1ns coinpletc satis-
laction, whatever may bc tlie cticct upon bis
readers. Among other notable asscrtions, he
declaresthat, "ou wntering Canada, General
IIuH distnbuled a proclamation among tue in-
habitants, which, for the eloquence and high
snirit that it contained. cannot be snrpasscd ;
but it was sadly in contrast witn tne iuinimcnt
ot its professions. U utortunatciy :or tne coun
try, the author of the proclama'tion, Colonel
Cass, was not the comuiander ot the army.
In rerard to this proclamation, which tlie
Post so highly commends, and unqualificdlr
asscrts was the production of Gcneral Cass, tbe
following extracts trom the recently pubhshed
life of Gcneral Uull, will be found" to ppssess
some lnterest :
"There are some cunous circumstances
with this proclamation. It has been praised
as a spirited and strong paper, and condcmn-
ed as pompous and improper. After Gen
HuWs death, the authorship of it was claimcd
for Gen. Cass, then a Colonel ofMilifia. Up
to that time, that is, for fifteen years, no one
evcn sujircstcd tbat it was wntten by anv oth
er tuan trcneral tl ull himsclt. lieneral llull s
familv. in all that thev had heard and read a-
bout the proclamation, had never before re-
ccivcu tbe suggesuon that General Lass was
the author. As the mattcr now stands, whcn
ever the proclamation b condemned, General
Hull is treated as tbe author; when it is prais
cd, it issaid to have been written bv General
Cass. This proclomation was approved by thc
Prejident, iaa. Utter to GeseralHulI, from
the "vVar Departaent, of August 1st ; and was
the Treaty of Ghent, to have been authnzed
and disapprovca oy tne uoiciumcu.. -
HOLL'S MlLITAltT ASD ClVIL i,IFE,pp. Sil
338. , ,
m.: liorpfnr. has had thc
sin"ular fateofbeing approved by thc tov
ornmcnt whcn first issued, and disavowed by
thc same Govcrnmcnt at the clpse of the war
of bcing c'onsidered a vaponng ar.d weat
paper. when ascribcd to Gcneral Uull, but
becommg an aoie anu
ascribedtothe Government, or to General
Ca5s." In. pp- 340, 341.
Who is in realily the author of this procla
mation is a matter of veiy little nioment, since
: :e nntlitnrr mnrpllmn n mprp. niecQ of "nUIDP-
cd-up thunder" and can rcflect no great liter-
ary credit upon anv one. i.ven tnai pancru
Democrat, Charle3 Jared Ingersoll, styles it a
"vaporingproclamation." But it may be well
to rcniark, that General Cass's wholc course
in regard to General Hull was disingennous,
ungentlcmanly, and improper to the last de-
m. .e nrmnrtnnrtv oliers. taxe occa-
1icsuaii,us 'Jj'j'"' 'J 1 ,
ion to exposc some other misstatements in his
Jlorning l'ost biograpny. uoswti jxuw.
From the St. Louis Aetr Era, May 24.
N. P. Trist.Esq. Among the passengers
brou"ht by the Sultana, from the South, last
evenfng, waaN.P.Trist Esq.. whois enroutt
for Wnshington, to which placc, thouj;h a
private ciiizen, he was ordcred by Alajor
General Bntlcr. ,
We had ihe pleasure of an intcrview wiin
Mr. Trist, whom we had previously known
formonlhs during the campaign in Mexico.
We were no less asionished than purprieed to
lcarn from him that he was actually a milila
ry pwoner! as such he returned to the
Un'ued States, and as euch shonld report him
sel""to the President onreaching the city of
However widely pcrsons may diffcr as to
the proprietyor impropriety of the coursn
Mr. T rifct saw fil to pursue, ns the diplomatic
agent ofhisanvernment, in making a treaty
of peace with Mexico, there can be but ono
opinion as to the fiagrant abuse of power in
bis arrest and ejection from Mexico by order
ontic Prcsident ofthe United Stotcs. This
Dummnry nnd despotic proceeding does not
wlunon verbal teslimonv. but Mr. Trist
has it in black and white under the hand of
the present general-in-cluef ofthe Amcrican
army in Mexico.
If ihere are any who suppose that Mr. Trist
will tamcly submit to any such despotic ex
crcise of military power toward a privaieciti
zen uflheUniled Slatrs by the President or
hisSecrelarv of Wnr.allwe can sav is.thev
are egregiouely mistaken in iheir man. Of
this, the country at large will become satisneu
ere many months more have paesed away.
Mr. Trist takes the Northern route, via thc
lllinois and Mir.higan canal, and will reach
Washington in ihe course of ten or tvelve
davs from ihis time.
ANTI-PEACE RUMORS! DREAD
FUL COND1TION OF YUCATAN.
Pelersburg. Va., May 25.
Adviccs from New Orleans are to the 19th
inst. The U. S. propeller Eudora has ar
rived, xvith two days' later dates from Vera
Cruz and the ciiy of Mexico. They, how
ever, contain nu inlelligenco addilional to
that by the schooncr May, which arrived on
The Philadelphia Bulletin of Thursday
publishes llie following, receivcd by way of
Tuscumbia and Louisville. It is one day
behind the ubove and mus: therelore be iu
"I learn from ihe Montgomery Flng nnd
Adverliser Extra ofthe 20th, ihat important
nws had reachcd New Orleans from Mexi
co. It was received by teleurnph nnd ex-
press from Mobile and JNew Orleans to 1 us
cumbia. The ncws rcnchod New Or
leans on ihe evening of the IStli, that the
Treaty had been reiected by the Mexican
n f . 'Pi : . . 1 1 :
Uongress ui vuernmru. i ins iiiicinucncu
romes througb a channel, which prccludes
all doubt ol its corrcclness."
The ruir.ors ol the treaty, formed brtween
theGovenorofYucatan, D. Miguel Barba
cbano, and ihc Iudian Cliiefd, being broken,
are confirmed. tlosliliues were resumed
tviih increased feroci'.y. On the 7th inst.,
ihe Indians entered ihe town of Mcrida with
apparently pcacelul inlenlionK, but Euddenly
at twelvo o clock, lell upon tnc ciuzens ana
butchered 200 uflhem. Alter murdering the
men they commilled the most dreadful oul-
rages upon tue womcn.
Wmo CosvcsTioti. The inlerest which
has bccnawakened in thcproceedingsof tbe
Cuiivention ismanilest in ihe nuniber of pcr
sons who have roine on to ourcily to aitend
Ihe sittint's and participate in'.he raliticalion
ofihc nomination. Theslreels were alive
yesterday wiih ihem. Evcry eieamboat that
arrived, deposiled its mavs of living"freight,
aud we doubt wheihcr there has ever been
so many stranaers in the city at one time be
lore. Amid such n mnss of pollticians, of
course there will be much cxcitement, and
rrowds aspembled at evcry prominent place.
It is no uncommon sighl to see a speaker
mounted upon tbcsieps of some public bnild
ing, hohlirig forlhto hundreds ofeagerlislen
ers. This statc or thiugs will coniinne
throu-hout lo-day and to morrow, when
loubiless the crowd will ditpersc ngin lo
their homts, earh one to awaken in his own
parliculur localily, the cnihueiasm that he
witnefsed aud participated in while here.
LOCO FOCO HARMONY.
Tho iirst of the following extracts is from
an influential "Dcmocratic" paper in Ohio ;
the second from theBarnburner organ inKcw
THE NOMINATION OF GEN. CASS.
Gcneral Cass is nominatcd by the Balti
more Convpntion. What shall be done in the
premiscs ? is the qucstion that all are asking.
IKe shall act as near in accordance with the
principles we have heretofore profcssed and
adrocated, and which are well understood by
our readers, as practicablc.
The- voice of the great State of New York,
of her noble Democracy, has not been heard
in making tbis nomination. It is not there
fore, the nomination of z Democratic Nation
al Convention, such as the delegates were
sent to Baltimore to make, and is of no bind
ing obligation upon thc Democracy ofthe na
tion, or any part of it, cxcept so far as they
choose to ratify it
The Democracy of New Yorkjit is bcliev
cd, will have a candidate in the field, and the
Democracy of other free States will probably
unite with Ihem. Sandusly (Ohi6)Mirror.
The following are among the papers in this
State, which spcak in tcrms of indignant con
dcmnation against the fraudulent nomination
held at Baltimore. They will support no man
for President who is Tirtually pledgcd to vcto
any bill dcsigncd to prcscrre free territory
irom me curses ot etcrnal slavcry .
iY. I'. Erening Post,"
Rochester Daily Adr'.
and Jefferson Dem.
A cat majority ofthe resi oi iu Fiv..-.-tho
Stateare equally hostile. to tho nomina
tion, and will never snpport .t. Thereis good
reason for bclieving tbat tne t"1. "
cy wtll carry this State next lau. Af. X.
cf ti. r,f cmp mcn is amazinc,
as cditors of newspapers have thcbest reason
to know: 11 occasionany uayi"-
fellow comes along with a "patent, perhaps a
dog muzzln or rat tmp, which hc war.ts puffed
into notorietv. Ten to one, he issadly oflend
cdifeditors'donot jump at a chance, and
leave all their business instanter for the : pmi
Ipse of doinghim a gratuitous servicc . c
lie such men, exccedingly. 5yractise Slar.
Tuesday, June 13, 1848.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT.
OF NEW YORK
The evcnt to which the Whig party through
out the Union have been looking forward
with an unusual anxicty, is now passed the
standard-bearers in the coming contcst havo
been chosen. Let every truc Whig cordially
and cheerfully accept thc nominations ofthe
National Convention. Wc have always been
detennlned to abide that decision and what
ever we may have said to urge the claims of
our own faTonte, wc have nevcr spoken in
disparagement of thc gallant hero, whose
name we place at the hcad ofour columus, and
who will lead us, in Novembcr, to the most
signal victory the Whig party has cvcr acbiev-
ed. Gen. Taylor s pohtical pnnciplcs, maeeu,
ir did for a momcnt question. But the
soundness of his crecd, before the Convention
assembled, was placed beyond a doubt. Gcn.
Tavlor is a Clay Whio 1 Frecmen of Ver
mont, in doing valiant scrvice in tho ranks of
this vcteran, you wage the same war of pnnci
plcs, you contend for the same issues, your vic
tory will bc attended with cssentially thesame
rcsults, as though you fought under the ban
ners of the nohle "Harry of thc West." Gen.
Taylor is a whole-souled Whig. It was an
ungrounded conjecture that represented him as
not bemg about to abide the decision ot tna
Convention. .His name was not presentcd be
fore tbe Convention, until this report had een
nositivelv and forever put to silcnce. Every
mcans had been used by our political oppo-
nents to put him m a talsc position m respcci
to his party. They dreaded his nomination
more than all things else. Gcn. Taylor kcpt
his own counsel.- With hundreds of lettcrs
pouring in upon him, dcmanding that hc should
deline his position, it was certainly no easy
matter to escape from the snarc into which a
greedy politician would have eagerly run. At
the rijht time, hehasavowed himself openly,
frccly, deeidedly and thosc of his Whig
fricnds who havo wrongcd him br unjust sus
picions, ought now to tome forward like men,
eiveup their error, and cnlist for thc cam-
paisn with their whole soul. The Whigs of
Vermont will do it, with zeal and cordiality.
They lovo Henry Clay they would have pre
ferrcd to see him President but in their de
votion o principles, they will cheerfully sur
rendcr all partialitics ior men.
Of Millard Fillmore. we need not sneak.
Hc is too well known, his character is too high-
ly appreciatea, to neeu a wora ot commenaa
tion from us. The ticket is a stroni? one. and
will undoubtedly be triumphantly elccted, if
the Whigs excrt themselvcs as the present
condition of tbc country dcmandi. -Luti
will DO IT.
LEWIS CASS. THE WAR DE
PARTMEXT. Wewill notdisguise from our readers the fact
that, at thc time Gen. Cass was callcd into the
Cabinetof Jackson (in 1831), the affairs ofthe
War Department wcre in a difncultand very crit-
ical condition. Wc would not willingly dctract
from the pablic character o'" any man who de
servcs well of his country, and has cndearored
faithfully to acquit himf elf in the discharge of ar-
duous duties, because hc may have been guilty of
scme fewvcnial errors. But whcn man is pro
poscd as a candidate for thc bighcst officc in thc
gift cf our people, we shonld certainly crr on the
side of clemency, were we to pass lightly as thc
political friends ofGcn. Cass. have done over
thctruly rcprehensiblo portions of his public ca
reer, wherein the candidate has been fairly put to
thc trial as to honesty nnd capacity and found
to have come short in both particulars.
Gcn. Cass had, for sevcral years previous to
the appointmcnt in qucstion, filled the post of
Govemor ofthe Tcrritory ofMichigan. In this
capacity, it may be recollected by some of our
readers, he pursucd a litc of policy, with re
spect to the Indians, for the most part, bighly
commendable. His vicwswerehumanr, and were
charactcrizcd by an apparent desire to promote
fricndlyfeclings among thc Indians, towardsthe
Whites and towards each other. His labors in
this direction were mentioned with approval at
the time, and his policy was undoubtedly worthy
of all the countenaacc it received from many
high sources. In the mean time, a most unhap
pr state of things had arisen, among the Indians
and the White scttlers in the South. The at
tempts ofthe state govcrnmcnt to extend itsju
risdiction overthcCherokecs within the chartered
limits of Georgia to whom the enjoyment of
their own lands and laws had bccn (directly and
indirectly) stipnlatcd, again and again, were
promptly and deeidedly discountenancedby Pres
ident Adann, near the cloieof whoic Adminis
tration, these inhuman proccedings first began to J
bethoughtof. Bnt no sooncrwas Jackson in
sulledin power, than ho joincd in these nnjust
and shamcful transactions evcn goingbeyond the
cruelties ofthe Georgians, and approaching, step
bv step,to the final conscmmation of that measure
which has lcft an indelible stain upon his memo
ry the remoTal ofthe Indians beyond theMis
fis3i'ppi. Secrctary Eator (of Tenncssec) retircd from
the Cabinct, in the midst of these crib'cal affairs
-for reasons of whieh we need not now speak-af-tcr
remaining in the War Department only two or
thrce years. As a successor, Gcn. Jackson first
nominated Mr. White,, (also cf Tennessce,) who
dccliced. The appointmcnt was then otfercd to
Gov. Cass, and acccptcd. The new Secretary
was naturally supposed to be familiar with Indi
an affairs, from a long cxperience and, had he
but firmly maintained the principles and policy to
which he had hitherto adhercd, in obcdience to
his own convictions of right and justice, he might
unqnestionablyhave averted alltheevils that fol
lowed. But what did Gen. Cass do 1 No sooncr was
ho brought in contact with Jackson, than kis con
scioucc descrted him, his moral principlowas put
to ilight, and his consistsncyjwas compromised in
the cyes of the whole country. Here was a trial
of his integrity just such a trial as it would be
well that evcry candidate for the Presidency
should be put to. If thc slight advantage of Ex
ccutivc favor will turna man aside from his'own
honest opinions of justice and right, and bribe
him Into a long series of acts thatoutragc thebct
tcr feelings of humanity, against r.n unofiending
and defcncclcss people, let the freemen of this
Rcpublie bcware how they trust such a person
with tbe nation's destiny !
Of thc capacity with which Gen. Cass'man
agcd the War Department, it is enough to say
that by his bungling managcment, the Seminole
War was rcnewcd, and all its long train of evils
and disasters necdlessly. inflicted on the country.
We cannot go into a long explanation of thest
raatterSjbnt this position will not bc dtnied, we
arc sure, by any onc who will carefully and can
didly examine thc history of that ruinocs War,
and thc mcans by which it was rcvired in its last
and most fatal form.
AVe ask, in conclusion, where is the Democrat
who feels an impulse tocast his vote for a man
who has put offhis integrity, and put on a con
temptible spirit of fawning and servility for the
sake of oflice and emolumcnt? and for one who,
in doing so, has inflicted a dcadly injurj upon his
country ? Lewis Cass has done this if such a
man is your choice, Tote for the Locofoco
WAR AND FREE TRADE.
We ask the attention of every freeman of Ver
mont to the following rcsolution, unanimously
passed at the latc Baltimore ConTcntion. Noth
ing can exceed the brazcn ciTrontery with which
Polk'simmense Wardebt of ohe iiusdbed and
fiftt millio.vs is boastcd over, as putting an
end to thc Whig Policy of distributing thc pro-
ceeds of Public lands ! unlcis it is the impu-
dence and hcartlcuness with which these very
same men who, four years ago, avowed tbat thc
TarirTof '42 had been passed by Locofoco votes,
and would be sustained by tho Locofoco party,
now congratulate the country on the prostration
of that Tariff,and ''thc noble impuUe given to thc
cause ofiUEE tkauf:," in consttjuence ofthe clcc-
tion of Jamcs IC Polk! Rcad it, evcry voterin
Vermont, read it !
"Resolred, That tlie fraits of Ihe great politi
cal triumnh of 1644, which elccted Jaines K.
Polk and Gcorge 31. Dallas, President and Vice
Prcsidentof the United States, have fiilfilled the
hopes of the Democracy of tlie Union: in defeating
tho dcclared purpose of their opponcnts to crcate
a National Bank ; in preventing the corrupt and un
conUitutional dislrihition of the land proceeds, from
the common tieasury ofthe Union, for local pnr
poses ; in protccting the currency and the labor
of tho country from ruinous fluctuations, and
guarding the moneyof the people fou tiieuse
op the FEorLK, by the establishment ofthe
Constitutional Treasury; ix tde soble im-
TULSE GIVEX TO THE CACSE OF FREE
TRADE, BY THE ItEPEAL OF THE TAEIFF
OF 1842, and thc crcation of the more cqual,
honest, and productive tarifTof 184C ; and that,
in our opinion, it would be a fatal error to
wcakcn thc bond of political organization by
which these great reforms h.ivebeenachicrcd,
and risk them in the hands of their known ad-
versaries, with whatever dclusi'vc appcalsthey
may solicit our surrcndcr offhat vigilance
which is thc only safcguard to liberty."
(Uum m m 1)
Gex. Tatlok arows himsolf to be oppoced to
any eztcnsion of our territory the arca of Slavcry,
thercforo, cannot be cnlarged while bis principles
bear sway. Lewis Cass goes fjr enlaryiny our
territorial limits to the gnalest extenl so as to in
clude Mexico, California, Yucatan, Caba, ard e
vcn Jamaica; and that too for the exprcss pur
pose of extending and perpttuatwg Slarcry. Gek.
Tatloh declares that,bad he voted at all.tn 1844,
he should have voted for Hb.net Clat the il
Iustrious author and unflinching champion ofthe
great Ahekicak Ststem of Peoiectiox.
Lewis Cass givcs his cordial asscnt to a rcsolu
tion of thc Convention tbat nominated him, open
ly avowing the doctrine of Free Tbade. Gcn,
Taylor isan honest, unswerving, straight-forward
citizen of thc Rcpublie : Lewis Cass is a shufiling,
dodging, dough-faccd dcmagogue. The contrast,
in short, bctwccn the two candidatcs is as wide as
between the two worlds that aro scparatcd by an
impassable gulf. No sincere friend of his coun
try can remain indiffercnt in such a contcst. One
or tlie other mustincritably be elected and what
sincere lover of Freedom, what real friend of
Protccticn and Intcrnal Improvcment, can hcsi
tate for a moment as to which his vote shall bc
Amebicax Review. The Juno numbcr of
this highly valnable monthly is on our table. The
present issue complctes Vol. I of tlie New Series
Vol. VII in all. The Icading political articlc
(by D. D. Barnard,) is "The Administration: Iu
treatment of Gen. Scott." Then follows a thor
ongh and causticreviewof " WuthcringHeights,"
by G. W. Pcck. The Editor contributes a third
numberof the"Athtnian Banquets" a series
of papers charactcrizcd by a fcrtility of imagina
tion, fineness of sentiment, and classic elcgancc
of style worthy of one (as-ShelIey said of
Keats) "bom a Greek." This number also
contains an engraved likeness of the Hon. Joseph
R. Undcrtrcod, and a sketch of his life. Other
literary artieles,theForeign.'Misccllany,and Critic
al notices,added to the preceding.rcndcr this num
ber one of the best yet issued. Pnblished at 1 1 8
Nassan streat. S5 a rear.
AcRicDLTnitAi. Meetisg. TVe bave
just noticed in the Yermonter, that a mccting
of the Addison Co. Agricultural Socicty is
called for June 15th, (neit Thursday at the
Conrt House, in this town. The Secretary
forwarded no notice of the meeting to us. so
that it isnot our fault that we have no
sooner called attention to it. Committees of
Award are to be appointed, and other import
ant business transacted.
"Gex. Cass has been making a trium
phal march, the past week, through Baltimore
and Philadelphia to New York, accompanied
hy Senators Foote and Allen, and " all that
sort of thing." Havmg resigned his seat in the
Senate, Gen. C. kindly volunteers to al
low his friends a last look, before ha finally
retires from public life.
TTho County Court commences its June
Whigs ! rcmember the Convention te-
morrow, at the Court Housc.
Poetry. The elcgant and amiable " Bos
ton Correspondent" of the Green Mountain
Freeman, has been writing " poctry." An ef
fusion of this sort, in tha last Freeman, be
gins thus :
" Shall we ascend to heaven s dome,
To scarch for God's c'ternal thronc ?"
Stumbling over the threshold, after this
sort, we next Iandcd half way down the col
umn,on this delcctable couplet :
" He looscd the bands of Orion,
He guides Arcturus with bis sons "
whereupon, we became unconscious. On
reviving, we do not venturo to resume the
The Union Maoazine, for June, is re
ceived. We notice an entertaining arti
cle by H. T. Tuckermau, a clever 'West
ern Sketch,' by Mrs. Ktrkland, and the
usual number of Iightcr pieces. The en
grayings are good.
fjTf We hare collected about Sfty spe
cimens of Flowers native :n Middlebury,
during occasional 'walks into the country'
a list of which we mean topubltsh, with
dates, (or thebenefit of begtnners in Bo
any unles1? somebody better acquainted
with the subject will do us the faror to
send in a complete catalogue., Our con
temporaries, the Brattleboro Eaglc and
Burlington Sentinel, have given extended
Catalogues for-their respective latiludes
andwethink Middlebury ought to con
tribute something towards tlie same ob
ject. Painful Coincidesce. Thc widow of
Hon. Alcxander II. Everett. U. S. Commis
sioner to China. and also the widow of S. C.
Clopton, amissionarv ofthe Southcrn Baptist
1 , ., I -V- -V- T.
uoaru, reccnriy orriveu iu iwn xuijw uum
Canton. Both families wcnt to China in the
same ship, and thc widows returned together,
Pr.onABLE Mukdeh. Thc body of a
young girl was found onFriday.at Rock Ray
mond, near Manchester. N. II. Her throat was
cut, and it is supposed that sho was murder
ed. Peace. The Tclegraphic report in our paper
of last week is confirmed and thcre is nolonger
any doubt of thenominal ratification of the Trea
ty by the Mexican Congress. Should it finally
prove that a lastiny peace is cstablishcd, nobody
can be more rejoiccd to hear itthan wc--incrcdu-lons
as wc haTe always been. Our troops arc
to bs speedily withdrawn from the encmy's tcrri
tory. Philadelphia Whig National
Philadelphia, June 7.
The Whig Convention assembled and or
ganized at 10 this morning, by the apnoint
ment of Hon. John A. Collier.ofN. Y., Presi
dent, pro tera, and Jamcs Harlan, of Ky., as
Sec'y. pro tcm.
Rev. Dr. Brainard olTercd up prayer, and
John Sherman, of Ohio, appointed additional
Seq'y. The Roll of Delegates was then called.
CharlesN. Conrad, ofLa., movcd that her
Delegates act for Texas also. Objcctions wcre
made, and the subject was droppcd for thc
Thos. Bntler King, of Ga.,moved that each
Delegation appoint onc, to form a committee
to select jiermanent officers topreside over the
Mr. Blunt, of N. Y., oflered a snbstitute
Ihat the Chair appoint ono from each Statc.
The substitute was decided in thc negative.
A motion tolay theoriginal on the table was
also negatived. The onginal motion was then
The following gentlcmcn were then appoint
ed said committee.
Mr. Gatchell, of Me., Ncsmith of N. H.,
Foot of Vt., Simmons of It I., Ashraun of Mass.
Babcock of Conn.. Blount of N. Y., Wright of
T T TI,M Wt,:infP. AVotv:nf T)pl..Jcn-
ifcr ofMd., Stanley ofN. C.Bryant of S. C,
ijjne oi ija x ciera u junmi;
-iV: c ir PJltornf niitn Mprpilith nf
n!Cllil! W " 1 "
Ind., Smith of III., Carr of Ma, Murrav of
Wis.,Newton of Art., uomstocK, oi iHicii.,
Barrett of Fa.. Scymour of Va.,Uilliard of Ala.,
Tomnkias of Miss., Low of Iowa, and Ray of
This Committee have agreed on fcx-Uover-norMorehead
ofN. C, for President, with
Simnol AVnrts ofN. Y and onc from each of
the States for Vice Presidents. Sherman of
Ohio. andLangdon ofAla., andothentor tsec-
PniL..DELPniA, June 7, P. M.
The Convention re-assemhled at 4 o'clock.
The following gents. wcre chosen ofScers :
PRESIDENT, John M. Morchead ofN. C.
Vice Pbesidents, Luther Scvcrance, of
Maine, Anthony Colby ofN. 11 Evcrctt, Vt.,
A. Hnntington, Mass.- Chas. Jackson, R. 1.
Cha. W. Rockwell, Ct-, Saml. Works, N. Y.,
Jas. Porter, jN. J Townsend Hayne, Penn.,
John R. Mc Fee, Del Geo. W. Crawford, Ga.,
Jno. Gayle, Ala., Jas. Metcalf, Miss., Walter
Brasher, La, Wm. B. Rose 'I cnn., J. Camp
beHJvyT .Thomas G. Pratt, McL, John Jauney
Va.,Edward Deveny, N. CEdward Gamase,
S. C, Thos. W. Newton, Arlc, Jos. R. U'iU
iams, Mich, Jasper Strong, Fa., Saral. JPc
tcrs, La.,for Texas, Jas. Guiniesja. Jos. Vance,
Oo.Jno. V. Atwater, Ind.,EdmundBaker,BlT
D. D. Mitchell, Mo. E. D. Murray, W'is.
Secy's Jno. Sherman, Oa, Schuyler CoU
fax. IndJno. J. Pierson, Penn., N Bowditch
Blunt. N. Y..Nclson S. White, Conn.,P. Bar
ton, Vt.,E. W. Peck. Ala., Rob. Mallary.Ky.,
U.XHutcliinson,jTJno. xi. iYaKeuem,JN.
Mr. Morchead rclnrncd his thanks in an
Ho connseled harmony and ooncessian.
A spirited disccssion ensued about Louisia
na Totmg for Texas, which State was not rep
resented and rcsnlted in deferring that point
to the committee on credentials, nud ccrxm'it
tec genernlly cacsistiag of tbe cemznittee be
fore appointed, to nommate ofEcers, whn the
Convention adj. ts9 A.M. next morning.
Philadelphia, Thufcday, June 8.
Tho Conventioa re-assemlled according to
Tbc President hAving resnmcd his sent,
prayer wasofTered np by Rev. Mr. Atwood
oftieM. E. Church.
The minutes were then read and approiped.
The President's Address on taking thc Chair
yesterday, was ordcred on the minutes.
Mr. Everett of Vt., oflered a motion that
when the Convention adjourned, it adjonrn at
2 1-2 for a private confercnce on the state of
the narion, and to exclude reportcrs and spec
tators until 4 o'clock laid on the table.
Rcsolutions wcre ofTcred, but laid orr the
table or withdrawn, tending to definethenum-
bcr of Delegates entitled to seats.
thit the Delegates of thc District of (Jolurabia
wcre admittcd to honorary seati, and the
Louisiana Delegates be pcrmitted to represent
Thc dcbate is now going on upon the pow
er of State Delegates to fi'll vacancies.
That prt ofthe Committee'fc Report au
thorizing Delegates from Slates not fully
represented to east the Elettbral voie, and
to fill the vacancies, gavc rii e to a !ong de
baie. The ptevious question waa callcd for
aud sustained. The main qnestios wa ihen
put and the Conimittee'a recommendalion
negatived by Ayes 126. Nays 156.
The morning was mostly oecupied with
expUnalions as regarded the credenliaU of
Ihe Delrgatioiis from Missouri and Lousinna.
TheDelegates from Louisiana weteauihor
ized to east the vote of Texas in accordance
with ihe wiah of Texas exprcssedatthe State
The Convention nfitrward ndjourncd till
four, P. M. for the purpose of holding a secr.ei
session. -Tha Hall not to Ve openeJ to the
public again till 6 oxlock, P. M.
By Telegraph to the New York Tribune.
WHIG NATIONAL CONVENTION.
Philadelphia, Thursday, June 8, 5 P. M:
The great feature of the Secret Session
is a debate on a motion of the Ohio Del
egates to exclude all candidates for noinis
nation that are not openly arowed aud
thorough Whigs. Thej have agreed to
lake the first ballct at6 14. R. S. II.
10 o'clock, P.M.
- During the secret session an informil
ballot was taken, which resulted as fol
Taylor, 124; Clay, 99; Scott, 4G; Wcb
stcr, 18, McLean, 3.
When the doors were thrnwn open, the
debate was continued in public session.
On the other resolution which thc Chair
had decided as out of order, and as nnt
germain to the question, an appeal was
taken, and the resolution oppoyed with
great warmth by Mr. Ilaskell and Mr.
Gentry ofTenn. Mr. Gentry moved tolay
it on ihe table, whicb was carried. The
previous qucstion was then movcd.
Mr. Fullerof N. Y., protcsted in the
name of the New York Dergation, which
he said had nnt been heard. He said if
that State was not heard, it would be hcarJ
through the hallut boxes. The Chair
said New York inust be heard in confqrm
ity tothe rulesof tho Convention as irell
as other St.ite?.
The previous question was thtn nrdep
cd, atul the question taken, the rearlutious
that this Convention will at 6 1-4 o'clock ,
proceed to the choice of candidatcs Irr
the offices of President and Yice Presi
dent. Rcsolctd, Thal the outhorized delegates
shall vote viva voce, and if upon the first
ballot no choice is made the Convention
will proceed in like inanner until a choico
is tnade. Whcn the candidate for Presi
dent is chosen, the Convention wil! pro
ceed in like manner to the choice of Vice
The rc!"oltition was put and carried.
Mr. F uller of New York said thit tha
WhigConstituency of New York sent her
Delegates to vole for a Whig, and nothing
but a Whig. The State ofNew York,
unless a W hig is nominated, would not
regard lierself as being bound bv thc nom
ination. Mr. Fuller offered the following reso
Resolved, That as the first datj ofthe
Rcpresent.itives ofthe Whig party in the
United States is topreservethe principles
and integrity of that party, the claims of
no candidate can be cousidered by this
Convention nnless such candidate stands
pledged to support in good faith its nom
inee, and to be the exponent of Whig
A question of order on the reccption
was raised and sustained by the Chair.
Anappeal was taken and debated by
Mcssrs. Ashmun of Mass., Hilliardof Ala.,
and Jcnifrr ofMd , on thc reccption of the
resolution astinfriiiging upon the rules of
order prescribed by rcsolutions previous
ly adopted. It was moved to lay tha ap
peal on the table, and carried.
A motion to adjo'urn until tomorrovat
9 o'clock, was lost.
The Chair then decided that the Con
vention should now proceed to makc a
nomiuation according to the previous or
der. Nominations for Scolt, Taylor, Clay,
Webster and McLean were then made a
mid great uproar; which the Chair re
proved, Mr. Galloway of Ohio, said he vras em
powered to withdraw Judge McLean's
name on condition that it might be after
Judge Saundeca of La., was on motion
allowed to define Gen. Taylor's position.
He then read a paper, drawn up by the
Louisiana Delegation, as follows :
"The position oecupied by Gen. Tay
lor in relation to the Presiency does not
seem to be correctly understood by many
persons, and for that reason it is deemed
proper by the Delegation of Louisiana to
make such explanation and stateracnts in
relation thereto as may cfTcctually remove
all doubts which may have arisen, from
the eflects of misrepresentation and mis
apprehension. Gen. Taylor has taken no
part in bringtng his narae before the Amar
ican people" in connectton with the Prest-
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