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The Middlebury galaxy. [volume] (Middlebury, Vt.) 1848-1850, August 15, 1848, Image 2

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when ihey say F:e f not a Whig, that he will
jiot make a sufficiently . strict nartizan Presi
dent for thonw Now it docs so liappen that
thc Vh:j;oftfic Eighth Dktrict luttco'ierantl
over agala endorsed 'he very Kimo idea, for
uttcring. which Gknehal Taylor lias been
?pit upon hy the Oeneral Wilsons, Charics Al
Icns, nnd tlie " Cnscience" trotipe gencral-
Joux Qri.fcY Adams, iuhis addrcss to
liis consthu-'ntj .11 1S42, saidr
"I cntpiv'l ;.a National Hoiie of Reprc
fentative iu Decembpr, TS31, wi'h an nsur
anco to , 'ie -oastituents by whom I was clect
cd, that I should bold raysclf bound in allegi
ance to ao party, whether scctional or politi
ca!. I thought this a duty impo.-ed upon me
bv mv peculiar position. I had spcnt tbC'
rrcatcst ncrtioir ofmv bfe ir. tho eervicc of
tho whole nation, and bad been honored with
tbeir higheat trust. My duty of fidelity, of af
fcction anu of gratitude to tbe whole was not
mcrely inseparable from, but identieal with,
that which: was duc from mc to niy own na
tive Coaimonwcalth."
Mr. Aulams was right, clearly rigbt. Like
hiin, Gcncrid Taylor " has spcnt the grcatcst
jKrtioc ofhis life intke sirvics nflhc tchole na
tan,"' anrl if hc elected President he will bc
President of tho whole nation. He will nd
raiuistor tho Govermneiit honcstly and well.
But let m hcar the able and cxcullent Reprc
sentutivc now in Congress from tho Eigbth
District, Hon. Horace Alann, what says hu a
bout this mntter? Horace Mann, m bij
lettcr acccpting his nomination to the po.t be
now fills in Congress, says that hc has becn
attra:tcd towards wbatcvcr is worthy nnd
bnncficial to all partics, rathcr than toward
wliat is peculiar in one, and ndds :
" Aflcr tchat 1 hcwe saiil abore in favor of
ubTty Jor all manlind, il icoulil be a strange
contnidiction did 1 consent to bc m'jself the slave
0 party.
There is a strong similarity in the jsnti
raent !xpresscd by Mr. Mann and that wbich
has bccn expressed by Gcncral Taylor. But
tvc come to othcr evidence. ATilliam Henry
Harrison.in his letter to Harmar Denny, giv-
in his riews of the duty of PreMdent, ?aid
' hj yhould ncver sutfer the influence of his
ofihe- to be tised for purpocs of a purely pnr
tv character." In hts letter to Sherrod "Vil
lmm 5, upon the samo subject, bcsnys: 'Thc
iranierx ot the Lonstitution ncver coulu nare
e.xpected that hc, who was constituted the um
pre btr.pn eontenuing partics, thoukt evcr
ld'ont'lV binrK'If with tho mtereits of one of
thcin, and voluntarily rnze himself from the
pr-viJ eiuinjncc of leador of a nation, to that
f ohief of a partv." Aa to the difficulties in
ihs w.iv ot'tlis I're.?ident avoidine tho influ
cn-x of party spirit, be hts: "Several of
oar Ciief .Magistrates haTe been able to cscape
in intl :om o, or what is the satne thinj, to act
ks if thuv did not lcel it." And his letter to
tlv! Vaa Rense!aer dinncrconcludes iritb the
fbllo.viii seiitimcnt : "MarSolomon Rensse-
lacr b the lat victim in our countiy of pnrty
Vio!?nca ; and may tho scrvires nmcu are to
be tho futurc pasiports to oflieu, bc not those
ren amd 10 party, but to the whole people."
1) vxiEt. tVunsTEn, in advocating the elee-
to.i nt ue:i, tlarnson, said : " It I desirc tbe
kntz a3 I niot anxiomly do, ofthe Whig
cand-date no;v in nomination for tho Presi
dinv, it is beeause ho would be Presidont of
ths wholo peoplu ; that his administration
ivouM bejmt, liberal. and comprebensive."
Hero wji hire the Whiir prineiples of 1340,
ai uttireu bv the candidatc who embodied
tHi n, anl ai expoande'd by tho ablcst AVhij
iti th.) Uuion. Against all this ovidencc we
hirj interpojid the sentimentalism ofa class
of ma, who, with one or two cxceptions.have
110 ivcipathy with and know nothing of the
grj it ins--j of the people for tho pooplo go,
ani always have gone, forimt such aman as
(!inaral Talor, one who iia.i fought tho bat
tles of the Union, who is ihoroughly honest,
who is capablc, and who has " NOTHING TO
tiiiavr uct his cousTr.y."
'e havo rccently convcrsod with x vcry in
tellicnt gentleman, a clcrgyuian well known
ii this vieinity, who is pcrsonally acquainttd
with Gen . Taylor, having seen hira frequcnt
ly dnring the past wintor, at his residencc oa
the banks ofthe Missiippi,at Baton Hougs,
lv From his representation, which we have
goal rcason to believc fobe correct, we have
qnite a dilTerent idea of the Old Hero, from
th.it which has gcncrally bten cntertaincd
i ae gentleman, ot wliom wo obtaineu our
iufonnatir.n, rcgards him as a man of supcrior
.1tur.1l abilitics, refincd in his feelings, and,
in lced. polite and casy in his manners frcc,
wholly frce, froai that course, rude demeanor
which has be;n attributed to him, and in con-
eq:lene of which ho has rcccived the title of
Jio'.itfwui llca-ty. lle is a plain man, open
iu all his action, speaking what he think?,
wiihout fi-ar of giving olfenee. A mnn ot
great alf-respect and posessing n high scne
of honor, ho would be guilty of no mean ait,
liii:iIf, nor allow meannessto pass unrebuked
iu othcrs.
Ili pa.--?C3es a good cdiication, and is n reail
inj man, perfcetly contcrsant with the history
of bith am-ient and modern nations, and o-'
dittinuishcd mcn of all ago. His litci.irv
tastc, though not refiucd, is'i;ood ; he is capn-
We of nriting uch dcspatthes and Itittcrs as
ji i -port to come from hun, and in convcrsa
tro'i, always twcs good Saxon Englih.
IIc ii strietly n tcmpcrance man a!thongh,
in acconlance with the univcrsal cutom at
the South, hc catises wine to be serrcd to his
guoiK hc nevcr makcs ue of it Iiinisclf. prc
t'crring, ajways.a gls of watrr. The charges
mad" against hiin, of profauily, and itnpetuosi
ty. nre without foundatiou. Always cool and
oollcetcd, ho seldom uses aiany" qualifying
wordi to cxprcsi his thoughL. His tunip'cra
ni"2nt is pot such as would lead ar.yono toup
poic ho would ever ute impetuous or profnne
IIo is anadvocate of peace and firmly be
linret and frankly says, that in his opinion the
AV.-.r with Mexico might have been prevented,
with honor to tbe American nation ;andthat if
be coa'd have haj his own way in reganl to the
mattcr.the money, agony, life" which have tecn
rvastcd in the praeeutiou of tho war might
have bccn tpared He is opposcd to all wars,
exrept those of defence. War for conquest
lie cniders as our country'j grcatcst curfo.
His admiuistration, in thc orrat ofhis elcc
tion, would be pcculiarly pacific in its ua
turc. The General expr:sscs his high admiration
ofnorthern character and northcrn instiiu
tions oar frcc schools and religious intluences.
And as ancvidence ofhis prcfercnce for nor
thcrn institutiom, his son.Richard Taylor.Esq.
was cilucatel at Yale Collegc. .Mr.'Wcbster
is a favorite with the Gcr.end, and will, no
doubt, in the cvcnt of Taylor'rf success, have a
eeat in the Cabinct.
Louisiana is a Taritr State, and much in
tercstod in protection as any of thc northem
State,. There, General 'Javlor is rccardrd
as favonng the Tanu of-!2. He is a Tariirl
man, 1 oud quesio:i. There is no doubt of
i. Henry Clay is not more so.
One word in reg.ird to Gcn. T.iylor's con
nuxion with slavery. It is true, he owns a
nlantation on which there is 11 pumbcr of slarcs.
It waj purchased a fuw yeatTtinca is hcld
audoccupied by his son, the General himself
Jiavmg but tittlfi immcdiate conncxion witu it.
Having been reujovctl, in a creat dcgre, cs
pecially while on duty, from Ihe iniluencus of
d'.averTTand not bcing partii ularly intcrested
;n rrparil to it, tbe Gcncrul Um uot madc thc
.Tinitution an object of any ttlcr'Jsr., butiock
ed i.pj-i i ai !; ;cu?htra rnaa Kould uader
mmilar circumstances. That he regards slsr-
ery as an evil, is true that he conadera btm
sclf culpable for his connexion with it, is by
no means probable. J. nat ne nas gi ven no as-
snranci! in its favor 13 ccrtain. and there is no
rcason to believe that he has fortihed himself
against thc arguments for free labor and free
tcrritorv. He has exprcssed an opinion that
slave labor was not proQtable, but that the in-
sntntion 1-cin" cstabhshcd there. it woald be
impossible to carry on the business ofa planl-
er witliout it. Jt a resolution shoum ue pass-
cd by Congrcsj, probibiting the extension of
siavery over sou now tree, inere is as ii;ulu
reason to bclicve it would rcceivc his sanctioti.
a there is that he would approve any meas
ure for thc itnprovement of Rivers and Har-
bors, or any other measures wmcu nc ocucvcu
to be constitutional, or m accoruance wnn mc
wishcs of the pcople.
Tlmco i-o l!, nnTnlnna which the ECntle-
imb to whnm wo have referrcd, lonnea 01
General Taylor, from his mtercourje with lum
and from the rcprcsentations made in rcgard
to him in his own ncighborhood. Thcrc are,
he think. ome obiections to bim, but on the
whole, he would make a President of the old
school. that he would make tudicious appomt
ments, be actuated by a stern sene of duty,
and, cuarded bv thc Constitution, administer
the eovernmant oa an economical, paciuc and
popular plan, and in faet, be the President of
the icholc counlry.
This, howercr, is but the epimon ot one
man. "Ve "ivc it as Euch.without accrediting it
as Gen. Taylor's real character, personal or
political. Others may aitach to it greater im-
portance. Manchester Amencar.
From the National Intelligencer.
Fire different lires of General Cass
hare already been brought to thenoticeof
the public. throuffh our columns. inis
extraordinary number we ihoueht good
fortune enouuh for any mortal ; but thc
u'orthy General secms to be the especial
favorite of fate in the number as well as
the varirty of his lives, for we have just
mct with the sixlh. This last, a good
sized pamplilet, printcd in this citv, is in
the German language, which being a seal-
cd book to us. we cannot say uiat Iic
tions il contains; but, if the following
passage (for a trauslatton of which wc
areindebicd to a German gentleman) may
be takcn as a sample, it is not behind its
Lnglish broiherhood 111 the work of dc
ception, The passage is takcn from page
12 ofthe pamphlet :
" The result ofthe clection of 1844 is
well known. Mr. Polk received the rotes
of all Ihe States txctpt one. The victory
ofthe Democratic party was to the great
est extent the tcork of Gen. Cass."
fjyin 1840 the LocoFocos said that
Gen. Harrison was a " Granny." They
are now trying to make the publtc be
lievc that Gen. Cass was Gen. Hakri
bhn's Aid!
From the Anti-Sluvery Standard.
Wc aro liKcly atlast to ee the end of that
fiestilent abortion, thc Liberty Party. Its
eadora are makine preparations to tranifcr
thcmsclvcs and theiradhorents tothe following
of Martin Van Burcn. There are, to bo sure,
csrtain passagcs in the history of that gentle
man which are not easily forgotten, nor easily
ovnrlookcd by tho3c who profess to be Aboh
tionists, such as his pledge to veto ar.r bi!I
for the abolition of Slavery in the District,
vhilc President ; his casting rote, whcn Vice
President, to cstablisha slavcholding ccnsor-
ship of the Press ; and hif effbrts to rcturn the
Anustail captives totlie Cuuan man-tmcvcs;
but thesc, we apprehend, will provc no stum-bling-blocksin
the way of the political aspi-
rants who have hopert to make the laberty
Party astcppinc-stone for their o'.vn rising.
Thc editor of thc Era, who has distinguishcd
himself, not unfrcquently, in his Lcssons of
Anti-blavery-made-easy, has startea as a pio-
ncerinthe new path opcncd for himself and
. 1 , , .1 . ,
111s iricnus, oy expiaining inose ncis 01 mr.
Van Buren's to which we have referred in a
way, we will vcnturc to say, which Mr. Van
Burcn himself never thought of. IIc the ed
itor of the Era discovers in the ex-Presi-ilcnt's
late lettcr a certain ambiguity in his
rcftrcnce to the subject of Slavery in the Dis
trict, which, werc it correct, would add im
tmr.sely to his reputation for peculiar tal
cn. in saying what bo did not mean. The E
ra 1 i.ot suro whether Mr. Van Burcn, in say
ing -.u rcfercncc to the abolition of Slavery
in the Distru-t rliat he was, when a candi
dato for the Presidoncy, opposcd to such abo
lition, for rcasona whieh were and " still are
satisfactory" to his niind, means that the rcas
ons xcsre satisfactory, then, or aro nbio. Aud
althotigh he acknowlcdgcs this is not a very
ob.-iou? construction, (wc fhould think not!)
yet he thinks there is room for doubt. So
ti rcganl tothe casting vote in the Scuatc ;
that he thinks was given mcrcly as amatterof
courtesy, and being only to secure the sccond
reailing of the bill, was no indication ofa rcal
opinion. Of the vcsscl scnt to take thc Amis
tad captivcs, in casc the decision ofthe Court
should have becn against them, he wisely says
nothing. Uufortunately, that act was not cm
barrasred by any Parliamentary forms, and
can hardly bcar more than one construction,
unlcss the Era can supposc her tb have been
on a fishing excursion off Newport. We com
mcud thc hint to him, and promise not to claim
it as ours, if hc takcs it.
The Era is seconded by some other third
party papcrs, all of which, however, Cnd eome
diflicu'.ty in bolting Mr. -Van Burcn without
somo prcvions preparation. But if tbe Buffa
lo Convention will take a young man'a advice
and put on their ticket with Mr. Van Buren's
thc name of some one who has never proved
himself absolutcly hostile to tho abolition morc
ment, they may be sure of receiving the Lib
erty party votc Nor will it rcquiru a vcry
large tub to catch such a wkale.
But we have no intention of quarrelling
with thc Liberty Party for its suicidal policy.
To cut its own throat will be the wisest thing
it ever did yet, and a thing to be thankful for,
cven if it did it without reason. That it should
do a rcasonablc thing is more than wo evcr ex
pectud of it, and we are, therefore, notonlya
grceably disappointcd, but gratificd.
The prcsent position ofthe party settles an
othcr quejtion that the long-standing quar
rcl the old organization has had with it has
been necessary and just. Our difference with
the Liberty Party, as such. has becn, not that
it aimed to do, and might do, certain things to
Iiastcn thc downfall of slavery, but that it"pro
fcssed to be par exccllence, the Anti-Slavery
movemeut. Such it nevcr was. and ncver
could bc. Even if succcssful it ncver could
aboluh Slavery. By profcssing to do so it
has stood in the way ofthe Anti-Slavery cause,
by shifting thc isuc AVc call it now, in its
new position, as a witncss against itsclf, in its
past prctcusions, aud pointto that position as
a proof ofthe necessii-of our bostility to it,
and that the only rcal abolition movement is
now. as it always has been, in tbe American
Anti-Slavery Socicty.
Thc Davton Journal says that Mr. HamlinSn
ajdressing the ITroe Suil Conrcatioa ia that ciry
lait Friilar, jali
" If the Tree So2 men carry States cncugh to
tlirow the cloction inte the Uoute of Reprttnta
tives, they may trnst Martin Van Buren to do the
rest by chtat'mg."
And is that the eud of tbe Free Soil movement?
Is it to defeat an clection by the people and elect
a President in the llouse by chcating 1 Is it for
snch a pcrpose the pcoplo are asked to unite in a
new organization ?
Gcn. Taylor and Gen. Harrison.
In u. casual couversation the other day
with agentleman who serred with Old
Rough and Ready in the Florida war, he
relatcd the folbiwing, whicn transpired in
1840, duringthe Harrison campaign.
On ihe arrival of tho Northern mails,
the ofGcers were in the habit of meeting
at General Taylor's marquee, to discuss
the news. The General, being a "Whig,
took the National Intelligencer, and Ala
jor Garland, a Loco Foco, the Washing
ton Globc. On one of these occasions,
Gen. Taylor found in the Intelligencer an
accountofone oftheMammoth Convens
tions held in honor of Old Tip, and he
remarked, "This, gentlemen, is what I
like to see." "But," promptly responded
Garland, "Gen. Harrison is a Northern
man, and an Abolitionist !" "No mat
ter," replied the General, "he is ati honest
man, aud uiiaccustomed to the wiles and
intrigues of partizans. The great mass of
the people the honest and intelligentof
all parties are rallying in his support,
and, sir, my word for it, they are on the
right track." ClevelandHtrald, June 28.
fX" The Unton makes a fervid appeal
to the South against General Taylor, on
the ground that he is committed not to
eto any bill to restrici and limit the prog
ress of slavery. Afler occupying a col
umn with extracts to show that the slave
injerest has nothing to hope for from Tay
lor, the court Journal adds : 'We have
another remarkable evidence of General
Taylor's northem phasis., Mr. Corwin,
one of the Seuators from Ohio, declared
ycsterday, in his mojt remarkable spcech,
as his delibcrate opinion, that General
Taylor would not get the vote ofa single
Whig in "the Free States," if it was bo
lievcd that he would veto any Iawextend
ing ihe principle ofthe ordinance of '87
to the new territories ; that he certainly
would not get his vote ; and that they re
lied on his letters as full security that he
(General Taylor) would not veto such a
law. And now let the Southern Whigs,
who go for General Taylor and against
the compromise bill, answer to the coun
lry for their conduct. We fearlessly and
frankly tell the freemen ofthe South, that,
unless they bestir themselves, they will
hare a man foistcd upon them as Presi
dent of the United States, who, according
to the convictions and declaratious of all
the northern Whigs, dare not interpose his
veto to save the cotintry from the Wilmot
Protiso." Just the kind of a President
the country needs. It has been ruled long
enough by the oire man power. To re
form this abusc, is the strongest reason
for the election of General Taylor. Both
neuro and party slavery would be rcstrict-
ed uncer his Administration.
Giddings, of Ohio, made the following
cmphatic declaration in the House of
Representatives in reference to Martin
Van Buren :
"Sir, I may be led to confide in the
honor ofa slave-holder : but a "eervile
doughface" is too destitute of that article
to obtain credit with me. Mr. Van Buren
has placed the evidence of his servility
conspicuously upon the records of our
countrv. There it will remain, and will
be regarded as an enduring memento of
the degcneracy ofthe age, and ofthe men
who filled our public Mauons.
Some months azo, a story was slarlcd by
somebody.to the eflect that Gen. Taylor was
tho ownerof a large tract ofland localed be
tvreeo the Kucres nnd the Rio Grande (the
lale dirputed terrilory betwcen Mcxicn and
Texas) and that he sent an ngent to Wash
ington with $10,000 for the purchase of
Slaves wiih which to stock the farm; Col.
Mitchcllol Cincinnati having addressed tho
General on Ihe subject, hc replies as follovs;
Batok RouGE.La., July 14, 1848.
My Dear Coiokei.: Yourkind letter of
the 13th ult. hns been duly received. In re
ply to your inquirics, l have to inform you 1
that I have no land on the Rio Grande; nor
have Isent $10,000 or any othcr sura to the
Uislrict ol t.ulumbia topurchaee slavcs; and
I trust if I had such a Eum in my possession, I
I could put it to a beller use than buyin
lands on the Rio Grande, orslavesin Wash
ington. Among the many accusaiions
brought aqninst me hy my opponenls, I
should be murh gratified to lcarn that thay
ci...o.io,l . .i. i 1
u . i i ".u..a...ij. .o uijc catesor the tarifTdo not lake hold and make their
ihat I have in my posscssion so large a sum fortnnes by buving up wool arrcLonable prices.
for any purpose as the oneahove mentioned. I The door is opcn there is anabundance of wool
I beg that you will not put yourselfto any untakcn or uncallcd for. St. Johnsbury Calcdoni
Irouble to nicet the obiections unicd acainst ! an.
me, by those opposcd to m", ir ihey are as
groundlcss as thc one in question, for when
they see fit thus to disrejjard the ohligations
oflrulh, it is uselcss to contcnd with them.
With my best wishes for your hcalth and
surcees, 1 remain, sir, very respectfully, your
obedicnt scrvant.
Col. A. M. Mitchell, Cincinnati, Ohio.
The following lettcr, written twoyears ago, !
has just been published in the New Lisbon
Head-quarters,Armt or Occupation, 7
Matamoras, July 21, 184G. j
Dear Sir: By ycsterday'smail, I received
your letter ofthe 17th of June, and havo giv
en the subject to which you refer much seri
ous rcflcction and considcration. I feel very
grateful to you, sir, and to my fellow citizens
who with you have expressed tho very flatter
ing desire to place myname in nomination for
the Presidency, but it bccomes mc sincerely
and frankly to acknowlcdge to you that for
that office, I have no aspirations wbatover.
Although no politician, having always held
myselfaloof from the clamors of party politics,
1 am a Whig,and shall ever be devoted in indi
vidual opinion to the prineiples ofthat party.
Even if thc subject which you have iiv-your
letter opened to me werc acceptable at'any
time tome, I have not the Icisuro to atiend to
it now. The vieorous prosocution of th'e war I
uw.vu, j imporiani io we mieresis oi
the countn-, dcmands cvery moment of my
present time, and it is my great object to bring
it to a speedy and honorable. terminatien.
With my best wishes for your health and
prospcrity, I am, most sincerely, yours,
Major Gcacral, U. S. A. i
1 JI. UCS5CLL, ,sq.
From the Watkhgion Union of Tutsdat,
AuSt 1. 18!3.
At all evcnU, weore happy to underetnnd
by private letters that Gen. Casa firmly-slanda
on the ground which hehaiUken. Being ap
plied to formally by a man or two of the Wil
mot strfmn. he declared unheeitatiagly that
Uie ndherej to hia Ninholson letter and to thb
Baltimore plalfbrm; and that IF ELECT
f?"Gen. Cass never favored Ihe Aboli
tionists in.hiilile. Washington Union.
We 8uppose yoo mean his Southern life.
Louirtille Jour.
Ex-Presioent Adams and General
Taylor. We publishcd the other day a let
ter written by Hon. Danicl P. King in lavor
of General Taylor. in the courneof which he
gave the substance ofa coavcrsation he had
with Mr. Adams some tirne previou3 ro his
death, in which the "Old Man Eloquent"
declared himself strongly iu favor of Gener
al Taylor. Wc find in tho Salem Gazette,
of yesterday, the followinc letter from Hon.
Charlc Hudeon, to the same point. The
letter ia in reply to one addresscd to him by J.
W. Procior. Esq., of Danvers. We ask the
altention ofevery Whito this letter. It
comcs like a vnice from the grave. What
New England Whig can hesiiate to vo!e for
Gen. Taylor, after reading this lettcr 7 We
will jsay in this conueciion, thnt we were in
Washington during the monllu of Decem
ber nnd January. nnd we know that it was
currenily rtported ihatMr. Adam wasin fa
vor ol Gen. Taylor for the Presidency. Here
is Mr. Hudsun's letter :
Wabhikoton. July 26, 1843.
Sir: Inanswcr to the enquiry containcd
ia your favor ofthe 21st intt I have the hon
or to say, that henringr from many of our
friends that Hon. John Q,uincy Adnms wa
in favor of General Taylor for the Presiden
cy, I took occasion to introduce tbe subject
ofthe candidacy in a conversation with him,
by asking bim wbom the Whigs would run.
His answer was, Gen. Taylor. I expressed
some dissaiisfaction at such a nomination.and
he replied that he preferred him to any olh
er Southern man; ihal he believcd him to be
the only man who couli' break down this
corrupt administration, and close this miser
able War; and would do more to curb the
spirit of Conquest, and check tho spread of
Slavery, than any rr.an the Whigs could e
lecl. In another conversation wiih him on
this subject, he expressed the same general
views, and said that General Taylor rvas a
soldier, was bound taobey the orders ol ihe
President, and could noi, an honorable
man, resign his commission in time of war,
when hii country wanted his services. These
cnnvcrsations were hcld with Mr. Adams
some time in January, as nearas 1 can now
Very rcspectfully, your' obedieut scrvant,
Jobn W. Proctor, Esq.
Boston Atlas.
It is one ofthe rare and pleasing pcculiari
tics of tho times that men of the most eminent
religious character find in the character of
Gcn. Taylor those high moral traits wbich
command their warm approbation. It is one
of tbe noblest tributes to thc moral worth of
tbe Whig candidatc. The following is an i
lustration of this fact :
" At the Conference ofthe Congregational
and Prcsbyterian Ministers of Hillsboro'
coun'.y, (N. H.)asscrabled on the 14th of June,
the Rev.'Mr. Laiab, who was formerly a ehap
lain in the army under Gen. Taylor, at Fcrt
Jesup, said that the opening for him to do
good in the army was through Gen. Taylor,
and that througn tbe ucneral s intlucncea tem
pcrance societr was formed, by means of
which six hundred drunkards were reformcd,
that the General told him tbat it was all sham
for a man to pretcnd ho could not stand the
damps and heats of the South without spirit-
uous iiquors. Uen. 1 . was a total abstmencc
man, and thc only commanding ofliccr who
did not drill his troop: on the Sabbath. Mr.
Lamb also stated tbat Gcn. T. attcnded his
church regularly, and used no profnne lan-
guage. Mr. L.amb cioseu by saying tbat he
was no politician, nor did he wish his remarks
to be yiewed in a political light ; he merely
made them to sbow that tho way for doing
good by tracts, by the tempcrance cause, and
by the preachcd word, was opcr.cd by Gcn.
Wool. We should like to know of some of
the astate advocates ofthe Free Trade Tarifrjiow
the state ofthe wool market is 1 V'e hare a no
tion that wool is not much in dcmand : that the
almost unpreccdentcd hcarr importatious of Brit
ish broadcloths and othcr woolens undcr Polk's
low tarifTof duties lcave a very poor market for
our manufacturers ; that the twcnty or twenty
five millions of spccie drawn away from our
country by Europs the past year, to pay for the
foreign goods invited into our ports by ihe Polk
Tariff,is working disastronsly among the former
buyers of wool and business men generally, as it
has for months in the cities and larger towns,and
is slowly but surelr extcndinc and more
less fclt in the conntrv. br mcn who necd
to use money in their'busincss.
We may be wrons in ournotion of thesethinirs.
but unlcss we are mistakcn.thc effccts foretold by
the Whigs, ofthe operation of the British Tariff.
sincc thc famine allowed its lrgitimate effccts to
appcar, are ocmgrcanzeu and becomingworscev
"J uaJ- " we s! no reason wuy thc aavo-
J Tf . . . .
informs us that hc inquired of Mr. Briegs, of
the Liberty Gazette, a fcw days ago, wh'y he
did nou'niist upon the ndontion of hisamcnd-
ment at Williston, in favor of tho abolition of
slavery from the District of Columbia. The
answer was that, upon rcileclion, it was thought
the beltcr policv to feed the new converts
first on milk then aftencards give 'em meat' If
au mc rumors which rcach us are corrcct,somo
ot the aemocrats hare concluded not to be iccan-
ed overR 'e Liberty party by any such proc-
essr Burlington Sentincl.
Mn. STEriiEss, of Georcia, at the Ratification
meeting in Richmond, Va, concluded hii very
pungent and humorous spcech by saying, that in
the ccrtain pro.pect of Gen. Tavlor's success, our
inenus, uie uemocrats, woulrt have the fame
sortof coasolation which an old negro suggested
io a pmuicr in ueorgia, whcn a great hail storm
occurred,which spread haroc far and wide. Thc
planter sent the old negro out on ahorse to as cer
tain the extent of the injnry. Ho rode scTeral
miles and rcturncd. 'Master,' hc said, 'I can give
you this coasolation it's a gineral thing.' KaTeigh
Judiciai. Gallantrv. Jndce Thoinas,
of Worcester, Mass., bein unable to attcnd
the citizens' celebration at Fitchbiirg, as an in
vited guest, sent the following toast:
The only tolerdble formof Slavery That
"where one woman faolds captive one man in
which the victim not only hngs his chain, but
the little tyrant that rivets it.
Phonography spclls words as thcv aro pro
nouneed. Thus : Helux xceliner frokkul when
rendcred into the Anglo-Saxon means, "he
looks well in a frock coat"
" When I am raaking up a plan of consc-
queccc, -ays Lord Bohngbroke, u I always
Tuesday, August 16, 1848.
For Governor,
of Windsor.
For Lieutenant Governor,
of Rutland.
For Treasurer,
of Montpelier.
FOR SENATORS Addison County.
IRA STEWART, of Middlebury,
ZURIEL WALKER, of Ferrisburgh.
Rutland Countt.
Chittenden County,
Erastus Fairbanks,
At large
Timothy tollett,
Gcorge T. Ilodges,
Andrew Tracy,
Albert L. Catlin,
Elijah Clcvcland,
lst District.
2d "
3d "
th "
lst District, Williaji Hert.
2d " William IIebard.
3d " Geo. P. MARsn.
4th " JonN L. Bdck.
The long agony is over. The great Con
vention, to which so many were looking for
ward with anxiety, has dono its work. The
new Coalition has deCned its position. If any
Whig in Vermont is disposcd, out of pure and
disintercBted love for " Frce Soil," to east his
Tote for Martin Van Buren," the Northern
man with Southern prineiples," tbe chief bul
wark of Southern domination,hcra at the North,
for a long series of ycars, whoso repentancc on
only one point, and that, too, on a political
dcath-bed,is not quite free from suspicion,
then we have altogether misjudged thc char
acter of Vermontcrs. The whole imposition
and fraud is now fairly exposed the trap is
sprung and nobody, we think, who is not al
ready caught, will take particular pains to en
tanglc himself in ths meshes of Locofocoism. !
What will the Libcrtists do ? Hale is tbrown
overboard the lcaders havo sold out the con-
ccrn to the Locofocos but will tho party con-
sent to the transfer ? That remains to be
secn. Tbe Liberty organ at Burlington inti-
mated, (honestly, we doubt not,) quite rocent
ly, tbat its fncnds would " feel cheap enough'
to go for a man who acknowlcdgcd the power
of Congress to abolish Slavery in the District
of Columbia, but dcemed it inexpedient to
sign a bill to tbat effcct, should it pass both
IIouscs of Congress I And such, unlcss we
have given the Liberty party too much credit
for iincerity, will be the general fceling
throughout its raoks. The present crisis will
fully tcst the honesty and integrity ofthe Lib
ertists, and we will patiently wait for the re
sult of tho tnal. .
3IR. Everett b Adsress to TnE Which or
Vermont. Jclt, 1848. Windior: Bihop
oi xracy oieam rress, 1848.
A pamphlet of 32page, bearing the abore title
and imprint, has been put in our hands. We
have read it and we have a few words to say a
bout it.
In publishing Mr. Everett's card of Juno 12th,
we mtimated, in the most respectfol manner pos'
sillc, that the honorable delegate had probably
acted soraewhat hastily tn the matter, and would
scc occasiou, on further reflection, to regret wha:
he had done. His prolonged silence, after his
card (promising tho "reasons" of his course) had
been very gtnerally copied by the Whigs, as a
matter of respectand apparent jnstice,and by our
opponents of every kind, as a source of special
ratification isdoced us to hope, for his take,
that, instead of sullenly broodiog orer the affair,
for so many weeks, he had concluded to spare
his reputation from any further self-infiicted and
dcadly blows, like this which he has finally
dcalt. But now that this pamphlet hai become
the chief electioneeiiag stock in trade of Loco
Focos and Libertists, (even for our own copy of
this dclicious thing, we are indebted to one ofthe
latter class.) and after Mr. Everett has gone over
to tbe Baraburner and Liberty coalition, openly
and obstinatoly, we feel no reserve in speakiug
our mind qnite freely oc the whole snbject in
question. A man who persisti in acting the pirt
ofa factionist, and in doing all that lies in his pow
er (which is happily little or nothing,) to dittract
ths Whig party, to which he owes all bis politi
cal honors, cannot plead exemption trtsa criti
cism.even oa the scoro of age and infimity.
Mr. Everett was, many ycars sgo, a lawyer of
some distinction,but,on beisg elected toCocgress
in 1828 (we believe,) helut hs profewioaal bns
iness, almost cntircly, snd beeame, ia a grett
measure, dependent npoa cSce for his robsis-
tence no' very enriablo position, as one or two
other instsnees. witiiin our knowled, pUinly e-1
nongh shaT. The Kialt of thii state of thin5,ia '
like to ccrieult ascnsible wtimin.'
lingb'roke vtas 'a, groat man.
the present casc, was, that, after befng Rcprescn-
tative in Conjrrcss fourtocn ycars, and calcula-
ting a little too stronglyon hispopularity, Mr. E.
dedined a rc-elcctian to tha nousc, confidcntly
expccticg, prob'Ti an tlection to tho United
States Senato, which ho failcd to socure, and
from that moment becamoa'dead politician' too
lata to regain hia former professional practice.
In 1843, he represented the towa of Windsor In
the State Legislatnre. Fancying that a bill be
introduced was not treatefi with becoming respect,
he retired to his room in a huff, and with brevi-
ty worthy ofLouis Philippo Cass, wrote the fol
lowing Ittter, which was promptly delivcred:
"Monroclier. Oct.27, 1843.
To tho Speaker of the Ilonse of Representa
SIR: I resien my seat as a member of the
Honso of ReDresentatives, from Windsor.
I am, with great respect, your obedient sei
WenexthearofMr.ETerett, after fiveyears'
retircment, as nDelegate at large to the Philadcl
phla Convention. It is in this capacity that he
gives an account of himself in the pamphlet be
fore us.
The Addross, we may as well say at thc out-
set, is written in bad temper and bad English.
The bad temper was expected tho bad English
was hardly looked for. III humor and petnlancc
have charactcrized tho man ever siuce he lost thc
election to the Senate, ttx ycars ago. He has
long been an invetcrate smtff-taker, in more seuses
than one. The bad grammar and bad rhrtoric,
it is not our present purpose to descant upon.
Mr. Everett starts ofT (in his Advertisement,)
with a bittercomplaintagainst the 'Taylor Prcss.'
'I have already,' he says, 'been condemned by the
Taylor press unheard.' He intimates, howerer,
that the editors of these papers are beneath his no
ticb. 'To then my appeal is not addressed.' His
'senso of self-respect' will not allow him to ask
anyfavors otsuch people. Not a singlo Whig
papcr of this State had, to our knowledgepoken
of Mr. Everett in any other tcrms than those of
respcctful disapprobatien, at the-date of this ad
dress. 'I was solicitous,' says the ex-Delegate, 'of be
ing one of yourdelegatesat large, on the ground
that my extensive acquaintancc might give an
additional influence in the National Convention.'
He went to the Convention 'in astate of ill
health and at his own expensc.' And now for
the 'reasons.' But first,(it takcs tho writcr agood
while to come at the kernel of thc matter, ho is
so anxious to bring bis reader to the right poinl
of view,) he thought, at the time, that three other
delegates would do as he didl So much by way
of commending tho accuracy of his jmlgmcnt.
He then procceds in a loosc, zig-zag, intcrtwiat
ed sort of style, abounding inbrackeUanddashes,
to set forth what in plain English would read
somehow as follows : The Whigs of Vermont
hare passed resolutions opposing thc cxtcnsion
of Slavery. The supremacy of the 'Slavo pow
er will sccuro the cxtcnsion of Slavery. Thec
lection of Gen. Taylor will secure thc supremacy
ofthe 'Slave power.' Ergo, I, Horace Everett,
not nndingthat my 'extensire acquaintanco'gare
m'csufEcient 'influcncc'toenable me torontrol the
action of tho Convention, refused tn'give iu my
(and jour) odhssion' to the nominations and,
letting the Vice Presidency go, I witbdrew i-vm
the Convention.
Now. it will be secn that this whole matter
turns on a question otindiridual jvdgtncnt. Mr.
Everett mmt thercf.ire make it appcar that hc
was either more shrcwd or more honest than his
fellow delegatcs-om the Free States, or else his
case is a bad one. Ofthe shrcwdnessand sound-
ne of his judgment, wo havo already notircd
oneinstancc. His honetty is not unimpeacbable,
as we shall vcry soon make it appear. We re
markherc, that all Mr. Everett's statcments that
represent Gen. Taylor as occupying ground lcss
satisfactory to the North, in respect to the exten
sion of Slavery, than Mr. Clay occupies, are sole
ly and altogether asstnnptiont, and not only so,but
assumptions that cannot be made to harmonizc
with what we do authcntically know of Gcn. Tay
lor's opinious. He does, indecd, in two or three
instances, prctend to givo somcthing like authot
ity. And what kind ofauthorityl Anonymoui
rrports oTallegcd conversationsl The very sort of
thing against which Gen. Taj lor puts us on our
guard.in one of his letters and which, as a little
good sensc would havo suIBccd tosbow Mr.Erer
ctt, makes a very fecble link in tha chain of
his logic.
As to the honesty ot Mr. Everett's prccecdings.
wc attribute his misstatemcnts and misrcpresen
tations to ill temper and the insanity of passion
and prejudice, rather than to any more serions
moral obliquily. Twoorthrco cxamples in sup
port of this charge, must snffice though they
might be extended to a muchgreaterlength. Hc
speaks of two tlavehdders from Louisiana, addrea
sing the State Convention at Woodstock, either
without taking any pains to inform himseff on
this point, or else deliberatcly misstating. He
represents that Taylor avows no prineiples and
yetio must havo seen tho Allison letter. Ho
says Taylor repndiatcs the Whig party whcrcas
on tho contrary, be snfTcrs himself to be nomioa
ted by the Whigs, with the express undcrstanding
that he should not run as a candidatc, if anv one
elte received thc nomination. And so on, to thc
We hare said more of this "Addrcss" than such
an ill-natnred and harmless thing deserves.
miy do something to elect Mr. Cass, whom Mr.
Everett tays be prefers to the Whig nominee.
who is supported byalltheleading Whig States
men, and who has been unanimously acccptcd
by every Whig Convention in Vermont. All the
converts made by this pamphlet, however, may
probably be counted on a man's handr without
going sofaras the bttle finger.
JrThe Free Soil Cburier. aliis Liberty Gazette,
says that "moro than one taousand persons con-
yened at the Town Honso. in Middlebury, on
Tuesday,' the lstinst. Our Town Room, un
happily, will not eonuin over three hundred per
sons, nanyposture.
The same veracious sheet remarks that "The
South, to a man, are united against the Provi-
so." It is a fact, nowever, taat two faoatbern
Senators (Messrs. Clayton and Spruance, of Dcl-
aware.) voted for the Proviso in ths United States
Senate, during the Session just clossd and
that, too, in obediencs to the requett ofthe Dela-
ware Legislatnre.
And now for a third "whapper." This CoalL-
uoa orgia says that Gen. Taylor denies having
inteadea, in nis SSignal letter, to approve ofthe
Qrdiaaacs of 'S7 giriag foxasthority what has
bsea exte oitvely orculated as an extract ofa let
ter to Mr. Doolittie, of New Yorkwhen it is
wU known that MirJJoolittla denies ever hav
ing rccsived such a letter.
This u the paper that prcpcses to enlightea,
the Freo'Sail Party, and htlp it to "unerstacd
Read the two new letters from General
Taylor, ia our paper to-dar.
Our vHIage was thronged, on Saturdty
last, by thor thousands who camo to visft Ray.
mond and Waring's Mcnagerie. The Ru
I noceros, so famcrus for lis mortal encouater
with the elopbant lyolumbos,(l) and tha ad
mirablo pcrfonaances of ss Adalina in tka
caga ol the Lion, were among thc cluef novel-
ties of the occasion.
tSS' The Vermont Chronidc .commenls'if
considerablc Ipngth on the "brief note we ap.
pc.naea to tbe statemcnt ot tbe national Era
that tbe 'Chronicle and scvcral other religious
papers' were thrpwing their influence against
both Taylor and Cass. Wehave not noiy either
time or room to go into any controrersy on
tbe subject, nor should we carc to if we had. If
we were 'arrogant m questioning the pronrie-
ty of the Chronicle's course, so bc it We
should deem ourselves quite as justly exposed
to such a charge, however, were we to stgp for.
ward, in some grave theological dhcufiion, as
to tbe xnerits of which we bad takcn no pains
to inform ourselves, and ptonounce both paj-.
ties engagcd in the dispute to bo unprincipled
and hypocrilical. Now, to 'reverse the matter
a little,' is not this prccisely analogous to tho
course ofthe Chronicle? The Chronicle do
nics that it has declared against the nomineos
of the two great political parties. IIow then
came tbe Era to think it had ? In our simple
judgment, the Chronicle has said what will be
so understood by ninc-tenths of its readers. It
represents that both parties must abandon the
Wilmot Proviso in order to support their can-
didates and any one who bearsin mind that
the people of this State aro nearly unanimous
in favor ofthe Wilmot Proviso (the Whigs en
tirely so,) will think such a declaration to be
very significant, to say the Ieast. We have
never intended to deny to any paper thc 'hon
est liberty offreo spcech," Icast of all have wa
wished to dictate to tho Chronicle wbat coursa
to pursue. That paper is associated in our
mind with the earliest rccollections of boyhood,
as an object of reverence and esteem.Very Iike
ly ireowo much to its inPuence for good, in
our earlier ycars. We believe the influcnco
ofarclisious papcs: richtly conducted. and
widcly diffuicd among ths familics of our
State, is salutary and important nor have wo
in gcncral socn any reason to complain that
the Chronicle was not all wo could wish in this
respect. We do not dcsire that paper to give
its influence to tho Whig nominces. Our
ground of cotnplalnt in the present in.
slancc, it will be seen, is quite different from
Ihis. We ditdikc ihe authoritative tone,
which has also n kind ofreligiovs cnnction.
coming from such a source, wiih which t't
assens that both parties, afler all their pre-
ensinns, (this is tho suhstance of the ro-
raark.) have abandoned the Wilmot Provi
so. We leave it for our readers (mnnv of
j - -
whom are also readers of the Chronicle.) to
judge whether we havo spoken mtre strong
ly than tbe occasion warratited.
& A largo and enthnsiastic meeting of tho
Whigs of Middlebury, was hcld at tiie Town
Room, on Friday cvcning last.at which it waa
unanimously resolvcd to organize a "Rough
and Rcady Club," for thc purposo of more ef
Gcient cflbrts in securing tho clection of Tay
lor and Fillmore, and tho Siate Whig tickct
Committoes were appointcd to draft reso!ution
and a conititution, and to nominatc officcrs,
who a-e to rcport at an adjourned meetinc,
thii ei cning. The gathering was addresscd,in
an appropriate and ffcctivc mannnr, by tLe
Hon. Myron Lawrence, of Massachuactts, who
will also speak this evening.
C3 Cass and Butlcr, it secms, have a fcw
friends lcft in Addison County, after all. Tho
call fora County Convention, of the rcgular
Democrats,in our columns to-d3y,is sigr.ed by a
bout 175 namcs.
Democratic District Cohvextiox.
The Democrats of tho Third Cor gresiional
District who are in favor of thc Baltimore
nominations aro to hold their District Conven
tion at Milto.v, on Tuesday, the 22d init.
No rtb Caro HXA.-Manley (Whi2)ii elect
ed Governor, and the Lcgialature has a small
Whig majority on joint ballot securing a
Whig U. S. Senator to succced Mr. Badgar
P. S. Later accounts Icare the result somo-
vrhat ia doubt. There has been a considera
ble Whig loss.
Kextuckt. Crittenden (Whig) is elected
by about 7000 majority. Fears were entcr
tained of his defe at, owing to a disaffcction
on tho part of some of Mr. Clay's friends, but
his majority willbe little, if any, short of that of
Mr. Clay in 1844.
I.ndiaxa. The rcturns from Indians, thus
far, are decidcdly favorablc showing consid-
erable Whig gains. The election was for
members of the Lcgislature only.
Illi.vois. In this State, the Wliigs had no
candidate for Governor. French (Democrat)
is of course elected. Tho canvass for mem
bers of Congress has been ipirited. Col. Ba-
ker is said to be elected in the 6th District,and
Marshall in the 2d District, (both Whig gains.)
Elsewbere, the Whigs have held their own.
MissouRt. So far as heard from, the
Whigs have gained four, and the Locos tao,
Representatives. No doulit, however, of a
Loco Lcgislature.
Iowa. Whig gaius aro reported in this
State, but not enough, probably, to redcen
the State.
t Full relurns will be reeeived from all
these States, probably, in season for our aext
Sir The Secretary of Warsavs 5,000 mea
fa snctr old fsshioned standinsr army') will be-
requircd for the poats to orotcct the new Ter-
ntones. Tcxas contains 1 25,000 square mncs;
Oregoa 341.000; California 488,851; New
.Moxico 77,387 total 1.032.233. Tbesc new
accejiions are mnch larger than the old 13
The Potato Rox- We doeply regret
toleara that tho potato d-seaset haj 'witmn tbe
!att few days appeared ia vanous tocalities oa
the island of Montreal, and we observe by tho
last Onebec Gazette that some instances of
tho diseasehave appeared ia tho neigbtor
hcod ofthat cttr. iloitrssl Hcrald.

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