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nUtxn ujh THE DARK AND TROUBLED NIGHT THAT IS UPON US, THERE IS NO STAR ABOVE THE HORIZON TO GIVE US A GLEAM OF LIGI1T, EXCEPTING THE INTELLIGENT, PATRIOTIC WHIG PARTY OF TI1E UNITED STATES." Wi YOLUME ini. MIDDLEBURY, VERMONT, TUESDAY MORNING, AUGQST 22, 1848. KUMBER 1 JOSEPn H. BARRETT, Editoe. TERMS OF VOLUME XIII. Village subscribers, - $2,00 Jlail subscribers, within the State, - - - $1,50 lf not paid within thc ycar, ----- $1,75 Mail subscribers out of tho State, - - - $2,00 Individuals and Companies who take at the officc, S1.50. or S1.75 if not paid within tho year. Thoso who takc of rostridcrs, ... - S2.00 If not paid at the cnd of th year, - - - S2.25 'o papers discontinued until arrearagcs are iuiil. cxcept at thc option of the proprietor. Nb roatract with, or pavment made to Carriers, cash t 'cping, or othcrwise, allowcd, except asscntcd to 1 the proprietor. "All communications must be addressed to the cJitor, 1'ost Paid JUSTUS COBB, PuBLisnEK, BT WI10M ALL KIXDS OF BOOK AND JOB TBIKT- ING WILL BE EXECUTED ON SIIOItT NOTICE. THE LAST CHAXT OF CORINKE. BT 3IAKT E. HEW1TT. By that mysterious sympathy which cljainetli, Forcvcrmore, inr spirit trnto thinc; Aud by the memory, that alone remaineth, Of ihat swect hope that nownomore is mine And by tlie love my trembling hcart betrayetb, That, born of thy soft gaze, within me lics ; As thc lone desert hird, the Arab saycth, Warms her young brood to life, with hcr fond ej-es: Hcar me, adorcd one! thonghthe world divide U3, Thongh never mcre my hand iuthine be prest, Though to comminglc thought be here denicd us, Till our high hearts shall bcat themsclves tij rcst; Torgivc me not! forgetmenot! oh! cvcr Tliis oue, one prayer.my spirit pours to thec, Till evory memory frora carth shall scver, i;cmcmber,oh,bcIoved! rcincmber me! And when tlie light within mine cye is shadcd, W'hcn I.o'erwcaricd, flcep the slccp profound, And, like that nyraph of yorc, who drooped and f.uled, Aml jiined for Iovc, till shc became a sound ; Mv song, perchance, awhilc to carth rcmaining, Miall comc in munnurcd mclody to thec ; Tlaii lct my lyre's deep passionatc complaiiiing, L'rv to thv heart, beloved ! rcnicmbcr nia ! Sahatooa Ihe rjreat. popular rctort thcshcatre of exci'.enieiil the arena ofplea- Fun: Ihe centre of bcauiv the locus ol Insli iciii tlie whirlptiol of jaycty ihe saloon of cold-watcrdrinker.s llie U.I Uorauo oi ims liand-liunlers and u iTe-liuntcrs 'lie notori- nus courl of starched fnols and blue-stock-ni"s. irrcat mcn and little nicn. ld and youn". p-avc and tay Saratoga, the rcul place l iihirrs is, ni ihe p.-csent wriung, squecZ' cj mniiued crotvded M ovcrfloivinj:, ivilh a ni'Hley muliilude of elTeminate invnlid VWsure seekinir fun loving viitors,- Iinil inir from cvcry qunrter and every e.xtreme ol tln.s sjrc.it aml ijlnnous cotiniry. jvcry Iiotist. rrfat and smal! mnnsimi, collage. liul, nnd liovnl scckin? willi thcir four llinu f.uni jucsts anJ occupants queer, lind.clev cr pana; niaicli-nrsl.iiijjinotiicrs, marriaiic- a'jle d.inirlUers rhanii.iign smackinrr.ri'ja.'- Siii.iKi!i"snn and Ijrolhcrs miscniel-niaking candy-crimr.hin cliiKlren prim, rougtii ppinslcrs sdallernly maidj? zn'.n and dojjs, .ii.d all lliat ; L.oril. wliat a placc aaralojja vntsl be.' Mirrur. A Love Scenb. Capt. Tobin. a clcvcr rcirrespondcnt of the New Orleans Della, thus fkclclics a Fcnne lliat occnrrcd in aiexico, lust al'icr Ihe U. S. troops had rcccivcu or ders tn march: 'Theri'aremanybright cyes dimnicd willi tcars. 'All mv mnihcr rose to my eyes at a ncenc of ilislrcs in one (amily. A bcauti fnl pirl Hirmed an attaclunent for a young ir;ima Lieulennnt. and Ioved Ium wildly und maJlv. as none but Spamsli rirIsi!o. ' Hc had jnsl paid liis adios lo the family when I callcd lo pay mine. I (ound tho fa- t!ier verv sad, the vounjj laily weeping bil terly. willi a "entle eldnr sisler hoidinj one hand, nnd a fair youngr.r one thc otlier ; lier moiner benl over hcr, endcavonn'r lo r,on sole hcr ; but the attcrnpt ivas useless; tlie K'rl's very looks seemcil to exprcss plcinlv ihc Ian"uid vord ol Moore's tranelntion of Ariacreon's Sappho: " Oh my hwprt molher. U invain, I cannot iwtf, oocp I woie ; 'ililircd 14 my hrart and brain Wuh thinkinj ou the louth I loe " I found I was Jt trop, and took my leave as soon aspossible. II'eucIi a fjirl loved me i siioum not De a baclielor now: or. fwiiti not sliijhl alleralion of the words of Scotia's great rustic bard): Had mch a inaiiVn fallen to my part, - I'J try to cbarm her tpirit and hrr hert; l'd fhun the odious inancof the witch. ld shua her maid and lorc the chanuing witcb." Xiagaiia OuTnoxE. Among the cliffs of the Eastcm Ghants, nbout midway bctween Bombay 2nd Capc Comorin, riscs tfie river Shirawati, whn-h falls into thc Arabian Sea, Tlie bed of nvcr is onc-fourth of a milc in dircctbrcadth:but tlie cdge of tlie fall is clliptical, with a swccp of n.111 a inilc. )ns body of water ruslics at nrst, ur inree imnareu lcet, over a slopc at an angie of forty-five degrccs, in a sheet of white foam, and k tlicn precipiutcd to the depth of eight hundrcd and fifty morc, into a black abyss, with a thun-ii-ring noise. It has, thercfore,"a depth of clevcn hundrcd and fifty feet! In tlie rainy season the liior appcars to bc abont thirty fcet in depth at the fall; in the dry seasun it is lowar and is divi di'd into three cascadcs of raried beauty and as touishiii2 crandcur. Join onr fall of tlie Gencsce to that of the St Lawrence, and thcn ireble the two unitcd, and we have the distance of the Shir- airati cataract. v hile we allow to JNiagara Tat superiority in oulk, yet in respcct to distance of descent it is'bnt a monntain rillcompared with Jts lndian nval. ItocJiester Dcmocrat. A Posr.n. A calm. blne-everl. self-co m posed and sclf-poiscsscd rounir ladv in a vill age -down east,' receWed a lohtr call the other uay, irom a prying old ppmster, who, altcr jirolonging her stay beyond hcr own conccp tion of the young lady's endurancc, came to thc main question which had brought her thith- cr : i ve becn askeu a good many times if you was cngaged to Dr. C . Now if folks'in nuiro ag'in wheihcr rou be or not, what shall 1 tcll 'em I (kir.hr :Tell them,' answercd the young lady, fixing lier calm blue cyes in un blushing stcadinoss upon the inquiritivo fca turcs of her interrogator, Hell them yoh think . uu mai you are rureu is none otyour bujincss.Wy Kniektrbocker. The Sisteus. Tho following account o" a sccnc in the slaTC markct of Constantinojplei is taken frora a work cntitled "Wayfanng bketches: "A most interesting group presented itself before us ; two young female slaves, both with most pleasing countenances, stood together, closely embraccd, thc arm of the one closcly around the neck of the other ; thcir attitude, as well as the strong likcness betwccn them pointing them out atonce as sistcrs. By their side was an African slave dealcr.in whose fe- rocious countcnance it seemed impossiblo to discern a trace of liuman fecling. Ile was armed, with a largc, hcavy stick, with which hc drove them to and fro, literally like a herd of animak. Three or four Turks wcre discus sing with tolerable animation the price of onc ot thc women: buttbcuareain uau beenstruck just before we came in, and onc of thc party, . . r j .i - a sioui,gooa-JOOKingman,waspayini uown me money. "When this was complcted, with an imncrious movement of his hand hc motioned to his newly-purchased slave to follow him. It was the youngest and most timiu ot tlie two sistcrs whom hc had selected. Nothing could be more painful than to watch the intcnse.the terrified anxiety with which both had followed thc progress of the salc ; and now it was con cluded. nnd they kncw that the momcnt of scp- aration was arnvea; sne wuose iaie nau ocen sealed, disengagcd berself, and, turning round, placed hcr two hands on hcr sister's shoulders, witn a hrm crasp, anu gazcu into ner eyes. Not words, not tcars, could have expressed one half of the mute, unuttcrable despair that dwelUn that long heart-reiiding gazc. It were hard to sav which was most cloqucnt of niisc ... , - . . i i ry; tiut tlie J-urK was lmpaticnt; nc tKijiptu his hands tosrcther. This w.is a well-known sirnal. A sliL'ht tremor shooK the frame of the voung slave; her armsfell powcrlessatbcr sido and she turned to follow her raaster. Thc voiccless but ngonized farcwell was over. In another moment, we could just distinguish hcr slender figure thrcading its way tlirough thc crowd, m company with the other slaves belonging to the Turk. Hcr sister had hid hcrself bchind her companions, and now sat on the ground, her hcad sunk upon her foldcd arms." Bef.3. Did any one cver sufficiently ad- mire thc entire elegance of the habits and pursuitiofbees? their extraction of nothinij but the quintesscncc of thc flowers; their pref ercncc of thosc that have thefinestunadultcr ated odor; their avoidance of everythingsqual- id (so unlikc llies;) their cagerejectipn orex- clusion ot it trom tlie lnve, asin tne mstances of carcasses of intrudcrs, which, if they cannot drag aw.ny, they cover up anu cntomb; their love of clean, quict and delicatc ncighborhood, thyniy places with brooks; their singuiany elcan'managcmcnt of so liquid a thing as hon cy, from which they issue lbrth to their work as if tiicv had nothin" to do with it : their com- hination witli lionev-maKing oi me eiegani manufacturc of wax, of which they makc thcir anartmcnts, and which is uscd uy mankind lor none but rtatrieian or other clioicc purposes: thcir ordurlypolicy; thcir dclight insunshine; tlicir auenuon 10 one anuui;i , luch iiiuuuH intlifrer6iice to cverj-thmg, purely rcgarU' ing themselves apart Irom the conunon iool? Beautiful arc thosc tapers without doubt. and well micht the poet express his ad- miration at their bcing the result ol the worlc of the little unconscious nisect wliocompounu edthpmatcrial. Soin cvcrv wealthy house of Englarid, every ovcning, when lampsdo not tnke ils placc, the same beautiful substanco is lit up for the inmates to sit by, at their occupa- tions ot rvauing, or niusic, or uiTtuuit;. uc bc-p is thpru with hcr olorous ministrv. In the niorniug shc has probably been at the brcak fast tablc. Iu the morniii", fhe is honey ; in thc cvcnin". the waxcn taper : in thc summcr noon, a voicc in the gardcn or thc window ; in thc winter. at all timcs, a mectcr of us in books. Ltigh Hunt's Jar nfllonaj. BEMEDIES FOR F1TS. For a fil of Passion. Walk outin the opcn air; you may speaK your minu iu mu Wltliotll nuning any one or prociuiuuuj; ;uur self to be a Minnleton. For a Fil of Idlcncss. Count the tickings ofaclock. Do this lor one hour and your will be clad to pull ofl youreoat the ncxt and lvork like a ncgro. For a Fil o f Exlravaaance and Folbj. Go to the work-house, or speakwitn tnc ragged and wrctchcd inmates ofa ja.il, and you will bc convinccd Who makcs 1ns bcd of bncr and thorn, Must be content to lie forlorn. For a Fil ofAmbition. Go into thc church- yard and read the fjrave-stoncs ; they will tcll vou the cnd of ambition. Thc STave will soon be vour bedchamber, the earth your pillow, corruption your father, and the worm your mothcr anrt your sister. For a Fit of Kepminq. l-ooic noout lor tne halt and the blind, and visit thc bed-nddcn .inil nfllicted. and dcranecd : and they will makc you ashamcd of complaiiiing of your lightcr atliictions. For a Fit of Despondency. Look on thc good things which God has given you in this world nnd at those which he has proiniscd to his followers in the next. He who goes into his gardcn to look for cobwebs and spiders will no doubt find them ; whilc he who looks for a flowcr mav rcturn into his house with one blooming in his bosom. Novf.ls asd Insamtv In tlie fourth annual report of the Mount Hopc Instilu tton for the Insane. by Dr. W. II. Stokee, he savs, in respcct to moral insanity : Another fettile pource of this species of derangement has appeared to be an un duo indulgence in the perusal of the nu merous works of fiction, with which ihe press is so prolific of late years, and which are sown broadcast over the land, with the effect of vitiating the taste and corrupt ins the morals of the young. Parents cannot too cautiously guard their young daughters against thispernicious practice. We have had several cases oi morai in sanity, for which no other cause could be assigned than excessive novel reading. And nothmg is more Iikelj to induce this discase than the education which fosters sentiment, instead of cherishing real feeN ;nirs such as result from the performance of acttve benevolence, sacred duty of or dinary life, and of religious obligations which awakens ana strengtnens tlie nuag ination without warming the heart ; and, to borrow the Unguage of an eloquent di vine, places the indiridual 'upon a roman- tic theatre not upon the dust ol mortal life.' " THE OLD MAID. BT MKS. JANE WEAVEIt. " What a sour, renulsive thins Miss Crabb is, I declarc I have no patience with her. If it wasn't for dear, kind aunt Marv, I should think all oldmaids asunpleasant as Mi?3 OraUD. Those were the firsl words which Clara Lo gan spoke aftcr the departure of their unpop ular visitor. Her mother quietly looked up from her work, but made no direct answer. 6he observed, however " Anu yet it is not lmprobable, my dear, that you may, some Uay, bc as sour as Miss Crabb, and an old maid m the bargaiu." " How can you say so, dear mamma ? I am sur I would rather die than survive to such a fate the horrid , ugly. gossipping old thing 1 I never sce her without thinking of a vinegar cruet. 1 she e vcr had a grain of sweetness in her composition, it has soured long ago ; and now she turns into acid every thing with which sbe comes in contact." " There, my child, it is this very liveliness of fancy, and tendency to turn every thing in to ridiculc, which made me say you were in dangcr cf bocoming a sccond Miss Crabb. I kncw her when she was as young and prstty as you arc ; and when the bcaux dreaded lier frown, and sought her favor almost asifshc had been an empress." " You astonish me."said Clara. " I thought sho had always looked as now, with a face like a dried-up apple, and ver-juice written in cverj- wnnkle ot lier ugiy lacc. "Mv child mv child," said Mrs. Logan, " this sarcastic temnor will nrove Tour ruin. Keallr. vou must lcarn to curb your love ol nuicule ; anu tuat you may De assisieu 10 uo h, I will tcll vou Miss Crabb's story. " Xobodv. as I have said, was more admired when young, than this now ugly old maid. She was fufl of rraietv. and verv beautiful : ac- cordingly, at CTery party and ball she was thc star of tho asscmbly. As sure as a sirangc beau anncarcd. he became hcr victiratit real- Iy seemed as if there was lo be no cnd lo her conquests. And Etuily Crabb, indccd, was thcn a very estimable girl. She had but one glaring fault, and that was a sarcastic disposi tion. Her friends, hcr lovcrs, and hcr family suffercd alike from the arrows of hcr tongue. When her parents rcmonstratcd with her, she said the could not help it ; it was her naturc to be sarcastic : she did not sce whypcople should blamehcr forseeing how ridiculous they made themselves ! Every body probably has oneor morc foiblcs, and no one" was more keen in detccling and ridiculing such than Emily. Thus, thotigh she was contmually gaining new lovers, she was losing old ones as fast ; for each admircr, atter a probation ot a wcck or two, was sure to oe mauc lumcrous in some way by Emily. The fact is, few equalled her in repartee and this shc knew; but, instead of being generou3, as conscious intellect ought to bc, she never showed the lcast mcrcy. 11 ITnr nmnll f limmllf llmt wllpll sllC CamC to be rcallv in love, sfie would cure hcrself of . . . i r 1 this sarcastic manner;uuta long coniirmeu Imbii I nnt so ea5ilr cradicated. Emilr at length fell in love. Tbc pcrson of hcr clioicc was- one ofthe noblest specimens ot mannoou Charlcs Warncr was a vouncr physician of ex- ccllcnt charactcr, a finished education, and nn small share of talent. But he was not onc calculalcd to shine in thc emply small talk of snr'ieiv. it w.u for this verv reason prooauiy thit Emilr loved him. She knew the hollow- ncss of that society in which shc movcd, aght tering star, and rcvcrenccd in proportion one whofookcd down upon its littlencss. IIow Charles Warncr cver came to lovo so fashion- ablo a crcaturo as Emily, was amystcry tome; but he was charmed by hcr ucauty, anu ior tlio limn liliniVd to hcr imDCrfections. He hoped that she would bc gradually weancd fr.im rrav life. and as his timc was much taken up with study, he knew comparatiyely little of me exicni 10 wuicn suc jaic utiatn ujnu fashion. " But Erailv loved the inccnte of flatfcry al most as much as she loved Charles Warner, and so shc still continucd to attend partics; rnd draw after her crowds of new admirers. Her eng.igcmpnt was a secret known only to a few. and. therefore, lierprescnce was aswci' comc as cvcr by thc beaux. Sometimcs, though hcr heart smotc hcr, she allowcd hcr satirc to find a nctim in thc solcmn young physician, as onc of her gay set had enviously nicknamcd Uliarles warncr; ana many iveru the ncals of lau-rhter that crcetcd her ludicrous picture of him, hcr hc?.rers little imagining that Blio mtenuca to marry mc very man sue wns ndiculinfr. " Oh 1 mothcr, I could nercr makc fun of one I loved," mtcrposcd Clara. " It may bc you could not ridiculc a lover, but I liare known you to quiz your brothers and sistcrs, which is almost as bad," said Mrs. Logan. "But to rcturn. Onc cvening, Charlcs "Warner went 'inexpectcdlyto a party an houror two carlier than hc intcnded. The rcoms, howcrcr.wcrc alrcady fulL Emily had collcctcd a circle around her, as usual. Shc was sitting bchind one of the folding doors, scrccned from most of the company, so that shc did not sce her lovcr's entrance. Some one had bccn taxing her wilh a penchant for Charlcs Warncr. Shc dcnicd it eagerly, and inorderto securo bclicfthe sooner, began ridiculing him. There was just enough truth in thc picture she drcw to make it a good car icature, and her hearcrs, all of whom fclt and were galled by Warner's superiority, laughed immoderately. Everj- word of this satirical convcrsationfcll on her lovcr's ear. " Few men were as sensitive. for rcservcd porsons are generallyproud. ne turned pale and sra'Tffered: but masterinsr his eraotion, he suddenly confronte l Emily, bowed coldly.and giving hcr a look the never torgot, leit tne room. " He never rpoko to her again. Tho next morning, alter a night ot tcars, a lciicr was brought to Emily it was from Charles War ner. Hc said that, aftcr what he had heard the evenincr bofore.he had dismissed all thought of hcr loving him, and bade her farewell forev- er. His Iovc, hc said, had perisheu at tne sameinstant that he became convinced ofthe unworthiness of its object. This-disappoint-ment nf the heart made Emilr more satirical than ever. She never saw good in any onc,if she could see cvil. fahe always ncncuiea where shc could, wherc shc could not, shc re- maincd silent. It seemed asifall herkind- ncssof heart had turned to gall. irom oe ing a pretty eirl, she has, as you know, bc- como an ugly old woman. Tho suni'iness ot her facc has departed, and her bittcr fcelings are now stamned on tho countenance so indel- ibly.that uo stranget can mistakolior character. let she was onco beautiful, amiaDie, ana oe- Inverl. Oh ! mv child. forbear the bitter tongue avoid satirical wit, if you would not bc shunneu ; n is oeuer 10 oo iovmu iuu i.u. "I will try, said Clara, in tears;"you have taught me a Icsson I will not soon for- get" From thcTCational Intdliacncw- NEWSCHEMES OV CONO.UEST AND ANNEXAT10N OF TERBITORY. Though every one must have foreseen the danger to be apprehended from the idle swords and evil examnles which are Ihe re siduarycnnscquenres of ihe Texan-Mexicnn War, the Public is not, we believe, aware how near at hand is the moment when those sivords areto find employmeni, and ihe ex' ampleof Srat Eeizinj; territorics of Mexico by an armed force, and thcn "annexinrr them to the United Stalcs, is to be exactly louuwea out. iNear at hand, did we say? The moment has alrtadv arrived We ctve nolice of it to Congress, who are kept in ignorance of ii. and to thc l'cople ot tho United States who are not dreamins ol it, except the few very few, we trust, in proportion to ihe whole, wlio are in tlie eecrct ol Mia conppiracy a gainst thc peace, the honor, and the repula lion of our country not lo speak of possible consequences more appalling ihaq thc Ioss 3i au tnese, wnicn nave occn aireauy euiii ciently compromieed bv the wilful and wan- ton National war, iust brought to a close. with results any thing but auspicious to the public weal. Without furtherpreface, we place before our readers. in the precise language of our auihority, information apon which we place entire renance. 'Thc arrangements are nearly complcled ior tne comempiateu new Uepublic, to consisi of the.Mexican Provincca on ihe Rio Grande with San Luis as the capital, Tampicoand Slaiamoros as the sea porls. Gen. Shields is at ihc head of thc movement, and is now probably nl San Luis in gcneral couucil lo makc the linal arrancemcnis. Many have already gone from New Orleans lo nieet Ium: the Amrrican force will not be Ices Ihnn five (housand men. Our Governmcul the Executive were consulled , but they saij inai iney wouiu ncitner atd nor oppose il. They will aid il, notwiihstanding their declHration. 1 hey can leare arms, aromu nilion. &.c. at Tampico, ci on the Rio Grandc and let Ihe lnvndms force take them. Fur ther annexalian is the objcct, afier the new uepublic ot 'bicrra Madrc' has declared its indepcndencc of Mexico. "i nave a pcneci norror ' adds our in formant, in whosc ecnlimeats we entirely concur "of this Annexatiin avstcm. Tex- as and the recent Treaty Territory have bccn and will be ihe grcatest curse that ever bcfell ihe country. We have only taken the first draught of the bitler cup, to the cxtent of Ihc Ioss of twcnty thousand lives and thc expcnuilure of two liundred milhon dollars Would lo God Ihat Ihat were all Ihat ihe nf- fair is to cost us? It is, however. only ihe bccinninsr. Thisnew Iiepullic is lo be the secoml act in Ihc drama : but whicli uod his mercy defcal !" Our own warninns and nrolestations a gainst ihe coinbination of speculators and politiciana to brinir Texas into tho Union, and against the rapacious purposes oF the late war wilh Mexico, provcd unavailing. tjmyaru :ncy marclicd to the compleiion of Ihcir designs, Irampling down till barricrs ot ihc Uonstitution which stood intlieir way, May this warnintj not hc disrenarded by ei- ther Congressor ihc Peoplc, bul means be lakcn effectunlly lo put n slop to this project cd violation ofour National fiiitli, this schcmc oflVational dishnnor! What! aftcr a ruthless invasion, a bloodi connncEl, a prcscriplion of Ihe IcrmB upon which we would icnew relalions of Pcacc with Mexico, will ihis Nalion, befor yet ihrecmoons harc fillcd thcir horns since Peace has been sworn betwcen us. connive at cxpcditicns from Ihe United Stntes to in vade Ihe romaininf; lerriiories of Mexico, with arms of the United Stales in their hands? Forbid it Justicc ! Forbid it Honor! The Washington correspondent of the New York Express furnishcs tho following information upon lhe same suhjccl: The ''New RErUBUc" is commenled up on Etionpr ihan I exnccted, in the timely ar- ticlc of lhe Inielligencer Ihis morning. One fct, however, is omiiied, nnd that i?, iht Gcneral Shieldshas been in the pay ol'Gov ernment, w hile preparing all thcsc ncfariius schemesfora furiheranncxation of Mexican Terrilnrv. The orrrans of the Government are playing thc same infainous game in this matler Ibat was piaycn in ine annuaiiun ui HVmo ivrntlnnir is done onenlv. nothinfl is sanclioned openfv, but covertly nll kinds of cncouragement to a new uevoiuuon, u war. and uliimately new annexaiion. The Union can hardly bcar such burdcns as Ihese without rccciving a shock alike injurious to us character and its moral cxislcr.ee. YouKetmviialionb lo the "BufTalo Hunt ,' emanaiinp from New Orleans. A thorough arniing ofthe hunters U urged, and woipons noinied out. All adventurers from Mexico, all advi-nttircrs in Mexico. and all advenlu- rmin lhe ITnited Slales.are ursed lo takc pait in this grand schcme of conquest and war. The following isan advertitemen: of lhe "Buflalo Hunters," as puuiisnca in j-civ Orleans. The proposed liuntmg cround is to cxtend from lhe Gulf reveral liundred milcs back, and from Ihe Rio Grande to the Iprrn Mndre. "BnFFAI.0 IIUST ONTHE IllO GnANPE. All n, rT;rous of ioining in the Buffalo l,nr rlnn the Rio Grandc next fall, arc rc ouestcd to send in their namcs and addrees to the Grand ScnDe oi inc w. u.v.,umi utiuit Ihefirstdayof Scptcmbcr next. They will state the number of persons in cach party, thcir equipmcnts, &c. musKcis, or "ro furnishcd by cach hunter. As the partv may expcct occasional attacks Irom tne uostue inaiana .u uui rion nf rnnntrr. it is recomendcd that cach n,rtr .hnnll he. orfranizcu . uniicu uc- fnr mootlnn ni the rcndezvous. It is expcct' eA th.t mnnv fnnndlv Mcxicans skilled in the sport, and acquainieu wu wio haunts ol the ammai iuc imnj. Duc.notice of the tim of meeting and the rendezvous will be given through the pubhc press. - Gtitxa Pf.rcha. " bat is it? This qnestion is asked by thousands who have heard the natne. It s a'Gum, similar to that of the Caoutchouc or lndian Rubber, but susceptible of more vaned uses. It is thicker and heavier. liose and gas pipes, boot and shoe soles, boolc biudings, canes, huckets. bairs. cloaks, coats. and various other articles are made of it ; and alto crpthpr it ma be considered the most valuable vegetable gutn ever discovered. Freaks or Genius. "Bill, where has Joe gone to 1" "l don't know ; I g'Jess he's in the kilchen, putting the cat in tha tea-kettle. He's just cut her ears off." Those Cannon. Our rcaders have alrcady learncd that Con gress has voted torestorelo Vermont two 6eld picces captured by lhe Green Mountain Boys at Bennington in 1777. The following arc thc proceedingj of the IIousc on this subjcct. REVOLUTI02TARY TROPIIIES. Mr.COLLAMER, by lcavc, introduced thc following joint rcsolution : Resohed, ffc. That two brass field-nicces captured from thc enemy at the battle of Ben nington, in thc btate ot crmont, ini 777,now in thc possession of thc United Statcs, be im- mediately well mountcd, under the direction of the becrctary ot ar, and Uelivcrcd to the Government of the State of Vennont, to be hcrcafterholden asthe property of said State. The rcsolution having bccn read a first and second time Mr. COLLAMER addressed the House to the following efl'cct: Mr. SpcaKcr, a motion has now becn entertaincd that when the House adiourns, it will adiourn to thc 5th insu. and thus, therefore, for all thc practical purposes of tlns liousc, the -Itli ol July. 1 therclore takc this as a Gtting occasion to prcsent this rcsolu tion. I am spnsible that the House has little of time or patience to listcn to a subject to them of so little importancc, and I will there fore state, as concisely as possible, the history ofthe two ficld-pieces mentioncd in thc rcs olution, and the claim of Vermont to thc same. In 1775, before thc dcclaration of Indepcn dencc, and immcdiatclv aftcr thc commcncc- mcnt of hostilities with England, the pcoplcof Vermont, thcn calleuiAe Aew Jlampslure Granls, captured thc fortrcsscs of Ticondero "a and Crown Point, and thcrein took onc hundred and thirtccn pieccs of cannon, six mortars and three howitzers, good for sorvice.' Thcsc all passcd inlo thc service of the United Statcs, and thc pcople of Vermont have rc coivcd thcrcfor no compcns.ition. This con stituted the basis of thc nrtillery with whicli thc war of tho Rcrolution was achiuvcd. In 177C, little bul disastcrattendcd thc Amcrican arms. In 1777, Gcneral Burgoyne cntcrcd thc counlrj-, from Canada, with his imposing army of invasion, the bcst appointcd and best furnished army, though not the largest, cvcr landed in Amcrica. He captured Ticondcro ga, opened the whole Northern fronticrs,push ed forwardto the Iludson, andsprcad conster nation through thc country. It should, how ever, be remarkcd thathe had some proper appreciation in Vermont. In tho published journal of his cxpcdition as it advanccd will bc found this cntry of Gcneral Burgoyne: "Tho llamptMrc Grants, in particular, a coun try unpeopled and almost unknown in the lasl war, (that is the old Frcncli irur,) now abounds in the most activc and most rcbcllious racc on thc contincnt, and hangs like a gathering storm on my lcft." There wasa depot of pro visions at Bennington, in Vermont, and a de tachmcnt of Burgoyne's army under Col. Baum was scnt to capturc it, and upon this dctachmcnt this rjathenng storm burst like a tornado. Sir, I wish it remcmbercd that no United Statcs troops wcm prcsent. It was iitepeople of Vermont, assistcd by thcir neigh bors of 2Ccw Hampsbire under the rallant Starl; and a few bold ncighbors from Berk shire, .Massacbusctte, who overthrcw this ar my under Baum, bchind tbcir brcastworks,and captured over scvcn hundrcd mcn, bcsidcsthc kilied and disperscd ; and thcn it was that thiy took thcsc two ficld-picccs. Did they not bclongtothat pcople? But, sir, they were wantcd by the countrv. Tlio.v were taken down to tho Iludson, and consti'tulcd a part of theartillery in thcbattlcs of Bemis's Ilcights and Saratoga, which resultcd in the capturc- of the whole Bntisharmy. They have becn rctaincd by thc United States ever since. Sir, thc cxpcnses of Vermont in the Ilerolution have never bccn scttlcd ora dollar of them re paid. Theirs at Ticonderoga, at Ilubbardton, at Bennington, and cvcn thoso ofthe last war, when Vermont rose en masse and wcnt to Ihc lescue atPlattsburgh, have never bccn adjust cd or a dollar paid thcrcfor by this nation. All I now ask u, that you rcturn tp Vermont those two ficld-picccs, which you liave kept seventy ycars, and now, having worn out thcir carriagcs, you have thrown them ntide as val uelcss,outsidc your Arscnal; and thcrc,sir,j'ou mav now sce them, neglected and corroding, but there is chiscllcd on them thc prccious mcmcnto that they were captured at Benning ton, 1777. This Government rcgards them of novalue. Mar we have them? Will you rcmount and return them? To us of Ver- mont they are invaluablc. We iU put them in the vestibulc ofour granite Capitol, and they shall bc kept bright.in patriotic, filial, nnd grateful rcmcmbranrc of our fathers' valor. Again I ask, may ice hare them t lhe resolution was then read a tluril time, and passcd unanimously. WooLTitADn ov .Miciiicas. Thc wool trade of Micliigan increases rnpidly. The . f.i c . i . - i t the State last ycar was estimated . i" -nn nnn n r i i mn nnn . , i at 1.00.000 lbs., of which 100,000 was a surplus for expnrtation. In 1841, the a- j mount exporten did not much exceed M, 000 pounds. 1'he stock of sheep has tncreased durnig tlie past season, and tne surplus wool of this year it is presuracd, will reach 1,500,000 lbs. Elotement axd Murder- A mclan- cholv alfair has lakcn place in the family of S. O". Peyton, M. C. from Kentucky. It ap pcars that his daughter lately elopcd wilh a young man, and thc partics were subsequent lv married : but on their rcturn home, an un- clc of the young lady upbraided the husband for his conducl.ancanangry aitercation cnsu in", the latter drewa pistol, and shot the oth er? lcillinn him almost instantly. The wife of ofMr. Peyton was so ovcrwhclmed by this double afHiction, that she is Iying at tte point of dcath. Legislative Dignitt. The Lcgisla- lure of VVisconsin adjourned on the 19th ult., to attend a c&ravan which happened to be in Madison. Most of the raem bers are young men, who had nerer "seen the elephant." LtrrnEii says : "lf I am to have a tauit, ; I would rather speak too harsh y and , thrust truth forth too unwisely, than o , have pJayed the bypocrite to any, and held truth in." Great mistry restores man to nature ; it breaks through thc restraints of hab- and imacnnalion, and levels betorc its mighty force all the magic intrench ments'whicli confine us within our allot ted sphetes. A LETTER FROM MR. CORWIX. Washington, July 20, 1813. Dear Sir : Your lcttcr of thc 14th inst. rcachcd me half an hour ago, and I avail my sclf of my earlicst leisure moment, to reph-. I have sccn m the papers from various parts of me toumry, contradictery conjccturcs as to tlie votc of this and that pcrson, and among others mysclf. I have never doubtcd as to my duty as a vo tcr. since the nomination was made. It istrue, I did not wish Gen. Taylor, I preferred others to him. But a Convcntion of Whigs was call cd, expressly for the purpose of agrecing un one of the five or six persons named. I was in favor of that Convcntion, as it was fairly con ductcd, I fecl bound to sustain its nominec. Had thc man been namcd that I wishcd, and tho friends of Gen. Taylor had refuscd to sus tain him, I am sure, I 'should fccl warrantcd incharging them with bad faith. I cannot apply oue rulc lo myself, and a duTcrcnt one to others. Had thc Convcntion namcd aiuan who was not aWhig, or who was infainous and unworthy, I should fecl iu that case, absolrcd from any obligation to support such a man. But Gcneral '1 aylor docs not fall within cilhcr of thcse classes. He is a Whig. Hc is nbovc suspicion or rcproach in hispersonal charactcr. Hc has provcd himsclf worthy of cverv public trust confided to himind that I think "is a rea souablo guaranty ihat he will not fail in this. I know the non-lavcholding Stalcs objcct to Gen. Taylor, that hc livcs in a Slavo State and owns slaves. Did not Mr. Clay livc in a Slave State? Docs hc not now? Was not Mr. Clay a slaveholder ? Yct wc were proud to votc for him, and I would now do morc and sacrificc morc to placc him iu the Executive chair than I would for anv man in Amcrica. And so would thousands ol thcpurest audbcM mcn in the Frec States. Thus, this objcction is not insuperablc, as we have seen. The non slayeholding Stales should ask this question : Will thc man proposc l (whcthcr he livc in Free or Slave State) use his powcrfor thc ex teusion of Slavery to Tcrritory, where it docs not nowcxist? On this point, what is Gen Taylor's powcr? No morc, I auswcr, than yours, unlcss hc should excrtit tlirough his vc to. Will hc do this ? I answer, accordin" to his pledges, hc cannot. He has said in "his Jetter to Capt. Allison "The personal opin ions ofthe individual who may happen to oc cupy thc Executive chair, ought not to control the action of Congress upon qucstions of do mestic policy, nor ought his objcctions to bc intcrposed, where questions of coustitutional powor have becn scttlcd by tho various depart racnts of tho Government," and acquicsccd in by the pcople." If Slavery is extendcd anywhcrc in Territo rics, it must be done br act of Congress. Isit not a question of "doincstic policy V" Clcarly it is. Has it not becn settled that Congross has Ihe consthutional powcr to prohibit slave ry ? Thc Missouri Comproniise, and various olher similar cxcrtions ol' the power by Con gress, rccognized by every dcpartraent of tht Government, answcrs this question in tbc af firmativc. An all know that this has been 'ac (juicsced in by the pcople.' Thus, thcn, it U clcar, that tho pcople, if thcv wish to rcstrict Slavery to its present limits, Iiaveonly to clcct thc proper nicnloCor.grcss.Scthcirwill hc alaw, unconlrollcdby thatsomurh abuscd vcto powcr. Indccd, the doctrino of Gen. Taylor on the subject of the vcto, aslaid down in thc lcttcr abovc quo'cd, (intendcd lor publication and therefore to bc considered a plcdgc,) is in mv judgment, of more value as a principlo in our sysicm, man any wnicn nas liccn advocatcd bv thc iVhigs since tho Ilcvolution. 'Iliis des nolic powcr by its nsc nnd abusc, has, for the last few ycari.e.xtcnded its tyrannical prasp to cvcry, cvan the minntest question of Icgisla tion. It has rangcd, uncontrolled, over our whole systcm of donicstic policy, froin the cs lablishmcntof a bank down to the crcction of a iiaroor at tlie mouth ofa crcek. Evcrv act oi tlie uongrcss ol a trcc pcople has thus been made to square with the uidL'ment ofo.NE MA.V. Such u Government is nn ncni- ratc (lclimtion of adcspotism. It is truu it on ly continucs for four ye:irs in onc hand ; but il is none thc less a destotism whilc it Iasts, and if it is to bc Ionger tolerated, will becontinual. thc only rhangc bcin-r lhe transfer of alixnintn nowcr, from thc hands of onc petty tvmnt lo liis succcssor. An honest man, as Gen. Tay lor is admittcd to bc, with snch opinions and reasonable intelligencc, which cven his enc micsconccdc, cannot make a bad mastcror dnnrrnmtic 7rpculnt.l T l.i.-n 1 ,t....i llo can vou ,vJlo ,icnounccll 10 Mexican war, votc for its Hero ? My answer is to nie plain and obvious : Gcn. Taylor w.u an ofli ccr in the rcgular army. Hc took hiscommii sion when a youth. Hc contraclcd to fight when and where his country callcd, and to o bey the onlcrs of his supcriors in conimand. l no rrcsident was L;oniman(Ier-in-Cliicf. He ordorcd Gen. Taylor obcyed. He artcd as ?co" aml "un, reds ofothcrs did. Ir wavn.l is, iiiu new oi iucir uuiv, laiccn nv all oniccr. t. 3 c ,nc 3rni.v an" navy. It l? a verv diffcrcnt (incstion ju, ,iic Toiuntf.r,.Tiro nn,. mcnt requcsts it does not coramand a citizcn tovoluntccr his scrvices in a forcign war. Thc Government can compcl the militia "to repel mvaiion," hut it cannot force beyond thc United Statcs line, a single man, except he U in tho regular army. In the spcech for which I have been so much condcmncd, by mcn who never read it, I took this distinction. It is too obvious to cscapc any one who choos cs to think. I intcnded to say a word conccrninj Gcn. Cass, but I have not the time, and necd not tax your patience farther. I will only add, that in my judgment, his views of public poli cy, arc morc prcgnant with danger to the Ue public than those of any prominent politician cver yet promulgatcd in this country and if carried out, as I fear they should be, should he succccd, would bc fatal to thc happiness ofthe pcople, and end in the total subvcrsion ofour present form of Free Government. His wild schemes of wars of conquest, and unboundcd anncxation of all neighboring ccuntries, and all sorts of populatiop, are fraught with evils, in my judgment, quite too obvious to nocd illus tration, to say nothing of the rcckless disre gard of rights, which they imply. That he en tertains these notioas sincerely, (as I am will ing to admit,) only rcnders him the more dan gcrous. Ifhe were not in carnest. hc wnnld -. uC.uaSUSuc, anu mignt ue cxpecicd. "5 Z , tubiccts hi s oni niU. BntWPcntwo such men, I cannot hcsitate. I know I diiTcr with good men and good Whigs, but I must o bey my convictions of duty, and checrfully yield to them the same righ't. Truly your friend, TIIOS. CORWIN. J. M. &.EMENTS, Blooming Grove, Ia. Jr3- The Washington Union contain. the following atlack upon Gcnernl Taylor: "There can bc no doubt nbout Gen. Taylor, as being opposcd to lhe cxlcnsion of slavery. His Ictlcrs to Gen. Gnines and nthors are proor of this liict. THAT HE LIVES 1V A SLAVE STATE IS NO ARGUMENT THAT HE WtaHES ITS EXTENSION, THOUSANDS OK THE C1T1ZENS OF THE SOUTH BELIEVE SLAVERY TO BE WRONG IN EVERY ASPECT IN WHICH IT CAN BK VIEWED." A DULL SUMMER AT THE EAST. Eastern joumals contain many sorry ac counts ofthe state and prospccts of trade in that region. It is a subjcct of remark that while manufcturcr3 in England oppcar to bc? riing from thc dcprcssion to which they as well as tho manufactnrers of this country have for two ycars becn subjected, and are incrcas ing thcir works, our own mills are stoj ping to an unprcccdcnted extcnt. In addilion to thc stoppages offactories be fore noticcd, the hut mails bring iuttdligcuco" ofiome halfdozcn oiWm. ThePcrrj- ColtonMill, one ofthe largest cotton nianufucluring ctablishmciits in that town, will top running after thc 19th inst.r owing to inability to scll their goods cxcept at a ruinous Ioss. The Middlesex Mills at Lowell, says the 5ii lem Register, whicli made such large sn':rifices in their stock of goods last Fall, by sclling them at auction in JTew York, nrc ik.w only running one-quarlcr part of thcir lnathincry. Mo:t of the mills at Andover hao stop pcd work, nnd tlnr Sainb'.ry Mamifncturiiig Co. have stoppcd morc ilian half of tteir ma--chincry. The Xorthnmplon papers tlato that the ex tensivc Woolen Millsof (iilbcrt & StrMns, at Warc.and the Mills at Clapni illernrc windirg up thcir busiiifj-s for the pre-cnt, owing to tlie large stock of goods rcmaining uii"old. Tho Iwiit' :i Falls (Me.) Journal, says Ihat tho Woolen Mitls at th.it p!a;t have Moirpctl work, in coifscqucm-c ofthe low prireandlim ilcd dcmand l'or their goods ; and tl.nt ihc Flanncl Factory at .Sabattisvillc, wilUtop ina few days. Tlie James Mill at Newbnrypo! t accord ing to the He-. twl of that placc, willn'so rrnl ably stop for a v.hile, taking advar.tage of thc dcprcssion of business at thc prcsent timc, to rcpair thcir machincry. Morc than 800 hands havo becn dlschargcil from the mills under tho gcnoy of one hou.cf in Boston, within the hct forlnight, owing lo the impossibility of sclling the good on iiand, or raising mon'cy to continuu tho manufac turc. The ahipping inferest is in no bcttcr condi tion : frcights nrc so low as to bc allogcthcr" insuflicient tomcet tho vc3cls' expcnses. It i not speaking too strongly, to asscrt that of tlir many thousand cnrgocs now afioat, nnt morc than one in lcn.pcrhap not one in twenty, has bccn received on board at a ratc whittj will pay thc ownors of the vccls for the Ctot ofthe transportation. iV. 1'. Trihune. Kentccky M.isurAcrcr.ES and Sr. vvet:t OUEAT ClIASGE OF VlKWS IN I.OII SVII.I.E A corrcpunder.t of thc Cint innati Gnzetlc.wntinif from Louisvillc, mcntions that inlciligcnt miwU arc much orrnpieil now with spcculationsand c:il rulations conccniing tLe adaptatinn of the cfmn try for n hundrcd milcs or 50 around that liiy t." railroau, anu tne possimuty 01 estaiiiiiiiinii.-rc at present, in thc midst oftlic limited nnd dtim out slavery of thc rity, maniifacturcs simtlar in kind and varicty to thoe wliich cxist in C'inrin nali. nnd have don somuchtowanls tlie biu'ldii: up f that Iarj;c, clcgnnt, aml properoiH riiy. Odscrring and n-flccting mcn do nut prctcml that such manufactures can llouriili tlicrc.CTcn shm'iT tlioy bo sct in inollon, if siavery U to rontiniii , Imt such men rcpard tlie pcrmancncc of tl.isinti tution in Kenttukr as not nt all among tliings probalilc. .Some think lliat thc votc 011 tlif Cou rcution question, tuoii to lie tnkcn, nill rinir llita" dcalli'kncll of f lavcrj- in tliat fcrtilc and lieauii fnl State. Others who do not rcganl -thc l rirninir ofthe cnd" a- so ncarat hund, sfiil tliink that thpcontinn.ince of "tlie fotering sin" in thc State for rjuartcr of a ccntury yct, nccd not Ioncer rclanl the vignrom niarch cf Louinillp. Thcv consiilcr thnt nl.tverr. if lcft to ilsclf. will die out in Kentnckv an'l in a few vcars haver hanllv plivsicnl ctrcngth lcft to pfrform tlie nii'inl service over its last victims. And there i mnch to justify lliis vicw in thc healihy tonc of (white "entimcnt on tliiH snlject, and the cncnuraging' fact that there has leu astcadv aml ra;id in- creasc in thc dstparily lietwccn tlie frcc and alavc rnjpulations. ror tlie last ten or twclve rears. rc f.nt is this ilHparitvcrowinir. imlecd, that whiler ihe whole p pnlalion ofthe rity lin do'r.icd it self in the lat fotirtecn or liftccn ycar-. thc slave Iiopulation oftlic city has incrc.u.rd. faiiii tlicr icst information that ran lc ohtaincd, oiilj lc- twccn I j and 20 pcr ccntnm. J'.vnlenrp oftlii' change meet one cvcry day, on cvcrr si;uarc, in tlicshape of white hack drivcrs, white dniymcn, white nnrscs, &c. And white houc-scrvnt.. cliicfly Irish, and not a few of them (icnnan arc lieroming qnite roinmon. Tcn ycar ngn uothiug of thii sort could le seen, or ln'aul of. ThN alteration in domestics, csjicciallr. i dcci' dcdly popular particularlr among the ladics. PREXTICIANA. The Peniuylvanian charges thc oditor of the Detroit Advcrtisor with having "writ ten a very poor life ot Gcn. Cass." We do not behcvc that thc oditor has m.mig cd to writo a poorcr Iifc tlian thc Gcneral ha managed to livc. Tho "disgusting scenos of '40" arc abont to bc commcnccd. Galena Jeffenonian. Ay, and " the disgusting sccnes of '10," as you call them, will bc consummated; cspecially thc closing sccnc cnactcd in Xovcmbci of that ycar. Gcneral Taylor bas now three opponcnU for the Presidency, Gcneral Cass, Martin Van Buren, and John P. Hale. Fctch on two raoro. Old Zack whipt the Mexican; five lo one at Buena Vista, and he can whip the Lo cofoco caudidatc3 in the same proportion now, It is now twcnty-five years ago that I sat all night in a canoe at the hcad of a pond at Chi cago. Speech nf General Cass. Thc Gcneral now dejcrveso sit all day, in mosquito time, on a steamboat fast upon onv ofthe west crn sand-bars which bc thinks it unconstitutional to rcmovc. There are various opinions as lo how Ohioi will go. Western Ilerertc Chronkle. Probably shc will not " go" at all. Shc is in the Whig phalanx, and she will stay wherer shc is. SunriT Ennort. An exchange papcr says Our account ofthe thunder storm,'ast week, contained a slight error ; instead of " bail stones as big as pulletr," read bullels. Tlie only thing lo which Van Burcn U PLEDGED is. lo VETO any bill forthe nl-oU-tion of slavcrj- in tlie Di.'trict of CoIomlK.i.