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IN TIIE DARK AND TROUBLED NIGHT TIIAT IS VPON US, THERE IS NO STAR ABOVE THE HORIZON TO GIVE US A GLEAM OF LIGI1T, EXCEPTING TIIE INTELLIGENT, PATR10TIC WHIG PARTY OP TIIE UNITED STATESr-Vr.s?zv.; volume xnr. MIDDLEBURY, VERMONT, TDESDAY MORNMG, SEPTEMBER 12, 1848. NUMBER 20. aiji JOSEPH H. BARRETT, Editok. TERMS OF VOLUME XIII. Village suliscribers, - - $2,00 Mail subscribers, within the Statc, - - gl.SO lf not mid within thc vear, - - - - gl,5 Mail subscribers out of the Statc, - - - $2,00 Individuals and Companies who take at the office, $1,50, or $1,75 if not paid within theyear. Those who take of Postriders, .... $2,00 If not paid at thc end of the ycar, - - $2,25 Ko papers discontined until arrearages are paid, cxccpt at the option of the proprietor. Ko contract with, or paymentraadeto Carriers, cash, kecpme;, or otherwisc, allo wcu, cxcept assenieu io bv thc proprietor. "AU communications must be addressed to the editor, Post Paid, g5" V. B. Palme, 8 Congress street, Bos- toa, is authorized to transact business lor this paper. JUSTCS COBB, BuiiLisnEn, BT WHOM ALL KINDS OF BOOK A'D JOB PRTKT IXG WILL BS EXE'CUTED OX SIIORT NOTICE. "ROOM! ROOM!" BT DAVID EEEVE AHXELL. The cditor of the Baltimore Clipper. in rcph to a correspondent using the signatnre Posteritr, .avs,''wc inakeroom for Postcrity."' U. S. Ga ztftc. Roam in thc lightcd palace, Room at the fcstal board ; I'ass ronnd tlie brimmins chalice. Let the winc be quickly pour'd ; Room whcrc bright eycs arc meeting, "Whcrc silvery white arm3 glancc, Room whcrc fair fonns co flecting Through the mazcs of the dance. Roomin tlie halls of glory, Whcrc thc plumc and bonnet ware ; Room on the page of story, 1'or tlie noble and the brave ; Room o:i tlie ficld of battlc, 'Mid thc clnrion's mighty swell, And the drum's triumphant rattle, And thc victor's madd'ning yell. ltoom at thc bridnl altar, l'rcathc qnick the solemn vow, For thc lovc-lip soon will faltcr, And a shadow cloud the brow. Room nt tliy hcarth, oh, Mother ! ltoom at lliy place of proycr; Comes to tliy hcarth nnothcr, Room for the trembkr thcrc. l!oom in cach human dwclling White hcads drop round you see 1 Vliy stand yc thus a-knclling ? Turn urn yonrsclvcsaud flce. IIo ! ho! wilh niirth and langhter, Sscll on the young and braTe, H. iom (for thcy croivd oii aficrj ltoom in ihe vajty'grare. Koom on the londy monntnin; Iionin throngh thc mighty oarth ; I. ifc's tide from cvcry fuiintain I snclling into birth. C'roivJ on, yc jiallid faces C'rowd onward to tlie tomb 1 Vonr olTVpring claim yonr placcs. Make room for llicm ! makeroom! A Good Onc. A fdv days aso a largc tminlier of distinguislicd persons r.ssem bled at Middletown, Conn., to participate in tlie Commcncement ccrcntonies of the AVeslejan Uuiversity. Among tlie rest, Governor Bissel was expected, and eleganl ronnis were providcd for him atthc largest ai: ; bcst hotel in the place. At Icngth his Kxcellencv the Governor arrivcd. Ile is a plain, diminulive looking man, though 1' a strong masculine niind and great (imvers of oratory. Ile went to tlie liotel whcre quarters had been assigned him and entcred his tiatne ; but nobidy ivas in who happened to know liim, and lic was not suipcctcd of being anything more than an every-day man from the country. At length he asked for a room and a bed. He was told that every room in the hou?e was occnpied and that the best thinff they could do for him was to make him a tem- viorary bed on thc floor. To this he did not object, and bivouacked for the night o:i a blanket spread ovcr the bare carpet. The mnrttfication of the landlord may be imagincd when he found ont, on the next dav, that the stately rooms prepared for liis Excellency were unoccupicd and waiting, while the Governor himself had bcen obliged to take quarters on the floor. . Brooklyn Eagle. Ittakes tiie ViDDEr.s. Q.uitc a miftake liaa taken place in a lovc affiiir in Philadel 5ina. A couple of young fools agreed lo e iope togelher, and by eome nu'etake in the . 'ciiininary arrangements, the male lover j his laJuer un to ihe winooiv next that m rtnrli his sweetheart elept, which proved to ie that in which lier mamma, a handsome ..idow, reposcd. She, however, turncd the nislake to her own advantage, got into his orms, was borne by him to the carriage, and lv prcservinir a becoming silcnce until dav- hghl, kept him io error, and then, by thepo- ient power oi ner Diandisnmcnts, actually cnarmeu nim into matrimony. A friendof mine once gave me the number an4 the naracs of a snpi.-i! rlub of teniDerate drinkcrs which once existcd in Schcnectady, and of which. whpn -rniimr. hi was himself a rncmbcr; andl haTO remarkcd, how bereft of fortune, how bcrelt of reputation, bereft of ..wuu, sumcumes evcn berelt oi reason, they have dcscended, one aftcr ahother, pre- """""J luluc srave;until, atlength, thougn not an old man, that friend alone rcmains of all thcir number, lo tcll how he himself was rescued from a fate so terrible, by the timelv and prophet ic counsel of a pions mother. And I haTc remark cd, too, !w those pnpils of ray own, who, in dcs pite of w;niiig and admonitionand cntrcaty.pcr sisicdinthsuseof intoxicating liqMOrs while at Colleie. have r, ,u. -u .i. ooscanty, and finally disappeared from among Imo rr - rs' once their companions, rising 1,, r A i . scarching out the cause, 1 Uc-nAr; . a"swcr.nas beenreturned, "Hehas coac a sot, or gone into the gravc'-Jcr. Dr. TRIAL AHD EXECUTION OP CHARLOTTE CORDAY. From LamartlDes HUtoiy of the Glrondbits. When she was scated on the bench of thc pris oncrs, she was asked ifshe had adcfcndcr. She replicd that a fricnd had nndertaken this office, but not seeing him, she sapposed his conragcfail ed him. The Prcsident then assigned hcr thc young Chauveau Lagarde, afterward illustrious by his defencc of the Queen, and alrcady famous for his cloqncnce and courage in canses and times when the adrocatc shared the penl of his chent. Chaveau Lagarde placed himself at thc bar. Charlotte gazcd onhim, as though she fcarcdlest, to sare hcr lifc, hcr defcnder would abandon somc part of hcr honor. The widow of Marat wcpt while giring her evioence. uuariottc, nioveu Dy ner gnci, ex claimcd 'Yes, yes "twas I that killed him.' She then rclated the premeditation of the act for thrce months ; her projcct of stabbing him in the Convention; and the riue she had cinploycd to obtain access to him. 'I confess,' said she, with humility, 'that this means wa3 unwortliy of me; but it was ncccssa ry to nppear to cstecm this raan in order to ob tain access to him. 'Who inspircd yoa with this Iiatrcd of Marat?' Shc was asked. 'I did not need the hatrcd of any onc elsc,' she rcplicc. Jlr own was sulticicnt; bcsidcs, tou ai ways cxccutc badly that which yon have notde riscd yourself.' ' tiat did you Iiatc in him 'His crimcs.' ' What did you hope to clfcct by killing him V 'Ucstore pcacc to my country. 'Do tou, then, think that tou have assassinat- edall the Marats?' Since he is dead. nerhaDS the otherswill trcm- b)e.' The knifc was shown hcr that she mightrecog- nizc it. bhc pushed it from hcr with a gesturc ol UisgusL 'Yes,' replicd shc: 'I rccognizc it-' 'What persons did you visit at Caep?' 'Vcrrfew, IsawLarue, a muiiicipal offi- cer, and the Cure of Saint Jcan.' iJid you confess to a conformmg or nonju- nnj pnest .' 'iNeitbtr one nor the othcr. iSince when had you formed this dcsign?' 'Sinco the 31st of ftlay, when the dcputies of thc pcople were arrested. I have killcd onc man to save a hunureu thonsanu. 1 was a repblican long before the Revolution.' i-anclict was comrontcd with her. '1 only knowFauchetby siirht,' said she,dis- dainfully. 'I look on him as a man dcvoid of principles; and I despise him.' The accuscr rcproached her with having dealt the fatal stroke downward, in order to rcndur it more ccrtain, and observcd she must be wcll excrciscd in crinie. At this suggcs tion, vhich dettroved all her idcas, by ass:mi- lating her to profcsscdmurdcrers, she uttercd a cry ot liorror. 'Oh, the monstcr!' cxclaimcd she, 'he takes me lor an assassin ! Fouquicr Tinvillesummed up, and demand- vu that sentence olueath shoulu uc passeu. Ilcr defenderrose. 'The accuscd, said he, confcs;es her crimo, she avows ils long pre meditation, and gives the niost overwhelming dctails. Citizens, this is her whole defencc. l'bis iniperturbable calm and cntiro forKCtful- ncssoi sclf, Mlnch rcvcals no rcmorse in thc prescnccof death thii calm and this fornct- fulness, sublime in onc point of icw, is not natural : thev can onlv be cxnlained bv the excitcinentof jioliiicalfanaticism, which placed tlie poirnaril in her hand. It is for you to dc- cide what wcijlit to stcrn a fanatieism should have in thcbalance of iusticc. I lcave all to your conseienccs.' Thc iurv tinanimouslv scntcnccd hcrto die. She heard thcir verdict unmoed; nnd the prcsident having askcd her if ihe had anything to say relativc to thc punishruent inflicted on her. she inade no reply ; but, turning to her dcfender, 'Monsieur,' said shc, 'you have de fcndcd me ai I wish to be defended ; I thank you , I owe you a proof of my gratitudc and estccm, and I ofTer you one worthy of you. Tliese gcntlcmcn (pointing to the judges) havejut dcclared my property confiscatcd : I owe somcthing in thc prison, and I icqucath to you the payment of this dcbt.' i)uring hcr csamination, she observcd a paintcr engaged in taking her likeness; with out intcrrupting the cxamination, she sniiling Iy turned towara the a'rtist, in order that he niightthe bettcr scc her features. She thought of inunortality, and alrcady sat for her portrait to immortality. Bcliind the painter stood a young man, whose fair hair, blue cycs, and pale complcx ion, markcd him for a native of the Xorth. His eycs were riveted on thc prisoner ; andat cach reply, he sliuddercd and changcd color. Ile seemed to drink in hcr words, and associ ate himself by gesturc, attitude, and cnthusi asm, nith the sentiments shc cxpresscd. Un able frc-fiucntly to repress his cmotion, he drew to himself, by lnvoluntary cxclamations, thc attcntion ofthc audicnce and of Charlotte Corday. At the moment when the Prcsident passcd scntcnce of dcath, the young man rose from hisseat, with the gesture of a man who protcsts from the bottom of hisbcart, and then sunk back, as though his strcngth had failed him. Charlotte, inscnsible. to hcr own fate, perceived this movcmcnt, and comprehend cd that, at thc moment when nll on carth had abandoned hcr, akindrcd spirit attached itself to hcrs, and ihat, amidst this hostile or indifler ent thrang, she possessed an unknown friend, and she thankcu him with a look. 'I his stranger was Adam Lux, a Gcrman republican, sent to I'aris by thc revolutionists of Mavence, to concert the movcmcnts of Germany with those of Francc, in the comraon cause of human rcason and the libcrty ofthe people. Ilis eycs followcd Charlotte, until she disappeared amidst the gens (T arms beneath the arch of the stairs. His thoughts never quitted her. On her return to the Conciergcrie, which was so soon to yicld hcr up to thc Kcaflbld, Charlctte Corday smilcdon her companions in prison, who had ranged themsclvesm the cor ridors and courts to see her pass. She saidto the conciergo : 'I had hoped that we should breakfast togeth er once more, but the judges detained me so long that you must forgive me for having bro ken my word.' The executioner arrived; she requcstcd him to allow hertime tofinish her letter,which was neithcr the outpouring of weakness nor regret, but the last act of wounded friendship addressing an oternal reproach to the cow ardly spirit which had abandoned her. It'was addressed to Doulcet dc Pentecoul ant, whom she had seen at her aunts, and on whom she belioved she had called in vain to be her dcfender. The Ietter was as follows ; 'JJoulcet de Pentecoulant is a coward to have rcfused to dcfend me when it was soea sr. He who undcrtook it. perfonned his task with all poisible dignity, and I shall retain a grateful recollection of him to my last mo ments.' Her indignation was unjust ; t'.e young Pen tecoulant, wno was absent Jror 1'ans, hau not received her letter : his eenerosity and cour age were a sufficient guaranty that he would have accepted the oflicc ; and Charlotte bore an error and iniustice to the scaflbld. The artist who had sketched Charlotte's like ness at the tribunal, was Til. Ilauer, a painter and olhcer ot the JNational uuard, ot the sec tion of the Thcatre Francais. On her return to the prison,she requestcd theconcierge to al low him to hnish his work, and, on his arnval, Charlotte thankcd him for tho intcrest he ap neared to take in hcr.and nuictlv sat to him. as thougbjwhile shc permitted him to transmit hcr torm anu leatures to postcnty, she aiso cnarg- eu hira to uana uown her mind and hcr pat riotism to unborn gencrations. She convcrsed with M. Haucr on his profession, the events of theday, and the peace of mind shc felt af tcr thc eiecutionot her design ; shealsospoke of her young friend at Cacn, and rcquested him to paint a miniaturc from thc portrait,and send it to hcr family. Suddenlv a knock was heard at thc door, and the executioner entered. Charlotte,turn ing round, perceived the scissors and red che mise he carried ovcr his arm. What! already,' cxclaimed shc. turning pale. Then recovenng her composure, and glan nf llio nnfinisbpd nnrtrnit. 'TVfonsieur.' saicf she to the artist, 'I know not how to thank you for the troublo you have taken; I have only this to ofTer you. Keep it in mcmory of your kindness and my gratitude.' As she spokc, she took the scissors from the executioner, and severing a lock of hcr long fair hair, gave it to M. Haucr. This portraitjinterrupted by death, is still in the possession of the family of M. Ilauer. The head only was paintcd, and the bust merc ly sketched. But the painter, who watchcd tho preparations for the scaflbld, was so struck with thc sinister splcndcr addcd by the rcd chemise to thc beauty of his modcl, that after Charlotte s death, he painted hcr in thie cos- tume. A pricst, scnt by the pubhc aecuser, pre- scnted himself to ollcr the last consolation of religion. 'Tliank,' siiid she to him, 'those who have had the attcntion to send you but I need not your ministry: The blood 1 have spilt,and my own which I am about to shed,are the only sacrificcs I can ofTer the Eternal.' The exe cutioner then cut off her hair, bound hcr hands and put on the chemisedes contlemnes. 'This,' said shc, 'is the toiltt of dcath, arrangcd by somewhat rude hands, but it leads to immor tality.' She collected hcr long bair.looked at it for the last time, and gave it to JMadam Eichard. As shc niouotcd the fatal cart, a violent storni broke ovcr Taiis, but the lightuing and rain did not dispersc tho crowd who blocked iip the squarcs, thc bridgcs, and the strcets which she pased. llordes ot womcn or ratncr iu- ncs, followcd her with the hcrcest lmpreca tions ; but inscnsible to these insults, she gaz cd on the populaco with eyes beaming with serenity and compassion. Tlie sky cleared up, and the rain wnipn wctted lier to the skin, displayed the exquis- ileymmery of herform.likc thatof a woman lcaving the balh. Hcr hands bound behind her back, obliged her to hold up her headj and thisforced rigidity of the musclcii gave more fixity to her attitude, and set ofi' the outlines ofher figure. Tho rays of the set- ting sun fcll on her head ; and her complex- ion, hcightened by the red chemise. seemed of an unearthly brilliancy. Robcspierre, Danton, and CamilleDesmouIins, liad plac ed themsclveson her passage, to gaze on lipr fnr nll ihose who anticipated assaisina tion wcrecurious tostudy in hcr features the oxprcssion of that fanatieism which might tlireatcn them on the morrow. She resera bled celestiol vengcaoce appcaecd and trann figured,nnd from time to time seemed lo sceka "lance of intclliircnce on which her eye could rcst. Adam Lus aw.iited the cart at the en- trance ofthe Rue St. Honore. and followed it to the foot ol Ihe scaflbld. 'He engraved in his heart,' lo quote liis own words, 'ihU unutterable sweeiness, amid ihe barbarous outcries of ihe crow d, that look so gentle yel pcnetrau'ng those vivid flushes that broke Ibrtli liko burning ideas from those bright eycs, in which spoke a soul as intrepid as lendcr. Charming eyes which should have mclted a stone.' Thus an entliusiasticand unearthly attach- ment accompanied lier, without her knowl edge, to Ihe vcry scafiold, and prepared to fol low her. in hope of an clernal re-utiion. The cart Etoppcd, and Charlotte, at the sight of the fatal lnstrumcnt, turned paic, uut, soonre covcring herself, asccnded the scafTold with as lig'ut and rapid a stcp as the long chemise and hcr pmioncd arms permitted. When the ex ecutioner, to bare hcr neck, rcmovcd thc hand kcrchicf that coTercd hcr bosom, this insult to her modcsty raovedhcrmoro than herimpcnd- . . . . .1 "n-.r ing dcath; then, turning to me guiuounc, she placed herself undcr thc ax. The heavy blade fcll, and hcr head rolledon the scafTold. One of the assistants, named Lcgros, took it in his hand and struck it on the chcek. It issaid that a deep crimson suffusion overspread the face, as though dignity and modesty had lor an instant lasted longer, even, than life. Such was the dcath of Marat ; such were the life and death of Charlotte Corday. In the face of murder, history docs not praise, and in the face of beroism, dares not condemn hcr. The appreciation of such an act places us in the tcrnblc alternative of blaming virtueor ap plauding assassination. Like the pain ter who, rieenairin"- of renderinir the expression of a mingled sentimcnt, east a vcil ovcr tho face of the hgure, we must leave tnis mysicry io uc dcbatedin the abysses of the human heart. There are deeds of which men are no judges, and which mount, without appeal, dircct to the tribunal of God. There arc human ac tions so strange a mixture of weakness and strength, pure mtent and culpable means, er ror and truth, murder and. martyrdom, thatwe know not whetherto term them crime or vir tue. The culpable devotion of Charlotte Cor day is among those acts which admiratiop and horror would leave eternally in doubt, did not nioralitv reprove them. Had we to fiud for this sub'lime liberatrix of her country, and generous murdcrcss of a tyrant, aname which should at once convey the cnthusiasm of our f-pllntrt tnnrnrH hpr nnd thc SCVCrlty of OUT judgnfent on her action, we would coin aphrase combining the extreme oi aumirauuu uuu horror, and term her tho Angel of Assassi nation. A few days afterward, AdamLux publishcd the 'Apology of Charlotte Conlay,' and asso ciated himself with her decd, in order to share her martyrdom. Arrested and sent to the Ab baye, he exclaimed, as he entered the prison, 'I shall die, then, for her.' Ho perishcd soon after, saluting, as the altar of Libcrty and lovc, the scaflbld which the blood of his niodel had hallowed. The beroism of Charlotte was sung by the poct Andre Chcnicr, who was himselt so soon to die for that common fatherland of aii great souis pure HDerty. 'Whose is this tomb?' sings the Gennan po . l 171 i iii . , a . ; vi, .mopsiocic. ut is ine iomD ot Uhanotte, Let us gather flowers and scatter them ovcr hcrashesjfor she is dea'd for her country. No, no : gather nothing ; let us seck a weeping Wlllnw. .nnfl nlonf it nVr bfr nmTi rn. r-t,n iB .., g...... w .wuau, iui BIIU M dead l'or hcr country. No, no ; plant nolhins; 5.... J1-. ...... ...l..Yl..i . uui. wcuj cdiu jei yuux icoi uu uiooti, ior S11C is dead m vain for her country.' Vergniaud, on lcarnmg m his dungeon, ot the crime,trial, and dcath of Charlotte, exclaimed, 'She de stroys us, but she teachea as how to die.' Lu:atics. There are some vcry interest in" cases of mauia at the Asylum on Black well's Island, New York. One old woman. with a fine classic face. claims to be " the spir it which originally brcathed upon chaos ;" to this she sometimes adds that she is "the Bright and Morning Star." She walks the rcom with a Bible constantlv clasped to hcr bosom. and at times uttcrs the niost pathetic and bcautiful lanKuagc. A jrentleman who once was notcd for his talcnta and literary aciiuircmcnts, imasines himself a king, and has maffnificent schcmcs for governing tho world. One prettv girl, who wpnt crazy from a dis appointment in love, will convcrse on many subjects rationally. She was engaged to be married, but a ditrercnco of rcli"ion induccd tho relatives ofher lover to brcakofTthe match.and she,poor girl, had hcr mind unsct- ticd tnereoy. One man has invented a nrocess for chnno-. ing sca wecd into tobacco, thercby kceping ju me couairy raucu money that now gocs to Ilavana. Anothcr has been, bv some trick. wTonted out of the Presidency. Tho most rcmarkablo man in the Asylum is a Spaniard a po.verful man. six feet hich. with large black eyes and a dark swarthy skin who is the vcry personification of the dcmoni ac nvcntioncd in the Scriptures, " whom no man could bind." He wears no clothcs, and aswith impassioncd gesturc. hespcaks ofthe sccncs which memory or fancy pictures forth, he dispkys a powerful mind unhingcd a fierce will unsuided bv reaton. IIo has bcen a slavcr and a pirate.and as he sneaks of trans- ctions at the Gallinas and in Brazil, exhibits a uioou-tuirstv countcnancc. A Quakeress Missioxary. Susan How land sailcd on Wednesday raorninjr in the Eu- f - - T i ri ... ropa ior iivcrpooi. one is accompanied by her husband,-Joseph Howland, a wealthy, re- tircd mcrchant, of rew Bcdford. This be nevolent Friend, movcd with sympathy for .uropeans on tne contincnt, in their darkncss, now struggnng lor that liberty which the eos- pel alone can bestow, has relinquished the comforts of home and a large circle ofdovoted relatives and friends, to carry the light of the divinc word to Francc and othcr adjaccnt countrics, as Providcncc mav onen the wav. Their children, and other numcrous friends of the society, accompanied them to the Europa, in the bay, where thev silentlv commended this devoted missionary to the protcction of tnc ivimiguty, and received the parting benc diction. Post. PnftriNlTV .Tf ihnrt N nnvlTiTnrr !n mnn which exhibits an cntire want of scTf-rcspcct, says the Christian PAilosoplier, it is protane- ness. 11 is certamly no mark oj a yentleman to siccar profanehj ; for the worthless and the vile, the very djegs ot society, do this; and not unfrequcntly thcy can swcar even bettcr than the well-drcsscd, cducated ccntlcman. The bascst and meancst of mankind often swcar with as good a grace as the more rcfincd. ANECDOTE OF GEN. TAYLOR. We heard a good anccdotc of Gen. Taylor last wect, trom an othccr who was with him on thc liio Grande. It illustratcs thc substantial, scnsiblc charactcr of this patriotic and bravc old man. While ho was at Matamoras, impa- tient for his supplics, watchins cvcrv boat that arrivcd, and going on board of each of them making anxious lnquirics tor lettcrs and despatches, it happened that onc boat brought up the famous Gencral Pillow, with scvcral other ofliccrs. Pillow was in full drcss, with sword, cpaulcttcs, and sash on, and bcing tho particular fricnd, as wcll as law partncr, of the President, he thought it was nis uuty ta catccnise tne oia uenerai, as n ne were a more subaltcrn. But Gencral Taylor, like Washington, always kept his own army sccrets, cxccpt when he called a council of war, and souglit advicc. Ile at tirst treateu the impcrtincnt officer with as much civilijy as he thought due to his inexpericnco as a mil itary man. At last, with a grcat deal of pom- posity, the renowncd Pillow remarkcd, "Oen. Taylor, if I were in chicf command, I should divide my forces into two dilTerent co!- umns, anil raarch torthwith, by two dittercnt routes upon Jlontcrcv. " iir, said ucn, Tavlor, with trcmcndous cmphasis upon thc word ' oir, witn your nmiicu Knowicugn of tactics and total ignorancc of locahtics, J doubt not you would." Pillow was dmnb for some time aftcr this ! Neic Havcn Palladium. The Womex in Arms. Thcy had a con vention at Watcrloo, New York, and adopted a " declaration of rights," aftcr the form and fashion of the Declaration of Indepcndence.in which they supply tho omission of the immor tal author of tho latter documcnt declaring that " all men and tcomen are created equal, and are endowed by their oreator witn qcrtain inalienable rirhts." They, to prove that "the history of mankind isa history of repcatcdMn- junes and usurpations on ine panpi man to wards woman, having in direct object the es taHishmcnt of an absolute tyranny ovcr hcr," "submit to a' candid world" a statement of their grievanccs such as not pcsscssing thc nght to thc elective franchise, being compelled to submit to laws in which she has no voice, be ing civilly dead in the eye ofthe law, and be ing tnade morally an irresponsiblc being. The list concludes with a determmation to insist that women have immediate admission to all thc rights and privileges which bclonc to them as citizens of these United States. Theyfur ther say, that in entering upon the great work, thcy cxpect no small amount of misrcpresent ation and ridicule, but that thcy shall uso eve ry instrumentality within their power to efTect their object. They design to employ agents, circulate tracts, petition the state and national legislatnres, and endeavor to enlist tho pulpit and the press in their behalf. A party may soon be lookcd for fonnded upon this idea. The ffiime will come with tho organization. " Frce Woman's party" would be very cxpres sive, and quite fascinatinj. "Have you seen anything in this week-'s Daper. John V said a mother to a very dutiful son. "Yes, all the gals harc got iheir hair done up in it." CONNECTICUT WHIG STATE CON VENTION. The time occupicd by us in preparing the Eroccedings ofthe AVhig State Convention, eld in Middletown yesterday, prevents us from adding many comments in rcgard to the meeting. Butwc take the prcsent opportuni ty ofsaying that it was one ofthe most har monious and cnthusiastic Conventions that we have attended for many years. In this we were somewhat surpriscd, foi wchadsupposcd that among all thc delegatcs, somc would be snuigglcd in for purposcs of mischief and dis cord, and even disorganization afld that tbo cxample ofthe Allcns and Wilsons ofthe National Convention, would be followed by a fewif not more dclegates ofthe State Con vention. But we were rejoiccd to know that there was not cvcu a murmur of discOntcnt throughout the assemblage during tho cntire day. At the informal "meeting ofthe delegatcs on Tucsdnj cvcning, full accounts were given of the political state of fceling in all patts ofthe Cooimonwealth In these mcetings there has rarcly been any disposition to conceal any dc fccts or discouragements when they have ex isted, and we presumc there was none on 1 ucsday evcning and we are happy to say that the accounts from all quarters were most chcciing. Some apathy existcd in some towns, as is oftcn thc case so long bcforc an clcction but in othcrs there was an cxccllcnt spirit existing anu no whcrc was there anv scnous disaflection. On thocontrary.largeacccssions from the Cass ranks wcrc anticipated, and with great reason. The Yan Burenitcs were rcganlcd asbut a littlcmorc imposing than the old Liberty Party. in nll thc discussions ot thc session,tho most fricndly fceling was manifcsted, and an unu sual dcgrcc of good humor and confidcncc in the overwhelming succcss ofthe Whigtiekct univcrsally prevailed. We did not mcet with an lndiviuual who cxpresscd any uoubts or feare ofthe result of the clcction. New Ha- ven Palladium. It is hih time, we think. that the Whiss should ceaso to complain of the nominations made bythcir Aalional Convention. Thcso nominations, even ifthcy were once objection ablc, are now irrevocablo, and all hostility to them by word or dccd, in spcech or writing, tcnds only to strcngthcn an opposition con stantly on the alcrt to avail itself ofthe slight cst occasion that ofTers. Indccd, no m&n who is rcally and sincerelv a Whig no man who honestly dcsircs to whncss the triumph of true republicanism overthe wrctched faction which now uiisgovcrns the country no man who prcfers the gencral wclfarc to his own pcrson al prcdilcctions and prcjudiccs can, in our judgmcnt hesitatc for a moment as to thc course he ought to pursue in the prcsent cri sis. and that course isto promotc carncstly.cn crgetically,and diligently,thc clection of Zach ary Taylor and Millard Fillmore. Phila delpMa N. Amcrican. The frce soil AVhigs of Wcslern New York will not be scduccd from their allcgianco by the new van isuren somerset. ihe llocbes' ter Amcrican thus tcstifics concerning Monroe county: We have rcliable adviccs from all parts of uiis couniy wmcn concurin tne statement that very iew mdeed ofthe Whigs ivill withhold their support from Gen. Taylor. In one or two localities some disatTcction has bcen nur turcd by considerablo cflort on the part ofthe Bnrnbumcrs, but when it comcs to votin for Martin Van Burcn,thc doseis much too strong for "Whig stomachs. B'e ati infomcd from all quarters that Gen. Taylor tcill naln larnehi from the ranks of the Zocofocos." TAYLOR IN MASSACIIUSETTS. The nominations made at Buflalo cannot have much efTect upon the Whigs of Massa chusctts, for thcy alrcady bcgin tosce the foUy of voting for one Locofoco in prefercnce to an othcr. The Hampshirc Gazcttc statcsthat all the gcntlcmcn in Franklin county who signed thc call for thc Worcester Convention, save D. W. Alrord, have concludcd to support Taylor and Fillmorc. We have furthcr cvidcnco of this rcaction, in the proccodings of a vcry numcrous and spirited meeting hcld by thc'Wbigs of Spring ficld, on Thursday evcning list, at which thc Hon. Charles Stcarns actcd as chairman. On taking the chair " Mr. Stcarns rcmarked, aftcr thc organiza tion had bcen complctrd, that it was wcll known that a few wceks since he consentcd to prosidc ovcr a political meeting in this hall, (thc one at which Mr. Giddings spoke,J but on taking the cbair at tho time he distinctly statcd that he did not menn to commit him self to that or any othcr movcmcnt or party. In common witha majority of his Whigfellow citizens, he belicved.he did not fccl satisficd with thc nomination of the Philadelphia Con vention. But, not knowing that he should fecl better satisficd with any othcr nomination that might be made, he rhose to wait, bcforc dcciding what cou:se h should pursue in the prcsent campaign. Hehad waitcd, and he had to say that he was still a Whig ! But (said he) I am goin" to do what I cau to promote the clection ofthe Whig candidates thc candidates ofthe Philadelphia convention. I do this becausccwj convinced that in their election can best be secured the best intcrests of the United States that more is tobe tiojsed and expectedfrom their eletation to office than from that ofany othcr candidate now before the coun try" The meetin!r. which was one ofthe largest cvcr held in Springfield, was snbscqucntly ad dressed by Mr. Ashmun, who, in a most effec tive speech of two hours, took a calm and dis passionate review ofthe position of the politi cal nucstions and nartics at this crisis. IIo spoke particularly of the impotcncc of the Van Buren nomination .showing how jmposii blc it was to hare any efTect save to aid in the election of Gen. Cass. Mr. Ashmon was frequently intcrrupted by Inud aud snintcd annlause. and wben he closcdohn Howard, Jonathan Stecle, Georgo B. ftlorris, Rodcrick Norton, Thomas J. Shcp ard, Joel Brown, Ira B. Sainpson, Georgo Bliss, and Edmund Frccman wcrc appointccl Dele'-ates to tbe State Convention, and with threcchecrs for Gcn. Taylor, threc for Mil lanl Fillmore. and three for Gcoree Ashmun, all hcartilv and strongly given, the meeting broke up in Jiign spinis ana wnn me Desi possible fceling towards their candidates and their cause. Nelsox,.Tioga Coosty,(Pa.) Aug. 22,1848.' " The Barnburners arc to hold a massmcet- 1 11 T 1 . 1 1"! , C . 1 Joln Van Buren and IJavid Wilmot are ex- inrr in ivoiisnoroufrii on me zu 01 oeiiiciuuci. nccted to dchviT addresses on the occasion. The Barcburncri arc numcrous here, and it ii j supposed that their voto for Van Buren will give the vote ofthe Statc for Taylor and Fill more. Claytou s specch takes well hcre. Taylor's pnnciples, as delineated by him, suit the people here exactly." Cor. Xat. Intelli gencer. SPEECH HON. MMEL TOBSTEE, AT MARSHFIELD,MASS., SEPT. 1, 1848. Reported for thc Boston Travcllcr. Although it is not my purposc, during the rccess of Congrcss, to addrcss public asscmb lies on political subjects, I have felt it my du ty lo comply with your rcqucst, as neighlors and townsmcn, and to mcct you to-day. I am not unwilling to avail myself of this occasion to siguify to thc pcople of the United States my opimons 'ipon the present state of our pub lic allairs. I shall perlbrm that duty certainly with grcat frankness I hope with candor. It is not my purpose to-day to endeavor to carry any pomt to act as any man'sadvocate to pnt up or put down any" body. I wish, and 1 proposc, to address you in the language and in the spirit of coufcrence and consul tation. In the prcsent cxtraordinary crisis of our public conccrns, I dcsire to hold no man's con sciencc but my own. My own opimons I shall communicatc frcc ly and fearlessly, with cqual disrcgard io con sequences, whcthcr thcy rcspcct mysclf orrc speci others. We arc on the cve of a highly important Presidcntial clection. In two orthrcenionths the pcople of this country will be called upon to elcct a Prcsident of the United Stntrs ; and all sce and all feel that thc great inlcrcsts of the country are to be afleetcd, for good or c vil, by the rcsults of that election. Of thc intercsting subjects over which thc pcrson who shall bu electcd iiiiist ncccssarily cxercisc more or lcss control, there arc cspc cially thrce, vitally eonnectcd, in my judg ment, with the honor and happincss of thc countir. In thc first place, the honor and happincss-. ofthe countrj- lmpcrativcly rcquire that there shall be a chicf magistratc clccteil who shall not plungc us into l'urther wars of ambition aud couqucst. In my judgmcnt, the intcrests ofthe coun try and the feelings of a vast majority rcquire tliAt a Prcsident of these United States should be electcd, who will neithcr uso olficial influ- ence to promote, nor who lecls any dcsire m his hcart to promotc the furthcr cxtcnsion of sla-cry in this commumty, ipreat chccTinri,) or thc furthcr inllucnccs of it in thc public councils. In thc third place, if I have any just csti matc if an cxpcricncc, (not now a short onc,) in public afTairs has cnabled me to know any thinfr of what the public prospcrity dcmar.d In the next place I say, ihat the statc ofthc country does rcquire an essentiat relorm m the svstcm of revcnuo and finance, such a shall rcstorc the prospcritv. bv promoting thc industry and fosterinr thc labor of thc coun try in its various branches. There are other things impcrlant. I will not allude to them. These thrce I ho!d escn tial. Thcrc arc thrce candidates prcscntcd toth clioico ofthc Amcrican people. Gencral Taylor is tho AVhii candidate. standing upon the nomination of thc Whi: Convention. Gcn. Cass is the candidate oi tne opposing and now dominant party in the country; anda third candidate is prcsent ed in the person of Mr. Van Biircn.by acon vontion ot fcllow-citizcns aseniblcd at Bull:i- lo, whose object or wcojc main object as it appcars to me, is coniaincd in one of these considerations which I have mcntioncd; and . i . - . i . . . . 1 mai is, me prevcntion ot the iurther mercasi of slavcry. An obiect in which tnu and I gentlemen, so faras thatgoes, cntirely concur with them, I am sure. Most ofus who arc here to-day are Whigs National Whigs Massachu.-ictts Whigs-OW Colony higs, and Marshfield WhW.fciccnO uuu .i we ii uig nonniiauon mauc at rlnladul j)hia wcrc cntirely satifactory to the pcople ui iiiusaauuuscus anu io us, ourpalhor duty uuiu uc jjinni, The nomination of acandidate forthc Prc. luency mauc oy tlie hi" Lonvention .it Philadelphia, is not satisfactory to the Whigs oiJiassaciiusctts ; that is ccrtain; and it will be idle to attcmpt to conceal the Ihct. It is now more juit and more patriotic to takcfacts a3 thcy are, and things as they are, and declare our own conriction of duty" from wnat exiats oeiorc us. llowcver rc?pectab!o and distinguishcd in the Jine of his own profession, or howevcr rs- timaule as a pnvate citizcn, ucn. Jaylor is a military man, and a military man nicrcly. Ile has had no training in civil aflairs. Ile has pcrformcd no functions ofa civil naturc un dcr the Constitution of hh country. He has bcen known, and is known only by his brill iant achicvements atthe head of an army. Now the Whigs of Massachusetts, and I a- mongsttbcm, arcof opinion that itwas not wise nor discrcct, to co tothe army for Ihe se- lcction of a candidate for the Prcsidtncy of the Unilcu blutes. Jt is thc hrsl instance in our history in which my raan of iuerc mil itary charactcr has been proposcd for that hiirh office. Gen. Washington was a grcat mililary charactcr: but bj far a grentcr civil charac ter. He had been cmployed in the councils of his country from the ca'rliest dawn of the Revolution he had been in ihe Conlinental Congress he had esiablishetf a grcat char actcr for civil wisdomnnd judgment. After thc war, as you know, he was elect cd a member of ihat Convention which form ed thc Constituiionofihe United Siatcs;and it i one ofthe most honcrable tribules cvcr paid to him, that by that assembly ol good and wise men he was selecled to preside o ver their dehberaiions. And he put his name, first and foremost, to the Con3titution under which we live. President narri3on wasbred a soldier,and at difTerent periods cf his life rendercd impor tant mililary services. But Prcsident Harri son neveriheless, wap. for a much jrreaici pc riod of his life', employcd in civil, than in military service. For twenty years hcwasi eiiher Governor ofthe Terriiory, rocmberj ofoneortbe othcr Houses of Congress. or Minister abroad , and discbargcd all these dutiesto thefatisfaetionofhis country. This case, thcrcfore, siands by ilself; wiihout precedent or jusliGcation from nny thiiiC in our previoun history. It is on this account, as 1 imagiue, that ihe Whigs ol Massachusctts feel dissatisficd with this nom ination. Thcrc may be others there are others they are, pcrhaps,of lcssimporlance and mora casily to 'jt ansncred. If I mny venture lo use a' raereanlile ex--pression,l may now vtniure tosay. ihat ihcre ia another side to this nccount. The impar tiality wilh which I propose to dischargemy duly to-day, Icads me to consider of that. Antl in the next place, ilis to be considered. that Gen. Taylor has been nomitiatcd by a Whig Convention, hohicn in conformity witlr :he usagesof the Whig pariy.- and by thc" pariy inirly nominated, so lar aa 1 know. It is lo be cotisidered. nlso. that he is the only Whig bcforc the people, as acandidate lor the Presidency; nnd no citizen of iho" country with unyelfect caii vote for nny other hi, ici nis prcierences ocwiiul tliey might or may be.- In Ihe next place, ii is proper to consider ihepcrsonal clmnioier nf Cnn. T.vln, n,f his political opinions, rclalionsyand conncc- iions, so i.irus incy arc known. Now, xenllcmcii. in advanrin m n fi-t observalions on ihis partof ihe lase, I wish everyhouy Io tindcreiand that I have nonpr- sonal acquaiutaiice whafevcr wilh Gen. Tny-r lor. I never saxv him but once, and ihat but ror a few munients iu thc Sena(e Tlie sourcesol iiiformnlion are open toyou, n well as to me, from which 1 dcrive what I knoivolhis charncter and opinions. But I have cndeavorcd to obtain nccess to thostf ources. 1 havo cnileavortd to inlorm anil iusiruct mysclf by communication wilh ihoscf who have knowu him in his piofestion ns a sohiicr, in his ussnciulions asnuinn. in hisr conversalions and opinions on political tub- jrui, iui'i i win ipii you irunklv what 1 tlnnlc of him, according to ihe best iights which I have bcen able lo ohlnin. 1 need not say, imit he is a skilful. bravc and jallant soldier. That is ndmiited by all. Wilh me. all lhatnes hut liuln wnv try nnkcout thc proncr oualiliraiiiii,s for 1'resi' dcnl ofthc United States. Butwluit ismore miportnnt. I bclicve ihat he is an cntirely honcsl ntul uprigiit man. I hchrvc that hc is modcst, clear-headed, of indi-p nilent and uianly cliaraclcr, posseusing a mind traired by proper disciplu;e anil self control. I bi lievc thai he is .siimahlc and nniiiibie in nll ihe rclalioos ofprivnie life. 1 believe Ihat he possesies a reputation fur rnuilv nnd fiur jiulgmeni which gives liim n infiuuncc over tliose undcr lus command, bcyond what 19 conlcircd by the aulhoiily of slaiion. I be lieve ihat he is a mnn posscasing the confi ilcurcnud ntlaclimcut of nll who have been ncarbim and know him. So iimrh lor what I think of thu pcrsoual cliaraclcr oT Gene-f ral Tnyjor. 1 will" say, ton, thrtt so fiir as I have ob srrved. Jns rcnducl since he has bcen a can--didale for the office ol President has bcen ir reproachubti'. I hcnr no inlrigue in pu'cdr to him, no riiiiliiinclious Ire.Vmcut of rtval? I do not finil Iiiin niHkiiij promisea or hold-' ing out liopes to any men or nny party. 1 dcr not fiiidhim puttin; forth nny retcnsions nt' Iii3 0wn, nnd thcrcfore I think ol him very muchiis he scems to think ot himsell" that hc is nnhuncst man, ofnn indepentlcn! minil and of uprighl inlcntions. And i3 to lus qunlificaiionsfnr ihcPrcaideiicy, he is unwil ling tohavc nny more to say about ii. And now, friends aiul lel'otv-toivnstr.rn . wilh rcspr.ct to his political ojiiiiirms and rchi' tions, 1 can say al once, that I bolive him f bc a Whig ; I believe him to hold lo the maui docirincs of tlie Whijr party. To think oth' erwisc, ivoulJ hc lo iuipiiic lo hioi a degrro of tergivcrfalion nnd f'rniiilolent deeepiion rf which I beiieve him to be cnlircly inrapa'' l Ic. Gcnilcmcrvt is worih our white ta con cidcr in what manner (jcueral Taylur lias bcconie n raudidute for Ihe Preideney oflher IJnilcd Slale?. It woold be n grcct mistakc to FUppoftf that he was made surh merely by thc nnmi nalion of ihe Pliiladeli-hia Coi.venlion : Iur he had bcen iinmiriaicd forlltc Prcsidencv irr a rcat many States, by various Convi nnoiiw nnd mreiings ofthc people, aycarbi.lbrethcf uonvcntion nt t'liiladclplini asscmblrd. Gcntlcmcn. thc whole ln'jtory pf tl.c wmld shows. wheiher in ihe most civilizcd or ii e; most batharnus nscs, the n!.Velions ninl m! miralion of maiikind are ul.vavs nnd easilv' rarricd nwav towards tjUcccFstul nnliiarv n- chicvcmenls; all hislorv piovcs ihis. Anil we know iti ihe rnsr now bcforc tis. lluil sa soon as brilliaut sucrces had altrmtcil Gen. rnylor's opcrnlions pii Ihe Grande. af Palo Allo and olhcr pl.icri'.snoiitancousnorii-' inalinn- pprnng np for him. And hrrelet me say, that gmrrally ihrsef wcrc Whig nominniiori!. Kot univrrsally, but generally, these nominMlinns, n-.adc at rarious times before ihe nssctnbln"C of llicr Philailelpbia Convcnliun jicnrially ihcyff ivcrc Wlinr nominations. Gen. Tpylor wn esleemcd. from ihe rr.nment ihat his mili'aiy iichicvciiicnis brousluhini into public r.olice, asn IVliixc Grncral. You all rcniembcr thnt when we wercdis cussins liis mcrds in Unngrrss, u; on ihe qucslion of givinj; iharika io ihe army uhdtr' his command, eud to Imusclf, among olhcr questions. ihe friendo and buppnrirrs of Mr. Pulk's ndtuiitration dcnonncc I him as bc ing. nnd because he wnr, a Whig Gencral. My friends near me, whom I nin hannv to sce, ton, helnntring to the Ilouse of Uepre sentalivcs. will remrmljerihata Icndinjj mnn of thc pariy of the Admiiiislrnlion decljrtd in lus place in Congress, that the policy of ihe Adminislralion connrclcd wilh ihe Mcx- ican war would never prosper till ihe Presi- dent recalled those Whig Generats, Scott and Taylor. The policy was n. Dcraocratic policy. The argument was, that thc men to carry out ihis policy should be Demorralic mcc. The oflicers to fij;ht ihe baltles should be Ucmorralic officerF, und on that "round the ordinury vote of ihanks ws rcfused to Gen. Tnylor. on the part ol ihe friends of the Administration. He was nominalcd. trenlfcmen, malnlv thus. I spcak ofihese spfinlaneous nominations) by W'hic assemblieE.and Whi" ConveDtions. and Whig mcelinsja. Let me remark, in ihe r.cxt ntace. that there wns no particular purposc eonnectcd wilh iLeedranremeat ofSIavery enlcrlnin- ed, encrally. hy those who nominated him. Asl hav said, they were "VVhig nomina tions, more in thcMiddlennd Northern.than in Ihe Southern States, nnd by persons who never cntcrtninrd Ihe slightcst dcsire, by liis nomination, or any othcr means. to cxtcnd thc area of tlavcry of ihe haman rnce, or the nlluenrc olihc slave-holdms Staies in the: Conncils of ihe Nation. The Cliiaker ciiy of Phihdelphm nomina ted Gcn. 'i'uylor ; ihe Whigs hll ovcr the Union nominati d him, wilh no such view. rrcatConvenlion was nisembled in ISew York of highly infiueniial and irrpcctable gemlemen vcry many ofthem well known io me, and they nomiuatcd Gen. 'J'tiytor wiih no such view. uenerm i uvior nonnniion v r;n iiiiiicu. - t m i .. . .;..-! . . . , i . .