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The Middlebury galaxy. [volume] (Middlebury, Vt.) 1848-1850, September 19, 1848, Image 2

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fceard that thcy expressed any particnlar disap
probation ol' ii. (AppUiusc.')
But.this quet,tioiiis to be rcsumed tbe first
scssion of tho next Congress I think not in
this Congro'S I think at lenst thcre is noprnb
abilitv thal it will be sctlled at the next scs-ion
of this CongrcM ; but the 6rt esiion of thc
nest Congress, this qucstion will be resumed.
It will enf cr at this very period into all tho c- !
(uctions of tho South.
And noiv I venture to sny, gcntlemen, iwo
.i; fi..i ...All WmLVn In vnil. 1 i:ai
Geiicral Cass is in favor ol whnt iacalletl the
CnmpriiniiEe Lme; and tha: tlie v iurioi
Proviso, or the Orditmtice ol 1787, which cx
cludes Blavery fr im territurie, ought not to
bft npplied to lerrilorics lyiug South of 30
deg. 30 min. He announrcd this hefore he
was nominatcd. and i'"Iie hail not announc
ed ii, he ivould have been 36 deg. 30 min.
from being nominalcd. In llie next pluce,
he ivilldo nll he can to ectnhlish that com
proini?e line , nnd laatly. which if n maiier
nfoiinion in niy consciiuliuuR belief, he will
ejln'jlish it.
Give hiin ihe power and the p.ntronageof
tho government, let hini excrcise it over ccr
tam porlions of the country whose represen
tiuives voted on this occasion to lenve off
that queslinn for future cntisideraiion. to eet
tle. it that Oiejjon siull be Irre, nnd leave
New Mexico nnd Cahlnriiia lo he decidfd
herea'ler; let him have the power of this
government with hia aitarhmente, wiih ps
indnfcments ; 1 vcrily believe that unle&s
there is a rencwed sirength. nn nuinenled
giienglh of Whig voteh iu Cnngreos, he will
accomnliVh hia purpiisc. He will eurcly
t ave :lie Scnnie, nnd ilh the pntronage of
tlie Uovernnient, witli every uiiercst which
he can hring to befr, co oprrnling wiih ev
rry imercst which the South can bring lo
l.cur, he will cslnbl.sh ihc conpromire line.
Ve cry Enfety bnfore ue get otit nf the
wonds, if we lcel thnt theie i no danger d
boul ihese new territurit-e.
Goutlenn-n, 1 came here to cnnfer nitli
you ns rnends nnd counirynion. to eprak my
utvu mind, bul ifive nll fhnuld spsak. aml
cccupy as iniich linie a 1 have, wc should
m:Ac a Ulo mscling. I shnll dctain you no
I have been long in puhlic lifc far longcr
Hir longer Ihan 1 shnll rcniain ihere. I
have had Eome parlicipation for mnre ihan
thirty joars in the couiicils nf lhe couniiy; I
profess lo leel a ftroni; allichmnt to lhe lih-
erty of iho UtiitrdStatc 1 ihecoiiRliiulion
nnil I'rre insliiuiinns ol'the Unitcd Slaies
lo lhe hnnor. and I nmy say lhe glory, of
this reai Govcriinirnl and K'cal Cmintry.
I iVi I every mjiiry inflificil upn iIiib coun
try, nluioet as a personnl injury. I hlush lor
cvrry Uu ulnrli I tliink 1 too ciminii:rd in
ili puhlic comiriU, as il llioy were laulls or
niirlakes of my own.
1 liiuiiv iliat al lliif tnomenl, ihere is nnnb
joctupon eanh bo nlirariing lhe jnze of lhe
inte!liiem aud rivillized naiions of the carih
ap tlns great nrpublic. AII men look al us,
all mcnVxsmine onr course, all good men
nro 4iiiousfor a fHvnrablercsulito Ihia great
fxpiTiment of Republicnn liberly.
Vu are on a hill aud cannol be hid. Wc
raunot wilhdraw our.e!veg eilher from lhe
commendation orthe reproachet oflhe civil
ize 1 world. They sce us ns that nlar nfem
pire whirh half a cenlury ago wns predicled
as making ils wny nestward. I wish ihey
m.iy sec it a a uiild. plnriJ, though brillianl
orb. inaking ils wny mhwarl the whole hea
rena lo lhe enligh'ening nnd cheeriug ol inan
kiml : and not a meleor ol fire and hlood,
terri:ying iho natiuiiH.
Corrtrjimitlcnce of llie A". O. Picayune.
Kast 1'AeCAC.oui.A, August 19, 1848.
Mesfrs. Eittiors I have bcen tpending a
day or two hero pleasantly enough, occupjiug
my lime in b.ithinjf. fislimp, sailinp, and danc
ing oceaio3Ily. Gimi. Taylor, family nnd
MnflT. Col. hWa, nrrivod here last nipht and
produccd ipjile an cxeitemcnt. Anticipating
his arrival, the lndie stayed up to groet him,
ns well many of liij male admircri and
f'riends. The plat-e waa illumiuatcd, and hii
reception very cordial. A dclegation of somo
hundrcd gentlemen from Mobilc arrivod hero
thi nicrulng to pay thi-ir denoirs to tho Gph
era!. Atll, A. Al., the hour appointed, the
deleation nssemblcd iu the draivingroom,and
nmid a galaxj-of beauty, Col. Koot, of.Mo
lele, fonnerly of the U. S. Army, stcpped for
ward and. al'ler shnking the "Old Hero" by
the hand, said, l: General. I couie unauthor
zm by any committec, but voluntarily in be
hall'of my fnllow-cilizens here asscmbled, to
greet you, and to tendcr to you our high ndmi
ration for the gallant si'rvices -ou have ren
derrjour country.and for tho brilliant Ticto
rie you have added to tho page of our coun
try a hislory, as well as to pay our rcspcet and
estecm to the cnnoblinjt qualitics of honejtr
and virtuoof your private chara'-ter a an in
dividual." 'l he sconc was thrillingly inture.t
inc, and thcre was not a heart wilhin the roora
but Iwut with cmoiion, ivhcn Gcn. Taylor,
nnarly overcome by his fcelings. took a ftep
b.ick.aud replied nearly in th following words:
' Sir, I thank you iu behalf of your fellow-oiti-zt'ns
of iMobilo, hero present, for tho kind
mnrfestation of their feclings towaruii mo;and
parmit rue to sny, sir, it ii among the most
cnen-shen reeollcctions ot niv inemorr one
which my heart cannot lind words to givevcnt j
tonor exprc-ts-that the rilizons of "tlobilo wero
mno-ig the lirstto uy tolne rccue of my httlo
band, which was at the time soerioulj- threat
cne.i on the Kio Grande. The alacrity with
hich they responded lo their eountry's call
ii worthy of the patriotNin of their gallant
State. the renicmbrance ol" which can never
bc eiraced from my heart, nor the expresainn
of their feelings toward mc, at the pre.-ent mo
meut, for which I ugain bcg you to tender
tho.n my wannest thanks " Thc citizena of
Jlobile were then prcscnted and iutroduced to
Gen. Taylor. It w.if a most imposing scene :
and although I feel I haic not done justice to
the happy exprcssions of tho General, yct he
never was more happy in a reply, nor was he
ever more heartilv grecttd.
Tohx Qdixcv Adams's opixiox or Vas
Bckiuc. l'he following remarks were made
by John Quincy Adams iqion ilr. Van Bu
von's conduct in one of tho.e cases of which
tho latter says a. late ai .lune 20, 1S48, "Jtis
now asource of consolatirm lo me tkil lpunued
the course 1 then adop'ed."
" A small schooner wa? scrretly jent in lhe
dcad of winter, to New Ilaven," whero tbs
court w.is sitting, with tho following order I
venture to say tho most rx.'raordviart act of
dcspotivn, ever tiyncdby a Praidcnt of the U
nited Stutes:
"The Marshall of thc Uniled Statcs for lhe
District of Connecticut, will dcliver over to
Tohn S. Payne, ofthe I'niled Statea Xavy,
and aid in convevin" on bonrd the schooner
Grampus under his eommand, all tho negroes
lato of tho Spani'b schooner Aniistad, in his
custody, under procfess now pendiug before the
Circuit Court ofthe I'nited States fur the Dis
trict of Connecticut. For so doing, this order
will be his warrant.
"Givcu under my hand. at the City of
Washington, this 7tb day of Januarv, A. D.
"Bylhe Presidcnt: John Forsyth, Secre
tary of Stale."
"This order" savs Mr. Adams- ,;ss on its
face posilivc, swceping, uncouditi onal. No
siierifiojitions of perns, no names, not even
their number: allthe negroes, laie ofthe Span
ish' schooner Amistad 111 his cnstoilv, under
proi css noiopr.nditg beforo the Circuit Court
of tlic Uiiitcd Statcs. WaJtUM order ien
, .1 - 1 1 t
words without meaning ? In the kmgdora of
Daboraey? In the region where tlic boW'
stnnsr is the warrant ot cxccution ( it was
given in the Iand of tlie Dcclaration of Inde
pendencc in the Iand of the self-cvident
trutlu Jt icas giren ly a Prcsidenl of lhe Uni
ted Statcs. It was of course null and void ;
and if, before the decision of the court, ithad
bccn delivered to the Marshall, and he had ex-
) ccuted it, he would have stakcd not only tbe
1 ui luc nesrroea, UUI uis uvtiiuvau, auw
that of iMartin Van Burcn, the sigucr of the or-
uur, upon the evcnU
LOR. "An impnmptu dianer," as the Exprtss styles it,
wu givento Col.Bragj, on Thnrsday last, in
Kcw York, over which Philip Hone presidcd.
The Rxprm gires tho following brief report of
his Epeech, iu reply to a toast complinientary of
himself. It is known to our readere that Col.
BnAGG is a "Dcmocrat" in politicf. though thcy
will sce ttnt he i not the man to witliliold the
jnst praice dae to gallant old Cbief. The
Exprtst says :
As the dinncr was in sonie dcgree pri-
vatc.w e shall 50 no farther than to report in
siibstance,and from niemory, the remarks
ofCapt. Bragg.better known bythat than
any other nanie A little more grape,
Capt. Bragg," and alluded at length to
lns hniliani service of the ilj'ing artillery
at Buena Vista.
Col. Bragg modestly rising.md in somc
cmbarrassment, said, it was wcll known
that he was a soldier, and that therefore
no lilting specch could be expecled from
him in reply. ror whatever meritgentle
men chose lo award hini.or whatever iep-
'Jtation.if any he had undeservedly, the
whole ofit was due to the pallant Gene
ral unaer whom he served.and to the boN
diera in the service he cmnmandcd, tiay
inore.for the brilliancy of that service he
was indebtcd to the training of the la
inentcd Ringgold and Ridgely.frorn whose
handg he had rcccived the corps, in thal
full eiTicicncy thatenabled it to immortal
ize itself on tlie pcrilous and hlood v field
of Biicns Vista.
To the GeneraNin-Chicf his acknowl
cdgmcnts were especially due. He inspir-
cd the whole army with valor and confi
dtnce by his presence, not only at Buena
Vista, but from the opening of the war on
lhe Rio Graude. Jt is aluiost impnssible
for you.gentlemen, he said, to understand
the characler of that man as a command
pr of an army. Therc is a rcsolution, a
firmness.a dctermination in his manner
and in his purposcs,that go a great way in
Icading men to victory. It was ne er bet
ter ilhntrated than on the field ofPalo AI
to. He told Jlaj. Brown, when he left
him with his small forcc opposite Alata
moraj, "Maintain your position. I will
nol say, I hopc to be back.or I shall try to
backj.but I will be back on the 10th.
Expcct me then, and maintain y ur posi
tion." Everybod that knew him, knew
he wonld be back, if alive to come. The
army returned to Pointlsabel.asyou know.
On the.eth, they fouglit at Palo Alto.and
when nigbt came 011 they bivouacked in
theopen field.and amid the grass, with
not a tent over him, the General himself
wrapped in his hlanket,and many.I can as
sure you.iti not a little doubt and gloom.
Our little army did not feel sure thcn.that
they could whip threstimes their number,
and Utetn.the best troops in Mexico. We
had not tried our mettle, or measured wea
pons with them. Many an eye did not
close that night. Ringgold had been slain.
A bloody day was before them.and many,
if the army went on.were sureto bite the
dust. But nnbody knew or could find out
what Gcn. Taylor inlended to do. There
helay.wrapped iu his blanket.and sleep
ing.excrpt when dUtnrbed by officers as
king for orders. Some were anxious to
asccrtain his intenticns. His only answer
was, 'Tell the men to sleep. Keep quiet.
Sleep is the main thing nccessary.' Two
or three officers were particularlj anxious
to know uhether he intended to go on.or
hold his position. But the only satisfacv
tinn that could bc got was, 'sleep.' Ile
disclosed to no one his intentions. There
was a prerailiiig opiuion that it was too
perilous n march lo go on. But General
Taylor.toward inorning.disturbed hy some
person deniandingorders.rcplicd.'nlfowthe
men to rest. It is time enouch at sun.
ri?e.' Then-ttirning over in his hlanket,
he !.aid to an officer near, 'My mind is
made up. mv mind is made nn.' but nn.
'""ty knew hoic his mind was made up
and yet they who knew him. knew if hi
mind was made up, it was 110 use to iry to
change it.
In iho morning a council of war was
summoncd, and there were cleven officers
present.lhree only of whom advised to ad
vnnce. Mind.I east no censure upon any
one. A difference of opinion under such
circumsiances.might have bcen expected.
But they who knew lhe power of the Light
Artillery.nnd had seen it play that dav.had
conSdnce,that it could clear a wav for
the army back to Fort Brown. 'Old Zack'
for that i the name we call him, replied
afier the consultation had broken up,
'Gentlcmcn, tce icill advance in fftccn
minutes,' and forward they marched to
Resaca dc la Palma. the result of which
you all know. Old Zack kcpt his word
to Maj. Brown, but alas, the braveand
Iamcnted Major had received his death
So at Buena Vista the personal charac
ter of Gen. Taylor had a like infiuenceon
the army. When the War Department
deemed it necessary.in order to form a
column to invade Mexico, via Vera Cruz,
totake his Ilegulars from him.he was sure
that Santa Anna would attack him. '1am
the weak poiut,' he ofieu said, -and I know
no wiii aitack me.' But he determined to
derend his pnsition.and in order the best
way to defend it.to advancf. Gen. Santa
Anna has taken a hundred.I shall save a
thousand. Gen. Taylor kept well inform
ed ofthe approachaf the cnemy.by Gen.
Wool's scouts.movcd oh to Saltillo.then on
to Agua Nueva. It was proposcd at one
lime to meet tlie enemy in advance of A
gua Nueva.but ascertaining by his engin
eers that their position could be turned.he
resolred lo fall back toBnena Vista.asthe
enemy approached him. Buena Vista is
a military position that any soldior's eye
xvould select for a defence. To no par
ticular person is the credit of its selection
due, -for it has bocn said.that even a wo
man picked it out as a place torepulse an
m a country wlicre me ngms ui pursons arc
enemy. Various ofCcers have had the
credit of its selection.bnt whatever partic
ular credit is due,is certainly due to the
Commander-in-Chief,who fought this bat
tle. The Mexicans theinselves had fought
a battle there. Santa Anna knew the
ground so well.that he ordeted his Gen.
(Minon) to lake and keep poss,ession cfit,
in order to attack our rear. Gen. Min
on got into our rear as ordercd ; but when
he reached Buena Vista, he found us in
possession of it. Tlie 22d of Feb., 4500
men.mostly raw troops.opposed to 20,000
oflhe enemy.was certainly not a very en
couraging day. We did not feel quite so
happy or so well,as over this bouutifiil la
ble to-night. We thought of home.and of
families and fricnds : and our chance of
death was much better.we thought, than
of ever oeeing them again. For several
days previous.Gen. Taylor was constant-
ly engaged 111 making hts arrangements,
and in writing home. It is said.also.that
Kp inade his tcill. But he never shrank from
hisduty. 'I inay perish,' he thought.'but
I will perish in maintaining the honor of
my country ! I have to run a terriblc risk
in assuming the responsibility of making
this on ward march; but it is the only course
that will save my army. 1 o stay in Mon
terev was to oe sacnhced by the over-
whelming fjrce of the enemy. To save
all, J must liore risk all !'
The battle was fought.you know there
sult, but you never can know the influ
ence that the presence of General Taylor
had upon the army. He alone.so it has
seemed to me,could have inspired.by a
presence.every soldier in the army.as the
Volunleers were inspired. The confi
dence in him was complete. He had com
manded Volunteers before, and had been
successful with them. Ile had never stir
rendered. He had never been whipped ;
aud the idea got abroad,thai hc never could
be. When manceuvenng my pieces ath-
wart the gullies.I cite this as an example
of that confidencej saw clouds of dust a-
bout two miles frum me. I waspainfully
anxious. I thought General Minon had
fallen upon our rear.and attacked nur de-
pots,and to meet him was my first thought.
A man came gallopingup through the dust
intosight.screamihg'OW Zackiscoming!'
Every soldier gave invnluntary utterance
to his feeling. Old Zack came, and in
fiftecn minutes the tide of battle turned.
Foifr thousand fjve hundrcd men repulsed
1 wpntv iliniinrl n,I in ;nn..D f
thatpresence.underGod.I think I am alive
j t .l- , . .
here to dine with you this day.
A trenluman. How often did you dis
charge pieces that day T
Lul. ISragg. About 2o0 rounds to each
Anothcr Genti'man. How near was
the enemy to your pieces, at any time ?
Lol JSragg. ithin filty yards al one !
Another. Whre was General Tav-'
Col. Bragg. Within forty yards.
Col. Bragg closed his remarks with say-
ing : 'Understand me, gentlemen, I am a
soldier.and no politician. I know Gene
ral Taylor cnly as a soldier and a man. I
speak of him only as the Conimander-in
Chiefof our army in Mexico. I have noth-
ing to do with his pohtics.or yours. It is
the duty of a soldier cheerfully lo obey
whomsoeveryou put intopower. I could
not help speaking of my Commander when
thus toastcd,asl have been byyou,forsers
vicrs under him. I have nothing to do
with politics.
1 he remarks of Col. Bragg,which were
more extcnded than we have been ahle to
give from memory (and of their entire ac
curacy.as from memory we give them, thcre
must be doubt) were received with nreat
applaus-e,nnd with the most profound inter-
est. His manner wns modest 111 the ex
treme.and in no respect is there any simi
larity bctween his character and his name.
He is a North Carolinian by birth, with a
bright, hlack, resiless keen eye.that would
seem to indicate the best sort of a bright
Artillery officer. His figure is slight.and
one capable of great activity in the field.
We promised. vesierdnv. to examine lhe
absurd returns" with which the Van Ruren
Luuner has deluded its readers. nnd lo ex-
pose iheir falsily. On looking at the Cou
rier e "crow- again, liowever, e lind il op
erale8 as moet attempts a! humbuggery do;
i- e., it exposes itself .' The Courier gives
the names of thc Itepresentniives elect, by
counties, (about a column nnd a half of
'iieiu ) and then lums up its resulls ns fol
Iows: . "Free Soil 73 Whig 102 Drmocrala 40
" I doubtful, making a m.ijnriiy againat lhe
"Whigs of 10 Tbe Sennie will probably
"stnnd Free S.u'l 2. Whig 20, Dcmocrals 8;
making i Whig majority in the Senate of
10. So !hat lhe niajoriiyngainstlhe Whigs
"on joint ballot will bc G."
Now, then, we have taken lhe lrnublt lo
wnde llnough thcenlire hst from which ihis
Van Buren organ ryphers up ils resulis, and,
acconling to :7s own dctailrd etnlcmeni, ite
ownjigurmg shoidd be : Whigs 96. Free
Soil 77, Democrats 35:! making a ronjoriiy
ugainat the Whigs of 13. A papcr whose
premites don't sustain ils conclusinus better
ihan this', at the oulset, gives poor promise
of future reliability.
Again: in ineextract from lhe Van Bu
ren Courier, given above, it will beneen thal
returns are gtven for221 towns. Now there
ure just 18 towns iu which ihere is "no
choice." Adding ihese, il will he focnd lo
make 230 precisely lhe whole number of
towns in the Slate." The Courier. therefore.
purports, in ils figuring, lo give lhe returns
irom ine irnotc Male. Kow it anv bodv leels
curiosity enough to pry into the nhsurdilies
of this ' conscience" Van Bur. n paper, Ihey
willdiscover that lhe following lowns nre
not in its lisl at all .- .'
Addison Couuly Leicester, (Whi") ;
" Whithg, (Lnro)";
Rutland " Mendon, (Whig) ;
Lamoille. ' Sterling, (Whig) ;
Washington," Northfield, (Whig) ;
Adding theee lo the 221 towns. the Rep
resenlaiives of which are given by lhe Cou
rier, and lhe 18 towns in which ihere is no
choice, we have 244 lowns in lhe State a
claim which even Van Buren Whig (!) as
surance will hardly make!
Again: The Van Buren Courier claims
the lollow-ingRepresentatives who are cer
tainly 'uics:-Mcs6ra. Robbins of Han
cock, Ferguson. of SirirL-cw c,.tmli, nf
ArMi,0n" GaJ,en of Goshen,'. Hancock) of'wise:
V;; ' .v-u"e- oi uuxburv, Perry, oll
v arren, andprobably Knowltorf. of Ward
bnrn N ,u J
ooro. ino one of lheef?en!lp.min ,,-ill atTnrrl
"aid and comfort" to Marlir
his followcrs !
Van llurcii
iror, or '
Again: The Van Burcn Councr claims a
Van Buren man in Chester, nnd a Locofoco
in Sheffield there is no choice in eilher !
If our remarkable Van Buren cyphercr
will take hisslatc andpenciIThe will find.af
ter ihc "noise and conlusion" has subsided,
thal the following is ralher under ihan over
lhe true Whig majority in lhe Legisla
lure :
Whigs. 21
Locos and Van Buren3, 9
Whig majority,
' Houhe.
Locos aud Van Bureps,
Whisr maioriiv,
Wliiff maioriiv on iointballot, 22
Now this Van Buren crgnn has probablv
cyphered up its results for ejfect abroad. No
larger chanty can be exienued lo it. Ii is
humbugging Mr. Vnn Buren's great Free
Trade, Su-Treasury orgatit the N. Y. Ecc
ning Post, in the most egregions manner.
That papcr, relvin2 on such ficlions as il
finds in lhe Courier, U crowing luetily over
Van Burenism in Vermont! We trust it
will pass its hn: over lo its "fal friend" oflhe
tlurlingion "Free Soil Courier !" We know
of no tt'hig iu greater dUlress. Free Press.
Progress of the Plot.
Tho Globe says of tlic Frcc Soil pnrty tbatthe
present movement is scarcely Icsj nctive in many
of the slave States tlian tlie free. Marvlnncl
has Iicld a Frco Soil State Convention, which
miulc an clectoral ticket. Virginia and Kentucky
will also have Free Soil electoral tickets. Lou
isiana is forming hcr Van Burcn Clubs, nhich ad
vocatc not only IVeeSoil, when theterm ismeant
to exclude slaverr from territorics. but also Frce-
dom of the Public Lands to actual scttlem. North
Carolina is about to movc in tavor of Frcc Soil,
and the Globc expects to licar of Free Soil next
in South Carolina, in the ncighborhood of thc rcs
idence of tlic great nullifier, Johu C. Clhoun.
Not wc arc very much mistakcn if onr readers
do not find some cxplanation of the matter from
a carcful perusal of tho following correspondence
betwecn a committee of the fricnds of Frcc Soil
in Alabama and Jonn Van Burcn.
Gaisesvillc, Ala., Aug. 22, 1618.
Jonx Van Buren. Eso. Dear Sir. f)n h.-
half of the friends of the BiuTalo Convention of
this vicinity, wc tendcr you an invitation to a Frcc
Soil dinncr, to begivcn on tlie 2d of October,1848,
in this place. Oue objcct we contcmplate is tho
vuiismuraiion 01 tuc propncty ot torming n iree
Soil tickct for the casuing Prcsidential clection in
this State. Alabama has twice supportcd tlic dis
tingnislicd statcsman alluded to, bccause big scnt
imcnts coincided witli those of the iinmortal Jcf
fcrson, the nndoviating friend of human libcrty.
She rallicd around his standard in the irlorious
campaign of 1S3C. and did not dcsert him iu the
ibourot disasterm 1840. He was then, as now.
lhe frccman's incnuv the tvrant's foe. If we fnil
to support him at this cvcntful pcriod, we should
bc inconsistent.
Many of us dcsirc an opportnnity of manifcst
ing oar high regnrd for him, as we h'ave hcrelofore
douc, and would be much plcoscd at yonr pres
ence to assist in oar dclibcnitions.
Very respcctully, &c
" Gextlemen" : I have received yonrfavorof
the 22d ult and regret that I am unabletoacccpt
vonr invitation . Tho propriety of nominaling a
Free Soil ticket for clectors of Presidcnt and
Vice-Prcsidcnt in Alabama is one that could bc
best and most impartially considercd by the citi
zens of tliat State, unombarrassed by their friends
in other States, who may feel tbe deepest intercst
in tho determination to which thcy shall come.
Nor, were it othcrwise, could I sparo from tho ac
tive duties of this campaicn the largo portiou of
the brief time allottcd to it which would be ncc
essary to be occupied in travelling to Gaincsville,
and in rctnming. Bnt I cannot allow the occa
sion to pass without rcturning you my sinccre
thanks for your kindncss, and expressiug tbe dc
light with which I find thc rcal position of the
fricnds of Free Soil apprcciated as it deservcs by
the intclligent freemcn of Alabnmrv. Thc high
complimcnt bcstowcd by that State on onr nom
inee for the Presidcncy, in the two instances to
which jou rcfcr, is not the whole debt wc owe to
its patriotic citizcni. Its State Convention in '44,
aftcr an activc canvass, dcclared its prcfcrcnce for
thc same individnal, over an cmincnt and able
Southcrn candidatc. Nor can wo bclicvo that its
truc-hcartcd Dcmocracy now sanction the aggres
sive position which it has rcccntly been made to
assnrae. 'Tlie secunty of the riijhtsqf Slaveholders
in Slaceholding States ira conjirmta ly the unani
mousvoiceof lhe linffalo Cunrentim ; AND THE
Rcspectfully and trnlv vonrs,
j. Van buren.
New York.Sept. 4, 1S4S.
An Octrage i.v Iowa. It is conccdcd
lhat tho Locfocos have eleeted one Congress
man in Iowa. But they claim both. lhe
Whigs, on the other hand, insist that Mr.MiL
lei:, their candidate against TnoMPSox, is c
lected, by virtue of votes fradulently cxcludcd
by tho Locofoco canvassers.
Mr. Miller. received a majority of 403 in
Monroe county. But his majority "is returned
as only 23. The apology for this is, that a
Locofoco Judge, whose dulv it was to rctiirn
the poll-book wiih an abstract ofthe vote, nrg
Iecleil to do as the law refjuired !
lhe secretary ot btate made this the basis
of his action. When ho discovercd how lhe
mattcr stood, hc made a bet that the Locofoco
candidicwou!d obtain the certificate of elcc
tion. As it was his busincss to make out thc
certificate, he won his bet 1 It is to be seen
whether Congress will sanclion this infamous
fraud. Albany Erening Journal.
Murder on the Rail Road. In an
afTray on the Rail Road bctwci-n Ludlow
and Proctorsville 011 Sunday evening, ths
3d instant, 4n Irishman was shr.t. The
particulars ofthe affray we have not learn
ed. ff? Wesec ic s-tnted in somo oflhe pa
pers ihal Madam Darusmonl, lhe rell known
Fanny YVright, has taken thestump in Ten
ne.otee, for General Cass. Abby Folsom
probably goes for Marlin Van Buren. AII
the re of lhe w omen go for old Zack.
Mcnmarry at twcnly lorpassion; at
ihirtyfor love ; at forlyfor money ; al fifiy
lor the sakeur being fondled and nursed
Family Herald.
Now and Then. Twenty yeara ago, in
the town ol Poulmey,in;ihis rftate.Gen, Jack-son-
received four votes. At the last elec
Mon, iu the tame lown, lhe Huoker candidate
for Representaiive received our votes !
Joseph L. White, who would not support
Taylor bocause he was not a good enough
,h'?.an reported to have said, so
help him God he would vote for no man but
Henry Clay, now says that for Whigs to sup
port Van Buren is "tho poetry of politics, tbo
rehgion of patriotism." The antithcsis be
tween "truihand poetn-" has oftcn been
quoted, but never we think, with greater ef
fect than it may bo in this instance. Provi.
dence Journal.
I his reminds us of a story that runs in this
During the height of tho Elbler m.inia a few
-g", x,merson tbe transccnaentalist, and
m:., -r, .. .. . .. '
of thc Nineteenth Centnrr." wenr in ro-.nnnv
tO sce the faraous dantnvie at Roslon. A tha
' dtviie Fanny" boundcd wiih ensv urre nn.
. o 1
on the stagc, "this," said "the wrapt man, a 1
glowing with inner lifc, " this is mdeed poet
ry." Soon the music swelled mlo a hvclier
measurc, and at the close ofit, after a ronde
cfsurpassingvigor and display as the dancer
settled down into onc of her most voluptnotis
attitudcs, Miss Fuller cxclaimed, "and this is
true rehgion." liuffalo Commercial.
TnmD Party Orr.nATioxs. The editor of
the New York 'I xibuue, who has rcccntly re
turned to his post, has tho following notlce of
the lato abortivc attempi tonominaie wir.iyiay
fnr Presidcnt. and the duties of electors gen-
It would be most unjust to Mr. Claj to
Elace him in the position, most repugnnnt to
im and an inglorious close to his illustrious
carcer, ofthe candidate of a mere faction to
make him figure in the olEcial returns, and
transmit him to posterity as a solicitor of votes
afier the mass of votcrs had left him running
bchind such candidatcs as are in tbe neld, e
ven in states whero he has repeatedly run a
head of such men as Adams, Cruwford and
Jackson. The fact that he was supported as
a candidate would make its way to millions
who would never hear how and when he be
came such, and that his own wishes and feel
ings had been utterly disregarded in the prem
iscs. Whatover ho or otbers might say, there
would be thou;.ands incnu enough to fuppose
that he was really a candidate with his own
conscnt, if not at his own suggestion. No one
can be entitled to subjcct him to such iraputa
tion. Mnture and dispassionate reflection has but
s.trcngthened our conviction of thc soundness
of tho positions we maintaincd in 1844 with
reference to the Birney operations of that per
iod. We regard the nght of suflrage as a sol
emn trust to bo exercised for thc public good,
and of course to bt exercised in such a man
ner that good may be done. Every electori3
morally bound to do :hatever may be fairly
within his power to procure the nomination of
an unexceptionable candidate for Prcsident,
under auspices which will insurs him a chance
of euccess, and he is farther bound to vote for
that ooe among the candidates who have such
a chance, by whoso elcction, in his delibcrate
judgmont, the greatest good can be securcd
and thc most ovil preventcd.
Itcan Tery rarcly happen thnt the very one
among twcnty milhons whom a majority ofthe
pcople would prcfcr to all others can be a can
didate ; still rarer must bc the occasion in
which any candidate can be found whose opin
ions on every important topic will accord pre
ciscly with those of a majority of the pcople.
Many votcrs must oftcn bc callcd on to make
what is very improperly terraed " a choice. bc
tween two evils' that is, thcy must sccure a
part ofthe good they dcsire to sce cITected by
thc postponement of other objccts which also
appear to them dcsirablc. Since we are not
likely to have angels to rulc over us (at Wash
ington), we are obliged to take men, and we
cannot always havo thc best even ofthesc.
We must cndcavor to clcct thc best wo can.
The right of suflrage is not a weapon, to be
used as spitc, or splccn, or caprice shall dic
tato, but a mcans of promoting the general
wclfare. We have scen the opposite theory
run into the ground by tho Liberty party ,com
mencingwith thc rcpudiation of all out impos
sible candidates, and ending with an utter dis
ruption even with regard to such candidates.
It is not wonderful that a large portion ofthe
Abolitionists have nrrivcd at tho conclusion
that the truo course is not to vote at all. But
for conscientious men to do this, is -rirtually to
surrender the government to the unchccked
control of the rcnal, thc vicious, and the sclf-
seeking. We cannot rcgard this as the course
dictatcd by lofty integnty or enlightcncd pa-
hid history nf the Birds of Jamaica, gives an
amusing account ol'ihe mocking bird. The
hogs are, it seems, the creaiurcs lhat givo
nim llie most annoyanre. l liey nre ordina
rily fed upon lhe inferior oranges. the fruil
being shaken down to them in lhe eveninff:
hence ihey acquirc the habit of resorting lo
tne orange trces to wail lor a windlall. The
mockuig bird feelinffnettled at the intrusion
flies down, and begins to peck the I102 wiih
all its might. Pigey, not understanding the
maiter, but pleased willi the titillation, gent
ly lies down and lurnii up hia brond side to
cnioy it. The noor hird ?cts into nn afonv
ofdistress. perks and pccks again, but in-
crcases ineenicvmcnt ol ihoIiixiinniiR tnirn.
dcr, and is at last compcljcd to give up the
cuuii 111 ucspair-
We have bcen remindcd of this slory hy
seeing the cool inipenetrability with which
ccitain ediiors reccivc lhe attacks oI"ccrlain
'inocking hirdHoflhe press,' who are pccking
nway at ihcm with n degree of ancr ludi
crnusly in contMst wiih lhe cnllous, imjier
lnrhablc demcnnor of lhe nssailed pnrty.
l'he philosophy oflhe lalter may be all very
wcll and conifortable, bul thcy should consid
er lhe tormcuts to which their aysnilnnts nre
subjecled hy their unlceling conduct. Can
they not get up n show af retalinlion nnd
pain? Would il not he lhe most humane
course? Boslon Tran.
Tlie journals oflhe Barnburners are labor
ing lo drfend Mr. Van Buren agninslihe
rharce ol giving tnecnsling vn:e, wnile Vice
Prcsidenl, in favor of a biw for rohbing lhe
mails of nnli-slavery pamphlets and papcrs.
They say he did not voie lor the law, nor is
ihere suth a law in exislence, True, ihc
bill did not pass ; but it was not the f.iult ot
Mr. Van Buren. He gave lhe casting vole
in iis favor. in the Senate. on it third read-
r ...Lr.L ..1 U: . I
cannot be explained away nor cxcused. Mr.
Van Buren has made no apology for this or
the allempt to send those poor Amistad nc
sroos bitck in'o slavery. The Barriburncrs
dnn'l reqnire any, but lhe ,v Liberly" nnd
"conscience'" men ought lo requiro eome
quid pra quo for selling themselves to lhe
New York Barnburnere, whose principles
are tice. " Our first objecl," eaysMr. Johu
Van Buren, in his New Yorkspeech, "is lo
ns cvcry one knows, is to get lhe fa! otfices
from the Old Hunkcrp. They haveadopted
n third " free soil") as a profession, which
is inlended for "sprinnes lo catch wood
cocks," and will lake in a lewofholh old
parlies who have bccn distanced in the race of
political prelerment uy tneir mora lorlunato
brethren. They will "catch larks when he
sky falls," if they are in Iuck ! N. II. Sen
tiuel. Thc great Comct, whose rcvolution ia ac
complistied once in 292 years, has made its
appearance. It was scen un the27lh of Au
gust by Dr. Petcrson, of Allona. It passed
iis perihelion in July, and is now descending
the Souihern hemisphere. It is expected 10
be visible in the norih-east, near Castor and
The Eraperorof Auslria has-returned lo
Vienna, tThich has caused great rejoicing.
He has, since the revolutionary outbreaks in
his capital, resided in Innspruck, ihe capital
oflhe Tyrol.
. At Ihc close of Ihe examination al Allanta,
Ga., Judge Cone was put under bonds for
310,000. Mr. Stephens is considered out of
danger, and ho ohjects to tbe prosecutfon of
Tuesday, September 19, 1848.
Erastus Fairbanks,
At large.
limothy rollett,
George T. Hodges,
Andrcw Tracy,
Albert L. Cailln,
Elijnh Cleveland,
1st Diptrict,
2d "
3d "
4th "
Zaciiarv Taylob. (Lrttcr toW. E. Rtusell.)
Lewis Cass. (Spccch ul C'loelaud.)
HIS OWN INTEREST." (?. F Adams. (l'.mphlet uu
TrtM, lia?c4. 1311.)
Batou P.ouge, April 22, 1813.
DmnSlE: .My cpinioni haie rwreutly Wn u oncn
mi.oncciieil aud lui.rrjirocntril. tbat l ilerni il due lo
iuyelf, ifnot tomy CnemU, lo nwlie a brief expoxtian ot
tliein upou tbcUipics towuicliou batc callcd my atteu
I have conjcnted lo the usp of my name a a caDdtdatf
for tlie Prcsidmcy. I hse rrauUy atowed my own di
truit of my ritnes for tkat high ktation ; but hsrimj, at tbr
oticitation ofraany of my countrymen, taken my KMition
as a. candidate, I do not feel at liberty to surrenibr that po
ition unlil my fheuda maifet a isk that I ibould retirr
from it. 1 will tbcu mot glailly doso. Ihacuopmate
purjwc to accomplifth no party projccu to Luild up no
eneniiea topunuh uothiug to nrne butmy country.
I hae been verj' often addrcfcfiinl by lclter, andmyo
piiiion have been atked upon alniost etery quetion tliat
luight occur to the n riterc as aflcctins tlie jnteresti of theii
country or tbcir party. I have not always rceponded to
thrse inquiries. fur atioua reajons.
I cnnfess, whiUt I iiare ereat cardinal principles which
will reinilato my political life, I am not surTiciently fsmiliar
with allthe miuule detail of political lcgiklation toxic
solemn pledjtes toexert my intlueuce, if I were Preideut,to
carry out this or defeat that measure. I hato no couceal.
meut. I hold uo opinion which I would not readily pro
claim to my assembied countrymen ; butcrude impreionr
upon niatters of policy, w hich mny Le nshl toAlay and
wron? to-mnrrow, are, perbaps. not the best teetnfutues
for ouiee. uue wlio cannot le trustcd without pledges,
cannot be conHded in merely on arcounl of thrui.
First. I rriterate w hat I hal e often said I ara a Whigr,
but not an ultra Whifr. If eleeted, I w ould not be the mere
Presidcnt of a party. I w ould cndeat or to act indcpcndeul
of party douuoation. I should feel bouud to admiuutcr the
Government untrammelled tiy party schtmes.
Seco.nd. Theveto ower. The power ffiven by the
Coustitutlon to the Exccutive to intrrpoye hu velo. is a
hiirh conservative power; but in my opmion. should nevct
bc exercised except in cases of clear vjolatiou of the Con
stitutiou, or manifest hastc and want of rousideration b
Conrcs. Indeed, I have thourht that, fur many yeurs
past, the known ojijiiions and nishesof lhe Executive hate
excrcied umlue aml injurious induence ujiou the lexista
tiicdepartiueut ofthe Goverument; aud tor this caute I
have thought our system was iu dancer of uoden;ouitr a
great chani'o from its truo theory. The personal opinion,
ofthe individual whoniay luppen tooccupy the Exeeutite
chair, ourht not to rontrol the action of t'unrcs upon ques
tioua of doinrtic policy ; nor oulit his olijections lo he iu
terposed w here questions of coumtulioual power have been
settled by the various departmenu of Goverumcut, and ac
ijuiesccd in by the people.
TllUD. Upon the subjcct ofthe tarilT, the currency, the
improtement ofoar great lu;hways, me.-. lakrs, and har
bors, the will of the people, as expressed throuh their relv
resentatives ia Coness. ou 'ht to bc resiiocied and i-.m.l
out by the Exscutive.
rocsTIt. iheMexican war. I smcerrlr reioice at the
prospect ofpeare. iMylife has been detotcd toarnu:
)et 1 look upon w ar at all timrs,and under all circumxtan
ces, as a national cahimty, to be atoidod, if rompslihle
with national honor. Tho principles of our Government.
as well as its true policy, areopiwscd lo the subiuratinn nf
other natious, and thc dlsiuemliermeut of otbrr couutrie bi
conquest Intholanuaeeofthegrcet Waahinston, 'Why
suuuir, wo qutiourowu losiaua ou t orclKn ground ? It
the Mexicau war, our naUonal honor has bcen vindicated,
well aflord to be foibearin;, aud even matiuuinious to our
fallen foe.
amuiy Tinuicalcu . anu. in uictatin? ternisarneare a.ttim
Thcse are my opinions upon thc suhieet referred to bv
jou; and any reports or publicatious, writtcn or verbai,
from any source, diuerln? in any rssential particular from
what is here wtittcn. are unnutlinrix,l .n.l ,,nt..
I do not know lhat I shall ajain write npon thesubject of
natioual politics. I shall eu-a-e in no scheme-, nocoinbi-
lideuce in me. they ou-lit not lo rive me their suiTrares.
If thcy do not, you know ma well enouzh to beliern "me
uaiions. no iniriLiies. ii tne imenran mwn . hr- .
wnen ueciare i snau te cotitent. 1 tua too old a soldier to
muraiur affainu sucn ngn auuiorlty.
ToCapt.J. S. Alliso.v.
Martin Van Buren's Conver
sion, A correspondcntof ihe Green Mounlain
Freeman 6ays :
'Mr: Van Buren in limes past has shown
aculpanle parnahty lo llie slave power, and
has done many !hin ngiiirist tlic rauseol
humnn rights, very otiensivc In lhe frii'mlsol
rivii freedom ; but he now conieft forward,
nnd m a plnin and public manner dcrlnres a
gninsl the extensinn of slavery, juslifies lhe
llie conduct n the u:rnbiirncrs, anu ulciiti
nes iiimscu wnn inem. Ciiiii rnnnv-nrR n-
fraid ol him, and do not believe lhat he hns
become n true convcrl lo Liberiy princi
The writer then gops on to allempt to flal
ter his Liberlist fricnds into the belief :imi
Mr. Van Buren anov jusi where he should
hc, and tha!, like Saul of Tarsus, (ihis is Ihe
writer's cotuparison, not ours,) ihuugh long
n persecuior oflhe sainls.lii old encmiesare
unrcasonably jealous of him, and loo reluc
lant lo confide in lhe genuinene.s of his sud-
den conversion. Now while this :arce is go
ing on here m Vermont whal do Mr. Van
Buren's confidential friends say of him ?
Tho Editor of the Evening Post, forinstance,
a mostzealouaadvoeate ofMr. Van Buren's
claims, puts an extinguisher on all this talk
about conversion, in the following explicit
'We defy you Softs and Conservatives
to poimt out a solltant item oppkincifle
in which Mr. Van Buren has chakged,
si.nce ue was tbe bosom friend of gc.1.
In'tue theFather ofthe Sub-Treas-
is he not socnd on the questiox or
Frbe Trade?
Was he bot soukd on the Mexican
is he not safe on the o.ue8tion of
Slavery in Tne IJistrict of Colcmbia, AS
This is the testimony of his old friends
those wbo know him. They know he hns
not chaugcd; and allthe 'So(ts' and 'Con-
scrvatives'afo defied lo Ehow wherein h
The Legislature.
Full returns frcm the severel towns in tEe
State enable us to determioe. Leyond ratca
unccrtainty, the exact rclation of partics in
both brancbes ofthe next Lcgiilature. Soa8
errors oocurrcd in our list,last wcck, whici we
have been caieful to correct and we haTe
compared thc several cstimatcs, cdoptinir j
all cases, what scemed to us tho best anthoritr
The Represcntative from Goshen, (hereio-
foreconccded to tho Van Burcnites,) weleara
from a rehabie soarce, pubhciy avowed ha in.
tention of sustaining thc State nominatiora of
the Whigs, on the ercmng before election
and waschosen with thnt undeisfandmg.
Richmond scnds a Van Burenite, instead of a
Whig, as reported last week. Pittsford and
Readsboro wero set down a3 Whig,by mlstake-.
One goes for Van Burcn, the other for Caa.
Stockbridge shonld also have been rcckonsij
on the Van Buren side. Athens, reported
no choice, sendt a "Free Soil" rcpreseatatiTe.
In Sterling, reported no choice the Watcli
man claims a Whig reprcsenta'ivc. In Shef
field, thcre is no choice reported Looo last
Grand Isle,
w. v.b. y.c.
8 5 3 1
17 6
11 6 3 3
19 3 3
17 4 2
4 0 8 5
5 9 1
9 3 5
C 5 4 2
2 4 3 5
10 5 3 1
2 8 2
5 7
3 2
118 58 48 17
Whig majority, 14.
Thc Ilouse stood Iat vcar,
;r. " ab.
101 18
Whig majoiitv, 8.
Grand Isle,
Whig majority, 12.
Last year,
Whig majority, 12.
Majority on joint ballot, 2G
" " " " last venr, 2o
As the Farmers' Fcstival approachcs, tve tahe
lcavc to siiggcst to our citizeus lhe propriety . f
connccting a dcgree of bospitality with the oi
caslon, towanls those who altcnd it, u tlat tii
intercst of the iUy may bccomc as gcncrulai j.o
sihlo in lhe county. Of course thcre mibt he
a limit to CNpcciuttons we may iiida'ge in reant
to this, but where a snitalile ilcgrco of nririuiai
nnce obtains, the rcmembrame of it, at -ui h ii
occasion, will conduce to that fricmllinces of feel
ing so dcsirablc to prcvail, as wcll as to tlic ur
cc3s of thcse cxlilii:ions, now, avc honc, itrnu
ncntly cstablishcd.
Ourattention is tamcd paniiutarlr to this sub-
ject by the considcration that thc skill and ias-
ntiity of family imlustry are dircctly soliritt-il ii
parliripatc in the cxriteincnts of thc Fair. In
thcse the most miiversal compciitiun miglit !
stistaincil, especially in articlcs of lady 's ork. for
use orornamenr, not being limited by the partu
ular occupationi or facilities of the family out of
doors. Thc products of thc gardcn or orchard
are hardly llius limited, and nic ohjects of inter
cst also nithin doors, as are those of thoilairy and
of manuCictnring skill. Asidc from the rcsulti
of industrr even, the rclations of tbe day arc ca
pable of being extcnded to n great variety of !
jccts of tastc and f ocinl bcncfit. This more
cr.tl charactor wo hope in ihe progress of lime it
mnygradually assnrae. For this, we would en
conragc thnt harmony of feeling npon whirh si" 5
a result must depcnd.
Mai.ie Election'. llie election in Maine
occurrcd on Monday, the 11th inst. Rcturas
from 189 towns give thc following result
Hamlin, Whig, 21,108; Dana, Loco, 21.211:
Fesscndcn, Van Bun-r.ite, 7519. Last ycar.
thc vote in the same towns stood, Whig, Is--207;
Loco, 20,025 ; Scattcring, 4.78S. Tliis
indicates a Loco loss of about 4,000 voles.
In the 1st Congrcsaional Dittrict, Gerrr,
Loco, is probably elcctcd by a small pluralit; ,
Littlcficld, Loco, in thc 2d District, has 767
plurality ; Otis, Whig, in the 3d District, ba
largo mejority ; Goodnow, Whig, in thc tta
District, has thus far 1800 plurality; in tho
5th, a Loco is probably elcctcd ; in the Cth,
Stctson, Loco, has about 600 plurality ; in the
tb, tho result is doubtful. The Lcgislature
is probably Locofoco.
The Eastcrn Argus (Loco) claims Svc oat
ofsevcn mcmbers of Congress. The present
dclegation stands six Locos and ono lVhig-
The Whigs have gaincd largely and Dana
ij most likely dcfeated.
Death of CoMMOPonE Mackenzie.
AUxander Slidell Mackenzie, author of " A
Ycar in Spain " Spain Rovisitcd," and oth
er works, and still more extcnsively nown
from his conncction with thc Somers tragedy,
died on tho 13th inst.,near his residenceon tho
Hudson, two miles below Sing Sing. Ile fc"
dead while riding on horse-back. The causo
of his death was a discase of the heart.
NewYobk AVhig State Coxvf.fTioy-
This Convention met at Utica, on Thursday,
tho 14th inst. Ilamilton Fish.ofJsew lon,
wasnominatedfor Governor; George W. lat-
terson, of Cbat.iuque, for Lieutenant Govtm
or; and Charles Coot, for Canal Commisjion
er. Electors at Iargo:H.IL Ross, John A.
Collier. Ferfect liarmony prevailcd.
QV-Annnpaid letter, postmarked ' Benson,
Vt," has been receiTed at this ofiice. e kno

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