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IX TIIE DARK AXD TROUBCED NIGHT TIIAT IS VPON US, TIIERE IS NO STAR ABOVE TIIE UORIZON TO GIVEUS A GLEAM OF LlGJlt, EXCEPTING TIIE INTELtWENf, PATRIOTlC W1IIG PARTY OF TIIE UNITED SrTiiS." Webster.
roLmiE xni. MIDDLEBURY, VERMONT, TUESDAY MORNMr, SEPTEMBER 26, 184S. JOSEPII II. BAPJIETT, Editob. TERMS OF VOIA7ME XIII. VllUga subscrffwrs, S2;00 Mail subscribcrs.witbin tho Statc, - - - S1.50 fl, inr. ----- Sl,5 Mnll uhseribers out of tlie State. - - - 32,00 Individuals nnd Compauics who take at the office si sn nr Sl.75 if not paid within thcycar. Thos'e who take of Postriders, - - - - S2.00 ie nt thc. end of tlie venr. - - - S2.25 2o papcrs discontincd until arrearnges arc paid, except at tlie option of the proprretor. No kccping, or otherwisc, allowcd,cxceptassentcd to bv me proprictor. "All communicatitfns mnst be nddrcssod to tlie cditor, 1'ost 1'aid. 65r V. B. Palheu, 8 Congrcsi sfrcct, Bos ton, U authorizcd to transact busincss for tliis papcr. JUSTL'S COUB, Pcnr.isnrci:, cr wnou xrx Eixns ornooK and joii ntixT- 1SO WIM. BE ESKCCTEI) OX EIIOET SOTICn. SEVENTY-SIX. T WILLIAM C. nKTAST. What hcrocs from tlio woodland sprung, AVhcn, tlirougb tho frcsli-avakcnd lund, The thrilling cry of frccdom rung, And to tho work of wnrfare slrung Theycoman's iron hand ! HHli flung thc cry to liills around, And occau-mart replicd to mart, And trciuns, nhosc spring werc yct unfuund, l'ealed far nway thc startling sonud Into thc furcst's hcart. Thcn mnrchcd thc hravc from roiky stccp, -"rom mountitin-river swift nnd cold ; Tho oorders of tho stormy dccp, Tho vnles where galhcrcd watcrs slccp, Scnt up thc strong and lold. As if tlie rcry carth again Crcw ipiick with Gods crcating brcath, And, from thcsod'i of grovc and glcn, Jtosc rankt of lion-hcnrlcd lucu, To batilc to thc dcatli. j Thc iiifc, whnsc babe first smilid thnt day, Tlie fair, fjnd briilc of ycstcr cvc, And agcd sirc und matroii gray, Snw thc lovcd warriors haitc away, And dccincd it sin to grcivc. Alrrady liad thc slrife begnn, Alrcaiiy blond on Concurd's piain Aln thc prinins Rss liad rmi, Aml bloort had flowcd at I.cxington, I.ikc lnol.s of Miiiuncr inin. Tliat dcath-j'ain m tho Ajiril sward Ilulhm-ci! to frccdom all thc shorcj In I'ragmciits fcll thc yokc abliorrcd 'J hc fllottrlS of a fun-igii IoiJ l'r-fnii-d thc foil no inorc. T) MV ilOTIIKIJ. i:v u. K. vriiiTC At.dcatift thon, mothcr! foramomcnt think Tlut we, iby childrcn, v.hcn old aga thall hed l!s Manching bonors on thy drooing hcad, 'onld from our bct ofdiities cvcr hrink ? Pouncr thc 5U11 from his hib fjibcrc tbonM ink. Tlian ve,nngrati-ful, Icaic tlicc in that day To jiinc in 5o!itudc tliy lifo away, Or hun thcc.toitcring on thc gravc"s cold brink. JJ inUh tho thongfit ! wlicrc'cr our stcps may roam, OVr finiling plains, or traj tceuilliont a trcc, Siiiil y,'M fondmcmory pointonr hoarts tothcc And iaint thc plcasurcs of tby peaccfnl honic ; Wbilc duty bids us all thy gricfs asstiagc, And smoo'.h thc pHlOTr cf thy sinking ngc JEj' Tlie popular Ncgro rneloily of 'D.inca, boalnnn, ilanrii ; I) inro all nirlit Ull ltroi'l Iay AuJ f hemc u ilk thc aU iu tlie nioriiiDg;' i thuB rendcrcd into prosp: Minglc in thc inuzrs of tlie riar.cr, thott ktiight of iho onr, wliilo ihe resplendcnt lu iKinary ol thc day has ivithdraxvn his liglit from tlie earth. lill iho bright Aurom gilds tlu Easlcrn sky witli soldcn light, and llicn, xviih tliy charncletislic gallantrj'. ncrompa ny thc fair and unsoihisticntcd parlicipants oClhy plcasurcs to tlieirpatcrn.il mansions. Tiie Tr.Mri.EATK'AUvoo. VCc arc plcaa cil to lcarn that an nrran;;rtiient has bccn in.iclc wiih the trutccs.or ihosclinviiigclinrgc o( iha MormonTemple at Nauvoo, by wh'ich that splondid cdificc is lobcdevotcd to ausc ful purpose. It hae been Icascd for a erm ni t7fleen ycars, and is to be ntoncc convcrlcd into aCollegc buildin":, and to lic occupied for that purpose. Tlie Instilulion is to be under thc patronagp oflhc Ilome Mission Society.and iinmcdiulo steps will be takcn to pat it inlo operation. A bcltcr location can not be found in the Wcslcrncounlry for such an Instilulion; and it will, if prop'erly con ductsd, reccivc the patronnjre of all ihe Blalcs bordcring upon the Hissiasijipi. Sl. Louis Jiepub. Bees. Give salt to hces by Iaying il on ihe corncr of thc board in fronf of tho hive. Thcy need itas rr.uch as catile or oiher ani mals ; and when noi supplicd, they arc often cccn in thc mud around thc door. TheEuxgs. To prov-R the soundness of the lungs, Iet the paljent dratv in atull breaih nnd thcn begin tocountasfar ashecan.elow Jy and audibly, v.-ithout ioflating thc lungs. The number of scconds he can conlinue is Ihan to be carelolly noled. In confirmed consumpiion, thetime doesnotexceedeigh!, and is often lcas than six Ecr.ouds. In pleu riy and pneumona, it rangeo from nine to four eeconds. Bat, when the lunRs are sound, thc lime tvill range as high as from tivcnty to thiriy se.CDnds. fj?" Why is nn honcst man Iilcc a car penter V said one gentlcman to another. "I can't tell," was the ansner. "XVhy, hccause he is a planc dcahr." "Ah ! J scn it new, you have made it a deal)!aii v," was ihe rcply. THE COUSIN'S iaSS. " Thcre's something in a kiss That nercr comcs amiss." Bitoyanl with the spirifs of youth. about returning home after an absencc of sevc ral years, I lookcd forward with almost childish glee to my meetitig with my af fectionate uncle and aunt. Havitig firtv ishcd my profession, thc fond reccollcc tions of the past seemed to yie in afTord ing purc jtjy to tho presenl, and equally to inspire me with cmotions of delight. I was an orpliati, with neithcr brother or sister ; but then I had a bloomintj cousin, and that was pretty much thc same thing, for wc had grown togethcr from almost iufancy ; and if she was not a sister, I was not thcn philosopher cnough to know ihc difTercncc. During my travel liomeward, I tried to picture to myself tlie sccne so fondly lovcd, from which 1 had so long bcen eparated ; and whcncvcr my imagination rcvcrtcd to my crfusin, which I confess it frcqucntly did, 1 saw thc fancied transport with which she wonld welcome me humc. Alas ! that weshould be so vain. I was rccctrcd with opcn arms and cvi- dcnt plcasure by kind rclntives, and when I was kissed by thcm all unclc, auut, nursc, down almost to thc waslierwoman it was absolntely outrageous positively shocking that Harrict, my pretty, blushing cousin, should alonc rcfitsc thc kiss most desircd. Sucli, thcn. was thc termination of all my glowing droams, and though hcr eycs did sparklc with joy, it was not exactly thc mccting I had c.xpccted. But she was so lovcly, I cotild not gut ar.gry ; it would have bccn tmgallant in thc extrcme if 1 could, and I undcrstcod thc fcmale hcart wcll cnough to know that rcscntnient was not thc way to obtaiu thc wished-for kiss. That she who used totreat inc wiih such frank and artlcss famtliarity, hersclf as gcntlc, playful and inuoccnt as a favn, and whom 1 found thc sanic fair bcing as for merlj , with the cxccption that she was far morc bcautiful, and had.'a little less of the girl about lier ; I 6ay that she should bc thus reservcd and obstinatc why ! I de clarc, it was rcaliy too bad ! Ilow could I win thc coveled boon 1 I was puzzlcd. Jly cousin was so pop ular that all the bcaux in thc country werc in hcr train : and I had but two months to stay bcforc commencing my profession ; and yct, notwithstanding thcse diflicullics, I rcsolved to gain the kiss, a thousaud linics morc valued, now that it was so pTlinaciously wiihheld. I must try. Thcrc was onc of hcr suitors named Suuincr, whom she srcmed to Iikc bcttcr than all thc rcst ; and I muit say, that during thc first month of my visit, she ccipicttcd with liim a good deal at my ex pcne. It used to give me a touch of un easincss now and thcn, but I consoled my self with thc reflcction that I was not in love, that thcre was no sense in bcing jealous, and bcsides, Mr. Sumner's favor able rcccption had nothing lo do with my ohiect of paiuing a kiss. So, I took to teasing my pretty cousin about hcr favor lto lover. Tlus made a trreat cliange in her conduct as I soon pcrccivcd. She denicd the chnrgc at first, and thcn grciv rcally worricd that I would'nt bclieve hcr, and linally showed me a pretty markcd nrcfcrcnce on cvcry occasion. Bull was only a cousin and nobody took any noticc of il. My walks and couvcrsation wcre all sct down on thc sccre of courtslnp, but thcy werc so dclicinus that I had re irrettcd that thc timc had comc for me to bcgin to think of dcparture, and wishcd that onc s cousin mirht bc wilu onc lor cver, but I was not worth a copper dollar, unlcss I could gct some hcircss to marry mc for pity, and saw no way of living without roughing it through life, so that it uas ncccssarv that I should do some thing for myself. I was too proud to trcs- pass fartlier on thc bounty of my unclc, or rathcr I fell too kcenly thc sensc of my obligations to him already, to be guilty of a still grcatcr dcpcndcncc on him ; f r it had been through his gcncrosily that I had been placcd at a profession, and hc had declarcd his intention of aiding me still farthcr in my professional carcer. I must thercfore have bccn vcry ungratcful in deed to have bccn Ionr idle: so my visit was ncarly up. Happy, too happy, had bccn thofetwo short months, and Harrict was thc ccntrc of it all. Shc, swcct an gel, like all thc rcst, chargcd it to courts ship; but I at last bcgan to open my cyes, and half suspcctcd the. truth, or 1 liad noticcd that mj cousin, unconscious to herself, seemed vcry fond of my presencc All this I Icarned by close observation of her conduct and lnnumcrablc trifles : many a monarch wonld have sivcn his broad Iands, his greatest victories, or the finest jewels in his crown to win such little to- kens of afTcction from thc onc hc lovcd Well, the two months wcre up, and in all this timc I had not got a kiss from my cousin. it was thc night but one betore 1 was to go awty. I dctcrmined to make a last effort. We werc sitting by the window, and the old folks were out , my poor cousin looked pensive, and doubtless felt so. 1 was somewhat .sentimental myself. It was jiist the time for melting tho'ts; and the moon shone tenderly upon the river in the dUtance, pouring her silver light like fairy verdurc upon the distant hills. Harrict sat by my side, and we were talking of my approaching dcparture. 'I shall be very busy to-morrow, Har riet ' said I, 'and do not know whethcr I shall be able to come in here in the eve ning.' Shc slowly ratsed hcr dark eycs lo mine, j till her very soul secmed pouring out be neath the long lashes, andsceming to look right through rr.e, ansircrcd 'Why not ? you know howglad we shall be to see you.' 'Because,' said I, a little piqucd at the word ice, for to tell the truth, I had sus. pected I was in love, and of course flat tered myself that it was rec.iprocal, 'I shall be very busy ; and bcsides, I heard Sumner ask you the other night to go to H to-morrow nisht with him and of course, my pretty coz, you 'Thcre goes that buniner again, said she, 'I declare you are so provoking ! you know what I think of him.' 'Ah! but,' replicd I wickedlj, 'actions speak louder than words ; why make en gagemcnts on the night your old ccmpan ion is going away V Her gaiety was stopped at once. She hesitatcd an instant and then answcrcd 'I told him I would answcr him to-day but I thought wc were all going togeth er ; but I'H send him a note dcclining at once. You know you don't mean wkat you said, William.' I laughed it off, and dircctly arose to dcpart. 'Ilow very soon you are going,' said she, in a voice something unusually melancholy in its gcntlc tones. 'Are you going to kissme?' said I gai Iy. after a little merry conversalion ; 'cous ins always do at parting.' 'Indced I ain't!' said she, very saucily. 'Indeed you ought to,' said I carncstly. 'Indced you are mlstakcn for once.' lsn't it vour duty,' said I. Shc said nothing, but looked as if doubtful whethcr 1 was quizzmg her or not. 'I can provc it by Talmud,' said I. A smilc begnn tollicker around the cor ncr of hcr mouth. 'I can cstablish it by tcxt !' 'Indeed i1 said she, smiling archly nt my anticipated perplcxity. But I was a head of her. ' 'Do ii nto olhcrs as you would others should do unto vou ; isn't it my pretty coz?' 'Well, you rcally dcserve something for your wit did you lcarn that whilc you werc studying your profcssiou !" aud hcr cyes danccd as she answercd mc. I saw I was no match for hcr, so I be took myself to another grouud. "Well, good byc coz!" "So carly 1" "Early!'' and I began to put on my glovcs. "You'll be hcrc to-morrow night, won't you?"' said shc pcrsuasively. "Do you rcally wish mc V "Ilow can you doubt?" said shc warmly. "But I t.hall ntcrrupt atcte-a-tctc with Slr. Sumner," said I tcasingly. "Pshaw! Mr. Sumner again," said she pcltishly. Thcrc was a moment's silence ; at its cndcamc a low, half suppresscd sigh. I began to think l was upon the right track. "You won't -ive mc. a kiss! if now it was to meud Mr. Sumner's glove or "It is too provoking," said sho in a pen sive tone, "how can you think I care for him!" "How can I ! you do fifty thinss for him you would'nt do for mc." 'You don't think so." "fndced I do," said I. "William !' "I ask for thc smallcst favor. I take this one forasamplc,and you refusc; you arc vcry unfair, cousin," and I took hcr hand. 'Why ?" said shc, lifting hcr dark cyc till its gaze met minc, and hcr voice trcm blcd a little as shc repeated, "Vhy I" "Bccausc you ncvcr do anything I ask you to." "Indced Ido! you know I do!" said shc carncstly. 'I wish 1 could think so,' said I posilivcly. Wc wcrcslnndin'i by the window, and I .... 1 . Ll 1 T I... - U.,f lliouglil lier nanu ircmoieu as i spoic , uu shciurncd hcr hcad away w:lh a sigli. anu , wiuioui spuuniii, y.u iuri ...y ...... . nuuiuuiuriiiiiL, c..b .t..w... hcr own fcclings; something hcr to ' I gmnt my bonn itwas atrifieshc seemcd iu iiueii.iiu , uu. ww...w 1 10 her that she oug'.it not to do it. Bul then it would be eo rcservcd and uncousinly to rc fuse, and might Inoljustly bc offendcd at hcr prudcry ? 1 could hear her hreaihe and see hcr snowvhosom beave with conlen'Jiiu emoiions. Tliccontiict was going on nc- : iween love and roserve. and yel, poor girl, j 1-1 . i she kncw il not ! but I had scen moro ofthis j world Ihan my unsophislicated cousin. ... J .. . . . . -And you rcaliy woni come lo-morro v cvc- ning'-shc paused, and b lusl.ed, white the low soflhalf, reproachmg one in which she ! snokesmolemeto thc heart, and almost made ; ino rcncnt my persistcncc dui mcn it was pretty losce her perplexed ! 'Harriet,' said I, "I foel grievcd ; you do not think that l would triflc wiih yau. I ncvcr bcfore tned to tcst how true were the professions of ihnse I love, and-if oneis to bc ihus bilterly dereivecl, 1 care not to try it n "ain ;' and halfletting go her hand, I turn- ed parlially away. For asecoud she did not answcr, but she looked upon the fioor, and sho avcrtcd her headt Isavr a tear drnn fall. Dircctly a cloud camc over ihc moon, and just as the whole room wns buricdin darkncss, 1 heard a sigh thal seemcd to comc from the depths of my cousin's heart. I felt a brenth hke a zephyr eteal across my face n thnll wcnt ihrough every nerve, as 1 lell ner soitgiow inirkiss! I'had conqured ! Butatearwas on my face, and I prcssed her hand more warmly than became a cousin, a sudden rc vulsion offeelinrcame across her tha true secrct ofhcr dclicacy flashed like the sun-Iight upon her mind, and fecling how she had be truycd herself, her head fell upon my should- ers, and l heard a sob. My neart stung me, and I would have given worlds to have say ed her from that mument of ajronv. But in a'nothcrinstant came the conscieusness that I lovcd hcr, and pre3i'ng my arra gently a-. hstcncd 10 my languagc uillcrently, bul 1 was , th(j t mHft ,iavc 0WC1 (lr;g tbe rCt going awny.pcrhaps lorcvcr.and thc thought ofhis cx;stcnce lo ti,e prcSenco of a compan niade hcr ncnsivc. Yct sho did not know ; . ,!.,,..; nr 1,:. nrr,.nt;oii. 'J'hc tolJ roimd hcr, I drcw hcr tenderly towards me, We spoke no words, we whispcred no vow, but as I fcll how purc a heart I had won, i flash of holy fecling swept across my soul That momcnt I shall ncver forcct. Sh' ceased to sob, but ehe did not as yct look up, It mignt have bccn nve minutes,or it nuh have been half an hour I could keep no mcasure ot iima Dear llarriet!' 'Will vou como to-morrow nisht P whis percd shc, lifiing hcr dark eycs liinidly to my counlcuance. 'Ilow can I rcfuse. dearcst," said I, kiss ing thc lears Irom her clieeks. Now love but now' anJ pressing hcr to my throbbingbosom.nnd impnrting on her nps a kiss. aourmrig, pnssionsie kijs, i mur murcil, 'good night, dcarest,' and we parted The next mornins 1 was Kreetud by r glancc from my cousin. which eloquently told Inc lcclings at my ncnrt. ficr cmbarrass mentdid not ercape ihe pcneiraiion of my irood uncle. Wbcn he heanl tho narticu lars cf our interview. his laugh rang loud and lovous, in spilc of thc blushes ot my dca Harriet. Thoush it waspianv ycars ago, 1 am still a very hannv man ; no Icss hapnv than when my lovcly cousin first becamc my tcie .' TIIE TOET'S BRIDE. ''Onc an;cl furm I hce, ivcly tintit of eicn ; I hcar llic lluit pavc to nw Thc faireat work of Icil.' "Wivcs should be takcn. ccrtainlv, for thcir own twcet sakc alonc." Ehe wbat chancc of happines3? Marriascsof intercst or conven icnco arc frenuent : but what are tho rcsults Discomfort, tears, nnd achinir hcarts. Itasli and tlionchtless marriagcs are equally unhap py in thclconsequcnces. A wcll-considcrcd marriago is gcnerally productive of as much bamnnefsasfallsto the Iotot iiuman naiurc. One of the most intcresting of such unions was that of tbe poet Schiller, with Charlotte von Len"cfcldo. Thcy werc much attachcd to each othcr. but numerous obstacles provcntcd thcir m.irriane. and to tho rcmoval of them thc poet dcdicated himsclf. Evcntually.he was . . ..... l l- 1- rewardctt witn tno accompusmuciu oi nis uu sircs. It is delinhtful to read thc poet's lettcrs, in which he spcaks of thc blcsiing which hc exncrioncc? in his wife. "I have now." hc says, "for six days bccn amarried man. Ifccl mj-sclf happy, and cvcrythipg conrinces me lliai mv wne is so, u uu j iiir4in.i. What ii dclichtful life do I now lcad ! I look around me with achcerful spirit.andmy hcart finds a pcrpctual sootumg satiEtaction ucyontl itself; my mind a grateful nourislmient and rccreation. My cxistcncc is east mto a niore liarmonions poisc. I haTc attcndcdto mytasks as bcfore, but in morc contentment with my self." These, it may be said, are tho rapturcs ol'a bridcgroom. True it is that similarcx prcssions "are niado by almost cvcry 'happy man' duriug bia honcymoon ; but the poct's happiness lastcd. Ihe tie tlius lormcu, wuue it (rained in Etrenfrth bv I0112 liabit, lost noth ing of its softness. At this momcnt, however, to uscan c.xnression of his own, ".1 dart from thn rlouds struck him down. and lcft an uncx pectcd iroand, which was ncvcr again to close throughout his life." A scvcre affection of tfce clicst appearcd, and althouph it was not immc diately fatal, hc remaincd in an invalid statc cver aftcrwards. Jn tlni time ot tnal it is itc- lightful to find how wcll the poet had dono to clioosc a wife for jomethiim bctter than her gold. A long time after his ruarriage, and when sulTcnng from ilhiess, he wntes, "Evcry day I grow more and inore dclignlcu with my lot ; and thc ties bctwecn us bccome morc nu merous and strongly intcrtwincd." Love that is to sav trne love mcreases with time A ycar later hc writes, "Lif at the side of a bclovcit wile, is a Uillerent tlung irom wiiai it is to one who is forsakcn nnd alonc. Xow, for tho first timc, I can thoroughly enjoy the bcautv of Xature. It clolhcs itself once morc in noetical ima"CJ, that come crbwding aboul mc." The hcart of the poet was rapidly e.x- pandin" in this bnct sunslune ot lns uay, too r . . . 11 t... ? soon, alas ! to oe sauiy ovcrciouucii. jui in its darkermomcnts tho light of a loving naturo was at hanil, to cliccr anu soollie rnm. iii! maladr onlv drcw him closer to Charlotte. "My i'llness," he writcs'bydeprivingine ofall nowtr of emnlovmcnt, has so accustooicd us to bc always togcthcr, that now I do not like to Icave hcr alone. And to myseu as wcu, cvcn whcnlliavc work to do, it is a source of de li"ht to know that she is near at hand. and hcr Jcar self movms about me. Iho intantinc puritv of her soul, and tho hcartfclt depth of hcr lore, give me a positivc calm and liarmo- r 1- 1 1 !... f .11 nv 01 icenng, wnicu uui lur inia . - ;ue. crc we but both ot us in good ,Vc slioultl ncod nothing furthcr to live as -lfm parau,se This langnagc ot llie ncart i no comincnt : ivo mav learn irom vnrih ctml.-In.r Tlm lisr.nincs; res'i,Jno. from the love that U steaily and pure, sinncs laithful life like a star in this rccord of a DAXIEL WEBSTEIl. Tlie following anccdoto of Mr. Webstcr tt ...I Sti . i i i .A.nnimni i.t r 1 1 o i inviiinnii nr. tom oy acorropuuv....". w..v... ald, as an illustration of t hc unccrtainty ot worldly famc,' and tlie mny oi maKmg n me controlhng objcct ot lile. A fi.w vtan sincc, but bcforc tho grcat x "- j?' u Koad through his fann, toltho oI(, hom'esteaa. Hc aTtaJConcord, N. II and had for l00fc-1110 ""o1- al ,, ' n mmn.mion a verv old man. After some con- versation, he asccrtaincd that the old man was fr.im tVin. ni;nliborin2 town of Salisbury, and he asked him if he evcr kncw Captain Web stcr? "Surclv I did," said tho old mar, "and thc Captain was abrave and agood man.sir, and nobly did hc fight for us, with Gen. Stark at Bennington." "Did he leave any childrcn?" asked Mr. Webstcr. . . , "Oh yes ; thcre was Ezekiel, and I think, Daniel." "And what has become of thcm ?" "Whv,Ezckicl ah,he wasapowerful man, s;r i b"ave heard him plend in court oflcn.yes sir, ho was a powerful man and fcll dcad whilc pleading at Concord." 'Well," said Mr. Wcbster. "what became of Danicl?" , , "Daniel Daniel," repeated thc old man thoughtfully, "why, Damel, hcliece, is a law yer about Boslon, jomewhere." The Potato Rot i.v Caxada. Thc Mon treal Courier states thal the potalo rot is ma king extensive ravages in inost of thc coun lles ofibat rerion.and prcdtcts that that es-i culent will be scarce there tbe coming win-; ter. SPEECH OP MK. CORWIN The Whis ofClinton County, Ohio, as- scmbledat Wilmington, on the 26th uhimo. Hon.Thomas Ewingwas ihe first speaker. He was followed by Mr. Corwin, who spoke for three hours. A correspondcnt of thc Cincinnali Chronicle gives n Bynopsis ofhis rcmarks Hc deuied in thc nulset, thal thc old pany ssucs werc thrown uside. The I'rotcctivc Policy. Imernal Improvcmenis, Opposiiionio lhe War, and the Conquesl of Korcign Ter- ritories, werc nuestions in tho succcss of which every true Whig was deeply interest- ed, anu lor wliic.n he sliould ncvcr ceasc lo battlc. Cnssopposrs all ihcscsalutary mcai ures, and,as cverybody knows,is the nvowcd champion of conquest. General Taylor has rcpeatcdly declared himself to be opposed to War. but when ordcrcd by his Govcrn ment to fight thcbattlcs ofhis country, Iikc a Iruc poldier hc has never flinched Irom thc faithful pcrrormancc ofhis duty. Gen. Cass bluslcrs n great dcnl about war talkcd at onc timc ol" ewallowing thc wholo of Mexico, the wholc of Oregon but ho takcs good care not to do any of the Jishtins which his coun sel biings on. General Taylor is opposed lo the acquisiiion of nny moretcrritory, as is slioun by his Allison lcllcr, and his leltcr lo Gen. Gnincs. Caes is in favor of thc acqui siiion of nll .'Mexico, ns could bc provcd by thc dcbatC3 in Cougrcss. As to thc qucstioiis of tho TarifTar.d Inter nal Improvcmciits.Gcn. Taylor was pledged not lo vcto thcm, as wcll as all othcr qucs- lions of domcstic policy thc ilmot riovi soorauy olhcr mcasure that tho peoplc, through thcir rcprcsentatives. muydcmaud. Cas is already plcdgrd lo vcio thcse mensures Ihe latter, by n rcccnt avowal through '.He rolumns of ihe Washington Union, and lhe fornicr, by his cndorscmcnt of the adminis tration of Polk. The dill'erencn, said Mr. Corwin, hctwecn Gcn. Taylor nnd Gen. Cnss is, that thc former cocs to the Consli- tutionforadvicc, whilc lhe latter, true lo the inslincls of parly, goes to the lSuliimorc Conveniiou! Mr. Corwin contcndcd that thc only pow er the Prcsident had over iho pcople, waj whcrc hc could use thc vcto. Strip him of that power,or electn man who 13 opposed lo ihc use of it, and ihe people havo in Gcn. Taylor just such a man prcsentcd to them, who resiiects tho wishcsof ihc pcople who secks nnhighcrnmbition than to orry out llieir views, on ull queslion3 ihat pcrtain .o thcir own and thcir counlry's inlcrest. Mr. Corwin said he was not in the habit ofdrawinga comparison bciwepn the mcn of the present age and tlie illustnous Wailung ton ; but if ihero was n mnn of thc present day who resembled thc Fathcrof his Coun try, in nll thosc noblc qualilics of mind and hcart which distiii!!uished that belovcd hcro and Sialcsman from the men ofhis day, that man was Zachary Tnylor. Washingion, at ihe head of our armyin ihe revolutiotiarysirug- llle, exhihitcd thosc tincr traits ot cnaractcr which dircctcd lhe cyes ofhis countrymen to him ns thc noblcst spccimen of humanity ; and Taylor, at Fort Harrison, in thc swamps of Floridn, nnd nt ihc head of our armj in .Mexico, has shnwn himscll cqual to every cmcrgciicy. and has diaplaycd qunlilica of miuu nnd hcart in Ius tirmncss and ueci- sion orcharnctcr in his humnnc trcatment of a f.iilcn nnd prostralo fuc which have endcard him lo his countrymen, nnd have induccd thcm to siuslc him out as the man bcsifitled lor thc present crisis, and to ad minister lhe Govcrnmcnt iu ihat plain I!c- pubhcan snnplicily, which markcd tlicadiiiin istrnlions of the carly l'residents. Washing ton, when solicitcd by his countrymen to be come a cnndidatc for lhe Proiidcncy, declin Cd upon the trround that he was unfit lo dis- charge lhe dulics of so iniporlant an oflice; aud Tnylor when 'importutlCl, to hecome a candidalcfor PrCtfiilent, hy thc dcsccndants of tho vcry mcn who clccled- Washingion, shons theenmc modcsty, and cmploya lhe samc languagc lo express hie unfilness for iho Btation. that Washington did; yct green boys of lhe picscnt day rise up nnd tell u ihat l aylor is a fool l wasningion manea verv irood Prcsident nuitc as good n one as Polk ! allhough hedeclarcd himselfun fit for the oflice ; and he (Mr. Corwin) was willing to cntrustthe hclm ol State with Gcn. Taylor. as he has sclcctcd Washington for his standnrd. Mr. Corwin mndc nn carncstnnd cloqncnt nppcal to thc Abolitionisis. 11c bcought them not i rommit uif. Bamc ac.i oi lony j ihcv did in 1SM, by wlucli l cxas was broimhl into thc Unii.n. wiih a provmon in iu cnnstitution irranling pcrpctual ilavery iu its botders, What do thcy expccl lo gain. he as'tcd, by thcir present course? crenot lhe Whigs opposed to thc furthcr cxtcnsiou of slavcrvl Wns thcrca U higin theAorlh- ern States who opposed Frcc Snil? If thcrc was hc musl liave cxcecdinmy long can. L.00K ai ine voics oi mu nm iu CongrcsE on thc Orecon Bill. Every Whig memhcr frnm thc Frec Sialcs not only vo- ed for the bill. but laborcd nisht and t'ay to sccurc itspassage. wtialliciter i-reeooii party do lhe Abfilitionisls want than thc Whig party l It tney cxpecicn 10 prevem llie fiir.her cxtension of slavpry. they had r.hoscn a most stran"i nnd eingular mode ol e(Teciing so ilcsirable nn object, by voting forMr. Van Burcn, nnu arraying thcmsclvcs a"aiust Iho Whigs. Who is Mr. van isu- ren. nnd what has hc done to commond himseir to thc farorable noticc of thc oppo npnts nf Slaverv 1 asked Mr. Corwin. Has henot doncall ho could do to sirenglhen Slaverv 1 And is he not pledged in his Un fji Ipimr. '.o vcto anv bill Concrcss may pass for ihe.ibolitionofSlavcivinthe District of Columbia, should he again be eiecieu rrcsi dent? Is hc in favor of 'ficc speech ?' Look at his vote when he was Vicc l'rcsident r.f flm Ilnited Slalcs : a bill was llicn iniro- dured into thcUnited States Senatc, allow in" Southcrn Postmasters to open or mtcr- cept any newtpapers or other pnniea corrts- nondcnce. smpeciea oi ocing uu-i Slaverv. and lSScnators voted for and lo a ,n;n.iih. k.-il Mnriln Van Buren cavc thc casting vote in favor ur the bill ! And this man is your 'Frec Soil,' 'Frec Spcech can didato. 'Lct no such man be trusted.' Mr. Corwin said he had read some- where in history, that the Romans, when- ever tney conijueicu a uuunu), huuiu take from il a piece of its soil aud an an- mal ; aud upon arnving at llome. thcy ould place all the animals and tlie soil hich they hari collccted in this way in an amphitheatre, and thc result was that each animal wonld run to the soil of its own counttv. Ilow nnlikethose inimais J . .... T - was Van Buren l when van sihck nw nose intoyVfe soil, hc put it wherc it did n't belong. Mr. Corwin closcd by urging in tlie most fervent and cloqueiit strains evcrj Whig present to bc found attho ballot-bo.x in October and Novcmber, and vote for the State and National Whig tickcts. THE I.ETTER OF GENERAL TAYLOR. From the Xcw Orleans ricayune, Scpt. C The following letter has bccn preparcd by Gent-ral Tnylor, to corrcctnny misconccption which might possibly hc produccd hy thc rc ccnt publication ofextracts from his private correspondcnce, aid lhe appcarance over his signaturc of rcplies to single nnd dctachcd (tucstions rclative to his position bel'orc thc public. Tho lettcr i3a correctcd narrativc of the scnes of circumstanccs which resultcd in his bccoming a cnndidatc. It prcsents in a compact fonn, all thc matters bcaring upon the subject, and exhibits Gcn. Taylor in his proper chnrncter-true to himsclf, to his fricnds, and to his couutrv : East Pascacoula, Scpt. 1, 1S18. Dcar Sir, On thc 22J day of April last, I adilresscd you a Icttor, cxplaiuinj; tuy views iu regard to various uiattcrs of pubhe policy, lest my fcllow-citizcns might be mislcd by thc ma ny contradictory aud conllicting statcnicnts in respcct to thcm, which appearcd in the.Tourn als of the day, and wcro circulatcd through out the couutrv. I now find mvsclf mUrcpri!- fcntcd and misunderstood iqion another poiut, of such importancc to myself pcreonally, if not to thc country at targp, as to claim irom mc a candid and connccted cxpojition of my rcla tions to thc public, in rcgard to tho ponding l'residcutial tauvass. The utuiost ingciiuitv has bccn expndcd U)on fcveral lettcrs and ilclavhcd senlcnccs ot'Ictters, wiiich have reccntly nppoareil over mr signature to show that I occupy an cquiv ocal attitudc towards tho various parties into which the pcople are dividcd, and espccially towards the A hig party as icpresenttd hy tho Xational Convcution which asscmblcd in l'hil adclphia, in Junc last. Had thcse lettcrs and scraps of lctters been publishcd or construcd in connection with whatl have hcretofoie ;aid upon this subject, I should not now have to complam ot tlie spccd with which my ainwcrs to isolated qucstions have bccn given up to the captious criticism ofthoso who have bccn made my encmics by a nomination which has bccn tcudercd to me without solicitationorarrange inent of mine, orof the uianncr in which SC' lcctcd passages in some of my lctters, writtcn m the lrecdom anu carelessness ot a conuden tial corrc;nondcncc, have bccn couiniunicatcd to the public prcss. But riven from the con- texr, and separatcd from a serics of explana'.o- ry facts and circumstnnccs which arc, so faras this caiivass is conccriicd, historical, they are as dcccptivc as though they wcre positncly tab- ncations. I addrcss vou this Icttcr to corrcct thc iniustice that has been done mc, nnd thc pnuuc io mc c.xicni inai i am nn oup:ci ui in torcst to them, uy tuis llhbcral proccss. I shall not wearv vou by an claliorale rcei tal of cvcry incidcnt connected with lhe first presentation of mv name as n candidate for tho Presidency. I was thcn at the head of thc Amcrican arniy ia thc Vallev of thc Bio Grandc. I was surroundcd by Whigs nnd Dcmocrats who had stood bv me in tbe trring hours of my hle, and whom it was my dcstmy to conduct througli sccncs ot still "reater tnal Mydutytotlie arniy, and to the Ki'public, whoso battles wo wcre waging, forbade my as- suuiing a position ofsccuiing hostility to any porlion of thc hravc mcn uudcr mv coimnand 1. , I T " " " aii oi wiiom Kncw i wis a itiugin pnnn ple, for J made no conccalmcnts ot my poht cal sentinicnts or prcdilcctions. Such had bcen the tiolencc of party ?tmg- glcs during our lato 1 rcsuleiitialulci'tions.tliat thc acccptanec of a nomination under tho va rious intcniretations givcn to tho obligations ofa candiilatc prcFcnted to the public with a formulary of political principlas, was cquiva lent ahnoit to a dcclaration of uncompromis ing cnmity to all who did not subecribe to its tcncts. 1 wasunwillinjr to hazard the etfct-t ot such rclationship towards any of thc soldiers under my command, when iu trout ot nu cuc mr. common to us all. It would havo bccn uniust in itsclf, and it was as rcpugnant to my own fecliii'is as it was to my duty. I wanted unitv in the annv, aud forbore nnv ac-t that mi''ht sow the secds of distrut and dijcord its ranks. I have not myletterK,writtfnatthe timc.bcfore mc, but thcv are all ot oue import, and in conforimty with tho views hcrcin ex nrcssed. Jloanwhilc I was solicitcd by my jicrsonal fnends and by strangcrs, hy W higs and by DcmocraU, to"con.cnt to bccome a candidate I was nomin.itcd by the pcople in primary as remblics by Whigs, Democrati aml Xatives, in icparate nnd mixcd mceting?. I rcsistcd thcm all, and coutinucd to loto, till Icd to bc lieve that my position assumcd the aspect of a defiancc of thc pojmlar wishcs. I yicldcd on ly when it looked liko presumption to resist Ionger,and evcn thcn.I should not have done so had not the nomination bccn prescntcd to mc in a form unlikclv to awakcn acrimony or re- produce the bittcrnecs of fecling which nttendi popular elections. I say it in siuccrity and truth. that a nart of the induccment to my conscnt was the hopc that by going into the canvass it would ne conducieu wiin canuor n not with kindncss. It ln? bccn no fault of mine that this anticipation has proveil a vain one. After I pcrmittcd mvsclf to be announced for tho Presidency, under thc circumstanccs abovc noticed, I acccpted noniination nfter nomination in the snirit in which thcy wcre tcndercd. Thcy wcre made irrcspective of narties. and so acknowlod-red. Xso one who joincd in thosc nominations could have bcen deceiveu as to my poiincai views. a- rom tne bcginning till now,I have declared myself to be a Whis, on all proper oecasions. With this distinct avowal publishcd to the world, I did not think that I had a right to repcl nomina tions Irom political opponents, any more than l had a right to retusc tho vote o: a uemncrat at thc polls; andl proclainicd it abroad thatl should not rcjeet the proffcrcd snpport of any body of my fcllow-c-itizens. This was my po sition. when. m Novcmber last, I rcturncu io tho Unitcd States ; long before, ciihcr of tho great divisions of thc pcople had hcld a Na tional Convention. and when it was thought doubtful if one ofthcm wonld hold any. Mattcrs stood in this attitude till spnng. when thcrc were so many statcracnts lncircn- lation conccniinc my views upon qucstions of National policy, "that I felt constramed to cor rcct thc crrors into which tke public mind was fallin". bva morc cxplicit cnunciation of prin- ciples, which I did in my letter toyou in April last. That letter, and the facts which I have dctailcd as brieflr ns a proper understandis? of them would pertuit, dcvclopcJ my wholc po sition in rclati6n fo tho Presidency, at thrf time. Tho Dcmocratrc Cenf cntiin mct ia rt!ay, and composcd thcir ticfccls to suit thcm. This' they had a right to do. Thc National Whig Convention met in Junc, and sclcctcd me as1 thcir candidate. I accepted tho nomination with gratitudc and with pridc. I was proud of thc conlidcncc of sueh-rc bodyof men,rcp rcscnting such a constitucncy as the Whig party of tho Unitcd States, a manifcstation thu mora grateful because it was not cnmbercil with exactions inrompatiblft with thf dignity of tho Presidentia! officc, nnd tlio rcsponsibil itv of its incumbcnt to thc Whig pcople of thtf Nation. And I may add, that thcse emorions wcre incrcascd bt 'orinting my name witlr that of tho distinguishad citizen of New York, whose acknowlcdged nbilitics and sound con scrvative opinions might have. instly cntitled him to the fitst place on the ticlcet. The ConrcnUon adnptcd me ns it fcnnd mc' a Whig deeidod but not ultra in my optn ions ; rtnd I would be withmit cxcuso it I wero to sliift thc relntionsliips which subsiatcd atthc time. They took me with tho declaration of principlcs I had publishcd to thc world, ana X would be without dcfence if I wero to say or' do anything to iiupair the force of that declar' ation. I ItaTe faid that I wonld ncccpf h romina tion from Dcmocrats; but in so doing I would not abatc or.c jot or tittlo ofmy opinions ns writtcn down. Such a nomination, as indica ting a corncidpncc of spinion on thc p?Tt of tiioso making it, should not ba regardcd trrW disf ivor by tho?c who think wiih me ; n s rompliment pcrsonal to mvsclf, it should rot lv expcctcd Ihat I would rrpuliio thcm with m sult. I shall no't modifv my vipws to cntToo' thcm to my side ; I shall iot reject thcir aiii when thcy join mr friends voluntarilv. 1 have faid I wn not a party candidate' r.o' am I, in that strnightcncd and sct-tarian srnse which would prevcnt my bcing thp Prcsidtnt of tho whole people, iu ease of my r!cction I did not rcganl myself a onphcforo Ihc Con-' vcntion mct. and that bcify did not fcck tir mako mc diirercnt frota what I wa. Thcv did not fcttcr me down to n sofiea f( pledge which wcre to hc nn iron rule of ni-tion iti all nnd in despite of all, the contimrencies thn might nriso in the courso of u Prcsiden'ijrr tcrm. I am not cngagcd lo lar violcnt hafidj indiscriminalelr upon public ollicors. good or bad, who may diffcr in opinion Trith mc. 1 nm not expcctcd to furcc Cofigrcfsby tlyj co prcion of the veto, fo pas laws to suit me, or part none. This is what I mean by not hcicg a partv candidate. And I undcrftand this is good Whig doctrinp. I wnuld not he a parti san Prcsident, nnd hcnco should not hc a par' ty -andidate in thp scmc thnt wonld make onev This is thcsum and sulntancc of my mcamng and thi? is- tho purport of tho facts ancTcircutiv .tanccs altcnding my nomination, when con sidercd iu thcir connection with, nnd iTepcrnf' cnre upon, one another. I refrr all pcrsom, who nro anxfons On tho nibjcct, tn this statcment, for thu proper un dcrstanding of my position towards tho l'rcsi' donry and the peoplc. If it is not intelligiblc l can not make it so, and shall censc to at tempf it. In laking Ic.lvc ofthe subject, I Ii.tre onh' lo ndd that my two lcttcr to you cmfirace nli the topics I dcsign to tpcnk of jiemling this canvnss. If I nm clcrtcd, I shall do nll that an honr-st zeal may efloi-t to t-cmcnt the honds nt our Hnion, nnd establijh the hnppinaof my countrymen uton an cndnrins ba-sis. ',. TAYr.Oft. To C.vrT. S. Ar.usorf. A TLEASAXT IXCIDEXT. A XOVSG SOLDIEIl FllOM TAYLOK'S AR.MY. At a mecting ofthe liough and Rcady Clitf of ono of tho cily Warrls, Iield on Tiicsilaj evcning last, after the basincss had bcen triin nctcd and an adjonrr.mcnt was abouk to taktf place, n pale-fnccd youth, npparentiy nbout ninetecn yeara of agc, nnd n stranger to all present. nskcd pennission ofthe Prcsident tof .ay a few words abont Gen. Tnylor. llii re- quest was of course grantcd. Thcre was ai profound silcucc in the incciing when he rn.p and with some trepii'ation, apologiscd fora.k ing to be he.-ird. Ifc said ho had rcason tr" know Gciifral Tavlor:he know him as n man and a soldier. IIc had bccn in his arniy spv ciitccn months, and a portion of rii.it timpy when he was sick nnd eh:irrsff- by IotigT marches and rendy to dic, he found a warm- hcartcd fricnd and protcctor m ticn. acli.-.ry Taylor. " Gcntlcmen." said hc. "I nm but ninetecn years old I am a strangcr here, and ncvcr atlcmptcd to speak in ptibln.-. ti&t 1 have read in someof the papers afta'-Ks upon fjoneral Tavlor's cfiaracfcr as ti man. ihars-' ing him with inhumanity and cruclty, afld I want to say hlnntly, that such chargcare fnkc falsc from bP2inning to cnd, no mattcrwho ut- tcrs thcm.. I havo sccn cruclty and inhmuan-' itv on the part of suhonlinato ofiiccrs to tfiCir' men inhuman pimiimcnts intlictcd forsliht ofieni c, but ncrcr in lle lircsence of Gtn. Tuy- lar who was always a kind fathcr and protec- tor to tlie poor soli liPr, and whom cvcry honcst oldicr iu thc army lovcd. No man of honory who evcr scrved umlcr him, will eharge him with cruclty, cither to his ortn troops or to tho" cnciny. I was wiih liim at 1- ort Jirown, mnrclw cd with him to Point jsnbcl was in tho baU lles of Palo Alto, Itcsaca and MoPtcrcy. Af- tcr thc capturc of Matamoras, Instead of nsing onc ofthe houscsin tho city as his qftarfers,hc; gare thcm nll up to the sick,-woundcd nnd suf' tenng roldicrs, nnd flcnt in lm tcnt on a fccci that was not more than four inclics aliove thc mud and watcr thal surroundcd it. The speaker relatcd manr intcrestine inci- dcnts conscctcd with thc fnovements ofthe ar- my, illustrating tho licncvolence of Gen. Ty-' lor, and the pcrfcct conhdcncc of tho troops m thcgoodncss nf his hcart, nnd his fkill a.i a com-mandcr- " He made its i:II fccl as if every man was doublc, and had twiccthc strcnth that we really posscssed, and could dq twiro as much as any othtr army in thc world. He was always the first to mcet dangcr and used to tell us lo vnlch him closctantl ncvcr ttrrun till he rnn. But hc never ran fronian cncmy ho ncver turncd away from a sufTcrinj soldier witliout doing all that he could to rehevc nnd checr him. " On the roarch to Scrftlvo," con tinucd tlie youth, my strengih gave onl,- nnd if it hnd not been for Gcn. Taylor, I might have lecn lcft upon the road to die or.be mur ilcred. But hc saw me nnd knew fiorn mv' looks tdat I ns pxhii'Ktrd. Ho tooli n:e ur and sat mc on his own miilcand 1 roilc witH him in that way for scrcral day. Ifesavcd my life then, and I am rcady to givo him every drop of mv bloo'l, wlicnevcr ho wants a sol dier." ' At one time we wco almost otn of provis- ions- wc nnd notmns tor cat nut muy uis- cuit, and slnshed, maggoty pnfk. An' ollircr wcnt to Her.. lavlor, and complained tliat no could not eat such food. 'Wcll, sir,' said the Genera!, 'come and tako dinncr with me.' "Thc iuvilHtiou vfiisclndly nrcpiBtt, aml the officcr, antitipaiiug u first rate dinncr