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"V! have had to contend wiih oppcsnion
i Whir nrinciplca for twcnty years. The 10 nnit nrrtrilir.fil v.illle of ihese prinCI- d!cs has not changeJ, and tlio opinion of our oppotienia has not changed with regard 10 Ihcm. The Conslitulioa of tbe Umied Staiesstands atlhc hcad oflhrse. We lake ...... r.nt;nn. nmnnsiitntional interprelation r.m r3 Wntt.inoinn and ihe prnclicc of thc counlry for halt'a cenlury pasl ihey lake llieira from Gcn. Jackson. Lauehlcr and chceiB.l In ihe nexi plare, tliere is a lend c ncv to iucreasc Esccutive nulborily, by in .lisc'rimir.ule pnlronage and rewarcl for polit ical support, Hnd in a loo free usc ol ihe Ve to poiver. The Wliiga hold that this poiver RnnT.I hp limiied lliat the Veto should only be used iu extremo nases, when ihe good of ihe counlry may be advanced lliereby, nul to gratifv poliiical hoelili'y. Anollier great qucstion, which has hcen kcpt out of sight, but which must be rrct before Iong, nnd perhapi in a nol very satia factory state, is that ofProtection loLpbur, and giving cr.couragement to Domeslic In du.lry. I'hia is amost vilal quesiion. With out the rcvisinn ofthe lawa rcgulating the duu'csatour Custom Ilouscs, the prosperily uf this counlry for many yeors lo comc, the success of men of businers, nnd the protec lion ofthe earningsof Labor, can never be restored lo thcir iormer state. oni:crs.j Nnt onc ol Ihese mcasures would bo success- fu! if Cass is clecled. And any olher idea ihan that cilher Gcn. Tayloror Gen. Cass rauslbcchoscn, is idlc. Icare nothowany pcrsous may be drawn away from this con ciuion by new partica ornew namcs. They m'll lind &uch names, whcthcr Christian or Burnamcs, cosnomens or nomcnclntures, lo bonolhinrbut,'-6ounding braea and tinkling cymlials." Laughtcrand nppuusc.j Anotlicr topic alao forces itfelf on our at tcntinn. In what spirit nro thc foreign rela tions ofthe counlry hcreafter to bc conduct cd? Are they to be pacific in thcir nature looKing to thc maintcnance of peace, on jnst and honorable terms, with all naiion?, itml to mutunlly beneficiiil rcgulations ol iradc nnd intercouuc? Or Bhall they hc rnndnrtcd in a spirit of qucruloumess and roadires to quarrcl? A ppirit of aggrandize mcnl and war a spirit disposcd to yicld it eclf upfo what itisnowfaahionablotocall tho 'manifrst ileplmy' of tlie cnunlry which is lo carry tlio insiitutinns jvliicli wc havo ea mblislicd into all ncighhoring lands, willing or umvilling to recrive them, nnd to mnkeby r.onquest nnd acquisition, astill iiiighlicr ter liinry ofour ltepubli ? G'nllcmen, I linve said before, thntGcne ral Ou33 una onc ofthe most dangcrous men nnd ih mopt dnnircrotis man of all our pufvic men, who rould be clccted lotho Prcs idenry. I repeat it. I krioiv nothing in his lii-itory that would Icad Iiim lo bo dcsirous ofhonorablo pcacc. Nothing at n!l. I do not Ray ihat he would wantonly plungc us in lo w.ir wilhnut any r.nusc nt al'; but 1 Jo say tlmt ihc irholc lonilency of hii policy ia io vvard ar, invasion, aggrandizcmcnt,nnil tht :ic(ui-ition cd'nciv terriiory. Applnuto. And noiv ihe qnejlion u, slin.il vc aban dnn all thpeegreat Whig principles ofwhich 1 h'ive (tpokcn ? And it ia n inattcr of recrct to uk ihat tho nllentioii of tho Whig pnrty nnd ofthe WI115 prcaahas bccn drawn too mtich nvtny from tlio conEiderniion of ihcsc 'hinjirf, by Jiipulus nbout men. I am scrr that i i iln-ir dispule.o on the queslion whclh cr CJ 11. Taylor is a Wliit; of which I con roivo thcrc is 110 tlouhl or whclhcr Mr. Van Bnren ia and nlivays Ii;ih Iibcii a tr.ie Liber ty nnn nf wlu'ch ihcru Ujuctas little iloubi (Inughter) Ihey kIiquIiI have lcft ihis vi tnl qncition nlninst tuispokcn of. Wcre il not nntv loo l.itc 1 fliouKl invi'o tho who!e pirty. boih of tho North and ofthe South,; lo attrmpt to rally upon this mattcr of so dccp interesl. Nou gcmlcmrn. soine favorers of lls ni-iv lighl ol'iho Frco S.iil sun, instruit us :iot to Inok luickivnrd. I irust i lcas: ive nny Inok forward. I hnpo ivo nrc nolto bc plnced i.t the ailuation ol Iiim of whom U waa oncc sai.I 'H ti"'rr lokit lincl,Tnnl nvanl till lio pois t ni'tir lHks rurarit fartlirr Ihan lin nnso." I prar rou, genllcmcn, to look forward and si'u ivhat ill be tlio conditiort of tlio country, if (.i -ncr.il Ca3 ii eluctcd. I b.ivc givcn you n "iumnan of tlio priuciplci for which thc Whis hac bccn contendiiig for twcnty years i!iiieiplcs which I decm liiglily important and csfcntial to tho pro'sr.crity of the country aad I ask you to look forwanl and see what will bwonie of tbcui if Mr. Cass U clio'cn thc ri''xt l'rcidnt. I will iH j-ou cxactly what wuuiappcn. Uen.Uass will ray that evcry oao of thcm was repudiatcd, put down and coutcmncil by the vcrj maj.irity which madc Iiim I'rcfident. Who, in thc ncst Congrcss, can vcnturc to ftand un and sav tiint llioiuil.lic voicorcmiires :m altcration in thc Tarilf of lS4fi, when hc Miiiy turn rouml and ay that the pubhc voicc has fxprcssly demanded that it shsll bo lcft whcre it is?" Who can comnlain of the Sub- Trca'iury, which now, in this verr hour of fi n.in ial prussurc, has niilliom of spccie lockcd np in its yaults whcn the rrc-'idcnt may say that tkc institution p.isted in Novcmber, '-1S, whcn hc was choscn hr a maioritv ofthe nco- ple, tlicy knowing Iiim to bc for, and his antag- onn: apini'-t the syf tcm ? A id jint soit will be with evcry thing clse: I will not fav that tho anrumcnt wonld be : fair one. Under the cxisling state of things, it woa!d bo unfair. But it would be pl.-.usi-ble -and hc would put it forth, would stand upon it. I)epcnd upon it, gcntlcmcn, that woiiid uc ins courso. So liiuch, fellow-citizcns, rcspcctinir tlic ccn crai quction ofthe approaching elcction of a iriwilcnt orthc L nitcd States. I5ut reccnt cvents have raiscd anothpr nnpi. tiou. which has come to aflcet vcry matcriallv tho domcstic governmcnt of ihe State oQ.Ias-acliusctt.-. A party has arisen and has bccn or.mizcd in this State. which calls itsclf the frec soif party. I think thcre is a joke by ""' xomo wnicr 01 his time, who wished o rimcuio somcman who w makin" no ve miwui usi; 01 1110 worus -;iaroic solum, in tuu wise 0aUle o1am tilce ct nalala rioltim (tuoJ wonls I uoddcr whero lio alolo Vm ! I will not say that tho word 'frco soil' are Etolt'n from anvwlnro. Hnt'nilli rnrr!ir1 In the seniimcnt "of tho party thai nscs thcm, 1 tuumu mai 11 savors very mtich oi petty Iar ccny. Laughter and chcers. The gcntlemen who have joii.cd this new party from among thc Yliigs, prctend that inoy are greatcr lovcra 01 l.ibcrty, and great cr hatcrs of Slavcry, tban tlioe t'hcv lca e be Imid thcm. I do not admit it. I ilo not ad niit any such thing. (ApplaiL'e.) 1 think we are as good Frcc Soil men a. they are, thongh wo do not sct up any such great prccminonce ovcr our ncighbors. " by, gpntlcmcn, wlmt is the history of this pnri? ; somc ycars ao.bc'bro .Mr. an 15u rcn hadcomc into oflice. or in his timo. thcre was a fcbisni jn the Ioco Foco party in JCew -ioriv. nuicu incrcacu ny ucjrees. isutiMr. Van Burcn was snpported byloth sidcs. The schisni rrcw widcr nnd widcr. till Silas "IVrinht became tho Dcmocratic candidatc for Goi' r.or. Ihcn some of thc JJemocrats, kuown since as 'Old Ilunkcrs,' rcsolvcd to abstain from supporting him, or to opposc his elcc tion, and they carricd out that determination, The other side assumeil the name of 'Barn buruen,' and are focalled to this daj-. Sothat thcre Tas an actual outbrcak nn actnal out brcat years aso, befwccr. thcse two parties of thc Democracy of Xcw York, and this Barn- ournmg party cxisted Iong bcforc.thcrc was any qucsaon of Fre Soil amsng tliem. Long before tliere was any qucstion of the Wilmot ti - r.T 1,.. l.f nttrtv frt i. roviso, or miy uppu6iuu jj tr " tho. extcnsion of Slavcrv. And up to the An nexation of Texas evcry man ofthe party went Etraightfonvard lor that annexauon, oiaveiy xtensioh and all. But thp. AVhiirs. and thcv alone. raiscd strong opposition to the raeasure. I fay the Whigs alone for nobody clse, either in the East, West, South or North, stirred a fingcriu the cause or at least made so smaii an euon that it could not be discerned until the Whigs had rouscd ihe people to a sentiment of opposition to the larther sxireau 01 me oiave powcr. Then this portion of the New York Loco Focos, thcse Barnburners, seized upon this Whig doctrine, and attachcd it to their poli cy merely to givo thcm the preuommancu o- ver thcir nvals. In thcir origin, thcrcfore, the Barnburners had no moro to do with the Frce Soil question ilisn thev had with the ouestion ot fllasonrj- or Anti-JIasonry. Tlicy only adopted it to securc a prcdominance in the Democratic par ty of Xcw York. But having adopted this vcry just sentiment though still rctaining all the est of thc thiny-nine Loco Foco articles they now oxpect the Whig party of Massa chusetts to enhst undcr theni I had almost said to bc subsidizcd by tliem, only to give them the asccndency in New York politics. lor one, I propose to do no such thing. J ao not likc tho servicc. I Lhecrs.J Mr. WEBSTEn then said, that in this Buffa lo platform, this Collect of the new school, tbcre was nothing new. Tho people of Mas- sachusctts had Iatcly had the pleasure ot read ing a lettcr from lloa. II. G. Otis, ono ofour best and most rcspcctcd citizens, who had just comnletcd hia 83d vcar. His snn throws its shadows far into the past, but it is bright, pla- cid and crateful: 11c has wnttcn with the vigor of jouth and the wisdom of age. Some of those who undertakc to instruct the public niind on nucstions of politics, think it diKnilied and courteous to call this letter Ilumbus. If o, thenhumbug signifies great force ofcompe sition united with ereat and comprehensive knowlcdgo of political truth, and sagacity of application. I wuh, saiu ir. WEBSTEn, we had more such humbug. IfMr. Otis's merits for valuablc public services wcre not as they are, his vcry name should entitle him to rc spcct. IIc bears thc name of that James Otis who, according to John Adams, Fet the ball of the Itevolution in motion. (Applau:c.j Al ter reading this letter I referrcd to Mr. Otis's spcech madc in the Senato of thc United States, in January, 1820, and 1 undcrtake to say, that from this spcech thero maybc made, without thc addition of a sentcnco or a phrase as good an Anti-Slavery Platform as that which has bccn constructcd by order sf thc Bufl'alo Convcntion. Mr. WEBSTEn then wcnt into the qucstion of State politics. IIc saw with as much gricf as surpnsc that tlus new party, not contcnt with confining thcir movemcnt to National politics, wcre attcmptintorcvolutionizo Mas- sachusctts. The vcry mcn who had for years sat in counsel with Gov. Briggs and Lieut. Gov. Rced and who had received office at thcir hands, wcre now joincd to crush thcm. They would attempt to dofcat Brij'rs and Itced bc- causo ihey would not go with thcm for Van isurcn anu whoever thought they would : Laughter Thcso gcntlemen talk of put tinir down m tbis Commonwcaltb of Manachu- sctts thc minions of Slavcry ! And pray who are tbe minions of slavcrv l iiecu a minion of Slavcry? Is vour candidato for Concrcss a minion of Slavcry ? If elccted to Congress hc will give such a votc as hc should on thc Slavcry qucstion, and yet Whigs will Tote fo dcfeat him and cloct a Frcc Soil Loco Foco. Things havo ccrtainly taken a strango bi as, and I can haidly think that Rcasou holds her sway. Thcrc is notliincr. said Mr. "WEESTEn. in tha W'hi plntform which all Whice willnot airrcc to. hich has not always hcen Whig principlo. Sup osc all the Whigs should go ovcr to the Frce Soil party. It would only bc a chango of name, tho principlcs would still bo the mc But thero would be onc chango which I admit would be monstrous it would makc Mr. Van Burcn the hcad of tho Whis party. ILauchter.l Childrcn at school frcnncntly amui,o thcmselvcs drawing aniusing f.muslicnl picturcs plncing thc headof onc animal on the body or anoiucr. if onc of those jnvcnilc limncrs should draw the Whig par ty with Mr. Van Burcn's head upon it, it would makc an imago more laughable than the cclcbra- tcu Ocrryraanuer. Mr. WnnsTER said that he considcrcd that the country wasin acriiis, and that all Wh'gs should unitsm stamling by her. That tho Avhigs had bocn succcssful nndcr a moro dwcouraging state of tliinss. Tho Whig party may cncounlor mis fortunc and may coramit niistakcs, hut for onc. said Mr. W., I shall fnllow its fortuncs, heing more willing to tnist myself and trustmy country with the principlcs ofthe Whig party than with any oiucr. Mr. W. concludcd hv savin?: Fellow Whiirs of Pljmoulh Co., I Iicrc tcfminatc what I have to say in public on tho political qucstions now be fore thc country. I dccply rcgrct that anything should occur to weaken thc strcnpth of the Whi" party or cloud its prospccts, for I sincercly be- iicvo ! succcs is mtimatcly blcndcd with the prcscrvation ofthe Constitution and thc great in tcrests of the country. Political Ingrates. William Sladc, AVillis Hall, Scth M. Gatcs, &e. &e., aro amons tho latt mcn in the country who wcre at libcrtr to dcscrt, or who can bo cxcnscd rorclescrtinsthe lng party. The two formcr gcntlcmcn liave for many ycars htcrallv bcen warnieil, fed antl clotbcd bv Whiirs. And tl.p lattcrhas hecn so generouslv dcalt with tlmt he was bcnnd in good faith aud honcsty to remain wilh his pnily. Thcse gcntlcmcn will say, in rcply, that they icavc ine nigpany lor inc fake or ree Soil ! But if wc could lco them in the eye when they avow thcir intcntion to votc for Mr. Van Burcn as tlio Kcpresentative of Frco Soil, they would ULU.MI ucc cnissuD 1 Mr. Van Burcn and his fricnds snpported Jamcs K. Tolk. who was nominatcd for lhn pross and avowcd purposc of extendingthe Terri tory and increain;r tho power of slavcry I It is fienmse Mr. Van Buren and his fricnds fnnortpd Polk tlmt slavery was extcnded ; and 1 uttor thcir snpport ot l'olk we should have had no war and no Frcc Soil issue. Messrs. SnPK and RlTr bnro nnMiuil ATr- Van Burcn for more than twcnty ycars becanse hc was, dnring all that timc, what Gov. Cass is now, 'a Northcrn man with Southem principlcf .' illis IIall's Frce Soil zcal is new bom. IIc rame back from Alabama with strong svmpathics in favor of tho 'Pcculiar Instituiion.' "As Atlor-ney-Gencral of this Stale he diffcred withGovcr nor SEWAr.D on thc qnestion of surrcndcrinK frec citizens of this Stato to Virmnin. tn ha rt,n;.li.l for anofftnco not known to or recognizcd bv our 11WS. And McsSTS. Sr.lni- TTitt. nml fJi-rra InnTf too, that U that has bcen done for thc cause of j.u.a.H.i1.uon nas bcen done by Whirrs; thcv kn.ow m" y higs have dcfendcd the Bight of Pc tition and tlio frccdoni nf . i. lngs, and 1 Whigs only rcsisted UioExtension of blavery. And thcv know too ihatby supportiDir Mr. A ax B cni- thcv are indircctl v iM;Vf 1,. . An r r-. o v . Mr. Slade, who has bccn hnsyfor ayearortwo in raisinjr contribntions for cdncnionnl n-nrr.,. ia the West, (ont of which he is himsolf ed,) finds time to addrcss a lcttcr to the Whics of Vermont in favor of VanBurenism. This rratuii. ous labor of apostacy is cxciting. as it should thc indignation of the trnc-hcarted 'Whigs of the inountain state. Albany Mvemr.g Journal. Cr" Jamcs Brooks, Esq., editor of the N. Y. Express, has been nominatcd for Congress in one of the City Congresjion al districts. LIST OF PREMITBIS Atcardcd by the Addison County Agricultural Scciety, al theAnnxial Fair, holden at Mid dlebury, October, Ath, 1848. CATTLE. Best Bull,2 yrs. old and upwards.Charles Linsley, Middlebury, SG.00 2d best, G. O. Swinnmgton, Leicester, 5,00 3d best, Orrin Wbeeler, New Ilaven, 4,00 4th best, Win. R. Sanford, Orwell, 3,00 Best Bull, 1 year old, A. L. Bingham, Cornwall, 4.00 2d best, Wm. N. Carter, Monkton, 3,00 Sd best, G. & J. Thomas, " 2,00 Best Bull Calf, K. P. Hall, 2,00 2d best, C. L. Smith, Bristol, 1,00 Best Cow, 3 ycars old ar.d upwards, hav ing been in calt thc past eeason, iJ. Bingham, Cornwall, 5,00 2d best, C L. Smith, Bristol, 4,00 3d best, Myron Hamilton, Bridport, 3,00 4th best, Horatio Plumbley, New Havcn, 2,00 Bebt 2 year old heifcr.B.F.Haskcll.Corn- wall, 3,00 2d best. Albert Chapman, "Wcybridee, 2,00 Yearling heifcre, no competition . uesi nener can, iiuen unapman, i ey- bridsc, 2,00 2d best, E . Fuller, Middlebury, 1 ,00 Milch Cow, no competition, Best pair Working Usen, i'. i-vlithorp, Bridport, 5,00 2d best, Austin Smith, Addison, 4,00 3d best, G. O. Swinnington, Leicester, 3,00 Best pair 3 year old stcers, C. Hazlcton, .Addison, 3,00 2d best, Austin Smith, Addison, S.00 Best pair 2y'rold Steers.IIairison Barnes, Monkton, 2,00 2d best, Nelson Collins, Monkton, 2,00 STALLIONS & MATCIIED HORSES. Best Stallion, Samuel Mooro, Shoreham, 8,00 2d best. Rufus Mead, Cornwall, 5,00 Best 2 year old Stud Colt, D. E. Hill, Bridport, 4,00 2d best, James Dunn, 3,00 Best 1 year old Colt, Hiram II. Hall, 3,00 2d best, no competition. Best breeding Mare, N. Northrop, 5,00 2d best, Wm. jNash, JNew llavcn, 3,00 Best sucking Colt, Amasa Wilhams, 2,00 2d best, O. liussell, 1,00 rs, bWJLNIi. Best brcoding Sow, Job Lanc, Cornwall, 5.00 2d best, Solomon W. Jewett, 3,00 Best Boar, Job Lane, 3,00 2d best, F. Ayers, 2.00 hlliilil. Merino Bucks and Lambs. Best M crino Buck, of 1 year nnd up wards, n. Itotnnson, shoreham, 5,00 2d best, W. R. Sanford, Cornwall, 4,00 3d best, R. P. Hall, 8,00 ISuck Lamlis in pens ou. Best R. P. Hall, 6,00 2d best, E. Robinson, Shoreham, 4,00 3d best, D. & G. Cutting, " 3,00 baxony and Orade llucksand Lambs. Best Saxony and Grade Buck, Danicl L. l'otter, C,00 2d best, Elon R. Wilson, 4,00 3d best, Nazro Northrop, Shoreham, 3,00 Best pcn Saxony and grade lambs drop- ped after tho 15th April.E. R. Wilson, G,00 2d best, Albert Chapman, Weybridge, 4,00 Merino JLices xn pcns oj o. Best pcn of 5 Merino Ewcs, D. & G. Cul- tinjr, 6,00 2d best, Edwin Ilammond, 4,00 3d best, no competition. saxony and uradc .tccs mpens oJ5. Best, D. L. Fofter, Middlebury 6,00 2d best, E. R. Wilson, 4,00 iiices and Lambs of any vanety. Best pcn of 15 Ewcs, Edwin Hammmond, Middlebury, 5,00 2d best, E. R. Wilson, . 8.00 Best pcn of Lambi of any variety,T,. Rob inson, Shoreham, 5,00 2d best, R. 1'. Uall & Co., Cornwall, 3,00 MISCELLANEOUS. Best bushol of Cocoons, S. T. Walkcr, 3,00 2d best, Jamcs Hamilton, 2d. 2,00 G best pumpkins, John Brittcll, 50 G best squashcs, W. Chapman, 50 samuel ,lamcs, a grotuity of 25 cent.'. G best Watcrmclons, David Hazard, 50 Best bushcl potatocs, John Brittcll, 50 uest 50 ears of corn, Albert Uhapman, 50 Solomon Allcn.a int.tuity of 25 ccnts. Bcstbushel of Onions, L. Barrows, 50 V . Lhapinan, a "ratuity of 25 ccnts. L. Barrows, " " " on susar bects. Jeromiah Smart, " " " on cabbage. MAKUFACTURED GOODS. Tho Committec on Manufacturcd Goods madc the following rcport: Middlebury, Ucl.4, 1843. Mcssrs. Davcnport & Nash, cxhibitcdat the Agricultural Fair hcldatthis placo thc fol lowin; Goods: 1 picce of black Cassimere, 1 " brown " 1 " Goldcn Twecd, 1 " black and white Twccd. As thcrc was no competition on thc ahovo Goods, wc could not iudco bctwecn them and others, but would recommcnd thc abovc ccn- v j 1 . . . . . . ... uumcn oe awarucu a premium lor tnetr skill in manufacturing good Cloths. FARM IMPLEMENTS. Thc Committec on Farm Implcmonts rc- portcd as follows ; V c have cxammed with much pleasure a new and hiably incntonovs AVashrni' and Wringing Machinc, prcsented bv Dr. W. P. Rus'el, styled thc Ladies' Fricnd. This Ma- chinc seems to cmbrace the new and improv- cu pnncipics ana is worinj- or public patron ago. They havo tbcreforeawardcd Dr. Russel. a gratuity of Sl. A. 1'. Beeman, for Com. BUTTER, CHEESE, IIONEY & SU GAR. Middlebury, Ocl-4, 1848. Thc Committec on Buttcr. Checsc. and Honey, have awardcd thc first premium on Butter, 1. liarrows, S. Second to Waltcr Barton, S2. Third to David Hazard, Sl. In Cheese thcrc was no competition. In Hon- ey and Sugarjno competition. Washington uiucr prascnted 25 lbs. of maple sncar which your committee think highly meritorious and would recommcnd a premium of S2. 1j. ukhs, tjiairman. IRON& LEATHER MANUFACTURES. We have cxamined a bar of Tron one inch and onc eighth squarc, and thrce and a half leet long. manutactured by Wmtcr H. Holley, Esq., at his force in Bristol, with in PiMitv dnr-s last past, and we adjudged it of the first quali tyofIron,and manulactured in thc best or der. It was drawn undcr .1 700 hammer, which is ono good ovidencc ofthe exccllent quality ofthe Iron, its texturc and soliditv excellenr. and it is the opinion of your committec that a premium of Sl be awarded to said Holley. L. VAN NESS HALL, Chairman. HOUSEHOLD MANUFACTURES. Best piece of Flannel, Mrs. D. Hazard, rernsDurgh, 2,00 Piecc of Wool Carpet, Mrs. S. Douglass, Middlebury, 3,00 Kjna pair 01 woollen Blankets, Mrs. D. nazard, Ferrisburgh, 2,00 Best Sewing Silk, Mrs. James Hamilton, Bndport, ! 00 1 p r of silk hose, Mrs. Horace Janes. Cornwall, ' j qq 1 p'r cotton hose, Mrs. Prudonco Walkcr, ' AVhitmg, spun and knit bv a blind wo- man ovcr 80 years old, " 50 Best p'r Woolcn hose, Mw. S. Baldwin, Cornwall, Best stravr hat, Mrs. H. Birge, New Ha ve n, 1 white beispread, Mrs. R. Hubbard, Whiting, Best coverlid, Mrs. D. Hazard, Ferris burg! 2d best Mrs. V. Hammond, Mid dlebury, Best bcdquilt, Mrs. Jamcs Hamilton, 2d., Bridport, Embroidcred woolen shawl, Mrs. W. Bar 50 25 50 ton, New Havcn, JU Show box, Miss Julia Hart, Middlsburj-. 1,00 Vascs of wax flowers, Mrs. Jackson, Mid- illplmrr 25 1 pair of"Ottomari3, Miss Frances Portcr, Middlebury, 1 pair of stools, Miss Janes, Cornwall, 1 steel tag, Mrs. D. Hazard, Fcrris - burgb, 1 alom baskct nd candlcstick, Mrs. W. Barton, New Ilaven, 1 pair woolen hose, Mrs. Jesse Ellsworth, "Pnfnxoll r. ninrlv 80 vears old. 25 12 12 25 Hniin tn (l.n cmtillnPU flt" lllP. PratuitV fit the disposal of the committee, many articles of mcrit weie not noticed. Mrs. M. BINGHAM, " HUBBARD, E. HAMMOND, ii W. BARTON. J. A. BECKWITH, Committee. FRUIT. Yonr committco have cxamined vaiious specimcns of fruits prescnted for thcir cxam ination and have awardcd the following prc- miums. For the best 5 sorts ofApples, Stephen Burroughs, Waltham, 1,00 2d best. Job Lane. Cornwall, 50 For tho largest variety of superior Apples, S. Burroughs, Waltham, For the best seedling variety of Apples, Job Lane, Cornwall, o,l T,ef A. Phanman. 50 50 50 pv-j., --- i - I . In addition to the abOTC your committee would rerommend a gratuitous premium to C. Crane of 50 cents. Owing to the scarcity of fruit thc past sea son, there wcre no specimcns of the peach, quince, pear or plum. Respcctfully submit ted bv j-our committee. HENRY LANE. THE (jALAIY. MIDDLEBURY, VT. Tuesday, October 17,1848. WHIG NOMINATIOXS. FOR PRKSIDENT, ZAGIIAEY TAYLOR, OF LOUISIANA. FOR VICE PRESIDENT, MILLARD F1LLM0RE, OF NEW YORIv. FOR MIESTDENTIAL ELECTORS, Erastus Fairbanks, 7 , Timothy Follctt, j M lar3e- George T. Hodges, 1st Di.-trict. Andrcw Tracy, 2d " Albert L. Cath'n, 3d " Elijah Clevcland, 4th " For Congress, Sd District, GEORGE P. MAItSLT. "AI.TIIOUGH NO POLITIC1AN, HAVING AL WAYS IIEI.I) MVSEI.F AI.OOF FRO.1t THE CLAM ORS OF PARTY l'OI.ITICS. I AM A WHIG, AND SIIAU. EVER RE DF.VOTED IN INDIVIDUAI. O PINION TO TJIU rRlNCIFI.ES OF THAT PARTY." Zaciiaev Tavloiu (Ilter loW. V Rnaiell.) SIR.TIIE NOISr. AND CONFI'SIO.V WHICH PKRVADE THIS ASSC.MM.Y WILL PRHVKNT MY UE1NG HKARD O.V THE IMPORTANT TOPICS TO WHICH YOU HAVE CALLED MY ATTnNTIO.V." Lewis Cass. (Specch at Clercland.) "THE PRINCIPLES OF LIBERTY ARE r37NEV ERT1 SAFE IN THE IIANDS OF JIK.V WHO MAKEA TRADE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS. 3IR. VAN lUJKh.r, JUJST IIE JUDGED RY HIS PRECEDINI. COURSE, TAKEN AS AWIIOLE AND FROMTHAT LET NO MAN DELUDE HIMSEI.F WITH THE I1E LIEF THAT IIE IS FIXED TO ANYTHING RUT HIS OWN INTEREST." C. F Adajis. (Pompl.Ict on Texu, pajoJ. 13 Van Buren iirguments. Erastus D. Culver. We promiscd our rcaders to take some fur tlier notico of certain statements of Mr. Cul ver, in his spcech at thc Town Room, l.ist wcck. The imported orator, notwithstanding his short sojourn in this Stato cight ycars a go, during which, as hc says, he " ransacked thc vocabulary" to find language of denuncia tion and vitupcration sevcre cnough for Mar tin Van Burcn, seems not to have formcd a very just cstimato of the character of Ver montcrs, if hc calculated that his gross and wil ful pervcrsions of truth would remain unde tected by nny considerablc portion of his au dicnce. We say wilful misstatcments bc causc to ruppose that he himsclf wa3 so ignorant as to bclicva them corrcct, would be tho height of uucharitablcness. Mr. Culver said, in substance, that a com mittee ofthe Mississippi Legislature, appoint cd to invite Gcn. Taylor to thc capital of that State, in thcir rcport ofa convcrsation they had with Gcn. T., say that he staced to them, among other things, " that the South ouyht nev tr to submit to the Wilmot Proviso that thc Chairman of that committee was Col- Boone that Col. Boone madc this statemcnt to Jacob Thompson, that Jacob Thompson rcpcatcd it somewhere to Mr. Giddings, and that Mr. Giddings brought it all out at tho BufTalo Con Tention. Wearc awarc that this falschood has had a Tery cxtcnsive run, Jn its day, but wehardly exnected to hear it repcatcd, at this lato hour, to an intelligent audienco. Tho facts of thc case are these. A commit tec tczj appolnted by the Mississippi Legisla ture, to invitc Gcn. Taylor to visit thc capital of their State. Thn Chairman of that com mittee was not Col. Boone, (who is a leading Locofocoin Mississippi,) but it tcas Gcn. Hen ry. So far is it from being truo that Gcn Taylor, as statcd, " approvcd a vigorocs pros ecution of thc Mcxican war," and declarcd that " the South ougtt never to suhnit to the Wilmot Proviso," that, as we lcafnfrom Gen. Henn-. " not an cdlusion tcas madc to party pol itics." All this was known -weeks ago. What is more direct and explicit, thc editor of the Worcester Whig, (Oct. 10th,) speaking of tho statement imputed to Col. Boone, says: "Gen. u Taylor has conlradicted it under his own sign " manudl. This tce know; tce have seen and " read the contradiction,'tcith the name of Zach "ary Taglor affixed to it." And yet some peo ple's conscience will not pennit thcm to let this falschood alone. Again. Mr. Culver repcatcd the fabrica tion,originalIy put in circulation in this region, we bclievc.bv the Burlinjtoa Conricr,that Mr. Benjamin,a Taylor Elcctor in Louisiana,stated in a speech at Baton Rougc that Gen. Taylor would " promptly veto tho Wilmot Proviso." New, that vcry speech, in which Mr. Benja min is reported lo have made this statement, is givcn in full in thc New Orleans Delta, a neutral paper, and not one tcord ofthis sort can be found in it ! On thc contrary, in the reply of his Locofoco opponcnt, on that occasion, (for thc moeting was one gathcred for the pur posc of a political discussion on cach side,) in Mr. Benjamin's own hcaring before the same audicnce it is said tbat Mr. Benjamin had not told his audicnce tchat Gen. Taylor would do tcith respect to the IVUmol Proviso. All this thc conscientious Mr. C. knew or hu was in the highest degrec culpable for attcmpting to addrcss a respectablo audiencc, on eo impor tant a qucstion. So much for that point. Mr. Culver had tho unblushing impudence to prctend looking in tho faco of intelligent men that the so-callcd Compromiso Bill of the last session was a bill for extending Slavc ry ! And all the while hc knew, and evcry wcll-informed person in thc housc knew, (whatevcr opinion might bo entertained of thc expediency of that mcasurc, on thc wholc,) that thc bill was supporlcd by our distinguish ed Senator on thc same grounds as he would support the Wilmot Proviso, and as amounting to the Yery same thing. He knew, too, that such mcn as Messrs. Badger, Underwood, Ste phcns, and .Foofe,opposcd the bill as giving up everything on tho part of the South, and for the reason that it excluded Slavcry forcvcr from Now Mcxico and California. Of the dis courtesy of such an attack as Mr. C. made up on Senator Phelps a stranger in the latter's own town, as he was it would bo quite super- fluous to spcak. We ought rather to npolo- gize for taking up so much spacc with so insig- nificant a matter as either Mr. Culver or his spcech. Wc should not. but for the purposc of cxposing falsehoods that have had a currcncy clsewhere. AFFAIRS AT MONTPELIER. ThcLegislaturc ofthis State, it will bc seen, from anothor part of our papcr, asscmblcd as usual, last Thursday. The Senate was or ganized without difficulty, tho Whigs baving a clear majonty of clevcn (onc Whigmember being abscnt Mr. Stanlcy, of Rutland Coun ty, on account of illncss). In tho Housc, matters stood somewhat difTerently ! Wo are obligcd to confess that whilo, relying on our own direct infonnation respecting this county, and upon thc rcports from other parts of the Stato that scemcd to us most rchablc, wc cx- pcctcd a small majority ovcr all opposition, we have not a majority, as appears on tnal, cx cept on joint ballot. Tho Frec Soilcrs claimed a majority of 19 against us an estimate not much nearer thc truo rcsult than ours! The Housc, it seems, is constituted on the triangu- lar plan the longcr side being Whig, and somewhat less than tho sum of thc other two, though prctty nearly balanccd. On tho first ballot for Speaker, Kittrcdgo had cight votes Icss than the other two on thc fourth tico less on thc cightccnth, one Icss than all thc rest. Un joint ballot, thcrcfore, wc shall havo a clear majority sccuring our Govcrnor and U. S. Senator. Thc Spcakership is hardly of sufiicicnt con scquence to either party, to make it worth the whilc to kecp both Houses in idlcrcss, for a great whilc to come though wc trust Mr. Kiltredgc, having a dccided pluralily, will not be dcfcated through thc fault of any man who cver callcd himsclf a IVhig. On thc wholc, wo may cxpect some rather singular scenes at tho capital during the pres ent session of which we shall cndeavor to kecp our rcaders duly informcd. Memoir of Setii Waksek. Br Dasiel Chitmaj,-, XL. D. A work of the abovc titlo, which wc have had tho pleasure of pcrusing in manuscript, is now in proccss of publication by Mr. Clark, of this placc, and will shortly bo rcady for dclivcry. Thc author 13 well known to the public, and wo nccd hardly say that, both from his own pcrsonal knowlcdgo and-from the matcrials hc hascollcct ed from various sources, he has prcpared a vol nme that will bc read with great pleasure by all who feel an intcrcst in the carly history of Ver mont. By pcrmission of Mr. Sparks, thatgcn tleman's " Lifc of Ethan Allen" is also addcd to thc same volume making, togethcr, a most im portant historical and biographical work, which all Vcrmonters ought to read. The Memoir of Seth Warncr was originallv prepared by Judge Cliipman, for "Sparks" Amcr ican Biography," but tbe writing was unavoida bly delayed until that series was discontinucd as the following extract of a letter from Mr. Sparks (dated Oct. 15, 1847,) will show : "It your memoir might vcry properly have bccn inclndcd in thc Amcrican Biography, but that work is now drawing fast to a close; the twcnty-fifth and last volume, being ncarly through the press. It was determincd some time ago to end tho work with this volume, not for the want of materials, or public patronagc, but becanse it has been thought best not to con tinue thc work to a grcater nnmbcr of volumes; and, to say the truth, I ara wcary of thc task. It may possibly be revived by some other editor, but this is nnccrtain. I hope yon will not fail to j publish your memoir, both a3 a valuablc contri-' bution to the history of Vermont, and a just trib ute to tho memory of a man, who hcld so con spicuous a part in the early fortuncs ofthe State." "We trust the work will command a rcady and cxtensivc sale, and that tho limilej cdition issued will be very soon cxhaustcd. Both biographies areincluded in onencat IGmo. volume, of a bont 223 pagcs, in good binding and on good pa pcr. American Review. The October Kn. nf thc Whig Review has a likeness orMillard Fillmore, wiih a sketch of his life and a variety of poliiical. literary and misccllane oas articles. I JCrE. R. Wright, Esq., has been ap pointed Postmastcr, in this fftre, vice Ed ward D. Barber, removed. We trust the fricnds of Mr. Barber, who has been for some time absent on Van Burcn businees, will break the intelligenco to hira as gently as possihle. THE ELECTIONS. Pktcsylvania. The Tribune, of Fri- day, has rcturns from 54 counties in Pcnnsyl vania, civinff maiorities for Johnston, Whig.of 25,484, and for Longstreth, Loco, 21,102 Johnston's majority, 4,382. In the same counties Polk's majority in 1844 was 5,020. Johnson's clear gain 9,402. Thc mcmbers of Congress will probably stand, Whigs 1G, Locos 7, Nativo 1. The Whigs have a majority in the Legisla ture, securing the clection ofa U. S. Senator, to succeed Gen. Cameron, (Loco,) whosa tenn expircson the 4th ofMarch nest. The rc sult is cheering beyond what the most san guine had ilarcd to hope. The Whigs have never before, we believe, elected thcir Gov ornor,(save once, during thc Anti-Mason cx citement,) though tbe State went for Harri soc, in 1840. "Tliis rcsultsecurcs the elcc tion of Taylor and Fillmore. Omo. The rcsult in Ohio remains yet in doubt Weller, Loco, is possibly elected by a small majority. It is evidcnt that the Van Burenites generally went over to Weller, as a circular issucd by their State Committee just beforo the clection seems to urge that move ment, on the ground that, should Ford bo o lected, the Stato would be claimed lor Tay lor. Full returnsoftho Congrcssional vote have not been received. The Legislature is Whig on joint ballot. Maryland. Thc Senatotial Eleciions in one-third of the Countiey of thc State (all that voto this year) have resulteu qs fol lows : Anne Arundel, Edicard Hammond, L. Charles, John Mathews, W. Calvert, Danicl Kent. L. Caroline, Thomas Tntner, L. Montgomery, Wm. I.. G.mther, W. Piince George's, John D. Bowlinc. W. g. Somersct, John H. Dane, W. No chango exccpt in Prince Georgc's. The last Senatc stood 13 higs to S Locus. The neiv one stands 11 lo 7. Georgia and Florida Rkoeemed. We ar.e iudebted lo our friends of the Iftitional Intclligencer for the following tclcgraphic dispatch received yc3lcrday : 'Georgia and Florida are both rrdecmed the laller by a Inrgo majority, which has givcn uc n VUis Gnvcriior, Congrewnian and Legislaturo. The populnr votc in Geor- gia is close. The gain in 71 rountics, is 7 - Ol ovcr tho voto lor uovcrnor last yrar, when the Loco Foco majnrily was 1,203. The Slato is gocd for Tnvlor. iu Novcmber, bv 3,000 or over." A'eio York Tribune, 9'th. GEOKGIA EI7ECTION. 3Iacon, GEonciA, October 8. AVe have received retnrnsfrom ncarly the whole State. showinc thc clection of four "VV'hiss and four Dcmocrats to Congress, thc same os last year: First District Whijj majority, S00 ; last clection, 1,097. Second District Dcmocratic majoriiy,80; last clection, Ju. Third District Whig majority, 500; Iasl elcction. lU. Fourth District Dcmocratic majorily, 300; last clection, 150. Fifth District Dcmocratic maioritv. 2- 700;'lasL clection, 3,790. . Sixlh District Democraticnajorily, 1 500; lastolcciion, 1,237. Sccenth District Majority for Stcphcn, Whig, 1,450; last elcction his majuriiyvns 1,429. Eighth District Mnjority for Toomhs, Whig, 1,700; last eleclion Ins majority was 1,013. The rcsult, you will perccive. is nhout a lic, or Icss ihan 100 Democratic najorily. SOUTH CAROL1NA ELECTION. Charleston, Oct. 1110 1-1 P. M. The rcsult of ihe eleciions for onc reprc- scnlalive to Congress, one Slntc Senator, and scvcntecn mcmbers of ihc State Housc of Kcpreseutativcs, has just bccii madc Holmcs has 1629; Parker, 11G1; ton. 79;-P..r.er, 1570 ; and Lrprc, 13C9. ti,. r?o,..,o, ;..- . ,i. a !,1i.i Taylor 14, and Cass 3. Mr. Holmes is a membcr ofthe prescnt Congresp. Tho Legislature of this State clects Elcc tors for I'resident, &c. Vermont Legislature. Reported for Walton'a Daily Journal. Pursuant to the Constitution, the mem bers elect of both houses mct atthe State Housc in Montpelier, Thursday, Oct. 12, 1813, 10 A. M. SENATE. Thc Senate was callcd to order by thc Secretary, and the roll being callcd, all the mcmbers elect wcre found prescnt ex- cept Mr. Stanley, of Rutland County, j who is sick : when i On motion of Mr. Mead, thc Senate proceedcd to tho election of a President ' pro tem. Hon. John Kimball was nominated by ' Mr. Stewart, and Hon. Jeffersan P. Kid- der, by Mr. Mattocks: and the baIIots! Deing taKen, mr. rvimoau wasdeclareu e-i lccted, and took the chair, On motion of Mr. Mead, the Housc was apprized of the orgamzation of the Sen ate, by the election of Mr. Kimbal!. The Senate then proceeded to the choice of a Secretary ; when D. W. C. Clarke and Gco.H.Paul being nominated, Mr. Clarke received 19 votes out of 23, and was dcclared elected. And Thomas E. Powers, and S. Minot FJint of Braintree, being nominated for assistant Secretary, Mr. Powers was c lected by the same number of votes. On motion of Mr. Dean, it was ordered that the Senate rules of last session hc a dopted for this, iMI otherwisc provided. Mr. Mead offered 1 joint resolution for thc publishing of 600 copies of a Direc. tory, which was passed. fllr. Dean oflered a resolution to furnish the members and officers of the Senatc with one weekly and one daily paper, to be designated by cach ; passed. Mr. Hamilton oflered a resolution to meet the House at 4 o'clock this after noon, to hear thc report of the canvassing cominitcc passed. Mr. Beeman ofTeted a joint rcsolution that the Joint Rales of loth Houses 0r last session be adopted for this, till other- vrise provided ; passed. The Chair theB announced the appoint. ment of a canvassing Committee on the part of the Senate as follows : Messrs. Dean of Windham County, Kidder " Bennington, June " Rutland, Chandler " Windsor, Walker " Addison, Sweatt " Orange, Hamilton " Chittenden, Bancroft" Washincrton, Hall " Caledonia, Crawforfl " Essex, Redfield " Orleans, Davis " Gr. Isle, White " Lamoille, Hamilton " Franklin, Adj. to half past 3 o'clock this after-. noon. HOUSE. THURSDAY, A. 31., Oct. 12. The Ilouse was called to order by J. McM. Shafter, Esq., Secretary of State when the roll was called aud thc members were sworn. Messrs. Sabin of Georgia, Titus of Wolcott, and Bennett of Stockbridge, were admitted without producinr creden tials. Mr. Cree moved that Mr. James Rob erts of Sheffield be admitted 19 a seat without producing his credentials. Mr. Kiltredgc of St, Johnsbury objected on the grounds that he ncither was elected legally (some 22 freeman having elected him after the breaking up of freeman's mceting,) nor had Iegal credentials ofthe sort of election which was hcld. Mr. Cree defended the right of Mr. Robcrts to a seat, and presented a pelition of J. II. Ingalls and others. pravinir for the ach. niission of Mr. Roberts. Mr. Kittredge. of St. J., statcd that aremonotrance would be prcsented, containing the names of per sons who had signed the first named peti tion. Mr. Whittemore moved to layjthe motion and petitiun on the table. Tlus motion was opposed by Messrs. Hubbcll, Beardsley, Smith of Weston, Sprague, Arms and Corse.and supported by Messrs. Whitiemore, Carpenter of Northfield, Sey mour, and Convcrse the chicf point in debate being whetlier this casecame with in the precedents of Jast year in thc Wardsboro and Clarendon cases. Ayes 1IG, noes97, so the motion to lay upon the table prevailed. Adjourncd to 2 p. m. SENATE. ArTER.VOO.V. On motion of Mr. Kidder, of Orange, j , 1 the rcsolution of the forcnoon fixing on -1 1 clock this afternnon to meet the Ilouse 10 hear the rcport of the Canvassing Coin- nuttcc, was rcconsiUcrcd, and said rcsolu tion laid on the table. Thc Canvassing Committee, on tho part of the Senate, wcre then sworn ; when, after calling Ihe roll for designa ting boarding places, &.c, thc Senate ad journcd. HOUSE. Thc Secretary of State callcd thc at tcntion of thc Housc tothe fact that tit.i gcntlemen are cnrolled as tnpmbtrs At thc.towH of Kirby, bntb prcsentina le:il certificates. Mr. Kiltredgc of St. J. t f fcrcd a rcsolution declaring that Arunah Leach is not entitled to a seat in ihi.i Housc, accompanicd by a ccrlificalc from thc first cniistablc of Kirby, that Chaile II. Grav.'s was elected on thc first ballot by one majority, as determincd by tliccan vassers, alicr the box had been closcd nu public notico, which fact was cnprallj known, though not ofiicially dcclared, whcn a Mr. Locke, who had previi nsly refused to vote, pretentcd a ballot, which was received ; tliis vote made a tic, on the first ballot, and subscquently Aruuah Leach was elected by two majority. Thc constnble gave a certificate to both, lcar it:g it to the Ilouse to scltle thc matter. The qucstion thus prcsented was whcthcr thc uitc of Mr. Locke ought to have been received and countcd on the first ballot. the rcsolution in cffect declarinc that it should not have been counted. "Mr. Kit- tredc of St. J. stipporteil ihc rcsolution J nnd Alr. Ilp.itnn nnnui : IM- I ""wiu il, ,1111:11 11 1 . , ,""Cna' cfclar'n?"' nrcr 13 entitled toa seat. Messrs. Hnb- bel, "oardsley, Ncedham and Strccfer ar- I gufia ,lliU one oj thegentleman returncd is entitled to a seat. and onnhi nnt tn h excluded and that one should be the per son who was first declarcd elected and re ceived credentials. Mr. Convcrse said that if either is ad mitted the Housc must either go into a full examination, or run thc hazard of making a wrong decision. In his view, the only safe waj is to send both gcntle men before thc Committee of Elcctions. Mr. Heaton moved a substitute for the rcsolution, declaring that Arunah Leach is cntitlrd to a seat, and that Charles. II. Graves is not. The Chsir ruled Ihat the part of thc a mendmcnt cxcluding Charles H. Graves is not in order, inasmuch as no noticc has ! Decn S'vcn t,,at ' seat of Mr. Graves w'" ba contested. lr. Heaton appealed from this decis.ion. Kittredge of Fairhaven argued Irom tne certificate of tho constable that - "r - wraves was first elected. and so dcclared, with sufficient formalftv. and that the subsequent election of Mr. Leach and all subsequent action was void. Still there were difficulties in the case, such as ought to preclude hasty action, and he moved to lay the wholc sub ject on the tablt; for the pres:nt. The debate was continued by Messrs. Beardsley, Smith of Weston, and Nced ham, against the motion to lic, and by Mr. Kittredge of F. for it ; ivhen the mo tion was agreed to. The House then proceedcd lo the elec lion of Speaker, when the following nom inations were made : by Mr. Converse, Hon. Wm. C. Kittredge, of Fairhaven by Mr. Strecter, Homer W.Heatoo, Esq., of Montpelier and by Mr.Habtings, Ho ratio Needhara, Esq., of Bristol. Thc ballols were deelared as follows r Is. hallat. 2d. 3d. 4th. Wm. C. Kittredge, 105 107 Horatio Needbam, 6G 70 Homer W. Heaton, 46 41 Geo. W. Collamer, 1 Stephen Smith, 1 Wm. Needham. 103 109 75 75 35 36 1 Adjonrncd until to-morrcw morning at nine o'clock 103 to 96.