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rffi 2MJUT raOKB ivYffZrr rr,ir iS WOi. US, THERE IS NO STAR ABOVE TIIE HORIZON TO GIVE US A GLEAZL OF LTGIIT, EXCEPTING TIIE INTELLIGENT, PATRIOTIC WHIG PARTY OF TIIE UMTED STATESr-VTr.nsw VOLIDIE XIII. MIDDLEBURY, VERMONT, TUESDAY MORNMG, 0CT0BER24, 1848. NUMBER 26. JOSEPII II. BARRETT, Editob. TEIIMS OF VOLUME XIII. Village subscribers, 2' Mml nl.rrilprs. witllin the StatC, - SlrV f wTtliln . 1. vnnr - - " " " S ' l cnWrilr nnt of tlie Stnte, - - - o,uo t.i:..:.ii Pnmnanies who takc at the offico; c, r.n - i rr, :f nnt naid witbin thcyear. Thosc who lake ofPo.triders, - - - -32,00 If not paid at the cndof thc ycar, - - - S2.25 No papcrs discontined nntil arrearages are paid, exccpt '!lc op""" " .'' l,r-ii ii-lth. nr navmcntmado to Carners, cash. kccping, or othcrwisc, allowed.exceptassented to l l,n tiTrtnrlfifnr A11 communications must be addrcssed to tbc aditor, Post Paid. fta-Y V. Pvi.meb. 8 Con-rrcss strcct,Bos ton, is authorizcd to transact busincss for this papcr. JUSTUS COBB, PunLisnF-n, ur IVnOM AI.L KISDS OF EOOK AXI job rniXT' ISO WILL BE EXECUTED OS SHOnT XOT1CE. WBITTEX rOKTIIi: CAUUCV. rvn saved sir jiother-s ric-runn." At the rccent nrookljrn firc, araidit thc eoafugion aud fallin? of wall, a IiUlc orphan boy aliout 8 ycare old, after liain5 rcpcatcdly awl vith tearful carnetnwB ueiouht anl frfim thp liyUudcrf tindiug hu imporluuitiefl untuc- ronsful, riMietl into oac of tlie barnin Iioum:, and, to tlic urltie of all ob.ncrst nrajwd from ihe flames larin? ln !i Lar.ds llic portratl of liis mother. Upoa thc return o' auici&liiU, wthacoiinU-naiicr full of iatrllioncc aud joj, ho excliiatrd, Tir taird tny Muthrr' picturc!' 'Oli savc my motlier's piclnre,' Solibeil tlie little oqlinn boy, 'Kiud sir:, oli sare !liat jiictnrc, Aud Ilcaven give you joy.' I5ut amM th.it Imuy tlirnn., l'cw Iicard that orjilian f.iir, And fewcr stiil conld pause to wcish Tiic iini'ort of tbat j.raycr. 'Oh savc my motlier's pictnrc, And is tberc none to snvo Tliat only rclic tvliich flie lcft l'or n'.c thi sidc lier srave V IIo soubt iT bclp on cvcrr ido, I.ut found nonc idlc tlicre, And tlironed on otbcrs' brows, ns liis, Sat sorrow and dcspnir. Thc orjlian's bomc was bnrning fast, I'ierfc Uanics shot from nliorc, W'liile bis yoitn bcart ccn bnrits to saro 'J'hat picture tnie to love. A niihty strnpglc fillv bis brcast, Wliirh ontb, nor asc,mT kno'X, Till, as this luncly urpliau boy, Tiiey Irials undcrgo. '0!i savc my motlirr's pirturo, Yii tim . '. 2 njHin thc sal.'. 'An.! is thcrc nonc to .ivc it !' Tlic orphan's last sail wail. The incmory fa motlier'w luve, S f.'.i.Ii!"!, pure anl lrann, l!nlicd torrcnt liko nponbi'i soul, And niTVcd liis frajjiie arm. lle mn:l, 'Too late, a inomcnt morc, IVrliapi e'cn now too latri" Ilj rrsiiic Iiu rcsolvnl to try, ir niih it mctt bis fitc. Tlicu ra-liin iMly tnidst thc ilamcJ, Intcnt tho prizo to savc, IIc plants hisfeet witliin thc liall, WIikIi prudencc decmcd n s-avo. A favorins S"st, a boly powcr, Aids on tlic noblc boy. A ru'biiij on mid smokeand flsmc, Hcsccks liis treasurcd joy. Tlie roof abovc, tbc walls bcside, Wcre tottering to tbcir fall, As now thc f.iiminj: orplian boy Sprang licadlon from thc liall. I'vc savcd my motlier's picture,' Vi'as noiv liis joful cry. 'llcr . pirit cbccrod mc in this dcod, J I1 lovc bcr till I dic." And thoti art safe indccil, dear boy, Amid tbis world of snarcs; Vhilst thon dost prize thy motlier's lovc, Iltr tounscli and hcr pnncrs. E. M. IL... JCctv Ilarcn, Vt. . TIIE SEASON. BT THOMAS IIOOD. Scmmeu's gone and ovcr! 1'ogs are fallinj down ! And witb tbc russct tin-cs, Autumn's doing brovf n. Bonghs aro daily rifled By thc bnsy thicvcs, And thc Book of Xaturc Gcttcth short of leaves. ifonnd thc tops of liDtises, Swallows as thcj flit, Givc, likc ycarly tcnants, Koticcs to quit. Skics of ficklc tcmpcr, Wccp by turn? and langh Kisbt and day togctlier, Taking balf-and-balf. So Scptcmbcr cndcth -Cold and most pcrvcrsc Butthc tnonths that follow, Sure will pinch us worse ! COLLEGE GRADUATES IN IU48. Thc following are thc numbcr of f;rad utes this year from the several Collegcs in New England, New York, and New Jerscy : Massachisttts Harvard 59, Williams 43, Amlierst32. Connecticut Yale89,Trinitv 13, Wes lcyan25. 3 New Ilampshire Dartmouth 51. Hhorlc Island Bronn 40. I'ermonf .Middlebury 10, Vermont24 ATa.nc Bowdoin 33, Waterville G. Acie rorr Columbia 23, Unton 90, iSrotRu,sers u NcwJerss AGRIOULTUBAL. SHELTERING FARM LANDS. The practice, almost ererywbere pre vailtng tn-ttie UniteU fatates, of removin evcry tree from the ground, in clearin new land, shows that the importance of atlordmg shelter to iarms exposed to htgh winds and biting blasts, is not sufficiently appreciateu. Vhen intersperscd with slrips or masscj of plantation, not only arc such lands rendered more conceuia to thegrowth of grassand grain, and the health of pastunng ammals, butthelocal climatc is thus improved. The fact that tho climate may be thus improtrcd, has in many tnstances been siifltcicnlly estab lished. It is, indeed, astonishing how mucli bettcr cattle thrtre in fiolds cvcn but moderately sheltercd, than they do in an open, exposed country, In thc brced ing of cattle, a sheltered farm, or a shel tercd corner in a farm, is a thing niuch prized, as, by afTording them protection Irom thc kccn winds of spnng and au tumn, they uniformly feed with more frce dom, and niuch better, than if it werc ex- pnscd. I he operat.on of screcn plantations observcs Marsliall, is not merely that of gtvinjr shelter to tlie ammals lodging be ncaih them : but, likewise, in breakinir thcunifoim currcnt of thcwind shatter ngthe cutting blasts, and throwinc thcm into cddies; thus melioratin the air to mie utstance irom tlietn. LtvmT trccs cotnmunicate a Iegree of warmth to the ir wuicli envclopes them. U Jiere therc is lifc there is warmth, not only in animal but in vesetable nature. The severest frost rarcly alfecls the sap of the trees. Ucnce it appcars, that trees and shrubs. properly disposcd in a blcak siluation, tcnd to improvc the land so situated in a thrcc-hild way, for the purposes of agri culture; namely, by giring shelter' to ck ; by brcaking thc current of winds : tnd by communicatmg a degrce of warmth, or softncss, to thc air in calmer cathcr. Nor ouglit it to be altogether kept out view, that the retainiug, aud judicious- arranginjj, aportion of growino; limbcr on a farm, confers a richncss and pictures- que I catity on the lan Jscape. We have seen somc lands, on which nothing was snught for but profit or shelter, wherc thc greatcst bcauty wasproduced by adoptiug this srstem. Where, howcrer, trccs for shade may bc rcquisitc for agricttltural purposes, they shoult. be sufiicicntly open to admit a frec circulation of air. For this purpose, trees with lofty stcms and largc hcads, pruncd to single stcms, are preferable. To shelter livc stock. the screcn should bcopcn atthi bottorr, oth erwise it is injurious rathcr than bcneficial. Thc blast not only acquirf;s additional cur rent, but spow is liable to be blown through, and to bc lodgcd in drifts to thc lccward side, to thc annoyance and dangcr of shecp that have rcpaired thithcr for shelter. A mcncan ! armcr. f From the American Rcview. A GHOST STOEY. BY GEORGE W TECK. 'Well, eaiil aunt Snrah Bird, 'Ihough I never snwone, and hope I never shall, there are many who have, or wno tnoughl so at any rate ; and I can'l help half believing in them alterall. Yourfalher, Mary Horlon, ifhewashere. or Air. Villiam Day, if he was alife, could lell ol an awlul tlnng we once wimessed, which, if not a ghost, must have becn somcthtnc supernatural.' 'Do tell usabout it, aunt Sally,'said cous- in Fannv. We were all sitling in a grcat ring around unclc Robsrt'a blazins Iiearlh. Hcre were aunt Sarah, Mary Horton, Elise Parker, cousm Fannv, and the children ; on the oth cr sido uncle Robert, Marttn Kennedy, the schoolmaster, and Daniel Ford.and Stepben Ingalls, the htred men. I iger anu 1 occupi- ed the chtmney corner. I must mendon that uncle Robert h a larcc farmrin one of the old Puritan towns in Plvmouth county, and lives in the f&mily raansion, of which a part was built by tny ereat-greaUgrandfather, who came over in the Mayflower. Itwas a dark stormy nicht without, and the noise of the wind through the ancient elnis was teniblo. "TwaB hefore we wcrc married,' continu- ed aunt Sarah, (speaking to uncle, ) 'when 1 couldn't have bcen mnrc than fificen but I must bejrin further back than that. Old Dcacon Mntiscll of Middleborough, whose grandson dicd thc ycar Fanny was born, had an only daughler. Charity ' 'bhe marrted Dr. (jarheltl,' said uncle, "as long ago as I can remctnber ; ihcy're both becn deail thcsc twenty ycara at least.' 'I fie, Eaid aunt, 'hut shedied betura hcr huband, aficr lliey had bcen mnrricd about 'But now Eslher lost all courage, and held William Day by thc arm, saying he should not go ; if hcdid we should die. and so (orth. Then your falher eaid, 'Stay you with tho girls, William. I will lake the gun and see what this means;' and'hc began to do so while he wa speaking. 'Theeastroom did not open immediately from the kitchcn, but through another apart ment at the ide of the house. Your father walked in with bis gun, thinking, I suppose, that a cat (for cats, you know, are atlractcd by dcad bodies)mighthavebrokenin through the window. He had crosscd the floor of Jho sido apartment, aod had his handon the latch of the east room door, when there came another drcadful moaning noise, much more wia,ii,v,i anu lengthencd than eitherol" th """-a. it maKes mv hlood run cold e nowtotbinkofit. " W cllln I II T . . ...... n,., v , . ourmigiuio wiiham weVnnM .Ja. ne: I'ausf.d . an ,nslam and - "9 nand. llut sudtlenly he flun "ie door wide open and walked steadily in: 1115 uarh room. savmir ivnh n n! ikn - J iu- nuujcsnaKC, 'in IrOd'S naine. Evil Dn J,nn-H l 'Imraediatelv. white h coffin. we heard a noise as of a rushin!? wind a"'"n wimy auout ine outside ot the house. William Day onened the kitchen d oor nnrl we went with him and stood unon the door- stone. Your father, sceing ihat there was noth,nS n the east room, joined us with u.o unu we an siood there totrethe and hstened, expecting we knew not what. - ,oi uiysieneus sound secm- cu io encircie tnc hotio. nK it. coursc the morc I ran thc loudcr it rat- tled.' Thc children laughcd racrrily at this, and aunt Sarah saw that it was a favontblc ODnor- tunity for sending thcm to bciL So biddin us all good night, includtng Tier, and kissing tneir latucr nnu motnar, tuey went on escort- ieu uj x.usc jrarscr. SIIEEP AND WOOL. We have rcccivcd a commimication from .Mr.Jacob N. Blakeslce, of Wntcrtown, Ct., on tnc sutycct ot shccp and wool, from which wc makc tho followinar cxtracts. In'rcfcrcncc to brccding shccp, Mr. B. makcs an ouservation, tlic trutliol wlncli wctbinkall will admit, viz., that "It is onc thing to collect a finc flock of shccp by sclecting hcrc and there onc from the finest flocks in the wholc country ; and it is quitc another and much morc difficult thing, to imnrocc a flock bv the art of brcedmg. In thc formcr case, iuiprove- mcnt is oniy transifcrrcu trom onc to another; in thc lattcr, thc rcal value of property is act ually incrcascd." Air. B. thinks too many wocl-growcrs in this conntry have ntn into cxtremcs. He says " after thc introduction of Saxon sheep tothis country, it sccmcd to bc the grcat aim of the wool-growers to producc tbc fmcsl wool. with out regard to tbe wcight of "ileccc or thc con- stitutiort of the shccp. Aftcr awhilc many saw their error. JLbc ncxt move was to scc bow great a flcccc could bc eot, without rccard lo fincncss and softncss. Thcsc are tlie two cxtrcmes ; Iet thcm bo shunnod, and lct it bc tho cndeavor of thc wool-grower to combine as many Taluablo and csscntial nualities as ,:i.l-. T t r 1 ,i jnjsaiuiu in tue aamc animai, or iu :uc samc llock of shccp. " In selecting malc animals for brccders, wc should take grcat pains to procurc tbosc of pure Dioou and the most pertect forms. At lcast throc otit of four animals partakc Iart;cly, in thcir outward coat and appcarance, of thc malc parcnt. In brccding nne-wooled shccp, this is an objcct of grcit rmportance, as their outward coat constitutcs mnc-tenths of their valuc I havo always bred from thc bcst buck I could raisc or find, but since I purchased thc one in 1828, brcd by Daniel Bacon, sec Culli vator, for 1844, p. 333.1 1 bave not been able to find one not of my own breoding that suit- uic io U59 in my own nocc. - - i never sell any of my bcst cwcs till they arc adraaccd in yearji." Albany Cultivator. Great Oiiio Dairy. Father Cist tclls thc following "big one" in his Advcrtiscr, which wo would not holieve if told br any body clsc. What a host of Itilk.Tnfd?" the individual must cmploy : Wo have one individual tvho snnnlies Cin- cinnati with checsc, who has a dairy at which iic maces cuccses, irom cievcn nundred and fifty cows. As tho chccsc scason lasts sevcn months, this is a product of four hundred and nincty-seTen thousand pounds, which at six ccnts per nound. U worth alinoit thirtv thous and dollars. n ycar. Ihc doclor was murli tlic eldes and was a rough nnn in liis ways : they sai hc was nnne too kind lo his wile white she was alivc. It was a matrh ol the Deacon's makinjr, for Charity wanted to have had Stcphcn Kont. who went off to Genescc, Bhe wa3 a timid kmd ol a girl : indeed sh was bfought up'so that she hardly knew what it was to have her own wav in hcr lifn. The old raan made hcr turn off Kent, who wasn t worth anything but a sma!) larm anu lake uarheid, necaU9C lie nad prop- rty and washcirloold Jlr. OobD, ol Uar ver. 'All the younir pconle Ihcn, a few vears lcler than J. said thc marnago was thc causc 1 hcr dcath. From thc very day it took placc shc sccmcd to fall into a dccline, and in lcss than a ycar srio dicd ol consump uon. 'I wasn't much nennainted with her, but kstner ftiavhcw, who had livcd at our house. took care of her in her Iast sickncss , and when she dien, ns thcrc was no one thcrc with Esther, our folks lct mc go ovcr to kccp ner coninanv. '1 Know thc house,' said bloplien innalls; t is around ou what they call the nvc milc ronil.' 'Col. Davenport owns thc place now,' said my unclc. Thc house standsin from thc road, con nucd aunt Sarah. 'and it lookcd dreury to me then bccause thcrc werc no trccs ncar it. exccpt some white birch and sumnch at Ihe foot ol ihe lane nothing but a lngh well weep, and a few out-houscs that hid Ihem- elvesbehind,asif they were nfraid of bemg secn. I remcmberas plainly hs though 'twere estcrday, how cloomv it lookcd thc clay I went to see Eslher. There was she, and old granny Bolcum, who went away in the af tcrnoon, and William Day, then a youn; man; hc matried Eslher aftcrv'.ards, and Ihcy moved over to tho Vineyaru. Garfield had gone down to Bostonin the worst of his poor wifo's sicknceic, and though word had been sent, it took a day to go and a day to come, so that he could no morc than gct buck in timc for the luneral 'In ihe east room lay the body in the cof fin, rcady for the funeral, which was to bc next day. Dcar mc ! how distioclly I recol- lect thc cinression of tho laco, when hsiher !ook mein to secit ; so serene and pcaceful that I said it appearcd as if the soul had gone to hcaven before dcaih. But Eslher, who likcd hcr vrry much, was all tears, and said 'she didn't know what to think, for tiut Charity had ncvcr expcrienccd rcli- gion.' 'Tlnt cvcning, after granny Bolcum went away, came your father, Mary, who was to situpwiih William Day. Hc must have hcen then about twenty-five, and as s'rong and rcsolutc aman as thcrc was in tbe Qld Colony.' 'Hc'd havo been an aetite man if hc had not gnnc into busincss,' said unclc Robert. ' Wc sat by the kitchen flrc,' continucd my aunt, 'till about 10 o'clock, nnd then Esther aod 1 went up stairs lo bed. I was soon a sleep nnd conacious ofnothing, lillsome timc in thc night I was awaked by Esther's sud- acniy nsmg up anrt saying in astarllcd wius per. ' What's that V 'I shoulri have mcntionod that thc hou3e is a onc-story one, and tho only chambcr then finishcd was the ono wc occupicd, dircct ly over thc east room. 'Shcspoke fo quickand grasped myarm so tightly I was nuake in an instant", and comprehended that sho was frightcncd at somcthing she hadhcard. I held my breath, and in a inomcnt wc both heard a strangc sound, that seemed to come from beneath tho fioor. I was frightened almostoul ofmy senscs. Esther had morc courage. 'Slip onyourgown, Ss'ally dear,' said she; 'don't be scarec (for I was beginning lo cry) we will go down stairs. I dare say it's on ly William Day has fallen asleep and eno ring.' ' We hurried on our gowns as well as we could in Ihe dark, and had hardly done so belore there came another a deep, low groanlng, heavier than before. hsthcr pulled me down stairs, anu we rushcd into the kilchen where the watchers werc cittiug, bolh a!eep, their supper un touchcd, and thc fire light almost gone ouL I grasped your father's knees aud he slartcd to hisfeet; Esther shook William Day and clang to him, -crying, 'O William ; wake ! waKo ; ' 'What's thc matter ?' said your father. 'They were both awake in a moment, and listening. Presen'.Iy the awful sound was a irain repealed : wc all heard it as plainly as you hear me speak. Not a word was spok- enlora moment. William Day lignteo a candle. Said your father to him, 'Lel us go in and look at the body.' r . -II c it . ' -on iiino 1UU1U laint, till finally it appearcd to dmnrt. A die away. As it cam? thn .: "... fcvwiiu iiuiu y uui 1 uuiaiiiuo utstance Irom the house. beannjr the candle in hi hnnr! Th j;iu was Dilch dark. nml en that the flarnc of tho candle was as steady as lt Was Wlthln doors. Yet WC nll henrn llio sound, and when wecamc to lalkof it afler- warus, we lound ll.appearcd precisely Ihc samctoeach of us a sinmilnr mtrsirmi whisper. someihinglike a prolonged mourn- .... Buiiui winii.inai went thrce tunes round the house against the sun, and then died a- irujr. 'Wc listcned somc timc aficrithad ccascd, your tainer came with the light, and then we all went in. He and William Day then ,.u.u ,iu unwii room anu examined lb( doors and windows carefully. without find ing that anything had been moved howevcr, iiioi iiio napicin wlncli covered tho ince oi ine corpse had becn tumed down . lllldlll WUS U091I1VR IHHt Ihia nnl bcfbre ; but your falher was not sure that hchadnot done it himsMf aloiie. The face oi the dcad was un changed, and both thc men eaid the sweet uon oi ic was enough to rnghtcn away thc worst spirit that ever vvalfc.! nnnn ih cartn. 'iou may supposcnone of usslentmneh that night; but though ono and another of us would oficn ancy noiscscoming from the east room like ihosc we had heard, there was no time whon wc could all ngree that we nctually heard anv. We cd of it till day-brcak: vour father said it migh: after all hnve bcen our imaginaiion.or ii nugiitnave tieen causcd bv an earthquake, or somcthing thai leained men might know about; Tor Ihc sake of poor Charity he ihought, and so did all. thatit had he ller bp kept a sccret. 'So they madc me, who was the ronnfrest. promise very strictly not to tell of it. We naTe all kept our words so well that none of us, to tar as 1 know, cver mcntioncd it a"ain, thongh William Day (who afterwards mar ncd Esther) might have talked of it with his wifcrthev arc both now in itinlfrrro.. -,,, Vn... father and I are thc only ones lcft; and the ry iiames oi tue pcrsons concerned are al most forgottcn so I think there's no harm in telling it. Dr. Garfield arrivcd soon aftar flav.brcjilr in the motning, having ridden all night from Boston. IIo inquircd if anv one had the night at the house exccnt ourselvps. nnd said that in coming through Dod-c's woods a- bout thrce miles back, bc met an old man in a thrce-cornered hat and black stockinws, with a long staff in his liand ; thc woods were dark and the morning fog obscurcd thc twilight, so that he could not sec distinctlv. vctit annear- ed to him, oddly cnougb, tbat tbc old man tooked anu walked prcciselv like 'daddv .Mjin. sell meaning Charity'g father, who died a bout four months aftcr hcr marria"e. IIc said that thc old man, whocvcrhc was, walked fast, in thc middle of the road. and mit nnro been almost blind, or in a brown studv, for his horsc would have gone directly over him had he not suddenlr jcrkod him aside. I obscrved your father's face chan e as be said Ibis, but was so young at the timc I could not undcrstand it. When I grew up, hower er, and came to know what fathcn yes, and mothers, are capable of doin!r to their chil- dron. thcn I saw that he must haTC conncct ed this account ot the doctor's witb what had occurred in the nijht, and suspcctcd in his mind that the awful groans wc had heard were thc sorrow ot a tyrannical parcnt e unnuict pirii ovcr ine ucau oouy oi nis neart-oroken JUXIUS. This grcat uninown, we pcrccive, continues to oficr a fi-uitful topic to thosc who lovc to makc or lavcsugaic mystcne. toomc Iiair a dozen new worksarcnow in course of publication rcspccting . lumuus lencrs. xney nave tate ly becn ascribcd to Lord Templo, Lord Gcorgc backrillc, aud Colonel Barre, either of whom can show about as much cvidence in his favor as n thousand others of bis contemporaries. and no ...ui. v mc surpnseu mat at tiie prcscnt day thcrc should exist any rcasonable doubt as to thc authorship of Junius, aftcr thc convincing proofs that have brougbt it home to Sir Philip Francis. a.uuic ia uu iuuul-u iu support tne claim of anv other individual that can stand fora moment in compariion with that pointhiir to Franris m,l it has bcen trulj observcd br an able lawvcr thnt tbe proof would be tnfficient to cstablisb acasc of pcrsonat ldentity beloie a iudce and iurv in a .,.: i e: . i - vU1..uiuu c"t. uun. U.UI.U1U13 opnuon waspro nounced, it has bcen corroborated bv a verv im, portant and unexpectcd picce of evidence, that of thc widoir of SirPhiliDl'rancis. whn trti(i.l tbat her husband did cvcry thing to confirm her Deiiei inai uc was mc autbor ol Junius, cxcept a vowing the fact in so many words; that hc was rcstrictcd from doing by his own declaration 'I am thc sole dejKjsitory of mj own sccret, and it shall dia with mc' lady Prancis wroto a lctlcr to Lord Cumpbcll upon this snbjcct, from which wemake thc following extracts. This documcnt may be found in tbu Livcs of the Chanccllors, chaptcr 185 "Somctimcs I hava dnnbtcd wbethcr I had a right to betray what Sir Philip ncvor would have confcsst-d, and which I could have obtaiutd the conTiction of, from his conlidcncc in my discrc tion, which madc him lav aside with "me that guard ovcr himself, and that strict watch ovcrcv- ery word which hc felt nccessary, but which was oftcn irksome to him aufrcs da mondc I bclicvc that was the sccret of his nttachmcnt and mar riage so late in lifc : like the wifc of Jlidas, Iic wanted somc onc to whisper tbe sccret to, and I was his rtxd, as all dutiful consom ongbt to bo to their lords. Yet, though his manncr and convcr sation on that mysterious subjcct was such as to leavo mc not a shadow of doubt on the fact of his bcing the autbor, telling mc circumstanccs that none but Junius could know, bc ncvcr avowcd himself morc than saying be knew what tny o pinion was, and ncvcr contradicting it. Indeed I made no sccret of it to him, though not in a way tbat callcd for any declaration either wav; bnt I am ccrtain that he would not have allowcd mc to continue in crror, if it had becn one, knowing my convictions. liis first gift after onr marriage was an cdition of Junius, which he bid- me takc to mv room, and not lct it be secn, or speak on Ihc sub jcct; and his potthumous prescnt which bis son found inhis burcau, was 'Junius Identilied,' scalcd upaml directcd to mc. Sir Philip never did any thing nnadvisedlv. IIc was vcrv anxious to avoid cithcrassent ordenial, lcst he tnisrht imnlicilc trust or bonor, both of which hc was very jcalous of commuting. Had Sir Philip ever said to mc, a am noi tue wrucr oi jnnuis' Jettcrs. I should have givcn up thc bclicf immediately. He would no moro bave voluntccrcd a falschood to mc llinn ho would have bad tbe mcanncss of cver Icavin: mc m donbt. He went once fo far asto tell me tliat tho trntu wilt bc known some timc." Lklon Lourtcr. Joiin Van Bpren and tiie "Oi d Gen tleman." Maior Noah, of ihe New Yor Sunday Timcs, has bcen exc.ting our ris ible faculties with tbe following nnccdotes of thc younp-er and elder Van Buren : Inquiries were tnade at the niccting in Ihe 1'ark for John Van Burcn. Onc half ot the company came to hcar him ypcak not caring a straw for the issue. Joln u'nn iKu.A 1 . i . - P. . I r n.cit, un.. 1CIUJ1.U io spcaK. iic saw -II .1.- l.l r i . . uu mc uiu i.ii;us, anu wouki not repcat that onc ypcech again, and lfad diihed up nothing new. When John establishcd thc Albany Atlas to put down tbc Arcus tbe thing of all others which has crcatcd the prcsent muss in theparty the old genile- man went up lo Albany from Kindcrhook to rcmonstratc with John, and to nrcach caution, mildness and forbcarance. IIc saw what would crow out of it. aud ad monished the son to be careful and not rct into a iigtu wttn me Argus. loun Hot spur heard him out with his ustial amia- bihtj, and said in reply, "My dear sir, I have the greatcst respect for your opinion. yourexperiencc and your judgment: but wnat thc a l do you know of politics ?" Thcrc is no doubt that thc old gcntleman has great confidence in John's taleut, bnt not in his discretion, and they have tio se- crets irom eacii other. Ihe Van Buren familv are all drcad ful slccpcrs; they sit up half the nicht. and lay in bcd uutil noon. A drollscenc occurred once at Washington when Mr. Van Burcn was Vice President. He laid in bed so late that hc could not reach the Scnate at 12 o'clock tocall thc hotiorablc body to order. Lamenting his slccping propensity lo John, he declarcd that thcrc rmist bc a rcfortn they all slcpt too late. "ict s make a bargaiu, said John. 'The first who riscs shall call thc other up, with leave to pull thc dclinqucnt out ot ucu it not up in timc. "Agrccd !" said thc old gcntleman. Onc night John sat up playing brag with a parccl of roystcrers until thc morning's sun darted us rays thn-ugh the green blinds. "Blcss me," said he, "whv. it's eight o'clock. I must go and call the old gcntleman up." John went to his own cbambcr, made his toilet, and then went into liis father's bcd-room. "Ilallo ! do vou know how late it is. father? Pasteiuht. Come ttimblc un !" "Oh, John 1 lct tnc slccp a little lon- THE TWO LOCOFOCO CANDI DATES. Wc once knew a boy who said that ho likcd " a good ramy day; too ramy to go to school nu jusi auuuk rainy cnoujjn 10 go a Iisuing. It sccms to us that the Whurs who do not find layiora goou Whig cnougb lcr tliem and licrelore go tor V an xsurcn, make a vcrv sim llar distinctinn. They are likc thu old lady . . V.... .. . wno nameu ncr son Joun, but always callcd him Jonathan "for shortness." When a man has gone as far as Van Burcn, he has but a very few steps to takc to nnd Lass ; and vihclh- er thosc steps must hc backward or forwards, wo reallr arc not able to say. We hardly know which is the grcatcr Locofoco, which by his wholo lifc has rendcred-it most tboroughly out of thc qucstion for anr nac who has tlic shadow of a Whig principlc lcft to Totc for him. Un mojt of thc great questions tuat cn tcr into thc l'rcsidcntial contest, they agrec. Both aro Ircc tradc men ; both wcrc in 1'avor of thc Alexicaa war, and it is fair to suppose that both would bc in favor of another for sim- ilar obiccts : both helpcd to clect Mr. Polk and both supported his administration ; and it is fair to suppose tbat either of them would hold a similar coursc; botn noia to uoctnncs Tcry similar in regard to the public lands ; both hold tothcsame opinioDS in regard loneaily all tho questions afl'ccting slavery, cvon ; thc onlv markcd differcnce betwccn thcm be- in". Van Buren is opposcd to thc introduction of slavery into the new territorics, while Cass is in favor ot it. Anu upon tlus last pomt cach has changed his opinions and adaptcd thcm to thn cxicency of the occasion, and each is doubtless rcady to changc thcm again to suit nny suflicicnt changc in tlic "circuni stanccs" by which hc is surrounded. In fact, the only diirfarcncc betwccn them is in thc ac cidcnt of their position. It happens to bc for the intcrcst of one of them to bc forfrccsoil and of thc other to be against it. How long it child. And for mv part, foolishasit may sccm,! will rcmain for thcir mtercst to stand wherc i nave ncvcr oeen aoie io account tor tucmys- 1 l"aJ uui '"' "-"-"""-1 tcrj- in any other way.' I will stand by their prcscnt pnnciples jusUo 'Thc croans miL'ht have becnonly the crcak- lo"S th-e prinftiples square with thcir m- ingof a door,' said Daniel Ford, 'and as for ! terests, anB no longcr, no man wiioknows thn nuTiTnir cni.nrl nnt nf Innr )!... i thcm can donbt for one moment. If vanliuren havi.' bcen cattle breathincr. Anvthintr will deccive us when wc bcgin to bc scared. I rcmcmbor once when I was a boy they scnt mc one cvcning m naying-timc to Koundi tavern, which was two miles from our nlace. for a half gallon ofrum. I likcd thejourncy well enough till I came to what we used to call the Cedar Swamp, which bordcrcd on thc road each sidc for morc than half amile. This looked very black, I can tell you ; however.I naa some 'spunk,' ana 1 thought 1 would go through itlikcabravc soldier, singing 'On the road to Boston' with all my might, and marching in timc. But when I got in where it was completelv dark, my voice cchoed less Ioudly amongthe old trees, and grew so faint anu strangc that it tngutenca mc no Jess than the darknesi. I stoppcd an instant and li?ten- cd, then walked on tiinidlr. Being barefootcd my movcments madc no noise. 'lsut crerv stcp I took 1 now heard some- thing stepping bchind ! 'I walked faster the crcaturc, or devil. walked faster too ; not daring to look back, I began to run : but the demon hept up withme ncarer and nearer 1 'I ran with all my micht clean out of thc woods and a long wav further, till suddcnly it came to mc what it was that was pursuing me. I had a wooden half gallon bottle under my arm, cmpty, exccpt an old bit or cork tbat had succecdcd with his own party and if Cass had bucn dcfcatcd; cach would now occupy the position which is held by the other. Cass would be for frec territory, Van Burcn would bc for slavc territory. Ncilher of thcm is a man tobe trustcd. "Kcither of thcm has bcen faithful to principlc, and no intclligcnt, un prcjudiced man, can believe that either of thcm is held to the doclrines which he avows by any stronger ties than thc accidental intercsts of the moment. We do not want such men for Presidents. Thc country has had experiencc enough of them. It dcmands an honest man for thoiead of tho nation ;one whose character is a guaranty of his fidelity, onc whose prerious course is thc best plcdge of his future couduct. Providence Journal. O.n-e ivno iias beek over Tnn Grouxd. Our townsman, Mr. Hcnry T. Eaton, has just returned fn.m a long journey. diinng which he has visitcd evcry statc north of thc Carolinas. He fcels assurcd, by all ho eaw and heard, that Taylor and Filhnore will car ry thc Great West with a strong votc. He will not give a doabtful word about Pcnnsyl vania or Indiana, but puts thom down for thc Whi'Ts. In anintcrriew with Uovornor iiCtch- cr.on his return (oKentucky from a canvass in TnHiana. tbat rentlpmen cxnresscd creat con- had becn pushed insidc and rattlcd to and fro fidcnce of ucrcss in thc latter ftatc. B or- with a dull sound at cvery etexi I toot Of i cester Irvs nn.'j. gcr !" 'Not a minu!c ! l ou remt'mbcr thc bargain !" fc'o hc rolled thc old gcntlc- inan into his blankct anil shcct, dcposilcu him very gcnlly on the floor, nnd lcft him. Onc thing is ccrtain betwccn thc oltl an.I young tnagicians, they distrust cach other s quickncss, aptncss and discrimi nation. Somc timc ago thcrc was a cau cus at Flaggs at Albany, to talk ovcr po litical tnatters. Col. Young, John Van Burcn, thc cx-Prcsidcnt, with other lead ing men, were prescnt. Mr. Van Burcn, as tisual, was prcaching caution, conciliation and moderation to all John's propositious. J hcrc, aaid John tooi.e ol thc party i told you he was an old liunker. II "aint sound." my stand, when, to do so, I had to sep rate forever from dearest frieuds frienc . who, for twenty long ycars, had stocd L me through good and evil report. L'po -this ark 1 east mysclf, with all my hrpc freighted, and bufll-tted, almost with singk arm, thc waves of popular indignstinii Think not, thcreforc, that I will absidcr it now, when in full lidcof popular favor. No, no ; I snppnrt Gen. Taylor, bccanse of thc thrce candidatcs for President now before us, with him, and him alone, I sm willing to trust thc ch.-rished principlcs which ycu and I have so long approvcd. PiiiLosorntCAi. Col'rtsiiip. Sir Isaac Ncwton was urgcd by one of his fricndf to marry; hc cxcuscd himself by saying nc nau no timc to court a wtlc. IJis friends said tlicv would assist by scndinti tohis apnrtmcut a woman of worth. IIc ihankcd thcm for thcir clicr, and prniniscil to rcccivc a visit irom hcr. 11 is fncnd applicd to the woman. and rcqucsled hcr to dispcnsc with thc usual ccrcmonics of courtship, aud wait upon thc philosophcr, which shc conscntcd to do. hcn shc came to his apartment, and produccd hcr lellcrof rccommcndation, hc rcccivcd hcr politcly, fillcd and fircd I113 pipc, sat down by hcr sidc, took hold of hcr hand and converscd on thc subjcct. Before they had brotignt tnc point to a ciosc, somc qucstion about thc tnagnitudc of the heav- enly bndies struck his mind with such forcc that hc forgot what he was .-.bont he turncd his cyes up to hcavcn, took thc pipc out of his mouth wilh his left hand, and bcing Inst in study, without dcsign took the lady's lcft hand, which he held in his own, and with onc of hcr fingcrs crowd- cd the tobacco in thc bowl of his pipc and held it .o long that hcr hcart as well as hcf ftngcr took firc, and shc iu a hufl sprung up and went off, leaving thc phi- losonher to finish his studv at his IciMirc. GEN. TAYLOR AND SI.AVERY. Hcar To.m Coewin. Corwin and Dc" ano addrcssed the pcoplf at Salem, Co- umbiana County, la-twcek. Altlotigh but onc day's notice had bcen givcn, near- ly two thousand pcrsons mani:cstcd thcir dcsirc to hear the cloqucnt 'Wagon Boy,' by quitting their farms and workshop. and rallying to the placc of inccting. The cditor of thc Frec Prcss repre Fcnls Mr. C.'s specch as well worthy his grcat famc. He snid he would vote for Gen. Taylor, would usc all the mens in his power to sccure his elcction, 'bccause, although a slave-holricr, Gcn. Taylor is opposcd to the cxtension of slavery bc cause if clectcd President, hc will not usc his Velo nor his influcncc to estabhsli lavcry in any part of our Tcrritories North or South, acquircd or tobeacquir d. 'And hcre again, said Mr. Corwin, I speak what 1 knmc I speak not with out authority, and I tell you, I know Zach- ry Taylor will not usc his personal nor official influcncc for the purpose of cx tending slavery into any of our Tcrrito ries 1 know it. Think nnt, my fricnds. he continued.) Ihat I am hcrc to'inakca case' for Gencral Taylor. Ilave I not sacrificcd as much as any of you in dei .fending the principles of Frce Soil ? In their clefence I have battlcd, when fcw battled with me. On thijplatform I took TO.M CORWIN AT IIO.ME. Cormpoudene? of Tho Tnlmnc. ClXCIXNATI, Oct. 11", loii. Putting politics onc side. and takinir a fair, linbiasscd vicw ofthings, and thc rca- sons which brougbt the 10,000 or 12,000 peoplc togelher ycstcnlay, upnn thc an- nouncement that thc Wagon Boy (Tom Corwin) would appcar, and really thc fricnda of that gcutfeman can takc cour age and rcjoice that, notwithstanding thc abusc of some, still tho hnucst scIItimcIlt of indcpcndent Tom, cncrgeticaliy prcssed and firtnly suslained, havo th 1 pathj of the great mass of at Ir i 1. thinlriti'T ricanle of our country. lt'- jnyous sight to bchofd groups of men u:.' womcu on foot and 111 carriagcs, wcndn -their way through cvcry sircct of thc cn . toward the placc nppoinlcd. Old and young, rich and porr, nativc nnd foeits Iricuds ol Cjss, I ayl.r aud Van Bnrcii aud thosc who arc thc fricnds ol iicnt. moved along togcthcr. There was noth ing botsterous, 110 shouting or singing songs. All wcrc pcrlcctly qincl aud sccin cd to be drawii forth, -. by the ecraslrv han bv thc mr.n. Ilundrcd, nitcr arnv- ing upon thc groiuul, wcrc anxionly iu- piiriug, "Ulicteis lic 7 nnd when he was finally cscorlcd upon thc stand, the iTlkin rnng with thrce loud chccrs nrt for Tavlor and Fillmors. not for thc Whigs, but for Corwin and no one clsc. It was the outburst of ndmiration for the man and his virtucs, for bis mnral courage 11 thc Uuitcd Statcs Scnate , and a-s I gazed upon thc f.iir.smiling faccs of bcau ty, such as probably ncvcr assrinblol L- - lorc 111 thi3 city, to attcnd a political mcrt ing as I lookcd upon thc nrray of cr- riagcs, tillcd with briht cycs and r.lmir- ng hcarts, as wilh my etc I mcasurcd ihc. two acres of ground crowdcd dcnscly witl thosc whose faccs beatncd with jy a:ii! dclight as 1 fclt the tcir of grititudc t" God cominu to my own otc, ;hal ilr ouchsafcd to us such a patriot in lhf.u imcs of troitblc and corruplion, 1 felt ilt..t our Ciirwin 110, not our Concsn, hc Le- ongs to thc whole Union I frh that his rcward was suflicicnt, and that bis posi tion, thc fricnd if pcacc, was much umrc eiiviau.c than that of him who has plutifr- cd our country 111 dcbt, causcd thc bloou of thousands to flow, brougbt gricf to thc widow's hcart, and who, tioiJgh hc ftuy have thc hired expressions of regard, v paid rcvcrcncc and respect of an rnchan cd parly, hns 110 right to command ai . rcceive thc shotils and praycrs of thot who ycstcrday blcsscd h.inest Tom. Lewis Brondwcll, Esq., callcd themec-t ing lo order, aftcr which Gov. iMelcalft of Ky., a slavcholdcr, wss introdiiccd Col. B0111I, and in a short but well arrang- cd spicch, cn'crtained thc audiencc. yt ling among other things, that if Gcn Taylor vetoed a bill coutaining thc pro visions of tho Wilmot Proviso, orfirdi- nanccof '87, rcspccting thc ticwlyacqiiir- d territory. hc (Melcalfc) and all others in Kcntuckv, slavcholders and nonslavc- holdcrs, w..uld considcr him rccrcant to ill the plcdgcs madc by him, and iinwor- thy thc rounlr.nanrcv.uil supporj of au'-- honcil man furcccr thcrcaftcr. r inally Corwin arnsc, amid thc shniils of thc niultitudc ; snon all was still, aux ious to cnlch cvcry sound that issucd frnur his lips, and cvcry glancc (and such glan- ccs as hc aloiie can throw) from his tri.lv woiidcrful cyes for, without utlcring s word, by his cyc nnd clcctrical cxprcssioi. he can throw ihousnndd iuto conrulsion- of laughtcr. Itidiculc and sarcaui ar. wcap.uisof whtch he fs cninpletcly ma.'-icr. and strangc cnoiigh, hc can easily : " thc tcars to flow, aud more than on- c ': ring ycstcrday's cfTorl did they glisien n nune and tny ncighhors cycs. (Tj5" The Bariiburners in Ohio nomi- natcd Joviah Roop as onc of thrir elec tors. lfc has published a Icttcr dccliuin thc iiomination, nnd says he shall at th' propcr time, if iiviug, and able to get V- the polls, bestnw hii suffragc for Zacharv l avlorand Millard rillmore; conhdcnt!; iclicving 'that the hnnor and the wclfarr of thc Itepiib'ic may bc safcly entrustct' lo thcir hands. A Man crcr NiasaraFalls. Thc Buf fnlo papcrs of Iast wcck containcd athril- ing account of thc pissagc of a man in .1 ail-bnatdown Ntagara riter, thcswamp- ng ot the tioat anu tnc prccipnauoi: of thc advcnturcr ovcr thcl'alls, wlncli was the end of him in this life. Ilis nam , was Richard Lccdom, a shoemaker, wh belonged to Buffalo. Onio Electio.n. It was Teported yc- crday that Wcl-er, thch cofoco candida!" for Govcrnor, is clectcd. We ha7e r dcfluitc rcturns from thc cnuntics jttslif ing such a rcsull. It may bc so, howci as all the fajr-ends of partics in th ' State were arrayed against thc Wb:g ca -didatc. Whaiever the rcsultmay be.O Znck is pcrfectly safe with the great gu:i of Pcnnsylvania for hxms Troy Poit. t"It is said that omo bencvolcnt JndivM uals are getting up n subscription to moi. Gov. Sladc a mcmbcr of tlic Frce Soil ITiKy for life. Woodstock Mcrcury.