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THE GOLD MANIA.
In additioB tothc bighly intercsting ricpauh- government has reeeived from Colurref Mason, thc United States Miltta ry Coimnaudatit in California, a vanety of ther oilicial documcnts, from gentlcmen of Mkc veracitv, in that promising region, arc acknowledged by the Stalc Depart tuent, atid all corroborativc cven of thc wilde'st rcports that have rcached us through tinoffieial channels, concerning the extraordinary excitement among the tnhabitants, jr.duced by the discovery of what. now prore to be, beyond all pcrad venture, a number of bonn fide gold mines, .n the banks of the Rio Sacramento. The gold in somc places is, actually, eighteen inchcs deep, and, hcre andthere.it is pick ed up in lumps, without the trouble ol digging orwashing, forit! Men with a shuvel, a tin pan, or a woodcn bowl, man age to make 50 a day, and some of those lncky individuals, ve are assured, have already atnassed several thousand c'ollars. San Francisco, the chief town in the ter ritory, has onc half of its tenements emp ty, lockedup with the furniturc. The owners storekeepcrs, lawyers, meclianics and laborers all gone to the Sacramento with their families. Some parties. of five to fifteen men, l ave sent back to the town aiul ofTered cooks tcn to fifteen dollars per dnj for a few weeks. Mechanics and teamsters, carning theyear past five to eight dollars per day, have strur.k and gone. So also have the soldiers, and a botit cvery body else, save the aged and infirm. Writes Mr. Thomas O'Larkin to Mr. Buchanan: "United States bark Anila, belonging to the ariny, now at anchor here, has but ttix men. One Sandwich Island vessel in port lost allhermen; engaged another r.rpvr nt niiv aouars wr tne iuii ui rifiecn days to the Island. One Ameri can captain having his men shippcd on this coatt in such a manner that they could lcave at any time, had thcni all on the eve of quilting, when he agrecd to cnntiniie thcir pay and food, learing one on board, lake a boal, and carry them to the gold regions: furnishiug tools, and giving -his men one-third. They have heen gone a week. Connnnii spades and fhnvels, onc mon'.h ago north onc dollar, will now hring ten dollars at the gold rc gtmis. I nm inforrned fifty dollars has becn ofTered for one. Shou'.d this gold conlintic as represenled, this town and o thers will be depopulated Clerks' wagcs have risen from six. hundrcd (o one lliuii saml dollars pcr annum, and board ; cooks' twenly-fivc to thirty dollars per inonth. This sum will not be any inducement a nuiitli longcr, unless thc fcver and ague appcars atnon;; Ue washers. The "Cali fornian," printcd hcre, stopped this wcck. Tlm "Slrir" nnivsnnnpr nflir.p ivlifrrf thi 1 i . i new laws of Gor. Mason, for this cotm 1 . try, are printini.'. has hul one rnm Icft. i A mcrchniit. lalely from China, cvtn lost his China Servanls. Should the excitc- tnant cr.ntinuc ihrongh the ycar, and the j wtnic sinps visu aatt rrancisco. l uiiiiK they will losp altnosi all of their erews. Ilinv Col. Mason can retain his men, un leas hc puls n forcc on the spot, T know not. 1 have seen sercral nounds of this gold, and consider it verj purc, worth in j New York, scrcntecn lo eighteen dol lars per Ciiince. Fotirlccn to sixtccn dol- ! lars, in merchandise, is paid for it hcre." Wonderful as all this is, we are furthcr told that, it is thc opinion of many who have visitcd the ''infeclcd distriet," that the grounds wi'l afi'ord gold for many years, pcrlmps for a century. From Mr, Larkin's ncrsonal examinntion of the riv-- ers and ihcir banks, he is of the opinion thai, at least for a few jears, the goldcn . products will cqnal sihose of the p escnt ' yer. llowevnr, as neithcr men of ici rnoe, nor the laborers now at work, have . made any explorattons of consequence, it j is, wc iiniiK, a mauer oi impossiuiiny to givc any rcliablc opinion ns to the cxtcnt and richness of this part of California. Com. Ap Catcsby Jones writes homc, too, snndry "goldcn npinions." J'hc 'Commodorc, however, vics the rthole hiisincss as boding anvthing but good fnr thc fnture destiny of thc "Haradisc of thc I'acifc." The efTects already prodnced ti)ou the minds of the peoplc of Upper California, by thc discovery of this new I EI Dorado, hc says, arc quiti alarininjr, aa ) all kind of work, and every occupation even thc ripc grain in the fields is nban loned for the gold barvest on the lliver Sacramento ! Meanwhile, Lientenant I.oescr, the bcarer of these dispatche. is in Washing to'i, exhibiting the specimens of gold he has broiighi lmmc with Iiiin from the"pla , cers," which are pronounccd by the as- ! saycrs, to be the "geniiine article." The : quantity rcceived by the Government, is ' valued at $20,000. I.ieut. Locser de-j clares, in referenre to the gold region and its astonuhing richness, that the half has ' not been told. llehasbcen on thegronnd . bimsclf, and he says if any one had told him the half of what hc saw he would 1 not have believed it. llepurchased omc of tlie gold in California, previous to his leavin. for about 610 pcr ounce, which he sold in Peru for 623 per ounce. Men, who prcviously werc never known to have j nn aggregate of twenly five cents in their ' posjcssion, at once, now carry gold to San Francisoo and .Montercy, by pound weight, ' and ypend it with the most lavish profu sion. j No wonder then, that tbcse marvcllous storics, thiisofnciallrpromulgated, arcas tounding the whole country, and stimula ting hundrcds and hundred. of our young men to prccipitate inimigralion. In most of our exchanjics, wc oberve expedilions, advcrtised tosiart immediaicly, some ovcr land straight from St. l.tmis, "some across the Isth mus of Pjnama, and othcrs away round Cape Horn, all breaking their necks to get lo the "placers first. Immciiie shipmeut of provision, clo thing, and all olher twe.sar:es, arc .ciit lbrward from our principal Atlantic ports, und while it is hardly possiblc that these fpc-ulations can fail to prove immcnsely profiiable, to those engaged in them, we tnay rcst assurcd thntihegold diggers will not starve, albeit their owu crops are a bandoucd to their faie. Fears, however, nrc not uujustiy indulged, lliat meii's pas sions thus so powerfnlly stimulatcd, will not be. so governed as to ruake liarmony und good feehng, m the goldcM race, things at all timcs ind'criduall. respectedT Quarrels. robberies, and inurders may en sue, and, it i with pleasure, therefore, that we see the Government dcspatching an anned force to the gold districts, to keep the peace and order among the "washers," as well as to assert the rights and privilege of the country in the prem ises. Specimens of the gold fownd al the "Placers" have been forwarded to this citj, assajed byoncofour smcllcrs and refiners, and the resull shows that it is pretty equal, in some instances superior, to any found iu our southern raines. The gentleman who tested the article says : "I return you 10 3-4 grains out of the 12 which I have tested the value of which is45 cent. It is 21 1-2 carats fine within half a carat of thequahtyof English sovereigns and American eagles, and'is almost ready to go to the mint. The finest gold we eet comes from Africa, which is 22 1-2 to 23 carats fiue. In Virginia we have mincs where the quality of the gold is much inferior some of it as low as 19 carats, and in Georgia the mines produce it nearly 22 carats fine. The gold-of California, which I have now assayed, is fully equal to that of any, and much superior to some produced from the mines in our Southern StateS;." Furthcr, we are told.thc correspondcnt of Messrs. Howland & Aspinwall, writes from Jlazatlan, thnt, S100.000 worth of gold has becn reeeived tberc, which has been assaycd nd proved to be 22 to 23 1-2 carats fine.whieh is as ncar as may be to purc gold, too pure for coining or mechanical purposcs. All doubt, therefore, as to thc genuineness of the mctaj, must, now, in the facc of these facts, irresisti bly, give way to certainty. What inllucnce all this is to have upon thc future state of California, it is not tasy just now to forcsce. Our seaboard cities, and,in decd, the commcree of the whole country, must incvitably profit by the traffic thus sud dcnlv induced, but tbat jt -will conduce to thc pcruiancni thrift of a new country, whose pop ulation is thus rnpidly acquiring an unfortun atc distaste for acnculture apd mechanical pursuit, wc arc not fo Fanguine, ihough, at thii timo ull speculation on thc subject, is worsc tlian idlc. X. Y. Erprcss. tS3T Tho Lcgislature of Illinois mects in .lanuary. They get, undcr tbo new Constrtu tion, two dollars pcr day, for the first forty days, and aftcr that onc dollar. ADDISON COUNTY AGRICULTU ItAL SOCIETY. Thc Annual Alceting of this Society will bc holdcn at the Town Itoom in Middlebury, on Thursday the 18th day of January, 1849. The following are the conditions on which prcmiuins on Field Crops will be awardcd. FIELD CROPS. Apnlicants for premiums on Field j Crops will be requircd to lodge a ypecifi cation, with thc Sccrctary, or Assistant jsccretary, detading thc manner ol eulti vating the crnp, thcexpenscs thcrcof, and the number of days works expendcd, and the condition of the land thc year pre vious. Thc quantity of land specified in thc list cf premiums must in all cases be in onc piecc, be mcasiircd, and the entirc crop harvestcd and measurcd in the pres cnce of the claimant and competent dis intercstcd witnesscs, furnisbing ccrtificates of the same. The abovc named spccifications and ccrtificates to bc lodged with thc Secre tary, or assistant Secretary, at least 10 days bcforc tho annual mceting in Janua ary. Specimens f thc crops of wbcat, corn, oats, peas, beans, and buckwheat ofTered for premiums, of at least 4 quarla, must bc left with the Secretary or assis tant Secretary, for the examinaiion of the committcc and for exhihition at the annual mceting. But no second premium will be awarded to the same individual for thc same kind of crop Vergennes Vermont- TO THE FltlEXDS OF TEMl'E R.VNCE IN VERMONT. TIio Ccntr.il Committee of thoi Vt. State Tempcrnnce Society, belicvc it is high time rcncwcd rxcrtions werc made in the causeof teniperante. 'J'hc grcat political excitcment, which, for uioiiths past hs abiorbcd puhlic nttcntion, lias sccmcd to forbiu any spccial ef fort on this subject at an carlicr day. Thcre is now no time to be lost. Thc tlisgraceful dcfeat of last March is still fresh in our rccol lection, and and the eviln confcqnent arc be forc m. Thc time is at hand whcn tho 'bal-lot-box' will npsin procliim the sciitimcnt of the State on this subject ; shall it-be saiil that the voico of Vermont is still for RUM? Thc Committee have decidcd that it is not cxpcdirnt to coministion agcnts to lecture on this subject. They have come to this conclu sion from various considcrations ; but chictly bccause thc labors of public aj;ents tcnd to wcakcn asciifc of personnl responfibility. Af tcr all thnt apcnts can do, the icork must bc done by the I'ricnds of tcmperance acting up on their own responsibility. But if an agcnt be cmploycd, thc cxpcctation is that he will do thc work. The Committee,.thcrefore, wish it to be dis tinctly uudcrtood by the friends of temper nncc, tbat thc rcsponVibilitj wts upon tlicm. If they will not act, thc work must rcmain un donc." Thcre arc men cnough in cvcry part of thc Stalc, who will chcenully do all that rcquires to bo done by way of public lccturcs, if solicitcd. Let these be'employed in cvery County, and cvcry town, and the lack of pub lic agcuts will be morc lhan made up. If tho Commitltc are RsKed to suggcst meas ures, they would sav lst. I.ct a mceting bc callcd as eoon as poi'fihle in cvery town in the State for the cx prcss purpose of inquiring what may bc dono and lUcitling to rio it. To such mectings num bers arc not to important as a determincd pur pose to act. Would it bc diflicnlt to make arrangements by which cvery family migbt bc risited, frcc conversations held on the fubjcet of tcmper ance, and the pleilgc prescntcd to all who have notpigned it? 2d. One mceting, at least. should be held in eaeh County, previous to thc annual mect in of the State Society. Onc of thcobjccts of County mceting shoulct bc to collect facts iilustrating the ulTects of thc traffic during the prccut ycar, for thc bcncfit of thc annu al mceting. Sd. The annual mceting of thc "Stalc Tcm perance Society, "was-appofnted to "bc holdcn at Burlington, "on the 3d Wedncsday, ( 1 7th day) of January, 1849. Arrangements should be made to scnd up largc county and town dclegatibns to this r&ccting. Theso susjiertions are only mcant as hints to assist in tho re-commcnccment of opera tions. Ifthc friends of tho cause feol their personal responkibility, and realizo in any dn gree tho pood their cifoTts may accomplish, and th evils that must rcsult froxa iuacUvity, hcr will find means to do all that is neeessa ry'to a glorious" Iriumph. Let every oneTccl that ht isixiund'to'do scmelhinff, and that itis expected every maii will do his duty. Josefii Steele, "I ZlMRl HOWE, j CllESTEK SrESCEB, EzraS. CAan, Y Central Cwp. W. C. KlTTKfcPGE, Jonx Nkwmak, I J. 1L EOCKWELL. J Castleton. Dcc. 1st, 1818. Gex. T.vyxok's ResionaTiox. A 'con pmnnrarv.ivns in crror. in sayinc that Gen Tnvlnr liail forwarded his rcsinnation to the War Departmcnt. Gen. TayTor is actively enMgcd in arranging and settiing up every thinf connected with his forty ycars scrvice in the army, which hc wishes aniljntend3,shall bc finally closcd previous to his assuming hi. iirw and morc resnonsiblo duties. "When this is accomplished, and thc arrangements com nlcted. for tbe transfer of his command, hi will scnd in his resignation, and not sooncr. Gen. Twiggs will probably succeea uen. xay lor in tne commanu. nosion iouner. Vircinia. John B. Floyd, Democrat, was choscn Governor of Virgima, on iucsuny, by the Legialature, on the third balloting, for the term of tlirce ycars. C0MRESS. TOESDAT, DEC. 5, Sexate. Aftcr the reading of the Presi dent's Messaseliad becn concluded, On motion of Mr. Brecse, oflllinois, 10,000 cxtra copics of the mcssage wcrc ordcred for the use ot thc Scnate. IIocse. Mr. Greeley gaTe notice of his intcntion to mtroducc, at an early Uay, a bill to prevcnt speculations in the public lands, and to cncourace their occupation by actual settlers. Slr. Goecin eayc notice of his intcntion to introduce a bill to catablish uniform tates of nostae throuehout tbe Umted Statcs. It is understood that Mr. Goscin's bill will reduce the ratcs of postage for letters to five cents for all distances. On motion. fifteen thousand extra copies of thc President s Jlessage were ordercd to be pnnted. Wednksday, Dec. 6 Sesate. Thc Vice l'rcsidcnt laid before the Scnate thc rcnorts of ihc .Secretary of State and thc Secretary of the Trcasury. Mr. Phclps prcscntcd the credenlials of Mr. Unham. of Vermont, which wcrc read. Mr. Cameroii moved to go into an elccjion of Chaplain. Objcctions bcing-raiscd, on ac- count ot a ciuorum not bcing prctcnt, tne mo- .? , .t j; ion was ncgauvcu, anu ine oenaie aujuurucu. House. Mr. Rockwcll moved to proceed to thc appointmcnt of a Chaplain. Rev. Mcssrs. Gurley, Dowey and Cushman, arc the canuiuates in thc ilousc anu benatc. The Kcv. Mr. Gurlev was clcctcd on thc part of the Ilousc. The vote stood as follows: In thc Housc, thc whole number of votcs ncccssary to : choicu, 87 Slr. Gurley rcceivcd 15G. A mcssace was reeeived from thc Prcsi- dent, rcfcrnng to his signaturc to thc Oregon Bill of thc last .scssion, and giving his rcasous thcrefor. The mcssage was laid on the tablc, withouj reading, and the Ilousc adjourncd, quartcr to I n ' nn ouu ociuck xcas ui, xnys uo, TnuRSDAY, Dec. 7. Sexate. Mr. King,of Alabama, announc cd the death of his luto colleague, (Hon. Dix on II. Lcwi',) in a verj- fccling and touching aduress, in which he dwclt upon his charactcr, talcnts and patnotism. Thc ususl badge of mourning was ordercd, with the usual ccremomes. House. Thellon. Mr. Ashmun, of Mass., introduced, und called for considcration, a mt- olution, ordcnng the publication ot the de hatcs ot thc House, m two ncwspapcrs in Washington, iz., the vational Intclhgcncer and Washington Union, upon the tcnns n- greeil upon by tlie othcr body. Mr. Wcnt worth, of Illinois, opposcd thc rcsolution. It was a pmposition, he said, to pcnfion old anu csiaDiisucu i any x rcsscs up on the Ilousc ot the country. Mr. Koot, of Ohio, opposcd ihc rcsolution, and at some lcngth, but while he wns speak ing, thc Secretary of thc Scnate ramc in, and the Spcakcr cricd a Message from the Scnate, announeing thc death of thc Hon. Dixon II. Lewis. Mr. Harris, of Alabama, then .addrcsscd thc Ilousc upon tho virtucs and thc abilities of thc deccascd, and closcd by oflcring the customary rcsolution;. AVhcrcupon, thc Ilousc adjourncd (in con currencc with theScnatc) ovcr to Monday. Moxday, Df.c. 11. Sexate. "iAr. Fitzpatriek, of Alabama, took his Fcat.in placc of Mr. Lewis. Mr. Sliccr was re-clcctcd Chaplain, rccciv ing39 of 47 votC5. Mr. Vouglass rcportcd a bill to make Cali fornia and New Mcxico a State. Read twice, and laid on tbe tablc. A mcmorial from Mr. Aspinwall, was pre scntcd to both Ilouses, asking contract for transporting Government niopcrty across the contcmplated railroad ovcr thc Isthmus of Panama. No Committces appoiutcd. Adjourncd. House. Thc Committces announccd arc substantially thc same as last ycar. The rulcs of last scssion wcro adopted, appropriation bills having prefcrcncc ovcr specinl ordcrs. The Secretary of the Treasury's report was refcrrcd to tho Committee of Ways and Mcans, and tcn thousand cxtra copics ordercd to bc printcd. Mr. Ashmun's rcsolution for printing the debatcs of thc Ilousc in the Intelligcnccr and Union, had mct with uncxpcctcd opposition ; and the cditors urged thc withdrawal, on thc grounds that they would not consent to be put in a posilion which would subject theirs to the imputation of pensioncd presscs. Mr. Eckart, of Penn., moved a rcsolution instructing tho Committee on Ways and Means to enquire into the cxpediency of re porring a bill bascd upon the principlcs of the larilFof 1842. Thc yeas and nays were call ed for. Yeas, 96 ; Nays, 93. A bill to reduce the ratcs of postage was reported by Mr. Gogcin. Rcferred. , A resolution was adopted. enquiring of the President the causc of the dctcntion of Amer ican citizcns as prisoncrs in Ireland. Ad journcd. Tcesday, Dec. 12. Sewate. Thc Vice President laid bcforc thc Scnate a communication from thc Secre tary of the Trcasury, transmitting thc Report made to thc Treasury Departmcnt, by the Su perintendent of thc Coast Survcy, showing the progrcss of that work during thc ycar endingiCov. 1. Mr. Wcstcott's rcsolution to appoint Com mittces to inquire into the expcdiency of re pcaling the act imposing duties on Spanish vessels was adopted. On motion of Mr. King, tbc Scnate then wcnt into thc clection of Cbairman and Stand ing Committces. Therc was no alteration, thc mcmbers all rcmaining the same as at the lasfscssion. Mr. Dix called ttpthe Harbor bill, and mov ed its rcfcrcncc to tho Committee on Com mcrec, which was agrecd to. A communication was then rcceivcd from thc President, and thc Scntatc wcnt into Es ecutive Session and thc doors werc closcd. Hoc3E. Aftcr the reading of thc journal, the Speakcr commenccd calling on thc Statcs for petitions. Mr. Morse' rose to a privilesed question. and said that, ho, decmed it proper that the. uonunittecon tbe omitnsoman lnsmuie suouia be at once crcate'd, and morcd a'jecdnsadera-. tioii oi ycsteruay s vote rejccung sucn a-oom-mittce. . Mr. Pollock moved to lay the subject on thc tablei whioh was taken by Yeas and Nays, and decidcd in thc allirmath c. Mr. Evans,)f Md., rose to a privilegcd qu6s tionand moved a reconsideration of yestcr dav's vote orderinc thc cncroism'cnt of Mr. Cobb's bill for thc sccurity of thc.Housc Con- tingci't Fund, requiring the approbation of both llouscs lor cvcry appropnauon ont. A discussion"arosc betwccn Messrs. Evnns, Cobb, White and Collamcr. and thc nucstion UDon reconsideration was. decidcd in thc afiirmative by the following vote: acas i), Jiays b2. Ihc bill was then refcrrcd to thc' Committtec on Accounts. "Wednesday, Dec. 13. Mr. Genton prcscntcd tTmemorial from thc citizcns of.Ncw Mexico, praying for an or ganization of a tcfritorial government. Mr. Clayton expressed'a determination in favor of ocganizing upon tho same tcrms as were proposed last vearand advocatcd by him sclf. ' . ' Mr. Benton moved to print thc mcmorial. Mr. Calhoun protested against the co'nsider ation of thc subject at thc prcsent time as con taincd in the mcmonal. Mr. Bcnton rejoined. Mr. Rusk said hc should oppose granting a scparate orgamzation. flir. iicnton rcplied at somc icngm. Pcndinj thc dbcussion, sonie angry wordj passcd bctween Bi'nton. Calhoun and West cott. Clayton cntcrcd into some cxplanation upon the mcmorial dcnicd that anyihing in it could bc construed'as iiisolcnt cither in lan- guace or spint. i he people had a right to ask as tncy Iiau in lue memonai a resmcuon a uainst Slavcry in the tcrritory of which they had bccome citizcns. , Calhoun contcnded that that featurc'of it- self was objectionablc. That what was dis respectful to the people, ofi'cndcd thc Sena- tors and sbouiu not uc rcau. Footc, of Miss-, spoke at Icnjrlh in opposi tion to thc mcmorial and its considcration. Mr. Hale addrcssed the Sonate. at length in its fav or, concluding with a motion to refcr and print, which was carricd 32 to 15. Mr. Doujjlass asked lcave to bring In a bill providing for the crection of California and New Mexico into onc State, giving them a government, grantcd,and read twice and rc ferred to a jolnt committee. IIocse. A committee of five was apnoint- ed on reporting and publishing the procecd incs of thc Ilousc. Mr. Palfrcy asked lcave to bring in a bilr to prohibit thc slavo trade in the Distriet of Columbia, granted and bill re fcrrcd. Mr. Root offercd a rcsolution dirccting thc committee on Territories, to organize Califor nia and New Mcxico into a State and exclud ing slavcry wliolly therefrom. A motion to lay it on the tahle was rejcctcd. TiiunsDAY, Dec. 14. Sesate. The Scnate was callcd to ordcr and journal read. Mr. Wcbster appearcd in the Scnate and took his scat, looking very well. Scvcral petitions and mcmorials were prc sentcd and refctTcd. On motion, it was aareed, that whcn the Scnate adjourncd, it bc to Monday ncxt. iur. uamcron prcscntcd a rcsolution fortak- mg a new ccnsus. Agrccl to. Mr. Bcnton offercd a rcsolution auihorizinj; thc contract asked for by Msssrs. Aspinwall and othcrs. for constructing the Panama Rail road, which was, on motion, made thc special ordcr for fllonday. Mr. Uutler pronounccd an culogy on Mr. Simms. The Scnate, on motion, adj. IIocse. Mr. Walhice announccd the death of Mr. Simms, ono of the mcmbcri from South Carolina. Tho House adj. to Monday. THE GLCXBE : A C6XC5KESSIOKAI-," AGnlCUr.TCKAI. AND UTEKARY KEWSPAI'ER. The Editors of thc Conzrcssional Globe pro- pose a new publication. To dcserve thc patroii- apc which Congrcss has accordcd to .their rcports of its debatcs, in rccciving and makinR the Globc the oilicial registcr, they intcnd to adcl prompti tudo to whatever mcrit has hithcrto rccommcnd- cd thc work. Thcv will publish a Daifa Globe, to rccord thc procecdings and dcbates as they oc cur, and a Vongrttsional Glcbe pcriodicallv, as hcretofore, cmbodying the rcports of Congrcss scparate from tlie miscellancous matter which will accumpany tlicm in thc daily piint. To fill thc shcct of tbe daily ncwspaper, it is designcd to gathcr the ncws from all quartcrs, and com plcte the contcnts by dfawing from cvcry sourcc that may bc of the most iutcrcst among litcrary novcltics, and of greatest ntility in scicntiric and practical works on asriculmre. For matcrial, the leadingjoumalsandpcriodlc-ilsof Fraucc and breat liritain, treatine or such suhjects, will bc consultcd, and it is hopcd, adrantagcously ucd. vnjjwai essays, cspcciauy on lopics connecicu with agriculturc, will be olitained from thc most cnlightcncd and practical men of our country. l nc uiobe. as a ncwspaper. and as a vclucic ot ii)formation and amuscmcnt in othcr. respects, will be undcr the charce of Francfs P. Blair and James C. Pickctt. i'hc Concrcssional depart- ment and bus iness concerns of the papcr will be undcr the mannr;emcnt of John C. Rivcs. Thc public nrc familiarwith Blair and Rivcs as con- cctcd with thc press. Iu introducinj; 3Ir. 1 ick- ctt as one of thc concern, they will bc allowcd to ar a ievr worus oi uim. iic is a ccmicman la- orably known to thc Government, for thc talcnt nd judinncnt which distmsuishcd his diplomatic scrvice while connccted with the mission to Quito, and more rcccntly whcn Chargc d' Atn.ires of, Peru. From his pen mamly tbe Globc will de- Frcnch journals and periodicals.the comments on them, and thc other literary articles, which Tiiil bc found among its chicf attractions. riTc mc ccit'L'iiuiis uuu iraii&uiiiuus iruiu hik i The Globe will be publUhcd daily during thc scssion of Congrcss, and wcckly ihe balance of tbe year, and will nndcrgo distribution-in the form of a Witlly Globe, a Z'ongrtssional Glolr, and an Apptndix. The Wcckly Globc will bc the Tehicle of the misccllancons articles of thc daily print, with a synopsis of thc CongTCssional procecdings. The Congrcssional Globc will embody, as it has done for the last sixtecn years, Congrcssion al proceedings and dcbates cxclusivcly. llic Appendixwill cmbrace thc rcvisen specch es scparately, and the mcssages of the l'rcsidcnt of thc United States, and the rcports of the llcads of the Executivc Departments. Thc Congrcssional Globe and Appcndix will bc publishcd as fast as the proceedings of Con gress will make a number. Suhscribcrs may ex pcct one number of eaeh a weck during thc first fonr wccks of a session, and two or three num bers of cach a week afterwards, until the end of thc session. Nothing of a political party aspcct will appcar in thc Globc, save that which wiU bc found in thc Congrcssional rcports. A papcr assuming to bc an impartial vchicle for all sidcs, can not main tain its charactcr ifthc cditorial columns reflect a party hue. Thc Editors of the Globe have bornc thcir share in thc party conflicts of the press. They claim an honorab'c dischargf from thc. vo cation. The Globe will inviolably maintain thc neutrality which its relation to Congrcss imposcs. TERMS.' Forooecopy of the Dul- Globe (daily duriptbe f. tiou of Cougrc.t, and weckl" darin; the receM ) a year. ................ $5,00 For ooe cnnr ofdie Wreklv (Ilobe. oae jear, - 2.00 For one copr of the Confrey.ional Globe durin tlie ne,t e,.ion, ir ,ni.Kribed for before the fiit of janu- x or ix copie5, rither tbe Consrea.ional tilobe, or oo The mWription for the Conrrenional Globr. or the Ad- pendU, after the 1 of Jaonary, iU be , 10. The oriji. , conlancc with the ayowal of the Princc of Prus nalprice of one dollar does not pay the ejpCMe of tbe . ,,,, if.t,. r..n . tT .1 .. . ? . pnbLeation. in coie,aene of thi eat incrra of mat-' ta watlfthc thronc fall, lt shall fall with honor. ter puhtihed. ' - . airord toT"dit0theout" fTbeforrBorn"""" J " Among thc candidates talkcd of for thc inme tiue in orderin; them, nnletithe innseriptkia niee , Pretidcncr of Ilhrvarrl TTntnrcW ..nT? aecnnipanie the order. BLAIK. i RIVEB. j X reIIal:ncJr 01 &ryaM UniTCrslty, arCRey. AVAbutoToy, October t6, KH , Jarcd Sparki, Rev. Dr. Walkcr, Kct. Fraa- THE GALAIY. MIDDLEBURY. VT. Tuesday, December 19, 1848. TIIE PRESIDENX'S MESSAGE. Wc designcd to say a few.wonli on the remark able documcnt which occupicd the larger portion of our papei;Iast-eek-butj ns no room was Icft us to do so, on the occnsion, and as its sophistries, ihsiiTts,anlI self-glbrifications are already irf'a great mcasure forgottcn, we now fcel but little inclinstion to recall it, for any lcngth of time, to the attcntion of our rcadcrs. We simply subjoin two or thrcc cxtracts, showing how it was rcceiv cd, gencrally, thronghout thc country. These coramtnts are raild in corapariton with many that we have read for the indignation feltatsuch cfTrontery as characterizes the greater portion of that document most unlike what a message should be, andwhat we belicvc Gcn. Taylqr!! will bc is universal, cxcept, of course, among the de Totcd partizans of the Administration. ' Of that part of tlie Message relating to the Mexican AVar, thelJew York Tribune says: To afTect an aversion to War, yet to eulogize and glorify War, is cxactly in character with the esscntial insincerity and hypocrisy of tlie author of thc Kane lettcr, "JllooJ oq Jlit hands, aad Scripture on hij lipf Nobody cvcr confrsscd to a love of War for its own sakc it is always commenccd and justified by some pretence of iudcmnity, or sccurity, or woundcd honor. Any fair mind must rcalize that if these prctexts are tufiicient to justify our invasion and conqucst of nearly all Mcxico, with j our nltimate rctcntion of one-tliird of its arcaas thc legttimate 'spoils of victory,' then there can nevcr De a lack of prctext for any Warwhatevcr; anu ruiers wm go on prcaciung peace and cut tine throats cantincabout a bcncficcnt Provi- dence' and scattcring broadcast thc limbs and brains of womcn and children until the coming of thc eencral conflatrratioa, whicli oueht r.ot. un dcr such anspices, to bc vcry long dclayed. No r... , 1 - j... r l r I more complctelr calrclatcd toditruscand inflame the War spirit, than this vcry l'olk Mcssage of The Buffalo Commcrcial Advcrtiser spcakJ of thc latter portion of the Mcssage on this wisc : Without a particlcofproofto sustain his ac- cusation he boldly and unqualiliedlv cliargcs that ' same. Fair terms of Compromise were pro who advocatcd a distrihuiion amonc; the Statcs, pcrsons claiming seats froni Ilamilton County twetvc ycars ago, of the surplus m the National Trcasury. dcliberatelv consnirpd tn nnnr.ii ihi. " pcopie aiiu uuuu upagrasping, rapacious aristoc racy of wcalth, sufficicntly stroug to usurp and kccp control of all the dcpartmcnts of govern ment. The peoplc so charged constitute a fnll moicty if not a dccMcd majority ofthe'Aincrican people, and the chargc thus brought agaiust them is foul, falsc and infamous,the morc infamous bc causc unprovokcd and jjratuitons. It will be re pellcd with scorn nnd indignation by all dispas sionnte, right-thinkins mcn, and by cven a ma jority of the Presidcnt's own political fricnds.n ho are liones tly opposed, on priuciplc, to thc meas urcsrcprobatcd. Thc New York Couricr &. Enqnircr, among othcr good things on thc subject, hai thc follow ing: Thc whole ia cxplaincd by thc result of thc Presidcntial cftctinn. Intcad of acqnicscing promptly and gracefully, in onc of thc most strik ing, most houorablc and most encouraging opc rations evcr witncsscd of the frcc institutious for ? -r : whirhMr. Polfc pnftsset such respcct instcad of anoruing, as vvc iamny uopcu lic wouiu, to ovcr hokiug Europc thc cxaruple of a Chicf Mngis tratc rejcctcd with his party and Jiolicy, hy thc popular vote. at once and without sfiow of passion or rescntmcnt, rctiring from thc scene, andbid dinghis surccssors wclcomc, wc find l'rcfidcnt l'olk collcctiug into onc huC amlauchc of wonls nnd Littcmcss thc cditorials of thc Uniori during the campaicn, nnd nvailinc himsclf of thc lnt OD- portunily to pour fonhupon thc peoplc thc cnulc, malignnnt, IibcIIou: furrago of sophistry, asscr tion and irsinuation, nnswercd in ndvancc, nnd rcfutcd by thc peoplc in thc votc.'which proclaims Zachary Tajlor President, and Millant Killmorc Vicc President and which will scrvc moru sig nallr to rrmrk tho TnortiHcation of dcfeat, and possibly, jhongh we have faith in tho cqnaniini ty and moderntion of Ihc Presidcut clcct, greatly to cxatpcratc lum and his friends. The following anccdotc is to good to bc lost.in this conncetien. Mr. A. II. Stei-iikns of Ga., in n spccch before thc IlongH and Jlcady. Club of Washington, on Thursday cvening.made thc fol-' lowing good hit at the Presidcnt's Mcss"c : 1 Hc was struck with thc rcmark of a fricnd in the Ilousc, while thc claboratc ar.d ill-timcd as ' mcC.crk"' ycr arguing a case aficrit isdccidcd. This Tricnd, ' havir.g been fully confirmcd, in all thc impor whom you all know, (Mr. Collamcr.) said hc was t.mt featurcj, by oflicial rcports to thc Gov- Mlhl 11-. 1.. l. I... 1 .! 1 .11 ' J upon heinr rcpnmandcd bv th Jndirc for i..r i i t , . I 1 . ' ing aftcr thc judgment of" thc Court was pro- i nouuccd, rcplied that hc was not bv any mcans ' arguing his cause again, but only Jamninti therit- I n! y dammnn thc de I 1 Thc new Steamcr Cunada arrired at NeT i 1 ork on Thursday last, 19 days from Liver-1 Co.,oS hah.lcn rSbScSSU i- dull ! and dcclining. i Thc total number of casosof cholcra renortcd.i I M Pnf.l.ml 1 1 1 . . j e . : - i nK. .1.- .-.: .in.l rccovrics Siotland thc mortality l.as becn grcatcr. 1 goah lcalTv thc chanccTo "cS'an , . ' J.onis Napolcon "rcmain much as they were last i wcck. ibo l.cgitimifts now and then crincc j their expectancy of kingly rcstoration, and tho J oociaiists are uisplaying tncir numbers and dar ing in support of a candidatc favorablc to their views. In"-Paris, as thc epoch of thc clection approach es, timid pcopie bcgin.tofccl alarmcd, aad tboie who arc not detaincd by busincss or other ticsire preparcd to rcmove till after the elcctinn is ovcr. An insurrectionary movemcnt by thc Red Repcb licans and Sodabsts is fearcd M. Maric, Ministcr of Justice. who was snm- moncd to Paris by tclegraph, was prcsent in the;! AsscmDiy 10-uay. Ji. -i-amartmc . is cxpcctcdin Paris to-morro w. A grcat number of thc membcrs of the Asscm bly have urgcd Gcncral Caviagnac to present to thc Atsemblj theprojcct of Law for ciosing tho Clubs. He dcclines incurring the odium which would attcnd such a mcasure. There was nothing of intcrcst in the AssemblT, either on the 22d or 23d instant The mectings of the Clubs and elscwhere arertcdring more at tcntion than the Asscmbly. Tiik CoN-risEST. Cnntincntal anairs still wcaran aspect which indicatcs the beginniug of anoincr catastropne. ratner tuan tne terminauon of that which has already occurred. In Anstria and Prussia a strugglc is evidcntly about toiake placc betwecn the powers of monarchy and dc mocracy , cach bcing now arraj ed in hostib'ty a gainst thc other, aud both apparcntly convinced that thc swonl must bc thc arbitcr bctween them. The whole of the intclligence from Vicnnaand Berlin rcprcicnts those capitals as evidcntly ripe for renewfcd eflbrts: to secure a constitution which shall place some restrainl npon The Kings, themsclvcs, arc the royal will. rathennr nmnnt tlicm all thcir arailablc militanr ilr.nml, ! ' . cis "Wayland, D. D.S Hbn. Ilorace Mann, anc unanes ouumer,jisq. c , OUIb J1EGISLXT4JRE.- Monday, the, 4 th inst., was tfcc day appoint ed by law, in Ohio, for thc mceting of the Lcgislature. Much confusion and disorder were anticipated on the assembling of that bo dy, and the event has shown these anticipa' tions tdt be quite-wcll foundi-d. Down to the lSth inst, no organization had been cfieetcd, and th5 scenea that had transpired during the nine daysi pycvioui, werc ol an exciting and unparallellcd character. At eight o'clock,-on the morningof the 4 th, two houra before the regular time of mceting, the Locofocos rush- cd into the Reprcscntativcs Ilall, where Judgc Read, a fit instruracnt, it secms, for furthering their-illegal dcsigns, w?s ready to swear them in Yery unceremoniously. Thc main objcct of this movemcnt was to sccure seatsto.two Beprescntativcs whose claims were manifcstjy Jllegal, and on thc admission or rejcction of whom, the political asccndcncy in thc Ilouje would depcnd. These two mcmbers are from Ilamilton County, which includes thc City of Cincinnatti. It secms that, during the last session of the Lcgislature, this county was di- vided into two Scnatorial and RepresentatiTC Districts the first entitlcd toone Scnatorand two Reprcscntativcs, the second to one Scna- or and three Reprcscntativcs. Thc 'Wlugf, in conformity with tho law, ran scparate tick- ets in the two Districts, clecting their candi- datcs in the First Distriet, while they were in . a ininority in the second. Tlie Locofocos.bid' ding defiancc to thc law, ran but one tickct for thc whole county, and having a majority of all thc votcs in the county,' declared their Jive Rcprcsentativcs clcctcd. The confusion through thc day wxs indc scribablc. The Locofoco mcmbers, a la Saw 'ert partook of thcir luneh in the Hall, kept possession through the dinncr-hour, and, not boing able to get possession of tho kcys of the ' lla"' rcma,"ca ,n ,nclr scnu a" "'S01; un M-UCSday, and lucsday night, tncy UiU tne ! sh0uld be cxcludcd from the dclibcr.itions cf thc Ilousc, until after an organization and ar examination of tho rcjpective claiuis- This prOjiosition was promptly rejecled. After the lapsc of a weck, thc disorder secins to have becn rathcr incrcascd than abatcd, yiolent and disorganiztng measurcs had becn propaicd and discusscd by thc Locofoco " rump;"the Whigs rcmaincd firm and no prospect of an end to the difliculties was apparcnt. In the Scnate, IIon.'.Brcwster Randall,Frcc Soil Whig, from Ashtabula county, wa,on the ICth ballot, clcctod Spcaker, by a vote of 19 to 17. A Dcmocratic clark was clcctcd, on the 121st ballot. Numerous ballotings wcrc had for Scrsreant-nt-Arms, without cfl'octing a choice. By accounts from Columbus, wc lcarn that a Locofoco Ri'prcscntaliv'e had proposed that, in case no comproiniso was etTcctcdjlhc pcopie should bc invitcd to thc Capital to form Prociswmil (lovtrnmcnt. Much excitcment prcvaiicd, and inllammatory spcechcs were made. Thcre is cvcry probability that nothing will be done this wintcr. Goi.i) ! Got.n ! Compnr.ics have becn formcd in Boston, New York, Troy, Baltimore, and New Orleans, who arc making arrange ments to go and look aftcr thc prccious uictals on thc mouutnins and in thc rivcrs of Califor nia. Two or thrce vcsscls in New York arc about sclting sail with provisions to fced the srold di"2crs, and in Baltimore no less than four ships arc loading, for thc same dcitina tl0n- 11 ron prcsent tndications, that coiintrj- is to bc rapidly fillcd up with cinigrants, and wiU Lc t,ic ,linJ of prom'3e aild ,hc 'hcatrc of advcnture.for a considerable time to como. tobo wcll.authcnicatcd, crnment at nsbinMon. J Iic sntisfancp nl these report Mcsacc. Mc i. eporU is cmbodicd in tLc Jresitlon'i Mnrn minntn dftnil will Yia fnuntl in , P n i. Jfoss. CANDEnnEECK. This accomplished I and justly celcbrftcd Vielinist, accompanicd on 1 the Uarp by Madamc Candcrbccck, has givcn j scvcral conccrts in this place during tbe past wcck. It would not be casy to spcak extrava- gantly of these pcrformanccs to whicli every f " " "h h thcn award thc highcst degrcc of mcrit. "We undcr. stand thatMons. and Mad. Candcrbccck arc to . . .. the prcsent wcck. and wc trus, the? wlU W we,,n'1 bJ' a crowdcd audicnce. AxmiCA tow-Tto December No. - of this raluable monthly has becn on our ta- ble for several days. It contains a likcncss of Hon. Ilamilton Fisli, Governor clec.t of 2Ccw York, and thc usual yariety of political and litcrary articles. The leading article, by rtic Editor, on thc ''Causcs of the succcssof thc Whig party," is forcibly writtcn, and prcscnts an ablo.summing-up of thc prcvalcnt issties in thc latc campaign. We have also becn much intcrcsted in a rcview of Lord Hervcy's "Court of Gcorge n.," by X. S. Dodgc, and in thc ar ticle on "Milncs' Life and Letters of Kcats," by Charlcs A. Bristsd. This number complotes thc present volumc and now is an exccllcnt time to subscribc. As an inducement to pay in advance, the pub Iishcrs will send an engraved likeness of thc IIon.Hcnry CIay,(the customary priceof which is 2) in addition to the Reyicw, onc ycar, to any pcrson remitting tbc regular pricc of snb scription, $5,00. Published at 118 INastau St- New York. Saktais's'Usiox Magazige, for Janua ry, contains SO pagcs of reading matter, on cxtra fine papcr, three supcrb Mezzotint en- gravings, and various other illustrations, Fasbion Plates, Muslc, &c. Among thc con- tributors to this number (all the contcnts of which are original) are, Rot. Albert Barnes, Mrs. L. II- Sigoumcy, Mrs. E. F. Ellct, "W. II. C. Hosmer, John Ncal, Rcv. Gco. W. Bethune, H. T. Tuckcrman, Mrs. Franccs S. Osgood, Alfred B. Street,- Mis Annc C. Lynch, and Mrs. C. M. Ktrlland. Publishcd at Philadclphia. S3 a year. Godey's Lady's BnoK.-Thft JatinatT numbei of this old and us-ly popular monthiv was reeeived sevcral days ago. Thc cmbei-' lihmcnts arc cxccllent and numcrous, amori" which are, "The Dawn ot Love,- ''Tableaux of Life," a lcantifal coloreil Flower nate Model Cottages, an Equcttrian Fashion pja;.' "B utter is Riz," &e- The Ktt rary content usual, are of a high character, includicg arti. clesby the moat-approved .wrilers 6f lledai Published in PhiladelpJua.'bj.L A.-.Gj at S3.00 a year. . . 'WooDWOitTn's Youth's CAjrSt,r: xif January number, (the first of thc Fourth Vol ume,) of this fine juvcciie monthly is lcforo us. From a hasty perusal, we incline to thint it one of the best w orks of the kind that a.nc evcr come under our notice. It has an. alon dance of ncat cmbellishmcnts and pictorial fl lustrations, and its reading matter happily combines the entertainmcnt and the instruc tion bcsf suitcd to boys and girls. D. A Woodworth, Pablishcr, 135 Nassau St, New York. Sl a ycar, in advance. Boston JfuncirAi. Electiox. The clec tion for Mayor, and City and Ward officers, in Boston, resulted in the choice of the "vYhig c'an djd,ate for Mayor, and a large majority of the oth cr officers. The vote for Mayor stood , Jons-P.BiGEi.ow, Whig, 5.0C4 John W. James, Loco, i,U2 Bradford Snmner, Frec Soil, 9g J.V.C. Smith.Native American, 45J Scattcring, 221 Bigclow's majority ovcr all, 2,330 Quincy's do. last year, 531 ST The rcportcd murder of M.y'or Singer and family is contradictcd. Jj- Mr. Schouler, of thc Bostou Atlas, haj becn choscn by the Electors of Massachusetts, to carry the Presidential rote of that State to Wash iugton. Mr. Randall of the Warren Star, it Messcngcr for Rhode Island, and Mr. Si'.l, of the Cattaraugus Whig, for New York. Editorg ire 'looking up." lt7From the Reports ofPr. Waiting, Health OIHccr at Staten Island,it appcars that the Cholc ra is subsiding. Only one case has been report ed in New York City which terminacd fatally. SaTThe grading of thc Railroad from Niag- ara irallsto Kochesteru said to have com menccd. IlyrHtornontA. Ahraham Deckcr,ofBatb, opposite Albany, died on the 8th inst., of hy- drophobia, in the 39th ycar of his age. Ha was bittcn on the lips, several weeks previous, by a dog supposcd to be mad. ggTThc probability that Goy. Crittcnden will bc Secretary of -State to Gcn. Taylor, in creascs. That this nppointment will be ofP;r- ed him, thc Louisville Journal regards ascer tain. "Thc Chroniclo says thc rails on the Cen tral road arc laid to within four Jniles of Wind sor yillage. "Afew thousand more voles would have givcn Taylor, Maine, Illinois, Alabama, and Alississippi, incrcasing his vote to 213, and di minishing that of Ca-a to 77. G&"Xhc maii bag cont.tining thc mail fiom New York to Whitehall and the North, was stolen from tho stacc bctween Fort Ann niui Sandy Ilill, on the 8th inst. 63FThc statcmcnt that cxplanations and rcconciliatiort had takcn place bctween Gen. Scott and the Government, is without founda tion. So says the correspondcnt of the Balti more Patriot. G3T The December pcssion of thc County Court for this County commenccd 011 Tuesday last, his Honor Judgc Bennett prcsiding. The Railroad suits came up ftr trial on Sutur ilay, and were continued. Nf.tt Caxdidate. The last Middlebury Galaxy is verj- loud in defcnce of the Com promiso bill of Senator Phelps, of last session. and winds up with recommcnding thc said Honorablc Senator for the post of Attorney Gcneral in Gen. Taylor's Cabinet. Wilder moves than this arc oftcnmadc G.M. 2'rte- man. Tho Frceman docs not state the matter vc ry correctly. We said a wqrd in defcnce of Senator Phelps, from imputations that we re gardcd as unjust and we exprcssed, too, our opinion that the Compromise bill had becn misrepresenjed. This was the extent of our 'defcnce of the Compromise bill '; and so far from 'winding up as the Frceman statcs, we did not, in any part of the article in question, make the remotcst allusion to the Attomcv- Gcneralship. Profcssor Patterson. of tbc Mint at Philadclphia, has analyzcd thc California Gold, and pronounccs it to be of cxtra quality, yicld :ng 98 2-3 pcr ccnt. tJ3 Hon. Solon Borland is clccted Senator from Arkansas, for tho tcrm commcncing on the 4th of March ncxt. BY MAGNETIC TELEGRAPH REPORTED FOR TIIE GALAXY. New Yonic, Dcc. 18, 2 1-2 P. M- Dr. Whiting rcports to-day 5 new cascs, artd two dcaths from Cholcra sincc last report. No cases in the city. A dcspatch datcd Dcc. 17, saysi uMr. Clay has oxtendcd an invitatiouto Gcn. Tay lor topartakc of his hapi'alities at Asblariil. on his way to Washington. Gen Taylor ba also invitcd Mr. Clay to spcnd a wcck at Ba ton Rougc. Columbus, O., Dcc. 16". Scnate not in scssiori to-day. In the House, tho Whigs still occupy thc left of Speaker'a chair, the Dcmoerats, the right. Thc Whigs adjourncd, but the Dcmoerats, tbough worn out by 1od watchings; contintic in their teatf, night and day. The Cass and Butlcr electors are atding in thc organization of thc Honsc, which now secms as far distant as oVcr. New Vork. Dcc. 18, 6 1-2 P. M." MARKET REPORT. FIouf-ma.rket ffrm. But little can bc had at 5,25. About 3000 bbls". for homo use t 5,31 1-4 a 5,31-2, for common and pood brands. Wheat inquiry modetate, tendency downward. Salcs of Westexn- at about 1,06. Corn markct casicr, but the changc not roa- teriaL Transactions add up 50,000, nearly all new Southern, at 57 a 59. Old Northern, round, Gl a Cu. OaU new Northern, 31 a 3G. l'ork mcs-,13 Primc l-"aua-