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TliirlXrftrce tlwsmniTdrftarc. (3lO,KaoOO,V
nitikinjran ajtfregate of h'tiy-reveu rnil
ttons tfx.hunhVed and thirty-oiM thousand
si huiMfred und sixly.eeven dollnrs und
cighjy-iivQ cents, (857.631,667,82.)
Tiie-aeconnts aTta cstlmates which will be
submitttd to Congress In the Rcport of tho
Nx'rvtasy of tho Trcasnry, sbow that thcre
will jrobably be a dcflcit, octaVioml by ihc
fxpenfcj of tln: iMcxican war and treatv, on
thc fir day of Jtdy next, of five niillions
cight bumlreil ami twenty-eibt thousnn 1 one
Kun.lri'd nnd twvtity-one dollars and si.xty
six eonls, (S5,82S,H1 08.) and on tbc first
day of July, 1851, of tcn millions firc hun
d'rcd and furty-sevcn thousaud anl ninelv
fwo dollars and scventy tbree cents, (S10,
ii4 7,092 73)makiug iu tlie whole a probnbls
deficit. to bo provided for. of sixu-cn mil
lions three hundrod .nnd scventy-five thou
ratid two ku:ii?rcd and fonrteen dollars aud
lhi'ty-ninc cents, ($16,375.214 37). The
extraordinary cxpeuscs of the war wilh
Mexicti. and tbe purchaso of Culifornia and
NewStcxico, cxcood in ainour.t this dcflcit,
tngcthcrwith the loans berctofore made for
thofc oliject. I ihercfore reeommend tbat
nuthority bc givcn to borrow whatever tun
niay be nccessary to covcr that deScit. I
re-.-ouiuicnd thc olwervancc of strict economy
in the appropriation andexjienditurcof pub
I reeoainiend a rcvision of the cxisting
tarifl", and its ndjustmoHt on :i basis which
may angmcnt tbe revcnue. I do not doubt
the right or duty of Congress to eneourngc
domestiu imlustry. which is the great sourco
of natfonal as well as imlividi'al wealth and
propcrity. I look to the wisdom aud patri
olisui of Congress for the adoption of a sys
teai wbich may plac bome Inbir, at lant, on
n-sure and pcrmammt fuoting, and, by dne
cflfonragrment of mamifaclures, give a new
aud iucieased stunulu.i to ngrieultiirc and
proaiote tbe derelopmcnt of our vast re
rtmrrei aniT tbe extenion of our commerce.
fl:licviug that to the attainment of thesc
onds (as well as tho neressary augmenfation
of the revcnue nnd thc prcrention of fraud)
a eyalem of spccific diitica is best adapted, I
strongly recoauncnd lo Congress the adoption
or ihnt system, hxing tbe duties af rates bigb
enough to afibrd substantial nnd auflicient en
couragenicnt to nurouii indutry, nnd at tbu
sania tirac o udjii9ti-d as to innre stahility.
Tlie que-tioii of the conlinuancc of the
Sub trcasury syn'eni iri-spetifu!!y submittcd
to the wisJoni of Conn& Jf continucil,
impjrtantmodincationsof it appcarlo bu in
diipeniab'c. For further detaili nnd vicws on thc abore
aa.l oiber lnntieri tormeclcd witb commsrcu,
tbe fipances, and revcnue, I refer to tbo re
port of thc Scerctary of tbc Trcasury.
Xo dircut aid h.Vi been givci by tbo Gca
rnl Govcriimcnt to tho improveiiicnt of ag
ricu'tnre. oxcept by tbe cxpenditurcof smnll
Minti for thc c-oll&clion nnd puhlicatuin of a
ricultural ttatistics, and for mjmiu cbcmieal
nnnlyo, which hare been. tl.us lar, paid for
out of tbe patcnt fund. Tliij aid is, in my
c;.-i'.in. whully inaduqunto.
'J'ogire to this leadingbrancb f Amorican
in'luttry the cncouragcmctit which it mcriu,
I rr.pcclfnllr racnmmend the establiiliuicnt
of .m Aricultural Bureau, lo be connectcd
ivith tlio DRpartincnt of the Intcrior. To
clerate the social conditioc of tlo agricul
turiit. lo incrrase bia prospcrity, and to ex
tnl bis mevis of ujcfulnesi to his country,
by midtiplying hii rourcci of inforira'icn
shaiilJ bc the .study of erery statcsnian, and
n p.-iimry oldecl wilh ovcry legislator.
So civil govcrnment havin bccn provid
o.l by Congrcji for Califjirnia. the peoplo of
tbat Territory, impeljeil 1' the nceesitiea of
t!iir plitical coiiditinn, recendy met in con
Tention. fnr tbe purpoo of foriaing aconsti
s:io:i and State governmcnt, which, tbo Ut
t a Iriceji giro uie rcason to supposc, bas
b;en nccompliheil ; and it is believcd ihcy
irill fhortly apply fjr ihe admisjion of Cali
fnrniA into l!ie Union, ai a s:irercin State.
ybould sucb ba the raio, and phould their
''nstilution bu coufnnnablo to tho rcquii
rinn of tbe Cnnilitutimi of tbo Unitcd
S:nte, I rcco:nnicncl thuir application to tho
fnrorab'e ronjiiluration cf Congress.
Tlie prople of New .Mexico will alao, it is
Iisl.evc '.. at no vcry disiant period, present
llu-iuc'vei for ndraifsion into tbu Union.
l'.vpirA'.ory to the admisjion of Calilbrnia
na l Xcw Mexico, the pcople of cach will
lmve irutruted for thcm'clvei a republican
i'uriu nf ovcrnnient, " laying its foundation
in rncb principles, and organizing itspowers
is such liirm, ts to thcm shall iiccm moit
likely to elfect tbeir safety and hnppinps"
I5y airiitin tbcir action, a!l cau-'cs of un
cninsJJ may be nvoidcd, and confidcnpe and
fcind fceHng prcserved. Vttli a view of maiu
taining thc'h.'irmony and tranfpiilily co denr
- a!l, wo shou'd ?bitain from tho iutroduc
thn of tbofo exciting topics of a acctional
rbnra;ter which bave hitberto produccd pain
ftl nppreheiisions in ihe public mind ; and I
rjppa: the olem:i warnitig of tho first and
umu illustiyous of :ny predeccssors against
f'l-aishins ' nny jiround for fharacterizing
yirt'cs br geojrapbical di-criminalions "
A Cillcetor hai been appointcd at Snn
Fra-Ktieoj under tbo act of Consreis cxtend
Jir :he reveuue hws vcr Califomia; and
mrniurcs luve been taSt'n to organizo tho
:iistom bouiss at that aud the other porls
ri-snti'jaed in that act, at the carlict pcrioil
iK-a-ticiblc. Tlie collector proccodcd ovcr
tinil, aud advicoi bve uo: yet bccn reccived
wfhij arrival at San Fraucisro. iMcanwhili:,
it ii understood that tho cu.nnis hare con
t;.nud to be C"Hccted ihetv by ofliccrs act-in-
underthe militarr anthority. as thcy ware
im'ler tho administratiou of my predeccssor.
h will, I think, bo expcdtent to confirra
tha cnllcction tbus made, and dirpct tne a
Tai's fafter sactv allowanceJ as CongreiS iiwy
thinfc at to authorizc. to b expendcd witb
ict the Tcnitory, or to bc paid into tbe
Trsurv. for tha purpose o raeetinappro
,.riatio; for tbe improvcnreBt i( it nrcw
hu 1 harbora.
A party cngssed on tbe coasf iurvcy. wav
"'"'Htched to Orcgon in .Tanuary lat. Ac-0'''--;
to the latcst adrires, thcy bad wrt
lctt Caic,,, . j,,,,! ,rircctionbave bccn giv
en to thou a, s00 , tv shH have fixed
on tho site o- lhu tvo i;.,ht-hnuici and the
bai.u antlion.i b cotntructed and
plancd in Orcjjon.to pxwrcfl witbout dclay.
to unke reconnonsaaccof t10 m0st imfK)r
tant points on tbe coast California, and
pici;dl7 to cxHnime and It.rmineon sitca
for light-houics on that coai:,)., fpcedy c
rrction of which U urgctitly dentinded by
our rapiilly increning conniierce.
I bare tran sferrcd tlie Indian Arpncifc. fmm
Uppor Miouri and Coiim'il HlulTsto Snia
Fe ami Siit Lake; and liavo caused io ,o
apoiiited sab ngunti in tho vallosof:h8
Gila, tbe Sacramento and San Jojijtiin ri.
ou. Still further legal provisions will bo
HBCrsry for tho cfTective and sucressful cx
tenilon of our system of ludiaa 'ntercourao
over tbe new Territories
I recommend tha establishmfnt of abraneb
rnint in Califomia, as it will, in my bumblo
'liir.;.in. nfTord important facililics to thoso
.za inminin;:. a- srrll a to theGorn
nwnt iu tbedispoition of tbo mmrat Iand.
alo recoinincnd that coanuisions 1k; or
psnircd br ConSrp, tocxamine nn.l deci.lo
np.wtt,e'r.liditroftbe pnt subMst.ng
Uw tiile in Califomia and New Mexico ;
nml Vit proviiion be mid lno
m-i.it V oK -ps f Sorvcyor Oineral m Sovr
M .xi -.OtlirQri. and Orcgon, and for tlie
...rYi.voi ' i.M.!'briii2ln; in-o mirkct tbe p'lb-
t'm Uuliof tb'c Tcmtori.;.
T hose land,
t.vV-1 iwH 10
.lit.t tSwairfayoraUe lo flioS?rIy c-
In order tbat tbe tilHation and cbaractcr
of the principal mineral dcposites in Califor
nia may be nscertained, I rccommcnd that a
geological and mincralogical oxploration bo
connectcd witb the lincar surrcys, and that
tbe mineral lands be divided into small lots
snitable for minin, and bc disposcd of, by
sIe or Jea.c, so as to give our citizcus an op
purtunily of procuring a pcrmancnt riabt of
property in thc soil. Tbis -arould sccm to bc
as important to the succcss of mining as of
Tho great mineral wcaltb of Califomia,
and the advnntagcs which its ports and har
bors, and those of Orpgon, afTord to com
nicrcc, cspccially with tbe islands'of tho IV
cific and Indian ocpans, nnd the populons re
gions of Easjern jVsia, makc it certain that
therc will nrise, in a few years, large and
f rosperous communitics on our western coast.
t thcrcfore bccoincs important that a line of
communication.tbe best and most expeditious
which the nature of ths country will admit,
shotild be opencd, witbin the territory of the
Unitcd States, f'om thc navigablc waters of
tho Atlaniic or the Gu'f of Mexico, to the
Pacifin. Opinion, as elicited and expresscd
by two large and respectable cnnventions,
latcly asscmblcd at St. Louis and Jlcmphis,
jioiiits to a railroad as tbat which. if practic
able, wiH best mect Ihe wisbes and wants of
tbc country. But wbile tbis, if insuccctsful
operation, woulu be a work of great natioual
importancc, and of a ralue to tbe country
which it would bo diflicult to estimatc, it
ought also to be regaidcd as an undcrtaking
of yast magnitude and cxpcnse, and one
which must, if it be indccd practicablc, en
countermany difflcultics ia its construction
and use. 'i'hercfore, to avoid failurc and
diiappoinlmcnt; tocnable Congress to judgc
whcther, in tho conditiou of thc country
through whicb it must pass, tbe work bc fca
sible, and if it be found to be so, whether it
should bc undcrtakcn as anational iraprovc
mcnt or lcft to individual enterpriie; and in
the Utter aitcrnatirc, what aid, if any, ouglil
to be cxtcr.ded to it by the Govcrnment, I
rccommcnd as a preliminary mcasurc a carc
ful rcconnoissancc of thc scvcral proposed
routcs by a scientific corps, and u rcport as
to tbe praclitability of making such a road,
wilh an cstimstc of thc cosl of its construc
tion aud support.
For further vicws of thcsc and oihcr mat
ters connectcd with tbo duties of the Ilorao
Dcpartinctit. I refer you to the rcport of tbo
Sccrctaiy of tho Intcrior. t rccommcnd
early appropriations for continuing Ihc rircr
aud harlior improveraerits which hare been
already bcguu, and also for the construction
of those for which cstimates have been made,
as well as for cxaminations and esiimates pre
paratory to thc commcnccment of such oih
cra as the wants of the rountry, and espo
cially thc advance ol our population over
new districts, and thccxtcnsiouof commerco
may rendcr neccssnry.
An estimatc of the nmount wbich can be
adrantagcouslr expcndcd witbin tbc next
Cscal year. undor tbo -ilirection of the llu
rcau of Topograpbical Enginrcrs, accompa
nics the repott of the Secretary of War, to
which I rcspcctfully invitc tho attcntion of
Tbe ccssion of terrilorr made by the late
trcaty with Mexico lias grcntly cxtpnded
our exposed fronticr, and rcndercd its de
fenco moro dilficilt. 'i'hat trcaty bas also
brnugbt ui undcr obligations to Afexico, lo
comply with whicb n mililary force is rcqui
sitc. I!t our military cftabli.'bmeut i' not
materially changed, as to its cfficacy, from
tbc condition in which it stood beforc tbe
commencement ol the Mcxican war. -Somo
nddition lo it will therefore be neccuary ;
and I reeommend to tbe favorable considcr
ation of Congress an incrcaso of tbe several
corps of tbe army at our distant western
posts, as proposed in tbe accompanying rc
port of the Secretary of War.
Great embarrassmcnt bai rcsultcd from
tht elfect of rank, in the anny, bcrctoforo
given to brexet and tacommis3ioners. Tho
views of the Secretary of War, on tbis sub
jcct are deumcd important, and if carricd
into clfect will, it i believed, promote the
harmouy of the service. The plan proposed
for retiring disabled ofGccrs, and providing
an asylum for such of thc rank aud filc as
from ijp, wounds, and othcr infirmiticsocca
sioncd by service, have become unCt to pcr
fonn thcir respective duties, isrccommcndcd
ns a mcansof incrcasing thc efficicncy of tba
army, and an actof justicc, duefrom a gratc
ful country to the fnithful soldier.
The accompanying rcpor! of tbe Secreta
ry of the Xavy, prescnts a full and satitfac
lory accnunt of the condition andoperationt
of Ihe naral servico during thc past ycar.
Our citizens cngagcd in the legitimatc pur
suils of commerco have enjoycd its bcncCts.
Vwicrcvcr ournatioual vcssels hive gonc,
thcy havo been rcccived with rcspcct, our
olliccrs have been trcaled with kindness and
courtcsy, and thcy have, on nll occasions,
pursued a coursi of strict tieutrality, in ac
conlancc with the policyof our Govcrnment.
Thc naral force at present in commission
is as large as is admissiblc, with the nurabcr
of mcn authorizsd by Congress to bc cm
ploycd. I invile your allention to thc recommcnd
ation of ihe Secretary of tho Navy on the
siibjcct of a reorganizalion of thc Xavy, in
its rarious grades of oflicers, and tho cstab
liihing of a rctircd list for such of ibe offi
ccrs as are disqualificd for actual and cfTect
ual tervicc. Should Congress adopt somc
such measuro as is recommcndcd, it will
greatly incrcase tbe cfliciency of tbo Havy,
and rwluce ils cxpcnditurcs.
Ialo ask your attcntion to thc Tiews ex
presscd by him in reference to the employ
ment of war steamcis, anU in rcgard to tho
contracts for the transportation of the Unitcd
States mails and the operation of thesjs
tem upon the prospcrity of Ibe Navy.
Uy nn act of Congress passcd August 14th,
1848, prorisiou was made for cxtending post
oflice and mail accommodations to Califomia
and Orcgon. Exertions have been made. to
cxecute that law ; but thc limited provisions
of tho act, the inadcquacy of tbe mcans it
-authorizes, tho ill adaptation of the post oflice
Iaws to the situation of that country, and tbe
nieasurc of compcnsation for serviccs allowed
by those laws, comparcd with the priccs of
labor and rcnts in Califomia, rcnilcr thoso
cxertioits, iu a great degrcc, incflctu.il. Mnro
particulir and eflieient provLion by law is
required on tbis subjcct.
The act of 1SJ5, rcducing poslace, has
now, by its operation during four ycars, pro
duced rcsulls fully showing that the m:ome
from such r-iduccd postago is sufHcicnt to
nwsin the wholn expcnse of the scrrice of
the Vot OfTico J)epartmcnt, not including
Iho cotof transportation in mau swamcrsou
thc linesrrom i'cw York to Chagrcs, anJ
fiom Pana(a to Vstoria, whicb bavo not
been consdcrcii by Congress as propcrly he
longing to the mau icrvice.
u ii submitted to fVc wiidom of Congress
wheUera further reducv'on of postage skould
no-noWDO made, morc riiticularly on the
eiter -orrespondence. Tlns should be rc
licveil fnnntnr-nnjujt burthen if tr'ansport
n? elivering trieSFanked' mattcr of
,i..,.tl ij- , rnm li,a ireasury. 1 confi
ilcntly bdieve that i . ..r.i.. u.
the uuiform raTe of Zf lo , ' ,
,li,tn,. .. f.r fiv.c ccts, rcgardlcss of
er tax on thc tcasu?haX,!i.a"Jlr.Ca,
!l vrrv m1,ml. 7 "an Wbltt COnStltUtO
a ver) modprate conipenstioulo tl,i,-public
emee; auu I ,l,ercroro ns?tc.m ' fg
mend sucb a rcduct.m,. 4ouIdVCon-rcs,
prcf;.r to aboluh the frankins priV cu
t rely, tt S'oms probablc that a? j
tbe trcav wo-Sd rcsult KSS
reduction of postage. Whether any further
diniinution should now bc made, or the result
of the reduction to five cents, which I bavc
recommcndcd, should bc first testcd, is sub
mitted to your decision.
Since tbe commencement of tho last te?
sion of Congress, a pos'.al trcaty with Great
Britain has been rcccived and ratificil, and
such rcgulations havo been formed by the
Post Officc Dcparlmcnts of the two countries-,
in pursuance of that treaty, as to carry its
provisions into fall operation. The attcmpt
to cxtcnd tbis same nrrangcmei.t, through
England, lo France, bas not been cqually
succcssful ; bul the purpose has not bccn a
bandoncd. For a p&rticular statcmcnt of the condi
tion of the Post Oflice Dcpartment.and oth
er tnattcrs connectcd with that branch of Ihe
public service, I refer you to thc report of
tbe Pos'master Gcneral.
By Ihe nct of the 3d of March, 1840, a
Boanl was constitutcd to mnke arrangemcnts
for taking the scventh ccnsus, composcd of
the Secretary of State, the Atlorncy Gcn
eral, and the Postmaster Goneral;and it
was made the duty of the Board " to pre
pare and cause to be printcd such forms
apu scueuuies as might bc neccssary for tbc
iuii ciiumcraiion oi ine lnuatntants or t
United States; and also propcr forms ai
scneuuies tor collectmg in etatistical ta
undcr propcr hcads, such informntion
mines, ajiriculture, commercc. manufactu
education and othcr tocics, as would exhib?
a full view of the pursuils, industrv. cduca
tion, and resourccs of tho couniry." Tho
duties enjoined upon the Ccnsus Board, thus
established, having bccn performed, it now
rests witb Congress to enact a law for carry
ing into eflect the provision of the Conslitu
tion which requircs an actual cnumcration
of tho people of the United States witbin
tho cnsuing ycar.
Among the duties nssigncd by tho Consti
tution to the General Govcrnment is one of
Iocal and limited applicaticn. but not, on tbat
account, tbe less obligatory ; 1 alludc to thc
trust commillcd to Congress, as thc exclu
eivc Icgislaturo and sole guardian of the in
tciests of the District of Columbia. I beg
to comincnd these intcresls lo your kind at
tcntion. As tbe National metropolis, the ci
ly of Washington must be an object of gen
eral intercst; nnd, founded as it was undcr
tho auspiccs of him wbose immorlal name it
bcars, its claims to the foslcring carc of Con
gress present thcmsevcs with additional
strength. Whatever can contribute to its
prospcrity must enlist the fcclings of its Con
titutional guardian, aud command Iheir fa
Our Govcrnment is one of limited powcrs,
and its successful ailministralion cmincntly
depcnds on the confincmcnt of each of its
co-ordinato branches wilhinitsownappropii
ute spbcre. Tho Grst seclion of the consti
tution ordains that " all legislative powcrs
thcrein granted shall be vcsledin a Congress
of thc Unitcd States, which sh&U consist of
a Senxtc and Ilouse of Keprcsentalivcs."
The cxecutivc has -authority lo reeommend
(not to dictate) measures to Congress. Har
ing performed that duiy. th cxeculire de
parlmcnt of the govcrnment caunot rlshtful
ly control thc decirion of Congress ou any
subject of lcgis'alion, until that decision
shall bavo bccn oflicially submitted to tbc
President for approral.
Tho chcck protidcd by tbe constitution,
in the clausc confcrring tho qualiflcd veto,
will nevcr be exerpised by me except in the
cases contcmpbiled by Ihe fathcrs of the llc
public. . I view it as an cxtrcme mcasure, to
be resorted to only in cxtraordinary cases
as where it may become neccssary to dcfcnd
the c.ecutivo against the cncroachmcnts of
the legislative power, or to prevcnt hasty and
inoonsidcrate or unconstitutional legislation.
By cautiously confining tbis remedy wilbin
thc sphbre prcscribed to it in the cotempora
neous exposition of tbe framers of thc con
stitution, the will of the pcople, Icgitimatcly
expresscd on all subjccts of legislation,
through thcir conititutioual organs, the scna
tors and reprcsentatives of the Uniled States,
will have iu full effect. As indispcnsahlc to
the preserration of our system of sclf-gorern-mcut,
the indepcndence of thc reprcsenta
tives of the states and ihe people is guaran
ticd by thc constitution ; and thcy owc no rc
sponsibility lo anybuman power but thcir
By holding tbo rcprcsentativc responsible
only to the pcople and cxempting him from
all other influpnccs, wo clcvate tbe charactcr
of the constituent and quicken his sense of
rcsponsibilily to his country. Itis under thcso
circumslances only tbat tbe clector can fcel
that, in thc choicc of tbo law-maker, hc is,
himself, truly, a component part of tbe so
vereign power of the nalion. With cqual
carc we should study to dcfend thc rights of
the cxccutire and judicial dcparlmcnts. Our
Govcrnment can only bc prcservcdin itspu
rity by tbe supprossion and cntiic climina
tion ot every claim or tcndency of one co
ordiuatc branch to encroachmnet upon an
other. Witb the strict observanco of tbis rulc and
the othcr injunctions of the Constitution
with a tcdulous inculcation of that respcct
and lovo for the Union of tho States, which
our fathcrs cberisbcd and enjoined upon tbeir
cbildrcn, and with thc aid of that orerruling
Providonco which bas so long and so kindly
guardcd our hbertits nnd insti'utions, we
may rcascnablyexpccttotransmit thcm with
tbeir innumerablo blessings to the remotcst
But attacbment to the Union of the Statt s
should be habitually fottcred in cvcry A
merican hcart. For morc tban half n ccn
tury, durinc which kingdoms and pmpires
have fallcn7thi Union has stood unshaken.
Tho palriots who formed it have long sincc
dcscended to the gravo; yct still it rcmains,
thc proudest monumcnt to thcir memnry,
and the object of ffcction and admiration
with cvcry one worlhy lo bear the American
name. In myjudgment, its dissolution would
bc the gieaiest of calnmities, and to avcrt
that should be tbe study of cvcry American.
Upon its prcservation must dcpend our own
happincss and that of countless gencrations
to comc. Whatever dangcrs may threatcn
it, I shall stand by it and mnintain it in its
intcgrity, to thc full extent of thc obligations
imposed, and the power conferrcd upon me
bv the Constitution.
' " Z. TAYLOR.
Washington, Dec. 4th, 1840.
(KrThe Irnn Workers' Convention al
Albany, on Wednesday last, cnmprised del
egates fromyennoiit, Maisachusells,New
Ilampsliirc, Connecticut, lllinois, New
Jersey and Pennsylvania. It appeared by
the tcstimony of the delegales, that the
iron trade is sufTering to an unexampled
desree by being brought into cntnpetition
with foreigti iron, which is admitted at so
low a rate of duty under the tariff of 184G
as will, if pcrsisted in, uiterly put an end
to ils production in Ihis country. Reso
lutions similar to those of the Trenton and
Piltsburg convenfons were adnpted.
Sesatok Clemexs. Tbe Mobile Her
nlil. in noticinir the election of Mr. J.
Clemens-as U. S. Senator from Alabama,
"Clcmcnsis probably thoyoungect mem-
lier of the United States oenaie. xie vras
nnpnn o.Titnr of n naner ih North Alaba
ma, nml a msmber of the lofrcr House of
tho Le-islaturo. In 1843, we Ihink, wlien
tbere wns somo npprehention that Te.xas
wnubl Ie iivaded by the MeTficnn?, he rafs-
cd a Doiiy oi mon and otterpd. nis sernces
to IToustoo. Thc hero of Sun Jacinto rc
pulsed the voluiiteers.
AIOKDAT, DCC. 2i4
bENATK. Mcisrs. JiTeifon Davis
Grccne werc nppointed a comxnittec
on ine l rcsmcnt.
Jlr. Sickinson prcscnted a mcn
thc chamber ol eommercc rcspj
ney s project oi a rauroaj.
Mr. Cass otrcrcd n resoluti
to tbe expedicncy of usa
correspoiidonce with At
Mr. 1 oote gave notu
in bills for organicii
for Ivalitornia, Ui
uge was rcad, and oi-
ulion was otlered to adopt
ait scssion. Laid on the ta-
ns offered u resoluiion to dtaw
ich was adoptcd, and the teats
n by the mcmbers.
!S'o of the President was read and
to be printed.
c Spcakcr announced several communi-
calions from tbe Secretarj- of tho Treasury.
Adjourned to Thursday.
x ui'nsoii. wcr. ;.-i-KiTi i ne rirst
resolutinn wca wilh a riew to the rstnblish-.
mcnt of Ihe States of Cnlifbrnia. Deserei,
nnd New Mexiro. Mr. Houston, of Texns,
TiiPK5DAY.Der.27. Ssuatk The first
ofTered n refoluiion, cnllirijr for corres nan -
dence rcspcciins Sania Fo nnd Texns. political friends are justlv proud of this docu
Mr. Felpb, of Michigan. presenled a reso-1 mcnt-confirming, as it d'oes, all the best hopcs
Union in fnvor of a elup canal nround ihei.. . - , , ,. , . ,
Falls of Ninaia. lbl- cntertau.ed of him, during tho canvass
Jfr. Bradhury, of Maine, gavenotiee of lna' prpccded his clection, and fully justifying
nis mien.ion 10 inirouuce ri nui 10 esiablisli n
Board to ECIllc claims against tho govcrn
uenl. The Vice President presenled communictt
tions from tbe War, Treasury, nnd Narr
Mr. Yulee, of Florida, gnre notice of his
inlenlion to introu'tice n bill lo indcinnify
Florida for expenres incurred in rclstion lo
the Scnshinlea. Mr. Clemens, of" Alabnnm.
gave nolice of his imention to propose an a
mendmentof ihe cotistiluiion, requirinj ihe
Senalnra lo be rlrcied by the prople. All
tbe abovc proposiiions wero laid over or re
lcrred. Afierathort Exrculirp. scssian, llis Sen
alc adjourppd to Monday.
ijouse. i ne resoluiion upon rules rrns so
modified at to nJopt tbe lutl tnrm rnti-i nn
til January I5,snd n conimiliee of nine upon j Frcc Constitution Ihe more cflectual suppres
Ibe tulea was nppoiiiled. I.ionof tbat " barbarous traffic," thc slave trado
Ihe Prcsidetil's Mcfsacc iras referred to
thc Cominiliee of ihe Whole.
Mr. Snckett, of New York. nronocrd ihat
iho Conimiilccs of the House becboien by !
balloi. Tliis produccd n wnrm discussion i
""""" lrimnrup nnu mr. uiuaing, i
respecliiii; Ihe coureo ol Ihe former ot ntle-
mau. Mr, mihrop chargcd Mr. Giddinjn
wilh uiiiking false itatcmcnlg oi;aitisi biiu.
Messrs. Srbcnck, Holmes nnd Giddiaps,
made lonjj spcechcs. Alr. Snckelt'd resolu
iion was losi, and a resoluiion by Mr. 3uri.
of Souih Carulina, that the SpcaKer nppoint
uie vyoinmuiees waa aaopteu. AUjournctl
The last ballotforSpeaker.
Tho followin; are the nnmei of the voten
on the sixty-third and last ballot for Spcakcr
of the Ilouse:
ForMh. Cobb M9rs. Albcr'son, Ashe,
Avereit, Bnv, Bnylv, Benle. Bineham. Bis-
sel, Iiocock, Bowdon, Bowlin, Boyil, Albcrt
G. Brown, Wm. J. Brown,' Buel, Borl, J.
Cable. Georre Albcrt Calditell, Carler,
Wm. R. W. Cobb, Colcock. Daniel. Dim-
mick.Dianey, Dunhani, Edmtinson. Ening,
Featherstone, Fitcb, Fuller, Gerry, Gilmnre,
Gorrnan, Grren, Hncketi, Hnll, Hnmiltnu,
tlammond, Haralson. Ilarlan. Unrmansor:.
Ishnm G. Harris, Sampson W. Harrif, T.
U ltarns, Hibbard, Hoaglnnd. Hohday,
Howard, Hubbard, Ioec, A. Johnson, R. W.
Johnson. G. W. Jones, KaofTman, Ln Strc,
Lefllcr, Littlefield, J. Mann. Mnton. McCler-
nabd, M'Donald, McDowell, McLnnahnn,
.McLane, AlcMulIin, AlcUucen, AlcWillie,
Meade.Miller, Milson, Morri9,Morsc, Olds,
Orr, Parker, Peasclee, Potler. Powell, Rich
ardson, Robhins, Robinson, Ross, Savnc,
Sanlelle, F. P. Slanton, Richard H. Sian
ton, Slelson, Stronir, Swcelzer, Thomas,
Jncob Thompson, Jamej Thompson, Wn.
Tliompson. Venable, Walden, Walilo, Val
Ince, Welborn, Wentworlb, Whittlesey,
Wildrick and Young 102.
ForMh. WiNTiiRor Mcssrs. Alexandcr,
Alston, Anderson. Andrcwe, Ashmun,! Ba
kcr, Benneit, Bokcc, Bowie, Breck, Brige.
LSrooks, uurrowp, Cliesier Buller, Tha. B
Buller, Jos. P. Cnldwcll, Calvin, Campbell,
Cassey. Chandlcr, Clarke. Clingmnn, CoIp,
Congcr, Conrad. Corwin, Crowell, Deberry,
Dickey, Dixon, Ducr, Duncnu, Alex. Ernns,
Naihan Evanp, Fowler, Freedly, Goti,
Gould, Grinnell, Goodenow, Halloway,
Hamplon, Hay, Haymond, Hebnrd, Henry,
Hilliard, Houelon, Hunler. Jnckson. J. L.
Johnson, Kerr, Danicl P. King-, Ja. G. King,
Oeo. (j. King, John A. King, Levin, Hor
ace Mann. Marshall, Mallcsnn, McGau;hev.
M'Kissock, F, E. M'l.ean, Meacham, Moore, !
Morehead.Nes, Neivell, Ogle, Olis, Ouilaw,
lnen.x, i-nman. uinain, Keynolfis, Itisley.
ltockwell, ltosc. Kumscy, backett.SchcHck,
Schermerhorn, bchoolcrari, Shephcrd, Syl-
vesler, bpa'.dinsr, Spracue, Slaulv, T. at
phcns. Taylnr. John B. Thompson, Thur
nian, Turk, Underhill, Vnn Dyke, Vinton,
Walkins, White, Wilhams, Wilson 100. .
For Mr. Wilmot Messrs. Allen.Booth,
Durkcp, Giddings, Howe, Julmn, P. King,
For A. H. Stepuens Mr. E. C. Cabell
For Mr. Strohc Messrs. Clevelaad.Do
ly and Peck 3.
For Mr. Colcock Mr. Holmes 1.
For Mr. Morkiifad Mcssrs. Morlon,
Owen, Slepbens and Toombs 4.
ForMr. Ddrkee Mr. Wilmot 1.
For. Mh. Potteu Mr. Wooil 1.
Fon .Mr. Boid Mr. Woodwurd 1,
O" At tbo 63 volinjs for Speaker in Con
gress, Roiikrt C.'WiNTnROP received 5405,
and UoWKM. Cobb 2 59G votcs. Four mem
bers only gave a uniform voto at overy voting,
viziOken Fowler, of Massachusetts; Wil
LIA3I IIebard and James MEACHASr. of
Vermont; and Elbridge G. Spaui.dixc, of
Xe w York : who votcd for Mr. WlXTunor.
Natiian F. Dixox and Georoe G. Kiso,
of Rhodc Island, did tha same, witb tbo ox
ccption of the 59lh vole ; and" Hexky P. Al
exapider, James Bbooks. Loreszo Bur
kows, and Orsamcs B. Mattesox, voted
Cl times for Mr. Winthrop, oncc for Unon
WntTEof N. Y. andonce forMr. Stanly
(on tho 59 tk,) nnd last voto previous to the
compromiso. votes. D.
Deatii or Wm. Mn.r.ER, Tnr. Pkopuet.
Slr. Miller, of Low Hnmpton, N. Y some
what celebrated for his views rcsjiccting tbe
ncamesi of.tbe advcnl, died at his residence
on Thnrsday, tbo 20lb inst, in his C8th year.
m our paper
ut the same thing, after all.
Middlebury January 1, 1850.
The Fresident's Message.
Tbe anxicty wbich hat so long been fclt to
see the first annual messagc of Gen. Tavi.oi:,
is at Iengtb gratified. and that important state
paper bas now found its way, probably, to cv
cry town nnd hamlet in tbe land. It is not at
all doubtful, to our mind, bow the pcople at
large will regard it, and that it will do much
to strengthcn the Administration and impire
confidcnco, espccially, ir. its bead, secms alto
We have no bcsitation in saying that a mes-
sage so nearly carrying out the purposo for
which Such a communKation is designed a
documcnt at onco so lucid, so comprehensive,
; so frailt, I
' ConSrfs 1
j so frank, and somarked by executive talent
icncy bas ncver been laid beforc
nnd the countrv, since the days of
. carher Presidcnts. President TAYl.on.8
t thcir confidencc in his inlegnly, executive
ability, and souud conserTativo priniiple.
His views are oxplicitly stateil ihough, toa
Congress in which the Opposition havo a ma
jority in both branches, without any indiscrect
atterapt to urgn his measures, cxccpt asreason
and tbo best intcrt'.-ts of thc country are on
tbeir sidc. A Tauikf of specific tlutics, not
mcrcly for tbo purpose of revcnue, but lo n
courajja bomo industry, is distinctly rccom
mendcd,in opposition to that al present in force.
The rcpcal or modificaticn of ihc Sub-Treas-ury
a judicious syotcm of Iulcrnal Improre
ments econouiy in tho cxpcnditurcs of gov
emment tbe admission of Califomia, with its
thc construction of a sbip canal across thc
Isthmus and of a Railroad totlo Pacific,acio-s
continent tho cstablishmcnt ofan Au-
ural Burcau a reduction of tho ratcs of
, . ,. .... ...
U"aS" o. fuh-
lility, are strongly approvcd by the President,
and recommcndcd to thc attcntion of Congress.
Abovc all, bis sound, couscivative views of thc
powcrs belonging to tho scvcral branches of
thc govcrnment bis jtist and strictly constitu
tion al interprctation of lhu Veto Power; and
his noblc and pairiotic dcvotion to thc Umun
witb whicb tbe Messagc.considcring tho pres
ent stato of alfairs at Washington, sublimclg
conclndcs cannot fnil lo imprcss upon tbe
mind of cvcry rcadcr Ihat our present Chief
Magistrate is eminently worlhy of the place
hc occopics, and cnlircly faithful to tho deter
mination he has expresscd to bea President of
the wiiole I'eow.e, - with nothing to scrvo
but nis con.iTnv."
f"The Rcport of tbo Secretary of the
Treasury prcsenls an ablo exposition of tho
Wbig doctrincs of Protcctioo, and of tha iin
practicablo cbaracier of tbo Sub Trasury, in
its present foim. We rcgrct that wo have not
room for this documcnt wbicb is somewhat
longer than the President' Message. Wo
shall try to Cnd a placo for somo of the more
important parts of it ncxt wcck.
H3" Littlo was donc ia Congress last week,
it will bo seen ncilhcr houso having been in
sersion but two days. Nothing of importancc
will be attcmpted untit theVoiVays are over.
No Intercoursb Witit AusTniA.
Pctitions are now circulaling designed to
inducc Congrrss to suspend diplnmalic in
tercourso with Austria, "by reason of its
tjranny, its barbarous punishmenls, ils
sanguinarj atrocities and judicial murders
in Ilungary, Austria aud Italy."
We hope so absurd a proposition
will never be seriously entertained much
as we abominato tho conduct of the Aus
trian rulcrs by tho Government of a na
lion that holds three millions of Slares,
aud is by no means innocent with respect
, to the Mexican war, or its treatment of thc
: Aborigines of this country. Diplomatic
itercourse is maintained for tbe t?K.d of ,
l .. c
our own citizens. auu not lur ine benent
of the nations to whom our minislers are
sen', and has nothing to do with the ap
proral or disapproral of any particular
government or its measures.
Tne Aldasy Coi-TirATOU, for tbo new
year, opcns witb an cxccllent array of con
tributors and a great variety of intcresting
matler ta Farmers and to general readers-.
Prof. Nortox, of Yale CoIIees, formerly a
popular correspondent of the Cullivator, com.
mcnces a new series of scientific articles (in
th January number), wbicb willundoubtcdly '
excitc mucb attention among those intercsted '
in agricultural pursuits. Mr. Holdrook, of
Brattleboro, continucs to write for this jour-j
nal contributing lo thc present number an
article on tlie-" Doings of tho Smitbsonian
Institution." Asplendid "Pictorial Cullira
lor," of 32 pages,is sent as a New Year's pres
ent to all subscriborj. L. Tccker, Proprie
tor, Albany Lctber Tcckeb and Sax
foud Howard, Editors. Tcrms, Sl a ycar
7 copies 5 15 copies, $10.
Holden's Dollar Magazine. for Janua
ry, is improvod in outward appearance,and rc
tains all thc interest and ralua of former num
bcrs. Wk. H. Uietz, Propnetor, 109 Nts
sau St, New York.
The Amebicax Aut-Usiok keld its an
nual mccting atNiblo'f Thcatte, oa JErjday,
the 2Ut ulL Fourhundred andancly'ria.int-
iscribers in this
Fresh and TireJ, by K. A. Clarke, E. A.
The Itctricver, by T. Hinckley, Jon.i Peck,
Study from Nature, by C. F. Blauvelt, W.
II. Ltox, Rutland.
Allston's Outlinet, Geo. B. Shaiv, Burling
ton. The best work distributed (wbich eost
S1500.) entitlcd " Tha Wagcs of War," by II,
P. Gray, was drawn by Jouk Botd, Lovelt,
T.ATTTR.mrWR VTU)M PAT.TFORHIA.
Arrival of the Empire City.
Nbw Yokk, Dec. 25.
Tbe stcamsmp Empire City arrived from
Chagres this forenoon, with Califomia news to
the 16th ult., brought to Panama by Ihe steam
thip Panama. Slie brought 25G"rmsseogers
and S500.000 in gold dust, that wcre transfer-
rcd to the Empire Lity ncross thc Isthmus.
Tho cold is chiefly consisned topartics inNew
York. She brought no mail, but it was leflto
comc by tbo steamcr Falcon. John P. IIofT,
a passcnger, is a bcarer of despatchcs to tbe
Thc Panama lcft bark St.SIary at Acapulco,
23 days from san i raucisco, witu 2UU passen
gcrs, bound for Panama. Sbe also met a brig
90 days from Panama, at Acapulco. Sixly
persons wcro waiting at Mazatlan for passigo
to San Francisco. Thc overland trains that
left last summcr havo nll arrived out afclv.
An clection was held in Califomia in Novein
ber, lo vote under the new constitution for
Goveruor, Lieut. Gortrnor, Mcmbers of Con
"rcss, and ot tne stato l.ejrvtiatu'o. l hesen-
cral impresiion was tbat P. II. Burnot woutd
bo elected Goveruor. The election at San
Francisco run in ftvorof Rodman Picrce and
George Wright formembrrsof Congress. The
enlire democratic ticket succccded in San
Col. Sutter, whig candidate for Governor,
ran also on tbe peoples ticket. It is now said
to bc clear that T. Butlcr King would not be
elected U. S. Senator. Thj Lcgislature con
taiin a largo democratic majority. The chances
now stand in lavor of Wm. AlcKcndrcc Uwin
and J. C. Frfinont.
Great nctirity prcvnilcd at San Francisco,
and buildin wpre rapidly going up. Car
pcnlers are paid SI6 por day. Sacramento
city is growin;. The rainy season had com
menccd. The roads to tbc mines are nearly
impassable. Thc Juba Rirpr rose five fcet.
It was thougbt ibcro would bo much sullering
at ihc mines.
Gold continncd plentiful at crer. Thc
stcamcr Senator is running on tho Sacramen
Munnra Ttiai At Worcester, William
E. Knowlton is oalrial, forthemuidcrof Miss
P. S. Kr.owlton, agirll2 ycars old, nt Ux
bridge, on the Slstof Januarv bul, 'jt rutting
her tliro.it with a razor, whicfi is said to buro
bcon done under thc inllucncoof cider-
Nkw Youk. Dct. 27th. Adviccs from Nic
nragua to tho Ctli of Nor. hav been receircd.
Ther imnounra that it is quitc certain rliai it
in the intenlion nf the BfititU Cbargo d'Af
faires on the l'acifie Coast of Ccntral Amcrica,
to lake possesson of thxt porlion whicb rom-
mands tbn IVinc end of tho ccntral cnLJ.
tnrengh rocaragua. ill the islamls in tlie
Gulf of Fomeca ami tho wholo coast to Ria
lrgo had bccn sciznl.
It was rcportud that a gcneral rnvolulion
had brokrn out at Cosla Rica.
6S"Mr. Skth Gack, of Dracut, Mass., has
bccn arrcsted on a chirgo of being conccrnrd
in tho Paiker murdcr, at Manchester, somo
four years ago. It is said that Mr. G. ran
pruve an alibi, and that tbo prosccution is a
Hational life Xnsnrance Company.
The orgauizalion of this company is at
length cnmplctcd, and Ihe act of incor
poralion having beetfatnended so that the
company could go intc operation wilh a
smaller amount of capital, the subscrip
tiou is rapidly1 filling up to the reqillred a
mount, and bUsiucss is now about to rom
mcncc under i board of the most expe
rieuced direcfprs and safc financiers we
have among lis. The success of this
much needed Company in this State, is no
longer dpubtful. Frecman.
Rreacii or Promise. In the Wash
ington County (Vt.) Court, recently, Mr.
A. Atherton has been mulcicd in 300 for
not martying as heproin'ued he would
a Miss Sanbom. Boih reside in Water
bury. Progress or an Acgusta Bor. An
honest farnier in the back pnrt of Augusta,
or on tbe eilze of Reailfield. we cnnnut say
wbich, had a son who somo yeata fince re
solved on havinL' nn educatiou. (le began
his studiea in iho chimney cnrncr and then
mlv.nnced lo one ol our New England rchool
houses. From this he proceeiled lo h coni-
mon academy aud filted for collegc. IJy tns
own eflbris he succeedrd in goinc through
the reeularfour jJrs' course at Bruniwick,
nnd was graduated erediiably ; alier which
heaiiithis ister look charge of our village
highschool 'ben jusl pnt in operation he
in ihe raale depariment, lm in ihe female.
From ihia ho nni cUr.ted Professor iri
Dickinson Collepc, Pa., where Ip had the'
degree of LL. D. conferred upon him.
Tne papcrs now infbriu ui that he has just
becn.elrclcd IV csideot ol Girard Collcgc, in
Philadrlpbia the most magnificeht and ihe
richett Collcgein ihe United Slalei. So
ihat William H. Allen, ihe couniry district
chnolboy ihe son ofnn honest, industrious
nnd independent Kennebec farmer, Mr.
Jnnalhan Allen i William H. Allen. LL.
D., President of Girard Collcze. Let lhi
be an encouragement to othcr Kennebec far
mcn1 cona lo sludv hnrd and behave well ;
thcse will surely lead ta success and honor
jn due tiine. Gospel Banner.
As Editor in Ldck. The papers in
form the public that the editor ol the Kent
News, published at ChaTlestown, Md., had
the nood fortune, a few d"ys since, tolead
a lady to Hymen'A altar who possesses
50,000. N. Y. paper.
We know a number of editors in Mass
achusetts who wouldn't lake twice that a
mount for the lady they each "led to Hj
men's altar." Bestdn Post.
We'll bel a-silrer toolh-pick tbat the
Colonel'a 'bctler-hair looked over his
shouldejr and dictalctl that sentence. Of
course she did I It slands to reason.
Old Dan Tccker. Werhare seldom
he.ard of an instance of more beautiful
stmplicity than was evinced by a maUo"r!oftMeeting
fact wuoass on a not uui caso aown east
l doing wneu juu
BaKed by the District Attorney.
1 nu3 UilC U UC uuw"-
" 1 hey was a-singing," replied tne wit
ness. "Singing !" exclalmed the public pros
eculor; what werethey singingialutr1 i
"l doQ't know, l'm sure, but they na
a sintjing, any now. "
"ucu, wiiat,wasit ; WhatweretM
sayingl What did they seem to be talil
"Wall, as fnr as I recollect," replj
tne witness, "ther was talkin abeou
man of the name. of Mr. Tucker, whoj
fused to come bome to his tea !"'
1 his supreme specimen Icnoran
and simplicitj conrulsed the whole col
V Meetinff of the Plattsbnreh Voltmteeil
Pursuant to a call published in the V
fcennes Vermonterniid Middlebury Ualal
soine two nuniireu oi tne riattsburgh VI
unteers asscmbled at tbe City Hall.'in VJ
genne: at 10 o'clock A. Al.. on Thnusl
the 13ih inst., for the purpose of tnkm?
mcastires to obtain n pcnsion from the Gnn.
eral Govcrnment, for their services at tho
battle of Plattsburgh.
The mectins; ws orgnuized by ihe ap
pointiiientof I. Borroi.?n.Esq.,;President,
nru c. vv. OLAISDEI.L, Jr., Kecretnry.
Praycr wns offered by Kev. If. F. Lnv
iTT, and the Call was red by ihe Secrf ta
After somc discus'ion by Messrs. Dem
imjof Middlebury, Hillof Bridport, Dan.i
of Cornwall, nml other gentlemen, on mo
tion of IS. Rose, Esq., of Waltham, n list
of the nn.iie-i of such ns wcre present at
the battle of Plattsburgh, in 1814', together
with the names of" tha several ' towns in
which they now rejide, was dravn uTTijj
reau uy ine occretnry ; irom wfich y
pcarcil that ihc fuPowing tows lul
Fcrriburgh, Addion. Vprgennes.J
tol, M lntiiii;, btarkl)oro'. -31
t-hurehaiu, (ornwall,Ncw Hnvpl
M nkton. Waltham, Pan'on, VJ
Ornell, aud Uridport.
On inolion of Samnel Shcpp
me iuumriii gciuiempn wcre nl
conimiitee ol supcrvision; to ex
rcpontnt oincr cuinmittecs. andl
Petilion to the Gcncrdl Guvprni
titlt' forlh tht l.-iTi,itf nf ,l.u ol.
Geo. Wilinanli.'of Addison.
On inolion of Aiwtii, Stmrli ,.r
iiu luiMininu criiiiciucii were nnn
Ilcnrv H. Prime. I. Ilnit.ili.h
jj. lyniiiiiT-ci. v. uiaiMiell. Jr.
Oirmotioii Ihc iueetingadjouri
past 1 o'clotk, P. M.
Mtited. Itv Aiistm l)-.n-. nl
n Cni.imitteo of Iwo ba npiiointcd
(irii.iirn nl.l nf lli. n.
-j . v ......
ii.. titf. ... . .. 1-
1 1 1 iiit: 1111111:, in iiirir rntiioirtt'n
were lnnwn to li.-.vi- lim-n ; cn.
iiniiii; nl i'i:iii 1111 r.,n atnf
""nn. ii buu ULiirnii i liiiiiiirrw
hth mntion was niloptcd nn
iowiii" committee wpro nnniniii,.
rcirijuursn. lrin. ivilell. rinrlttr?
horenam, t,. U. HiII, A.-hhel CitUii.
Monkton, Wm. Llliolt, t has. D. nn.
Starksboro', llibbnrd Morrib, Ira Wcni-i
Uridport, Ilir.in Fro.st, Chng. II. Derby.
Cormcatl, Jcso Klliworth, Orin Kield.
Lincoln. Thomn.s Brigs, Allmrt Dpecb.
Addison, Wm. Whitfonl, Uto. il
niarth. Weybridge, Enoch Sprague, Asaph Hay
wno.!. Il'iillham. Geo. Fi.her. Nen lon Uo.ic,
Panton, S. heppnrd, N. Spatililing.
Uratll, Itonvcll Boitum, jr., Wm. It
Whiting, Asaph Hubbard, Whitficld
jfuiiii, jDiin .11. ijii.sw.iniKAiirniii i
..... ....v vi. ibjiuiuuun ri t
tho following : )
Kcsoleed, Ihat the pntnoti.tniUvhicIi
11-. li- t - . '.
......... .. . ..'.-l.j.t IUI , llll.. -
. .... mwj .aif. ,u IVIfU OIUll
of ueed and perils life in heriltl'tnce.
' - - .... .1 f IIUUII1I. !ClJL44tUll UI (,JC Cail-
..n..ff. .1. 1 1-
uuti a inuiiiu, uuiicriiie vav oi iinvrrn.
nave jiiugut in uciencc oi new nccesions
nl tprriturv. wocaunnt bclievetlint ihvc.
legislative tribunal wouM le wiiling ot
bIiow itse'f ungrateful toivntJ-f those who
volunUnly mnntied Ihe lireacs m ifefcnce
-.! iniiiiimn citifirrL nfli ...l
sho was struggling lor hertaistence as
frec nalion. I
n r.r ti, ,-:.. I. i. i r
- u : r . J . - ...i.
. .:. l -
burgh Volunteers to preler
the uatiunal government.
KrMGirsa. l ani ine mn
KiO. rron, wna
. r, . !!.. ttr.
nfhs frnlMini Ml'irrH 111 1
f .1 .
RIlMllll L VCfc II1UIII1I1UI l
L- - na .nli ami fl
, . - a- lucir
urbamty of manner, their promptnes-s nml
bravery assoldiers, their efficicncy ns ofli
cers and tbeir natriotisnr. as Republicans
nml Fretmen, and we rcflect with pleasure
upon ihe fact that our own and a sistcr
stato have shown in othcr ways than niere
word.i, that their conduct on thnt occnsion
was sur.has met ihcirentire approvnl,
Resolrtd, That whcn our country is en
Rnged in war, and is iuvaded by a forein
foe, it is ihe duty of every citizen to givo
hi best services to repel such invasion, nml
it is tha duty of the Government noJo
m'uzzle tht viouth of the axthat treadtth. out
the com. . . . ""
Thenliove Resolations. were discusied
and ndopted, togelherJ'ith the .l)owing
one, ofTered by an inilividul-
Jiaoked, Tbat'wcooti'ly tepflrofjr
tHanksto ;to. CanH-CjMincrfMiid, tbe
citizens of VergeRiivforttho use of Ibeir
excclNnt house, aud othcr civiliucs on this
occasion. " ',
Voted, that the Editors of newsnapers
in Kutland. AddisoD, -.niticnden and
Franklin Counties be requeslevlta publisb'
in their pspers tho proceeding of this
E.W. BLAtSDiLL, Jj., Sec'y.