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The Middlebury galaxy. [volume] (Middlebury, Vt.) 1848-1850, January 08, 1850, Image 2

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iw . r A CODmlH-ation ncross tlie
" iB?n ""B.H'e'B IO occan i'wwn-m-ndod.
ireaties witb tlie intprior Imlians
lor a right of way througli their countrr nrc
dei-med jutt and necessarv. Most of tbe
Jnbvs pcrmnncnily locnted on our Wrstern
iprterssays the Secretary, particularly
tne more Sdatiwm. ronlim.r. t,..i,i;i . .i
...... , .. .. . . t.n -
mvc m cnihzation, and in all thcclemcnts
ol substantial proprity. Thc'establishnicnt
of maniiaMnbor scbool, in charge of Mis
MOiiary soeieiics of larious leliitious denoni
inatiotn, ij working a great moral and oeiI
vevo'.utioii a.nong Mvrral of tbelribes; aml
the Dopurtmeni bm the nipans of extPtid
mg Iic bonefils of thesc institutions to those
moredestit.ite, who harc nn funds set apnrt
uytreaty for thcse purposcs, it would. no
-""!) 't'.'vtcw.
Jfvom iUnsljington.
CONGRESS.
M'lXDAV, Detf. 31.
lioili U.nir Mf Cnzrcss have rMsn?il
xicn.lniL' iho fr.iiikiii privi!e-c to ili
Hi.iwiv 01 uie ia'r rresiilenl I'olk.
ni. . o
i ne oi.mtk, nllpr mi executive tersiu
oa u.iii. iay. ii'Ipiimicil lo Tluirsday.
Hiiose. Tlie Spc.iUer aniioiinVed I
f .Itoiving siaialio Oo-ninillee.:
Wnys .mu Meaiw Mcer. Tlios II
i-yy. ; Jtc.,,, Thmiipon. Mi
Z yiaton, Ohio ; Jime- S. Grfeiir
Juit. ; foci T-ombs, G.t.; llarry Hd,
tiar.1. l. H.; WViVifint i;rr, N. Y. : Gco
JoilfK. 1 liim. ; .iltnes Ilampton, l'n.
uinnrf or Coliimhut If. Alhcr
brown. Mi-s.; .iniupl W. I ie. Ala.
J'lha l.. iaylnr. Oh- T. J. D. Fullc
Mc ; Jrrcnuati Mnrlon, Va. ; Kdiva
t J.iiniio.i I. Md. ; Ciias. Aixex. Ma
II Uillixms, Tenn.; IPWfcr L'rr
J7. A. .
Jmlin.try Mesfr. Janips Thnnipon
1 a ; J.ilin K. MiUrr, Obio: co. .4xAnnn
. ; Itirbard K. Mearin. Va. ; CVjns.
W fhwl, Ky-; I'bcstov Kisg. N. Y
Abram W. Vfnahli-, N. C ; TnuJcwStc-
renr. l'a ; JI. J. Welborn, G i.
Terriinrifs MrFr. I.inn Ilnvd. Kv
Wm. A. Kirbardson, M. ; Jitliits l.'-i.,
irell, Ma..: J.iiii-s A.SfiMnn. Va. , 7V
Texhs: taW r?o.', jV. Y.; G. i. Kiicl
lii( : J. II. GinniNGs, Oln'o.
borein Aliair lIesr3. John A. M
A leni.-.n I, III.; Jaa, MclJoive.ll. V a ; o l.
C. If inthrvp, jVlas. : U. A. IlaralMii
'Gl-o. ; Ilenry U. Hilliartl. Ala. ; JiWi-ph
. wooilivanl. . U. ; tsiirard iSlanlcii,
X.C., A. V. Bnel, Mii li.; Elbridgt G.
iali:tng, l. x.
Eleciion Simn, Uarris of Ala
Tan IScp. Disney, Tlinmpsnn of Ky . H-i
rn ol l.c.r.nescce, McGauglicy, Af-b An
Iretva.
naim-s D iniel, Tbimi.w. Ronl, UM
nio', NpU"ii. Iliibliar-I. Mi'.I.can ol Kr.i.
itickv, Duiihaui, Dnller nf Conn.
"niiinie"rce Mol.nnfi ol Md., Went
unrlh, Griinielf, Binghani. Slepbeiis
G-o. Colcnck. 1'W'tiix, Sn-ison, Conr.nl.
I'nlilic Lar.ds ISoivlin. Il;inii inf on. Al
berlson. Sbcplirrd. Hakcr. Ciibb of Abv
bn-na, Crooks, Ilnazbind, Uunrt.
I'osi Ollice IMier. Pnplps. McKissnrk
Foaibcrsliinp. Ilebard, All.-inn, Howtll,
S'latitoii or lennessec. Uurkne.
Ilevoluiionary Clainis Saivlello, Jtor
ri5, Mcivfll. Hay. I'ullcr of I'pimsvlvania,
iMiINom, Gondeiiow, jIcW illip. Kcrr.
I'ublic Expen'Iiuires Jobiifon ofTcnfi.
IjisscU, G.inijpr. Hnrland, I5:)vvip, Sweel
Zit, C.tldivell ofN. C, Ooftth. Calvin.
PrivaU; Land Claims .Morc. Ornwn ol
I:i(!rin.'i, Huinspy, Gilmore, Camphpll ol'
Oliio, IJarris of III- Marsball, VIiillletey,
Andeison.
Mdnnf.icliires Pec!c, Donrden, Houslon,
C'eveland, urc-ck, Rop, Orr. Onen.
Apriciiluire LilllrSdil, Di; Berry, Ris
Icv.IcMullen, . Y,ouiii. Casecy, Sinniui
of ICenlucky, Ceimeii. Cable of Oliio.
lndinn AlTairs Joimson of Arkansap,
Uj!1. C'rowell.McLaugblan. Outl.nv, Ilack
clt. B.ikcc. Iloward. Sprague.
Miliiary AfTaira Bnrl, Rirhardfon,
UMson. Caldivt'll of Kciil'irkv, Evans ol
.Marxl ind, Carter, John A. Km, Ewin.
t bniiillrr.
JLIuia I'easlpp. Sav-ji-. Kinir id H- I
IJn'y, Monrp, Bri'ju6, Robbin?, Tbonijisoti
ul low.i, Mcarh.iin.
"S'nal Airairs -Slati:onofTenn..Srhctirk,
I S. r.-. WbilP, Gerry, Cabell of Kla..
.M' (luerti. I.evin.
Kcvobili mary Pi'inion Wnblo. Brnl,
t;U-csicr. Wallacp, Fn-pi.lpy. Oouilman
Eans of OIiik, Tuck, Sarfceu.
Invalid P.-iiKion'! Lplllnr. Olt. Krs
Averill. WalJrn- Johnain of Ky., Mailt:
bon, Uannlion. Ilav.
Roajj and Canals Robiiwm. Mann of
I'a.. Ivin of . Y., Mason. ruliiaiii, Par
ker, WoJd. Gould. Ilowe
Itulps Kaiiirman, Joiips. Vinton.Sirons
Pipi'nensof Ga., Piu-lpc-. Aeliniun, Lillle-
field, MrGaiisbny.
Patpnls Walden, Olis, Haniillnn, Wa--Vini.
Uarlan.
Poblic BuilJin?. nnd Groiindf Bojv
Ipii. E.bmuulsoi), Housion, 'Yniinjr, l.ey
lio!Jp. Ri'vifral and Unfini-bed "Dusinrse C.dih
of Alah.iina, Oiile, Averill, Juliun, Jack-
Arromiis Kinr;, Mascy. Mnsoti. Mr
Ponald, I'larkf. DnV.
Mileauc Fitch, Du'icnnjlovvnrd, Ilay
ii nnd. Kwpl7.rr.
Eii"raviii" Hammond.Bjiimiink, Fou-
' ri",ibrary Harace Mann of Wiuwh Gil
n orP-
I.:xpRiidimr.-fl it Slale TJpparfrnPli!
Bn''!iatn. Rbl. Orr. Alp.xandrr. Gorman.
KlcppndiMirt- in TtPisnry IV pnrtnipni
Cal.Hvel! "f Kpiuarky, Scl priiierliorn,
Ab, D'xon, IJnnhani.
Exm-rtdimrrs i'l War llppartniPiit
!V t.iii. U, Sp.!i'io!craft, Ilarris of IIIiihik.
MeMiUen. Himler.
Kxppndilurcs in iivy nrr"'ni'-i"-n-lbd'iv,
fliuraiaii, Carter, Pnnini, Ilar
ru of Tt nn.
Tl '.nipon of I'va, JlrW illin, H.tlln
k.,v, Roldiin-, Colbns.
Exiendii.nc Pt.b'.e B.n.d.n
I! , B, Bnrrovs Hnadnd.
E lroll-d BiIls-VMl.!-irk, n.rkny.
,tipfou. .loenn.ents from Drpar.mrn..
urrc ordrred lobe prinird. .
rrPM.!..ion ua ofTced ra!b.,2 for ,n
fi;i n ,.n rp5pppli.i!I il.c ypiz.ire and orr.i
t m , o ?TiSro Island, on.l o.ber por-.j-n,
' 1 C nl al n.erira-aU-. uill. rejinrd .n
.a' p Cen.ral An.cncan S.a.rs-
for rne lo sny ivbat 1 believe to be llic facl,
'hai ibcse r.'FoIuli'ius do not reprcscnl ihe
eniimenls orthe p. ople ofMifsonri. Tbp
are a Uw-abidins ! n union-lovinr peo"-
le, nnd bave nn ide of enlpiintr inio a
combmaiioii to resisl or iiitiinirinttfthe pr
islaiinn of Connrecs. 'I be Gcneral As
se iibly liae nriukcn ibe srniimeois of ibe
olalc in adoplini; tliese Rp('oulions ; and
maiiy inembers wbo vnipd for lliem, and
Ibe Govcrnor uhosi..'npd tbrm. bavc Min-f
disav.nved and rcpudiale.l lbem.
-Mr. B. prorecdrd in an claborate nnd
fbrrible manner, t.i mainlain bis potilion.
in opporiiion lo tbe Calbonn doclritirs.
A moiion wns niade ibat ivben ihc Srn
ale adjmira, ii be lo Mmiday riexi.
.Mr. Pbelps espipsed ibe bmie ibal ibp
ftenalp wonbl meei lo-m .rrow. for ibe pnr- ! v
posc of acliii" upon llie pppcial order ibp , "
co volcf, nnd wpru in somc fcrt liound to
rcspecl tbe prcfercnce nf llieir reiippclive
KUij)nricrj r.ubrr Ibnn of ibcir ctnire ron
siituencirF. We are nol ailmiliiny iiml
ihepe are valid expuses for ilieir course,
but tbev are rxcuse-j of some fnrt.
Bni Mc.frs. (iiildinn-f, liooi and Al.'en
latid bi-fore Ibeir consliiuenls ulierly niib
nnl apolny. Tbpy Ibrpo reprpi'r'ii ibe
most ilcr.idcclv Wbi portioris of Obio and
MaEfnrbusuUs lliat is inFat, ibose por
lions ol" lbesc two in:ellienl nnd justly
p'iifrful Siatps .vbirb inoil thrirousbly a
L'rpt ivilb Mr. Wimhrop on all ibe pnints
wbt'reoii be dilfcrs from Mr. Cubb, This
Irirh uliicb evcn tbpy darp not dpn3'.
and tvlitrh no amoniit ol dinabani 'Taj--lorilps,'
'Tnyluri.-ii!,' &c. will sullire lo ob
pnirp. Tbpy Knvw rijbl ivell ibat Mr.
Winthrop w.iulil bave liprn Si.pnker bail
re-ipi: i:h llieir cnrifiiltimU aislead ol
resoii:ion in rcl iiion lo ibc pxpcnsrs of 'bcfiiselvp lo voie on ibat lat ballol for
collerlinir ibc revpnuo. It vvas excipdin"-. '"r,'!'ler. Eacb of lliem wwod bis elenion
ly dpirable and npresf ary ibat gnmo ininip- '"""'y '" Wbisf v-itcs tlm U. to t!ii! volcs
dia p aeiion on tlie subjpr.t fhonld bc bad. ' "' frt'''1"1''' on ( VPr.v quration wberc
Tbe tnotion to ndionrn m-nr i. ..Mi-I on .!er-. Cobb and Wiri'liroiulifitT .urri-c
or.iwn
Ilonrt:. Mr. Boyd deirrd In r.rpsent a
inciii'jrial from liie lnliahiianis of Dc-nTPi,
kinr ndiiiiMioii of Mr libbiii iwadele
satp. Mr. Sieplit'iif nf Gpo. objerli'il.
Mr. Bkpr prc.-i-iilcd rredeiilials of .Mr.
-Smitli. a delegaie from Sant.i Ke. Ub
jectrd lo.
Tbc liallollinc furClerk prorppdpd. Firsl
jMllot, Fonipy 03 Cnnipbcll 77. fCHiierinr
i'i Rprntui b'-illot, Fonicy 103, Cnnip
'"II Sl Wbole 2(iy Afier R.illiir ibc
"rt3 .iiwl nays ibrce tiinps, ailj mriml lill
to-morruiv.
Fmntr. Jan 4.
Tbe Hoi'sc. nlier simdiy imporianl rrs
oluiinn.o, adjoiirnrd ovit uriiil Mnm!iy.
I'i iba Sbnatk, ibe reulution nf Mr.
Cas, reKpenlm iion iriteirniirse ivi'b Ans-
'ria, rnme up. Ht; F.ud in siippon ol" ii,
ii.ii lripsiewan tlie only port in Anlria.
iiui inni n rniisni iiii-re ivould Iie qiiMernl
in ii-iii iur .in iierpsfarv rnisinpss ticnwiii
Arncnr.a and Atisiria. Thc roursp of Anj
iria, nnb rrjrard In ibp lliin.'iiri.iii. na
.niorious. lle conjirauilaicd ibe ronniry
on ilio r.o-oneraiion of Mr. Wh:n.r. in
mpnlbizinjr iviib Ilnrnjarv. nnd -olic-itL-tl
4lso tlie Ptipport of Mr. Cl.iy, J-ayin tl
uifi Miicr liail ailvor.ncil ii'in-iiilprroarsp
tviin I'.U'orenn inon.iicb.4. lle mive n bi
lory nf tlie Hnnijiiaijii war, and eiwl ibal
uie ailarkson Uunirarv bad been ihhiIp n
viol.uinn of Ibc laiv ol" nalione, and airainst
'be spirit of ibp a2e. a-id wcrn iiinrli'pd by
wanloii nnd crm-I b:nodbed. Auri
was tinivorlliy n inlp.rr.iiiroe ivnb iw. Ilp
opposeil ihe :ippiintinciii o! ia. Wnls.r
wenons niiiislcrliiili.il conrl. Mr. Ki;iv
aru (lelpmled Mr Webb.
ilr. foole, of Mi-sissinni. ailnrked Mr
iSL-rtnrd in a Irnijlby speerb, nlipr wbirl
uie coiisiilcraliun ol ibe recbni.ri .f Mr.
ijii' as io.siioned unfil V. nnil.H' 'Phi
c ... .
ounaie uipn wenl mto pxecutive FPfsion,
Jnd alierirardda.lj.iuriicd over u ilil Moi
dav.
miisl bpnriily ivilb ibe l.itirr By Ibe voles
"I iIh: IiHprpfciiialiv.s fro'ii ir.-sc clronf
Vv'li: Oiniiicts ar.i Mr. Wimbrop and ibp
Wii'g parly siricken doivn, and tbp mle of
l!ie lIonn jiveii over lo an nlira Lorn Fo
o and Sl.ivery Proj ajaiidis! from Geor-tfi-i.
In bcba'f ol" a nrmisird IVnjiIe, e
apfeil from Ibe ieivpr-e nnd f.icliniii"
eonrse ol tbcse Rcprcserit.iiivps lo ibc
calm, debbcrate jndgniPiii of Ibi'ir cnntit-nrni-i.
To tbnse conttiliiPniK, le: tlip firls
! p d-dy prpsiMitcd. nnd we ball confidenlly
awail ibeir drcisinn. iV. 1". 'I'ribune.
Z3r In llic Hou-e of Rcprp.cntaiivcif, on Fri
dny. tlie clcciion of Clcik as postponed lr
onc in.ijnrity. Tbe prcsrnt inrnmbcnt (Mr
Cami'I!i;li,J conlinucj in o.lice nntilanoilicr is
e l.oscn.
;ave notice
of a
liiil ovc;.
r;;,onTP-on:....crof
lh0 c,.ablHl n cn o "
,.,Pn... J.;, movpdlo lav.l on,
;;:KoS3-nayS10I. Ad-J
j....f..e.MTI.J?iioMiAyfj!in 3.
n-i. ohai' aiinoiinred lbe
SENATn rjavi.. of.
r'BuXr? i.nrs.-o". U,.dcrWood,
i..Jrf-'"W"rk'C"lTe.l rnllii.l.Hor iri
SrSS.' reino, Po..
tnaMrrs. Lai.I jrr. inlr01!erd
L . ll.V 1 III ili".
Frce Soil and the Speakership.
Mavinir in ar.nlbcr ariii le cndcuvi-n-d ii
o juslice lo ibtwcqiiHsi Whijrs from Soutl
t-ni oniirs uno sniv in in oti' n!auisi niu:
defi-al Mr. Wintbrnp beraiifO ibc U biir
Meinuers wotild nol be pledpd initMctiof
opon or resi-'lanre to llie p.cIuioii ol
Slavery from ibe 'lYrriiories and iis ler-
niinaliun in ibe Disiricl ol Cobimbiar" ue
propose now In ronsidrr tbe conrfe of Ibal
fieii'jti wluch deab ils bloivs Irom ibp op
posilc quarlcr, rplu-inj; lo vole lor Mi
Winlbrop, nnd ihus ronnivin'' al tbe iri-
uiiipb ol" Cobb, Slavery and Loco Koro
ism, on ibe apsumption ol" e.xccedinjj and
e.xc-liiMVe i.'evolion to lree aoij.
Tbe CciseEinod iIiub: Tbe House had
hallolted ibree wrcks for a Sneaker inpf-
ficltially, liccaufc nciibcr of tbe ireat Na-
linnal partus bad sirrngib enough 'bcrcin
l.i bent iis nrii.'i'i)iiiti and ibc tivo or ibrce
breds or Errapii of pariirs u-bote votp? all
connled aiMinst a cbim e. I he VI Iiims bad
onlv becn nble lo poll 103 voles ;it mocl
lor Mr. Winlbrop: ibeir ania 'onisu bul
101 lor Mr. Cobb, ubilc 100 lolll wcre
nereseary from liine to lime to consli'ulc
Aii absolulc niaiorny. oibin" reniained
but to agree ibat a plurality vole sbould
irlually ele.'t or conlinueuno'ifatiizcd and
nrompelenl lo transart nny liosinct.?, or.
n tbe ords of one of Ihe lacliiinisle, Lel
Uiecnrd reign foruver.' Tbe mnjiiriiy i!p-
iiled to elecl by a pbtralily uH: as they
houlJ bavn dons livr. iverks earhcr. If
b re bad bpcn m.y douM .n lo the prn-
prifiy ol tlus course, llic iKppr.iie ref it-
nre mailclo U uy li'HH cnnail ol Inrnon-
s'? sbould tiiiliice tn dissip'jtc tb.it doubi.
W'bnt Tooinbi and Bool imiie in vrhc-
icnilv 0ii)iins uii jjioiinds rplatins lo
Slavery could bardly be ullicruise Ibaii
i"bt.
.Sixtv-tno "nall.ils for a .Speaker bad
etn liail wiuioul a result: ilirce wreKs
had been fruitb'fR'y ronsunifd in ibe bal
lotiiiL'i vvhpn fair and lnll noiire was eiv
cn Ibat a mujnriiv nf llie House bad dr-
rided loncrord tbe ?pj.iktrf-bip lo uliom-
oever ihoiild receive the lnulim voteon
be ncxt ballot. It was cpriam tbat enlier
Mr. Winlbnipor Mr. Cobb tmifl be rbo-
sp.n: nn one could pre'piin lo iioiiiit n. ii
was also reilaiu at ibei'Utsct, orverysoon
bi'r:!im' sn, ibni tbop Menibnrs priifessinu
transcpiidi'iil ipvo:i.)n lo rieu onil liail
ic rboice in ibrir li'iniU. By ibrir anioii
r inaclion ii c rpml' ioiild be delPrminrd.
I'hev knciv. every o:ie o'" iheni, thiil .Mr
Winthrop was the firs: mmi ubn mre tbe
niieation ol I cx:u bad mnvnl n l'rovi-
i exrlndiiiir Slavi rv froiii a porfon of our
ae.fic lerrito-y ; ll.cy kncvv tbat be bad
becn Iur a nuinber of ycars m Uongri-ss
md br.d nnilormly vntpd on tbe f-i.Ic ol
reedom nnd Frec Poil against Gnjj-
Lawc; in fivor ol iho llirli? ol litiiioii:
uainsl the nuetiipu lo pxpcl Mr. Ailnms
nd Mr. GiililinM lf.iii tiinr fe:its. lor pre
ei.linj iifTarifivo Anii Slavery .Mcniorial;
'ahiFl ibe Aiinexanon of lcxas: m fa-
vnr ol" icntrir.iinjr Slavery lo onc ball of
ber tcrrimry in fnspof mu-Ii Annexalion;
in I'uvnr f ibe Wihnol Proxifo, &c Sic.
All these voU'f-iere ostrii'atiouly paraded
'For tlie Gnlnxy.
Life Insurance Tables.
Tlie Table of I.ifi-Iii.-uraiu c mi.leno of
on.'ie' rika in KiiniM' aml tliii conntry
are rrtg rri(mto:ts. Thc .N'orli trn.ironTalile,
noiv in uc by the largost companies ili Lon
ilon, makcs llic avcrae cxpei talioii of Life
on a prrun of 20 years of ae to be only
-TJ St lOO years: while fio-n the f.icts collccleil
fro.n thi' itct'ial ;csit'j oj thf btutiut&s of thc K
rjiiitalile Cnmpnny Jurin Ttyt,mis it IiasXccn
lio n aml proied lo liu 4 O.V 100 years. 15y
thc same TaWrs at30 ifan of ap. the cxpcc
t.ition of Life U pni doivn at 2S dT-100 vcars,
wliilc ficts t.ikcn from ll.c nvlimt rcfriUs vf Six
I'j yni a lusinest show aml givc 31 years ; and
liy thc sAinc TaMc. (arcariliiiK to I)r. I'iiick) a
man at 40 has a right lo expert to livc on.'y 23
ye.iri. hcn sixty jcars rcstihs of Im.sim in
ihe Kqnitahlc Oiliicsirc ncarly 2.1 years; and
this i? upon tho intcinpcratc as vall as olhcr
rik.
Thc ol.Icst Taliles ro in ihp in Lonilnn.are
tlie Xortlianipton, fonned by l)r. J'rice, from
thc ItilNnl ilo-laliiy l.cpt in ihe snmll pirish
of "All Sainls." in thal town, from ihe ycar
1733 to 1780, a piriod of45 ycniN. This p'ati'.h
cniiitiinrd n lilile more than balf the minibcr
f inli i1 i ans iifthc sruall t"n of Xoriluimji
ton in lin-rl.ind, and formrd on fo r.arrow a
ImN i, of ilseif, wholly innpplicnblc to dc
tcmiinc the rhanrcH of inortalily or life in a
l.nro nnil hcalthy (oimlry bke ll.c Unitcd
Stutcs, aml slill mnrc crmncon whcn nscd
lo asrpnnin the ralnc if 1'rcn u as tipon Se
lictcil IHtls of thc tafitt nmil Ittl liml, and thc
pn'portion or cbanPM of niortidity upon the
IHtr'iruar clusjt of pcrsons vihosc hves crc
ii'iially intireu. J tie cal ulations are olher
wise crronf ous on life insurances of shorl ilura-
tinn, nhen poli. Jes " rnn out," as prciniums r.re
Ihcn rcquircd to hc pnid nmltrAori cmitract at
tlie sanic rarrs ns zrc cliarpcauie only upon
Kisks intcmlid lor the irliole ptnoa vf Itfe.
Thrse crronrous "Rn"lis.Ii tablcs nrc slill in nm-
cral nsc. both in thc t'nitrd Siatcs and Grcal
Ilritain, whcrchva GROisS IMPOSITIOX is
practirciliipon thc rommunilv. nhcn it isknown
th.it OXE-IIALFot thc jt-aily CASII pny-
rnpnts refpiireil umler llieir nsc of sdcctcd Jtisks
of thc brst cAiss will mcrc than pay all u?ual Ios
fes. partinlarly on insuranrcs for limitcd pcr
ods on the nverajre Ioscn in a wholeccncration
of -10 years. Thc ncxt ohlcst Taldes iu usc in
hn;lancl, nrc tlie "hvirrli-h, vl.ich rrc c-
oallv ern nfon, rs tlity sl.cw onK tlieavcrase
thancci of inortalily upon thc rchvlt popu'al 'on
of hwcilcn anrt tinlaml from 1i3j to l0,a
pcriod nf 41 years. Thcse Tablcs wercronipi
Itil in 1775. and reviscd in IS01 nnd 1F05, nnd
dn not cive thc rclativc chnnres of life apon the
ilifi'trenl classes of the popu'ation, nor upon the
more piuocnt aml tcinnernte rlases no n.n-
ally innre; but inrlwle thc iiiteinpaat', !he s
wWnnd irviffnf all kinds, vfho are rarelv
Insnrcil. Thc third Table in usc wa fonnpd
byl)r. I'ARtfux.in Francc, from ICCOto I63C,
n period of only 27 years. nnil tal.cn from the
lsc"itcr of ilpatli amo'iq Ihe .loukx. and Iroin
tho .Ynnrr: in I'ari. which modc of calcnla-
lions and Table are eounllv crroncous. Thc
fnurth, rallcd the u CnrlMe Tablc," was fonn
ed fiom 1779 to 1787. durin nshort period of
onlv aijh' ycar. nnd frcm n population of only
fitj'U tho'iyaml, in llic ton n of Cnrhslc, whirh of
roure U cqu.illy dcfcctivc and inapplicablc to
tlieiisKs ol the prcscnt uay in tlie Lnitcu
Statc. whcre prople nrc more timpcrale and
corefid of licalih and life.
In thc uc of these Knslfch Tahles a dirert
PEACE PET1TI0N3 TO COHQEESS.
Esvival of the Termont Feace Society.
To the Editor of the Miidltbury Culaxy.
Throuph tho kindncss of the Secrclnry of
the Amcrican l'cace Society, (G. C. Bcckwith,
of" liusion,) nmi thc rriuh of un applicaiipn to
Jiim, I hr.ve bitely rcceived a tract on thc suh
jert of i'caco l'etitions to Cunrcss. I had
thouht of mKkinjr somc extraets from it,
thinking thcy would be acccplaUc to thc lcad
ersoftliy papcr.but on endcavi-rinff to makc
thc sclection, I could not fce what part, conU
properly be spared, thc whulo trart -heing eo
ivcll adaptcd thc canso it advocatc. I havc ne
fonbngly cncloscd it iih a rcquos: that it
may be publishcd ia an earlv paper, irit meeis
with thc npprobation thc Editor. The Petition,
$o far ns it has becn shown in lhii nrigibir
hood, has mtt with nlmost unqcalificd nppro
bation, nnd is obtaining a mpeetablc lift of
fiKiiaturcs. JJutshould it ohtain Ihc signaturo
of vcry inhabiiant in one or two town, it innr.
farcgoing petition for siKrmlurcs. Lct thcm be
duplicate copirs.-rOnc for thc Scnatc. the olhcr
for the House of llcprcscntativcs ; and lct'cvtry
pcrson sign Ixilh at the same timc. If therc
nrcscveral congrcgaiioas, thc diffcrent minis
tcrs may consult Wgclher on ihc hcst ineans of
accompliahini: thc objcct; but Ict thcin becare
fal uoi to wnit oi.e for nnothcr till the timc for
actfon has gone by.
Thc succcss of this morcmcnt dcpcnds cn
tircly on thc sjxmliweous ctMiferuUon of our
filti'ds. We Iiivvc r.o funds to spcnd upon it,no
agcnls to scnd ttnnugh the land in its bchalf;
anfl. unlcss thc ininisters and mcmhtrs of our
chnrches, and othcn in thc commnnity favor
ahrc to thc cauo of pracc. will, or thcir own
accord, pciform the flipht cvire wc hcrc rc
qoest of them, uolhing will or rua hc donc to
ruuch pnrpoc.
Unt we will ntt nllow ourselvcs to douht
thcir rcailiricss for such a scrviccatatimcwbcn
it is so mnclt nmlcd, end tlierc ere to inony
checrii.g incentivcs to etTort in this vast but
lnuch ncIecicd dcpartincnt of Chrislian phil-
.niltrniv. 1 l.p 1nit;i? Af liiwl uml mnn in
uo otious io cncry onc, tl.at no cicat tlTori ' , i i . ,T , j
could be exp.ctc.1 ther Trom. uimcmV"nied Erar,! havc rcl ,.s a noble exnmple, and are
hy inany others 0r simiiar kind. A dinVrtot "? .m'k', f"r "Ur P"P ?nJ cncrsct.c eo
rcsult mayhclookcdforin ca.c the pct.tis ,PC" 1 'e rccent I'eare Congress at Pans
., P., r rai thetlurd and ramt lmposms in the serics of
It is andcrstood, that petitions of (.imilar im
port have becn lirculatvd and signcd in othcr
Siatcs, and probably many are waiting for prc
.vcniaiion to Congress on'the first opportunity
that ofiVrs. And hy should Veimont le bc
hind ber sistcr Statcs "in this work of bcnevo
lcncc '.
A ciosc scrutiny of the pctiiion can hanlly
lcad any one, whu has thc slightett ilaira to thc
charactfrof a I'ricuil of l'tacr, to nfusc i.s
signature on thc groaad of its ultraism ; niilhcr
i, it tspcrtid that thc n-.ot ubra can consis
tcntly Hidihol.l hu on thc ground cf its tanic
ncssor slort coinirg It is understcod to I c,
sim;ily, a rcquest tlmt Congrcs ill nsc iis in
fluvncc, in tbat way that it may ilecm bcst.to
wanls cstallishinij "fomo olher mode of tcttling
ditfl-renccs bctwccn nalions than nn nppcal to
ihccruel, unccrtain. and too oftrn unjust dccis
i.moflhc iwordtto rcf pond to thc scniinunt
wbuli has uietwiih soniucb arccptancc in.Ku
ropc, the scntimcnt whirh favors thc al.olilion
of War. and tlio romotLn of unircrsal and
pcrmancnt pcacc.
llut wliy sliguhl nny onc cr.deavor tosmooih
thc way fr thc dischargc ofan obviutuduly?
I3 therc not somcthing rral'y cnnobling in our
cmleavorsto lcgnrd princiite nbove e rj rdiencx,
wbcn thcy n;;ra.' to conflk-t ? How inucb Iris
cxcuse can hc havc for wiihholding bis infln
cncc wl.o tlaims to be regnnlcd as a Chntliun
as well a an tconomht. whcn both moral prin
ciplc nnd j.oli iral crononiy point in thc ainc
ilircrtion sajing to 2ulions,ns ucllastoin
diviihials go, love one anothcr.be a. pcacc with
onc nnothcr, and rcap ihc reward sexmd to
the f.iithful and ohcdiciiM
It is hclicvtd tbat therc r,rc vcry many in
Vermont who can rliccrfully subseribe to thc
tentimcnt advanccd by the Amcrican 1'iacc
Sociity, and whcn opportunity olfers. co-opcr-ate
with that Society in its clfort3. Its priuci
nal artidc s.ivs, " lte"arding War as inconsis-
tcnt with Cbri.itlanity.and llic trtie interesti of
mankind, thc r olcobjcct of thc Society sliall hc
to scck its a'.'oli'.ion aud promotc unircrsal anu
pcrinancut pcacc."
II that helul U well fonnded, allow mc to cn
quirc where are the old. tricd fricnds of thc
causc ; whatstands in thc way of thcir rc-or-ganizaiion,
and of giving an invitation to llieir
new frionds to j..in them ? Would not a rigor
ous Pvare Society for this Statc hclp thc rausc;
would it not teud to coiicciilratc aud fonfiim.
as wi'II ns I'.isfiimnule the iriin.iplrs of l'ci'cc 1
And would it not nfTord Ihe most fai.-iMc way
tf providing for thc represciitation of Vermont
t tlie ncxt I'cjcc Congrcis in ICurope, (10 be
hoblcn at b'rankfort, in Germany.) It s.iius
to mc that, if thc above riicrics arc woithy of
nn nnswcr, thc npprnnching Tcmperancc C'on
venlioii, at Windmr, and prcliminnry mcctin?s
in-Ton, will afford fawrnblo opportiiiiiticM
for many pcacc mcn to cxcbangc scnliincnls up
on thr subject : for I bclicve that it will bold
true all ihc worbl over, that thc mnjority i.f
'col.l-wntcr men' arc also 'nnli war mcn.'
Trusting thc supgesti. iis will nact witb n fa
vorahlc rcccption from thc rcaders of the Gal
axy, nnd of aid jrom its and olher JCdilors, I
Icavc it for thc prcsent in thcir bands, nnd to
makc room for thc Circular nlbulcd to.
IIENKY MILKS.
Monkton, 12 Mo. 31, 1843.
Boston', Doccmbcr, 1849.
Dcar Sir rcrmit us to rcquest your im-
med'mte atlention lotbe following documciit
wbieli has becn publishcd 111 somc of the pa
pcrs, but may not bave met your cycs. II
is irv de.iirablc to bave as many petitions
as possiblc from all Jiarts oflhe country,
scnt to Congress tciihout eoj. Tlcasc to
altcnd to all directions about duplicatc eop-
icsofeacb petition, &c.
Vcry respcctfullv,
G. C. HECKWITII.
To Ihe Friends of Pcacc throughout the U
u'ded Siatcs.
DispUtks, wbcthcr bctivcen inditi.luals
or iiation, can be setlledonly in one of two
was. hn aimcahte aarcemcnl uettcectt tli
vo 'rlkx llieinselccs, or by reference to a third
. ... . ,,-1
nartn as ummre bclicccn tiiem. ! ar aione
uots not scttlo lniernationai iiiuicuiiics, um
Ieavcs them prctty ncarly wl.crc it fcund
lliem ; ond its sole ii'c. if it has any, Pcs in
dispong b tlf tlie bellijcrents, uft -r a juffi
cicnt cxpi ricn -c of itsetih?,to shcathe tlie
sword and belake tbpmse'vcs to ne"olialion.
or arbitration, ns tbe only poasible way of
terniinaling thetr difnutes liy a pcruianent
world-congrcsscs for the saino pnniosc, has
lunud "pccinl nttention to thc Fiibsdlulcs for
war nienlioned in our proposcd fotm of pe
tition tJ Congrcs; but surh rccommcndations
cven from so high a sonrrc, will be of little
avail. unlci-i ihe fiiendsof pcace in differcnt
rountrics fball influence thcir rcspcctive nt
lers, by petitions nnd othcrwisc, to unitc in
sccuring pcaceful substitutcs for war, and tbns
obviating Ihe supposcd ncccssity of its rccnr
rencc. Karncstly, thcn, would we ask the
fricnds of pcarc, in every sect and party among
ns, east and west, nortb'and south, to "fonvard,
wiihont dclay, thcir petitions for this objcct to
both Ilousesuf Congress, and also to lioth Hou
frs of thcir own Legislatnrc iu cach State, for
thcir artion in favor of thc same object.
Hy onlcr of thc Excc. Com. of the Ameri
can I'eare Society.
GEO. C. BF.CKWITII, Cor. Sec.
Boston, Nor. 12th, 1849.
THE GALAXY.
Middlebury, January 8, 1850.
Ircaty of pcarc.
Jfow. wu wi!i to rcvcrsc tbis imrr.emorial
fmud U practircd upon thc communiiy, upon ; proccss of firtt poing lo war, and then re
that rlass of inurcrs whofc nolitics nrc takcn .ortiixr lo nacifie cxticdientf. AVe would
ont imder Ihc lacdiargutl!e for Ife conlrac's. j mvc nr.ti0ns pmploy tliCM! cxpcdicnts bcfore
. i"'vh "- i.mvn ..iu jui i ,,i..ii i fj,t;n;T .m,i ti,us obvintc tlie allcccil neccs-
or mr mc inev arc not a:mwcn 10 panicipatc i ...-. , n
in thcrrnferitisn well known fait that not ! f ol. 1 1..3,1
one hnlf of thc policics takcn out for bfe cvcr
rontinuc bcyond 5, 10. or 20 years. but rc snf-
fcrcd to pxnirc bv ncglcrt in j aving thc Prc
minin. This wnv of doing hi!siiies isnolmu-
We would l:un gcl
them into the habit of scttlinr thcir diiputes
in esfentially thc same way that individuals
do theirs by miitual aprecnicnt, or roltiu
tarv reference. Such reference ma? be ci-
ual, but t.ikcs the moucv fro.n onc and eivcs ther castial. as it is noiv whcn cniploycu at
it to anotlier wiiiiout any vaiuc rcceived. t ncse all ; or slipulalcil ; sucli as we proposc io sc-
tanics are lormcd upon mc snppoiition uiai turc bv a clause in everv trcaty tictwecn
the Company will have to pay ntofal o's upon natioiiifUniling them lo se'tllo their disputcs,
rn-ry oriy.i.a'lj madefor the trho'ejiod of ;n ,he last resort, by reference to umpires
lif, w!,cti.r" havc provc.I that, 'rc than cn, M h QJ permane, xhow,h a
."ofthatc!assof ri-ks nrc suffcred to nm , c of K:l!;or.5bv which we mcan,
TJ "". VV"e ."L!!.! fiitCon-ress of d inlomatiedelesatcsfroni
i i .t . t nrsi. a ionrcs3 01 uniuuianu
nsurcr; ny hucii iiiciin mc iiiiii;uit 1.111 hiui . .. . r 1 c
be callcd on f. r anv lo wl.aterer: in Life In-1 'HUerent countnes to agree upon a uone m
urancc thc lois must be a t:!td loss cr uoth- International Law tliat sliall ne oinaing on
wlii'e in Firn nnd Marino Insurancc a the narlics to it. snd next a lligli Uourt 01
""7.
large portion of their losscs arc niade up in far
tinl and atrraye clain:?.
A 7ic Iniurnncc Co. wi h cqcal absnrditi
lnight adopt thc ramc rule; so with a Marine
Co, for cvcrv IIoitc or Shiji that U built.soon
cr or latf r, i in onc way or .vher dcslroycd
many ships aftcr having becn in.iared in s-afety
for 10 or 20 years and aftrr prcmiums havc
ncen paul, cqual to tncir cntire cot, are n'tcr
likc ours, will take hold in carnrst of a sub-
pr.
t rVreliefof soldi?rsor tlie mfi ""! ndvcreary ol llie Wniff party; sotnat iney
B M CmomU hePbouU to-morrowcallj ,;, cscIilim
uX'eA "I-bPforceadivideddnty,.
iNir. r M iav nnd lairiy urcunc io nci uccisivi iV m mc
AIi'fFrn. unoui nnujiiiian. ni
in i!ip columns ol ' I be Uuioii' a day or livo
.., , i . I'VVil paul, viliiui iu llivir ciiliic vvi, .-ii;i- ----- . , .
lieb.rt! tbe Il. uic rctivei.ed, in order lo W!lnn0.t rri Aot ony wramaw, and the compa-'ject like this only at thc call of tbe people
cuicl S.iiillieiii big- .Mi m'jcr, lo vole , lnJ ,ms cnahlcd to makc largc dividcnds. iasabodv; and bcnce we would urgc thcm,
niiliist Jjr. niilirop ; aml nir. M in-j Thc objccts of all Iniiirauces arc to mdcm
lbrop's imiliirni, dcrided, cniifi.tpnl cr.urse nify onc fnr the ncluat losx nponnny giren smn
was Fiiiiimrd up in tlinl "ppr wiib tbe rm- " at "rik tipon whirh hc chooscs to jiay premi
pbaiir. il.'rhiiaumi tbat .Mr. Winthrop bnd um a.lcqunte to ihc riik inpnrrcd. and not to
voled fro:n first lo last nxartly ne Mr. Gid-.' P-iy rnora thnndouhle of thc prcmiums that arc
liri.rs luul. nnd that one w.i cx.-irlly ll.e , i'errsary lo mect thc ordii!ary Iosses, for thc
.,; or ..I Abo!..io.,is. n. Ibe o.ber. And of accumuhil.ng a lar-c furplus f.md,
p-ii- ii- n .... . lo doublo the amount of the onginal fum m-
VP. Mr. Gtddm-s and bis fqm.d bave s-r . a ,iis of sllch a, raav hc .
fil lo sec Mr. Winlbrop be.il-n-tbey stnn.!- fg mcot t,C ,osscs ofamro generations,
ina hy &ntl ronpniiri: by llnwell Cobb, possiblc tooccxr 50 years hcnre.
one oi" ibc iiiost dclcnnined, llioruu;b-i;ii i The principal of "Life Insurancc is thc same
irnf ifTiripnt and cannble cbainninns ol ns anv otlier. It isnotdcsisncdto 'oard tp"
5lTivcry Exicntinn Ibal rnn be pirked oui j largc'pn.fits beyond tlicsvm insund. bnt simply
ofConrefi. Ke bad nlways voted nuaintl to pay agivcn tum of $1000 or S5000 to the
Mr. GbldiiiL-s. s Mr. Winibrnp. nii.eleen Vy of thc nssnrcd, nt ha&ccase. lor this
,i,eKi.ut..l lv.c..:y I... vot.d wi.li Iu... ; . J occnr cft"iw.f
Vet Mr.t.lddiiigftillous ll.iucll uoi.o. ine j ' The CaA ; orJer that all
cla.iscsmay participatein its bcnelits, should bo
madc as io'c as povible, consistent with pcrma
ncnt safcty, but Ict thc paymcnt of all unu
snal losscs bo owiy secrrred if ncccssary, to Itn
times thc amour.t of thc ycarly inyracnt rcquir
cd in (ifh. :id Ict ti:e Jiij-ctit io.'rs bc
niade sure by cndorscrs or by n licn on thc
policv, as is the rasc in 7re Insurancc
The uso cf thc Englisb Tnblcs, when the cnor
moin Rates arc rcquircd to I fidly )Xiid in
Cath eacb ycar, romplctely drfeats the wholc
objccts of thcse Bencrolenl ( ? ) Iniiilutions, nnd
shutsthedoor in thc facc and cjcsoftherfry class
of people fnrwhose benefit they arc dcsigned.
The cnormous and unncccssary accumula
lion of I'rofns of some of thc English Compan
ics dnring the past 50 years, in thc useof thcse
fnll Caslt paymcnt", is tne sirongcst proot tnat
their Kalcs are toe lugn
auons.ur pt'rinaueiii i,w.i. w
al Arbit'ralors, to inlciprct and npply that
l.iw for the adjnstment of all tlifficultics bc
lwpcn thcm witbout an ntipcal to ainu.
iuicli substitutcs lor war can up sccureu ,lJs QWn m;5rcproscntat;on3 ;n particular.
1.. .1 1. .1... I. nl nnni.i. sf flnrpm. 1
OlilV lUIUUIl 11J JUUlk
mfiits : but rulers. cspccially in a country
Our Paper.
Wc have at Icngtb becn ablc to bring about
an important chapgc which wc havc for some
timc rontcmplatcd in the cxternal appcarance
ofour paper. Thc n.blition of fourtolumns,
and a proportlonatc incrcase in thc lcngth of
Ourshect, makes thc Galaxy, (a name wc may
chnngc, one of thesc days,) largcr with a sin
gle cxccption than any othcr journal in the
Statc. Thcse improvcments havc not been
made witbout int'urring mnch expcnsc, and we
confulcntly trusl tliat ihcy will provc vcry nc
rcptnUu lo our old friends, nnd bring us many
new ones. Calculating, thcrcforc, on a consid
erablc incrcase on tbe li!eml support wo have
hithcrto rccciicd, our terms to suhscribert will
notlic changcd though we sliall expert ad
inna jmipnent, whcn it is convcnient, and short
accoithls, in all cascs.
The Committees A Bifference.
At thc latc elcttion of Speaker, thc issuc was
fuirly prcsentcd betwecn lionuitT C. Wik
TitRof and Howei.l Conn. Free Soilcrs kncw
that one or tho othcr would bo chon, and
thrce votcs from thcm would havc givcn thc
nonhcrn randidatc thc clection and jcl thcy
allowcd ihe clection of a Southcrn man, know
ing his cxtreme l'ro Slavery riews.
Sinrc thc clection, their npology has been
that thcy considcrcd loth candidatcs justabout
alike ou the Slavery qucstion aud thcy had
no particular cboirc. Lct us scehow thc Com
mittees of thc last scssion r.nd thoso of the
prcsent comparc. Thc following nrc fite of tl
moit important committees nppoiritcd by Mr.
WisTiir.or:
Dislrict vf Columlia. McJSrs. Cliapman,
Tullmiuhje. Mv'Dowirll. Darrow, Fictlin, Ilenry
innis, htlmirtit, Jhurston. (C riortncrn and
Soiithen me
Un 'J'criitoiies. Smilh. Cranston, Cobb,
Uocliccll, 'J'lnmpson. Gott. Moisc. Kvans.
Piihbury. (15 iCorthcrn and 3 Soutbern
men.)
0i Judicianj. InnersolU Afhmun. Petit,
TT H , i r Tl rr.r
liail, iain.pK.ns, Dtxon, xrciicn, liiyiur,
.Meade. (S JN'ortliern and 4 boutlicrn.l
On Foreiqn Affairs. Smith, Hilirard, In
gersoll, Marsh, Rhett, Pctidlcton, Duer. Mc
tl'Uund, JJuncan. (G .Nortlicrn ana
Soutbern mcn.
Uuw and Means. Vinton, Toombs, M
Kav, Iludson. Ilouston, Morehead, I'ollock.
IhdAiard, Xicoll. (3 jNnrlbern and 4 South
crn uicn.)
All thc Committees appointcd by Mr.
Conn will bc lound ir anotbcr column.
iote tbe diffeiencc. On tho District of
Columlia, tbcre aro but four Northcrn lo fice
Soutbern men ; on Territorits. fvc Korthc:
lo four Soulbcrn : on tbe Judiciary, Jice
Norlbern to four Soutbern ; on Fcreign Af
fairs. four Northcrn to fice Soutbern ; on
Way and ileans, four Norlbern to fce
Southcrn. Of tho aborc 45 Committec
mcn, iWr. iNTintor appointcd 28 Aorlli
crn lo 1 7 Southcrn ; Mr. Conn a majority of
Southern mcn.
Every one of Ibe abovo Committees, ap
pointcd by Mr. WiNTitcor, has a Norlbern
Chairman ; of Mr. Coan's, three are South
crn to lico Northcrn. And Ict it not be for
gotton that ihe ptoporlion of Northcrn and
Soutbern RoprcscnlativcJ is just tho rtterst
of this three Northcrn to firo Southcrn
Thesc facls arc a significant comment on the
praclical efTecls of Frcc Soib'sm.
Tlie Post's Personalities and Politics.
Tho unassuming raan-of-geniuj who " cor
rcspo:nls"for the Brandon Post manifests no
little cxcitcmcnt at ccrtain rcmarks of ours,
rclaling to Frce-Soilism in gcneral, and to
..i lr Giililiinrii nliowfi Iluwell Uohn. llie : ' rr, n , ' . , n
Sl.ivplmldcr and Slavery Propagandisl, ;o
bpal Mr- Winthrop, ibe rniiFif lent and le
eidfd ilnui'Ii iHinpen.lc antnaoni't of
Sl.iverv Exiciision, wben a brcatll from
1, un nihjht liavo prevcnled it. -Was ibat
done like Cassius ?' V ns ii not ratbcr nn
iiru- ble sncrifico ol" public diity to ier?onal
mnlpvolcncp ?
Of 1I101--P Free Soilcrs wbo represpnt ps
spnlially Lorn Foro DiRirirlp Preton
Kii.jr, Wilniol and prrbaps IJurkpc we
do not l.ere fpeak. They niiaht perhaps
tucc tbat, while their rone i'uenis ivonbl
lireferau advncaie of Free S01I lor Spcak-
HlPy wouiii OPire iu scu inni uie' u
.tinrml retoiuuon u... .... ,s
JJr. Airl'i'" '"'.'sJatoorMiouri.il.ousb tbe constiiuen.s of eacb. had they
f the U2.'slllHre anJinstnirting.i.pp,, rpquired 10 r.hoofo beliveen Messrs.
on the sul'jefl 1 n o -nsl bp a,,,iioii W11.ll r.ip JnJ Cobb, wouM hnve. ;ifrn
witbout "thc sligblest distinclion ofscct or
party, 10 sign and for ward to both Ilouses
of Congrcsj, a petition like the following :
" rr.TiTiox ron rcACE.
To thc llonorallc Senate (or II. ofH.)
of the United Slates:
Thc undcrsigncd, inbabiiants for citizcni,
or Icgal voters) of . in the State of
, deploring thc manifold evils of war,
and believinj it possiuie to superseuc, 111
most cascSjHts allcged ncccssity, by ibe time
Iv tidoption of wise and 'fcasible substitutcs,
rcspcctlully rcquest your nonorauie nouy 10
taKC sucn nciion as you may uev.ii ucai, m
favor of Stinulattd Arbitration, or a Con-
press of Nations, for the accompliabmcnt of
tbis most tlesirable end.
Tbe cbaracter of Ibc pctitioncrs as " citi
zcns or lcgal voiers," should be dcsignated ;
and thc petition, whcn sjgncd by as inany
namcs as can bo procurcd. sbould be scnt
al once to scme Membcr of tbe House, ad
dresscd gcncrjlly to tbeir own Rcprescnta
livc, witb a lettcr requcsting bis spccial at
tcntion to Ibe subjpct.
Tbcre should bc no dJai in this movcmcnt.
Congress will mcet in a few days; nnd Ihe first
part of the scssion will probably furnish thc
only lcisure for giving serions and cffcctivc at
tenlion to the Fuhjcct. Let the fricnds of peacc
mee'.tacm on the tbrcsliold wiuithisgreatques-
Wc refer to an angry and confused article
in thc last number of that paper, which
tliougli wanting tue usual oogus signa-
ture, inadvcrlently confcsses the aatborship
which was nor, pcrhaps. designcd lo
bc conccaled. Thc writcr in qucslion seems
(o us thc last man in tbe world to provoke a
pcrsonal controversy espccially in a rcgion
whcro his past circcr and his prcsent pow.
erlcssncss and political weabncss are so well
kncwn. So lar as tbe article relatcs (o us,
however, we havc bavenothins tosay. Thc
publie care nothing about controvcr&ics be-
tween pcrsons of so little consequence as ei
ther tbe ' corrcspondivi editor " or ourself.
If we have erer done tnjusticc to thc Free
Soil party, and its lcadins splrils, we Ihink
our icadcrs will join witb U3 in saving Ibnt
it is becausa wc bave notsufucicntly cxposed
tbeir manifold inconsistcnry, "self-seeking,'
and recklcssncss. Tbe wholc practical re
sult of thcir operations, thus f.ir, bas almost
inrariably been to play into the bands of Lo-
cofocoism, and into the bands, too, of tbe
most ultra and uncompromising Southern
Pro-Slavery ' Dcmocraey." AVe are credi
bly informcd that numbers of ntelligenl
and discctning tnen, tn this vcry county,
where the " impracticablcs " ncvcr got tnuch
footbold, are nowr convinccd of tbis manifcst
facl, thc u developmcnts " of tbe ptcsent
inter espccially tcnding to tbat result and
are dctermined to hsve no'.bing more to do
tion, and, imilating onr English co-workers
who latclr nourcd into l'arliamcnt. in a month
InMcad of inviting 1 01 two. hundrcds on hundreds of pctilions for
patronagcyroni all casses, tncir lnstituuons oc-1 tbe same 0'ijcct, let us bnng a tjiocsakd pc
come usrlul only to the more wcalthy, who arc ; titions bcfore Congress in the first month of its
nble tn pay. scssion. It run Im done with case. if wewill:.
It is liopeu the newCompnny nowcommenc- but, for this pnrposc, every one who rcads tbis ! ju. ;H.starrcd fac'ion.
ing bnsincss in Montpelier will profit by thcse, appeal, espccially every ministcr of thc Prince j . , . , , T
hints, and that the centlcir.cn who have beca of Pcacc. shonld considcr himself as nerson- Lct m sec how tbcraattcr sttnUi. Jn
' jtnftficfrfl n ittl iho ,rnrl- !11 nnt nfttet iVit.tr -11.- - . J . ... . . . . . .. i. . . . l . . 1 1
Ol u,c ' . vntfi anaillSl me iiin-i inm. i 1, . y itiunu.n iu uiuic iu iud iqiici ot uwx. 1844, tnC tltSt ttme inai pariy uau iu opuui-
iheirSenator. o vo.e i. w,ijch efg ,han five lllnjrea m.joriiy ,n ei-, mark o: pcrvcrt thc objccts of thcir new Com- If bi, congregation is Uic only onc in thep!acc, , - ' ,Q aho ,0 anv nurPOse. the
ii iiui"1 i' - ,i...anM mr ihp inrnirr. mi" nt iiifiiii inai ir.in , im uuhu iiuu iiii; lhui us iiijaii i irr n m tnonimn inh cumnrr tn nniuii. anu i nrn - -
I . ... I I f L.. T C nthff hnr lInTl( tW tli I.Mrr1-n crcfnm 7 - J P P.A,lAn(iil rtk nltlllTfC ffuTP Hl'Vtft l.T.AY I
werP rfi"i vt ..hUIilhc nroportime jiy Iiad been mJimy ciccitu uucpru' - - -v SOjUC pcrson iu carr arcaaa a copv oi uc iiu.mut.Q. vvmw ..w ,
and James KPolk tbeformcrcommitted
BjainiJ.tho Anncxation of Texas, and.
though bims-clf a slaveboldcr, known to be
jOpposed to tho cxtension and pcrpctuation
of Slarery; the latter pledged tn favorof
Anncxaticn, and known to cntcrtain the
most ultra views on all kindrcd subjccls
What was Ibc result ? The Frco Soilers
crcalrd a divcrsion in New Yorkjivbichavc
that Statc lo Mr. Polk, and tciihout which
bc -could not havc becn cloctcd. All this,n
fubstnncc, the nalional organ of the Frce
Soilers (tbe Era) notc admits. Ilcre, tbcn,
thc Free Soilcrs, wbatevcr thcir purposc,
(which wns in gencral,we doubt not, good.)
did actually give all ibeir wcigbt. to tbe
Southern scalc.
Thc same was true of the Congrcssional
clection in Connecticut, last ycar. Inslcad
of thrce Whigs.all tborougbly commiltcd in
favor of what tbe Free Soilers profess to have
at heart, and by their direcl aid, thrce Loco
focos wero chosen, onc ol whora (Mr. Wal
do), witbout bcsitation or icicrvation, votcd
for Mr. Conn, of Georgia, for Speaker;
nnd anotbcr (Mr. Cleveland) for a Loco
foco wbo stcadily voted for Conn ; and all
thrce for Bnowx, a notorious Northcrn Lo
cofoco doughface, on bis simple pledge
palpably contradicting all bis previous con
duct tbat be would fairly constitutc certain
Committees. The tanic is essentially true
of clcctions in othcr parts of the Union.
In tbe clection of Speaker of tbe prcsent
Congress, tho fjcl is clcar and undcniablc
(by any reasonablc pcrson) tbat, so far as
Ihe Free Soilcrs cxcrtcd any positive influ
ence at all it bclped put IIowf.lt. Conn in
the Speaker's cbair nnd furthcr, that tciih
out thisfhllucncc, Cobb could not bavc becn
clcctcd. This is a rcsponsibility which they
try to sbirk, but altogetbcr in vain. Thcy
cannot do it. The country will hold thcm
accouniable and we prcdict that the con
stitucntsof Allkx, Booth. and Giddinos
will show, at Ihe ncxt clcciion in thcir rc
spcctive district?, tbat they bave rot been
indilferent spcctalors of the sccucs at Wash
ington, during the first Ibree wccks of tbe
prcsent scssion.
The Post puls ccrlain questions lo ns,
which, nolwiihstanding tbe angry discour
tesy of the wbole article in which they np
pcar, wo sliall not evade. It is true Ibat
Toombs rcsolulion was no; entertaincd at
all, (indefimlcly postponed. if the Post prc-
fors which every body knows is just tbe
samo thing.) as being "out cf place" nnd
it is also trae Ibat Soutbern Whigs, in geticr
al.are cxpccted to look somewhat differcntly
upon the qucslion of Slavery from Northcrn
Whigs: it is nol true, however, that the Wil
uiot Proviso is any less a test (in tbe scnse
in which thc Post would be uudcrstood)with
Northcrn Whigs, than it is wilh the Frce
Soilers. And it is a fact that nearly cvcry
Free Suilcr in Congress votcd for acandidale
for Speaker who is acotcedly opposed to the
Wilmot Prociso.' Tbisis not Irueof Norlb
ern Whigs.
Toombs' rcsolulion trru approvcd by just
stx faualics in the Whig caucus, wbo triM-
dreta from tho Whig party, on thcspot,nftcr
tbeir lcsnlulion was so unanimously rcjectcd,
and cffccted an indcpcndcnt organization,
in imitation of tbe Fice Soilcrs. Tbe " un
fairncss " of Ihe Post consists in cndcavoring
lo tnake tbe Whig party rcsponsible for a
resolution which they, in fact, Irod undcr
foot. Mr. Bkooks did not "say, in sub
stancc, tbat hc approvcd of it " and nnne
of tbe othcr gcntlemcn namcd by the Post
votcd for it.
Tho Post talks about " anti-slavcry aclion
as a part of tke Whig crc ed "! and asks a
qucslion as ncedlcss as its language is con
fuicd. We rcpeal, that it was ncvcr prc
lcndcd that 'be Itcprcscnlativesof Southcrn
consliiuenls woro as strongly anti-slavcry as
thoso from the North, nor was it cvcr madc
an indispcnsablc prcrcquisite to tbeir ndmis-
sion into a Why caucus that thcy shoufdbc
Nonc can mistakc thc position of Ihc Whig
party on the Slavery qucslion, if thcy will
look at tho votcs iu Congress on that subject.
evo r sincc Ibc qucslion was first agitatcd.
In rcply lo tbe ncxt string of querics, we
bavc to say, Ibat we shall neecr support n
candidatc for Presidont, for Vice Prcaidcnt,
for Speaker, or for any olher officc, who is
" known to bo uncompromisingly opposed to
cvcrv anti-tlavcrv mcasurc evci broachcd"
no Whig i bound to it " by party fidclity
and, what is more, no true "Whigs of the
North " will do it, or cver did do it nor can
Slaveholders of tbat sort by any possibility
get a nomination from tbe Whiys, though
with the Locofocos, the " corrcsjonding cd
itor's " old associatcs, it is tbe casicst tbing
in the world, nnd what is more, it is but
short timc sincc bo votcd for such a candi"
date himself 1 1
We gave our authority for what we
quoled as the language of Mr. Ci.kvei.axd
and that was a ncutrnl paper. Of course,
tbcn, it was no " misreprcspntation "of ours.
f his remarks wcre incorrcctly rcportcd
ofthegrayest itnporlance to the whole
people. Mr. Vilas vas not by any
tneatis the'proper person to presideover
such an assembly and especially, since
the exposiire which has been madc of
the meihod by which' he obtained his
Somewhat dt.ubtfu! tillccventoa seat in
the Conventiou.
The Whigs rrave thcir roles (as will
beseen from the Correspondence of the
Frct Prcss, in anothcr column) toGov.
Coolidce a gentleman of much expe
rieucc as a presiding officer, and emi
nently fitted for that pnsition in thisCon
veniinn. It will be obscrvod that he
was, nn the first ballot, but ten vo!es
behind Mr. Vilas, the latter beinij 111
a minorilt of thirtyonc votcs ! Tbe
parties seem to starid about as follows:
Whirrs.Oi, Free Soilers, 101, Old Line
Locofocos, 41.
Literary JTotices.
A Mcmoirof Thomas Chittenden-, the
First Govcrnor ot Vermont, with a Ilis
tory of the Comlitulion dnring hi? Admin
utration. liy Daniel Chipman, LL. D.
This work, which was announccd some
monihs since, is now rcady for distribution,
and will, we tnut, be cagerly sougbt bv all
who are liilercsted in tbe cnrly historv of
tliu Slatft.and by those espccially wbo ilcsi
Lawrcnce, for Speaker tho TOte slandinjj,
Kldcrkin, C3,Kobcrt II. Pruyn (Whig), 62
James U. Uose (Loco) was cleclcd Clerk
by tbe same vole.
New IlAMPsmnR The Whigs cf New
Ilampshire have nominalpil Ilon. Levi
Cbambcrhiin of Kecne, for Governor. The
Convention was hcld in Concord ou Wed
ncsday last. ' " '
rTbe Ohio Senate hasat Iastoranized
by the clection of II.vanisoN G. Blakc,
(Whig) for Speaker.
Ci5"Thc ConslitntionalConvenlion waaor
ganizedon Friday, by the appointinent of
Ilon. Tjios. BArtTLETT, Jrof Lyndon.Prcs
idcnt, on the 13lh ballot. Lucins II. Novls,
of Hydep.iik.waschoscn Secretary and IIex
ry E. Stocoutox, of Chester, Assitaut
Secretary. Both tbe latter are " Old Line"
Locofocos and nono of the candidatcs of
tbe Frce Dcmocraey, it will bc sccn, got an
o'ection. On Friday afternoon, the Con
vention procecded to consider the amend
mcnts proposcd by thc Council in Commit
tec of tbe Whole. J. N. Pomciioy, Esq.
in tbe cbair.
rSTWc commcnd the communicatioii of
Mr. iMiles, and tbe circular of the Secre-
to know sonictLing 0f ibe mcn who Jaid the i tarj" of lxa m"'lQ P-'ace Society, in an-
foundation of our ciwl institutions nnd who
ligurcd most coiupicuously in the transac
tions of our " heroic agc." We hai p gn en
tbubooka careful perusal, and, we nccd
bardly say, have found it cntcrtaining and
valuable in a high dcgrec-for which.indccd,
tbe name of iu lcarncd and distinguishcd
author is a suflicicnt guarantce.
That part of tho work which is dcvoted
tothe Constitutional History of tho State,
willbe. found vcryfull, accurate and ablp,
and ougbt to bo read nnd earcfully conned
by every frecman on whose rigbts aml du
ti'.'S Ihe subject has dircct or indircct bcar
ing. Tbe style of the au Ihor is clcar. forciblc
aml uriafTectcd-proceeding iu a straight for
ward manner to thc business in hand, and
fully cxhauslingcacb topie on which ii louch
cs. Wo know of few wrileo who ,o well
uiidcrstand how to treat of subjects in thcm
selvrs reconditc and dry. in a manr.cr lo cn
cbaiii Ihe alttiition of the readcr. and fullv
to possess hiu. of Iho idt-as iulcndcd lo be
conveycd.-Mr. ClttrMAN- prcscnts a rare
instancc we tbink of no siuiilaronp, exccpt
that of the latc Albekt Gallatis of thc
fulness or mciital igor nnd acunicn cnduring
througli middle life into vcncrable agp, wnh
all lhe zest of literary resvarch nndcompo
silion, an unabatcd interest in all conlempo
rancoiis public afl"ai-s, nnd a practical disccrn
ment unimpaircd by tbe progrcss of years.
And ibcre are few among us, too, of whosc
wisdnin it so strongly bchoovcs us to r.vail
oursclvcs, and wli05e influence no Iongcr
nirccted, wo trusl, by parlizan fci hngs,0as
h! words i-ertainly cannot bo by partizan ns.
piratious will have so sahtlary and so lat
ingan cllect on Ihe public wclfarc.
othcr column, to tbe attention ofour readcrs.
C3TMr. Gack, arrested on suspicion of
bcing conccrned in the murdcr of ilr. Par
ker, of Manchester, has beeu duchar"ed.
CaTTho typographical crror 'a ihe copy
of the Presidents Message which was gcn
erally printcd from, givcs great " aidCand
comfnrt " to the Locolocos. It is Ihe only
thiug in thu documciit upon which they have
as yct fastcncd a cavil.
Guiltv of Murdek The irialof Wni.
E. Knowliou at Worcester, for tho tautder
of Prudcnce-S. Arnold, in Uxbridge, last
January, resultcd on Friday evening, ina
verdict of guilty. Sentcnce of doath wns
pronouiiced upot. tbe prisoner on Saturday.
The Prcsidcnt, on Friday, sent into the
Senate n long list of diplomatic uppointmcnts,
said to contain all that have becn made.
)
Corrpoiulri cj of the Frrc rrra.
The Constitutional Convention.
MONTI'ELlElt,4 O'clock",
Wcdnesday afternoon.
IJeariitr: Last ovcning, llaming band
bills wjre postcd at public plnccs in this vil
lagc, calling a mecting of that portion of the
convention to auicnd the Constitution, known
by the cognomcn of " Free Dnnoerat? aml
every body clsc opjiofe'l lo ' lonj; lcam whi
gcry," for thepurprjscof organizing that par
ty with rcfercni e to the clcciion of ofhVcr-i
of Ihc Convention. Thu caucus was hrhl
acconlingly, and resultcd m the nominaii.iti
of Levi B. Vilas for President, lhouj.li I
Icarn that the nomination wns not hanuoiii
ous, whirh shows that his qnalificat ons for
the oflice wcre appreciatcd by a portion oi'
thc membcrs of the caucus.
n.:. . :...!...- .
i .i - , , ... iuui.iiii iuu uiiiciiiiun aiscuiLicii
Mocomiucnd tbis book lo public at- at 1 0 o'clock, and was talled toordcrbvMr.
1 owxslkv of IJ-attlcboro. A moiion lo r-
tontion, cvcrywhcrc, and espccially lhrou"h
out Ihis Slatc.
wc have vet scen no suflicicnt reason to be
lievo they wcre. But no matter for thc lan
juage Mr. Clevelaxd's vole is on record,
and thal conviclsbim of all we laid lo bis
charge.
The Constitutional Convention.
After all the blustcr and exultation
of the Montpelier Patriol and iis co
laborcrs, wo hardly expected thal the
scenes so lately acled in Congress, in
the Ohio Legislature, and elsewhere,
were to be repcated, in the organiza
tion of our Convention for amendins
the Constitution. A raunted " Demo-
cratic " maji.rity of Jifty we supposed,
as a matter of course would find no
ifiicully in accomplishing everjlhing
its own way. And yet it appears
that, for the first two days, the Con-
cnlion was not able'Cven toorganize,
excppl tanporarily, by the choice of
officer s elected in opposilion (o the cau.
cus candidatcsot thu hlly-niaionty.
anti-Iong-team" party.
Nothing but the ill-limed attempts of
xaPatriot and its parthans to make
political capital out of an election in
hich not a third of the freemen of the
State, probably, look any part. and an
eflbrt to force upon the Convention, by
PoE.MS.by John G. Saxr.. Bosron :Tick
nor, Itccd, & Fields 1800.
Thi is a bcautiful volnmc of one hundrcd
and llnrly pnges, gotup in Ihe best style of
the well-known publi.ihers. Though tbis is
an unimporlalit circunvtancc, wbcn a work
has no nierit, it is quitc tho revcrsc, whcn it
comcs lo be tbought of in connection wilh a
favoriie aulhor. Such an author is Mr. Saxe
(o a widc circle of rcaders, of wbom, wo aic
free to confcss, wo are one and we think
otimclvcs happy to find thoso vcrses wc have
admircd in :hcir 'dispcrscd" Matc, hcrcgath
ered in thcir bcst " holiday lrim,"and with
an cxternal look not uninviting to those (if
any such tbcre bc) not yet initiatcd.
Mr. Saxe is chiclly known, hithcrto, as a
hurr.orous poct hi satire on " Progrcss "
(tbe lcading poeai of this volume) having
first promincntly atlrattcd public attention,
and cstabbshcd a rcputalion for its author as
cxicnsive m Ihe Union. We doubt whethcr
any similar produelion evcr bad a more bril
Iiant carcer ccrtainly wo know no poem of
thu kind, of cqual lcngth, tbat contains so
many good things, wilh so few dcfccts and
witbout onu dull line. "The Times" the
last pocni in tbe collcction which was read
before thc Boston Mcrcantifc Library Associ-
atior., a month or two since, is markcd by tbe
same gcneral charactcristics, and is (witbout
repclilion or unplcasant rcscmblance) in a
similar vcin. Most of the intcnncdiatc short-
cr picccs (with ncarly cvory onc of which
our rcaders aru familiar) bclong to tho same
lamily tbcre bcing but thrce or four of a
more serious kind, cach markcd by true po
etic feeling, and evincing a capability for
higher and more ambiiiouspcrformances in a
sober vcin. Such a work, Mr. Saxe owes it
to his genius lo atlempL
Wc forbcar any eflbrt todo justiccto a
book of this kind. in our limitcd space. Our
rcaders will ccrtainly procure thc work and
review"itfor Ihemselvcs.
QyThe "Vermont Tribo.ne" ia thc
litlc of a new Whig paper just slarled at
Brandon, by Wm. C. Rogkrs. Ii is a
good-looking ehcel, and the first number
givea fair prcmise for ihe future. Rutland
County is large, aud fiiled wilh slerbng
Wbi;s and thcy will certainly be thought
very libcraland patrimic, if thev support
iire Counly or;ans, in a wonhy manner.
G3"The Freeman's Journal (New York)
says tbat the Kev. Mr. Huntisgton. au
thor of "Lady Alicc," "made bis submis
sion to the faith " of the Roman Catholic
church, a few days since, and "tougbt ad
mission by pcnancc " into that body.
MASSAcnrjSETTS. The Lcgislaturo of
Alassachusetts met on Wcdnesday last. Tho
Senate clectcd Hon. MAttsnAix P. Wil
der, of Norfolk, President, and Chakles
Caluoo.v, Esq., of Boston, Clerk. The
Houso chose Essign- H. Kellogc. of Pitts
field, Speaker, and Cbarles W. Story, of
Koxoury, uierk. The Annual Sennon was
preached by Rcv. Dr. Hitciicock, Prcsi-
nt oi Amberst College.
New Yoek. The Lecislature ofNew
rr.eans of parly taclics, a very excep-! York met at tho Capitol, on Tucsday Iatt,
tionable presiding oCicer.couId have Ied ! "d '"e du,Jf on the me day.
any difficuity in organiz.nf, a body, in , ' .. " " T'.
hich politics hare properly nothing to ' the " -ZZ.'Trr
which is assembledon busin-sslof Noblc 8. EiDEnsis fLoco oSt
leet ollicers vro tempore was carried. aml
Mr. FiklD nominatcd LuTtiKa B. IIlwt ,.f
St. Albans, for President. Mr. Vilas wa
nominatcd in opposilion, but Mr. llunt ha
ing been first nouiiuatcd, Ihe qucslion was
put, Will theroiiicntion appoint hiui Pre
ident Pro teinpore .'" and was carricd in the
aflirmativc. Therc was somcthing of a sprink
lingof noe., but not suflicicnt tos-iit Ihpirr
dcmocraey. Mr. Novt.s ol Ilvikpark.'iiml
Mr. Stouoiitox of Chester, were appon.t
ed Clerk and a?s't clerk pro tevipore, both
old line democrats. Tho convention adjourn
cd to mcct at thrce o'clock this aftcmouii.
On the comingJn of the convention, tbis
nftcmnon, .Mr. Field movcd lo adjourn to
ten o'clock lo-morrow niorn;n7,(lhe clerk not
naving comploted llie roll) which was car
ricd. Thcrcupon Mr. Tiiomas', of West
Fairlee, gave notice of a mceling of the dl
MociiAcr, at No. 7, immcdiatclv nfter the
adjournmont.and Mr. BAaLOW.of Fairfield,
jrave notice that tLcre wnuldbea mcctingof
TilR Dcmoerary this cvening at No?8.
(See that you acccnt, in reading, accordin
lo the underscorii'g ; olhcrwise jou will not
unners'aiid the diflbrcnce betwcen the 1)e
.mocracv and Tiie Demncracy.)
You pcrecivc tbat Ihus far the Frce Soil
ers bave cndeavorcd to make Ihe organiza
tion political. Tbe "cotresponding editor"
of tho Brandon Light of Frcedom, (I don't
remcmbcr ihc name of the pjpar;) and the
Editor of the Burlington Couricr are here,
dirccting the movemcnts of the lesser lights
of Frek Dcmocraey! In hastc, yours.
Monlpelier, Jan. 3
The convention procecded to ballot for
Prcsidcnt. Thc first ballot resultcd as fol
lows: Levi B. Vilas 101, Caiii.os Cool
idce 01, Ldtiieie II. IitrxT 29, Scatlcring
12 no choice. Second ballot, Vilas 102,
Coolfdge 30. Scattcrinr 13. Tho convcn
tion thcn adjournrd. Ju the afternoon the
committce on Elcctions were apnoinied.con
sisting of two whigs. two free soilcrs and onc
dcmoorat. (old line, of course). The con
vention tben procecded to ballot aain for
President. Aftcr thrce ballotingswithout
anv malcrial variatmn ; l.n n,..,i, f
baflotings in thc forenoon. savim thnt Hfr
Vilas lost nround. he declined. and nnmTnnfi.il
Mr. Bartlctt, Free Demceraf. nri.m.lnn
The ballotlinj procecded, and afier twomoro
ballotings witbout efrcctir.!r a choice. the rnn-
vcntion adjourncd. The last ballot stood a
follows : Bartlctt 10C, Coolidce 87.IIunt 37.
scattcnng i.
From Montpelier.
It will be secn. bv tbe interpe.mn-
from our rcgular corresnondent nt'.Vnm.
pelier, ihat llic Convention. havimr .liann.
sed of ' Free Dcmocraey," has" got at
work. In Commitlcc of tho Wbole, on
Salurday.the 3d, 4lh.5ih, Gthand 7lh pto
posed Amendincnls, giving the election of
Assistant Judgee, Sherifrs. IIIrrh-Bailiffa
Slale's Aliorneya and Juslices of the Peace'
to the people, were recommcmlp.i ri,.'
whole subject, however, was subsequently
io erred atjain to the Committce.
Most oflhe dav wa nnpnt in .i;...:n..
Ihe 1st Amendraent propoeed by ihe Coun"
ciI.providir.groraddttionalRepresentalives
in lowtis iianng over 2300 inhabitantP.
We learn. rrom olher sources Ihan ihe let
tcr ofour corresnondent. thm y,a oi.
Mr. Pomeroy, tbe Delegaie frotn Burling
ton, in favor ol the Amendmcnt, wasn vefy
clear and cogent one. Free Prcss, 1th.
Officers of the War of 1812.
At a meeting in Wjshincton cilv. ort
the 3d day of Marcb, 19-19, of the Offii
cersof the War of ISI2, it was
Rcsohcd, That the Officeis. lo wit .
Maj. Gen. William O. Butlcr. Gen.
Charles S. Todd, Major John G. Catnp,
Colonel John A. Rogers. Dr. Adam
Hays, Col. Charles K. Gardner, Col.
Abram R. Wnollev. Maior Geor?e Ben-
der, Col. Robert W. Alston. Dr. Rich-
ard Johnston, Capt. Boy.l Reillv, Capt.
Leonard Adams. Capt. Thotnas'll. San-
ders, MajorD. E.Dunscomb.Capi. Ilen
ry llobertson, Capt. Pe'rr Doulas?,
itlaj. Oliar'es iMuiICTan. M jor J N
B.arker, C f-i v' t P - M
.1 V

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