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The people's press, and Addison County Democrat. (Middlebury, Vt.) 1838-1841, May 25, 1841, Image 2

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uutil his hcalth
that, alhis own hospitablo mansion at North
Ucnd, whcn the infiim healih of Mrs. Harrison
would not nllow hcr to altend public worship
clsowl.ere, Gen. II. would ofinn obtain tho ser
vices of a clergyman for the day and rcmurier
afc lnm liberally. It has also been slaled to
roe by a meinbor of thc farni.ly tbat, soine years
since, he accidentally hccnme acquiuntcd with
a VOlillU
iic Minifter of tho .Melhoilist onurcu in
circumstaiicLS. whose nativo talcnts
mid powersof mind nromised extensivc use
Tii'nooc F rironfr lv cuhivated. Gcn. II. kindly
iuvited ium to bccomc a niember of his family,
and ofrercd him the usc of his library until well
prcparcd for thc exercisc ofhis ministry. This
young clergyman is now a dislinguished and
iucccssTul laborer inthe vinojaid of our Lord.
Of late ycars, notvithstaniins his having e-p-cted
mostly at his own cxpcnsi', a cliurch in
I is irnmedialc vicinity, yet, nut being ablc t:
'upport a cltrgvraan for the rcgular services of
iht cliurch, hc was found in the habit of leaving
liis liomc on Saturday afiernoim for tiiu sole pur
i.ose of altemling the churcli in Cincinuati, of
whicli the Rev. J. T.Brooke is Uector, twice or
ihrice a day. Uc also frequcntly attendcd a
slatfd weikly lccture.
From the day of his Inauguration, it was his
invanable practice to rie with the dawn of day,
nnd, afier leading the Scripture, to take a walk
for i-xerqise; and seldnmdidhe brpakfastor dine
withfUt oorae old friend or acquaintance pattak
in; of his liospiiality. In ttiis uiannei iiis whole
time was occnpied. Occasionally, if fr a mo
mciit Jbengaged from his official duties, and the
prt as of visiters.he would steal aivay from his
family, anj visit son eof his old acquaintances,
with all that cordiality and g nt'tous yood lecling
i-o characieii.-ticof ilxwarm-hearted soldicr and
dcvott'd fnend.
With thi brief notice of past events, wc come
to tl.c c'oiinusceneof the melanchuly dramn.
On Thursday, the 26lh of March, in a short
interviev witli him, lie complaintd ofbeinz qujte
unwellr and this indisposi.ion continued to in
ertase until thc exposure of his pcrson in the
ljierning walk of Saiurday hrought on u severe
chill and fiver wliieh the besl inedical bkill could
neiarrest. No human prayer could stay the
ravages ol his diease. The communUy genci
aily, i'l ihis city, wilhout disliiiction o! parly,
maniffsted inuch anxiuty for his rccovery, and
in grejt nunibers daily and liourly c.illtd :it his
residf nre with aixi"us inquiries respei ling his
wrknrss &ml its probable result. lls violent and
rxcitina cliatactcr seemed. in the npinion of hTs
jihj iicians, tn forbid the usual reliious serviccs
.n his sick room, lest they might produce nn nn
i lyorable tffcct.
On Saturday evcning. the 3d instanl, about 9
ii'clock, on apprcacliin;: His sick-bcd, hisi-trenglh
appeaicd to be rapidly ffiliiiir, and as little or no
hope could be cnlcitaincd of his rccovery, a few
ot liis friends uniteJ with me at his bedside in
ihal "commendatory prayer for a sick person at
ihe poiutut depariure"to anoiher world set forlh
in the tcrvice of the churcli, li which heappear
cd to list' n wi'.h silent atteulion and approlia
tion. About 30 niinules before one o'clock, by
the watch held in my band, on the morning o'f
the 4th of April, he gently breathed his dearting
i-pirit inio ihe hands ofhis God and Savior, and
sunk to rcst without the movemcnt of a muscle
ofhis c-'nnltnsnce, a struggle ora groan. Thus,
al'tcr one shnrt mouth's eleratiun to the highest
(tatiou and houors which earth can bcsiotv, be
has paied away fiom all the troub'rs, sorrows,
and tria!s of niorialily, I trust and bclicre, lo the
po?sts-ion and enjoyment of an unfading crown
of glory in tl.c n:a!ms of Eternal DayT For,
wbaicvir n ay have bieu htf. character and con
ducl in forn er ycars, of late an evident change
hail been obscrved by his fr.ends in favor ofttuc
On Sunday evcning I saw him in his winding
tU'et. with a ci unlenance mild anJ placid as
when he cxpired.
The next day, afler being plhced in his coflin,
the public wire peimitted a final, farewell lonk
of ihe Chicf MngiMrate of this g:cat Urpublic,
thc I'risiJenttf nearly iwen'y n illicn-i of people.
It is sniJ that not less than tt-n thousaud paid
ibiir ieficcts to lilclcss remains.
The sauness anu giootn so ouviously m.irked
on all countenauccs now spoke tlie tilent lan- I
sruacreof cricf. The viciim of dcath thc
ncut" pcrsonage wh.i so recenily occupiid the
(ii-. t tiii in tl n mif r II IC cnlin f ri' tt t . i o rii rc- i ii
the voice of soxmn fct llaess tlial ll.e Great Des-1
......... fl.of 1 1... r.. !
querer ot man in e veiy ae lor m-ariy t,x thou-
sand years, has wincd his flisht ! lthei, and fell-
rd lo tbe iar:h one who l.ad been distinguished j
in arm, in the ccunsls ol his country, in all thc
(irifcrrfil n vacant clcrk'ship
m "-i.u Mm f m tho duiics of his lauiisu nis onnsna c..i.rac.crj ;c., ; ....- l0r his tamiiy. wtiicti icu nim to vork so many mv. Thcy cannot
u...u " " "., on Sun. i b,ned ,tlt': ?tcea.D Y onize n maai ebung , 10Urs for such small carninga as were derived ' .u' rfnllnrs fbr
rrnni-.tt;riatofiice: "1 kee no company ii oiiu- i , , .. , minil niwl ih. rnlinrr ii(stna nt .. , thousariu aoinrs lor
aiuapluin.ay; M : . ... . ' I'T&f Ilis charac.c, and ,h '-sion. But IcUhe
wavs happv lo sec you ai my i.iui--, i ,iay uon. in mercy io me nauui., ovemne . . - f. i rj
'r 1 ' . ... o u.. i i r' .c: :r..i .1:.. r ti;. nronrietv of his condnct. annenr to have oner- from tne pcople, redu
i.. nn;i;nn 5t mav be nroner tostato pruvidence to the welfare of is churvh, the.aled powerfnlly on thc mind of thejailor, who by a hcartlcis pohcy
in iina j ' . i - . - . i.i . ti- i - r r ;:. 1 i. i . : . i . i . : .1 : : . . : i i
ll.e blow! Ihe arrow was spcd by thc arm ot - w, j ai-ssefZ ani) Ret !in um
Omnipolence: the viciim fell be lus beneath , .., ' ,,,r . : -j .1 .1
the cold earth to rise no n.ore until the voice of briila." "Why my dear, said the gentleman.
the Archangeland ihetrump ofGod.on themor- ")0U are ncilhersugar norsalt. and rain will
nin of h" Resurrcction, shall call his reposing not liurt you." "No," said tho lady, "but wc
dust imo spiritual life. For ''ihe trumpet shall ' arc lasses.''
souuJ, and Ihe deaJsliallbe raised, incorruplible,
and wc shall be changcd," and summoned lo ihe MoLl p1TcnE,:. We last week recorded the
final juilgment. .... I jti, , T.unn. nf Mrs Roher.c.i Short. n.-ed 76.
In niitirmntinn ol Ihm comin nvpn! nnd r
tbe awfully momentous conetnuences iitvolved
in it, our deeply lamented departed friend, was
noi unmindful of tbe needful preparalion. It
bas come to my knowledge that, for some ycars
past, his mind bas been deeply impressed with
the important concerns of etcrniiy, and that he !
hnd friqutnt'y cxpresfed hi confiilent failli and
lopcs inthe Son ofGod, and had been for some
tiine d2sirous of unilini himself in communion
willi the cliurch, and intended doing so as soon
asthe rccent poliiical excitemei.t should have
pased away, whetber it terniinated favorably to
liis elcvaiiou to ihe 1'residrntial office or olhei
vrae. This holy purpese, it is understood liad
lie survived, was intended to be consummated on
Enster Sunday, but was denied him by tbe in
terpnsing hand if God, in whom bc had placed
his trust.
"Life tnafcra the 9 oul depcndrat on ihe dust;
Dvaih pirw tur winp iu mount above llie Fjiherca.
Llle is Uie trlumiih ot'uur tnnuiderin; c!ay;
lla!h or tlie t-pirit lunulte, divine!
ilu God euiiaius liim lu hU linal hmii!
II i. mial liour Iiring4 zltity td lii4 God!
Hvi'3 jloiy Ucit'u Toutliiifts a call hcr own."
Tbe grcat numher nf communications reci-iv
cd !roin diffcrent parts of the conmry, requesting
iiifcrmation on tlie subject of tbe demise of the
late President, rendpring' it out of my power to
answer them all in a manner either saiiafactorv
to them or to mysell, lias im'uced this communi
cation for thei inforrnalion of the clergy and of
tlie public at laige
In prepning the above statcmi'Dt, it bas been
mv obiect to col'ect all llie incnjenis atui lacti
that have come lo ray knowledge resperttng the
President wh Ic iu Wusl.iagion coone of which
singlv, would be of sufficient hnportance to cs-
caue of true piety.and the establishtnent of His
kinounm among inen!
Reclorqf St. JohtCs Churcli.
Washington, April 17, 18-11.
ilATniMONIAL Adtentukb of Governok
Wentwortu. IIo had, it scetns. marricd a
very pretty little ijirl, somo thirty years his
junior, who, likc tnost young wivcs, was fono
of gaicty, and liked bottcr to pass tne uvcnmg
tn strolling through tho woods by moonlight,
or in dancing at some merry-niakinc. than in
the arms of a gray-haired huaband. Ncvcrthc
less, althottgh she kept lato hours, sho was in
evcry othcr respcct an cxemplary wife. Thc
Governor, who was a quiet, sober pcrsonage,
and carcful of his heallh, prcfcrrcd going to
bed carly, and rising befdrc the sun, to inhale
thc cool breezc of thc inorning ; nnd as the
ady seldom camc home till past midnight, he
was not very well plcascd at bcing disturbed
by her late hours. At lcngth, afier rcpcated
expostulations, hia paticnco was complctcly
cxbauslcd, and he frank'y told her that hc could
bear it no longcr, and that if she did not rcturn
hon.c in futuns before 12 o'clock, she shou'td
not hc admitlcd to thchuuso.
The ludy laughed at hcr spouse, as pretty la
dies arc wont to do in cases ; and on the very
next occasion of a merry making, she did not
return till past 2 in tho morning. The Gov
ernor hcard tho carriaKo drive to thc door, nnd
thc ponderous clanj for admittanco; but he
dtd not stir. 1 he lady then bade her scrvants
try the windows ; but this the Governor had
foresceii ; thuy wcrc all sccured. Detcrmincd
not to be oufgeneralled, sho nlijjhted from tho
carriaHC, and drawinc n hcavv key from her
pocket, scnt it ringinjr through thc window of
the vcrv c hambcr ol her cood man. l nis
answcred the purposc. Presenlly a night-cap-ped
head peercd from the window, and deman
ded tho oause ol thc disturbanccs. "Let me
into thc houso," sharply demanded the wife.
Thc Governor rcmuined imir.oveablc, and very
ungallantly dcclarcd shc should rnmain out all
night. The fair culprit coaxcd, cntrcaicd,
expostulatcd, and throatcned : but it was all in
vain. At lcngth, becoming frantic at his tnr
pcrlurbablu obstinac3', shc declarcd that, unless
shc was ndmitted at once, sho would throw
horsclf into thc lake, and hc might console
himsslf with thc reflection that hc was thernusc
of her death. The Governor bogged sho would
do so, if it would afford her any pleasurc ; and
shutting tho window, he retired to bcd.
Ihe Govemess instructed her scrvants io
run swifily .to tlio watcr, as if in pursuit of her,
and to throw a iarge stone over tho bank,screanv
ing asif in terror at the momcnt ofdoingit,
whilcshc remaincd concealcd behind thc door.
Tho cood Governor, notwithstandii?2 all his
dccision and nonchalancc, was not quilo at'zeal firmncss and dcciston which distinguishcd
ease when hc hcard his witc exprcss nor ae-
",IU'"7- T t' u ' -T ''ountry. The crv of Harr son and rcform
tivch-, ho hcard tho rush lo tho watcr sidei ... J
tho expostulations of tho scrvants-thc plunge j whcl1 arouscd and comb.ncd tho virluous and
and thc screams ; and knowing his wife fo be .cnlightencd citizcns of the republic into a solid
very rash in her moments of vcxation and ro-
ally fovmgyier most lcnderly, hc no longcr
"GoodGod'l ishpossiblc!" said hc ; and t
springing from his bed, he ran lo the door with '
nothing about hirii savc his role de nuil, and
crying out "savo her, you rascals ! leap in and ,
savuyour mistress! mauo lor tnc laKc. in
J . , . , . i-i i i. ,
i ip menntimn his wifo hastenod in doors. Iock-
ed and made all f.ist, -and shortly nfterward
appeared at the window, from which hcr hus-
1 , i i, ii 'in... r .i: . '
oanunau auurcsscu ner. 1110 uuvauur uis- 1
covcredlhoruje.but itwastoo late; and hc';s
UnAnm Im liK-fMrn llir nvnntlnlnlnr. It ira?
all in vain. lxnvevor : the fair ladv bade him a
leasant good night, and shuttmg tho window,
relircd to bcd,
for himself, as
leavin; tho littlo man
to shift
best hc mi"lit, until
nn. .i .i... n r. ... i.:.. r..: i
IV lieillcr UIU VJUVC1IIUI IU1UHYU lllo liill luuj, '
tradition doesnotsay:
but it is reasonableto ,
ibat im ncvnr awain iiiterfered with .
.i)0 hour3 she mi-iht choosc to kcep. Knkk-
" t-
the following : I
Last night when the congregation ofonc of ,
ihe churchrs, were leaving tho houso of wor.
- ' . . .. ' 0
dauffhterof tho celebrated "Moll I'itcher." A
corcspondent makes thc onquiry, "who was
the celebratcd Moll Pitcher?" A scrap from
the history of tho Amcrican Revolutioa wih
vii. a 1 r.ill onotrpf
In the begmning ot the rcnowncd Dattlo 01
Monmouth, Molly Pitcher was occuptcd in
carrying watcr Irom a spnng 10 a Dauery,
whcre her husband was employcd in load'ng
und firing a cannon. He was shot dcad at lasl
and sho saw him fall An officer rodo up and
ordered off the cannon. 'H can be of no use
now," said he. But Molly stepped up, offered
her services, and took her husbind's place, to
tho astonishment of the army. She fought
well, and halfpay for life was given her by
Conress. Shc worc an epaulctte, and was
evcr aftcr calied "Caplam Molly.1' Ports-
moutli Journal.
Bunyan in Pbison. John Bunyan was ira
risoned in Bedford Jail for the spaceof twclve
years, lor preacning tne uosoei 01 uesua
i-,. - . r,, ' . 'i ... .t.: 1 J.
n 1 - . 1 r 1 r t
Ulirist. J.oconiriouiesomouiiiig luwurus mu 1
support ofhis family, consistiog ofhis wife and
foohJMmn.ronnof wnich was bUnd.lhe em-.
nlnvnJ bis time while in rjrison in makiti!? lon-r
taggedlaces. Ii is likely that hclearncd thisi understandings of the people. . After squan
occupation during his confinement, as 3Irs. jgrjng tho public monies in extrav'agant larg-
Bunyan 'obscrved before'the Justices. (whcn , , . j ,
.1 . , , . ,. . . iv. , 1 csscs bcstowed upon pimps-and nartisans, and
had nothing to support her children but what'
J she received from charity. This proves botli'
his habitual industry.and his strong nffection '
showcd him inuch kindness in pcrmiltinc him
to "o out and visit liii friends occasionallv, and
once to undertako a journey to London; as also
by reposing trust in liim, and cotumitting the
nianagemcnt of the prisonto hiscarc. .
The following anccdotc is told rcspeeting the
jailoir nnd Mr. Bunyan. It bcing known to
some of thc pcrsccuting prelates in L'liidon
that hc was oficn out of prison, thcy sent down
an officr to talk with tho jailor on thc subject
and in order to find him out he was to get thcre
in the middle of the night. Mr. Bunyan was
at home, but so restless that he could not sieep;
he thereforo acquaintcd his wife, that though
the jailor had given him liberty to stay till mor
ning, yet, froin his uncasincss, he must imms
diatcly seturn. He did so, and the j.tilor bla
mcd him for coming at such nn unscasonablo
hour. Early in thc morning the messenger
came, and interrogating the jailor, said "Arc
all thc pri'Oners safe?" . Ycs." '-Is John
Uunyansafe?" Yes." "Letmesco him. IIo
was called, and appeared ; and all was well.
Aftcr thc messenger was gone, thc jailor ad.
drcssing Mr. Bunyan, said "Well, you may
goout againjust whcn youthink proper, for
you know whcn to rcturn bettcr than I :an tell
you." Ivimey's Life.
Lord B worc his whiskcrs cxtrcmly
large. Curran meeting him, said, "Pray, my
lord, when do jou inlcnd to reduce your whis
kers to the peace establishment ?" "When
you, Mr. Curran," said his Lordship, "put
your tonguc on the civil list."
A lawycr, now deceased, a celebratcd wag,
was once plcading before a Scotch judgc with
whom ho was on the most intimatc tcrms; hap
pening to havc a cliunt, (a femalo of Ihe name
of 1 ickle) dcfcndant tn an action, hc commen
rcd his speech in the following humorous strain;
''ncklo mj client, tho defendant, my lord."
Thc auditora nmusnd at tho oddity ofhis speech
wcrc olmost driven into hystcrics by the judgo
rcplying ; ''Tickle keryourself, Ifarry ; you
arc as able to do it as 1,
Tuesday Moniing, May 25, 1841.
Tho most satisfactory ovidcnco that ourgoy.
crnmcnt ia m tho hands of true hcarlcd and
cnergttic mcn, is tho call which has becn made
for an cxtra scssion. It clcarly evinces thcir
fideaty to tho intorcsts of tho people, nnd was
j ust tthnt was to havc bccn expcctcd frcm thc
Gen, Harnson whilo batthng tho foes of hi
phalanx ngamst tho wrongs of their ruler:
s10Ujj bo rCsponljej ,0 with speody nnj on(sr
acti.on the Pc0PUj arc Iooki"S
w"h an imploiing cyo for relief iB a salutary
change of mcasurcs, the saving cncrgy of the
g0Vernrnent ehould march straight forward to
, . - .
iho rcscuo, rejrard css of thc outcries of a vc
' uun,nv.o ui u .i.
"a! prcss, and tho bitter rcvilings of Biair,
Ilitchic, Croswcll, and their discomfeitcd allies
m .......
o pausc lor a momcnt nhilo the ship of state
My. hend, midst tl)c surgC3 u.hich
havc ncarly ovcrwhclmcd her, would bo n be
trayal ot ihe interests of thc pcople.as heartless
as it would bo unwisc. Ifwo are to havo a
restoration of the currencv. n rovision of thc
. rr. . . - .
u,iu a ,l;v-,u' ul S"cuuure, cunmiercu,
an" manufactures, no time should bc lost. It
will lake years to rcar tho
will lake years to rcar tho boautiful growth,
which o ne fell swoop of thc last d3-nasty has
prostratt-d in the dust. Tcns of thousands of
our mo3t ac,;vo and mCritorious feliow cilizens
have already been crushed. But lens oHhou.
sands might still ho saved from ihe iolal wreck
spcedyacion of tho
governmcnt in restoring thc prospcrity of tho
country. A change of men should bo a'.to
gcthcr subservicnt lo a sound and healthful
condition of the pcople. Thc special reason
as&igncd by the proclamalion for an cxtra scs
sion is the deranged statc of thc fiscal affairs
of the govurnment, and ihe ut'.cr impcssibility
ofkcepingthe wheels in rrotion by thc small
cxpedicnls of the lasl adtninistration, which
wcre evidently intended to embarrass iheir suc
ccssors. But if this congress patterns after
their prcdecessors in resorting to the sub-treas-ury
scheme, as the means of sheltering them
selves from the storm, while tho people wcre
lcfi to face iis pitiless beating, wo say, let woe
betide them.
Thc welfare of tho pcople must bc comprc.
hended within the scope of evcry effort put
forth at tho cxtra session. The opposition
must bo stripped, of their only remaining com
fort of crying ou: against hard times, as if thu
iron age- crcated by the last administrations
could ever pass away, -whilo the countiy is
still wriihing undcr the wretchcd expcrimcnls
which brought it upon us.
The saving of cxpense' which is thc chief
nj r ,.,:,; r,i t,,v morl
f 1 ' . & f
l)ul,dlcss prodigahty has rendered au
session unavqidablo, is a gross insult to
with a carelcss profusion which fell':Iittlo stibrt
of conntvuig at tho public plundorers, they all
at oncc bccanio enamoreil with a rigid.ecbno-
even allow a few hundrcd
thc expcnscs of an ex'tra
countless millions wrung 1
ced to penury and want '
which has desolated their 1
faircst prospects, and spent with a recklessness
of thc public good which would put tho most
magnificcnt despotisms of ancicnt or modern
times to the blush, tell thc hypocrisy of this new
born love for economy. Tho extra session
will doubtless be one of immenso bearing up
on the weal- or woe of thc republic. But our
tnnjorities are too largo to admit ofascrious
doubtt'lhat healthful measures will bo accom
plishcd. Wc Jiope that congress will movc
fearlessly forward in the dischargc ofthe mo
mentous dutics resting upon them, in spite of
lhe empty dcclamation and bunkume speeches
with which thc disbandcd office holders wtll
endeavor to impedc their progrcss in tho work
before them. The National Intelligcncer o
numorates the following measures, which will
probably come undcr discussion at tho np
proaching session, and which in the opinion of
lhe cditor "would suffice, not only to rcstore
to tho country its won'.od vigor, but carry it
forward with afirmcr step than ithas ever yct
1. The distribution of tho uvails of tho pub.
Iic lands.
2. A revision and augmentation of the du
tics on imports for the purpose of securing from
that sourcc a rcvcnuo adequato to thc wants of
the government.
3. A repeal of thc sub-treasury Law.
4. Tho establishment of a fiscal agcnt.ccn'
tra'I or othcr, to aid thc governmcnt in collect
ing and distributing tho rcvcnuc, nnd cqualiz
ing tho currency.
5. A temporary loan if neccssary to aupply
the immediatc ncccssities ofthe trcasury.
Wc lnsert tliis wcck from tho Burlington Scr.llncl a cnll, pre-
pnrntory to tlia meeting ofaconYention or tho telf.ttyled dcmo- 0 public engagements in tllC local CUrr"ncv
c,3,icrcPt.;can,,lobe a3.IWedatJloI,.pc.icr of. nf most nf ,he anj j j fc expcctcd
June ncil ror llie nurposaol nominatlnga Slate Tickt-L Thu ., . ., - '. , . "I"-'-"-"
nsUeu party ahhough scvcrcly crlpplcd, will ncvcr eipirc ror . tl,at lhe samc Causo Will produce thc same cf
Iack of effort on tliepartof thcir lcadefl, who .hungcrfor the h'Ct lliroUgllOUt ihe Union. But for thc illler
spolls wilh n Insatiablc appetite. Tlicirzeal andiesolutionfecm ' CSts of tlld Community at largc, as Well as for
tobcaj lndomllableaa IhoIoTCof powcr and craolumcnt arc thc purposeS of tllC tre.lSUrV, it is CSSential that
ineiUnguUhablol.. the human character. To accompli.1. thcir ln0 nation shuuld pOSSCSS fl CUrrency of roiial
objcccpomkai wherever it mav circu-
march orer thc blccding intcrt-su or the country, and the fraj-; . ' ,P, . . . " ,"''-v -.
mcntiorihccon.tlt..tIon-lthoutapai.sorremor3c. Thebrisbt- 'at5' " COnStltUtlon lias CMrUSted Congress
est hopcs orrctumlng prospcrity, which ahouUailay thcir ardor. J C.xclusivcly wilh the powcr ofcrcating and re".
only provokc their ftiry, and draw forth dceper exccratioaa ulaling a CUrrency of that description, and the
againt measurc. whosc a!utry opcrationi win be dcath to measures taken during tho last session in cxe-
,hcirhopor reinslatlns themsclvcaln thc place, from which cut;on of , . promiso ofsuc-
thcy have becn ejcctcd. Vigilancc, eternal vijilancc, must t. , , , il
.1. r..i..l .,..f. .11 .t.l .-c frn-.tnm
and welfare ot thc countrv. from thc untlrini attacks of thiadea-
pcratcclique.oTdlsbandcdofScchoIders.whohaTecat upoursub
ancc, drejardcd popular ri;hL, and loo often actcd thc part of
tyranls. Thc taunt which has been applied to the whi; party.
L,athowcverintrepid!eaIninga victory, they arc thc most in -
,. , . , . , , ...
lA2e,bbut toojust. llannlbal dcftatcd and puraucdthc Ko-
ma.to thc very gatoof thcir capltal, and would most certainly
havc annihilatcd thi3 hau;hty republic, had hc not becn cnutcnt
toreclinc uponhti laurela, until thc cncmy had gallicrcd the
strength whicli finaly crushed him. It Is too muchso with tlie
whigs. Tircd down wilh the fatigucs of the victory Uiey havo
aciiievcd, thcy almost imaglnc that little morc is to be donebut
i,.r.... i iri n.mo,m iibCvciii
.park!cs with rcsUrss dcsircs to avcnge dcf.at, and rcgal,. thc dc Ul? opcrations Of the gOvertime.lt, I sub
lijhtful paradbc from which hc has bccnhurlcd. -Thcsjmcen- mUtO ttlO Wisdom ofthe Lcgislalure whetber a
ci;y, ical and pcrseverance which enabltd Uie whijf! to drlvo . national 011C, foundud on thu crctlil of llle gOV
their opponcnts Irom lhe placw of powcr which they abused, cmmcnt nnd its rcvcnues, migllt not bo devis
mustbeczcrtcd toprevcnt their rcpossraJns theni. Thcy arc cdi which WOuld aVO'd all Co'lIStilUtionai difii-
even now tmomt.ns uic.aium ulT,.iu...., ,
litical ficld, and if the whigs do not arouso fiora tho fatal slum-
arc, will soon regaln a position whicli will rcndcr llicm ronnida-
cl.artcr tlcction in the city or Ncw-Toik. A xcry lcw hundrcd J
wlii"S who were at that momcnt louncing aLout thcir shop3 or
Jirnreiidcwhucrhey misht havcL'nat thc poi.,, wou.d
havc carricd the city. Mcn whosc t.vo-penny avaricc, or carc-
less supincncss would not aUow the sacrlfiee or ahalf.hour to ,
lhe common weal, wclldescrvethechaliu which they would not j
linafingcrtounioosc The whig triumphs iu Maryiand, vir.
ginia. North Carolina, Kentucky, Indiana, Tenncssec and eisc-1
scveranccand cff"rt to place our opponeuts 'llors de combat' lor,
at Icast, half a gi-neraiion to come. Shall wo thcn loose, by our
nrgligcncc, thc mlghty advantagts to thc welfare of thc country
which our succeis has placcd within our grap1 Can we cjpect
ourreprwenuuvcs in tongrcsstvui reiicvous from thc misfor-,
tunes which brood over us, whilcwearcdoingnoth.ngnthome
n.re,,,!, we havc atiaincd. Our victory was
lo austain tiic asccndancy we havc atiainctl. Our victory
the last hops ofa desponding country. Thc cfficient rclicf which
wc ciDcct. mut not bc lost by our carclessncss and apaihy. If
wc now fall orrcaliilng thc rich harvest of all our hopes, whcn J
noUilngis wanting but seasonable fflbrt to sccureit, wcslali j
well dcserve to bc consumed by th burning tl de of dcsolation
which the rulnous eipcriments of thetwo last admiaU.tr alion
have brought upon -us. Itis rull time our Slato ond County
commlttccs ol VlgUancc were upon the alert.
l'Tom the Albany Eve. Journal.
"They must fornel Mr. Jcfferson and tram'
ple his doctrines in the dust before they can es-
labhsh a JSalional tiank." Albany Argfs.
We do not intend at this timc to discuss thc
propriety of crcaiing a National BanK. Tho
popular miiid is steadily recovering from the
delirium into which it has been thrown by de
structivcs and demagogues. Delusion is pass.
ing f.way, and the day is not distunt whcn the
pcoplo will be disposed to rcgard the grea:
qucstions affecting their financial concerns
with coo'ness anu canaor.
A word however in reply to the gross and
false assumntions of the Arccus may not be
thrown away. We believe thc time has come
when tho bo!d mtsrepresentations in which that
print has indulged for yenr past on this sub
ject may be,met and cxposed. Party phrcnzy
lias sufficiently subsidcd to rendcr its old catch
words and objurgatory stalcments about a Na
tional Bank unavailing to cxcilo thc passions
or mislead tho judgment of tho people. A
national spirit of injuiry is again manifested in
varlous quarters, A year or two ago it might
h'av'o ahswercdtho purposo ofthe Argustotell
the people 'that they must forget Mr. Jefferson
arjtl trample his doctrines in the dust b'elore
they could establish a National Bank.' Nbt
so now.'
Durinr' tho whole period ef Mr.. JefTorsOti's
tcncc. Thc rcvcnues ofthe country wcro col-
adminutration a itauonai.oanhv was in .exis
rccted, transmitted and disbursed through h;s
ogcncy. Mr. Jcffbrson availed himself ofthe
Inslilution to conduct thc fihnncial opcrations
ofthe povernmcnt. Tho oxisfpncn of tbe
iank received j.;s fu asscnt jIo ma(je nn
remonstranco against it to Concress. IIc
waged no war upon it. Ilesought no divorce
i from it
The chartcr ofthe old bank cxpired during
the administration of President Madison. Did
Mr. Madison forgct liis illustrious predecessor,
and "Iramplc his doctrines in tho dust," when
ho recommended tho recharler of a national
bankj In his messagc to Congress in 1915 he
says :
"The arrangcment of thc finances, with a
vicw to the reccipts and expendiiurcs of a per
mancnt pcaco establishment, will nccessarily
entcr into tho dclibcralions of Congress during
tho present session. It is true that the impro
ved condition of the present revenue will now
afford the means of maintaininjj the faith of
the government with iu crcditors inviolate, and
of prosecuting successfully tho measures ofthe
most libera! policy; but will also justify an im
modiate alleviation of the burdchs imposed by
the necessilies of war. It is, hoivever esscn'
tial to every modification ofthe finances, that
the benefits of a uniform national currency
should bo restored to the community. Tho ab
sence of tho precious melals will, it is belicvcd,
bo a temporary evil; but until thcy can be ren.
dcred thc gencral medium of cxchange, it de
volves on tho wisdom of Congress to provide a
substituto, which shall equally cngage the con
fiilenco and nccommodato the wants ofthe cit-
izens through the Union. It thc operat'on of
tne statc ounKs cannot produce the re?ult, the
probable operatinn of a natiooal bank will rnerit
considerationand if neither of these expedi
ents be deetned eflectual, it may bo neccssary
Mr. Madison in his next annual messagc to
Congress after the Bank had been rechartered
at his suggestion and by tho votes ofhis friends
snoke of it as follows. Wo nuoto from his last
j messagc datcd 3d Dccembcr. 18 1G.
I 'lt is obvious that thero is on'y wanting to
the hscal prosperity ol the government thu
restoration of an uniform medium of cxchange.
Tho rrsourccs and faith of the nation display.
cd in the system which Congress has establish
cd, ensure respect and confidence at hotne and
abroad. The loca! accumulations of tho rcvcn.
UC have already Cliablcd tllC treasiiry to mcet
-- "."HW Ul
n r... --l.n I ..... I . ..
tho Uniied Stutcs Im
. uccn organized U.'ldcr
auspices the most fa-
, VOrable, and cannot iail to
auxiliary tO tllOSO measures,
Thcsc WCrc Mr. MadisOn's Opinions Now
, et U3 SC(J whal Qcn Jackson tn,l)Uh. b ,
. , , . . . ,
: national bank, and asccrtnin tfwecan whetber
. .... k wu niuuiu
' " 100 wa3 WlUmg U0 forgct Mr. Jcfferson
and trample hlS doclrines in the dllSt,' by CS-
tablishillg SUcIl an instilUtlOll.
Eitractfrom Ccn. Jackson'jfirit mfesage toConjrcss.
,If s.1(,u . Jnctlinilnn : ,1 i .- , .
. " bVC.n an msiitution is dcemed esscntial to
culties, and at the
I advannrr(;;) (Q ,j10
samc timc secure all tlie
vcrnmcnt and the countrv
J lnat nro expcctcd lo rCSUIt from the present
From Ccn. Jackson's3?conJ annual mcssssc.
. t ,i - .
. ,n ho P'"t f improvcmcnt nnd comprom-
s Whicli dlStinglllsllCS Our COlintry and Its
institUtions, it bccomcs U3 tO inquirc whethcr it
be not pOSsible to SeCUTO tho advantafcs af-
forded by the present Bank, throvgh llie aecn
ofa Banf. 0f (e Un;, d SMes modtfie,
coii3'titutional and other oljject 10ns. It is
thouglit practicablu to organizo such a Bank,
with thc neccssary officcrs, as a brannh nf ilm
Treasury department, based on the nublic aiul
- , . I "u
indlVlUual dcpOsltCS, Oic. CvC. 'Ill times of
public cmergcncy tho capacities of such an in
slitution might be cnlargcd by Lcgislative pro-
Eitract from Ceneral Jackson'j th ird nnnual Mctm'o
tv .i i r
uihci luuuiig tiiu uuiiiuii nureioioro cxprcs'
scd in relation to ths Bank ofthe United Statcs
as at present organized, l felt it mv duty in
my formcr messagcs frankly lo discfosc them
in order that the attention of tho Lcgislature
and ofthe people should bo seasonably directed
to that important subject. Without a moro
particular reference to the views ofthe subjoct
then expressed, I leave it for the present to t he
investigation of an cnlightened pcople and
their reprcsentatives.'
Eitractfrom Cca. Jackson's Veto ilessago.
'That a Bank of the UnUcd States, compc
tent to all the dutics which may be required bv
the govemment, might be so organized as to
inrringo on our own delegated powers of thc
rcserved rights ofthe States, I do en'tertain a
doubt. Had the Executivc been called upon
to furnish the project of such an institution.the
duty would have been cheerfully- pcrformed.'
These cxtracls will sufnce to satisfy "thc
mostskeplical, wo think, that if a National
Bank cannot be established without -forgettinn-MrJefrersonandtrampIing
his doctrin
tho dust,' that Mr M JLon. and eve Sral
Jackson himself, havc shown singu!ar aIaS
to for cet him and
Is tho ArniM answcmH? tlrl
Tho followinrr. thi.nr.1. - .
cd for a particular locality.-wii! still, as tho AI.
manacs say, apply t0 almt any mer;dian:
Thomas Jefferson' 's Opinion of Congress
a ierved with General WashinRton in the W
tslaturc of Virginia be'foTo tho Revofut oaaS
during it with Dr. Franklin in Conrress I
ncver hcard cifherof them speak ten minutes
at a timo, nor to anv but m i h "u.es
l which was to nVr..W W, ...: u " P0,nl
t . . Hutaiiuii. xnev
their shoulders to the g reat polnts, knowing
that the little ones would follow of themselvcs.
If lhe present Congress crrs in too much'talk
ing, how can it be othcrwise in a body to
which thc People scnd mcn who qucsticn ev
cry thing.jield nothing. and talk by the hour?"
Revolution in Peeu AND BOLIVIA.-Tlie
Journal of Cotnmerce publishes a Callao
letteroflhe 18th Febuary, which gives tlie
following particulars of the last political
change in Peru and Bolivia :
"Since my last of the 5th ult., the antic
ipated convulsion in Peru an d Bolivia ha3
taken place.
Col. Vivanco lias been proclaimed Su
preme Ciiief inthe departinents of Cusco,
Arequipa, Puno, and Moquegua; and not
withstanding Gen. San Uoman, who was
placed in comniand ofthe fonner by Vivanco
has declared against bim with about 10C0
men, yet he appears to be rapidly gaining
ground, as the whole coniinunity is decidedly
against the government of Gamarro, viho
has degraded the country to such an extent
as to place itin the classof a Chilian colony
sustained by Chilian inQuence and subject
to Chilian control.
Onthe 21st ult., a general rising took place
in Bolivia, headed by Generals Lara and
Irigoyen, who have proclaimed Gen. Santa
Cruz Supreme Protector. This officer was
expecled alGuyaquill about the 15th or20th
ult., where he was to hold himself in readi
ness to embark for Peru with a small force
on the first iavorable result ; and as such
opportunity is now offered, we are momen
tarily expecting him in Peru. On his arri-
val, the downfall of this degraded govern
ment is mevitable. In lact, nottnng prevents
its immedsate overtbrow but the wants o(
some officer of rank and influence under
whom all parlies would unite."
From the Baltimore American.'
jMakyland Conguessional Election.
The election for eight members to rcpre
sent the State of Maryiand in Congress took
place yestcrday, (Tuesday,) Wc annex the
result, so far as received, in this (the 4th)
District comprising the cities of Baltimore
and Annapolis, and Anne Arundel connty,
and sending two members.
City of Baltimore. J. P. Kennedy, (W.)
C413, Randall (W.) 6413 ; Gallagher, (V.
B.) 647-1, .Murray, (V. B.) 64G6. Murray's
majority over Randall, 23 votes. Gallag
her's majority over Kennedy, 51 votes.
AvPrage majority for the opposiiion ticket
in the city of Baltimore, 37. This result,
looking at the othcr portions ofthe Congres
sional district as they voted at the last fall
election, renders'it cerlain that ths Whig
ticket is elected. At the late Praidential
election in November, the ifarrison majority
in tho city of Annoplis was 66, and in Auuu
Arundel county 154, so that wilh a moder
ate effort on thc part of the Whigs thcre,
the election ofthe Whig canJidatcs is sccu
red, being again of two sterling Whig mem
bers, whose talents will do honor to the Dis
trict and thc State.
"7'he cntire vote east yestcrday in thc
city of Ralti.nore was 12,909. In Novem
ber lasl it was I4,6-21 showing a falling ofi"
in the vote yeslerday, of 1712. In this city
at tho laie Prcsitlential election, the Van
Buren majority was 31.
Anappolis City. A gentleman who left
Annapolis at 5 o'clock ycsteiday afiernoon,
(on whose iiifornuiion we have full reliance.)
iiifonns us that at that hour the Whig ticket
was ahout 50 votes ahead, and that the
Whig majority would be from 50 to60.
Anntr Arundel County. No returns re
ceived when we pass to press.
From the St. Louis Republican of May lst.
TT .1 L. . .1 - - .
j i'ui auuiL- iiaja im- rny iiuuiurmes naye
Dcen enga;eu in iiivesiigaung some recent tle
velopemcnts c-mtiecled with the murder ot'
Messrs. Bsiker and Wcavcr, and the burning of
the store of Messra. Cclher & Pettus, and we
hive rffraintd from giving any ofthe pariiculars
lest our doing so niiiiht impeile tin-ir operations.
The objcctsot'sccrecy being over, in the opinion
ofthe olfij'Ts, we frelat libi-rty lost.itc the par
ticulars so faras they have been developed.
A negro man named Edward II. Ennis, who
has been Ibrsome time' past in the emplov of a
h.uber named Johnson, on Market streeloppe-
site the National Uotel, made the disclosnre
The communications it secms were made toEu
nis by one or the parties, that Ennis being unea
sy aboui it and yet afraid, btcausc of the excitc
nient, and also ofthe murderers, lo tell what ho
knew, went on Fridav last, toButeher, a yellow
man, who residcs in Bruoklyn, on tt;c oppnsitc
side nf the river, told him whit heknew and as
ked his advice. Butcher refused to give any ad
vice; On Sunday, he went over again and went
toAlton, when Butcher communicated the facts
to two cnnsiab'es who arrested Ennis.-and aftcr
taking his statement, came here with the expec
tation of catching one ofthe parties, (Warrich )
but he haiLIeft beipre their arrival.
The circumstances of this horrible affjir, m
detnled by Ennis, are as follows: About ten o'
clock on Saturday night, Ennis went from tho
barber shop to his boarding house, kept by Lah,
a freeyellnw woman, and Peter Oliarleville. tt
freemaD. on Third, beiween Market and Wal
nut streets. Shortly after he had gone to bed
a negro slave named Madison, came to the door
knocked and was admitted. Snon afier bein
admitted, Madijoa exclaimed, "G d d n the
luck," and on an inquiry why. he tated. '-I have
done more murder tonightthan I ever did before
and have not been paid for it;" and after remar
kuiff that there woulk bean alarm orfire shorily,
hc stated in snbstance, tliat he and three yellow
mcn, viz: James S.eward, alias Sewell, Warrick
and Brownt had gone on that night. to Mi. Pettns'
counling-room, that the door as uulocked; Mad
ison entered alone, Mr. Baker was sittin- down
with his boots cfT, reading a newspapei, Madi
son walked up and. presented a banLbill to-him
and asked him ifit was good, and as Baker'turn
edto Iook at thebill hestruch him-overthe'head
with a shoit barof iroa which hchad concealcd
unaer n s arra; tneothers then came in, and they
skull one side of thc head complctcly mashed
. j i . r

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