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The Middlebury people's press. [volume] (Middlebury, Vt.) 1841-1843, June 01, 1841, Image 1

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V0L.6, N04.
The People's Press U printecLin the Brick
Building JVorth endof the Bridge, by
by ichom all erders forprinling Booki, Famphlets,
Bills. Cards, $-c, ofevery descriplion,xcill be neatly
andfaihionably ezccuted, al shorl notice.
Vllbf 5 inbscrlbera,
Mall eutwcrlbers, ......
Indiriiluals and Compinlei wlio take al tbs offlce,
or 1,50 ccnu If paid in fix montbi.
Companie on 6tage rnutes.
or 1.50 irpaid iu six montbs.
Those who take of Pnjtriders, ...
Companies and individuala oiT tbo roule
or l.S'J. II paid In six monins.
Ko papera discontinued until arrcarsgct are pald, except at thc
opuon of the proprietor. Tio payraenlslo Carriers allowed ex
cept ordered by the proprietor.
All cumnyinications mustbe addressed to the editor Post Paid.
from the Fhiladelphia Saturdajr Couiitr.
Some boast ot tlie life of a sailor free,
And thcjoys of strife onthe deep b!ue sea ;
Of the wild delight ihat the bosom knows
Oq a stormy niglit when thc rude wind blows.
And they tell how sweet, with a flowing sheet,
To skim o'c-r the glassy sea,
And to hear the play of ihe foaming spray,
On the breakers far a lee.
They say 'tisbrave to see the wave
Curl upward half-masl high,
And feel the spray in your darup locks play,
But I bve ihem nut, not I.
No ! tlie life for me is the forcsl shecn,
With its canopy of glorious green ;
Iis thouand soiigs frora the wild birds' 'hroats,
That the glaJ wind throagh thr da,k wood floalf ;
And the bounding dcer on the prairie cleer,
The pheasant's drum in the woud,
And the lulling roll ofthe waterfall
That sinirs mid solitude.
And ihe wild deliixhl of a sweet spring ntght,
'Nealh the heaven's blue tapestry,
To rest the head on a inossy bed,
At the root of a green old tree.
Oh ! the sweet repose that the bosom knows,
Away from tho ciiy'. keep ;
With the slars above, like tlie eyes oflore,
Kecping watch o'er the hunter's sleep.
8oo thport, V.;r., March 27, 1W0.
We tum again to Johnson's Book 011 fertili
zers. Under tho hcad ol common salt, ho
gives nurr.crous cxperimenls with difierent qual
itics of that substancc, applied to the various
grnins, vegelnbles and grasses; but as wo doubt
whether the pricc of the articlo "n this country
woulJ not niake it inexpcdiont to use it, in prel.
crenco to cheaper and lnorc efficient inanurng,
we chooso ratfier to cxtract what he says of ii
as to its cffect in the deslruction of vermin and
this we do in fome hopo that it may be ndvan
tnceously cmployed as a mcans of nrrcsting the
ravages of pestiferous worms, flies and olher
nisects, that wlest our iruit irees auu neius 01
cotton and grain; increasing in varicty and
voiacity of late yea's in such a degree, as to
threaten the annihilalion ofsome fruit and or
uamcntal trees, and seriously to impair the val
uo of colton plantations.
f hcre is, says the writer bcforc us, no ngri
cu'tural usc of cotnmon salt more undoubled
ihan in the destruction of vermin. The effl-ct,
too, is direct, and tho result immediately appa
rent. For this purpose, from five to teii bus-h-eW
per acre aro abundantly sufficient. The
nmculturist necd be under no approhension
that the salt will destroy his crop, for twcnty
bushels of salt may be applied to young wheal
with perfect safuty. I have seen twenty-five
bushels used wiih advantngc. No person has
perhaps used sall for this purpose to a grenter
extcnt than Mr. Busk, of Ponsbourn, in Hert
fordshire. 1 have used it. said this gentleman,
in a communication to the aulhor, in this and
the lcst season (1830 and '31 as a top dressing
to nearly 200 acrcs ofwheat, having almost ex
clusively in view the destruction of slugs nnd
worms with which my land was very much in
fes'.ed, and this objcct isvery satisfactorih ac
compUshed. Some part of niy land is light
nnd btrong,well adapled to thegrowth ofbeans
and whoar, In appl3'ing the sal(, little atten
tion was paid to the quality of the land, or the
scason of the year; but those spots and those
times were selected whero the number and rav.
nges of the vermin $eemed most apparent, and
in every situation and in cvery time, thc cffect
uppcared equally beneficial. A liltle more
experience may pcrhaps suggest somemore ac
curate ruleasto season, but I am of opinion that
the earliest will in general be found the best;
- at any rate, I would avoid sowing, if I could,
immediately afier a fall of snow as snow pro
duces on places reccntly sprinkled with sall, an
unpromisiog appearance: perhaps the best
mode may be, what we have very satisfactorily
in some instances tried, to sow it on cloverlays
and bean stubble just before they are ploughed.
If, hovever, therc is some doubt as to ihe most
eligible quality ofthe land, or period of year,
there can be none os to the fittcst stalo of the
weatheror time of tho day : an opportunity
sbould be selected when the weather is tnild and
moist, but not rainy when the land is.damp,
bul not wct; and salt f hould never bo sowed
when the Eun is shining; but either carly in
the morning or late in theevening, aftersunset.
We sow itout ofan ordinary seed shultle at the
xato of four or five bushels per acre. In the
rnornipg each throw may be distinguished by
the quality of slime, and the number of dead
slugs lying on the ground. The finer and dri
er tho salt" is, thebetter. The positive advan.
tage, adds Mr. Busk, I cannot state accurately
in figurcs, but I am confident it has, in every in
stance, been considerable; and in some fiel'ds it
has been the mcans of preventing the total
destruction of the crop.
For destroying worms and otber vermin in
oats, salt has been successfully empbyed by
Mr. Walker, Rushyford, in Durham, at the rate
of six bushels per acre.
For tho same important purposes salt has been
regularly employed by Hlr Archibald, gardener
to Lord Sheffield, at Fitcham, in Sussex; as
well as for promoting the deslruction of weeds.
He trenches the ground and sprinkles it with
salt every wintcr, and is never iroubled with
predatory vermin. Noticing inquiry ro ihe
fruit' he found it was dono by the snnils,
who as soon as the sun was riscn, so as to shine
with power on the South aspect, retired back
to the norihcrn side. Ile immediately Iaid a
thick layerofsalt along the Northern wall, and
found then, as ever since, that it proved a most
eflectual barrier to the intrusions of the snails;
and that it has, ceriainly. no bad influence on
the trees or fruit. American Farmcr,
Time of Shearing Sheep. Many Farmers
shcar their sheep too early, and in case of cold
storms they suflbrgreaily, and some die in con.
sequence, if they be not proieclcd. Some sup
pose that it is necessary to shcar rather carly to
prcvent a waste of wool which somctimcs falls
If shcep are shearcd late regularly for some
ycars, they will not lose their wool more than
they do when shearcd at an earlier period. We
have known cases ofsome flocks being sheared
later every year than was :he usual praclice,
say the first or second week inune, and they
lost as little- wool as any flocks which we ob
scrved that had been sheared earlier.
In cases of rather late shearing, shccp may
sullcra little iiom a large fleecc on a hot day,
but this sufTuring is trifling, comparcd to thc
sufiuring nnd scvere injury sustained in cold
storms, after being deprived of a warm coat,
as necessary in time of a storrn, al this season,
asatany time in the whole jear. Yankee
Westekm Railboad. Sixty thousand hogs
are now annually brought to Brighton, fiom the
ncighborhood of Albany and Troy. It is cal
culated, that tliis number will be increascd from
two to fourfold, by thc completion of fhe West
ern Railroad, and the facility it will furnish to
bring them. The hogs do not fatten until cold
weather, after the North Rivcr freezes. The
unmcrcbantable corn is used for that purpose,
to a great cxtent, and this is not at hand until
ihe Iludson is closcd by ice.
Thirty thousand head of cattle aro alaughtered
at and ncar Albany and Troy. Most of this
will come over the fFcstern Railroad. Indri.
ving cattle one or two hundrcd miles, you rc
ducebythe fatigue of thc animal, tho quality
from mess to No. 1, besides losing in weight.
This is avoided by the railroad. Tho animal
can get to Brighton then in tho most perfect or
der, without loss of weight, or quality or flavor.
SnADn Trees. There is a great demand
for elms and maples in this city at present.
Farmers in the vicinity would thercibre find it
for their advantace to bring in a few hundrcds
of the best quality and with the branches un
mulilatcd. It is a mistaken idca which many
unphilosophical pcople have conceived, that a
transplanted tree grows bctter for having its
branches lopped ofF. And it is from the preva
lence of this idca, that we see so many trccs in
our towns and cities scudding under bare poles,
and scrving as eye sores instead of ornamcnts.
To divost atree of its branches and consequcnt-
ly of its Icavcs, is to deprive it of the means
whtnce it drawg a large ponion oi its nourisli
ment. For vegetables derive nourismeni from
tho air as weil as from the earth, and they de
rive nsurishmerit from the air through those
curious piccfis of mechanism. the leavcs.
Hencc if we deprive them of their leaves, wo
deprive them at thc same time of one of their
chief supporters.
In support of our position, which many will
doubtless call erroneous, wc can refer to any
modern writer on arboriculture; to Loudon,
Prince, Kenrick, or Sir Henry Pierce.
Woolen Goods. The sale of ihe English
Woolen at Clapp 'Stcel's yesterday, went ofT
with considerable spirit, and the prices were as
high as could be expected at this time. The
variety. the newness of the styles and the qual.
itv of the goods, were much better than is
usually seen at auction. We are not aware
of the'proportion the prices obtained bore to
the cost, but we presume the loss must be se
vere to the owners, provided they were fairly
entered at the Custom House.
We hope this is not a prognostic of the au
tumn trade, for which many of the goods are
suited: if it be, there must be a severe loss on
those who hold woolen goods, as well as to the
domestic manufacturers. The woolen milh
now in operation have, almost universally.sup.
ported themselvcs with difficulty during the
last three years, and have been kept running in
hopes of better times. The only exception is
perhaps, the Middlesex Co. at Lowell, who
produce various styles adapted to the season,
and even they will find it difficult to compete
with these prices.
Our woolen interest never can stand a fair
chan'ce of succce3ing, pcrmanently, till some
change, such as that proposed by Mr. Adams
in his bill last winter, be made in the nianner
of collecting ihe duties: the protectian hereto
fore has been more nominal than real, and the
svstem of undervaluing has been carried to
such an extent by the foreign agents that the
honest importers have been driven from mar
ket. A committee has been appointed by the
Government to investigate the procecdings at
the New York Custom House, and though the
oualifications of tho gentleinen appointed are
not such as are ncededfor this kind of service
we have no doubt they will do their duty, and
some important developements, will be made.
The importation of woolen goods mixed
with other materials, as silk and cotton, is an
evasion of the spirit, though not of the lelter
of the law, and has seriously ii.terfered with
our own manufactures: also of many articles
brought in under the name of worsted and
stufT goods. which are in fact made of corn
mon wool. One ofthesc gentlemen ofthe auc
tion house abovo named, can bear testimony
tothe decline ofthe woolen business, owing in
a great measure to the evasions ot the reveuue
luws. Boslon Allas.
Encush Agriculture. It appears bv a statc
meni by James McQueen to Lord Mlbourne,
in relation to the Corn Laws, that the cap'nal in
vesligated in ogricullure in England is 15 limes
as great as that inveslpd in mamufaciures. altbo'
her m anufactures exceed those of aDy other na
tion. The annual worlh of grass, including bay. turnips
and straw is upwards of 600,000,000
Grain of all sorts, 070,000.000
Produce ofnaturalpastures, 310,000,000
Butchers' meat, poultry, &c, upwards
of 410,000,000
Products ofthe Jairy, vegetables, fruii,
&c. 240,000 000
The clip of wool annually is said to yeld 160,
000,000 lbs, and giving au average of over 8
pnunds to evciv inhabitaat, and at 50 cts, the
pouiid, gives SO,000,COO.
In Uns couniry, with a setted territory of fif
teen limes theextent ol'Ensland, and a popu'a
tion only cne-fifth Iess, our clip of wool is 30,000,
000 lbs., orless than 2 lbs.to andinhabitant.
Between D and 10 niillions, or nearly one-half
the popjlation of England, are employfd in ag
riculture, while only about4 millions are employ
ed in all other imlustrious pursuiis.
'lt is calculated thai, besides lime and other
emicbing suhstances, the cost of mere animal
manure applied to thesoil of England amounts
io three hundrcd millions of dol'ars ; being mnre
than the value of the whole of its foreign Com
mwce. Yui ihe gratfful toil yields back with
interest all that is thus lavisbed upon it. And
so would it do here, if we would only trust the
earth wilh any portion of our capital." But tlii3
we rarely do. A farmcr who has made some
money spends it not in his business, but in some'
other occupation. He buys more larid when he
ought to buy more manure; or he puts out his
money in a joint stock company to convert sun
shine to moonbiiine;e!fche buys sharcs in some
gold oi lead mine. Rely upon it our richest
mme is me Darnyartl, and that whatever tempta
tions stscks or sharcs may ofier, the besl inTest
ment for a larmer is live stock and plough shares
Blt. Corn. Juur.
American Tempekance Union. The an
ntversary ofthe Ttmperarce Union was held
this forer.oon m the Murray strpet Church.
Tho report of tho Trcasurer stated that there
was a balance of S314.46 remaining in the
Treasury. Abstracts were then read from the
report of the executive committee, which sta
ted that in thc severnl particulars the Temner
aiice causc had receivcd quite an impulsc.
Mention was made of the movement amon"
the Irish, by which five millions in Ireland had
adopted Ihe pledge of abstinence, also large
numbers of them who lived in the cities or are
employed on thc pubhc works of this couniry.
In oweden, rmland, rrussia, and Russia. con
siderable cnthusiasm was enkindled and the
monarchs ot those countries and their public
mimsters nad exprcsseu a decided approbation
ofthe enterpnse, and were cnlisted in it. The
movement among the reformed inebriatcs in
Baltimore, in this citv, in BufFalo, in Boston.
in Augusta, Mainc, and in other parts of the
couniry, had resulte m reclaimmg 15,000
drunkards, besides having nwakened the whole
Tho ordinary Iabors of the Union had been
quitesuccessful during the past year. The ex
penses ofthe ofiice for the various publications
that had been istued, was $10,347. From the
States of Maine, Massac.husetts, New York,
Pennylvania, Maryland, Illinoisand Missouri,
exceedingly chcenng accounts had been re.
ceived. Among all persons emp!oj-ed wheth.
er as agents, publishers or officers, the most
perfect harmony and unanimity prevailed on
every point,
The disposition for a popular vote on the li-
censo question in several of the Statcs, has
greatly increased. JL.ast yoar about tl.irty mil
lion gallons of ardent spirits were manufnctur
ed, while three years ago the quantity was up.
wards of 72 million gallons.
Tho reeords ofthe police and criminal courts
for the past year were then referred to, as
showing very happy efilcts of this cause.
Addrosses were made by Dr. Jewelt, of Ms.
Professor Goodrich, of Yale Tteological Semi
nary, Rev. Mr. Scott, of Stockholm, in Swe
den, RoLcrt Baird, Esq. who has visited scv
eral of the courts ofEurope. and received the
favorable. expression of their monarchs on this
subject, Rev. Mr. Bingham of the Sandwich
Islands, and John Hawkins, Esq. of Balti
more. One of the Speakers stated, that in Russia
there were thirty or forty local govcrnments,
each of which paid to the general government
a certain sum for the privilege of manufactur
ing and seliing ardent spirits. The amount
received by the General Government was 25
mil'.ion rubles. The local governments farm
ed out this privilege to individuals, and receiv
ed an cqual sum. This is tha Russian system
of licenses.
Temperance ur Jersey City. We have be-
lore meniioned tbe formation of a new organi
zation for th-s promotion of temperance in our
city and Harsimus, and we ar' happy to say that.
it is thus lar, attended wnn. most encouraffins
results. Tbe soriety was formed on the 7th of
April, since which they have held but two pub
lic meetinno, (with the exception ofone ofa
business characler. at which no addresses were
made) and they already number about two hun-
died memDers.
The first meeting was held on Wednesdsy
erening last, at the Methodist Episcopal Church
and nurnerously attended. Messre. Wright
and purpur, delegates from the Washington
Temperance Bencvolent Society of Baltimore,
addressed the meeting, whh much force and
efTect. They are themselves living witnesses of
the eflicacy of total abstinence as the only efTcctu
al preventive and cure for drunkenness, and
are therefore peculiaily qualified to ume wiih
persuasiveness and sinceiity, its practice upon
olhrrs. Mr. Wright related the history of his
downfall and wretchedness with palbos and el
oquence ; he is a mechanic, and became early in
youth a victim to the destroying fiend, and was
carried downward, and dowuward, until he was
only rescued from dealh by the timely appear
ance ofa friend to wrest from his iiaud" the raznr
hejiad graped to destroy his own life. How
sincere and po nted, the warning and monition
from the lips of such an one .'
This meeting was followed by another, last
evenicg, at the Reformed Du'ch Church. The
speakers were Messrs. Shepherd, Lncklin, senr,
and Locklin, junr., raembers ofthe Washiniiton
Temperance Society, of New York. They too
told the t-i.nple and unaffected story of iheir down
lall and resturaiion, and urged, from their own
experience, the virtues of the total Jlbsiilence
pledge upon the iudience.
Another meeting will soon be held, when Mr.
Wright is expecied to he present.
The distinguished feature ol the new temper
aace movement is ihe evidence it givas of the
reclaimability nf the drunkard a work whose
prauticability has been so gencrally questjoned,
that scarcely an efT-irt has been made for its c
cr mplishment. But now, il would seem there
is no dcath fiom which they may not be saved;
no extreme too utter to remore ihem irom hope.
Thnusands have been reformed, and now, like
patriots and philanthropisis, they themselves are
engaging heartily in extending far and wide
the gonii they have experienced. God spetd
them. Jersey City Jldv.
Tbe Greatest Natcbal Curiosity.
We find in oue ofthe latest numbers ofthe
Louisville Journal the fullowing very cuiious
account of what is, ia one sense at least the grtat
esl naiural curiosity ever known to man:
The SIissourium. This gigantic wondcr of
the animal crealion has al lenglh arrivcd in our
city, and will be exhibitcd at the Wahington
Hall as soon as the bones, which are contamed
in fourteen large boxes, can be pul tngethcr. In
the mean time we endeavor; from the data fur
nished us in a pnnted descriplionnf ihe skeleton
io give our rtaders some idea of this m-ghty
wonder of creation as such it may well be re
sarded, for, in comparisnn wiih the Missourium,
mammoth, mastodons, and all other hitherto dis-
covered monsters are but small auiirs.
The skelflon measwrea thirty twojeel in lenglh
andjijleen in height. ihehrad mcasuies Irom
the lip ofthe nose to the spine ofthe neck, 6
feet. From the edge of the upper lip, measuiing
along the ruofol ihe moulh, to the socket ofthe
eye, is 3 leet ; from the loiver edge of the upper
lip to the firsl edge ol the front tooih. 20 inchcs
Each jaw has 4 teelh and ihe upper jaw has bi
sides two enormous tusks. The letlh are each
4 inches bioad. The nose projecls 15 inches
over the lower jaw. The tusks-are 10 feet long
exclusive ot 1 footand 3 inchesy whicb lormsllie
loot, and is buried in thetku:l. The right luk
was found firm iu the liead, and remained fixed
in its socket during its excavation and its trans
portalion to St. Louis, which fortunate circum
siance enables us to know the exact position and
situation which ihe tusks occupied in the head
nf the animal durinu its life. They were carrieil
by him almost horiznntally, bending snmewhat
uown.anu turn coraingwiui tneir poinisupagain
making, a sweep from cxtremitv to extremiiy,
in a strai"ht liue across the head.of 15 feet. The
longest rib measures 5fect 6 l-2inchesin length
the shortest 2 feet 3 inches. The fcalpul.i, or
slioulder-blade, is .5 leet one inch m length, and
2 feet 7 inches in bieadtli. The Iengih ot the
humsrous, orfore arm. is 3 feet 5 1-2 inches and
its greatest ciicumferetce 3 feet 3 inches. The
femur, orlhighrbone, is4feet anda hall inch long
and 8 1-2 incbes in diameier. Thc feel of the
animal appear lo have been webbed. The fore
foot has four loes and a thunib. The lonscst
toe measures 1 foot 8 inches, ihe sliortest one
fooi, and the thumb 7 inches. All ihe boi.es of
the animal are firm, and coatain no marrow.
The cavily of ihe brain is quite large.
The proprietor, Mr. Koch, in his pnnted de.
scription of the animal, makes the following re-
marfcs on ms supposed habits and nature:
''The animal has been. without doubt an in
habitant of waier-cnurses, sueh as large rivers
and lake;, which is pmved by tl e f rmation of
tlie bone: 1st, lus lrct were webbed ; 2J, all his
bones were tolid and without marrow. as ihe
aquatic animals ofthe present dy ; 3d, his ribs
were too small and slender to rexist tlie many
pressures and bruises they would be subject to
on land : 4lh, his Jes are short and thick; Vh,
nis tail islltt and nroad ; 6lh, and last, his tnsks
nre iisituated in the i.ead ihat it would beutterlv
i.i possible forhiin to exist in a timbeied counlrv.
His fooi consisted as much of vegetables as fle-h
allhnugh heundoubtedly consumeda great ahun-
dance ofthe latter, and was capableof feeding
h'mself with his fore foot, alter the manoer of
ihe beaver or otter, and possessed, also like the
hippopotamus, tbe facility ofwalking on the
bottom of waiers, and rose occasiunally to take
"The singular position ofthe tusks has been
very wisely adapted by ihe Creator for the pro
tecticn of Ihe body from the many injuries to
which it wifdld be exiosed while swiming or
walkmg under water; and.in additina to this, it
npprars thai the nimal has been covered with
the same armor as ihe alligalor, or perhaps the
A Yakkee Admibal. It is stated in New-
Hampshire paper, that a former cilizen of that
State, Thomas F. Williams, has become an
Admiral, Count Zinzecuoff, in the Russian
It seems that he was, in early youth, a clerk
in astore at Mercdith Bridge. Being natu.
rallyof a generous. hold and ardent tcmpera
rnent, no sooner had be served out his time,
then he went to visit a relative in Portland, for
the purposo of seeing a ship. and if possible. of
obtainmg employment in one- He at length
succeeded : alter one or wo voyages he was
taken dangerously ill at St. Petersburch, and
upon his recovery, through the aid ofthe A-
merican Lonsul, obtained a berth on board ofa
Russiau merchant vessel, as a privileged
seaman. Alter a prosperous voyace, on their
return bome, the vessel was attacked by i pi
ratical corsair. Owing to thc bravery and skill
of Williams the pirates were beaten ofT, and the
vessel arrived at her destined portin safety.
Tho Emperor Alcxander hearing ofthii bril-
liant cxploit, ws so much pleased with the
bravery and good conduct oi Williams, as to
send for him lo visit his palace ; the result of
the interview was his nppointment as senior
midshipman in the Russian navy. From this
he has risen to his present rank. He has been
married for some years. to a bcautiful and ac
complished Russian lady.
Silks and olher articles Importcd...Immense
Imjaortations fai m a great cause of our
business dijJicuUies and distreis.
Almost every family uses a little silk, and
the whole amountusedthrougliout the Lni
ted States is immense. The importation
of silks into this country is much more than
many are aware. According to the offi
cial statements, the amount imported for
the year ending 1830, was very nearly
ticcnty -three millions of dollars worth.
This was much greater in proportton than
the amount of other articles. Of cotton
goods there was imported fourteen millions
six hundred and ninety-two thousand. Of
iron articles over twelvc millions. Ofclothes
and cassimercs over seven millions. Of
sugar over nine millions. The importation
of silk, therfore amounts to nearly or quite
half as much as thc other fabrics. Wc ve-
rilv bclicve that there is no necd of this.
Silk can be raiscd and manufactured in thc
Uniled Statcs as well as in any other coun
try, notwithslanding the failures experien
ced by indiscreet and foolisli speculators
in multicaulis trees, many of whom never
had thc least knowledgc of the truc rnode
of cultivating silk ; and of course they
failed to be succcssful in their silk-growing
experiments,as every man fails in any other
business, which he does not rightly under-
stand. So might all the other fabrics be
made in our own country if we are so dis-
posed, unlessitmay be thc sugar. Ifhow
ever, every one would make what maple
sugar he could, and it thc cxpcrimcnt m
regard to Bee t sugar should bc successful,
weshould notneed to import ncarso mucli
ot that arttclc cillier. Itis as clear asuay
light, that we must produce more as a na
tion and import Iess. Then, and not till
then, we shall have desended to the very
foundation ofsome ofthe great and cxtcn
sive difficulties under which the business
and industry of ourcountry have been groa
ninsr and stagcerinK for vears. Let us be
men and mend our difficulties bv our own
Bask or tiie United States. At n meet
ing ot ine siecKtioiuers ot me itanit ot tne
Uniled Sta'.es, it was resolved to accept thc
condition mado by the legislature to the banlts
rccciving the benefit of the rclief law; that the
bsnk should consent to be subject to any fu
turc general law for thc rrgulation of ihe banks
of the Commonwealth. It was also resolved to
make application to iho legislature for 'cavo to
reduce thc capital stock, and to c'nange the
name of the bank. The general imprcssion
among the stockholdcrs was that tho bauk
should continue its corporate existcnce, and
that as an assignmcnt of its cfiects would be
inexpedicnt. A reply to tho letters of Mr.
Biddle was submitted by the commiltee.
Ii. I. Country Journal.
MiTcrjELL, the forger, has arrived at New
York, in custody of officer Bowyer. He was
readily surrcnderud by the Canadian nnthori
ties. Mr Bowyer left Montreal, on Saturday,
with his prsoncr in irons, and accompanicd by
Capt. Cormcau of Ihe Montreal police. Capt.
CormcaU attended them m far as tho A
meriran line, when he surrendered Mitchcll to
Mr. Bowyer.
The Courier says that Mitchcll is in good
health, and appears recklcss as to his fate; a
vowing his determination to plead guilty of
the crimes uith which he is chared.
It appears that on his flight from this city he
went to Philadelphia, where, after having pro
cured a tickct at the Piltsburgh Rail Road of
tfice. for ihe purpose of mislcading any one
who might be in pursuit he disguised himself
m a suit of gray clothcs, a bread brim hat with
crape band, in which dress and green spcctn
cles, and with a carpeuler's rule in his hand,
for four days openly walked the strcets ol that
city. frequently meeting persons with whom he
was well acquainted. He left Philadelphia for
New York in the cnrs, and wenl up the rivcr
in the Steamboat Utica; being all tho while in
company with persons whom he knew, but
none of whom dctcctcd him through his dis
guise. An incident occurred at Troy, which shows
the constant approhension of discovery under
which he must have been laboring; wh'.la pur
chasing a stage ticket at that p'ace, a person
stanuing behind him, read aloud from a news.
paper a paragraph headed "Mitchell the for
ger," upon which the guilty man turned sud-
denly around, under the conviction ihat he was
discovered; but finding such was not the case,
he merely said he know him, and believed him
to be a great rtscal.
Adjourxhent. The Lcmslature closed
its Iabors yesleday afternoon, about 3 o'
clock. Thesession has been longprotrac
ted, inleresting, and productive of many
good things. The Iistof wise and popular
measures would have been still Iarger, but
for ontoward circumstances which cnabled
the Loco-Focos to control the majority of
the lower House, for the last four or "five
davs of the session. They took advantage
of their accidental majority, to dejeai the
General Election Law, a measure which
was calledfor byall partiesinthe State,
and the adoplion of which would have sa
ved the people avast amount of time and
expense in conducting our State and Gen
eral Elections. It is. fortunate for thc hon
or and intercsts ofthe State, that thc Ap-
propnatton- liill was beyond the reach ol
the Deslrucliveg,for this7 too, would doubt
less hare been sacrificed, could they have
got it wiihin their grasp. As it h, bcynd
the defeat ofthe Oencrat i.!cction Law,
(for which the I'eople ofthe State will hold
Loco-Focoism to a strict account) and the
appomiment ot a jaunting comnitttce to
spend the summcron ihe southern tier of
counties, at the People.'s expense, tho
"mushroom maioritv" of the Loco-Focosr
led to but liltle positive evil ; and conduccd,
at least, to one good'rosult thatof teach
ing the Whigs aFesson which they will prof
it byin futurc We shall, hcrcattcr, notico
more fully the legislatioa ofthe session.
Albany daily Adv.
From the N. Y. Jour. of Commcice;
Tiie Liberated Africans. A ineoting:
was held in the Tabcrnacle yesterday afteruoor
at which a number ofthe Africans ofthe Ami
stad were present. Notwithstanding the sud.
den and heavy ihower that Imd occurred quito
a full audience was collected.
In consequence of tho ncces'ary nbscnco of
the Ex-president, Mr. J. Q. AdarnK, who wns
expected to be present on tho occasion, Mc.
L. Tappan proceedcd to-stato the business or
the meeting. Il was to show to the public tho
improvcment which they had made;. to excito
an interest in a rcligious mission to Mendi,
their couniry; to rnisc money to defray the ex
pense ofsupporting and educating them hcro
and of returning them to their country.
Their return is expected to take placcywhcn
such sufficient information shall have bccn ob
tained as to rcnder it safu and ccrtaim
Somo facts and incidcnts respecling thrrre
were then stated by Mr 15oot!i who is at present
acling as their teacher. It would seem tlnt rr
highe.r degree of civilization prevaiU in the in
lund part of Afrieathan wasgencrally suppos
ed. Theic negroes nhnobt spum tho question
put to them by many curious p'-rsons if ir
their couniry they have well formrd hou3esT
Their peoplo live iu cilics and villages nnd not
scattered as on ihe highways in this country.
In tho cities-forms of juslice are cstnbli.shcd.
But what is a chief hiudranco to their progrcss
in learning, and what brokc out in ono or two
instances at this meeting is a deep scated and
an absorbing desire to see their homes, theip
falheis and especially their mothers, who scem
cd to hold in their hearts an equal place with
ihcir wrves and childrcn.
Fifteen of these Africans wero present at
this meeting. Each ons of them exhibitcd' hi
improvcmpni in reading and spelling. A hymn
was sung by them, nnd also two or three of
their nalive songs. An account of iheir adven
ture in thc Amistad was related by one of ihcnv
in such broken English as could howevcr bo
understood by a quick ear, nnd afierwards ro
peated by Cinquez in his nalivo longue. An
impression very much in their favor iicumed lt
be felt by the audience.
American Colonizatio.s 5ociETr. Tho
Anniversary of this Society was held at New
York on Thursday evening.
The report of the Treasurer stated that ro
ceipts had been $10,266. Goods to- ihe amount
of S0,l5C havo been sent toAfrica.The remain
der had bsrn txpended insalaries, printing, dc-
Rev. Mr. Cone read the annual report, from
which it appearcd that the prospects ofthe so
ciety are more encouraging than they havo ev
er been bcfo.-e. There is an increasing diV
position among slaveholders to emnncfpoto
their slavei, on condition of their emigratin
to Africa, and on thc part of their slnves an in
creasing desire to go to tho land of their fath
ers. The condition of the cu!ony is high!
flourishing, and it is rnpidly increasing in
wcalth and populatiou. A consplerabre rnrm-
tity of sugar will be produced this year for cx-
port to thc United states and the culnvution of
the sugar canefnst increasing. Codsidcrablur
plantations of coffee trees are growing in ono
there aro seven thousand trees. The culuny u
at peace with all tha neighboring tribes, with
some of whom a considerable intcrcoursc and
traflic are maintained- The influence of tho
colony in checking the slave trade in that vi.
cinity has been very gicat, through the cxcr
tions of the co'onists, and their co-operatioii
with thc British and Amsrican armed vossels.
The schools and churchcs were flourishing. nnd
many ofthe natives are being taught ihe Eng.
lish language by culored teachers. TMro-ex-pcditions
for the colony of liberated slaves hav
been sent out tliis year, and another i about to
sail- It was stated in a lelter from the Amor
can Colonization Society, that there was rmiert
nceded for the use of tho Colony a sinatl os
sel, that would cthI about $3,500, and ihe pu.
rent society relied on this nuxiliary to furni-ih
the mean3 An efTort will p'obabjy be mado
toraisct "s uti. The-Am r'can Society has ia
ihe last two years discharged all its debts to tlm
colonists, and reduccd ihe dcbt at home from
S60.000 to 815,000.
From the Albanv Daily Advertisrf.
The Albany Bridge question came up yes
terday in the house of ssemWy, and the wholn
subject was lndcfinitely postponcd by a vote of
eighly-seven to twenty-one; showing a tri.
umphant majority of -forty-six in favor of equal
rights and the Jrce navigation of the Hudson.
That the application for a bridge at Albany
would bc met with a marked rejection by the
present House of Assembly. we have never
doubtcd for ono momcnt. Still, we did not ev.
pect it would be rejccted by so decisive and o
verwhelming a majority.
We have no time at present to say any thing
farlheron this subject, than to congratulnte the
cilizcns of Troy nnd West Troy, upon theii,
triumph over Iho machina ions of those who
teek their destruction, and to offer in their b
half, their sinccrc thnnks to tbose true-hcartud

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