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THE MIDDLEBURY PEOPLE'S PRE.SS.
Tothe Edilors oflhe N. Y. Eprsi In Senate Chanber, July, -. Sm In a le'ter of your Washington cor ..ki:eh..l in vnur nancrof ycster day, I find the rfoilowing inost extraord. .nary paragraph : of u. Phn n5. o vermont, 10 mc .-.ui nia. all, doubts, as he states, tlle powcr of Congress to cstablish branches. He always has doublcd tliaipower; but in dcfcrenco to his statc, anrt in defercnce to judicial dccuions, he would yicid his own opinions, if r.ecessarv, and voto for thc powcr ; but hc icill never go for thc pro position of Mr. Rivcs.5' You can judgc of my sur)risc on d.scovcnnp this paragraph. whcn I assurc you that, ja eve ry particular, thc statcment is dircctly the ic verse of the truth. On n previous page of the samc paper, you will find my remarks upon the proposed amendmcnt of M r. Uivcs. 1 iiat rcport, alihough very impcrfect. and, in sonie particulars. inaccurate, still givcs correclly the position which I took on that occasion. And in thc samc column wilh the paragraph quotcd, :.. ,t, ccortlnn. liiat "Arr.omr :he hig acn- aiors who have already takcn ground in bchalf ofMr. Rives' amendment, arc iir. i rcsiou, Mr. Choale, Mr. Phclps or Vcrmoni," ..J-c. Thc utter incongruitv of thcse reprcsotilations can not bc made morc ialpab!c by any rcmark of wine. . But lest thc misrcprcsenlation should meet t!ic eye of somo of my constituenta, who no doubt would bc nsloundcd to finJ me in such an nttitude, I beg ieavc to statc what 1 clid say. Altcr stntinc the qucstion which ui vidcd my polilical friends, I rcniarkcd, "llus is one or thosc questions upon wincii ion never has hccn, and, in all human proba bility, ncvcr will be changcd. Sir, I doubt tho power of Congrcss to crcatc tho Bank. and toestablish branches in the pcvcral States, without iheir assent, as little as 1 doubt the cx istencc of a Congrcss to c.xurcisc thc power. The samc uncauivocal assertion oflhe powcr was repealcdiy'madc in the courso of my re marks. I put n.y support of Mr. II. s propo sition upouihegrouudof expcdiency alonc. exprcssmg my rcadiness to mcct him upon thu middle ground ofcompromise oocupied by him, but protcsting against all inference that, in doing so, I was prepared to surrcndcr or throw a doubt upon the power, which I claimed undcr thc Constitution, of establishing branch os within the States, without their assent.--And I declared most cxpHcitly, that should the oxpcriment fail, nnd thc dissent of tho States be found to defeat thc great purposes oflhe institulion, I would go as far as any mcmbor ofthc Scnate, in asserting, and vindicating, and carrying to full and cornpleto cxercisc, thc power which I claimed as conferrcd on us by the Constitution. Thus much I think it neccs sary to say now. to correct the error. But as my remai ks will probably soon ba in print, I ihall leavc ihem, as to all farlhcr particulars,( to speak lor thcmselves. You will do me a favor by corrccling thc ir.istakcs. 1 am. Sir, very rcsncctfully, Yuurs, &c, SAM'L S. TllELPS. Wo puUish thc abovc. from Mr. Phelps. United States Senator from Vcrmont.with great j.k-asure and n-gret that our correspoudent iliould havc inisutiderslood his remarks. W c wcro as much surprised as Sir. Phelps himsolf, at the rcport of his speech, and prcsumcd thcrc might be somo misundorstanding oftiisopin ions. W'nh our rcgrets for placing the honor able Sciiatorin a false position, c must add that tho prcsent rctrictivc rulo of the Scnato, in regard to thc admission of Repoitcrs to thc Scuau: Chambcr, operatcs most utifavorably for any tliing likc correct reports, for distant papers. IF it were possiblo to havc full and correct rcpo'ts of the procecdings in Congrcss. wc shuuld havc theni. At thc prcsent session of Congress wc havc sparcd ncither pains nor cxpcnse to havc a fauhful transcnpl ot all tliat has b-cu saiJ or done. I.iniiT.M.vo. For thc last two wcuks there has hcen an umistial nuinbcr of thiitidcr storms. accoinpanied with much liihtniiir. On thc evcnin ofthc 2!)th tilt. the mccting houe at the l'actorv villaue, NorthflehJ, was struck. but not much initired. Da rinsr tiin same storm. the house of jlr. Alcx- auder Parker. East iJiiuitpelicr, was struck Tho clcctric fluid passcd dowa thc chim. itcv. tothe ccllnr aad in its course alniost wholly destroycd the lloor timbars atid flooniw: ot mo ol thc ronms. In llus room wcro Mr. Parker and his mothcr asrcil CO ycars. iurt t anter was sirncii nown anii 1 1 . (1 , . , 1 1 his clotlics sct on fire. 1 he old ladv willi unusual prcscnco of mind procurcd a liyht, p mred a pail of watcr npnn !ier son which put out the firc and brouht him to. and then by blowing a h'jni callcd the ncighbors lo her assistanec. U;sTRC.ssixn Occunnnxcc. to thoiatc Wlii: Convcntion TJn coming hcrc, Ilon. Wm. Hcbard of Randolph, brouuht hisla dv and oldest son as far as Northfield, and left them therc on a visit to thc family of Mr. S'tarkwcathcr. Durinpcthc day (30lh ult.) thc son, a lad of about ciglit ycars of ac, went williout thc knowledge of his friends with two otlier boys,to the rivcr to balhe, and gettinginto the-currcnt bcyond his depth was "drowned. The lad was in the water about twenly minutcs, and all at tcmpts to resuscitate him wcrc unavailing. What adds pecnliarly to the distress jof the yiarcnls is thc fact, that thcy had brought the lad to Northfield for the rcason that they wcrc fuarful he would havc becn drowned in their absencc if left at homc. Payixo I.vrr.r.EST to nnnscr.r. Thc Canajoharic an:l Catskill llailroad Com lany in thc Statc of New York havc failed t pay thc July instalment of the intcrest ujo.i.ihc crodit which thcyborrowed from tho statc. The annunt of the loan author ized was thrce tiundrcd thousand dollars; thc amount which tho cotnpany havc al. rcady rcccivcd is two hundrcd thousand dollars. Ilaving failed lo pay thc intcrest due on tho first of this monih a warrant Uds bjen drawn upoii Ihe Comptrollcr for 1, and thc State must now pay the inler. cst npon. its own credit ient to the corpora tion. Thc New York Sun promises an expose of the managemenYof the concern. 27TH CONGRESS, 1st CSsioil. " i HOUSK. I Monday July 5, 1311. rucuc LANDS and thc granting of pre-emution rights. j Thequestion pemling was on the niotion of Mr. Clifford to strike oul the cnactioi; cljuse of the bill Mr. Wisc bcing cnthlcd to ihe floor, commen- cedbysiyiogihathediilnoumaginetiie Hou,e would do any business t.day, lnasmnch as the other body had a.lj..urned over. He wa? wil m? however, lo proceed with his reniar!.--, if tlic uuujcrusc m icnidiu iu uc.u iJr. VV. relerred to lae u-tter ol :in lUcr Adams, a copy ot whicii v.i puh!ii in llie Natiotiallnlelligencerthisriioriiin. T hi 1 ller said it was lheduty of ihe people on iIil- am.i versary cf ihe country's indejiou'Ivnro, in ilie lirst place toreturn thanks to GjiI. A howcvtr the fourth hap;ened on aSunilay, 1 hojie iha every me:nber wentto cliurch yv-ierJay an ' ri-lurned thanks. But to-d.iy heing ,j legil.-.live day, I, think I ;annoi rcader teiter s-.rvice to t coun-, trv than bv opposini: this b II Mi. w. ttien at great K-ngin went nno an ex - amination i 0r the various seclions of the i bill, and adopted Mr. Culler rn:e and reported the bill, coiilinded that hecould n-.t go loi it, ma3niuchtthe'amen(meiltof Mr Cmlcl wja lhen areeJ as the proposed distnbul.on was i.otor.oasly un- ,hp h ii hv Vntp 0r io, , 03. IIc proceods to show the various grants that were proposed lo be rnado for thc new States, and coinparing them wilh thn grants made to thc old States, askcd upon what princip'o so unf.iir a distribulion had bccn bascd. llcfcrring to his own Statc. he obscrved that Virsrinia when shc ccdcd hcr iands to the Gencral Government, forgot the heavy claims '. rnadu upon hcr lor the military serviccs of her own citizuns during tho Kcvoluiion. Shc had thcrcforc bcen sucd in hcr own courts for the recovcry of these claims, so that she was com. pcllcd to ask thc Gencral Government to givc back a porlion of her land. But if this dis tribulion bill should pass, all hopc of gctting any back would vanish. Tho passagc of ihe bill would in fact be robbin" Vir;nuia to the amount ofhalf a milh'on of dollars. Therc was anoihcr objeclion. The bill bound them to a pnce which would bc productivo of no nctt proccens whalever. He thorerore cal. Icd upon his brethren ofthc old States not to go blindfold into ihis measurc ofthc distribu lion without examinmg it. Speaking ofthc distribulion schcmo of Mr. Clay in Ihe Scnate, fllr. V. said ho wasas much opposed to that as to the prcsent bill. But now he was obliged to take onc, ho would rather havc thc formcr, and ccdc thc land to thc Slatcs at oncc. IIc called upon every mcmber in tho Hall to bewaro of creating a necessily for a protec- tivc tarilT, and to pauso befure thcy parted with tho rich public domain. These nublic lar.ds ought to bc laid asido as safcty fund, to be uscd in casr.s ol emergency. Spnaking of slave laborand non-slavo labor, Mr. VViso contended that the peoplo of ihe North were as much dcpcndcnt 011 th? slave labor of llio South as the slave onwers were upon thc manufacturcs of the North. Anoihcr great objpciinn to the bill wa?, that in tliree or four distant places, il reorganized ihe principle of iniurnal improvcments, thcreby em powerin? the States to do that indircctly, which Congress professed ii could not do "dircctly. Beiides gentlemeu. h id expressed a horror about the assnmption ofSlaie debts. But he would ask, tliat, if reimbursing the States by ihis bill for what lliey had expended in internal improve menls, was not in fact assuming their debts? AfttT Mr. Wise had coac'uded, iMr. Itaynor ot N. C. took the floor, but tho committee im mfiliately rose, and at one o'clock, The llouse adiourned. Coirespondoace ofthc Express. Washikgto.v, July 10. Six wetks havu now elapscd since the con: mencement uf the session. and ihe Bank Bill still linirers in llie Senate Charaher, llie specta- lors in the nallerics daily expecting to see the coun de CTncc administered to its mangled fonn by some dextrrous executioner of thcJLoco Foco cat egory. llie lr.ll lias certainly been depnved of some of its originallinamenis, but it is nutyet so disfiured as to alienate the attachment of its friends. I do not yet know when the final vote ivi:i uc iven un 11. mr. iay uiio auernoon threw himseU'on ihe liabiliiy oflhe npp'isiiion for an ans'ver to thc q-ieslion whether therc were any further amendinenis lo be made. Mr. AVright said he had two or three ainemlmcnls to cller, with this renlv Mr. C!av di-clined makiai anv further t'Dnuirv. Thc amendmcnt moved bv Mr nr 11 . "1 . ri -t 1 f n oounury to-uay 10 suiKe oui me capuai 01 jo millions seems to have been reg irded as the sanie measure, a test qucstion and it so, there needs be no further appreliension pbout Mie fact oflhe late nf the bill. The maiorilv in ihe Senate ihnugh small, is suuieient and decided. Mr. I out any leply. Me asked it the que-tions now Clay ii.flictcd some merciless blows on Mr. :submitted were new questions ? Was not the Wo'odbury to-day in some compsnsatiou for ! country filled replete with nrgumerits respec some referenccs which the latter has ol'latc been I 'ing them? Great as were the talents of gen very Ibnd of makin? to Mr. Clay's speech ofi demen on the 01 her side, he thotight they could 1SII. Mr. Clay said he ould try to make ihe j add nnthing to the light which was already shed Semtor comprehend the possiblilv f chancins ' throu'h the countiy. Ile believed amoug the an opinion without a bad motive. After hc had txpeuded tlie reasons wh:ch operated on his n.ind, llie occurrence ol the war and the pecu- niary diflicuities in which it involved the country, I he avcred in a roice which shooi the Senate Chamber, "then I did change my opinion, and ihe nexi time ihe Senator takes my speech oui of his drawer I wish him to read it ihiou:li. And now I hnpe I have succeeded in bealing inio ihe benator's head ihat a man may chan"e his onin- :. 1 .i r - ' - .. inii, uuu uu 11 irom a proner niOiive. it was . nt without difliculty ihat tha feelin'rs in ihe galleiies was resirained wiil.in the limits of de corum. The Loco Focos hare been unfortunale to-day in their attempts to amend ihe bill, and this bad success may induce ilen to abndge the nuinber of iheir rn'idificaiinns. Their success in carrying twnor ihreeof their prop.isiiions hnd so emboldened them that we bcan to look for a surcession ot ellorts to weaken and detrov thei characler of ihe bill fir a wcek to cnme. But i the Whhrs have rallicd lo-dav and have voted . more in concert, and this juslifies the hope that ihe bi!l has sone ihroiigh its m'St penlous pas-i sages. Tbat there exists as much unceriainty as anxiety in ths public mind as to llie fate of tbe ineasure, is evident from the snlicitude wilh which opinions are asked on the subject by every frequcn'eroi the lnbb'es &gaIlcriesof C-mgrcss. I retain llie opinion lhut Congress wil! give the country a bank before il will consent m an ad journnient, and thc country will not he very particular about ihe dptails oflhe bill. whciher tbii . ineoiber orilwt director may lorrown feiv dolUrs or noi, so ihe institution is crcatcd, and ready to go into operntion on thc first of Jan-uury. HOUSE. Tuesday, July 12, 1841. The bill to authorize a loan ol twelve mil- ''ons wai aoa'n ,alen UP 'n committee of the Whol?. Mr. Jones of Va. made as good an argnment against the bdl as the nature ot the case would pcrniit. He was answered by Mr. Garrit Davis, of Ky. withconsiderable abihty. Mr. Uawson of Georgia, cut up the Loco's with a two cdgcd sword. Ho asked ihem whether havin? made so lamnus a "war report" I 1 iwt ifonr thou wprp nniv Wlllinnr tn nnnnQP n iinfPil tn mpct ihe nrntiihlfi con- ienuences of that report. What a spectacb of palrl0,j,m sa;j he. for men, who, at Orst did all in ,Uvir power to iVolvc the country in a war, an,, n(W are exerticg thcmselves to the utmost , i.,,on , . rminfrv in n l l pnpp P5S StnTp. Mr. Arthenoa atteuiptedto show that the re port of the Sccretary was not to be depended upon. Mr. Fillmore closed the debate by a elear and forcihle e.xposure oi the sophistry which had becn displayed by the nppositiun. The hour of two having- arrived, all further discossion ceased, & thc qaestion was then taken c n the various amendments. One ofll'red hv Mr, Giimer proposing to su)siitute Tieasury Notcw, was reiei-ted by a large vote. Atter sunury a- ,,,,, nrmin.Mli i,v Mr. T?iiln,nrp harl i.pph Reported for Ihe New York Express. IN SENATK. Monday, July 12. LAND EILL. Mr. Smith of In. from thc Committee on Public Land", rrpnrted tliebill toproyi.le for the distribulion of ihe public lands, with amcnd- me"?- The first amcndmetit provi'les tor a grant of 500,000 acres to every new Slaie on tlieirad mission into the Union. The second repeals the act conccrninrf re servations undcr thc treaty of Dancing Rabbit Crcck. u. s. DANK. The Senate resumed the consideraiion uf the Bill to incorporate the subscribersoftbe Fiscal Bank oflhe United States. Mr. Wright movtd to amend ihe bill by slriking out the words, "authorizing the subscrip tion oflhe United States from 100 000 shares." Mr. Wright said it would be seen that the object of this amendment was to rut loose the United States from the Bank as an unequal sub scriber. It had bcrn said that this might be a profitable investment for the United States, but he dcsiied to know if it would be wise to incur a debt for the purpose of this speculation. The ma:ket is glutted wilh bank stock. and unlcss il could bc shewn that this speculation procured the ordinary proflt, it would be a bad invest ment for an individual as wcll as for the govern ment. Mr. Clav, of Kentackv, said the Senator irom New Yprk had omitled Ihe hijjh consideraiion thaijthis was a great (inan ial ngent for the use of the government. If we did no better in a money view than the last bank, there would be one per cent savcd in inlerpsl and sixteen per cent made in tlie sales ol stock. But lor such agency, more would have been lost liy sub-treasurers and highway robbcrs. Would the honorable Sena tor rise and say before the country that he be lieved that there was more security in sub-treasurers, thc Isaac Hdls, thc Johu Does. and thou sand other scoundrels in whoso hands thc public money may be placed ? Mr. 'Wrisht gavc an afliimative reply. Mr. Clav "said, with the high personal respcct which he felt for ihe Senator, he would not say he did not believe him, but he must be allowed 10 expiess his surprise to hcar such a seniiraent after the experience had ofthc Swartwoul, the Hoyts, and others. He had never in ihe whole course of his life mct with such e vidence of parly infatuation. Ho went on to state thc course taken in the case of the old Bank of the U. S. The Seiiatnrs on ihe other side yee.tied to be aitackinglhis bill by open a3sault and secret un dermining, the etrect of which was to protract ihis discussion white the ngonized countty is calling for ai'.tion. He did not wish to intcrlere with llie rigliis of mcmbeis, but if the Hoo.se should take time on this bill in proportion'to its members, as we had ronsumed, we shall not only not get away in July, but may be kept here until late in the autumn. Mr. Calhoun asked how long it had taken thc Senafor from Kenlucky lo defend his own hid, and desired to know if he expected thcse jircat'measuies rhouhl be all acted on at once? The Senator had said tliat the country was call ing for acli'in.aclion. This was plunder, plun der. And if the Senator from Kentucky was de siious to push ihis ystem of plunder, he for one would cndeavor to prolect his constituents from plunder. He did not wish to delay for the pur pose of delay. But belieyeing that the measures ofthc othet side were as bad as genilemen theinselves believe them to be good, he should deem that tht-y would have ihe oppurtunity to De nearu. Mr. Clay ssid in reference to the delay which had taken plare, he would merclv say that the oppnsition made.'sorae speechesonsaiurday with- enevances which the counlrv sufTers, they wouid never nomoer inai 01 100 iuue speaKing m von- gress. e conciuueu wnn saying mat ne, lor one, was ready to gtve the inajorr.y the power 10 controi uie acuon 01 uie cenaie. Mr. Benton. Come on with vour gair, Mr. Calhoun rcplicd, and atkcd why such a mea'sure as a gag was to be now for the first time sugested. How cnme it now to bc found out '"r tlie lirst time, that 100 much speaking was a a 1- n n uulallkc tu itiuuiiuuii neuuie t uc nuvcr would 'submit to bc silenced by such threats. He believed tlie Senator from Kentucky was warring against the honor and intcrest of ihe people ; and it was imponant to resist him. The qucstion was then taken on ihe amend ment of Mr. Wrigbt, and decided in ihe nega tive ayes 22 nays 27. Mr. Wri-jht moved to amend ihe bill by pro- viding ihat the Bank.shall not go into operaiion anlil the whole of Mhc capital stotk shail have been subscribnl. Mr. Clay made a reply to him in which be accuscd tl.c Senator of some unfairness in accuscd tl.c Senator of some unfairness in his argument. The friends oflhe Bank deem such an institution 10 be neeessaiy 10 carry on the fiuancial operations of the government and to rcgulate the currency, and they are desirous to canv it throrgh. He oncc arrain r.,7,,...i , ,t, ccurse of the opcsition to destroy the hopes of "" r., ' , ,-raao gentieraan from New York had asserted ihe pwouer of Con gress to repeal ihc-rharter. When such an on posilion was cxhibilipi itsnlf, il btcome ihe Whigs to proportion their efTorts to the crisis. The doctrinc that Iooked tothe violation ofcon Iracts was without preccdent in our history since tliose high f'ederal times when Timothy ricker iug avowed that the United State3 roight not be responsible for ihe loan ttat was requested. Mr. Clav said it was asserted that the invest ment of so large a capitalwuuld derange lhe com merce of the country. He refuied ihis idea. He dupposed that twenty millions or thirty were withdrawn from the deficit specie in ihe country accordmg to tl.e prnposition of the gentleman which would be locked up in the bank 12 or 15 monihs before the bank would go into pperation. This measure was well calculated to disturb the business of the country. Mr. Wiight wiihdrew that part of his motion which was to insert, and conflned it to the mere slriking out the clanse. Mr. Buchanan rose and said, that he should hereafter move one or two amendments, and make a few remarks. For the prescnt ha would merely refer to the opinion of Ctiief Justice Mar shall, that in leference to a public chartert the right of repeal exists, but thnt it did not extst in reference to a private cnrporation. Was this a private or public corporation ? If it was for public purposes ii is and ought to be repe lable. It is a public fiscial agenl, and the ground on which it is creaicd shews that it 13 the public agcnt of the government. Is it pretended that we have a right to transler the inttiests aud rights of the people 1 The case in which Judge Marshall had piven the npini.in referred towas a case of the CJorpora tion of Georgetcwn and dn individual with whom the Corporation had made a conlract. He ex pressed his belief that this country would have been inaset'led conili.ion by this time if there had becn no cxira session. But since thcj- had heenforcedon hith itoto the deransement of the country, it was their duty to proclaim to thc world that they would vote to repeal the chartei, and ihy should succeed. He wondercd at the oppoiitinn made to ihis principle by those who had voted to repeal llie conlract made with Blair and rires. Mr. Clay said, when the Emperor Napoleon was at the highest poiiit of h's glory, an old maid at Baltimore was ?busing him, when a French genileman declared to her that the Emperor would feel great pain il" he knew of her didike. And so the bank would he very unhappy if it knew that the Senator intended to repeal a char ter before it was gianted. When he should see a petition to repeal llie cliarter laid on thc table, hc would pledge hiraself and his friends to discuss it fully, not doubting ihat ihe good sense and feeling ot ihe country would be vith them. He thenrepeated the construclion put Iv the Senator bn ihe opinion ol Judtre Maishall, and showed thal a charter similarto this neer had been repealed. If anv atiempt were made to carry il, those who broujrht it (orward would be defeatcd wo.se than they were dcfeted in Nov. last. The yeas and nays were ordered on the ques tion, and il was decided in the ncgative ayes 22 noe8 27. From the K. Y. Express. Washington, July 13lh. Thc Bank Bill is moving on to tho focus, which will bc rcachcd, it is hopcd, by Satur day, at latcst. Thc ill-dcsigned amendments of Mr Wright, proposed on thc 7th instant, and rclating to not much elsc than "matters and things in gencral," were furnishcd. The author of them was hcard in their dcfcnco in a yery plausible and able spccch, but tho cnd thercof, as you see, was a vote in thc ncgative. Thc opposition had the speaking prctty much to thcmselves, and thc friends of thc adminis tration had thc voting prctty much to thein selves. This will bo thc course of cvcnts to thc cnd of thc session cxccpt so far as thc misreprcscntations of thc party may bc refer red to a monsylativc ncgative. Beyond that, nothing. Action is dcmandcd by thc country, and thc whigs in thc scnate arc disposcd to suflcr all they may, and all their party may by argument and falsehood, rather than consume thc time of tho senate by unneccssary delay. Whcn,. thcrcforc, you scc, as you might one day last wcck, scvcn lcco foco spccches, and but a rcmark or two only in reply, you may know thc causo and actions to thc last, thc party mcan to consume all tho time thcy can get pcsscssionofr Silcncc on thc part of the whigs, and a gencral monopoly of thc time of thc Senate, it isyct hopcd willshamc them in to scmcthing likc dccency of action. I wrotc you last night that thcrc would bc compramhe, and that compromisc would bo necessary lo the success of any bank bill before it could rece ive tlie united apprnval of congress and tht Extcutive ! To-day has confirmcd thc opinion, and the evidencc of it will hc forth coming. A bakk mix will be tassed, and it will be Clay's bill with au immaterial a mcndment, so far as any principle is involved. Thc states asking for branches of the mothcr bank, will havc them of course, and in addi son to this, I predict that power will bc given to Congress to cstablish a Bank whcrc Con gress may dctcrminc to cstablish it. In New York, it is believed, that a vote of two thirds ofthc members of the Legislaturc would bo requircd to cstablish a Branch of a Bank thcrc. Such is thc opinion of thc Scc rctary of State at Albany, and thc gencral opinion of! those who havc lookcd into thc Banking Laws of N. York. An amendmcnt that I have namcd, therefore, i3 thc only com promisc which can bemade to meet the wish es of all partics who are in the fog of a con stitutional scruple upon thc well-cstablishcd law and practicc of the country. In regard to the Bank, then, what may s'eem doubtful to you now, will becomo certain by the close of the wcck. Even, if Mr Clay's Bill should he defeatcd by a vote or two,as is not impossiblc, without the amendmcnt cngraftcd upon it, or a new Bill introduccd. Be assured that Congress will not adjourn without making a bank, and that thc adminis tration Senators are in thc best frame of mind for making the best bank they can for the good of the People. It is much easier to de nounce the Exccutivo and thc National Leg islaturc, than to know the cmbarrassments un dcr which both are surroundcd. The Prest dent has his opinions, and always had them. Southern Senators had thcirs, and retain them. Others difTer with them, and in such a state of chaos it is idle it is worse, it is downright mandncss to say there shall be no concession, no compromisc, no union. I am rcjoiced to assure you there will be all these, and if the light does not burst through the cloud as soon as you could wish, ycu must be glad with tho many hcrc that it ts to come at all, after so many and such porlcntious storms. Tho vote will bc takcn ' on thc'l7th. as I havo said at thc latcst, and in the abscnco of MrRives wholeaves to-morrow forVirginia, and pcrhaps of Mr Graham of N. C. who is now abscnt from the city. Those therefore who know' thus carly the exact vote I think arc wise over much. The city after several days of cool weather is getting inid summerish again. The capi tol is the most comfortable placc in the city, and the public grounds about it arc every way beautiful. Yours, E. B. Some important Navy bills wcro takcn up this morning, and passcd in committee of thc whole. Mr Wise was found favorably dispos cd becausc they were in charge of the com mittee of which hc is chairman. For one day, therefore, he has not been in the opposi tion. Many speeches were made during the discussion of the Ordnance and the Pcnsion Fund bills, both in committee of the whole, nnd in the House of Representativcs. Mr Adams was chairman of the committee, and spoke upon the bills, and tho naval service generally, after they were reported. The ses sion, as all the sessions have been since the a doption of the new rules, was harmonious and industrious. The attendanee, however, was very thin. There are morc Navy Bills bcforc the Committee of thc whole, and some from the Military committee in bchalf of fortifica tions. Is tiie Sexate to-day, Mr Linn rcsumcd his remarks on the rcsolution of Mr Buchan an, calling for a list of the removals from of- fice since thc 4th of March last, and spokc for J """j iuui. i uu auiuuu uiun rcsumca me considcration of thc Bank Bill, when thc a$ mcnament ot Mr Wright was takcn up and discussed. This amendmcnt providcs the dircct course which shall be nursuedhv the Attorncy Gencral in case of a suspcnsion of specie paymcnts. It causcd a discussion which occupied thc wholo day, the speakcrs being almost entirely confined to thc loco foco Senators, who kept on talking day after day, all tho whilecomplaining that they arc "gag ged." Thc qucstion was at lcngth taken soon after three, when it was decided in tho ncga tive. Ayes 22; Nayes 25. On tlie passags oflhe Land Bill Yeas ilessrs. Adams, Allen, LandafF, W. Andrcws,3.J. Andrews, Arnold, Aycrigg, Bab cock, Baker, Barnard, Bridscyc, Black, Blair, Boardman, Borden, Botts, Briggs, Brockway, Bronson, Jeremiah Brown, Burnall, Calhoun, Thomas J. Campbcll, Carulhcrs, Chittenden, John C. Clark, Staley N Clark, Cooper, Gowen, Cravcns, Cushing, Deborry. John Edwards, Everett, Fessenden, Fillmoro A. L. Foster, Gates, Gentry, Giddings, Goggin, P. G. Good, Green, Greig, Hall. llalsted, W. S. Hastings, Henry, lludson, Hunt, James Irvin. Wm. W. Irwin, James, William C. Johnson, I-aac D. Jones, John P. Kenncdy, Lar.c, Lawrence, liinn, Thomas F. Marshall, Samson, Mason, Mathiot, Mattocks, Maxwell, iMaynard.Moorc. Morgan, Aforris, Morrow, Osborne, Owslcy, Pearce, Pendleton, Popc, Powe.'l, Profiit, B. Randall. A. Randall, Randolph, Rayner. Ridg way, Rorjney, Russell, Saltonstall, Surgeant, Simonton, Sladc, Smith. Sollcrs, Sprigg, Stanly, Stockeley. Stratton, Stuart, Summcrs, Tallaferro, J. B. Thompson, Tillinghasl, Tol land,. Thomlinson, Triplett. Trumball, Under wood, Van Rensselaer. Wallace, Washington, Edward D. White. Joseph L. White, Thomas W. Witliams, Lewis Williams, Joseph L. Williams, Winthrop, Yorke, A. Young. John Young 11G. Nays Messrs. Alford, Atrintoa, Alher. ton, Banks, Beeson, Bidlack, JJowne, Boyd, Rrewstur, A V Brown. M Brown, Buikc S H Builer, W Butler, W 0 .Butler, G W Caldwcll, P C Caldwell. J Campbell, W B Cainpbell, Cary, Chapmnn, Clifford, Clinton, Colcs, Daniel. R D Davis, J B Dawson Dcan, Dimock, Doan, Doig, Eastman, J C Edwards, Egbert, Fcrris, J G Floyd, Foranco. T F Foster, Gamblc. Giimer, W O Goode, Gordon, Graham, Gustinp.Hnrbersham, Harris, J Hastings, Have, Ilolmes, Flopkins. Houck, Iouston, Ilubard, lluntcr. Jaclc, C Johnson, J W Jones, Keim, A Kenncdy, Kins, Lewis, Lilllefield, Lowell. A McClellan, McKay, Mc Kcon, Maliory, Marchand, A Marshall, J T Mason, Mathcws, Mcdill, Mcriwcther, Miller, Newhard, Nisbjt, Olivcr, Parmenter, Patridgc, Payne, Pickens, Plumcr, Rcding, Rcncher, Rhelt, Riggs, Rogers, Roosevelt, Sanford, Saunders, Shaw, Shcpperd, Shield.s Snyder, Steenrod.Sumter, Sweney, Turney, Van Buren, Ward, Warren, Watterson, Wcllcr.ft'estbrook, J W Williams, Wise. Wooii 108. Mr. Davis, of Kentucky, and Mr. Dawson, of Georgia, who had both volcd on- ihe qucstion of laying ihe bill on thc table (which was a tcst vote) did not vote on thc final qucstion, having bcen excluded from doing so, in strictncss of rule, by a momentary absenco from the IIousp. Mr. Childs, of New York, wo regrct to lcarn, is confined to his room by indisposition, and could not thcrcforc vole on the passagc of the bill. YEAS AND NAYS IN THE SENATE. The following are the yeas and nays upcm tho amendment of Mr. Rives, in the Senalc ou Tuesday : Yeas Messrs. Barrow.Bates, Choate, Mer-. rick, Phclps, Prentiss. Preston, Rives, Walker. j al can cnsurcthc prosperity of tho count Wilhams, 10. I . , r , r, ' Nats Messrs. Allen, Archer, Benton, Bcr- Thls IonS' smothcrca hatrcd to the tanff rien, Buchanan, Calhoun, Clay, of Alabama. with a brazen cfirontery, they havc at length Clay, of Kentucky, Clayton, Cuthbert, Dixon, ' avowcd. At the last state convcntion, compo Evrjns, Fulton, Graham, Ilenderson, Hunting- 'SC( of the eadin mcn of th . tho fo,, lon, Kerr, King, Linn, McRoberts, Mangum, . . Aliller, Aforehead, iiouton, Nicholso.n, Porter. ' Iow,nS rcsolution was passed. SeAier, Simmons.Smith, of Connecticut, Smith, j " Resolved, That thc truc principlo of tho of Indiana, Southard, Sturgeon, Tallmadge, federal government is to confine its action to TPhite, TPbodbridgc, IPoodbury, TPright, Young 38. Tho following are the yeas aud nays upon thc amendmcnt oflbred by jllr. Bayard, as hereafter publ'shed. Yeas Messrs. Archer, Bayard, JSvans, Graham, Hendorson, Aforehead, Prentis3, TPhite. 9 Nats ATessrs. Allen, Barrows, Bates, Benton, Berrien, Buchsnan, Calhoun, Clay. of Ala, Clay, of Kentucky, Clayton, Dixon, Ful ton Huntington,- Kerr, King, Linnjangum, JUerrick, Aliller. 3outon, Nicholson, Phelps, Porter, Preston, Hives, Sevier, Smith, of Conn. Smith, of Ind., Sturgeon, Tallmadge, ITalker, Trilliams, TFoodbridge, IPoodbury Wright, l Young 30. KEEP IT BEFORE THE PEOPLE That the Iocnfocos have fully declared Opposition loprotection lythe lariff; Opposition to a JYational Bank; and for the Sub-Trcasury ; and cpp0slllon hjhe rishls of remgnl l0 he, NulliKnd tei-ilh S.nU"'e. Am,ri., i.i.::;""'""",ul,0'ts against the against .alcISj rarim aers and 33anufactur- ers.i By the second, they would Ieave ihe currencv unregalated and.he protit of eVery bran"h oV industry lo be greatly diminished-nne more ?o than that of the day-laborer, the wool-grower and the producer. ' By the last, they would lob the state of at least $00,000 a yenr, and deny its title to millions ofa cres oflhe public lands. PEOPLE'S PRESS. Tuesday r.Iorning, July 20, 18-11. WHIG MOMIMATIOMS, FOR GOVERNOR, ISLES PA1NE, OF XOItTHFIELD, FOIt LI'EUT. GO.VERNOR. WAITSTILL Ii. RANNEY, OP WINDHAjr, FOR TRKASURER, JOHN SrAULDING, Of 3IOXTPELIEH. SENATORS, Addisom ConsTV. ELIAS BO-TTOM, DORASTUS WOOSTER, ISAAC CHIPMAN. Loco's AxK-Tasiff. It is well known that Gcn. Jackson came into thc adminislra. tion with high professions in favor of protcc tion to domcstic industry. But he had scarcc- ly bcen warm in his scat, before the wily scr- pent who crcpt around the cxccutivc mansion whispercd in his car, that dominion always rc sidcd on the south of Mason's and Dixon'sline, wherc tho tariff was insufTcrablc. It is Iruc, in 1832, out ofhatrcd to John C. Calhoun, ho issucd his fatnous proclamation against tho tarifT nullifiers of South Carolina. But, to al lurc to his standard the great southern infer est, at thc very momcnt hc was issuing that proclamation, hc was penning thc messago, which, in a few days afterwards he delivercd to congrcss, in which hc declares that thc tar ilTmust bcrcduccd to thc standard of revenuc, and tho whoJcschernc orprotection be Iimitcd to those articlcs of domcstic manufacture, which arc indispcnsablc to our safety in timo of war. In thc samc spirit of hostility to pro tcction, thc Secrctary of thc Trcasury recom mcnds a rcduction of thc fanfTon woolens, to thc amount ofsix millions; and following iu ,thc samc Iinc of policy, Mr. Ycrplank, n Ica ding partisan of thc administration, introduccd a bill into thc house reducing the dutics on such goodsto fiftcen per cent, which Mr. Nilcs, and cvcry scnsiblc statcsman declared, would dismantlc thc manufactorics in thc country, and fcinkonc hundrcd millions of capital invcs tcd in them, to nothing. All this would havo bccn whclmcd undcr tho wavc, by this rcmorsclcss combination of tho government with the south, had not Mr. Clay interposed his compromisc bill to obtain, as he asscrts, a lcascof a few ycars of oxistcnce for thc cxpir ing manufacturcs of the country. At the time to which we havc alludcd, therc was scarcc an anti-tariff man in Ver mont. All felt that thc American system lay at the foundation of our growing prospcrity, and our dcep conviction of its salutary opera tions, was loudly expressed upon all public oc- casions. U ith such ascttlcu state ot public scnlimcnr, thc Jackson party in Vermont dar- cd not opcnly contcnd. Soon, however, following thclcad of the par ty, the ndhcrcnts of Gcn. Jackson in this state, bcgan to talk insidiously about a judicious tar ifT; and thc unconstilutioaalify of a tarifT de- signcd for protcctiorj; then to dcnouncc a high pressurc tarifT, nnd from that time to this, in conversation and through thc press, echoing the war cry of the south against protcction, they have most thorougbly poisoned tho minds of their followcrs and fixcd in them a I setllcd and dcadlv- hostilitv to a svstem. which. the obicctsrspccifically cnumerated inthe con stitution, lcaving industry to rcgulate itself." We rejoico that this demented party havo thus unmaskcd thcmselves, and openly defincd thc posilion which for ycars they have secrct ly occupied, and that the bread banner of op position to protcction, is fully displayed to tho people of Vermont with this motto inscribcd, "Industry must rcgulate itself." Thus onc great object of our rcvolutionary strugglc, and of thc adoption of our glorious constitution, to frce oursolvcs from British monopolists, Is at once relinquished,,by dcnytng to tho govern ment the powcr of protecting domcstic indus-