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H. BELL,....Editor and Proprietor.
MIDDLEBURY, VT. AUGUST 31, 1841.
VOLUME VI, NUMBER 17.
Ijf THIS rAPEK AUE FUDLISHED TIIE PrjBLIC
OttMES, ItESOLTmONS, Laws, Public
Teeaties, Ect. of tiie United States,
by autiiokity.
The People's Press is printedin the Briek
Building JVbrth eadof IheBridge, by
EPHRAIM MAXHAM,
by whom all orders fr prinling Books, Pamphlels,
Bills. Cards, fyc, of every description,eill be neaily
andfashiondbly execuled, at short nolice.
TERMS OF THE SIXTH VOLUME.
Vlltagc subseribcrs
Mail subicribers, ......
Individuals and Companics who take al the office,
or 1,50 cenu if paid in sll months.
orapanles on stage routes, ....
or 1,50 lf paid in six months.
Those who take of rostrlden, ...
Corapaniea and individuals off tlic touta
or 1.50. if rald in six months.
$3,00
5,00
51,75,
51,75
52,00
1,75
NopaperadiscontinuedunUlarrearageaarcpald, except at the
opuon m uic proprietor. ao payracms to lamers aiiowed ex.
centordered by the nronrklor.
All coramiinicaUons mustbe addrcssed to the editor Post Paid
BY AUTHORITY.
LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES
FASSED AT TIIE FIRST SESSIOS OF 27TH. CONGRESS
Pcblic No. 4.1
AN ACT to rcpeal the act entiiled "An act to
provide lor the collcclion, sale-keepmg, trans
fer, and disbursement of the nublic revenue."
and to proviJe for the punishment of embez
zlers of public money, and lor other pur
poses.
Be il enaeled by the Senale and House of Rep
rescntalives of the Uniled States of America in
Congress assembled, Tliat the act entitled " An
act to provide for the collection, safe-keeping,
transfer and disbursement of the public revenue,"
approved on the fourth day of July A. D. one
thousand eight hundred and fortv, be, and the
arae is hereby repealed: ProviJedalicayt, That,
for any oflences .vhich mav have henn rnmmit.
led against ihe provisions nl thesevenlecnth sec-
tion ot ihe said act, the offenders raay be prosc
cuted and punished accordipg to tliose pruvis
ions; and that all bonds executed under the
provisions of said act, and all civii rights and
liabilities which have aiisen or accrued under
said act, and the remedies therefor, shall retnain
and continue as if said act had not been lepeal
cd ; any thin lierein containcd to ihe conlrary
notwilhstanding,
Sec. 2. Andbeil further enaeled, That if any
officer charged wilh tlie safe keeping, transfer, or
disbursmcnt of public moneys or connected with
the Post Office Department, shall conrert to his
own use, in any way whatever, or shall use, by
way of investment in any kind of proper'y or
merehandise, or shall loan, with or without inler
cs', any portion of the public moncy3 entrustcd
to himforsafe-keeping, transfer, disbursement, or
fr any other purpose, every such act shall bn
deemcdan adjudgcd to be an embezzlement of sd
rr.uch of thesaid mnneys as shall be Ihus laken,
convcrtcd, invested, used, or loaned. which is
hereby declared 10 be a felony ; and the nelccl
or refusal io pay over on demand any public
mnneys n his hands, upon the presentation i a
drafi.orderor wananl drawn upon him.and sigtied
by the Secretary of tlie Treasury, or to transfer
or disburse any tuch monevs piomptly according
to law, on ihe legal requirement of a superior
ofiicer, shall be prima fatie evidence ol soch con
verior. to his nwn use ol'so much ol the public
nionevs as mav be In his haiuls. Any ofiicer or
agei.t in the United Statis, and all pcrsnn ad
visim, or knowinzly und 'villinslv panicinatins
in suoh cmbezzlemeiit.upon being coi-victed ihere
of bcfore any courtof tlie United Stales of com-
petent jurisuiction, sliall, tor every sucn ollfnce.
forleit and pay to ihe Uniled Siatesa finc erjual
to ihe am.iuiit, of the money embizzled, and sliall
sufler imprisonmeiit for a tenn nct lcss llin six
months nor more than five years.
Sjc. 3. And be it further enaeled, That the
act entitled "An act to rcgulate the dcposites of
the public in'incy, approved on the twenty-llnru
dav of June, eiijhleen huudreJ and thirty six, ex
ccptinir the thirteenth and fourteenth sections
tl ereof, he nnd thesamc her by is, repealed.
Scc. 4. And bc it further enaeled, That so
much of an act passed the fnurleenth of April,
eighteen hundred and thirty six, entitled "An act
making appropriations for the the paymenl of the
Revolutionsry and other pensioners of the United
States, fur the year eighteen hundred and thirty
tix," as provides that no bank note of Iess d'e
nominalion than ten dollars, and aftT tne third
dsy of March, eighicen hundred and thirty-seven
no bank note ofless deiiomination than twenty
dollars, shall be oflereJ in payment in any case
whatsoevcr in which money is to bc paid by the
United States or the Post Oflice Department, be,
and the same herehy is, repealed.
JOHN WHITE.
Speaker of the House of liepresentalives.
SAM'L L. SOUTHARD,
Prtsidenl of the Senale pro tempore.
Approved, August 13, 1S41.
JOHN TYLER,
Public No. 5. J
AN ACT to piovide lor the paymenl of Navy
Pensions.
Be il enaeled, tfc, That the sum of one hun-
drea ana.iinriy-uiuc luousanu, six hundred and
sixty-six dollars and six cents is hereby appro
priated, to he payed out of any monev in the
Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the
payment of pensinns and half-pay chargeable on
the navy pension fund : Provided, That all wid
oivs or children of all naval ofBcers, seamen, or
marincs, now deceased, and entitled to receive
or make proofoftheir pensions under the act of
the third of March, eighteen hundred and thirty
seven, shall receive the same uniil the close of
the next session of Congress; but no widow or
children of any navel ofBcer, seaman; or marine,
who may hereafter die, shall bc entitled to any
pension oy irtue only cf any provision in the
said act. . , ,
Sec. 2. And be il further enaeled, That no
officer! seaman, or marine, entitled toa pension
from the navy pension iunu. wuu icmvn uay
froai the public Treasury, shall teceiye more from
the said fund than is sufficient tomake the whole
amount received from both the above-named
sourcea epual to the pay fixed by law for the
cradc to tvhich the ofiicer, seaman, or marine may
belong, as an ofiicer in the services m which he
may be cngaged during the year, so that no om
cer shall receive pay at the same time both asa
pensioner and an officer in service.
Approved, Augusl 16, 1841.
JEFFERSON AND A TARIFF.
Thomas Jcfferson said the people of ihis
country might as well think of clothing them-j
selvesVuh the skins of wild beasts, as to Hve
wiibout a TarifT. But the locofocos care not
for what Jeflerson tho't; they ro against a
TarifT, in league with As for the British mono
polisls, and thoreby would impovcrish our
ool growers and manufacturers and Jill ihe
uffers of a foreign nalion. Caledonian.
AGRICULTURAL.
CROPS.
The wheat harvest, it may now be confidently
said, will yield more than an average crop, not
withstandingpanialfailures in Virginia.in Penn
sylvania, and in this State. Saiall parcels of
ihe new crop at the South have already came
into market, and have been sold for from 118 to
125 cents a bushel. The product of the United
States in bread, corn and other vegetable food, is
thus stated in the recent census :
Bushels Wheat raised in the U. S,
Do. Rye,
Do. In'dian Corn,
Do. Oats,
Do. Buckwheat,
Do. Barley,
Do. Potatoes,
76.174,849
17;037.600
297,855,958
106,376,292
6,952,326
3,848,149
101,981,439
l: rf.i
From the data here furnihed. maVipo- n fniml.
Iovvance for the States and Territories not in
cluded in the statement, it appean that nearly
four bushels and a hall of wheat are raised for
each inhabitant ; of other grain, nearly thirty
bushels to ea;h inhabitant; and of potatoes,
atout six bushels and a halfto each inhabitant
making an aggregate.'of fnrtyone bushels of grain
and potatoes to each inhabitant, including men
women and children, bond and free. From such
a surplus, it is obvious there will be much ready
for export, ifany opeuiag should ofTtr. JV. Y.
American.
1NTERESTING TO WOOL GROWERS.
It is stated that a pack of wool (240 lbs.)
will cmploy 58 persous a weok to manufacture
it into broadcloth ; or to hit within the truth,
will employ one pcrson one year. At this rate
thcanunal wool clip of Vermont(threo millions
and a half of pojnds,) will give cmploymentin
manufacturing to 14,583 persons. At a gla.ice,
thcn, we con sce how it is that the domestic
manufacturcr aflbrds a market for the farmcrs,
First it givcs a demand for the thrce and a
haif millions poundsof wool of Vermont, worth
at an evcrage of 40 cts. per pound.Sl, 400,000
a year to Vermont. In the next plaue, it takcs
thousands of persons from agriculture to become
manufacturers, takcs thcm from the ranks of
producers of provisions and placcs them in the
ranks of consumers thus giving a good mar
ket to the fnrmcr for his producc. And finally.
we will add that this increased demand for
producc and for labor, increases tho pricn of
produco and tho wages of industry. Such are
the results of protecting domestic manufac
tures. Wool groivers of Vermont are you
rcady to sacrifice the Protective Svstem ? Will
you denounco and oppose the woolen manu
fucturor 1 Indeed, this is cquivalcnt to asking
if you will pick your own pockets, for the sake
of giving your property to tho British manu
facturers. We will not belicye the peopie of
vermont to be siily enough to do this. untill
we see them defeat Col. Paino and turn locn-
focoes. When they como to that, thcir best
fnends must give them up. Watchman,
MISCELLANEOUS.
OCrLet every one read the following inter
csting lettcr from a gentleman of high rank in
Washington, and see whethortlio veto monarch
ists have any reason te e.xult over their antici
patcd overthrow of the whig party.
Washington Aug. 19th, 1840.
Dbar Sin, I wroto you a fcw diys since,
giving no very favorable account of the condi.
tion of things here. Since the date of that let
ter, aseriesof evcnts has transpired which have
put an cntire new aspect upon public aflairs.
On Af onday camc tho Prcsidcnt's veto to the
Bank hill. The sensation produccd by that
mcssage was dcep and slrong. Yet it was re
ceived with calmness and dignity. Not an
cxpression cscapcd one of tho whigs in tho Sen-
ate unworthy of the placo or the occasion, or
disrespectful to the high porsonago whose
coursa had apparently blasted the hopes of the
party and tho nation. Yet it seemed toderange
and defeat tho whole policy of the whigs, and
to tend dircctly to a new and counter revolu
tion in the politics of the country. A dissolu
tion of tho Cabinet, an explosion of tho whig
party, and an abandonment of the Prcsident by
thcm, which would inevitably throw him into
tho arms of our oponents, and thus resfore the
dominion of locofocoism, was npprchcnded.
Tho whigs desponded and our adversaries ex.
ulted, in the prospect of a speedy overthrow of
whig ascendancy.
But the alarm into which wo were Ihrown
has proved salutary. The whigs in Congress
were ncver so united, nor so powerful as at this
moment. Wo have witnessed, nay fell the
evils of disunion among ourselves ; and the im
minent peril to our causo and our hopes, thro'
which we have so recently passed, will teach
us a lcsson not soon to be forgotten.
Our adversaries, who but a few hours since
were exulting in what they conceived to be our
utter prostration, are at this moment feeding
upon tho bitterncis of blighted hopes. But this
is not all. The prospect brightens in another
particular. We shall have a Bank.
The President's Constitutional difficulties
are limited lo the power of discounting witbih
the several States. To a Bank, as a fiscal
agent, with the power to deal in foreign ex.
change, he is understood lo havo no conslitu
tional objection. In conformity to this under
standing a Bank is projected upon this plan.
A Bank, wilh acapilal'of 21 millions, may
be located in the District of Columbia, with
power to issuo btlls for circulation, to establish
agencies in any State or Territory, and to deal
in foreign exchango, by which is meant, not
rrerely bills drawn upon a foreign country, but
those drawn inone!Stateand payablein anoth
er. The discountinc of loeal naner not to be
allowed.
This plan, I beliovc, will meet the approba
tion of Congress ; and, in my opinion, will an
swer, to a very great cxtent at least, the pur
poses intended by a National Bank. It can
regulate tho cxchanges of the country, by deal
ing in cxchange between any two commercial
citios not within the the same state. It so hap
pens, that no state contains two places of great
commercial importance, unlessit be NowYork;
and, even in this instancc, an agency at Jcrsoy
city, between which and tho city of New York
there is a communication every fifteen minutes
during the day, would, if necessary to the bu
siuess between the city and the interior or that
State, aftord all proper facilities.
At the same time, through the power of is
suing bills. the bank might furnish a currency
to such sections of the country as might stand
in need of it.
Indeed, tho plan proposed cmbraces all which
was containcd in tho rejectcd bill, except the
faculty of discount. This I do not regard as
very important, as the local banks are fully
adequato to meet this exigency, if they can
onco more be brought upon the fooiing of spe
cie payments. Tho great object is to market
the produce of tho country, and distribute the
avails among the producers. This may be
efiected, through tho agency of such a bank, in
tne way in wnicn our wool is sent to market, by
.1 J! . ' 1 1 . T r- n .
,., , .i
the discount of our banks of drafts upon Boston.
Tho coiton of the South and the provisions of
tho North-west may be disposcd of in the same
way. In short, as most of the produco of the
country finds its market out of the Stato in
which it is produced, it furnishcs a basis for
drafts upon the place to which it is cor.signed,
and theso drafts can be negociated by the pro
posed bank. For instanco, the pork of Cin
cinnati, the wheat and flourand woolof Mich
igan find a market beyond the Sta'.c. Drafts
may be made upon the credit of shipmcnts of
these articles, upon New Orleans, New York,
or Boston, which this Bank might discount, and
thus furnish to these states a currency in the
bills of tho U. S. Bank, of which they stand in
so much need. If this is done if tho produce
of tho country can be disposed of and paid
for in available currency, it nccds no illus-
irauou 10 snow, iuai wo local uanKs will rc-
vive as ihe comtnunity at fargo rovives, and
when thus restored, may furnish all the facili
ties necessary for more local accommodation.
If, howevcr, at a future day it should be
found necessary toconfer upon thobankthepow.
er of cstablishing ofiices of discount in the sev
eral States, it will be competent for a future
Congress, with the concurrence of a future
President, to do so. At all ovcnts, wo sccurc
much if we can establish such a bank as I have
dcscribcd, and I, for ono, will obtain what I
can now, nna aau to it whatever lulure con
tingencies may placo in my power. More
espccially, as the proposed plan will cfTect the
more important purposes we havo in viow, nnd
will, at tho same time, furnish a stock upon
which tho power of local discount can bo here
after cngraftcd. If, as I sincerely belinve, we
can get such an institution. falling shoit of
what we designed, only in tho particular of local
discounts, (a minor consideration) we shall
have efiected, with tho passageof tho Distribu
tion bill, and Bankrupt law, the great purposes
of tho sossion.
The TarifT, I kftow, lies still behind. But,
by the distribution of the proccedsof tho public
lands among the Stalcs, wo throw tho whole
burthen of the public expenditurc upon the rev
enue from imposts, and prepare tbe way for tho
imposition of duties for the purpose of revenue,
alone, which wouid be denied us for the purpose
protectwn. This is as much as could be ex-
pecf ed at this sersion. The withdrawal of three
millions derived from the public lands from its
previous application to the oidinary expendi.
ture, renders it necessary to add that amount
derived from customs, and to that extenl fur-
nishcs addittonal protection to our manufac-
lures.
To conclude, the prospect is now a speedy
terminattou of the session, and a auccessful ter
mination, so far as its great objects are con-
cerned and although clouds and darkness
have sometime restcd upon our deliberations,
wo havo now breaking upon us the dawn of a
glonous sunshine.
Another consideration is not less gratifying
It has been the policy tho favorile policy of
the opposition to efTect a breach betneen the
President and tho whigs proper, in tho confident
hope that ho would call them (the locos) to his
counsels, nnd thus they wyfifcome into power.
But it I am not deceived by tho siens of the
.1 -r - ....
uuics, mo rresiaent will be very soon so iden
tified with tbe great whig party of tho Union,
that all the efibrts of tho opposition to produce
division among us will be fruitlass.
I congratulate the whigs of Vermont upon
the prospect. Let them go forward to the polls
in confidence maintain their ascendancy at
home and rest assured, their friends in Con
gress will do their duty.
From the Franklin Messenger.
THE ABOLITION MOVEMENT.
Our readers are awaro that candidates havo
.been nominatcd foroffico in this state by abo-
miumsia wno proiess to navo no rcgara to tne
principles and measures of either of the prom
inent political parties of the day. Wo have as
yet said little ornothing in regard to this move.
ment, for we havo believcd, and slill do believe
that the courso which has been adopled is im
politic and will not fail to injure csscntially the
success of Anti-slavery efTorts. To supposo
that even ono third of the freemen of Vermont
will tlirow aside thcir political principles, east
ofTthe candidates of their parties. and voto for
other candidates solely on the ground of their
abolitionism, while at the same time they can
vote for candidates of their own poli'ical party
who will do as much by their public acts to
promotc tho cause of Anti-s'avery as the third
party candidates we say, lo supposo this much
is preposterous in the cxtrcmo. Comparatively
few, very few, wo apprehcnd, will perceive any
wisdom in voting, as a gencral thing, for third
party candidates. But we have no desire to dis
cuss this matter at the prcscnt time. We wish
mercly to introduce one or two extracts on this
subject, to the reader.
It will bo recollected that the Abolitionist
State convention, in May last, nominated Ch's
K. Williams for Govornor, Paul Dillinnham for
j Lt. Governor, and Hcnry F. Jancs for Treas-
urcr. lne Voico of rreedom, tho organ of
the abolitionists inthis State, in tho same num
ber in which the procecdins of tho convcntian
are published, contains the following editorial
rcmarks from thcoditcr, C. L. Knapp :
Whatever may be laid in favor of national
nominations by abolitionists, or of State nomia
ations in states whero tho public authorities
have frowned with cold contempt npon the ris.
itig spirit of libcrty, wo cannot persuado our
selves that anv vcrv urirent ncccssitv cxists in
i Vermont Tor a party organizalion for nnti-slavo
T 1 , . 1 .
---D---
ry purposes. Indeed, we cannot scc what a
Lcgislaturo, constituted wholly of out-spokcn
abolitionists, would be likcly to do in advancc
of what has already been dono at the hands of
the prescnt and pastIcgislaturedownfroml836.
For five years in succession, a largo body of
the people have sent up pctitions to the legisla
ture, praying legislativo intcrposition in various
forms, in favor of our outraged countrymcn. As
often has the legislaturo responded, with scarce
ly an cxccption, an nlmost litcral compliancc
with those rcqucsts ; aud this without distinc
tion of party. When wo are invitcd to lift tho
slandard of a distincl organizalion in this State,
thjse facts at onco present themselves, and
leave us utith a great scarcily of reasons for
enlisting in such an undertaking cnlisting at
a timo too, when wo can have no assurance that
either of the cxisting parties will prcscnt can
didates less favorable to free principles than
their predecessors, aad when, too, both these
parties know that tho presentation of a pro-s'a-yery
ticket would bc as the dcalh ktiell of all
thcir hopes. No party organizalion can make
itself very cfTective, without tho life giving im
pulsc of sound and substantial molivcs. We
know it is said that the existing parties have,
by thcir cenduct at the polls, dishonored their
fair profcssions, and cannot therefore bo trusted.
So far as thcir conduct has compromised the
interesls of freedom, we would be tho last to
pallia'.e. The Inte convention, nt least some of
its Icading members, were unsparing in their
condcmnation of those freemen who, at the latc ,
prcsidcntial canvass, deposited their votes for ,
slaveholder. Nor do we justify them. But
we cannot but rejlecl that the very candidates
now selected lo bear aloft the slandard of con.
sislent abolitionism, are verily guilly of the sclf-
same offence. Moreover, we have yet to learn
that either ofthem has been much distinguished
for his advocacy of abolitionism, though, we are
free to admit that &11 are quite Ienient towards
our causo. We venture the prediclion that no
candidale a whit behind them on the score of
sympalhyfor the slave, willbe nominated byei
ther party for the ensuing eleclions.
Thti oredlction luu been faitv rerificd In Uie rcralar Wbis
noroioaUon Vt. Watchman
000
SLAVERY VINDICATED!
Since tho commencement of tha anti-slavery
enlcrprise, the abolitionists of the North have
had the field of controversy almost entirely to
theinsclycs ; thc South rofusing to discuss the
subject, and replyjng to tho argumcnts of their
Northern brethren with outbursts of passion,
bnck-bats, and other cqually argumenlative
wcapons. It has evcr been asserted by tho
abolitionists that all they asked was a full and
free discussion oftho subject ofslavory being
fully convinccd that if the intrinsic enormity
and sinfulnuss of tho system could be fairly
exposed, it would bc heartily repudiated by
every Christian and friend of human rights and
political cconomy. We have for years been
convinccd that the South could not long main
tain their disgraceful position upon this sub.
ject, but must, sooncr or later, admit Iight and
truth to the minds and conscicnces of slave
holders, and thus open an efTectual door for the
removal of this deadly evil. The recent course
of Mcssrs. Stuart and Botts, Rcpresentatives in
Congress from Va., on the ubject of abolition
petitions, we considered as an evidence that
tho South are coming to their senses on this
subject. We now have to record a fresh proof
that tho slaveholders are assuming a different
attitudc towards the abolitionsts. and are en-
toring the common field cf argument ; but we
blush for an American and a professcd uhns.
tian minister, who attempts to prove that slave.
ry is consistent with republicanism, and " en.
foreed in tho rules an rcgulations of the Old
and JMew lestament churches! ' Lamoille
Whig.
political character ofRoser Sb'rman. dnrinr h
pendingofacase in Court. Mr. Sherraan rose
and remarked that he should not discuss politics
with the gentleman. but he was will
questions of law, chop logic, or even to split
hairs with him. 'Split that then. said his oppo
nent, at the same time taking a hair from his
head, and holdicg it over to Sherman. 'May it
please the honorahle Coutt.' retorled Sherman,
'the sentleman did not understand me, I said
split haxrt, not brutlet ."
Rev. John Pieepomt, of Boston. has been
acquitted of the charges of immorality and neg.
Icct of pastoral duties brought against him by
ccrtain of his congregation. The charge of
harshnes3 and want of courtesy in some of his
correspondence with his opponents was sus.
tained, and Mr. P. censurcd thereon, but the
Council rcfused to dissolve the pastoral con.
nection. So the distilleries are vanquished.
From the Lamoille Whig.
LETTER FROM GOV. CAMP.
Thesubjoined letter from Lt. Gov. Camp has
been received by an individual of this place.
in reply to ccrtain interrogatorics as to his
opinion of the prupiicty of forming a distinct
political anti-slavery party, and also what he
dcems the best course for those whigs who are
dissatisfied with the nominee of tho whig pnrly
for the ofiice of Governor. As Mr. C. has
been a prominent anti-slavery man, and as he
had been spokcn of as candidato for Governor
by thoso unfriendly to Col. Paine, it may not
bo nmiss to raako public his views uporf these
subject.
Derby, 11th August, 1841.
Dear Sm, Your noie of the 9th inst. was
received yesterday, to which I can, at present,
give bat a brief reply for want of time. Here
after I may communicate my views moro fully
on the quostionof an Anti slavery political or
ftamzation, as duty and tnclination may prompt.
I know of no reason now, why the opinions I
have horetofore expressed are not sound.
My knowlcdge of Col. Paino will bardly en
able mo to answer your qnestion whcther it is
best to sustain his nomination. I have heard
his character questioned for a year or two past,"
but have never found evidence to convinco me
that he might not consistenlly be supportcd by
the most upright and couscienlious man. As
regards tho expodiency of nominaling him, it
is of little conscquenco whcther unfavorable
roports were well or ill founded. If they ex
lensively prevailed, as I undcrstand they do in
this case, tho nomination should not havo been
made. The safety of the party, and of tho
State should not bo ut in jeopardy for the sako
of any man. But the duty of suMaining a nom
ination, already made, (and 3n tho ordinary and
approved method by convention,) sccms to rest
unon somewhat difierent crounds. As one of
a party in the majority, I would never put in
nomimation one, who, it might roasonably bo
fcarcd. would not succccd : but if such an ono
was Jairly in nomination, objcctions must bo of
a very grave character, and well sustained, to
justify withholding my vote. I undcrstand fcars
aro entertained that thc disafiuction is so gen
cral that Col. Paine cannat bo elected. Un
doubtly, if he was as innocent as Joaeph in
Egypt, thc great body of the freemen will nev
er know it. and therefore tho nomination may
have been unfortunato. Judgu Williams, it
seems. at the eleventh hour declines. This I
apprehcnd is unfortunate also, as it will tend
dircctly to aid the election of your loco neigh
bor. Under thc circumstanccs, I have conclu
ded to support Col. Paine, and rather think it
the duty of all whigs to do so, if they can con
scientiously. In answer to your qucstion rcspecting mysclf,
it will bo sufficient to say, I have uniformly rc
sisted all importunity to bccomo a candidate,
until since thc scism arosc, and fcars bcgan (o
bo expressed for thc rcsult. I have recently
consented lo bo namcd to the State committec
as a candidate to fill tho vacancy, if Col. Paine
should decline. In no cvent could I consent to
run against him. If individuals should use my
name, or the namc of any other person, solely
for thc purpose of sccuring a full whig voto, I
suppose no one could ccnsutc thcn ; but any
thing Iiko an orgamzed opposition by whigs, 1
could not countcnancc or cxcuso.
Very respcctfully Youre,
D.M- CAMP.
" The Farj?er Lamoille !" " The Fae
sier of Lamoille !" shout the locofoco pa
ners. " The Farmer of Lamoille !" with a
venceance ! sav we. Ile's tho ' worsl kind' of
a " farmer." By the '-afrls oftho trado' he has
wormed moro poor men into his dcbt, and ta
ken a mortgage, and eventually a deed of their
farms,' than any other man within our knowl
edge. That's tho way he Fakms' it !
Lamoille Whig.
Kentcckt. The whigs bear undisputcd
pway in this state ; but thero have been a few
spirited contests on non-political grouuds. In
Fayelto county there has been a great struggle
between the Clay and Wicklifie familics, and
Robert WicklifTe jr., is choscn delegate, over
C. M. Clay, by 106 majority. Ilon. Richard
M. Johnson. late Vico President, is elected
Delegate from Scott co., without opposition.
ERRORS OF THE "AGE."
REMEMBER,
That the fical year ending Sept. 30th, 1839,
the excess of the expendatures over the revenue
of the State, was S20.821 02 l-Age
The excess was only 10,406 5C error S10,
414 471!
REMEMBER,
That for the fiscal year ending Sent. 30th
1839, the excess of the expenditures over the
revenue ot the State, was S23,105 19! Ase.
The excess was only S13.093 63-errorStO,-
006 ob :
The Ace next asserts that a committee in 1839
leported the State to be indebted about $142,-
000 ; the af t was, the committee reported the
debt then to be S1 34,083 39, and dcductinr laxea
in arrear and money on hand, the leport stated
debt to be only 83,527 38. Next the Age adds
its grossly exaggerated excpss of 1839 and 1840
to the State debt when the fact is that the ex
cess of 1839 had already been included in tbe
debt by the report of the commitiee Somuch
for the veracity of this loco foco organ. Its false
hoods are so outraseous that not one whit of its
be relied on for a moment. We
a,UUe onr readers to turn to ihe Journals of
1839 and 1840 and comult the auditor's reports.
From the expenses deduct money borrowed and
hal!anec on fiand, and from the receipts deduct
nll moner borrowed, payments on schools and
safety fund, and the balance against the treasury
and it will be found that we are right and the
Ase outrageously wrong. Watcliman & State
Jouroal.
LOCOFOCO FRIENDSHIP OF THE
POOR.
Last year thc locofocos were rabid for the sub-
treafury and a bard money currency, the inevita
blc consequence of which would be to reducc
the wages ofthelaborer here, as such a policy
ever has done elsewhere.
Last year, too, they were against the Land
Bill, which would give Vermont from 650,000
to S10C.000 per year, money tbat might go to
educatethe childien of the poor, orlo reduce the
taxes of the people. . ...
Bnt these were but the begmnmgs of their
kindnesses to the poor : now they go also for tho
destiuction of the Tariff, and wilh it, the des
truction of domestic manufactuies, the ruin of
the markets of tbe farmer3 f"r wool, beef, pork.
butter and chcese, aud the prostration of every
branch of Domestic Industr) . They go, too,
for Direct Tuxalion, to stnd a federal tax gath
eier into every house, and to force from the
State every dollar of specie that can be raised ;
and finally, when the Whigs in Congress pro-
pose to go bacfc to the policy ot luonroe, -oi
blessed raemorv" to sustain the industry of the
country by a Tariff, and nold out to labor ihe
prospect of its suie and just rewaid, by means
of a sound National Currency tliese Vind and
considerate lovers ol tlie poor, propose lo uasii
thecun of nrosoerity from the poor mau's haud,
and stecl tlie bead from hismouth, by tbreaten-
ingarrfofaIl these measures. 1 this is i!ie
friendship which the ncor are to receive, Heavcn
have mercy on ihcm ! 76.
From the Spirit oj the Age.
IFAR.MEUS !
If you are in favor ofaSTATE DEBT : volc
for Cliarles Paine.
If you are for conlinuing in power a State dy
nasty, which nre erefy year increasing tlic
STATE DEBT : vote for Charles Paine.
If louare willins topavofTthis eonstantly in
creasing STATE DEBT, by a DlPvECT
TAX, vote for Charles Paine.
Theaboe is succeedtd bf a call upon tbe
farmers, who are opposed to all these tbings, to
vote for Nathan Snnlie : nnd such are the hoilow
and hypocriiical pretences by whieli'the Age
would gull the intelligenl farmers of Verinoiit
va the support of locofocoism. The Whigs for
a state debt : why, the Age and the Patriot have
all along been constanily drnning tlie ears ol'ihc
people with charges that the Wliiga afe for hav
ing Congress assume the state delits. Tlic
Wliigs for increasinz the stnte debt: nevei has
a Whig nl Vermont uttered the sentiment. The
Whigs for paying off the state debt by dircci
taxation : never never.' they bave eonstantly
insisted that an increased tax was unaecesary,
and in 1839 they voted down the attempt of
Siephen S. Bniwn and the locofocos tiiincrcasc
the annual siatetax. Tht issue. thus put by the
Age, is utterly and entiiely false. The lcco
focos are thc men who were for increasing tho
direct tax in 1839; and they are now urging ihe
destruction of the tariff, and a resort to direct tr
atiou. Thc very numbti of thc Age, from which
the above is clipped, contains the dcrlaration
that direct taxalion, coupled with the free trade
notions nf British monopolists, British jobbers in
New Yrk and South Cnroliiii Nullifier3, U
"tiie bioht nocTRtxE." Oox upon such vile
hypocrisy as tbis. 16.
From the Vt. Watchman.
STATE EXPENSES.
A corrcspondent of thc Spirit of tho Ago
has waded through the Auditor's Reports from
1829 to 1840 inclusivc,(excluding 1832.) with
tho purpose of proving that the ordinary ex
penditures have cxceeded tho ordinary receipts.
Tho writer fcc.ns roally to think that hc has ac
complished his purpose, and accuses tho whigs
nnd ourselves particularly, of all manncr of de
ception and falschood about stato financcs.
We hnvca simplo fact to give, which dissipatca
these charges of falschood, and puts tho lio in
the right quartor : in tho "ordinary exptnses"
this writer has included every ceut paid for
tho State House 1 In other rcspecis, tho arti-
clc is entirclv dclusive, and rather than rcview
it in detail, we propose to givo a plain and un-
varnishcd account oftho slato financcs. Tuu
two falsehoods which tho writer charges upon
us are, an asscrtion that thc stato debt , can ho
canccllcd in five minulcs, if the people say so,
without tho payment of a dollar ; and second,
our assertion that the ordinary r.ccipts of tho
state nro beyond its ordinary exponses. Now
to a plain statement of ftcts.
On the l8ih of Oct. 1839. tho cntirc indebt.
cdncss oftho stato was 8134,083,39; from
this deduct S30,317,60 for taxes duc and un
paid, and iho rcal indcbledncss was
597,755
Deduct paid in 1840 on this dcbt 5,000 Ol)
889,765 09
And for monev borrowed in 1840
payments on account of school
and safety fund, and balanco duo
tho trcasurcr,
18,098 63
Leaving the cntire state debt on
tho 30th Sept. 1840. 8107.SC4 32
This sum of 107,664 32 constitules the cntiru
indebtcdness of tho stato oVcr its receipts ( or
means, rather, as the sum due lor taxes was
yet to bo received,) the enliro excess of ex.
pcnses over means, from the foundation of tho
government. Here, then, wo take the amount
paid for ihe slate house ; it was 8117,077 23
being nearly 810,000 more than the staio
debt, and hcnce it h dcmonstratcd that tho
ordinary means have been more than the ordi
nary expenses. Now is to the other stato
ment : we are at a loss to see any falschood
or dcception in it utterly at a loss tosee what
can prevent the legislaturo from transferring, at
any moment. if the people so wish, the School
Fund to tho Stato Troasury.- We mean that
Fund treatcd of in tho Revisod Statutes, pago
118, and which cannot be used for schools for
centurics to come, as the law now stands.
That found amounted, on thc 30th of Sept. last
to 8120,643 48 being enough, with the fund
dcrivablc from taxes duc, to pay thc wholo
state debt, and leave a largo suqiius in tho
treasury. Now it seems to us that our view of
this matter is entirely fair and easy of comprc
hctiston to every reader- It certainly is a true
one, taken from the ofiicial documents. Then,
is nothing about which even a quibble can bo
raised, save as to tho amount due from unpaid
taxes ; what that actually was on the 30th of
Sept. 1840, we do nofpractically know prob
ably it was about the sum due in thc previous
year, as stated above, Wo only add, that wo
do not say that the wisest plan would bc to di
vert thc School Fund to the treasury ; wo do
say that it can be done, and tho peoplo bo en
tirely rehcved from tho nccessity of any ad
dilion to tho state taxes. If Vermont ever
gets her share of tho public lands, that may go
into the treasury, and the income of the School
rund may at once be applied to tho support of
schools. We prefer that course : in our opin
ion it is utterly ttnjust and unwise to withhold

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