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The Middlebury people's press. [volume] (Middlebury, Vt.) 1841-1843, February 15, 1843, Image 1

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gn thfs flayec arc gufrlfsftrt tftc 13uWfc rtrtw, SUtfioluttons. 2abw, uWfc Sfcattw, JJan&rupt ilotfces Etc. of the IKnftcir Statcs, JJn Sutftorttn..
II. BELLj Editor and Proprietor.
MIDDLEBURY YT. FEBRUARY 15, 1843.
VOL. VIl.-NO. 41
Mtwkbnxn
U rTOMsiiEu eveki wednesday mobning
X0HTH. END OF THE BKIDGE, Br
J. COBD JR.
by whotn all orders for prinling, Books
Pamphlets, Bills, Cards, fcc, of every dcs
cription will bc neatlyand fashionably ex
eculcd, at short nolice.
TERMS OF THE SEVEMTH VOLUME.
Village ubscriber, S2.00
Jlail subscribera 2.00
Individuals and Companics who lake at the office
$l'75orl'50 centsifpaid in aix monlha.
Companics on itage routes, ... S1.75
Tnose who lake of Potridera . 82,00
If not paid at theend of the ycar 2( 26
No papera discominued until arrearages are paid
except at the option of the proprietor. No "paymer t
w Carriera'allowed except ordered by the proprieto r
All'communioationj most be addressed to the editor
Foit Paid.
MISCELLANEOUS.
FROM LINES ON CHAUITY".
BT MKS. SIGOTJE.VET.
The Chriitian hvet fi'i cim. But ! hii God
Content with this, who, full of bounty, pouri
Ilij Suu ray on the ovil and the good,
And, like a parent, gnihereth round hii board
The thankless with the juitl
Speak, icrranU of that Blessed one nho gaye
The glorioua precept, 'Love jour enemiei;
Is it enough tliat je should your frimdt,
Even a the heathen doj
God of itrength !
He watchfcil; and nhen we daily kntcl
Beside our pillo w of repose, aud say,
"Forgivt us, FalhtT, even at ujejorgivt,1'
Grant that the'oft rrpealed prajer t eal not
Our condemnation.
SHarrtrtr 3Hfc.
iTALE OFLOVE AND IIAFPINESS, DEDICATED
TO THE WIIOLE BACIIELOR TBIDE,
The trcasurcs or the deep are not ao precioua,
Ai are the concealad comiorts of man
isxkt'd up ln women'a love. I 6cent the ftlr
orucmngs, when I come but near the house.
What a delieiouf breath marriae sends forth :
lhevloletbed' not iweeter.
I have oftcn had occasion to remark the
forlilude with which woraen sustains the
most ovcrwhclming reverse of fortunc.
1 '.ose disastcrs wliich break down the splr
il of a man, and proslrata him in the dust,
arcm to call fortli all the energies of the
softcr fcex, and civc such inlrcpid clevation
lo thcir charactcr that at times it approach
es aimost to sublimity. Nothing can be
more touching than to benold asoit and
tendar female, who had bcen all weakncss
and dcpendence, and alive to cvery triaJ of
roaghncss, while treading the prosperous
pallisoflife,suddenly risingin mental force,
tobethe comforter of hcr husband under
misfortuno, and abiding with unshrinking
firmness the bitterness of adversity.
I was once congratulating a fricnd who
tad around him a blooming family, knit
hscthcr in thc strongest affection. "I can
Uh you no better lot," said he, with en
'lm;iism,'than to have a wife and children.'
h you are projpcrous.they are there to share
Tour prosperily ; if otherwise, they are there
o comrort you. And tndccd 1 have oftcn
observcd that a married man falling into
raMortune, ts more apt to retnevo his situ
a'ion in the world than a singlo one, partly
JCcause he is more stimulatcd to e.tcrtion
b7 thc nccessitics of tho helpless and bclor
i beings who depcnd upon him for subsis
leace, but chiefly bccause his spints are
TOtbea and relieved by domestic cndcar
These observations call to mind alitlle do-
mestic story, of which I was once a witness.
inumatc tncnu L,esiie nad marricu a
IcMtiful and accomplishcd girl, who had
'cen brought up in the midst of fashionable
'ifc She had, it is true, no fortune, bu;
juit of my fnend was ample ; and he de
"S'lied ia the anticipation of indulging hcr
'a every elegant pursuir, and administcring
'o thoso uelicate tastes and fancies that
s?rcad a kind of witcherv about the sex.
'Hcrlife" said he, -shall be like a fairy
tale."
The very differcnce in their characters
produced an harmonious combination. Ho
W!3 of a romantic and somewhat serious
east she was all Iife and gladness. I have
Wten noticcd tho mute rapturo with which
w w-ould gaze upon her in company, of
nichher sprightly powers made her the
"ght ; and how, in the midst of applause,
ncr eye wouldstiUturn tohim, asif there
lone she sought favor and acceptance.
It was the mishap of my friend, however,
tohayo embarked his fortune in a Iarre
speculation, and he had not W . '
niany months when, by a succession of sud-r"'"3-
'L5. swePl f"m him, and
v uuu nimscit reduced to aimost penurv
Fora timo he kept his situation to himselfl
M mntabout with a haggard countenance
i a breakmg heart. His Kfe lvas but a
t,r0trarrpH nrrnnv ...
'upporfable, was the neccssity of keeping
P aBm.le.n the prcsence of his wife, for
"o";.u miairenaereditmore
her &T u ,l s nsen to overwhelm
f fctn the nes-s. She saw however.with
ta?, -!l C??s of offostion. that all was not
with him. Shemarkedhis altered
-W "i"? 8t!fled s'Shs' and waB not t0 be
eued 1 by his ickly and vapid atterapts
"leCrfulnCSS. She taslfPrl nll riPrcnrJrrVit.
liimi!Vt!iS and tender Wandishments to win
a oack to happiness. but sho
e arrow deeper into his soul.
M . . .jS"1 " came to me one day and
th. j whol s,tua,on "m the tone of
Z .upcst dc3"- When I had hcarf
m through, I na,uired, "doe your wfe
I know all this?" At the question ho burst
into an agony of tears. "For God'ssako !"
cried he, "if you have any pity on me,don't
menuonmy wile; it is the thought ofher
mai urivcs me aimost to madness J"
"And why not ?" said I. "She must know
it sooncr or later. You cannot keep it long
irom nerana tne intelligence may break
upon ner in a more startling manner than
if iraparted by yourslf. She will soon per
ceive that something is secretly upon your
mind, and true Iovc will not brook reserve ;
it fecls under-valued and outraced, when
even the sorrows of those it lovcs aro con
cealed from it."
"O, my fricnd, but to think what a blow
I nm to givo all her future prospects how
I am to strike her very soul to the earth, by
telling her that her husband is a bujrirar :
that she is to forejro all tho elecrancics of
iue au me pieasures ot societv to-sink
with me into indisence and obscuritv."
I saw grief was eloquent, and I let it have
its flow, for sorrow rclievcs itself by words.
When his paroxysm had subsided, and he
had relapsed again into inoody silencc, I
resumed the subject gently, and I urged him
to break his situation at once to his wife.
He shook his head mournfully, but positive-
"But how are you to kecp it from her?
it is necessary to the alteration of living
nay," observing a pang to pass across his
countenance, "don't let that afllict you. I
am sure you never placed your happincss
in outward show you have yet iriends,
who will not think the worsc of you for
being less splendidly lodgcd ; and surely it
does not rcquire a palace to behappy with
Mary."
"I could bc happy with her," cried he,
convulsively, "in a hovcl ! I could go down
wim ner mio poveny and thc dust I could
I could, God bless her ? God bless hcr !"
cried he, burstmg mto a transport of grief
anu tenaerness.
"And beheve me, my friend," said I,
stepping up and grasping him warmly by
thc hand, "believe me, she can be the samo
with you. Aye, more ; it will be a source
ot pnde and tnumph to her. it will call
forth all tho latent energies and fervent
sympathies of hcrnature, forshe will reioice
to prove that she Ioves you for yourself.
inere is in cvery true woman s heart a
spark of heavcnly fire, which lics dormant
in the broad daylight of prospenty ; but
which kindles up and secms a blazo in the
dark hour of adversity, No man knows
what the ife of his bosom is no man
knows what a ministering angel she is, until
ho has gone with her through the fiery tri
als of this world."
There was somethins in tho carnesfness
of my languago that caught tho cxcited im
agination of Leslie. I know the auditor I
had to dcal with ; and following up the
impression I had made, I finished up by
pcrsuading him to go homc and unburthcn
his sad heart to his wife. I must confess,
notwithstanding all I had said, I felt a little
solicitude for tho rcsult. I could not mcet
Leslic the next morning without trcpidation.
flc had made the disclosure.
"And how did she bear it J"
"Like an angcl. It seemcd rathcr to be
a rclief to her mind, forshe thrcw herarms
around my ncck and askcd mc if that was
all that had made me unhappy. But poor
girl," addcd he, "she cannot realize the
change we must undergo. She has no idea
of poverty but in the abstract ; she has only
rcnd ot it in poetry ; whcrc it is alhcd to
love. She feels as yet no privation sbe
suffers no loss of accustomcd convenicnccs
nor clegancies. When wc come particu.
larly to cxperierjco its sordid carcs, its paU
try wants. its petty humileations, then will
bc thc trial."
"But," said I, "now that you have got
over the sevcrcst task, that of brcakinir it
to her, thc sooner you lct thc world into thc
s.ecret the better. Have the courage to
nppnar poor, and you disarm poverty of its
sharpest sting." On this point I found Les
lie pcrfectly prepared. Hc had no false
pride himself, and as to his wife, she was
only anxious to contorm to their altcrcd for
tuncs. Some days afterwards he callcd upon me
in the evening. Hchad disposed of his dwe
ling housc, acd taken a small cottage in
the country a fcw miles from town. He
had busicd himself all day in scnding out
furniturc. The new establishment required
but a few articlcs of tho simplcst kind. All
the splendid furniture of his lasl residencc
had been sold except his wife's piano. That,
he said, was too closely nssociated with
himself, it belonged to the little story of
their Ioves for some of the sweetest mo.
ments of their courtship were those when
he had lcancd over that instrumcnt and
listcned to the melting tones of her voice.
I could not but smile at this instance of
romantic gallantry in a doating husband.
Ho was now eoing to the cottage, where
his wife had been all day superintending its
arrangemenl. My feelmgs had been
strongly interested in the progress of this
family story, and as it was a hne evening
I ofTered to accompany him.
He was weaned with tho latigues ot the
dav, and as he walked out, fell into a fit of
nloomy musing.
"roor ftJaryr ai lengtn oruKo mm a
heavv sigh from his lips.
"And what of hcr ?" asked 1, has she re-
pined at tho chango ?
"Repmcd! sho has been noimng dui
swcetness and good humor ! Indeed, she
secms in better spirlts than I have secn her;
she has been to mc all love.and tenderncss,
and comfort.
"Admirablo cirl, exclaimed I. "You
call Jyourself poor, my frieiid, you never
were rich you never knew the boundless
treasures of cxcellence you possessed in
that woman."
"Oh, but my fricnd, if this h'rst meeting
at the cotHgc were over, I think l could be
comfortable. But this is her first day .of
real experience. She has been mtroduced
into a humblo dwelling ; she has been all
day in arranging its miserable oquipments
she hat, for the first timc, known tha fa-
tigues of being obliged to do domestic em
ployment she has for the first time look
cd around hcr on a home destitutc of eve
ry thing elegant aimost of every thing
convenient, and may now be sitting down
exhaustcd and spiritless, brooding over
prospect of futuro poverty."
There was a probability in this picture
inar. i couid not cainsay, so we walked on
in silence.
After turning from thc main road up a
narrow lanc so thickly shaded by forest
trccs as to givc it a completc air of seclu
sion, wc came in sight of tho cottage. It
was humblc enough in its appearance for
the most pastoral poet ; and yet it had n
plcasins rurnl look. A wild vine ovcrrun
onc ond with a profusion of foliago ; a few
trecs thrcw their branches gracefully over
it, and I observcd several pots of flowers
tastcfully disposed about tho door and on
the orass plat m front.
A small wickct gate opened upon a foot
path that wound through some shrubbery
at the door. Just as we approached, we
heard the sound of music. Leslie grasped
my arm. We paused and listencd. It was
Mary's voice singing, in the style of most
touching simplicity, a little air of which
her husband was pcculiarly fond.
I fclt Leslie's hand trcmble on my arm.
Hestcpped forward to hearmore distinctly.
His steps made a noiso on tho graveled
walk. A brighl, beautiful faco glanced out
of thc window and vanishcd ; a light fooN
step was heard, and Mary came tnpping
forth to meet us ; she was in a pretiy rurai
dress of white. A few wild flowers were
twistcd in hcr fine hair. A fresh bloom was
on her chcck Her whole countenance
beamed with smiles. I had never seen her
look so lovely.
"My dear Gcorge," cried she, "I am so
glad you" have come. I have bcen watch
ing and watching for you. I havo set out
a tablo under a tree Denina mo couage,
and I have been gathering somo of tho
most delicious strawberries, for I know you
aro fond of them, and we have such exccl
lent cream and every thing is so sweet
and slill here Oh 1" said she, putting her
arm within his, and looking up brightly in
his facc, "Oh ! we shall be so happy !"
Poor Leslio was overcome. He caught
her to his bosom he folded his arms a
round her he kisscd her again and again
he could not speak, but thc tears gushcd
into his eyes. He has oftcn assurcd mo
that though thc world has sincc gonc pros
pcrously with him, and his lifc has indeed
bcen a happy one, yet never has he experi-
cnccd a moment of such unuttcrablo felici-
DEBATE ON THE OREGON BILL.
Synopsu ofthe Belale ichich oeeurred in the
Senate on Thwsday the 23d of January.
Mr PHELPS continued tho debate- As
a member ot the commuiee irom wnicn we
bill came, ho had, he said concurred in its
prorisions, in which, indeed, they were un-
animous. it had not Deen nis mienuon to
speak; but he fell that it was due from him
to vindicate tho bill from any snpposed pur-
pose of contravening the treaty. i he com-
mitleo had certamlv very all executed their
own intentinns, if tho bill did so. They had
drawn ihe bill in conformity with what they
bclievcd the rights and tho interprctation ot
Great Brilain.
As originally worded, tho bill provided
that one seciion (C40 acres) of Iand should
be given to cacli white male inhabitant who
sctlled in the territory; but, as amended, it
enacts that provision shall bo made by law
for granls to that extcnt to all who ehall have
been iettlers for the space of five years.
The former was an immediate grant; tho
lattcr a prospectivc one. He held either
fiirm ofthe law to rest onthesame princip'e.
The great question, the only question was
ivhtther wo could, under the conveniiun,
make grants of land, either positivo or con
conditional. Concurring cntirely in the
view taken bvihe Snnatorfrom New Ham
pshire, (Mr. Woodbury.) he believcd we
could, and ihat such was England's own in
terprelation ofit. If the convention pro.
hibits fned scitlements, still a conditional
and prospectivo grant is no violation of it;
besides that, England violates it (as has
been c'.early shown) not only by indirecl
grants of land, but by every sort of perma
r.cnt seUlement, and her nation&l pledgo to
protect the fixed establishments which have
been or may bo formed. Our own grants
are but prospective, and Britain can certain
ly have no right to complain of them until
they shall be carried into effect. The bill
invites our citizens to go thither, promising
them that a residenco of five years a peri
od wthin which the whole question of right
can easily bo settled shall entitle them to
certain advantages. In failurp of these, we
should of course be bound to make them an
equivalent.
To what extent does the convention per.
mit settlements? I cannot perceive that it
limiis the purposcs for which they may bo
made, nor that it preclues them in any thing
which will permit either people free acccss
to tho country, and the right of hunting and
fishing. If these require that there shall bo
no fix'jd settlemcnts, then England already
excludes you by her settlements. But surely
fixed settlements aro perfectly to bo recon
cilcd, in a new country, with fishing and
hunting; and trading is quite compatible
with fixed settlements, even in an old ono.
When settlements grow thick, then beyond
doubt game is driven off: but we are not
bound to preserve the gamo for them to
see that they have fiah enough and beaver
eiiough. If interference with the game is
to prohibit our settlement, then what is to be
said of them, who have absolutely destroy
ed aimost entirely all the bcaver in the
country? No, sir, let them hunt and fish as
long as they like, till they havo depopulated
tho waters aa they have alieady done the
forests. Our settlements will itill leave
them free to ply the rifle, the trap, and tho
fishing linc; and it ii none of ur buainesi to
sce whether they kill or catch any thinrr.
Mr. P. then went on to show the provis
ioos of the convention; they were, that all
portions ofthe territory in disputo shiuld
trom thc date ofthe sigmng, be free and o
pen for the purposcs of trading, fishing, and
hunting, to tho citizens of both parties: and
that nothing in that agreemcnt should be
held to prejudico any claim of either to the
territory. ihe convention, was general;
and wnetner it atlaJ permancnt posses
sion to be practisedor not, permanentsettle
ments to be made or not, was a question of
. t f i i -
consiruuuun. ii sno compiains, u can oniy
be of the construction which we adopt; and
and how can she complain when is is hor
ownl
Mr. P. next adverted to the aet of Paili-
amcnt of July, convention, and directs that
no such hcenscs or grants to trade in
the Oregon Territory shall be given as will
exclude us from the benehts of the treaty,
Thus the acl (which is an interprctation of
or the treaty, and lollows its provisions)
provides only for a mutual commerco with
the Indians, and so far is scrupuloui of our
rights.
The subicqucnt section ofthe same act
which extends the jurisdiction ofthe Courla
of Canada to thc Oregon lerritory, be con
sidered as a step which warrantcd, on our
part, aimost any act of sovoreignty whatev.
cr. The act jravc to these courts, not thc
Canadian code customs, but thc common
law of England; and ittook cognizance not
only ofpersons, but ofreal property, titles
to lands, kc. Of coursc, then, since it is
only cxcludcd from places where the civil
Governmcnt of tho United Stalcs is in excr
cise, and since wo have so set up our laws
n no part of thc territory, it lollows that it
must swecp in, bencath its jurisdiction, not
only the Indians (over whom what rightful
conlrol has England?) but our citizens.
But, mark furthcr: it givcs jurisdiction over
all questions of titlc to land a richt only
denvable from tho original right to bestow
that land in fee. The assumtion, thurefore,
of such a right of adjudication is, virtually
and substantially, thc assumption ofthe right
of domain over the wholo territory and its
landi.
Tho promise, on our part, of a provision
by law of grants of land to settlers was (Mr
P. thought it clear) of the samo naturo as
tho prc-emption rights allowed over our tar
ritorics generally, In this the grant will
follow (he occupancy, as in tho other; and
the lattoris, aftor a certain length of habit
ation, to givo the full litlo, as the prc-emption
possession gives the right over all oth
ers to receive a title upon paying the Gov
ernment price. The occupancy. on the
tcrms of this bill, will havo all the fealures
of pre-emtion, except that the land will not
bo paid for at a price.
If such an inducement to our citizens to
settlo be a violation ofthe treaty, so must
be the rights which, through the grants of
the Hudson 13ay Company her citi
zens obtain tho rights of which her
courts tako cognizance. Under the Eng
lish law, possession itself is cvidence o
nough of titlc in the first instance, If tho
possession is disputed, tho adjudication of a
court bccomes the best possible titlc. This
difTerence in our laws requires a different
course of measures, in order to place our
citizens on the same footingjas her subjects
already occupy-
At present they are pcopling thc territo
ry, as steadily and quietly as if by patcnts
under thc great scal. Where, then, is the
differcnce bctwcen these modcs of giving
titlc securing possession? Scttle, they
certainly do; and every sheltcr under which
a man can hido his hcad, is, for the timc
being, an cxclusivo possession.
Whatcver the thcorctical question, it was
practically but onc of boundary. Britain
has set up a claim to thc territory as far as
tho bordcrs of Mixico, while wo havo of
fcrcd to stopat tho 49th dcgree as our nor.
thcrn limit. She icfuscs to rcccde furthcr
than the mouth of the Columbia. Let the
title bo settled as it may, wo give rights
subject to that ultimato decision.
The allernative, Mr. Presidcnt, socms
to me but to occupy or abandon. To re
tain our claims, we must make settlemcnts
without delay Yet I havo heard no inti
mation even ofsuchan idea as that ofsur
rcndering our claims. It is due to our
selvcs and due to our citizens to take meas
ures at once, measures as effkient as those
which Great Britain takes to advancehers.
No man in ihe senate cstimates more high
ly than I do the blcssings of peacc, or its
value to this country. I should not, there.
fore, lightly advocate a measurc likely to
draw on unncccssary bloodshed. I would
not, however, dishonorably shun it; and
still less will I make an cmty show of pos
session, while I avoid cvery measurc capa
ble of securing it, or talk of being rcady to
fight for tho territory, while I have taken
carc that no Amcrican foot shall go upon
it.
Mr. HUNTINGTON, of Connecticut,
cnded the day'sdiscussion; speaking to tho
following efiect:
With the sincerest deaire (o support this
bill, and the closest examination of its pro
visions to which that desire could urge me
I cannot avoid regarding it as a violation of
the convention of 1818. Not, air, that I
see any validity in the general claim which
Great Britain sets up, or that I have the
slightest doubt of our own, or that I wuuld
hesitate to assert to the full our general
right, if our own npecial engagcments did
stand in the way. I will go as far as any
man to maintain the just claims of this
country. But I hold her public faith still
dearer, still more sacred, than hcr intcrests
however largo. The mcro flesh wounds of
public interest casily heal, in a young and
sound bodypolitic like ours; but the deep
stroke of national dishonor is immedicable.
Let mc, then, once more recall the atten
tion of tho Senate to the convention of
" .1 11 '11 r 1 1
iOiot cxamino ino compauDiuiy oi inai
engagement with the provision of this bill l
and then consider the only further question
thc expediency of tho measuro now pro
posed. Mr. H. procecded to fix. not onlv thn
moro litcral stipulations of thc treaty, but
wnar, ne tnougnt, scnators had in some in".
stances ovrrlookcd ltssniritand intention
He rccitcd once more the terms of th mn.
vention. Now, whether theso had fkr
theirrutmost meaninir. but thc fnrrp r.r -
commercial treaty, (as the senator from N.
Hampshire held,) or whether it merelv
tles mutual rights of tradinc to an nnnni
pied.country, or whether, by a still widcr
construction. it rnnfomnlnfo .
jointoccupation by both nations. thc result'.
. . r.ov.uuiHUUO!'
is st.H the same, that neither mvemnrnt'
can oxclude the citizens of the othir fmm
any thing which is thero to cnjoy. j
Such was the principlo which he held the i
convention to fix. An cxcrcisc by either'
government ofthe sovercign right of grant- '
ing tne lanas would be incompatiblo- with communication on the subject of Mesmer
that freedom and openncss of the territorv . ism. Thn rrrf.ni lr.nr.ih of ii,r r,!..,
to tho citizens of both Powers which was
thc capital object of the treaty. Such a
gift of lands tho exerciso of a municipal
possession like this, was the hiehest act of
tcrritorial sovcre'gnty. Both parties could
not exerciso itat once; and the citizens of
tho ono not excrcisizinc it mast be exclu-
ded. not only from what, was stipulated as J mesmerism have bcen hitherto imperfcct,
of free and opcn enjoyment to both, butjSecauso iho' have been conducted either by
from tho territory itself, unless upon mtrej interested partisans, or prejudiced oppo
terms of sufferancc and inferiority. ncnts.
What was tfie dcclared object of the ar- 2. AU prcvious cxamirutions of this difii
guraent? To prevcnt disputcs bctwcen the cult subiects have been direclcd rathcr to its
citizens of either side. How could anv
senator doubt, then, that the direct inten-
tion of the treaty was, to permit ncithcr
party to make grants of land? Could any
thing bo more certain to crcato dissentions.
or to dispossess ono of tho parties?
iho caso ot ouradmission toafrcctrado
with Archangcl prcsented. bo thou'rht, but
slenderanalogies to this. Russia. admit-
ted us, upon specific privileees, to a mcro
right of trade, without waiving any part of
ner tcrritorial sovcreignly. Here, on tho
contrary, both parties must waivo all .such
sovcreignly, in ordcr that tho country may
uo cnjoycQ in common uy uoin. l his bill
expressly provides for cxclusivo tcrritorial
rights; and, in putting them in practicc,
must strip thc ISntish subject of all cqual
enjoyment and all freo acccss to the coun
try. wifain had been said to havo already
dono all that this bill proposcs. Yet wc
have rcceivcd her formal disavowal of tho
fact of having made grants of land. Hc
had little doubt, certainly, that she whosc
wakeful and capablc pohcy scldom missed
any advantagc which could bc seizcd upon
would bo ready enough, as far as she could
with any regard to her national obligations
to bnng about the settlement of thc terri
tory by her subjects. But ho saw no posi
tive evidcnco of her havinc yet done anv
thing, for this purpose, in contravontion of
tbe treaty, and this being so, thc official
dcclaration of her agcnts was conclusivc.
It would be asked, ifho then moanl that
the Hudson Bay Company should be suf
fcrcd to so on until they entirely disncs-
sesscd us? Certainly not. Ho did not
doubt that it was timo to put a stop to thcir
cncroacements. liut that should bo dono
n a manner permittcd by thc convention.
Wo should givo the noticc stipulated in it.
of our intention to rcnouncc it. That was
tho only courso lcft us without a brcach of
faith.
Illinois. The Governor and Legisla-
turo of thfs State have ncarly complcted an
arrangement with certain capilalists, hold'
crs of their Slato Bonds, whereby thoso cap-
italists agrce to advancoafartner sum oFSl,
500,000 for tbe complelion of tho Illinois
Canal, uniting the Lnkcs with thc Mississip
pi; upon such lerms as will rcndcr the capi
talists virtually thc owp.ers ofthe Canal. cn
tilcd to hx Ihe rates of lollsand receive the
procceds, which are first to be applicd to
the paymenl of thc inoncy so advanced, and
then to the satisfaction of tho State Debt gen
erlly. All the Canal Lands and Canal prop
erty of the State, arc to bo made over to
threo Trustoes, (two to bo appointcd by thc
capitalists and one by the Slate,) who are
to dispose ofthe whole for tho paymcnt first
ofthis cxtra loan, and tben for tho cqual
benofit of all thc crcditors of the State.
The Leeislalurc exppresslti disclaims all
pmeer lo repeal or modiy the provisions ofi
this act it being impossioie to seauce cap-
talists into advancing the money on any
olher terms. So much for thc consistency
of LocoFocoism when brought to the test.
Yet we shall not bo a whit surpnstne to see
the successors of these very rulers, after
they had got the canal completed, rpeal this
verv law. Accordinc to the currenl doct-
rines of their party, they have a perfect and
nalienable rieht to doso! wnat can ruo.
lic Faith be worlh when the standard of
Public Morals is so low as lo tolerato and
sustain the advocacy of such doctrins?
Tribune.
Tho Erysipelas, which a few wceks ago
seemcd to lingcr about certain Iocalities, is
now generally prevalent in this quarter.
Cases bave and are occurring in aimost ev
ery town about us ; but the discase is greaf
ly modified by some cause, and is much less
fatal than rvhen it first appeared in this part
of the state. The recenl mild wcather has
doubiless contributed in some degree to ef
fect this, yet tho experienco which the phy
sicians and people generally havo acquired
in the treatment of cases, may have done
more. There are however occasionally ca
ses of tho most virulent characier, producing 1
death in a few hours. A qmet frame of
mind, a low diet and rogular habils will do
much toprevent an altack and when attack
ed, an individual obiervmg these rules bo
fore will be less liahle to a fatal issue. C'al
edonian. (&- The Picayune wonders why the mail
oftcn.
does not go into baokruptcy, it has failed
From tbe New York Laacet.
ANIMAL MAGNETISM,
The subject of animal Magnelum isone
which we have mtherto refrained from tak-
'"2 UP panly bccause wo did not deem it
woruiy 10 cxciuoc more vaiuaoie matter irom
our space, and partlv because we found
some difficultv in obtainins anv publication
o tho 'science ' which we regarded as wor-
thy of palient and serious study. Wo are,
j hwcver prcsented iu a late numbcr of the
Quarterly Summary ofthe Transactions of
the Lollege of Physicians of Pluladelphia,
wun tne synopsis ot a clevcr papor by Ur.
Jhn K. Mitchell and thodiscussion thereon:
J.L- I .. -
5 . "QVCl0US"1 pr"P iransier
0 . C0lumns wiinout noio or comment,
' loav'n.5 l0. our rcaders Iho work of cntieal
"" to. J.. j
Dr" Hewso-v Presidcnt, in tho Chair.
Present, thirty Members.
Dr. Mitchell concluded the reading of his
cludes its insertion in this summary.
i The followl no nrn tbn nnlhnr's rpcnniin.
lation and conclusion ; which cmbrace his
Iradinir doductions from the various fncia
detniled by him iu the communication.
' becapitulation.
1. Tho investisation into the claims of
undue protensions. than to its less ebtrusive
foundations.
3. Tho rcscarchcs of the committees de
tailcd by learnod socielies, have bcon con.
tradictory and unfruilful, chiefly, becauso
the trained subjects ofthe rapsmerizcrs wero
examined, instead of thoso among their own
jfriends and acquaintancct, on whom they
could rely for the unsophisticnted represen
tation ofthe na'.urnl phenomena ofmcsmcr.
ism. They invilcd deceptinn, and either
implicitlv confidcd i.i it ; or, having dolec
lod tho attempt to misload, coudemncd the
whole system as one of fraud and imposturc.
Hencc, they were always in those extremcs
which bordcr on truth, but aro never within
itsconfincs. Astronomy is nottl.o less true,
bccause tho ignorant believe that ihe stars
aro holes through which tho light of Heav
en breaks, or because aslrologers prelend
to see the fates ofhumanity tegislered in
iho conjunction and disscveranco of ihe plan
ets. 4. Imaginalion ond imilation cannot ac
count for the uniforniity of iho phenomena
ofthe mcsmeric state, in persons of all ogos
and conditions, who are tolally ignornni,not
only of tho symptoms tobe produced, but of
the design of the metmerizer.
5. Ncilher will thoy cxplain tho nnalo
gies found toexisl betwecn natural and arti
ficial somnambulism.
6- Nor can wo, by any rational viow of
their cases, ascribo to any thing but a phys.
ical influence, tho effect ofpasscs on the
discascd condition of certain patients, somo
ofwhom did not obsorvc tho manipulation,
and none ofwhom understood its import.
7. Admilting thtt tho me.imeric sleep
may bc and is produced sololy by mental
means, tho method as well aa tho phoncmo
na of restoration, both in natural and artifi-
cial somnambulism, forbid us to believe that
tho patients are usually concious either oi
the act or thc intention. 31 any ol them
showed plainly their icnorance by Iheir con
versation at the timeind otheis wero totally
incapacitated for nbservatioa
8. If wc admit the awakcning wiihoutthe
aid ofthe patient's mental co-opcration, we
can find no reasonable dithculty in ueliev
ing that the mesmeiic sleep is produciblo
wiihout that co-operation.
9. Thc phenomena of artificial somnam.
bulism arc, lst. An cxaltniion ofthe cir
culalion, without a corrcsponding inureasc
ofthe rcspiration. 2d. An oblur.dod sensi
bility to causcs of pain, and sometimcs, tho'
rarely, its tolaloblneration. JJ. Iho more
or less completc obliviousness of thc
Ihoughtsand cvents ofthe mesmcric state,
while awake, akhough the mcmory ofthe e
vents of ihe natural slate is strong in thc
artificial state. 4th. The relcnlion of lo
comotion and tho facility of being let into
suggested dreams, are nlso curioas effects
of the mesmeric action. Nothing is too
high for the daring, or too absurd for thc
bclief of tho dreamor. But all tho mesmer
izcd patients aro not susceptible ofthis in
fluence. A few subjects resist, even when
asleep, all altempts lo mislead them, although
they present most ofthe olher peculiarities
of somnambulism.
10. To this property of artificial dream-
ing may be referred the alleged miracles of
clairvoyancc, mtuition, and prevision. J.ne
subject dream3 that hc scps, and tho ques
tioner is deceived, by his cocfidence, his
plausibilily, and his ordinary character. He
knows him to be honest. and he dscs not
pcrceivo that he is himself led astray by his
uncorrected imagination. Thera is all the
effect of a fraud, wiihout intention to mis
lead, and without blame.
11. Tho me.mcric effect is usually pro-
ducible within tcn mtnutet, and at tho first
si'.ting, but some persons have yielded only
aficr long and repcated trials. In general,
unless very marked effects are exhibiled
wiihin half an hour. all subsequent attempts
to mesmsrize are fruilless.
12. The mesmeric sleeD may be dissol-
ved by time alonc, the natural durotion of
tho paroxysm Iasting from thirty minutea lo
nearly hve hour?. Tho tcar oi not escaping
from Iho spell, in tho event ofthe dcaihor
absence, orloss of powerof ihe magaetizer,
is therefore not well founded.
13. Tho artificial solulion ot tne mes
meric sleep requires sometimes only a sin
gle wavo of the hand, sometimes many.
The roean time is about two minutes.
14. Independently ofthe voluntary uid of
the mesmerized subject, tho time taken to
dissolve the sleep is rery sentibly aflected
hv tha distance from him. Thus. in con-
lact. a caso consumcd 4' 4": at two yardi.
7' 30"; at four yards, 16' 45".
15. Sex does not nppear to exercise any
very marked influence on the mesmeric
susceptibility.
10. Ago is a more modifying cause than
sex. Though no ago is exempted.tho very
young and. old seem least susceptible r and
the period of lifo between V2 and 20 is that
most favorablo to the mesmeric infiuenco.
17. OI the tempcraments, tbe nervo-sars-
guineous sccms most Ilabla to the mesmeric
aciion.
18. Allliouah without an cxcep'.ion. m
far as I can discover, mesmorists agree in
believing that a sound stale of health is un
favorable to the success of their operatinns,
I have found il most cooducive to well mar
ked mesmeric results. Of iwenty-six som-
nambulists, nineteen were iu good, and sev-
cn in bad health.
19. Thc mesmerizing power sefms to be
very generally possessed, but Iho suscepti
bility to snporoso mesmeric impression is
confined to a fow indlviduali, boing about
one in seven or eighl of those subjectcd tr
tho trial.
20. The rapporl, relalion, ot communiea-
tion, supposed tohave an absolutc existenc,
dependent on the mcsmeric fluid, socms lo
be entiroly voluntary oa tho part of ihe na-
lient, and lo rest on his knowledgo of iN
necesiily. It is, thereforf!, delusion ; but
ono ofthe greatost conveniencu to the pub
lic exhibitors of mcsmeric wonders.
21. Tho dolusion as to tho ravport' it
onsoflho many hallucinatinns of ihe mri
mcric state, for which the subjrct ofit i no
moro nnsworable than for any ot llio wihl
and monstrous dreami to which tbe disnr-
lcred fancy may bc led, in that unnatiirnl
condition bolh of mind and l.odv. This
truth is cluatly p'oved by aimlogicid caai-
of insaiiity, where similar deIihious contin-
ue for youra.
2?. Tho mesmoric stato curiously mo li
fies tho condition of tho t-rnacs Stylit,
hoaring. and louch are usually imprnvcd.
tasle, smell, aud sosc of pain ascoinmuiily
impairod.
23. As tho senso of louch and of pain am
so divcrsely afTecled by mesmeriMn, we nrn
led to rcgard ihem as indopendcnt st-nses;
probably, therefore, supplk-d by sepaMte
ncrvouo fibrei. Such an infurence ouglit lo
havo beon made before, for mmy urgaiu
havo tho sonse of pain, but not tho senie of
touch. Thc prcsenco of a poisou will givo
pain to the stomach or inleslines. which d r
not perceivo the molions ofthe worms t'iat
infcst them. If this viow be correct, llit
scnsc of pain h a sixthsensc.
24. Many of tho feats ol tho cTairvoyanls,
are the rcsult ofthe sharpened hearing,
which enables them lo dctect objrcts by the
aounds they make. They really believe
thoy ses them, and so does the exhibitor, nl.
though he airb them by handling audibly
tho various objccts. Thus he oprns aml
shuts a pcncil, a ponkoifc, or a spectuclc
caso, and rubs a atick, or a sbcet of pnstu
board. Ho alwnys makes as much noise
as possible wiih every thing, and ba gener
ally asks the producor of a marked card ia
explain the words or dcvice to him.
25. As we cannot beliove in mosrm rlr
' rapport,' en we aro not ablo lo crnlit tlm
uxistence of any peculiarsympatby bctwppn
the operator and subject., Untrained or ig
norant patients norer show sympathclic phe
nomena. I havo been piochud, nid huit
otherwisc, a great many times, without ob
ssrving any suffcring on tho part ofmv !ub.
jectj, until Ihey wero taught to belu-ve that
such a relalion existed ; and ttien thT ttv
honcstly fclt huri, as peoplo do in dreanis
a kind of imaginary suffcring.
26. The phrenological phenomena of
mcsmerism. when ngidly uxamiiiKd, nre
found lo consist, as do must of ihe musim-r-ic
woidei, of ' such stuff a dreams arrr
made of.' Tlic excitemtnl of iho hrain if
general, the direction of that rxritcinent i;
given by the mesmerized person's knowlrdgr
of phrenology ; but the palient is not in nuy
case aware of his tncnlul co-operation. Thi
singular delusion or misapprehcnsion, runs
through nearly tho entire sunji'ct of rnesmer
ism ; most oflhe phenomena of tthich are n
strange mix'ure of physical impuUe aiul
mental hnllucination. Piirenologists nlnnu
feel the phreno mesmeric exciltmsnl. Per
sons partially acquaintcd with phrenology,
experienco it only as to ihe organs known
to them ; while those who nre lotally igrtor.
ant of the subject, present no locnl manifcs.
lations, unlil they are taught, either aitakrr
or asleep, what they should know, and what
tbcy should do. The dispbtcimcnt of old
organs, in onc city, their rctenlion of locn
tion in another, and the adhercnce of thr
patients to the pcculiar and dissimilar ys
tems of phrenology, which they have, re
spectively, been taught, show clcarly, that
the direction of the corebral excitement is
personal and arbitrary ; while the new maps
of the cranium, so widely difTereut from
each other, leare us no longer in tho leasc
doubt as lo the delusive source ofthe com
pound scicnce of phreno-magnctism.
27. The mesmeric influence is the effect
of what the natural philosophers call induc
tion. Ths will of tbe operator acts solely on
himself; his alterod sysiem re-acts on tho
subject of iho experiment, by an unexplain
ed power, analogous to ths equally inexpli.
cable induction ofthe mechanicians, and the
prcsence ofthe chemists.
28. Mcsmerism may be sometimes use
fully cmployed to allay nervous irritatioa.
procuro sleep, ano ootuna nervous ncnsiuii.
itv. durine sureical operations ; but from
the fewness of ausceptiblo persons, it can bc
usod v".ty seldom for such purposcs. In all
other cases it nppears to bo of little me ;
aud so far as I know, has never cnred any
n .t . i t ,
serious discase. ua tne oiner nnnn. ii
sometimes, cspecially in unprnclised liand?,
produce? frightful disordors bolh of mind
and body. and should therefore b resoned
to solely fdr proper and important purp jsea,
and then only with due precaulion.
29. The cases of natural somnambulism.
so like those of the mesmeric state, thc per-
maaent magnctic power ofsoma tndivi u.
als, the relief afforded to parnlysis and tu
nor. and the restoration from nara.om-
nambulism by mesmeric passes, go far io

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