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The Middlebury people's press. [volume] (Middlebury, Vt.) 1841-1843, April 26, 1843, Image 1

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Xn Uus J3a4Jcr arc jmirttsfirti tfte SnUfc rtrers, ttcsoltttrans. mafos, fJublfc Crcatfcs, Ban&rupt S&oti"cr3 33tc. of tfie Sm'trtr Statcs, iJo Sluthortts.
H. J3ELL, Editor and Proprietor.
MIDDLEBURY YT. APRIL 26, 1843.
VOL. VII .-NO. 51
Ii FCBLISUED EVERT WEDNE8DAY XOKXIXG
rfORTU ESD OP THE SBIDCE, BY
J. COBB JR.
by whom all orders for printing Books,
Pamphlets, Bills, Cards, &c, ofeverydes
cription will be neatly and fashionably ex
ecuted, at short notice.
TERMS OF THE SEVEWTH VOLUME.
Village suhscriber. 82.00
Mail snbscribers, 2,00
IndiTidaals and Companies who take at the cffice
f I'75orl'50 centtifpaid insixmonths.
osipanies on tage routes. ... S1.75
Tba'e who uke of Poslrideri ... 2,00
I( not paid at theend of tbe year 2, 25
No papers diseontinued nntil arrearaea are paid
except atlhe option oflhe proprietor. Wo patmeit
to Crriers allowed except ordered hj tbe proprietor
All connnunicationsmiut De aaaressed to theedito
Post Paid
3HSCELLAXE0US.
For the People'a Preu.
THE COMET.
Hailsplendid strangerof the sky!
What tiding from immensityl
Oa trcetof high import art aent
From him the Great Omaipoteml
What is thine errand! what art thout
Does terror dotbe thy fi&sbing browl
While from thy feathery train afar
Tbou Ecatlerul pestilecce and n-arl
Elijhtinj tbe nations with thy breatb
Pre.agin famine, plagne and dcath?,
Or dost tby peaeefnl path parraet
To thine allegiicce faiihful trne.
Mysterions risitant ! ob say,
Art thou the crea'cre of a day?
Glowing with photphorescent fire,
FuU saon ia darknes to expire,
Like some briht beacoa blazing high,
To fiare aloft, smoulder and diel
Orf driren from thine orbit east,
Lile autumn's leaf before the blast.
Roaminj for aje in search of rest,
Lik; ualiid rhoit, unsbriTen, nnblestl
Do thy eccentric periods cbime
Tbe footitept of revolvinj tiniel
Or xnarkest. in thy majesty,
Tbe Cycles of eternity 1
Wbere wast tboa nben this beastiom esrlh,
Eeceixed its fair, and primal birllil
Wlten morning stars broks forth in i onj,
Didit sinj amid tbat glorioni throngt
Eiucj inj&v Maker's praise,
Tbe bolj Oae of aneieat dayi.
Celestial ranger from afar!
Kollinj on high thy fierycar!
Wbile trAiersiag the wide aby s.
llait seta anotbr world like thiil
By the Creitor's band io blcst,
So fallen, faitblest, to iu trcit,
So Tasl a theatre of grace,
Throcgbont tbe realms of bocndlesi ipace?
Uawearicd wand'rer! in thy haste
Through the illimiuble vaste.
Oh bast tboa ccTer :een afar?
Soae brigbt. pecnliar, gloriocs star?
The radiant icansiona of tbe blest,
Wbere weary onesatiast may rest ;
Tbere nncreated glory sbone.
Arosnd the great Eternal'i thrcne?
Wbere Christ onr nediator stood,
And waved his sceptre bonght with bloodl
Tbe Lamb, from tbe fonndation elain,
Wbo trod the xrine'presj allalone,
Wbere saint and teraph, joined to raise,
Ose long loud aulbem to hij praite,
Mingling the high and holr straiaf
With Allelaia, praise aien.
Thongh still my waymird fancy broodi
Oa those aerial solitndes,
1 ask not f tboa knowest ubere "
Lie ibe dark realms of long detpair,
OhT wberefore I seek to know,
Mcre of the dread abodea of woet
And all inrain. to ask of thee,
Tb secrets of eternity;
A feilow serTanttbon of mine;
To trace thy destined path i th:ne.
Tii mine to bow mc to His will,
''ho bids his creatarea, "peace be itill".
E
TnE Pbospects or Calhocx. The tri-
urapb of the free.trade Locos in the city of
ew lotk 13 hailed by the fnendsof Oal
faoaa as a prosperous omen to their cnuse.
Tjw leading locofoco newspapers in New
crk are all in the interest of Galhoun, and
Jfae leaders of the party all favor tha hold
ng of a National Convention at the time
specified by South Carolina,not at that. de
siredbyths fricnds of Van Buren. The I
Locofoco victory in the city of New York
h therefore most cmphatically a Calhoun
victory -a victory of the friends offree
trade a victory of the principles of the
South over the principles of tha North of
the interests of France and Great Britain
cver the interests of our own conntry.
It t3 reported that Mr Calhoun will visit
New York during the summer, and make a
tour throogh Jlichigan and Ohio. If thb
be trae, the sage of Lindenwald must look
to his trapt, or he will be "sarcumvented."
Mb. CAtnoux kNew York. Signs
too uneqjivocal to be mistaken, are daily
witnessed in tho city and state of N. York,
recdenng it certain that Calhoun, not
an Baren, ia the presont favorite ofthe
lf-styled "democracy." A few ofthe old
Hnaken still adhere to the ruined fortunes
of an Buren ; but only for a lirae.
-o soon desert him, to swcll tho crod
ths follower of Calhoun. Whig.
From tht Ladie't Repotilory.
Che efirtstmas Ebr.
BT 3IIS3 JCXIA A. rLETClIEH.
Ir was Christmas Eve, and Chestnut
otreet was tbronged as ustial with a bright
array ofhappy faces. The gra3" haired
man, and his laughing grand children, the
gay belle and the servant girl, the aristo
cratic and the humble, all were there. It
was a most singular and animated scene to
the eyo of a strangenthe brlliancy of illami.
nated stores with their ho!idy suit of erer
greens, the many pretty temptations which
evety window presented to those who were
selecting their Chnstmas gifts, and that
Ily passing from window to window, exam
, ining every curious toy, every decorated
; cake, and every article of taste or fancv
I which had been placed therem. It scemed
as it every individual in ihe crowded street
was contcnt for the time to throw aside the
seriousness of riper years, ' and be a child
ogain.' Here au illumiDated hall told of '
the merry dance, and there of fancy fairs J
for the building of one church, or tbe pay
ing for anothcr. Now and then tbe slo'w !
moving throng were impeded bj- another (
throng as dense as around the doors ofaj
theatre, or by the rattling cabs and omni- j
buses which blockaded the crossinzs. Ma
ny a heavy heart grew light, and raany a '
ncavy purse srew HKnicrjimia tne purcnascs i
of that evening. Gifts there were for pa-1
rents, sisters, bro!hers,and friends,and there
too were tovs for the little ones who were
fast asleep at homc, with their stockings j
hung in the chimner awaitin? the visit of j
Artsi Anngle. Jlany a young dreamcr
that night saw their welcome visitor descend
tha chimney with his wallet of toys, and
many a Iistenins ear hcard the trampins
of tiny steeds ' upon the roof.' It might
havc passed for a drcam, howevcr, had not ,
the well fillcd stockings in the morning ;
borne witness that Kriss Kringle had been
tEere. j
Now turn we to a dimly-lighted room in )
the third story of a dingy looking bfick I
house in George Street. It is smal! in di- j
mensions, but the bed which stands in one '
corner, and the small cook stove which '
occupies tho middle of the room, show that j
it is nt once both chamber and kitchen.
But the room is not destitule of comfort,
fora coarse rae carpet covers the floor.and
th small pine table which stands near the
stove, is covered with a neat white clolh,
on which is sprcad the evening meal. It ia
simpie enough to suit the abstcmious taste.
but I cannot pity the partskcrs, for there is
a Ioaf-of nice light bread, a slice of real
Philadelpbia-Iooking butter, and a pitcher
ofthe delicious Scbuylkill water. There
arc no curtains to the window, but the closc
sbutters make the room look so warm and
home-like, that we almost forget the defi
ciency. By the table sits an aged femalc
reading from a well-worn copy ofthe Scrip
turs, while by her side, a young girl is dil
igently sewing. Tho one small candlc
which burns thereon, sufSceth for them
both, and bappier are they than many who
sit listlessly by their astral Iights, or move
where the brilliant camphcne but showeth
a countenance beaming with the excile
raent of artiScial pleasure.
Thej- are waiting for sorae one who is to
share their frugal repast, for the table is Iaid
as for three. The old Iady hath laid aside
the holy book, for it is printcd in small type,
and her eyes are wearied.but the calm smile
which resteth upon her lip, showeth that its
spirit still abideth with her. She hath nev
er been rich in worldly goods, for in poverty
was she born, in poverty hath sho lived near
three-score and ten -cars, and in all human
probability in poverty she will depart. But
she hath treasures many and pricelsss, Iaid
up where moth and rust corrupt not, and she
fecls that she is richer in her poverty than
many of earth's votaries in their wealth
Yet sorrow hath ofUtimes visited her spirit,
and sho hath bowed in agony beneath the
weight of affliction. She was a widow in
carly life, yca, a pooi and fricndless widow,
and though the bitterness of desolation was
in her heart, as she bowed over the death
couch of the lorcd, and saw the light go out
upoa the shrine whereon her carthly hopes
and affections had been Iaid, yet for her
child's sake, she still strugglcd on. She
presscd her last kiss upon the cold Iips ofthe j
dcad, she eipcndcd of her scanty mcans to
procure a deccnt burial, and tben with a !
woman's all trusting, all loving earnestness !
of heart, she turned unto the living. She j
worc no mournmg weeds, but the vcil and
the mantle of mourning had falled upon her
spirit, and through the forty long years of
her widowhood, she cherished the memory
her early love.
She was an excellent seamstress, and by I
the most unceasing eiertion, she procured
a subsistence for hersclf and the fair child
who had been spared unto her, and more
delicatcly was it nurtured than many a child
of rank and wealth. The voice of repining
was nevcr hcard in ber humble abode. -When
the fire burned brightly upon her
heartb, and the frugal meal was sprcad up
on her board, she blessed God in the fullness
of her heart, and murmured not that days
and nights of wasting toil were necessary
to procure them, and when emplovment
failed, and that board was no Iongcr spread 1
r 1 i r- f . ... r- T 1 -
i-ii iacK oi looa.and me nre wanea aim tor
Iack of fuel, she gave her last piece unto her
child, and pressed it closer to her heart for
warmth, yet the prayer, Giva us this day
our daily bread,' arose no Iess tnistingly.
Year followed year, and as the cheery.
laugh of the little Ahce was heard in the
widow's dwelling,and her tiny fingers lear
ned to share her toil, the mother's smile wa3
Iess frequently dimmed by tears,k her heart
seemed tohave lost a shade of its holysad
ness. A blessing ever seemed to follow that
swcet child. Her happy song rang out all
day long as she sat at her needIework,and
she would awaken in the starry night with
tbe half.muraured fragmentof sorrje favor.
itc air upon her Iips. Life was all bright
to her, for all thingt reflected the light of
her own joyous spirit. It was no marrcl
that the lonely widow shonld afmost idolize
the child as she grew in Ioveliness by her
side. As time flew by, and the fair child
becarae the graceful maiden, the mother's
love grew deeper in its intensity until it
seemed to constitute her very being. All
light, all hopc all joy, seemed centred in
that one only thougbt, and when she knelt
in prayer, it was but to return thanks for
that one blessing. She was still her own,
still the same loving, gentle being who had
neslled iq her arms in infancy ; and the
widow felt that amid all her trials she had
been kindly dealt with. And when she
gave her only treasare unto one she decmed
worthy of her, and made her homc with
tham, she felt that an bome of rest had in
deed arnved. During ten years her cup
was nlled with peace. She was no lonjrer
lonely, for the new name of grand-mam-ma,'
was hers, and the little pratllers who
clusturcd around her, left no room in her
heart for solitude.
The summer of 1833 arrivcd, and that
fearful scourge of the human race, the Chol
era, ravaged the city, filling nearly every
house with mourning. Alice was one of
its earhest victims. iVIercifulIy was she
taken from a most fearful trial, lor the raor-
ow's sun looked upon tho lifelcss corpse of
her husband ; and ere a wcek had passed,
three cf her children had gone to rest with
her. Mysterious are the dispensations of
Providencc 7 That aged one was spared
amid this desolation to perform the last sad
offices of love for those unto whom she had
looked to srnooth her own deatb-pillow
She Iaid them by the side of her husband,
ard gladly would tho wearierJ one have
sought a rest with them, but she bad now a
new duty to perform in life. There were
still two young, hclpless beings depcndant
upon ner care, ana sae still slruggled on.
Mary, the eldest, was a lovelj girl of nine
years, and had she not been already her
grandmother's pef, her likencss to her moth
er would have endeared her amid this be
reavement. Edwin was a little lispin
curly-haired child of three, and his contin
ual entreaty, 'Ganma, do let murae como
home,' was almost agony unto hersoul. His
mothcr had indeed gone home, home to her
Savior, homc to her God. Again was the
aged widow compelled to cncounter the tri
als of the world alone. Yet she bowed not
in desolation as when the angcl of sorrow
first came to trouble the waters of love in
her young heart. It seemed as though she
had gained a strength and firmncss of mind,
which had never before been hers. The
mourner of three scorc was to watch over
and to cherish the child of three. Well did
she strengthen herself for the task. She
would live to be their guido and protector.
She would be father, mother, friend, all un
to them, for they were tho children of the
loved who were with God. Mary was old
enough to aid her in taking charge of Ed
win, and with the aid of the little which
bad been lcft at their father's doatb, she
contrived to earn a scanty Iivelihood by
coarse sewing, knitting, and at her equally
humble employmcnts.
A kind Iady who lived near, offercd to
givc the children somc instruction during
bcr hours of Ieisurc, and a sad trouble was
thus taken from her heart, the fear that they
mcst grow upalmoat in ignorancc. As
Mary ad vatfced in years her rescmblancc to
her mother grew more perfect she wanted
but the same merry smile, to almost pur
suade her grand-mother that she had won
her own dear Alice back. But there was
cver something in the calm seriousness of
her countenance and the subdued softncss
ofher tone, which told ofthe severe trial
through which her young spirit had passed
Perhaps it was fortunate that the little Ed. t if I am right in my caleuhtions, isillie
win had been too young toknow the estent gin on orhefore A. D. 1S39." (p. p. 105.
oi nis ioss, lor uis ouoyaui anu nappy tem-
pcramcnt were oftcn necessary togtv? chcer
fulncss to their dwelling. He is now a man'
Iy lad of thirteen, and his intelligence and
activity have procured him a place in a
store which enables him to share with his
sister in relieving their grand.raother's Ia -
I T , i t -1
pccting this evening, and for whom their
ii iiiusi ue riim wnnm mcv are cx.
supper is waiting.
He has just entered, and the Iarge pack
et which he holds in his hand tells the rca
son of his delay. Grand-mother, I have
brought you a new Bible, you know yours
is so worn and the print so small, you can
hardly read it.' Her agc-dimrned eyes are
still more dimmed by tears as she takes the
gift, for she fecls that God hath given her
a rich blessing amid her poverty, in those
loving beings who have been sparcd to sooth
her dcclining years. The lad turneth now
to his sister, and his arms are entwined a
round her as he whispers, ' Mary, I had on
ly money to purchase the Bible, I have
brought you nothing but love.' Tbe mai.
den an-swcreth not, but tbe unwonted smile
which lighteth up her pale countenance,
contrasting so strangely with tbat sudden
tenr, tell us that to her a brother's love is
the most welcome Christmas gift.
Pkiladelphia.
THE PRINTER.
'I pity the printer,' said my- uncle Toby.
He's a poor creature,' rejoined Trim.
How so?' said my uncle. 'Because in tbe
first place, (contin.ued the Corporal, look
ing full upon rny uocle) because he must
endeavor to please every body. In the neg
ligence of themoment perhaps a small par
agraph pops upon him;Jie hastily throwsit
to to the composiior it is ioserted and
he is ruined to all intents and purposes.'
Too rouch the case, Trim,' said my uncle
with a deep siglv too much the case.'
An please your bonor,' continued Trim el
evating his voice, and striking into an im
ploring atitude, 'an' please your honor, this
is not tho whole.' .'Go on, Trim,' said my
uncle, feelingly. The prinler some times
(pursued the Corporal) hits upona piece
tbat pleases him mightily, and thinks it can
not but go down with his sabscribers; but,
alas, sir, wbo can calculate the human mlndl
He insertt it, and it ii all over with him.
They forgive othera, fcnt they can' forgire
a printer- He bas a host to print for, and
every one sels up for & critic. The pretty
5Iiss exclaims 'why don't you give us more
poetry, marrages and bon mots! away with
these stale"pieces The politican claps hb
specs on his nose, and runs it over for a
violent inveclive; he rinds none; he takcs
his specs oS", folds them. sticks them in his
pocket, declaring them good for nothing but
to burn. So it goes. Every one tbinks
it ought to be printed ezpretsly for himself,
as be is subicriber, and yet after all this
complaining, would you bolieve it sir, (said
the honest Corporal, clapsing his hands
most besecchingly; would you believe it sir,
tbere are some sabscrtbers who do not hes
itale to cheat the printer out of his pay!
Our army swore lerri'oly in Flanders, but
they never did any thing so bad as that!'
'Never!' said my Uncle Toby emphatically.
MiiiE's Prophsct FrLriLLED A per.
son procrairmng himself to be the Messiah,
and now making his second appearance a.
mong men, was brought to this iiistitution
a few days since, bound hand and foot, and
accompanied by three stout Pharisaic look.
ing fellows. As a proof of his authontv
he rncntions that during his first advent the
people said "He hath adevil, and is mad,"
and now they say tho same, and have put
him in an insane asvlum. He declares
Miller to be correct in predictine his sec
ond coming at thfs time. but that he is in.
correct in predicting the destrnction ofthe
woild by hre at present. He proclaims
that he is going to judge all according to
the decds dune in the body. and will take
tha saiots with him into glory; but leave tho
rest to ineir own destrucuon. It mu3t be
some consolation to him to bo surrounded
by so many of his followers, for fourtceti
were already here, having been so persecu
tcd by their friends as to be placed in a lun
auc asyium unaer tne prelence o insanity.
Arylum Journol.
AN EXTRACT.
From the Bev. Mr. Bronton't hclures on
prcpheq, latcly-delivered at CUnlontitte
and Ausallt Forkt.
Mr. William Miller has made two pra
diclions. The one was to have beeu ful
filled in A. D. 1839. the otfttr is to oe ful
filled in A. D. 1843. The first hai been
a sigoal failure, and this gives sirong reas
on for believeing that the last will be such
also. There is a work published which is
entitled, "Evidenccs from ihe scripture and
history ofthe second coming of Christ about
the year 1843 ; exhibited in a courso of
lectures by Willianra Miller; printed at
Troy N. Y.. A. D. 183."." In this
book, commenting oa a part of the 1st
verse of 12th chapter of Daniel, "And
llicro shall be a time of trouble, such as
there never wai since there was a natlon,
even to that same time" Mr. Miller says,
"This dar of trouble yet is in futurity.but is
hanging as it were over our heada, ready
to break upon us in ten-fold vengeance,
ichen the Aneel of the eosptl tcho u now
fiying thro' the trndxt of heaven shall teal
ins last enild ot liod in their foreheads.
Mankind will for a short season give Ioose
to all the corrupt passions of the human
heart. No laws, human or divinc, will be
rega rded; all authority will be trampled un.
der foot; anarchy will be tbe order of gov.
ernments, and eonfusion fill the world with
horror and despair. Murder, treason and
crimo will be common law, and division
I and disunion the only bond of fellowship.
unnsuans wiu do persecuted unto dcath,
and dcns and caves of ths earth will be
their retreat. AII things which are
notelernal will be ibaken. And this
k:uo. i Here mt. Jliller bas eiven us
test by which to try the correcmess of his
calculations He savs that if he is rieht
. iri his calculations, the dreadtul evsnts which
! euumerates above will take place A. D.
I 1639. He published this in the year A.
' D. 1833,. But was there in the vear 1839.
t - ,, . .
! since there was a nation, even to that same
a ume oi irnun o snrh n thrr nnor n.i
time, Were Christians in the year 1339,
persecuted unto dcath ; and were dens and
caves ofthe earth their retreat ? Did con.
fusionin the year 1S39. fiH the world with
horror and despair ; and were murder trea-
son and cnme the common law J Was th&
i last child of God sealed in his forehead in
1 1839, so that there has not been a single
I converjion since that year? Thanks to a
merciful providence, wc have passed peace
ably thro' that year, and witnessed no such
horrid things as Miller predicted would oc
cur in it. By his own showing, then, his
calculations are false, and as an bonest man
ho ought publiclytoacknowlcdge hiserror.
But notwiihstandiog tbis, he perseveres
in declaring that the world will be
destroyed by a general cenflagration io
1843. "He that hath ears to hear, let him
hear." Shoiild you and William Miller
live to see ihe 21st of March 1844, you
will find him saying that be bas calcul&ted
the end of the world a little too soon, but
that it cannot bo far off, and endeavoring to
keep up a publie ezcitement on the subject
as long as it is possiblc. "Remember that
1 have told vou before !"
Judicui, Buxd.sess. Never was a
man so egregiously deceived as Fresident
Tyler. It eems. indeed, as though be
was afiiicted with judicial blindnesj. We
learn form Washington that Samuel W.
Downer has been removed from the post
offico in Norwhich, Connecticut, Enoch C.
Chapman appointed in his.place. Now it
it is a fact, that Mr. Downer has been tbe
ablest and truest friend or President Tyler,
in Norwhich, and Mr. Chapman is a rcgu
lar, through-going Van Buren man. This
ii truly punishing friecds and rewarding
eneraies. Tho chrge against Mr. Down
er, we understand, was, that be had tbe au
dacity to attend a Wbig meeting, at which
Senitor Huntington was reported to have
reported to have abused the president. It
i happeni not be true that Mr. D. was at ths
j meeting'at all. But uo mattcr. Wiihout
. waiting to assertain the facts, the tupposed
delinquent was made forthwith to walk th-s
plank. The oew coTiraission passed thro'
. t-T- r. .. i nr r. m .
iuu tuj ,)C3icruay. x. J.. IsOm. Jiav,
PEOPL.E S press.
Middlebury, April26j 184S.
PROFESSOR ESPY'S CIRCULAR.
We cive below the Circular of Prof. Es.
py, inviiirrg the transmission to himself, at
Washington, ofobservations respecting the j ofthe tctence may not enable us lo deltci. bring to your notice that important and val
weather, &c But we preface it bv are. i Let none think their mite too insignificant nablescieuce of Animal Magnetism,socall-
mark or two of our own. It has been cen
erally noticed by reflecting men, as a most
auspicious circumstance, that a disposilion
has beceme manifest, at the seat of govern.
ment of ths United States. to foster certain
branches of knowledge and scieDce which
have hi'.herto been neglected, notwithstand.
ing their connection, direct or t(.direct,with
not only some ofthe grand and fundamental
interests, bu! with almost every ir.tereit of
the Umon. 1ms favorable disposition has
been manifested, for example (althongh this
isotacbaracter ditferent from those which
we have principally in view) bv the valua.
ble labors ofthe Hon. II. L. Ellsworth; the
results of which arc too well known to need
specifyiog here. An cxample more to our
present purpose exists in the recent under.
takings ia the dcpar'.mcnt of Astronomical
Sci-jnce, the perfection of which is well
known to be intimately cosnecled with the
safety of oavigation and tho prosperous con
duct of voyages. "
An example cf the same, equally noticca
ble and auspicious, is fuund in tho measures
lately adopted for the determination of the
great problem ofthe iseather, a problem
in which every man has an interest who has
any thing at stake on the EarthN surface,
by land or by sea. Every man kcows how
indispcnsable is a khowledge of tbe sea
sons, how invaluable are even those gener
al and uncertain intimations which wo now
gather, from the winds and skies, of approa.
ching changes of tcmperature, of drought
and moisture. What then would be tbe val
ue to us (cspecially to our farmcrs) of a sci-
er.ee which should give the mcans of look
ing much farlher into the future, with a new
clearness of perception respecting nhat
winds, rains, suns. &c, we are about to
experience 1 But a science like this can
only be established by extended and v&ricd
observations. How piain, then is it, that
rncasures for the encnuragement.the collec-
tion and tho comparison of observations on
ihe weather are eraineritly worthy of ths
National Executivc, indeed tbat nothing
of a civil natute, can more contnbute to
the glory of an adrmmstration, inasmucb
33 r.otbmg is more truly connec'.ed with the
welfaie of a people.
It is with reference to the prosecution of
this practical branch of knowledge tbat P.-o-fessor
Espy's services have been secured
at Washington. Tho selection is as happy
as the labors are important. Such branch
es can only be prosecuted, with full success,
by men of intellectual enterprizc and skill
of asaiduity and a devotedneci to science,
for its own elevation and practical value.
Onc ofthe first fruits, it may bc hoped, will
be a knoivlcdge of the Jacts, respecting
storms, on which subject Mr. Epy, it is
well known, has already prepared a theory,
which has commanded attention and drawn
out able discussion oa the part of eminent
philosophers.
These thinf s arc meotioncd to draw at
lention to the obiects of Profeisor Esnv's
circular. These objects are the more de-
serving of attention, in the way of compli -
nn-A arlih ihn rpnnni of ihp eirrnlar. ihm
the work of obaervation is made easy, as
the circular itself will show, by the mode
which ho has adopted. How many per
sons of sound acquisitions and activo rainds
would find the making of these observations
a recreation and amusement, prosecuted, at
tho same time, with the keling that their a.
musemeot, in this case, was promotiog a
valuable science. We dclay no longer to
give Prof. Espy's circular, we may, how.
ever. be allowed to remark, that there is not
probably o newspaper in Vermont that
would not promote the satisfaction of its
readers, as well as the extension ofuseful
information and ideas. by giving it a place
in their pages.
"TO THE FRIENDS OF SCIENCE."
"Last summer I announced to my corres
pondents, and tbe public generally, that a
"form for keeping Meteorological journals
would be prepared and sent to all those in
tho United States,Bormuda, West Indies,the
Azores, and the Canadas, who should signi
fy a willingnes3 to co-operate with me in
my endeavors to find out all the jihatts of
storms which occur within the range of the
wide-spread siinultaceous observations about
to be established.
I have to announce. now that the "form"
is completed, and arrangemcnts are made
to strike off a sufficient number to supply all
who shall express a wish to aid in this most
important undertaking. It is my intention
to lay down, on skeleton maps ofthe Uni
ted States, by appropriate symbols, all the
most important phases of the great storms
which come within the range of our simul
taneous observations ; and thns it is hoped
tbat we shall be able to determine the shape
and iireofall storms, whether thoy are
rownioroi7wig;and if oblong, whether tbey
move side-forcmost, or end-JoreviosL, or ob.
liquely; and their vebcily of motion and the
direction which they take in all tha difTer
rnt seasons ofthe vear; the course that the
wind blows, in, and beyond. the borders of
the storm; tha Jutcluations of tl e baromstcr
and change of teroperaturo which generally
accompany storms, and the extenl to wbich
their influence is felt beyond their borders.
Now, as many of these particulars can
be observed ss well without meteorological
tnstraments a with them, it is manifest that
all wjo wOi .end mo a faithful account of
; the winds and weather will essentially con -
: tributo to the great end in view. Editors
of papers, too, who notice great atorms,
may be of much service by mcntioning tbe
time of grestest violence, and tha direction
of the wind and ttmo cf chaage, and acnd.
ing a paper containing the account to the
Surgeon GeneraTs QficeT Washington Ci...
ty, with the word "Meteorology marked
oa the comer ofthe eavelope, All papers
and journals thui directed will como io my
hands, as I am now attached tothat bureau;'
and, after being carefully collated with esch
other, will be deposited in the archives of
that othce, to aid the tuture meteoroiogist
in developing laws which the present state
tobetbrown into this common treasurr
1 am Ruthorized bv the Sccretary of State
to rrquest all our Ministers, Consuls, and formcr generations, which then sought to
other Diplomatic and Commercial Agents tmpose itsclf upon the common scnsa ofthe
of the Uniied States in foreign countrics, to community, and is now revivcd for the spo
whora the "form" is sent, to nansmit to the cial beneSt ofthe present generation.
Deparlment of State the journals which they . The following extract in reference to this
mav keep or procure foroihers, that they great humbrgcfthe present day, and which.
may be immediaiely placed in my hands. will probably cxplaia the true cause of alf
All masters ofvessels sailing in the At- iUcffects, was conversant with Franklin, a
lantic, or Gulf of Mcxico, are requested to signor of tho Declaration of Indepcndence
send a copy of iheir "logs" to the Surgeon and who for ncarly forty years has been itf
GeneraTs Office immediately on their land- his grave.
ing at any port in the United States. "The force of the imaginatir is capable
If tbe chain ofsimultaneous observations 'of producing strange erTects When ani
could thus be kept unbroken entirely acroa ' mal magnetism bcgan in France. which was
the Atlantic, tbe value ofthe whole system while Dr. Franklin was minister to that
would be much increased. counlry, the wonderful accounts given of
Journals, according to the adopted plan, ' the wonderful efiLct it produced on tho psr
will bckep: at all tha military stations of tho sons who were under its operalion excceded"
United Statcs; and tho Secrclary of the Na-' any thing related in the strange accounta
vv has given orders for the same tobe dona' in the history of witchcraft. Tbey tuni.
at the naval stations, and ituihips of war on
our coast. Foims also will be sent to all
the light-houscs and fioating.Iiuhts, and ma
ny of them will atleast keep journals of tho
wind and weather. Govornor Reid, of Ber-
muda. has nromised to send mo journal
from that bland, and I have thc promiso of
various journals from Canada, Nowfound
land, and Nova Scoria.
There are many ofthe colleges of tha U
nited States from whom I have not yet had
such promise; but I now appeal to them all,
with conhdence, to uoite in their euorts to
perfect this riost interesting science.
There are one hundred and three colleg
es inlhase united aiaies, ana very man
high schoolr, and, a it is known that baro.
metric nuctuations accompany storms, u i
manifest that the direction in which storms
move. and their velocity, maj be asccrtain-
ed bv observations made on the barometer
alone, at these various instilu'.ions.
The number of observations cannot be
too creat. JA31ES f. tSf i.
SCRGEOX GENERAL'S UrFlCE,
Washington, December 6, 1842,
Co.NVEST AT Ulitl.EsTO'W., Mass. We
learn from thc Bos.-a papers that the Mas
sachusetu Iloese of Reprcsenlativei, by a
voto of 204 to i3, determiried to take no
action on the matter cf the destruction ofthe
Urslino Convent at Charlestown. Thii is
as it should bo. 1 here is no propriety in
indcmnifying Cntholics for loss of property
by mobt, while no such indemmtv is grant-
ed to- protestants in similar circumat.inccs-
In our opinion, tbero ought to be a general
law, in overy State, assessinn the damasc
done by mobs to the counties in which such
outbreak; occur. Such is the case, we be
lieve, in Pennsylvania. But to grant to onu
religious denominction, rights or privileges
which are denied to all oihers, is entirely
repugnant to the spirit of our institutions
Jcur. Com.
Disgracefcl. A rr.ost disgraceful scene
happened in the Pennsylvania Legiilature i
! week ago. It wai beletn a locofoco
I rr.ember and a locofoco pditor. The said
i E-litor had printed soinetbing which stuck
in the noslrils of the lionorjble member, nnd
upon the appearance of the editor at tbo
door ofthe Hall on Monday morning. tl;
member namcd McGowan. went to him and
asked if he was tbe anlbor of theofTens.ve commol!ltion DC,VTeenhi:. ,o countties
paragraph He replied that he wa.: where- Ry hij tra iro1. Thcv arc fol;OW3 .
upon McGowan raiscd a ch.ir and str.;ck -JsU Js d (halTcxi3 should ac
tne editor, who U.en pwhrd h.m otT, and , knowIed ,hc sovcreigntv of Mexico.
was rather gettmg tbe better of his antago. . d A htl ac, & amncsSv to be pa,.
nist. when tho latler drew a dirk knifa and , for ats n Texas
thrust a blowat him. Tho editor thfln ran 3d fcxaa to form an indcnendent do,
behind the Speaker's chajr. and was P"""-. paftrnent cr Mexico.
edby McGowan. and I tno kmfe was Ihniat jr 4u Texas to be rcnrcsentcd in the Gec
into his back, but as ,1 struck .ihe shoulder ; cra, Cqb
blade, and was bent. the blow did not prove, 5th j-exns to instilutc, or originato all
fatal. The co'.fuion was great. fh! tocaI iaws, roIcs and regulations.
member in half an hour was nrrested upon Glh S(j Mex;can troop3 andeT any pre.
u wasr.oi, wia.gcu "
tenttokill. It was aeortofTom Benton
and Gcn. Jackson NashviMo affray. Cale
donian. BcsErix of our Mahcfactories to TnE
Farxer. The Rochester Democrat states
that thr manufacturers of New Eogland last
year used over two hundred thousand bar
re solnour.in maKinz siarcn ana siziagi
' . ' . . 6 . ... ,1
fortbeirgoods-Deinga larrjer quamny oi ,
riour luan nu cipui ILU KKJ LUi1UJ IU IUU
same time. The manufacturers ofthe sin
gle State of Massachusetls. during the same
time, coasumed more Western flour than
was cxported to au toreign countnes! is
,he West to foste' manufacturers 1 i the Ohio river. As boats cannot, howeicr,
ascend to LaFayette except in compara-
Casej of SEDncnos.-Cirnrit ffowt'tively high water, the canal to be contin
More than usual ioterest has been fell in tbe ; ued down the Wabash 81 miles to 1 crrc
proceedings of this ceurt, during the pastj Haute, where the aiioii
isro days,Tn cocsequeace of the nature of river. Indeed. much ts already done on tl.e
the suits up for investigation. That of canal south ofLa Favette, and it sa.d
i-A- ,;.n hmnTht that it Wl 11 DOtinisaeQ inia scaaoii iv, -
to relover' damages for the seduction of bis'Creek. 45 miles beyond i Pf ; "
daught.r. Vcrdict 8300 for plaintuT. nation. from mcnce i aC -The
pirties'esideiotheadjoining town of ' miles, the whole work i? to bc let on the
Hambur. Another suit was that of En-, first -Monday of ncxt May.
ders w.Snearir,being;an action for breach A traveler wishing to go from Buha o to
of rnarr.ge inm& Verdicl 81,000.' St. LouU can do so by the abveroue
Thesame partwere eng.ged in a sec six days. after the lake and ca shall bo
ondsuit, brought by tbe plaintiffto recover in a navigable f0',1'1' u"
damaaes for tbe seduction of his daughter. 30 hours to reach Toledo, 33 hours to 1 rrre
The verdtct recdered by the jury in this! Haute, and 30 hours by slage from thence
case wa. exemplary, being 84,000 dama- to St. Loub across the ."f"1" "f
ees, The parties reside in the town of Am- Southem Ilhnois, making tn aH 143 hours.
hent. Tnedefend.nl made no defence,'or six days. The traveler can easily pa--3
1 but.submitled the casc without rcmaik,
I M. Filijiore, Esq., who was retaiccd as5
associate counsel with II. K. Sirmr. Esq.
for th plainiifls, addressed the jury at tne'
clbjing up ofthe trial with great efiecJ.
-
DR. FRANKLIN'S OPINION OF AN-
IMAL MAGNETISM.
T , . . . . ,
In 0 lato n.umbcr of -Klaf S"3 ws
find the following communication :
Messrs Editors Many ofthe present
day prido theraselves as living in an nge
noted for its remarkablc improvemcnt in
tho arts and sciences, or, "an age of discor-
ery ;' and in support of this opinion wilF
ed by its behevers.
while thev do not
knovr, or forzet, that it is an old humburr of
blcd down, fell into trances. saw wondorfut
sichts. and went throu"h manv mana:vre3.
like pcrsons supposcd to bc Lcwitched.
"1 ne Kovernment, in ordur to asccrtain
( the fact or defeat the imposition. appointetl
a cnmmittFc ot phyMcian?, to inquire into
tho case, and t'r. Franklin, was requesied
to accompany them, which he did.
"Tho commiitec went to thc opcralor
house, nnd tha person3 on whom the opera
lion was to be performed were nssemblcd
They were placed in tbe position in which
they had been when under former opera
tions, and Mind folded. In a little timo
they began to show signs of agitation, and
in the space of about two houis they went
through all the frantic airs and performed
all thc wonders they had shown before ; hut
thc case was, that no opcration, wasporfcr
ming upon them, neitbcr was tho opcrator,
in the room, fcr he had been ordered out by
tho physicians. but as the persons did not
know it, they supposed him present and or
crating upon them- was the rjfect of ioi
agination only. Dr. Franklin in relalinj;
tbis account to the writcr oftbis article,said.
tbat be thought the governmcnt might as
well havc let it gone on, for that ns invigi
nation somctimes produced disordcra, it
might also cure some."
Yours,
CojtJto.T Sksk.
Hard Ti.mes ix Micnio.ix. A lettcr
from Royal Oak, Oakland counly, Michi
gan, states thus ; "It is thc bardest time for
cattle of all kiuds here this wintci, that I
have witnessed ; there is no bay in tho
country to be had for money or any thing
else. I hcard a pcrson say thi morning,
(March 31) that his horses and cattlcmust
starve, and that be took the straw out of his
beds to fecd his cattle. Tbere is now about
two feet of snow on the ground. and as cold
as ai any time in thc month of Janunry.
Ihate also heard ofsomo ofthe farmer
fecding their cattle with suucrtine flour.
Whte.
FfcOM Texas. By the arrival of lhe
stearn packct New-York. we have rceeivcd
Galvcston papers to thc 9ih ul. From for
mer advices it appeared that Judge Robin
son, onc ofthe Texian prisonrrs captured
by Gen. WoII, at Sru Anionio, had bcon
lonrp whntpvpr. tn bfl stalionpil in 1 exas.
Tho Civilian, which publishcs the fore-
going proposions, speaks them inadecided
Iy favorable manner. and demar.ds for them
a scrious and respectful consideratioc. It
i is understood that Santa Ana is willing to
coocede every tbing to Tcxaf, except tne
name ofsovcreignty. He is convinced of
the utter imnossibilitv of reccnqurin!: the
, , . - , i.;i.
countrv.and is anxious.to make terms while
-
WABAsn and Erie Caai Tho 11 a
bash and Erie Canal is now completed fmni
r,t- Frin tn La Favette, a point on tho
SK.iri to which steamboats ascend troni

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