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The Middlebury people's press. [volume] (Middlebury, Vt.) 1841-1843, July 05, 1843, Image 1

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a gffce felg ffonmaf, acfaotefr to SJoUtfcs, Slttcrature, srflrfculturc, StloraUtg, (Sfcncrnl KntrlUflcncc atrtr Jjttmtln Hcaftfng.
H. BELiL, Editor and Proprietor. MIDDLEBURY VT.JULY 5, 1843. VOL. VI1L-NO. 9
j U PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY MOENING
NORTH end of the bbidge, by
J. C O B B JR.
by whom all orders for printinir Books
Pamphlets, Bills, Cards, &c, of everv dcs
cnpuon wm De neatlvand tashionab v ex
ecuicu, ai snort notice
Villare iub;criberi S2.00
Mn.l c..1..j.-:i... . . o nn
Inditriduali and Corapaniel who lake at ihe office
I 5I'75orI'ou cents u paid in nx months.
Tho'e wlio lake of Poslriders . . . 2,00
If not paid at theend ofthe year 2, 25
No naneri discontinned uotil arr:irair 9n nTl
Iexcept al the option ofibe proprietor. No paymer t
to Carriers allowed except ordcrcd by the proprietor
Altcominunicaiionsmiistbc addressed to the editnr
I Post Paid.
AGUICULTURAL.
COMMON SALT.
Common salt, highly recomracndcd as a
manure by somc, has been as much deprc
ciatcd by others, and hcncc, when directly
npplicd, is considcrcd as n doubtful ferliii-
zer by almost all. 1 he obscurity in regard
to its usc, however, rests cbicfly on the
quantity which ought to he employcd. The
result ot enmnnrrihvn nvninmnnta mnMn in
Gcrmany, showcd that a very few pounds I
rieracio were suflicient to produce a largely
incrcascu rciurn oi crass, wnue in nnmanu
it has been bcncficiallv applicd wilhin the
widc lnnits of fiom 5 to 20 bushcls pcr acrc.
and when uscd for clcaning the land in ati.
tumn of 30 bushcls an are. Apcndix lo
Julinson p. 5.
Employed in modcratequanlities in com-
posts, salt is highly promolivc of Fermenla
tion ; applied liberally late in the fall, or
carly in the spnng, is verv dcstructive to
worms and insocts : uscd in IIip form of
nbrino for soaking sccd wheat, it prcvepts
thc smut ; and it othcrwise acts bcncflcially
by stimulatiii,; the ahsorbent vcssels of
planls, or impirting lothem directfood : by
prcvcnting injury from the suddcn transi.
tions of tcmperaturp, and by increasing the
moisturc ofdry hot soils. It has a speciflc
cficct upon all planfs of the cabbage and
onion tribe : nothing is more bcnelicial to
an asparagus bcd ; and it is suggcstud to
thosc who consult thcir own intr.rcsts bv
rearing thc most valuable kinds of fruils, to
try the cxpcriment cauliously. of applying
salt or bnnc in modrralc quanlitics about
the roots of their trces. Farm. Cab.
Whether. however, it will be cxpcdicnt
for farmers to introduco this mamirc in gen.
cral practice, evcn if its suits one's particu
lar soil, is wholly to be decidcd by a refcr
cncc to its comparalivc cxpcnsivcncss.
SOOT.
This substance, consislinjr chiclly of
gcinc, nitrogen, and tho salts, of limc. pot-
nsh. soda, ammonia, is rankcd by Llr. Uana
"amonc the most powcrful of manurcs in
the class consisting of gcine and salts."
He observcs : "On the pnnciplcs adopteu
for determining the value of manurcs, tho
salts in 10C Ibs. of soot are equal to onc ton
ofcow dung. Its nitrogen givcs in a value,
compared wth cow-dung, as 40 to 1."
Manual, p. 101.
A most satisfaclory experiment with this
substance has been tried by thc wntor the
present year. From two to thrce quarts of
fcoot, which had been collccted from thc
flru place the Iast autumn, and lain expcsed
to the weathcr through the winter, was,
some time in April, carefully incorporated
with the soil ahout the roots of an egg plum
trec, which thoi'gh it had borne fruit repca.
tedly, had attaincd but a very small sizc,
and had not. in the Iast scvcn years put out
so many inches of new wood. Tho result
has been, that, by actual measurement, it
has scnt forth numcrous shoots thc past sca.
eon, from two to thrce fcet long, nnd onc
to thc length of four fcet and a half. -
An AwruL Tbagedt. The Washinglon
(Arkansasl Telesraph ofthe 24th ult. brings
us intelligence ot shocking murders com.
muted m lioore r abre. Uuachita county Ar
kansas. Mr Ezra Hill. ofthe firm of Hill J- But
ler, wss the owner of five negroes a man
and his wife and their three famale children,
the eldest about fourteen the youngest about
nine yearsold, Mr. Hill, on the 15th ult.,
gave the mother orders to do certain woik.
which sha refused, and being threatened
with punishment. she ran and mado her es.
cape lo the woods. Her husband then seiz.
ed a club axe and made an altack on Mr.
Hill, infiicting several severe blows, when
his daughier, a girl of 15, in'erposcd be.
tween them, nnd received a blow intended
for her father, and fell to the earth mortally
wounded. Mr. Hill finally overpowered
the negro. and wrested the axe from him.
His little son a lad of 14, ran to the houso
for a gun loaded with buckshot, which he
lischarged into the shoulder of tho negro.
The fullow, however, did not fall, but took
lo his heels. He found his wife and chil
drc n upon the banka ofthe river and explain
ed lo them the crimcs he had commilted, ho
insistcd that they thould die with him, after
mucb constraint he succeeded in drowning
himself and his three children. His wife
cscaped by clinging to a tree. A party in
pursuit discovered her in this situation'and
subsequenlly recovered the four bodies of
the drowned negroes, and buried them. Mr.
HiU's daughter still sunrived anhe Iast oc
countt.
MISCELLANEOUS.
LETTER FROM REV. PRESIDENT
DURBIN.
Valley ofJehosamiat, Mabch 7, 1843,
Here I set id the shade of the tomb of
Zachanas,ai the foot of Mount Olivet, where
it descends into the-Valley of Jehosaphnt,
directly opposite tho Eastern wall ofthe
I emple, and towenng hich above the hrow
or Mount Monah. Mount Moriah ! VVhat
a world of hcavcnly and Iransporting ener
gy uoes inis worci awnken ttie bosom of the
Jew, and the Moslem, but particularly the
Chrislian ! The ofTering np of Isaac, the
plague ot Uavid lor numbcnng the people,
when the angel of destruction stood hcre
with a drnwn sword in the threshing lloor
ofOrnan (1 Chron.xxr,) thetravail andin-
dustryof the cxiles returned by pcrmission
of Cyrus to rebuild thcir temple, tho won
dcrful miraclcs of Christ nnd his apostles
wrought on that mount beforc mc, the ob-
stinatc dcfcnce of the Jews. when Titus
pressed thcm from the Temple to Mount
Zion, tho dcslruction of thesacrcd cdificc,
tho appropriation of the holy mount (o tho
service ot Moslcmism, its rcstitulion to
Christian worship by the Crusadcrs, and its
return again to tho Moslem service, which
t yct continucs, crowned with thc Mosnucs
of Omar and El Aesa, whose beautiful
domcs sit abovc the sacrcd placc with ad.
nurablc lightiicssnnd graco. As I strollcd
by open gitcways, and lookcd in, how ear
nestly did I long to enler the sacred inclo-
surc, Iingcr in its walks, and aniid its trccs ;
cnterevcn the mosques, particularly that of
Omar, which covers, perhaps, the very spot
wherc Isaac was oflcrcd, and ovcr which
tho magnificent Tcmple of Solomon was
built, which ho dcdicatcd to God by thc
most cloqucnt nnd scnsible of all praycrs,
except our Lord's ; (1 Kings viii, 23, &c ;j
but ,h0 '" nloslcm lorbids the feet
...Q..k.oU
soil, nndcross tho consccrnted thrcshold.
But I must return to the valley, from
whenco I promised you this Icltei bcforo I
left liomc, and which promiseyou reccived
somcwhat dotibtingly. 1 have wandcrcd
in and ilnwn it. frnm llm tnmhs of thn JinW.
cs. just beyond itshcad, lo the North-West
ofthe city, about onc and a halfmiles to thc
wcll of Job, perhaps IhcV.n Rogel of Scrip
turc.a quarter of a tnilc bclow the South.
East corncr of thc city. It is indeed a val
ley of the dcad or rather of tomhs, for their
conlents are gonc; nnd the scpulchral cham.
berf, where they slcpt in pcace many ccn.
turies ago, are now but gaping caverns in
tho rock, wherc replilcs ncstlc, if they bc
singlc, small scpulchrcs ; or flocks Iic down,
if they bc largc, as thc tombs ofthe Judg
cs, Kings nnd Prophcts, and somo in thc
Soulhern clifTof the Gihon, both undcr and
nnd above the 'Poer' FiM." I havo
rambled through them all, and found not a
figmcnt of their former conlents. Thc
limestone rock in which they are cxcnvated
is soft, and has yicldcd to thc clcmcnts.nnd
hrnken awny in front of, nnd somctiincs a
bovc thc chambers. This is the casc all
ovcr Palcstinc, (nlso at Pctra, wherc thc
rock is soft sandstonc,) nnd constantly re
minds one of his mortality, and rcduction
to dust, and dispcrsion to tho winds of lienv
cn. What a glorious assurancc, that thc
soul is not commilted to tho tomb, but re
turns to God who gave it !
I havo just comc upfrom the Pool ofSi
loam, which has acounection with the Pool
ofthe Virgin, several hundredyards higher
up. Thc first isin tho moulh of Tysopcon
Valley, just where it cntcrs that of Jchos
haphat, and thc other is on thc West side
ofthe Iatter not many hundred yards from
whence I date this Icttcr. The connection
is by a narrow passagc cut through thc point
of tho hill which slopes down from the
Soulh-East corner of the Tcmple. These
fpuntains are now suhjcct to occasional vi
olent, irregular flows of the waters, which
makcs one think of thc Pool of Bcthesda,
mentincd in the fiflh chapterof John, whose j
watcrs the angel troublcd "at a ccrtain sca.
son." Our countrymen, I)r. Robinson and
Rev. Mr. Smith, witnessed one of these
singular movemcnts ofthe watcrs. Wei
. . ... i
were not so lortunate. Ao one knows
whence the waters come to these cavcrnous
pools, but thcre is a steady tradilion, and
general imptession, that they have a con
nection with the fountains under tho Tem.
plc'sarea; and perhaps Milton wasappri
scd of this when he wrote,
"5iloa'a brook that flowed,
Fait by the oracln or God."
I dcscndcd into the pool to wash as all
good pilgrms do. and found a coarsc, rag
ged, strapping Arab womcn, washing a dir
ty old quilt, which lay floating upon the lit
tle shallow volumc of water. She shrunk
away from me as from the approach of a '
leper. and stood huddlcd up in a little chasm
in the rock, Iooking blankly upon my pil-1
gnm devotions. Tho water is swect and
good.
I shall not now undertakc to describe thc
tombs to you, but perhaps I may allow you
to peep into my omnium gatherum, where
I have plans of them, notes also. But I feel
oppressed wilh sadncss, as I east my eje
up the side of Mount Olivet behind mc, nnd
look upon the Jewish cemetry, speading
over the sacred hill side, covering it with
short, thick stoncs, cach of which lics flat
on thc ground, and pressed into it a little,
as if they had once slood erect, and hnd
been prostratcd and pressed by some terrible
storm. They are a striking emblem of
that most wonderful people, prostratcd and
trodden down every where but in America;
and yet the heart ofa Jew furns toward the
sideof Olivct.overagainst thosacred mount,
on which once stood the temple of his fa
thers, and thcre he desires. above all things,
to rest him when his earthly pilgrimage is
finished. They linger about the holy city,
and stcal through its streets to tbe place of j
waiting, or to the West cide of tbo temple,
asjghosts tbat have been frightoned away,
and returned again to the resting places of
their mortal remains. The first Jews I saw
at JTerusalem were three sitting apart in the
rent trunk of an aged olive tree, in the
deep reteired valo of tho Gihon. I pity
them ffom my very heart.
Just above where I date from is the gol
den gate .from which our Saviour used to
issue at evening.'and retire to Mount Oli
vct. It is now walled up in tcmple wall.
Above me in the valley is the reputed tomb
of tho Virgin, in which I attended thc de
votions of the crowd of pilgrims, and fol.
lowed them into tho little chamber, whcre
they pressed thcir lips long and ardently to
the cold rock; as a young mother kisscs
for the Iast time her only child beforc it is
laid to rest in the grave. What a mystery
this old world is ! The glory and great
works of man have perished, but thesavior
ofthe deeds of the Almichty and the prcs.
ence of this favorito primativc children, still
pcrfume the rocks and mountains, and all
nations send their pilcrims to honor the
consccrated places; and it is painful to the
Protestant to know that this external wor.
ship is considercd cftlcacious for saving the
soul. I wish I could describc to vou what
I saw in nnd around the Church ofthe Ho
ly Scpulchre. But my letter to you at
vqur request be!onrs to the Vallev of Je.
hosaphat.
From tho valley I asccndcd. of course.
tho Mount of Olives, paused and un.
dcr the gnarled and rent olive trees of Geth-
scmanc, which seem as if they might be thc j eagerly watching the progress of cvcnta in ' cannot so much advance our interests, as by
samc that witnessed the agony of our Sa- , Scoiland. I conferring upon Texas thc love of Justice,
vior, rambled out to Bethany, stood on the j Wo aro greally mistaken if the Gvern.!.f law 'i"'1 ''berty, which so preeminently
asccnsionspot,returnedtothecityalongthe'ment do not cven now Iamcnt their past i ,,lsti,)Su!su Great Britaiu." RicA. IVhig.
way of our Saviour's triumohant entrv in- ( and fatal course oforoccduro tntvnnl "ihn
to Jcrusalcm ; but I must pause ; Bethel,
Shiloh, Sychem, Samaria, Nazarcth, Tvrc,
Sydon, Damascus, Baalbcc, ccc. are be.
fore me, and my sheet is full.
JOHN P. DURBIN.
From thc PliiUdelpIiia North American.
GEN. WASIIINGTON'S LAST VOTE.
Evcry incidcnt in tho life of Washing
ton is full of interest. That plan hcroic
magnitudc of mind which distinguished him
above all other men wa.s evidcnt in all his
actions. Patriotism, chastcncd by sound
judgcmcnt and careful thought, prompted
a ns Pubnc acts, and mado thcm cxnm
1-.. r ti t ! e t ,
It has bccn said that no onc can have the
shortest interview with a truly great man,
wilhout being made scnsible of his supcri
ority. Of too many, who have some way
earncd thc titlc ofgrcat, this is by no mcans
.. ....... ..u,
truc. Its applicability to the charactcr of
Washington, is vcnhed m the following in.
Icrcsting circumstances rclatcd by a cor
rcspondcnt ofthe Charleston Courier.
'I was present," says the correspondcnt,
"when General Washington gave his Iast
voto. Itwnsin the spnng of 1799, in the
town of Alcxandria. Iic dicd thc 14th Dc-
cember following. Tho Court Housc of
Fairfax county was then over thc markct
housc, and immcdiately fronting Gadsby's
tavcrn. Thc cntranco into it was by a
slight flight or crazy stcps on the outsidc.
The clcction was progrcssing-several ihou.
sands of persons in thc Court House yard
and immediatc ncighboring strects ; and I
was standing on Gadsby's slcps when thc
falhcr of his country drovc up, and immc
diately approached thc Court House stcps,
and when wilhin a yard or two ol them 1
saw cight or ten good Iooking men, from
diffcrcnt directions, ccrlainly wilhout thc
least conccrt, spring simultaneously, and
place themsclvcs in positions to uphold and
support thc stcps should they fall in tho
Gencral's ascent of thcm. I was immcdi.
ntely at his back, and in that position cntcr
ed the Court House with him followed in
his wake through a denso crowd to thc polls
hcardhim voto returned with him to the
outward crowd-hcard him chcercd by moro
than two thousand persons as he entcrcd
his carriage and saw his departurc.
Thcre wcrc five or six candidales on thc
bcnch sitting, and as the General approach
ed thcm, they aroso in a body and bowed
smilingly, nnd the salutation having been
returned very graccfully, the General im
mcdiately east his eyes towards tho regis
try of the polls, when Coloncl Eenea'c, I
think it was, said, "Well, General, how do
you vote I" Thc General looked at the
candidates, and said, "Gentlemen, I vote
for measurcs not for men," and turning to
tho rccoiding tablo, audibly pronounced his
vote saw it entcred made a graccful bow
and retired."
The following account of the disruption
ofthe Church of Scotland will be read with
interest. We copy it from the Newry
Commcrcial Telegraph.through the Albany
Daily Advertiser.
DisRtfrrioN of me CncRcn of Scot-
lakd. Tbe crisis is over. We have no
longer room for doubt, or fear, or hope. The
disruption in tne onurcn oi ocouana nas
actually taken place. Full particulars of
the deeply lnterestingevent occupy a Iargo
portion of our present publication. They
will be perused with sorrow by the thought
ful and scrious-minded. Thcre may be
somc in whose hearts the details will excite
no painful feelings. Nay, we know thero
are a class who will be rather gratified
thereby those whocxulted in anticipation
of the 'Hceeding" of the Scottish Estabh'sh
ment.
These have had tbeir expectations
I. Let them judgc now whether j
realized
Sir George Sinclair was a false prophet,
when he predictcd that "such 'weeding'
would resemblo the infatuations ofthe gar
dener, who cut down his finest vines and
apple lrees,in order that the sloes and bram
bles might have ample room to vegetate
and to expand."
Such a scene as that which occurrcd in
Edinburgh, on Th'ursday Iast, words cannot
describe. A similar has scldom been wit
nessed. Multitudes fiom every quarter in
the land, and many distinguished individu
als from England and our own country. had
congratulated to behold the speclaclo. How
greatly imposing and iroprcssive must have
been tho wholc proceedings ! But the de-
parturo ofthe Prolcslors was the most touch.
ing sight. Had the cminent Chalmers aris
en alone to abandon the Church of which
he has been the greatest ornamen;, such an
occurrcnce would have been inexpressibly
mournful and calamitous. But, then. to
see the whole mass ofthe most devoted and and our trade be hers, a communitv ofinter
zealous Ministersof the Uhnrch holy men, course, ofa common parantagc, and common
whoie piety, and labors, and talent?, have pnuciples ; but let us consider this Union as
endearcd them to their countrymen. and is,ome.thinS 100 sacred to be risked by the in
given such an in.pulse to the progress ofre- "'te ".PSDsion of territory and incorpo
f;m. ii. i o ,i jrt. . rT . ration of incongruous elements.
hgon that not only Scotland, but the most For oe,, ,ve regard ,he annexation
distant coutnes in the world, have expen- of Texas as so fraught with disaster to this
enced its efiects to SCO all these. with tho . conntrv that we had rather th Americnrr
distinguished Welsh and Chalmers tho P-eopIe bad to encounter, in hostile conflict,
venerable Dr. Gordon MacBonald, "the Bonaparte and the ermy of Italy. Tbe Iast
ApcsUe of the Highlands" tKe lofly mind-1 ,T,u'd bre,.but " emporary and vanquishable
ed M'Farlan coming forth sfmWfaneously f"1 1 ?he first w.ou,d l,eI?nre whose unhn.V
frm i !u """"a"cuu,J' py effects no sagacity could foresee, no wis
from their places in the Assembly, and de- dom gU!U.d aginst; and no valor repel. It
partingin solemn separation, from the j would literally be cmbarkingonn vastocean
! no longcr continuc, must indeed have been
a stranccly excitini; and heart rendinir'
, spectacle.
eirccofThT d S;a,6d thheVVi,oryso.argVabr6oU
eflccts of Tharsday s proceedings would be Nor Athens ,a? er tha the nJotorious CoUn-
lelt over the world. In Scotland thej will ty of Madison! Yet these two little Statee,
excitc thousands of hearts that will not be by intellectual superionry and discipline, not
soon calmed. We know what depth and nierely held tho world m awe, but are trans-
intensity of feeling thcy will produco in m'tted to all postcrity as the brigbtest exam-
Ulster; and that throuchout Europe they I'Ie13or;rna"na'canachieve,wbenheisfrce
will attract univcrsal and serious attention ! "nr'"'''0,"''- -P i, , , r i
r. .i ti . . l "Let tngland, if shecan,cstablish a con-
s ccrtain, for tho Protestant Churches on ,rolinR imfuence in Texas. As friends of
the Uontincnt and in America have been the hnn-nii rnn. m ln nm niiiect m ;r si,o
j Church of Scotland. " We believe Sir Rob-j
ert Pcel has been, all alon!r, deceived bv'
partics who had no other desire than to scc
the Church prostratcd. The falsehoods that
were so widely circulafed, in Encland nnd
clsewhcrc, about the allcgcd insignificant
numbcrs of thoso who rcally intcnded to re.
tirc from the Church, had, no douht thcir
eflect upbn the Cabinet. The faithlessncss
and trcacherv of thoso who were looked
upon as the best fricnds ofthe Non-Intru-
sionists, had, also, in all likelihood, an un
happy infiuencc with her Majeslv's advi.
sers. iiut in whatevcr way swayed, thc
conduct ofthe Government in relation to
thc Church of Scotland has been inconsid.
erale, ilNadvised, impolilic.
Tho consequcnces which have already
attended thc mistaken policy ofthe Gov
ernment aro of inconccivablc importance.
Virlually, the Church of Scotland is over-
thrown. It has lost all ils Ministers of a-
ny piety and worth. It will now be a to
tally useless thing iu the land. The fabric
ofthe National Church may stand for a
time-that itscxistcnce will he bricf is plain;
but the vast majority ofthe Scottish pcople
will mournfully gazc upon it, as the sad and
dismantled remains of a once noble and bc
lovcd Institution.
We have not space to dwell furlhcr on
this subjcct at present. It makcs us trem
blu to think of all thc consequcnces that
may cnsue from tho disruption of tho Scot
tish church. These arc serious times.
Error is fast spreading, and it may be that
thc troublcs and commotions in Scotland
are but the prccursors of others, cven morc
scvere and alTlicfive, which the Churchcs of
Christ, gencrally have yct to cndurc on the
earth.
The Freo Presbyferian Church of Scot
land has been formcd. It contains a no
ble and devoted band of worlhies, having
at their hcad that great and good man of
whom Jsir Ueorge ainclair has truly dcclar.
ed that it may bcsaid :-"Whcrever Thom
as Chalmers is, there is the Church of Scot.
land !-not indeed the Church of Scotland's
statutcs but tho Church of Scotland's peo
ple of Scotland's influentialand middling
classcs of ScotlaDd's pious peasantry the
ccntro of thcir hopcs, their confidcnce,thcir
love, their veneration." Once these dis
tinguished men are scattcred over thcir
country, it may be that their success shall
be evcn greater than before in spreading
and upholding tho Truth. God speed them!
TEXAS AND SLAVERY.
The Richmond fPhigis one ofthe most
indenendent. clear-sichted.
innmnl, in ihn fTninnn. i.... ... 1
" -r i""""" i
er manly and National, above all local pre-
juuices anu crovel ng appeats. In a late
J o ty i u '"icj
number ofthat paper, the Editor thus speaks
ofthe questionsagitatedin this country with
regard to Texas and her institutious:
"Wegive place willingiy to a long, ani-
matod articlc on the subjcct of Texas and
Slaverj, a subject destiued to occupy much ;
ofthe publie mind, and to awakcn possibly
the must excited passions.
" But the reasoning of the autbor, spe
cious asitis, does not reach our conviMinn.
Wecarenot who, whether British Philau-i
lln.nnfa n. An.n-:n I." .T- 1 ... I
thropists or American Fanatics, or both, are
u!eruuux iu i cass nuu irocurui tne result , i"g ln" lalv ar, ico inai imtion, anu tne
of the eradication of Slavery, whicb we be- civilized world, to believe that slavery was
lieve about to ensue. We care not wbetheria national institution. sustained by the freo
she is to continue slave-hold.ng, or to he ; S,atcs as well as the slave States, and we
madeby British Abolition influence non-s ave .1 1 j- ,1 .L j-
holding. In eilher case we are opposed to Wrer, consei3uenlly "Ived "dwm
her annexation to this country on Constitu-1 of slavcry- Tho exartions of our Govern.
tional grounds. and grounds of safety and , ment ,0 prevent the abolilion of slavery in
self-defence to those who now form the U-jCuba, and thus to slop the progress ofhu
nion. I man liberty, involved the people ofthe free
" Wc lay down this proposition in the u"t- Stales in all tho disgrace attached to that
most confidence that itisconfirm.n-to hp-'extraordinarv transaclion. Tho spiriled
man naturc, and tbat the event will venfv it: 1 : r . ' .j
rrcr . , , , w 11 . -
in disofve ljnion before it wai COHJenthe cause ofthe slave dcalers, who owned
to the annexation: lf Slavery U aholuhed1"0 cargoes ofthe Comet nnd Encomium,
South will ilisolve the Union rather than to 7
submit to such an overwhelminj acquisition
of strength to the non-slave-holding interest
intne feuerai uoverninenti
"The horns ofthe dilemma are equally fa
tal. There is only one way to escape this
most menacing dinger, and that is to Ieave Jmcni a.m0DR oorselves. This state of pub
Texas fo herself: and if we could have any c opinion onginated in the patriolism of
innuence witn our countrymen it snould be"
devoted to beseech them to dismiss them now
and forever tbe thought of incorporaiing bei
with this Union ! She is an empire iii terri-.
tory as large as Virginia, Pflnnsylvania, and
Ne w-York united with a most delicious cli
niate and gloriously fertile able to support
a population of30 millions, and to.defend
her liberties against a world of arms,
" Lct her take her own stand among the
nations of the earth in any form and with
what instiiutionsshe pleases! but let her not
sink this Union and thc splended experiment
it is making for the promotion of the happi
ness and liberty of the world. Let all the
advantages of our alliance, our friendsbip
. r " compass to ascertain your position.
" we have country enough and too much.
, ur patnotic affections are already diffused
PACIFICUS:
TUE itcnTS and fbivileges of the seve-
ral states in begard to slavery ;
Beinga scriesorEasirpublisbed in the Western Ccsenre
Chronlde, (Ohlo,) aflrr ibe electlon of 1B42.
BY A WI1IG OF OHIO.
NUMBER VII.
VIOLATIONS OF THE CONSTITDTION COKTIN-
UED.
Mk. Editor : I proceed to notice, brief
ly, somo of the instances in which the peo
ple ofthe freeStates have been involvcd in
tho dhgraee of slavery In my first num
ber I alluded to the unanimous dcclaiaiion
by these States of ihe self-evident trulh,
"THAT MAN IS BOHN FREE, A7CD IS ENDOWED
BY HIS CREATOS WITH TUE INAL1ENABLE
right of life. liberty, and the pnasniT
of nAPFiNEss." Every act of our Fuderal
Government, which denies to our fello w men
theso right5, exhibils to (ho world an incon
sistency, and renders us obnoxious to thc
charge of hypocrisy. Tho first act of gross
inconsistency, on the part of tho Fcderal
Government, was tho act of Congrcss, ap
proved 27ihFebruary, 1801, by which sla
very and the slave trado wero re-estabhsh.
ed, conlinued, and aro now supported in
tho District of Columbia. Under that law,
the pcople ofthe freo States have for forty
years been involved in the disgrace of the
slave trade, which, during that period, has
been carried on in the city of Washington.
At an carly day, it wac found that tho
slaves of thc south cscaped lo tho British
West India Island, to Mexico, and to Can
ada. Our Government espouscd the cause
of tho slavoholdcrs, and opened a corrcs
pondejce with Gieat Britain and Mexico,
in ordcr to obtain an arrangement with
those Govcrnments for the return ofsuch
slaves ; thtis endeavoring lu make the Fed
eial Government and the frce Stales the
protectors of slavcry, and holding out to the
world that it was a national institution, in
palpable violation of the constilution, and of
every dictale of justice. In 1835 the peo
ple of Florida sent a representation to Gen.
eral Jackson, that tho slavcs of that TerrK
tory, and ofthe adjuining States, were in
tlie habil of fleeing from thcir masters and
laking refugc with the Seminole Ino'ians.
Our troops, paid by the Fedcral Govern
menl in money drawn from the people ofthe I
north, were ordered ihere, and were Iiteral-
ly rrado ihe catchpoles of slaveholders; thus
making the capture cirusilive slavcs tho
business ofthe nalion, and involving the
people of the free States in its disgrace.
1 menlioncd in a former number tbe fact
.... . . r .. .... y, . .
I " .
T . c t l
n,irnn,pnr Hp rniiniT n fnrl in v.hirhfii.
Li,ivre s'l4ves had taken refuge, and that two
hundred and seventy human bcings were
murdered in cold blood by the agents ofour
Government, paid by the freemen of the
' north.
In this cxtraordinaty transaction, our peo.
ple of the freo States were involvcd in lhe
disgrace ofmurdering fugilhe slaves.
The cfibrls which our Government put
forth lo obtain indomnitv for tho owners of
slavs who cscaped !o lhe British army du-
ujauuci 111 wihui uur uuvermneni esuousr:u
all the ignominy altached to lhe supporters
of the slave trade.
But the honor of the free Slates has suf-
' fered mot deeply from the restraints placed
i. i .u r... r
me nonnern oiaica- i nor to tne lormauon
ofour Constilution, our people felt the ab
sotete neccssily of a confederated Govern. j
ment, inuro ampie powers man exisiec
under the old confederation. To obtain
this, they "were ready and willing to make
sacrifices. Georgia and South Carolina
would not adopt the Coostitution, unless
thoy were permittcd to follo w the slave trade
for twenty years ; to this the northern States
roluctantly consented, in order to bring
them into tho Union. Tho north also con
sented to permit tbo south to be represen.
ted in Congress in proportion to the num
ber of their slaves, and to pursus their fugi
tive slaves into the free Stater, and arrest
and carry them back. These concessions
were sacrifices of northern sontiments and
northern inlerests, make for thc purpose of
obtaining a more cfHcient government, in
order to strengthen and perpetuate the insli-
tutions ofour covntry. In this mannorthej
Constilution was purchased by the free !
S at s. Since thc adoption of the Constitu.
tion, we havo been constantly called on to
make furtbcr sacrifices to purchase its con-tinuanci-.
Thus, in 1820, tho slave Stales
dcmanded an extension of the slaveholding
influcnrc, by lhe admissinn of Misouri as
a slave State, in order to check iheincrcas.
inglprrponderence ofthe free States. The
frefi States objected. Thc south threatened
an immediate dissolution ofthe Union, un.
less their demands wero comptied with.
Thc north submitled for tho purpose otpre
sirving thc Union. The sacrificc was de
clared an act of patriolism, and an I'XampIe
worthy to be imitated bv statesmen and pol
iticians. In 1833 South Carolina demand
ed a surrcnder of tho larifT, and distinclly
informed us, that, unless her demands were
complied uith, she would di-SJlvo the Un
ion. The statesmen of tho freo States hes-
itatcd, trembled, an J submittcd. Tho tariff
was repraled, and the intercsts of lhe frce
Stales yicldcd up, in order to purchase a
continuance of tho Union. The act is yet
quoted by some as an example of patriolism
on tho part of llip. frce States. Our press,
cur statesmen, our polilicians ticaled it as
such ; and our people were thus lcd to be
lieve, that thc sacrifico nf northern rights lo
tho intercsts ofthe slave otilcs, was, infcat.
a duty and a virtuc.
Whenevor tho interests ofthe norih nnd
south came in conflict. soulhern members
were, for more than a quarter ofa ccntury,
in the habit of threatening "a dissolution of
the Union,'' as lhe most effectual argumen!
in favor of their mcasures ; and it seMom
failcd to conviucc iheir opponents. This
practice becamo so common, that dlclatiou
appears to have been rcgardcd as the right
ofthe soulh, and submission was looked up
on as the duty ofthe north. This feeling
prcvailed so long, and to such an extcm,
that any deviation from the accustomed sub
mission was regarded as supicious.
In our circlcs at home, tho agitation of
any question which embraccd the institution
ofslavery, or Ihe slave trade, was usually
dcnounced as abolilion; and, wilhout furlher
examination, was regarded as dishonorable
lo him who proposed it. Our public m:n
became unwilling to inisn any question that
should affect slavcry, lest they should ihere
by jeopardi-.o their political standing ; and
the public press discouragcd every attcmpl
lo assert the righis of the free Stales in op.
posilion to the intercsts of lhe south. To
support slavcry, it is absolutely necessary to
suppress all knowledgo of human rights a.
monu those hrld in boudage.
To the supprcssion or such knotvlcdge
our people of lhe free States becamo acces.
sory. in doing this, our own rights were
lost sight of ; wc saw our money laken from
ourpockets and appropriatcd lo the recap
ture, and cven lo thc murder of fugitive
slaves, and were silcnt under tho outrago.
Thc spirit of indcpendenco nnd honor seem
ed to have fled from our people. We saw
our Presidents ; our Heads of Deparlments ;
our Speakers of lhe Houso of Rrpresenta-
tivcs, and onr.c&enate ; our fbrcisn mims
.ers; our omcers n mc army nna navy.
mostly taken from the slave States, , and vo
meekly submitled to the abuse. Wo saw
our rcspectful petitions to Congress treatcd
wiiii coniempt : anu our ciuzens, nno inus
to approch their servanls, were insultcd
and abuscd by thc supercilious advocatcs of
slavery ; while scarcely a sol.lary vo.co was
nirn in n&ttnrn n I nnrfnorn hnnnr. Kvn
heard in defence of northern honor. Evcn
such as dared to ,stard forth in defence of
our righis and intercsts, were gencrally
condcmned by ihe press. or '"damn'd with
faint praise." This was Ihe point ol our
Iowest degradation. Hislory will mark the
commencement of 1842 as the period ofthe
dcepest humilialion of iho free States. It
was Ihe limo when lhe slave power ruled tri
umphant ; and, untrammcled by tho Consti.
tuiioo, held the freemen ofthe north in al.
most willing subjeclion to its dictates: when
the rights, the inlerests, and lhe honor of
the free S'ates were regarded as of little im.
portancc, excepi as c means o promotiag
the interests of tho slave States. At this
period, when all hope of supporiing the
righis of tnc north appearcd about to expire,
a moit imporlanl incidcnt transpircd in the
House of Representatives of the Uniled
Slates. John Quincy Adams presentcd a
pelition to dissoke lhe Union ; I say nolb.
ing in favor of this pelition ; it was, howev
er, a request that Congress would carry in
lo effect lhe threats which, for twenty-five
vcut... ..ao ucer. put.oru. y ""' " "
L-J L e L L .1, 1
which had assumed to themselves the con
trol ofthe Federal Government, might be
Icfi to lake caro of and prolcct themselves,
Tiio proposition horrified those who had so
oftcii menaced us wilh lhe consequcncei
now prayed for by northern men.
The effect produced by this pelition was
most important. Southem statesmen ex
hibited to the world a consciousncs of their
entirn dependence upon the free Slates. It
was distinctly avowed, by one of thcir ab-
lest and most mfluential members, that 'the ,
dolution of ihe Union would be ll.e dn-
solution of slavery." It snowed to the peo-,
ple of the free States. a?d to the world. that
our inslitutionj and national indepcndence
must ever depend upon northern freemen
for support; From this moment northern
men fe!t more conscious ot iheir power, nna
of tho importance ofour frca iitsiitutions of
the north. Tho sceptre of power then de
parted from tho soulh. na must heroafter
ne swayea ny im norw, .. u H' .
themselves worthy ofthe h.gh tnist reposed I
in them. Jt is truo great effotts were sub .
(,
. 1 1 ' . .
scquently made, and wifl continae to be
made, br members fronr the slavn Statc-i,
aisisted by northern Dcmocrals, to slop ihn
wheels'of thnt revolution in Ihe puhlic mind,
which originatcd in thc atlempt to ceii9tirc
the venerable Adams But their efinrls havtr
only served lo anraken our people more fu'
ly to the maintenaoce of our rights.
PAC1FICUS.
COMIMUNICATION.
For tbe Peopfe'i Freil.
"THOMSONIANISM IN VERMONT."
Mb. Editor. In your papcfof tho 24th
inst. we find an aflicfo Under tho abovcr
hcad, fillcd with so many aspersiom, mis
represenlations and falsehoods, the writer
was cither afraid or dsham'd to altach his
name to it. Now Mr. Editor, wc wish tir
cxaminc a few of this writers slntemcnls,
and make known a few facts in relation to
them, that tho readern of ycitr paper may
be able tajudgc for themsehes of this mat
ter, without the priifTered council of their
unknown friend bohind thc curtan; and
we hopc thc libcrality of scnliment and fei-l-ing,
which scctns to prcvade community
the dcsire of the people to hcar both side
beforc a dccision iamado (sinccyoti hsno
opened your cnlumns for on atlack upon
"Thomsonism in Vefmoit"') ttill bc my
security for tho admissioii of this disclaiincr
also, for tho public eyc. Wc will notice
1st, Thc popular "crg for imi.rovement,"
which seemi to come up In iill (lircctioni
from the pcople, who are dlsguattd wilh
"Lrarncd Quackcry.n Hesccms tochargo
them with recklesness iil notcaring, whclh
er it comcs from tho icise or ignorant, or
whether thcre be nny uli ilq in the propo
sed improvcment, nr not ifthcy cnn nnly
make it popular : but let him remember Iho
old maxim vox populi, tor dcl Ihn voicn
of the people is tho roicc of God. Tho
truth i-s thc public mind is on thc matcli
from lirgularism lo Thomsonism ; and hup.
py will it be for old schnol M. D's. ifthcy
can keep pace with lhe spirit cf ihe limos
kecpup wilh thc csr of public opinion, itnd
not fall under her pondroii3 whceU. Tho
writer sccms to have forgcttcn, llmla im
provements, nnd imporlanl diseoterits in
the arts and sciencies, have been intruduccd
by some obscurn individtlal from among thn
mass of lhe people ,' that thc patlnvay to rt
Form, has always been stalned with thu
blood of martyrs ; the crv of heresy an J
quackery, has always come from the dom
inant party thosc whoso inlerests haw
bccn in opposition lo Ihe interests of liui
peoplc, who have gencrally introdurcd nll
improvemcnls, at the eApcnsc of thcir for
tunes nnd their blood. lnstcad nf being an.
sistcd in tho great work of tefbrm, by ihmr
teachert nnd leaders, a majority of them
have always opposcd thcm, until thc thing
had becomc popttlari and then how q.iick
their crv is changcd "lhev alwavs wero
in favor ofit, when iii ''scienlijithands." It
13 so now. fcincn iliomson hrst be'f.in In
expose th eruel absttrdilies ofthe old school
practice, and make known lhe efiects ol
Blood-lettinjri Caldmchand Opitim, intro.
ducing Lobcli.t, Caycnnc and Stpam, ;n
snbstitutes ; hoiV changed and modified Iho
practire of many regular physicians. In
deed many of thcm in thc Uniled Stales.
havo renouneed and denounced Iheir poison
practicc,andcome over to thcsidc of'l'hoiu
son.
2d, "ThomsOniarts arc, wilhout an cx-
jceplion. illitcrate, nnd ignnrant prctcndcnt
lo thc hcnling art.
ri.:. ;. ..;, r.
. rtraMe . havo onv rcsn to expcct
consIdering ie source rrol whcnce it
, comC3 ft con3 arC h(Jno fl0 b
. ... . , i. n...
when wc proposo bringing our ignorance in
to contact wilh the learnivg and science of
our Regular brethrcn--that our minds innv
b(J cn,ihlencdt wo find (hat ,vhj(c iev -
l , . .....
fess to have nll the Iight. nnd tobcanxioiii.
to difTuse it among thc pbople.thcy avoid ev
ery opporlunity of inccling us before them;
as several have done in this vicinity.
If thc regulaf3 arc honisl in Iheir prr
fessions oHearning and science, and in whnt
they say of tho tgnorance of Thom.sonians ;
whyare they afraid lo mcct us 7 Whv U
it that thcy prcfef doing all they can behind
our backs, to prejudico the pcople, agninst
us, nnd our practice, by private slanderi
nnd abuse, instcad of mceting us wilh fair
argumcnt 1 Or if thcv come out in print,
shield themsclvcs from all rciponsibility, by
witllliolding their namcs Irom their commii
nicatinnsl But admitling wcare ignomnt,
can our ignorance bo greater than that of
the rcgulars 7 Dr. Rtish, in his lecturcs in
the University of Pennsy Ivania, &ays,-"Our
want of success is owing to thc following
causes: 1st, Our ignorance oflhc diseao;
2d, Our ignorance ofa suilable irmtdu !
ignorant, enough, ln all consciencc I Again
Dr. Rusli says-"Dissections da hj convinco
UJ "
us ofour ignorance of lhe seats ofdisease.
and causo us to blush atour prescriptions.
And then ho cxcJainis "what mischicft
have wo done, under thc belief ol" false faelt .
and false IheoiiesJ Wehave assistcd in
multiplyiog discases ; we have done mnre
we have increased their mortality." (Rob.
page 109) Now wc ask if it be possible for
any Thomsonian to be more ignorant of dU
ease, or the seats ofdisease than tho regu.
lars they themselves bcingjudges Or x-i
it possble forustodo more mtschirf v'rth
? '
(al;tyVADd if such men as Dr. Rusfi. wilH
knowedgfi f Anatomy, Physiologv.
Patho,ogy Chemistrv ect. could not Hl
. . j. - adminj4lcr po;30!1
without mulliplying diseases, and increas
ing their mortahly what are we to cxpcct
from our little medical tyros hcre In tho
country 7 They may have grown grey in.
practice, bul their opportunitios for gairin;
a knowledgo of their profession nnd forohn.
ical observations, bear no cdmpariscn wi.lt
those of Rtish anJ many others. who
e 'conress;on, Pq,ially startlmg
ouo ' 6
ho havi.
e nnil
ujtwu k,ui..t..i - - - j - - - n

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