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JfUftMcbnrg
H. JBELLj Editor and Proprietor.
MIDDLEBURY VT.-AUGUST 30, 1843.
VOL. VI1X.-NO. 17.
a WeeMg Soumall Sctntr to Dolftfcs, XCterature, SferfcttUttre, JKoraKts, Cfcneral ntenfflfttce "atrtr fmtlSi rafwir. "
13 fublisxied everj wedkesdat moeitim)
rfOSTII EXD OF THE
J3XIDGZ,
BV
J. COB B
JR.
. .
"amphlets, Bills, Cards, Azc.ofevery des;
iripuun wim uc ucaiij auuiaiuiuuam; "
ecuted, at short riotice.
VMaze iubieribtri, 82 00
. .
juii mbicnwri. . . z ou
IndnidaiUaniicompaniii ooum i ioe omee
$!-7;ori'5o nu n i in x monu.i.
No paperi diieontinued antil arrearae mre pid
xceptattlia option ofthe proprietor. No pavmer.t
loOrrieriallowedrxceptorderedbTthRproprieto
AllcommunicationimuubenddreiiedtoUieedito
"' Sg
PEOPLE'S PRESS.
Middlebury, Aug. 80, 1843.
Third Party Letter
from Gen. Mattocks.
Gen. Mattocks having bcen interrogated
by tlic Voice of Freedom on sundry topics,
has given a ry frank, explicit, and
honet answer. li is in kccpine with his
character as a fearless defeti Jer of what he
believcs to be right; and hoivever mcn may
difler with hini on somo poiinVt wo are sure
t hcre can be nonc wlio will not rt?snect him
for his manliness. His viows concur vcry ,
:ierly with our own. Wo hold, as wb have
be fore said, that the Whigs of Vermont I
should prcier above oll olhcrs the candidatu ,
for the Presidency who comes nearcst to
thcir poliiic.il standard ; ocd in default of
gettmg the very best, if it comes to that,
itiey ought suroly to take the next best.
Any oiher course is uttcrly suicidal to any
pariy, and as Gen. M. suggests, the free
inan who pcrsues any other course fails to
act up to the spirit ofhis oatb. Instead of
doing thc best he can for tho interests of the
country and the state, he praclically does
tho worst. To illustrate tliis : let Mr. Van
Burcn or Mr. Calhoun and Mr. Clay be the
candidates for tho next Presidency, betwcen
whom the election will He. Let us suppose
that neitheris the preferonce of the freemen
nfthis state above a!l othcrs, yot the elect
i0!i of Mr. Clay is far to be preferredto that
-of Mr. Van Duren or Mr. Calhoun, as
JUr. Clay goes for tho policy of tha Free
States for Protccticn, a sound Currency
'andjBhitribution, and both of the others
ngaftiji-all these. In ihis state of things.
ihere 'are four or fivc thousand Whigs wlio
do npt likc Mr. Clay, eithcr because he is a
slave-huldcE or for any other rcason, and
iheiyoteWr a third canHidate. The result
is. IfBt Calhoun or Van Burcn, with his pro
slavery policy, and his utter hos'ility to all
rmiasures which tho Whigs decm good, gets
the vnte of Vermout by a plurality ; and gets
it absolutcly hy means of third -pariy volcs
For all practical pmposes, miitlit not that
pariy as well vote directly for Van Buren or
Lalhoun T Indecd, knowing that this would
.be tlie result in the case supposed, are they
not just as rcgardless of their professed prin
ciples and the obligation imposed by their
oath. as they would be if they voted directly
to do the very thing which they indireclly
do 1 It seems to us too ploin to be qutstion
ed. We have suppoied this ca?e, because
if ihrre be any plausible necrssity for any
d"vision amons the Whigs of Vermont, it
wi'.l come in this shape. Still we again
say, ihat tlie crisis has not come yet, and
rnay not come. In no sortof shape can the
I'resideniial question be justly mingled with
the present election. Such is the majority
in tlie Congress already elected that our
own members cannot efiect the election of
''reiitlent one way or another, if Congress
is reqaired to elecf while our state officers
can have nothine to do with the question in
nny shape, save as they deposile their votes
for Presidcnt nc year.in common with their
consmuents. hy divide, then J
Itis woAy ofremark that Gen. iTellogg
anajudgo Widiamshavanot been questioa-
?d. Whv not I Wo ihrmM l;Vn In bnnt
whether the former will eo the wholo hoe
or Calhoun, slaverv, Free Trade, and the
robbory of the States and whelher tho lat.
erwillDO THE SA.ME THING. bygo.
"6 "r a inira canmaate I Watchman.
" MAKE SPECIE PLENTY."
Bemon, Van Buren, and the locofocos
p'omiscd years ago to make specie plenty.
It was to be so abundant as to flow up our
rivers, if the people would only support lo.
cofocoism. But it nevet came, while loco.
1 ,
juv.uism ruiea in congress. It has now
come to us. Since the new Whig Tariff
passea. tne Keports show that THIRTY
JIILLIONS OF DOLLARS have bcen
hrought to this country. This is tho result
i one w mg measure passed by the the ori.
ly Whig Congress we have had for 15
J'ears. This money is now rapidly circu-tof indians tn the state of Ohio, haredepar
h'.iog from the cities into the country. It ted for their new homes west of the Mississ
t getting into Vermont. lippi.Adelegation from the tribe, consisting
Are the people ready to give up this'of three principle Chiefs.visited Columbus
tncasure and send back this specie to other'on Saturdavwepk to bid farewell totheGov-
ceuntries iustead of tho products of ourjernor, and, through him, to the people of
-..m,j ia p3y ,or wnai wc uuy 01 omer na.
tions 1 If thev are thev have onlv to ni
ljr the locofoco candidates for office. They
Tkn 7 B P.
Ue Caledonian.
!
THE HAND BEHIND THE SCENE.home. The scene (says the fStatesman)
-THE WAY THE CARD IS
PLAYED.
, ljocorocoismhasbad no hope of OTCrturn-1
loe tho Whic abolhion Stt Gnvprnmpnt
. 1
6f Vermont in an open field and in nn open j
1 uuuw iimmiar ; nence a mining ana
Iundermining aystem must be reaorted to, to
effect it- E. D. Barber, last year, wa, by
,h. Jeader?' manageinent and collusion
j with certain locofoco pretended aboluiomsts
Iput upon bolh IheJocofoco and third oartv
I ticket, and did to vote. We do not say
' O . wu,..!,,,,!!, t'lUU'Ul 111 0
Soon aier election last year we fell in
ffim an active locoloco, to whom we re.
marked in refcrence to thn defeat or two
Whig abolitton candidates for ofiice, that
many of our Whig abolitiomsts voted the
thifd party ticket, while nrelended locofoco
j abolitionists, when they came to tbe ballot
b"s, voted tho regular loco- ticket, thus
J ; r- ii i ' f - .
uiowmg uu vrmg voies to tne ia pariy ana
do locoloco votes, tbus securmg the elect
,ooofhis party candidates. " Yf."said
0,0 """ rlO not aott Ae to KOtUr their
VOlCS.
i Another fact. In a lown in this Stale.
last year, a leading and activo locofoco pre.
llended fome weeks before election to be a
convert to third partyism. He bluatered
j away, talked about the poor tlavr, ihe whigs
ana occasionaily where it would do no hurt
gave a slight dab at hjs old friends, to gtve
apparent credit to Ihc honesiy otni.i conrer
sion. So he cot up, to appearonces, a par
ty of about equal numbera of Whigs and lo.
cotocos, and on the surface all appeared to
be goinjr on well for tho 3d party. And
down to the last moment the samo nppear
ance was preserved. Election came the
30 Whig abolitionists went to the polls and
voted the 3J party ticket, but where were
the other 30. the locofoco abolitionists T
With their leader tbey had given their votes
for the regular locofoco ticket. He had
played the game to dcceive aad clieat thc
Whig abolitionists, and he did so, and a
loud huzzah wcnt up from Ihe locofoco prcss
es of the State over the great triumph of lo.
cofocoism in that place. We can giva tho
names and places and the votes to authenti.
cala ",CBe ibcis, oui incra seems to De no ne-
ctj.ity for it,
'p tell tho talo as a warninc to the in-
cero ana' hnncst friends of the slave not to
be hoodininied this year in the samo manner.
The CalcJo.ihn.
03-REMEMBEJl, tbatbut one'ofall
tha locofoco members pf Congress from
New England voted fo. the TatifT last
year.
rhoy all voted aeainst it becau&e it gave
Protection to Ihe farmer, the mecha.nic
and working man of ihe Free States.
llbMEMBER, that when they cet the
power they threaten to Repeal the Tariff, ba
cause, they say, it affords to high Protectioa
lo Amencan Industry.
KWlttMBKK. that iho effect of this Ta.
riffihus far has been to bring into tl.e coun.
iry 830,000,000 of specie to set a ihou.
and spindles in motion to send agents all
over the country with cash in hand to buy
up all the wool and to cive nn impetus to
the busincrs of the country, and is scattering
mcney in all direclions which will bcnefit
all classes and trades. The Caledonian.
A Desperate Atfair look place at .Man
chester Vt., the last week ; the leading par
ticulars of which, as we have heard them
related, are as follotvs :
A Mr. French sold or bareaincd a piece
of land to a ncighbor r.amed Robbins. The
land was sowed with oats by Robbios, but
subsequemly, for snme reason, French re
fused to give a deed of the land. Enraged
at the refusal, Robbins throatencd to shoot
the first man who should attempt to cut the
grain. Not beeding the threat, French
sent some men to secure the crop, among
whom was one from this lown, Mr.
Newman. Robbins was on the ground
with his gun, and ordered them off, but not
being obeyed, he fired upon tho forward one
which happened lo be Newman. The charge
struck oae hand, manglin it greatly, and
entered his side. As he fell a son of Rob
bins assailed his head with a pttchfork.
Both Robbins and his son were arrested
and are soon to have their trial. The de
fences set up will be perhaps that they uere
eraxa '
Newman was alive at the last intelligence
but it was feared that be would not sutvive
long
Canal acboss tbe Isthmus of Pahax a,
A contracl has been eatered into by
Messrs. Baiting Ss Co. of London with
the Republic of New Grenada, in virtue of
which ihe Bepublic is to cede to tnera the
line required for the projected canal, with
80.000 acres 01 lanu on 1110 iwu tauM, anu
400.000 acres in tbe jnterior of the country
The amount of toll is fired at 8 frances per
ton. The work, upon wbich 4000 to 6000
men are to be employed, wtn m compieieo
in nve years.
Amos Kendall, it is strongly rport?d
will be annointed Poslmaster GenCra''
vice C. A. Wickliffe, sent Embassador to
France. We doubt whether the Sanate
will think Mr. Kendall the best man for
that station. Tribune.
Removal of the last of the indiaks
'from Ohio. The "Wyandotts, the last, tribe
Uhio. Jacquts the head Uhiet, delivered a
Ko.nir.il iMm. nn tha
the Governor replied, assuring them of
the good reeling of the people of Ohio tow-
ards their brethern, and whishing them
hapolness and nrrwnpr'itr in tripif np.ur
was very lnteresting, and the sentiments
delivered by thcvenerable Chief were wor-
thy the head andheartofa Chief ofthis
- -
once and noble race. May prosperty and
hanrjiness attend thi wmnsnt nfrmf mm
who have for so many years dwelt in peace
ana arnuy witn our peopiei
Whigs ! Beware ! Beware of abolition
hypocrites! beware of locofoco damagogues
under the games of Yeligious sancity! be,
ware of one Rcv, Sl. Clair l This gen
tleman is nowamong the peopleofthis Dis
trict, holding forth. ostensiblv for the aboll
tion ofslavery, but in reality for the purpose
ofmaking division in the Whig ranks.
He proposes to get up convenlions in each
Probate district in the 2d Coneressional
District and for what ? Why. he aays to
eucci tne emancipation of tho slave T out
why this desperate struggle just before elect
ion' Has be had a fresh revelation from
beaven that this is the only time for the
emancipation ofslavery or shall we beleive
that he has stolen
"tbe iiaj ofibe conrt of beaTcn
To lenre the deiilio V
Doet not every one, who heard his polittcal
tirade in Bradford laslSabbath evening.knaw
his real motive is to betray tho abolitionists
the friends ofJohn Mattocks, the real and
only true friend of the slave into the lo
cofoco time-servers and task-masters !
Whigs I abolitionists ! friends of John
Mattocks and Jacob Collamer in thc sccond
District, beware ! Beware of a locofoco in
thc garb for the Saint.ed pleader for the
downtrodden son of Africa ! If you ac-
tually desireto wipoout thii infamous stain
upon your country'i glory the stain of traf
icing in human blood ! then stick to John
Mattocks, tho man wbo said "may the God
of heaven hasten the time when slavery
shall exist oily in tho infernal recions.
where it oricinated, and where itis inflicted
for crime not for color! American Protector.
Fanaticism The last Belfnst fMe.)
Signal gives a new feature to the fanaticism
of the MillLritcs. It savs: "On Saturdav
lasl by a flag suspended upon a liberty
pole in fronl of Mr. Jonas S.Barrett s house,
and on visiting that place We learned that
Mr. Barre'.t was Cclebrating tho comina of
the first year of tha second coming of
Christ. The flae bore the Inscrintion of the
upenins, ot the beven beals, and a pic-
ture representing tbe Biblo in aeven clasps,
tnree wmch. wero broken. At 6 o'clock
seven canons wero fired, representing the
sevcn thunders that uttered their voices up
on the opening of the seals. The bugle and
fife, were introduced, with other, ceremonies
and the Hiilitary rattle was kept up in the
pino trecs slt oui for tho occasion in front
of tho house. Mr.- Barrett is an honest and
hard-Iaboring man, and seems to be insane
on no subject but religion. We reeret
ihat so industrious a citizen should waste
h;s scanty funds in giviug free dinners, and
propagating such cnthusiasm."
An Ancior To Windward. The
Millerites at the "West, according to the Al
bany Journal, fearful that aftcr 1843 has
actually passed away, and iney oe regaroea
as false prophets, have throvn out an an
chor to Windward. They have improved
the doctrine of Miller by striking out 1844.
The "Israelite, " a paper in Indiana, which
hasstrenously advocatcd the views of Mr.
Miller, thus lays down one of the articles
of its belief:
" With regard to the time when he
Will come,we no not the day nor the hour,
nor can we tpeak mith certainly as to the
Year! but when thc Iastsigns are fulfilled,
we may know that it is even at the doors.
We believe that the last signs are fulfilled,
say one viz. the shaking of the powers of
heaven. We are looking for that sign
every day, which will be followed immedi
ately by the son of Men in heaven,"
NORTH CAROLINA.
The popular vote at the recent election
in this State is with the Whigs. It is true
the result cannot become at accurately in
consequencc of there not being anycon
test in three of the congTessional districts,
viz. 1st 4th and 6th; in these districts
we have inserted the Governor vote of 1844.
Whig Loco,
lst district,
2d
3d "
4th "
5th "
6th "
7th "
8th "
9th "
5879
2142
4153
3830
6747
3001
2630
3489
4042
3731
3787
4184
1840
3142
5031
3644
4587
2833
37,502
31,240
31,240
Whig majority,
Whig majority in
46,262
1842.4,745
Who are the Gerrtmanders The
Locofoco Legislature of North Carolina
so arranged the Congressional districts
that five Congressman ofthe Locofoco
school are elected by an aggregate majority
of 3,596; while Form Whig members are
elected by an aggegate majority of 9,858
takin the vote of 1842 as a test in those
counties t?here there was not any contcst.
fjy We perceire from the Plattsburg
hUran that an association has been
Z ' V, ; e i:...ii,u.
tormeator me purpose o, r-
t9,iiTN in nriranize a new steamboat as-1
sociation on Lake Champlain. The fol
lowing persons were appointed trustees to
receive subscriptions for the construc
tion of thc boats:
Lawrence Jlyers, of Plattsburg, John C.
Hammond, Crown Point ; Caleb D. Bar
ton, Keeseville; Jonas C. Heart, Troy;
Gideon Lathrop, Albany : Isaac. Smith.
New York; Isaac Nje, Burlington; H.
Adams, Vergennes; 5. S. Keys, High
gate; Tho's. A. Hammond, Orwell.
CapL G. Lathrop. was appointed j
Gerieral Ageni to procure subscriptions for
the association .
A Sign Fbom Missoubi. We received
yesterday from Lexington, Missouri,(away
up the Missourt River, beyond JelTerson,
the State Capltol,) an order for ono Hun
j dred copies of the life &Speeches of Henry
j Clay, cheap edition accompanied by the
cash. This is ihe first order for 100 that
we received 30 far west, though sevetel or
ders for fifty copies had reached us from
beyond the Mississippi. The Ietter gave
us Ihe gratifyng intelligence that a club for
anoincr hundred was partly Tormed, and
would send on the cash and order soon.
Depend upon it, friends of HarryClay ! that
' . rr r ?
uuumjr 01 xaiayeue gives a rejoiciog voie
at the rihgt time. We are as sure as ihough
we had seen the official rcturos.
From various sources, we learn that a
very salutary fermenlation is now going on
in Missouri,and that by no means improbable
that she will swell the majority for tho
Great Slatesman. Tribune.
Bbeakfxst ii Dnner Hoor Iit Old Times.
In thp life of Isabella of Angouleme, who
was wifeofKing John of England, Miss
Strickland says In the era, at five o'clock
was thu established breakfast time and half
pasttenA. M. the orthodoz dinner hour,
for all ranks and conditions of men. The
Court were scandalized at findinc that Kinrr
John nevcr left his pillow till mid.day at
wlncn limo his barons saw him, with con.
tempt issue from the chamber of the fair Is-
abella. Tliis mode of life made him far moro
unpopular in the 13th century, than tbe per.
petration of a few more murders and abduc
tions, like those which his memorv stands
alteady charged."
LETTER FROM MR, CLAY.
We find in tho Nashville Banner of the
9lh instanuhe following- lelter from Mr.
Clay, addressed to the ediior of the Tenncs.
tee Agriculturitt. It is justly characteriz.
ed as expressing, in a condensed form, the
views orpublic policy in regard tothe great
ioteresl of the country, to the maintenance
and diuu9ion of which so many of the illus
trious orator's greatest specches havo been
devoled. It breathes also the apint of eligh
tcned benevoleuce and comprehensive pat.
riotism which distinguish his private and
puouc cnaracter. aaa. Amer.
Ashlamd, August, 1843,
lo the Fubluhers of Ihe Tennestee State
Agncultumt.
Gentlemen : I duly received your Iet
ter rcouesting my present views as to the a'.a.
tion that the Mechanical portion of our pop-
uiauon snouia occupy in the United States,
and also as to the subject of Home Industry
and Manufactures. Although I have oflen
had occasion publicly to express my opin
ions on these matters, I take pleasuro in
communicating them lojou.
It has always appeared to me, gentlemen,
that the task of admioisterinir our common
Government wouid not be very difficult, if
nonesiy, and Itberality, and reasonable in.
formalion were catried into the public coun.
cils. It was instituied to prorr.ote the gen.
eral prosperity, by a faithful exercise of the
powew granie.1 by the Constituiion. All
partsof the Union and all tha great interests
of the couutry should, therefore, receive the
parental care and allention of the Govern.
ment. No orie section and no ono intcrcst
should desire or cxpect to engross its cxclu
sive regard.
The main pillars of Society aro Agricul.
ture, Commerce, including Navigntion, and
Manufacturos, including the Mechanic Arts.
Owing to tho peculiar positinn of the United
States, agriculture requires but little nrolec
tion, and that confined to a few branches of
it. It is otherwise with the other two inter
ests. They requirc somo protection against
tbe selfish legislation and rivalry of forcign
Powers, which, to make it beheficial and
effectuaf, should postess two qualities, mod
eration and stability, intimalely connected
with each other. Without moderation, oth
er interests would feel th'at they had been
unjustly dealt by.dissatisfaction would ensue,
and that stability in legislation so desirable
in all busincss pursuits, would not be secur.
ed.
Protection to Manufactures and Com
merce is in fact, whalevi r it may be in form,
encouragement to Agriculture. The culti-
vatoroflhe soil is conscious of the great
advantage of having alongside of him the
blacksmith, the wheelwright. tbe saddler
and harnessmaker, ihe tailor, tho hatter, ihe
shoemaker, the cabinetmaker, and masons
and carpenters. His comforts and theirs
are both increased by such proximity, and
they are enabled to augmect their respect
ive productions. But of what avail would
it bo lo multiply them, without Commerce.
foreign and domestic, whoso ofiice is to dis.
tribute the surplus produce of' Agriculture
and ofthofabricsof th? Mechanic and Man
ufactuier 1
I am so far a friend to free trade as to
think that, within Ihe limits of the Union, it
should be entirely unfettered. and Derfectlv
equal between all interests and all parls of
our couairy. joui io inat iree trade which
would throw wide open our jorts to foreign
productions without dutics, theirs remaining
closed to us, or ouradmission allowed only
upon the condition o.r high duties and se
vere restriction ; which would compel a re.
sort to taxation, instead of the customhousc,
to supply the wants of the Federal Treasurv:
uuu wincn wouia jeave our aomesuc indus.
try unprotected and exposed in an unequal
.. , r, . ' H 1
contest with the rival productions of foreirrn
Powers, I am uiterly and itreconcilably op.
posed. I had hopcd and supposed that all
would have checrfully rallied around a Ta
riff which, seeking to supply the Treasury
with an adequatc revenue for an honest and
economical administration of tbe Govern.
ment, should at the samo time iucidentally,
by proper discrimination, extend reasonable
protcciion to such branches of our domestic
industry a: necded It. - 'That is all which is
now asked or insisted upon. But evcn that
noderale and equilable basis for tbe fir.al
settlemen' of this great and vexed question,
encouuters strong and decided oppositioh.
The Mechanic Arts, from the commence
ment ofthe operation of our present Consti
tuiion, have constantly enjoyed some de.
grce of protection from Government in the
form of dutics imposed on fabrics of foreign
mecnanics ; and Uhmk it ought to be con
tinued.
With respect to the station which that
portion of our populatioa engaged in me
chanical pursuits-ought- to -occupy in-the
United States, I think that all citizens, na.
tive and naturalizcd, ..wilhoul anyfre'gard to
their respective vocation, should en'ioy such
consideration in socieiy as' is'due'to their
virtue and intelligence, their industry, so.
brifcty, nnd gcneral deportment.
With cordial acknowledgment, gentlemen
foMhe.seotiments of esteem and confidence
which you have done me the honor to express
tow. rds me,
I am your friend and obedient servant,
II. CLAY.
Messrs. Camerox S; Faix.
SHALL WE GO BACK 1
Tho ono leading measure only which the
whigs were able fully to establish n Pro.
tective Tariff has been in operation less
than a year, and the honest locofocos are
compelled lo allow that it has worked won.
ders for the country brought to us some
830, 000,000 of specie revived businesi
and is now gradually and surely restoring
ucpicsseu wages, ana rtaeeming with in.
crcdib'e rapiditv the countrv from the wreek
and ruin into which locofocoism had plung.
ed it. All this they have to confess. yet
they are willing for tho sake of party to un
do the Tariffand send us back again head
Ion into tbe vortex from which we are rap.
idly rising.
The queslions come home to us will we
do it 1 Shall Vermont proclaim her voice
in condemnaiion of Protection? These
questions we shall decide at tha polls, and
how shall we decide them 1 A Whii? tri.
umpn aione wm oe an emphatic WU, A
Loco Foco victorv will be an emDhatie YES.
The country will so look upon the result of
our comjng election. Are the people ready
lo answer the questions 7 The Caledo.
man.
FARMERS! THINK: OF THIS!!
Tho Buffalo Commercial Advertiser, af.
ter a statement from this paper relalivo to
ine amount ot cottun and olher manufactu
res exportcd from tho United States to Chi-
na, vcry pcrtinently asks': -
"Uow many barrcls of American flour,
oeet, pork, tard and butter were sent to
China as a component part of the above
15,000,000 yarda.of cottou clolh-as a com.
ponent part ofthe lead, razor strons. X:c.
exporled to that country this year under tho
losicnng intiuenco or the Whig Tariff?
Would a singlo particle of Ihese agricultu
ral products have been sent to the Celcstials,
in the shape of breadstuffsand provisions?
In the name of common sonso then, tell us,
who can, why our farmers aro not most
deeply interestcd in sustainiog domestic
mnnufacturcrs. nnd the protcctive policy J
Yes sure enough why are not the'far
mers morp intcrcsted than all other classes
in tho preservation of the tariff J Every
man, woman and child engaged in manu
factures in this country, consumcs every
year many dollars worth ofthe farmers pro
ducts. If theso persons were not engaged
in manufactures they would, in.all'probabil
ily be engaged in agriqulture, of course
they would not need the products of other
persons engaged in thcsame pursuit. Con
sequently the farmer would be dcprived of
a most valuablo markct. If he could send
his potatocs, whcat, oats, rye, corn, turnips,
beets, carrots, hay, bcef, pork, mutton, veal,
poultry, eggs, butter and cheese, to Europe,
and disposo of them there, he would not be
quite so badly off if the home market should
be destroyed. But this is impossible. A
few barrcls of wheat, and a few pounds of
pork or butter and chccse is all that he can
dispose of abroad, and these only at uncer
tain pcriods. Tho English, French and
German farmers want their own home mar-
kets for themselves, and their govern men Is
have too strong a scnse of justice to throw
them open to foreigners.
Now, if the American farmer does not
havn his home market sccured tohim, bow
is he to livc 7 And how can a home mar
nct De sccured, unless bv encouracinc
Home Industry ; or in other words, by ai
ding to bmld up in our own counlry a va
nety of trades which shall give employment
to variety of people who do not till thcearth,
and who wil., consequcntly, rcquire the ne
cessarics of life from those who do till it 7
Every yard of cloth which is made in
this country, requires for the sustenance of
thnsc who make it, n certain amount of bcef,
or olher nnimal fooj, flour, potatoes and
olher vegctables. milk. butter, lumber for
houses to sheltcr them, iron to fasten those
houscs togcther, leather for shocs and other
purposcs, and a variety of other arlicles
we have not room to cnumcrate. Now, all
these articles aro the products of tho soil ;
and those who own, and those who till the
soil, dcrive whatever profit is made by their
sale. Can it be doubted, then, that a tariff J
which builds up manufactures is an cssen
tial advantago to the farmer? Troy Whig,
A WORD TO ANTI-SLAVERY
WHIGS.
One of the first cfforts in the last Con
gress was to rescind tbe odious twcnty-first
rule, on which the ayes were 86 whigs and
& locos noes 14 whigs and 79 locofocos.
Every whig from the Free States voted Yea,
and so did 13 Soulhern'whigs : while forly
five locofocos rrom tho FREE o I AIXiS
voted Nay, with Ihe remainder of the slave
members ! On Mr. Slade's rosolution for
abolishing slavery in the district of Colum-
bia, on the questions axisingon .Mr. lYin
throp's report touching the inhuman treat.
ment of colored seamen and on the reso
lution for repealing an act of the territory
of Florida, virtually enslaving free mula.
tocs and negroes there was tho samo po
jitical division, tbe whigs of tbe North be.
ing unanimous against slavery, and the lo
cofocos generally acting with the South.
Do not these votes provo beyond the sbad.
ow ofdoubl, that the only effectual way to
resist the slave power is to tustain the tthigsT
ret how does. the third party operato I It
is clear they cannot elect their own men,
and bat every vote which they east in Ver.
mont counta against the most decided anti.
alaverjr whigs. Practically. then, every
such votoisin favor ofthe slave power.
s. . Walchman.
OrThe Palriot is still harping opon tho
"len millions pounds of that wool costing
o cents and under, imported from bcpt
1841 to Scpt. 1842' which, that paper
avers, is "equal lo three tourths meiino,
and "as fine as tho average of Vermont
wool." Well what ofit? That wus be-
iforc tho W'big Tariff went into operation ;
n was imported under fllr. Clay s Uom
promise, if the Patriot pleases under that
act which was forccd upon the country by
locofocoism ; whilo under the new Tariff,
the importation of that wool has already
been DIMINISHED MORE THAN
EIGHT TENTHS.
N. B. Last year the Patriot declared
that it preferred FREE TRADE to the
Whig Tariff, which has now nearly exclu
ded this cheap, fine, foreign wool !
ITaeAman.
A Viciocs Boy wow a Murderer ! We
have a short history of Abncr Rogers Jr.,
now about to be tned in Koston for mur.
dering the keeper oftho prison. from which
wo learn that, while a boy his parents nee.
lectcd his education, and pcrmittcd him to
roam about with a number of idle boys who
infcsted the town of Newbury, Mass. He
commenced his carcer with idlcness ; next
be left tho school aad despised the instruc-
tion itanorded ; then he scoffed at the nd
monitions of those who tried to cuide him
in tho path to future bappiness nnd honor
as a man and a citizen ; he despiscd all thcir
counsels, spent his time with lazy boys liko
himself, who swore, smoked, chcwcd, drank
rum, congregated in idle squad3; and
laughed at the wise boys of the villnge cs
they passed to school or to industrious em
ployments At tho oge of ninetccn he was
sent to prison for passing bad money, and,
from ono step to another, he soon asccndcd
the ladder of crime to where he now stands,
on the topmost round, about to step off on
the gallows, there to end his career at the
early age ot thtrty. This is only ono a-
mong a. thousand instances ofthe danger of
. . .
cummcncing io ao wrong. v ncn a boy
onco bcgins, no matter how small thcibe
ginning may be,. he stcps into a rail car on
thetopofa sfecp hill, down which he will
run with fcaful rapidity, nnd he dashed into
destruction in an abyss ofcrimc bclow.
Salem Gazette.
Tiie BinLK.-The following passagc from
Mr. Webster'8 speech at Bunker Ilill, dc
deserves to be circulated far and widc in tho
journals of the country :
"ll has been said with very much vcrac
ity, that tho felicity of tho American colo
nists consisted in their cscnpe from tho past.
This is true so far as rcspects political es-
tnblishments, but no farlher. They brought
with them, a full portion of all tbe riches
of tho past, in science, in art, in morals, re
ligion, and literature. The Biblc came
with them. As it unot to.be doubted, that
to the froo and uriiverenl readinir ofthe Bi-
ble, is to be ascribed in that age, that men
were much indebtcd for right views ofcivil
liberty. The Bible is a book of faith, and
a book of doctrine ; but it is a book which
teaches man his own individual responsibil
ily, his own dignity, and cquality with his
fellow man."
Two Weeks Only!
Two weeks from next Tuesday the elec
tion takes nlace. Are you ready ; whigs.
to RALLY EVERY VOTE? We fear
not. But it must bo done. Trust not that
the locos will be backward. They will do
their best,and the third pariy vt'iW-helpthem.
Rcmember, that last year the third party
sent five locofocos to the Senate. They
will do it aeain, and do worse we fear.unless
EVERY WHIG DOES HIS DUTY.
Walchman.
LOOK Oi THIS PICTURE:
Statement if the expcnses of the U. States
from the 4th of March, 1841, to the
3d of March, 183, inclusive:
From March 4, From March 4
Head, of Ex. 18410 Verck 3, 1842 Marth 3,
pcndilurcr. 1842. 18)3.
Civil.miscel-
laneousand
foreign in-
tercourse 83.215,946 49 86.665,451 68
Military 13.003,893 41 8,248,917 83
Naval 6,246,502 83 7,063,677 66
826,366,247 73 823,078,047 17
The abovo is cxclusive of payments on
account of trust funds, the public debt, and
Treasury notes.
T.L. SMITH. Register.
Treasury Dep. Registcr's Ofiice, July
19, 1843. Madisonian.
Tho above is for two years of what the
Vermont Patriot calls coon managemenl.'
ANQ NOW ON THIS:
Expenses exclusive
of public debt,&c. 1837, 837.164,037 15
- 1838; 39,455,838 35
" 1839, 37,614,936 15
" 1840, 29,226,533 81
Total, 4 years, 8142,561,945 46
Average under Mr.
Van Buren, 833,840,486 3S a year.
" the coons," 24,722,192 45
Annual saving by
"the coons," SlO.OIH.aao ao 1 1
BIow awav at the coons. Jerry. It is er.
ident that vour old friends, the Sub-Treas-
nrers and Swartwouters.can't floarish much
by way of pfckings and stcaling, so long as
these coons have the watch of Uncle Sam's
Treasurv. Watchman.
Wool. For fleecea there hos- been dn-
ring the past week ralher a limited demand.
with a good supply atmarket. Pulled scarccr
Foreign coarse, stock gradually decreasin?
and of better qualities the supply vs smaTl,
compared wilfe the quantity on hand at tho
close of Spring months. NONE BUT
.INFERIOR QUALITIES CAN BE IM
.runtJBU UNDER THE LOW MINI-
VM.-Atlas RevicworBoston Mariet Avp.
8, 1842.
Mark that ! here is a man rcsiding in
one of our principa! ports, and whose duly
it is to state the simple facts for the infor
mation of business men. On his statements
business men rely. . He denres, point blank,
tho story of the locofoco electioncerpra. hv
affirming that NONE BUT THE INFE'
KIUK QUALITIES of Wool can be im.
porled under tho minimum (7 per cent )
duty. Walchman.
QUERY 1
OCr H'e have a quotation for the Woof
growers: lr, when the Locofocos are, n
tbey soy, in favor of the wool-growing in
terest, they use every effort to lower (he du
ly on wool.wouldn't'it be well if they woulrf
turn round and opposc that intcrest, so Ihat
we might hope that actinsr wilh thcir accui.
tomed consistency.they would labor to raiso
tho duty as high as tho sachems in this re-
gion claim that it ought to be ?
And another. If every Locofoco in Con
gress who spoke on tha subject of wool tricl
to rcducc the duty thercon. how Ionff would
it take Locofocoism, if in the ascendency,
toget the duty up to the noleh requisito lo
allay tho piousapprchensionsiof Ihe bcaulie
who congregated at Essex, nnd talked a.
bout "using all honorablc mrans," to raiso
thc duty ? And again : The said gentlrmen
t Essex promised to"prlilion"to have tho
duty on wool raised. Nnw, will they pcli
tion iMr. Chartcs Brown, or Mr. C. Gag
Athcrton, or Mr. Cave Johnson, or Smitli
of Virginia, or Jamcs I. Roosevelt, of Rich
nrd D. Davis. or Neiv Hnmpshire Eastman,
orwho? Tho next Hnuao will bo Loco.
and we presumc they tiill do whatever suclr
blessed brcthren as St. Tamrnony and Co.
desire. We should likc to sce Brcakwater
present n wool petition to I. A. Easlmnn oi
New Hampshirc, or Charles Brown of Pcnn
sylvania. The colloquy would bo some
thing as follows: "Mi. Eastman, here is a
petition from the "Democracy" of Vermont
for a higher duty on wool." 'Whal's llmt
sir? a higher duly on wool 7 Why sir. llm
present duty smacks of protection, nnd you
cannot be so green sir, as not to know llmt
"opposition lo the doctrine of protrction m
one oftho cordinal prir.ciplcs ofthe dcmo
cratic party.' "True enough sif, I so un.
dcrstand it, and so do my brethrcn who
have signcd thc petition, but ihe rascnlly
Whigs have it all their own way in our'
Stale by being friends of protection, and wn
thought to make n shift for a trifle of capi
tal, by getting up this petition, nnd having
it published nsa Democfalic mcisurc. Bo
assurcd sir, we wish the petition, (ns belveen
us) to be undcrstood only in a Pickwickinn
scnso, not by any means dcsinng In sacn.
fice a ' cardinal principle.'" All right, alf
right sir, but you had betler cnnfine your
tariffopcrations to your own chimney cor--ners,
for it will only embarrass the" ' De
mocracy in Congress, to receive tariff pe
tilions from Iho brethrcn. You see it is of
prccious little Importance Io thc party
whether you gct whipped by 5,000 or 10,
000, in Vermont, and you may as wcllgivo
us this protection humbug first as last, and
come out in your true colors, ns free trnrio'
men." "Well sir, I don't know but we shalf
have (o go it, but it will raise a great laugli
up in Vermont, and we might as well mako
pcrmanent investments in Salt River land?..
Good morning ir." Bur. Free Press.
CONSISTENCY. .
At tho Loco District Convenlion whicfV
was held here on Tuesday last Mr. Senator
Smallcy of Ihis town introduced the follow.
ing resolution.
Resohed, That we have perfect confi
dence in thc political principles. inlegrity
and talent of the Hon. John Smitb, and
pledge ourselves, each and all, to use alf
fair and honorable excrtion tn secure his o
lection tn Congress.
At a "Democrati'c" district conventiorf
which was held in this vicinity in August
1834 nn nddress was tdopted which coil
tains the following parasraph-and 05-DA-VID
A. SMALLEY, ESQ.d) waschair
mau of thecommittee which reported it.
3 3 q
"He, (Mr. Smith,) belongcd fo the old
" Federal pariy. was the opponent an RE
" VILER of Jefferson and Madran tho
"STRENUOUS OPPOSER OP THtJ
"LAST WAR, and found exerling all mV
"influence to thwart thc government in thcr
"prosecution of it; and if wo may judge
" from his past political course, he has not
" discarded the principles by nhich he wa
" then govcrncd."
Such is Ihe man, according to Mr. Srnal.
ley, (and the address was unanimouily a
dopted bv tbe convenlion) in whose (KT PO
LITICAL PRINCIPLES the Loco Foco
of Ihis district have perfect confidence!
Free Press.
Pheaciii.ng PoLmcs.-Mr Garrett Sraith
who is well knuwn througbout this Statw
and tho Union, as one ofthe chief proruo-
ters ot Abolition, nas given public nntica
tbat be means to employ the Sundavs b-.
twcen this time and election "in nrcachinif
politics.
Mr. Smith .assigns as the reason for thi
course, that his own private business ro
quires bia undivided attenlion duiing v :9lc
days and yet that looking upon p:eachir -politics
as 'a Heaven commandct auy."
he canno forego It, and Ihsrefore taftcs
Sunday far it all the hazards of thu sce.
kingto'$ert men'gmindi and hearls on
that da.y- from its more clearly fcHe.-tren
comroiinJed" dutics, to tha excitin- toniw
ofeartir. Whi;. 1

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