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rcdouble our exertions, and firmly resolve
never to cease employing them, until the Government is purified, aiid once more con flded to bonest and faitliful hands. I cannot conclude without a tender of my cordial thaiiks for the scntimcnts ofat tachraentand confidence towards me which you have done mc the honor to convey, and of assurance of my being Your grateful friend, And obedient servant, II. CLAY. From the Albany Weekly Jouraal. TO THE FRIENDS OF THE TAlUFF. Wo nnncx tho opinions, rerenlly avowed, of the tvo prominent Oandidates for ihe Presidency, on the subjecl of ihe Tariff. We placn them in pamllcl columns the bct ler to enab:e the rcader to compure tlio two top!llicr; HeNRY ClAY. MaRTIN VaN BuUEN. I lliink that what " I have nt no time ever revenue is ncc or any wtiete paus- ossary 10 an econo om'cal nnl honest ndminislratiun nf the General Govcrnm. onl nughl to be der. ivcd froin dutics im posed on forcign im. portt; nnd I belicvo 4hat, in rslaLlishing n tarifT of tliose du ties, sucli a discrim inalion oucht to bc jiudcas will incidcn tally nlTord heasoN- JM3LE I'KOTECTION TO OUR NAHOMAL IN TERESTS. I had rcsigncd my scat in the Sen ate when ihe act of 1812pascd. Gcner ailly tlie dutics which nl imposed are low--cr than tliose in the nct or 1642 ; and without ininnding to sprcs3 llieir opin ion upon evcry ilcm oflhtsTnriff. I would sny that I think that .lAi piovisions in the taain are Wise and rsoPER."-- Letter to editor of La GrangK .(Georgia) Ilerald, 13A Sepl. 1843. ed lo rxpresi MY DECIDED DISAP PROBATION OFTHE TARIFF ACT OF LAST SESSION, as wcll as in respcct lo the principle upon which il is founded. as to its detail-r'" Letter to Editor Rich mond ( Va.) Enquir- er. " We hare a hl ler leore ut, sent lo us ly a friend and addressed to him ly Mr. Vatt Buren.m ichich Mr. Vj4N- BUREN. KOUNCES UTI'KRLY CLAIMS PRESENT DE- AND DIS- 'I7E TA. R1FF." Richmond Enquirer, 17iA Ocl., 1843. THE EFFECT OF THE TIRIFF. The Journal of Commorcc in ils nllemp! in provc that the Tariff operalcd exprrss. ivcly upon ihe Penple, laid down iho full owing among ollier ' poslulatcs. When the duty prevenls an nrticle from bcing imporlcd, which but for the duty nvould bc imporlcd, thcn ihe duty cnhanccs nlie price. In roply lo this we instanccd the nrticle of"naila", on which tho duty is neaily or rfniilo prohibilory. and yct the prico ofthe cirticle inslcad of being " enhanccd," has aiclually fillcn since the TarilT wenl into Mjpcralion. Wo mighl cito loo, (he arti co of "pins" on which r. duty it enti rcly ,prohibitory. .tnd j-rt tl.e price of pins, io ilead of being enhanccd by tho duty, is le?s mow llmn it wat beforc the TnrifTbecame a d-iw. Indeed thcaduption of tho Tarfl was nlie signal for niany of iho Amcrican Man nifucturers lo lotcertheir prices. Tlie rcas on is obvioin. Undrr tlie prolcctive infiu nco of the tariff tliesc Manufacturcs havo Hiolhing o fear from forcign compclilion, tbut, can depend upon a stcady and rapidly lincrcasing liornc markct. So far then ns shcso wnrs wcre cor.cerned, tho effcct of Who Tdriuas not to cnhance tho price as rhc Journal ofComnierco coulcnds, but to tranferthe manuficlurn nf iho nrticle from 3Europe to our own country. The come- i eucnce is ihal a much bctlcr nrticle of Amor ncan manufaclure is furnishcd to the cinsu imer at a U-ss prico than tlie inferior foruign Jirticlc ct bcfors the Tariff wns udoptcd ! Could tlicrc bc a more signal illustration of iho benrficial workinfj of tlie Wiug TuriffJ And yct Marlin Van Burcn, in liis coger dc sirc to conciliatc Southcrn favor, dcnounc rs and disclaims this crowning measuro of Wliij poliry ! Ifill tlie friends of ylmori can Lnbcr nnd Amcrican Etitcrprisc cou. sent to s.ii-rifici! thcsc gri'at inicrels to the pali'ical iH'Cosiitic of Nortlwrn man willi Southcrn principl isl" Albany IVeeliy Journal. Ths tiuitii at L,ast! The rcus na3! diually concluded lotcll its rcadcrt tlia rrui . happy, if hcyct rcstcd undcr tho idca ihat about tha rcsull ofthe Ohio election. Thel,is happincss could bo inllucnccd by her. Stale P.-inter does nnt pciform liis dutyillere was "ago" indicd, and one well quito as gracrfully ns uunl. l.ut t.aving got i ralcul.ftcd to puzzle idmost nny man. IIow tho subManci-wo nre nnt di-jpoed to cavil Mr. Batchclder got out ofhis dilemma is in nbout ihc shadon-. Ilcreis ihe -drcus's cor-. nart lo!d bv tho annnnrrnmni i,;m. h.. jrssion : OHIO IMPORTANT! Tlio vexrd question is nt Imt riilcd. Such as liavo bt-e:i h'jlding brpalh to hcar iho res'ilt will now brpallm fn o ngain. Tno whigs have aclually a m.-ijority nf tix in Ihe houte ofassetnbly, inslcad of four aud a mnjonty of ttco on loint ballot ! Now that this Ohio busiuess is disposcd ol, we lake leave lo rcmind our neighbor that lns fennsylvanta rcturns ueed a slight correction. Dr. Ncs, tho membp.r elect from lh York Districi, wliom tho Argus classcd and countcd as a Loco Foco, cocs for the Tariff, Distribution and Hanty Clay. This makes the delegation stand 13 Whifs lo 11 Locos. The A rgus ha s nntyctndvis ed in rcaders of tbis fact. Albany Wetkly Journal. JUR. VAN BUREN ON THE TARIFF. Sm Jonaii BARKirtCTos. in his amusing nnin-biofjraphical sketches, tclls of n couple of Irishrncn. who jxoing lo the mendow one hridht inornins, wilh their sythes carlessly hniiingontheir shoulders, spied n fine sal mnn lurking under Iho bank of a small stream in their vay. Tlio prize was too trmpling to be firpgone. Imt how to get nl il was tho question. when one proposed that he othcr should spcar llve fish with the nnh of his sythe. No sroner said than done. The snnh wat carefully poised. for getful ofthe blnde which hung bphind.jind with the encouraging exclamalion. " give him n good poult, Dennis !' down went ihe uiintli with such hearty gond will, that tbough 'he fuh cscapod, the blade ofthe sythe neal-i ' v sliced olT ihe operalor' head, and one j eir of his.ccmpanion. This anccdolo has becn rcca'led to our recotlection by reading the declaralion of tho Richmond Enquirer that Mr. Van Bu ren has recenlly written a letter "denounc in: and ullcrly disclaiming ihe. present Ta riff," and tlie commcnls thereupon of the Loco Foco press in the middlo and north ern stnles. The prize of soulbern votcs was so tcmpting that he could nol icsist making a dive at it, fnreetful of ihe weapons he was wiclding, and in ihe operation he has not only nearly decapitalcd himself, hut rendered liis friendlhe kind olTices narral od by the gossipirrg sm Jo.nah. The sto ry tclling knight relates that tho head and ear wcro picked up by the miller bclow,and ' ihe mill-boy ofthe slashes" will ronder ihe like service to Mr. Van Burcn and his friends. As a spcimen ofthe eommenls,of mc Lioco press upon ihe Richmond .nqui rer's publication, we subjoin Ihe following Irom ihe Philadclphia Seminel .- It scems to usTthnt ihe letter rcferred to bv llic Ennuircr. or at lrast so much ofit'cloek. accomoaniftd bv one or two of his as relates to the prcsri Inrill, should bc I published. As tbe mallcr U presonled, great injus'.ice may be uninlenlionally done to Mr. Van Buren, and unpluasant Rclings cxcited in tbe niinds ofsomo oi ihosc dcm ocrals, who, in Congress, votcd fur this law, in ihe numberof which may be rnckcd Sen ators Buchaoan of Pennsylvauia, and Wright of New York. Ccrlain it is, that the paragraph in the Enquirer, if uncxplain. ed, is calculated to injuro Mr. Van Uurcn's prospccl in Pennsylvania. Buf. Pat. and Jour. JCSCTIOS OF TI1E ATLANT1CAND PaCIF. ic Oceans. The contract enlerrd inlo by the Darings, with tho rcpublic ol New Gre. nada, for the conslruclion of a ship canal across tho Isthmus of Daricn, provides for ccding to tho company the lino for Iho pro-' jecled work, witli eighty Inousana acres of land in tho intcrior. These princely mer- , , . . chnnts uo nol npncar in this transaclion as l . r.i n 1 r- . rc Ihn nrrnnt nt Inp Hriticli l.nvprnmpnl mn. the Govcrnmcnt ; and doullcss many ndvan 1" J togoa will bo sccured lo Great Britain, both polilicaland commercial, by iho complelion of iho vast work hcro projecled. The com plclion of the s'.iip canal bclwcen the two oceans, as projcctcd, will mark an era in the world's agr. The cvcnt will stand lo givo n dislinctive choractcr to the ccnlury. It is o bo a fivo year's work lo cnduro forcvcr ! Tho whole aspcctof commerce will be clianij. cd by it. It will accelcralc tho rcvolulion now going on in China more rapidly and more thoroughlv than all tho forccofBritish armamenU; and not ihcre only will it woik changes, but in all Polynesia and tho wcs tern coasts of South Amcrica, which aro now rcached by doubling Capo Horn. TuE ROMANCE OF JlATEIJtOJir. Mr. John M. Batcholdcr, of Soco, Maine, was recenlly marricd to Mrs. E. C. Beardilov, of New York. The N. Y. Bulletin. in ! giving p'co to the announcetnent. says : Somclhing like a ycar and a halfago Mr. Bttchclder, the groomafurcsaid, was united in inarriagc to a lady whoso hcalth was so dclicato that they immcdiately sct sail for Vera Cruz, in the hopo that tho vojage would bo beneflcial to her. They had for follow passor.grrs Mrs. E. Constantia Bear dnlcy, ihe brido afprsaid who was accom panying her then husband to Vera Cruz, for iho improvcment of liis health. But fato had ordnined a disappointmcnt to both pailies, and Mrs. Batchclder nnd Mr. Boar dsley both wcnt ' tlie way of all flesh. Tlie bcrcavcd widower, as soon as propriety would admit, addressed himself to ihe dis consolate widow, and proposed, as a con solation to ihcir respeclive affliclions, that they should supply lo cach othor the places of ihcir dcar dcparlcd malcs. Bul Mrs. Benrdsley, for somo cause or olhcr probably declincd the proposal. But Mr Batchclder was dutermincd not lo rc main in his bereaved slale, and conscquen. tly made love to anothcr lady, wilh whom he was more uucccssful, and who rpceivcd him and hisofferofhishcart aud hand wilh all the favor bo could deiirc. According 10 the rulcs and rcgulations " down east," tho forthcorning marriage of Mr. BalcheU derand his now flme was dnly "publihed in the parish church," and all was going on Mcrrilj aj tlio inarriagc bclls," when, on thu Saturday preceding thoTues day 011 which the marriage was published to lake placc, Mr. B.i'.cheldcr Imd ihe hnpp. incss 10 receivo from tho rclenting widow Beardley a letter, in which sho wilhdrcw bcr dcclinalion of liis offur of acknowlcdccd bersnlf readv m mtn Inm part lold drnwn from in tl.is story ; the vntold part consi.sts in the inlcrcstimr fact that he had to pay Ihe disnppointed bride that was to be two thousand one hundrcd dollars for a breach of prnmise lo her. As 5am Wcller says, " it takcs the vidders " DISTRESSIXG CASUALTY. On th Rvinitnw nTtlm 7tl. :.. .1 rt n V, ,T VT ' ",au' ",rcc 801,3 i ofMr. Pcter Culbert, Jlope Mauufacturor of ! uus iowii, ine owcst only fburtcen j-ears of agc, were drowiied near the rcsidciicc of Jlr. Culbert, aliout tno milcs south of tbia villno. 1 Iie oldcst laI siating upon a small mill pond ou the Shclhum road, and acidcntally skatiii" ' into an opeu spot, where tho watcr was 8 or J 10 fect decp. The two youuger brothcrs, in attempjiug to pull him out, were both drawii I mto tno water, where tliey all perishcd. The bodics have since been rccovered. An afilict- condolencc of all who hear of this mclaucholy ....Liiiiui. uut. aenitnti. Mr.. Cl.it ad ViRGixiA.-It is checring, says the Philadclphia U. S. Gazcttc, to mark the movcmcnts of the whigs in Virgiuia. In evcry part ofthe old Dominion, there appcars to bo a new spint abroad, excidng to actiou and orsaiiizatioii. Clay Cluls are beiug form ed, aud correspondence established from the Ohio to thc Chesepcake. This U wcll This is as it should bc ; and with such a bcginnin"-, tlie whks will carry Mrcinia for Clav bv ihnnl sands. Thcre is a ThomDsonian Mmlirsl established at Forsyth, Georgia, with seven 1 roressorsbips, aparatus and all the uecessary apphanccs for thorough aud systematic course of mstrucuon. M. Cominirs. n nnilv. nr gor, is Profesor of Botany aud Dcmonstrator of Auatomy. ' cl fatlier anil mother are tlms left tn innim the unt;,i,clylo5softl.reepromi3ing children, , l",,V. n!U "oar" l? th0e their only sons. Sucli an afflictive stroke of . thc PuWJcLw"ks of the State, on thc ac rrovidencc must call fnrtli thn rmnii,; ....i ' count of the suspension of tliose works bv Rail Road Accideht. The locomotive of the Worcester train was on Sunday after- noon throivu offtlie track at Ncwton Corner by coming in contact with an ox. The ani mal was kiUed and tlie fircman somcwhat in jured. Timts. A bachelor in Pittsburgh picked up a thim blc. He s'tood for some momeuts meditau'ug on the probable beauty of the owuer, when he pressed it to liis'lips, and exclairaed "Oh that you were the fair cheek of tlie owner!" Just as he had finished a big wench lookcd out of an upper window and said "Iloss.jis please to frow dat are fimble o'raine in the en try I jist now drapt it." The bachelor is said to have faiutcd on the spot. ARREST OF UORR IN RHODE ISLAND. CnnoNicLE Office 4 14 o'clock Afr. Dor.R m Providence. Mr. Thos. W. Dorr arrivcd in Providenee this afler noon, and prococded at once to the City Ilo tel. tlo cniercd that bouso about two o fncnds, and proceedcd at onco tolhercgis lcr, where he recorded his name. Je thco went ovcr lo tho ilcuse of Col. Simons the editor of iho Ilerald, (who lives opposile) whero we understand he is dining. We understand Mr. Dorr camo lo ihc city with tho inlcntion of remaining. ipd thcrcforo expects to bo arrcstcd. Since writing the obove, Mr. Dorr has. been arrested. He was arrcstcd by Mr. deputy sherifTPorter, acconipanicd by Mr. Chaffee, and two or thrce olher policc offi cers. Ttvs ofiiccn procceded to Col. Simon's housc, where Mr. Dorr was passing the af tcrnoon with a parly of his friends. Thcro were a fcw pcople rathercd aboiil the door m m 1 i,r... m. n , .. . . crcasetj n,,. ,, , , c. , ri Mr. 1 otter went inlo uol. bimons Housc, , ., . t, . , , proceedcd up stairs. He was received by ' i. .. . . . . J rand, (which we prcsumc he must havo guesscd,)at once lold him he was rcady to go wilh him. Tlie parly thcn ccmo down stairs, Mr. Potlcr leading, and got into a carriage which had becn druwn up before the door, the fpccta'ors having somcwha incrcascd in numbcrs since the Sheriff on lercd, but ihcir being nol tho slightcst cx. citement. The carragc drovo to the Slato Prison, whero Mr. Dorr remains at least, for the prcseni. lia looks uncommonly well, and boro himself, as ho got into iho carriage, with considcrablo dignity. The party drovo off from tho door, Mr. Dorr and Mr. Pot ler tho Sliciiff, talking pleasantly togcth- cr. PROCLAM ATION, BY TUE GOVEBKOB. It is good to givc thanks unto tho Lord, for in liiin nalions navo Ihcir being. He ir moyclh and Uo sclteth up, and Rulers should recognizo Jehovah as the protccl ing God ofthe Peoplc. Wbercfore, in nccordancc wilh the rever. ed custom of our Fathers, I do hcreby ap point TIIURSDAY, the sevonth day of Deccmber ncxt, to bo obsorvod as a day of public THANKSGIV1NG. PRAYER and PRAISE, throughout this State. And I do carneslly recommend ihatlho People abstain from all sccular avocations, and repoir lo their usual places of public worship for Prnyer and Thanksgiving to Almightv God; that they gratcfully acknowledge, in the Sanctuary, His loviog kindness and tender mcrcies, humbly rccognizing His supcnn lending Providenee and their own depon- dencs upon Him, Iho Uiver of emy good and perfect cift, and implore the forrzivcness of ihcir manifold sins, and tho salvalion of their immortal souls, through the mcrits of our Lord and bavior Jesus Ohnst. Licl us givo unfeigned thanks for iho rich mcrcies of ihe pasl ycar, displarcd in all ihc relations of life, chil, social and religious; that our ntlion has bcen honorcd among the king doms of the earlh, and the sounds of war have been hushed in all our bordcrs ; that our polilical, literary, and rclicious ins'itu. tions have becn chcrished, the majesly of Ihc law msinlaincd, and the people pro!cct- ed and prospcred in ihcir lawful nursuils : and that, though many, wilh broken hcarts, havo bcen called to put on the habilimcnts of mpurninrz, frcneral hcalth has bcer. vouch safed lo us, and rcjoicing has becn heard in our dwellings ; thal sccd timo and harvcsi have becn givcn us, and tho carth has yield. ed and abundant increasc, making glad the neaii oi ihe husbaudman. And, as n con fcssion becomclh a pcople whosc wavs are not according to the commnndmcnts of iho Lord, let us acknowledge ihc sins of Intcm pcrancc, Sabbath.brcaking and Opprcssion, and ask gracc from the Most High, that wo may forsake them forcver. And finally, wnn a jusl scnso ot our ucpcndcnce upon Divino favor, lel us wait upon tho Lord wilh sinceriiy and humility, and bcseech llim to ordcr all ourslcps in pcacc and rigliteous ness, Ihat llius we may Iiono lo cninv nnd perpctudle the blessingsof civil nnd religious ircoaom. Given under my liand, md tho scal of said blatc, at Alontpehcr, this ihirty.hrst dnv ofOclober, in t!.c j car of our Lord one thousand cight hundred forly.thrcc. and ofthe Indcpcndence ofthe United Stalcs, tlio sixlyxcighth. By the Govcrnor, JOHN MATTOCKS. IIENRY HALE, Secrciary. 81,500,000. Ve are informed by com- petent authonty that the award of damages the Loco-Focos, will probablv amount to one millionjice hundred thousand dollars ! .' This is a sta'rtling fact, and furnishcs an other evidence ofthe rcckless cxtravagance and improvidcnce of our present State rulers. Troy Vfhig. John QciNcr Adams. Tho Cleveland Daily Herald of Nov. 1st, announces the arrival of John Quincy Adams at that place. He took them quite by surprise, so that they had no time to ring the bells and fire their cannon. He addressed the citi zens of the place in the Church. He spoke ofthe growing prospcrity ofthe West and of the reception he had evcry where raet with in the most cnthusiastic tcrms. Ilo said that Burcoyne had declarcd he rnnM tnarch with threc rcgimcnts from ono cnd ! of the British Colouics to the other; but he was compelled to surrender before he reached the plains of Saratoga. He was greeted with three cheers whcn he sat down. His progress is like a triumphal march, and the " old man eloquent" seems to enjoy his Western tourgreatly. He left the same afternoon for Hebron and expect ed to be in Columbus on Saturday. (IJ'John Quincy Adarns delivers the introductory lccturc before the Mercantile Library Association of Lousville, the early part of the month. If. Y. Trihune. CT" Antoine Geisler, who was recent ly convicted of the murder of Mr. and Mrs. Smith, at Iluntingdon, Long Island, has made a full confession of his guilL He says also tliat he murdered a man in Eu rope beforc he fled to this country. FOREIGN NEWS. ARRIVAL OF THE BBITAKNIA. ARREST OF O'CONNELL AND EIGHT OTHER REPEALERS. Tbe Govcrnmcnt havo at longth taken -activo mcasurcs to suppress the Irish agila tion by nrrcsting O'Connell and othcrs, nnd sending ovcr thc 34th nnd 87th Rcgimcnts to kccp the poace. The lord heulcnant on arriving at tho capital convcncd the Privy councillors and ngrccd upon n proclamation which was is sucd. commandicg the pcople of Ircland to abstain from holding mcelings and all other movcmcnts calculated to cxcitc disconlcnt and disaffcction in Ihe ininds of Her Maj csly'a subjccls, nnd cnjniucd upon tho mag istratcs 6i ofliccrs ofGovernment tocnforco obcdicnce to (he established laws &c. &c, Mr. O'Connell and eighl othcrs were ar" restcd Oct. 14, and gave bail for their 'up pcaranco at thc Court of thc James Bcnch for trial, nftcr which tho following addrcss was issucd : TO THE PEOPLE OF IRELAND. Belovcd Fcllow Countrymen : I an nounce to you Ihat which you will hcar from othcr quarlcrs, namcly, that I have this day given bail to answcr (o a chargo of conspiracy and olher nusdemcanors, the first day of next term. I makc this nn nounccmcnl in order to conjure tho pcople, one and all, to obscrvo the strictcst nnd most perfect tfanqudity. Any attempt to disturb the public pcnco may be most disastrous ccrtainly, would bc criminal and miscbicv ous. 'Attend, thcn, belovcd counlrymcn, to mo. Bo not tcmptcd by anybody to break tho peacc, to violate thc law, or to bc guilty of anytumult of disturbanco. The slightcst crimo ngainst order or tho public pcacc may ruin our bcautiful and othcrwisc triumph ant causc. 'If you will, during this crisis, follow my advicc, and act as I intreat you to do, pa tiontly, quielly. and legally, I think I can pledgc mysclf to you, that thc pcriod isnot far distant when our rovcrcnd sovcrcign will opcn thc Irish Parliament in Collcgo Green. 'Evcry attempt of our enemies to disturb the progress of Repenl hitherto has had a direct contrary clTcct. This allcmpt will nlso fail, if it be not assittcd by any mis conduct on the part of the peoplo. 'Be tranquil, thcn, and we shall bo tri umphant, I havo tho honor to be, your cvcr faitliful servant. DAN'L O'CONNELL Mcrrion Sq'r, Oct. 14. 1843. At a rcpeal mceling on thc 9th Oct. Mr. O'Connell statcd his futurc plans,by saying, (ho proclamation would not altcr his course of conduct in rclation to the great subjcct of rcpeal, but mcotings must be held in cv cry parish ol Ireland, to cxprcss their gnev anccs and pctition Parliament to restore to Ihemthcirnationallegislature. But at the same timo cxhorting tho pcople to break no law, nnd maintam good order in all their declarcd Govcrnmcnt were now doicg more wbU.uv.. ... ...... .. tor the ngtlalion ot rcpeal than hc cvcr did, At thc closo of tho mecting bc brought for ward thc following resolution which was a doptcd by tumulluous chccring i nat wuust we repcat to the peoplo ot . Ircland our conviction thafwhocver com- mits a crimo givcs strength to the cnemy." and whilo we pledgc them and oursclves (o ' a perfect obcdienco to tho law, wo nt tho ! sametimcnvow before thc inhabitants of (ho British ompirc. and beforo the inhabilants , ot tno ciwnzcd world, Ihat we nover will i dcsist from tlis lciraland constitulional nur suitof (ho Repeal of tho Union, unlil an I' rish Parliament is in Collezc Green acain, During the procecdings of this mecting sev- erat sums oi money amounting to ovcr oue thousand pounos were haudcd m as ' procla mation mouey." And among thc reat a letter from New Jcrsey, U. S. containiug twenty pounds, wliich was rcccivcd with loud chcer- iog. Hc then said somc had imacincd tliat thc rcpeal agitation would now diminish, but nev er were thc pcopleof Irclandmorcdctcrmined than at present to pcraevcre; and heimplored them to abstain from cxcitcmcnt and iutcmper- unwi mu outuu-sa ivoBuicviiauic. Imporlanl Netcs from Ch,ina. The trcaty concluded last ycar bctween the Chiucse coin mbsioners and the British plenipotentiary has iiccn muy raiuiea ny ine tmpcror, grauting a tarilTof a libcral character which cannot be al tcred. Bythc proclamadon ofthe Impcrinl commissioncr most of the ports are opeu for iroui; irutu ui liauoilS. FARTHER PARTICULARS OF O'CONNELL. At tho Rcpeal Association Octobcr Olh, immcdiately aftcr thc dispcrsion of tho Clontarf mceling. O'Connell thus dcscnb- cd his futurc plans: ?ly course is manifcst. 1 hat proclama. tion has dcnc nolhinz to allcr my courso of conduct, cxccpt in so far as my aUond. ance nt tho mecting ycsterday was con ccrncd. It ccrtainly did prevent my at tcnding that; bot there all its inlluencc vifas at an ond. I did intend, boforo Par. liamont sat, to havo had a simullancous mcctini; of every parish throughout Ircland. nn tho taino day, to pctition them ; and those petilions were to be signcd rogularly by all tho rcsident Rcpcalers, commcncing with iho clergyrnen. I cannot now namo a day for this great simullancous nssem bling of tho Irish, nation ; for I wish tbe exci'.cment and indignation raiscd by this foolish and mad proclamation in the breasts of the people lo be assuagcd beforo wo vcn. ture to do so. I give notice of my plan : and on a ccrlain day, yct to bc appoinlcd. cvery parish in Ircland shall mcet to scek thc rcstoralion of their nalivo Lcgislalure Beforo tho ncxt setting of Parliament, it will be neccssary (o hold two of theso si multancous parochial meetings of univcrsal Ireland. The first, for tho duo exposition of their grievances, nnd tho drawing up of petilions adopted and signcd man by man. Thcsc meetings will take place afler mnss ; and the neccssary busincss will be trans- acted in tlio lilllo yards or enclosurcs at. tached to evrry chapel. I wifnt to know how they will prevent our mceling to pc lilion simultnneously throughout Ireland, although they may prevent our mecting in mullitudes. 1 o nrrango this was one myroasonsforgivingupmonster meetings; but I havo still something more to work out. I shall nlso carry into operation the plan of our arbilration courls nniversally. In this 1 bclieve the Proclamation will give us no small hclp ; and soon all over Iieland thcro will be cenllemen dispensing justice to all whnmekit. I havo also nnothcr nlan. It is to prevent Irish cstates from boing overloaded with mortgages. the intercst of which is handcd ovcr to pcrsons in Eng- land. Tho objcct is to buy up the debts due on Irish cstates, and the plan is most promising. It would be carried into cilect by a company of gcntlcmcn wilh JU1UU sharcs; and from tho numbcr of anticipat- cd subscribers that would bo amply suf- hctent ; and this company would bo cm bodicd for tho nurnose of takinz un the j.t.i- j... t?i 1 i i?ni:,i,n,nn 1 from Irish cstates. Thus, tho intcrest of the dcbt or mortgages would bo paid and spcnt in Ireland inslcad of in England. Aftcrwards, again cxhorting tho peoplo to obcy his advice and brcak no law, ho says : I will take thc neccssary stcps for car rying out my plan for tho formation of the Irish Housc of Oommons, which I trust I shall bc cnablcd lo lay beforo Parliament in tho very first weck of tho next scssion. The steps that preceded the arrest of O Oonnell were as follows : A great mect ms had bceu announced to be held at Clontarf on Sunday, the 8th ult. It was expected to be one of the Iargest meetings ever held in Ireland. De Gray. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, issued a proclama- tion forbidding it, on the ground of its be. ing seditious, illegal, &c. A Committce nffbp Rpnpnl Asonpinlmn rona Immpdlafpltr called. and. m the advicp. of O'CnnnplI the meetins at Clontarf countermanded. The proclamation of O'Connell requesting the Irish lo abstain from assemblinrr at Clontarf. and submit neacefullv to the au- thoritics, was accompanied with every cf- ' 1 lcct to prevent them cominsr tojrether. Un""" nc uucibiumu ccij wm wu Sunday all the guards of the city were doubled, and at 10 o'clock the whole gar- rison was drawn up at Clontart. At cvery corner were excitcd multitudes reading the Lord Lteutcnant sproclamation and O Con nell's notice. The streets were thronged with men driven hithcr and thither by the troops, cannons were loaded, and their muzzles pointcd towards Dublin and the matches fizzing. But thc people, it is said, did not fear them much, but taunted them with " in sulting the people." In the midst of the people in a car rode Mr. Thomas Stcclc, head Pacifiicator in Ireland, bftaring a green branch and reiterating the word ' home,' The crowd slowly moved off. Thb was on the 8th. On the 9th and llih great repeal meetings were held in Dublin, at which Mr. O'Connell presided. On the 14th, nearly a week after the proclamation, O'Connell was arrcstcd. We are informed, says the Limerick Chronicle, that it is the determination of government to prosecute Mr. O Conncll in the Court of Queen's Bench, for seditious Ianguage. The indictment is now being nrpn.irpd bv Mr Kpmmw f!rnun Rnljpitnr un(er the a(iTice of the Crown lawyers in London and Dublin. The materials for tilis pr0ceeding were furnished.it isthought, by the langage used at the Mullaghmast cpeal meetinir. iV. x. Tribune. GREECE. Tho Malta popcrs havo intelligencc from Athens ofthe 22d Sctcmbcr. On that dav tlio Princess of Olaenburg, sister of tho Quecn of Greece, cmharkcd in an Austrian sleamcr, wilh Baron Hesso and about sixly Bavarians, rtccntly dismisscd Irom civil and military officcs. King Ollio and his Queen took leave on boird. The war ships in tho Piraius saluted iho parting steamer, and the dcod c kent ud a succession of cheers. with cries of ' Long live tho constitulion." On arrivihg at Patrai. the princess, bearing some ill-fceling oxcited, would not disem. bark. Her doclor, however was nol so pru dcnt, but landed in full uniform, wilh sevnral Bavarian decorations on his breast. He was obligcd again to scek rcfuge on board, having becn sloned and hooled. Lcttcrs from Athens of ihe 30th Sept have reached us. 1 he clcctions were to commonce on Ihe 1st. At tlio ccremony obscrvcd in iho cathedral church, in com- merr.oration of ihe birthday of King Otho, iho f rcnchand Unglish Uonsuls were loud. ly chcerod by the peoplo. Tho Indus, 74, and iho Yesuvius sleamcr, had arrived at tho Pirtcus, Texas. There is a rumor ailoat based on letters said to have been received at New Orleans from Galvcston that Sam Houston has been guilty of the deepest treaciiery to his country tliat lie has agreed to acknowledge the supremacy of Mexico, which power is then to cede to fcngland lexas, as paymcnt to her of her debt For his scrvices in the premises, the President is to reccive a handsome sum some aay a cool hundred thousand and an important post under government. From tbe Montral Ilerald. ST. JEAN BAPTISTE. Orr Sunday last, the ceremony of con' secrating the large bell for the Roman 1 Catholic Cathedral took place, in the pres-1 ence of several thousand spectators. Thc ' ceremony commenced at half-past one. 1 Within the railinri ofthe altar were as-! sembled about a "hundred priests, at the head of whom was the Bishop ofMontreal, all arrayed in the most gorgeous robes, and n .1 i i . . . i : t .1 . l.l. auuuucu uy u grcai uiaiij iikuc uvjo, iiuu- ited in ecclesiastical dresses. 1 The bell was suspcnded about three feet from the. ground, by a windlass and strong are broken offby tho weight of tho snow. frame work raised on the fioor ofthe This is of course (o bc atlribulcd to tho cir Church around the beams and ropes of cumstanccs of tho trees being nearly jn fqll which was twjned cottoij cloth of white leaf." Pittsburgh Gazete, and scarlet alternately, so as to conceal j evcry thing but the bell. Over the top where the beams all united was a splendid crown of roses and other brirht Icaved flowers, immcdiately under which project- j ed spars to each side of the church, sup-: porting the Union Jack, and flags with re-1 lirrious devices. one of which contained a j represcntation ofSL Jean Baptisle, to whom j tlie Dcll was iu ue ucuigmuu, auu miusu,, "Sn eithesidTihe framcwork was flank - -jY" ii r..l,;pt,.l,o,!.nrppr, .11 CU UJ suiuu . ,., . .....vi,.. or harraonised and contrastea Deautuuiiy witn sthe varicgated hues of.the surrounding the varicgated nues oi uie burroununig decorations, and the drapery worn by thc priests. Sinall flags also, of white, green and red, were projected from them on tiny stavcs, on the right and left, on which were cmblems dona in gold, scveral ofthe green bearing the harp and shamrock of Ireland. Aftcr sineinir the " Misericordia " priest delivered an address, first in Englisli and then inFrench but we rcmarked that the English one was a calm discourse, showing the antiquity and illustrating the , benefit of ceremonies, white the latter was a warm appeal to the religious feelings of , his hearers. The Bisliop, having changed his mitre, apparently of cloth of gold, tor oneot pure white, then came forward with the priests and sprinkled the bell outside and inside with holy water ; he then retired, and sev eral priests came forward and washed it with napkins dipped in consecrated water. After singing, the Bishop again advano cd and marked the sign of the cross at dif ferent places on the outer surface. While the Bishop knelt in prayer at the altar the choir again sang and continued the chaunt, as hc again approachcd thc bell, and an ointed it with oil, outside and inside. All again proceeded to the altar, and after a short prayer by the Bishop a cloud of in cense ascended, and a priest with a censer fumigated the bell. The Bishop then wip ed off the oil, the choir burst forth again, and incense was thrown in clouds, which he-tne .cnurct mltl perlume. lne "ishop, having assumed the mitrc ,ie wore at first and surrounded by the P"ests, advanced to the godfathers and godmothers, to whom he spoke a few words. IIe then took the roPe whlch was attached tO the tonffue. and Struck One MoW, tlie godfathers and godmothers followcd his ex . amPIe and after hc had returned under the 'canopy, such others ofthe congregation as chose, both men and women, rang a single toll upon the consecrated mstrumcnt. Thus concluded the bencdiction, but thc ' J . 7 - 1 . 1 ...1 ll.l made an offering in money,) continued long allcr thc uishop and priests had retired from thc altar and the church. From tlie Roclieitcr Democrat or FriJaj. DESTRUCTIVE FIRE. Our city was visitcd this morning by the most destructive conflagration that has hap pened for many years. The entirc range of buildings from tbe allcy west of the Third Church, round the corner to some distance up South St. Paul strcct, are a heap of ruins. The fire was discovered about lialf-past two, and raced with una- bated fury for two hours. The number of buildings destroyed is bctween twenty and twenty-five. Owinj to the Iatcncss of thc hour, we arc only able to givc thc namcs of the most prominent sufferers. The fire originated in the erocery storc of J. Shaw, who, with his little boy jumped from tne xna story winuow. 03ThoHon. Mr. Cashing, our Min istcr to onina, arrivcd st Alcxnndria on tho 10th of Septcmber. (Ic had an audU enco wilh Ihe Viceroy, and left on the same day for Sucz, whcncc ho was to procccd to uombay in the monthly stcnmcr, expecting Ihcrc to mcct thc Amcrican squadron rcady to rcccivo him and to convey him to chi na. Another Tkaoedv ! A Katheu Siiot nr his So 1 We lcarn bya letter rcceU vcd on Saturday night from Wcsbrook,(for merly part of Saybrook,) on Connecticut rivcr, that a fcarful trngcdy occurrcd in ihat town on Friday evcning. Mr. John Stan nard, Jr., a wcalthy and highly rcspcctable farmcrin that town. about fifty years ofage, who has a wife and two childrcn, was dc libcrately shot whilc nt thc suppcr tablc, by his own son. Tho family wcro thus occupicd, when Alphcus Stannard, about 24 years ofnge, went into his ohamber somewhat abruptly, and, as subsequcnlly appearcd, loaded his gun. John theyoungcr son expressed somo apprehensions to tho fnthcr, nnd said he was fcarful Alphcus was nbout todo somclhing wrong, perhaps shoot somc one. When ho came down stairs with thc cun in his hand. John left the room. The fathcr rose from the table and approachcd him with some ex clamation of surpriso, nppnrenlly for thc purpose of seizing the weapon. Alphcus immcdiately lcvellpd the mitskct nnd shot his father diroctly throuch tho breast, thc bail passing through and coming out of his back. flo livcd unlil midnight, when he expired in excrucialing ncony. Tho son sccmcd quito unconscious ot (he tragc dy in which he had been cnnntred. and al. tnough ho has nevtr becn susjiecled ofinsa - nity yct in this murdcrous act ho has ox - hibited such evidence of it, that wo under. stand he is to bo sent immcdiatclv to tho Retreat at Hartford. Thc unforlunalc falhcr was an cstimable man. dcacon ofthe Cnnirrpirni innl Phnrph in that town, and himsoff rfnd family havo , always lived togcther in the most affcction- ate and harmonious manner. His funeral 1 took place yesterday. Deep regretas well 1 as painful excitcment pcrvadc that part i ncrvadc that part ot tne country. and in the most ot it aii, tno mwniM vvillbll prulllUlUU IUI3 uiuiutivuj At-r-A rpmnln nn in.,ri.Mn mvsterv to all , mnf...nn . . - . T t. 1-J J l- murderous . oxcept Omnipotance. New Haren Couritr. Snow. On tho night of Thursday and hics of transportarion to Boston, ofitsw11 idav wo had quite a fall-of snow. ThoL.i .- " Friday wo had quite a fall-of snow, ground was covered somo two inches in tho morning though it was melting rapidly. A friend in tho country writes us as follows : "Snow this morning at sunrise-accu J ralcly mcasnrcd on n plain surface 1 1-8 i inches deep. A little is still falling. Tho j cffects produced on tho trces is at onco on- 'v;n,omn.l I 1 : r. . t tl i r i l nuiwuuu ucauuiuj. x I1U limus 01 Somo &rQ ' bent down scveral feet from their natural pojition, and many ofthe moro sturdv nnp PEOPLE'S PKESS. Mitldlebury, IVov. 15, It-.iy IUIL ROADS. It does aecm 83 though the people of ,u ' T'f A. they have in the iirojects nhich an '. nrftntlnnfn .1.. - ui,lf Q - " "'sactiusct, tti roads through ennont. But wearegl - o- weareglaj. hnd othcr sections ofthe state tnj , are fully awake to tlie vast advaniaj;ts , i, derived from tliem. During il,e iwt" . ' 0r the Icgislature, 3Ir. Gilmorc an W"''& j tile LoW,jit Nashua anj conc I Zitn"' I at Montnfj;ir r,,i.. . ro:(!3' BM a .,,' " . ul0 ' tae C Rail from thc mouth of White Rivcr itsJ J Montpelier ,o Burlington; and Col of Fitchburc sliowin- thn . nAa ... " . a rHor auvanta'M ofthc extens.cn ofthe Fitchborg hc Connecticut, and p that rircrto Mompc her; or from Bellows Falls via. Ia through thc vallcy of Ottcr Crcek to VerE nesor Burlington. Wc understand Iegislaturehave grauted two important tW. tcrs,oucofa rail road from Burlington MontpcHertoB point or poinu on Coaaed. cut nvcr, most conveuient to iutersect the Concord and Fitchburg roads. The oth for a rail road from Burfington, through Vereen nes, Middlebury and Rutland to thc CoanU icut, where most convcnientto mcct the Fitch burg rail road. The latter routc is saM ,0 1, tcn or fiftccu miles the shortest, and we trust combincs very superior advantagej to Vcr mont. The recent surveys made by the pco ple of Rutland havercmovcd tho feari euter taincd of iu pracdcability, throneh the M01lat Holly gap to thc Connecticut. Since Rail Roads and Canals have picrcej the country cven to the far west, it h doubly neccssary for Vermont to be fuS, awake to improvemcnts which alonecaaem. ble her to come fairly hito compctitiou wih the rcst of thc union. Altho withiu I. ,,,. two hundrcd miles of tlie great conimerasl emporium of New England, without the tasj andchcap otitlets of rail roadj, eheunor olTtliau states a thousand miles distant niti thcsc facilitics of communicntion. But it might be asked whether these brj. liaut schemcs are within tho bound of posi ble accomplishmeut. Rail Road stock at prti ent is altogcther tlie most desirableia themsr ket &the avidity with which that of ihe Fitck. burg road was sought, and the proinptitade with wliich ncarly half ofthe road liu leea already coustructed, shows tho favor which it has met willi among the capitalists of lloiton. But Fitchburg is only a half way liouse ia their vicws ofthe cxtcnsiou of this road. Lale Clfcnijdain is the final tcraiinus, which tlie Bostou people are determined it shall reaclL- rhcysccthe immcnsctrade whichniujtflontii the castcru capital from western and norihera erniont, aud the whole extcnt of Lake Chim- plaiu aud the St. Lawrcncc country. Nor does tho 45lh degree of north lattitude fcound their prospccts of accumulating trada from this region. By mcans of thc Uichclcu canal coiiuectiiig her with Outario, and the Wellaul canal with Lake Erie, Montrcal is dentined to bccome the ccntro of an iimneiise trade. A very cousidcrable proportion of this trado ! rcady sccks an outlct through tho St Johia and Lapraire rail road, aud Lako Champlaia to New York, and could be very ca.iily diver ted to liostou by the coutemplatod eTteiuion ofthe Filchburg or Concord rail roads. Wilh prospccts of prolitable invcstinents m attractivc to Bostou capitalists.nho Imeboth tho ability and thc wish to make tbcir city imincnse commercial cuiporium, we bclieve that sooncr or later thc projected work will bc accomplishcd. Rail roads can now be con- structcd at vastly less expcuso than foreifrir. The two millioiis cxpeuded upon the!25m2tj of the Lowell road viould build one through tho whole extent iu Vermont. The pcople of Addison Couaty should be- gin to fccl mterested in tliis fubjcct nsiit wcrca)rojectofpossiblearcoinplidluiient.aD'I within the life of thc present grncratioa. Whcthcr this great thoroughfarc shall pcoe" trate thc state through tho gaps of the Kreci mountains at Brookfield and Montpelier; or at Mount Holly through Rutland to WhiteW or Brandou, Middlebury and Vergennes, to the common tcrminus at Burlington, may anel depend upon the intcrest aud efloru which the people iu thb region put forth outhissn jcct. ftextycaritis believcd thc I'itchbor? road will bc complctcd. Thc charters fr rail roads throigh this state which have alrci dy becn grantcd are still to bc locatcd by cir cumstanccs most favorablc to jirofit auJ la- npas nnd rhpnnnp nf rntiifruction. thcn is tlie time to sum up and cxhibit tho tl vautagcs of a routc through our rich nnd pp ulous portlon of the state. Let them bc fei ly prcs'entcd, and should a rail road everpw 1 through the swte wc bclieve it will come nr . our Uoor3. No sect;on of Vermont would k ' . .... .. , . , , , rr 8. ue.c "cu'y ulncnu:u "3 " ru. . I ZL I0' Addison. i.vcrystreamwnicnguaw , our Moun'3"1 8m1cs would 800n iaye a vl" " broodine upon its banks. The immcnie tcr powcr alTordcif by Otter Creck at Mi'W" burj- and Vergennes would spccdily attratt capitalists, aud convcrt them into extcnii manufactoring viUaecs. Even little V"ey- j . " -0""J " " r ... .... e lifi wmIe our agncultural intercst would fce"" 'vcins swclliug with ovwflowing prospen'f- : nol only from tho homo mnrkar. but the proqucuons. Pkotectio.v ofCoiored Seajiex. The n . r- -i , i,,,.tu Govcrnor and Councl1 of Massachasci" havo appoinlcd Mcssrs. Jobn A. Mayuin New-Orleans nnd B. F. Hunt of oharies- too, acents for Ihat Common wcalth undcr ... n rnnlvA nf !nr wmfnr. fn rrnreSCnt tn0 rigbls of coltred cilizcns of MassachuselU who may bo reslrained in thoso ports wbea arriving thero as seamen, with powcr to test tho quostion before the U. S. Suprcmo Court. iV. Y. Tribune.