OCR Interpretation


The Northern galaxy, and Middlebury people's press. (Middlebury, Vt.) 1843-1844, December 06, 1843, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Vermont

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84023648/1843-12-06/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

Froro ! Georgia J otrmt
MR. CLAYS OPINION ABOUT THE
TARIFF.
TffTnn Editoks : It will bo rccollect
cd ihat n vcry fcws days beforo tho last
gencral clection in this State, an eitract
nf a lelicr from Ihe Ilon. H. Clay, to
Mcssrs Jocl Branham and Ilobcrt Blcdsoc,
w;.s publishcd by tbem, prcscnting his
vicws on Uie siibjcct of aTarifTin a vcry
odious light. Tlio wholc lcller was with
held from tlie public, bccausc, as allcgod,
lliat hc liad requcsted no part of it shonld
bo published. I immcdratoly applicd to
Mr. Clay for a copy of thc corrcspon
dcncc ; ho incloscd mc n Ictter, dirccled
o Ihosc gcntlcmcn, rcquiring thcm to
give to mc, or anv olber friend,' a copy
of his lcttcr to thcm. I applicd to tho
gcntlcmen accordingly. and met with eve
ry favorablcdisposilion from Gcn. Blcd
eno, to complv with thc dcmand. Dr.
Branham pcrtinaciously persisted in his
refusal to do Mr. Clay thc justico he de
manded and it was alone by thc perse
vcrancc of Gcn. Blcdsoo, who permitted
no honorablc excrtion to pass without ma-L-Jikt
it. tliat ho obtained a copy of thc
lcttcr from Dr. Branham, in whosc posscs
sion thc original was, and which hc has
furnishcd to mc. From him I have ob-
taincd a copy of thcir lcttcr to Mr. Clay,
and his lcttcr in rcply both of which I !
ssnd you for publication.
Eatonton, Gco, July I3th. 1843.
Dear Sin : Conflicting opinions of the
principles you now cntcrtain in rclation
to tiic iirotcction of Domcstic manufac-
turcrs arc held by many of thc citizcns of
this Slatc, while oll who havo acquainted
thr-miclvcs with your public coursc on this
tubject adinoulcdgc you to have bccn thc
distingiiishcd advocato of tho systcm of
prolcction.
Mnny havo bccn induccd tobclicvc and
to assert, that your vicws of it have undcr
gonc.if not an cntire change, at lcasl somc
iuodificaliun.
Thc opinions wc have always cntcrtain
cdofyour frankncss, candor and indepen
dciicc, and of your unwillingncss to con
ccal vour principles, or sufler thcm to bo
misreprrscntcd, imlucc us respcctiuiiy io
propnuml to you tne loiiowing qucsuons;
Arc you in favor of a Tarifi" for thc pro
cction of Amcrican Manufacturcs ?
Have your principles in rcfcrcncc to this
subjcct undorgonc changc or modifica-
lon ?
A roply will obligc,
Vcry rcspectfiilly, J'n
JOEL BRANTIIAM.
KOB'T BLEDSOE.
Thc Ilon. IIe.nkv Clay,
Lexington, Kcntucky.
AsiitAsn, 2Sth July, 1643.
Getlemen : I duly rcccivcd your fa
vor of thc 13th inst. in which you inform
mc that confiicling opinions prcvail in your
State in regnrd to my opinions on the pol
icy of protccting Domcstic mnnufaclurcrs,
nnil you rcqucst of rno information in rc
lation to thcm. I lake plcasurc in com
plying with your rcqucst.
M v opinion is that the rcvcnno ncccs-,
sary to an cconomical administralion of
the Gcncral Govcrnment ought to be de
rivcd, in a scason of peace, cxclusivclyi
from dutics iinposcd on our forcign imports,
and that a TarifT for that purposo ought
to bc so adjustcd as to aflbrd rcasonablc
cncourngcrnent to our domcstic manufac
turcrs. I am opposcd to direct tnxes and
internal duties cxccpt in timo of war, whcn
thcy may ho nccc;ary to give vigor and
succcss to nrms. I am opposcd to the doc
trinesof (ree trado with forcign powcrs,all
of uhom subjcct our commcrco with thcm
to rcstrictiin,ofloii vcry grcat and burdcn
somc. 'l'hcsc opinions I have always cntcrtain.
cd and still cntcrtain. I ncvcr was in fa
vorof dutics bcing so high as to amount to
a prohihition of articlcs on which they
we.-c laid. 1 have tuought it ucst tor all
intcrcsts that thcrc should bc compctition.
I lliinl; it of grcat importance that a tariff
should posscs ilabilily, as frcqucnt chan-
iros aliect injuriously all our grcat mtcrcsts,
To inipart to it Ihat character it should be
moduraic, rcasonalilc anu ccrtain
I votcd for thc TarifT of 181G. 1824
nnd I8:iU. I think thoy wcre all rcascn
able and modcrate. at thc timcs they wcre
respcctivelv passcd. In tho infancy of
inanufactures, thc ohjcct bcmg to acquire
tho skill and accumuluto thc capital ncccs
sarv to thcir succcsjful cstablishmcnt, a
grt-atcr dcgrrc of prolcction is expedicnt
than is rrqiiisile aftcr they have made a
conidcrablc )ro!:es. Thc (liflicullv lies
in fixiiiir that degrce. In 1310, we wcre'
. t ? i r.Ti.l i
the mcasurc of prolcction. Eight
CarJ
cxpcrirnce in 1821 enablcd Congrees
fixitwith moro cquity and prccision
in
fivil mnrn rnnitv nnn nrrclsinn. 1
'.oo., : ,.i..i: :!
iu mur j,; nn,I ,r.nnr:nv thn
n...r ria,.i : jf ii,oV. it,t
of 1S32. As our manufacturits advarce
wii ioui mucn c.xpcnc.ice, ua ...... ' we Bro cn,cd on ,0 givf! documcn a fJr
makc, in all cascs. a proper adjus'mcnt ofi, ........ . . . ,
and bccome perfcclc,!. less aud lcss pro- ovcr all o ucrs, wluch .s, we believc,
tcclion willbo necdcd, uutil many articles '' '"gest Uhig major.ty cver givcn m
willbcsblcto nompete with thc forcign ,nat ,0"n-
rival articles, without any protcctbn at all I TlI0'MAS . Rkntoji in a g h
ii thc rorm of dut.es. , m?(e ,o (ie Loco.Focf)3 of gt Lou;3l Cq
I was not in Congress in 1928,and thcro.' Missouri, at Manchester, on the 4lh inst.
fore did not voto for thc TanfTof that yesr. uttcrcd the following, among othcr cqually
Thc dutics in many instar.ccs imposcd by gross and flagitious falschoods :
that TarifT wcre r-x'ravagantly high, and,i ' Tlie clection of Gen. Ilarrison was
in othcrs, duties wcro iinposcd which w'rc 'carricd by bribcd votes, paid for with sus-
not callcd for by any intcrest. That Ta- peudcd bank notcs by falso votcs, givcn
rifi" was a frandulcnt production. It was ( by pcople who did not cxisl by importcd
framcd by a comhination ofsomo niembers ' votcs, carricd from State to Statc by
ftom thc South, and somc from thc North, Isimulated votcs. changing their drcss and
who wire afraid opi-n'y to votc against a ' namcs twcnty timceind voting as oftcn
Tarifi'. and yct wishcd to obtain crrdit for and by changing tickets afler the voto was
being favnrahle to stipposcd Soulhcrn in. ' in tho ballot-box. By thcse, and such
tcrosts. It was so shaped. with thc dcsign likc mcans, the election was carried ; and
of dcfeating thc pa;ageof any tarifT; bc- Judicial proof has since etlailished the de.
-. i i: t : i i- .
catijc li was uciicvl-ii, w n bu iuju.
rioiu to the manur.i:turing intcrest in ina
ny rnspcct'?, th.it tic honest and truo
fricndi of that intcrest would not voto for
it. Had it bccn dcfeated, those Northern
nicmbers.who unilcd iu concocling it,wol'd
have returncd hiimc and asscrted that they
werc the truo frirnUs of protectiou, and
that its rcally hon-st fricnds wcre inimical j
to it. But it w.is ntt dcfcatcd. The gen
iiine friends of m.in ifacturies rcsolvcd not
t' bc chcatcd by ucli a combination, and
dctcrmincd to tuka thc bill for the sake of
the ooj that wjs in it, notwithstanding
tho bnd, which was pul there against thcir
rons nt. The chcjne not having suc
St't'Oed as was djsigned, the Soulhern
mcmbcrs, who wcre concerncd in it, after
vard3 bitterly reproached thcir nortbcrn
confcdcratcs for thc disappoinlmcnt.
I have more than a half a dozcn timcs
cxprcssed, within tho last two or thrco
years, on public occasions, tho opinions,
which 1 now commumcate as 10 a comoi
nation of the principles of Rcvenue and
Protcction in a Tarifi". I send you here
with tho last spcccb on that subjcct which
I made in thc Sonatc of tho United Statcs,
and also a brief sketch of tho principles
of tho Whig party, as I undersland thcm,
which I prcparcd.
I havo no othcr objcction to the pupli
cation of this lettcr but that it would im
ply a sensitivcness in regard to my opinion
which I do not feel.and 1 tbink it has bccn
alrcady sufficiently promulgatcd.
I nm your friend and obedient scrvant,
II. CLAY.
Mcssrs Joel Bkaniian, and
Rod't Rledsoe.
Me. IN KENTUCKY.
This morning, al an carly hour, Mr,
Adams arrived at this placc, amid bon
fires and tho roar ofcannon. Thc occa
sion has been ono of thc Iivclirs: intcrest.
All classej havo joined, with tho utmoti
cmhuiasm, in manifcstations of rcspcct
to thc icnerable patriot
Jmmediatcly at-
ier brcakfist Mr. A dams rcpaired to ihe
Prcsbvterian church, followcd by a numcr.
ous proccssion of the citizcns of this place
and ihe surrounding coun'ry. Notwith
slanding the ruthcr unseasonablc hour, thc
buildng was fillcd to ovcrflowing with
anxious audilors, a large proporlion of
whom wcre ladics. Ilerc he was addrcss
cd, on bchalf of thc citizcns of Maysvillo
by Gen, Collins in a brii'f but cloquont
Spccch, the topics of which wcre chosen
with singular felicity, and during the dc
livcry of which thc spcakor was repcated
ly inlcrruptcd with spontnneous lursts of
applausc. Whcn Mr. dams rose to re
ply, Ihe multitude was hushcd to thc pro.
foundcsl silence and altcrdion, No lan.
guoga of mine can convcy any adcquato
idea of that'rcply. Thcrc was no study,
no cfibrt, none of tho Jiacknied arts of
spccch making ; but the cfiect upon the
audicnce was solcmn and thrilling bcyond
discription. Whcn Ihe orator came to
speak of his olTicial conneclion wilh Mr.
Clay ; when hc touched upon his vindi.
cation of character of that illustrious man
at thc closc of his Adrmnisfration, in his
leitor to the commiitee of the citizcns of
New Jcrsey : when he invokcd tho name
of his God, beforo hosc judgmenrseat he
cxpcctcd soon to appcar, in uncc more at
testing the innoccnco of Mr- Clay from
the imputations which his enemics had
sought to east upon him, tho heart of evory
onc prcscnt appearcd to be touched, aai
aftcr a fcw momcnts of rcvercntial silence,
thc cntire asscmblage burst forth in the
warmest demonstrations of satisfa ct
ion. Maysville Paver.
COMING TO THE WORK!
The Troy Whig of Mondav makcs
tho following gratifying announccment :
" A otcmp A ssocx atiox. We are nrat-
ificd to lcarn that an Association, compos.
cd of the most cmincnt Whig orators in
tho Statc,will be formed carly next spring,
for the purpose of addressing tho 1'cople
in evcry County, previous to the Prcsidtfn-
tial blcction. 1 hey will takc the ficld as
soon as may bc deemed expedicnt aftcr
thc nominations are made by thc INalion-
al Convcnlion. and keep it until Ihe day
of clection. It is their dctcrmination to
carry on thc war in Ncw-York in tho same
manncr that Gov. Joncs and his gallaut
allics carricd on last svmmcr in Tcnncs
scc : and thcy will bc happy to mcct thcir
opponcnts facc to face, nnd discuss with
thcm tho grcat qucstions of public policy
which arc to be dccidcd by the noxt I'rcsi-
dcntial Elcction."
This is a grcat stcp in tho righl dircc
tion. Wc want in addition an Association
of WhigT who may not bo spcakers and
yct arc able and willing to aid, cilhcr by
mcans or gratuitous cxcrtions, the univer
sal circulation of Printcd Facts. With
thc advantago wo have of our opponcnts
on the TarifT qucstion, it will bc disgracc
ful if wc do not bcat thcm in this Slatc
and all adioining it by hcavy majorities.
Give our opponcnts our sidc of the TarifT
qucstion, and Ihcj would not Icl us gct
one votc in a hundrcd nf thc mcn who
live by thcir own Iabor. Wo onl' nced to
place the facts and argumcnls distinctly
befotc Peoplc. and we must triumph.
Who will aid in this work ? Spcaking will
be in order ncxt summcr,hut Reading will
bo most aficctive this wintcr. Evcry day
di;trihlltlnn. or let tliom pn nt lialf rncl Tnr
. nnrnnQp. T)n Wf mpnn tn nnrrxr er
I I w "'
J J
IlAUTroRD All Higiit. An clection
for 1 own Clerk. Selcctmen. &c. came off
In Hartforu, Ct. on tho 27th. The entiro
" '"S "ck'-.t W.M clcc ed by a majonty of
grutiing jaci3.
Mr. Bcnton ! each of the ahove obscr-
vationg is a delibernte ralsehood, and you
are an unqualified villain ! We dare vou,
wo defy you, to produco "judicial proof,"
or any thing iike it, of what vou assert !
You inoioyou cannot, and you have heic
lied delibcrately, wilfully !
Not only is thcre no proof of what you
charge on the Whigs, but thcrc is abun
dant proof of the vcry contrary. The
Statcs which in 1840 east thclargcst votc
in proporlion to thcir population wcre
New Hampsliire and Illinois, both voting
for Van Rurcn. Illinois, we think it will
bc concodcd, was carricd for Var. Burcn
by tho votcs of aliens, not Naluralizcd nc-
cording to the requircmcnts of thoFederal
Constitu'ion. At ony rate, thesc votcs
wcre admittcd by the Van Burcn party,
and were east accordingly for that pafty.
New-IIampshire not only east nn cnor-
mousvotoin nrooortion to her population,
but the votc of the Van Burcn toienships of
that State was ten ver eenl, heavter tn pro
portion to their population than the vote of
the Wnia townsnws. in tnts otatc, we
have not a shadow of doubt that four il
lcgal votcs wcre pollcd for Van Burcn to
one for Ilarrison. We do not in this
charge our opponcnts wilh dcsigning foul
play ; but the matcrial for il'.cgal votcrs is
overwhelmincly on thcir side, ns every
onc knows, and it would hardly be possiblo
that a majority of illcgal votcs should bc
givcn to the Whig tickets.
Col. Bcnton is onc of the lcaders who
are dctcrmincd to bully tho Loco-Foco
party into the renominationof Van Burcn.
We hcreby wish thcm succcss in this ; for
the man to sustain whomyou aro obliged
to contcnd that the Peoplo aro a debauch
cd, bcfoolcd, unthinking mob. and thcir
Elcctions a mcre farcc,can cver bo clccted.
But he shall not uttcr such gross and dis.
graccful libcls on tho Pcoplc and their
cmphatic nghtcous Vcrdict in 1840 with
out castigatiorK Tribune.
Anotiier Female Burked to Deato.
Tho neighborhood of 4G5 Washington
strect was thrown into grcat oxcitement
last knight about half past 11 o'clock iu
consequoncc of ths cry of 'Fire !' Watch!'
Murdcr' and from a fcmale voicc, being
hcard to issuc from the rcar bascmcnt
occupicd by Mntgcry Carr, a native of
Ircland aged about 57, a fruit vender ;
and on ihe door being oponed shp was dis
covcred lying on the floor mnit dreadfully
burncd. Ilcr hody was takcn into tho
yard, afler a pail of walcr had been thrown
over i:,and she cxpired a few minutcs afler.
iiTT'A monstcr namcd, Doylc, Little
Rock (Arkansas,) killcd his wifc on thc
20th ult. by pouring hol roisin and grease
on her head which run into her bosom
and down tho back of her ncck. The
woman's scrcams werc hcard half a milo's
distanc, hcr head being coated ovcr with
roisin. Thc man cscapcd but was finally
found dcad with his ihroat cut from ear to
POST-OFFICE REFORM.
We are vcry rnuch gralified to sec, at
Iaat, that ihe public are moviiig in the mat
ter of EostsOfiicc reform. The city of
New York, as wo peculiarly appropriate,
in a mntter of this kind, in the full and
spirited mecting at the Exchangcon Sat
urday, gave a lcad which wo hope will be
prompily followcd thrcughout tho interior,
cspecially in the populous places.
These northern ond non-slavcholding
States are particularly intercsted in this
subject. The multiplicity of their occupa
tions, their intcnsc inlcrnal activily in all
thedeparlments of agriculture, manufact
urcs, and tradc tho Ioco mctivo and mi
gratory habiis of the people every thing
contribults to rcndcr tlie amount of corres
pondcnce in. these non.slaveholding com
munities, very much grcator than in thc
olher sections of the country.
Indecd, so matcrial is the differonco rc
fered lo, thai the post.offico revcnuc deri
ved from the slave.holding Statcs would
probably be found insufRcicnt to keep the
mails running and the surplus of this rev-
cnue beyond cxpendilure, in tho non-slavcholding
States, furnishcs the facilily with.
out which a very considerable portion of
the South and Southwcst would be very
materially hmitcd in their mail accommo
dationb. Itisthc consciousoess ofihis state of
things, which ronders Mr, Wickliffe so
averso to the rcduction of rates of pos
tnge.
His policy, howovcr, only shows that he
does not uuderstand tho praclical wor
king of the system. If any thing has evcr
bccn dcmonstrated by cxpericnce, it is thc
fnct that the prcscnt rates of postagc are
the real causo of thc dccreasing P. O. rcv
enue. The mcmorial adoptcd at tlie N. Y,
meeting on i'aturday rcpresents that "rfot
one third of tho correspondcnce ofthe
ccuntry uow pays postagc." It is sur
prising to see how perpetually tho propor
tion?, in this rcspect, are undcrstated.
It would, takc the Union at largc, bc ncar
cr thc truth tosay that not one-lenlh oflhe
corrcspondrnce pays postagc ; white, in
rclation to the great routes brtwccn the
principlc citics, cspecially whcro thcrc is
wator, as well as Iand carriagc, thc propor
lion of corrcspandence that pays postagc,
is not more thsn fiflieth of the whole a
mount. On the North Rivcr, for instanco,
it is certainly modcrate to say that not more
than onc Ictter in fif .y is mailed.
Tho only way to get theso lctters into
the mnils in to put the poslago down to
such lovv ra'cs that tho postage will be Jtlt
lo be chenp, and will picscnt no motive to
look for any other convcyance.
Cow in a Rdm Jdg. " Cow in a rum
jg !" ejaculatcs a topcr on reading tho
caption of this paragrapn. "How will you
make that out, Mr. rjditorl Toads are
found in solid rocks. somctimcs, I know,
for I'vo secn'cin ; but I never found n cow
inarum jug, or any othcr jug, and I've
lookcd into a great many."
That all may be ; but, friend, if you
never foucd a cow in a rum jug, did you
never loose one there ? Now jusl lake that
jug down from the cupboard cmpty it of
rum, rinse it well with puro water, replace
it on the shelf, arfti drop into it daily thc
9 ccnt and the 10 cent pieces that were
formerly dropped into the rumseller's till
for that "good crcaturc" (very difTerent
from it though) that has so ofien filled il,
and in the course of four or five months
will be found in it asgooda coto asever
came lo a tetlotaler's house for thirty dol
lars. If proof were neecssaryof the succes3
ful result of an experiment liko this, we
could rcfer you to one. who has been a de
volcd and JfAEnr 'jugbearer" for years
but is now a Uardy Washingtonian, and
said to us the other day, that he had just
bought a cow the first that he had owned
for eight or tcn years that ho had for
some months abandomcd tho jug busincss
that itjjid not afibrd such niilk as was
necessary for a poor mans family,
A meeting of th3 friends ofMr. Buchan.
nanof Pcnnsylvania, took placo recently
atPittsbursr. on which occasion procee
dings wero gone into, for tho purpose of
bringing his prctcnsions to a nommation
as the LocoFoco candidato for the Prosi
dency, prominently beforo the Convention.
Tho addrcss which was adoptcd was un
racrciful towarda Mr. Van Burcn and can
not but bo vcry unpalatable (o him and his
wireworkers. Aftcr urginc the claims
ofthe KeyStono State to the nomination,
and exhortinc the fiiends of Mr. li. to re-
lax no effbrt in publishing his cause, the
following paragrapn occurs :
And now, Fellow Citizens having dis
cussed tho evils and objections ihat arc
most obvious, le us see why we should not
succced in making Mr. Buchanan the can.
didate ofthe Nation as ofthe Statc. It is
all truo that there is a profound combin
ation, of active ; efncicnt, nnd able poht
ical leaders both tn New York and else
where, (whoso papers aro conncctcd wilh
the elevation of Mr. Van Buren,) who are
sustaincd by tho great infiucnce of tho
Globe, and by unparalleled treachery, and
secrct schems or offioial promotiou amon
gest oursclves, aro united for tho purposo
of defeating the nomination of Pennsylvan.
ia's favorite son. But is it less :ruc, Ihat
if our energics aro oncp arouscd in his fa.
vor, that this dangerous combination may
be destroyed ; and that the moment it bc
comcs obvious, that we are earnostlv pre
paring for Mr. Huchanan's nomination,
and nro determined ratlier to rclire from
the Convention, than to unite in a secoud
choice, this ailificial fabric wi:l be found
basod upon a foundatiou so void of all con
sislcncy and right, Ihat it will totlcr to its
fall."
The following rcsolutton was also a nart
of tho procccdings :
Hesohtd. That a crins hns now'arUen
in which anv sacriflco by the Stato of
Pennsylvania ; of her own eminent statcs.
mcn so farfrom promoting the harmony
and union of thc dernocracy, would, in n
great m'.asurp, be atlanded with a con
trary tendency, and would crcate immin
cnt risk of the total defeal ofthe party.
That tho Democralic partv it Pennsvl-
vania will tlierefore insist uon having their
righls rcspccea Ilon. Jamcs Buchanan,
a distingui&hcd son of Pennsylvauia, and
one ofthe most eminent slatcsmcn in thc
Union, upon the Nalional Convention,
as a candidate for the Presidcncy.
Ihat we rccouimcnd to our fellow citi
zens that the drlegates sent by us to tbe
mtional Oonvenlion be instructed to nom
inate and insist upon tho nomination on
Ihcpartof this Stalc, of Jamcs Buchanan
alone ; and that Pennsylvania has no scc
ond choice.
J Q. ADAMS ON ABOLITION.
Mr. Adams was waitcd on at Pittsburgh
by a committee of ihe Poliltcal Abolilion
isls, urging thcm to meet and address
them. This he dcclincd, avowing that
ho was as much opposcd to Slavcry as an.
y of them, and cspecially to tho rcprcscn
tation of Slaves in Congrcss, but oxpress-
ng his opposition to tho Abolilion racas.
ures ofthe day as follpws : Tribune.
'With regard to ihe subject mcntioned
in this notc, the annexation ofTexas,
and ihe abolilion of Slavcry in the Dis.
tnct of Columbta I havo no opinion
which I wish lo conceal. The Texas
qucstion is a vcry dclicatc onc, and it is
probable it will occupy much ofthe atlcn
tion of Congress.lhe ensuing session. My
views of it havo been alrcady avowed on
more than one occasion, On the subject
of Abolilion. Abolilion Socictics, Anti
slavery socictics, or tho Libcrty Parly :
I have never been a member of any of them.
But in opposition to Slavery I go as far as
any of these; my scnlimcnls, I belicve
very nenrly accord with theirs. That
slavcry wil! bc abolishcd in this country
and throughout the world, IJirmly lcliete.
Whether il shall be done pcaceably or by
blood, God only knows, bul that it shall be
accomplished, I have not a doubt, aDd by
whatever way, I say let it comc.
"Astolho abolilion of slavery in ihe
Distnct of Cntumbia, I have said that I
was opposed to il notbccause I havecn
y doubts of tho powcr of Congress to abol.
ish slavery in the District, for 1 havo none.
But I regard it as a voilation of republi.
can principles, to cnacl laws at tho petition
ofone people.Jwhich aro to operato upon
anolher pcoplc against their consent, As
the laws now stand tl.e people of the DisL
trict have propcrty in their slavc.
" I do noradmit thattthesc laws are in
accordance wilh justice, for it can never
be true that one man can rightfully have
propcrty in anothor man. Slill these laws
have had an existcncc since beforo that
part of the country bccamo tho Disttict of
Oolumbiu, and was brnught undcr the pow
cr of Congrcss ; and I think they should
njtbeallered tcithout the consent of the
District. This consent I belicve will yct
he obtained, amUslavery will be: abolishcd
thcre."
WHIG BANNER !!
Thc OnnimitlPf. Tinnninn..! in Hnllimnr
-- "rr ".iw.-
to Drenare a hnnnnr ihp nriyj nf ilm
Statc which SPnds the largcst delegalion
io ino ioung.icn's Convention ttatihca.
ilon, wrote io Mr. Clay by thcir cliiirman
jlr. Fnhnolnpk. rfn,iMdrtnrr ihnl ll,n clofT
for this bnnner might be cut by him from
his own land.
MR. CLAY'S REPLY
AsitLAND, JVoo. 10, 1843.
Df.at? SlP . t
38 chairmfln nrilio Vhirr Imnnor f!omrrtil-
teo of Baltimore, rcquesting a stafTto be
cui Dy my nanas at tnis place, lor the ele-
Vation of ihf hnnnpr fn hn nrrcen1nA in Kn
half ofthe Whigs of Baltimore to such
oiaio aeicgaiion to tne toung Mens
Whi? Convfi.ilinn of Rntifirntinn n, ahi
O . . . " u.iu.i
have the largest proporlionaln uumbcr of
uiiirgaies in niienuar.rc.
i snan lake greai pieasure in compiy-
in? wilh lht rrntlHCf. A vftrlr nf whitr.
or blue ash (the best dcscriplion of timber,
1 think, of all the kinds that grow in our
forests) has been already cut, nnd is in
inugress oi prepamiion mr ine aiau.
When nnmntptpd. I uill fiirwnrrl tt llirminrh
such channel as will cnsurc its safe arri
val. Tho cnneenlion of llin rilnn nf n Vnnnrr
Afen's Convention, to ratify the nomina.
tions nrpviniielr mnlrn hv thn Whirr 79.
. i " . j -j - "
tional Convcnlion, was vpry fortunale, and
u wiii oe proauctivo ot tnu oest cttects.
Nor could acv place be moro suitablc, for
the nssembling of such a.convcntion, than
tho Monumeatal City, which covered it
self with glory duriog the last war, and
has recently again won imperishablo lau
rcls. Long may thcy continuo lo grace
its palriottc brow Your faithful friend
and obedient scrvant, II. CLAY,
Levi Faiinkstoce, Esq.
From the OxforJ Timei .
The Locofocos are preparing to sell out!
After a grand consulation between the
Great " Dignifiods " of their party, aftcr
harping over their prospccts, calculating
thcir chanccs, and prescnting thcir dem
onstrntions, they havo at last come to thc
conclusion to sell out or shut up shop and
brcak I Hcrc is their dilcmma. Eithcr
horn of it is sharp and uncomfortablc, but
conscious that their busincss with the Peo
plo is on the wane.thcy havo noalternativc
left. Tho last Democratic Review says,
Ihat tho only chance of succcss of thc
grcat Democratic Party is to placo both
Van Burcn and Calhoun upon tho same
tickct or in othcr words to sell out their
candidate & thcir principles to tho Great
Nullifier of tho South. This is nosooner
put forlh from the leading vehiclc of De
rnocracy in this counlry.than the second
light," of but little less brilliancc than the
formcr, the Washington Globe, comes out
and virtually ackknowlcdges thc same
truths. unwholcsomc as thcy are. It
doubls tho practicability of Mr. Van Bu
rcn's running at all 1 Hcar it
" A stronjj cfibrt was made in 1840 lo
elect him for a sccond term, but utterly
fdilcd. Now if hc ts run again, it wil bc
thc third hcat ; and pcople arc not apt to
run risks on a horsc that has bccn distanc
ed."
There thcy havo tt, right in the (ccth.
This thcn is a piclnre of Mr. Van Burcn's
chance. as dcpictcd by Icrding prcsscs in
his party. Ho is not strong cnough to
hclp himsclf and hc must look for thc aid
of John Calaline Calhoun, as this same
Globe oncc callcd him ! Vcrily, if this is
not standing on one's ' last Irgs," what
is ? Whcn distrust and apprchcnsion arc
so visiblc in the counlcnancc of the great,
ought not the little to tremble ? Where's
the Magician of Lindcnwold ? Is his wand
no longer potent I Is IhejspcII broken ?
uavo mc incKs anu traps, inp wirra u.u
..., l;,t nnpn nvnnn,t nn,l
,,n il, lit.ln slmwman rhont thn " na-
tives"no lonserl Surcly his aids are
dispclltng tho dcception. nnd are preparing
an prospcclivo for tho duom Ihat auails tho
abettors of ralhng causo
Thc country bctwccn Ostend and Brugcs
is, likc nearly all Belgium, a perfect paradi.e
tor farniers. It ts Icvcl as alloor, and is most
laboriouslvcultivatcdtillevervinchofirroimd
is conipellcd to prouucc its utinost. It is one uisposition tins niorc than once bccn mamlcs-
vast ganlcn, & the tulips ofthe Dutch finan- ' tcd in Kcntucky. Notliing has so rctardcd
cicrs do not reccivc more unccasiii" attcntion ., ,. . .. . . .
nnMn.,r;n.hnn,h,,,,;,wn,,,ll.l,n.nf.theProSressofcmaucipaUonm thcse states
the Belgian farmers. Thc ficlds are covcr-
ed with i mcn and woincn, digging and
wceding, and well they qyn-. for in oue dis
trict (St Nicholas) there aW5210 inhabitants
to evcry squarc leaguc. The superficial far
mers of America, who impcrfectly turn up
the soil of a thousand acres.tuighttakeaprof
itable lcsson from the carc aud skill w hich
hcre euablo every acre to support more than
its man.
The sixtccnmiles to Brugcs is soon pass
cd over, cven on a Relgiau railway. You
are left in the outskirts of the city, aud upon
attcmpting to entcr, are again stoppcd by
another soldicr, who demanda ifyour truuk
contains "nothing to dcclare." You ask au
cxplauation, and hc again inquires if you
have no tobacco or wine, or nothing liable to mcky ; the southwestern statcs more favor
pay the dutics ofthe city. Youreply "noth- M h , f , , Th (,;
in! thniiirh ivith uimn iinrprtmntf . nnfl nrn : O I
allowcd to pass on with all your luggngc,
while right besidc you, tho little bundlc of a
poor peasant is most strictly searched, show
mgthat hcrc thcrc is much "distitiction of
persons."
Brugcs was tho I.iverpool of the middlc
agcs ; and now, of its 43,000 inhabitants,
more than onc third arc paupcrs !
Mr. Wted's Lttters.
The Press in Paris. Thc Newspaper Press
of I'aris, though abundantly talcntcd, it is in
all other respccts far inferior to that of Eng
land or America. The papers arc all cstab
Iihcd by nssociatious of mcn having pcrson
al objccts to accomplish. But fcw, if any.
of them support, or are expectcd to support
themselvcs. Instcad nf liciiii devoted to the
common welfare, they are made to subscrve
the vicws of thc iudivuluals or calmls by whom
thcy are owned aud controllcd.
There arc but fcw occasions, if I am cor
rcctly infonncd, when thc voicc ofan un
shackclcd Frcnch Press is hcard. Ambitious
men usc thcm as ladders to attaiu thc clcva
tions to which thcy aspire. The typography
of these Jouruals is most unworthy ofthe
taste aud intellijrcnce ofthe bcautiful city of!
Pans. Ihcy are pnnted upon small shccts , '. , , , . , ,
or inferior papcr, and thcrc is scarcely a ; morc . saPPin5 thc foundatiou of the
newspaper in any ofthe villages of our State 1 peculiar institution than any and every rc
that is not cxucutcd in a more neat and ! pcatcdappcaltothemagnimityorconfcicnce
workmaulikc manncr. Mr. WetiTs Lttters.) nfIm nnnth. Th m,,i.;,,trpn;nn nf.lnvp.
3 ofe ColltKt. Thc Cataloguc for the prcs- f glavcry will gradually rcccdc. From
cnt Acadcmic ycar is now pubhshcd and u, . . , . , , , r. rn
nrcscuts the following summary :-Thcolog- j Kcntucky, slavcs w .11 bc marched ofTto Tcu
lcal Studcuts, C5; Law, 44; Medical, C0; , ncsscc, and from Tcnncssce, to Texas.
Residcnt Graduatcs, C; Scniors, 107; Juniors Thosc which rcmain mnst bccome such an
77;Sophoinorcs ,88; Freshmcn. 111. Total, I cnormous burden asto forcc their mastcrs to
559. Undcrgraduatcs :fc3. This Institu-1 , . , ., , , , , , :
tiodstiiraoldsitsrankasthe Hrst iu point ofl
numbers aud thc clcments of a useful educa-i
tion in our country.
A man of wit once said ri-htly enoush,
'He who fmdsa good son-in-law gains a
son he who finds a bad onc, loscs a daugh-
ter.'
Thk Whigs ofNew Have.v. Thetown
of New Haven, Conn. held its annual mcet-
liiK lor tne cicciion oi l own Ul nccrs. on
Monday last. Thc Whigs turned out in
goodly uumbcrs. The vote was a large one,
om;rprty?"ThcS3 Whiget
clected, by a majority of 500 votes! The
name ofHENRY CLAY is the creat eath-
erin-r-word 0f the AVhizs of Connecticut
and we have thc strongcst assurances, from
our friends in that Statc. that her vote will
be. given in thc ncxt Presidcutial clection, to
the great Statesmau ofthe West.
A discussion arosc in oue of the Harlcrn
Railroad cars bctweeu two mcn, one a AVhig
and the other a Loco, as to the raerits and
prospccts af the difTerent candidatcs for thc
Presidcncy. After some considcrablc talk,
the Loco Foco obscrved : " At all events, we
have one advantago over you Whigs; wc
have half a dozen candidates from wliom to
choose, while you are all plcdged to one
man." " Admitted." replied the Whie. "wc
go for Harry ofthe West as our first and on
ly choice." " How absurd," rejoined his an
tagonist; "suppose Clay dies, what will you
do thcn?" '"Do!" answered the Whiz:
" what will I do ! By Jort, M vote forkit
exuutors!"
Important Discozery. Mis3 Bishop
of McConncllsvillc.Ohiojprosecuted Stock
ton 5s More, proprietors of a stage line
running from Baltimore to Wheeling.
Tho action was brought to recover dama
gcs for injuries sustained by Miss Bishop
by tho upsctting of a stago of the dcfend
ant's in January, 142, and tho caso has
bccn tried in tho Circuit Court of tho U.
Statcs fnr the Wcstcrn District of Penn
sylvania, sitting in PilUburg last week.
Both partics agrccd that the stage was up
set, that Miss Bishop's arm was brokcn,
hcr clbow badly straincd or bruiscd, hcr
face cut or scratchcd in scvcral places, a
wound in thc scalp two inchcs long, and
the uppcr lip cut and swollen so as to pro
duco some deformity which is gradually
subsiding. It was also provcd that thc
driver of the stago was drunk, which caus-
cd tho acbidcnt by which Miss Bishop cording as the population had incrmot -...-::.,j
Tt. i i,i.nnn -. .. .. . M'cl"
for thoplaintiff for 80,500, nnd costs of
the suit.-iV. Y. Daily Tribune.
THE GALAXY.
MIDDLEBURY:
Wcdncsday Dcc. 0, 1843.
ABOLITIONISM.
We have never doubted for a moment tho
proprietyofaSitatin5 the subject of slaverv
in alandoffrcedom, of dcpicting its iniquity",
and computing its cvils, nor would we
cvcrvote for a candidate for congrcss who wo
bclicvcd would shriuk from brcastiug him-
self against thc advancc of slavcry a single
inch bcyond what is concedcd by thc con -
stitutiou. But we never cutcrtained strong
hopcs of abolishing slavcry by nppealiiig to
the conscieuccs of slavcbolders alone. We
have trustcd more tocauses now in active op -
eratiou,deriving their cfficacy from sclf iu-
tcrcst, which aro slowlybut surely "'uler-
! mining the horrid fabric of slavcry at thc
south, and if we will wait patiently a quartcr
0fa ceuturj- wc shall bchold it rapidly crum-
bliug to its fiual etinction.
... . . i,onierj, ,, ,tCi,e
" " "
that are frec have louS bccu comparing thcir
0
! dcprcsscl condition with theadvaucing pros-
pcrity of their ncighbors. They arc uow
satisfied that, independeiit of munerous other
nughty advantagcs of a white population,
frec labor is altogcther thc most profitablc.
Tcn years ago both Marjiaud and Virginia
I ,yc h . f , .
i 1 .
,em of gradual ciuancipatioii. Ihe saint-
J as tho anti-slavcry movcments at thc north,
. threatcuinr a dangerous iutcrferance at the
south with au iustitution which thcy dccm
.i , , ... . i
themselvcs alone co.npctent to control and
reform.
Rccent changcs in thc statc of the com-
mercial world have still furthcr rcduccd thc
valuc of slave labor, for which alone tho pc-
culiar iustitution is sustaincd. Thc cultiva-
tion of cottou has been the chicf pursuit of
slave labor. Until withinafew years this
article borc a high pricc in Europc. This
crcatcd a great markct for thc slaves of Vir
ginia, Marylaud, North Carolina and Kcn-
iuution of thc pricc of cottou one half, has
diiniuishcd the pricc of slavcs onc half, thus
lesscning thc iuduccnient to brccd slaves t
sell, or to purchasc thcm for thcir labor
This statc of alfairs w ill douhtlcss continuc
uutil at last thc slave statcs hordcring upon
the frce, w ill, from sclf intcrest providc for
thc gradual cmaucipation ofthosc nho only
constitute a burden for thcir support.
Cottou is thc only product which can fccd
and sustain the great ncgro family of thc
south. A single statc cxclusively cultivating
tobacco would glut the markcts ofthe world
' and in raising hcmp, whcat and pork better
I ,,i,i.,i , ,i, -i:m, -.i :i ,.r .i ,i.
slave Iabor cau never successfully compcte
with northern frce industry.
Slaves cven if nsingenioiis and skillfiil as
white mcn can bc cmployed iu manufac torics
onlyin thclimited proportiou of this class of
operatives to thc grcat agricultural family.
Thus powcrful causcs which arc appcaliug
, , it.i. ... , . ...
will bc chccked, and thc northern boundary
"u"l" DU"": Kaa,UK ' ""u 6"",u" ""u
pat'" to save thcmwlrcs from bankruptcy
and ruin. lint should our idcas ou this sub-
. .. .
' ,. , '. . . .
! cr aomP"s" univcrsal cmancipatiou. Even
aucr years oi nam anu aimost nopeicss strug
glc, should it vanquish evcry other political
party in the country, nnd place itself in the
scats of powcr at the capitol, it might limit
the opcrations of slavcry, but it could not
j abolish it iu thc main without ovcrriding
the garantces ofthe constitution, and consc-
-.ently dissolving the union. Al. that could
be accomplished in favor of cmancipatiou by
the third party can and we trnst will be ac
complished by thc w higs long beforo thc most
sanguine liberty man cau hope to sco a third
party prcsidcnt in the cxccutivc maiision.
WHIG PROSPECTS FOR 1844.
Thcre see ms lo bo but one opinion aslo
the person who will icccivo the nomination
ofthe whis Convention for PrcMdpnf
and whoevcr calculatcs to obtain the Elcc
torial voto from any stato for n Loco Fo
co that votcd for Gen. Ilarrison in 1840
withoul obtaining moro votcs for thcir
Elcctorial tickct. nnrt nn nitrliltnn r. it I
increase of votcs in such state, will, in my
opinion, find thcmsclves much mistakcn.
I belicve that Maine, Georgia, Mississippi,
and Indiana are lho only stalcj ia which
, .... . .v'l. ivi ino
tho Locos have increascd thcir vo!c SI0C
1840 sufiiuectly lo carry the stale untf
numbcrof votes thcn given. If Ji;,,
ippi should abandon bor rcpadiatinn,
should bo witling to havo her vote for jj
Clay, but not otherw(so. As to Georgia ,t
appcars Ihat by hcr last clection, and '(,'
tho largest vote cver givcn in thcstaloshs
hasalloncdforherLoco Foco doinSJ or
1841, by clecting whiga in evcry dcpatt
ment of hcr governmcnt by hrgo niiijo
ities. The stato of iMaine in 1841 jncreE1
cd hcr Loco vote 1103, which would. oa
tho number of votes givcn in 18l0,havccar.
ried the state for Van Burm, but by aJd-'
ing the increase of votcs for one vear
..,..... more votes
0 " C, Vto of SW cq"cnl!y thc I.occ.
would havo been in small minority. The
"" ,ur " jcars pasi nave carricd Iha
stato by a very diminishcd votc, and it
may be safcly classed among thc doublful
in!841. Thc state of Indiana in 1840
gave Gen. Harriscn G3302and Van Burcn
filCOl making 110900. In Ausust It
! Lo".c-Me govnn,:
" 16' wL,S 53611 D-
1 'n,S' AboI"'n 1G8j n increase cf
, 4138 ovcr ,Iie vn,c r ,840- I t
ma' ba safcI-v calcuhtcd that the pr.pufe.
''on lms increascd in thc statc for tho last
'hrce years as much as it did prciouJv,
n-"d if so thc increase would bc 102919,
' consequcntly the increase of votes wou!J
be 17532, which addcd to Ihe votc of 1843
would bo 134433, from which deduct
, Whilcombs voto would lertvc 73722 wt!i
' a major;fv 0f 1300C. It may J.
contcndcd that as many Lccos as hn
.-... - u,'.,. ,,,;,- '
. . . ,. " ' ,
f M w,,ocvw l,vo lo scc lho wt f
ncxt vcmber clection in that slatc J
see ovcr tcn thousand maji.rity for Harrr
. of Kcntucky.
Uhon any Loco Foco shall hatc the
hardihood (o claim nuy other statc tli:t
, votcd for Gcu. Ilarrison, thcrc uill b
timo cnough to show him his mista!c.
X. Y. Z.
For tlie PcopIu' Prj.
TROY COXFEREXCK ACADr.MY.
Mr. Editor, Deau Sir: AIW np
"irougii J "r couimiis io cau tne attintioa of
?he P.atro"s of Iearniiis to au insiitutiou Uat
13 uoing imtcli Tor its prumotioii. 1 rcftr to
tUe well knn,vll Seniiuarv h.cair.1 i .1,..
I plcasant village oT West Poultuey ly the
I Iroy Auuual Coufercucc of the Mciiimli;! K.
L'lurc'1- frcetcd for thc whole coiirircncc.
an" patromzcd throughuut its cutire ettnt.
This Seminary laysno clai,ns..falcalcl.ar.
actcr aud intcrferes little n itli lucal institu-
tioiis. Ithasa gencndncss of purpose and
1 .l,j't tIlat r:,rcli' -'PIaiiis to scuiiuarin of
similar srradc, auil it tlierefore hasa rislit to
claiui more cxtendcd uotice and attcntiuo,
particularly from the ineiiilicrsofthatdcuom
matiou w hosc foster child it is, and maayof
whora arc doulitless suliscribcrsto your jlu
alile pcrioi'.lcal. Thc past ear lias bccn oac
of uiuntcrrupted prosperity; a large uumlirr
of stmlcnts arc now iu. atteudancc. Of tbe
ability of its ollicers of iustrnctiun and gov
crnment wc necd not now spcak. Tliey arf
all men of cxpcrieiicc.aiidtoowcll Konn anj
rpjircciated to nced any couiinciidatioii fain
us. To.liro pniiits wc ospcciallv iniite at
tcntion, and as thc guardians of thc iutrrri'i
of so praiscworthy an cntcrprise we fcel ia
tcrcstcd to place them before the public.
The firot is, that through thc nctivc perM.n
al agcucy of thc I'rincipal thc Institution i
cutircly frccd from dcbt. Tlie otlier i. to ac
commodatc thc voun: incu who tcaih lunxr
thc wintcr thc tcnns have bccn put tuonrtU
later, niaking for the present wintcr only, a
vacatiou of four wceks. The eatalugucs say
that thc sprins; tcrm will conuncuce on the
j!rf Tkmsday in Ftbruary. The pre-cnt
iirrangcincnt w ul bring tlie coimiicuccnitut
on the third Thursday iu I'ehruary. With
many w ishes for tbe projperitv of a Semina
ry so ably inauncd, so nobly cndoncd aml u
evidently under thc blessiug of thc Dhioo
Being wc subscribc oursclves thc ?crvaut ttl
wcll-wishcr of yoursclvcs and rcadcrs.
Middlebury, cc.l, 1813.
RAIL ROAD MEDl'ING.
A meeting of the inhabitants of Middle
bury and vicinity washcld pursnant to pubue
noticc, ou Thursday thcSOth day of Norm
bcr, to cansult on the sidiject of Rail ilozis,
and ajipoint delegatcs to the Couvention t
bc convcned at Urattleboro' on thc 3ih day
of Dcccmbcr.
Ilon. Horatio Scymour xrat appointeJ
chairman. auI Jed. S. IJushnell Secrctary.
On motion of Ilon. II. Bcll:
llcsolvtd, That white rail roada are coa
structing, which arc fast briuging thc mojt
' distant sections of thc west into proximity
. with thc castern commcrcial marts, it
comcs doubly ncc-ssary for Vermont toa-
herscirof thc same facilities-of commti-
. . , , . . . r ,.
nieation, to cnable hcr to sustain a latrtoia
petition inoitr markcts with hcr ..tcr Mates
fiesolccd, That vicw ing tlie cornparathe
ly diinini;hed cxpcusc of constructiou nii
repairs, and the larzc amount of passagc and
frcight which might be ctpectiil, no
rail road through Vermont would bc more
profitablc to thc siocMmldctt, or convi-nicat
to the iiopulation than oue extcmliug fto'a
tlie Fitchburgh rail road to the Connecticut,
by Bellows Falls or Brattleboro', and froa
thcncc passing ovcrJrouut Ifol.'ey an.l thr
Rutland, Brandon.MMUlebiiry and Vcrgf na
to Burliiigtou.
Itesolnd, That iu vicw of tho incalcul
ble importance of rail road cominnnicatioaia
: this directiou between Bostou and LaW
Champlain to the prosperous advanccmea'
nnd full developement ofthe rcsourccs o
Addison County, we tecl a ueep
thc accomplishment, and will coutrifmte all
the aid in our powcr to the success of so it
sirable an cnterprise.
On motion.
Resolrtd. That a delegation of tea bc tr
:,.t ntton.l iIip Rail Road Conventio!'
to be held at BratUeboro' on Tuesday Lbe3ti
' day of Dec. ncxt.
And Messrs. Thoa. A. JlerriU, HrI
Bcll, Wm. Nah, Jona. Wninwrijhf,

xml | txt