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The northern galaxy. [volume] (Middlebury, Vt.) 1844-1848, April 24, 1844, Image 2

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we waUe-idj rivaKed, veo In orrr own mar
ket, iiay, even in the heart of New England
hself, (Barton.) by the rroductions of the
more fertile and geoinl regions cf tho West.
There is oa orcr production of these arti
cles, even now. Sir, thcre can be no mis
take here. If tbis roiicy be no.t Eustained,
NcwEn-!aDd roust becomoa desert; that fair
portionof your country. to which you are
somucbindebted for wbatyon are, mustbe
abandoncd. Hcr iodustnous and tbriving
noDnlatioa. her talent, her enterprise, aud
ber moral wortb, ber eocial inflitutions, snr
passedby none, if eqnal'ed by any cpon
carth, w'ill bo found tbere no more. The
fairest Dortion ofthe heritnee whichGod has
given us roust bc made desolate, and tbe nnr
sery from whicb bas gone fortb eo much of
tbe elcments of your nstional powtr, pros
perity. aud bappiness, raust be brokrn up
Hcr sons. whoae enercT od enterprise bave
already founded States, and built an empire
in tbe West, and who have carriedyoar com
tncrcial enterprise to ercry quarter of the
globe where the sails of cormnerce could
waft it, willbe called to nbandon the place of
tbeir nativity.their domeitic firesides, and the
temples of tbeir God.and seek ne home
trith the retreatingand persecuted savage up
on your reinote Western wtters losing
thenuelves and their distinctiTe ebaracter in
a new rmss. and leaving behind them the in
stitutions of their fathers institutions which
in their new condition ivould nover be repla
ced. Does the JSenator from New Hampshiro
dcsire ihis? Yet the Senator frotn South
Carolina, bis co-worker aud associate in the
cause of free trade, prediets it. He presents
to ourimagtaations a 'stranger familiar with
the present proiperitj and hRppiness of New
Enclanrf, revisiting that region jafter an ab
tence of tcn years, during nhich bis free
trade systcm iball baTe been in operation.
surteying the ruin, and exclaiuiing, "what
demon of wrath has visited this once happy
ountry, and spread orerlit the desolation
wliicb. surrounds me'" Docs tho bonorablc
Senator expcctby tbis appalliog 'picture to
seduce us from our political fj'ith, snd winui
to bis tbcories? If tbe abandonment of tho
protective system is to lay waite onr country
to exbibit its effects in tho grass-grown
atreets and the deserted and mou'dering
ru:ns of our fair towns, does he expect us to
joiu in promnting this work of desolation.'
Bnt the Senator from New Ilarapshire has
presentcd hisobjection in anolhcr light. He
insists that a duty upon the article receivcd
by the farmerin exchange for his produco is
equiralent to a tax upon hii produce, and
thcrrforo ihat he is doubly taxtd. I agree
with hnn, that it is not lnipnrtant whether wo
consider the matter in tbe light of a tax npon
tbc foreign article coasamrd by him, or the
proiUictiou of his farm civen in exchaage for
It. 13ul I caanot agree that in either aspect
h is doubly taxed. It tnay be one or the
otber it caunot be both.
But, sir, this argument ts no better for be
in; turaed into this shape. It depeadi, as
bcfure, upon tbe assumptiod that the duty im
posed upon tho foreign articlo enbancrs the
price to the consumer to tbe extent of the
duty, The reasouing is ihis: if tbe cost of
t'le forcign article ii relatively increated, it is
c i;:ralect to a reductioo in that oflbcdooies
tic arlicle. I have already endeavored to ex
p.)5C tbc fallacy of this aisumplion. It is, I
stippose, tlie enormous tax upon iroa.leatber,
tCt, irhich ive have already discu3ed, that
cjnstitutes the tax upon tbe farrner's produce.
I wi!l notrepeat the argument, furthr than
to sny that if tbe article U produced or made
at bomc. the duty ou it when imported will
o-jt enhanco the price.bccause it is kept down
by ;doinestic compctitiou. If an article bc
one of necessity.aud is not produced at home
a duty would enhauce tbe price; but it is not
a part of tbs protective policy to tax such
Hut eupposo it is truo that tbe tarifl of
is, asthe oenator supposcs, a tax npon
th? production of the fanner of 30 to 40 per
ccnt. AVhat remedy dorg ihe Senator pro
posc' Why, sir, to repeal your duty upon
forrign fabrics. (for this constitutes tbe tax.)
abandon tlie idea of a domcstic market, send
your productions nliroad. To tbe producer
of ulieat and otber provisions in the Nortb
weHt be 83js, go to England for a market.
Buthe forgets to tcll them that Kngland nill
not rcieive a pound of it if she can avoid it
that f he will lake it only under the pressuro
of necessity, whcu her own supplics are ex
bausted. orabouttobeso and even thcn un
der cnorraon? duties. That flour is gubiect
to a duty of 50 to C0 per cent, pork 40, beef
75 to S0. bacon 75, butter and clieese 50, &c.
Hc forgcls also to tell them that tho domcstic
market in New England, su?taiced by this
protective policy, is wortli more totliem than
nll the markets wiihin tbe Ilritish domiuions.
Well, iir, what nill tlie wheat grower gain
br adopting ihe Senalor's advitftj Why he
gets rid of this imaginary tax of30 pcrcent.
but,by sruding liU flour to Kn-land, he sub-
jects it to a duty of 50 or G0; whicb be of
course hasto pay himself, as Englisb wheat
ntjrt uour arc not taxed. Hc cannot, there
fnre, add th-- duty to the price. He selU bis
Jlour.brings home the balance of tho product
lett Rltcr paying tlie .luties; andl liere he is
met oy a coiiector, wiio uemands the au per
cent. not in tne sliape or a duty, but of a di
rect tax for tbe support of his own Govern
mcnt. Ho w much think tou this fanner will
have left to purcbasc ISritish good, aftcr
paying cosls and eharges nf transporting his
produce across the Atlantic fifty pcrcent. to
the British goTernmcnt, and what is eqnal to
thirtv per cent. to his own eorcrnncnt? The
Sentorwould disuade the American fanner
from paying the 30 per cent. duty for the sup
pnrt of his onGovcrnmcnt and a home mar
ket, but pcrsuade him to pay 50 to a foreicn
Govcniment, and suliject himself to a direct
tax at lionie for the 30 pr cent. If the far
mcr attempt to make hiii way through Cana-
13, neisno ueitcrou; tno expense is sreater,
nnd the datv the same. Ile mav stflul hia
wheat into Cannda, where it is subieeted to a
duty of three shillings sterlin!; pcrquarter.or
i cents tor eery eight bnsliel. It must be
niannfaclurcd there to be nationalized. and
whcn itarrivesinEnsIand.it issubjcctrd to a
duty under their sliding ccalc, as it is called,
comm;ncing wiih five shilliugs sierling ihe
harrel. Tbe whole duty, prorincial aod im
perial. by way of Canada, is about two dol
lars the barrel the expeue of transportation
byway of theSt. I.awrence cxceedsthat by
tho way of New York, by three shillines and
o,. (ituvo ctt.4(iii;, tcnu',; (HRHIUg IWO
dollars and eighty-four cen: on the barrel
transpnrted that way, besides the lossof the
profits of manuractunnj. Sjuch is tho free
trade which England tendcrs us such her
ol:cy a policy whicb she will not ahandon.
lir, iiieidoa of free trade i out of the aires-
Uon there is no such thinjr upon carth and
our oniy aueroative is to regmate our trade
with England ourselres, or oermit her to nz-
n'ate it for us, in such wav ns suhserres her
purpotes and promotes her ioteresti.
CondrjJed mxl ictck.
Tbe arch-hypocrite ICendnll, who writes li
bels for Locofoco members of Congress to
frank at the pnblic cxpense, his already learn
ed that the SVhigs have blows to gire as wcll
as tnk? and to giro, too, backed by the por
t of truth. We apprehend that the Locofo
on lon lers will also learn, that in attempting
t mki party capital out of duelling, tbev
flre doin; a tociar basiness. Lsst week we
id tht t3p leoJ f Qilley 5B thjr
siirtsi snd now wo intend to show the con
dnet of tbe Wbigs, and contrast the hartless
and hypocritical course of the Locos. Im
uiediately afterlhe Cilley duel, a Whig Sen
ator of our own State (Judgo Prentiss)intro
ducey a bill to prohibit challenges to duels in
the District of Columbia, aud for tbe punish
inent thcreof. This wason the ethofApril,
J833; andin a short tirae it was passed by
the Scnate ajcs34. (including Hcnry Clay
himself, and every Whig Senator,) nay 1,
iSeiver. Loco.) This Lill was then sent to
the Honse a Locofoco Houee. from wnicn
Cillev bad just been taken to his grave and
on the fist of May, 1838, the bill was reported.
Now mark it: tbat House spent days in dis
cussing resolutions about the Cilley duel. en
dearoriog to make paity eapital out of it and
yet. from the 1st day ofJHay to the 9th day
of July, it could not find lime to pass this bill
to punish duellistt ! The bill found its grave
m that tlouse.
At tho earliest monient of thsnext session,
Mr. Prentiss iutroduced his bill again, viz. on
tne oin 01 jjecemoer. jan., -mi. .nj u
Alabama (a Loco) moved to strikt out the
penalty for going out of the Disirict to give
or recewe a challenge: lost. iienry vuy
voting against it. Jn. 24, the bill was pass
ed: aycs 21, (Henry Clay, Rnd allthc lWg
bvt one rotini; aye;) nays 7 all "Locos tare
ont. This bill went to the House, aod finally
under the watchful care of i!s autbor, was
fortnnate cnough to gain tbe assent of a ma-
jority. We have not yet oecn auie to gei
tiie ayes and noes in tlie tlouse; nui wneu
we surceed. it will douhtless turn out, as in
the Senate. that by far the largest portion of
noei came from tne Liocoloco ranKs irom
the same men who tuffcred tho bill to be lost
at the previous session. From thcsc facts it
seems that not only has Mr. Clay in latter
years denounced duelling, and refrained from
duelling, but has nlso voted on every o'cca
sion to make it a crimc punishable by statute;
yi hile on ihcother band, many of its tradu
cers aro fouud guilty of countenancing the
crime by voting against Mr. Prentiss' bill.
In the ligbt of ihese facts. how miserable
eems the late trick of Locofocoism. Prctty
fellows these, to be pratinz about duels one
foucbt 39 vcars aro. aud the other 1C years
aco. "Satan rcbukinc sin!" Vt. Watch-
CoTTcspondcncc of the Tribunc.
Washington, Monday, April 15.
It is now aid that the Treaty will positive
ly co into the Senate to-morrow. Th's mav
be true, snd posjibly is, but the Presidrnt is
so very uncertain in his resolves about these
days that hc may possibly changc his tnind
befnre to-morrow.
It has been generally rumored (it is impos
ible to say with nhat truth) that Mr. Cal
houn refused to sign the treaty, on account
of eome matter connected wilh it, which he
considered compromitted the national honor;
some assert thatit was on account ofa clause
providingforthe paymentof .$l,000,000or5
000.000 to Mexico. Be this as it tnay. the
treaty bas been signed.
You must place do reliance whatever on
the statemcms that you hear abnut Mexico
or her Ministcr here, (Almonte.) having been
consultrd in the concoction of this Treaty, or
that it has bccu a tri-parte atfair. Mexico has
not been cousulted in tbe matter at all. and
has nothing whaterer to do with the Trea-
The Senate to-day confirmed the nomina
tion of Dr. Martin as Secretary of Lcgation.
Dr. M. was formerly Chief Clcrk in the
State Departmcnt, and was removed by Mr.
Webster to give place to his son Fletcher.
He has been in Francc for two or three years
at a tiine, is an accomplished arholar. and
will make a most cxccllent Secretary of Le
galion. His appoinlmeutcives univcrsal sat-
islaction, allhnugh he has been one of the
most powerful and pungent writers connect-
ed wiih the 'Globe. He is univCrally es- 03 an ocl 01 hoftililies. UarwithMex
teemcd in private life, and was appointed with- 'co therofore, iuvolving wo know not
out solicitatinn on his part. i what other wais, will be the crrtain con
The Southcrn members of the House ' scquence. And thcre is anolber aspcct
gave up ihe question of the Tarifl" to-day in to the question: it is, whether. after our
despair; a majority of 1 1 against them on a citiZms havo emigratcd tn Texas "asa
. "emrCrS,?-'2fe!Imcn rart of .MeMcn," and revoltcd from iis
the'Anti-Tariffvotcs this session.
So thinks Jusius, Ja.
!Tnn,lnV Incf Wna ,lin A-.r- fvn.l .mnn f. V.
McKay to call up bis British bill for the re- '' nol.b-v arrangement with Mexi
peal oftho present Tariff. Accordingly at 12 co u"' wlln l'ie rovolters 1 And llien, to
o'clock on that day tho Vau Buren Cbancel- lake Tcxas with hcr dcbt of some one
lor of tbc Exchequer made the ncccssary hundrcd milhons, and tho still hcavier
motion to go into Committce. In anticipa- loan of disgrace in the cyes of all chrislcn
tion of the vote on this question the House dom
r?3i'CJnl tllB r" .T h"- Su"ch is tho conclusion to which vou
ins been called there were cichtv-four veas r o.-f. r X .
(83 Locos and onc Whig) and niJty-Jirc navs J"TP T ? lA ' d
(71 Whigs and 24 Locos.) Ofthe drleg'a- not sco how 'ou "n btidge Ihe iniglily
tion from this Suie the Wbigs all voted"in cnnsln- And yet upon tlie sirength of a
ihe negalnc and tho Locos were diridcd prcstimption thus fouudcd, you call on tno
thus: for "documentary evidence" that Mr
Ayes Messrs.Bcnton,Dana. Hungeifonl, !ny no' . in i"avor of anncxation.
King, Lconard. Maclay. Murphy, Purdy, 'hen you will show Ihat an arrangc
Rathbun, Sietson, Wbeston ll. mcnt with Spain in 1820, lo give rjfen to
cv0t7 'cs"' R D Davis, Chtsclden our claim that Loui.iania cmbraced wiihin
?i m J",C."S7' nTram Grccnc, W. S. ils limtt what is now Texat, would havo
Hubbell. Zadok Pratt. D. L, Seymour-7. ' bocn thtn, -hat "annexation ' wctild bo
Tho Loco Focos of Pcnnsylrania. with I0U'i 'hcn I will udmit lhe propnely of
two or three exceptions, voted with the calling for "documo.'ilary evidence." Un
Uhigs to sustain the present TarifT. And lil this is done, I must answer your qucs
even ihe Kepresentatite, from Connecticut, on "Is not Henry Clay as much in ravor
took lhe VUB side of ,he quesiiou when it i dfCW Jack!n 1 ,nrt,,e npS3,!vc and ca
carno to the vote. The result of the rccemi UP0n - ou' in lurn evidence ihat he w.
election in Connecticut has doubtless effect- "U3 far rcst on presnmption, which,
ed Ihis conversion. you will nllow nio to sav is allO"cthor to
i hefncndsofihe Tariff regardinc the vote'
of Monday as a ttsl one, are now satisficd that
Mr.McKay's British bill is lieaded," for the
present sesjion at Ieast. On the other hand.
the Globe and otber Van Burcn nrgsus, in
sist that Monday' was not a test vote. aud af
firm that lhe bill will vct pass ibe IIoue.
" " aots or nn. s lmmatcrial. The
, 7 ce"a,e W1" S,0P if itcomes to them,
, ,. . rcoP'e wi veto itin Novenber. if it
? "7 '"'r "ecision. j nere can no
lougcroe any uoubt that a vcrv laree maiori
ty ot tbe clectors of the Union desire to main-
tain tue present Tarifl. A strikin proof of
..... ..u i3 iu ire luuua iu me rcccnt niove-
mcnt in tho neighboring city of Troy, where
tbe Loco Foco Ieeders have found it neccssa-
".' lo Ji t tne cnrrent and call a party
meetinp to uphold tho Wino Tariff! And
his, too, in lhe very teelh of Mr. Van Buren's
letter. denounciu? that measure. hmh !n .:
ciploanddotail! Alb. Eve. Jour
From the Allany Err JournaL
The Tyler nroieet of miunn, t
the Union, which for weok na.f .i..
fruitful source of raany conflicUng rumors
nnd contradictory accounts, is at Ien-th re
vealed to the public jraze in all it j.
fotmiiv. Mr. Wilkins, tbe Tvler
War. has already published a semi.n(r-:-i
exposition and defence of this racasnr,
mtncing as follows:
WAsnisoTos. April 13.
A'treaty has been sicned ibr th nn..
tion of Txato the Territories of the United ' prqject.-And there is tho Potomack Ad--Stw,
I now f.el callod upon to ttato to yon vocate.ar. extract from whicb bsppens to
my fellow citizens, and late eonsthuents tho
grounds of my acquiescence iu this msnieut
ou3 measure.
The " grounds on which Mr. Wilkins ba
es bis acquiegcenco in the measure are, that
Texas, being indepsndent, bas a right to ne
gociale that Slexico has no ralid claim to
theTerritory that the proposed anuexation
would ttrenglhcn the Uuiuu that slavery
would be cunfiued to the Gulf ihore, aDd be
roluniarily abolished in MaryUnd, Virginia,
&c. that it would greatly extenu tue traoe
anu coaiuierce ui iuc umra " -
ly tuat n tre reiuse to laKe i oxas, r.u6.-uu
w.H carry o t tne pnze,
The Secretary closes
bisappeal in luis wise:
Now. mv fellow citizens, baving gircn you
my views upon tbe subject, let merccallyour
attention, wilhout wuich wesnoulu noLat tnis
motnent bo the uuited and happy peopl
which constitute this great natioo. Yet that
oble purcbase was not without opposition
nr. drctd. and. indeed. most violeut char-
actcr. ll0WCver, no patriot of that day lives
to reerctthatadditiou to our temtones.
I am, fellow
citizens, your cratetul and
obliged friend.
Totho Senior edilor of tha Voice of
Sir : I find myself called on
by you, m Ihe oice, to answer tbe foll
owinc nueslions
'Is not llenry Clay as muchin lavoroi
the annexafion of l cxas as was Acurew
'Jackson 1 Has ho at anv titne, since he
'proposed the anncxation, in, or ncar tlie
year 162C, given lhe public to understand
'that his viows have. at all, chancd on
ihis subject 1 If be has, will you furnish
'me with documentary evidence of such
cbange, that I may preient it to our rcad.
'ers? If vou can find no such evidence,
'can you and othcr Whigs of Vermont,
'consislentlv support Hcnry Clav as a
'candidate for President of the Unitod
'Slales, wliilc you irtually say, tho an
'ncxalion ofTexas would dissolve Ihe Un
'iorj 1 I would like a re ply to tho forego
ing qucstions ncxt week, if convcnient,
'but if not, then soon thpreaflcr."
As you de-ire a sptedy answer to these
qucstions, you shall have it, though I am,
just now, vcry much occupied otjgprwise
I shall neccessarily be brief.
I do not takc it for granted, bccause
Mr Clay was, in 1620, oftho opinion
tbat tbe limils of Louisania extcndod to
the Riu del Nortc, so ns to embrace the
lerrilory ofToxas, inslcad of being res-
Iriclcd to the Sabine, the limit ngreed on
in the Treaty with Spain of 1819, that he
is. Aerrbre.now.in favor of "annrxation."
If you think that tbc latter is fairly intcr
ab!e from tho formcr, your powcr of s-ri
ding from prcmises to conclusions far cx
cccds mine. 1 should like to sce by what
procens you arrive at the conclusion.
Wncre the wostrrn limit of Louisania
should be, was. m 1820,an opcn qucstion,
for Iho treaty of 1919 was not finally rat
ificd until Ftb. 1821. The r.itification
fixed tho Sabino ns the boundary ; nnd
that was confirmed hy a treaty bclwccn
the United Slales and Mexico, in 1629,
under which the lino has been actually
run, and markcd. Thrre it is ; nnd to
Ihnt line 'Mexico' now claims, "Jiy trca'ty
Tho quealion is, thereforo, a new one,
Anncxation would invnlve a violalion of
our treaty with Moxico, who still clatms
1 cxas. and givcs us to understand that
e .ii i . , . ...
B"a co"s' ,er "llr. laK'"K possession
governinentand sus.ained tho rcvolt by
mu iiuiii mu uiu
litcd Slales with Ihe
i shnnicful connivancc nfits public author
! ilies we shall now seck to nnnex to the
United Slales tho turntory thus nttcmptod
shcbt for nuch a supcrft'uclurc.
As you rcly on presumption, I will tako
thc Iiberly to say that I tnmk tho prosumn.
tions arc Ihe othcr way and Ihat they
are not slight onca for tho fullowinf;
rcasons : rirst,
Brcnuse Iho grcat bodv of Ihe whi"
party in Iho free Statcs are deeidediy hos
tile lo "anncxation." It is perfeclly man
ucii mai iio powcr oi party can cver
brinj them inlo tho measure. Is Mr
Clay going, in the faco of this sontiment,
to throw lum.-elf into thc Tcxas movc
ment ? I tay oniphatically no.
2. Recauso tbc lending wh'gpapersin
thc fiee Stales havo taken slrong ground
ngainst it. I may rncntion among them.
tho Boston AHhs, Doslon Daily Advertis.
er, Bitoj Mcrchanlilu Jounial, N. Ha
ven H-rald, N. Y. Comtncrcial Adv., N.
Y. Amorican, N. Y. Expicss, The Tri
bune, Albany Ev Jour., Albany Daily At!
verliscr. North American, and U. S. CJa-
zuttc, riiilndelphia. I nddcd all the
hig paprrs m our own Slate ; indccd I
might say the wholo norlhern Whigpress,
with scarce an cxceplion.
3. uecausc, cvcn in tho slavcholdimr
Slales, Ihero are strnng manifcstations
of the Whig press against anncxation. A.
mong Iho most rmportant is lhe Natio.n.
AL ITr.LLIOENCKK. Which Circulalns
throuch tho whole countrv. south as well
as north. It is most decidVd nmtinii m
bo now bofoto mo, which is cqually dec'u
ded. Tho.RicnMOXD Wuto. tbe leading
wiiig papcr in Virginia, says, anncxation
should bo thought of without lhe consenl
of the iehoe family. I must quote a para-
graph from that papcr 1 be ualics are tho
"So immenso,-so critical, koawfula
'question (says tho edilor) as tho annoxa-
tion ot a new t-mpiro to tne om. oiigct io
havo been aubiuiltcd to the people.iu their
'calruest and most colleclcd mood. Noth
'ing respecling it should have been at
'lerapted without the previous ascertained
tcill of the yeople. That will, when so
'much was at stake, should havo been the
will. not of a doubtful and equivocal ma
jority, but ofa clear, dccided and unsee
'tiona! majority. The northern Slates
'should havo been nsked how this annex
'ationofanow empire squarcd with lhe
'idcas of Derpelualinc the Union as it
'stood. So oftho middte Statcs ; so tho
'western and southern. All the famxly
should havo been consultcd, fairly, hon.
'sslly, candidly, and in tlio snirit which
'dictatcd tho creat American Confedora-
'cy. Scctional fucling, political clnp-lrap
and aspirations, party interests ol every
'kind, should havo bccn excluded from all
'share in tho determination ofa question
'boforo which, in our humblo conccplion,
'a war wilh England, or with Erancc
'dvvind'es into comparative insisnificancc'
Thcnco west of the mounlnins. I see
in the papor of yours now boforo me, an
article from tho Louisville Journal (Ken
tucky) "ono of the most influcnlial pa
pcrs in tho west," as says lhe introduction
to the arlicle which, savs the same intro
dnction. ''spcaks out boldly, manfully, and
in a voico or warntng against anncxa
And thcn thcre is thc bold statid (akcn
by Cassius M. Clav, a decided supporlcr
of Henry Clay against annexntion, iudi
cnting not only hii sentimcnts, but thc
undoubted sentiments of a largc purlion
nf ibe people of Kentucky. Is iienry
Clay gorn" for anncxation, wilh his Kcn
tucky fricnds even divided upon thc sub
ject 1
4, Recause the great, leading purpose
ot anncxation is. notorously, the perpetu
ation of wavo power. It is the favonte
measure of the Calbouns. McDufiies
Walkcrs, and Kenton of the south and
west. Tbcy lake thc ground that slave
ry is, in tho language of Mr McDulric,
''the corner stono of ourrepubhcan msti
lulions." They love slavery and desire
to seo it verpetuated. Not so Mr Clay,
Howcvcr be may have been, or may
now bo, opposed to norlhern "abolition
movcmonts," thcro is no evidence that be
wiihes to sce slavery perpeluatcd. I
have the fullest confidcnce that he dc
sircs no such thing ; and thereforo, as he
hn no sympathy in the leading motive
ofthe movcmcnt he is not presmncd to
bc in favor of themovcment ilself.
Besides, Kentucky is fast coming on to
the ground of abolition. Thcre is n great
tltal of thc right spirit in that State
more, much moro tlian mects our cycs,
It is liko Icaven it triwoik thanks
to the Uod of trulh and juslicc, and nono
can hinder. alr Clay cannot 6iicce;fcfull
y resist it, if ho would. Ho is dovoted to
Iho welfaro of that noble Slato : and
knows to well whnt belongs to hcr truo in
terests, to quarrcl with Cassius M Clav
and othcrs of his spirit in Kentucky, abnut
abolition ly lhe free xcU of Kentucky. Ho
s going to make no great tnovcment to
perptluate slavery, No! Ho sces thal
it cannot bo perpctualcd ; tbat the snows
and ico of wintcr can as well resist tho
ndvance of the summcr sun, as that slave
ry can resist the power oftho XlXth ccn-
tury oftho chnstian cra. 11 anv supposc
lliat he is insensiblo to tho progress of thc
crcat antislavery moveinent, thoy are
much mistaken. No Henry Clay will
never put forth his strenglh, and hazaril
his fnmc, in Iho insano projcct nf sbaking
this Union tn its ccntrc, and cndangoring
its very cxistcnco, to push tho uplul
xchcmo of anncxation, for tho purposu of
pfrpetualing what ho bnowa cannot be
As to his coropetitor for tho prcsidcncy,
I cannot say as much. There isscaicely
any ono singlc point in which rcasomng
in rrgard to Hcnry Clny's prnbablo courite
will apply to Van Burcn who livcs for
tho present nnd for clf. If he thinks hc
can hold "tho party" al the norlh by par
ty lic., wlnlo he goos for anncxation, hc
will ''go it" providcd ho can gain any
thing at tho South by so dotng. Gon.
Jackson' Icllcr for annexalion is now
brought oul for that purpose. Wo shall
scc whether thc paily will go at his bid
ding. The Von Buron papers lalk qncer
ly upnn tho subject waiting to scc
whether it will do. They kind o' balo to
do it, and wont if they can hclp it ; but
they have little oftho direct nnd tho out
spokcn. And soma oftho leaders oftho
party in Congress from Ihe frco Slales al
so are out; Mr Hcchanax and Mr
Woodburv for cxampip tho former of
of whom is full of missionary zcal foJ
"spreadmg the hlcssing of christinnily and
of civil and religions libcrty ovcr thc
wholo Norlh American Cnnttncnt !" It
is not difficult to scrt whnt arc tho lendcn-
cies among Ihe Van Buren party in re
gard to anncxation. If my fncnd Hol-
comli has any wish lo lielp the movemont,
lct him hclp elect Van Buren by persua.
dins cnough of tho Whig abolifionists
f Vermont to go for Birney, to give Van
Burcn a plurnlity. Lct tho Libcrty par
ty in every State do the snme thing, nnd
tho work will bo done 1 But
5. Another presumption that Mr Clay
is not in faver of the anncxation movc.
mcnt aries from thc fact that the acci
dental President has put himself at tho
head of it, for the purpose, among ollicrs,
of embarrassing Mr Ciay. The incvila.
b'o lcndency nf this is,to set tho fcclings
oftho great mass ofthe whig p.irtr.inclu-
ding Mr Clay himself, ngainsl it. If nny j
thing could kill it 'dcad. so far as thc
Whigs are concerncd, jthis would do it. I
esteem it forlunate that. if annexalion is
to be cver presscd, it is henceforth to.be
regardcd as n Tyler measure. This
would be cnough to consign to evorlasting
infamy a much lesa exceptionnblo meas
ure thin this. I have hopa that the an
nexntion project will ncver get over this
"Tyler gtip."
Yon most not understand me, however,
as cntertaining .tho opinion that thcre is
no danger of anuexation. There is rfan
gerbirttbst &noQ0 dops nof, ia my op.
inion, orise from Mr Clay, or tho Whig j
party. It arises from thc opposite quar
ter; and l would itl couia, say io every.
man tn Vermont as you ralue the integ.
rity of this Union, and would avoid a
mcaauro which woold inevitamy aissoivo
it, rally under tho Whig banner, and help
to beaa it on to triumpb.
April 0, 1844.
Old Tammany defeated by the city of Kew-
xotk, ana jiarper eiecteu by 4000 majon-
Tbe election of Mayor, Alderman and As-
sistants, (composing ihe City Government)
took place on Tuesday of last week. Tbe
old Tammany (Van Buren) party. wbo have
mled the city Tor thc iast two or three years,
nominated Mr. Coddington: the regularwhi;
party nominated tbeir last year candidate,
Mr. Franklin, (wbo failed throuch the uom-
ination ofa Nativo American candidate) and
tlie iNalivo American party put in nominalion
Mr. James Harper, at the head of the great
publishing firm, Harper & Brothers. Mr.
Harper has been a uniform whig; and one
great object of the new party, if not the grcat-
est, was a rejorm m tbc city uovernment,
charged to bave been unnecessarily cxpen-
sive and conducted with favoritism, and even
"prolligacy." Iu view of the great consid
erations presented, to be eficcted only by a
union, all the whig electors but 5204, at a
late hour, filed in with the new party; and
tlio result is. a great and decided victory, and
the rcscue of tbe city Government from the
old iamrnany, (Van iiuren) party.
, yiisft,Ttunes stldom come single."
Tbe wbi; candidate for Mayor has been
elected iu Albany by 500 majority last year
'Jiu. uouncil. ll wuigs, i locos.
The grcat (now) city of Brooklyn, oppo
tite New-York, (loco last year) has also elect
ed a nbig Goverument, as well as Buffalo,
Uocbester and Uudson, all loco Iast year.
Ncic-Jersty. Iu Newark, whig Mayor
elected. In 1 nuceton, tne wbigs carried
their whole ticket. In Trenton, every ward
iu the ciiy is whie, gain 105. Same in Eliz-
abethtown. Rahway, whig majority 170,
agaiust 30 last year. In Orange. Lirincston,
New-Providence, Morristown, Chatham, all
whig. Iu short, (says tbe account) every
thing appears to be going whig iu New-Jer-sey.
That State will be most eflectually "re
deemed." Thus it is, that some eight or ten Ilarrison
States had beeu lost, since tbe "glorlous Ve
tos" of Mr. Tyler, (on the strength of which
Mr. iyler, John Joncs of tho Madisontan
Mr. llill and a few others are now rallying
for a Tyler Convention) but most of them are
"back again," and the prospcct is. all will
be back seaaonably, with Virginia ioto tbe
Micbigan is looking np.
Chicaco has just elected a whig Mayor by
140 majority. New-Orleans a loco foco by
about SCO in St. Louis, wbig majority for
There is onc very remarkable fact, that al
most every great city in the Union, with tbe
capitals ortlic atates, is now whig; I'ortland.
Bangor and Aususta in Maine, Portsmouth
and Concord in New Hampshire, Boston. S
lem, Newburyport, Worcester, Nortbampto
in Massachusetts, Hartford and Hew-Haven
in Connecticut, Providence and Newport in
Rhode Island, Burlington, Middlebury and
ooilstocK (liut not olontpcher) m Vermont,
isew lork, lrentonand i'nncetnn m IScw
Jersey, Pliiladclpbia, Harrisburg and Pitts
hurg in I'cnnsvlvania, Baltimore in MarV'
laud. Richmond in Vrginia, Coluinbus and
Cincinnati m Ohio. Detroit iu Michigan,
L.exinctonm lenlucKy, rtashvilIciu Tennes
scc, loiumbus in Ueorgis, lobile in Alab
ma, aud XSew-Urlcans in Louisiana.
Iu view of the receut elections in New
York, the Troy Whig says :
" The whigs of othcr States may rest as
surrd that New-York will resume ber old
placo in tho whig line at the Presidenlial
hlcclion. ISicvcr were whig measures more
popular in Ihis State iban at present. Never
was a candidate more firrnly enrreuched in
the affcctionsof New-Yorkers than Mr Clay
Good Ezam
Ezample. The hnne9t poIiticnl'Ab
s of Western New York, disgusted by
the cnnduct of lhe Sabbath breaker, Gcrrit
Smilh, and his fanatical associates. are com
ing back by thnusands, to the true Liberty
mrtl- tlia M ' (. T . . .1 f
Onondasa Countv. writcs lo his friend ir
Utica to stop his political Abolition paper, to
which be had bccn a subscriber from the
commcncemcnt. sayinc
" What Loco Foco matter I rcad aftor ihis,
must he undUguisfd and unadulterated. Ni
more of this firing alder pop-guns at Martin
and 74's at Henry Clay. I once tliongbt the
libcrty party honest, I would sooner believe
in Miller's prophccies than to suspcct them o
uonesty now."
The man is right in snpnoainz that if tb
political nbolitionists are honest, instcad of
abusing Clat, they would strucple for the
principles of Liberty. L.vchfield Enquirer.
Sjmptoms of Loeofnco Ilarmonv. The lo
cofoco members of Congress, held a caucus
on t nday night at ashingion, dunng which
a proposition was made hy'Scnator Colaiiitt.
of Georgia, that the party drop MARTIN
V A. liUttLN as its candxlate for tho Fres
idcncy and lake up John Tyler! And vct
Ihe Globe has the unblushing mendacity to
assert that its party was never more united
and ncver in bciter spirits! Phililadelphia
Chicaro. The Locofoco Mayor, elected
by a majority of 7 three weeks ago, bas re
signed. The Coinmon Cotmcil proposed to
invcstigate some illegal proceedings in one of
the wardj. White engaged in this business
his Honor resigned fearing an investi.alion
wngui impncaie nimseu. i ne resignation
was exceptcd hy 11 to 1. Tbe wbigs will
doubtless choose their Miyor at the spccial
viuttiuu. uo uuaiu 13 mz now.
Vsf A Woolcn factory is to bo erected at
Auourn iN. i. with a capitol or 35,000 dol
larsin sharcs of 50 dollars cach.
It'ool IVool! lhe following paragraph
from Pougbkeepsie Eagle shows what the
farmors may expcct for wool tho coraing gea-
son ;
W ool Market. We learn that during the
present ween a large lot ot nrst quality Sax
ony wooi nas oeen soid in tnis country
Tn- na- 1 L T" L - . I
,w viuw jjci muuu wu. Auisisme
bestsalc that has been made this season. anrl
shows among many othcr instances, how that
rascaiiy "biacJ: tanjf a running the farmors,
asmo xocutocossay.
j-iiih. a. mrge tiarn belonging to
Judge Danforth of Schohario countv, was
i i ... t i ... . . . j
T- . , , ...
siMicit wim ngntning on Monday afler
noon last. and consumed with twosheds,
ono horso, cow and calf, 25 tons of hay
and vnluablo personal property. Tho
roof of his dwelling was covered wilh coala
and nothing saved it and the ndjoining
buildins but e Inrmepdiom foll crf reia.
(KrCssius M Clay has bired his Iato
slaves, and they havo no dispositicn eith
er to run away into the froe States, or to
cut their lato roastcr s throat. lle pays
them a price agreed cn by tho month, &
saysho finds that cash produccs much
more labor than tbe lasii i
From thi Jowmal of Commerct.
Wo havo roceived the first number of
tho new serios of Africa't Luminary, pub
lished at Monrovin, Liboria, on tho 24tb
of January Iast
I ho neighbonng Kinss. m a conven-
tion at King Freeman's town resolved to
raise tho price of rico and other nativo
produco to an exorbitant amount ; and
tho colonists refusing to acccde to their
tcrms, clTorts woro made to prevent the
latter from obtaining supplies from any
other quarter. Tho ntlitudo oftho par
tics bccamo at once hostile to cach otber,
and, but for lhe opportuno arrival of the
U o trigato Maccdoman and sloop ot war
Saratoga.at hisjunclutc, which put a new
aspcct allogethcr on tho face of nlTairs, it
is probable tbat scrious tmschief would
Tbe first efibrt of Commodoro Ponv
was to rcscue lhe Kev Jonni aync, ono
ofthe Protestant bpiscopal Missionnries.
and his fnmily, who were stationcd at
Cavally, reinote from tho prolcction oi
the Colony, from tho power of thc nativcs,
For this purposo ho dcspatched tho Deca
tur under Capt Abbott, which had rejoin
ed the iu it'ro i,down to the Cavally ; s: it
rcquncd the moit determined manncr
and a threat o( tho cxtremest measures of
compulsion, on the part of Capt Abbott,
to nrocuro tho deliverv ot Ihis lamily on
board tho Decatur. Subsequcntlv, Com
PorJy, in a conference with the natives
obtainRI a rccission oftho exccptionable
Inw, and a renewal of amicable relations
bctween thc colonists and natives.
On onecircumsfanco. howevcr.connec-
tod with this alTair. is of pninful character.
Tho colonists had stationcd a guard at
Tubman town. which is soino littlo uia
lance from ilount Vaughan, tho scat of
tho Episcop.il musion. Ua tlie arrival
nf Ihe Squadron a saluto being fired, the
rcportoflhe guns was lieard by the na
lives in the interior. Bclieving this to bc
theaclual commenccmcnt ofanaction on
the capo. thev rushcd well aimed and in
considorable forco toward tho co!ony.
Thc guard thus comptdled to resist, fircd,
nnd threo of the natives were killed.
The consequenco was that they gave uj)
their object and retreatcd.
Cheerino Victout in ST.-Louis.The
St Louis chartcr election caino off on the
lst inst, and nfter a closu and animatcd
contest, rcsulted in a noble and most glo-
rious triumph of tho higs. Pratte, thc
whig candidate fur Mayor, was elected
over his Locofoco opponent, by a mujority
of three hundrcd and 417 fo 1 ho ma.
jority against tho whigs las,t ycar.was one
hundrcd and fourleen, making a gain with'
in tho last twenly months ol our huadred
andsrtenly six !.' Every rogularly iioinin
atcd Whig councilman, cxcept three were
also eicc'cd, whicli places tho city gov
crnment in the hands ofthe whigs for Ihi
coming year. llus is indeed an inipor
tant victory, and furnibhes rcason of hope
that Missouri ma yet be dctachcd Irom
the caro ofthe grcat Huiubugger, and takc
hcr 8land among tho hig States con
fcdcracy. Such is the mngnitudo of th
triumph, that tho President of the Clay
Club ufSt. Louis lias nddrcsscd a cir
cular of congrnlulalion to tho Whigs of
thc Stnte, which we hopo soon to bo ablc
to lay beforo our rcadcrs.
05" The Kentucky Commonweallh pub-
lishes a Jae smue nt a tickot uaed in IS
24, in Iho days of Jacksonism. It
hraded "Jackson Iho tarifl" Intcrnal
improvements the pcople's rights" and
wilh theso crics tho Jackson pnrtv (
1828)fought and triumphed; Tho Loco
roco party claim to bo tho dcccndants o
iho Jackson party in 1S28 though thav
have dcEerted all theso principles.
What a plcasing Mtrospcct it must bo
to tho recklcss and radical Loco Foco
lcadtrs ofthe p'cscnt day to Iook back to
the old land mnrks by which mndern
Dcmocracy was guided before it became
progressive. Ihe tarilf inlcrnal imprnvn
mcnt and tho people,s rights, onco shanc
conspicuoiijly upon tlieir bnnner, and was
proclaimed ns Iheir most inspiring watch
words, but tucho year3 of "progressive-
ness enablcs them not onlv to abandon
their onco favorilo principles, but to dis
cardnnd execrale them as odious and irn
polilic in the last dcgrce. They can do
all this with a coolness and complaccncv
pcriccliy unapproachablc, and then mcct
tho chargo of inconsistcncy with llicsub
lime nnnunciaiion Ihat "Jcmocracy is
progrcs-ivo ! ! Ohio Jslate Juurnal.j
can vote for him ho was the grcat Cham
pion of Ihe Democratic party, on lhe flonr
of Congress nnd silcncr-d tho battcrics of
tho Essex Junto, bv his all-powcr full cl
nquencu and rebukedsuch tuen tm Martin
Van Buren, who sought bv an alliance
which the Hartford Convcntion FederaK
ists. to defeat lhe elec nof that pure oa-
inoi jAoica .iiauiou..
wnere can yoto lor nim, tor tt was his
, . i... . .
voice that was heard in the llalls of Con
grcs, iu mvur 01 oouin -american and
'- f e o t 1
Grscian Indepcndenco.
lhe honest patient GERMANS. can
voto for him, for he is tho advocnlo of
their bcst mtercst, nnd Iho oulogist of their
fiugal habits, pcaceful quietudo and their
lovo ol Iilitriv. law andordcr.
voto for him for ho has cver been lhe nd.
1 . r T' i 1:1 ,i. - . .
fervid eloquencc to his own warmhcarlcd
RENCY will voto for him, for ho it waa
thnt pcrfeclcd the soundest currencv on
arth, ana wiwsiood tho clamor of dema-
gognes lo prcserve it.
TRY will support him. for it is his glory
to givo industry ils ample reward. bv rn.
moring frotn it foreign pauper oonjpititioD,
n.cMECHANICwill vot0firhimr
tis the policy of IIF.Mnv , ?.f"'
give full employmont to evory har.l l ,'5
every lover. and 3 '""-nRd
wt,t; iK ,a- l,c v' "'lcur
iiioui buu gooa pay,
The FARMER will support Mr
lrr, fnr it
is his policy that will rri. -
",ke,VBd er,eb- n,op,,r
ofhit labor, afid tho raht ofhis lan,l.
him, for he it is that will nrofB !rrt
uauuiuno 01 a Kimla iri II ..
from thepauper labor 0r Euro nrj
enabla tbem to support lliernu ,
families with care and inde.peoj.nc,
Finally, the PEOPLE of everv corid '
t.on of hfb will support him, uieir h,'
truesl nnd ftmesl friend, and they
lect hm tooby a majority exceed.r,., ,hit
i condemnat.on
upon Martin Van Buren in 1840 Th
hanner ofthe people n already u'nfllr0
ami upon u is tnjrribfd in
Ictters of light "the VICTORY Klli.
CLAY in 1844, shall anA K,ll be -r,ef!l
than that for Ilarrison m 18 10 '
Vntcrlands Watchur.""
Wedncsday .Apri! 24, lgi.
John Quincy Aihms, Giddings, Slade, anj
at length Cassius M. Clay, are cocstantlv and
triumphantly quotedby3J party tncntoir.ale
weight for abolitionism. John Quincy Adanj
in a speech rcccntly, very justly declarcd tbat
slavery and slave rcprcseutatiou was ihe root
of all evil. But when lhe one idca aljohtioa
istsquote tha exprcssions of abhorrcnce frnni
such men against lhe abominable institutioa
iu which weall agree with thcni.nhy do thty
omit to mcntiou tbeir unequivocal coniirmna
tion of thirtl partyism itself. Sure tbeir u
thority is asstrong in lhe ono caaeas ia the
othcr. No third party men cntertau a moro
ardent and patriotic purpose to abotislislat;
ry than ihese distinguibhed whigs and iho
party wilh which they act. One ot the lea
ding principles of the whig party w to cxtr
cise a controlling influcuce ovcr slaverv, ai
far as it can be coustitutionally doce. Tb;
public faith cannot be sbakcn by thc cinpty
cry of hypocrisy shocted by tbc third party
press, in the sinccrity of the wbigs oa thu
subject. Facts arc stubborn tbings. Aod
yet third party men are constantly branilin;
the whole whig party ''as lcagucdicttli sliirc
holdcrs, and thc humble tools of lhe slarcpca
cr." Slandcr aud misreprtsctitution can po
no farther. Their is not an ccli;htenrj
whig in tho Union who does not know sucb
asscrtioos to be as frflsc as the Alcorau.
Foryears tbe whigs have stood like a rni;hly
bulwark against theencroachtncn's of soath
ern influencc. For years have they cmlear
ored to comprcss the damiuiuii of slavery in
to tbe narrowest posilIc liuiits consUtiT.t
with thcguarantcesof tbe cnnstitulion. Am!
at this very moment the whig party sr ic !
solitary and alone, like a tall cliiT reaTr o
bcat back the tnighty tidc nf sluveocrat.c 1.1
(lueuce. which by the anncxation of "ti's,
would forevcr fastcn thc liatefiil in?tituiian
upon tbe country. And yct these pre'er.Xng
purists ofthe one idca, arc iuccsjantly ca
lumniating thcnhig party as faithltss. convpt
and unpnnciplcd, and approprwtitig to tbem
selves all tho rcligion, morality aud p.itnot
ism in tbe natiou. If tho lcaders of tbe third
party can hunt dowu slavery by such a jesu:J
tical course, bydashing tbe fuulcn nbu?e a
jainjt their natural allies, and phcing thrin
even below those who havo erer proved the
natural focs ofaboIition.it would be a t:rjne
lispensalion of tbe ovcrruling proTideocc of
the Almighty.
The perfect storra of faNehoods and mii-
represrntations wilh which locofocoism thns
early has beeu showering the nation to defeat
Mr. Clay, shows that no mcans howcvfr
baso, no acts howcver unscruputous will be
omitted to accomplish their object. Tb:
malignant beel of tbe party is cver to bc liued
lo tread out his cluracter andcrush his rUin.;
fortunes. Say wlnt hc will, or do what be
will, he is to be belicd and blackcned. to le
arraigned as a criminal, aud scntenc:d with
out trial. For years tha loco lc.idcrs hare
been dinning tbe public ear wilh cmpty lau-
dations of modcratc larijf, judicious tariff, a
tariff ueces3ary to raise a revcnue foran boa
cst, economical administration of lhe gov
ernment. But the moment Mr. Clay assumes
tbe same ground, with the inr'ispensaMesd'Ji
tion of discrimination to protect domesr.?
industry, they accuse him of dcsertiug all
protection. and place him upon tbc sarns
slippcry ground in relation to theTarilTwhicb
they bave tbeinselves 10 long occupied.
The truth is, Mr. Clay was never an adro-
cate of a higb, unreasonabte. or probibilory
tariff, nor has such a lanlf been sought by
the party with which be has acted, As ap
pears from all his speeches from 1312, upto
the present moment, he has been the advo-
cate of a tariff which, in ranmg revcnue.
wonldso fardiscriminate Li favor of dornestic
industry, as to give it a fair cbancc agsin3t
foreign compelition, secure lhe indepcndenco
of the country, and furni9h to ibe agriculwral
producer a home market iu addition to tbs
foreign. What the kind and degree of pro
tection he would. yield to the nation, be has
notleft to bp guessed at, and imagined.
Miconstrue him as you please, inisquoto
him, and misinterpret, and misreprescnt him
oyourheart's content, and garble hislelters
and speeches o as to make out of a singlo
paragraph what tho whole would clearly con
tradict, that degree of protection which Mr.
Clay would give us. aud which bo entirely
approves. is one with wbith every whig i
satisned, nri wblch the loco faetioa re etrt-

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