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I THE NORTHERN GALAXY,
I rOBUSIIEO. ZTiT WEOSESDAT S0RlO i IS STEtVJET's ETJZUJISat, BY J. CpBB JR. BT TtHOM ALI. ORDES1 TUS. rBITll ' II. BELL, EOITOR AND PROPRIETOR. tekmsoFklnth YOLimE. S2G0 2.00 in.!ii.!. - and Coaipanics wbo tako al tbe offirc 1'7". .r 150 eenw p"" " -.i-evJw t.ikeof Fostridcrs . . .5-.0J 11 um r-i' ibeend of tho ycar 2, 25 ,OP"r !iscontined until arrearages a Pa,a ew'pattl'e option ofthe prqprictor. A" P!,n,e.' 1 , ici i a!:i ed cxcept ordcred by tb- propr.e- ' All f mn,.n1cationSm,islbcnd.IreMC.! tothe ed- Mr I'ovr I'Ain a ycvf whig sosg. Vashisgtox CiTr, Mat 3, lStt. Mr. Toucrs: Will jcu Imc tho soodner to ,,.vi..l fonr in llie Slandard. It a! i puU cop. ' " , . , , i - ..f-Tnmnl nipiuprancum in Ihe ltancs of a ictt i " , friiMid jcncniaj ,at Baliimurr, and sung in thc great Katifl-ral'n.n Conrcntion of tkal day. Yourstruly, Akdcew M. BAHSEn. Aic '-Old Dan Turfor." Thc t-Vus arc briglit, our heart arc light ! In Baltimore tbcWbigsuaiie; WcU sct onr scngs to good old tuncs, For tlieie !s music in ihesc old Coons. Ilurra, burra! fortbc Coons are rising! llurra.burra! for the Coons are risinj! Ihirra, burra! for ihe Coons arc l i ing, 1'orIlESRV Ciat aad Frelisghutse:.! Thc Locos' hcarts are cry tnrc Tho lery scarcc in Baltimore For ibry brgiii to think, wilh reason, That tbis willlic a grcat Coonsecson! Ilurra, fyc. OMFKnLisciiorsns is a Jcrsey Blne, A noble liig, boib good and true ; And ivc uill inakc New Jcrsey fccl Tbat wc rcfpcrt bcr own broad seal! Hurraf Now Ict thc Locos raise thcir DASDEtt Eien Aaos K. daie nol stand under Tor when they get into thc Cgbt. Lord! how ihe Jcrsey Coons will bile! Ilurra, Sce. Old Jlatty Van is a man of dcubt lle wires in and bc ircs out; Vim rannot tell, when ou ibc track, If bes go'ng on or coroing back! Jlurrav -c. Thc Ccon row looks abroad vitb pride ; Tor bo is ihcrcd.nc louchbishidcl 6-J gic ihrcc cbtcrs, and as many more, Tor ibc uoble v.!'ig. uf Baltimore! Ilurra, wc. Unilcd, l.cart and band, are c, Fr-ra iVonhcrn 1 ko to Soutberii sea Fiuai East to Wctt.lhc Fccplc's rifing, rcrlli.Miv Clat and FBELiscuCTSza ! Ilurra, &c. Gco. DawSi n, Hfq., of tbe nochcstcr (N. Y ) Demaciat. rr"p Prnrpjinr fSnnrnfl.I w nn.V lccturiri? - - y lliitf1i!t!iiTi. mi n svstGiii liv trhich thc factiltv of mt-miiry raay be acqtiircd in an cx- traordinary djgrec. 1 nc tianisoiiisii imei liencer tbiiiks thc pcoplc of the-e United Ktntcs ro.uiie no Docior Guuraud lo t-uublc tlicm to itincnibcr, tliat licu Maitin Van Bnren came iuto ofiice, lic found tlic comi try (accordiu- to llie dcclnratioti ofGcneral Jaukson) " propcrous and liapy," thc na tioual dcbl paid utf, aml a ilirpliis in thc trcas ury of about $$G,000,()C0 of do'.lars. Th:it during his aduuuUtralinn hc paid 7:0 dubt ! Mmlf nn Inlrninl TnmrnvpirtpntS ! Spa.it cnc hundrcd and thirly nillion of dulurs: Lel! tlie Clovemmcnt banlirupt ! The Currency tioitioycd! Tiic I'coplp m d!?trcs and ru'm! And a puulic debt of twonty scvcn mil lious of dolars! Tl,i c .M.n Mnrtin Van R-jrcn is uow a cauu'Hlate for rt-tlccllon ; but hc "ill fmd that thc 1 f on E havc an cxce'lent mcmonj: CCrMuioo cotitams ahniit T.OilO.OOO iniialiiiaiits. Of tbeo, only one million are wlii'.ts- -1 C00.OUO nro Indians tlic rst aro ncjrrocs. Mei.izt.c5. &c. Out of tlitse, 7,000.000, only 657,713 of all tlasscs can rcad and wrilc. fXJ'c undcrst.md ' that a vcnrrab'.o nJ wcll kr.own Me'hodist CJcrpyman of Oliio wa3 niraigncd hoforc Iho Con fcronco, not li nsago, cliarcd v t'i inlcr fering U'ilh IMitics. Mo fully ndmitlcd tlie Iruth of the accua!ion, and statod that lie "fclt himsi'lf as iiiiu-h hound to fij;Ii!Lo( o'ocoitm on ivcck daj-s as to fight (huDuril on Smidays.'" Lou. Jour. A SENTINEL ON TIIE U'ATCII TOWEIi. Alsew lork corrcspondent lr.nuucs ofus what Political Abolition "papers of this Stalc havc to say on tho anncxation qucslion. This is a vcry absurd inquiri'. JJocs our corrcspondent snppo&e that llicso papers conld snspend thcir vocatinn of rctailing cxp'oded Locoroco lics, nnu nhusing .Mr Clay and tho Whigs, for a si.iglo inomcnt, in ordcr lo considcr a tnallcr so tnvial and unimporluut as the anncxation of Tcxas ? Tobe sure, tlireo or four Slave Slates may bc added to the Union, and thc cursc of slavcry extcnded. but uhat is that comparcd with thc aw fjl sin of clecling Henrv Clay, Presi Jent ? Wc supposc, howcver, ihat these exclu sive fricnds of Liberty will cxprcss their s:n!imcnts on this Tcxas matter, aftcr thoy iiiivc sufficicnlly exapgeratcd Mr. Clay's bloodlcsa ducU, and txpended thcir stoclc of inorality in lamcntation over the heinous crime of which ho wns guiltj. in nrriving in somc chy on Ihe Sabbath. Tlieyare vatchfulseiitinelsn tlie watch towcr of Frecdoin ! Hartford Journal. KT Thc New Ilaven Coiiricr ofSatur. urday, altempts to Ircturo the Vhig ptcss of his city. for speakin;; frcely of tho con. ductofllcv Dr Hushnell, of endorsing in iiii pamhlet part ofthe Loco Foco slang gaimt Henry Clay. All wc havo to say V: rrply, so farasthe arliclo refers to us, is, that we know our duty as cditors ol a public Journal, and we ,shall fearlcssly perform tho same, Dr fi in atlacking the character of Ilen,-' Ciay, and in couphng his namc wi:h nus-sialcmcnts, disgraced his ministrial officc by retailing falsehoods which cminated frorij a debased and cor.' rupt partisan press. and has consequcntly laid himselfopen to correction, if not ani-madvcrsion. Villnsc su'iscribcrs, VOL. IX. Pretty ndvocatcs should wo bc ofthe causeof llbnry Cln)', wcre we to snffcr him to bc traduced, cvrn from thc pulpit, without exposing ihe Talsily of the same ! It may answer for tlie latitnde ofthe Cour ier nfiicc, but it will not for the Journal officc. Hart. Jour. MISCELMNE0US. From the Philadclphia Saturday Courier. Mmy 4 Mak U)wb8 OR, THE EVILS OF DEBT. BT MOS. II. M. DODOE. "Unfortnnatc, iudced! Thcrc U Col. B. and I must mect liitnor cross ovcr tlie street, which, by the by, I can do, with a very good grace, as there is a table on thc opposite walk, covcreJ with fiue fiower pots, arrangcd for sale. Rcally, that's too badl He is cross iug loo, and 1 inust nicct liiui aftcr all! 1 bcgau to bope that I should reachhoinethis moniiiig, without thc houorof anolhcrdun." 'Good morning, Mr. Ilall, liow arc you?" "Quitc wcll myself, Colonel, but but my cbilJ is ralhcrill, soyou will plcase cxcuse ine, as I must bc in hastc." "With all my beart, Mr. Hall; but whcn you havc a little leisure, wc will look ovcr our accounts, as 1 have alarge suni of money to mako out wiihin a week, and shail thcrelore bc uudcr the ncccssity of calling in all ray ducs. Good morniug." Oloncy to make out! This is thc tinivcr sal cry. Now, thcrc is not, in ihe wholc English language, another combiuation nf wnrds which can fill mv mind wtih such strange gloom and terror, as ihatsamc, ' 'money to make out!' Should a bold assas- siuentcrniy chambcr at miduight, prcscnt a dagEcr to my bosom, and bid mc figbt for ! my life.it wonld nothorrify me lialf so mucb as thc cntrancc of akind fricnd.whom I ow cd and could not pay, if I guesscd he had 'money to make out.' Wcre I iu a frail ves scl, in the midst of a furious tcmpest, and should I liear thc caplaiu say, aftcr a long and dcsperate struggle of cflbrt, that all was 1 ovcr, and we wcre sinking iuto tlie dark bo- , soin of the dccp, it would not unncrve mc half so much as that drcadful 'money to make out.' Norif I bungon the tallest spirc ' of St. Pcter's cliurch at Roinc, and saw thc , wliole vast building a mass of rcd Hainc. be- ! neath mc.methiuks I should not fccl one half thc strange uneasincss that maddensiny.brnin ; whcn I told, uith a pcculiar nod, thcrc ( is money tobe madc out. Ycs, and what would bc, if poss-iblc, slill woise, wcre T fas- 1 tcned to the f.ital tablc of the Iuquisitiou, ' watching ihc slonly ' dcsccnJing sivinging knife, as it camc ncater nearer nearer, ui. til it whiz.cd my very hair, I am snre a cold erhnrror would cot thcucurdle my life-blood j than that which comcs out of ihat most fcar- I fulof all arrangemcut of letlcis, 'moucy lo make out.' " Thus niuscd our gcntccl and nchly dress cd city ineclianic, as he passcd rapidly up l!roaduay, luoking ncillicr to the right hand northe left. lcst hc should rnccl Jonic loo fa miliar couiitenancc. Just as he turned into thc strect nhich Icd to his oh n liousche mct a woman, who was sclling carly straHberries. She nsked liiin to buy. lle tihoiigbt he could uut alford it, but the fruit lookcd dclicious. He fumblcd 1ns pockets, and fuially succceded iu bringing out a fifty ccntpiece. This would ! putchase cnough for a fine dcscrt; and, any' way, it was only fifty ccnts, if he was in debt; I and certaiuly, such a trille could not affect him; so he gave the woman the only piccc of j coiuhc posscsoed. and directcd ber where to J Icave the fruit. He had walkcd ou but a fcw J rods, whcn a ragged, half-starvcd looking ne-1 gro boy stcppcd iuto the path beforc him.and ' viry impcrtincnlly said his inotberwantedtlie . money hc on ed hci' for aihing. J "Very wcll, my little man," said Mr.IIall, who was sometimes rathcr complimcntary whcn unexpectcdly dunned; "butl have no ' change to-dav, though I shall havc somc tbis week." ' I Olother says she must have it now," "per scvereJ the boy, in a loudcr toue of voice. "It's only fifly ccnts, sir; she has some mon ey to make out to pav her rcnt, and if it ain't 1 'ii... ..:.i., . i-;.l0,i ;n tv,n I street in the moniing." "Moncvto make out acaiu!" groanedMr. Hall, with 6trides which lcft the blackey far in thercar, and soon brought him to the mar- . ble steps of bis dwelliug. "Who could have : bclieved that cven the mouths of the vcry ncgro bays in the street, would open to pour upon mc tbcsc words cf shamc and tnad ncss?" He cntered a larse and bandsome back 1 parlor, thrcw hiraself upon a sofa, and cov-1 ercd bisface with his handkerchief.hc charg- cd the maid to admit no person to that room, and to answer all enquiries afterhimself with a 'not at home.' Wcdo not know cxaclly what passcd in his ; mind during tbc hour which be remained in thnt nosition: for he save no other siens of lifetbanawUd wbispcrof the word "debt," : followed by a convulsive shivcr, wben tho ' door-bcll wasonceheard to ring; but we'will . take his owntext, and thus innocently fill up this painful blank of time by imagiuing what the sermon mignt nave uuciii uu u our i words arc not precisely me same as tiiose by nhich he exprcssed his feelings in his own mind, still, we doubt not but that there may be a very striking similarity between the idcas. i 7Vof." Who is nursinc a scorpion in his i.ocnm nntilthe noison will taint bis -whole blood, and maduess or death will ensue? It ;. fh. man in debt. WTho is clinaing to the top of the unsheltered, cternal rock, gazing with bursting eyc on the vast and wide ex panse of oceau iround him, and exposed to the pitilcssvcngeance of tbe wild elemenls, with no bope ofescape? It is the man in debt. Wbo is sailing on the calm waters.far above Niagara, and deligtiting nimseu uy gaz'mg into tho clear deplhs beneath him, knows not bis position.until thechanged mo tion and the staggcring rapidity of his boat startleshim with the dreadful truth that he is in tbe rapids, and is nearing with increased speed ihe frightful chasm? It is the man in debt! Ah! and who is leaning over JEtna's crater, and while he gazes far down into the depths of boilinp; flamc. feelshis fontslip. his balance lost, and finds bimself sinking sink ing? It is the man in debt !" At Iength our man in debt sprung upon his feetwith an energy so wild, and yet so dcter mined, that one might well have imagined that he believed himself suspended over the warringfires of the volcano.and fully design i1 tn make eood his escape. His eje cleam- ed with new fire, and his countenance glowed MIDDLEBURY, witb a strange brightncss. He strided the room rapidly, andclearly'evinced.by his qnick glances from one thing to another Ihat some new andimportant subject was undergoing a thorough invcsligation iu his mind. Once be paused, and carefully exainincd tbc quali ty of his coat and pants, ihe high luslre of his satin vest, tbe fineness of his lincn, and the gold chiiiu which was thcsafcguatd of a hun drcd and fifty dollar watch. Thcn he fjanc cd at'his wife's piano, butqnickly turned from it with a decp sigh to a long and sotronful gaze upon the flower pots arranged in the backyard. The dinner bellat lcngth broke iu upon bis reveries, and an unusual exprcss- lon was secn un lns countenance wnen nc en tered the dining room. His wife tenderly in quired the cause, but he replied only by a strict scrutiiiy of ber cap, her dress, the fur niture of the room, and lastly, of every thing upon the table. Aftcr the meats were remo vcd, a beautiful gla'ss disb, filled wilh straw berries corered witb cream and loaf sugar, was brought iu and placcd on the tablc. He started at the sight, as though an adder had bittcn him, and his aflcctionate wifc again in quired ihe cause bf his strange conduct. "We are not able to alTotd such things, Lucy," said be quickly. "Wby, my dear," answered Mrs. Hall,"the woman told lictty that you paid only fifty ceuts for thcm." "Only fifty ccnts!" rciterated the busband, rising from his cbair; "the bill of our poor washcrwoman is only fifty ccnts, and though she greatly needs it to ilay, l cannot pay n in consequeuceof purchasing tbis unneccssary fruit." "Uunccessary !" rcpcated Mrs. Hall with a snccr. "But wife," added he. with a severe deter mination in his voicc,"lhere must be a change inour aflairs. I cannot live longer as I bave livcd for a ycar or tivo past. I am no longer a man amuug men. I am dunned at ihe cor ner of cvcry strect, and am always afraid to look about inc, lcst I should ineet tbe eye of some one wbom I owe. I am uttcrly crush cd withdebts.and if there cannot bc a change wc are lost!" The prclty lip of the young wife poutcd in silencc. "I rcpcat it, with the strong cmphasis of a drowuing man, there must be a change in our afTairs. We must abridge." Abridge.'" cricd Mrs. Hall, reddcning to bcr very templcs, "what can we possibly a bridgel" "My dear," continued Mr. Hall, with a soolhing tonc, as be beheld thc distrcss of a wifc whom hc most tenderly lovcd, any'sac rifice wliichyou may be obligcd to make, will cost mc a far more scvere trial than it can possibly cost you; but I sce no other way we must abridge our e.xpenditurcs." A long pause succceded. At lcngth Mr. Hall rcsuincd 'My brothcrhas a lesslucrative trade than mine.and yet with a family three limes as nu inerous, he owes no mnn a dollar; bcsideshe has money in the bauk." "And be workslikc a slave with his own hnnds," replied Mrs. Hall, and just took at his wife she is alwavs in the kitchen, like a bound girl. Bcsidcs, only think of two drea- ry, half furnished parlors, and suen a morsei of a kitchen, with no uursery!" "And I intend to workwith my own hauds, too," answered the husband; "and my dear, as wc havo bnt one cbild, can't you give up yonr nursery and nurscry maid.7" Mrs. Hall lunied uale. Had it come to this? Must she be tied up to ber own off spring, no longer ablo to ride, walk,or visit at pleasurc? "And.contmucd lie, caunousiy n we nau a smaller housc, wc sould do with Icss hclp in llie kitchen. & bcsides we should need less furniturc, and. sevcral expcusivc, and uearly uselcss articlcs, might be turned into the pay ment of debt. My gold watch and your pi ano The poor wife sank back in bcr cbair, and covcriug her face, bnrst into a hysterical flood of tcars. Had she heard thcconclusion of the scntencc, she might pcrhaps have fclt more for her husband than for herself for pressing his hauds against his throbbing heart he declared that cicatli, but notucDr.was prei erable to aking her to make this last sacri fice, and wilh bollowgroans hetraversed the nnartment. Mrs. Hall was the spoiled child of indul- gence; still she was naturally kmd and amia ble, and uolhing was wanting hut tho proper cireumstanccs and the riaht direclion civen to her feelings, to dcvclope hcr true charac ter, and make her a most patient and sclf dc nving wife. That aftcrnoon, as soon as her husband had gone, she ran over the street, to sce old Mrs. Green a woman bighly es teemed by all for hcr good sense, as well as for her kind and sympnthetic heart and to her she made known ber tronblcs. "Tush! tush! child," said thc old lady withasmile, "ucver mind that. Just come down paticntly to youraltcrcd circumstances, and trust me for it, you'll be a great dcal bet tcr ofT some day, than you cver were yet." "But how shall I begin?" said tbc young wife, wiping away hcr tears. "Begin? Why begin by giving up all vou can do without, and bc comfortable. Let the piano go first." "Don't namc it, Mrs. Green. Oh! my dear piano! what should I do without its mu sic?" "Its music? Would notthc music ofyuor husband's happy heart, relieved from thebur dcn of debt, be much swceter in yonr ears? Give up the piano it is a childisb toy com parcd with his pcacc." "And what uextJ Mrs. Green inquired Mrs. Hall, as a new light seemed to animate hcr countenance. "Why, dear woman," replied the old lady, tapping hcr under the chin ; "after you have parted with all you can spare, havc taken a low rent bouse, and dismissed all your help but one girl, then begin one of the sweetest things that a roolhcr ever had to do the ta king care of your own dear baby, and you will soon fmd its little smiles and love will more than repay all your effory." "Mrs. Green! my fricnds would all shnn me! Just think of Mrs. Brown, and Mrs. Willet, and Mrs. Goodenne" "Stop! stop! child what have you todo witb thein ? They will not pay your hus band's or your debts. Besidcs, if they are persons of good common sense, tbey will not despise you for conduct which it is both your duty and interest to perfonn. and if not, why should you care for their friendship? Itis not on thera that your are dependentforhap piness, but, as the old-fasbioned poetry says " From onr own sels oor joy most tawj And that dear but oor honie. Let me asiureyou tbat nothiog affords great- VT. WEDNESDAY, 3IAY crcontcntracnt than independence cven on a small scale and this your poor husband is lully prepared to cnjoy. i uaie uu-n iuiu for a long timc that he was iteepiy m ueot, and that he was going lo Uep up a style and appearance which he could uot i a.am tam - me so; and they said, too, that he owed thcir 'f'le gavc thc challe ngc C.lleT wxuld se; husbauds money, which they had oftcn ask- Mect thc weapon thc deadly nflc.with edhiiu for, but ncver expecied to geu" j which he (Grnves) was totally unacquain ' "Is itso, then, replied Mrs. Hall, sobbing led. In this cmcrgency, after the at like a grievcd child. I am glad you lold me j temptcd cxplanatory correspondenco liad that. It will help to crnsh this pride, and , c0Sl. anj f courbe all further negoci.v nerve me up to duty. My resolution is ta- i;on h;id ccascd anJ fljr Grnvca had wri!. eu. Dear Mrs. Green you bave saved , en ih cha ,,e caUcJ ,vith Mr wis0 I -"But let me give you a little advice," j P Mr Clay ; a practieo tbat individu 'said tbe old lady, "before you commence I "'s and cominiitccs havc always bcen in 'your new course of life. I have beeu.over , 'ne habit of, whcn cmbarrassed so says ' the same ground myself, and 1 can assist and I Col. R M Johnson and John Qtiincy Ad j encourage you a great many times, by telling ams, and they say also, ihat he is cver jyou how I got along, and perhaps you may found a prudcnt adviser. Mr Gravcs ! profit a good deal by my experience. In the ' stated Ihc casc to Mr Clav, and also inti .first place.and I coiisider this very important ,na,ed bisfC!,rs as lo ihe'rcsult in conse. too nevcr appcar deprcssed or d'oS'J j qucnce of his war)t of ski wUh le rie. before your . hu.tand ,erfJ" 3lr Clay actnated both bv tbc common I will do much to keep up lns courage, anu as- j - -. Isist himin the labor and self-denial which he ! feelings of humanity, and by a parlicular will have to cncounter. Ifyou have any sad I dcsire to savc his fncnd, Mr Gravcs, from feeliups, either suppress them entirely, or I cxposure lo wliat nppeared altnost cfrtam give ihem vcnt when you are aloue; but . death told him and MrWiscthat theal? above all things, nevcr upbraid him. This i air ougbt to bc amicably ndjusted, and be would inflict a wound upon bis very heart- believ d it would bc but he told him ho ;strings, and I should greatly fcar, .would ! ghou,(, aUcr )0 ciaiengcthat he should :mMor langinge, Sothat thc door of say your husband was always kind and iadui. ; reconcilialion miglit slill bc left open. gent be assurcd then that ho will do tbe bcst ! -"r Clay pcnncd a Mihstitute which hc for you that he can, and cven if". in bis right- thought would be less offensive, and this is cous determinalion to throw off tbe burdcn 1 what the Loco Foco cditoJs niean by ofdebt, and restore to cvcry man he owes J charging .Mr Clay with pualiing on tlie du his own property, he should sometimes bc ci and Wriling Ihe challtnge ! H as cver obligcd to dcny you conycnienccs which you lrulll and ;U!),icc moro sharaefullv pcrver may fiud it ditficult to do without, don't re- te( piue before him or make usc of any short i ,,' . , ,, , . words; nay, don't even leta shade pass ovcr . "on'0"1!lnd m wcro fIlc ad'f " countenance; but let him see that you can checrfully dcny yoursclf for his sake. I can assure you, he will uot forgct such tlbings, uut wn ream you wnen nc is auic. incre is another rule which you must adopt, and ' impress it daily on the mind ol your misuanu, if vou wrould cet out of debt, never buy what you do not strictly nced, nor even thcn, if you cannot pay lor tno articic wnen you iaue it do without it rather than make a debt. This is what has crusbed you." Mrs. Hall wcnt home with altered feelings. She cxamincd all hcr funiiture, and selectcd thc plaiucst and most useful articles to bc rc taincd. She looked at ber belovcd piano, and thc tears would start but she dashed thcm away, and said thc sacrifice must be made. It was the gift of bcr dear husband on the day of their marriage, and it should be givcn up for his sake. Suddeuly a new thought crosscd hcr mind. She was a fine nmsician evervone admired her at thc piano. Thein- strumcnt.if sold.wouldoot probably brlng half us value; would it not uo more aurautageou.s to keep it and bccomea music leacbcr? She scrcamed with joy at the thought. Sevcral young ladies of her acquaintance were about commencmg music. Jn less man uirec hours, sbe had visitcd every one of them, and had engaped tcn scbolars at $50 dollars pcr annum. Four ofthe young ladies wcre the daugbtcrs of meichants to uhom Mr. Hall was indebtcd for a as sum than tbc amount of mui'xlessons. "And now," said she, as she flew home with the lightnes3ofa happy bird, "they will never dun my dear husband again." That night Mr. Hall walked Broadway with a slow step and heavy heart. Ho had secn most of his crcdilors.told thcm bis plan, and arrangcd with some of them to take his mostvaluable furniturc and his watch. He had dismissed his fnreman, determincd to fill that station himself, and had rcnled a small but couvcnicnt two story house, at SlSO pcr annum. This was in reality tbe bcst aficr noou's work which he had done for more than two ycars; still licwrs mis;rable. When he went out he left his wifc iu a paroxism of tears;,how could he meether and tell herof bis arraugctncnts ? lle passcd his own door scveral timcs, and walked up and down the street with the feelings of an oulcast. He was uuable to ring thc bcll, and sat down on the steps to meditatc on his wretched Iot. At Iccgth observing tbat thc back gate was open, he passed into the kitchen, and stolc softly up stairs. The nursery door stood ajar, aud hc heard his wife siuging Watts' cradle hyinn w'uh a checrful voice, and rocking her infant in hcr arms. He felt cncouraged, and the next moment he was cmbracing the two dear- est objects of his carlhly love. The young wifc tenderly smoothed back thc long black locks which had fallen ovcr his forehead, and assurcd hira that sho never was so happy as that moment. Thcn she wcnt on to tell him all hcr little plans, and while he met tbe ani mated glances of hcr swcct blue eye3, he prcsscd her still closer to his heart, and felt that he too was happy. Two years from that evening, Mr. Hall owed no man a sbilling. He slill livcd in the same small house, slill labored early aud latc, and his wife stil! tanght music; but had you searched the city over, you could scarce ly have found so happy a family. Every prospcct of wealth bcgan to dawn upon them, aud they lookcd back, wi'h grateful hcarts on ihe vortex of ruin from which they had so narrowly cscaped. t From the New Ilaven Palladium. TIIE CILLEY DUEL. As we promised a corrcspondent that we would state tho fncts in regard lo this affair, which has bccn rovivcd in this clcc- tion for tho purposo of connecting 3ir Clay unfavorably with it, we proceed lo do so. Jonathftn Cilley was, in 1838, a Loco Foco member ofthe lower House of Congress from Mainc. His brothcr, is at thc prcscnt time, an acive nna mnuen tial W'hig, in New Hainpshire. In thc course of a debalo in the House, Mr J. Cilley intimatcd that Col. Webb, of tho Ncw York Courier and Enquirer, had ro ceivcd a hribe of S52.C0O from the Uni ted Statcs Bank. Upon this, Webb sent a challengo to Cilley by the hand of Mr. Gravcs, who, though evcr esleemcd a most amiable man, yet with his notions of that miserablo codo of false honor which he waa educated to esteem ns obli gatory upon gentlcmen, felt that he could not dccline to act ns the friend of Webb ; ho thcrefore bore the challengo. Cilley declined to receivo it on the ground that Webb was no gentlernan. According to tho dueliifa code such a reason u conttru. 15, 1844 ; ed into an insult to the person bearing the I challengo. and Ihe quarrul then-becomes jjalui so both uraves and Uillcy nn- derslood me rnatier. During the progrcss j of (ho correspondenco between them, Mr ; ,hat ! ' " " ;ok iue opposiie grounus oi .ir oiay, nnu inslcad of usii g thcir efiorls to prevcr.t ; ne uue , tiicy uiuau incy couiu 10 unng iton, being perfeclly conlidcnt Ihat Mr r i i ,- ii f ru m. uraves wouiuia.i, inr oiucy was consiu- thn Imct riflnmnnin 'klnlnn Mr Clay, after he had cxprcrscd his 1 : .. : ,i ,f ir i.i i. . : 1 1.. I ndjusted, kncw nolbing further ofituntil tho noon oflhe day on which thc ducl was fought and whcn informcd that it was to take place, Lcndviscd thc calling out of thcpuhcc upon all Iho roulcs which the partius wculd bc likely to take, and Mr Clay himself, with Mr Crittcnden, Gtn Tiomnson, ofSC, and the Mar.shal of Ihc district, nll stnrtcd in pursuit to stop an affuir which every one pronounced ab surd.Tbo duuliat'd eludcd pursuit, and al Ihe fouktii firc Cilley fell a corpse Ycs, this same Hcnry A Wisc, Ihe dis- nppoinled nolitician, with Mr Cilley's Loco Foco sccond, permittcd thcsc mcn tn stand and shoot at tach other four times. Even professed (lucliits &ay this was bar barous. nll things considcrcd ; but this llenry A Wise, now insinuates that Ilen ry Clny was nn instigator ofthe duel ! It was not until Wise had bccn dcfeat ed as the Whig candidatc for spcakcrship of the Housc, that hedarcd itisinuatc any thing against Mr. Clay; nor would hc then probably, if he. had not bccn wrilhing in agony under the lash which John Quincy Adams laid upon him for his cold bloodcd conduct in that ducl, Thcn he brokc fortii as follows : "With rcgard to tbc preliminaries of that ducl, it was not my advicu, but that of a highcr, bctter and more distinguish cd man that was rclicd on." From this little beginning has origina ted all tho vi'e slandcr that has bccn heap cd upon Mr Clay in regard to that ducl. Wise, Bcnton, Bvnuin, and the whole crcw of Loco Foco murdercrs, have cn deavored to make Mr Clay the scapc goat for thcir ins. But what cfTect does this abuse of Mr. Clay have upon the venerablc Adams, the hatcr of duelists. Hesaid while on his late visit in Ohio, as follows : "I have evcr found him (Mr. Clay) not onlv one of the ablcst mcn whom I evcr co-opcrated with, hut one of the most ami .i i j ii.. flllir IIIIIL ILUI Lllll. I V lnr ihie sk-plr.li nf this duel with , an cxtract from the lettcr of Mr. Gravcs, ! thc unfortunate man whose days are full mcnt of the affair, and of Air. Clay's a- gcncy in it.. We extract as follows: From the commenccmcnt of the difii culty between Mr Cilley and myself, up to thc time Iscnt him thc challengo, I do not recollcct that I mentioned it to you or any other collcague or friend, except Mr Menifce and Mr Wise. It is uttcrly untruc that you evcr exhibi tcd to me any wish that the mccting should take place. I bclievc I had no friend in Washington who more rcgrcttcd it. I re collcct after the affair, whcn we met at our boarding house, you secmcd to sym pathizc most deeply with me in my mis fortune: you wept and wcre unable to ut ter a word." 05 Mr Clay 'WEPT,' says Mr Graves and was unable to ulter a word." This is the man tbat thc loco focos, who once supported him against Gen. Jackson who murdercd a man in cold blood, now darc tostigmatizc as a duelist'and, promoter of duels ! TYLER IN THE FIELD. Tho correspondent of the Philadelpbia Ledger, a Tyler orgnn, nnnounccs that tho Captain will take tho field for Iho Presidency, whatevcr may bo the dccis ion of tho Baltimore Convention. The Madisonian, he says is shortly to as.umc this ground. Mr Calhoun, wo Iearn from tho same well informcd source, is unqualifiedly opposed to Mr Van Bnren. Ho will of courso oppose his election, and throw his weight into the Tyler of bitterncbs for havmtr caused the death arm renuerca imponani mmiary scmccs v"J"'s i""'-"" of Cillcv bv the rifie in his hand. Mr I to his country. He ranked among ihe yet wbo will take no oibcr rcspons.L.htac, oi viiicj b uiu riuu iu mo i.au. . ' ,., Ki ,:i;,.n, .ri,;, o..." i upon himself but what he finds tlnre. It m Gravcs on learning the dastardly course of ablcs aml mrcst c i.zcns of his State and alm a, sccms ,Q m f ,ila2kriliues,, Wise. addrcssed toMr Clay acalm statc- d cd!n5(4, beIoic(l and lamcntcd by in a distinzuUfaed cilizcn of Kentuckv al NUMBER 2. scalc. Tho 'Democracy" arc in a liopc- ful wav. Thc same oracular corrcspon- dcnt says, that a pretty general swcep will lake placo as rcgatds tha tho corps of Fotcign ilinislers, and that "ihe miss- ion to London will undergo a change." J,et it be so, wc sav there is a day of rcckoning at hand From tlie Newark Daily Adcertiser. THE BALTIMORE CONVENTION. Wc had tlie pleasurc yeslerday toan nouncc thc gralifying intelligcnce of thc noininnlioti by this body of Hekrv Cray as thc rFhig cnndidalc for tho Prcsidcncy nnd of Theodoiik Fkclixcuuvsex for the Vice Presidency of tho United Slates. Of the former it is not nccccssnry to say a word Hc had nlrendy becn selccled by thc unanimous voice of thc" Whigs ofthe Union. He had cndcarcd himself to their hcarts, by more than a quartcr of n ccutu ry of illustrious scrviccs, dcvotcd to the advancccicnt of liis country's welfarc. His hislory is connccled with thc history of thc civilizeJ world, during that pcriod", and hc has acquired an cnduring reputa tionasa statcsman and n palriot oflhe highest and thc noblcst character. This nomination thcrcforc is but a fit cxprcss ion of a nation's gratitudc to bc conium- mated and confirmcd by his triumphant elcolion to the hi"hcst dwnitv in a na tion's gifi. Itut to no one mnn could thc Coutcn- lion pomt as thc man nlrcady sclcctcd by thc grcat mass orthe W bigs ofthe L'niun as their candidatc for thc Vicc Presidency. Thc ncccessily for Ihc se lection of an individtial for that high sta lion, ho to ihe highest character and iit tainmcnts, added tho mot untliuchin" ( am, s;nccrQ sppj)r, of m prlnc ,cs" v,a!, p3;llfuIy iIipres3C( up0I1 ,leir minds and , candidales w,.ro B,er,iin!v ,.ti,i ,.r ...u i i j prcscntcd, any ono of whom would havc i I . " rfcficctcd honor upon tho plncc and upon I. .. ... . his party, and who would havo r.dvanccd the intcrcsts ol his cuuntry, and its rcp. utation, at home and ahrcnd. Amnng thcm was lr Frelisciiuvses-. - Hc was nominalcd by tho IFbig incmbcrs of th Legislalurc of his natiro State. on the 13th of March last, less than two months sincc aflcr tr.aturcdelibcration, aiid up cn an intimate acquaintance with his character and history. -Throughoiit4hc Statc thc nomination was rcspondcd to warmly wo may say mtkusiasrically, and it was rcccivcd in the other Stales gcnerally with npprobation and apiroval : that Mr F had rcccivcd a largc majority of votC3 : and of tho third, tbat he was dccbued to bc noininated by a pluralily whilo it detcrioratrs not a whit from Ihe rcpulation or populnrity of his compc tilors, provcs that his high character was propcily apprccialed bv ihe Convention. As fllr rrclinghuytcn is thus promin cntlv bnfcrc his fcllow citizens as a cantli datn for thcir sufTragcs, a brief skctch of his history may not bc unacceptablc : Hc is dcccnded from the Ucv. Theodorus J. Frclinghuyscn, who cmigralcd to Ihis coun'ry from IlolIanJ is 1720 and scttlcd in the cuunly of Somersel. He had thc pasioral chnrgc oflhe Church atiMilIs tonc, and of other neighboring parishcs. Heissmdto havo bccn "a grcat blessing lo thc Rcformcd Dutch Cliurch of Amcr ica. Hc was an nble, cvangclical, and nndcmincntly successful prcachcr. Hc lcfi fivc tons. minis:ers, and two daught crs married to minislers." Ono of his sotif, thc Ucv John Frebnghuyscn, wai also pasicr of the same churchcs, and dicd in 1751. A tnonumcnt still rcmnins to his mcmory in tlie gravo-yard at Som-1 crville. His son, Gcn Frcderick Freling- huen, (tho fathcr of tbe prcscnt Cban ccllor.) was born in 1753, and when only ' J2 years old was fctt bv NcwJersev to Ihc Coii'mcntal Congress which place ho rcsigned in 1777 lle rcccivcd a largc share of tho confidcnco of his fel low citizens, and after survinc in mnnv Slato cifticcs, was clcctctl to llie l'n:tcd Slalcs Senate in 1703, which ofiice do mcsiic tluties constrair.cd him to resicn m 1 'SG. Uo wa aficrwards appoinlcd J'njor Ocncral ot l cnn, and iNew-Jcrsoy, his fricnds. Hc left threu son'. of whom Thcodorc, (ihc candidatc for thc Vico Prcsidcncv) only survivcs. Ho was born at ilillstonc. Somers2t co . in Ihis Slatc. in 17S7 and is consequcntly fifty scven ycarsofagc. He graduntcd at Princclon Collegc iu 1SC4. Tho Hon Samucl L. ' St-u'.hard, Tho:na9 II t'r.iwford, Gcorgo Chambcrs, Jos R Ingnrsoll and Presidcnt LindIey, of iNashvillc Univcrsity, wcre among his classmatcs. Hcstudicd law with Ihe Into Richard Slockton, nnd was admitted lo practicc in 1808 Hc soon distinzuishcd himself at tlie bar, and about 18M was appoinlcd Pr.s3cutor of tho Pleas for Suascx co.,and in 1317, to be Attorncy General of the Slate an ofiice for which he was cminenlly quali fied, and thc duties of which hc fulifilled for a spaco of twclve ycars, wilh distin guisbcd ability. It is said that ihc char acter which he had arquircd for in-tt-grity, and his fcrvU cloquenco, cnablcd him to excn.isc an almost unlimitcd sway over the Juric3 which ho was called upn to addrcss. In 1826 hc was clectcd to a scat upon Iho bench of the Supremc Court,"vacatcd by the rcsignation of Judge Ilusscll. which ho declined. Hc contin ued to act ns Attorney General until 18 29, whcn he was clccted to tho Senate of thc Unilcd Statcs. His course, during tho six years he occupicd a scat in that body, is known to thc country at large. In 139. he was selectcd to prcsido as Chanccllor over tho University oflhe city of Now York, which slation be now occupies Wc might conclude, but wecannct rel"oesnotlf5CrTC 1,10 u;l,0 of P'triot, I do HAMDBILLS, Of every description will be neatly fashionably executcd, a: short noticc. and : ' . frain from saying tbat this- nominatiow , will givo grcat gratification to the Whgs j of New Jcrsey. Asa citizrn, ho is one j whom Iho Statc has always dclighled to honor and ns a politician, ho has ahvay's ilcadfastly mnintaincd and advocated the principles ofthe irin party. In private life, he cxhibits ihc suavity and amenity of manner, thc kindness of heart; and 'l o bcncvolcncc of dispositionr of a Christian. He brings to Ihe dischurgc ofall his dulies soundness of judgnient, stcadincss of pur poso and kabits nnd principles ofthe stric tcst integrity. His views are libernl and enlightcucd : he i bcyond tbc control ofmcreselfish or paitizan influcncc and to no ono could Ihe great intrrcsts of Ihc country be a moro safcly n Irus tcd. Grateful for tho honor conferrcd upon her by iho nomination, tho V higs of New Jcrsey pledga to their fcllow Whigs throughout Ihe Union Iheir most untiripg efTorls for th6 maintcnancc of Whig prin. ciples and Ihe r.exl Elcctnral voteof tho Slatc for Hi:n lir Ct.iv and Tnr.troi i: FHJILINOIIUYSEX. IMMENSE GxVTHElllXG OF WHIGS IN NEW YOUK. Atrcmcnduus aascnitly lillritthcr Paik on the 7th, to ralify the noininatiuu of Cl?y acJ Frelinghuysen. A great variety of ? nr.ers wcre displaycd by tlie pruccssious ps ihey camc from thc dilfcrciit wards. Tbis rarU ing was addrcssed by Millard Fillmore, Hor ace Grcely, John A. Colliin, Gov. I'irning ton of New Jcrsey, aml "S'.r. Toi!ibsr(cncr al Dawson, and Col. Lumpkiii cf Georgia. The mectiug was highly t'nthusiatic, ard af tcr adjourniiicnr, a prorcssion was ftriued and'niarchcd to thcrcsidcncc of Mr. Freling huysen to congratu'atc him ou his 'nocima- tion to tbc Vice Presidency, wbo adilrrssed the assemblagc in thc followiug ncat sud clo- qacnt spcech : MR. FREUNGHUYSEK'S ADDKEtfS. My Fcllow Citizens, 1 tbank you fcr your enthusiastic approbaticn of ihe noniinaiioD lately rcadc by the Whigs of the United Stntes, assembled iu Convention at Balti more. To be sclcctcd by such a body of distinguishcd palriot.:, is ;m honor 1 most dccply nnu scusibly fccl, and tbc more deeply and scnsibly, that it is so cbecrful'y n'ifici) by my friends and neirhbors in Njw York. I can only say that such a mar!; nf kiRdncss willjstrengthcn my altachinctit to Wlnj; pr.n ciples.if suchstrciiqthening 'wcre ncccrsary, and that itis certaiuly calculatcd to make mo strivc to the best of my abiliiics, if 1 am (: r put in a Mtttation to cariy out jcnr t :i . ci ples, so to act as to ment this l;i"ndnt-., amt to justify the conlider.ee you have couieried upou mc. (Cheers.) Gentlcmen, the gronl principles of thc Whig party, for which you bave so Ioug and so nobly struggled atuid perioda of ihc grca: est gloum, ncd notwithstacdiug ihe most cru cl disappoiiitoicnts, are my irinciples. (Checrs, tbrce timcs giteo,aud three timcs rc pcated, withcrics, "we know that," "wo madc thc nominatitu foi ihat.") 1 fiavo long chcrishcd thcsc principles. I shall niain taiu them hercaftcr, as I have uiaiutaincd thcm herctofore. (Cheer5.) They are sa l understand thcm, A sound National Currency. A just liinitaliun of Kxecuiivo power. A tarifTfor rcvenue, discriiuinating for tbs purposc of incidcntal protcctiou to domcstic industry. (Loud cb''eriug.) An equa! and fair clis'ribution of the prn- ceeds of tlie Pul.lic Lauus amon" tbe sevcral tates of the Uuiun. These, as I understand them, continued Mr. Frelin'gh:iysen,.ire the rardinal allhnugh not all the principles of thc WhicVartv; and aft'T vlnt 1 have a!re;-dy said, I nced hardly add ihat they will find me a humble but ling adrocatein wbatevcr position 1 m.iy t placcd, (Checrs.) We necd au Exccutivc adniinis'ranr.n of the Gorcrnincnt. Mr. F. cuutimud to s;n that will fairly aud faitbfully carry our tho priuciples of thc Constitulicn, excicismi iis full pocr3, wlierc powers are givt-n it, aiid kccpiug atriclly withiu its limitaiious, wl.ero powers arc limitcd, couceding whero ilii-ru ougbt to be concession, l.u: t.rm when cr-u-cesion would resultiu iijury bbcraKy maiu tainiug its compromisc, but as indepcui! nt- these principles are cinbodicd, aud that he is not ouly pledgcd to ihsm by a long pubUe life.but tbat such is thctruthfulccss and fsdcl itv of his nntiire, that the People can nell trust hun wilh power to carry thera cut (Grcat chceriug.) . fnjlcmcn tbc pUitical hfe of HenrvClay tioa of, Whig priuciples, and tbe history of his life for twenty j cars would bc the history oi n is couniry. it ueucvcr mere was a stiug- glc for the prolcction of American labor -ga'nst foreigu industry, whcre but onthe sif'o of his country was Henry Clay? Whcncvcr there wa3 a struggle to limit the alarming and ovcrgrowu magnitndc of Executive power, whcre but on thc sidc oflhe people, wasllen ry Clay? Or when the yast public domaiu wasiu jeopardy from Iieiugtiircred for salo in the political market. uhere but on theside of faitli, of honor, of justicc to all, was cur iilustrlous champion and ,fricnd (G'eat cheering.) Iuallof thcsc great qncJlion h:s voice bs3 been heard from the first. In all ofthe combats concerning them, he has Iedjthevan. (Chcers.) He has nevcr com proinised theilignityof bis position togain a vote, on the 'momcntary brcath of popalar favor, bnt witb an eye evcr steadily fixed up cn an approving public. he bas fearlcssly dit charged what he has deemed to be bis du'y. (Cheers.) I don't believc a purcr patriot brcatbes on tbe wbolo cunlincnt of Amcrica (checrs) aud for proof, I poiut to a Isn? public life. passed in stirring scenes, whirh bas never conflietcd with probity, or homr. alife unsullicd by mcanncss, or grOTtllins appcal to improperambition in all of which his principles have bcen put forth with nrdor and S3 clear as light. wbile every pulse bcat inc withiu him, bas been for the welfaro aod tho true glory of his country. If such a maa.