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EDlTOR AND PKOPRIETOR. TER.MS OF NINTII VOLUME. Villasc Bubjcribcrs 82 00 Mail fubscriber 2,00 Individualj and Companic who lake at tCc ofiico $l'75or 150 cents ifpaid in six months. Those wlio talvc of Postridcrs . . .S2.00 II not paU at ibeend of the ycar 2, 25 No papcrs discontinued untH arrearaj;es are paid esccpl at tlie oplion oftlie proprictor. So payrocr t to drricrs albwcd except ordcred by tlic proprie or. All communicalions mmt bo ad.lrcsscd to tlio c d tor Tost Faid. MISCELLANEOTJS. 0 MBSftM BMU irnadL nr ATHANIEL nAWTnORSE. Not acreat while ago, while passing through thc gate ofdreams, I visited that region of tlie earth in which lics the famous city of Dcstructiou. It intcrcstcd mo mucli to Icarn, that, by the ptiblic spirit of some of tho in habitants, a railroad has reccntly bcen cstab lishcd betwcen this populous nnd flourishing town, and the Ccleslial City. Ilaviugajittle time upon my hands, I resolvcd to gratify a Hberal curiosity by having a trip thillicr. Ac cordingly, one fine morning, after paying my liill at the liotel, nnd directing tlic porlcr to etow my luggngc beliind a coach, I took my seatin the vchic!c,and sctoutforthe Statiou houc. It was my good fortune to enjoy the cunipnny of a gcntleman one Mr. Smooth-it-away who, though he Iiad never actually visited the Cclestial City, yetsccmed as wcll ncquaintcd with itslaws, customs, policy, and statistics, as with those of the city of De struction, of which hcwas a native townsman. Being, morcover, a dircctor of the railroad corporatiou, and one of its largest stockhold cr, he had itin his power to give mc all dc rirablc information rcspecting that praisewor thy cntcrpirsc. Our coach rattlcd out of the city, and, at a phort distance froin its outskirts, passed over a bridge of elegant construction, but sonio what too slight, as I imagined, to Eustain any considerable wcight. On both sides lay au extcnsive quagmirc, which could not havc bcen morc disagreeable, eithcr to sight or smell, liad all the kenucls of the carth ctnp tied tlicir p.jllution thcre. "Tliis," remarked Mr. Smooth-it-away, "is the famous Slough of Despond a disgrace to all the ncighborhood ; and the grcater,that it might so easily bc convcrtcd into fiim gronnd. " I Iiave understood," said I, '-that efibrts have bcen made for that purpose, from time immemorial. Biinyan mcutions that above tiventy thousand cart-Ioads of wholesome instructions havebccn thrown in hcre, without cffcct." "Very probably! and what clTect could he nnticipated from such imsnbstautial stuff?" cried Mr. Smooth-it-away. You obscrvc tliis convcnicut bridge. Wc obtained a suf ficicnt foundation for it, by throwinginto the Slough some editions of bonks of morality, volumes of Frcnch pbilosophy and Gcnnan ratioualism, tracts, scrmons and cssays of niodcrn clergymen, extracts from 1'lato, Con fncius, atid various llindoo sagcs, together wiih a few ingcnioits commcntaries upou texts of Scripturc all of which, by somceci cntific proccss have bcen couvcrtcd into a mass likc granite. The whole bog might be filled up with sitnilar mattcr." It really scemcd o mc, hoivever, that the bridge vibratcd and hcaved up and duwn.in a vcry formidable manncr; aud, spite of Mr. Sinoolh-it-anay's tcstimony to the solidity of its fouudatinu, I should be loth to cross it in a crowded omuibus; cspccially, if cach pas sengcr cre ciiciiinbcrcd ith as hcavy lug t;ageas that gcntleman and mysclf. Ncvcr thelcss, wp got over without accidcnt, and found ourselvcs at the Station-house. This vcry ucat and spacious cdificc is erectcd on the ;ite oftlie little Wicket Gatc, vdiich for mcrly, s old pilgrims will rccollect, stood di rcctlyacross the highway, and, by its incon venient narrowncss. ivas a grcat obstruclion to the travcllcr of libcral miud aud expansive Etomacli. The readerof John Uuiiyan will bc glad to know. that Christian's old frier-d "Evangclist, who was accustomed to supply cach pilgrim with a mystic roll, now presidcs at the tickct-olHce. Somemalicious pcrsons, it is truc, deny the idcntity of this rcputalilc charactcrwith the Evangclistjof old tinics,and cvcn pretcnd to bring compctent cvidcncc of an iinpostnrc. Withont involviug mysclf iu the dispute, I shall mcrcly obsorve,that,so far as my cxpenence goes, the siuare pieccs of paste-board, now delivcrcd to passen5ers,are nuicU more convcnicut and uscful along the road, than tlie antiquc roll of parchmcnt. AVlielhcr thcy will be as rcadily rcceivcd at the gate of the Cclestial City, I dcclino giv ing an opinion. A largc numberof pas?cngcrs wcre already at the Station-house, awaiting the departure of the cars. By the aspect and demcanor of these pcrsons, it was easy to juuge tnat tne fcelings of community had undergone o vcry favorable change, m rcfercnce to tlie celes tial pilErimajre. It w ould have doue Buu- yau's hcart good to scc it. Instcad of a lone- ly ragged man, with a hugc burdcn on his back, plodding along sorrowlully on loot, while the whole citv hootcd after Iiim, here were parties, of the lirst gcntry and most re- spectable people in tneneignooruoou,sciiing forth towards tho CelcstialCity, as cheerfully as it the liilgnmagc lvcre mcrcly a summcr tonr. Among the gcntlemen were charac. tcrs of deservcd emincnce, magistratcs, poli ticians, and mcn of wealth, by whose cxam plc rcligion could not but be greatly recom- mended to tueir meancr brcthren. In the la lies' department too I rejoiced todistinguish some of ihose flowers of fashionablc society, vho are so wcll fitted to adorn the most ele vatcd circlcs of the Cclestial City. There wasmuch pleasant couversation about the ncws of the day, topics of business, politics, or the lightcr mattcrs of amusemcnt; while rcligion, though indubitably the main thing at beart, was thrown tastefully into the back ground. Even au infidel wnuld have hcard little or nothing to shock his sensibility. Onegreat convenicnce of the ucw melliod ofcoiucon pilgrimage.Imnstnot forset to mention. Our enormous burdens, instead of being carned on our snouiuers, as had bcen the custom of old, we.re all snugly depositcd iu the baggage-car, and, as I was nssured, would be delivered to their respectivc owners at the journey's end. Another thing, likc wise. the benevolent reader will be delichtcd to uudcrstaud. It may be remembcred that there was au ancient fend betwecn Prince Beelzebuband the kecper of the Wicket Gate, and that the adbcrcnts of the forraer tlistmguished personage wcre accustomed to shoot deadly arrows at honest pilgrims, while knocking at tlio door. Tliis dispute mucn to the crcdit as well of the illustrions poten tate above mcntioned, as of the worthy Di rectors of the railroad, has been pacificaliy arrangcd, on the principle of mutual com promise. Tho PriBcc'ssubjestsare nowpret ty numerously employed abont the Station house, some intakiog caro of the baggage, othcrs in collecting fuel, feeding tho engines, and such coagenial occupations; and I can VOL. IX. conscicntiously affirm, that pers'ons morc at tentirc to their business, more williug to ac commodate. or more gencrally agrccable to the passcngers, aro not to be found on any railroad. Evcry good heart must surely cx ult at so satisfactory an arrangcment of an immemorial difiiculty. "Where is Mr. Great-heart2" inquircd I. "Beyond a doubt.the Directors have engagcd that famous old champion to be chief con ductor on the railroad .'" "Why, no," said ilr. Sraooth-it-away, with a dry cough. "He was oflercd the situation of brakc-man ; but, to tell you the trutb, our friend Great-hcart has grown preposterous lystifTaud narrow, in his old age. He has so oftcn guided pilgrims over the road, on foot, that he considcrs it a siu to travel in any othcrfashion. Besides, the old fcllow had cntered so hcartily into the ancient feud with Prince Bcelzebub, that he would have becu pcrpclually at bloivs orill language with some of the Prince'a subjects, aud thus liavc cm broilcd us ancw. So, on the whole, wc were not sorry whcn honcst Great-hcart went off to the Lclcstial City in a hulT, and left us at libcrty to choosc a morc suitable and accom modating man. Yondcr comes the conduc torof the train. You will, probably, recog nizc himat oncc." The engine at this momcnttook itsstatiou in advance of the cars. loukimi. I must con- fcss, niuch liko asort of mcchanical dcmon, that would hurry us to the infernal rcgions, than a laudablc contrivanccforsmoothingour way to the Cclestial City. On its top sat a personage almost envcloped in smokc and ilame, which not to startle the reader ap- pcared to cush from his own mouth and stomach, as wcll as from the cugiue's brazcn abdomcn. Do my eVcs deccivo me?" cried I. "What on earth is this .' A Iivinrr creaturo! if so, he is own brotber to the cngine that ne nues upon: "l'oh, poh, you are obtuse!" said Mr. Smooth-it-away, with a hcartylaugh. "Dou't you know Apollyon, Christiuu's old encmy, withwhorahc foughtso fiercc abatllein the Valley of Huinihation 2 IIc was tho very fcl low to managc the cngine; and so wc have rcconciled liim to the custom ofgoiug ou jiilgriniage, and engagcd him as chicf con ductor." "iiravo, bravol" cxclaimcu 1, with lrrc- pressiblc cnthusiasm, "this shows thelibcral ityofthcage; this proves, if anythiiig can, that all niusty prcdjudiccs arc in a fair way to bc obhtcratcd. Aud uow will Clinstian rcjoicc to hear of this happy transformation of his old antagonist! I promisc mysclf grcat plcasurc in lurorming lum of U, wlicn wc rcach the Celcstial City." The passengcrs bciug all comfortably 6eat cd, we now rattled away merrily, accom- plishing a grcatcr distancc in tcn nunutcs thau Christian probably trudgcd over in a day. It was laughable while wc glanccd along, asit wcre, at the tail ofa thundcrlolt, to obscrvc two dusty foottravellcrs, in the old pilgrim-guisc, with cockshcll and staflT, their prcposterous obstiuacy of thcic honcst pcojile iu persist'm to groan and stumble along the diflicult pathway, .rathcr than take advantagc of moduru improvcmcuts, cxcilcd grcat mirth among our wiser brothcrhood. Wo crceted the two pilgrims with mauy pleasant gibcs, aud a roar of laughter; whcrcupon, thoy gazcd at us with such woeful and absurdly compasionatc visagcs, that our merriraent grew tcnfolil more obstrcperous. Apollyon, also, entcrcil heartily into tue iun, and con' trivcd to flirt the smokc ard fiamo of the cn gine, or of his own breath, into their faccs, and envelopc thcnun aiiatmospucrcoi scaid ing steam. Thcsc little practlcal iokes amiiS' cd us mightily, and, doubtlcss, aflbrded tlic pilgrims tliegratiucdtiouol consiucnng tnem sclvcs martyrs. At some distancc from the railroad, Mr. Smooth-it-away pointcd to a Iarge, antiquc cdificc, which, he obscrvcd, was a tavern of lou" stauding, and had formcrlr bcen a no- tcd stopping-placc for pilgrims. In Bunyan's road-bookitis mcntioned astho Intcrprcter's uousc. "I havc long had a curiosity to visit that old mausion," remarked I. "Itis not one of our stations, as you pcr ccivc," said my companiou. "The kceper was violently opposed to tho railroad: aud wcll he might bc, as the track left his house of cntcrtainmcnt on one sidc, and thus was pretty certam to dcpnve lum of all his rcpu tablc customcrs. But the foot-path still pass- cs 1ns tloor; aud the old gcnllemau now and thcn rcceives a call from somesimplo travcl lcr, aud cntertaius hun with farc as old-lasli-ioned ashimself." Bcforo our talk on this subject camo to a conclusion, we wcre rushing by the place where Christian's burthen fcll from his shoul dcrs, at the sight of the Cross. This scrved as a theme for Mr.Smooth-it-away, Mr. Livc-for-the-world, Mr. Hide-siii-in-thc-heart, Mr. Scaly-conscicncc, and a kuot of gentlcmeu from the town of Shun-rcpcntance.to descant upon the lnestimablc advantagcs rcsultmg from the safetyof our baggage. Myself, and all the passengers iudced, joined with creat unanimity in this view of the matter; for our burthcns wcre nch in many tnings estcemcu preciousthroughout the world: and especial- ly, we each of us possesscd a great variety of favorite Habits, whicb wc trustcd would not be out of fashion, cven in the polite circles of tho Celcstial City. It would havc been a sad spectacle to sec such an assortment of valua ble articlcs tumbling into tho sepulchrc.- Thus pleasantlyconversing on the favorite circumstances of our position. as comparcd with those ofpast pilgrims, and of narrow minded ones at the prcscnt day.we soon found ourselves at the foot of the liill Difiiculty. Through the very hcart of this rocky raouu tain a tunnel has been constructed, of most admirable architcctuic, with a lofty arch, and a doubletrack; so that, unless the earth and rockssbould chince to crumble down. jt will remain au eterual monumentof the builder's skill and entetprise. It is a great, though m- cidental advantagc, that tne maicnais irom the beart of the Hill Difficulty have been em ployed in fillinguptbe Valley ofllumilation ; thus obviating the neccssity of desccndiug into that disagreeable and unwholesome hol Iow. "This is a wondcrful improvement, in decd," said I. "Yet I should have been glad of an opportunity to visit the Palaco Beauti ful,and bc introauced to thecharming young ladies MissPrudence.MissPiety.MissChar ity, and the rest who have the kindnecs to entertain pilgrims tbert." "Yonnc ladies!" cried Mr. Smnoth-it away, assoon ashe could spoak for Iaughing. "And charminc young Iadie3 ! Whv. mv dear fellow. thev are old maids, every soul of them prim, starcbod, dry, and angular not one Of thcin, 1 WlU vemure iu say, ua auered so MIDDLEBURY, much as the fashion ofher own gown, eince the days of Christian's pilgrimage." "Ah, well," said I, much comfortcd, "then I can rcadily dispensc with their acquaint ancc." Tho respectable Apollyon was now put ttng on the steam at a prodigious rate; anx ious, pcrhapg, to gct rid of the unpleasant remisccnccs connected with the epot where he hadso disastrously encountered Christian. Consulting Mr. Bunyan's road-book, I pcr ccivcd that we must now be within a few milcs of the Valley of the Shadow of Dcath : intowhichdolcfulregion,at ourprcscntspeed, wc should plunge much sooner than secmed at all desirablc. In trutb, I cxpccted nothing bettcr than to find myself in the ditch on one side, or the quag ou the other. But, ou communicating my apprehensions to Mr. bmooth-it-away, lie assured me that the difn culties of this passage, cven in its worst con dition had bcen rrcatly cxaggcrated; and that, in its present stato of improvement, I might consider mysclf as safe as on any rail road inunristcndom. Even white we were speakiug, tho train shot into the cntranco of this drcaded Val ley. Though I plead guilty to some foolish palpitations of the hcart, during our headlong rush over the causeway hcre constructcd.yet it wero unjust to withhold the bighest cnco miums on the boldness of itsorigiual conccp tion, aud thc ingcnuity ofthosc who cxccuted it. It was gratifying, Iikcwisc, to obscrve lioiv much care had been takcn to expcl thc everlasting glooni, and supply the defcct of checrful suushine ; not a ray of which has evcr pcnctrated amnug these awful shadows. Vnr fhi mimnsp. tbn infiammnble irnq.ivliirh i - i i - o j exudcs plentifully from the soil, is collected by means ot pipcs, aud thence commnicated to a quadruple row oflamps, along the whole cxtcnt of thc passage. Thus a radiancc has bcen crcated (out of thc fiery sulphurons curse that rcsts forcver upon the Valley; a radiancc hurtful, howcver, to the eyes, and somewhat bewildering, as I discovcred by thc changes which it wrought iu thc visagcs of my companions. In this respect, as comparcd with natural daylight, there is thc same diff crcuce as betwcen truth aud falschood; but if thc reader havc evcr trarclled through tho dark Valley, ho will havc lcamed tobethank ful for any ligbt ho could get; if not from tlic sky above, thcn from tho blastcd soil be neatli. Such was tlie rcd brilliancy of these lamps, that thcy appcared to build walls of firc on both sides of thc track, botivecn which wc hcld our courso at lightning spccd, while a rcvibrating thunder lilled the Valley with its cchocs. Had thc eugiuc run ofTtlie track a catastrophc by no means unprcccdcnted thc bottomlcss pit, if there bc any such placc, would undoubtcdly have rcceivcd us. Just as some dismal foolcrics of this uaturc had made my heart quakc, there came a trc mendous shriek, carecring along the Valley as if a thousand dcvils had burst their lungs to uttcr it, but which proved to bc mcrcly tho whistle of the cngine, on arriving at a stop piug placc. Thc spo't where wc had now pauscd, is the same that ourfriendBunyan atruthfulman, but infectcd with many fantastic notions has designatcd, iu teruis plainer than I like to re- pcat, as the mouth oftlie luferual region. Tln, however, muKbca imstake; masmucn as Mr. Sraooth-it-away, while we remained 111 the smoky and lund cavern, took occasion to provo that Tophct was not even a nieta phorical cxistcncc. The place, hc assured us, is uo otbcrthan tbccratcrofahalfextinct volcano, iu which the directors have causcd forges to bc set up, for thc manufacturo of rail-road iron. llcnce, also, is obtained : plcntiful supply of fucl for the usc of thc en gines. Whoevcr has gazcd into thc dismal obscurity of the bread cavcrn mouth, whence evcr aud anon darted huge tongucs of dusky flamc, and had sccu thc strangehalf-shaped mousters, and visions of faces hornbly gro tcsnue, into which thc smokc scemcd to wrcathe itself, and had hcard the awful mur murs, and shricks.aud decpshuddcring whis pers of thcblast, somctiines formiug itself in to words almost articulatc, would havc scizcd upon Mr. Smooth-it-away's comfort ablc explanatiou, as crccdily as wc did. The inhabitants of the cavcrn, ruoreover. wcre un- lovelv pcrsonaes, dark, smokc-bcgnmmed, ecneraily deformed, with mis-shapen feet,and aglowof dusky redness in their cycs; as if their liearts tiad caugut tire, ana were maz iuc out of thc upper windows. Itstruck me as a peculiarity, that the laborcrs at tho foree, aud those who broucht fuel to thc cngine. when they began to draw short breath, pos- ltively emittcd-smoke Irom tlieir raoutu and nostrils. Among the idlers about the train, most of whom wcre pufHng cigars' which they had lighted at the flame of thc cratcr, i was pcr- plcxcd to notice several who, to my ccrtain knowlcdge, had hcrctoforc set forth by rail road lor ne Uclestial Uity. itiey lookcd dark, witd and smoky, with a singular rcsem- blance, indecd, to thc native inhabitants; likc whom, also, they had a disagreeable propen sity to ill-naturcd cibes and snecrs, thc habit of which had wrought a settled contortion of tlicir visages. Jlaving bcen on speakmg tcnns with one ofthesc persons an iudolent, good for-nothing fellow, who wcnt by the namc of Take-it-casy I called to him, and inquircd what was his busincs thcre. "Did you not start," said I, "for the Celes tial City?" "That's a fact, said Mr. Take-it-easycare-lessly pufTing some smoke into my eyes. "Butl hcard such bad acrounts, that I ncv cr took paius to climb the hill, on which the City stands. No business doing no fun going on nothing to driuk, and no amoking allowed and a thrummiDg of church music from morning till night ! I would not stay in such a place, if thcy oflercd mo housc-room and living free." "But, my good Mr. Take-it-easy," cried I, "why take upyourresidcnce here, of all places in thc world 1" "Oh," said the loafer, with a grin, "it is very warm hercabouts, and I mect with plcn ty of old acquaintances, and altogethcr the place suits mc. I hopo to see you back again some day soon. A pleasant journcy to you." While he was speakiog, thebcll of the en gine rang, and we dashcd away, after drop- ping a lew passengcrs, uui rcceivmg no new ones. nattnng onwaru uirougu mo v aucy, we wcre dazzled with the ficrccly glcaming gas lamps, as bcfore. But sometimcs of in tense brightcess, grim faces, that bore the as- j pcct and expression of individual sins, or evil Dassions. secmed to thrust themselves through the veil of ligbt, glaring upon us.and stretching forth a great dusky hand, as if to impedc our progrcss. I almost thoughtthat they wero my own sins that appallcd me there. These wcre freaks of imagination notbing more, certatrjy mfO delusions, ortljcrti VT. WEDNESDAY, MAY 22,1844. which I ought heartily to bo nshamed of but all through the dark Valley, I was tor mcnted, and pestered, and dolefullybcwilder- eu, witn thc same kind or waKing dreams. SebraU ever.bnrrnn tni-imcrMn with the pIow nf i!m lanterns, thcso vain imaginations lost their vividness, and finally vanished with the first ray ot sunsnine tnat greetea our cscapo irom the Valley of the Shadow of Dcath. Erewe had gone a mile beyond it, i could well mgh have takenmy oath that thU wholo gloomy passage was aarcam. Concludcdntxl tceek. AMUSING STOItY. An nmusing story, arising from a misap-1 wil1 AIvin Stewarl and Gerritt Smith say plication of words, was told us a few days to Hioso "soul kilhng" enormitics? sincc, of a couple of young buckaVho start-1 Alb Eve Jour. cd ofT onabcautiful night last weck, to visit a young lady, the daughtcr of a staid and RATHER SYMPT021ATIC. stcrn old Presbytenan.and who resided in tho vicinity of a mill dam. Tho Barlington Scntinel, a Loco Foco Having arrived at tbe mausion, and hav-'Journal which groanod about "tho with ing knockcd at one of the docrs for a consid-, cring curso of tho wh; Tarifp. durin erable length of time without summoning tho ,ast Congrcsstonal clcction in this any one to admit tliem, they concludcd to n;..:- a P .u .m t n . try another door. After sundry knocks and ?!s,r,c ' at-"rt.scs tho "Plchetan 1 racU." thumps, tbe old "Blue" himsclf, arraycd m' 1 ncso tracts which tho Scntinel wishes to all thc dignity which an cldership in the nnvo circulatod among tho peoplo ofVer church could inspire him with, stood bcforo mont aro "Freo .Tradc" tracts, and on thera, when he was thus accostcd by one of dcavor to prove, a3 Mr Bradlcy Barlow theyoungsters: has tricd to do, that tho present Tariffis Is'pose, sir, you couldn't hear us for this "ruinous and opprcssivo" to tho laborcr. .Iwfca.Ii.nS' i i.t n t. Who bolieves now, that tho qucstion ofa 'What!' cxclaimed the rrosbytenan, start-1 ii,-., .: t -n-- . . ing back in astonishment, and flourishing his1 lu T D , walkingstick over the hcadof the bewildcredlMy ,h?.bi'c- tho Loco Focos throughout youth in a niost warlike inanner, 'How daro you usc sucn language in my prcsence?' 'I meant to say, sir, stuttered the vouth. that you could not bearourknock for this dam roaring !' 'Iusult upon insult,' now sboutcd tbe infu- riated elder at tbe same time making a pass at the young blood, with bis stick, that would havc done houor to any profcssor of the art ol lcncing. At this crisis tho companion of the first speaker advaucing, and after clearing his throat, and lookinz wistfullv at thc water as it dashed over the work th.it had been erect cd to impedc its progrcss, said 'My fricnd, I supposc, sir, intcnded to say that you were prcvcntcd from hcaring us by tbis oam Toaring!' cmphasising the two last words in a most tcmble manncr. At this last cxplanation tho old gcntleman fairlyraved andit would have farcd badly for our heroes, had not the objcct of their vi sit, who had ovcrhcard thc wholo convcrsa tiou camc to their assistance, aud informcd her 'papa' that itwasimpossiblcforthe young gcntlcmen to havc been hcard on account of the roaring of the dam. Explanations passed on both sides the young centlemen wcre ihvitcd into tho house, where they passed the cvcning very pleasant- iy, and lelt, I'thanking their stars for tho op portune appcaranco of tbe 'little lady, and for tbe lucky cscape thcy had made. Cul. I WOULD. If I posscd tbe most valuablc things in thc world, and was about to will them away, thc tollowing would be my plan ol distnbution: I would will to tho world truth and fricnd- ship, which are very scarcc. I would give an ndditioual portion of truth to'cditors and lawyers, to tradcrs and mer- cnants. I would give to physicians skill and leam ing. I would give to printers their pay. To old womcn short tongues. To young women, common senso, large waists, natural lcct, and all tue bran: To young sprouts or dandics, good sense, little cash, aud hard work. To old maids, good tcrnpers, little talk, and good nusbandg. To old bachelors, a lovo for virtue, chil dren nnd wivcs. A gentleman who had lost his wifc, whoso maidcn namc was Little, addressed the fol lowing lines to Miss Moorc, a lady of dimin- utivestature: I've lost thc Little oncc I had, My hcart is sad and sorc; So now I should be vcry glad To have a little Moore. To which tbe lady rcturned tho following answcr: I pity much the lossyou'vo had, The grief you must cndure; A heart by Little made sosad, A little Moore won't cure. A writer of a Iove tale, in dcscribing his beroine, says 'Innoeenco dwells in thc rich curls of her dark hair.' We should tbink it stood a pretty fair chanco of being comled out. A good book and a good woman arc exccl lent things to those who know how to justly appreciate their value. But there aro men who judge of both only by their covcring. TUEODORE FRELINGHUYSEN A SLAVEHOLDER ! ! Wo aro dono for ! Mr FaEijNonnr sen is "a used up man." Tho Etnanci pator has finally extinguished tho Whig Party 1 Wo have nominatcd a Slavc Holdcr for Vico President And if you dou't belicve it.road what Mr Lcavilt, the Editor of tho Abolition Eraancipator says : Mr FBEtisontrrsEN is still NEW JERSEY SLAVEHOLDER. On this point wo do not spcak with Absoluto ccr taintv. Wc know that witbin a few ycars hc had upon his hands nn old wo man who had bcen a slavo to nis tnthcr, and whom ho was maititaining in comfort os it was just ho should ; but nothing scemcd topersuadc him tbat ho could bo just, and just as kind to old aunty after giving ber Free papers, as no was now. Nono of his ncighbors bolieved it ncccss arv for him to keep himself undcr tbe stnngent cocrsion of Ihe'law to mako him do right in tho matter, but bo scemcd to thinkit best that this pious- mother inls. rael should livo and dio A slaye.. Whetber eho is still living, or whother Mr F has ccased to be a slaveholder by tho trresistiblo providenco of God, wo aro not advised. Thero it is, nght out in meetin'i Mr botwcon January 1st and vtce I'rcstdcnt, who, inslead ot nllowinR ? womnn who had been o slavo of. h'3 Fathcr, to go with "free papers" to oio in mo poor nouso or starro in tho strccts, barbarously, "raaintaincd her in comfort !" Oh tho monstcr ! And yet th0 whigs havo nominaled a man for y: pres!det who fed and clolhcd nn old negro woman, instcad of turning her, whon too old to work, friendless, hclplcss and dcstitutc, upon tho world ! What franklin Lounty patromzo tho "New iorn rieocian a trco irano journ&i acvotea to tho advanccmcnt ol Bntish interest8 and tho clcction of ATartin Van Burcn. Tho moro (his papcr is circula tcd in Vermont, tho bcttcr for thc causo of Clay and Protcction to Uomo Indus try. To pretcnd to be a Tariff party and patronizo a frco (rado ncwspapcr, is to sav thc lcast rathcr suspicious- St. Albans McsscngorT Tiie Postace BitL. Tho Washington Spectator givcs tho followingjoxtract of thc hill rcducing tho ratca of postngc, ns or dcred (o a third reading in tho Scnnto by a largo mojorily on Wcdnosday: "For cvcry singlo Icller forlcs3 than 30 milcs, 3 ccr.ts ; over 30 and not over 100, 5 ccnts ; over 100 nnd not over 300 10 ccnts; over 300, ccnts ; Singlo doublc and quadruple lottcrs in proportion. A quarter of an onncc in weight cquivalent to a singlo eltcr. Drop Icttcrs, 2 cents cach. Lcttcrs advertiscd to bo chargcd with tho cost of advertising. Ncwspa pcrs of grcatcr sizo than lOOOsquarc inchcs, tho samo ratcs of postngc as mag azinos or pamphlots. Printod or litho graphcd circulars not Inrgcr than fool scap shall bo charged 2 ccnts cach shcct for any distancc. Pamphlots, periodicals mngnzincs, 2J ccnts cach copy wcigh ing not moro than an ouncc, not cxcced ing 100 milcs; 5 ccnts for any greater dis tanco; nnd one ccnt additional for cach additional ouncc in wctght, a fraction of moro than half an ounco lo bo chargcd as an ounco. Whero tho mails arc so hcavy as to rctard malcrially tho spccd, a scpcrala mail to be providcd for Icttcrs. acts granting tho right (onny pcraon lo reccivo through tho mail froeof poslagc Icttcrs or ncwspapers. &c, are annullcd. Tho OHicers of Govcrnmcnt having tho franking privilcgo to kccp an account of tho postago on all ofiicial matter rc ceivcd or lransmittcd through tho mail, and tho same to bs paid out of thc con tingcnt funds of thc rcspcctivo Dcpart mcnts. Tho franking priviJcgo allowed lo tho thrcc Assistant Postmastcrs Gcnoral Post mastcrs throughout thc Union on Icttcrs only tclating tc the business of thc De partment. Tho President, Vico Prci dent, widows of cx-Presidents, cx.Presi dents, cx-Vico Prcsidents tho Hoads of Dcpailmcnts, and Attornoy Gcncral are allowed tho franking privilcgc ; Mcmbors of Congrcss, Delogates of Territorics, Sccrctary of tho Scnalc, and Clerk of tho IIouso, nuthorizcd to rcceivo and transmit public documcnts frco of postwdcntial' cflort lo promnio Van Buron's agc, and also during each scssion, and for thirty days precceding and subsequent, to recciva all Icttcrs not excacding two ounces ; tbe prstace on all over two oun ces to bo paid out of thc continr'ent fund ofench House. In lieu of tho privilegc herctoforc allowed of transmitting wnt ten or printcd matter, free of postage, to bo furnished with a numbcr of frco stamps or cnvclopcs, equal to fivo pcr day during tbo session, but any mattcr cncloscd in them, wcighing moro than two ounces, to bo subject to postage. l'nvato cxpress cs and mails forbiddcn undcr hcavy pcn. altics. os also those transmitlinff tbo Ict tcrs, and tho propri'ctors of tho means of conveyance Iho free cxchangc ol ncws. papcrs between publishers pcrmitted. Hcavr ncnaltics providcd for nll viola- tions of tho law. Contracts for tho mail hereafler to bo given to tho lowcst biddcr, without regard to tho modo ol convey ance, and tho contractor not requircd to tako the stock of his prcdccessor. Lct tcrs to bo advcrtised in papcrs having thc largest circulation, ninjcrtcd for a pncc not greater than is not fixcd by law. EAST INDIA COTTON. Tbo Post, last year, had a crcnt deal to say about tbo dccrcaso of tho imporlations of East India cotton into Livcrpool. It forgot to mention tho.i tho causeofthis decrcaso. Of courso this omission was wholly accidenlial. The Post know, of, courte, that tbo secret of it all was that a matkct so much nearer and better, in China, attractcd thithcr a largo porlion of East Indta cotton, which would otbcrwiso havo gono lo England. The Post know all this, but was silont ! Why 7 Doesl tho Post know- how tbis dccrease contin. ucs 7 U says nothing upon the Eubjcct. NUBIBER 3. ! Why 1 Cecauso, in spilo of tho market in China, tho imporlations into England ; tho present ycar aro grcatcr tban evcr bc- I IHarch Ist, thero wero imported into Great Britain 200,955 bales ofAmcrican cotton. Durins tho samo pcriod, this ycar, thc lmports amounf to 170,445 Docronse, 30,510 or about 15 per ccnt ! During tho samo periods in the two ycars tto import ino Lnjland of East India cotton has bcen as follows : 1842 4001 balca 1841, 11,131 " Incrcasc, C230, or over "a hundrcd and thirty pcr ccntura ! iriiat says Mr Post to this ? ABOLITIONISTS ABANDONING TIIEIR ANTI-SLA VERY GROUNI) AND GOING FOR VAN BUREN. Wo alludcd bricfly, tho othcr dav. lo thcalacrily andzcal with which tho Ab- olition ncwspapers laborcd to rcvivo and circulato cxplodcd nnd malignnnt calum- nies against fllr Clay. But wo had not thcn, what has cotnc into our posscssion sinco, evidescf: that Abolition Icadcrs havo becomo Kan Burcn partizans. It was apparent from tho courso of Abolition papers that tho 'Liberty party was an anxiliary ofVan Burcnism, but whilo profcssinf; to stand upon hich rrounds as an indcpcndont "Third Party" wo did not supposc them guilty of tho duplicity of playing direclly and inleniionally into tho hands of a pnrty that gocs with thc South against all mcasurc3 tcnding to thc cmancipation ot alavcry, andinfavoroi n President who stands plcdgcd to Vcto any Law Congrcss may pass abolishing Slavcry in tho District of Columbia. But so it is. And hero is the cvidcnco : (CONHDENTIAL.) Aijiasy, April 18,1844. "Dcar Sir You will pardon mo for sending you tho cncloscd Tract. Be' lioving you to ho n Philanteropisl.desiring tho abolition of Duclling and Slavery. and opposed (n I hope) to tho elcvation ofa man guilty ofboth thcss crimcs to tho Prcsidcncy. I hopo you will favor us with a donation that wo may bo cna blcd (o publish a largc numbar and send thom broadcast over tho land. Ifyou do notseo fit (o scnd a donation, will you send an order for a numbcr of Tracts to bo distributod by yourself. In bchalf of tho Exccutivo Committec of the Eastcrn N, Y Anti-Slavery Society vcry respecllully. K. W. UUUWliN V. S. You may rcmit through tho mail N. B. Wo publish ten thousand copics of tho hrst cdition aud hope to bc ablo to send out ffty thousand morc. Tho price is fa a tnousanu Tho following is an oxtract from tho Tract cncloscd in this 'confldcntai Circu lar : TIIE DUELIST, Or, a caiidid avveal to the moral and re ligions portion or our countrymcn xehiare mclined lo tupport Henry Clay for the Fresidency. Owing to tho liabihty of good mon be ing Icd into tho sin of votingfor a Duel- ist to thc Prcsidcncy, wo havo dcemcd it incumbcnt upon us to sot beforo tho com' munity an array of facls in relation to Mr Clay's conncction with tho murdcr ous practico ol duellinif, whicn as wo tliink, it will bc impossiblo to gainsay or sct asidc. Theso 'confldcntial' Circulars asking for Lionations, aro nddresscd lo Van 15 u ren pohticians. Tho Circular from which wo now copy was nddresscd to a Icading supportcr of Van Burcn. MrbWOod wm is Edltor ot thc Abolition papcr in this city. Wc had supposed htm to bo a conscicntious Abohttonisl, placinir his op position to Mr Clav upon that ground. It is not a weck sinco ho camc to us cx. pressing tha utmost tsolicitudo against the Annexation ot 1 oxatf, but wc uid not Ihen drcam that ho was cngagod in a 'confi elcction, and in asking "Donations" from Van Burcn men to aid tho Party by whom Tcxas is (o bo brousht into tho Union. We now nsk all right-mindcd, honcst men, who bccamo Abolitiomsts from a scnsc of duly ; who scperatcd themselves from their party Associations to dovoto their cncrgies to tbo causo of Alncan cmfticipation ; who fntended to know and ncknowledco"no party but that which opposed itself to Slavcry whother their principles havo not bcen eacrificed and their cdnfidcnco abused7 Mr Van Bu. rcn is in closo alliance with tho slavc holdcr. His supportcrs. in Congress and in our Lcgislaturc, havc for vears opposed evcry mcasuro tcnding to the Abolition of blavery, or dosigncd to amcliorato tho condition of Slaves. Ho is solemnly pledired to Vcto tho only Constitutional Law Congrcss has tho power to pass for tho Emancipation of Slavcry in the Dis trict of Columbia. Alb. Evc. Jour. SYNOPSIS or tue TEXAN TREATY. Art. 1. Conccdcs to the Unitcd Statos.all tho TexanTerritories, to be annexcd as aTer- ritory. Tbis mcludes every Uung m tne na ture of Territory, and all its anpendages. Art. 2. Sccures tbe immediate admission of tbo Texians to all the rights of citizeng. Art. 3. Guarantees tbe security of all ti tles torcal citate, and a speedy adjudication of all unsettled claiins to land. Art.- 4. Tbe public lands ccded are to be regulated by tbe laws now applying to pub lic lands in the United Statos. If tho six tcenth section cannot be applicd (as now ar rangedl to the purposes of education, Con gress are to mako equal provisions for that purpose out of the public lands. Art. 5. Tho Unitcd Statcs arc to pay tho public debt of Texas, bowever crcated, to tbe eitimated tfmounuof tcn millions of dollars. Art. 6. Provides for the appointmont, by IS FDDLlSnED EVERr WEOSESOAT MOBMMO IX STEVTART'S BCItDIn?, BY J. COBB JR. BT WHOM ALI OKDEK3 TOB rU1.1TlS HAMDBILLS, fonK$, c. $Mc gtr, Of evcry dcscription will be ncatlv and fashionably cxecutcd, at short notice. the President of the Unitcd Statcs. by the- conscnt of thc Senatc, of 4 Coramissioiicrs to mcel at tho capitol of Texas, within six montlis, toboin scssiou not morc than 12 months to hear and scttle claima for dcbts- due, Arc. Art. 7. Tho laws of Uexas to remain till furthcr provisions aro made, as nowand al! executirc and judicial ofiicers, but tlic Presi dent, Vico President, and heads of dcjiart- ments, to remain as tney are. Art, o. A commissioner to oe annomtcil. as abovc.to go toTexas anl rcceive the trans fer of the treaty arcbivcs. &c. in the uamcr of the United Statcs, and to executc all ne ccssary authority tharc, till olrwiso provi ded by law. 1 he ninth article allown aix montlis fortuo ratification of tbe Treaty. TEMPERANCE. For ihe Northcrn Gabxy. LETTER FROM TIIE STATE TEiM- PEBASCE AOEST. TUE WORK. PIIOGI1ES5INU. To the Chairman of the Ccntral Commiltee of Sir: Since completing my touritescribcd in my last rcport, I havc visited Kiulaudr (East and West) Manchester and Bcmiingtoo ou tho West sidc of the mountaiou, Windsor, Weathersfield, (at the Bow and at Pcrkins- illc) Springficld, (North and South,) Ches ter, Ludlow, Proctorsville in Cavendish. Fclchville in Reading, (where a violcnt rain prevcutcd a mceting) and Woodstock. I have also spcnt a fortuight in Massachiisctts. Through tbis cutire section of tbe Siate, a gcncral movcmcnt has bcen made upou thc subject of liccnscs. Iu Rutland County thc Lourt has had its scssion, and a priuteu lettcr from Mr. Spcnccr, our Correspotnlins 5-ccrc-tary for that County, informs thc public that liccnses for rum taverns have bcen granted n only fivc towns of tho county. Bennington county stands in about thc samo conditiun. I n this county, (Windsor,) I can not vct as- ccrtain thc numbcr of tuwm which Ime ta keu actiou upou the qucstion, Lut this Ln? bcen done iu tcn at lcast, cithcr by vr.te iu town mcctuig or by petitions, and in all these, tlic expression is dccidcdly against thc grant ing of any liccnsc. Tho Court is now m Scssion here, bcfore whom the battlc is to bo fought, bctnccn rum and uo rum. A dcep intcrcst b taken in thc qucstion upon both sides, aud next Mor.day evcniag tho discussions arc to comnicnce. Probably several cvcnings will bc coniimircl crc thc contcst will bc closed. In no instaiKC in which this subject has bcen prcscutrd bc fore thcco towDj, has tho result been unfainr able, with the cxccption of Ilarlt.iml. j y the free usc of rum, and the aid of thc vi.ti of about 25 drunkanls, onr oppouents verur cd a majority. But even thcre, the rober sccond thought of tlic pcoplo was corrcct. A greater numbcr of votera harc signcd tlr; petitions that the traific may not bc liccused, than otcd wiih thc majority at thc mcctuig. Iu somo towns, cven thc iiitcmpcratc are prompt in giving us their namcs. They say that they knoif thcy arc injuring theiiiseh ci aud their families, but whcn thc tcmptation ij bcforo them tliej cannot resist. Iu ooil stock thc petitions arc signed by grcat mim bcrs. Upon ono toplc connected wiib this quc. tion, I find almost every whcrc,mistakcn vicns iu thc community. Irefer to tbe opcratioii of the laws rcstraining thc salc of iutoxica ting liquorj in Mnssaclnisctts. It is said by rum sellcrs, and tcpcatcd by those who con fide in tbcir statcmcnts, that driuking is prcvalent iu Massacbusctts now as evcr, and that the laws are gcnerally violated and with impuuity. OJJicial documcnts prove the con trary of all tbis. I havc beforc me the reports of thc Attonicy Gcncral, cmbracing thcsc particulars, and I give you tho rcsult. Tbc State is dicidcd into fivc dislricls tbe four wcstcrn couiitics fonning thc wcstcrn district. Worcester and Norfolk counties tbc Midillc, Middlesex and Essex thc Knrlliern, SutTolk being a district by itself, and thc oth cr eoutbcrn counties fnrming tho Snuihcin District. Takiug tbo trials tbat were had during the years 1834 1S33 iuclusivc.the rc- sults wcre as follows: In 163-1 1C0 convictions, and 7 acniiittals. 1835 1G7 do 12 .lo 1B3G 1C5 do 5 do 1837 105 do 2 i!o 1S33 10G do 10 do 1830 110 do 71 da Making the ralcnlation another irnv, tlic trials in tach district during thcsc jears. and ir.eluding all thc rcporls made in ld43, (the Nortbern and Southcrn not having been re portcd thatyear,) rcsulted as follows: In thc Middlc, 102 couvictions 49 ncquiu Wcstcrn, 59 do 21 do Southcrn. 4G do 8 do Northcm, 2(51 do 40 do Bufiblk, 70 do 29 do Making, iu total - JU57 conric. 1ZU r.cqmr. In 1839 the proportion of convictions to tbe acqnittals was lcss than during tho prc cedins ycars. la thc Middle and Western Districts for that year, tbe rrsults wero 12 convictions, and 29 acquittals. But iu lool ing at tbe result of tbe wholo criminal dock et for the same pcriod in those district!,! find only 123 convictions, and 204 acquittals, rc taining about tho same relativo result as in thc rum cases. Again. it is said that the fines and costs are not collected. This is too idle to talk about For the year 1839 I find reportcd, in these cases, as paid, (exclusive of trials befurc ma gistrates) $3079,23. No reports for otlirr ycars are in ray posscssion, on this matter. and none even made to thcLcgisIature tourh ing indictmenta undcr the license laws, as a separate ilem, for the ycars I have omittccl, viz. 1840, '41, and '42. Mnch more has bcen paid since tbat time than was paid in 1639. As to tne amouniurauK iuassacuuscu.", I nced onlv sav that not somucbardcnt spir- it was imported into the Unitcd States in 1843, as was fonnerly consumcd inMassacbu- setts alone. At the same time tbc niimber of distillcrics has very much diminished. This is abundantly shown by documcnts now before me. But probably the point will ir tbougbttoo well settled to contcnd about.and I leave it until the proof is called for. lours rcspectlully, M. P. PARISU. Woodstock, May 10, 1814.