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Ai nandod. But in wbuse behalfis tbis pro
is.::ion asked, and for what benefit are we c-illcd upou to sncrificc our own productive clatses? Wo learo from unquestionable sonrceg, that of ths importatious from Great Itritain sixty-five pcrcent. is on. British ac fotnit. Of those from France. and otber cnntineutial coumries, not lcss than eighty thrce per cent. is on foreigu aecount; and of course nearly the whole profit on tbis enor raaus proportion ofour tradc gocs 'nl ,De bands offoreigncrs. Slialr we legislate for ihe subjeets of Grcat Britr.iu and of France? Shall tbe foreign importer hiinsclf dclcrminc tho duty which he will condcsceud to pay? Are hisintercsts 10 Iie chiefly regarded inilic lcgislation of this llall? But were it olher iviso were tbe advantagcs of this great com rnerce tbe propcr gaiu of our ownciiizeus ts this objcct of tbe promotiou of trade worth not only its prcsnnt cost, but all tbe acrifices which are asked for it! Iu 1836 all m:n adaiidoned tiieir regular occupatioiis, and set tbemselves lo Iiuy, sell, and gct gain; mid such was tlie nezlect nf nriculture, that even oats were imported from tlie banks of the Elbe to feed tue horsps that pastured in the vallcy of tbe Mohawk. Tlie excessive trade of 1836 wnsfollowed by tbe convtilsion of 1837, and tbere has bcen no lack of lectures from our deraocratic brethren upon the caus es of that convnlsiun. Tbe crisis of 1S37, n.iid tbey, were not owing to tbe spccific cir cular, to thcremoval ofdespots, to thcrefus al of tbe Governmcnt to recbarter tbe United States Bank, to tbc inultitude of State banks chartercd by Dcmocrctic lcgislaturcs to fill the place of tbat dcad moustcr, to the de ranacmeut, in fine, to the currency of the country by the action of Govcrnmeut. No, it was noue of these ihings, nnr tbe cora bjncd action of all thcse things.but it was the EXC1SSIVE I3IP0RTATI0S THE SPIRIT OF ovKHTKADisc which causcd all that ruin. Is tbcn the spirit, wbicb in 1836 was n spirit of darkness, now bccame an angel of light ! If the the foreigu iinporiations oflSSG involr cd the whole Iand in bankmptcy, ruin, and shatiic, is it now wisc to stimulate importa- tion to the higbest cxlcnt to whicli legislation i cancarryit? Agaiu, sir, is not tbc maiutainar.ee, pro tcction, aud accominodation of tbis foreign trade one of the hcnviest items in tlie cost of ournational Governmcnt ? To wbat otber eud do you maintain a navy, at the cxpeuse ofsi millions per nmium, to display your protcctiug flag in every sea ? For what oth er pnrpose arc your foreign enibassics, your costly custom-housc establishmcnt, and a vast proportion of your civil list Sir, 1 ar gue not against thcse thiugs as uunecessary, butto draw attcntion to the fact, tbat trade toohas its protection.aud to suggcst the in quiry how mucb uiore we can afftird to pay for iu promotiou. Every gentleman vtho basstudicd the lns torv of tbe origin of tbis Gorernmcnt, knows tb.it the proteclion of property, as well as life anJ personal libcrly, against both the violencc and tbe policy of foreign powers, was tbc chief end sotight to be attaiued by tbc estab liihmeut ofthe confederacy. Tbe power of granting such protection as domestic iudus try rcquires, has been surrcndcred by tbc in dividual States, aud unlcssitbaslodgcdintbc people of tbe Uniou, to De by them cxercised, tbrough us, their reprcsentativcs, it is irre caverably gone. The surrender is valid to pass tbe power outoftbe bands of tbe grant ors, tbe States, but not goodtovcst it in Con grcss, tbe grantee. Strange anomaly and yct to tbis reductio ad absurdum you arc in- evitably brought, iftbcy deny tbe power of lyongrcss to uiijiosc a prolective Uuty. IJut if Congress may Iegislate for the protection of capital invcslcd in trade, why not also for tbat capital investcd iu manufactures ? Tbe buildings, tbe machinery, the stock.in io va riousstagesofelaboratiou, the lands, wbose ralue depends upon tbc succcssful employ m:nt of the capital-thus inrcsted, all these are property, as much as the stocks of the capitalist, tbe eb'ps of thc mcrchant, tho laii-ls of the planter, and, viewed simply as property, without regard lo liigber consider ations of national policy, are justas much en titled to legislative favor and protection. The Anierican capital invested in mauufacturcs aml mechanicarts, ishclicvcd to amouut to no lcss asum tban four bundred inillions of dollars: and one fuurth of our population is d:pendent for bread on the prosperity of tbosc arts. To this vast sum, add the in creased value of lands in the vicinity of flour ishiug manufactories, aud you bave an ag greate scarccly inferior to any of tho itetns which maks uj tbc sum total ofour uational wcalth. Destroy tbe protcctive systcm and you an- nihilatc at a lilow this great accumulation of wealth, tbis immcnsc proportion of our na tional rcsourccs. In regard lo the property investcd in inanuractures, it is to be obscrved. tbat thc destruction invoHed by its sacrifice has no compensation. It is annihilation, not transfer. Tbousands arc impovished, nonc are enriched. You makcyour country poor er, by the amouut hoth of tbe capital Jircclly invested, and tbc iliirercnce in value of the lands and otber property aflected. Let a flourishin; factory spring up, witb its capital of$I00,000, and it adds to tbe saleable -al-ue, aud actual productivcncss of tbe lands ip iu vicinity, atleast as much more. Destroy it, and all iu wealth has evaporatcd. In the case of the renijval of public buildings, and the constrnction of works of intcrnal iin provcment, tbere is often an apparcnt loss, which is, howcver, hnlanced by a compcnsa tion in the iucreased value tbercby givcn to property clsrwhere. Coustructacanal, pass in; threo miles from a flourisbins village in stead of througb it. Its prosperity is destroy cd. One by one, is tnost entcrprizing in lubitants desert it, anJ theaged and the poor alone are Icft. Tbe checrful din of of its in- dustry U hushcil. Tbe grass grows in the streeis, its cottage-s are no longer thc hnmcof mau, and the fox lnnks out at tbe window. Ilere is ruin, hcrr is desolation mclancholy enougb no doubt but thcre is anothcr side to the picturc. On the banks of tli.it canal thcre arises a nr-.v village, whicli, in its rapid growtb Hud iinprovcnieiit, far outstrips all that tnc most sanguirc lancy hari cver hoped for tts oiaer nvai. itcrc isindccda dcstructiou, but tbere is aNo a crcatiou ol wcalth. It is a transfer, not an anuihilationof prospcrity.and thougb indiviilu.iU may suflVr, the sum total nf national we.ihh h undiniiiiishcd, and even jncreased. On tlie niher hand, strikc down a great branch of n ltional industry, and where isyonr compcusiii'iti ? Do southern ceutle meii imagine tlnt il.p ruin of ihemanufactur- ers of Ma5sachis',tts will raie the price of eotton: uo tnc lorgemeu ol reunsylvania hopo to sell more iron, nhen tbebusy indus try of New Englnu 1 shall be ttill, and the clan of the nn7il and the hum of tlie wbeel ;hall no more minule with the roarof the wa terfall ? T)oes the western farmer suppose Ijiat be shall inrrease the price of his lands, c.t the profit3 of his hiihandry,by compelling his castcm brethren to derotc to the growing ofgrain.md tbe feeding ofcatllc thc millions ofacres which ih?y now occupy for sheep walks, an.l fur tbe rultivation of the teazle nnd nthcr vegetable products requircdfor the use of the nnnuf.icturcri New England is nhla ahundautly to supply her population witb brcad-stiifi' and meats. Her soil.though inferior to tha prairies of tbe West in fertility, is superior in variety. Sir, tbe West can produce noihinj. absolutely nothing, nhich tha sj'd of Xew England caunotalso beinade tj yiild in supprfiaous abundanec. Even in fettility, the diftereucebetween the East and the West has been greatly cxaggcratad. Sir, on tbis subjcctl do not speak without book. Ibavc secnthe principal grain-giowing States of the West in their harvcst, and being par licularly familiar niib agriculture, I claiin to be ablc to jndgeof their productivcncss. The western people with all their virtucs, and I accord them many, are a little prone to talk in ErcIeV veiu; aud I have heard on tbe parir ics some gasconading abont crop?, wbicb wonld barednnenodishonorto Ancicut Tis tol. Wc of thc East, as tnanufacturers and sbcplicrds, arc, to some extcnt dcpcndent ou you of tbe West Destroy our iudustry.turn ustoexcbange thc loom for tbc plough, the sheep for tbc ox, turn us from customcrs into producers, and you bave lost your best cus tomcr webuy ofyou no longer. Of the forty inillions ofthe produce of other States whicli MassachusettsJ consuincs sbe will rcnuirc not a doll.ir. Add tothis tbcsupplicsdemand- j cd for the manufactures of other States, and ' you have not lcssthcn oue hundred millions! of Anierican produce, for nhich a niarket will no longer exist. Wliere Uo you looK tor compensation for tbis los? You have not the smallcst rcason to cxpcct that thc British coru laws will bc repcaled no otber Europe auuation will take your produce, and when you are ready to sell, nonc will be found to buy. Let tbe western farracr cxaminc tbis bill, and calculate the saviug which he supposes lie vrould make by thc opcration of tbis nnti labor tarilT. How many dollars would he savc ou his cloths, how many on liis iron ware, how many on Ii'u glass, his groceries, and otber imported goods ! Even admitting thc truth ofthe false principlc assumed by thc report. thata reduction of duty is a reduc tion of price to tbo eonsumcrwhc will fmd that fcwfamilies would savc fifty dollars, the laborer, probably, not tcn. But, on the oth er hand, would not tbis gain be more than ovcrbalanced by the incvitablc reduction iu the price of his produce, resulting from thc los of a markct whicli consumcs, anuually, $100,000,000 of tbe products ofthe non-man-macufacturing States? Sir, where tbe wes tern States would save onc milliou, thcy would lose ten. But, I repeat it, it is not true that a iliminution ofthe duty lowers tbe price. Beducc them so as to destroy domes tic manufactures, and do you think thc Brit ish artisan, when rcleivcd from Anierican conipetition, will sell you his wares aschcap Iy as uow ? Will lie not rather take advan tage of his mouopoly ofthe markct,andcom pel you botb to buy and sell at his onn price? Attcmpts have been madc to c.xcite thc jcalousy ofthe South and West, by infla. tcd statcmcnis in regard to tho profits of (hc nianutacturcrs. It has bccn provccl, by calculations, omitting only thc use of capital. wear and dccay of machinery, fi.turcs,and buildings, taxesand insurancc, and the numerous contingcncics to which llicso cstablishmcnls nrc prc-cmincnlly liablc, that thc castcrn manufacturcrs must have cleared not less than twenly or thirty pcr cent. per nnnum for a series of ycars. Wc ha-n tho bcst authonly for saying, that thc profits of thecotlon ninn ufacturers bave for years not cxcccdcd an avcrage of six pcr cent.; and as to woolcn mills, it is within my personal knowlcdgc, thal tbere is scarccly n woolcn factory in New England, which has not lost a sum cqual to its cntirc capital, since 1837. Under tho tariffnf 18-12, theso cstablish mcnls can livc, but thcy can ncvcr bc a means of thc rapid accumulation of wealth. I wisli to prcsent anothcr ccncral con- stdcration. I rcfcr to tho imporlancc of domestic manulactures, an an cssential cl ement in a systcm of national indcpcnd encc. Gcntlcmcn necd not to bc told, that during thc late war with Grcat Brit- nin, the Governmcnt was forccd toconnivc at an tllicit tradc with thc encmy, as tbc only mcnns of supply of such arliclcs as ncithcr Government norpeoplo could livc without. Shall we again subjcct oursclvts to thc inconvcnience and sbame of smug- gling from a hoslilc country tbcvcry blan kets which covcr our soldicrs; and whilc slacking fire, that thc smoke of our guns tnay clear nway, .shall we ncgocmte with the cnemy for the purchasc of powdcr ? I am sorry tosay Mr. Chairman, that I am not among thosc who disccrn in thc signs of Ihe tnncs iure tokcns of abiding pcace. The age of conqcst.it is said, has passcd away ; but at a nioment when our own admini&tration is meditating a warof conquest, and has alrcadv virttiallv dcclar- cd hostihtics in that unholy causc, it lics not in our mouths to say, that such wars aro no longer possiblc. Sir, I havo too much rcspect for the cool judgment ofour statesmcn, and two much confidencc in thc regard of our pcoplc for the principlcs ofjustxcand integrity of the Union, to bibcve that thcy wifl assent to theconsum- matinn ofa projcct. which. under tho cir cumslances, can unly be characfcrizcd as suprctnely unwisc,and prc-cminenllv fla gitious, and wiiich must necessarily rcsult, not in disscnsion, but in disruption. I do not thcreforo apprehend a conflict with Alcxico, or its ncccssarv corollarv.an im mcdiatc'war with England; but I cnnnot bo blind to the fact, that wo arc in con- slant dangcr ofa ruplurc with tho tnost lormiilab'c power upon carlh. Grcat Bnt ain.sir, hoMs Canada on tho North, her flcefs command thc Atlantic on tho East : on tbc South sho has extensivc posscssions in tnc vest inaics antl on the contincnt: and sho occupies to say the Icast,an cquiv ocal position the West. But this is not all. Her ships are travcrsing evcrv sea, aml seizing upon every advantagcous po sition, which is cithcr unoccupied, or too feeble lo resist her cncroachments ; and an American whaler can scarcelv bring o(Ta kcg of watcr, or a boatload of coconnuts, froin a coral reef in the wide Pncitic, without paying tributc to thc out. posts of England. I knoiv, indced.that she has diiclaiincd that nlrocious outragc, the forciblc soizurc of thc sovcrcignty of thc Sandwich Islands, nnd I have not yet heard, ihat sho has hung, at tho yardarm of his own ship. ihe piratical Iordling who perprtratcd it. Sir. I chargc Great Brit ain w.lh chcrishing dreams of widespread conquest, oraimingat univcrsal empirc : but he must be blind, who does not sce that sho is striving for no less prize than thc control of thc commerce of the world. Americais loo ambitious. She disputes with England the sovcrcignty ofthe norlh castern shore ofthe Pacific wo are rivals in thosame branches of trade, and Ihe rcd cross and Ihe stars nnd stripes float side by side in evciy harbor of every sea. With all these points of contact, darc wo hope thal we shall nlways cscapc collission; and is it wiso to dofTour armor whilc our adversary is lacing his helmet 1 Sir, on this subjcct letrce not be misunder stood. No mau can more cordially dctest tbe practice, ordeplore the necessity. ofa resort toams; none can more deeply abhor the bclhsh passions. thc awfnl crimes, that con stitutc the very bting of war than mysclf; and I am iml prcpared to say, that any, or even all, of the pending or adjotirued qttestions bc twcen us aud Great Britaiu are worth a war. But. sir, I kuow tbat England is regarded witb angryand inflamable jcalousy alouglbe whole frontier, and a small spark may at any momcnt kindle tlr.it tiuder to an appaliug flame. Thus situated, I hold it to be tbe part of wisdora to foster and strengthen our own domestic resources.rather than tocberishand regard the industry of thc alicn and the stjan gcr. But I am wandering from the subjcct, aud I will only pause to cxpress my sur prise. that gcntlemcn ofthe Soutli.whodread the intcrference of England with Tcxan sla vcry, and fear tbe coutagion of her cxample in her West India possessions, sbould yctad- vocate a policy, which implics mucb more. intimate relations with tbat fonnidable rival, and probable eneniy. Destroy our manufac- j tures, and subvert tbatrevenue system which j has, lrom nnr national lntancy, occn me soui ofour ftnance, and we arc at once not practi callvrcducedito a state of colonial denendcncc upon our ancicnt opprcssor. Sir.was it not for this that our fatbera fell at Bunkcr Ilill, at Bennington, and at Saratoga, and that yours bit the dust iu the h.uudred partisan conflicts which,.at a later pertod of thc war of inde pendence.dycd yoursandswith the bcst blood ofthe South. Tbere is anothcr point offardcepcr.though lcss obvious, intercst than thc mere qucstion of rcvenuc, or the present pecuniary gain or loss to tbe consumer, and which is most wor thy the profound considcration ofthe philo- sophical statesman. I refer to the influenco ofsucli manulactures as arc carneu on uy machinery, upon the proccss of mechanical improTcinent, and thc consequentmultiplica tion aud diflusion of both tbc physical com forts aud elegancics, and the higber refine mcnts of life. Tbc cncouragemeut whiih invcntivo genius has receivcd at thc bands of tbe manufacturcr, is tbc princi pal source of tho astoundiug advanccs that balf a century has witncsscd iu prac tical mechanics and manipulations, in thc npplication of scienccto thc arts, and even in the progress and dissemination ofthe phys ical scicnces thcmselvcs. The wants ofthe dyer, the blcacber.thesugar rcfiner, bave Icd to curious invcstigations and most important results in scientific anal ysis; thc ncccssitics ofthe machancist have prompted improvements insmclling, refiuiug, casting, and forging metals, and to a bettcr knowledge of their orcs, constitution, aud propcrtics; thc dcmands of British manufac res are thc parentof improvements in miuiug, mineralogicalrescarclijand geological scicncej lo'thcmwc owe the inveution ofthe recipro- catiug stcam-engiue, and the introduction of rail-roads, by mcans of all whicli, not only are all the operations ofp,ovcinmcnt immcnse Iy facilitated, but tbc conveniences of life are so multiplied aud chcapened,that,as has bccn well said, the humbler cottager enjoys more comforts than an Emperor of Bome in her greatcst splendor. Knowledge, too, literally run3 down thestrects like a river. The pow er press sends forth its sheets by tbousands in the hour, and books now cost less than did thc papcr on which tbey arc printed within tbememory of meniheryof tbisllousc. Thcse arts areemphatically the artsof pcace; these are the true philosopbcr's stonc, that turns all to gold; 'thcse are the means through nhoseaid alone the pbilantbropist can bopc to levcl up suflering, dcprcssed, and debascd huuiauity. Machinery must supply the phys ical wants ofthe indigcnt; tbe power press must furnish the popularinstructor with his textbooks tbe missionary with his bibles. To tbc improvements in thc mechanic arts we have contributcd our full share. To them we, of all the nations of tbe cartb, arc most deeply indcbtcd, nnd from them we havcmost to hope. Shall wc Iay tbc axc to thejroot of thc trec whicli lias uornc such noble truits, aud is still rich with tbe blossoms of futurc liromise ? Wbat does not thc South owe to the cotton gin and thc powerloom? and what would now bc thc condition of tbat tnigbty West, to which we have so often an- nealcd, without canals, railroads, and stcam boats, which deprive both thc molive and the means of their crcation from thc progress of manuracturcs .' fcir, she would still rcmain a howling wildcruess, inhaliitcd only by sav- ages and vrolves anu thc game on wnicti thcy prey. Sir, let us have uo more idle spcculations upon thc futurc cansequcnccs ofthe cxisting tarilf. Lct it be judgcd by its fruits. Show what evil it hath donc. 1'rove tbat it lias augmentcd the current price or diminished the supply ofany foreigu article of necessity or extensive use. Sbow that it has rcduccd thc price or curtailcd thc sale of any impor tant article of domestic production but ter- nly us not with prophccics of fulureeviirrom tbc opcration of tbat causc w hich has crown- ed thc past and the prcsent with abundant ulcssings. 'THE RULING PASSION STRONG IN DEATH." Thc following "Card" from Gcn. Jack son, which makes its appcarancc soon af. ter he commenced with iIr 15. F. Butlcr, shows hitn incapablc nf doing justice cvcn at apcriod of life when most mcn desirc to atonc for injurica and wrongs dono lo their fellow mcn. Jefixksojt, thc Elder Adams, and AIadiso.n, after theirrctire mcnt, white their years and monlhs and wccks and days were drawing to n closc, found enjoymcnt nnd solaco in correcting mutual misapprchcnsicns and repairing mutual crrors- But Gen. Jackson is vindictivo and malignant to Ihe last.as will be sccn by his reiteration ofa wanlon and explodcd calumny against Joiin Qutxcy Adans and Henky Clav : To thc Edilors of Ihe Nnshvillc Union r"5 Gentiesien: My atlention has been callcd to various newspapers articlcs re ferring to a lctler said (o have been writ ten by mo to Gen Hamillon, recanting tho chargo of bargain madc against Mr Clay when ho rotcd for .Mr Adams, in 18- 25- To put an end to all such rumors I fecl it to bc duo to myself to state, that I have no rccollcclion of evcr havin2 writtcn such a letter, and do not bclieve Ihere is a Ictter from me to General Hamilton, or any one clse that will bear such a con strnction. Ofthe charncs broucht against both Mr Adams and Mr Clay at that lime, I formed my opinion as tlie countrv at large did from facls and circumslances tbat were tndisputablc and conclusivc : and I may add that this opinion has un. dergono no changc. If Gen, Hamilton, or any ono clse, has a lcttcr from me on this subject, wbicb the friends of Clay desirc to bo made public, all thcy have to do is to apnlv to bim for it. As for myself, I havo no sccrets, and do not fcar Ihe publication of all that I havo evcr writtcn on his or any other sub jcct. ANDREW JACKSON. Hermitage. .Mny 3, 1844. Theforegoing Card" we copv from tho Argus. Tho utter faUchood' of tho charge was dcmonstraled not long after its original publication, and since that limo still furlhci and most decisivo refutn. lionsofit, have bccn laid bcfore thecoun tryand cspeciallv bv one of tho pcrsons who was once among the busicst in giv inz il circulatinn. . Under thcse circtimstancestbis 'card or Andrcw Jacksnu can be rrgarded only as Ihe cvidcnco ofhis own vindictivo ma lico But bcsidcthc falschood oflhomain chargc, this card contr.ins. anothcr. now forlhefirst limc put forth bylhcaulhor. Gcn Jackson savs, in this card that, ofthe chargcs brought against Mr Adams and Mr Clay he formed his opinif.n at ihe timc, as the "country at large" did. from facls and circumstanccs thal were tndis putahle and conclusivc. This is nnt true. Gen. Jackson did nol form his opinion on such ground Hc exprcssly statcd, under his own hand. in 1827, Ihat he mr.do the chargc, on Ihe tetlimomj of a parlicular tcilness. lobc sure.whon ho named his witncss ho contra dictcdhim. N-verlhelcss, that was tho spccific giound, nccording to his stato mentat the timc, on which hc madc the chargc. Bcsides, ncithcr tho country al large, nor eilhcr of its political partics, had made up any such opinion as tho card al legcs. until "after tho cnlumhious nccusa lion in qucstion, had bccn put jn circnla tion by its author. tho wntcr of llic card: Tien, and not bcfore, tho parlizans. who, liko tho Albany Argus, had congralula lcd tho country oftbo elcclion of Mr Ad ams, and treated theTirelensions of Gen. Jackson with comtcmpf, and shortly af lcrwirds stipportcd bim such partisans aflected to believo the slanderous charge and laborcdto propagatc it. and a porlion of the country was finally sndiu-cd tosnp posc there must have been some founda tion for it. But even thcn. afler.nll the unscrupu. Ir.us and disgrnccful labor lo poison the public mind on this subjcct, only a por lion ofthe American people cver bclieved it. The wifncss namcd by Gcn. Jackson, as tho pcrson on whose snccial tcstimony he profcsscd' in 1827, to found his charge ofa corrupt bargain botween Mr Adams and MrClay, was"James Uiichanan," the distinguiehed United States Senator from Pennsylvania. Tho original accusalion in qucstion, was made by Gen. Jackson in a Ictter to Cartcr Bcverly, of Virginia, in which he statcd that a membcr of Uongrcss of high rcspectability, had informed him that tbe friends cf Mr Adams had made ovcrturcs to the friends of Mr Clay to make thc lat tcrSccrelary of Slate, if they would mako Mr Atiams President. This statemcnt was repeatcd by Gcner. al Jackson in his Ictter of the 28th of Ju ly, 1827,addrcssed to tho public, and now bcfore us. When Mr TJuchanan found himself named as the mcmbcr of Congrets rcfcr red lo, hc alio publishcd a lcttcr, datcd tho 8th of August, 1627, tho more malcrial portion of which is as follows : "I callcd upon General Jackson on tho occasion which I htivo mcntioned "sclely as his friend." upon my own individunl responsibility, and 'not as ihe ngent of Mr Clay or any olhcr pcrson. "1 ncvcr havo been tho political friend of Mr Clay," sir.ee he bccame a candidato for thc office of President, as you vcry well know. Un til I saw Gen. Jackson's Ictter to Mr Bcvctly of tbc 0th ullimo, nnd at tho same limo was informed bv a lcttcr from the Editor of Ihe United" States Tcle graph, ihat I was tho person to whom he alludcd, "the conccption nevcr onco cntcrcd my mind" that he belicvcd me to have bcen thc ngent of Mr Clay a.id his friends, or that I intendcd lo 'propobo lcrms of asy kind for them, or that he could have snpposcd me capablc of cx prcssing an 'opinion ihat it was right to nghl such intriguers wilh their own wcap ons ' "I had no authorily from Mr Clay or his friends to proposc any terms lo uoncr al Jackson in rclotion to their votcs. rs'oc did I r.vr.u JtAKE aky sccn rRorosirios ;" and I trust I would be as incapablc of be coming a rricsscngcr upon such an occas ion, as it was known Gcn. Jackson would bo to rcceive such a mrssagc." This statemcnt of Mr Buchanan, il will be sccn, is a flat contradiction of Gen Jackson's accusalion against thc friends of Mr Clay and through them against Mr. Clay himself; and taking Ihis statemcnt made hy Mr Buchannn in conncction with Gcn. Jackson's own slalcmenls, in his Ictter of July 28, 1827, thcy bolh dcmon stratc the falschood ofthe 'Card as to tho ground on which hc thcrein prclends 'new to have fnrmcd his 'opinion of Mr. Adams and Mr Clay in 1825. Again: Cartcr Bcverly, (ho pcrson lo whom Ucn JacXson originally commum catcd his foul slandcr, nnd through whoso agcncy it was industriously propagated, was, during tho pas; year, summoned to anothcr state of being. Beiorc his dcath, howovcr, his agcncy in this calumny against Mr. Clay, prcsscd too hcavily on his conscicnco lo allow him tn pass lo his final accouut without an eflort to mnkc some reparation fot ihe injurv ho had donc in Ihis vcry inattcr. In his last sickntss, Ihcrcforc, Mr. Bcverly addrcss cd a lcttcr lo Mr Clay, in which bc con- fcsscs thc compunctions of his conscicncc, and says as follows : "Alihough the timc is quitc far gone sinco 1 becamc vcry mnocently mstru- mcnlal in circulating tbroughout thc country a very great nttack on your character and virtuc as a gcnllcmnn, and certainly a vcry hcavy onc as a public man, I fccl excecdingly desirous to ro licve you, as far asl can. from the slan der, and my own feelings from tho severe comptinction Ihat is within me, on Kaving bccn, through neither dircclly or indirect ly, your personal accuscr.yet that I was drawn dircclly into Iho rcprcscntalion ol an attack upon you. 'I again say. thal l am most thorough ly convinccd ihat you were most unlrulh. fully, and, thercfore, unjustly trcatcd : for I have never scen any evidence (o sub stnntiatc at all tho chargc. This is by no means all. When the charge was first concoctcd by Gen. Jack son, (who was thcn. 1825, in tho U. S. Senalc,) and his partizan friends, and broached in tho shapo ofa 'Card' by one of those partizans by the name of Krc mcr, a membcr of tbc Ilouto ofRcprcson tatives from Pcnn-iylvania, Mr Clay. who was thcn Spcaker of Ihat Ilousc, instantly and indignanlly dnnounced the charge as a foul slandcr, and demandrd an invcsti gation. dcfying his caluniniators to stis tain Ihcir accusation. Acommitlce was thcrcupon nppoinlcd by Ihe House to inveatigalo the matlcr ; and that commiltec reportcfl that Mr. Clav was innocent. ' Tho Richmond Enqtiircr. morcovor, spcaking of this raalter, under date of Fcbrtiary 10. 1520, says : As lo-tbo other qucstions upon which wo publish this day such copious dcbates, wo do not hesitalc lo say that Mr Clay has met tho change as a man ought to mcel it. His fearlcss promptitude and opendcfiance aro tho suresl indications ofhis innocence. This, combincd with avowals from almost all quarters of ihc House, and tho uniform information in Iho last lettcrs from tbat city, can lcavc no doubt ol thcresult ofthe invcsligation, nor does Krcmcr, shrink but wc suspccl he will seck lo escapo by a sort of special plcading such as Mr McUuffie has thrown into his amendment. Bo it a3it may, tho inquiry is begun and it ought to be proso. cuted with cncrgy ; tho whole matter sbould be probed "to the bottom ; no loop hole ought to bc left to hangasinglo doubt on, for in timcs like these Ihe peo plo will cxpcct their Reprcsentativcs not only to be chastc, but frce from all suspic ion "Mr Clay is innocent of this charge." We aro fullv prcpared to seo Iho cotnmit teo acquit him of this imputation of bat cring his voto for an ofHce." Thc committce, as the Richmond En. quirer anticipated, did dcclare Mr C.inno ccnt. Again : Thomas II. Benton, the U. S. Sinator from Missouri, also bore his tcstimony in this casc, in which ho shows thatas carly as tho forepart of Dccember, 1824, Mr. Clav had informed him (.Mr. B.) ofhis determination to vote for Ad - ams. Mr Benton's letler containing this tcstimony, is datcd Dec. 7, 1827, and it makcs Iho statemcnt in hese ' express in Ihe forcDart of Dccember. 1824. that he (Mr Clay) inlendcd to vote for Mr. Ad ams. To this same point on which Mr Ben- ton spcnks, Iho illustrious LaFayctle, who visitcd this country as all Ihe country will remcmbcr. in 1S24, also tcstihes. Jn tho course ofhis intimacy vilh Mr Clay, ho ; rwn,b,.r 1RQ4. nlll ,10 simnIc nuestion to Mr C. as to which of the can- didatcsfor President ho intendcd to vote. To tbis Mr Clay replicd, says LaFaycttc, as follows: "Your answer was, tbat in your opinion Iho actual state ofhcalth ofMr Crawfordj nau iiiiiucu iuu uuiiicdi. iu a uiiuicu uc twccn Mr Adams and General Jackson ; that a claim founded on military achicvc mcnts did not meet your prcfnrence, asd that you xiad coxludeu to vote for Mr. Adams." Our rcaders will rccollcct tbat in No vember last, tbc vcncrablc John Qjiincy Adams visitcd Cincinnntli. Oliio, lo dc livcr an nddrcss at the laying of tho cor- nersloncofan Astronomical Obscrvatory in that cilv. and that in all tho great prin. . , . ,- i 1 , cipalplaccson hisjourney, bo wus grcct-; edbylbe people, without distinctinn ofPcac jo1 lyier lor ms late auempis to party, with lcstimonials nf rc.pccl.- hon , embroil us in a war with Mcxico, a citi at Maysvil'o, Ky., somo allusion was j zcn has addressed a Ictter to thc vencra niade by tbo Gcntlcmcn who delivcrcd j bc chanccor Kcnt dcsir; h;30n;n;on the Addrcss of wclcomc on bchairof Ihat i . m, community, to Ihe chargo in qucstion, UP tllc P"cr :n thc case. Tbe vencr and in his rcsponso Mr Adams took tho ! ablc man, (as his Iettcr will show) not on- occasion to speak as follows: " I tlin"nk vou. sir. ror thc opportuniiy of spcaking of Ibn you havo givcn mo i creat statesman whowas asso.ialed with mc in the adminislraiion of Ihc Gnncral ; Governmcnt, at my carnest solicitation whohelongs not toKcnlucky alone, but lo the whole Union ; and is not onlv an honor lo this State and tbis Nation. but . to mankind. Tbe charges to which you refer 1 have nflcr my lcrm of servico had j cxpircd. nnd it was propcr for mo to speak, ! denied bcfore Ihe whole country; and I i ii . j re 1 ,: . hcrc "rcitcrate and rcafhrni that dcniai ; t and nsl cxpcct shortly to apprar btfore tny God," to answer for Ihc conduct of . my wholo Iifc, ' should thosoj chargcs 1 havo found their way to tbc Throne nf . Etcrnal Justice. I will in the ritESE.cc . OF OMNirOTESCE, JEOXOUSCE THEM False." i Not long after his rctiromcnt froni the j Presidcncy, Mr. Adams had borne similar ' tcstimony to tho same point, in his lettor : to a New Jersey commitlee ; and he has done so, on scvcral other occasions. Much more might be added to Ihis . testimony but we havo not space for it. ' ul prcaeiii i iiur uu uenuvu it iu uu ncccessary. Ucn. Jackson, has. in i.i.ui, iuiuihicu iuu ui...i w iu. .unii ; confutation ; and any man of ordinary ; undcrstanding and common candor, will , find in what he (Gcn. J ) has written. or j signed, at dihicrcnt times, and in the , positivc asserlions of Buchanan, abound- j ing in proofstosbow that his, "General 1 Jackson's asserlions" in this matter "are , utterl worlhless. Alb. Daily Adv. THE BLACK TARIFF. Wc find the following paragrapb in the Steuben (N. Y.) Courier : "Wool The Tariff Almost every day afibrds some new demonstration ofthe bene ficial eflects ofthe Wbig TarifT of 1842. Among these is a steady and healthy advance in the price of Wool. William Baker, Esq., of Urbana.sold his wool tbiscpring for fortt five cents per pound. This wool.the product of the last two years, had been kept on hand for tbe want of a profitable market, but Mr. B. knowing, as every well informed man must, that one ef the effects of the TarifT would be to raise the price of wool, wisely bcld on to it, and has realized an advance of from thirty lo forty per cent. Two years ago this same wool would not have sold ior more thirty, oratmost thirty-five cents per pound." Vr. Jarvis ol Ularemont, IN. 11., latelysold 30,000 lbs. of wool at 45 cents a puuqd. This is the TarifTwbich the Pauiot tells us operatcs sn oppressively upon the farming interests ofthe country! Vt. Watchman. MR. CLAY AT LEXINGTON. Mr. Clay arrived at Lcxington on Satur- day nigbt the 18th ult. Hc atterapted to es cape the pageant with which his neighbors were determined on bidding bim welcome, but thc people forestalled him. They'drew bim out ofthe stage at the suburbs.and com- pelled him to receive their formal grectings tbrough Judge Robertson, and to bear their spqptancous chcers. He replicd, good hu- moredly, that ne was very happy to see them happy to see every one of.tliem but tbere was a fine old lady in the; ncighborhood he would rather see than auy bocty clse; aud, bcgging them to allow bim to hasten to Ash laiul, bade tbcm good nigbt. But they con ductetl him safely thilher, amidst joyous ac clamations, and Icft bim to the reposc hc so mucb desired. THE 6ALAX7. MIDDLEBURY: "VVedncsday Junc 5, 1844. For President, HENRY CLAY. For Vlce President, THE0P0IIE FRELINGUUYSEN. Mr. PARISH the Vt. State Tcmpcrance agent has commenced his labors-in tbis Coun ty. and baving beguu at Bristol, will visit Addison on tbc 7th and 8th, Bridport 9th, Shoreham lOtb.Whiting lltb.Leicester 12th, and Salisbury 13th inst. SOUTHERN CONSISTENCY. "Wc'are freqncntly told by Loco Frcc Trade mcn tbat thc south have evcr been thc oppo nents ofa protcctive systtm. "We have as of ten dcnicd this. The South in its infancy. needed the applicntion of protection. Now having grown opulent under its operation, I why forsooth it must bc east oflT as usclcss lumbcr. That principlc cxtendcd through thc whole union, all alikc were fostered byits operations ; and foreigners bave cver viewed us withjealonsy from the first intimation ou our part to protcct oursclvcs. In this we were not influenccd by a spirit of rctaliation. but from justice to our "infant" plantations ! and manufacturcrs. But to the cxtract we J wish to prescut. Facts are stubborn things, ; anj ourdeuial ofthe assertion of Frce Trade Loco3 !s confiin,edby the following: ! . In -AIr; Winthrops latc speech on the tarifT, hcstated that. iu 1794, ccrtain Northern man- j nfacturers pctitioued Congrcss to nbolisb the duty of tliree cents a pomnu on lorcign raw cotton. The petition was opposeU success- , fuiy, simply on the ground that tbe infant cotton plantations ol the boutn neeaeci me ' prouclionoj tnis auiy. . . T7 We admire tbe spirit of tho following rcs j o'ution ofiered at tbe Young Mcu's Club, by ! E. J. l'helps Esq.and passed with a bearty ayc. We hope tho ladies will favor the meetings ofthe Club witb tbeir prescncc, aud smilcs. In 1840 thcy cheered us on by their persotlal efi-orts -m bcbalf of reform.in 1844 thcy will do thc same. Itesohcd, That the ladies of .Middlebury bc and arc bcrcby invitcd. to attcud tbc meet ings of this Clnb, as honorary mcmbcrs of thc same. CHANCELLOR KENT ON IM- PEACIIMENT OF TYLER. It havini been suggested iu diffcrcnt j por,iong 0f tile countrv, that CoiiTrcs: ! i , . ip , Iu ! owed it to itsclf, and tho nation to im ' s lm- v admits thc nowcr and the necessiiy of , ;nipeacIlmcnt but be;erc3 ;t A dut of . ' 1 , l,le "ousc ueprcsentativcs to put it in practice. Wewishhe was amcmberof that body, as thcn we should at least scc one man, daring to do that, which wc bclieve . . - , . , . ,,. am3Jor"J f Ae nat.on desirc. Read h.s lcttcr. Wc copy the following lcttcr of Clian- ccor Kcnt from the N y. Couricr and t?- . t . , p- bnquircr, writtcn in replv to a notc of in- . 1 ' - quiry from one of thc cditors of that pa- pcr. Though bricf, it is very emphatic, and speaks volumcs in behalf of Popular R; ht3 ;n3t Exccu,;ve Usurpation. . AT V-l. Ofi tt: e r r i k-.ii A uiiiuii utjuaft;, iiwv 1 ic-i'l. Dcar Sir, I acknowledge your favor 0f yesterday, and I take the libcrty to refer you to Story's Commcntaries on the Constitution ofthe United States, vol. od) from p o2 top 273j or 7g3 ,Q 804j for al tbe authentic information and au- thority that may be wantintr. You will pCrCcive that thc Imneachmcnt Power ovcr " high crimes and misdcmeanors" is rpfP V. r iA -1 . 1 n. 1nftnnrl .1 nvnM.nr1 vcrjr broad, as dcfincd and practiccd un- der tne sanctton ofthe Common J.aw, by wh;ch ;t ;s to be construcd and governcd. j th5nk thcre can be no doubt tiat the cn0rmous abuscs and strctch of power kv Pr;,?ni Tvlor .nflnnlprl nmnln ria!s for theexercisc ofthe power of Im- npap.limpn anrl an immtlti. Atv ;n th ir nr n r,rpSpnt,,:VM . n, .practice. Yours, rcspcctfully, JAMES KENT. Mr. II. J. Ravjioxd. "We cannot but admirc the spirit of tbe following lettcr of Mr. Frelinghuysen, ac cepting thc nomination as Vice President of the U. S., conferred upon him by the National Whig Convention. It is modest and chasle, to the point, exprcssing all that is nccessary. We love to see in such lettcrs a rccognition of, and trust in Divinc Providence. Itbespeaks a christian head, and christian Acart. Well may the whigs be proud of such a man as Theodorc Frelinghuysen as tbeir candidate for the Snd highest ofiice, within their power to bestow. But to the letter. Read it, and show it to your ncighbor. MR. FRELINGHUYSEN'S ACCEP TANCE. New York, May C, 181 1. Hon. TJrm. EllsKorth, Chairman, yc. Dsaii Sir : I have duly receivcd your iavor lniormmg me ol my nomination lo the office of Vice President ofthe United States, bythe Whig Convention of Dcle- ITatPfl nt Rrlt?mnri n ihn Tcf !nf be thus distinguished by such a body ofj cjLBitea ana pairioiic urngs, is an nonor that I most sonsibly fi-el. - Iu acccpting it I can uily jirotni?e tlie bcst cfibrts, in some hutiiblc iueasure to jutfy the high coufidciice reposcd in mc. And I trust in thc goodncs's of a Divinc Providcncc so to guide i:iy s-tfps, tlnt I may ii"t disappoint thc pxpcctations of my friemls ar do harm to thc ititcrcsts four ccuntry. UcarSir, ycur friend and nb't servant, THEO. FREL1NGHUYSEN. The Youn; Mcn's Clay Club bad n rousing mccting last Thursday cvcning. Tho Town Iloom was crowdcd witb warm beart ed cnthusiastic whigs. Gen. D. W. C. Clark. from Brandon was prcsent and favored tbo assembly wilh a spcccb. It was one of tho best wc have heard since 1840. It was re plete with argnmcnt, wit and keen satire. Some of the Locos prcsent winccd uudcrhij home thrusts most scnsibly and were it not that a retrcat would bave told too plainly tbe state of their minds, they probably vtould haveretired as sooa as possible. Tbo Club were favored with some cbecring songs from the Glce Club on thc occasion. By tbe way. we hope our readers will read tbe Constitu tiou ofthe Club, and the stirring rcsolutions offered by J. M. Slade Esq., as publishcd on our first pagc. The Club bave a noble set of ofliccrs, beiug stirring and energetrc raen. Our community will have some rich treats, during tbe carapaign by way of speeches through thc agency ofthe Club. We almost forgot to mcntion. that tbe above mceting was bonorcd with tbc prcsence ofthe fair sex ofour village Wchopc the Locos will not raise their bands and cycs in such holy hor ror as in 1840 at our singing as tbey havo thought bcst to sing also. More of tbis auon. Congrcss aro busy trying to drive away time, until their proposed adjournment. In tbe House of Representalives nothing of in tercst has transpired, only tho absenco of some of tbe violent Locos to attcud tbeir Con vcution at Baltimore. The Senatc are bard at work upon the Texas Trcaty in secret ses sion and iu open scssion discussiag tbe Ta rifT. Mr. Rivcs of Virginia, has come out boldly in favor of the TarifT of 1S42. We arc glad to seo the working of correct princi ples under thc nosc of "Nous Ycrrons" Ritrbie of thc Richmond Enqnirer. He will roar like the old lion of the Hermitage and with as little cfTer.t probably. Tho peo ple arc detcrmined to bave protection, to their industry, Free Trade cannot go dowu with tho American People. Thcy will not havo it, for thcy sce in its workings prospectively, ruin aud misery to every tbing, worth lifiujj for. Tbe Locos have warncd tlirir compaay to mect at montpelier, to make nominations for State ofiiccrs on tbe 3d July. Tho commit tce ask only for delegates from the towns. Why not ask the people? Wondcrif tho party will swallow donniolkthe sl&veuol- der, &c., and rc?olve to support bim for tbc Presidcncy ! Look out for squally time among the party thcse days. How harmo- nious they are. Some like Kilkonny Ca: wc opine are tbeir fecliugs. and will be their fate. THE YAKKEE OTIO. The Yankcc idea of physical lstor Is tczctf fnlly and trnly exhibitcd in a risscc of tLe latn Tariffspeech of Mt. Rocnwcua very prctnL ing yonng membcr from Massacliusctts : Scc cess to thc yonng mcmbcis.Rockwell ind llarsh : ' If, iir, I have argncJ earnesily for protcctior, fair and just cncouragement and f rotccti'cn to A mcrican lal-or, I fccl th.-.t I have a right to 'o so. Tlie gentleman trom Vcimont, (Mr. .Varfh) in tbis ilcbate, has explaiced to ycu to how great ta exicnt laborentcrs into all our northern jrodnc tionstaswellaC7icnltunil as msr.ufctanng ar.d nicclianica). He has told yon, sir, most trulr, of" tbe nccessitv of continnal toil in winter snd ln summer. AVe could not Iir--, sir, upon our ro;j ged soil acd in cnr scrcre climate, in comfort SLd in competcnce, if labor fhysical labor were not most honorablc disticction ctnocg us. Onr yonth are trained to it. It is the loy "that ia good to woik" tbat weconsider theyouihof prom ise and ol hope. In the district which I represent herc, the first rays of the snn this mornir.c; fe!l upon the upliftcd arm cf labor; his cocntide hcat has not relaxed the muscles and tbc sincws of la bor; aDcl when hc takcs his Icave to-m'elit at th? western horizon, his nnwearied eye wilf still c ihere the svreat upon Ihe brow of labor, a crown of traei honor than tbe crowna of sovereign princcs." THE COUNTY CONVENTION. A prompt and general attendanco of th i whigs of the county is very desirable upon i.n-'.l.T. ! T : I . 1 f . this occasion. Bcsides tbc selcctiou of cood and faitbful men to represent us in tbe Sen ate of thc stato it devolvcs upon tho couuty convention to appoint town comriittecs, aod to make every necessary arrangement to se cnrc succes3 in tbc approaching political carapaign. Ncvcr was there a more momcn touscrisis in thcafTairs ofthe country. than at present exUts. Nevor have thc people had so much nt stake as in tbc autumnal clcctions. Their fate either for wcal or woe is then to be decided fnr at least one generation. Should the good whig cause then triumph tbc policy of protection will bc scttled upon a basis which cannot be shaken, aud in coa nexiun witb olhcr salutary measures will con vert thc present dawning of prosperity into a more brilliaut day than has evcr been vrit nessed by thc nation. The vcry reverse of this picturc would be tho sad result of defca!. What true whig tbcn will spare any paini or omit to embrace any opportunity to givo his countenancc and support to mcasurM preparalory to a conflict which, il not no successfully waged may be as faras he is con cerned forever too late. Beside the pcoplo may expect somo arousiug addresses from scveral distinguished whigs in thc County. Let the same glow of patiiotic cnthusiasin which animatcd tbc whigs of 1840 be re-en-kiudled ainiibt thc more checring prospects f 1844. Lct us again demonstrato to the world th.it onr canse is just, and our union perfect upona licket, with bnt oneexcep tion, we believe as splendid in talenU, as en lightened and statcsinan-h'fce in its Tiensof tho true policy of the country, and as ardent & patrioticin cnrryingit out as any whicli ivj jiaicu uui m uar ".