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The northern galaxy. [volume] (Middlebury, Vt.) 1844-1848, June 12, 1844, Image 2

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fici il does .not includc aU for wliich Mr. Van
Hureu is responsible, cxclusivc of payrnents
utttlie putilic debt. &c, because that Admiu
istratiou incurrcd liabilities which the suc
ceediiiE Whig Administration was bound to
fulGf. Whcn Mr. Van Buren camc m thcre
WMa surplus in the Treasury ''S
to C"i-i
JIc spcnt all this, and all
tho accruiog fnnds. and
left a debt, (deductmg a
lialancc in the Treasury of
7,G 12,765 05
' i ii th rofpimn whicli accrned un
j,Im A.lmmistia'iou in other words, tnai
his whole course ofcxpcnditure was prudigal
and proffigate, coustantiy cxcceu.u3
cruing meaus.
Aain: to the $112,713,590 .13 spent dur
ing Mr. Van Burcn's fotir ycars we suonlU
adJ the debt lcft of $7,(U5,75 95-inakm5
the total S110.S1G.276 33, aml avcragiug but
atriflcsbortof thiHy miUiors a ycar. JLIio
avcrage of the firstycarof llarriscn aml 1
ler i3 a fraction lcss than lieentyfivc mdlipns,
khoiving aclearWhig saving of rive Mit-
rThePatriotthiuks it has convinced
...., h.u. i.nt nnrsslvcs. that the TarifT on
Immbno. Wcfi. sir. we'll erant it
ifyoupleasc; now pray tcll us why your lo
cofoco majority of 54 in thc lower Hoiise of
.larn nnt do aWaVWltll tlllS "lllim-
bub." Vu ll'atcliman.
Thc burdeu ofthe Locofoco spcechcs.berc
and hercaboufs lias becn that the duty on
"caarse wools"' was so low, as to leavcthc
boincprodnccr "of that articlc wiihnutauy rcal
protection at all! In this way, thc3c ignoraut
or kn.ivUb just as tbcy choosc to havc it
pnliticians iOHgut to worK upon mc prcjuuic
es ofthe Farmers, and iuduce thciu to follow
TiiF.ir. lead in piilhngdouii ihe prcsciitaiict
tnrifflaw in the liotio aad expcctation
r.f!rfitiiii!rsomethinabettcr! lSnt what arc
ilm 6ms rmnectiuir co.irse wool.' Why, ac
cording te a table prcparcd at the Treasury
Oflice, it appcars thatso far froin tha impor
tation of the forcign articlc hain?, increascd
undcr this 'low' duty, it has absolulcly Jallen
off more than one half during the past year!
or about 100 pcr ccut ou the amount import
rd for tlie year iinmediatcly prcccding ihe
passage of tho prescnt lav ! Hcro aro tho fig-
ures :
For ihe ycar cndiug Scpt. 1842,
3 l0.537.2ol Ibs.
. 1813. -1,773,033 "
The Fanners ehould treasure up tbcse
facts, and they will thcn be able to close the
iuouihs of Locofoco falsificrs ou the spot !
I'rom the National InteHigcncBr.
IIousf. of Represestatives, Jlay 30,
Mnsarc. Gales & Seaton : Tho intercst
wliich I fccl, in comniou wiih the citizcns of
Pennvlvania. on tlie subicct oftlie Tanlt and
the Protection of Amcricau labor, induced
tneto makean inquiry oi Gen. IIaudin rcla
tive to the views of Col. Polk, the rccently
nominatcd candidatc for thc Presid.cncy, on
the subject of the Tariff. His answcr to that
inquiry, which he has bcen so good as to fur
nish mc in writing this moruing, prc3cnts thc
facts in rclation to Col. Polk's views on this
all-absorbins tonic in suth an importaut light.
tbat I rcspectfHlly ask forihcm the pcople of
Pennsyh'ania and thc wliolo uniou tuaiaucn
tion which they deserve, and 1 havc no doubt
-.vill rcceive; aud I thercfore requost you to
do me the favor to publish the cncloscd letter
of Gcn. Ilardin.
Vcry rcspectfuHy, yours, &c.
To Ihe Hon. James Irvin of Pcnn.
Sir: Upon thc auiioiinccuicntof James K.
Polk on yestcrday as thc nomiucc of thc
Baltimore Convcnliou for Prcsideut, whicli
cjtially asraishcd Whigs and Locos,you in
ijuiringly nskcd, "What are his opinions on
the TariiT?"
Accdrding to the promisc then givcn, I
procced to auswer your inquiry. Mr. Polk
is, aud claiim to be, a cousistent opponcul of
u Protectivc lanli; lias auvocatcd tne pnn
ciple of Frce Tradc, Eubstnntinlly : in 1833
was for resioriiis the TariiT of 1 ctlG ; aud had
ben : bitler rcvilcr of tho Whig TarifT of
1M& is forits rcpeal; aml is in favor of re-
tnruiu,; to 1I13 horizomal 20 pcr ceut. rates of
lulv uhicli prcrniluU at tlie timc ol tlie pas:
ase'uf thc TarhTof 1842.
In thc scssiou of 1832 33, Mr. Polk was
a niembcr of the Conimittoc of ays aud
Jleans, which ix-portcd a blll (which did not
pas) greatly rcJucing the dulies bclow thosc
ajojitcd by the Tarifl" act of the prcccding
s?s inn, (Tariffof 1 832.) He niadca lengthy
sp.'vic.h iu favor of theproposed bil!,nndag:iinst
tlie Prolesiivc fcystcm, whicli wilt ue found
in Conj-rcssional Dcbates, vol. 9, pagcs 11C2
to 1175. As a speciuicii ofthc ricvrs nrcscst
cd in that specch, I will cpute a fewghorlcx-
trarts :
"It appcars from this tcslimony that the
duties upon woolcns fnowfifty pcrccnt.lmay
not imly bc reducctl, but that twenty-fivc pcr
ceut ill ue a sulhcicnt protection, pnovideil
theic bc a aorresuoudiug reiluctiun nn thc
raw material, and tlie duty fully ntid fairly
coUectsu; and tuat tuc iii.iiiuliiciurcrs olcot
ton. airl cspccially of co tjc cottous, would
lie able to continuc thi'irbasiucssprtifiiably nt
the rcduccd duty of tvt clic aud a half pcr
cent. on ther,val lorcigu article. ' '
"I proposencM to cstaUMi. by lostiinony
cqiially cutitlcd to crcdit, thc lliird proposi
lion, which is, that thc mnuuf.icturcs of thc
Unitcd Statcs were in a proiperous con ditiou
uuder the act of 18IG and 1-21, and alto that
thc act cf 1S1G aflbrded thcm amplc incidcu
t.n protection. ion. J.'caaics. vol.u, paeo
"Tlie wool-groWers conider tlie iluty up
on foreign wool as impor.anl to their pros
perity. This epinion, 1 ap.;rehcnd, is found-
in crror. Vcry lituu wool of ihe middling
middlinij qnality, such as c produce, is im-
poried. X lie kmus cluelly iniportcd arc ci
lhcr the coarse South Amcrican wcol, cnst-
iu cijht ceuts aud undcr ihe puimd. nciiher
ol wliich do we produce, or il wc do.to a vcry
limiled exteut."
"My own opinion is that the woul sli'oulil
bedutyfree; but as wool-grmrcrs tbiuk oth
cnvise, wc havc rcraincd a dulv of flf;cen
per ceut. upon the unported articlc." (Con.
Dcbates, vol.0, p. 117-J.)
In rola'.inn tolbe TniifTuf 1842 wc aro
nt no loss for his npinious. Mr. Po!k was
ii mndidalc for Guvi-rnor in Tcnncsco in
1-43 (in which raco, you know, ho .was
h -xond timc dfca(ed hy a large imjori.
Iv.) and during tho canvass ho pcrmittud
no osiportiinily locscape him (odenouncu
Iha Tarff in Iho most Iiitl.ir lcrins In ro
p.mse lo an inquiry whrthcr ho "approv
i-d uf.iirli n TanfTa.s would give prolcc
tmn to Iloine Induslry ngain.st Foroign
lndiKtrv," hu iinswrri-il, as l am iiilbri.i.
! bv ui-iiileiiicn wlin src pcrfoclly fami'
nr iriilt liis v:ews, as niveu on Ihe sluinp
a jJ iii lu circular, that h i wns opp ssd
lo thc principlo of Prolcclion. His answcr
to Ihis and olher iutcrrogalivcs will he pub
lishcd as soon as they can be procured
from Tenncsee.
Fortunately, howcvcr, 1am af.no loss
fnr an authentic documcnt which presents
Col- Polk's views of Iho Tufiffof 1842.
I have before mc the ' Synopsis of Gov.
Polk's Specch to thn Peoplo of Sladiso.i
in the aOjoiniiig Countics, dclivcrnd nt
Jackjon.on Mondny the 3d of April.1643,'
printcd in pamphlct form. and written oul
for pub!icalin by Gov. Polk- Froin it I
cjuotc the following exlracts :
"lle took othrr views. bricfly prcscnlcd,
of the subjfct, nnd procccdcd to thc dis-
Mi'nn nt lno 1'roiCCllVO t atiu uu u.
cd bv Ihe last Congrcss. Hc showcd that
it -!! n hi.r i v Proteclivc l arill ana noi
or.u for revenue. I le showcd that, by the
Comnromiss Tariff of 1833. ihe tax on no
1 . . , n f. .
impotled arttcle was lo escccu u pcr
nnon ils valuo allcr tae ouiu oi -um.
in liif ilt l laa ner ctn .
imiio.-;iiil on nnv arucio aucr imu
Jimc. 1842,unlil tho 30lht'of August,lS42,
on which latter dav llie prcscni i anu ua
passed by a Whis'Congress. The WIiir
Congrcss laid violcnt hads on tho Com
promiso Act of 1833, and brokc it up."
It was clcar Ihereforo, that thc late
Tariff act was not a revcnuo mcasuro. It
has laised thc ratcs of duty so hisli as lo
shut out imports, and conscqucntly to cut
offan.i diminish ttv.n c.''
"Judging from Iho amount of rovcnuo
rcceivcd at tho Treasury, undcr the opcr
ations of l!ic prescnt Tariff acl. fr thc
last quarlcr of 1842, as alrcady Iiown, it
wi l not prcducu annually half tho amount
of revcnuo which would have bccn pro
duccd uv tho lower rates ofthc comprom
io act.liad that act bcen lcft undisturhcd.
"Ile was opposcd to dirccl taxcs, and to
prohibitoiy and proteclivc dulies, and in
favor of eiich modcrato dulics as would
not cut ofTimporlations. In otbcr words.
he was in favor of reducfng the duties to
the rates of Iho Compromiso act, wherc
the Whig Congress found Ihom on the
30th of Juuc, 1842."
"The South, and ho with thcm, had vo
tcd for Iho act of 1832 because it wa9 a
rcduclicn of tho ratcs of 1829, though by
no mcans so low as he would havo dcsired
it to be ; slill it was the grcatest rsduction
wliich could bo altaincd at tho timoof ils
"Thcuiffcrencclotwcon Iho course of
tho political parly with which ho Sir.
Millon Brown ncls and myselfis, whilst
they aro theadvocatos of distribution and
a Protcctivo TarifT, mcasurca which 1 con
sidcr ruinous lo thc intctcsls of tho coun
iry.and cspccially to the intcrcsls of the
planling Statcs I have slcadily and at all
limes opp s:d bo'h."
Tbcse cxtracta conclusively preve tho
tho hoslility of Col. Polk to Ihe protcctivo
policy, wliich ho coasidcrs "ruinous to the
country,cspecial'y lo tho planting Statcs."
Tiiat is a sufftcient nrgumcnt with him.
He thcrefore is now for "reducing the du
ties to tho ratcs undcr the compromiso
nct, whcro the Wliig Congress found them
on the 30th Junc, 1842 ;" and Gov. Polk
himsclf shows that "tho tax on no iniport
cd arlicle was lo cicccd 20 pcr cent. up
on its valuo aflcr Ihe 3ftHi of June, 1842."
Thcn it is clcarly scen that hc is for n
horizontal Tariff of twcnty per cent with
discriminations if any are tnadc bclow
cvcn that ratc.
I pass by, witliout commcnt, tho far
soctng stalesman-likc prcdiclions of Gov.
Polk, that Ihe Tariff of 1842 "had raiscd
thc rales of duty so high as to shut out im
ports, and conscqucntljrlo cut offand di
minish rcvenuo." Tho suhscquent in-
crcase of both imports and revenue undcr
this Tariff havc givcn euch a fulfilmcnt to
this prophccy as must forevcr tmmorializc
Col. Polk as a wondcrful prophet !
Durin" tho coniideration of tho Tariff
of 1842, ns tho revcnuo produccd by tho
20 pcr ccnt. dulies of the compromisc act
wcre allogethcr in.-idcquato to dcfray Ihe
cxpcnditnrcs of the Govcrnmenl, a propo-
sition was madc (o lay a duty on tca and
coffc, for which a nuniber of U higs in
Congress volcd, io ordcr to incrcasc thc
revenue and rcdccm (hc sinking crcdit of
Govcrnment. Col Polk scized upon this
vote to give a casligation of thosc Whigs
who had volcd for llns proposilion. 1 his
callcd forth a rcsponse from Ihe Hon
Millon Drown, of Tcnncscc. and lcd to r.
political dtscussion at Jnckson, Tcnno
scc, whore Col. Polk dclivcrcd thc specch
abovo icfcrrcd (o. Hc was mosl Inumph
anlly answcred hy Mr. M. Crown, who
clearly dcmonslralcd Ihat tlicuiW of 1633
rcporlcd by Iho Commiltcc ol tavs and
Mcans, of which Ccl. Polk wasa mcmbcr,
and in favor of which hc madc thc first
specch lirst quolcd from, proposcd lo im
pnsc a duty of Iwenlv pcr cent. on lca
and coffcc. At Ihe timo this proposition
wns madc, lca anu coflcc wcic cndrclv
frce of dutv ; and nnotber slriking facl
appcars from Col, Polk's specch in 1833,
that thc Govcrnment then had "six millions
cf revenue from the impost moro than we
nced." Con. Dcbalre, vol. 9. 1174 J Ycl
nntv.illislanding such was Iho admillcd
facl, Col. Polk volcd against a proposition
io strikc out tca snJ colfoo from tho pro
poscd bill. soas lo conlinuc thcm frce of
dnty. Jour. Houso of Keprcscnlatives
1832 "3, pp. 300 and 391.
But this subject was so ably hacdled, and
Col. Polk's adcaptandumobjcctionsothoro'
ly cxposcd by 3Ir. Bronu in liis rcsponse to
Col. Polk on tbat occasion at Jacksou, Tcn
ncsscc, tbat I must beg to call your attention
to the exlracts from hisrciuarks wliich I hcre
appcud: and do so the more camcstly as it
givcs au msight mto some of thc traits of
charactcr of the newly-made candidatc of the
Loco t ocos for tbe 1 rcsidcncy.
Coiuciding as Col. Polk does in opinion
with Calhoun and ihe anti-tarifT-frce-trade
mcu ofthc South in his views on the tarilT,
itis not surprising that they should have bcen
willing to compromisc on him, noris itat all
astonishing to hear that Mcssrs. Pickcns and
Elmore, the miuistcrs plcnipotcutiary from
South Carolina to Baltiriforc, althoughrcftis
ingto articipate in the procccdines of .the
Couventiou, yet, whcn tbe nomination was
madc, rosa up in the Couventiou and pled"ed
the vote ofSauth Carolina for Col. Polk'
And it now only rcmaius to be seen whether
that large portion of the Democratic party
who believe iu the policy and propriety of
bestowiuj; fair protection upon Amcrican in.
dustry, will consent to bc hauded over with
out notice or consultaliun to.the support of a
frce-trade-horizoutal-tarifT advocate, who is
the make-shift candidatc of the Baltimore
Convention. Respectfnlly yours.
JOnN J. HARDIN, of 111.
Washineton, Mov 30, 1SM.
Tho Caledonia, arrivcd at Boston Satur-
day morning, briDgs London aud Livcrpool
dates to the 19tlriMay haviug perfonncd the
tnp iu 1 1-" uays. Tne ncws is in many
respcctsinteresting; and-we find it, as tisual,
admirably collatcd and prcpared to our hand
in the 'European Timcs' of Mcssrs. Will
racr and Smith. Pcrliaps the most impor
taut ilem of iutclligencc by this arrival i3 the
coulirmation of the intcntion on the part of
tbe iintish Uovernment to abstain from all
interference in any shapc with the affairs of
Te.tas. The anuouncemcut of the Treaty
of Mr. Tyler for thc Anncxation of that coun
try to the Unitcd States had of course creatcd
great cxcitcment andastouishment; butcven
ihis uuheard of movcmcut, which was well
calculated to crcate ill fcclings in a Govcrn
ment so jealous and watchful as that of Great
Britam, has arouscd no intcntion of contest
iug for a prizo which the Govcrument con
siders worse thau wortldcss, nor auy disposi-
tion lo take advautagc of this cxciting ques
tiou for the purpose of interfering with Amcr
ican Institutions. The tollowing are thc pro
ceedingsin Parliament:
Lord Brougbam wishcd to ask tlie noblc
lord, the Sccretary of Forcign Affairs, if hc
had reccivcd iuformation with respcct to thc
Treaty for the anncxation of Texas with the
U. Statcs. This was a qucstion of vast im
portancc, so far as the abolition of Slavcry
was coqccrncd, but hc trusted that the dccid
inr portion ofthc Congress,uainely,two-thirds
of thc meinbcrs, would oppose it. Nothiug
which had droppcd from lum or tne noulc
lord at the hcad of tho Foreign Department
cvcn justificd thciufcrcnce that this country,
althouzh dcploring the existcnce of Slavery,
cvcr contemplatcd any interference with thc
Uonstitution ot Amcnca.
Tlie Earl of Abcrdccn said thc noble and
Iearncd lord could not expcct him to give
a prccisc answer to thc qucstion he asked.
It was a subject quitc new and nucxaniplcd
in the history of nations, and his noble and
Iearncd fiieud might dcpend upon it that
it would rcceive thc most scrious atten
tion ofher Majcsty's Govcrnment. It was
truc, lie belicvcd that the l rcaty for tho An
ncxation of Texas to the Unitcd States had
bccn signcd : but he agrccd in thc hope cx
prcsecd by his noble and Iearncd frieud, that
thc majority would not agrce in the Ratifica
tion of it. At prescnt hc could not spcak
with coniidcncc on the subject; but whcn
thc time came, he should state his opinions
to the Housc, and act consistcntly with his
duty as ministcr of tbe Cro wn. N othing that
hc or the noble lord oppositc had cver said,
could justify thc suspicion that they intcndcd
iu inicnerc wuu iimcrican lusiiiuuoiis.
Muchtothc chargin of his cncmies, Mr.
O'Conncll has net yet bccn scntcnccd, ai'd
sccms as far from thc dungcon door as cvtr.
Opinion appcars to bc gaiuing consistencc
that thc Judgcs havc scrious doubts as to thc
strict Icgality of some of thcir procccdings,
and ttiat they will continue to postpouc m
flicting the sentencc upon Mr. O'Conncll aud
his fricnds for a vcry lonz time. Mcanwhile
thc Liberator maintains his old place iu Pnr
liamcnLbattling with all his mijlit indcfcuce
of his couutrymcn, and thundcring away in
opposition to tuc Irish (jovcrnuicnt s new
Registration Bill. Thc motion for a new
trial, aftcr having bccn argucd through tbe
whole tcrm, has not bcen dccidcd, and the
term isclosed.
The cottou market has cxpcricnccd a ter
riblc rcaction, in conscqucnce of the ncws
which came to hand by the Acadaand prcvi
ously. The opinion now is that the crop
will cxcced two millions; aud tho statcmcnts,
at the sacrifice of facts, which reachcd this
country in thc early part of the year, rcspcct-
ing tlie auegcd deiicicncy, wlulc they pro
duccd at the time a momcntary cxcitcment,
liave left behind them no little irritation, aud,
it may bc, scrious loss, not less to thosc who
bclievcd thau to thosc who iuveuted thcm.
A glancc at our amplc market rcports will
show tbe desponding statc of tbe market, and
thc senous rcduction m the valuo ol thc sta
plc. Willmer.
Rujioeed M.r.niAGE ofIMr. O'Cossell.
Thcre is a rumor afloat, which.it is statcd,
has causcd a cousiderablc uncasincss and dis
satisfaction araong theimmcdiatc conncxions
of Mr. Danicl O'conuell. It is, according to
this report, credibly bclievcd that the honor
able and learned gcntlcmcu is about to
re cnterthc holy bonds ofwcdlock, with the
sister ol a ilistiuguisbcd' mcmbcr ol Tnnity
Collcge, and, morcovora staunch memberof
thc tcuets of thc Church of England. ( Timcs
In tho Chainber of Dcnutics, on thc 4lh
inst. a discussion of some intercst aroscon thc
bringing np ofa report ou a petition for thc
imuiediatc abolition ot alavcry. iYl. Ucnis,
wbo broushtup thc report, said that the con
ditiou and sulTcrings of thc ucgrocs in thc
colonics ncrc mnch cxacgeratcd. With few
exccptions. the inquirics madc wcre satisfac-
tory. He admittcd, howcvcr, as also did the
uovcrnincnt, tuat blavcry must sooncr- or
disappcarfiom thc Frcnch posscssions; but
an lmraediatc abolition would, hc contcr.dcd,
bo vcry disastrous.
The Ministcr ofthc Interiordeclared there
was no doubt on the part of tho Govcrnment
as to thc tiecessity of ultimatcly abohshing
aiavery, tiut tlie time uad not arrivcd whcn
tbe Oovcrnmeut could safely opposc the im
mcdialR abolition of Slavcry. It nasneccs-
sary that thc blacks should bc instructcd and
cirilizcd, and for that purpose the Govern-
ment was anxiously cmployed in cstablishing
Aciiimanes oi rcugious anu morai mstructiou,
aud in rcgulatmg the pcnods of labor.
A vcry spintcd discussion followcd. in the
course of which M. Ledru Rollin dcclarcd
that the seminarics spokcn ofby thc Ministcr
ofMarine had becn long cstablbhcd, but tbat
they wcre uselcss, because tbe masters ofthc
blacks would notallow theirslaves to artend
thcschools; aud M. Guitot said that it wa3
so wcll kuown that thc iramcdiato abolition
was impossiblc, that he darcd any raembcrto
propose it.
Ultimatcly, thc Chamhcr rcfcrred thc pe-
uuon to tuc luuiistcroi marmeand uolonics.
ConcsjMmdcnce of the Daily Clironicle.
Washington, May 10, 1844.
bif.ssrs. Alexaxder & Scott. Tho
astounding fact was madc knowh Jasl
night, in Execntivo scssion, in tho Scnalc,
Ihat Ihe Prcsidcnt has ordcn:d a stron"
military forcc lo Iho frunlicrs of Texas.
and a navol force of 1G vessels to the
coasts of Mexico and Texas, for Iho pur
pose of assisting tho Republic of Texas in
tho event of an invasion by the Mcxican
army. Without nny aulhority whatcvcr,
tho Presidcnt has taken upon himsclf thc
responsibility of making Ihis nation a par
ty to a war bctwecn ioicicn Statcs. A
moro recklcss and unprinciplcd nbusp of
power has ncvcr bcen wilncssed in lhis
counlry. Even tho most loleranl of the
encmks nf John Tyler now begin to talk
of impeachmcnt.
ucn. Cass comes out to nieht in thn
Globe, in favor of Ihe imtnediato anncxa
tion of Texas. This. of course. kills him
offnsanavailablecandidDlo in Iho Nonh.
Letter from Senatob IiABRow.-Tho
National Inlclligenccr containa ,sn able
letter from Mr Barrow, one of tho Unitcd
States Scnators from Louisiana, in which
Stales Scnators from louisiana, m wn.ci.
. . . FJ i . V Su mi" hc Tsav7
firs startcd, ho favored .1. hd . he sajs
"aflcr na uro and ca m reflecl ,on, I havo
arrivcd at Ihe conclus.on that the.c cxisls
A?"r?rt?A. lywS
that the ',nZnZ
orciuo Oonai. w. j"
thc nalion in an uniust war, but would, m
an cspccial mnnncr, proslrate tho best in
tcrcsls of liomsania.
Mr Barrow then gocs on to givo nt
lcngth his objcctions to thoj'schcme.iand
concludcs as follows :
I have thus, my fcllowcilizcns, prcscn
i , ; mV -nlain unvarnished" Allh. I U1JL.1U
wav. the views I entertain upon a queslion
which, I am compcllcd to believe, has
bcen agitafed, in ils inceplion and pro-
gress, rathcr with a view to the gratifica.
tion of sclfish ambilion and tho attain-
mentofpower than to promolc thc iulcr-
ests and harmony of the whole country.
And, in conclusion, 1 wouiu usk you iu
nause and rcflect. as I have donc. before
you allow yourselvcs to be Jcarricd away
by the specious but falso argument ofthc
advocatcs of this mcasure. I would ask,
too, if immediatc anncxation is of such
ovcrwhelmning importance that wo should
bc ready to sacrificc for ils attainmcnt
thcsc great principlcs such as a national
currcncv. a tarifl. a distribution of tho
public Iands for wliich wo havcso long I
and so manfully contcndcd 1 To oblain j
Texas, wliich can hc oblaincd atlhis timo j
only wilh dangcr and dishonor, aro you
willing to throw ovcrboard these and tho !
olher principlcs of tne Whig party, and j
lo toss aflcr thcm tiii: man who is thcir
trucst and bcst tcprcscntativc ?
Washington, May 21, 1844.
If ;l!iere is an honcst man who cvcr
really bclievcd tho lie that Mr Clay once
declarcd that 'if you do not allow us Black
blaves, wc must havcj II hite oncs, osc.
&c. wo cnlrcat him to just rcad Iho fol
lowing corrcspondcnco Wc will not add
a word.
House of RErnEsr.KTATivES, May 25'
Totho Editors oflhe National" Inlelli.
gcncer : Gentlejien: '"l'hercwith trans.
mit a letter written some wcckssincc hy
Mr. Clay, (in rcply to a note which I ad.
drcssed lo him at Norfolk, in Virginia,)
wlncli 1 iiavc withucld trom pubhcation,
inasmuch as ho was imprcsscd (as he cx.
prcssed in hisdottcr) that Iovorratcd the
importance of the charger Within Iho
last tcn days I havc rcceivcd scveral let
lcrs asking copic3 of mv spcech, but shall
do so at the first convcniont moment. In
Ihe mcan timc you will plcaso publish tho
cncloscd, whicli ia a singlo link in tho
chain of teslimony I havo in my posscs
sion to nail Ihis chargejlo the counlor as
a baso forgery.
To Mcssrs. Gales & Seaton.
Washington, May C, 10644.
5Iv Dear Sir : I have reccivcd your
nolo, bringing lo my 'noiico a ccrtilicalo
subscnbed by five gcntlemcn, mcmbcrs of
thc prescnt Housc of Rcprcscnlnlives, all
of thcm my political npponcnts, wluch
you inforin mc is going Ihe grounds of thc
Loco Foco pnpcrs. 'J'hc objcct of that
ccrtificale s ccms to bo lo verify thccor
rcclness of an extracl lakcn from IhoNa
tional Inlclligencer of Ihe 1st of July,
1620. In that cxlrstct I am slated by a
formcr mcnibur of thu Houso of Repre
scn'alivcs (I believe not now Iiving to
havo rcmatkod, in a dchato which occur
red a ycar before, to thc following effcct :
'If gcnllcmci: will not nllow us to havc
black slavcs they must lct us havo tehile
oncs, for wccannot cut our fircwood, and
black our shocs, nnd have our wivcs and
daughtcrs wcrk in iho kitchcn."
I think you atluch an importance to
this tniscrable atlcmpt to prcjudice mo
which it does not inerit. Hcro is at? ex
tract from the filcs of Iho lntelligcncor.
undcr dale nearly Iwonly.four j'cars ago,
not from any specch of minc, but from a
specch of anothcr mcmbcr of Congress.
Ho does not tindcrtako to give my icords,
but mcrcly states his imprcssion of the
tjfect of ccrlain words used by mo a ycar
Durinp tho long and arduous discuss-
ionsof what wns callcd Ihe Missouri qucs-1
tion. 1 wns SO cnirrossert with tlirtr imnnr.
tancc of tho subject, and so dcnply appro.
hcnsivc ot tlie awlnl conscquenccs which
it involvcd, that I nnvcr wroto out or cor-1
rcclcd anv specch of minc made during
tha nroffrcss of Iho dcbatf. On tho lasi
and rnost imporlant occasion ofthc agila-
tntionoflhat oucstion. I mado an nlnhrv
rate specch of scveral hours' duralion, no
part of which I believe, was over rcporlcd
by any ot mo stenograpucrs, as il ccrtain-
ly ncvcr was by mc.
h I ccrtainly will not underlaks to rccilo
what wcre tho prccisc words uscd bv mo
on the occasion of thc numorous pce'chcs
short or lonc. wiich I made- in Confirrs
on thfi Missouri queslion ; but this I will
underlake to asscrt, with the most pcr.
fcct coniidcncc, that I ncvcr uscd Ihe
words, or any words which would bear the
import, of the cxlract to which I havo al.
ludcd. I am confidenl of il, bccauso I
ncver cntcrtaincd such a sonlimcnt in
my life. I ncvcr conccivcd a conlingen
cy in which I would favor or countcnance
reducing whito men lo slavcry. To such
an impulation I may oppose tho tenor of
a whole life, during which my humblc ex
crlions havo becn constnhtly direclcd to
tho prcscrvalion of libcrty at homo and
llie encouragcfricnt ofits cstablishment
in foreign crlunlrics. Ifl havc not bccn
able to cxlcnd theso cxcrlions to llie black
race held in bondagc in Ihis counlry, it
has becn bccauso of cunsidcrations and
convictions, 8incerely and honcslly cn
terlamcn, cmbracing Iho peacc and han
pincssof both the white and black raccs,
which havo becn oflcn prcscnlcd lo the
It is quilc possiblc that, in argmng up
on llie cxisicncc ol the inslilution of
Slavery in this counlry, I may have con
tended that tho black jace suppliod thoso
donjestic officers, which undcr Ihe namcs
of 'help,' 'mcDial scrvanlr,' nnd 'do,mes-
tics,' are to bc found in evory slale of
civilized sociely, and conseouently re
lievcd the whito race from' thc pcrforraan
rpsnf thoso officcs. Iflevcr havo em-
argument. (of which I
KnoS rcCCco..ccic8n.) it is ajparent how
crroncous infcrences may havc drawn
fa t;ficrs to
S ei norboLtyofthatin myown
family: but I vcnture to say that no one
of them performs more domestic industry
i ., , .
WUU IlUf UWU IIUUU3 lliuu iiij .ww
I am, with great respcct your fricnd
and ob t. serv t.
Hon. Jonx WniTE.
From a rCport of the Secretary of the
Treasury, on the 2Gth of March last, it
seems that the following sums granted to
the new states respectively, in money and
Jands, for internal improvemenls, educa-
t;on &,c rcckoning theilands at $1,25
Expendcd on the Nation
al Iload (20,000 a
Total 815,000,331
We publish this to complain, not oflib
erality to these new states.but of Rolbevy
of Vermont, and of the old thirtccn.
The public lands weie solemnly pledged
for the comrnon benefit of all the states
in iust proportions; on this condition
congress accepted them; but while mill
ions on millions Iiavc been generousiy
granted to these younger sisters of the
LTnion, uothing has been given to the
other states, except one loan of surplus
revcnuo, and one solttary division ol the
land fund undcr thc Whig distribution
law. Is thisnartialitv rinhtl Is Vermont
less entitled to a sharc than Ohio or Indi
ana? Did our fathers comc short in their
sacrifices in acquiring thc independence
and proprietorship of the nation? No!
surely, No: and yet her claims will Iwdc-
nicd and her rights outragcd, unless thc
policy of distribution is rcstorcd. It is
our only hope; it is a Whig measure it
is a measure otjuslitc to the states. Let
Let the people remember that to this
measure tho locofoco leaders are uncom-
promisingly opposed. Vt. Watchman.
Mr. H. McKic, of Salem, Washington
county, was robbcd this morntngof IEN
followina circumstanccs. Mr. McKie
came up the river last night in the Albany
arriving hcre about half past 7 o'clock
Ho went from Iho boat lo the City Hotel,
wherc hc is accustomcd lo stop ; walked
inlo thc hall in Iho rcar ofthc uar-rcom
hung up his ovcrcoat and carpetbag on a
hook and wcnt directly into thc dining
room whero brcakfast had iust bccn serve.
ed, without pultinghis baggago in chargc
of any body or tclliug Iho bar-kcepor that
it contamcd anytlnng ol unusual valuc.
When Mr. McKie camc out from break'
fast Ihe carpct-bag, containing thc tcn
tliousand dollars, was missing, and then
Mr. McKie for tho first timc, mcntioncd
Inquiry bcing mado at onco it was as
ccrtaincd that a strangcr had bccn scen in
the reading.room of tho Hotel just about
brcakfast time, and that tho bar kccper,
not fancying liis looks, had asktd him if
ha wsshed for brcakfast, to which he rc
plicd in tho negalive. Just thcn a num
ber of pcrsons came in from thc boats,
and Ihe attention of tho bur-kccpcr was
engrosscd by them. Ho had just dispos.
edofthem when Mr McKin discovered
and proclaimcd his loss. Of course thc
suspicioii3 looking individual, noticed by
tho bar-kccpcr, was gone ; and a pcrson
coming up Market slrcct, said that he had
mct n man, answcring the dcscription
acd currying u cnrpcl-bag in his hand,
hurrying towards the rail road.
A messcngcr was forwith dispatchcd to
tho d,;Pot of ,ho Wohawk and Huuson
n-anrouu, ui.u iito uai-tii.uiiuu iuui
1 sucn n.man htld Dccn tIiero' about fivo or
,ea ni""'C3 ioo iaiu iur uiu cars ; unu
tIiat ai,inS ' ouloin a passago in thcm
lle Iiad enricavorcd, but in vam to gct a
cab er linckman to take him on lo Sche-
ncctady. When last seen he wa3 going
up bydius Street
Mr McKie has offercda roward of five
hund'red dollars for tho rccovcry of the
tJ "Jt- u""1 ul " "u
.smccrely hope that ho will attain both
objecls. Tho ihicf is belioved to bo an
' English pickpockct of somo notoricty,
' who becn scen in our city for two or
' Ihrce days past. Wo have not been furn-
ished with any dcscription of his pcrson.
t!.ve. Jour.J
CoTTespondence of the dladisanian.
Extract ofa leller datcd, FRANKroRT,
(Ky.) May 7. 1834. Dear Friend ; I
liaslcn to inform you of thc great excilo
ment hcre on the Texas queslion. Nev
cr has such a sccno taken place in my
rccollcction tho wliolo Van Burcn parly,
in mass. havo left him, and say they go
for ilir Tyler. This is no fiction I as.
sure you that I am unable to givo any
idea of tho chatigo that has como over
the whole pcople of the South. I have
havc scen a numbcr ofthe Delcgatcs of
tho Baltimore Convention. who inform
mo Ihat they will die boforo they will sup
port Mr. Van Burcn; and, in come cascs
they havo been instructcd to go against
him. I have but little doubt but nll will
be scr instructcd bcforo they go on."
A Sto.s. Tho Vt Mcrcury says a vole
was latcly lakcn at tho Vt. Mcdical Col
lege on tbo Prcsidcntial qucstion. It ro
sullcd as follows : For Clay & Frcling
huyscn, 66, for Tyler, Van Burcn J-c. 24.
Only 42 majority for Clay & Prolcction !
That will do.
CorruvondcnceoftheN. 1" American.
Washington, May 21.
Dear Sir Riimors'arn rtfc to-day that
nmre disclosurcs wil! bo mado soon which
will. place tho Presidcnt in a predicamont
much worso thnn hc now occupics.
Thcre will no doubt be a movemrnt for
impeachmcnt soon.
Van Buren, ns wcll as I can rcad the
signs oflhe times, will ccrtainly be noin
inated next wock. A po'rtion ofthe dele
gatcs will probably eilhcr prolcst agr.inst
Van Buren or will cecedo pcrliaps in a
Two plans of nclion thcn prcscnlcd
themselvcs, citheran immediato nornina
tion of anothcr candidato or the;recom.'
mcndation ofanothcr convention.
Some of tho violcnt Texas men nppear
willing to tako up even John Tyler, or
Cass, orSlewart, ench a fitting toool.
OrThcro isin tho following advice,
tho koy to success lct thcre bo light aud
tho Whig causo must (riumph ! It comcs
from au exchange, we know not tho pa-
Inrnitv l.nf it oliiuilrl Im inscribcd 011 tab.
lets at Iho head of overy Club Room in the
Union. Pliil. l-orum.j
"Whigs! it you gccagoou spcecn, a
tvnll written nhnmnhlet. a valuablo dacu-
menl, or a well conducled Whig papcr,
rcad it carcfully, and hand it over lo
some neighbor or friend and induce him
to rcad it and lo nrrivo at thc truth. It
wo can only get thc people to read and
nnderstnnd tho true slatc of thc liolitical
qucstions that divido the people, they
would ncarly all be sound Whigs. Bc
aclive and vigilent. Get the pcople to
read tlieyoung men, anu tuc om men.
Lct there bo light."
Correspondence of the Exprcss.
Washington, May 14, 1844.
Anecdote op .Mr Clay- An inlclli
gent but slurdy 'dcmocrat' on bcing in
troduccd lo Hcnry Clay, found him agrce
ablo enough to say to him that though he
diffcrod with Mr Clay in politics, his 'wife'
was a good Whig, and oflcn prcssed him
io change his politics. Mr Clay rcplicd,
promptly and archly, that upon many
qucstions "ho had found it good policy to
lake his wife's advice." Tho gentlcman
rcplicd to n fiicnd, that nftcr Ihat, ho
thought hc'should havc to vote for Henry
Tho Boslon Transcripl, cdilcd by a
lady, thus noliccs Ihe "great reception
meeting in Boston on Thursday of last
wcck, whcn Danicl Webstcr sjioke.
''Tho gallcrics wcro filh d with ladics,
inspircd, as truc wnmcn should nlways bo
wilh lovo of country, and a patriotic nride
in thoso who do thc bcst to support good
govcrnment. " Eight hundrcd Whig wo
mcnj" wcto thcre lo hcar thcir malo rcla
Of honor, virtuc, hberly, and Romo,"
and llie numbcr would havo bccn Ireblcd,
had thcre bcen space toconlain thom."
A Good Answeh. A young gcnllo
man who does not livo a thousand milcs
from this city, was in thc act of popping
thc queslion to a young lady thc other
cveiiing, when just at tho "wifching timc"
her fathcr cntorcd tho room, and cn
quircd what they wcro about ? ' O !"
promptly rcplicd tho fair one, ' Mr.
was just cxplaining thc qucstion of annrr
ation to mc.and hc is for immediate annex
ation." ' Wcll," said Papa, ' if you can
agrco on a treaty, I'll ratify it. Boslon
Thc Rcpiiblic, a dccidcd and ablo
Frce Tradc, Texas, and gcncrally "dem
ocratic" papcr sympalhising wilh Ihat
party on all thc qucstions of lcading
intercst, thus throws up its hand for the
comi.ig contcst. Aflcr menlioning thc
nomination of Mr. Polk, it says :
"Tho qucstion out of doors now is,
whether Ihe ratifiealion ofthis vote will
bc as unanimcus among Ihe rank and filc
of Iho Democracy ? will tho cry "tofol
'ow our lcadcrs" bo allowed to sway Ihcir
impulscs and decidi their tnovcmcnls 1
We think not. We do not believe that
Iho tardy nomination ofa man so little
known, and, thercfore, so little calcula
ted to intercst tho f,ympathy of tho Dcmo
cralic party. will be eilhcr generally ac
cepted or rcspcctcd."
"Tho political campaign is now fairly
commcopcd ; but thu contcst will bc both
fccblc and unsicady, from Iho inequality
and incongruity ofthc forces that will bc
cngagcd ; and no imparlial spcctator of
thc conlhct can long cotcrtam a doubt
upon which helm will wnve llie plume of
victory. I he harmony, thc dccorous or
dcr which prcvails among thc W higs,
must lead them on lo trtumph, assurelvas
the dissenston and irrcconcilablc differcn-
ces ofthc Dcmocrats must conduct them
to defcal. But lct thcm be consolcd bv
tho poctic assurancc 'Ihat swcct arc thc
userof advcrsity,' and thc rough counsels
they will neccssarily tako of their dssap
pointmcnt will cnablc thcm (o find on nn
olher trial that 'sure, safe way' which
they havc this limc misscd. Wo allow
ourselvcs to spcak of Mr. Clay's elcction
with tho ccrtainly which prescnt appcir-
anccs warranl, and xeiuch nothmg we can
imagine will pretenl.
Mr. Clatand Abolitioxists. The Ed-
ilor oftlie Auti (not political) Slavery Stan
dard David Lee Child alluding to Mr.
Clay's manly Icttcr on tho Annexatiou ques
lion, says :
I Iook upon Mr. Clay's letter as satisfacto-
ry. ilc is not atraid, siavcnoiucr as ne is,
ttf name 'Slwehv,' while 'Van Burcn cs-
chews it as hc would a pest housc. Clay tells
the natiou and tho world, that to annex Tex
as will be to cngagc in war 'for the propoga
tion of slavery.' I admit that while I like the
Statesmau as hc appears in this letter, I
should have bccn glad to havo scen mobk of
,tne philaothropist and relormcr; still 1 cnn-
not Ucny upon tho wliolc, thc letter appears
to me satisfactory. It is not as carefully
written asYan Burcn's, but itis the hcightof
Ileaven above inn bonesty.'
Wno is to be the Tyler Vice Pkesi-
dekt? ThoGlobcs dcsignalcs BOB!!!
A wag wcll known in this city, has sug
gcstcd Sauta Anu 1 .'Richmond Whig.
H'c sugjjrsl Prosiiluiit Ilwston of Tex
as. Hewillbo clisible as n rnndidalchv
Ihe time J'vler is clected to ihe Presidtn.
n u y n a r A v ir
il tLi y il U iS A 1 .
Wednesday Juno 12, 1844.
For President,
For Vice Presideat,
"1 sound National Currency, regulated ly'
the icill and authority of the nation:
An adequate recenue,mth a fair protection L,
American industry :
Just rcstrainls on the executire power, cm
bracing afurtlierrestriclion on tlie exercise of
the Velo: J
A faitliful admikislraiion ofthe pvllic do
main, xcithan ejuitabledistribulionofthepro
cceds of the sales ofit among cll the Slales .-
An honcst and eifualdministratioa of tht
General Govcrnmenl, SEaving vubllc oSccrs
perfccl frecdom of thought, and of Uie rigkt of
sugrage, oul zciui suuavic Tcsirainis against
improper inlerferencc in elections.
An amendment oflhe Conslitution,UniUing
tlie incumbent oftlie Presidenlial ojice lo a siu
gle Term" 1IEXHY CLAY.
3" The fol!owin cxlract from a Speech dclirer
et! by JAMES K. l'OLK before llie People of add
ison" county on llie SJ day of April, 1S43, uill eIigu
ihat hc ia and alway? Iiad bcen, an uncomproniuinj
opponcnt of a Pbotective TiRirr:
' The diffcrcnce leticeen the course (,
political party with tchich he Mr. Milton
lirowuj acls ana myselj is, whilst they are tht
advocatcs of distribution and a Proteclire Ta
riff measures which I consider ruinous to the
inlereslsof tlie country, and cspccially to tlu.
inlcrests ofthe planting Statcs Iharcstead
ily and at all times opiosed botlt."
",Aare nohesitation in declaring, that Ian
in favor of the immediale re-anncxalion of
Texas to the territory and government of &e
Unilcil States." James K. Polk to the citi
zcns of Cincinnali, April 23, 16-14.
"The Wool-Growers consider the duty up
on foreign wool as impurtant to thcir pro3
pcrity. jTi! opinion is foundcd in crror!"
James K. Polk.
" My opiniou is, that WOOL should be du
ty frce!" James K. Polk,
Home Market.
Tho subject of providing a homc mar
ket for our own products, is moro and
more engrossing public" attention. It
is to be rcgrctted that it has not bcforo
reccived that atlention it so justly merits.
The advocatcs of Freo Tradc, viz, thc
Locos, in their efforts to fasten their ru
inous system upon the nation, seem tofor
gct that cvery consideration calls for a
home market. If wc opcn our country
for the importation of thoso articles we
can raisc and manufacturc, frce of duty,
or only a noniinal one, the effecl is at onco
rcadily seen. Dcstnjction follows cvcry
intercst, and the wcalth of thc nation is
the forfeiture. Thc policy of Great Brit
ain has ever bccn to exact the grcatest
possiblc amount of duty upon articles
coming into competition with those raised
upon her own soil, or the result of her
manufacturing establishments. utics
amounting in cffect to complete prohibi
tion havc bccn laid for this object. She
has becn justly termed, the " work-shopof
the world." And what has sustained
Great Britaiu with tho cnormous burdcn
of debt rcsting upon her sliouldcrs ? How
is it that she sustains her credit to the ex
tent she does all over thc world ? No
other way than by persevcring in the pol
icy she has cver acted upon, that oTjro
tectinghersclf, and evcry brancli of indus
try connectcd with her immense popula
tion. The products ofher own soil meet
with a ready market at home. Who
cver hcard of ship loads of Butter, Pork,
Beef. &c, comint; from EnIand to
America ? Such a thing would in truth
be a rarity. Those cool, sagacious nicn,
who rulc England, know that no nation
can bc prcsperous that dcstrojs that in
tercst or branch of industry, that makes a
market for thc nroducts of tlie soil.
Iience thc tariff they lay, varying from
100 to 1100 per defit. upon the product3
of any other natiou. Did they but open
their ports as-free ofduty for imports, as
our Loco friends wish ours to bc, they
would ai once ruin thcir own agricultural
intercst, -nnd of course, that upon whicli
cvcry nation must dcpend for prosperity
and power.
The necessity of creating a home mar
markct to them is perfectly obvious. But
not only this, but they will lcccp this home
market ; and no advanccs any nation may
maketo them, will influencc thcm to give
up this power they possess. In this, tbcy
arewise, and we ask if the policy of pro
tccting thcir own different branches of in
dustry is thus perscvcred in by England,
why should it not be by us, as a nation ?
If they will not submit to the destruction
of their home market, by the introduction
of foreign commodittes, why should wc
ours? If the necessity cxists in the one
case, for the application ofthe pnnciple
of protection why not in the other? It is
not the farmer alonc, that isbenefitted bj
having a homc market. Every class m
society are neccssarily benefitied by it.
What builds up and sustains one intercst,
affects the whole. Is the farmer sustain
ed in finding a market for his commodi
tics, the mcrchant is benefitted I ,h"

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