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The northern galaxy. (Middlebury, Vt.) 1844-1848, June 26, 1844, Image 2

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IYot Ik Nafonal InttTHgtwfer of 'yistrrJay.
Salurday was Ibo litst day but ono of
tlio prcscnt Scssion of Congresa. Both
llotiscstook a reccaa fr.om half-past Iwo to
f.mr o'clock, and frora the Inltcr hoar
lonJimwd in sr-ssion, the Senate untiil
ihreo o'clock, nnd tho Hous "f Kcpre
tenlalives till ncnr four o'clock yesterday
iiiornin" . We condcufe. in tho following
rief paranraphs, somo uflhe must im-
.orlaiit inc.dcnts in the d..v-and-nigiil,:5
.... '
tiiltinc in both Houses.
Inllic Sesate, a vust amouni 01
islative butmcss was Iransacted, besidcs
that growing out of tho confercnccs bc-
Iwcen tho committecs ot ine iwo nouscs
t-.n thrir rtisnfrrecimr volcs upon amend-
inents to tho Appropriation ISi'.l. which,
it is belicved. wcro at last all reconciled ;
in tho elTcciineof which rccomiliation,
or rathcr in tho 'TSl.ilmonnllnrtTiU, tbeTex
..I thc dignily and rignts 01 me ocn.no
. -J .. 1 .1 t M nnnrnnrinlinn
lujaiu iu uii.-uiiii;iiuiiii.j i " .,
tiills. Mr. Evans (Chairmau of tho -cn-,
tc Committec on Finance.) dislingiiishcd
himself, as he has oflcn dono beforc naw
in both Houses. bv devotion to his public
iluty, and tho firmncss and powcr of pe;
tuation which, aside from his gencral
abililv, gavo him so jnt an influcncc in
tho body to which he bslongs. It was as
lulo as two o'clock yesterday morning,
hottuver, bcfore the Ilouse finally yielded
ilt) opposition to tho Scnate's amend
mentn. Among tho grcat nnmbcr (somelhing
hko une hundred) of Hou.-e bills passcd
by tho Scnatc was the bi!l concerning
uicsne psnccis in tho Distrirt of Columbia,
t.bolishin!r iinprisionment for debt,)which
iiiiws will rojoico the hcartsof tho friends
uf hmnnnily heroand elsowhcre.
Tho House of Kcpresonlntivcs was in
a storm of confusion and upfoar tlio wholo
ir"bt, without cfiectins any thmg what
:ver aftcr tho hour of nino o'clock in the
vcnins, tho wholo timo Lcmg spcnt in
cfiuctual slrusrcles bctwccn the friccds
and opponents of tlio Cumberland Road
npprnprintinn billl and thc District I5ank
liill to nbtnin a direct x-oto tipon either of
thost! mra-iiires. Uuring this contcst the
veas nnd navs wero called inore than
tuentv titncs on questions raiscd tode-
fcat Ihoso bills, until thc Hoiisc. fairly
tired out. a (a ounriim brlnir prescnt to
the last,) adiourncd at ncarlv fouroclock
Tho mass of Senate bills lying on the
Spcaker's lable wero of course all cut ofT,
and nre finally lost, unlcss possibly thc
iiousn may this morning make somo cx
ceptions to thcir gencral fato.
Thursday last was a day never to be forgot
len in the political aanals of Chester county,
as having witnessed sucli an outpouring ofils
Whig strcngth as to inducethc most cheering
hopcs to its friends, and carry dismay to the
bosora of oppoueuts. From early dawn un
til hij;h noou horsemcn, wapons, and all kimls
of vcliicles were seen wending their way to
West Chester; and, long bcfore the bour ap
poinled, the old and honored borouh was
crowded to an unprecedented cxtcnt. As
delegation ifier delcgation swept in with ban
nsrs flying, inusic pealiug, and all their iusig
niannd party emblems displaycd, it scenicd
as if they would never ceasc!
Arriving at the ground prepared, which
was a beautilul grove coDtigucius to the bor-
ough, we found the laugest asslmblaoc
we aver remcmber to have seen collected on , body fathoms the objects of these men so
a eimilar occasion. There were upwards of i readily as thc Colored People, for the reason
tiro thousand ladies tbere, all comfortably ! that nobody clse watches their movements
eated, for they had come iu the pride of vir- 1 so close or are so deeply ititcrested in pro
tuons indiguation to repel emphatically the j moting thc real principlcs of Emaucipa
slanders hcaped upon them by a fellow uam- ition.
ed Hickman, who came very nearbeingkick- The "Northern Star," a paper published
d a sbort ume since for using insultiug
guage in reference to the atteudance of the
lauies 01 incster at political gatbenngs.
There were orer 10,000 men on the cround.
pnd suchan cnthusiastic gathering we never
sa-.T. The ladies, God bless them ! lent
their cheering iuflucnceto thesccne, and bade
Go 1 specd to the lioly causo in which the
Wbigs are engagcd. And such a cause, so
cuictified by ourwives, daughters, and sisters,
caunot but succced.
Thc lotter of our. correrpondenl bolow
iurnisnes a grniuyiiig descnptinn of the 1 but !ue possession ol olhce, as its pnmary ob
Whig Convcntion of Ralification which ject with them. Oflice, being the primary
nsjemblcd at Sl. Lonis nn thr .1,1 nfjr.ma obiect. neccssarily absorbs their createst la-
Tho Rpvfilln. n np.iir.il n!.,r
followinir atcount oftho samo C.vPn
,, .
, ' ,. . ...
.,"""8 announcement, thc va-
1..U3 ucunuin uic ciuos oi mo ,y forestalling Liberty party work has come
:i!y at 10 o'vlock, 0:1 Fourth strect. nnd in for the spccial favor ofthe Liberty Party.
froin thenco, making turns through all lhe ' We believe that the Liberty men hate Whig
principlcs .-trccls, thc whilo body, with gcry, more thau they hate Slavery and they
thcir ghtlenng banners, insignia nnd em-
h!onn. mnrflinl nni tr, S!t r o.,: i-.i.'
Vthic-Ics. containing fnmily.partics from
tho snrrounding countrv. rollcd through
.. , . . 0 . '""" iiiiuuj,!!.
.111; a.ru-. su.pping ni fine tornfr to see ; mcam by which thev shall gratify theirvault
IneproccsMon pass. and then liurrying to ing ambition. And'we speak in this mattcr.
unollicr, lo view tlie pagcant again. Hur.
rahs rcsoundcd along tbc lino. handkcr.
rhiofs wavcd from doors, nindoivs, bnlco
nies and cnrriagcg, nnd llio delegalions
shoulcd again and ngain, raising thcir hats
in galljnl acknoulcdgeuicMt to tho stniles
and cheors of lhe speclalor-.
Thc Sl. Louis New Era contains a de
lailed nccnunl oftho prncecdings. Manv
plon 0 H specchcs w cro made. and tho Con
vcntion broke up with twclve cheors for
Clayind Frclinghuyscn.
A Fix. Tho BufTalo Couricr has charg
ed that "all the Sonalorsand Representa
tivcs" who voted for the re charler ofthe
U. S. Bankin 18.12, wcro l.ribed and
purchasedby BritUh Uankcrsniid Brokcrs.'
Georgo ftl. Dallas. the Cnuricr's candidate
fnr tho Vice Prcsidcncy. vas one nf the
Senators who voted for the Bank. Under
thp.-e circumstances the Rochester Dcm
ncrat is nnxiotis to know hnw the Couricr
can consistonlly support a " bribed acd
jmrchased" cnmlid.ite for office. The
t'oiiricr, as yet dcclincs giving anv expla.
Trr.n Land Sieculators.
It is slatcd
Miy returncd
bv gmillcmon who Imv rccc
from Washinglon that lhe botels of that'seeking to legislate for the interests of
rity aro crowded with Tcxas land specu other countries the "dcmoeracy" ofex
lators, who are ensaged daily in wnting travagancc, after crying out retrench
leiiers t all pnrts f thp compass. rnanu-. mcnt and reforra against the Administra--icliiring
public opinion.and cndeavoring ' tion of Mr. Adams, which had cxpended
.oget upaTexnsexcitement. TheRich- but 13 millions of dollars perannum. Mr.
fijnnd WhTj: states Ihat the numorous let. Foot closed by setting forth the inconsis.
ttf'rs from Woshingtoa irj tlm Richmond tenciss oftho party thnt had arraigned
Enquirer on thia subject. aro -wrilten by
land jobbcrs who cxpect to make Iheir for
lunes by this job.
A more prufligatc gang, wc vcrily bc
lieve, never endeavored to fastcn itself up
on the vitals of a country.
Tbe nnanimitv of the South in favor oflm-
medidlc AnnexatioD is continually harped
upon aml the Loco-Foco clamor on this
eubject has becn$o loud thatwcdo notknow
but lome ofour friends have been indactd to
n it. Nnthintr. hnwevpr. cnn he
. .. , , ,. ,,,, r-ii, n-.
fanber from the truth. The Columbus, Ga.
Enquirer, of May 29, contains a long and
.. ' .. ,vrittcn ; the spirit of a cenuine
goutijern Whig, and denouncing the scherae
ag 0Dc cntirery injunous to the aoutn ana to
Southern interests. The Enquirer also con-
tainsa Letter froin Maj.Jas. A.Merriwctber,
of Merriwethei County, on this question,
from which we cxtract thc folloiwng pointed
Tre has tnJ, dcslroed cvery ,,r0Spect
. . . J . . . i t
anj uiasted evcry nope ipi tue i.oco-r ocos.j
rn, . .... v nuarrel on . while we.undis-
turbed hy faction, with no pereonal abolition
"mic', looking alose to our country'sgood
will caiber new enercics and Dumbers as we
It is now settlcd ihat Messrs. Calhoun and
Tyler will not permit Mr. Van Burcn to be
elccted. If they can defeat his nomination,
they will bring out a third candidate. The
Texas treaty has been gottcn up for the ex-
nress nurpose ot oeleatuiE itir. van rsuren.
Itis truc. that it is a despcrate alteruative. It
involves the fate of the nation in its trcaty
stipulatioDS itmayinvolve us in war, and
Vtlll, II rUMieu, 1UUIC us iu uunui-umijjjiuv.".
and dishonor; but they care nothing l'or all
these thiugs, if Tyler and Calhoun can defeat
tbeir opponent. letitis a lanmy quarrei.
and the Whiss should so recard it. We can
takenopartiu it. Our position is clearly
marked out. Our treaties with Spain and
Mcxico have cuaranteed Texas to them so
long as Mexico shall refuse the acknowledge-
mcnt 01 uer mdepeniience we caunoi uo
othcrwise than obscrve our trcaty stipulation
in -jood faith. If a foreigu na'.iou stiould at
tempt her conqucst, (of which thcre is no
dauger,) we will prevent it at the hazard of
war. This is our bonorable and lotty position
one wbich clevatcd patriotisra and com
mou industry dictate. Then lct our oppo
nents nuarrel 011: we will notbcled o!l from
our purposes, hy their overwcening ambition
and sellish ends. We shall subdue them,
aud united we shall gloriously trinmph orer
Lct cvery Whijr, then, be at his post. Let
no dclusivc liope orconfidcnce of successre
Iax our cnergics. Let every mau do his duty,
and Loco r ocoiam will be buricd iorevcr.
None of tbeir devices should bc allowed to
allure us from our duty for a inoment. Let
them be well watchcd, for they can bcar it
well. They have deccivcd the country so
much, and so long, that they now nish to
changc the issuc Irom their past and present
concluct to the acquisitwn oj Teias. lial
bccd them not. Lct every Whig scorn this
pallry bribe lor 1ns pnnciples.and determiueu
lo conquer, let lus watcutvord be "Unward,
and we shall signally triumph.
Your obt scrv't,
Thus speak the Wbigs of Georgia.
Our Free Colorcd Citizens have never fail
cd to discriminate betrecen the tntt and thc
fahc friends of Abolition. With this class of
citizens thc cause ot c.mancipation is too sa
cred to be trifled or traulckcd with. But it is
widcly diflerent with those who espouse the
cause of Anti-SIavery, as some do get a rov
commission and a living.and nilh otliers who
orzauize a "Libcrtv I'artv" to obtain. if not
oifice the bqnorof running for oflice. No-
lau-,and edited by mcn of Color, closcs an article
in rclation to the coursc and objects of the
"Lilierty l'arty" as follows:
! "We have now brieflv examined thc means,
so far as we have been ablc to discovcr them,
by which the Liberty Party aims to abolish
' slavery. For the rcasons siven, we do not
belicre the means can accomplish the aims.
One word as to the measures ofthe Liberty
Party. We predicted, in the columns ofthe
j Colored Amcrican, some ycars ago that this
lecause it has changed tho issuc, has forsak-
. rn nnti-nlnvprr. nnd ndnntpft fnr tp) ' F- 'TIia
party aims at not tbe abolition of slavery
bor. and ichat vrercnts them from gtUins; into
is the immcdiate or secondary lield of
! thtir iabors
I "The wbhr party, because it has the cood
fortUne to do some anli-slavcry work tbere-
love ollice more than they love atiti-slavery.
"We fear theseoflice-seekinE Libertyruen.'
c doubt the siiKerity of men who can make
,he b,ee'!iuf.hcar'3. of snflenng slavcs." and
tle synipatlues which those slavcs cxcitc, a
tbe views of a very large proportion of the
j free colored people of tbe free states.
It will be seen by the followinj: oxtract
from tho Washington corrcspondenco of
tho JNew xork iixpress of Wednesday
last, that the Hon. Solomon Foot, M. C.
from Rutland, liis made his dkbut in the
Ilouse. in nn cxcellent Specch. It seems
Ihat Ihebcbatc hnd lurned upon lhe politi
cal loptcs of tho d.iy, and tho reference to
Mr. Foot's speech isas follows :
Mr. Foot of Vermont, disturbed the
cquanimity of the Locofoco membcrs a
jjrcat deal by one of lhe most spiriled
picttircs of'VDemocralic principlcs" that
was evcr drawn for the pubhc eye.
The specch, though respcctful, was
painfully pungcnt to those who wero ar
raigned. Mr. Duncan's slander were
called calumnics, and when Mr D. rose
tn demand an explnnntion, Mr. Foot tc
plicd that thc facls oftho gentleman were
incorrect.that they were abusive,&c. &c.
Mr. Foot again pictured, in strong color,
the "Dcmocracy'' of tho cabols of Tom-
many Hail, lhe "IJemocracy" of the
j Butt-Enders" ofthe I'ark, the""democra.
cy" of opposing American indus!rv. and
otliers for lhotr inconsistency. Would
they dare (o express thcniselvcs upon the
subject of I'rotcciion, upon the subject of
thellight ofl'etition, thc Sub-1 reasury,
or any of the grcat questions of tho day ?
Mr. I. closcd nt nbout 7 o c.lix-k. I he
WIiies wcro charmed wilh tho debate,
and anxious that it should go on through
tho cvenins.
The Steamship Acadia arrived at Boston
on Wednesday morning. We are indebted
to tue CveniDg Journal for tlie Wilmer s i.u
ropean Timcs from which we make our ex
tracts. The most imnortant item of uews is that
the protracted, and all but interminablc pro-
ceeumgs ansiug out.ot the Irisu tnals liave
at lcngth been brought to a closc by tbc im
prisonment of O'Connell and thc other trav
ersers. It appears that on theopcninj; of theCourt
ot Uueeu s Uencn for the Tnnity Aerm, tue
ourt gave notice that judment would bc
delivcred. Mr. Justice Perrin was in favor
ofanewtrial. Mr. Justice Crampton was
tor rcfusing the new tnal if a nolle pros. could
be eutered as to Mr. Tierney. Mr.. Justice
Burton and thc Chief Justice denicd tbe mo-
tion on every point.
A motion in arrest of Judgement having
been made and refused, at four o'clock on the
day above stated, amid ,breathless auxiety,
Mr. Justice Burton. in an address durins
which be shed tears, passcd
oned lor twelvc calendar montbs; to pay a
fine ofjC2,000, aud to cnter into securities to
kecp the pcacc for 7 ycars himself in JE5,-
UOO, and two stircties ol i.2,5UU eath.
aud T. M. RAY. To be imprisoned for
niue calendar months; topayahue of 50,
and to entcr into securities lo kcep the pcace
forseven years thcmsclves respcctively in
Jjl.WO, and two surcties 01 4.500 eacu.
Thc Travcrsers immcdiately surrendered
into tue custody ot tlie cuerili.
After a delay of about an hour and a half,
wliich gave tfcc to allay the excited fcclings
ofthe people out of court, as wcll as for tbc
neccesaiy preparations, the Travcrsers were
conveyed to tbe Richmond Penctemiary, in
the Circular-road, their futurc place of con-
tinement. luey proceedcd tnitncr 111 tlirce
camagcs, attended by a laree body of pohce.
A great many people ran along and kept up
with the carriages, and tbcro was also a largc
asseinblage outside the Pemtentiary on bis
arrival When Mr. O'Conucll stcpped out
ofthe carriage he was grected with loud clieers
and immcdiately cntcred the cate-way. With-
in the court-yard a large numbcr of respcct-
able persons.many of them his most mtimate
friends, were drawu up in two line?. They
received Mr.O'Conncll in silence anduncov-
ercd, aud as he walked up between the lines,
he sbook hanus with mauyoftliem; his bear
ing was mauly and undauuted. He thus eu
tered the Governor's house, which, we under-
stand, be and his other fellow prisoners will
be allowed to occupy.
(KrFor the information ofour readers,
and to cotintcract tho rumors put in cir-
culatton by lhe enemics of the Prcsidcnt,
$c by somo of his prctondcd 'good friends
that he intcnds to withdraw Irom thocon
test, we nre enabled to say uo such in
tcntion is cntcrtaincd.
KrTho cstimated cost ofextcnding
Morso'a Telenraph from Baltimore to
New York, is 80,500 to 93,000. nccor
dinc to tbe plan adoptcd : or with stations
at scveral interven:D2 points, as at Phila
dclphia. &c. 100.000 to $110,000. These
csjimales dops not includc and pnymcnt
to the invcntor for his patent.
Foe Vebmost, Lakk Ciiajiplain akd
Canada. The train of tho Fitchburg
Railroad mndc last week its first cntrancc
into Concord.
The repose of (hat quiet, venerable
lown, which seems to havo slumbererl
since it was disturbed in the days ofthe
revolution by tha British fife nnd drum,
was suddenly brokcn by thc shrill noto
ol thc engine and a hundred passengers
almhting from a train of freight cars Ia-
den with mntcrials for the lino. Thc
route from Boston to Concord is most
picturcsnue and pleasing, passing Som-
mcruillc. Cambridge, thc rich farms of
West Cambridge, tho bcautiful town of
Waltham, the vallcy of Charles River
and Stoney Brook. by the clear walers of
Walden Pond to Lovo Lane, wheroa
spaciotis and convcnicnt dcpot reccivcs
the car?. Tho rcgular trains will now
commenco running to Concord, nnd the
track is rapidly progrcssmg towards Ver
montand Canadn.
The public sentiment, now activcly cn
listcd in favor ofa continuation oftho line,
must soon cary this flourishing Railroad
lo the fertilo vallcys of Vermont, tho ore
beds of the lake, nnd tho capital of Cana
da. Evening Tjanseript.
Tiie Greenfield Railroad. Mr. A.
P. Hoit, tho Engineer of the Northamp
ton and Greenfield Railroad Company,
has about completcd tho prcliminary sur
veys of iheir road. The wholo distanco
is 18 1-2 miles; and Mr. Hoit states, that
15 miles of this, the road will be rERFEcr
lt sTRAiGtiT, leaving only 3 1-2 on which
Ihero will be anv curvo at nll. The high-
est grade will be lcss tban 50 feet to tho
mile, and on 10 miles ofthe route, which
is slraiuht. between Northamplon nnd
Soulh Decrfield the gnido will not esceed
15 feet to thc milc.
It Aii.no ad to Gree?tield. We lcarn
from the Greenvillo Gnzctte Ihat 'nt thc
mceting at Norlhampton to organizoand
chooso ofiicers of thc Northnmpton and
Springficld Road, gcntlemen from Boston
plcdged thcmselves to take the balanceof
stock of the Norlhampton and Greenfield
road as scon as a chartcr was obtained.
Thcre can benofurther doubt, thercfore,
ofa Railroad to Greenfield.
A PnEDicnoN. Mr. Bmler.inhis speech to
the Locofoco Convention, made the following- pre
dielicn. "Mr. Bntler predicted, if the rule should be
carried, the dismemberment and final breaking up
of the party. If people persisted in going for men
and not ineasnres, a black flag would be hung
oTerthem tbe pall ofdeath would shroud their
hopes, and a funeral dirge migbt bc sang!"
(Correspondence of tbe Express.)
Wasuikcton, June l4tb, 4 P. M.
The House and Senate having taken the
usual recess agrced upon jestcrday. The
business ofto day has hardly had the usual in
terest. The House of Rcprcsentatives, the
dominant party of which have abused the
Whigs to mucn lor aoing iue siimc miug,
voted the usual numbcr of booksto themem
bers. : The Ilouse also passed a rcsolution rcgu
lating the transmission ofBritish Mails, aai
authurizing theestablishracnt of mail facilities
between this Government and Germany. An
appropriation was granted.
The Senate have passed the Civil and Di
plomatic Bill, Naval Pension Bill, NavalAp
propriation Bill, and laid upon the the table
the Bill to cboose Electors of Prcsidcnt and
Vice President upon one day in all the States.
Wasiiisotox, June 15.
Every thing has been hurried to the last few
days ofthe session, and it is doubtful noiv
what will pass and what will be Iosttn transitu
between the two llouses, and what tbrowu
upon thc uext session of Congress. Every
thing is burry, bustle, and confusion. The
galleries are crowded with spectator3,thelob
biesfullof people entreating Congress, in the
name of mercy and justice, to hear their just
petitions, and everything upon the surface
looks like inextricable confusion. An escape,
bowever, will, no doubt, be found, and all
the Gencral Appropriation bills may be con
sidercd as.passed. Never did I see so little
metbod or dignity of legisiation as in the
House of Rcprcsentatives. Many ofthe mem
bers are abscnt from tbe city, some are leav
ing by every convcyance, and it is diflicult to
keep a quorum of members present in the
Ilouse. Some of the youug members are
more troublesome than useful, and others
thinking more of "Buncombe" than sobcr
legisiation. The Chairman of the Ways and
Means, upon whom the work falls hardcst,
and who is notiu good health, looks like one
alliicted, aud Members who canuotbriug the
House to act upou their own measures, seein
to be sour and disappoiuted. Two-tbirds of
the bills rcporte'd during the scssion will not
be acted upon, and yet tbree-fourtbs of thc
business done during the scssion will have
been done during the prcseut week.
Thursday,both Honses were in session nu-
til II o'clock, and so again on r nday. Uhc
Senate had clcared off all the ereat appropri
ation Bills by 8 o'clock last eveniug, and rc-
turned them all to tbe Ilouse, wuu various
amendments. Two hours aud more also has
been civcn to Executive busiuess, in which,
amidst acoutestthatsometimes creptthrough
the key-holes, many nominatious were rejcct
ed, many confirmed, and many submitted.
Tbe Senate has been asceneof an exciting
discussion on the Texas questiou. ihcrc
has bccn a sparring diflereace between Mr.
Benton and McDufEe. The fight was a ficrcc
one, and Mr. Benton has denounced tlie Ex
ecutive and his schemes, including the Sec-
retajy ot atate, as guilty ol piracy and trea
son, in clandcstinely sending a part of tho
fleet aud navy to the borders of Texas and
(Correspondence ofthe Express.)
Washington, June 16.
I sent you the proccedings of the two
llouses of Congress up to the adjournment
this morning, in the Senate at2 o'clock, and
in the House of Rcprcsentatives at 3 o'clock.
Both llouses will meet to-morrow the Sen
ate at half past 9, aud the House at 10. Thc
The President left the Capitol with his Cab
inet at 3 o'clock tbis morninc:, tbe former
having signed aboutfifly bills. TheAppropri
ation Bills rcmain to be sigued.
The proceedincs in the House will civeyou
the record of a most disgraceful session.
The dangerous.destrnctivcand disorganizinir
character of Locofocoism was never more con-
spicuously displaycd.
In thc Senate everything wenton prosper-
onsly and harmoniously, with the display of
less acrimony, perliapf, betwecu tue .xecu
tive and the Senate, tban upon any previous
occasion. With two or threc cxceptions, all
the appoiutments received were acted upon,
and the grcat majonty ol tuem lavoramy.
Jamcs Green, ofN. J., asSecretary ofthe
A.B. Meade, Appraiserof N. Y.
Mr. Christian as Judge in thc placc ofthe
aecretary ofthe iSavy.
Mr. Collicr, do do do.
Luther Hamilton, Ex-Custnm House of-
ficer nominatcd as Chaplain and rejected.
N. P. Tallmadge, of N. Y. as Govcrnor of
Wisconsm, confirmed unanimously.
Isaac Tnlhnadgc, Sccrctaryofditto, (sonof
Hon. SS. i: l.)
Mr. Davis Postmaster at Troy.
Thomas Barrett, Collector of New Orleans,
(a merchant and a Scmocrat, a very modcr
atc and fair man.)
V. Livingston, of New York, as Appraiscr
oriN. x.
Geo. M. Bibb, as Sccretary of the Treas
ury. unanimously.
Mr. Haliburton of Judge of Va., in place
ofjudge Mason, Sec'y of Navy.
Jeremiah Towlc, iSaval Ullicer 10 to 9 af
ter debate.
Amos Palmer, Appraiscr, N. Y.
Chanccllor Walworth, of N. York, as
Judge ofthe Supreme Court. Mr. Kin;, of
l'a., as Judge ot tbe aupreme Uonrt.
Mr. Cusbing and fletcher Websternotyct
acled upou.
Nise O Clock. 1 ho benate postponcd
Executive business foronehour,aud proceed-
ed to public business. During this hour the
calendar was nearly clearcd of privatc bills
passed by the House, and thus an immense
deal of good was done to scores of sufTeriog
ILvlf-Past 9 o'clock Jamcs Green hav
ing been rejected as Sccretary of tbe Treas
ury a Message was read from the President
who was in the Capitol during the evening,
nominating George M. Bibb of Ky., a preiid
iog Judge as Secretary of tbe Treasury. It
is doubtful wbetberhe acccpts. Mr. Bibb is
thc man who recenlly wrote a Texas letter.
Here is his reward.
The doors were alternately opcned and
closed until two o'clock. An immense amount
of legislativo business was despatcbed, inclu
about all thc House bills, which had passed,
and thus the calendar was cleraed.
The Appropriation bills were all passed.
But three appoiutments remained nndis-
posed of at the adjournment. Tho session
through the night was quiot, business like and
profllable, and the Senate has won immortal
bonor for its nobleness and abihty.
Tbe only threatencd disturhance of peace
during tbc day wae, between Messrs. Benton
and McDuflie during the morning, and this
was one ofthe most dramatic and imposing
sccnes ever displayed in any legislative as- j
sembly. It has produced a deep improssion
upon all who were present, and was seen by
more pcrsons than have witncssed auy previ
0U3 debatc durng thc session.
Mr. McDuffiie writhed in seeming agony
of spirit and body uuder tbc charges of dis
union and nullification made by Mr. Benton,
and when Mr.entou said he would meet
liim at Philhppi, iu his eflbrts to destroy the
Union, and not as here, with his voice and
and his peti, but sword in hand, to die if ticcd
beindefencc of the Uuiou, a inurniur of
applause run through the galleries which
nothing could restrain.
The rebuke was just and terrible and tho
position of Mr. Benton a noble one that will
covera raultitude of sins All he said was
for the Union and for this out of doors he is
a trailor to uis party !
When .Mr. Benton said, he would meet the
Disuuionists at Phillippi, General Clinch of
Georgia, a whole hearted man went toMr.
Bentou and said in the fullncss ofa patriotic
beart that be would be there with him !
When Mr. Benton Icft his seat he took
John Quincv Adams, wbo was seatcd behind
him, by lhe hand aud said "Mr. Adams you
are passing off lhe stage, and I am passing
away also, but whilo we live, we will stand by
TnE Union." This is the language of true
beroism aud Mr. Benton' has given abundant
evidence of the truth of his feelings and reso
lutions. E. B.
By the Reporter ofthe N". Y. Tribune.
Washington, June 17.
To-day, according to previous order, takes
place the grand denouncement of this III
starred, in-active, profiiless first session ofthe
28th Congress. Six montbs and a half have
been allowed to fall and 110 great salutary
measures has bccn cnacted. Without at
lemptingto eutcrat this time into minor de
tails, it raiiy bc said that the principal results
are the passage (wbich is a mattcr of couise)
ofthe General Appropriation Bills of both
Houses. Thc Ilouse has peculiarly and un
enviably distinguisbed itself by the nullijica
tion ofthe law ofthe previous Congress re
quiring elections for Repreeentatives by sin
gle districts; and thc crowning glory ofthe
session consists in the ncgalicc action of thc
Senate in passing their uuqualiGed condemn
atioo ofthe new scheme for Annexation of
Capt. Tyler.
The House met at teu o'clock this morn
ing. On motion of Mr. White, thc rules were
suspeuded and private bills from the Senate
were taken up, and some twenty were passcd,
despite of obstinate objections of Mr. Burke
Mr. Chapmao, &c.
The ioint rule was suspended by both
Houses. to allow the iutcrchantre of bills and
the preseuting them forsignature to thc Pres
A compromisc ameudmcnt, as a substitutc
for thc District Bank bill, offered by Mr.
Campbcll and giving the Banks of the Dis
trict power to wind up their allairs, was
agrced to; and the bill was passed by both
Mr. Schencck moved, at half- past clcven.to
go into Committee ofthe Whole on the Un
ion to lake up the Uumberland Koad bill:
carried, Yeas 101, Nays 07.
Mr. Cobb iinmediately moved that that the
Committee rise which was agrced to, tcnmin
utcs to twclve o'clock.
After a continuation ofthe gieat confusion
prcvelalent, at three minutcs to 12 o'clock,
Mr. Shcneck moved to suspend the rules to
take up the rcsolution passed by the Seuate
to exteud the scssion to 2 o'clock.
Thc Yeas and Nays were calliug, and dur
ing this interval bills wcrc hurried to and fro
between lhe two Houses aud lhe President.
The cnlling ofthe roll wasstill progressing
when.atlprecisely twelve o'clock it was arres
ted by tho Speakcr, and all cycs being turned
to thc clock and the Speakcr, in accordance
with the previous order, the Speaker pro
nounced thc House adjourned sine die, and
left lhe Chair.
Ip Seuatc, Mr. Evans, Chairman nf the
Committtc ofWaysand Means.inexplanation
ofthe fact that that Committec had rcported
oo provision for thc payment ofthe outstand
ing loan of $5,672,000, stated that it was grat
ifying to know notnithstanding cnntrary ap
preheusions, that tficrc would bc an cxccss
of reccipts over expenditurcs ofthe Govern
ment for thc curreut ycar. Ile rcfcrred to
dctails showiug thc expenditurcs for the pres
ent ycar up to July would be lcss than $21,
000,000 while lhe reccipts would be over
$27,000,000, or a surplus orer $5,000,000.
This was the first ycar, he said, siuce 1827
in which such i statc ofthings had cxisted.
He would not at this latc period delain the
Senate by any commcnts upon tbis statc of
things; certainly the prediction of the Sen
atorfrom S. C. (Mr. McDuflie) concerning
the TariCTof 1842 had been agreeably disap
pointcd. In Executive Session thc nomination of
Mr. Cushing, Mmister to Cbiua, after debate,
was confirmed 22 to 0.
Ilon. John C. Spenccr's name was sent
in for the Supreme Court aud was laid on the
table. The nomination was subsequently
Mr. Buchanan was oflered thc nomination ,
for thc other vacaacyon the SupremeBencb, .
i. . !
Some other minor nominatious wero act
ed on.
At about one o'clock the Senate adjourn
ed. The bill to continue in forcc foucyearsthe
act granting pensions to widows of Revolu
tionary Soldiers was passed both Houses.
After the closc of my last letter, both
Houses were in session Saturday during the
whole evening, and until Sunday morning at
3 o'clock.
(Rcported for the Baltimore Patriot.)
GRAPH. Mondat June 17.
The following question was sent down to
Washington this morning:
Please inquire ofthe Hon. Mr. Wethered
who ofthe Members of Congress will address
the Whig Meeticg to-night at Lanvale Fac-
The answer was sent up as follows:
The Hon. Mr. Stewart of Penn. the Hon.
Mr. Smitli ofla. aud the Hon. John Weth
ered of Md. will be present and address the
June 20. P. M.
J7he Mass Mectincof the friends of
Clay, Frelinghnysen, Markle nnd the tar
iff. held last Evenine in front of Iho
Exchange, was ono of tho Inrsest I ever
witnesscd. Thousands of Whigs of ovcry
class of society wero in atltndance, and
the spirit of 1340 was seen beaming in
the counlcnances ofall. In short, the
demonstration, from beginning to cnd,
was of Iho most cheering character, whilo
thespoeches wcro full of truth and patriot
t'sm. Dallas when in the Senate of the U.
S., was a Bank Ullra Tariff, Internal
Improvement and land Distribution ad
Tocalo. Very appropriato, indccd.
Tn tn ffrreit session of Conercss,ia 1832, on the
questions of tbe Bank, the Tariti, Lcnd bisuilu
tion, Intcroal improrcment ic. thc ycrs and nys
in tlie Senate ore rccordcd 1C3 time. On theac
questions Mr. Dallas rccoidcd hisvote 28 timos
with Mt. Benton, Grundy, &c a.d Ijjtimeswitn
r -iir..i.. Ei;nfrniii.-pn- &.c ! ! ! For
iiir. viay, ivcusicj, i.wQj
proof, see Journals.
""-.r""'-a ifHBHttnnri'JinTi n i a
Wednesday June 26, 1844.
For Prcsidcnt,
For Vice Prcsidcnt,
"A sound Nalional Currency, rcgulatcd by
thc will and authority of the nation :
Anadequate rcrenue,with a fair protcction lo
American industry :
Just rcstraints onthc executive power, em-
bracing a furlhcr restriction on thc cxcrcisc of
the rcto:
A faithful adminislratim oj the pullie do
main, wiili an cipiilable distribution of thepro
eceds of the salcs of it among all tlie States:
An honcst and equal administration of the
General Gocernmenl. leaviner public ofiicers
' perfccl frcedom of thought, and oj thc right of
sujrage, but wtlh smlablc rcstraints againsi
improper interferencc in elections.
j An amendmenl ofthe Constitution, limiting
' the incumbent ofthe Prcndcnlial office lo a sin
I gle Tenn"HEXR Y CLA Y.
j ty l nc loiiowing extract irom a jpcfcn aenver
' ed bv JAME3 K. I'OLK Lefjre thc l'roplc of Mad
ison'county on lhe 3J ilay of April, 1S43, will ihow
- llnt he is aotl alvvayp lias bccn, an uncompromising
I opponent ofa I'rotective Tarikf :
' The difference btlwccn lhe eourse of the
political party with which he Mr. Milton
Brown acts and myselfis, whilst they are lhe
advocates of distribution and a Proleclhe Ta
riff measures which I consider ruinous to the
interests of Ute countrv, and esveciallii to the
! interests oftlie planting States Ihare stcad-
"Iharc no hcsitation in dcclarins, that Jam
in favor of the immcdiate re-annexation of
U exas to the lcmlory aml gocernmenl oj inc
UmtcU istales." Jamcs A. I'olk lo Uie cili
zens of Cincinnali, April 23, 18-14.
"The Wool-Growers considcrthe duty up
on foreigu wool as importaut to their pros
perity. This opinion is foundcd in error!"
Jamcs A. I ulk,
" My opinion is, tiiat WOOL should be du
ty free !'' Jamcs K. Polk,
Never was a party so complctly stumpcd
as has been thc locofocracy of Middlebury by
thc nomination of thc Polk tickct. When
the news arrived here it was nmusing to scc
their wry faces, and harken to thcir deep ton
ed dcnunciation of dissatisfaction. They
knew of tbc candidates little but thcir namcs.
But they soou discovercd the iufluencc which
controlled the political machiucry at the Bal
timore Conventior.. The nomination was thc
rcsult of Southern dictatiou to defeat thcir bc
lovcd Martin Van Burcn. They saw ihat
the nullificrs and slavcrs of the South had
made up the issue, and rcsolvcd to rule or
ruin. They were protectiouists anti-Bank
and anti-auncxalionists, so far as outward
demonstrations were concerucd. But here
was a candidato for the Presieency who had
boasted in a recent gubcrnatorial canvass,
that during his whole life he had been oppos-
ed to tbe pnnciple of protection to domestic
industry. Bcsnles he was a full blooded im
mcdiate anncxationist. neitherof which meas
ures could bc casily made to go down with
the party in Vermont. Dallas had gone the
whole figurc for the United States Bank mon
stcr cvcn in the very tceth of the veto tyrant
Jackson. What then could bc done by thc
next mceting of tbe dcmocratic association
but to dcnouuce the procecdings of the Bal
timore Convention and the ticket they had
prescntcd. It was done. But how unfortu
nate thus prccipitately to take a stcp for a
pnnciple which must so soon be withdrawn
for the sake of party. At the last Club the
President arose and made a most humble
apology for the sin of passing the denunciato
ry resolution of the previous mceting. He
said that little was known ofthe dispositions
ofthe party, and he prcsumed no such reso
lution could now be passed. The leaders,
and among others Messrs Tucker and Lius
lcy gave in their adhesion to the ticket at
first regarded with scorn and indignation by
the party, and altbo'a little reluctaut, agrced
that to swallow the tickct, Texas, anti-TarhT,
anti-Bank and all, was not such a terrible af.
fair upon a sobcr second thonght. The har
mony of the party must be preserved. No
matter at what expense to the well being of
the nmon. No matter for Bauk or anti-Bank
Tariff or anti-TarifT, annexation or auti-an-ncxation,
slavery or anti-slavery, union or
nullification, that Modem Attilla, Henry Clay,
the scourgc of all thcir hopes of ofnce and
emolumcnt must be rcsisted to the death.
But, ye cbampions of locofocoism you are
doomed unlcss you fnllow the grcat example
ofone ofyournumber, iustantly to ratify your.
sinking craft. Northern locofocos will never
rally under the black flag of annexation.
Clay, union and protection to American la-
bor is the issue upou which you will be con-
demned before the tribunal ofthe people.
Yoa can talk with a locofoco hardly a min
ute upon politics before out comes a bomb
against the Bank and Nick Biddle. Beat
them out about the tariff and the annexation
of lexas upon which they are shy of much
argument, and tbey instantly exclaim no
matter for these things, you- whigs are tbe
advocates of that infernal monster the old
Biddle bank. And yet their candidate for
the Vice Prcsidency is the very man who in
troduced the bill for iu re-chartcr in 1832,
and stood side by side with Clay and Freling- j
huysea.and when Jacksonvetoed thebi'lro;e(j
to pass it over the vclo aad in defiance ofd
President, uhich tbe other Jackson suppt,tt
ers ofthe bill decliued todo.
These men tlms show themsclves basei
hypocriticaf hi retation to thc Bauk hohly f
They wcll know that the nhigs are not pleij,
ed ta a Bank, and nre ouly dcsirccs ef thj
system of poficy which nill best secnie
uniform currency. But no jnatter. Thtj
are rcady to seize upon anyihiug which w a
be likely to produce a clamor and avert th
public attention from the Tarifi" and Tex3
questiotK So vastly mom entous to tbe fut
ture destroy ofthe country, and every mania
it, are these subjects that the popular attea.
tion must be kcpt from a full view of therect.
lessuess and ruin ofthe course of locofocoism
in relation to them or they are defeated. If
the people could fully appreciate thc deei
stake they have in protection and anneutioa
which is all over anti-tarifl", pro-slaverv anj
southern despotism, none but the witchtd
hunters after spoils would votc for the loe
It is truly amusing to watch the attempu
ofthe loco press throughout the state to im
press the bclief that the Polk ticket is receiv
ed in Vermont with unqualified approbation.
and evena hearty admiration. But the efforts
ofthe file leaders and dull sargeants of tha
party to get up a shout for Polk and Dallaj
will be utterly unavailing. Tbey may hurra
and hurra, but they will obtain uo responss
from lhe people, to whom it is like the tolling
ofa death kuell in tbc cars of tbe doomed
They regard it as death to all iheir hopes of
returning prosperity. They give its true ia
tcrprctation. Doicn with protection. jDmoi
with American Industry. Up rcith slatc h-
bor, and slave powcr, disunion and nullifirc-.
tion. This unholy conspiracy to sacrifice
every thiog to add to the power for profit of
slave brecders, and the holders of Teias
bonds and land scrips will be spurncd by ilt
enlightened frcemcn of Vermont with uamlt
igatcd abhorrence. The party yokc in tbij
state has already been snappcd assunder.
Even tbe leaders bow to tbc nominatioa ith
but a poor grace, and an ill disguised reluc-
taucc. But the people who do not cliDg to
party by compulsion will regard it as an in
sult to their understandings, as its succtu
would be death to all their hopes of futurj
Whigs risingin Sl. Lawrcnce.-Oa the 14th
inst the whigs held a mass mecliug in St.
Lawrence county, N. Y., at Cantou. TI
shouts ofSOOO whigs reverbertted throngi
the beautilul valley m which Canton is situj
ted. It is said to have been a he.irt stirrin;
spcctaclc, a noble demonstration of the peo- i
ple in favor of whig principles and tho repa-
diation of those of the New York Senator. '
who by his cunniug and managcment, hts
for years kept that seclion of lhe state undor
the yokeofVan Burenisin. As there are but
000 whigs in ihat wide cxtendcd county, i
high enipri?e posscsscs lhe party in this por-
tion ofthe State. It was indecd a cheerin;
meeting. A proleclhe Tariff cnd no cilen-
sion of Slavery, wcrc tbe favoritc watchwonli-
Tho Iocos threw out a flag iuscribcd with
Polk and Tcxas, but they wished them both
down when at noon intelligcnco arrived that 1
their townsmen, Silas Wright bad rotsi -against
the trcaty.
Accounts from Mexico stato that the .
Mexican authorities arc loud in their de
nunciations of Vengeance against tbe U.
States, and threaten to send an Army to
Washington should the Texas treaty It
ratified. This is quite as considcrate tt
the anticipations of triumph indr.izcd bf
locofocos of beating thc whigs in the ne
That most enlightened and discrimim-
ting cditor of theVt. Patriot, concludei
that in the following expression of Mr.
Clay, a rcvenue tarifi is defined in ths 4
clearest terms that language is capablc of
"No more rcvenue should be. lmrd thm is Xi
necessa ry to an cconomical adminislratim
of the government." Whoon earth crer
contcnded to the contrary? Who wanti '
to raise morcrevenue than is nccessarjta
defray the expenses of Government. Bat
the grand difference between hira and tfe ;
Van Buren school is that in imposing th
duties Mr. Clay would have regard to the-
protection of domestic industry, and Vai
Buren nnd Wright, revenue only, nomat
ter what became of farmers mechantcs ani
manufacturcrs. This is also the doctrUw
of Marston, and declared in tho Patriot t w
few wceks since. A
OJ- Ex-Governor C. P. Van Ness of
Vermont since the adjournment of Con
gress has been appointed Collector of X
York. Cornelius Peter Van Ness mi
John Tyler "Par nobilc fratrum."
Wo.nt be Po(l)f.ed. We haveressoa
to beliere that since the Polk nominatios
the discouraged, disappointed Iocofocci
are somewhat inclined to flee the (ract,
and take refuge in the arms of the Third
Party, who are and ever have. been becfc
oning them to their embrace. How sin
gular it would be to see these hitherto
scornful focs of abolitionism cheek
byjowl with the party with whom tbej
have hitherto hated and despised. Bat
misfortunes make strange bed-fellows. If
the loco party can no longer sustain itwlf
as a separate and distinct party they rau-'
lintte their odds and ends, ctther w"'1
John Tyler or tha. Third Party, oftlls
two, thelatteris preferable.

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