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EDITOR AND PROPR1ETOR. TERMS OFNINTH VOLUME. Village sulwcribcrs, S2.00 Mail subscribers, 2.00 Individmls and Cornpanies who take at tlic office riiote wlio take of Postriders . . .2,00 II nor paid at Uieend orthe jear 2, 25 No papcrs discontinncd until arrearages are paid txccpt at ihe option ofthe proprictor. No paj mei t oCarriersallowcdexccptordcred I'J tbe propne- AU eoram-inicationsrnusibc addreMcd totheed tor Tost Paid MISCELLilMOUS. Courtship of the Elder Adams. Some tcn ycars sbce I spcnt a college va cationinthe town of Weymouth, Norfolk county, Mass. While there.I attendedchurch nne Sundav mominK, at wbat was callcd the old Weymouth inecliiig house, and heard a sprmon from the venerable pastor, Rev. Ja- cob Norton. About the same time, I made Mr. Norton avisit, and became much inter csted in the old gentleman. I mentionedmy agrceable visit to an aged lady ol tbeparish, whose acquaintance I had made. She inform cd me that Mr. Norton was ordained their pastor when he was abont twcnty-one ycars c.f agc, and that he had been with them near lv forty years. She observcd that most of his parishioncrs could reinembernoothcrpastor; lint tbat she could rcmernberhis predecessor, the Rev. Mr. Snihb, and tbat lie and Mr. Norton had filled tbo sarae pulpit for thcbct ter pait of the last cighty years. 'Mr. SmUh,' said she, was an exccllent man. and a vcrvfine preacbcr, but he had highnotionsofbimsclf and family iu olbcr words he was somcthingof an aristocrat.' One day, said she to rac, 'to lllustrate to you a little the character of old parson Smith, I vill tell you an anccdote that rclates to him selfand sorao pcrsons df distinction. Mr. Smith had two charm'mg daughtcrs (theeld est of tbese daughtcrs was Mary, the othcr's liame I have forgotten) wbo vas the admir stion of all the bcaux, and the cnvy ofall the belles of the country around. But whilc two careful guardiaus oftbe parson'sfamily wcre holding consultations on the subjcct, it was rumorcd that two young lawyers (I thinkboth oftbe ueighboritig town of Quincy,) a Mr. Cranch, and a Mr. Adams, wcre paying their addrcsses to thc two Miss Siniths. As evcry man, woman and child, of a country Farish iu New England is acquaintcd with whatever takcs p'acc in the parson's family, all the cir cumstanccs of the courtship soon transpired. Mr. Cranch was of a respcctable family of soiiic uote, was considcred a young man or promise, and although worthy ofall the alli ance he sought. He was vcry acceptable to Mr. Smith, and was greeted by him and his family with great respect and cordiality. He was rcceived by the oldcst daughtcr as a lov cr; and was in fact a young man of much rc spectability. He aftcrwards rose to the dig nity of Judge oftbe Court of Comnion I'lcas in Massachusetts, and was the father of the present llon. Judgc Cranch, ofthe Districtof Columbia. The suitor of the otlier daughtcr was John Adams, wbo aftcrwards bccanie Presidcnt of tbc United States. But at that time in thc opiniou of Mr.' Smith and family, he gavc but slender promise oftbe distinction to which lie aftcrwards arrivcd. His pretcnsions were scomcd by the whole fjmily,exccpt thc young lady to wbom his addrcBscs wcre cspecially tlircctcd. Mr. Smith showed him uone of his ordinary civilitics of his housc, he was not asked to pailake of the bospitalitics of tbc ta- blc: andit is reported tnat n:s tiorsc was doomed to share with his master, the ncglcct and mortification, to which he was subiccted, for he was frcquently sceu shivering in thc cold, and gnawing tbe post at the pastor's door, of looz wmter cvemngs. Jn Iine it was reported that Mr. Smith had inlimatcd toliim that his Tisits wcre unacceptablc, and he would do him a favor by discoutinuingthcm; he told his daughtcr tbat John Adams was not worthy of hcr; thnt his father was an boncst traclcsman and farmcr. who had tried so initiate John in the arts of busbandry and shoe. makiiiT. but without succcss; and tbat he had sent him to colIce as the last rcsort He in (ine bcszed his dau"htcr not to think Df mnking an allianco with one so much bo iicath her. Miss Smith wasamoug thc most dutiful of daughtcrs, but she saw Mr. Adams throiigh a mediuui verv difterent from tbat by which her father viewed him. She would not for the world oflend or disobey her father, but still John saw something in her eye and man- ncr, which seemcd to say 'persertre, and on tbat hint he acted. Mr. Smith, like a good parson, and an af fcctionatcfathcr,hadtold hisdaughters lfthey married with his approbation.he would prcach each, of them a sermon on tbe sabbath after tbejoyful occasion; and thcy should havctbe privilegc of choosing the text. Tbe es)Ousal ofthe eldest daughtcr,Mary, nrrived, and she was united to Mr. Cranch in tbe holv bonds, with the approval, the bless- ings, and bcncdictions of herparents and hcr fncnds. Mr. Smith then said, 'my dutilul child, I am nowready toprepareyour sermon; what do you select for next Sunday V ' My dear father,' said Mary, 'I have selected the lattcr part of the 32nd vcrse of tbe 10th chap tcrofLuUe; 'Mary halh choscn that good part ichicli shall never be lakcn from her.' ' Vcry good, my daugbter,' said her father; and so a sermon was preachcd. Mr. Adams persevcrcd in his suit in defi ance ofall opposition. It was many years after, and on a vcry diflerent occasion, and in resistance of very diflerent opposition, tbat be uttercd thesememorable words, 'sinkorsicim, live cr die, surrirt orperisTi, I gire my hcarl andhand to Uiis mcasure.' But though the measureswere diflerent the spirit was the samc. Bcsidcs, he had alrcady carried the main pointofattack, the heart of the young lady and he kncw the surrender of the cita del must soon follow. After the usual hesi tation and dclay that attend such an unpleas ant afTair, Mr. Smith, secing that resistance was fruitlcss, yielded the contcsted point with as much grace as possible, as many a prudcut father has done, before and since tbat time. 5Ir. Adams was united to the lovcly Miss Smith. After the marriage was ovcr, and all things wcre settled iu quiet, Mrs. Adams re inarkedto her father, 'you preachcd Mary a sermon on tbe occasion of hcr marriage.won't you prcach me one likewise' 'Yes, my dcar cirl,' said Mr. Smith, 'choose your text and von shall have vour sermon.' 'Wcll,' said the daughter, ' I have chosen the 33d verseor the 7th chapter of Luke : 'For John thtJJap tislcame neither catins bread nor drinking wine. and ve savhehatha devtl. The oldlady.my informant.looked mevcry archly m the face when she repeaiea tnis pas sage, and observed, 'if Mary was the most dutiful daughter, I guess the otber had the most wiu' I could not ascertain whether the last ser mon was ever preached. It may not he inappropriate to remark.how well tbese ladies justiSed the prcference of the distinguisbed individuals who had sought them in marriage. Ofthem it will hardly be extravagant to say they were resDectivelv an honorto their hasbantls, the "boa3t of their VOL. IX. c, and the pride of New Euzland. Mrs. Adams in particular, who, from the elevatcd position in which her busband was placcd be fore thc world, was brought before the public eye, was supposed to hold the same elerated rank with the gentle sex, that Mr. Adams did among the men, and she is reported to have rendered her husband much assistance iu his inultiplied Iabors of.the pcn. Cincinnati Chromcle. THEODORE FRELINGHUlf SEN. Itis n settled thing that if the Whigs can be lied out of thc coming Election they will be. 'J'htre are no bounds to tho false hood and personal detraction habitually indulged in by our adversaries. If we have a candidate who is not n professor of religion, he is assailed on that groutidjif nnother who is a professor. he is assailed still tnore fiercely. Mr. Frelinghuysen ap pearsevenmoreounoxous to x.u,u-x uCO , . i - iletamation than ftir. uiny. vc nave now . before usthe 'Democratic Rally,' the Loco Foco catnpaisn paper for Kentucky, iss ued at Frankfort, whith devotes ncarly 1 two columns to abuse ofthe Puritan set- tlcrsof New-England with tbe intent of . excitinc nreiudice ngainst Mr. Freling huysen. 'i'his is followed by an articlc en titled -Who is Thcodore Frelinghuysen ?' in which he is falsely accusted of making n rptinrt rnnntnr to tiichnril M. Johnson7; . on the Sunday Mail question. The article proceeds 'Faithful to the same -sectarian bias. PrA'n, vcn hne hn tn ji. nr New York the leading agitator in that in tolerant crusadc against thc forcigncrs, growing out of rcligious bigotry, which has nowassumed the form ofa political pnrty under thc namc of ''TnE Native Ambri cas Pauty." Mr. Frelinghuysen has done morc to fostcr and fotnent that spirit which has produced the drcadful consc- quenccs that latcly occured in'Philadelphia, i -.1 .. :.. .!, :j iiiau uiiy ttiiici iiiaii in iiiiiiuii. A.oia, in a ward, the head of the Native Anieri can Party. s tho Prcsiilent ofthe Amcrican Biblc Sbciety, and the leader of the secretarians in New-Vork. he has strujrsled with a pertinacity and a big-otry worthy oftbe bcst days ot the olu acotcn u.ovenanters.to torce a sectarian translntion of the Holy Scrip tures, as a part of tbe system ofeilucation, unon thc Comnion Schools in that city. fiiled. as thev are. with the children of pcrsons holding different opinions in re I ion troin his scct." Now wc do most solcmnly afilrm that, whilc wc bave been hotly engaged in the 'Native controvrsy from thc start. living in this City, leading. all the publications on both sidcs, nnd mingling frcely with all thc partics engaged in the strife, we ncver heard Mr. Frclingbuyscn'snaincconiiccted with tbc Native Amcrican cnuse ur.til since hc has becn nominatcd for Vice Presidcnt. We know hc has ncver been an agitator in any 'crusade against foreigners,'has not nvcnattcnded a Native mccting, and has never, while among us, uclonging to any othcr nartv than the Whis party. He is no more tbe head ofthe Native party than Folk or Dallas is. Thc attack on the Amcrican Bible So cicty is cqu.illy unfoundcd cqunlly atro cious. Mr. Frelinghuysen, though a mcm ber nnd an activc advocatc of tho Ameri can Biblo Society, is not its President and, if hc wcrc.wbat then ? We have come to a pretty pass if that is to excludc a man from ofiice. Neither has thc Bible Society had any thing to do with the School Question ; nor has .Vr. Frelinghuysen becn in any waya 'leader' or conspicious at all in the Scbool controvcrsy. Wc presume his senlimcnts, his sympathics run countcr to ours on that question, but we bave nev er known him as an opponcnt, nor inany uny involvcd in the controvercy. But his friends have not drng;,ed this local ques tion into the Presidential contest : and his adversaries will do well to let it a'onc Thcy will makc nothin? by assailing a camlidatc for his suspcrted attachmcnt to tho Iteccivcd Version of the Bible when that topic has notbing to do jvith the con test. Tribunc. Silas WutctiT, in a recent speech at Potsdam, said he found no special objec tion to the present tarifTexccpt hcthought it rather low on coarse wool, and rather loo high on common wool. He told thc farmcrs that he had to huy his wooleri cloth and if they wcre dtsposed to ask loo high a pricc, he would let foreigners bring it in. In another speech at Gouverncur he said: "That he believcd in a Protective Tar iff, but there was no diflcrence bctwecn him and those proclaiming Frcc Tradc at the south; that they difllred in terms only anu tnat ne Knew oy u rciicm pcisuua. , comparason of views. lie did not partic ularizc hiskindof protection, but he said that wool was taxcd too high; it would bear a reduction, but hc did not tell his nmlicnrn wbptlipr bp. would reduce it to Mr. Polk's standard, duty free, or would , Senate of thc United States a fcw years I have indicated, the Whig Party will be reduce it to twenty percent, but he left j ago, and the cxpression ofit was onc of ; as prompt in following their good exam them to infer that he said that Southcrn the assigncd causcs ofmy not receiving ple, as they wero slow and reluctant to views, and his own, were alike, and that i thc nomination as a candidatc for thc t imitate their bad onc. Thc man docs his nrotection and Southcrn Free Trade ! Presidcncy in Deccmber. 1839. But, if not brcathc who would bc more happy was a difference in terms, only." It scems therefore that Mr. Wrif;ht is in favor of a tariff which shall discrimin-' ate against ine American wooi grow ur; ur, in other woras, a tarin ttue tnat. recom mendcd by McKay and the southern wing of the Locofoco party. Will such a tar iff be acceptable to the wool growers of New York? Do thcy say with Mr Wright, that the duty on wool ot a good quatity is toohirrh? Let them answer these ques- ' tions at tbe ballot-boxes in November,and in such a manncr as to leave no doubt of j their real intenions. Troy Whig WINDSOR COUNTY. The Whigs of " Old Windsor " have nominatcd thc following Tickct for ths Stato Senate. James BAitRETT.Esq., of Woodstock, Justin Moegah, of Stock bridge, Thojias T. Babkett, of Ches. tcr, Benjamin Billigs of Ludlow. We may expect to heat some tall "Whig Thunder " from old Windsor this fall ! ' MIDDLEBURY, ME. CLAPS SPEEGH, Delivered in tho city of Raleigh, April 13th, 1844. Concluded. I should have becn glad.fellow-citizens if I had timo and strcngtb, to makc a ful! exposition of my views and opinions, upon nll the grcat measurcs and ques tions that divide us, and agitate our coun try. I should havo been happy to have becn ablc to makc a fuU exumination of the principles and measurcs of our op. ponents, if we could find out whit they are, and contrast them with our own. I meau them no dtsrespcct ; I would not use one word to wound the feelings of any one of them : but I am rcally and unanectedly ignorant ot the measurcs ol - .. , . dcs:roll3 to i i ... , ',, , promotc and cstabhsh. I know what' they opposc. I know that they stand in di- rect opposition to cvcry measuro whicn thc Whigs cspotisc : but what are their smjstitutcs 1 Tho Whics believo that thc Exccutive powcr has, during tho two last and prcsent Auministrations, becn intolcrably abuscd ; that it has disturbcd tho balanccs of thc Constitution ; and , that by its cncroachmcnts upon thc co ordinatc branchcs of the Govcrnment, it f .cIcomc hng and dangcrous. 1 ho In3 are thercforo dcsirous to ro- Sirain ll w iiuin vyuiisiiiuuuum uuu prupi:r limits. But our opponcnts, who assumo , to be cmphatically the friends of thepeo I plo sustain thc Exccutive in all its wiU I dcst and most cxtravagant exccsses. j Thcy go for Vetoos, in all their variety ; for Sub.Treasurics, standing armics, 1 'Pfnn ciir i' rirtll-i ro (rn rT I n rr n c'i m t lar ground with tho Torlcs ofEngtand. they sland up for power and prerogalivo against pnvilcge and popular rights. Thc Dcmocrats or Rcpublicans of 1793-9. taught by tbc fatal cxamplcs of all liis tory, wero jcalous and distrustful of Exccutive powcr. It was of that dc partment that their fcars wcre dircclcd. The Fcderalists of tbat day, imbibinn thc opinion from thc foundcrs of thc Con stitution, honestly bclicvcd that the Ex ccutive was tho wcakcst branch of tho Govcrnment, and hcnco thcy were dis poscd to support nnd strcngthcn it. But cxpcricncc has demonstratcd their crror, and thc bcst part of them have unitcd wilh thc Whigs. And the Whigs are now in tbc cxact position ofthe Rcpub licans in I79S 9. Thc rcsidue and prob nbly tb larger part cf tho Fcdernlists jomcd our opponents, and they are now in thc cxact position ol tnc h cdctahsts of 1795.9.with this difference that they have shut their cycs against all tho rights of cxpcriencc, and pushcd thc Fcdcral doclrincs of that day far hcyond the point to which thcy wcro cvcr carried by their prcdeccssors. Ilut I am trcspassing to long on your patiencc, and must hastcn to a close. I rcgrct that I am to much cxhausted, and not time to discuss othcr intcresting sub- jccts that cngagc thc public atteniion. I should be vcry glad to cxprcs3 to you my views on the Public Domain ; but I have vcry oflcn on the floor of the Sen ate, and on othcr public occasions, ftilly exposc them. 1 ccnsidcr it thc common propcrty of tho Natton and the whole Nation. I bclievc it to bc csscntial to its ! prcservation and tho prcservalion of thc j funds which may accruc from ils sales, that it should bo withdrawn from the thcatrc of party politics, at?d from tho lcmptations and abuse, incidcnt to it, whilst it rcmains thcrc. I think thnt that fund ought to be distributcd, upon just and libcral principles, among all tho btates. old as wcll as new. If that bc done, there is much ground t o apprchcnd. ! at no vcry distant pcnod, a total loss ol j the enlirc Domain. Considering thc ' othcr nhundant and cxhaustless rcsources ; ofthe Gcncral Governmcnt, I think that thc proceeds of the sales of the Public Lands may hc wcll spared to the sevcral Statcs, to bc applied by them to bencfi- ccnt local obiccls. In their hands, ju- diciously managcd. thcy will lightcn tho , burlhcn of intcrnal taxation, the only form of raising Rcvcnuc to which thcy j can rcsort, and assist tn the payment of their dcbts or hastcn tho completion of J important objccts, in which thc wholc j Union, as well as thcmselvcs. arc intcr- estcd and will be bcncfittcd. ' ' On the subjcct of Abolition, I am pur-1 suadcd it is not nccessary to say one word to this cnlightened assemblage. 1 Mv ODinion was fu l v exDrcssed to the there be any onc who doubts, or desires 1 jlooutain turther intormation auout my ' as a hanu ol urotncrs, to rcstore our oe l views, in respect to that unfortunatc Inved country to what it has becn, to what question, 1 refer him to Mr. Mendenhall, 0r Kjchmond, Indiana. I hope and believe, fcllow.citizens. tbat brichter days nnd better times are approaching. All the cxhibilions of pop ular fcclin" all thc manifcstations of ! the public wishcs this epontancous and vast assemhlaco dcccive us, if thc sccncs anrj the memorable cvent of 1840 are not going to be rcncncd and ro-cnactcd. Our opponcnts complain of tho mcans which wcre cmployed to bring about that event. Thcy attnbule their loss of ihe public confidenco to tho popular mcetings and processions, to tho display of banncrs, the use of log cabins, the Whig songs, and the exhibition of coons, which prcceded the cvent of '40, How greatly do they deceive themselves ! What'little knowledge do thcy display of human nature ! All theso wcre thc mcre jokcs of tho campaign. The ovcnt itsclf was produced by a strong, dcep and gcncral conviction pcrvading all J VT. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 7, 1844. classcs, and imprcssed by a dear bought expericnce, that a chango of both mcas urcs and men was indispcnsable to thc welfare of the country. It was a great and irresistiblc movemont of tho people. Our opponents were ttnable to withstand, and wcro borne dowu by a popular cur. rent, far more powcrful than that ofthe mighty father of waters. Tho symbols and insignia, of which they complain, no more created or impelled that currenf, than tho objccts which float upon the bosom of the Mississippt give im petus to tho streatn. Our opponents profess to be great friends cf the poor, and to take a grcat intercst in their wcl. farc, but thcy do not like thc log cabins in which the poor dwcll ! Thcy dislikc their bevcragc of batd cider. They prc fer sparkling champaign,and pcrhaps their tasto is corrcct, but they ought to rcflect that it is not in thc poor man's reach. '1 hey have an mortal hatrcd to our unof. fending coons, and would prcfcr any otb er quadruped. And, as for our Wbig songs, to their cars they appcar grating and fu!l of discord. although chauntcd by the lovelicst daughtcrs, and most melo dious voiccs of our land ! We are vcry sorry to dtsobhge our Democraltc friends, but I am afratd thcy will have (o rccon - cile thcmselves, as well as tl 1 . . . I nuy uan 10 , and Whig our log cabins and hard cider, songs. Popular cxcitemcnt, dcmonstra ting a lively intercst in thc administ.ation of public affairs, is far preferuble to a state ofstillncss, of sullen gloom, and si lent acquicscencc, which dcnotcs thc cx istcnce of dcspotism, or a state of prepar ation for its introduction, And wo nccd not ho disturbed. if that cxcitemcnt should somctimcs manifcst itsclf in Itt- ! dicrous, but innocent forms. But our opponents secm to have short mcniorics. Who commcnced that specics of displav and cxhibition of which they now so bittcrly complain 1 Havo they alrcady fnrgotton thc circnmstanccs attcudant on the campaigns of 1829 and 1832 1 Have thcy forgotton thc uso which they made of thc hog tho wholc hog, bristlcs and all 1 Have thc sccncs cscapcd their rcccolleclion, of bursting tho heads out of barrels, not ofhard cider, but of bccr, pouring their contcnts into ditchcs, and then drinking tho dirly liquid 1 Do thcy ccasc to rcmembcr the use which they made of the hickory, of hickory polcs, and hickory bougbs 1 On mote occas ions than onc, when it was prcviously known that I was to pass on a particular road, have 1 fcund'thc way obstruclcd hy hickory houghs, .strcwed along it, And I will not take up your time by nar rating thc numcrous instanccs of rncan, low and vulgar indijjnity, to which I have been pcrsonally cxposcd. Our op. ponents had better cxcrcisc a little phi losophy on tho occasion. Thuy have becn our tnastcrs in cmploying symbols and dcviccs to opcrate on the fashions of the People. And, if they would refiect and philosophisc a little, thcy would ar rivc nt the conclusion that, whcnevcr an army or a political party acliievcs a victory ovcr an advcrsary, by mcans of any new instramcnt or stratagem, that advcrsary will bc surc, sooneror lattcr, to cmploy the same mcans. I am Iruly glad (o scc our opponents rcturning to a senso of order and dcccn- cy. 1 should bc still hnppicr, if 1 did not lcar that it was produced by thc mortifi cntion oi a past uctcat, ana tnc apprencn sion of one that awaits them ahead,, rath cr than any tborough rcfortnation of manncrs. Most ccrtainly, I do not ap provo of appcals to tho passions of the ' people, or of the uso of disgustinjj or un , worthy mcans to opcrate on their scnses or their undcrstandin';. Allhounh I can look and laugh at tho cmploymcnt of hogs ana coons to inllucncc ihc cxcrcisc ofthe clcctivo franchisc, I should be glad to scc them entircly dispcnscd with. I should greatly prcfcr to scc evcry frco citizcn of Ihc United Statcs ddiburately considering and dctcrmining bow hc can bcst promotc the honor nnd prosperi tv of his country, by the exerciso of his incstimablo privilcgcs, and coming to tho polls unaffcr.tcd by all sinister cxcrtions, nnd thcrc indepcndcntly dcpositing his suliragc. I should tnhnitcly prcfcr to scc calumny, falschood and detraction totally abandoned, and truth, sinccrity, honor and good faitli alnne practieed in all our discussions ; and I think I may vcnturc to assurc our opponcnls that. whcnover thcy arc prcpared to conduct our public discussions and popular clections in thc tnanner and upon thc principles which than I should bc. to scc all partics united, it is so capnblu of bcing, to what it cvcr should be, tho grcat modcl of sclf-govcrn-tnent, the boast of cnlightncd and liberal mnn Itipfinrrhniit flm tvnrld. nnd. Iiv thr JUSIICC, wisuuni iiiiu uuiiu..i.c.ii.u u ..a ujj. eration. thc lcrror and thc drcad ol all tyrants. I know and deplore, deeply deplore, tho dcmoralization which has .so cxtensively prevailcd in our country, du ring a fcw past years. It should bc to cvery man who has an Amctican hcart, a source ofthe dccpcst mortification, and painful rcgrct. Falschood and treachcry, in high places, pcculation and fraud among public servants, distress, cmbar. rassment and ruin among tho people, distractcd and dishcartencd at home, and treatcd with contempt and obloquy abroad, composc the sad features, during the period to which I have adverted, of our unfortunalo national picturc. I should rcjoico to sco this grcat country once mora itsclf again, nnd the history ofthe past fiftcen ycars in a dark and impenctrahlc vcil. And why shall wc not see it ? We have only to will it, to rcvivo and cultivatc thc spirit which wcn for us, and bequeathcd to us, tho noblo heritage which we cnjoj : wo have only to rally around the institutions and inter csts of our beloved country, rcgardless of cvcry other consideration, to brcak, if nccessary, the chains of party, and riso itt the majesty of frccmen, cnd stand out and stand up, fifmly resolved to dare all and do all, to preserve.in unsullied 'purity, and perpctuate unimpaircd, thc noble in. heritanco which is our birth.iight, and scalcd to us with tho blood of our fath. crs. One word more, fcllow-cilszens, and I nm done. I rcpcat that I had anticipa tcd much gratiiication from my visit to your Slatc. I had long and anxiously wished to visit it, to tread the soil on , which American Indcpcndenco was first proclaimcd ; to minglc with tho desccn dants of thoso who were the first to qites. tton the divine right of Kings, and wbo, thcmselvcs, are surpasscd by nono in dc votion to tho catisc of human libcrty, and to thc Co.istitutian and thc Union, its Dest secuntics. Only one circumstancc ! has happcncd to diminish the salisfaction , of mv journey. When I Jeft mv rcsi- I (InnMi in 1 I . I T i . I . j .;-..v.. ... tv.uiuut.r, i niiucipaica thc nap- ptncss ofmccting, among otbcrs, your Wasto.v, then living. I had known him long and wcll, haiing scrvcd with him tnore than a quarlcr ofa ccntury ago in the IIouso of Rcprescnlativcs. He uni. ted in all thc qualitics which commandcd cstccm and admiration hland, purc, pat riotic, cloquent, learncd and pious, and was bclovcd bv all who knew him. Whilst we bow in dutiful submission to the will of Divine Providence, who, du ring thc progress of my journey, has callcd him from his family nnd from his country. We cannot but fccl and dc p!ore tho grcat loss which we have all sustnincd. I share it largcly with you, fellow-citizcns, nnd it is sharcd by' Ihc whole Union. To his barcavcd family and to you, I offer nssurances of my sin. cerest sympathy and condolencc. We are about, fellow-citizcns, finally to separatc. Never again shall I behold this asscmblcd multitudc. No morc shall I, probably, ever scc tho beauliful City ofthe Oaks. jVcvcr more :shall I min. gle in tho delightlul circles of ils hospi tnblo nnd accomplishcd inhabitants. But you will ncver be forgotton by this hcart ofmine. My visit to vour Stato is an epoch in my life. I shall carrv vcUl, mo ,.,. ,i, j . ...i. inu .vis, iii..i;, lilllV UUCI. lO my own patnotic State. a gratcful recol lcetion of tho kindncss, fricndsbip and hospitality which I havo cspericnccd at your hands. And whatever may be mv future lot or destiny, in rctircmcnt or public station, in bcalth orsickncss, in adversity or prospcrity, you may count upon mo as an humblc but zcalous coop. eralor wilh you in all honorable strug glcs to rcplace tho Govcrnment of our Country, once more, upon a solid, purc tnd patriotic basis. I lcavc with you. all that it is in my powcr to ntTcr, my fervcnt prayers thnt one and nll of you mav ba crowncd with the choiccst blessings of Heaven, that vour davs mav bo Ieni'lbnn. cd out to thc utmost pcriod of human ex- I istcnce, that thcy may be unclouded, happy and prospcrous, and that, when this rnorlal career shall terminate, you may be translatcd to a bctler and a brightcr world. Farewell, fcllow.citizens, ladics and gentlcrnen an atTectionatc farewell to all of you ! ABOLITIONISM. The following extract from the speech of ffor. Scuard at the Syracusc Convcntion should be read and digcsted by evcry Amcri can citizen. If our public speakors would devote morc time to discussing the snbject of Third Party Aboliticnism multitudes of our dcluded fellow-citizcns who bave givcn in to the dehnums ofthe Third Party would bc cnabled to see tbe light. The intelligent of the AVhig party have held the rcasonings of Third Partyism in too much contempt. Let this be no longcr their error. NowFellow Citizcn3, what willitcostto sernrpthp nprnlinp Inftfitntinnc tlin ??;inlt,T I Why, first, the assumption ofthe debt ' Tcxas. It may be 15, it may be 22 millions j of dollars. More or less, this ought to be an j objcction with thosc who dcny the Fcdcral I Government constitutional oowerto asscme i ITBEBEHTS or TnE SEVERAL ST1TES which i are raembers of the confederacy. Butl do I uot dwell on ihh objcction. If Texas was ' . I- i ; t i i.i l t- 1 worth buying, I should not hesitate merely about tbe cost ; and we sce already tbat the Texas party find a wonderful clasticity in tho Constitution. Well they may. Tbey were the party of Repudiation ; and adeht of2o millions would bc as casily paid ofT in that way as a dcbt of one. (Cliecrs.) It will cost a war with Mexico an unjust war awartocxtend tho Slavc Trade, and the Slave Piracy Piracy in the judgment of christendom. In snch a war. the nationsof the numerous cbangcs ot tms Kiod constant Europe and of South Amcrica, would com- j ly occurring. Among the more important bine against us, and tbe Almighty has no at-,tbatwe bave oflatc noticed, is that of John tribute which would induce him to blcss ouri Busk, Esq., the Iate proprictor ofthe "Bal- anns. You will not go to war for human slavery, illyou? ("Nolno!") Come hither! you, ' ic advocatcs of Texas! See here 15,000 1 will you ? ("No ! no !") Come hither ! vou, ' tbc men cnjoying tbe blcssings to perpetuate and extend tbe domain of slavery 1 No ! no ! War is tbe game of kings of despots ; ntit of ucmocracies. .And above all, not orthe de mocracy ofthe Araerican States. What bas slavery done for us already tbat we should hazard pcace, prosperity and honor to secure or extcnd ifs hateful sway? It has once cost us our system of home industry our public credit cost us a long scasoa of financial cra barrassmcnt the abandonmcnt of intemal improvcments waste ofthe national domain a sacrifice ofthe inviolatc right of petition the forfeiture of all consistency of public character, and the disrespect of civilized men. This is enough and too much. NUMBER 14. What should we gain by the acquisition of Texa3 i liaud ! Have we not a thousand millions of uncultivated acies already 1 Se curi ty against the invasion ofthe the South abolishslavery.and she may dcfy invasion as boldly as we who dwell almost withiu sight and hearing of British ports Extension of market for our manufactures ? Docs not the slavery we already have nullify the Uniou to prcvent our manufacturing at all ? Citizcus, ve who bave reioiced under the name.and claimed tbe principles of democra cy I am one of you. II I know my own hcart or life, I love and cherish next to my religion, the cqual and bcneticcnt principle ofderaocra cy. I wara you not to be mislcd. Hence forth the Whigs are by confcssion of man kind tbe party of Freedom. of Pooress and of Civn.iz.Tio;f. Friends of Emnticipation ! Advocatesof the Rights of Man ! I am onc of you. I have always bclieved and trustcd that tbe Whhrs of Amcrica would come up to thc ground you have so nobly assumcd. Not that I supposed, or belicved, they would all at once, or from tbc samc impulscs, reach that ground. But tbat the progress of events would surely bring them there, and they would assumc it chcerfully. That cousumma tion has come. All tbat is dear to tbe Whigs ofthe Unitcd Statcs, in regard to policy.to principle and to admiuistration, is uow in volvcd with your own favorite causc in the present issue upon the admissiou of Tex- as to the Union You have now tbis ... j jjcnerous and triumphant party on tho vcry ' ground to which you have iuvited them, and for not assuminc which prcmaturely vou have so oftcu dcuounced them. But you ' will say that Hesrt Cur is a slavc holdcr. jSohcis. I regret it asdceply as you do. I i wisb it wcre othcrwise. But our conflict is not with oue slavc bolderor with many, but with slaxeni. HcjiRr Clat is our rcprescn- tativc. You are opposcdto the adniission of I exas, autl you auunt anu asscrt thc tluty ol resistingit liy the rigbtnl suttragc. Hl you rcsist it by voting for James O. Biunkt ? , Your votcs would bejust a cflectual if east l upon the watcrs olthu placid lake. Bnt you say Hesrt Cur disavows abo- htioimm. liethimdo so. What carc you and Ifor thati lie is opposed to i kxas, He is the candidatc of tbc Wh.g Party. I Tiiet are opposcd to Tcxas Thcy uot hc, , arc to prcvent the annexatinn of Tcxa. Let us lirins New York up to tbe ground she hcld . in the Yirginia controvcrsy. (Chcers) Thcrc ' she shall have anti-Tcxas Senatora m Con- jrrcs. Let us sccure the clcction of anti Tcxcs Representatives in Congres3 ; and then Ict tbe ghost of thc Tcxas treaty come back in wbat shape it mav, we will question it and sileucc it forcver. If it come aain ly treaty, it will bc rejectcd. Ifbylawor joint resolution, it will bc dcfeated. Thc sccurity theduration the extension of slavery all depcnd on thc annexationof lcxas. Ilow, then. can any fricnd of cmancipation votc for v . I tnc lcxa3 canchtjatc, or ivnuuoiu nis votc i- ,f iiri i , , . l Tl , llVtll IIIC lf.ll baUUIU.IIb MilUUUI b.llkWJUU tiie mcre capricc ol laction : IJemocrats, ijibcrtv mcn and Wlngs, liy whatever tiame yuii prefer to be callcd ! thc issue prcscnts itsclf alike to all. Tcxas acd slavery are at war with the interes's, tbe prin ciples, the sympathics ofall The integrity of the Union dcpcnds on the rcsult. To in- crcaje thc slavc holding power is to subvcrt thc Uonstitutiou, to givc a rearlul prcponder ancc which may, and probably will be spee dily followed by demauds to which thc demo cratic freelabor Statcs cannot yicld, and tbc demand of which will bc made thc ground for seccssion, nulliScation and disuniou. M r. Skwaro sat dowu amid thc long con tinucd chcers of the thousands who heard and rcspondcd to his sentimenta. TIMES OF ELECTIONS. As cuquirics are frcquently made of us, in rclalion to the t'niie of holding thc clections in the various Statcs, during thc present ycar, we publish thc following tablc, showing thc timcs of holding tbe sevcral State and Presidential Elections, and the numbcr f Presidential Electors to bo chosen in each State. Those who tako au interest in thcsc matters will prcscrre this tablc for futurc rcf- crence. T1JIE1 OF ELECTI05S. States. Slae. J'residen'L Electors. Maine, N. Hanipshire, Vermont, Mnssachusctts, Rhodc Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, l'enusylvania, Delawarc, Maryland, Virgiuia, N. Carolina, t. Carolina, Georgia, Sept. Marcb Scpt. Nov. 9 12 3 11 Nov. 4 9 G C 12 4 C 3G 7 2G 3 4 12 11 ( 4 5 5-6 1 12 11 4 11 1 7 11 4 5 5 4 25 4 4 4 4 4 Apr. Aug. April 1 Nov. ." Oct. Oct. Nov. Oct. April Aug. Oct. Oct. Aug. Nov. July 3 8 12 o 18 1 14 4 5 4 1 8 17 11 Dec. Nov. 9 10 ... ' iMabama, 9 G C 13 12 LouianJ"' Tcnncssec Kentucky ' Qhio t.i: ' . Aug. Oct. Aug. Aug. Aug. Nov. Oct. Oct. Nov. 23 1 in- 9 7 m:": ?i:.t,:n' r Arkansas, Thcrc is no State Election in Tennessee this year. C" The Baltimore Whig derotes seven columns in summing up chnnges from Loco Focoism to Clav andAVbisism! It would be impossible for us to kcep np the record of timore Ilcpubliean, '"e lcaamg loco-roco paper iu Maryland, who, swallow such a dose as the him iu the person of Mr. Pi not neing ame to swallow such a dose as the party have oflered Polk, bas come over to tbe Whigs, and has in contemptation the establishment ofa DailyPenny paper, to be devotcd to the eause ofCLAY, FRELING HUYSEN and the TARIFF. The Loco papcrs are in great bdsiness. Wc saved a colnmn of pretended "ebanges" to Locofocoism from thc N. H. Rcgister, and more than nint'tenths of those we find explic Iy contradicted. We have no question tbat ali ofthem are unfounded. The Times of lastweek said.one Gantt, ofDetroit had aban doned the Whig banner. The Advertiser of that city saya, that the man (Gantt) ncver vo ted the Whig ticket in his life ! ' '.Hartford Jouri IS PCDLISIIED EVERT WEDSESDAT MORSI.NO' I STEWART'S BC1LDI50S BY J. COBB JE, I WUOK ALL ORDIRS rCR rRUTI"f 3B(0)(DIKg9 HAHDBILLS, Of every dcscription will be neatly anft fashionably exccutcd, at short noticc. INTERESTING LETTER. The following Ietter from llon. WiLtuirf Slade, of Middlebury, who was inviteJ to address the Mass Couvention at Shcldotf on the 13tb inst., will be read with deep iu terest. It is a commanding expression of lofty senlimcnts and important trnths: Albany Daily Adc- JMmnLEBCRT. JnlylO, 184-1. Geo. Fredrick IIoucuton, Esq. Dear Sir, Yourlettcr in behalf of tfiff Whig Committee of Franklin County, invit ing me to attcnd a Mas Convcntion at Sbel-' don on thc 13th inst., has becn rcceived. 1 haye dclay ed an afsner from my strong de sirc to make it afiirmatirc, if I could f.hd it possible to dispeose with other engagc ments long enough toallow luetbepleasureof mect iug my friends at the contemplatcd pather iog. But I find myself compellcd to dec.ine yourinvitation, tbe dutics of my oflice being at present, too urgent to admil of any relaxa tion. I shall long remeuibcr tbe pleasurc I cn joycd iu my visit to Sheldon iu 1840, and should be exceediugly happy agaiu to minglc with my fellow citizens of Franklin cuunty, and commune with them concerniug tbe great matters ofnatioual intercst which uow occu py the public attcntion. The contest of this ycar,I nccduotsay.exceeds.iuimpnrtai cc.the contest of 1810, for thcrc are supcradded to the qtiestions of that year. olhcrs of grcatautj absorbing interest. Thc question of protec tion to onr industry, then little discusrd, has come to asEUincan iinportancc.uliicli makcs I tbe protective policy the leading theme in all onrpuhhc disctiS'iions. At thc tern.iuation ofa contest more scvcrc, protractt-dand haz ardotis, than any tarifl" contest, pcihapswbicli thc country cvcr witnesscd, Ihe Whigs of the 27lh Congress sncccedcd in cstablishirig a tariff, whose adequacy for protcctior, and whose bencficial inllucncc upon thc cxhaust ed trrasury, and the derangcd exchangcs of the country, thc lapse ofless than tuo ycars has abundantly atlestcd. That tarill", I necd not say, is indauger of dcstntciion at lerst in to much dangcr; as there is danger that ouf opponcnts shall triumph in the pcnding cori' test. The tiudcniable hostility of their I'res' dcntial candidatc to the TariHof 1842, bring tbc question uf its destrtiction to nn issuc which cannot bc avoided. Shall tbat tariff stand, with nn chnnges but such as its most caittious friends may find, on expericnce, thc equalization of protection to all interest? demands? orsball it be swept from thc Ftat utc book, as was attcmptf d at the late srssiort ofCongress! arc qtiestions which arc su.--pended upon the discussions nnd densiuns of this vcry year. 1 knuw there are notwanting. cflbrts to makc it appear othcrwise to the people of Vcrmout eflbrts, in fact, to show that the very father ot the protective policy has bccome indiircrcnt to its tnpport, whilc his rival for the Presidcncy .whose whole pub lic carcer bas becn raarkcd with undisgaiscil hostility to it, has bccome its fricnd. Tbc discussions of this year will dispil this dclu sion; and while they denionttmtc, if demon stratiuu can now be necdcd, the adeqnacy of the exist'ng tari(T,will show nhn arc, nnd who are uot. thc trttc and rcliable friends of tbU grcat interest. I am glad 'o scc thc pcopfe awakc to this subjcct, and rejoice to witncss their disjuisi tiou to gathcr in mass nfetings to discuss it. When thcy come thorougbly to undcrslaml tbis grcat question, they will dccido it right; and they will dctrrminc that it is snfcr tn couimit this interest to its old and tried friends, tbatt to trust to new profcssions made for a special occasion. But there is a new and fcarfnlly important question which has bccnsuddenly tbiown be fore tbe country, to be decided in the present conlesr. 1 mcan thc qurstiim of anncxing a forcign calion to our confederacy a qnes tion involvinK, a? it sccms to me, nothing less than tbe very exi'itsnce of Ihis Union Thd consumrnation of tbis project, which awaiu the triumph of our opponcnts in this year'tf contest. will be tantamount to nn act declar-1 ing the Union dissolvcd; andifactnal difso- Iution does not follow. it will uot be owing to any cohcsive poiver in the Constitution, after" the confederacy shall have lost its idcntity, in tnc new aan monsirous conucxion wnu a ior- eitrn state. There is no aspcct in which this mcasurC can bo viewed, in which it does not portend cvil ; and yet there .tc thousands ho arc suddenly gningforit.withas much confidencc, as though thcy bad made this grcat qnestinrt the greatcst, in fact, that etcragitated tbis nation the study of llieirwhole Incs. In thci facilitv of chantre thiis cxbibited, upon n question ofthe greatest conceivable moinent to the country. there is ground of alarni, ex tendiug farbcyond thc limits of tbe question itsclf. What may not Ihe powcr of party accomplish, if it can work the wonder of sud denly raising up, as by mngic, friends to such a mcasure as this 1 What is to beeomc of our country, if its highcst interests are thus to be made the sport of party ? if fnen atd thus to bc inoved in masses, andnhceled into Iine, at tbc bidding of party leaders? I do not ask this question in the spirit of party. No! no! Thbha matter which riscs far above all party considcratlons, and appeals to a bigherscnliment. than evcrfouhdaplacts in tbe bosom ofa mcre pnrtisaa. Opposition to this gigaatic scheme is not among the things which may be gtven up for the sake of sccuring some good which a party may aim to accomplisb, and which can only bc accom plishcd by party union. To hold on to a par-f ty union, with such a sacrifice, would not be "union for tbe sake ofthe Union," but uniorJ with the ceitaiuty of its dcstraction.- I nced not sav that tbe success of our op poncnts in this Presidential election would ber the success of this measnre. Their candi date has been selected for the very pprposeof carrying it. He is committed to it irrevoca bly. And whcre is Hesrt C lat 1 oppostd lo'it; and opposed forreasons of perpctnal force. The act of taking a stand in opposi tion to tbis measnre, has given him a new claim to the confidencc of the nation. He has.in eltect, said let us strenglhen and con solidate our present Union, ratbcr than ha. ard its existence in an attempt to extcnd and perpetuate the institntion of slavery. Mr Clay docs not wish to perpetuate tlatf ry. He has no svmpathv with tbe absurd ahd moit- strous sentiment, that its perpetuiiy is em tial to the perpeluity of republican institniious: and whatever may be bis views in regard m immcdiate emancipation, he stands, in refrr- ence to the great issue on which tbe qurstinu of slavery is now turning, on the side of Irtfr dom and of bis country.