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The northern galaxy. (Middlebury, Vt.) 1844-1848, August 14, 1844, Image 1

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F Ill.igc suliscrilicrs,
IT 1 ! vnlirri1inr3. .
S2 00
2 00
inaivi'aml an J Cumpanics wlio lake at llie office
$1'75 or 1 jl) ccnis 11 paia in s.x ihoduw.
riio'cliol:ikeof Tostriaers . . .S2.O0
If not paid at llieena oftlie year 2, 25
No papcrs aiscontiniieJ until arrcarases are pn.il
excppt atllie oplion oflhe proprictor. No paj mei t
0 C-irricrsallawed cxccpt ordc.-red by ll.opropr.e-
AU comm.inicati.nn.I.e ad.lrcscd lotbecd
tor Post Paid
The burning Prairie.
"Il was now just at thc close of a long
Eummcr's day. Our stcamcr for many a
long wEary lio'ur had bccu pushingher slow
course iip theliroadstream oftlie Mississippi,
when tlierc siiddcnly opcncd upon us a vast
cxtendcd prairie. To me this was an ob
jcct of tlirilling interest, and the moro so,
liecausc liithcrto, wc Iiad secn scarcely uoth
ing upon cithcr sidc of thcrivcr but unbro
kcii and boundlcss forcsts, strctching away
asfarasthe cye could rcach to the distant
horizon. But here was a vast cxpanse, in
t liicli no trce nor stump, nor stonc was visi
blc. Naught met tlic cye but tlie tall iva
ving in thc brcezc, bending, rising, rolling to
nnd fro likc the wavcs of thc ocean after a
lcmpest; and this grassy surfacc intersperaed
with wild flowcrs of cvery color, liuc and
For a long time I watchcd this iicautcous
sccne, till thc shadows of evening began to
sctllcdown upon it. White I continucd ga
zing upon the prairie, the old Kcntuckian,
who stood near, was inaking his obserya
tious, and at length remarkcd, "Tliat prairie
011 fire would bo a noblc sight !" I have
secn thcm burning in a dark night, whilc thc
wind sprung up atid bore ou thc flamcs likc
a sca of firc. I can tcll you a goodstory and
atrue one about a burning prairie. and a
fjmily ho pcnshcd by the conflagration.
We urgcd h'un to procccd in thc narra
tivc. Ile bcgan by giving an account of the
family tliat perished in the conflagration,
with whose history he sccmed quitc familiar.
It was a beautiful" and touehing picturc of
rcal life tliat he drew in dcscribhi" this fam
ily as they Iived soincwhcrc in the valley of
Omon lUvcr, ainui ine suuiime mouniaiu
sccnery of Vermont. He rcprcscnted Mr.
N. -, the father, as a hardy, sensible, and
pious New England Farmer. The family
("our chihlrcn, twoof whom.Jnmcs and Lydia,
wcre grown up to adult age, whilc Gcorge,
the ncxt son, was about thirtecn ycars old,
and youngcst daughtcrwas onlj cight. Mr.
N. had long toiled to accumulale a little
property, but the increase had bcen so sloiv
tliat iu a fit of iliscouragemcnt he sold his
little fann, and determincil to emigrate to thc
far-wcst, where he learned he could pur
r.h.ise laud.at a very low price, and procurc
the nicaus of subsUtcucc with vcry little la
bor. He pursuadcd hiinsclf that by adop
ting this course he should be doitig morc
justice to his cbiMrcn tlian rcinaiiiitig in a
country where property, and cvcn the mcans
of subsistcuce for a fatiiily could bc attaiued
onlybyvears of perscveriug toil.
There was ouly one hcart made sad by
this dctcrinination, and that was the heart
of his oldest and favoritc daughtcr. Lydia
N was a jirl of cxcellcnt scnse, audsomc
pcrsonal attractiuus. Shc had interested the
nlTectious of a vouns nian who had crown
ltn with lier from childhood. llis fathcr
owned ati adjoining fartu. Tlie two families
were quite iiitiinatc, and many happy hours
had Charles S and I.yilia passed togelh-
er. This propositiou ofcuiigratiiig to tlie
far West sccmed to the young peoplc a dcath
blow to all their lung chcrished hopes, as thc
circuiiislaiiccs oftlie oung mau did notwar-
rant his foriniiig a marriage conncctiou at
once. Bul true afTection is rcady to make
anv sacnfice to attaiu its objcct. As soou
as it was a eetlled poiut that Mr. N was
to lcave. Charles S onered to accoin-
pany hiin iu the occupation ofa hired man,
if he wotild cxcept his scrvices. Mr. N
cousentcil, and cvery tlinig was arrangcu ar
Tlioy wcre noiv 011 their ivay moving 011 in
true wcsteru style. They expected to be
wccks and uioiiths 011 their jounicy before
Ihcv rcached their distant bome. J he tam
ily, and all the cfl'ccts thcy borc with them,
wcre carricd iu two stout wagous, each oue
f wliicli was ilmwn by thrce yoke of oxcn,
Mr. or his oldcst son usually actcd as
the dnver of oue of these wagous, whilc
Charles S tnok charce of the othcr.
They had already lieen on their jounicy
tnauywecks, anU liad penetrateu solarnito
the westcru world as to nnd it neccssary to
tiitch their tents cacli mgutand seek a lou
ing placc wherevei the shades ofeveniug
overtook them. Thcy at lcugth entercd a
prairie countrv, and werc fora white alinost
spell-Iiound hy tlie wide tracks of plain that
.stretclied around tliem. To tnein tnc won
ders oftlie boundless prairies appearcd morc
amaziiig because thcy had always beeu shut
ip Iiy lolty tiiountains in a narrow ueu, auu
iiad uevcr till tiow Iooked abroad upon such
amplituue and vastncss of expansc.
They had now. beeu travclling througli a
pnurie countrv for several days. Itwaslate
iu tlie autumn, thoH"h the wealher coutinucd
:is bland as sunimer. Thc day was bright
and sunny ; the vagons cacli covered with
a tbick tow cloth covenu!:, and drawu by
three yokc of oxen were moving slonly on
through the vast exteudcd rigion of long
grass, now sere and dry, which strctched
around tliem likc a snoreless ocean, ana
eeutly beutto aud fro in theautumual brcezc
No house, uor store, nor hillock, norasoli
tary tree wcre secu iu tlie vast circle of the
cucompassins liorizon. As the sun declm
cd, and the shadows l)egan to lengthen, the
topsofasmall giove bagan to be visible in
a distauce. The cinigrants immediatety de
termiued to scek a placc of encainpmciiffor
me nigiu iu me ueignoornoou oltmsgrove;
for the naturally concluded that they should
find a spriiig or rivulet that would lurnish
water for their own use; aud fucl for cook-
iii" their cvenins meal. They hadbeen suc
ccssful this day iu shooting a largc uuinbcr
ol prairie hens, and were anticipaUng a delic
ious repast.
Mr. N proposed ttiat James and him-
self should go on ahead of the wagons, and
getevery thing rcady by the time they canie
up. Tuev accordinciy startea ou. navins
Ieft Charles S to drivc the forward wag
ou in which the family rode, and George to
couduct the other. Mr. N and James,
howevcr, had not goue but a few yards be
fore Lydia came bouuding through the long,
sere grass, with the fleetness of a deer, bear
ing a tea-kettlc in one hand aud three orfour
prainc tiens in the othcr. Lydia, as we bave
tefore said, was full of sprightfulness and
vivaeity, and shehad toooften clambered up
" iecp ana rough sidcs or the Green
Mountains to ibink any thing of a watk
of two or three miles 3i-m tl, nmTrT.
Her object in accompanying her father
..-: lu loiicu me evening mcal ; as her fath
er made 110 ol.jcctions, thc group movcd ou
wnha quick step towardsthe distant woods.
Thcy had already procecded thrcc miles
when they carae to a beautiful spring ol
cool, ctcar water. Ilerc they all sat down,
and witti gratcful Iicarts partook largcty of
nalurcs ocvcragc. in tlie mcan iunc mr.
N drew his pipo from his pocket and
having fillcd it with the dry Judiau weed,
a Bupply ofwhicti lie always carried with
him, lie soon ignited some by mcans of his
jackuife and flint. Tliey were now only a
short distauce Irom ine wooo, auu narmg
filled a tca-kettle and a pail witli water they
wcnt forward and begau to cut upsomc wood
to kindlc a fire.
And now the sun had sct, and the evet
in: shades, wcre gatliering fast around them.
licneath the covert of a large trce a fire was
burning brightly, over which was suspendcd
the tca-kcttlc: and all things werc rcady for
thc arrival of the party on board tl.c wagons.
f.ydiaranout ofthe woods a little way into
the prairie to see ifshe could discover the
advaucing party. Slie saw thcm about half a
tnile distant, moving slowly on but slie saw
at hand, aud near thc spring, what greatly
alarmcd hcr a smoke and a flickcring blaze.
shc ran back in great liastc and said, "Father,
1 fear in lighting your pipc you have set the
prairie on fire !"
Mr. N started up as thougli a thunder-
bolt liad struck his feet, nnd rushcd forward
to ascertain the trutli of Lydia's rcmark. '
James and Lydia both followcd him. Tlie
iiioment thcy cmergcd from thc uoods and
got into tlie opcn pranc, tueawlul ccrlainty
burst upon thcm ina moiiicut. What a sight
thcn met their view! The prairie was in-
dccd on firc. It was now nuite dusky, and
thc little flickcring blaze which Lydia liad
secn liad alrcadv bccomc a sca of firc. The 1
wind drovc thc flamcs in the dircctiuti of
their friends, whosc cscapc eccmcd uttcrly
impossible- !
The long dry grass which had wavcd so
gracclully in thc winds, now caugtit evcry
where likc'.inder; and went up a long shcet
flauicthat widencd and cxpandcd every mo-j
incnt. aud inouutcd up with incrcasingj
brightncss and licight, as tliough it would
rcach thc vcry skies.
The feclings of this group were cxcitcd
alinost to asony in bchalf of their friends.
Thc thought at length struck thcm tliat if
they could only succccd iu gctting through
thc long Iinc of flame thcy niiglit savc thcm,
as the conflagration was cvidentty mov;ng
of from tlie placc were they stood ; and as
thccolumn ofllaino seemed to cxtend uiore
to thc right thau to thc Ieft, thcy cmbrnced
the determinaiion to make an clfort to rcach
their friends iu tliat dircction. ItccUcss of
conscqueuccs, wild ithdespair, thc iustaut
ly rushed fonvard, and succecdcd iu getting
in advaucc of lhc firc in onc place. Itut
theysoou found that the cnrmy wascoming
Uon them with thc spced and furyof nwhirl
wiml. Mr. N lifted up liis voice and shouted
aloud, biddmg thc tcams to inovc in that
dircction, but no sound was rcturncd savc
thc awful crackling ofthe advancing flamcs.
Darkness covered the whole vast prairie,
savc where this swccping culumn of firc
spread its desolating breath. Thc- could no
uhcre discover a tinglc tracc ofthe wagous;
aud now they began to sec the pcril of their
own situatiou, Already wcre they complete
ly environcd with the firc, aud all retrcat
sccmed cut ofl'. Thc only hopc Ieft thcm
was to cndcavor to rush through the flamcs
and to cet to the windward side of the 011-
Ifazratiou. Mr. N and James made their
way for a hile through this awful tcmpest of
Ilame, tlie (tarmg lyuiakcepiug close at tncir
hccls. At length a poiut was gaincil w lncli
seemed to opsu a prospcct ofcscape; uot a
mumcut was to be lost, for already thc firc
ragcd atotiud them like a furuacc: Mr.
N drawing in his breath. dashcd througli
this awful liuc of flame. and rcached a spot
where the cousumiugelementceascd to rage.
it having already swept away evcry vcstige of
combustiulc matter. 1 liougn scorclieU, ana
smartiug in every Iiinb, he could not but feel
Kratcful to God for this delivcraure, Hein-
stantly turucd to see what had bccomc of
his chihlrcn. At this instant he saw oue
bricht, lurid sheet of fire mounting uplikca
vast wave ofthe ncean, and complctely ovcr-
whclmmz them!
He rushed back to assist thcm, but thc
flame like a furuace seven times hcatcd,
rolled its intense, firey aurge back upon him
in such a manner that be was ouliged to re
treat. At this nioment he hcard Lydia
shriek her dress was all on fiie, aud her
brother ivas trying with all his strcngth
to bcar her through the raging tempcst.
When it had again in some slight degree
abatcd, again the fathcr dashed forward
butanothcr gust of wiud swept suchator
reut of lirc over the budics of his childrcu
that it was impossible for him to reach the
spot where they were. When the burning
waves had passed by. he straincd his eyes,
but iu vaiu, to catch a glimpse of those ob
jccts of his afTection. They wcre uot visible.
At length, as thc fire inarchcd on, he reach
ed the spot where he had seeu his children
struggliug with the awful clemcnt, aud there
he found thcm both, lyiug on the ground
their clothcs nearly uurnt ou, anU tncir IjoU
ies half consumed by the dcvouring flame!
llis daughter was gaspiug iu death, aud his
son so drcadfullyburuedthathe could scnrce
ly move a limb. The firc was still burning
the grass around and beneath them.
At a little distance, howcver, there was a
spot where thc consuming clemcnt had cx
haustcd itself; to this place he cndeavored
to rcmove his childreu. Poor Lydia alinost
cxpired in his arms. As he laid her down
on thc black and scathcd spot of carth, she
faintly said, "Christ is my hope ! Jesus can
make this resting place as soft as downy pil
lowsare!" The father hastcncd to remoje
his son to the same spot. He there laid
him with his face towards his sister's. Ile
soon saw that she was dead, and said to his
father, "This is a sad night for us; Lydia is
gone, and I think I shall soon follow."
"This is an hour." replied his father, "in
which all we can do is to Iook to God. He
hassaid. "when thou passest through tlie fire
I will be with tbce.' "
" Will you pray with me, dear father?"
"I will said the agitated father, and knecl
ing down on the blackencd carth, white ben
ding over one child already dead, and anoth
er almost ready to expire, he cried unto God
for help and mercy. When he arose from
his knees, he perceivcd that James' breath
ing was more rapid, and embarrassed thanit
had been before. A dreadful fever was burn
ing through his veins.
"I shall soon be, said the dying son, where
the flame can no longer kindle uponme;
T shall be able to hathe in the cool, re-
freshing stream that flows from the thorne of
God and the Lamb."
"God grant" said the fathcr, "that ancn-
trancc may bc adiuinistcred unto thccabun
dantly iuto his cvcrlasting kingdom."
"Amen," rcspondcd James, and dicd. The
chill of dcath had suddeuly came over him,
aud his spirit fled to thc prcscnce of his Ma
ker aud Judge.
Thc father sat fora loug timcon the ground
gazing upon his dear children. Thc curtain
of darkncss was drawn over the scene but
here and there dissipated by the dying and
rcviving cmbcrs, and ilickcring that still liu
gercd on alinost cvery spot over which the
awful conflagration has swept. An unsteady,
lurid light, just suflicient to rcveal the widc
sprcad sccne of dcsolation, was thus flung
over the dark and blackencd waste wnere me
consuming clcment had a few hours before
rode on iu its resplendcnt car. At the dis
tance ofa few miles, and as far to lhc right
and Ieft as thc eye could rcach, rose oue vast
cxtcnded column of flame, mounting up to
hcaven amid the darkness of miduight, and
marching ou with the spccd and fierceness,
and furyofa whirlwind. Itwas an awful
and sublime sight! Here the father sat by
the side of his lifeless and unbreathing chil
dren; the stillncss of solitude was around
him and there, bursting up from amid thick
darkncss, was this trcmcndous conflagration,
which sccmed so bright, and ficrcc, aud aw
ful, that onc could hardly refrain thinking it
would hurn up thc world and niclt thc elc
mcnts with its fcrvcnt hcat.
But 1 ought before to have told thc readcr
the account thc Kcntuckian gave of the fatc
of those who were conncctcd with the ad
vancing wagons. Thcy had scen the smoko
ofthe firc that was to cook their evening
meal curling abovc thc trccs, and directed
their coursc to that point as the spot where
they should mcet their friends. Thcy wcre
not at all aware ofthe coming of this awful
conflagration or ofthe approach of danger,
till they saw the whole prairie dircctly before
them ht up with one cxtcnded sheet of flame.
Xo onc can dcpict the tcrror, thc anguish, the
horrorofthatmoinent! No one can depict
the sublimily and grandcur of the sccne that
at that momcnt burst upon their view ! llut
fear aud wild distraction took completc pos
session of the whole company. Thc very
cattle that drew the wagous sccmed to sym-
pathizc with them, and to discover at ouce
that their lute was sealcu.
Wc have already remarkcd that thc fire cx
tcnded morc rapidly in one lateral dircction
than the other. This Charles S obscrv-
cd, and immcdiatcly sotight to takc dvau
take of it, and if possiblc get to the windward
oftlie firc. But long before thcy rcached
the linc of flame, the firc had cxtendcd miles
in this dircctiuu. It was too latc there was
no cscapc thc fire was cvery momcnt ap
preachins thcm, Mrs. N claspcd her
young daughtcr to her bosom aud sat still
in the wagon. The oxcn, as the flames ad
vanccd.bccame pcrfectly unmanagable. Tliey
rushed fonvard with thc fury of wild and
maddei.cdbeastsinto the thickest ofthe flames.
The one team took onc dircction, aud the
other, anothcr, but both of thcm coutinucd
to move on through the hottest column of
flame, till at length the cattlc one aftcranoth
erfclldown in the yokc, suflbcaled by thc
flame, and bellowing like as though iu the
airouics of dcath.
Long before the last ox had fallen, nnd the
wagon had ceascd to move, Mrs.N , with
her younsest child claspcd to hcr bosom, had
given uplhe ghost. Thc tow awning which
covered the wagon in which shc rode, took
fire almost as soon as they met the liue of
flame, and instantly all the combustable ma
tcrials in the vehicle wcre in flamcs. Escapc
seemed impossible, for already the oxcn werc
moving with the spced ofthe wind through
thc thickest of thc flames, nnd Mrs. N ,
clasping hei child to hcr bosom, yiclded to
hcr fatc.committiug all to God. Poor George
not alle to keep pacc with the tcamhc drove,
as he saw thc flame marching on, sought by
ruuning, to cscape from the face of thc de
vouring clemcnt, but attcmpt wasviiu. The
whirlwind of fire soon overtook him, and like
a resistlcss sca, rolled its buruiug wavcs over
him. When Charles S saw the team he
drovc could no longer be controllcd, and
that iti order to follow thcm he must cncoun-
ter ccrtain dcath. he Ieft thcm to takc their
own course, and sought to rush through the
linc of flame, which had tiow become so e.X'
paudcd, that long before he had passed thc
fiery column thc fleshwasalmostburncd from
lns uones, ana ne at lcngin icu oown upou
the burning carth, tinable to raove a step far
ther. The fire still movcd on with awful, una-
batcd fury over the .uide and far cxtcnded
nrane. No onc that lookcd upon that awful
airht could have failcd to have cxclaimed,
"What a time it will be for the uugodly when
this world shall bc on fire !' When the mor
ning came, a melancholy spcctacle was pre-
sented to our view over the blackcneu piain.
Onc solitary human form was scen slowly
moving amid the scene of dcsolation and
that was Mr.N He fonud Charles S
iust in thc last azouies of death, from
whom, howcver he learned the paniculars
abovc statcd. This youug man soon expircd ;
and Mr. N alone. of all that cm'rgrant
! traiu, was Ieft to tcll thc sad story of the
Ezekiei.Polk, -rnEOLDTonr. ThcAr
pus coufesses that Ezekiel Polk'snamc is not
signed to the Mccklenburgh Declaralion of
lndepcndeucc. Of coursc it must admit that
thc copy iu the possession of its Locofoco
cotemporary the Mecklcnburgh Jeflersoni-
an to wtiicn tue namc oi x-zchiu. rois is
We have here another illustration of the
Locofoco maxim, "ihere's uo honesty inpol
itics." To show their consistency and that
they act up to their crced, the North Caroli-
na 1'olkats deem it lucumucnt on tnem to
commit forgcry.
Northern Peknstlvakia. There wcre
large and enthusiastic Whig Mass Mcctings
ofthe Whigs ofausquehanna Co., Pa., at
Montrosc on the 15th, and of those of Brad
ford Co. at Townanda on the 17th inst. The
latleris estimatcdat5to7,000. Several towns
had more roters in proccssion than thcy cver
gave Whig votes.
From thc Shijiptnguig Keics,July 27.
v.rtojnp t-n ihprlav aDnointcd for thc
Whig Mass Mceting at Chambersburgh.and
truly a great gathering it was. We heard it
saidby some ofthe oldest citizens that such a
gathering has uever been cqualled in numbers
or cntnusiasm ny any pouucai acmoiagc in
that county. There wcre 6000 voters prcsent.
It was truly an army with bauncrs.
Ofthe Central Committee, concerning the License Laws,
To the Frtemtn and Citizcns of Vermont.
To submit quietly to injuries and losses which might, by peaccable and propcr means,
bc avcrtcd, docs not coraport with the character of a wise and determined peoplc. Evcn
those minor rigbts which respect nothing higher than property and the cnjoymeut of iu
nocent luxuries, whetber they are rights ofthe majority or of the niinority, are held by
their possessors and by the laws, above invasion. But when those rights rclate to man in
hissocialandmoral relations, when they respect thcmindand the character, aflccting do
mestic cnjoymeut, good habits, industry, virtuous action and peace of conscience, a resijt
ancc to their violation is made imperative equally by the moral scnse and thc first priuci
ples of liberty.
The sale of intoxicating drinks does violencc to socicty in both these classes of its rights,
and wounds it in every other valuable privilegc. From tbe vcry foundations ofthe New
England commonwealths, the gcneral voice has dcclarcd it dangcrous, aud, exccpt under
legal rcgulatious and restrictions, not to bc indurcd. Even so regulated and restricted,
it has always bcen to many, a subject of misgiviug, and at thc prcsent time, as we believe,
thc sobcr scnsc ofthe community is ready to rcprobatc it restricted or unrestricted as
an unabated nuisance.
Those who exult often loudly in thc oppositc opinion are deccivcd by their own
clamor. Principlc is dcep aud sileut. The multitude of the bencvolcnt, the patriotic and
the serious dcliberate long are cautious about action but, when resolved to act. are irre
sistible in their union. That thc onnonents ofthe traffic namcd constitute a decided ma
jority ofthe freemen, we conclude, partly from
perance Society, partly trom our personal ooservauon oi me scmnncms oi yur itnuw uu
zens, and, most of all from thc rcsults of pctitions to the Courts, whcrc petitioning has bcen
attempted, from thc dccisions, in gcneral, of the Boards of Civil Authority, aud the ac
tion of the towns thcmselvcs, where that has been takcn.
FcIIow citizens, thc supremacy of moral virtuc is always to be assertcd, whethcr its ad
vocatcs are in the majority or the minority. What are you rcady yea what are you
preparing to do, to proclaim that your couclusion is formed, that thc time of final action
is athand, and that the baneful traflic cannot be suffercd to subsist in the light of day 1
Doubtlcss the Tcmpcrance principle, if its supportcrs are unitcd, has powcr to cflect this.
All denominations and partics, wc rcst nssurcd arc as a body, agrccd upon Tempcrauce as
a rcqtiisitc to order, industry, cducation and domestic quiet, to our rclief from
paupcrism and the burdens aud disgracc of crimc. On many great qucstions there are di
visions in the masscs. Ou this howevcr, so far as there is division il runs not by party lincs.
The modc which we would suggcst for thc mcn of all parties, to put rortli their pow er, is
simply thc one indicated by the action of the State Socicty at its last annual mecting,
namcly that or petition. This modc, il thorougniy aucmpicu, inusi neeus uc succcm.u.,
sincc t'o the gooducss of thc pclition, in this case there will be addcd lhc moral force of
the masscs from whom it procccds.
We propose, thcrcforc, to our supportcrs of ali partics, namcsaud dcnonunations, to pre
pare thcinsclvcs intelligcntly and unitedly to pctition the Lcgislaturc. at its ncxt Scssion,
fornn alteration of the license laws, aud by way of prcparatiou to cxcrcisc to its ftill cxtent
their persoual and moral iiiflucnce accordingto their on judgcmcut, to secureadue pub
lic attcntion to this subject. The legislation demindcd, in the view of some, will be cn
tircly prohibitory, othcrs will think it should simply throw the decision ot the qucstion
iuto lhc towns, because thcv fcel thc burdens, and lhc subject uaturally will como
up for discussion in the consideration of town cxpciisc aud taxcs. In cithcrmodc of
legislation, au csscntial point will be to ciiact modcs of judicial iirocccdiug so direct that
oflcuces may be bronght, as in many othcr cascs, to imnicdiateprosccution before aju3tico
of thc pcacc. To mcet these objccts the Committee have prcparcd a form of petmon,
which they givc bclow. . . . ,
It is not alone to the avowcd and active advocatcs ofthe total abstincncc .principle that
thc foregoing rcmatks arc addresscd, but to all, whethcr pledgcd mcuibers ofTcinpcniuce
Socieliesornot uho deprccatc, with us, the iullucnce of intoxicaliug drinks and of the
traffic in them. . , , ,
Once more, fcllow citizen?, c urge you to put forth the cffort which the favorablc con-
dition orpublic sentinicut invites. Witli tliligcncc, wiui union, niui a ngm dn".iuu, u,.
oftlie bcarings ofwhat you do on thc wclfarc of Vermont, bnng rorward cacli one
individual zeal, name, hand and itiflucucc to bcar up to the seat of legislation a teti
fcr tbe necessary protcciion oi L.w.
for the Ucntral Commitlcc ol tlie . i o.
ALEX. C. TWIMNG, Chairman.
Middlebury, July 31st, 1S4 1.
p ETTTi o jnt.
To theHonorable the Legislature
WE the undersigned, Frecmcn of thc btatc of Vermont, believing that the sale
and "encral usc of intoxicating liquors have produccd imrncnsemischicfin thccom
muffty, and that thc public scntiment is very cxtcnsively opposcd to such sale and
usc, cxccpt for mcdictnal and mechanical purposcs, and that liccnscs for such sale
ought not to he granled in amitmcn without their conscnt, and bclicving that ihe
laws now in force do not afibrd sufficicnt sccurity and prolcction against the cvils
which rcsult from such sale and usc, approach your fionorablc body witli thc carn
cst and rcspcctful request that you will make such provision hy Jaw, as that the
... 1 f , .r . , .1 ..l.-ll . I ...
County Uourt, in tlie cxcrcisc oi tnc ciiscreiion vcsicu in iueiu, suun noi u.iu uu
thority to grant any license for the sale of intoxicating liquors in any town in this
state, unless such town shall, at its annual March mceting, pass a vote, rcquesting the
County Court to grant such license.
And your petitioncrs turtlicrpray tnai jusiiccs oi tnc rcacc may ou uu.uuiyu
and requircd to bindovcr, for trial by the County Court, all pcrsonsguilty ofa vio
lation ofthe license laws, ir that your honorablc body will make such othcr pro
visions, by law, for the sccurity ofthe citizens and for the punishmcnt of oflenders
as, in your wisdom, you shall deem mect, and as in duty bound will everpray.
Town of August 1844.
Indiasa Movino. The cditor of thc In-
diaua State Joumal nronounccs the Knishts-
lown Convention, in Henry Counjy, on the
13th instant, oue of the most brilliant afibirs
he cvcr witncssed. Fivc thousand Whigs
wcre in attendance. and onc thousand ladies.
Hcsayshe cannot convcy the spirit which
nrcvailed with the multitude, "it was thc
spirit of 1840, the spirit ofthe Revolution."
A splcndid barbccuc was servcd up, and
speeches werc made by the Hon. OliverH.
Smith. Caleb B. Smilh, and Mcssrs. Haw-
kins, Marshall, Bickell and Hncklcman.
They wcre cflorls worthy ofthe mcn and the
On thc 19th the Whigs of Dearborn coun
ty held a Mass McetingatWiliniugton.nhich
wnsa plorious aftair. Four thousaud of thc
stunlv Whiirs of Dearborn wcre there, full of
the unconqucrable spirit of 1340, many ofl
thcm with their wivca and daugntcrs, wuo arc
alike firm in thc good cause.
This company was addresscd by J. C.
Vaughau, and Hon. Thomas Corwin.
I'enkstlvania Movino. The Whigs of
Lancaster county had a glorious rally at Co
lumbia. ou thc banks of the Susquehannah,
on Thursday last. The Baltimore patriot!
dcscnbes it asainasrnihccntspectacle.asplcn
did jubilec, characterized with an cnthusiasm
bcyoud the powcr of description. Upwards
of 10,000 Whigs werc present. Every hcart
bcat in unison and every voice echocd, with
shout after shout the names of Clay and Frc-
The Kentucky Ycoman thought to have
hit at Gen. Leslie Combs, by showing that bc
had been in ravor ofthe anncxation oi lex
as. Thc Gcneral replies iu a spirited manner,
and thuscloscs his missive :
I have showcd my friendship for the young
repubhc in a much lnoresuhstantiallorm than
mere wordy dcclaratiou. I hclped to fecd,
arui, and clothc her troops in their time of
greatcst need. 1 ardeutly pray for hcr
pcace. mdcpendcnce, aud prospenly, and
will cverdo all I houorably can to promotc
them. I have a large and pecuniary intcr
estiu her future success cnough to raakc
me rich, but I have a still decper stakc in thc
honor.h'bertv and clory of the United Statcs,
add vfill not conseUt evcn to jcopardizc the
lattcr, by allowiug this false issue to be made
the foremost, leading) all-absorbing onc in
the present contest.
Inm the sincerc advocate of tho Whic
cause and principles, and consider tbcir suc
cess as indispcnsible to our future safety, ajl
vanccrncnt and happincss. I ain thc fri'ciid'
and always have bcen, of I1ENKY CLAV.
the stal'i3tics collected by thc State Tem-
ofthe State of Vermont.
I have been his ncighbor. and a close observ
crofhi3 public carccr and privatc Iifc for
morc than a quratcr of a ceutury, aud can
truly say that 1 Iook upon him as thc foremost
man of the age in all that is uscful, great and
glorious.'and at thc same time, that he has
been themost tiltbj slandertd anddeeply t'n
jund man in Amcrica. Lct others do as
thev cboose. I for one will cndeavor to dis-
charge my duty, andAare juilice done him
white he isyct on carth, by helping toclcvatc
him to the highest ofiicc iu thc gift ofa great
iSalion olb rccmen.
Rcspectfully, your most
Obcdient se rvant,
" Old documents are dangcrous thinss."
Wc continuc our cxtracts from Mr. Polk's
addrcss to the people of Tennessee. April
3d, 1339, for the special bcnefit of his friends
who have in takiug him for a taiiikk man,
"caught a tartar."
" We happcn to know," says the Ilarris
burg Pcmocratic Dnion, "and state upon the
authority of a Tennesseeau with whom we
convcrsed at Balimore a near ueighbor of
Col. Polk that he holds the doctrinc of
Frce Trade in unquahficd abhorrcnce. I je
uever advocatcd it and never will. He is in
favorof a judicious ("judicious!" revenue
tarifTaflbrding the amplest iucidental protec
tion to American Industry. He is the espc
cial friend and advocate of the coal and iron
interest, those twn great objects of solicitude
with Penusylvanians, and believing perma
nence in our laws to be of incalculablc valuc,
isTiSG tariff. Tliese lacts wc state on the
vcry best authority, (namcly, a ncighbor of
.Mr. f olk) and caution tnc uemocracy ol this
great State against listening to the misrepre
sentationsof tbd coons."
There is about as much cool assuraucc iu
the above paraprapU as wc have mct with in
many a day. "We caution the Dcmocrncy
of th's great State against iV:iito themij
representaiions ofthe coons!" In olhcrwords:
We have told you cnough to sausly your
conscicnccs, and whethcr true or laise, oe
conlcnt with it: tafcc itallascospcl.and close
your cars to cvery body clsc, Icst j'ou should j
discover tliat wc liad cajolcd and dcceivcd
you : told you "the thing that was not."
JNow.lct Mr. 1 OIK iiiraseu l:a not ms
neiehbor for him.-
"One of General JatksoU s pnnciples was
ODDOsition to thr high tariffschemcs of Hen
ry Clay, and m that also he was suppqited
bv aHTcnuesscc. ,ow, a portion oi your
public mcn support ihis MOXSTROUS
SCHEME by supporling Henry Clay its
fathcr and nrescrver."
What tdrilfdid Mr.CIay cvcrsupport high
er than thc preseut? Noue. Accordingto
Mr. Polk, then, the high tarifl schemes of
Henry Clay not higher than the tarilf of
1842, which the Hamstiurg L iiion says iur.
Polk is opposed to disturbiug is a "MOX
STROUS SCHEME," aud that those sup
port it who support "Henry Clay its FATH
But again, Mr. Polk says, in the same ad
dress, and on thc same pagc, 14 :
"I, in commou with the whole Republican
party, am representcd to you as one of these
cbanglings. In what have I changcdj I o
poscd Henry Clay on account of his odious
Federal doclrines aud his coalition with Mr.
Adams, and I oppnsehim still. I OPPOSED
We have capitalized some of Mr. Polk's
languagc in order that it may bc read by
those who are rcilfulty blind. We hope thc
editors oftlie Harriiburg Democratic Union.
will bc able to read it without "sppcks."
But will thcy have thcgrace to publishit!
Will thcv publish Mr. Polk's certilicate that
PRESERVER of that tarih" policy that
ODIOUS SCHEME, which is the object of
such "solicitude. with Penusylvanians?" And
farther, tliat because he is so, Mr. Polk oppo
ses him. We fear uot. Thcy will not, wc
fear, givc the tiuth, thc uholc truth,aud noth
ing but the truth to their rcadcrs; though
they caution them not to Iistcn to "llie inis
reprcscntationsof tbe coons." But "tkutii
Thc Loco Foco presecs, now as iu 16-10,
leadcr oflhe party hoiiestly thinks that thcy
have thc rcmotcst prospcct of success. To
I read their paprrs, Iioh cver, one would sup
! posc thcy cutcrtained not a particlc of doubt
' on thc subject. These gcutry persucd the
same coursc in 1 8 10, and, by way of wnuiiug
to thc public, the Sangaino Jutirnal (Whig)
hai grouped togethcr some oftlie prcilictions
uttcrcil hy the(l. r.) biatc Jteg.sierat inai
time. Thcy Iook fiiuuy cniuigh aloi'gside
the aclul rcsults. Wc sul.joiu a few asspcc
inicns: OUIO.
Anril 17. If40. "You may tcll Doulass
and Watcrs. asfriciids oftlie i)emocratic par
ty, that we have iiolliing to fear iu Ohio-
Shannon will bc re-clt-ctcd, and Van Burcn
will sct tbe State bevoud ihe cavil of a
doubt." (Lctlcr.li
Oct. V, 1840. "I hcard lliat Col. Johnson
said that thcy (Iocos) would cerla'mly carry
Ohio. Bculou passed Maysvillca day ortwo
a:o, and made the same ilcclaration.and ad
dcd 'by 10,000 volcs.'" (Lelter.)
Ohio, it uill bc rciiieinbcrcd, gave Gen.
Harrisou a majority of Twciily-thrce Thou
sand votes.
May 29, 1840. "Tcnncsscc. Wc (lhc
democracy) arc in thc highest spirits here.
Wc carry tbe State in tbe fall by a inajority
that will not fall much short often thousand
votes." (Lclter.l
Tcuncssce, itistcad of giving Mr. Van Bu
rcn tcn thousaud, gave Gcneral Ilnrrisou a
majority of twelve thousaud vutci.
Ang.23, 1810 "North Carolina. There
is not a doubt oftlie Slate going for Van Bu
rcn iu Nnvembcr ncxt.
The actual result was that thc Slate wcnt
for Ilarrison bv 12,9."i4 votes.
Jan. 1,1810. "Wc havcno hesition.thcre
forc in setling down Kentucky for Mr. Van
March 13, 1840. "We fcel evcry confi
dcncc that Kentucky will vote for Mr. Van
Kentucky puts a quictus upon this impu
dent cla'un by giving twcnty-five thousand ma
jority for Gen. Harrisou.
So too, ofNcw York, Pcunsylvania.Mary
land, Indiana; Louisiann. Wc, all of which
the Loco-Foco papers claimed most confi
dcntly before the clcction, and inall of which
thcy wcre signally bcaten. Yet lhc lesson
scems to have bcen cntirrly lost upon them,
and thcv boast as loud and bra as high now
as thcv did iu 1810. They had bcltcr savc
their breath. Their idlc vaunts decchc no-
bodv. Evcn the rauk and file of tbcir uwn
nanv. remembcrin" 1P40, rcfusc to put faitl
in these nredictions, and Iook fonvard with
faint and failing hcarts to lhc Novcmbcrclcc
Bv thc clcction ofMr. Clay an cvent no
longer douhtful, ifhelivcs, and lhc elcclion
ofa Whis Housc of Rcurescntalivcs, also an
cvent hielilv nrobablc, tbe Wbiss of thc Un
ion will bc cnablcd to consummatc one of
their Icading measurcs lhc distribution of
the procecJs ofthe public lands among thc
Statcs. A I'ill to cflect ihis great objcct pass
ed both houscs of Congrcss as our readers
arc awarc, iu the suinmcr of 1841, but was
defeated by the vcto of that miscrablc acci
rfcnt. the Actinc Prcsident. Mr. Clay bein;
himself thc author of thU mcasure will of
course have no "conscicntious scruplcs iu
regard to signing a similar bill, nhcncver it
shall bc prescnted to hitr. As lhc next Con
grcss will uot asscmblc nowcvcr uuiu iec.
184.1. ci-rhtecn mouths will clapse before any
nrtinn rnll be had on thc subject. In tho
mi.intime itis incumbent on thc friends of
thc mcasuic to urge its clanns with unwea
r!.,l p-rprtion. so that, should a Whig Con-
cress be elccled, it may be oue of the first
questions wi.ieii u.;j uc.ut.
The prcsent tarifT bcing allowcd on all
hands to yicld of itself a revenue not only
suflicient to defray thc onlinary cxpcnditures
of "ovcrnmeut, butalsoto mcet thc paymcnts
on account ofthe Natioual Debt iucurrcd by
Van Burcu, as fast as they accroe, there is
manifcstly no rcason on the scorc ofneccssi
ty, why lhc rcrcipts of the public land sales
entcr into the Trcasnry. What vabd objec
tion thc Northern Locofocos will now urge
against Distribution is not ihercfore casy ta
be apprchcudcd. The Southern Locofocos'
will advise a reduclion ofthe tarilTso. that thc
receipts from customs aud lands togethcr
shall notyieldmore than governracutrequires
forgettiug mai n was uj m
tbat they proposed a year ago to increase tbe .
But. wbatcver opposiiion the Locofocos j
at the North or South may bnng against this
,.- i. ;., !.,,...,.!. -,1.,,t .!,. ,-li:in.rr" in bv the retum ol llie ileailiy
tbcir favor, and vre'tend to believe they will darkagcs. Vr. Lditor I am no party entfui.
elcct .Mr. Polk. Wc say vrclaul, forit is.Iifli- siast-and it imot lo heboistcrous.lK.t-liead.
cult to conceive that anv sacacious cditor or cd puhtirian that I would wish to fprak llin.
bt wiiom jll onnkBt rcn rKiHTis
Of evcry description will bc neatly
f ishiunably cxecuted, at short noticc.
salutary measurc, we hope that cvery Whig
in eveiy State will staud Up uiatifully iu it
ilefcnce. The present is thegolilen nioment.
If action is delayed uutil the next appoint
ment of mcmbers of Congrcss, it may be toi
late. The Westem States are increasing
with uuexampled rapidity, and in a few years
will hold the power in tbcir own handi iv
disposc ofthe uatioual douiain as they may
see fit, Letthe people of ihe "old thirteeu"
thcn take care that another Congress l,e uot
alloned to adjourn without inaking n just dis
pnsiiion of this valuable inheritaucc Troy
We hope no reader of the Jonrnal
will pass over the following, without giving it
an altentive cousidcratiou. The Liberty mcn
of Ohio are asured that it is from onc whosc
councils are wonhy of their cousideratitn:
UIiiu Islule Juur.
For the Ohio State Jonrnal.
Ma. Eiiitor: I am nu politician in the
uioderu sense oftlie tcnn that U, I ncvcr
make stump, strcet or bar-rooiu tpceilies;
aud uever, lill uuw, did I aitempt to ntite ;
polilical article fora public newspaper. But
I Iovc my country, aud leel more than i:cr, a
deep and almost overuhelming auxiely for
tlie weir.ire ol her Irec u.siitutiuiis, uetnusc l
belicvc thcm to bc murc tbait cver in danger.
Tbe prrscntisn time hignith cvents of mo
mcntous interest to eveiy American. as they
are cvents which arc to dccide thc fatc ufour
Rrpublic aud open n new era iu its history.
Ycs, the time is uear hen a decision will bu
made hctbcr pcace, irtuc and lmpe ;uc to
bc sustaiued and chcrished or hei her anar-
chy and confusioii thau prevad I.iberly bc
delhroucd and tbe light of hope rxtiiiguishcd
shadous ol thc
thc mcdiiim of our paper. It is tn Ihe
bcr, tbe iboiiglitful aii(ltlicdijp:isiiiuale 1
tbe philanlhropisl nnd llie thrhliun lliat i
would utter the ariiiiig voice nnd wy, EE
ware. I am uot uiicoiiscious that tlierc
an idca abroad, that it is n crimc evcn !i
advcrt to morals or rcligion iu a polilical dis
dussinn and that he who iloes so, docs it
bypocrilically as oue who "stcal thc Ihcry of
heaven ti servc the deil iu." And 1 am not
surpriscd llial such auidca hasfuunil alodgi.
mcutin thc ininds of sonicsini-c s many ait
ful and dcsigning politician. w bo fear not
God nor regard mau, have alfcclcd piety to
niiswcr their wickrd and merccnary purposcs.
But, I bclicvt!' tlierc arc those of pure a-.l
hnncst niimls who think and spcak sinceruly
meii uho fcel tbeinselves bnund by cvrry
nbligatii.il to act in llicir polilical rapacitii-s
as muralists, phibiiitbropists aud rhristiaus ;
with a reference lo thc future good of llie li
sing gcncr.ilion and tbe world. But I wilf
notdctaiii you longer wilh prcliininaiies. but
comc at once to tbe Mihjcct nhich iialiiic.l
ni c tn pcn this nrticlc.
I am an Aholiiioiiist. 1 have been frn
childhood a h.ltcr of cvcrylbing like despi.l
isiii aud a devotcil worshiper at thc sbrine of
frcedoui. Thc unfcltercd gales of my uatii:
lurth as tliey swept through the tops of tbe
inouiilaiii pines snng of librr'y, aud my licart
dnmk in thc inspiralioi: oftlie imisic. 1 liaic
evcr bcen au advocate for thc opprc.-s.ed uwl
down-troddcn ofour hind; and 1 have doue'
it opcnly and fearlcssly. bn-a.sling tbe strong:
current ofpopular prrjudirp because I felt :t
coiisciousiicbs lliat duty rrquircd it. Yts, f
am ai abulitionist from principle, as I believe
most who adtoratc ils measurcs. But 1 Irt ni
blc for thc cause nc lune cspous-d. 1 e
cecdingly fear that its frit'inls arc about tn
lake a step u bich uill cllt'rtually defcat, aiuf
forcvcr, tbe nbjcet of llicir long and nuxious
soliritiidc, for n bich su inaiiy prnycrs haio
been olVercd, tcars shrd aud lives sacrificed ;
bv thc thruwiiig anny of llicir lotcs upou
James ( Birmy, for ihe Presidency, aud
thcrcby addiug to llie tlianccs ofthe clectioiv
of Mr. Polk, aud the couscqtirtit anucxalioi
ofTcxasto thc I'tiiuii. I bate bad, and stilF
hatc serious objcrlions to Mr. Clay, asa man.
aud have cvcn said tbat ifhcwcie a ranilidatir
for thc Presidrnry 1 dnubud if I shnuld giro"
Ijiiii my support. But I am coniju-Hrd uildrr
piescut circninstanccs, to doso. or rrnouiirir
my Al.olition principles and !n lioleucc t
my conscieiicc. To Mr. Itirney I have Hiy
pcrsonal objcclions. nrilbrr fiuve I anyibiiig
to sav in regard to liis iiiaIifcalions iu ilis
cbargc tbe iinportant duliesofa ihicf ni:ig
tnite of this nation, but from the s.niple fucl.
tltnt Iam an 1ttalilianitt, and wish lo:ri.iiioir
thc intcrcsts of tbe canse iu lhc fiest, nnd ific
oNtr possible way, I must give my vote ttr
Ilenry Clay aud uot to James G. B.rney.--That
we cannot clect onr favoritc cnndidatc
is ccrtain, couscqncnily uu prcsrntadtai.iagc
can accrnc to onr cause bv supponins him,
Il is equally ccrtain ihat James K. Polk nr
Henry Clay willoccnpy ifie presiileiltfal cfianV
for tbe next four years. And as tliey are boll
slavcholders we might jtify nursclirs iir
tbroAing away our votes upon ouromi esn
didatc, provided tfie cause pursurd by iber
abovc namcd gcntlemeii would similarly aC'rc t
the cause ofabolitionisis, airdrt'chad'nothmg
to fear from the one morc ifian thc oihcr.
But this is not thc casc. If Mr. Clay iscler
tcd, wc shall at Icast beai wc arcnnw.and by
giving him our votes we btock tfie n fieels of
tbe car of frccdora where it is, and if we arr
n jt able to rol it onnard as fast a ne eunlit
wish, we shall at Icast nreventitsbeincdrivrrr
backward bcyoud a ponirjility of onr evrr
again bringing it to its prefciitelcvatinn. But
iftfie thc nafion dccide fu favor of Mr Pollfc,
our cause is ruincd, our. hnpcs laid in thc
dust, evcry evcnueoflight shut up.an cternal
barrier placcd in the wayffutre procres-r
by lenglhenfng tfie cbains of slavcry. thc
amount of human suflcring incrcased and
perpetuated by opening anolbcr mnrkct for
the bodics and souls of nien, and more th.-nr
this, onr nation involved in a dLgraccfiil amf
uiifust war nifh a neigfrliorinz power, by thr
anncxation of Texas birh willbe lhc ccrtain
conscqucncc. In view of facts like these.
how can wc, as honcst, coHsisteni,adtoeatr
of peace nnity, atid eqnal rights. suflVr a
man wilh such principles howcver hcncst bc
may be iu holdin: them, lo be elevatcd to lhc
hijhcst ofRcc uithin tbe cift of this peoi'fe.bv
supporling a third eandidafc, or wildhofdin'
our sulfrages from oilc whose politiraf vic?-.
t carricd out, would lead to Uo snrh slart
linz resulls. and involve in in no snrh illlfl
Thc cditor of the New Orleans BtilJct-
, in is of thc opinion that thc reccnt ftorrL
will redurc thc eotton crop ahcut C.V.
000 balcs.

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