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The northern galaxy. (Middlebury, Vt.) 1844-1848, October 30, 1844, Image 1

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H. BELL,
EDITOR AND PROPR1ETOR.
TERMS OF UNTIl VOLUME.
Vi!lnc eubferibert $2 00
Hail Mibseriber 2.00
Individuals and Companiei who lake at tlie odjce
Sl'75or l'oO ccnts iTpaid in tix montlis.
rh. lir talte of fostriders . . .82,00
lf nif natil st llif.nit nftliA vpar 2. 2S
No papcrs tViscontinued until arrearajM a Pal(l
exceptatllie optionoithe propnetcr. no j ".
to Cirrieralloivcd except onlcred lj tliepropric-
All couimnnicationsmustbc addressed totbeed
tor 1'osT Paid.
THE G-ALAXY.
Wednesday, Oct. 30, 1844.
WHIG KOMATIONS.
iMB.il
i-V rrcsidcnlial Eleetors,
JEDEDIAII II. HARRIS, I . .
JOHN PECK. JAtlarge.
CALVIN TOWXSLEY, lst Dis.
CARLOS COOLIDGE, 2d Dis.
BENJAMIN SWIFT, 3d Dis.
ERASTUS FAIRBANKS, 4th Dis
F.LECTIOS, Xovcmbtr, 12A.
POLK AND THE TARIFF.
Letter from Gov. Jones.
Wc invitc attention to tlie following let
ter from Gor. Jones ot Tenncsgcc. It is
clcar and conrlusive in rclation to Col. Polli'g
hostility to tlie TarifT and should be circu
latcd amongst tlie Pcoplc of all political par
lics. Nasiivillc. Oct. 3d, 1844.
CiiAax.cs Gibbons, Esq.,
Dear Sir: Vour letter euclosing the pro
ccedinss oftlic National Clay Clubof Penn
sylvania, and also a pamphlot containing ex
'raets ofthe speeches aiid publications of
James K. Polk, has bcen received. I shall
lake nuicli pleasnre in complying witli tlie
wislici of tho CIuU, and if any actiuu on my
partshal! becoiuc necessaryto apropervin
iliraiion of thcirfidclity touching the cncloscd
Tiublieation, you tnay rest assurcd tliat it will
!c protnptly aud chcerfully perronned. I
Jinve er.nmincd yotir pamphlet uilli niucli
i-are, and liavc comparcd it witli tlie copics
l Col. Polk's rpccchcs an J addrcsses tbatl
nsrd iu my l.ite canvass with bim (such as I
i.rjw to be gmuineJJ aml fiud tlie cxtracts,
iairly made, and witli tlie cxccption of such
ininiJtciial tyjtograpbical errors as usunlly
a'.trnd areprwil, notntall affccting tlie scnse
or menuiiig oftlie airtlior.it is literally cor
rcct. I uot ouly know tbis publication to bc
a trr.e c.xposition of tlie opinions of Col.Polk
tiu ihc iubjoct of tlie TariOTrom coniparing
ituithliis jrut.1iUic! upinions, Imt I know it
froni bai-iug Jicard them from his own lips,
day aftcr day for months in succcssioii. To
altempt to make James IC Polk a fricitd to a
proteclire Tariir, can only cxcitc tlie ridiculc
.-.:k1 coiileinptofthosc who know liim.
It H nio.n astouiilaug tbat his friiuls
Vhould undertake to dcccire and mislcad tlie
jiublic mind en a sBbjcctof so niucli inipor
tance, and the ilctectioti of nlucliisas ccrtatn.
1 can butregard thccffort wliicli is making
inyonr Statc to pasaJanics K. Polk ol as
tbc frisnd aml adrocate ol protcclion as au
ontrage, vrliich for inipudcncc and falsliood,
'a unjiarallclcd in llicbUtory of party warfarc.
it is a gross attempt nt fraud, ouc tliat
mitiM disgracc tlie vcriot party hack. Jlut
3igraccfn)Ja is tliiaatleinpt on tlie part oftlie
frictids and supportcrs of Col. Polk, I can but
reganl Iiis posiuon as cqually tlisrcputable.
If tnitli. fairuessand jnslicc h Iiis object, as it
ought to bc of onc apiring to tlie liigli and
lis'iifcil position he sceks. vliy does lic uot
spcak out likeaman? W'liy arc Iiis lips
se.tlcd as witli tlie stillucss of Jcatli. Wlicre
is tbatboldnefs and inilepcnilcncc tliat crcr
haracteri',cs a inan consciotis of Iiis oivn in
igiity. and tlie corrcctncss ofhis principlcs
aud conduct ! Posse-sing the power acd tlie
ineans fand liaving beeu rcspectfully askcd
to ilo so) of arrestmg falsehood and umlc
ceiviug his countryracn, and refuiing to do so
inakcs liim ivtrliceps criminis, and shonld
consign liim to thcsainc unenviable position.
Col. Polk canuot, will not, daro not dcny
ihat he has alivays oiiposcd the protectire
nolicy (this has bcen his boast.) He has
iieverceasfdto denounce the TarilTof 18-12 1
in tarmc unmcasurcd; and yet heobscrvcs
a most dignificd silcnce, permitting truth to
be r.rushcdto carth, aud falsehood raised in
its stead, and au tliat some political advan
tase may eustie to himsclf.
I repeat now what I have frequently writ
ten, ipokeu aud publishcd, and which has
jiever been denied by Col. Polk or any ofhis
friends in this State, that Col. Polk at all
times, during both of my cauras?cs with him,
oppoed, denounced aud condemned the
4rinciple of protectiou, and duriug thc last
ampaign, thc TatifT of IS42 received his
wost unqualificd coudemnalion. To this
statetnent I pled;e my reputatiou as a man
of I.onor, and challer.ge CoL Polk or any of
his friends to deuy it. Ifany fricnd ofpro
fction, or orihe TarilTof '42, is prepared to
oe for bim, bclieving that he is any othcr
thifl ithe .unqualificd opponent ofthissystetn,
(if Ue hall be elected,) he will discover tbat j
he has been dcccived and inisled, and find
his only comfort in cursing his folly and crc
dulity. If I had a voice that would reach
every city, town aud hamlet in Pennsylvania,
it should te raiscd to wara every frccman
oftlie inipidiug dangcr, and inrokc him
to spurnand dispice witha freeman's spirit,
the base attgmpts that are made to seducc
him from Us Cdelity to lii principlcs, and
lead liim inio lie support of a man whose
principlcs are stwar with the best intercsts
ofthc country. Icannot doubt that the in
telhgence of your citizens ill enable them
"-uciect Uiis fraud: anr trhen delopfpd. I
know their
put the bW(J 0f conderanation on it and
fixrfL?"-rdastn Tennessee: sho is f.rm,
mav hlt "T1! "le P0l''cal tempcst
".floo-fe,"'!!' "-beho.d desocuPd-
VOL. IX.
depel the gloom tliat gathcrs around our
hones ouc jnore eflbrt to arrest the impcn-
iliiirr niin tbnt fhreatpns nnr rnnimon COlin- i
.... .. n . . ... i.' l
irv. wnere wm i cnnsyivania, me jxcj-
stonc of the Arch. be in ihis great and Rlo- J FAVOR OF REPEALING THAT ACT,
rious work? This is the question tliat . and rcstonng the Compromise Tanff Act of
the Whics of Pennsylvania must answer. MarchS, 3833, believiDg.as I do.lhatit would
Ifshe and our s'Ster States will come to the j produce moic revenue than the prescutlaw ;
rcscuc, and stand by the side of Tenncssce in and that the incidental protection affbrded by
thisglorious cnterprise, e shall yetscethe the 20 per cent duty, especially when this
proud and gallant old Ship of Stato brought ; would be paid in cash, and on the home val
backto hcrancienl moorings, and pcaccand uation, will afford sufficicnt protection to the
prosperiiy pcnnancntly restoren to a long op- ,
nressed and niuch iniured people.
itiiconsidcrations oi incnignesircspcct.
I am, sir, your friend and scrrant,
JAMES C. JONES.
SIOOO
REAED!
llic i.f.AUKS Ot inei ULtY fAllU .
in theiutcriorof this Statc, as wcllnsinNcw J
unparal-
lcled audacity, that Polk is in favor of a Pro- .
tective Tanll. Etery honcsl and mMlistnl ,
man in the Un,
wn knoics that it is not tn-r.
that it is a cotcardly and dishonest imjmsition
ujion the People, as the following extracts, j
from Mr. Polk's speecbcs, addrcsses, lcttcrs '
and votes cmbracing thc pcriod ofhis vvholc
political life, and from thc opinions of the
leading men and papers ofhis party.willmost
conclusively show. They caunotbe contra-
Jcrsey, Pennsylvania, and nhercvcr else tlie """'. -f .! r
! i. ... . IinnfnnnnimT mn 1III3D 1 " Tlie Soilttl. and he Wltll tUCm.
i eopie aesirc i jvjxr.Vy nun i kj nui.u- , ,,'
ICAN LABOR, arc asscrtin;, with
OneThousandDoUarsReward,alrnbr-cdr ,mn ,h. CI-
WillbegiVentO anV L0C0-F0C0
W1IU i'uuvk the i-.xtractsquotcd puonsiieu.says:
in this Tract TO BE UNTRUE. And we ' "Thcse cxtracts, wc agrcc with Mr. Ilar
hercby agrrc that the llon. Beniamin F. ' din, contain a fair exposition of Col. Polk's
Butlcr, shall bc thc solc Commhsioncr, he- j
fore whom thc testimony shall be takcn, and j
ou Iiis award the moncy shall be paid.
J.Pi. JtliXiNULiDS, 1'nsiJenl
Central Clay Committee of j'eir York.
Iu Deccmbcr, 1832, thc Committee on
Ways aud .Mcans reportcd a bill to repcal thc
existing TarifT of 182?, and in lieu thereof to
collect a revenue ofbut $12,500,000 all by
imports ou forcign iiierchanilize, the avcragc
duty on which, as proposcd, was about 15
pcr ccnt, anu tliat to bc assesscd on tlie jot
eign raluation. James K. Polk was onc of
that Committee, and the nicasure had his
carncst support, as the Journals of Congress
will prove. ihis bill utiicli will be tound to
bc thc lllh docuincnt in thc volumc or Rc
ports oftlic Committee at the 2d Scssion of
tlie 22(1 Ctugrcss, is in part as follows:
AII jsscmble, be it rcmcinbercd, on the
foreign taluations; on uoolens to 15pcrccut,
on all not cxccedine ,k ccnts thesouareyard.
5 pcr ccnt; on worsted stufTgoodsof all kinds,
JU per ccnt; on worsted and woolen hostery.
glovcs, nuts, oinuings and stockincts, 11) per
ccnt; ou all other cloths, merino shawls,
flaniicls. baizcs and cafsimcrc, carpctins and
rugs of all kinds, 20 pcr ccnt; on clothing,
readv inadc olall dcscriptions, 20 pcr ccnt; on
all colton goo(5, 20 pcr ccnt, cxccpt nankins,
from India, on which Mr. Polk's duty was 15
ner ccnt ; and cotton hosicrv, cloves, mits
and stockincts, on which his dnty was 10 per
ccnti as wcll ns upon cotton twist, yarn aud
thrcad; ou all manufactures ofjlaxand htmp.
orsail duck and cotton bagging, 15 pcr ccnt;
ou all mauufactiircs of tin, jappanning, gilt,
platcd, lirassand polishcd stccl, 20 pcr ccnt;
on conunon saddlcry,10 pcr cent; on carthen
& stoncwarc, () pcr ccnt; on allsidc and lirc
nnns, liles and nmskcts, 0 pcr cent ; bridlc
bils and glass-ivare, 20 per ccnt; on mami
faclurcs of iron and stcel gcncrally a duty of
2(1 per cent; on salt aud coal, 5 per cent.
On cvcrytlnug produced bylhcfarnicrin the
Middle and Norlhern States, Mr. Polk who
is a cotton growcr, rrconuncudcd iu this bill.
onc unvaryuig standard ot only Jo per cent;
15 pcr cent on whcat, amj n hcat flour, buttcr,
bacou, becf and pork.
llad n cestructive tomauo passed ovcr all
thc nianufacturiug cstablishiiieiits ofthc coun-
try at ihat time it would scarcely have provcd
reatcr cursc tlian tliat lncasurc, wlucli Iiad
thc carnest support of Gov. Polk, ofTcuues-
scc. lly reducmg llic duty ou wool to I.i
per ccnt, is to put the kuifc to thc throat of
cvcry shecp in the country. Uy a duty of
30 pcr ceuton rcady-madc cluthiug of all dc-
SLripuuus, iibirucK uowua wiioie ciass ol mc
most iiidustrious and useful mechanics oflhe
natinn.
Ou thc 23d of June, 1632, he voted for the
motion of Mr. McDuflie, of South Carolina,
to rcdtice tlie duty on cotton goods, costing
not cxceediug 15 cents the squarc yard, to 12
1-2 per ccnt ad valorem. On tlie same day
he voted for Mr. McDuflie's motion to abol-
ish the duty of $30 per ton on rolled iron.
On the previous day he voted agniust duty on
ISootjaml Bootics, on Cabiuetwarcs, Hats
and Caps, Whips. Bridlcs,Saddles,Carriages
and paris of Carriages, Blank Books, Earth
cn and Stonc Wares, and Manufactures of
Marblc; and against the duty on Wool.
Duriug the canvass for governorof Tcnucs
see, in the summer of 1843, a uumber of rc
spcctable citizensof Mcmpliis, of both par
tics addressed a serics of iutcrrogatorics to
Gor. Polk and Gor. Jones, touching their
opinions on the leading questions of the day.
Their answcrs werc publishcd at lcngth at
thetimc; the respcctire candidates resting
their chances of succcss upon thc opiniops
and seutiments thercin expressed. The an
swer of Gov Polk has reccntly been incorpo
rated in a biographical skctch ofhis life, pre
pared for and publishcd by the Nathville Un
ion, and his opiuions endorscd and re-afiirm-cd.
TheNashviile Union says:
"His answer was written in the midst of
thc conflict, and with gTeat haste ; but it uill
be foundto bearall the marksof a Stalesman
who has nothing to conceal from the public
eye rcho has his opinions icell matured, and
whose teliauce at all times, isuponthcvirtue
and intelligcnce of the people."
Tlie fifth and sixth iutcrrogatorics, thusre
published in tlie Nasliville Union of the 13th
June, inst., relative to the Tariff. Wc copy
the questions, withMr. Polk's answer:
"5th. Are you in favor ofa TarifT ordirect
taxes for the support of the Gencral Goveru
ment.'" "6tb. Ifa tariff, do you approveof such a
tarifTas would glve protection to home indus
trv acainst foreien industryl"
Mr. Polk roplied, apd went into a string of
arguments in lavor pt r fee Irade, and inis-
representatioiis oi ine operauons oi me rro
tectite Poliey. Ho cloBed aa follows :
ui aai OPROSEDTO THE TARIFF
ACT OF THE LATE CONGRESS, con-1
MIDDLEBURY,
sidering it to be in many rcspccts of this
character and, indeed so highly protcctive
upon somc articles as to prohibittheir Impor-
-i, i am IV
manufacturers, and all they ought to desire,
or to which they are entitlcd."
The followiug cxtracts from a spcech de
livered by James K. Polk bcfore the people of
Madison County, on tlie 3d of April 1843,
will show that ho is, and ahvays hasbeen. an
uncompromisiug opponent to a Protcctive
Tanlf:
" He was opposcd to the prohibitory and
'rotectiTe duties, and in favor of such mod-
erate dnties as would not cut ofT impomtiont.
In othcr words, he was m favor of rcducing
I duties to the ratcs of thc Compromise Act,
,i, r!n.,.ra rn.i ,bPm nn the
","r". , T . " 6,ir. .. i i ,
iuiii oi juiic ic-i. L umymci auccn. u.
had voted
7...r.
lur "lc -lcl01 lco uecnusc it was a rcuuci".
01 Ule rale,3 01 '"e "i0?Z" . "u
""" -
"e ? " " " t8 '" rl r7-u.c '""!.
Ib 1 j
I "ThediffercnccbetiTccn tlie Whig party
.. .... .
and myself is, whilst they are the advocates of j
Distribution aud a Proteciive TarifT meas-'
"? w"lc" 1 consiuer ruinous 10 uie inicres s
ures which I consider ruinous to the iutcrests
" lne oumry. ano especiaiiy iomeiuieres
tracts from Col. Polk's speeches, reccntly
views, atthe sainc tiuie it annouuces.iubnef,
the doctrinc of a TarifT for Kcvenue only,
nhicliwe rcgard as ie doctrinc enlerlained
unhcrsally, almost, bythe Veniocratic Party"
MR. POLK'S COURSE IN RELATION
TO WOOL.
Jannary 17, 1327,Mr.Mallory of Vermont.
reportcd a bill for the bettcr protection of
wool and woolcns, and made au elaboratc
specchin its support. Mr. Camhreling.Jof
iMew lork-, (L,ocoloco,) lmmediately rose
and arowed free Irade doclrines,anl commcnc
cd war upon the bill. Mr. Polk voted against
tho bill throughout. Cong. Dcb., vol. 3,
pages 986, D0S, 1,027, 1,026, 1,087, 1,093.
Jan. 31, 1828, Mr. Mallory or Vermont,
reportcd thc famous tariff bill ofl828, giv
ing incrcascd protection to Wool, woolens,
and other branchcs of domestic industrj.
Mr. Polk went with the cnemics ofthe bill
and voted against it. Same, vol. 4, part 2nd,
pages 2,348, 2,472.
April 15, 1830, Mr. Mallory rcported abill
to prcvent Irauds in the importation of for
cign prodncts and cnforcc tlie tariff of 1823.
Mr. I'olk voted against it. Snmc, vol. C,part
2, pages 979, 937.
Bec. 1-t, 1830, Mr. Barringcr introduced
a resulution to rcduce thc duty on coarsc
wool, woolcns, stigar, &c, aud on the qucs
tion of considcrntion, Mr. Polk voted in tho
ntrwiairc.
"The wool-growcrs consider the duty up
on foreign wool as important to their pros
pcrity. Thisoj'inhn is foundedupon error.1"
James K. Polk.
"iMYOPINION ISTHAT
WOOL SIIOULI) BE DUTY FREE."
Congrcssional dcbatcs, vol. 0, page 1174.
In addilion to thc forcgoing, wc here in
troducea letter from undcr Mr. Polk's owu
hand, which must satisfy cvcry one, if hc
can be believcd, tlmt hc is hoslilc to a Pro
tectire Poliey, aud in favor ofthc REPEAL
of thc Prcseut TarifT:
Wisciiestek, May 29, 18-13.
To the pcoplc of Tennessee :
The object which I had in proposing to
Govcrnor Jones, at Carrollvillc, on thc 12th
of April last, that we should cach write
out and publish our views and opinions on
thc subjcct of the TarifT, was, that our
respcctivc positions might be distinctly
known and understood by thc people.
That my opinions were already fully and
distinctly known. 1 could not doubt. J
had sttadily during thc pcriod I was a
rrprcsentatwc in Congress becn opposcd
loa proteetice poliey, as my rccordcd totcs
and publishcd speeches provc. bincc 1 re
tircd from Congrcss I had held the same
opinions. In the prcsent canvass for
Governor I had avowed my opposition to
the tarifT act ofthe late Whig Congress,as
being highly proteetice in its character and
not dcsigncd by its authors as a revenue
mcasurc. I had avowed my opinion in my
public speeches that thc iutcrests of thc
country and especially ofthc produce and
exporting States required its REPEAL,
and the restoration of the principlcs ofthe
compromise tariff act of 1833.
JAMES K. POLK."
Fricnds of the TarifT! are you prepared
to vote for James K. Polk, afler he has
thus declared that he has "ALWAYS
BEEN OPPOSED TO A PRO
TECTIVE POLICY," and says he
"still iioldstiie sajie opinions ;" and
tells us "that the intercsts oj thc country
REQUIRE THE REPEAL OF THE
TARIFF "
Below we prcsent a short cxtract from
Mr. Polk's address to the People of Tenn
essee, of- April 3d, 1839, (Printed at
Columbia, Tennessee, Mr. Polk's resi
dence.) On page 7, wc find the follow
ing: "In repeatcd instanccs, he (Gcn. Jack
son) recommended modifications and re
ductions ofthe TarifT with aview tothe
flnal abandonment of theodious and un-
just system. So eflectual vcre,thcse re-
comendations, ana so rapia me cnange oi
public ophrion.that the fricnds ofthe tar
iff, and even Mr. Clay, its imputed father,
scized on a farorable moment to save the
whole from destruction by a timely com
promise. It was the defence of Mr. Clay
with his friends at the North, that by
yieldinga parthe preTented tho destiuc
tion ofthe whole, acd in their continued
and devotc support of him, Ihe Northern
capitalists have shown that they are gratc-
fu! for thc fortunite rescuc,"
imi..., rfm,Mfr Jtm iari
VT. WEDNESDAY, OCT.
If othcr cvidence than Mr. Polk's
speeches, Ictters and votes arercquircd,
read the followiug lettcrrom Gov. Jones,
of Tennessee, whose opportunities of
knowing Mr. Polk's views on all public
qucstionshave bceu so grcat. from thc fact
of his having opposed and deftatcd hlm
ticictfor Goucrnor. Here is Gov. Jones
Ictter :
"Nasiivilld, July 25, 1S44
To Ciiarles Gidcons, Esq. Phila.
Dear Sir By thc mail I enclosc you
two publications oi Col. Polk's during thc
last summcr's canvass on the subjecl of
thc Tariff, &c. From these publications
you will perceivc that thc Col. isdeadout
asainst Protection and narticularlv on-
i posed to distribution of the procecds of
; Pnblic I.nrula hrn. t, U ;
a tarifr mcasure. It ' ,
, , , , . b, J .
V" ac?"slomea lo. "ar
' stated that he is a I anff inan. or m favor
of Protection. Tbnmmf J,;m m
- . , ...v.. vn ..i,..
- uian oim iiunurca ana tiity tields, and 1
- never heard him makn n mopl ?n mv
i -., , . .7 .rr "
canvass wun nim, tliat lic did not de-
nouncc thc principlcs of Protection. In-
, Qcea ini3 was tlle maln eroun(j which
he and his friends relied to defcat me. I
was for Protection -he agaxnst it. Ifor
, Dbtribution he against it.
mi . . c
The contest is ficrce in Tennessee
cach party in tlie held, with all their for
ces and zeal. In Pennsvlvania. I would
say, doyour duty we will do ours.
Tennessee will maintain her position.
RespcctfuIIy, your servant,
JAMES C. JONES."
Ilavmg clcarly shown from Mr. Polk's
wntings, &c.Aa he is not only opposed to
thc Tariff of 18A2, but goes against thc
fflf fP3.9.I?TION TO A-
Mijjuisjiri srkuvarnx altogcticr,
we will now see what his fricnds and sup
porters say on the same subject :
The Hon. Mr. Colvuitt, a Locofoco
Scnate last selsion iiVp.I Z MW
- Scnatc. last sess,on. "sed 'c following
. ,f "aSc ,
j Most ol the U Ing Scnators who have
. " o .iuusuun, nate, m au opcn,
maniy manner aamiucu tnat tlie act ot
1842 was a bill passed for protection!
that they advocated it bccausc of its ample
recognition of the protcctive principle ;
inui ii i ujucumc icmg nicasure, to wnicu (
all othcr mcasurcs arc subordinate and of !
sccondary lmportance. This ia fair, and
places thc issue bctween the partics upon
this subject, to bc detcrmined by tho
American people : TIIE TARIFF ACT
OF 1842. WITH ITS IIIGII DUTIES
ANU l'lUlNUll'Liicf OF PROTEC
TION, ON THE ONE SIDE ; and TIIE
ADVOCATES OF LOW DUTIES
AND AN EQUAL SYSTEM OF TAX
ATION, ON TIIE OTHER-"
The Hon Thomas II. Bcnton, of Mis
souri, in a spcech in thc Senatc last win
tcr, thus stated the issuc of thc coming
elcction :
"Thequestionitsclf is nowon trial bc
fore the Arcopagus ofthe American pco.
ple, and must have its solution before that
tribunal before wc mcct again. The
prcsidcutial elcction involves the fate of
thc tarifT, and to that fate a future Con
grcss will have to conform, bc our action
now what it may. Now, as in the year i lle incorporation of Tcxas into this Un
1832, the fate ofthe hish tarifT is stakcd n as vital, and the only hope I nowcn
in the pcrson of its emincnt champion tcrtain of adding that great and valuablc
its candidates for the Presidcncy of the j Territory to our confedcrate cmpirc, is
United States. That champion was dc- : through thc succcss of thc dcmocratic
fcated thcn, andu's systrm with him and
he may be defeated again."
"His Sisteji with him" doyon hcarT
The defeat of Mr. Clay is tho destruction ol
the TaiilT.
Theu we have the opinion of Mr. Hcnley,
a Locofoco lncmher of Congress from Indi
ana which comcs up to ihc point, without
Ilinching ordodging:
"Tho Democratic party had bcen tauntcd
with.thc fear of passiug the late Tariffbill.
I can tcll tho gentlemen that thc prescnt
Tariff WILL BE REDUCED assoon as
WE ARE IN FULL POWER. We wcll
knciv that it was no use to pass it in ihc
House now, as we had not themajorityinthc
Senatc, Givc US a majority there, and
sceifwe don't pass the bill! WE WILL
DO IT. FOR SUCH IS OUR RESO
LUTE DETERMINATION!"
What say you to that 1 "We will do it,
FOnSUCll IS OURRESOLUTEDF.TERMI.XATIO.V."
If this should not satisfy you, wewill add
the dcclaration of Mr. Ellwood Fishcr, onc
of the most prominent Locofocos in Ohio,
and a warm and intimatc fricnd of James K.
Polk. He says:
"Tho Whigs accuse us of not being wil
ling to go before the people upon our princi
plcs of being afraid to avoir our naked piin
ciples, and discuss them fairly and openly,
unaided by the gunpowder popularity- of a
Jackson, or the sccret power ofa magieian.
We have now nominated a man who is ncith
cr a liero nor a magieian; a citizcn com
parativcly undistinguished, beatcntwicc in
his own State iu the Govcrnors cauvass.but
a man OUT AND OUT FOR FREE
TRADE, openly and unconditionally oppos
ed to protection, asinexpedicnt and uncon
stitutional! We noniinatc a man asTHE
EXPONENT OF OUR PRINCIPLES,
and wc expect to conqucr on onr principlcs
without any extraneous aid."
"We are opposcd to a Protectire TarifT
Wcconsiderit a fraud upon the grcat bodj of
the people, which, whcn stripped of itc soph
istry, and placed before an intelligcnt com
muuity, will bercjccted with abhorence!"
Extract fioni an address to the people of
Kentucky, at thc Locofoco Conrcntion ofthe
8th of January.
"I deny the rightof imposiug any duties
but for rerenue, or to mako any discrimina
tion but on rereuue principlcs.
JOHN C. CALHOUN.
Fort Hill, September, 1843."
Theu wo bare the assuranccof theNash
rille Union. Jackson and Polk's organ in
Tennessee, selting forth, in positivc terms,
that, from the nomince ofthe Party, the me
chanics and laboring men have nothing to ex
pect .or hopc for should he- be clccted.
30, IS44
Bowii with the TarifT, is the univcrsal cry of
thosc now advocating ihe causc ofPo'k,
Dallas, Tcxas and Wright. Thus saith the
Uniou :
"Wc wish it bornc in miud, that the op
prcssivc TarilTof 1842 has bcen condcm
ned by cvery true Dcmocrat, and by none
more decidedly than byAIr. Van Buren.
That its procisions are vieiced tcith AB
IIORRENCE by Goc. Polk, and all his
fricnds, we need not rcpeat."
Thc Washington Corrcspondent of the
Journal of Coinmcrce, a leading free
Tradc papcr of this city, writing from
Washington, says :
"IIE (MR. POLK) 13 FOR FREE
TRADE ; lit is for 1'cxas ; hc is hostilc to
distribution. It wil! be easy to make iss
uc with him on all thcsc qucstions,"
The New York Plebian, a Locofoco
papcr, on this subjcct says :
"Thc language of Mr. Ritchic is an iu
dcx of the feeling oftlie South, which is
nearly unanimous in favor of Jatncs K.
Polk, Tcxas, Orcgon, and opposcd to a
Bank and the PROTECTIVE FEA
TURE of the Tariff."
Thc Charleston Me. cury, the leading
Ntillification papcr of South Caroliua, an
ofhcial organ ot John C. Calhoun, speaks
as follows of James K. Polk's nomination
for Prcsidcnt :
".Mr. Polk's vicws on thc Tariff, thc
tl.n .11 i - i f
u"u ;mn r,PD7
nfr tJvt?.
BACK BONE.
Thcn we have the proccedinns ofa
!mcetingatEdgeneld,S.C.at which thc
Hon. F. W. Pickcns made a specch, an
at which several resolutions wcrc passed,
'. ainong which are the following :
i "liesolvcd. That the Tariff act of 1 S42
is liable to all the obicctions we have
heretofore made to the constitutionality
r..v,nnn r r .1,-.
rcdcral Gorcrnmcnt for the protection of
mstxcmanujacturcs, w.th the aggrava-
ton thatil was a gross brcach ofthe faith
'plightedto us in the Compromise oflS-
, yo . an j tat wc rcgard t)c ,;mc an j mcas
urc 0f our resistance to this act. as mat-
ters to bc settlcd upon our own views of
Cxpedicncy, is nowisc to bc hindircd by
j our SUPPOSED allegiancc to thc Fcdcral
' Gcvernment.''
The following reccnt letter from thc
Hon. I. E. Holmes, Locofoco Mcmbcr of
Congress, from S. Carolina, is taken from
the Charleston Mcrcury, of July 31, 1844,
in which papcr it was publishcd, by the
gcntlcmcn to whom it was addressed :
Charleston, July , 1844.
Gentlemen: 1 have just rcccivcd
your Ictter, in which two querics arc dis
tinctly put, and as distinctly will I reply.
lst. I am in favor of the elcction of
Mr. Polk and .Mr. Dallas, and am decided
ly of opinion that South Carolina ought to
vote for them.
2d. I have no doubt of Mr. Polk's sin
ccrity, w-hcn he declared his opposition to
thc cntire systcm of protection, and if c
lectcd, he will cndcavor to subvcrt it.
Having answcred your questions, I
might here lop, but I may bc permittcd
to cxpress my surprise, that any doubt
should have cxistcd of my wishing succcss
1 to the "anncxation candidale," as I decm
party.
I rcmain gcntlcmcn with great
rcspect, your obedicnt servant,
I. E. Holmes."
Ata public dinncr, givcn to Mr. Pickcns,
tho Congressional Lcadcr of Mr. Polk's
CrtfrtAa in Pnnnrnea
drank:
"Jaincs K. Polk and Georgc M. Dallas
identificd as they arc with the grcat public
questions at issuc, South Caiolitia will givc
them her cordial aud nnitcd support."
A few days bcfore thc adjiiurnmcnt ofthc
Senate, Mr. Tappan, of Ohio, proposcd a
resolution dcclaring,
"THAT THE DUTIES IMPOSED.BY
EXISTING LAWS, on I.MPORTA
TIONS ARE UNJUST, AND OUGHT
TO BE REDUCED."
The question being takcn, thc resolution
was rejectcd by the following vote:
Yeas Mcssrs. Allen, Atchinson, Bagby,
Bcnton, Brcese, Fairfield, Fulton, Hanne
gan, Haywood, Huger, Lewis, McDuffie,
Niles, 5emple, Sevicr, Tappan, Woodbury,
Wright 18.
Nays Mcssrs, Archer, Barrow, Batcs,
Bayard, Buchanan, Choatc Clay ton, Critten
den, Dayton, Evans, Francis, Ilcnderson,
Huntington, Jarnagin, Manguin, Mcrrick,
Miller, Morehead, Portcr, Rivcs, Siinmons,
Sturgeon, Tallmadge, White, Woodbridge
25.
Affirmatire 18, all Loco Focos. Nega
tive 25, viz. 23 Whigs and 2 Locos.
Every Whig voted to prcserve the prcsent
TaritT. Every Locofoco cxccpt two in
cluding Silas Wright, voted, that thc duties
imposcd by thc present TarifT, "were uu
jnst and ought to be reduccd."
It is plainly seen from the
foregoing, that Mr. POLK and
HIS PARTY are DEADLYHOS
TILE to a PROTECTIVE TAR
IFF. Such is the position ocrupicd by James
K. I'olk aud his friends. Lct us now see
how itcontrasts with the views of Hcnry
Clay on the same subject. To know whcre
Mr. Clay stands, itis only uccess'ry toread
thc followimr letter:
Asiiland, 29th June, 1844.
Dear Sir I have received your favor,
stating that our political opponents rcp
rcsent me as being a friend of protection
at thenorth,and for free trade at the south;
and you desire an expression of my opin
ion, under iny own hand, for the purpose
of corrccting this misrenrcsentation. I
NUMBER 2"G.
am afraid that you will fmd the cffort vain
to correct misrcpresentations ot mc.
Those who choose to understand my o
pinions can have no difficulty in clcarly
comprehcnding them. I have rcpcatcdly
expressed them as late as this spring, and
several timcs in answer to lcttcrs from Pa.
My opinions,such as they are, have bcen
reccntly quitc as freely e.Npresscd at thc
south as 1 cver uttercd them at thc north.
:I have cvcry wherc maintained, that in
ations oujht to bc made Fou PitoTr.cTio.N:
.J 1- -
that the Tariff of IS42 has operntcd most
bencficially, and that I AM UTTERLY
OPPOSED TO ITS REPEAL. Thcsc
opinions wcrc announccd by mc at public
mcctings in Alabama, Georgia, Charles
ton in S. C, North Carclina and iu Vir
ginia I am rcspectfully,
your fricnd and o'bt.serv't,
II. CLAY.
Mr. Fei. J. Coi-e, Pittsburg, Pa.
ETARIFF MEN OF TIIK COl'N
TR.Y! comparc this lettcrwiththatof Jaiiies
K. I'olk nhichyou will fiud on thc thinlpage
of this pamphlct, aud ihciidctcrininciiiuhosc
hands YOL'R INTEUESTS CAN BES'l'
BE CONF1DED. Tract Pullishid iv the
N. Y. Central Clay Club.
Mr. Folk's Votes.
It has becn dccmcd propcr to givc the
votes of James K. Polk on thc TarilT, l'cn-
- . .1 . . r
s'oos ' lIle J'fvoimionary ooiuicrs, ccc.,
&c, from the JournalsorCongrcss, authcu-
ticated in dueform of law; andin this fort.i
j they are submitted to thc people of the Uni-
ted Stalcs for their cousideration aud rcllcc-
?. . . vn-,PO mvv
r iiv.u incjuuii.xrtiur i iir.
HOUdE OF UEI'RESHNTATIVES.
TIIK TARIFF WOOL AD WOOL'S.
The bill to amcnd tlie acts iinposiiigdutics
' n imports to protect the woolen maiiiif.ic-
!,ure" j""1; wool growers, p..sed-yras llUi,
naysOo. James K. I'olk ot.np; nav Jotir-
naiofll.ofR. ld2G '-7, pa
2s2; Fcb.
ruary lUtti,
The aiiicnduicut impoing ou Brusscli,
Turkey and Wiltou caipcts, &c, a duty of
70 ccnts persquare jard; ou all other kinds of
carpcts, iVc, of wool, flax, heinp, or cutton,
&c, 32 cents pcr square jard, was agrccd to
yeas 125, nays 6(. James K. Polk voting
Ar.
Tho ameudmcnt "On noolcn blankcts
40 per ccut. ad valorem." was rejectcd
yeas 78, nays 105. James K. Polk voting
nat.
The aincndiiicnt "Ou worsted stufToods
and bombazincs, 35 pcr ccut. ad valorem,"
was rejectcd yeas 73, iiajs 107. Jaiuei K.
Polk voting nay Journal of II. of R. 1827
'28, pages 487, 189. 491; Apr. I7tli,182d.
Thc tariffbill of ls23 passed yeas 105,
nays 94. James K. Polk oting nay Jotir.
of II. ofll. I8i.'7 '28, page C07; Apr. 22d,
1823.
Thc amcudincnt to reducc thc duty on
wool and and woolcns icjected yeas C8,
nays 120. James K. Polk voting vea
Jour.of II. ofR. 1329 '30, page 529 May
11th, 1830.
A qucstiou of considcrntion of motion to
reducc thc duties on iron, wool, woolcus.aud
rotton hagging, dcciclcd in thc ui-gnlivc
yeas GG, naysll-I. J. K. Polk otine tka
Jotir. ofll. ofR. 1830 '31, page 59; Dec.
14. 1830,
Thc amcndmcntof 40 pcrccnt. ad valorem
on uniiiannfacturcdwool uasagrccd to yeas
113, oays 75. J. K. Polk voting nav Jour.
ofll.ofR. 1831 '32, page9l9; Juue 22d,
1832.
Thc amcndment to rtisc dnty on woolcu
yarn to 40 pcr cent. ad valnrciu w:s agrced
to yeas 110, uavs 70. J. K. Polk votiuz
l.v.r Jour. ofll. ofR. 1831 '32, page 022
I T OO.l la-l.i
The anicndiiicntto raisc thc duty on mits,
gloves,biiidinps,hlatiketB,husiery and carpcts,
&c, cxccpt Brus&cls aud Vcnetian carpcts,
from 25 per cent. ad valorem, was rejectcd
yeas 90, nays 91. J. K. Polk voting xat
Jour. ofll. of R. JSai "J2, page 001; Juue
!"'!.,. a. .
incnt iimiosing ou flanuclj and
baizes a specific duty oflO ccnts per sqnnfe
yard was agrced to yca.s 93, nays 91. J. K.
Polk voting nat Journal of II. of R. 1831
'32, page 1009; Juie J7ili 132.
Thc anicndmcntto rsiic thc duty onBrus
sels carpct lo G3 centi pcr squarc vnrd as
agreed to yeas 93, nays 91. J. K. Polk vot
ing nat Jour. ofll. ol K. li'il '32, page
1000; June 27lh, 1832.
The aincndinrnt ofthe Srnatr, in.crcaing
thc duty on Merino shanls, and other man
ufactures of wool,to 57 pcr ccnt. :id valorem,
was rejected jcas81, nays91. J. K. Polk
votingNAV Jour.ofll.oi R. It3l '32,page
i mi . t..i niili isio
The anieudincnt imposiug cn Cloths, l.cr
scymcrcs, merino shawls. and othcr woolen
manufactures, a duty of $35 for cvcry $100
in valuc thereof uutilMarch 2d, leSJj, theu a
duty of$30 until March2d, 183G, and thcrc
aftcr a duty of$25, was agrced to yeas 106,
nays 73. J. K. Polk voting nay Jour. of II.
of R. 1S32 '33, page 35G; Fcbruary 18th,
1633.
mos, cotton, nEJtr, tc.
Thc amcndmcut imposiug on cotton hag
ging a duty of 4 1-2 cents persquare yard,
was agrccd to yeas 112, uays 77. J. K.
Polk voting nat Journal ofll. of R. 1827
'2?. page 49G; April 7lb, 1828.
Thc amcndment on olher manufactures of
hcmp and flax, a dnty of 30 per ccnt. until
June 30th, 1829 and thercaftcr nn annual
increasc ofapercent. until thewholead val
orem duty shall amount to 40 per ccnt. was
rejectcd yeas 43, nays 143. J. K. Polk
voting nay Journal of II. of R. 1727-"2?,
page 494; April 7th, 1823.
Tbc amendmcnt on barandboltiron.madc
wbolly orin part by rolling, a duty of $37
per ton, was agrced to yeas 117, nays 71.
J. K. Polk voting nay Jour. of II. of R.
1827 '28, page 515; April 9th, le28.
Thc amendment tn redncc tbc dnty on
iron, hcmp, flax, cotton bagging, inolasscs,
indigo and cotton goods, was rejected yeas
70, nays 117. J. K. Polk voting yea Jonr.
ofll. of R. 1629-'30. page 027; Mav 11th,
1830.
The amcndment to fnisc tbc duty on hcmp
to $40 per ton was agreed to jeas 93, nys
93. J. K. Polk voting nay Journal of II.
ofR.1831-32, pagel,003; Juue 27ih. 1832.
The amendmcntfixing rate of duty on raw
cotton at 2 cents per pound was rejected ,
yeas 80, nays 81. J. K. Polk voting nay
Jour.ofll. ofR. 1832-33, page 307; Feb.
20di, 1K33-
aas, asv,
IS I'UELISIIKD F.Vl'.r.T WKDXESDAT tlur.MSO
IX STKV.r.T's EUILOIXGS,
BY J. COBB JR.
BT WHOU ALL ORDXRS VCR rr.isTi.is
HAHDBILLS,
gfort(?5j f?c.
Ofevery dcscriptiou will be ueatly am?
f ishionably cxccuted. at short noticc.
AC.r.ICt'LTLT.AL IMrLBMENTS.
VUc ameiidment nrovidins lor a drawbac'-j
oflhe dnty ou iron used in tlie constructioir
ofpIoUKfcs, axes, hoes, uafsons, carts, anr
all olhcr articles of liusbaitdrr necessarilv nrd
in agricultural operations, was rrjectrd
vcas-12. navs 135. J. K. Polk votinc sat
1 Journal of II. ofll. lt3I-"32, p3gcW4 ; Jmic
' ' u " ....-
The bill to rcpeal tho tonnage du
ties unuii ships and vrsseh of the I'nitccJ
j State-, and crrtaiu forcign vcssels was passed
yeas 1C0, nays 75. J. K. Polk voting nay
Journal ofll. or K. ld23-9. pcgc 34;
Fcb. 2G, 1S29.
COFFKE A.M TEA.
Thc atncndii'.ctit to strike out ihe dnty on
colTce was agrccd to yeas 117, uays 57. J .
K. Polk voting nav Jnnrnal of II. of R.
lt--32-'33, page 300; Fcbruary 2lsf, 18KJ.
Tlie aniciii'uicnt to strike out thc duty ou
tcaswas agreed tc yeas 103, na-s (52. J. K.
Polk voting ay Journal of H. of 15. 1S32
'33, page 392, Fcb.Slst. 1833.
CERTIFICATE OF TIIE JUSTICF
OF THE PEACE,
U.S.OF AMERICA. )
Distuilt or Coluhbia, S to wit:
Cotinty of Washington, )
Be it kiinwu, thatoii this, thc 16th ofept.
A. D. 1844, 1, the undersiKiied, a Just.ic f
thc Pcacc aud Notary Public in aud for the
county aforesaid. haviug examinrd the Juur
mU oftlie Ilouse of Ri-presciitativrs in thr'
I.ibrary of saiil Ilouse of Kcprcsciitatives, and
comparcd ihcrewith the furegoing otcs ot
James K. I'olk on questions ofiheTarilT.Rc
licl of Itevolutionary Soldicrs, Rcliuf to Wid
ousnud Oiplnns of Ofliccrs, &t-. uf tl.e
Slonp Hnrtiet. the nccupatioii of On-gon R,v
it, Relief ti ihc Poor, aud Killef to Indigcut
StiHciers by Firc.
I do hcreby cerlify said votes aic coircctly
copicd and traufcribtd from saiil journal.
Given iindcl my haud ml ( l!iiia
i scal, tlie i!nv aml year -.il.nvcH rit
1&1.A1.J ,piI N. CALLAN. Jr.,
Xo'ury Vullie and .Imtiee ij'thc I'nvc.
DISTRICT COLUMBIA.
Couniii uf II ashirgton.
I, Williain lireiil. (. Icik oi tlie Cirt-uit
Court for the Distiict of C'oluiiibia, for tlie
County of Wilmington, do htnby ccitify
thalNicholas Callan, jr., Esq., who Iiasgiren
the aboc cerlifirnle, aml tln-mo stilisrriL-e(t
his nanic, was at ihe titiie ofsodnitig a juticcr
oflhe pcace in and fur the conniy aforcnaul,
duly coiiimhKioncd and swnru.
In tcstiinony whereof.I ricfctn isnliscri
T q bed my nanic, ai:datlixeil tlicpi.blie
" seal nl'said couit for the couiuy a
fori-said, tfrs I7th Scpt., 14-I.
WM.BREXT.C'hrL.
Facts for theTariff'lIerj.
Kcep it Itfvrc thc Pcoplc.
Proclaim it throtighr.ut thc Irngtii atuT
brcadth ofthe land publish it ii every
city, town and villagc post it npin cvi-ry
furnacc, aud ft-re, and inanufuctory, and
slnre, aud worktFi p, and fann hou-e
proclaim it on the monntain tr.p pru
claim it in tlie dnsky inine, far duwn tn
thc U'wels of the enrlli pruclaim it
whercver thc lirawny arm of induMry i.i
activcly ctigaced llir-t JAMES I.
I'OLK and thc Locofoco party arc ( P
POSED TO TIIE PRES ENT TA
RIFF, that has restorcd to our rcuiihy
its wonted prcpcrity, and covcred the na
tion with bcnc-lits and blcssings.
Kctp it brfore the Pcoplc,
That in thc hsi Congress, uhcn an
cfibrt was made by thc Locofoco party to
procitrc its repcal
Every I.mofiico membcr prcsent from
Maine, 4
Every Locofo mcmhcr from N. llamp
.irc, 4
llalf ofthc Locufiico iKembers frrm
Coiin. 2
A moj.nf thc Locofoco mcnibers fn'rii
N. Y.
1 1
Evcrj Locofoco mcmbcrs fromV'irginia I
Every Lccofoco mcml.cr from N.
Carolin.1,-
Ecry Locofcco utcinbcr frcin Gcorpia
Every Locofoco mt-niber from S. Carc
lina Every Locofoco mcmbcr from Alabnma
Evcr'v Lofoco nicmbcr prccnt frcni
Mississ-fppi,
Everv Locofoco mcmbcr frcm Lotiir-
inna,
ThcLocofoco nicmbf r from Arkansas,
Every Locofoco meiubcr jircscnt from
Miisotiri,
Every Locnfcco mcmbcr from Illinoi.s
Every locofoco mcmbcr prcsent fri in
Iiidiaua
Every Lccofoco mcmbcr from Ohio,
Every Locofoco membcr but onc from
Kentucky,
Every Locofoco mcmbcr prcsent from
Tennessee,
Every Locofoco nictnber from Mkh-
igan,
3
4
11
7
U
1
Making a Locofcco vote of SH'
being more than thra-fcvrths ofthe Loct
focp dcleatir.n in Congress. VOTJGD
AGAINST THE PRESENT TARIFF,
and iu favor ofsustaining the British Lc
cofoco TariffBill cf Mr. M'Kay And
Kecp it before thc Pcoplc.
That at the same time and upon thc
satnc occasion,
Everv Uhisr mcmbcr from Maine "
Every Whig'member from Massachu
s.tts, Every Whig mcmber from Vermont,
Every Whig member form Rhcde-
K
3:
tslanu,
Erery Whig mcmber from New York,
Thc Whig mcmbcr from New Jcrsey,
10
f
3
(7
3
Every W hig mcmbcr Irom rciinsytra
nia, Every Whig meniber from Maryland,
Every Whig membcr from Virginia
EvcryN hig membcr fromNorlh Caro
lina Every Vhig member from Georgia,
The Whig mcmbcr from Alabama,
The Whig uieniber from I!lin,oL?,

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