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The northern galaxy. [volume] (Middlebury, Vt.) 1844-1848, November 06, 1844, Image 1

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5IHIB QAE. AS,
H DELL,
EDITOR AND PROPR1ETOR
TERMSOF NINTIl YOLUME.
is roBxnnED etekt vrEDnuDAr nor.Mo
7iIUge subfcribcri, zoo
Jlail Mibacribsrs, ,4'uu
Indmduals and Compaoiet who take at tbe office
fir75or V50 ecnts ifpmd in nx. montn..
Thcse who take of Foslrider. . . .S2.u
If not paid at llieend ofthe ycar 2, -o
No napers discoiitinned until arrearage" are pai
.tth. optionofth. propric.or No P
to cXrricrs allowed except ordcred bj tbe propne
An e.nJUon.-tb addr.cd totbeed
tor Post Pad
Wednesday, Nov, & 1844.
Wia NOMIMTIONS.
For Prcsidenlial Electors,
JEDEDIAH II. IIARRIS.l ...
JOIIN PECK. At large.
CALVIN TOWNSLEY, 1st Dis.
CARLOS COOLIDGE, 2d Dis.
BENJAMIN SWIFT, 3d Dis.
ERASTUS FAIRBANKS, 4th Dis
ELECTIOS, XovcmbcT, Zlh.
POLK WOULD
ROB VERMONT OF
$100,000, A YEAR!
"In another view, the proposed distri
bution is a TarilT measure. If it pre
vails, Massachusetts, VERMONT, and
othcrStates, containing within their bor
deis no portion of the public Iands, will
be immcdiately vcsted with a loeal PE
CUNI VllY INTEREST IN THEM."
Folk's Addrcss to the People of Tcnncss
cc,3Tarch2o, 1841.
Aye, Mr. Polk when Mr. Clay and a
Whig Congress came into power, they
will honestly rcdcem the pliglited faith of
the nation ; tliey will do what JefTerson
suggestad in 1S09 ; they will be JUST to
the Statcs ofthe Union, and distributethe
procceds ofthe Public Lands Then Mr.
Polk, as you suggest, VERMONT will
l.ave a PECUNIARY 1NTEREST in
this malter ; and we propose to show how
much interest she will probably have, and
hoic much you would rob her of. This
we shall do by the following table, which
"ivcs the actual net proceeds of the pub
Fic hnds, from the time Mr. Clay's land
bill would have goue into cfieci, down to
the last rcport, and the amount (fractions
included) which Vermont would have rc
ceived :
Years.
1833
1SS4
1835
1S30
1S37
1833
1S39
1840
1841
1842
1S43
Net proceeds
84,97,234 84
0,099,901 04
15,999,801 11
25,1G7,5; 06
7,007,523 04
4,:i05,5G4 54
C.40 1.550 73
2.7S9.G37 53
1,403,354 00
1.335,797 52
2,080,000 00
Shareof Vt.
699,445 09
121,999 02
319,990 03
503,350 00
140,150 40
S2,7&0 o2
123,101 55
53,040 87
2S.141 02
25,033 41
33,401 53
Total sharc of Vt. for
11 years, $1,541,850 81
Average of Vt's share
pr. jr, 140,153 25
Vermont tcould have received, under
Mr. CWy'sbiU, onc iiundred and forty
TIIOL'SAND DOLLAP.S A YCAR; butof this
she has been robbcd by locofocoism, J- K.
Polk being aidcr and abetlor in the rob
bery. But we do not claim that this sum
which Vermo'it probably will receivc un
der Mr. Clay's administration because the
aboveiucludes the extraordinary sales oc
casioned by the speculating mania of 1S
35 and '30. As a fair approximation to
the sum which Vermont probably will re
ceivc, we will take the average from the
commencement of the present system :
Net proceeds from 1821 to 1841 both
inclusive, 8100,203,444 97
Share of Vermont, 2,843 527 78
Average proceeds per year, 2,000,104 01
Share of Vermont per year 97,310 84
The official reports prove, therefore.that
under the rule nf distribution adopted by
Mr. Clay's bill, the avarage share of Ver
mont from 1821 to 1841 would have been
nearly $ 1 00.000 a year. Her share, how
ever, would have been actually much more
because for partof the period here em
braced the population of Vermont was
greater in proportion to the other States
than it was in 1830, which was the basis
of distribution. Remembering that ade
quate protection, by stimulating evsry
branch of business, directly leads to the
occupation and improvement of the pub
lic lands, we may with fairness and cer
tainty assume that the Whig policy, of
TnoTECTioN and Distbibution, will not
,only encourage and protect the people of
Vermont, but give annually to her treas
ury the sum of $100,000 whicbis legally
and rightfully hers.
Be it remembered.then, that POLK and
the locofoco party will rob the treasury of
the people of Vermont of this sum, if the
power is committed to their hands. Polk
AVOWS this as his policy the Iocofocos
even here avow it.
TO EVERY WHIG.
We warn the Whlgs of Vermnt that a
disperate attempt will be made to defeat the
Whie Electoral Ticket. Tbere are not
warrsag rrckleis ra iothe nnki of o'nr op-
VOL. IX.
noncnts wbo dream ofacoalition between
tbelocos aud tblrd party men! But Dover
mind: let the whigs at once go to worK to
securetheatteDdanceorEVEBTWHiO ATTBE
folls, and Verraout wiU stand proofagamst
every trick ofthe enemy.
The Poor Maii's Friend.
TUSE "Yankce DaadU."
Thit Polk will bc tbe poor mnl frlfruJ,
o HTlt wul doabt, Ir;
He'II briDSprottctlon lo ao tnd,
And tutn H irorklM oal, wr.
Jle'll top Ihe Maicliiita mln,
Tne Lowell .bop be"" !. lrj
Fm uderillcurellie pnoUellto,
To r.rmlng 1I be'll put,
And Trnen jou want lo bujr a Ihllt,
Or tcH a pound of toiv, tlr,
Wfll co to Kngland ia a flirt,
For Biitiih mllla will go tlr,
Pomestlc labor is a borc,
All Dcmocrau abhor It;
Mcchai-ics! you ceed nork co more,
Tou ctn gtt uotbioc for lu
The policy, wben Polk thall ruto,
Will be to all 'raise dodgen !.
Vote cvery Tariff maa a fool,
And bay bardnrare of Rodgerf.
To stop our looms and fpiaatos-wbeels.
To put our factories down, sir,
To buy our goods of England's recls,
Pay trlbute to ntr crown, ilr.
Piay, where will we our wheat, then lell,
And wbere our corn and pork, elrl
Ktw Englaud now buye Tery well,
IVlUi her factory hands at work, ilr,
Uut ibe ean never stand tbe garae
Of frte uade and no wages;
rier rote, we thlnk, will say ulbat ssme"
To these new-fanglcd sagcs.
Cornc up then, Hooslers, toe the mark,
LeCs lead in tbls good battle;
We'll sink their Loco Foco bark,
And make tlieir 'dry bones' rattle.
We'll hoist old Clay into the chalr,
To rule this migbty uatlon:
And whcn we gcthim safely there
Twill end all tbls vexation.
MUTE
CMDIDATE.
Mr. Polk luving refuscd to answer the
questions put to him bytbeCumberland Co.,
l'a., Comtnittee, whether he is in favor of
prcserving the present Tariff or not, and
choosing to stand mum, some one bas Iooked
up an cxtract from a speech made by Gcn.
Jackson, in 18-10, iu referenco to Gcneral
Uarrisnn, who was accuscd falsely bythe
Locofoco party at that time, ofrefufingto
answer questions put to him. General Jack
son's remarks are peculiarly applicable, at
this time, to Mr. Polk. Here they are:
"I say again.fellow-citizens, rcmember the
fate of ancient Rome, and votefjrnocandi
datt who will not lell you with the frank
nessof au independent freeraan, the princi
ples upon which, ifelected. he will adminis
ter your government.
"That man dcscrvcs lo be a slave who
would vote fora MUM candidate where his
liberty is at stako. Can a frceman who val-
ues his rights, vote for such a man, who,
when asked for bis principlcs, .iusults you
with the reply 'Iwill answer no questions
coming eithcr from frictid orfoe!" I answer
for you, that uone uorlhy lo lefree can do
soir
llut l olk has ajrain rcluscd to answer
questions at liome? a inccting was convened
(says th? Whig Courier published at Palas-
ki, Tem.; at the coiir: i'ouse in that town to
bcarthe report of a commitiee appotntcd un
der the following circumstanccs :
Scveral eeutlemcn were arcordingly
poiutcdas such committee; and at thcmcet
ing on the -1th instaut, to which we have al
luded, they submitted an extcnded rcport o(
thPtr proceedings. 1 ney lirst sclected JJr.
John jlT. Uroicn to delivcr in person to Mr.
i'olk their commuuication, in which they
statcd the circumstances under which it Avas
made, aud encloscd acopy ofthe preajnble,
rcsolulious aud enquiries, to which we have
referrcd. Ou tho t!2d of September Mr.
liroicn, in company with S. D. Frierson,
Esn., and Hon ferry H. Cahal, citizens of
Coltiinbia, Teau., called on Mr. Polk, and i
the following letter to the committee states
what occurrcd at that interview :
Pulaski, Sept.27tb, 1844.
Gentlemen: In accordance to your re-
quest, l waiteu upon Uoveruorl'olk on Alon
day, the 23d instant, in companywith thetnri.- t'-ctuu r ' i rji
Hon.T.H. Cahal and Samuel D. Frierson. tWhigTanff shall stand or fall 1 AI
liso.. ofColumbia, witn a conyol tlie tiream
... .. . '.
ble and resolutious adopted here on the 20lli
mstant. When 1 nanded tuem to Uov. l'olk
I asked him at what time I raight expect an
answer; bercplied that he would answer
them at n vroper time. I then remarked to
him that 1 should remaina few days ztFnni -
lin's Tavern, to receive his answer, and I
should be glad to knownhen he would give
it; nereplieu Ihat ne uad not read tne com-
munications, and could not say when he
would answer. He said tbat my remainiag
would not make any difierence.
This may not be literally, but is the sub-
stance, what occurred. 1 waited some time
inColurabiaat Mr. Franklin's tevernfora
commumcation from Gov. Polk, but was not
favored with any, neher have I rece.ved any
from that time. j'Jfoo
To Messrs. Goode, Topp 6z otbers. ' 1
Tbe Committee waited some days. in ex-1
pectation of receiving a reply from Gov.
Polk: but being disappointed, on the 20th of
ieptember they addressed anotneriener to purcnastng uouisiana :
Mr. "Polk resnectfully desiring him to in-; James K. Polk is pledged to trans
form them wheuier a reply mat to be exptcltd, gress the constitution again by annexing
andifso atichat time." Tbey particularly
reqiicsted an early notice of this coramuni-, Th " FedcraUsU wre ;u faTor of the
cation : the letter wasdehvered toMr.rolk.-, ... - .. ... .. ,
on tbe 30th by the Hon. Terry H. Cahal, but TT '
Mr. Polk did not tell him whether aa answer. So an the LOCOFOCOS! !!
mightbe expected or not. After waiting un-; Democratic IVhigs are in favor ofhu
tiltho3d ofOctober, fthe time to which man equality and liberty. The LOCO
they wsre Iim'ucd.) the committee made their FOCOS vote this fall to perpetuate hu
report submitting these facts to the consider- man slavery '
ation ofthe citizens by whom tbey were ap- Th j)ocratxC Whigs are not in fa
pomted. The committee consistedof John P - . a. o,,,,. nliu
V. Goode. Esq.,Dr. W. W. ToPP. Maj. jor or,assumtng the States Debts.
Samuel Mosel. Dr. Beuj. Cartir, James The Locofoco Fcderahsts are tn favor
McCallura, Esq. andHon. L. M.Bramint, ofa life lease ofthe Presidential man
all gentlemen of tbe highest cbaracter and,sionF
represeniing a great body of the best citi- The Whigs are in favor ofan econoffl
rens of Tennesiee. ical sdministrition ofthe government.
MIDDLEBURY,
WHIG GAININ1844.
We bave bad a deal of boasliog from tbe
T j,,-:ncr ,1,. var an(i nroclama
mation3 jayafterday of numerous cbanges
from the Whigs to the Democratic party.
Letustest these boasts by the teality let us
contrast-assertion with fact.
Since the year "44 set iq- ttie wnigs nave
carried.
1 Georgia,
2 Maryland.
3 Connecticut,
4 Virgtnta,
5 Uouisiana,
6 North Carolina,
7 Kentucky,
8 Iodiana,
9 Vermont,
10 NEW JERSEY.
Seven of these ten States were last year
under the rule of Locofoco Liccislatures
i Now all of them are redeemed. That is the
' great and important fact which we beg to
, bring seriously to the cousideration of the
i Locofocos. The Wbigs have wrested from
j them seven States within six moutbs scyen
' Stateslast year actually under the dominion
'of Locofocoism.
! The vcry first day ofthe ycar was desig
! nated by a triutnph in Georgia, by some
15,000 snajority. 1'hat was specdily followed
by the elcction ot six Wtugs lrom mary
land. Connecticut and Virginia both sub-
stituted Wbig for Locofoco Legislattires.
Then came a gain of one meraber ofCou
gress from Louisiana, and the elcction ofa
Whig Legislature. Next succeedcd North
Carolinia, where a Locofoco mnjority of 24
in the Legislature was substituted by a Wbig i
. mi t i? i 1
majority of 25. Then came Indiana. where
A HUIg
iitu:- -ma trj .1 L
T J11E IHdJUliiT Ul lUi UC3IUC9 LUC3D tiUUS
of enfire States, tho Whigs have gaiucd im-
i :.. . ' i r i ?i :
fill vacancies which have taken place during
.h in lT,;n. Ar-i......-5
Ponnsylvania, to say nothing ofthe recent suaded tbat Congress has the coustitutional ly Safe and judicious one for the accomplish
startline developements in Missouri. 1 power to abolish Slavery m the Distnct of ,Cntof tbe obiectwe so ardcutly desire.
Tho great rejoicing ofthe Polkeites over;
their present victory inMaineis because I opportlII1it y presents. to use our political in
Matno is tbe first State they have carried , fl'nJcnce , JJ,aace so desirable a consumma-
rK.vMr. whirhdid not fro with themin 1840.
r v.l;
anu tuey neeaea ims cuiniori su iuueu me
!uor!'. 'c? .m ae same l,lmr r' ,nTS
more, because in the same tim! they have
lost y inuiniA, tue mostoiau tneir
capital.
lhe l'residential vote ot Maiue, even it
they carTyit,isjust about half as large as
tliat Ol lrglUin. 1 OU. AttV.
In March, 1S42, the firm of James
Read 6o Co., of Boston, failed, owing
dcbts to the amount of 8850,000. The
sales and collections made by the assignee
have produced in cash nearly 800,000,
lcaving an amount of indebtcdness a lit
tle excecding 50,000 unprovided for.
Both partners in the broken firm were
sometime since honorably discharged,
but-we learn from tho Boston Courier,
ihnt rccently Mr. James Reed has added
to whal has been rcalized from the as
sets of the conccrn, a sum excscdipsr fifty
thousand dollats, being the earnings ofa
prosperous commission business during
the past two and a half years, by means
whereof every creditor of said firm will
receive a hundred cents on a dollar ofthe
amount of his debt, as proved by him
against said estate, and allowed by the
court.
A FACT FOR THE FARMERS.
An extensive wool-dealer of this State
went on to the East a few days since to
dispose of thestock collectcd here during
the past year. He has just returned, with
out having effected his object. The
Eastern manufacturers objected to pur
hasing until the result of the Presiden
tial cieC!.'oa was decidcd. "If Polk is
elected," was !.he wariablc jremark,
"we can buy all tiie wool w ir.Tf
FROM TEN TO FIFTEEN CENTS LESS PEK
POUND THAN IT BRINGS NOW "
Let the Farmers of our State make
their own comments upon the -act.
With James K. Polk, for Presidcnt, i.he
Tariff nverthrown and wool "duty free,'
what would become ofthe Acricultural,
Mechanical and AIanufacturino inter
ests of New York ? Farmers. Mecha.v
ics and Manufactdrers of the Empire
5tate 1 it is for you to determine wheth
er IIenry Olat or James K Jroi.K shall
bc the next Prcsident, and whether the
i j s
n i ri y ..Tnninrr innrnak
JLIemocracy.
Andrew Jackson was in favor of aPro-
tecive Tariff. So is IIenry Clay. Jfr.
pnjj. nnnntrrl tn it
Andrew Jackson was in favor of dis
tributing the Procceds ofthe Sales ofthe
Public Lands to the Statcs. So is Henry
Ulay. Mr.Jfolk is opposed to it.
Andrew Jackson said thnt hf wnnlrf
cheerfully have furnished a project for a
National Bank had he been called upon
by Congress. Thoraas JefTerson signed
j,, harterinrr a branch of the Vitcd
States Bank, a Democrtttic President
signed the charter for the old Bank. Mr.
"PPOScdto a Bank.
Thoraas JefTerson said that he had
transgressed his constitutional powers in
VT WEDNESDAY, NOV.
The Locofocos spent about 29 Millions
of dollars per year 1
The whigs believe in creaung no no-
tional dcbt. The LOCOroUS- lclt
the Government in March IS41 about
iwenty five millions of dollars in Debt!
ine nigs ucjicvc iu""""" "
tability of their publip scrvants.
The Locofocos st6lie upwards of two
millions and sixty five tbousand dollars
from the public purse, during the last
four vears of their administration.
a-The Whigs are in favor of suffrage
without regara to religious quatiucuuuii
The Locofocos in New Hampshire dis
franchise the the ROMAN CAT1IO-
LICS!
IVho are the Democrats ?
T0 THE MEMBERS 0F THE
LIBERTY PARTY
The undersigned, members ofthe Liberty
Partv in tbe city of Albany, believinz it to be
tbeir imperative duty, bave resolvcd to ad
dresg their bretbren, and cxplain the reasous
which induced them to supportHESRrCiir
at the coming election. W e still claim the
appellation of Liberty men, as our principles
rcmain uuchanged; to be "out and out,"
Liberty mcn, sucb as our countrymen would
batred of theinstitution of AmencanSIavery,
I t 1.1 L I 1 f
or any olD" "T reK3 '"V"" .
. u w
1 tend to chensu it
we respeci, iove anu ue-1
, .. , i T r T C U ti
10 on.or Jam.crs G: B,ru7 for h,s nb,
self-Bacnficine and featless advocacy of tbe
1 principlcs which adom the Declara-1
tion of Indepcndence, and we are fully per-
- , ' ,ij ,u !,.,
t ". T i "T" V.i . ' '
"
We have watched with intcnse inter-
ai' lin iFsBra&nt mnvnmiiiita n( tlio tivn nrsif ria
1 Iitical partics, and bclievinff that a fearful
,...,, nnj hri;i.v!nrr tbnt . frft.
t Cr;s;s has anived, which is to decide whether
slaverv is to be nerpetuated and extcnded bv
i ,,,..'-,: nfTm. ,ml hv nitirmentin!
tcsaTe power in tIlcUnited Statcs.l y which
, -.il l,.n,, 1, n rnnqtitlltinnal mninrilv
to maintain slavery in the National Capitol,
and the internal slave trade, the very fountain
life ofthe iciquitom fystem.even if the liberty
party succced iu carryitig the Free States.
tbereby dcstroying the future usefulnesss of
the Liberty Party not only this, but tt is to
decide whether tbis happy and prosperous na
tion shall be plunged into the untold horrors
of a war, and very probably upon the future
existence of our Reptiblican Institutions.
These are no idle fancics, but stern reali
itics; we all witnessed, at the last session of
Congress, a vigorous cfibrt made by John
Tylerand his coadjutors, cncoiiragcd by Gen.
Jackson and James K. Polk, and snstaincd
by James Buchanan and fourtecn other Sen--iTi.r;
to involve the Uuited Statcs i n a war
withMexico; ni.J:: only thwarted by
the iutegrity and patrioiism ofa Whig scnate,
acting iu conccrt with IIenry Clay. Thess
are lacts; subjects of momcot, and dcmnnd
the cousideration aud prompt action of cvery
freeman, without distiuctiou of party, inde
pendent "of pcrsonal rcgard for the character
ofmen, whom we rcspect or disrespect; and
wc, the People are to decide them. If we,
as Liberty men, hold the balauce of power,
(as it istbought by bomc we do,) upon us
rests the responsibility of the decision. All
are familiar with the argumcnts used to evade
the issue. Their sophistry savors mucli of
themodeadoptedby "Virginia Abolitionists,"
and are incotnpatible to the understanding of
plam, practicau.e men. iin i.oeny meu
terest ofthe South to increase and cxtcnd
Slavery by lhe Annexationof Texas,and thcir
papcrs bave warucd us, that ivlieu this was
accomplishcd it would destroy our freedom,
u".'d tbundered their analhcmas, both longand
loud, ag'inst the schcme. Now, when these
predictioC5 are bciug fulSIIed, they have in a
great measure, ccascd their opposiiion, and
seem to view the mattcr qllhs complncenlly,
apparently little conccrned about tho strug
le or result. but busilv cnsaeed in increas-
ing tbe vote for Mr. Birney a few thousands,
as ifit were of mostimportance.
B.'tt it b contendcd that there is no differ
ence ii?the doctrines ofthe two great politi
cal partics upon the subjcct of Auncxation;
and some go ,' fr as to say that neither par
ty is in favor of that measure. If eilher of
thesestatementsvvcretrue.it would give a
differeut aspect as to wliat would be our du
tv. It seems to us i',ia le position of the
p'arties is indistinctly aCDeJ- Mr. Van Bu
ren was defeatedatthe Ha.'t'raoreConvention,
because he was oppostd to ,nnexalion, and
James K. Polk was uomiuateu because be
was tn aror of Immediale Annex7,on an"
tbatConvention passcda resolution to watef
fcct. wbich bas rccently been endorse.'' 07
tbe Loco Foco State Convention at Syracu. ,e
General Jackson, thcidol ofhis party, adro-
calesit. Indeed, it is the watchword of the
party from Maine to Louisiana. To use tbe
words ofthe Liberty paper in this city, "Polk
gocs for Annexation, tror or no trar, Slatery or
no aiatery, nonor or atsnonor. mr. Ulay'g
position is this : "personally be has no objec
tion to annexation, ifit cau be obtaincd iciih
oul diihonor and tcithoul car." But opposes
it :or tue louowing reasons :
1st. iierause "itcompnses our national
honor.
xa. uecanse "ii invoives us m an unjust
war.m wnicn toe sympatmes ot Utinstendo
would be against us."
3d. Because "it would be done without
common consent."
4th. Because "beconceives no motive to
be more danzerous to the peace and nerma-
nancy of the Union, tban the acquisition of
1 exas lor tne purpose otextending our terrt-
tory and strengtbening the Soutbcrn portion
of our confederacy."
5tb. Itwouldburden the United States with
a large and unascertained debt. Either of
tbese are good and sufncicnt reasons tosatis
fy us, ifMr. Clay is elected, he will not rec
ommend "annexation." Tbe cntire Whig
party is unanimous iu their hostility to the
scheme, and the Whig press is raote denun
ciatory ofthe mcasnre than the Liberty press.
We bave noticed-with regret that the Liberty
press is almost silentupon tbe subjeet, and in
gome instances bave advocated tbe doctrine
of Free Trade, and manifest an overbearing
arrogance towards member of thsir ownpar-
6,1844. nuiUDJMi-.
ir. who have the rooral courage and take the
liberty to tbinlc and act for themselvct, and
r- - 1 1 I . 1 . 1
even go so laras to nuicuic anu irauuce tuc
cbaracter and acts of the venerable John
Qutncy Auams, Win. 11. seward aud Cassi
us M. Clay men wbo have at least douc as
much to. cnecK tncencroacnmentoi tnesiave
power, and for theadvancementof universal
freedom, as Mcssrs. Birncy auffSmith, anda
thousaud fold more tbau tbe men who are
now villifying their pltilanthropic mottves.
Otbers may takesuch responsibililies and en
dorsesuch proceedings but wc will not.
" Principlci. not men," is our inotto, nor
wiU the fear of having our charactef or mo
tivea expungcd, detcr us from putting them
into execution ; and we believe tbe intciligent,
honest and reflecting portion of our bretbren
in tbe Liberty ranks, will agrce and act with
us. We have read Mr. Binney's letter of Au
gust 5, 1844, to Mr. Everctt," of Pittsburgh,
acknowledging that he is opposed totbe distri
bution ofthe procceds of tbe public domain,
and a TarifT for Protection. This is 'Loco
Foco' doctrine, as we undemand it. The
onc U 'unjust,' and the other'Anti-American,'
and both dcstructive to the interests of tbe
People; nor aro we satisfied with the friend
ship apparently cxisting between the lcaders
of tbe Loco Foco aud Liberty partics, inas
much as the Loco Focos bare nominated
James G. Birney fora member ofthe Legis
lature of Michigan from the countyin which
he resides. Since we have read the'last let
ter of Ilcnry Clay, published in the National
Intelligcncerat Washington, which bas au
cxtcnsive circulation, boih North and South,
in which he reiterates the scntiments we have
ascribed to him, in more emphatic language,
ifpossible, not to be misundcrstood. Wc
1 . . . , , . .
b:,ve also h3a ,ne P'urc 01 nsiening 10 uiai
. uuuiu v iiu ui lu u u ui . '1-i.uuuii w .
le ,Ti,0 has proven his devotton to Liberty oy
'
h acts.
riil stati
His burumg clonuence and trutu-
statcmcnts have made us hate fclavery
morc, and couvinced us more finnly ifposst-
ble. ihat the nosition ve have taken is the on-
J. S. GOUL.U, AiiiiLi LJUK,
W. WHITNEY, C. E. WALLER.
J. C. UAMSEY. D. E. BASSETT,
II. W. AVHITiK Y, W.M. IliUU&.
S.P.TOWNSENE, JNO.ALDEN.
DAVID BASSET. WM. T1IORN.
G.SCHOONMAKER. M.S.BEYNOLDS,
WILLIAM FRAZER, A. LYON, M. D.
POLI'S TWO FACES.
The Tennessee Democrat, published at
Plnmriin Mr Pihk's rpsidcnee. a naner
, d r ted to h;s SUpport aud undoubtedly
;....,.'' c .. jr
speaking his sentimcnts, thus denounces
ivk;. Tf.fliTsnfl tli nni;v nr nmtPf.
imv. .....s wr..,-. r
tton
"The present TarifT was cstablished for
the purpose of enriching the NORTII
ERN MANUFACTURERS. at theex-
pcnse ofthe mass of the people-tc i g.ve
capitaltstsaprofit offrom JOto 40 per
cent on their moncy invcsted in factorics
whilst agriculture does not produce an
income of 3 per cent to make the rtch
richcr, and the poor poorer. And thcsc
ad; STc accomplishing.
When will the laboring people see the
cxtcnt of the burthcus which Whig pciicj"
is imposing upon them? When willthose
honest Whigs who support IIenry Clay
opcn thcir eycs and see that, by doing so,
they are aiding in riveting upon thcCoun
try a System of Policy which dcprives
them ofthe bencfit of one half their labor,
aud gives it to the rich ofthe North, that
that they may increase in wealth enjoy
their winc and fine dinners, aud rcjoicc
in the simplicity ofthe common people,
. , rcmaining thcir wiHing slave3.
This is for the South. Now look at
the cour&e ofthe Polk men in Pennsylva
nia. Tbe Philadelphia U. S. Gazctte of
Manday says
We saw and copied a handbill, posted
on a housc standing at the northeast cor
ner Cottes and Scventh strect, and uscd as
the Loco Foco hcad quarters on the day
of the elcction, which read as follow:
"OREGON AND TEXAS POLK,
DALLAS, AND SHUNK DEMO
CRATIC TARIFF OF 1S42 and no
Bank ofthe United States."
This is for the North ! And while he
is thus representcd by his friends at the
South as against ihe Tariff and by his
friends at the North in favor of the Tar
ff, Mr. PolkhimselfsTANDSMUTF. and rc
fuses to inform the people on which side
ofthe question he really is 1 Electors!
Will you vote for a eandidate who con
ceals his opinions on tlic all important
question ofa Protective TarifT.
THE MANAGER'S LAST KICK.
' eminent American, not known as a
y .'n, was last week in Washington,
polittcij. wt a ead;u- and active member
where ne . Cemral Committee there. He
ofihe Polk toni,hed when ,ile Locotold
wassoraewha n0 chance for Clay ! 'What
h.m there was ., he askcd .e lain Jonr.
"I?0" rae.a.n; -id tbe Loco Committee
scll.' 'Just this, s -rranged ,hatwe must
man : 'we have it so . suppose we
succeed. ForexampUv ec'f 0fNew
carry Pennsylvania and . regular way.
York; tben all issafe m .,nia (whic'h
But suppose weiooie Penns) te that New
we vont,) and thence concluu tje resllt
York b not eafe : We shall kuow , an(1 t
in Pennsylvania in twenty-four hour4
once Expresses will fly to New York, h . jn"
chusetts, Connecticut and Vermont, witi.
strucuons to our irieuus iu eacn io arop u.
PolkEkctoTol Ticket and vote for Birney.
In this way we shall east New York and
most ofthe residue against Clayjurf, and
tbrow tbe Election into the llouse, wbere we
can carry Polk by over two to one." Sucb
is the scheme dirulged by thelcading Loco
Focos in Washington. We have no tear ol
it, but it shows what our adversaries are
plotting. They expect and mean to poll
thousands upon thousands of Iflegal Votes,
yet tbey aieall tbe time crying 'Fraud!'
- . r - ..... ,iri.! ii ,
when thev know inai ine vv nigs wouia Eiaaiy
uuite in uny measure which would render Il-.
legal Voting impossible. But this is just
what-tbe Loeofoeos don't wnt.
Extkact rnoji a LtTTEa or ths
H0N J. R. GffiDINGS,
"Thisbrings metotbo great and princi
ple objection that "Mr. Clat is a Slave.
UOLDER.
rm. :....: rr,t.
Auc oujcuuuu .u H-.u. I vote for aslavc holder, or for one nho wiU
wish it were otberwise. loa certam cxtcnt, . . ' r . .
itisalegitimate objection to his moral cbar- f."P.Pf,,a sIfve. h'dcr' IBW'
acter. The holding of 6laves in a Slave!tu"rdu,y, 'odo h Er"test good m tbc.r
State. I think is wrons. and dctracts from
tho moral worth ofa man who practises it.
Itis ofthe saine character with the vice of
duelling. But there is nothing in the act of
holding slavcs in Kentucky that disqualihcs
a maa from discharging the duties of Presi
dent. There is no more couuection bctwecu
the duties of I'resident and of holding slaves
in Kentucky, tliau tbere is betwccn the du
ties of that office and opposiug slavery in
Obio. Mr.Clay may Iiold his slaves in that
State, and perform tbe duties of I'resident
justas faithfully, and honestly, as Alr. Bir
ney could with bis views against boldifig
slaves. Nordo I think Mr, Clay would be
more likely to encroach upon our rigbts than
Mr. Birney would be to encroach upon tbnsc
of the Slave States. I rcgard them both as
honest men, and so fat as slavery is concern
ed I have no doubt tbey would adtninister ihe
Government precisely alike. I eutertaiu no
fcars that Mr. Clay's fricndsbip for slavery
would lead him to riolate bis oatb, orthe
Constitution. no more tbau I have that Mr.
Birney's hatred of slavery would lead him to
the comniissiop of moral pcrjury. It U,
honever, urged, that as h bolds slaves, his
I pCCUn;ary imeresl would be iti favor of that
( ju;tut;,)n tn ti,at rCsptct, his situation
iujiiiuu'JUs a.a-t hsd sv. . v a
woulJ be ,he Mme ai tliat of s Northcrn man
piprTPii in inp HniriR oiutc. wDfi in luirr-
cst -m a manufacturing establishment, cr is
:nter-itcd in airiculture or in comtnerce.
j iij3 iuterest would be in favor of whalever
business oremployment his capital is vcsted.
Mr. Birney's interest luN'ortbern Agriculture
would be aj likely tc mhlead him, as Mr.
Clay's interest in dares nould be todraw biui
from tbe path ofdttty. But in eitber case,
the interest would be tou remote forauy man
to suppose it would induce thrui to violate
their oatb of orlice. But it is urged, tbat
holding slaves is wrong aud iinmur.il aud
tbat uo slare-holder is eulillcd to uur cuufi
dence. And uow I suppose 1 bave reacbrd
the great and real objec:iou wLich exists in
tbe minds of acti-slsvcry meu agaiust Mr.
Clay.
They rcgard holding of slaves as a criuie,
and tbey say, "if we vote for a slae holder,
we voluntarily participate iu bis criines."
Yet they will apply auch doctrine to do oth
er trausaction ol'life. Ifthcy wish to em
ploy a lawyer, they nill look foi tbe man
' most likely to execute tbe trust reposed in
! Iiim to their satisfaction. If he be an iufi-
; ..,t;L.i.i.-.n.,1
their business more satistactoniy tbau otliers.
they will cuiploy him without feeliug that
they patticipate in bisvices. If they wish to
nurchase a farm, tbey will employ tbe agent
, bj olt panhJl3lT rercrence to h;s
m;raIs. iuouribnrch associations we ad-
i i .i . i - i . r i . . ....
mit uone wbo disagree wiib us on doctrines
of christian faith. But in our civil relations
we are compelled to atsociatc with infidcls,
i&d thosc w ho difTem iih us on moral and re
ligious pubjccls. The infidel has the same
rights, and is cqually iuterested in preserving
uur civil institutions, as the pious christun.
TJnJcrour fedcral compact, the slavffjnlder
posscs lhe same rightmhat the anti-slavery
m3u holds, aud if hcbe dcroted to the sup
port ofthe constitution. he is cqually enti
tled to hold office. Still our liberty friends
urgethat tbeir contcienees wjll not pcrmit
them to vote for a slave-holiler, and tbat in
rejccting Mr. Clay tliey only obey tbe dic
tates of their own feelings.
The moral sens?, or the power to discrim
inate between rigbt and wrone, wasbestowed
upon us for high and useful purposes. When
the judgement is fully informcd, and lhe
mind is uninfluenccd by feeliug or interest,lbe
conscience may be regarded as an aImot un
crring guide. But acting w"uhoutthepropr
iufurmation, or under ihis influcnce of feel
iug orof interest, it is a dangcrous conduc
tor. It led Saul to prriccutethe Saints; thf:
Catholics to bitrn I'rotestants; and the Pu
ritanfatbers to hang tbose whoin they called
wiiehes. I will lelale some recent cir:um-
stauces, which tllustrate the danger offo!
Inwin" an itnnulse.
During the campaign of last autumn, I had
occasion to address tne people in a nisiam
Congressional Ilntrict ol this btate. J he
Vhi candidate was an eaily supportcrof tbu
ri-hts ofthe North, and of mankiud. He
was amongthe inost rtistmgimticu piinaii
thropists of that district. Krcry Liberty
man admitlcd that he would vote in regard to
SMvrrv. ifelected, precisely as they wisbcd
The opposite party had put in noininaiion a
man who was unuersioou io uc uppueu iu
all those measures which would seperate us
from the support of slavery. The Liberty
party held the balance of power. They were
told that it was quite likely that the repcal of
the ga-rule. and of the law thatsustams
slavery' aud the slave trade in tbe District of
Columbia, might depcnd upon a single vote ;
ifso, the continuance of them would depend
upon the vote ofthe Liberty meu of that dis
trict. They thought the Whig candidate
y elected. wonld vote for Mr. Clay to the
office of I'resident, and they said tbeir con
sciences would not permit them to vote for
anvmari who would sustam a slave holder.
The Whi- candidate was defeated. Ilisop
poncnt wa's elected, and tbe gag-rule wassus
tained by s majority of one vole only. Il was
he opiuion ofmany members". that ifthe gag
rule were repealed. there would be no dilT.-
msed to sustainaman, wbose efforts would
have repealed the law that sustams the s ave
trade iu that district. are not now involved
nthe guilt of that inexccrable contnierce,
It was in tbeir power to repeal the law that
V;n. ;t Thev refused to do so, and now
"lead the dictates of their consciences to jus
i V their refujal. Does not the blood of
t" srcst upon tncm! wiieu uic sn
sla '.r bereft of her children bythe inhu
moth. ',jer in maukind, shall, in tbe unutter
mandei. 'ofhersoul, east her eyes toward
able grie. "if'Aw did you not rel'uxe me
men and a. t-rendin" stpaTationt" will sbe
from this hea. . -hey tell her, "Our consaences
be satisfied il i to sustama man unvvmuu.
uwld permit us ' It is a principle as old
vote for Mr. Clayi -Ush law, "tb he who
as tbe common Eng v Tirje committed, when
looks on and sees a ci ttoX it, breomei o
it i in his power to prc-
IX STEVTA&T'S BC1I-DI30I,
BY J. COBB JR.
II WHO ALX. OBDIBS fOB. rSlSTI9
IB(0X0)IE9 ;
HAMDB1LLS,
ggfanf,, t.
Of every description will be ncatly and
fashionably exccuted. at short notice.
cessory to tbe guilt;" aad will our theologi
aus tcll us that a difTerenl tule prevails in
moralsl latn aware ihat some to prcacb ;
but for mys;(f, I darc not fnllow their teach-
ri"i? - It is said by tuem, tliatitu wrong to
p.v ...... . - -
tlieir power to prcvent; and il to ellect tuat
object, it becomes uecessary to vote fora
slavc-bolder, it will be r.ionr, and a duty for
them to do so. I once asked a pious dtviuo
il he would vote fot Mr. Clay, wero he con
scious that by so doinc he would abolish
slavery I Ile rcplicd tbat he wvuldi.ot. I
pronouncc no judgement upon his thcolegy.
To his own iiiastcrbe stands or falls. I mav
sayhowever, that 1 dare not follow his pre
ccpts. The men belongiug to the Liberty
party atthe last election defeated at lcastsix
candidatcs for Conjrcss, who. ifelected.
would have voted to repeal the gag-rule,and
the slave lawsoftbc District of Columbia.
Had they been elected as tbey might navo
been I fully believe tbose laws would havo
bccn repealed. I thercfurc think those men
rcsponsible for thcir continuance.
'Ihesuccess ofthe Democratic partv. at
the cusuiug election, will be regarded as tbe
voice ofthe people in favor of extcnditg aud
perpetuating slavery. That object iray be
defeated by the aid of Liberty fcieuds. This
is clearly obvious to cvery man ; yet somo
members of tbat party say, tbat the ai.nexa
tion ofTexas and eonsequent extension of
slavery, is but a circunistauce in the life of
that institutiou, and is uo good reasou why
they should abandou thcir political organiza
tiuu to oppose it. But if Texas is armcxcd
to this Union, aud tdavcry extcnded over
ihat tcrritory. under the protccliun rfour
laws, aud the preredcut establisbid, tbat wo
are bound to sustain it nilh our trcasure and
our blood, the existcuce ofthe Liberty party
will then be of uo uvc, so far as slatery is
coucerucd. Our.elvrs and uur cbildien,
aud our cbildrcu'schildrec, willpass away
before itny eflorts from the free Stattscan
aid lhe fclave iu obtaiuing his rights. Tho
institutiou uill then bid dcfiance to (.11 our
labor. of philauthropy ; we may tbcu fold
our arma and sit dowu in gloomy silencc;
iutlead of striking tbu chains from the limbs
of tbe slave, e shall have fnstcucd them up
on our onu. The Liberty party mny
then airord suppott to some few edilurs nnd
travcll"n lecturers, but tbey willlctidtio ray
of hop to tbe duwu-troddcu slave. Ile will
llien be pl.iccd bcyuud the re.ich of tbiir eff
orts. The sceptre of pulitical puwcr will
aaiu be swayed by the advocatcs nf cternal
slavery. wbose tars are impenctrable to tho
critt of bumanity.
Uut souie Litieity men iuMM, tbat "Mr.
Clay is not fully committed against tbe au
uexaliou ofTexas." Tbey aJmil that to bs
the great qnctiou cow pendiug between tbs
two parties; tbat the Dmiocratic party is
rallying in favor of annexatiou, aud tho
Wbig agaiint it; tbat Mr. Polk wnsuuciin
ated upuu lhe principle that bc was iu fuvur
of it. Tbey Luow thatoppnsitiuu to tbcsu-
nexatiuu of iexas is tbe rallying cry of tbe
Whig party; that they are cnnccntratin
their cnergies and efforts upuu that point';
aud that they staud pledged before tbs
world to prevent annexation, if possible.
Mr. Clay is iheir caudidale with a full kcov I
cdge ofslltbcsc facls. He must, tberef.ip,
turo trakor to icusc nho clect him, or 1:8
must use his indueuce agaiust theaiincxniiou
ofTexas. I thiuk no man will rcgard him
ascapable of sucb viulaliun offiiith.
By cousenting to run as the candidate of
those wbo are openly and avowcdly opposed
to that policy, te stands strongly committed
to carry uut their vicws, even had he said
nolliing upou the subjeet. But. by refer
ercucctohis Ielter onihat subjeet, wc find
him pointing to tbe oilium wbicli "an impar
tial aml enligbtei.ej world," will east upon
u, if we ohtaiti furtber terrilory, "for tho
purpose of prpgnting Slavery from tho
L'nitrd States;" and deprecatlug tbe intro
ductiou into our goTeriiuicut "of a new ele
mont of discord and diitrnclion;" that is. tho
Mipport of slavery. Ile lheu gors ou to say,
thtt"?'traj vvghtnol io be admitlcd iuto lhe
Union asan inleyral part thcrtofin d,cided
opptsiticn to the withts oj a coiis'nlcrulde and
reftclaUe portior. of the confrderary." Tbis
expression ofhis seiititnents, as explainidby
him in his letter to tbe editurof tbeTuscal
oosa Mouitor, ha refcrcnce to the titules,
compiijin? lhe Union; and lic il.'inirileiliis
views still farthcr by saying tbat be rcgard
our Ijiiinn ' as a eTealpiliticiilcoparti'crfli'ji."
thus inaking tb: auuexatiun ol Texas de
pend u pon ibe consent aCall Iti: Stateti For
cvery man isanarethat no new memlirr cau
he admitted into a cupacncrship, without
the consent of all the old members.
It is equally obvious, that uo portiou of
these Statcs can annex tho olhcr to Texa.
and while a single Slatc rcfuscs to enlcr into
copartnershipwiih Tcxns, the aunrxatiou by
the othcr, would iisclfbe adissolution of tho
Union, which Mr. Clay declarcs has been tho
leading objfct of his life to prevent. This
expressiou ofMr. Clay's opinions I regard
as satisfactory. When Ohio, Vermont,
Bhodc Island, Connecticut and Massachus
ctts shall each resciod tlieir resolutious against
annexation, and consent to unitc their politi
cal destinies wilh slaveholding Texas, 1 shall
neither ask nor expect Mr. Clay to opposs
tbat measure. But, atter iheExccutrreand
many Democratic statcsmen had asserted
the constitutional obligation of the fedcral
Government to cuslain slavery in tht States,
Mr. Clay dcclarcd "Me prcscrvation ezclu
sitely by the several States, of their oicn loeal
and pcculiar institutions," to be tbe Wbig
doctrines. This wa stated at the close of
hisspecch atRaleigh, in April last. Itis tho
identical doctrine for vt liich anti-slavery mra
contcnd. They would exelude the federul
Government and tbe free Statesfromall par
ticipation in the preservation ofaninstitu
tion wbich wc hold in such unqualificd detcs
tation. This is Iruly Whig doctrine, foril is
the doctrine of tbe Constitution, which gives
us no power to preserve slavery. It is tbe
doctrine of Mr. Clay, as put forth in his
speech ofl83), in which be deuies to thn
federal Government all powers in regard to
slavery, "exceptas totaiaiion, representr.
tionand thereturn of fugative slaves."
This doctrine is directly opposed to that
wbich is now assertcd by tbe Democratic
party. They conteud tbat fedcral Govern
ment, and the people of the free States. aro
bound to sustain the Slavery of tbe Soutbcrn
States.
Wecontendfor "the total seperatioo of tbe
federal govrrnment fiom all uneonstitutioq'l

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