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The northern galaxy. [volume] (Middlebury, Vt.) 1844-1848, November 06, 1844, Image 2

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-itponof slavery. I fcne ofteostated
the u'toriar tfe.-i'n of our Libcrty mea, jo
J...- ns Piititical effict was concmed. If I
hire mUiafcen ibeirvicws, I hopo tbo error
br eorrcctod, and tuatthe public may be
'-tiuitely informtd ofthe extent oftbeir
t-..'i ic.il cbjncts. Iim aware tbat they de-
t:.:u tocall un public atiention to thc wroug,
the crimt of slavcrv : and to array tho
fauril fetliugs of rnankind against iu That
h j'ghtiiud proper, and I have everfvll it my
Ja'v, wh'ther io public or in private Iife, to
! 1 my moral iofluencc against slavery every
wVre. My politicil irorts are controlled by
r. :- conetitutional cotnpact. As the fedcral
(Juvernment nossesses no power overit, we
i j.-. cxert bo political power against it. Our
:!itical efTurts. therefore.in reenrd to slave-
tv, m cxtend to the repeal of all acu of
I'ourrcs in faror of that insutution.and to a
ital srprratioa of the federal eovcrnment
:it! tho priinla of the free States from it
u-morr. To this noint we are limited. e
c-;uo no further bv our -poliiical aclion,
To '.his extent Mr. Clav is with us. So far
r. our poliiical power cxtends, heagrecs
n i'hm; and shall we oppose hiselectioii.and
ji.-cfcr the perpetuity of slavery, for ihe reas
a ihst hc difl'ers from us upon the moral
(jucstion, which lics beyond all political pow-
tr.'
If thc ohject of our Libcrty friendsbe to or
dnizc nud continne adistinct poliiical party.
it will of course be perfcctly consistent for
ihrm to scparate from tbose who are strmng
! prevent the annexation of Texas, and the
icrpetuity o! slnvery. Uut ttiis 1 leci assureu
i nnt the purpose of the ereat mas of tbose
.ho have heretolore voted for Mr. Birney.
Th.-y aieamong the warmest friends of hu
mnnity. and I am confident vrill put forth
iii.-ir eflbrts in opposition to a policy which
i.-i.ist prove fatal to the liberty of oursclves,
u wrll as thc hopes of the slares. All sdmit
lt to be their dutv to excrt their political influ-
rnce to support the cnnstitution and rights of
immkinil. lt is equaiiy ciaar inai n b ioc
duty of those who deii're to effect thatpbject,
tj unite their energies: for without union no
liille good cau rcsult from ourlabors. But
tli3 difiiculty ij for us to unite our energies in
in snch a manner as to prevent the consum
uiation of those designs. Party attachments
tvill lead many of our Democratic friends to
otc for ' Polk and eternal slavery," rather
tbnn ice their party defeated. Yet many of that
pr y will not vote. and otheis will role for
Mr. Clay. So alo Ttiih our liberty friends;
I haveno doubtlbat party attachments may
influence innie of them to ndbere to their par
ty orgamzation.while I am confident that many
tiftli.it partv will permit uo such partisan
bias to com'e in conllict with their duly. Yct
tnmi of our liberty men say that Mr. Birney
an.l their party are onposedto the annexation
of Texas and the perpetuity of slaTcry, and if
they rote for him tney itiII tlischarge tneir
tluty as well by voting tor fllr. Clay. l rep'y.
that it is our duty to unite. They tay, then
Ut us unile on Mr. Birney! Ireply.tht when
ths rcat majority who seeka common object
ha!l unite upou the meansof effecting it, the
minority are in dnty bound to unite with them.
Of thc great majority of our people opposcd
to the annexation of Texas and tbe perpetui
ty of tlavery.probably ninety-five out ofcvery
humlrcil have united on Mr. Clay as theagcnt
to carry ont their opposition to thcse mens
urci. Thc other five of each hundred are
oppnscd to him, and believe that Mr. Birney
wrould do bctter than Mr. Clay. Now the
th; ninety-five are equally as intelligent
ni ths five, and will any mnn urge that it is
ilicduty of the ninety-firc to surrender their
jiidgrnents and preference to tbe Cve; or
ihatitis not the obrious duty of the Gre to
surrender tneir opinions, and unite with their
f nends ! 1 iluuk tnere can be but one answcr
to the qeeatioo. I was myself no advocate
fur ihe nommation of Mr. Clay. t have
ua time hesitatcd to declare mv mability to
t'jpnort ativ nian for Presidcnt, who should
dmv thc cnustitutional doctrines I have so
Innj labore d lo brinjr into exercise. Solcinu-
I sivorn to support the fcdcral Constilution,
I could not support any man who denies its
most obvious doctrines. Mr. Uay maintams
tlioje doctrines. Tbe opposite party are
rceVing to subvcrt them. As a friend to tho
t-livc, as a supporter of our own libertics, as
nn Atucncan cmzen, dcvotcu to our Loustl
lutinu, I fcel constrained by evcry oMigation
rcting upou me, lioth moral and political, to
uni c my cfibrts wiih those who are opposinp
ilio AoiiPxatton nf Texas, the extension and
pifpvtuity of slavery, and the subversion of
ioilTal Unnstitution.
With grcat repect, your ob't erv't,
J. R.GIDDINGS
Icsnrs. G. Keen, Isaac Bravtmi. Samucl
rVjambc, Thomas Earl. George E. Conant.
Tiie Mii.ler Excitkmext. This Miser
Me delutinn U novr fast disappearing, the
ti-ne having past wheu the world was to have
--mcJ to cxist. But the urctuhrdncss ithas
Tuuzlit one cannot imaeine. Thc happin
ps nf whole familie3 have heen dentroycd,
nud poverty brought upon those who wcre
lirratoture in comtortalilc circuinstanccs.
One of ths prcachcrs from thc East, vtho
h.n becn hcre for several days. is said to have
left ihe City with over$l900in his possess-
aijilanother issnnl to have swmdUd tbe
dcludcd out of several thousand doIUrs.
The MtLLERtTns. A part of thcse
unfortunate and mis"uided people pitclv
o:l their tents on Monday in a field belong
itjg to Isaac Yocomb, on thcDarby road,
n!iout 3 1-2 from Permanent bndae. The
first tent was crected about 12 o'clock.
The converts continued increasinsr in the
cncampment all that day and night, males
and females, some in omnibuses, carria
ffes, and on foot. Some of them tlircw
nway their property as they went along in
the street. I he nrst tent becamc so crow
ded that the children were forced into the
open air, without the proper careof their
pirents. These little ones were exposed
to the pelting ot the pitiless storm.
.Mimbers ot tnese poor children were
rutining about the field crying for their
inotliers and fathcrs, and some even for
food.
- . , , .
icsieru.iy morning a secoiiu tent was
creited ; and the numbe had increased
very greatly. rhe condition of these
people is indecd anythingbut comfortable,
ntid it must become worse from want of
proper food and o her nccessaries of life
tMwides slceping oti the damp ground in
this niclcment season of the year, with
Biarcely cnough clothmg to cover them,
It ii fcared that numbers will ncver leave
the ground, and those that do leavc it. will
do o with scarce a hope of recovcry
rarties have also gone into ISew Jersev,
and there are several tcnts at dilTerent
p-unts within ten miles of Philadelphia.
The report was current yestrrdav after-
n-xm that one of the preachers from the
lst, who nad been officiationg here in
thc capacity of principal treasurer, had
cipitatcly left tho city.with funds amount
in; to ovcr 1900. Philadelphia Ledger.
OSE VOTE
! Virav nf Impntn w. Mjori!i re tf,t ,h,
umrnnj, iiiajnniix tre the ih rwuit
Inr nMhinp nfthe nnmemaf lcstance
JEiection. NoTember. 12,
For lre$identi
HENRY CLAY.
For F'ice JPresident,
Theodore Freliuliuyisej
Jedediah II. Harris9
Calvin Townsley,
Benjamin Swift,
FELLOW
CITIZMS!!
IT often happens iu a government like ours
that the cry of a CRIS1S a
Momentous Grisis
has been raised by polilicians to incite tbe
fears and nrouse thc energies of the people
to sccure a mcro party triumph andlhespoils
ofolTice.
But you are not norv to debate atthe ballot
boxes a mere change ofmasters. Itisiudeed
not n qnestiou of good or bad policy whose
rcsultsare iudecisire and transilory. But it
is a question which to the last degree, and for
generations to coine involves the immedialc
well-bcingof every man, of cvery womau, o
cvery family, every lover of his conntry and
hiskind, of every friend to human rights and
impartial freedom in tbe land. There can
be no greater outrage perpetrated upon the
nation than the attempt of our opponents to
lull the people into the fatal belief that tbe
goTernment bas little to do with the success
oftbeir occupationi. Such are tbe arguments
of demagogues and tyrantg wbo, would reign
forever undisturbcd over a prostrate, pillaged
and spiritless people.
The grcat measure of policy maintaincd
by the Whigs ns indispensible to tbe inde
pendence and public and privato prosperity
of thc people of iLis nation is
Protection tbDomesticIndustry. i
This indecd "involves a question of bread," '
oflhcvalueof every acre of land, of every
bushel ofwheal, ofcvery pound of wool,
buttcr, cbcesc,beef andpork, of every proiluc-
tion ofthe workshopand manufactory, and of
every day's wages of every laboring man in
the uation. It is unnccessary for us to ehow
Vermonters the intimate connection betwecu
these rcmlls, and the existence of au cfiicient
Tarifl for Protection. We cannot dwell upi
on thc oft rcpeated demonstrations madc of
the truth of our rcmarks by the ablestStates
men of this or any othr country, yea by the
full blaze of cxpericnce. Two years since
the busiuess of tbe country was nearly pros
trate, commerce crippled, agriculturc thrift
less and manufaclurers eking out a profillcss
and almostbreathless existence. Thc Whig
Tariff of 1S12 was passed in spite of the
deadly opposition of 9 tenths of the Loco par
ty. In a single year the whole scene is re
versed. Every active man in every depart
ment of industry is now exulting in prosperity,
and eveu in the hope of more balcyon days
when a permanent Protective Tariff shall
have bccomc the scttled pelicy of the gor
rrnmcnt. And- wbo isit that would put out
ihc brilliant bow of promise nhich encircles
the uation. The same party who bave fuught
protection from that fatal moment in 1832
nhen Gen Jackson yielded tip ihe Union to
a regcncy of Slaveholdcrs, backed up by
Northeru dough-faced Loco-Focos. Indecd
so determined and desperate has tbis party
grown that even the supple Martin Van
Buren mustbe sacrificcd for a moresubscrvi
ent tool of Frce-Trade Loco-Focoism. A
Xorthern man witbSouthcrn principlcs could
no Ionger be tnleratcd. He must be a pure
unliesitating frec-tradcrbornsoulbofMason's
and Dixon's liue to carry out tbe desperate
designs of tbe Calhouns and Mc'Duffies of
the South against the protective policy. A
man who would tread thc wioe press of the
South against the Tariff till the very blood of
the North was pressed out. But the North
crn section ofthe Loco-Foco party awallow
this embodyment of free trade principles
without a throe of disgust, with their ac-
customed servility, and within a single month
a comparitively obscure political adventurer
of Teuuessee is enlhroned on the afTectioos
ofthe great Loco party througbout the Un
ion. Eveu in Vermont where not a Loco dare
wag bis tongue directly against a Protective
Tariff, tbe Democracy regard Polk with free-
trade stamped upon his forebead as a candj.
date without a blemith, and meekly take p
tne cross wmcn tnc south have com.pelled
them to carry.
But Fellow Ci';1Zens,
there isanolherbaleful projer , wh; h
be discussed at the balIot-b'Jxe8 ich gives
th appwicbing leetisn ' thnlJiw! intorwt.
For Presidential Electors,
It is the settled and reckless determination of
tbe Loco-Foco party to annex Texas. For
years bave we witueseed the witbering in
fluence ofsouthein domination over tbe policy
of tbe country. Foryears has the North been
bumbled nt the feetof the slaveocratic power
which has usurpcd all the impof tant offices of
the government, and been guilty of oft rcpeat
ed assaults upon northern rights. The
purchase of Louisiana and Florida bas tend
to perpetuate that power. But are you in fa
vor of annexing another foreign territory
whose loil is polluted with Slavery recogniz
ed and protectcd by law ? Can any man
doubt tbat the States there formed will be
slave States, when tbe undisguised objects
avowed by the Soutb who advocate annexa
tion is thc extensiou and perpetuatiou o( Sla
very, and its power in the government of the
country?
Why,FeIIovCitizens,
have you not heard the rry coming up Irora
the South, Texas or Disunion, or what is
tbe urae in substance,
reisrn
or
ruin.
We pity the man who has so little regard
or isso profoundly ignorant ofthe trueinter
ests ofthe country, as not to fcel a tide of
patriotic indignation buisting through his
heart iu vicw of theblightingconscqnencesof
tbc success of this abominable project of an
nexation. And yet it is truly alarming to see
with how little trembling tbe massofourpop.
ulation apprcciate this awfulsubject as if it
were one of those measurcs of bad policy
which a rcvolution in thfi nc'.iiical whcel
inight cure. NO, FELLOW CITIZENS.
Tbe evil can nevcr be curcd. Itmust stand
be it lor good or cvil. The slavc power is to
rulc the counlry with a rod of Irou, or the
Union is to be broken into fragments. Here
again we see tho nominee nf the Baltimore
Convention doing ihe will of his mastcrs.
JAMES K. POLK
is hcre again the conGdent ofthe abettors of
the execrable schetne. HehasboIdlyadvD
cated the Tylcr treaty. He is pledgcd to
lmmcdiate annexation. In a lettcr dated
April 23d, 1344, at Columbia Tennessee. He
says, "Ikate no hesitalion in declcring that I
amfoT immedialc re-cnnexalion. I have no
dov.ll of the poinr and expediency of themeas
utc." Herethen stands the Loco-Foco party
and its Reprcsentative. With one foot he
critshes ihe Tariff, while he waves the black
bannerofslavcry ovenhejold prostrate Uniou,
with an ambidcxterous power. Iu the narue
of this Union, in ihe name of patriotism, in
thcname of humanity, religion and impartial
freedom may we not urge you our fellow cit
izens to come forward.aud with an united ef
fort clcave down a party whosesuccess would
be aslatal to the peace prosperily.and happi
ness ofthe country.and every man in it as tbe
BOHAN UPAS to animal existence. And
you WHIG ABOLITIONISTS, we call
upon you to come upto the belpof tbe Whigs
against a party who have identified tbem
selvcs with Slavery. Evcry voteyou east for
Birney, even were he cverso worthy of your
sufTrages increases tbe chances of success to
rolk and his party, and brings ruin upon tbe
country. But is Birney faithful and. true to
the noble cause which he reprcsenls. Is '.here
uot a strong effort making by thc 1ibcrty par
ty leaders with Birney at their Viead to have
yoursnpport transferred to 4r. p0Ik ? We
earnestly entreat you to "be on your guard
against any such desperate schemeletit come
from what quarterit. may. Aud should it come
from some of yr,ar 0wn men, reject it with
scorn and indignation. If you vote for the
so called democracy you vote for Slavery.
'ihey ar identified.
But 'now stands the Whig party acd Hen-
ry Olay upon the two great measures of pro
fjCtion and annexation? The Wbig party
at Ieast in and out of Congress presents an
almost unbroken frout upon these subjccts.
Noris there any probable combination of cir
cumstances in which Mr. Clay would consent
totbe annexation of Texas. The lastexplan
ation of his views upou this momentous sub-
ject is contained in a lettcr to thc editore ofthe
National Intelligencer dated Sept. 23d, 1844.
in which be rciurates his indivHual vieTvi on
ths rnbjsct :
m v
John Peck
Carlos Coolidge9
KrastusFairbaiiks.
"I wish uow distinctly tosay that there is
nota fccling, a seniiment, oran opiniou ex-
prcssed in my Raleigh lctter to which I no not
OF TEXAS TO THE U STATES I
think it would be dishonorable, might involve
them in war, would be dangerous to tbe iu-
tegrity and barmony of tbe Union, and, if all
these otijections wcre removed, could not be
r.....i J j; . . ' . ,
effected, according to any information I pos
sess, upou just and admissible conditions."
" It was not my inteution, in either of the
two Ietters which I addressed to Alabama, to
express aiiy contrary opinion."
But we will not re-exbibit the proof of the
attachment . ofthe Whig party and itsleaders
to Protection and opposition to annexation
which for six months past we bave daily pre
sented. will you be active, vigilant, and spare no hou
orable mcans to defeat tbe euemies of
your country's prosperity? A few days
only remain to show your patriotism byyour
zeal and activity in urgingupon your friends
and neighbors theimmense importance ofthe
election, and tbe solemn obligation to vote
for tbe mau in whojc hauds the bonor, tbc
prosperity, the peace and perpatuation ofthe
Union is safe, tbe noblc champion of Ameri
ican Industry, the friend ofthe Union asitis,
tbe unrivalled Statesman, the spotless Poli
tician and the only barrier you can 'crect
against tho immedialc annexation of Texas.
You bave already achieved one glorious vic
tory. The work hoyfeyer ' cot complcte.
Aco:her uattle is to be fought; and now
Wbig.Bretheren,
ouce morc to thc brcacb. Once more to tho
rescue of your country from the grasp of a
mcrcenaryparty.whocan revel upon the spoils
of oflice tbough the country were opprcssed
and ruined.
WttrS
COME OUT
Allhongh thcrccan be no reasonable doubt
ofthe rcpetition of the victory of Scptember,
yettbemagnitude ofthe stake creates some
degree of solicitude. Tho possibility ofde
fcat and above all tbe glory and advantaga of
an overwbelmning victory should decidc ev
cry true Whig to he at the polls next Tues
day. Indecd apathy may work wonders
even in Vermont. Aided by supincss on our
part, and a tremendous eflbrt on their own
connectcd with a coaliiion with the Tliird
party which from ihe course of Birney snay be
possiblc, and believcd by many fci be in con
teinplation, Locofocoism hn.s a cbance of
success. We are persuaded thero will be no
remissness on the part of Locofocoism
Their journals crow, raost obstraperously
"ihetide (says tboAge) is in our favor.
The election of Polk is as ccrtain as that he
uvcs, uuii u ve wiii we cju wnecl Vermont ,
into the Demociatic line. At the worstwe '
can couieso near itas to make our triumph .
1 j4j a matter 01 certainty." JJo you bear
nat Wlngs.' And will you sufler suchgas
conading to pass unrebuked by casting any '
tlungless than the overwhelmiug majority
which you are capable of giving. Will you
hazard even the possibility of defeat, orloose
the glory and future advantageofa t.iumph-
am mojorny Dy siaying a siogie one 01 joja at
nonie, or ceasing 10 use every enon in your ,
power between this and the I2tb, to convince ;
the waiveriuir.to multinlv convertn. andnr.
rav the wbole Whis armv at tbe ballot boxes.
--r "mT 1
il OW Or jjl e V er
isthetimetocrownyour country and your-
selveswith blessings and benefits, and avert
,uwu..,6,uuU.u..u,c. iouieduy every high-minded AkoUtionist in the
should Iabour as you never laboured before? , iand whether Whie or Loco.
louroust canvass every town aud scnoo'
district, and address every voler? Y'on must
bcad ths scoundrels who are endeavoring to
swindlo the People into the belief tbat Polk
isin favor ofa Protective TarifT, and opposed t
to the immediate annexation of Texas with i
berdebtsher wars and her slavery, and tbat
Henry Clay isnot, oris indiflerent upon these
sjibjects ? You must remember that
'DOWN WITH THE TARIFE!" ii tho
Tf atcbword of Locofcrim alone tbe wbola
line wberevcr itiair lcadars dars raUo it.
Let every Wbig in "Vennout du his wbole
duty. Ilmry Clay wnnts every vote; and tho
strength ofthe party and tliu glory of the
caiuo demaiid that Loroforohni should be
exterminated and should Spcak iu thunder
touei ihroughunt the Union.
To your Posts
then, WHIGS
To your Posts,
and when in futnre years the glory which
crowned bis admiDtstration sball be celebra
tcd you can say
"I VOTED FOR HENRY CLAY
In the Great
Strug'gle of
1844. ,
THE COALITION,
THE PE00F.
K.Tbe Green Slountaia Frcemnn atrrlglt.
at the untowardaspect which the avowed
acceptance of Birney of tbe Loco nomina
tion in Saginaw county hasgiven to bis integ
rity as a Abtlitionist no longer endeavorsto
deny tbe fact, but to paliate the course of
this shouling Presidential nominee. Tbat
Mr. Birney's taleots and influence are greatly
desiredinthe Legislature of Michiganis the
substance of his apology. But the following
deposition sbows clearly in what directiou bis
influence was exerted. If electcd be pledgcs
bimself to carry out Democratic principles,
and iu the raean time to refrain from agita-
i crcdiole that tne Uemocrats of Saginaw
j woul11 have made a nomination without a full
: assurance from tho wircworkers of the parly
! that Birney would subserve the interests of
: T r it- ? .. u
Locofocoism. His own Ietters, specches and
convcrsation,ia which he cxpresscs his prefer
ence to free trade and Mr.Polk overM. Clay,
sbow that after casting aside his Abolition
purposes he could enlist into the ranks of Lo
cofocoism without the Ieast violation ofbis
loug chcrished prcdelictions in national poli-
tics. Birney is indeed a Southcrn mau, was
brought up in the school of free trade, and is
now doing the work which his early prejudi
ces enjoin npon him. Iu an address to tbc
Liberty party in Boston on the lSihof Octo
ber he brazens out his basc apostacy in the
following language: "Ishall stand in th
yosilion I have takcn, equally prepared tore-
sisl the ihoek of open enemies or the panic of
Tcal friends." Tbis fierce determination
ef Birney isnot the oflspring of the moment.
For more than two years past the leaders
have been preparing to bring thc Libcrty
party into the field in 1844 as the ally of Van
Buren-democtaey. To cfiect that such men as
Adams,Giddings and Slade have been throHU
overboard, and Garrison, Quincy, Child, and
others bave been east asida to make room for
such men as Leavitt, Stanton, Bimey and
others. And is this tho course which should
havo been pursucd by the Ieader and his par
tizaas wbo have evcr insisted that it was in-
dispensable to the course of Abolition that its
adrocates should stand aloff from the othcr
political parties, and vote exclusively for Lib
erty candidates. Thousands of Whig elec
tonrlnthe State ofVermout have votcd for
Birney, altbougb ulterly desparing of success
undcr the great paramount duty of cuvinciug
their hostility to Sbivcry. But what is their
duty now when this very Birney has abandon
ed tbe dist inctive grounds of Abolition, and
even declared himself far moro favorable to
Polk.theaccreditcd repressntativeoftheabom
inations which the liberty party was organizoJ
todestroy, than to Henry Clay nho with the
vast majority of his patty countcnanee the
objects they pursue. It is in vain for James
G. Birney lo urge that be is a no-parly man
or even an Abolitionist. How could be ex
pcct to bo belicved when at thc same moment
he openly avows his opposition to Whig men
and Whig measures, and is ready to accept
oflice from a party who for twelve years past
have fought abolition with rolentless lury and
now fcaring defeat are eudeavoringto prop up
their sinking institution by thc annexation of
Texas.
And now wo call upon all Abolitionists
who have foltowed Birnej tbusfarto
:iPATJSE & EEFLECT.
Having deserted the standard of Abolition
should you not desert him ? Will you follow
him in hisproclivity to Locofecoism? What
claims has he to vour support when he casts
aside tbe habilments of Abolition, abandons
the distinctive organization of the Liberty
party, and fraternizes with a hearty good will
with one ofthe political parties which has
r ..iaced a 3om allcsiauce tcthe slave.
ocracy and tho free trade principles at the
South) and j, now ready to fasten slavery
forever upon the country by the annexation
0f Texas?
"yT""ATTn f) "MAIMTl fl
V ( ) "J. I V ( ) l
W-L' J"i -Ll V-'-Ll Ji
A man ho from 8,ich hi5h pretensions as
advocate of human rights as to be se
lected as ,he ofthe Liberty party
can decend so Iow as to become a candidate
of ,je Locofoco party for the oflice ofa
'membe, 0f the Legislature, should be spurn-
THE LEGISLATURE.
It will be seen that the Legislature adjourn
ed last Thursday. Except the excitement
occasioned by the election of Scnator the
Session has been faitbfully and uniformlyde-
voted to busiuess ofthe State. No time bas
been spent in demagogical speecbes, while
several important bills in relation to tbe mu-
nicipa.1 poWfj oftrjB State haTebeo'nfctd.1
Tho chlef ofthsm are that wblebtramferstha
granting of licensei from th County Court
to 3 Commissioners elteted annually in Jan-
i. . i . i . .
; " ,u" peupio, io wnom power ts gtvcn
not even limited by the town autboritie;
An act appropriatlng two thousand dollars
per annum for a Goological Survey. An act
punishing raurder with deatb after one
vear
solitary imprisonraent from the day of sen
tence, and exccutiocs tobeintbeprison yard
before the ofricers, guards, friends &c. of ihe
convict. Another act disbandingtiie present
orgamzation of the mihtia, except the field
officcrs, substituting an enrollment by" the se
lectmsn. No rcgret in relation to this Legis
lature would be left us, had they passed tbe
bighly importani bill iu relation to common
schools as sketcbed out by Gov. Slade. In
tbis we fear the interests of thc State were
sacrificed to personal prejudices.
Another act was passed raising by Tai on
Addison County, four thousand Dollars to
hil,l r?.,.., I:i J:.:
.tiuuvuuut;iiuuui.uuuiiiuu mu icuic
ot tuiddlebury furnisti thc site.
the persevering nnd patroic eflbrts
Waruer in piloting this bill through the Leg
islature. This is certainly a very glorious
acbicvemcnt. Let him be crowned with
laurelsby the people of Middlebury and our
thanks tcndered to all who aided him.
TO DOUBTERS.
- j u . . . .
Birney as certificd in this paper U a genuiao
document. Those who urge thntit is a for-
gcry will bo convictcd offalsehood.
YOTES YOTES.
TO BE HAD AT THIS OFFICE.
DONT FAIL TO PROVIDE YOUR
SELVES! To our Readers.
We wcll know many ofour readers of bcth
sexes are murmuring atthe exclusive dcvo
tion ofour Paper to politicsfcra few wceks
past. Be paticnt! Afler next wcek wo will
indulge you with a grcatcrvariety.
For ths Korlhcm Galaxy.
Mr. Editor
My attcntion ha3 been called to an ar
ticle from the hand of Merrill Binghara
published in your last paper relating to
his flock of shecp and cballenging thc dif
ferent breeders of Merino slicep in Addi
son County, to cxhibit with him in com-
pntitiou for a premiumof from one to tbrcs
hundred dollars.
I am not disposed to let thc challcnge
go unnoticed, and thercfore hereby pro
pose to tneet Mr. Bitigham at the Ver
mont Hotel in Middlebury on the Cth of
JXov. at 7 o'clock V. XVI . to conclude the
arrangements for the exhibition aud to
place in the hands ofa treasurer desig
nated by us an equal amount of pteaii-
um money which wc shall agree to con-
tribute said ftinds to rcmain in his hands
until the viewing committee, a majoritj of
three, shall designate which party are en
titled to the pretnium aud the party which
issigned to be mcritoriotis shall be entitled
to the money agrccably to tbc spccillca
tions of Air. Bingham.
Mr. Bingham oflers to come on to "Fair
and reasonable grounds." Thercfore I
will exhioit my cntirejlock ofshcep on my
own premises and give said Bingham
thc privilegc ofexhibiting his entirc tlock
on his own ground The viewing com
mittee, two ol them to be choscn by said
Bingham. and two by mvsclf. these four
to sclect the fiftli on saturday thc 0 of
ofNov. at 10 o'clock A. M. at Ilarmou
Samsons in Cornwall shall immediatcly
prceed to cxaminc our respectivc llocks.
It shall be thc understandingthatneith
er of the viewing committecs shall bc
selected in the townsof Cornwall or Wey
bridge, unlcss agrced to by both psrties,
nor among our family connections.
The word "mtrino" in Mr. Binghams
specification shall mean the "Spcnish"
and not iUc"Sazcn" Merino.
S. W. JEWETT.
Weybridge Oct. 23 1844,
N. B. Mr. Bingham has been rcgularly
notified ofthe acccptancc of his chalenge
Mr. Richcs and my own.
S. W. JEWETT.
Tho following propositiou to Mr. Bingham
in relation to bis chcllange was sent us by
Mr. Ricli. The prcamblc is too long for in
sertiou in the paper of tbe present week our
main reliancc before election.
I will meet Mr. Bingham at the Vermont
Hotel in Middlebury on Wedncsday 6 o'clock,
to make such arrangements as may bc prop
er for the occasion and place. Two hundred
dollars in tbe hands ofa Treasurer that wc
may there designate and appoint, to remain
in his hands until after tbo decision ofa Com
mittee of five. Said Committee two of them
to b cbosen by Air. BiDgham and the same
by myself, aud tbose four to sclect the fiftb
wheu on thc ground.
I would preferthatneither ofthe awarding
Committee reside in Cornwall or Shoreham
or among the family connections of either
party. I will select ! nday tbe 8th of Nov.
as the day to attcnd to thc exhibition, to com
mcnce at Mr. Binghams.
Mr. Bingham's flock of sheep to be shown
to tbe awardinjr Committee on bis farm iu
Cornwall, and my flock of shecp on mine iu j
Sboreriam. JUU1N T. K1CH.
Shoreham, Oct. 23, 1444.
Weadd tho following from Mr Bingham.
Cornwall, Nov. 4, 1844.:
I wish to assure the public thatl still con
tinue prepared and ready to tnret any m?n ae-
cording to the Ietter of my cbaljange in rela
tion to sheep herctoforc publtsbed.
MERRILL BINGHAM,
Postcript,
0?" Tbe Great Western has arrived at
xrJ7ziri. t rl.:ii:
ous suite. arrived, on the 8ih inst.. at Ports,
raoutb, and proceeded directly to Windsor
jasue, oumnes upme xnaraes trom Lon-
don. The otber news is not vcrv interes-
ung,
The Richmond Euquirer. in an Editorial
article, hopes mncb.butearj more that the
aemocracy wiu be "cheated"out ofthe rotes
at isew York, rennsylvania, and Ohio, "by
au unnauowea coaiiuon"! Uood. Tbe
friends ofthe Tariff and Clav are coalescins.
Butthe same paper has aletter from New
York, promising that State, aod tho city for
for Polk by p&00 mnjority! Mark, tbeeity
gorsforCUjp.
To The Fnblic
Tho Wbg State Central Committee of
Michigan beg leave to lay tbo following facu
beror a candid pnblic:
.t.T,1,?-au3P'cion which has lonc existod ef
thalhanceof MR kipwpv .t il i-'-
-
areement mrriD
Saginaw cS"!
Inated a, their cadida r'-l.l'Ae.,vnon'
lature, byare-ular con.ticn or.'h'e brr"
foco party party at Sa-icaw City, haviaV
viously authorizedgfriiud, who w!U:l" u "
ber ofthe Convention, to exnrc-wli
ness toACCEPT tbe nominntmn - tl '
fact, thero is not the Ieast possihle doi' 7
Great effbrts havesincc been madu acd '
now makioe, to ccnceal the evldeniv . -
ially of Mr. Birney's acquiescence in ther ,u
uauon, aurihis adbesion to "demorr...: .
pnnc1ple8,"and!he IVIk aud Dallas party;
but thesa f:irtc-i.. i j. ... f ..i
ii i luugerucGica. Wo
t - tf-r ..iaiiura.
UUUIUU io submit
1
yvujm. ev.-ry c-.ndtd mmd. Ve
Thanks to'"",hPBW Judge.-Subjoiued tho
, sworn statcment ofWm a n - r
of the Mr. gemIenjan of inn D"Sg' Eq;
; -wuuct3 evrv cndtd minrl
uuciuau m imeuigeuce End rrrf,,.,t ,'..
impeachable moral charaeter. We vouch for
his unsulled honor and veracitv.
J.M. nbw.iRn
F. A. HARD1MG
S.BARSTOW, '
D. SMART,
. JOHNOWEN,
State o-.UMK.n''ne Coua'S- JT-
WiUiara S. DrigBof Dctroit.in s:nu ota"..
being duly sworn, sayson Wedaesday, t.io
9th day of October iiutant, he lef: lli c;,r"f
Detroit for the purpose ofgoing U 'jair...
in this Stat' anu a;ccrta;- - 'he -'ts . -!
circumstafc relativa to nom'M-tio. ft"
James G. Tsira.j Esi. to
this State by th.; "D? -icciaiir.
countyof Sai'::u; 'i-t on
Octobe' instau:, hc " jd .
eg' -latu ; ---rty,
in
s "li da ,n"
th:
'cliii
? mi'c.1
Iiorisc of J. B. 7ar'a.id. . q.
from Stgirnv Citv ai t i.. ' '
consideraot. length v. th b:m;
laad ieformsJ d?p,ii-ni I...V
lanJ, w-is - ncmii.r cf :'..
. aan-
prty; t it !: i-'s a n
n, er.i
.d .o"n,v,
1 , ' t
cn tic Conve-ii .n of
Sa-ioi.eity ju I.c BS 1. 1 '
Ia3t. br the ;-ni, jje ?! r--.
tie3 'u. tlio Iestsla:jre 3::-s
;id G.irlrnd attadd sa
(hc' 1 r.t ihe uinse t F-. . cri
cnvf
. Uiru;
o. v-'.-
Ci
::.n.
lb;r. and t.'ics ncmi.ia,.
as the can.-l:.to o? !- Jci
such r9re"':4it.'t . b;.
t!n! ii, ssid Gar' i '. i i
Ol.
.-II
prc
" , in
; r ti
5-cd VI
vc's'..mis v.-..t.il .jr
icus to ti.-. nic- tiu c -rcfcrence
to said rirr..--
o.".ndid.i:e, in .'ri, iL i
huij, hit, s"d Limtv'-
such nc'iina'.Tuii, rcn nrkn.
bc q:iiio villii,.- to ?c c i"
bim and wot id :f e-c-:ied. ,
to the br toit.li al ilitie-, .
aiitatiu' tlie qnJslto.
Ilonsc; t'i.:he .-.d I-Srt.
t(IU
ru
ian Bomocrat -nu i;r vr :.-' '
Gar'and a'sist:if.' Jtothii.rc;. "-.
in the aid Couveiitlon li-- was riiis
ijthcrmoinbcrs rcf.oei.-tin!; Mr. -
liticil sentirncnts t-.ad U..ri:w ,
auswcrbe slu.ed 'rt ts Ct-nve
theu statcd to hisdponent. L
askeii him wi:t uthc acihority
makinc; said ta;v nrii io I'.t Con
il hv
iou.'
to which he Mpliid 'hat hl Iiad in hi -os-session
aletter from Mr. Birry ; : nu
lliorizin iim to ..lake icSi ,.t"iin.iu.
Ucponent tfi'i rcinirii hui u . him
the lctter; sa'.J Garland drciinou in--that
he would showiti.ir.o on- i.jm "
Bimey sbotil'I dcnj- ba'.iajaiittiontvt. hn.i .
make such statcment- in hic!n i"- i.r
produce it. SaU G-irlsnd s a . vi
spcctability and nm st i,J:"t; anil
crat" of influence in said ccunty
prcsaed his dctcr'nimtion to vn!
'd""io
Birney and to .lo n!I in hU -i . .
mote his clccti-n, :u'mir ba: tic ':- -was
thc rcgfl ly sor&Tuat j! c-iiu.'-u .
pany zru't th'lthuse oflhi de- ..at?
bad declared acain.'l him rors'' '
mcre factinn. He U-j i-taicd . . -wellacqnniuteiyvith
Mr. Ciru . ';;ti
Iatter was in tho habit of freo '-.i. . s
pinathis house. Deponeut t! c- m?
ted said Garlaud to make an nfti-u . (i.
facts hc had thus statcd ; but ! t n . i
leging that he had bccu ii.ftrrr'-d th. "
Birucy's noininatipu was iroduciiuc .
excitement abroad, and perliap-. i.ijii'it
democratic party, aud ne was unr.ilhnj; l .
any ihing which mipht have tliat riiec
Deponent further says, that on thc day r
fore, he had a convcrsation with Mr. E. J-.
ett, thc keepcr of ths house at nbicli :
Convrntion was held, and was iufurrue.
him that he heard s?id Garlaud utate in a.
Convention, ina public mauncr, that '
Birney had profcssed to bioi to be a U
crat, and promi.ed if clectc-1, to c?:.y i f
"democratic principlcs." Sait! .'e-e't
fused to give deponent. writtcnsiatc nlci
this fact, for the snme rcroon given I y Ga.
Iaudforhis refusal; butthe fact that s.. .
. . i- t I T T - : .
l uarianu am maKo sucu .i uuc.-ir.ii:- n is i
Convention. is to the aov:l- '-e cf thi
I poRentcencrally tatctf acd bclieit Z
residentsof the village, vrhere iho Conjcr
tiou washcld, and that in Cocversaliai) ni...
numerous personi there, 01" all politic. jm
ties. he beard uo ac deny iht :..
Dcpoccst fnrtUr sij' tli;- a wi.tt'
statemcr.t of sid Gat. vl'dec'-i- ic !;.t
Convn,:oa, -v?" om- Hayi after '
and after Mr. Iliaiey '.. 1 leii '"gi' i
East.dra-vu up &y aai-tbc- i.'e. t !
same Cojveutioo, . sd ."!: . ' l-; .
Iand, and corrected aud .tp.n 5..-. .
whicb thc fr's.twiuj ; "1 i : :. -
".Yr, Birney hd 1" - ' . t. (: -. .
his williu"ner ' ti jeire 'iic ; .. - -
represcuu'.nc V 'l' iiAj cf :S .
icpsrty." Buiti.e g.T.:'s"nr! .'
upand Tiow has it n psw u-i, r;:.3?
permitthe sameto be pnb!ish-d.
One of tho delega'os o tnr
fa gentleman cf truth u ' vei . .
23th of Septembir last :t- --ha B
nayprofessed tohimto c-a D.-i..- . .. t
statcd that be Birney Tv.vildc rij oat;
ocratic principles.
And further this dcpcne-.' aa:'h no:.
W " T)P'C"3.
Sworn ?nd subscribel b'ori r." this li
day of October, A. V. ! J- n
THEO.WIi.UAMS.
Jostice of thePeaci,Viyoa Co. Mica.
PyFrom indic.'iors f hsx-.-j and sbri:
- ,r. lpd to believe that bnt m- fe-v ,-(
d.
wmos. fattacbed hitherto t: thc Ler.r
tv, willihrow a-s-iytlieirtcn-aos Mr ?. -ey.andin
30 dobe throiv t?f ti tv.cr :r
Polk and Texas. Tha iucou5:'fi. v z.
doing is so apnarent, tua: iu N.-v i ..-s:y st
100 votes were given, end wc donbt t'le rtiin
bereomineup tolOOOin tbe great State cf
New York, thongb 18,000 may be prn cz
the Gocernor voto.

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