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The northern galaxy. [volume] (Middlebury, Vt.) 1844-1848, November 13, 1844, Image 2

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STATE 07 VERMONT.
A PEOCLAMATIOI,
EY TIJB GOVEIUNOR.
The htnnage of a grateful confiding
lreirt, is duc ln God from ctcry creaturo
iiider heaven. Ue is creat nud good,
uisn and hclv. iusl aiid Iruc All His
Tnrks nraisc Him. Ther proehim His
nislnm r.nd His power; while a seuse of
:'-s gooduess isimprcssed on the lieartof
ni iii, by every onjeci wnicn mecis ws
rcs, or ministers to his wanti, in tho cre-
.'lum which sarroimds him. .Aud thtyim
pressiosi is deepened, when ho considers
Uis own mental and moral constituticm
his capacity of knowing God, of delight
jng in IVit perfections, of reluhing the
bcautiful and Bublimc of His works, of
m-rcriviujitbeexcelleucy ofHis truth, tho
jlory ofHis justice.and theriches cf Ili j
rcvealed mercy to man. j
To tbcse m'utives of gratitude which,
prcss upon every individual hea.t, there t
are euparadded thoso which demand an
ccknowlcdgemcnt ofGod's goodness from
u as a community. He has fivored us
.ith a government, founded cn the great
truth, that "all nien are created cqnal."
He has pprmitted us the privilegc of se-L-jtin-r
nnr own rnlcrs from amonff our-
rAvcf. He has enabled them to enact ;
wifc and good laws for our government. i
He Imgiveti us theBible comniissicned j
miiiistcrs to proclairn its truths, and '
, ia3pre5sf d thctn upon the hearts of the i
jople,thaia sense of responsibility to Him. ;
-ti the great Lawgircr, takes the plaee of ;
thst frrce which olherwie,could alons ee--u
e obcdiencc to law. !
Thise great blessings, with the unvary-i-iij
alteruation of summsr a:jd winter, ;
reed time and harvest, and the pcssessicn
of an e-irth, yielding to the lahors of man ,
s:i uufiiling and abuudjeU supply for his J
watits, are the fruits of the gocdness of our
Ilcarenly Fatlier, who makcth His sun to
rise on the evil and on the good, aud icnd
cth His rain on the just and on llic unjust. j
I do, thercfore.at the close of this year,
.'!i:ch has been signally crowr.cd with
Ctoi's gocdness to us as a peoplc, appoint 1
C huiroTiaj) the ffftll day of isCCCmj
fjt" next, to be observed as a day of.
taanKSfi'.Ulng and jratSC throughout ! for Polk, Dallas, Texas and Free-Trado hy
this State. Uml1 mJr':iM. conaUerin thi uum-
L:tthepeope,on that dsy, with one ber of vnter. These States have been swiu
accord upcnd their accuMomcd labora I dIeJ , he m0J, sliameful rj, and falj2.
jind in thetr serenl places of worsh.p, and hoodf in reatioa to ,h Tariff Jo fc
in tne tovoua gatherinti3 of their famuy , , , , ,
... r werecrcppsrpetratsd upon aueludea and cos-
circles, pour out tne Inanksiinng ol ' r '
fill hearts to their Heavenly Fathcr, for , fill nS PeoPIe- A Uh a co1 scoundrclism new
His mulliplied and abounding mercies to , ualf cqualleJ in the hijtory of cur political
them Let us praise Him for the general strjg5le, loco demajoguej ruslied tlirough
l.ealth He his permittcd us to enjoy, du-, these States wilh bauners inscribcd
rin j thc past year. Let us look upo'n our ; t"0 1 j nllc: nnrl lio
Kathtrcd harvest of good thinjrs, and, -rOJ,v? IHdS ailCt U1G
s ur.-cund rur tabies, loaded with His boun- Ttll'iff of J 842 '
ties, and thank Him for the carth.the air, ;
the rain and the sunshinc which have prc- j It be seenthat theotherStatescxpect
luoed them. And let us eonsidcr the val- , ed for Clay which havc been heard from.have
ue cf the spiritual blessing3 Ile has be- fulfilled ourmottsnuguine expectations, and
sto.ved on us: that re have the lloly .
uj.iiiii.j, auiu natt ua w
7 r . Z A I
crurined ind lh Vmnl for , !m
uation. of His jnotless life. His active i
inr !
Let-tis cjvc thsnks that thc truth is made
niihty, in working ont the rcsults of graut that the 'Starthat nerersets' mnystill
jrac!ic-l refcrm in individual charactcr, i continue tocuhniuate in our horizon. Our
an.! in tho condition of hum-jn society. 1 noble little State can nevcr be deluded to a
Lct us tV.nk God for thc success of thc degraded subserviency to the domineeriug
Tcmperanee Reform for the increasing 1 8iaveocracy 0r,he South ho would rule and
te3ui I for thc Sabbafli-for !t.e grow.ng, ; ,.; th(J coun, It Jf tlle m;m of e
tiic:i2h too rcluctant intercst for the op-' . , . , ,, ... x
r . i , . c Clay ncver to tltspair of the jlemiblic. Lile
prcssej for the adrancing spint ofi ' J J r
Petce, and for thc activc and succcssful , ,onS ,r "ecessary, let us struggl. for our
eJTirts to dispel tho darkncss of heath-. country's wcalagainst the outragcous wrougs
ahm, and suhstiiute forits hurdensome which hedestructicei have neverceased toiu
nuJ bloody ritcs, the simple worship of flictupon hcr whcn in thtir poner. Let come
tar living and the true God. what may if we still kcep uuiicd, aud ourhan-
Aa J nhils cnjoying the Bible, anj the in- ner in the brccze, c may still live to see the
s ituji1.ns0ffrccdo1n,0liv;1owconi;nuancethe lUn;ononce ,noro pros,)orous and happy.
li.cile-.ti-iiianil crowingiiilliienceoritstrmhj , ..... ,,r i i
a,-3 the m.!y guaranty and ple.lge.Iet us think , Tllen W1"SS of crmont; Push on your co1
of tbe niilliotis in lieatheu, aud noininally , umu through the whole line of the State.
rlirislhn lim's. and even in our onn land, . Even ihouid the black wave cf Locofocoism
who pre dMtiimr of these blcssinss-envel- ,vhelm ovcrvou fdr,iie prcscm nhich IIea7.
psl in the ihikuts? of ignorance, andcrush- . , ,
-d b-u-ath the H.ot or oppressl.m; and lct ' en rrb"'' l,,pre 15 u0 6ood nor S'0- " tame
nsprore our grstitude to God. by bearing ly lying down to bc ground to powdcr under
:'iva :i.)iirh"artstothc throne oflliserace, the ironchariot wheels ofan insolent fne.
iirj.1 ch.7.nully and llihcrally rninisteringofonr ; Tl;e best davs oftbervomau Ropublic were
abjiitliuce, to their wants freclv givmz as , , . . , . , ,,
n-p havefreely rtteivcd from the'beuevolcnt 'U'lcd with reverscs which wcre repeatedly
7ulicrof 113 all. Ard let not the poor whom succecdcd by still more brilliant eras iu her
ws have with m, be forgotton, but let u? e- : natioual career.
rhr in their hcartt emotions of aratitnde t? Comc 0 ,,,,, wh; , Lel Vermont do
tjDd, by becomiDC the almoncrs of His ' , , , , , ... ,,
l.ounty to them, in their loncliness and desti- : hcr duty, shoulder to shoulder with hcr noble
tution. Eisters whosc flags still cnrrccr triumphantly
iaa nnaiiy.iet tne jov ol this lestivcscnson ,
he chastcned by the rccollection of our mor
talily. of which the faded. fallen glories ofthe
Ckpiriucyearso imprcssively reniind us; and
let ihis inemento of nur own disssohition
qnickcn our Ecneof individual rcspuusibility,
an 1 urge us to work while the day lasts, for
the good of our fcllow mcn regnrding them
nll ?e our brethrcn laboring to makc them
better and happicr.and doins with or.r mieht.
wlnt our hands find to do, in aiding ontvnrd battle. o matter what is the state oftbe
t.,i!Sconsnmmationtli0 cause or peace on fight, lct everv whig in Vermont do his duty
arth and good will toward man. ... '
Givcnundcrmyhand at Middlebury this ,0 lus couc:,' "J ,rust ucu:lDJ of Provi
jitth day or Xovcmber in the year of our dencc for thc reward of his efforts. Said
Lord, one thousand eight hundrcd and fnrty- Gcneral Harrison when the Iefl failcd at thc
nr.and ortheindepcndenceor the LVitcd battle or Tippocanoe, aud he was reported
States. the sixty-uinth. ! . ... . ' 1
WILLIAMSLADE. , k"lcil:
By the Gorirnor,
Gto. H. Bkama, Secretary.
FPvANKNESS AND HOXE5TY.
You Iove frankncss and hone-iy in a Prcs
Idrnt.go to the Pollsand votc fcr Hcnry Clav
n, man whose perjon.il opininn? were ncver
vpj'ed, and whose publie er.tj are nn
disguised. THE TARIFF.
Mcchanics MRnufacturers and Tradf3in;n,
ronwhowonld protect Auicrican Industry
frtra the compctition of Panper I.abor in
Eurnpe, po to thepolls, and vnte fr Hk.nt.t
Cjlv, lue father of thc Ameriran Sytera
i!ip man whose principles are the Life-blood
if thc Protcctive Pclicr.
LIBERAL WAGE5.
Let evcrr workicg-min rtmeuiber that in
vrf.hg fnr Polk nnd Dallas, he will vntr to
destroy the TarifC and thntu rcducethe wa-
ol hnnest indnsiry. J lie Tariff protocts
ihe indmtry or the poor man. it prorides him j
w'h'i fmployment, and tbus placrs wiihio his j
reach the uiean of comfort for himself and j
faia-'r. Lct him not then commit an act of
sa:c-it. t-y 'bg for its eaew.c.
leetiom Novemtoer. 12,
HENRY CLAT.
CalTin Townsley,.
Senjamin Swift9
i'OW
anner once
more.
Pennsylrania and New York have gone
,hould Virgiaia bc trae the Whig party will
be inuuipiiaDi ot isst. JLet the worst come.
the Whip will hireamijoritj of .housands
"Foa 3 I'"Par voie. as weu as a majoruy ol
the Sta,e3' snd we belieTe a su,a11 majority
in the national Scnate.
"ut "hatever otherStates maydo, Heavcn
in tlio breezc. 11 locoiucoism even now
prcvaiU which is doubtful, it will bc by so
nicagre a majority as to reducc it to a barrcn
triumph. Hut your advcrsaricsflushcd with
the hopesof victory inspircd by their reccnt
but parlial successcs are now working des
perately even in Vermont. They are fast
coinbining their shattcred cohorts for the
! " ISland to your arms
;my boys!
nevcr j "ive
way ! One charge more
and Victory is.certain."
T
Whigs
of the
Green
Mouutains ! One charge
more
i
Yon may still do your country a sicnal ser-
viceeven should Providence so order tbat
yon should non fail ofthe asccndaney which
your patriotism rnerits. A powerful minority
may exercise a powerful conservative influ
ence over the movemcnts of even tbe worst
orrnlen.
Then brother Whigs
One (jliarffC illOre !
" '
aad the victoty may itilLb enr ! Old Vtr-
3
For Presidential Electors,
e
ginia may siiil come to our aid, aud if so we
win! alraost certainly we win. Butshould
Virginia fail, there are cnough other States
to save us, nherewehave a few hopcs ofsuc
cess. Sheuld cither Jlichigan or Missippi
voteforus.ourchance isstillgood. Youhavc,
it is true, in other states been abandoucd by
aportion of your fellow-citizcns ivho have
thenisclves bceu tnost shamefully betrayedby
their leaders. In our citics forcign voters
have been grossly deluded, and inarshallcd
atthe ballot-boxcs by Loco dcmagogues to
go against thc country nhich hasso gcuerous
ly bestowcd uj on them its protcctiou and
privilegcs. But will you, dare you shrink
from a coutcst which threatcns your blood
bought libcrties, yourrcpublicaninstitutions,
aud the dearcst intcrests of all the industrial
classc3 oftbe nation with one cominou ovcr
thtow? Will you tainely snrrendcr the
rcinsofgovcramentinto the hands of tbose
honest lagos who iuycars gonobyhaveplun
dered your trcasury, trainpled upou the Cou
stitution, and made yourhomcscheerlcss and
dcsolate 1
m m lo no ?
Patriotism forbids it ! Humanity forbids it !
Thc glory of the nation and the Prospcrity
ofthis migbty Republic forbidi it! Then
fcllow Vhigs
Fight on to the end !
and may the God of natious at last reward
you with a triumphant deliverance.
fXThe pcople will sce from the followinglct-
tcraddressed hv Hirncy to Joshtia Lcav't.
that he prououuces the Ietter to Garland at
'ributed to him a forgery.
Whatever bad opinion we stili cntcrtain of
Birney and other leaders of third party-Abo-litionism,
wehaveno disposition to aggravate
their disasFcrous and disgraccful coursc by
publishing any thiug not firmly based ou the
truth. The tiuth is bad enongh. For
whethcrthis Ietter is true or false itdoes not
by anj meaus invalidatc the tcstimony of oth
ers, aud even Birney's avowed dcclarations
evincing that heis an apostatc togeuuincab
olitionism, and au ally of Locofocoism. Al
though Birney must have secn thc Depnsi
tion of Mr. Driggs which we publisbed two
weckssince at tbe time he annouuccd thc
forgery ofthe Ietter aforesaid.hcdocs not de
ny its authcnticity. Then look at that Dcp-
OMtton reader, yes! Birnev did know as
Driggs testifies and Birney himself has sincc
often written and spokcn that he was nomin
atcdfor the Legislaturc by a reguUr Conveu
tion oftbe Locofoeo party ofSaginaw couutr
in pursnance or an agreement with the
leaders, having previously authOrized Mr.
Garland famember ofthe ConventionJ to
say that he would accept the uomination,and
tbathcwould adhcre to dcinocraiic princi
ples and thc Polk and Dallas party. Ofthis
tbcre cannot bc a doubtunlcssyou disbclicvc
the tcstimony of Driggs, and the facts tberc
in contained revealed by Garlaud, not only
to Driggs lutt to othcrs. The unsnllied hon
or of W. S. Driggs is strongly vouchcd for
by tbe Wnig State Committee of Michi
gan. Again, reader look on the first page of our
paper and what we give you in relation to
James G. Birney by Mr. Child who is amoug
thc uoble heartcd pioneers oftbe Anti-Slave-ry
cause in the Unitcd States.
Considering the Ietter or Birney aforgery,
it is merely cumulative. Tbe cvidence
against him is still irresistiblo in tho mind of
any rcasonablemau:
Clevel'and, Nov.l, 1644.
DearSir I saw, a few bnurs ago, at Fair
port, where tho stcamer stopped a fcw min
utes, the Ietter purporting to be written by
mo to Mr. Garland, dated Sept. 20, 1844.
The letter.itsclf, is anabsolule forgery so do
I believe the affidavits are as I'do not thiuk,
Birdsall, Thayer and Dav'Is, would do so
base an act, bad as thc times are.
(Signed; JAMES G. BIRNEY,
To the polls Whigs,
Vermont e.rpects every
Whig to do his duty
and his whole duty on
Tuesday next.
LIBSRTY
PAETY.
It would seem to us that no position could
be more prcpostcrous than that in which the
Third Party have placed themselves before
the public. They boast or themselves as be
iug tlie cschisive friends ofthe slavc aud yet
co-opcrate with Iocos who would extend and
perpctuatc slavery & against the whigs who
would limit and firmly opposa it, whilo
Ioitdly profersing uncompromising hostility
to both parties and to ducard ail interference
with thoso mcastircs of natioual policy which
dividetlicni as of little consequcnce incotnpar
isou with abolition. Tlie libcrty men havc
utiifbrmly poured their bitterest gall upon tha
Whigs while they have applicd butasoft iin-
peachment to their adversarics. Thus so
emulous are they iu their hatred to tho whigs
that they reject their aid and cliug to the bit
terest rcvilerj or those very principles which
form thc bnsis of their party organization.
In a dcbate betwecn Mr. Giddinga and Judge
King, reccntly in Ohio, tho former asked the
lattcr if he would vote for Mr. Clay if there
by he would prevent the aunexation of
Texas: Judgo Kiug dcclarcd ho would not.
Tho Third party leaders wcll kuow that the
anncxaiion of Texas cau ncver tako cffect
under the conditions which Mr. Clay has
umtormly pretixed to it, and at tho same time
they just as wcll knowthat Polk was brought
lorwarJ lor the : pttrpose ofcarrying out
annexation.and that his cause is drnouncd at
tha South upon that vcry ground. But noth
ing cau assuage their vincmotts hostilityto
Mr. Clay, or indncelthe Icast fratcrnization
with the Whigs in their assaults upou Polk
the common enemy of their comrnon princi
ples.
It isvery futile for Libcrty party mento in
sist that they have a candidate in the field
whom they must support to sustain their
principles. whcn tho most sanguino nmong
them know their candidate cnunot succecd,
and every vote east upon him euures to the
bcncfit of a dcadly foe to their cause. To the
conscicutious portion ofthis party we say
uotbingcanbe moro wickcd than this. It is
virtually, wiirully. rud wittlngly snpportinga
candidate for the vcrypurpose of dcfeatiug
the principles you prorcss. Abolitionists
thus convict themselves ora base hypocricy
in prctcnding to auamiable sympathy in their
henits to the slave which all their actions and
associatious belie. In relation to many or
the more noisy leaders or the party we ucvcr
had theslendcrest confidence in the tcndcr
ncss ofthcir philanthropy. They havc far
other objects in view than the cmancipation
orthe poor degraded slave. Whelher thc
do.wn-trodden blackman is botind or free wi
nevcr break their licarts, if by agitating the
public mind they can acquire powcr, popu-
larity oremolumcnt by their political organi
zation. How clcariy thc reccnt courseofMr.
Birney indeclaring rorfreo trade, and per.
mitting bimscir to becomc a loco candidate
for thc Legislaturc of Micbigan, bclie his
professors of limiting the operations of third-
partyism to the abolition of Slavery? In'.o
whata degrading alliance with locofocoism is
he now dcbasiug it; an alliance which will
promote the clcction of mento office who
are pledgcd to sustain aud perpetuate the
slave power in all its revolting relations.
From the coursc pursuedby Birney mcn who
cankloubt that they have far more at beart tho
defeat ofthe Wbig ticketthan the protection
ofthe slave or the exclusion of Texas from
the grnsp of slave power. Such indeed is tbe
inconsistent coursc moro recentiy'pursued
by Birney and n majority ofhis leading (ol
Iowcrs that many bclievc that they would not
havoslavery peacibly abolisbed' ifit could
be. Should agitation coasc,how manypress
es , lccturers, and salarv-men. wonM lnR
tlieir.cmolumeuts.and how many vaulting po
litical aspirants will be doomed to witucss
their brilliant prospeets blasted in the bud.
We would bowever obscrve tbat our re
marks are directed to the leaders ofthe Lib
crty Party, who claim to be apostlcsin the,
Holy warfare of jmpartial freedom. We
know full well the honest purposesof multi
mdesof their followers whosincerely desire
to carry out tbe great plans or Phfantbmpy
which far better mea .ir lho who now
attempt ta ay them havosketcied out, aad
we would'be the last to. chirgo them with
that wantof,siu'cerity whiehwo do cot hesi
tate.to apply to those who stand at the htlm
of thirdparty'moveruents. With tho strong
developements nor-before the people, who
would have tho hardihoodto deny that thero
exisu au affinity ia pnrposes and practices
betwecn modern abolition leaders and tho lo
oofocos to destroy the Vhig party and thus
perbaps uninteniioualiy asto the abolitionists
sweeo awav the only barrier whichnow stands
inr the annexation of
iu uj u C
Texas. James G. Birney at lcast has
surrendcred without a blush or a syropton of
revulsion, to the meritricious embrace ofthe
upholders of slavery. He has openly aroived
his prcferences to Polk tho unbesitating and
uuqualificd immediate annexationist,although
he wcll knows that Mr. Clay and the Whig
party are pledged under almost every exigcn
r.y to oppose it. His leading supporters all
over thc TJuion are virtually but perhaps un-
consciouslv co-oosratinz as auxilaries of
. a . v
the slave party wbo are about to adopt a
mcasure which if successful tfill sct at deG
ancealltbe laboura of a crude philanthropy,
and instead of striking off the chains of tbe
slave, fasten manaclcs upon freemen.
Should uot abolitionists look to this? Are
they uot surrouudad by dangers and pitfalls
by tbcse pretended friends, but real and
practical eneinies I Aud will they go along with
them in aconrse which will eventually extin-
guish the last ray of hope intho prospeets of
thc suffering slave.
Mr. Clay at the North
and South.
Ncver was i public man so abused on
grounds so cntirely oppositc to each other as
HcnryCIay. At the north he is accused of
apostacy.frora the great principleoi protection,
aud in favor or annexation, while the vciy
reverse of thesc chargcs is rung throughout
the whole south with a most incendiary fury
&so!emnoutcry orimpendingdnnger. Should
Mr. Clay be elccted, says the Richmond En
qtiirer "we sltall havc a still moro oppretsive
tariff, and the friends of annexation may give
op all hopcs ofachicviugthatobject. Noton
ly will tbe south be cndangcred by thc non
annexation of Texas, but the west, north and
thc whole union will euffer material injnry
from the sacrifice of this great qu'e'stiou to
the selliih, unbridled umbition of one inan."
Again says thc Editor of the Richmond
Enquircr the great cbampion of Polkism, at
thc south.
"Aftcr Kentucky, what state in the south
or southwest will Clay reccivc? ShalKit be
our sistcr. North Cirolina? Shallshebe thc
only state butlventncky, inthe south-west, to
staud by Henry Clay the cbampion of a
National Bank, to be locntcd in the North,
aud to drain tho South thc fatlier ofthe
high Protcctive Syjtcm, with its hand-uiaid-en
Distribuiion, in all its corruptinginflucnce;
the latitudinous constructionist; the oppo
ucnt nfthe Auncxation or Texas, so cxtrcme
that be rcquires a dcgrcc of concurrence
"amounting to or approxitnatiug unauimity"
A candidate whose most distmguished
friends in the North and North West are
seeking an alliance with the Abolitionists a
man, who, if clected at all, must owc his suc
cess to that dark coalition as cvideuced by
thc Iate clcction in Ohio, whcre thc Whigs,
if successful, are indebted to the aid ofthe
Abolitionists? We ask the South to paitse,
cre they vote furllenry Clay with all his ber
eies, and "entanglitig alliances" with the
cnemies ofthe South!"
And uow Fcllow-Citizens, we ask you to
peruso and ponder well upon the scnlimcnts
and spirit of tbe following extracrdinary doc
ument, circulatcd as a hand-bill in Virginia
in which Mr. Clay is most furiously assailcd
at thc South for those very principles and
purposes which all true Whigs among us so
so bighly applaud, but which his cnereics
at the North would most bascly deuy him.
From tlie Dallas GazctleExlra.
Caiiawba, Ala., Oct.3,'44.
AWAKE. PEOPLE OF THE SOUTH j
IUSE IN YOUR MAJESTY AND
CONSIGN HENRY CLAV TO THAT
OBL1VION WHICH THE TRAITOR
RICHLV MER1TS.
Hcnry Clay's Prolectkc Policy.
Wa hasten to Iay before our readcrs tbe
J p Sr- ,i t p " u p. ' . ; I
as the gentlemen occupv cnviable positions
in society, and are wcll k'nown in this and tho
. . . 1 1
adjoining county of Lowndes, aswell asthe
refcrences which Col. McCord has givcn.we
are prcpared at any moment to give further
prool, should thc uubclieving requireit.
Cari.owvii.le, Oct. 5. 1844.
To tlte Editor ofthe Dallas Gazttle:
xouwillobhge me by ptiblishine. the cn-
closad copy of a Ietter, which I have reccnt
ly receivcd from Col. RusscllP. McCord,
ot Liowndcs conuty. Would to Uod. it was I
in the hands orevery man, from the Patapsco
to the Gulf or Mexico I It exhibiu Mr. Clav
in hi3true positiou, asa man totally destitute
or charactcr.
But what sball -we say or Col. Prcston?
He believed, in the year 1531, that the ereat
oljectofMr. Clay, in forcing tho protcctive
policy upon the country, was, to destroy the
perpeiuuy ot me aontnern atates he heard
Mr. Clay make this declaration iu Virginia ;
and r.ow, with this foul and dainning blot
upon Mr. Clay, this man, Wm. C. Preston.is
using eyery art and effort to inducc the hon
est planters ofthe South to commit the sui
cidal act of voting for Henry Clay. Shame!
Shame!
Read it, Sir publishit spread it before
the pcople. Lettbemsee the statement,and
let them hear the fact the stanlin? fact.that
in the year l&H Henry Clay declared the
great object of the Tariff system to be, to
renqer tnejr siaves so yaluiess. that irthey did '
not run away from their masters. their ma.
would be glad to rnn away from them.
That Mr. Clay did make the declaration
attributed to him by CoL Preston. there can
beno douht; and there is just as little doubt
that Colonel Preston will not deny the state
ment of Col. McCord.
With great respect, I am. &c.
BERNARD A.KEYNOLDS.
Lownder.Oct.-2, 1844.
DearSir: The declaration which I heard
Col. Preston make, was to this eflect: That
at-the" White Sulphnr Sprinss, in Virginia,
Mr, CLAY DECLARED, THAT IT WAS
TRHE.CONGRESS COULD NOTFREE
ODR SLAVES. BUT THAT THEY
COULD, BY HIGH DUTIES ON IM
P0ET3tMAKE THEM SO VALUELESS
THAT. IF THEY DID NOT RDN
AWHATTH. THE GREAT
H$S28?i THE TARIFF SYSTEM.
maue m ? j.t..:
n
i. r-ti pi:a -r ti.ii
trCLawrenco ofthis countr. Whtsrs:
.RnhortRivMand Reuben House
. - , t, . -iT
" . . i j r i r
this county. Democrats heard CoJ. Pres-
j, c
ton make the same declaratton : some of
B A Reynolds Esq 1,McCORD-
Truly.this'isectLto the South.
i .u- n .t. j i-
And thta Protective systeui is the darltng
of Henry CUy. Will Southerners doubl
longer, the
te political inconsistency, yea,
even dtsboncsty of the stumer, this worst
traitor to his country's wcal 1 Will slave-
hnlr1Pr with lni flprlnrnlinn tnnnrr ttlpm
in the face, for a moment hesitate what
tt: l -i
cuuisn iu ucrsuc i xiia uuiuibm uuut
, r i j- ,
, , , , . . ,
But there are those who have insisted,
without even taking time for breath, that
Mr. Clay was afr.endto the South. Who
Truly, afnend to the South II
to the South ! I A
friendship which would filch form us our
propcrty and make desolate our pcaceful
liomes.
c call upon our brethren ofthe Press
to rprcad this matter far and wide. Let
the whole bouth hear !
Lct all whowill,
read it.
As our naner is not lssued until Ssatur
r .
day, wehaye adopted this mcthod of g,v-
tng gcneral c.rculatton to this traitorous
sentimcnt ofthe Whig candidate for the
i rcsiuency. uere is auipiu iime lor
prooftobc obtaincd to the contrary, if
proof can be had but we have no lears up
on that scorc ; thc gentlemen whose names
are mentioncd in Col. McOord's lelter.arc
sufCcient guarcntces for thc corrcctness
of the statcment :
fr?'The following communication is
from adistinguishcdcitizen of this State
a man of etninence as a 5cholar,a Chris
tian and Divinc. We commcnd it o the
attcntion of all those who, in the coming
clection, are desirous of rendering their
rote in such a manncr as shall best con
ducc to the intcrests, the prosperity and
the purity of our Government. We nced
not ask for it an attentivc pcrjual and a
calm considcration.
o t e i f
renry CMy
Six months ago, I had scrious dcubts
on this subjcct and ifl had then bceu
callcd upon to dccide, I should probably
havc declined to give Mr. Clay my vote.
Subscquent inquiry has lcd mc to
changc my vicws ; and as there may bc
those who still chcrish similartlouhts I
would ask their attcntion to a fcw plain
considerations, which have rclicvcd my
own mind on this subjcct
1 o illustratc my present views, I will
lake a casc which has actually cccured.
Wc all know, that William Wiluer-
ror.CE was a man of great concicntious
ness, and elevatcd Christian principles.
Yct he gave his vote, for many years, to
kcep W illiam Pitt at thc head of the
Britisli gorcrnmenl ; through Mr. Pitt du
ring that very pcriod, fought a ducl, Iivcd
In the habitual violation of the Christian
babbalh, and often indulged in excess of
ofivine. How could Mr. iIbeforcc
votc forsuchaman, with a clcar con
sciencc! The brief snswcr is, He made a dis
tinction betwecn the Ministcr and the
man: he felt that he culd support Mr.
Pitt in his public capacity, without giv
ing thc lcast sanction to the crrors of his
private life. Let us look at this distinc
tion, and sce ifit is not founded in truth, '
i. JJir. f itt, witn all his abilittes. was
peiTnMo."".,. Wcsailin "thPl, ,i,f. '" "
still the mcre reprcscdtaticc of certain ( with the pcoplc. No man cver more
principles the organ for carrying out a ; franklv and cpcnly avowcd his scnti
systcm of measures, which an itnmense ' ment upon the public measurr
.oa)r mcn in urejI Jir,tlw w,,cre de-'
fiirmu tn cnnnnrt a!i l ttUrCm.
1 " riZhL nl V .1, . .1 .
ne of th,s , He saw that h.cse
"easures "nicn ne aeemea essenttal to
uic iiunur, ine prospcniy, nna me reng-
ious intcrests ofthe country, must incvit-
ably be sacrificed, if Mr. Pitt was put
down. ln voting as hc did, he was.
thercfore, really voting for these meas
ures, and not for thc man in his individ
ual capacity.
2. Thc oppolntments to office under
Air. Pitt, were certain, in Mr. Wilbcr
force's view, to be such in general, as he
and other conscintiousmcn would approve
muchmoic so than could be cxoectcd
from his political opponents. Hefelt
sureof havinglearncd and uprishtiudres
and able exccutive officers in the posts of
A . Ul .u i j 1
honor and trust, throught the land men
whose pnrate lives were superior, in most
mstances, to that of Mr. Pitt himself.
rj, ,;. ,..;(. ; . I
ofa country; and the casc may happen,
that one man who holds thc appointing
power, thought pute himself in private life,
may be led by party infiucnces to give thc
pcople acorrupt government, while anoth
ei of inferior personal character, may be
mduced or compelled by similar lntiucn
ces, to place them under government of
men, who are "a terror to enl doers, and
a praise oi. uiciu iuai uo weil. 1 he
questions turnef not so much on the char
acter ofthe man, as of the party which
hc represents; and Mr. Wilberfooce In
giving his vote, was xnfact vbting for ten
thousand men whose character and prin
ciples he in general approvcd, and not for
the single individual through whom they
obtained ofHce.
3. Noman doubts, whether in pur
suing the great ends of life, he may act
usith others 'whose priyate character he
- - - r . I . U i J 11 . m.
does not wholly approve. An apostlei
has decided the auestion. otheririse "must
yeneedso out of the xcorld." No .onet
hesitttes to employ snchmen when neces-!
nsf , the tnsrrtriwrtrf of acccropliihing t
his designs. TJio captains of cur hir
nuraero" ?? -"stitutions, are, in
itjlg
m all thtngs, wecmnlov ihem wiibm.
them "th our property, we rote for
of " . stcchbolders.
u tnem ai iue meettnirs of
wnen we cannot ttnu equal v able m
... .n ,l- ir mcn
whom we approve in all thinas. WP ,i
.:,t .i , . aI"
not give-usothers whom weshouli onthe
Ll-iZ C"
charge, bccause those with whom wc act
, b ' ,ti, , ,i - , ... ,
J" J Jt wccould wtsh on th suIk
i. . , . - t . -.
force acted on this principle, and it en
abled him to do tnuch. If hc had acted
rn tliB.nnt.....m.:nt. I. n .A..ll I
. J '
, jC nSl,"v;i
i 1,1
Wilbcrforcc felt. that no man
m ntsscnses, couiu rcgaru nim, winle ac-
- ? i - ti ii-
while
, ttng on this principle as gtving auv sanc-
,- , J i
life N f hfa fc. ddM V
8U,t forthe rote he gave. No onevas
A.te - - ' ... u
gave any sanction of dtielling, sabbath
breaking, or i.ntoxicntion, by his political
connection with Mr. Pitt. Was he not,
then, pcrfcctly conscientictis and upright
;n .!,, t u t :c i-
,
ciiaracteror principle, he gave not thc
- ' . - . i . 7 .
wmie ne stoou nrm ai nis post, anu upnem
I that ofrncaSUres which he consid-
cfed tQ th(J h; MeTesl3 q
, C0UIltrr
A Pr.OFESSED CllRISTIA.W
Duty of Heligious
Men.
Truly docs the New Jersey State Gi
zette remark in rcference tothe illus
trious and virtuous citizen of that State,
Thcodore Frelinghuysen, the Whig can
didate for the Vice Presidcncy, that gt.-.t
conscquenccs hang upon the rcsuh
"Public virtueand the moral charactcr of
our statesmen must be grcatly promoted
orgreatly injured by it. If FrelingJmy
shall be defeated, his dcfeat will be poin
ted to hcrcafter, by those who may be m
terested in doing so, as coticlusivc eii
dcncc that it is idlc nnd silly to appeal to
tbe moral sense ofthe nation : for those
to whom the appeal is made will not re
spcnd to it." N. JL Pcl.
CiLUMY.
The Philadrlphia Chroniclc, an hi:;h
toncd and manly nctitral paper, hnlds thc
following languagc rclative tothe dis
graceful warfare carricd on by the Locc-
focos against Mr. Clav. Ilead it.
The want of hcncsty and dcccncy was
ncrcr more manifest than in thc cppi s:
tion to the clcction of Hcnry '
Every cnc who is familtir with the p' litt
cal history ofthis country for thc hil
twcnty years, and whose party prejudi'-e
are not strongp r than his perccpttons of
truth, must acknowledgethat Mr. i "Iay .-
one ofthe most tring cmergeucies he hv
ahvays been found upon the stde of l;b
country and her intcrests whcthcr in
-hc btisitiess of diplotnacy, or in the c."U!i
cils ofthe nation. No Atncrican states
man now living has pursucd a more c n
sistatit and uscfiil coursc, during soruanr
years of public life, as that pursucd bv
Mr. Clay. Hc has been an American m
thc fullest sense ofthe word, cver devotc'i
to American intcrests. Ar.d it has been
in a spirit ofjust libcrality too, that is 1 1
kccping with the policy ofour govern
ment towards ai"cpicu citizens. Even
class of persrns, and cvcry departmcnt ol
trade and labor within the boundaries oi'
the United States, havc found an ablc
and a rcady rcprcsentatirc in Mr. Clay
Why assail such a candidate for "tlie
sufTrage cf thc people, with thc fihhyand
disgubtitig m'nsiles with which the poli'i-
ca: magazincs are str.rcd j it is not jus-
tir.'in ihn m:,n ii nni r?:,r .!.!im.
thepubHc measures. No filse
ic measures. No false rretrn-
i r t i i
V- , CCS' ,r- , . ma
'n d"?e- His election is sought un-
on the worlh ofhis principles; if hc suc-
cccds, it will neverbe by abandcnmj
them.
.
READ, FREEMEN OF THE NORTH
IfPolk is clected, Texas will be anncxeii
and fouror fivc new Slave States addedtotb
Union!
Every five ofthe Texas slaves will countaa
much as 3 Northeru Freemeu ia electing
our President !
Every Texas Placter. wiih fifteen slaves.
will have as murhvoice iu Congress, as 0
New York Farmers or Mcchanics!
Freemen ofthe North, ouglit five Texas
s,"!$ i. bali,nce ,hreKe, y t,, ,
Workingmen, ought any Texas Planterto
baUnce tc of TOll f
THEN VOTE AGAINST J. K. Polk'
REMEMBER!
People of Vermont, ihat if you vote fur
James K. Polk. you vote for auucxiog Tex
as. For giving to the slave States tbe power
in Congress!!
For giving the owuer of 100 slaves tbe
cqiiivalent of Ol votes!!!
For assuming thecountlcss debt of Texas!
Against protecu'on to bome industry!
Against appropiiations of money by Con
gress for our harbors, canasl and roails!!
Acaiustall tbnbestinteresuor theNORTH
and oYNORTIIERN FREE.MEN!!
Struggle Tor each vote, as irtbe result of
the contest depended upon that vote!
RianT orPETiTiox. You who hold to
the rigbt of petition, go to thc Polls and rote
for Hesbx Clat a man who, amid nll tbs
threats and abuse beaped upon him by tbe
adrocates of Slavery through tbe South, b
maintatncd tbe sacrednets ofthis rigbt with
untlincbing firmness.
Natcralizatjox There have beoB.?noiit
1000 prsonsnaruralized in Baltimore durmj
wetV

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