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KDiXOK AND PROPRIETOR. TERMS "oF NIKTH VOLUME. W PUBLISUED EVERT WEnSESDAT JlOHMnO STEWART'S BUILDI.tOS, BY J. COBB Jll. Er wnoa all oRDxzts for rRixTi.ia ahe ubcriber 82,00 Mail subcriber. . 2,00 taditidaala and CompnnIe who take at tbe office Sl'75or 1'50 ccnts ifpaid insix monlbi. rhoe wbo tak of Poitriders . . .82i00 If noi paid at tlieend ofthe year 2, 25 fio papen discontinued until arrearages are paid . ..t . i-.l navmKf xcepiaune opuonoime pronneiur. r-j - to Crrierallowcdexceptordered bjthcpropne. r. - All'coramariicatioiitmiietbe addrewed totheed- tar Post Paid. The Battle Song. TUNE, "Scols ichat hae.' Soldiers of tho Temneran&e band, Be united heart and hand, Forward, then, at his commapd, To certain victory. Seize your armor. gird it on: Now thK battle is begun; Lo thc prize nill soon be wod, Then struggle manfully. Now the foe, Intemperance. fight, Put the monster Rum to flighr, Sink the drsm-shop out of sight, That sink of misery. Ser the tears of her whose beart Is liroken by the tyrant's dart, Aud suflering now beneath the smart Of Rum's sad revelry. Friends of tcmperance, all arise, Let the bearcns, the earth, aud skies, Witness lh' cxalted rise Of the temperance cause. Faithful to your banner proTe, Strive tbe inebriate's heart to raove, All your cfforts make in love, To win bira from his bowl. Onward, then, ye fearless host, In this cause make all your boast, Your motto love Jebovab trust For help and victory. Soon the laurels ye shall win, Crowns of glory saved fromsin, Th' inebriate iu that diadera Shall sparkle brilliantly. CHIPS AND CLIPPINGS A story is related, on the authority of a passenger saved in the llobert b nlton.wreck' cd in the late storm on Lake Erie. An infi del was on board, voiciferous in vending his books but when thegolecame on, and the forward part broke, and the waves rushed in to the cabin, his voice was heard above all others, on his knees crying for mercy aud fori?ene?s, till a heavy sea swcpt over thc deck, and carried him and bis books to thc hottom. A WITTYREBUKE OF MILLERISM The New York Sun says "We wcre much amused a few days ago, by an auec dote related to us by a gentleman from Prov- tdence, of Cyrus Butlcr, one ofthe wealthiest citizens ofKhode Island, nhohaslatclyniadc anmnificent dunation of fortythousand dol lars towards thc establishment ofnn insane asylum. It appears that a lcw weeks ago oine Millerites called unon Mr. B. to raonihim of the .ipproachiug cnd of the world on the 23d ofOctobcr, aud ofthe im- prrtance of his making a good usc ofliis wearth bcfore it should all be consumed in the general conQagration. Afterlisteningpa tiently, Mr. B. replied 'well. geutlemcn, I ara much obliged to you for your good inten tions, and tbceffect ofyour argtinvcnts has bcen to convince me that I have tnade the bestpossiblo use ofit, at least a portiou of my property, in founding an asylvm lor thc insane aud you are pcrfectly welcome to it. Good morning. gentlemen." Idle Visits. The idle Icvy, a very heavy tax upon the industrious, when by frivulous visitations tbey roa tliem ot tneir time. Sgch persons beg their daily happincss from doortodooras beggars oflhcir daily bread, nnd liie them, sometimes icet with a rehuff. A mere gossip ought not to wonder ifwc erince signs that we arc tircd of him, seeing that vre are indebted for the honor ofhij visit Elely to thc ciroumslance of his being tired of hisnself. Ile sits at home until he has accuniulated an insupportable load of eiiinii, and then sallics forth to distribute it amongst his neighbors. Collon. A MinislcT's Rtproof A certain Minieter, not long sincc, paid a visit to a female ac quaintance who wasncwly married, nnd who was at tired in one of our iudcccnt fashions a la Essler. After the usual complimenls, be familliarly said : "Ihope you harea good husband, mad nm." "Yessir," replied she, "And a good man too, I think. "I don't know what to say about his good ness," added the minister, "for my Bible teaches me that a good man should clothe his wife, but ht lels you go halfnukcd." O53.0)0 foreigners, aceording to the rec ords of the Court, were manufactured into TotersinNew YorkCity, alone, duringtbe four weeks preceding the late clcction. Theie were 12,009 there before which made 15, 000 in one City, tovote down American in terests. "Amencansshan't rule us," NEW BOOTS. These boots were nevermade for me, They are to sbort by balf I want them long enongh, d'yo ee, To cover allVhc calf. "Wait, sir,'' said Last, w-th stiffled laugh, "To alter them 111 try ; But if they coverall the calf, Tney must be fire feethigh!" Good Oncs. At a late Agricultural Fes tival, the following eentiments were given at the board : The Farmer's Wife she makes the best Stock ing. The Farmer'a motto "A good dairy maid or no butter made." Baked pudding tbe only thing to make a Farmer mealy-mouthed. The Farmer's Wife the best man upon the Farm. American Silk. We have just seen a su perb silver Medal awarded by the American Instttute to John S. Pierce, of Burlington, Vu, for the best specimen of Cocoons sub mitted atitslate Fair. This award is more gratifying from thefact thatthere were sorae twelve or fifteen competitors.and Mr. Pierce, we be.ieve, htes the farthest North of any of "eirnsttnis seules the pomtthat our chmate presenu no obstacle to the most axtensive prosecution ofthe Silk Cnlture amongst us. Jlr. Pieree eect9 ,0 mat9 WBO Herth next jw.-X Fribmt. VOL. IX. MISCELLMEOUS. WASHINGTON'S FAREWELL TO HIS ARMY, DEC. 4, 1753. Can tyrants butby tyrantsconqueredbe, And frcedom find no champion and no child, Such as Colombia saw arise, when she Sprang forth a Pallas, arm'd and undefiled ? Ormust such minds benourishe'd in the wild, Deepinthe uptumed forest 'midst the roar, Of cataracLs, where nursinjr nature smiled On infant "Washington 1 Has earth no more Such seed within herbreast, orEurope no such snore f utron. The Revoluffon was over. The cight years conflict had ceased, and warriors were now to separate forever, turning their wca- pons into plough shares, and their camps in to workshops. The spectaclc, though asub- lime and glorious one, was yet attended with sorrowful feelings for, alas! in the remains of thatgallant a.rmy ofpatriot soldiers, now about to disband without pay, without sup- port, stalkcd poverty, want and disease the countryhad not the means to be grateful. The details ofthe condition of raany of the officcrs and soldiers at that period, aceording to history and the oral tradition, were mel- ancholy in the extreme. Possessing no, means of patrimonial inheritance to fall back upoa thrown out of even the perilous Eup- porl ofthe soldier at the commcnccmentof wintcr, and hardly fit for any other duty than thatof the camp their Eituation ean be as well imagincd as describcd. A singlc instance, as a sample of the eitu ation oftnany ofthe ufucers, as related ofthe conduct ofBaron Stcubcn,may notbe amiss. When thc main body ofthe army was dis bandedat Newburg, and the veteran soldiers were biddinga partingfarcwcll to each oth. cr, Licutcnant Coloncl Cochran, an aged soldier ofthe New Hampshire line, rcmarkcd with tears in his cyes,aahe shonk hands with the Baron 'Formy6elf, Icould stand it; but my wife and daughtcrs are in tlie garret of that wretchcd tavcrn, and I have no means of rc moving them.' 'Come, come,' said Baron, 'don't give way thus, I will pay my respccts to Mrs. Coch ran and liB- dnuiiters." When the good old soldier leflthem, their countcnances were warm with gratitude ; for hc left them all he had. In one of the Rhodc Island regimcnts were several companies of black troops, who had served throughout tlie whole war, and their aJ-lifbravervand discioline was unsuroasBed. jWeBaron obscrved oneof those wounded negroes on thc wharf, at Newburg, appar antly in greatdistress. 'What's the matlcr, brother soldier?' 'Why, Master Baron, I want a dollar to get home with, now the Congrees has no further use for me.' The Baron was absent a few moments, and returned with a.silvcr dollar which he had borrowcd. 'There it is, all I could get take it.' The ncgro received it with joy, hailcd a sloop which was passing down the rivcr to Now York, and as he rcached the deck, took offhishatand said 'God hless Master Baron.' These are only single illustrations ofthe condition ofthe army at the close ofthe war. Indeed, Washington had thisinview,at the close ofhis farcwcll address to the army at Rock Hill, Nov. 17S3 : And being nowto conclude these, his last publie orders, to take his ultimate leave in a short time ofthe military character, and to bid a final adieu to the armies hc has eo long had the honor to command, he can only again oITer, in their behalf, his commcnda- tions to their country, and his praycr to the God of armies. 'May ample justice be donc them here and may the choicest of heaven's favors, both here and hereafler, attend those who, under divinc auspiccs, have secured innumerablc; blessings for otbcrs. 'With these wishes, and this benediction the commandcr-in-chief is about to retire from service. The curt ain ofseparation wil' soon bedrawn, and the military scencc to him will be closed forever !' The closingof this 'military sceneIam about to relate. New York had been occupied by Wash ington on the 25th ofNovcmber. A few days after, be notified the president of Congress, which body was then in session, al Annapo lis,in Maryland, that as war was now closed, he should consider it his duty to pro. ceed thence, andsurrenderto that body the commission which he had receivedfrom them more than seven years before. . The morning ofthe 4th of December, 1783, was a sad and heavy one tothe remnant of the American army in thc city of New York. The noon of that day was to witness thc farewell of Washington he was to bid a dieu to his military corarades forever, The officers who had been with him in thesolcmn council, the privates who had fought and chargedinthe "heavy fight" under his or ders, were tohear his commands no Ionger themanlyiorm and dignified countenance ofthe "great captain," was henceforth to live only in their memories. As the hour of noon approached, the whole garrison, at the request of Washing ton himself, waspul in molion and marched i1.-rnBroad strcet to Fraccw tavern, his hpnd-onarters. He wwheci totake leave oti ..... . i the private soldiers. alike with the officers, I and bid them all adieu. His lavonte iignt infgntry wcro drnwn upin line faeing in- MIDDLEBURY, waras, tnrouga rearl street, to thc foot of v nue au, wnere a barge was m readmess 10 convey nim to rowlcs'a Hook. Within the dining room of the tavem were assembled tbe general and field of- ncers to tae their tarewell. Asserabled there were Knox, Greene, Steuben. Gates. Clintnn. nnd nthor ivbo i.au serveu wnn nim laitniully and truly in the "tented field." but alas ! wbere were omers wno naa entered the war i , , . . J jtli him seven years before. There bones crumblcd in the soil Trom C'anada to Georgia. Montgomery had yielded up his life at Quebec. Wooster at Dan bury, Woodbull was barbarously murder dered whtlst a prisoner at ihe battle of Long Island. Mercer fell mortally woun ded at Princeton, the brave chivalric Laurens, after displaying tho iiiost heroic courage in the treaches at Yorktown,died in a trifling skirmtsh in S. Carolina, the I facturingestablishmentsof Massachusctts, fc brave but ecentric Lee was no longer liv- i many of those we first saw as sprightly, inno ing, and Putnam, helpless as a child, was ! cent d beau'if' girlsdilligently at work.are , , . . r, - . . now the honored wives we have represented. stretcnen upon tne beu ol sickness. In , Some of them bv their deed, the battle-field and time had thinned the ranks which had enteted with him m the conflict. Washington entered the room the hour of seperation had come. As he raised his eye, and glanced on the faces of those assembled, a tear coursed down his cheek, and his voice was tremulous as hesaluted them. Nor was hc alone men. "Albeitunused to the melting mood." stood around him, whose uplifted hands to cover their btows, told that the tear, which they in vain attempted to conceal, bespokc the angutsh they could not hide. After a moment's contersation, Wash ington called for a glass of wine. It was brought him turning to his oflicets, he thus addressed them ; "With heart full of love and gratitude, I now take my final leave of you. I most devoutly wish your lalter days may be as piosperous and happy as your former ones have been glo rious and honorable. He then raised the glass to his lips, drank, and added : "I cannot come to each of you to take my leave, but shall be oblised to you if each of you will lake me by the liand." Gen. Ivnox, who stood nearest, burst into tears, and adranced mcapable of uttercnce. Washington grasped him by the hand, and embraced him. The offi cers came up successively and took an af- fpctionate leave. No words were spoken but all was the 'silcnt eloquence of tears.' What were mere woids at such a scene? Nothing. It was the feeling ofthe heart thrilling, though unspoken. When the last ol the officcrs had em braced him. Washington left the room followed by his comrades, and passed thtough the lines of light infantry. His step was slow and measured his head uncovered, and the tears flowmg tmck & fast as he looked from side to side at ihe veterans to whom he now bade a dieu forever. Shortlv an event occurred more touching thrn all the rest. A gi gantic soldier, who had stood by his side at Trenton, stepped forth from the ranks and cxtended his band : "Farewell, my bcloved General, fare well " Washington grasped his hand in con vulsive emotion, in both his. All disci pline was now at an end, the officers could not restrain the men, as they rush ed foward to take Washington by the hand, and the sobs aud tears of the sol diers told howdeeply engraven upon their affections was the love of their comman der. At length, Washington reached the barge at Whitehall, and entered it. At the first stroke ofthe oar, he rose, and turning to the companions ofhis glory, by waveinghis hat.bade them a silent adieu. their answer wis only in tears. officers &, men, with glistening eyes, watched the receding boat till the form of their noble J commander was lost ki the distance. Contrast the forewell of Washington to his army af White Hall. in 1 7 8 4! and the adieu of Napolean to his army at Fontainbleau, in 1814 ! The one had accomplished every wish of his heart; his noble exertions had achieved the independence ofhis county, and he longed to retire to the bosom of his home his atnbition was satisfied. He fought for no crown or sceptre, but for equality and the mutual happiness of his fellow beings. No taint of tyranny, no breath of slander, no whisper of duplicity marred the fair proportions of his pnblic or piivate life but ''He was a man, take him for all in all, We ne'er shall look upon his Iike again." Tbe other great soldier was the disci pline ofselfish 'atnbition. He raised the iron weapon of warn to crnsh only that he raight rule. What to him were the cries of the widows and orphans ? He passed to a throne by making the dead bodies of their protectors his steppmg ... If .1 1 c stones. Ammtion, sen, were me gous oi idolatry, and to them he sacnhcec heca- torobs of his fellow men. i.nthustasm points with fearful wonder tothe nameof Napoleon, while justice, benevolence, , ii ireeaom, ano au tne concomnanis which constitute the true happiness of man, sbed aimosi a uivme naio arouna me name and character of Washington. VT. WEDNESDAY, DEC. 11, 1844. Lr Cuaracter. The Hickory' Banncr, to help Mr. Tolk, and to ruin, if possible, our Manufactories and all bome industry, is pub- Hshing the vilest falsehoods inreference tothe femalesin our factories. The editor of tbe Bangor Wh; remark3 . . 'Nothinginthisworldisrooreabsnrd-noth ,empts frequently made by reckless partizaus ! in theirhcated zeal azainst tbeiustand trulv i - c - , , - American system of protection tohome Iabor, to briug discredit upon those coacerned in manufactuting establisements both employ crs and emnloyed. We are acquainted with thewiyes of Cler gytneo, of Merchants, Alcchanics.and Farm- ers, as well educatcu, as renncd, as lady-hke aud respected honored by all whn know them and an houor to any social circle they may grace a9 aoy otncr women in tne world, who in their younger days were employed in factories worked in tbe mills. For the last twenty years scarce aseason was passed,thal we have not vistied more or less the manu . paid for their own education, and assisted their brothers in obtaining an education to fit them for the miuistry. Nurnerous are the other cases of which we have heard. Now it is treason against humanity and a libel upon our institutions tosay that a system which has wrought such results in so many cases aod is constantly produciug them, ts an cvil and a curse. crushing human hopes, sapping the founditions of virtue, and blighting the bealth and happiness of the fairdaughters of ourland. When we hearofaman by his penorhis voice thus attcmpting to briug re proach upon those engaged in Iabor, we feel prcpared to brand him as deplorably ignor ant ofthat which affirms, or a contemptablc knave, who, for party ends, would bringrc prnach onthe name olhearcu-born virtue it self. VIRGINIA. A correspondcnt of tbe National Intelli gcncer, writing from Wilton.near Richmond, Virginia, thusspeaks ofthe diminution ofthe popnlar vote of that State : "This much have I written with an eye to tempt Virginia Northern Farmcrs. I have a great dcsiro to capture tbis good old commouwealtb for the Yankec stock of States. Land is cheap; I say land, of which a good farm may soou be made, at from three to fire dollajs per acre not thc land on tho bauks ofthe rirer, cleared and cultivated, but land wbere marl lies marl worth more to the land than a.good minc. Society is good the people are a cood peo ple. Schools will come with population. It often seems to me that as yet there are no people here, and I wish therefore toseethcm come. Ihave totake up aspyglass to see the houscs of my nei-ibbors, they are so far olt; and yet, so near am I to a capital of about twonty tour tbousand luhabitants.tiiat I can see its spircs aud steeplcs, and almost hearthehum ofits laborsrs. Backofme, and below me, off the river, as far as I have cxplored.l cannot find much else but woods, woods, woods. I ride for miles and miles in the forest, looking for people. And yet this is the first scttlcd and oldest part ofVir giuia! The people have gune off; tbey have settlcdin Georgia, Alabama, Kcntucky, Mis souri, Mississippi, Louisiana, Florida; nnd now, as if there wcre too many people left, a bribe is held out to the rest to go to Texas ! Well, if they will go. all I can say, is north ern farmers, come here and settle. Such land as youcau scll in New York and Pcun sylrania for Gfty aud seventy five and a hun dred dollars per acre, you can buy here for fromthreo to ten. Itis a shame, I say.that this beautiful country, soblcst in climate, and needing so little, only the fertilizing band ofman, should be without people. Here is an old, vcnerable river running past my door, older thau the Hudson, now lined with towns and villages much older than the Ohio, (older in scttlcrnedt and geogra phy I mean.J but whcre are the people? For a huudred and fifty mile3 from Rich mond to Norfolk.the first explorcd rivcr run ning into the Atlantic ocean, the home of the Powhatten and Pocahontas, and the scenes of the trulv chivalrous John Smith ichcrc are the peopU? Gone, Isaw; gone to ihe South and West, and the trumpet blow ingnow among them to go to Texas! Vir ginia has here depopulatcd hercself to make houscs clscwhere. Tbe cry of one fcet of politicians is, manufScturcs that would keep the people here are nelhing; Tcxes is cvery tbiug. Were I a Virginiau, I should esteein as worth more on James River one good White men than all of Texas from the Sabine to Rio Del Norte. Why, here is Texas all about us, land as cheap as in the distanl Texas, and as good." Dows wmi the Rates of Postaoe. The New Hampshire Ilouse of Represen tatires has passed a resolution, nem. con. rc questing their Rcpresentatires in Congress, and Instructing their Senators, "to use their exertions to reduce the present exorbitant rates of postage. TENNESSEE. This gallant State, second of the danght- ers ot U1U 1 hirteen, and worthy of her im mediatc parent, the virtuous Old North, has recorded her suflrage against nitional dis honor and national folly, by casting bcrvote for "Henry Clay and the Union," against "Polk and Texas with or without the Union," She bas thus ratified tbe patriotic and honor able, but hazardous stand, takeuby berhigh rainded Senators in Congress against tbe schcme to flecce a weak and friendly neigh- bor, under the lorms oia treaty with a tnird party which was to go halres in the spoil. In tbis nobly deeiding, the State of Teunes' see deserves more than ordinary respeet ; for perhaps no other member ofthe Confed eracy was impclled by so many or so strong ties towards a union with Texas as herself. Yet for national honor and good faitb, she resisted all motives of private interests, of State pridc, and even the strong feelings of fraternity which bind her to a multitude of tbe earliest and best emigrants to Texas, who went tbilber from her bosom. With the vote of Tennessee.the vote of New York wonld have placed Henry Clay in the Presi dency, a station which he was so well fitted tofill, which heso well earned byalifeof divotion and pr-emine8t" servic-. and for which he has leceived a large majority of terests are conccrncd, and the maintenance the votes ofhis countrymen. IIow burniug ofslavery, Texas annexaticn being deemcd is the sbame, aud deep the digrace, that the essentia'.can becfTected by Exccutiv powcr will of this majority should have been ren- aud influence, so far there is no mistake in dered abortive, and the fondcst hopes of this "the prospcctbcfere u." Mr. Polk will also great nation crushed, by means openly and agrce with Mr. Calhoon that the Public uudeuiably frauduleut and yet without reme- I-ands should be given, with reservation, to dy ! jXational Intelligcnccr. Ihe Stateand Territories were located. -nd this is done bj Northem voters, hyiocnt- cal friends ofslaverj for the Liberty party ArroisTMEST or N. Y. U. S. Senators. leadcrs are priucipally Polk- men, and next We Iearn that Ex-Governor Wm. L.Mar- to their own preferment, prefer Polk, of cy, aodJobu Savage, late Chief Justice, course, having a double inducemeut to per have bccn appointed by tbeGovernoras Sen- severc foreign votes, aud thcgrossestrRAUD. ators ofthe U. Slates, inplace ofMessrs. We doubt thc power of tbe South, iu the Wright and Tallmadge, resigned. It is un- Ilouse, to destroy the Tariff, but our bope derstood that neither of these gentlemen will is iu the Senatc, that positive evil, so far as be candidatcs for clection by the Legishture, measures can arfect, will be avcricd, uutil the people can again act; for wevcrily believe AgamsofDraftsrilanedbtttcten Baltimore "uld the elcction now be held, alter what and Washington city, by means oMorst's hs transpired. Mr. C lay would be triumph Magnctic Tclcgrapk.Oa Saturday last, for a"' clecteJ- In ,be 'ue-n "me, we are the purpose of making an experiment, and Jnrown upon the unctrtany which has so testing the accuracy of connnunications made '?nS deranged the husincss ofthe country at by Morse's celebratcd and wonderful Elcctro Alagnetic Telegraph, a game of -'Drarts" or Chcckers was played through Its mystcr- lousagency. betweeu the cities of Baltimore """ " wtuaui proiuaoiy and Washiogton. Thisisthefirstgameofthe e,mPIov.cd 'and happy. IIow long are the kind ever played in the United Statcs, or adly influences of Sonlhern bwyrRr.aid probablyiu tbe world, at sorgreat a distance eJ bJ Nof'iern "lough-faces" and political (40milcs) iuso short a time it occupying wpirants, to rule this great country Zf. notquite one hour from the commencement -'"'"'" to the cnd. It isa factthe tlrstaud only game ever attempted in this couutiy thus fafbyi telegraphic despalch. j Tesskssee Gov. Jones has issued his proclamation announcing the choice ofthe Whig Electoral Ticket. Ilighest WhigfJobn Bell) 60,033 Highest Loco, (G. W. Rowles) 59,901 Whig majority 129 Lowest Whig, (T. R. Jeuoings) C0.017 LowestLoco.f' ) 59,004 Whig majority 113 l-sTho Legislaturc of South Carolina assembled at Columbia on Monday last. APPOINTMENTS BY THE PRESI DENT. Mcrsbals ofthe United States. Is.iac O. Barhes, for Massachusctts, AwnREW S. Posd, for Northern Districtof New York. Aeexasdeii Portcr, for Delaware, Human Life. Hope writes tho poetry of tbe boy, but memory that ofthe mau. Man looks forward with smilcs, but backward with sigbs. Sucb is tbe wise providencc of God. Thecnp oflifeis swectestatthebrim, the ilavorisimpaired as we drink dccper, and the dregs are made bittertbat we may not struggle when it is taken frem our lips. 1I10RE SECONO TnOCGHII. A COITCSpOn- dent statcs that a merchent who voted for rolk and Dallas, after witnessiiiir the dcfcat of Mr. Clay, says he would now give $5,000 to have Mr. Clay elcctcd. Xeto Yorl: Tri- bune. OyTho following is part ofan articleby the cditor of the Coiumbia ,'S. C.) Chroni cle, who, in the midst ofthe Locofoco nulli fication oftbatState, has rr.aintu'mcd his jour- nal true to Whig principlcs and the IJnion The facts here stated ought to opca the uyes of "Aunexationists." THE TEXAS HUMBUG. We happened during the summcr to trav- el in company witucn lntelligeut Texianwhn has abaudoued that country in disgust, with the intention of scltliog in this ccuntry, of which he is a native. In reply to qucrics propoundcd to him, iu rcgard to the amount of thedebt ofTexas, aud lhequantity cf va cant land within hcr borders, he anawered that hc "bad no doubt hcr debt amounted to at least flfty miUions of dollars ; that, cxclu civc of hcr foreign debt, which had ucvcr been properly estimated, shc owed hcronn citizens for large sumsof moncy borroncd from them, and for provisious supplicd and takcn tosubsisthcr troaps; that, as rcgarded vacant lands-, there was not aninch ofground in Texas, worth owning, but what was cov ercd iheee grants deep!" We wcre at first inrlint'd to doubt his statemeuts, but have since been led to beliere that tbey were near ly correct- It must have strnck, every unbi ased mind, on reading the correspondence accompanyiug thc forui of the late treaty, as a very singular fact, that the commission ers appointed on the part of Texas, to nego tiate it, could not tell what the amount of her debt was! Isitpossiole that they nereas ignuraut of it as they pretcnded to be J We think not. At any ratc, there is not much faithtobe put in the statesments of a gov- ernment that cannot tell wnat is the amount of their liabilities. Ourlittlc Florida war. which lastcd onlya few years, against ahand- ful of IndiaDS, cost the country upwards of forty millions; and will any body believe that the protracted Texas war cost that na tion lcss than double that amount. It may be a difficult questionto determine which scct, calling itself Christian, is most benefitled by thewholesale anathemas ofthe Garrison, male or female, "black, white and grey," Iecturcrs, with their"Adder's forkand blind worm's sting Lizard's leg, and ow Ict's wing." The chnrchcs have all com-j mittcd a grevious sin against Mr. Garrison and Stephen S. Foster, who two or three years ago decreed tbatthe traitors, (seccders "Liberty party") ought to be hung, and all tbe christian churches (so called) quar- tered and "come-oul ' ot; as all arc very corrupt, and most of them rotton to the core, f uaKers unu uu. juc oiiiilu auu rurauii Miller ha?e made some noisein the world, but they can't comeup to tbe Abigails of the present day, in point of authority and sj)ccial messages. N. II. Scntinel. (7s"The Lcgislatnre of Missouri met at Jefferson city on Wednesday last. The election ofa Senator to Congress to succeed Mr. Benlon will invest its proceeed ings with interest. James K.Polk is Prest.o'e jurt-JohnC.Cal- houn (who a!l account agree, is to be con tinued as Secretary of State, or Prime Min ister) Presideni defaeto. So far therefore, ai deadly hatred tosupposed Nortbern in NUMBER 32. moment whcu, under the existmg tarilf ""'5 ' " ""icao jnuusiry, lae Agculturalist, the Mcchamc, llie Manufac- , , .. . Fro:i Texas. e find the following i itcms ol news in tne (Jlarksville f Texas) Northern Standard of the ICth ofOcto- ber: . By the Westcrn mail we'lcarn that Presi dent Houston has received auothcr commu nication from Sauta Anna, which is said to be of a pacific rharacter. Its statcd that thc coutemplatcd invasion of Texas by Mex ico is abandoncd, and we bclicvc it is settled that England and France haro ofiercd to obtain an ackuowledgmeut of our iiulcncn- ,dence, on condition that Mexico shall have the nght to renew the war uhcnevci we o(T er ourselvcs to tbe United States Red Lan dcr. It is rumored that President Houston in tends immediately to couvokean cxtra sess ion of Congress. Jbid. Accounts received from the Uppcr Bra zos a few days since, represent that a consid crablc nunibcr ofthe Comanches hail alrcady arrrted at tho pbce fixed upon for the coun cil tobc held nt the full ofthe moon in llie piescnt month, for the purpose ofentcring iuto a treaty with our governmcut. Large additional numbcrs were daily cxpectcd to arrivo. The Wacos also, aportion of nhich tribe hate for somo time past manifestcd a hostile disposition, were to be prcscut. Gen eral Houston will atteud the council. and there is little doubt that a complctc- pacifica tion of these long hostile tribes will be eficc tcd. Denu SrMPTOMs or dibaffectio.v. The rrgular counsel 'of Governor Dorr have stuck up their backs and disavowcd any connection with those who attcmpt the lib cration of their clictit, except under their dircction. Gcn. Fcssendcn of iMaino has uctn ciiipiujcu oy me - remaio ucnevo- lent Suffrage Associaiion" to go to Provi dencc and act as counsel to procure the Hbcration of the Governor, and this not being agreeablc to (he rcgulars,they have published a card in the Providcncellerald, in which they say : " We take this opportugity of saying to the friends of Mr. Dorr.in or out ofthc State, that any attcmpt to take his case out of our hands, by whomsoever made, and of whatcvcr politica! patty ihev mav .be, (eithcras cmployers or Counsel,) or oy wnatever moiircs aclttatcd, is wholly unauthorizcd by Mr. Dorr. 'We stand rcady to do for Mr. Dorr both as Counsel and frictid, all that we know that hc de siies us todo. and all that wc cando: faithfully to the last." 'THE RESULT OF THE RE.SULT." Tho Philadelphia Gazctie of Tliursday cvcmngsays: "Wehave.heard of several en- crpnies beni-r abandoncd on account of '.he 'resnlt ofthe clccticr., and some of our man- ufactunu" estabhshments have tbuupbt it 'prudeut to contract their opcrations. State ' ments ofthis kind nill be seized upon for ' misiepresentation, but the facts rcmain stub- tjorn. We areininnned that manufactnrcrs 'who had ordercd machinery. tobecoustsuc 'ted in this city, have in some cases couutcr 'mandcd their orders. Many norkmcn will 'necessarily be dischargcd." ThePittsburg American ofTttesday states that the lowest price at which pig melal has becti sold in that market during the surumer bas bcen $23. On Friday oflastwcek asale ofonchundred and thirty tons was made at the price named. On Friday nizht the newa of the Now York city elcction and the proba ble loss to the Whigs ofthat State was re ceived; and on Saturday pig melal was ofer ed and refused at $23. Another lot was in negotiation for on Friday, bnt was dcclincd altogethcrou the following day. JS'at. In tclligencer. Natdrlizatiow Fraods. At therecent term ofthe United Statcs District Court in I'ittsburg, twenty-four bills of indicttncms were found, and among them fifteen for ner- jury and subordination of perjury inobtaining naturalization papers. Seven wcre against one indifidual, four for perjury, and three for subordination ol perjury, and one eacli a- "ninst eichtothcrs.all foreiirncrsand mn!,.n 0f the Locofoco party. We copy a portion f the commnnication of the Grand Jurv to tbe Court: "In passing upon twenty-five bills of in dictrnent of various kinds, twentv-four of which were found to bc true, among ihem were fifteen for perjury and subordination of perjury, arising out ofthe applicatibn ofsev cn aliens for naturalization, each of whom was adinitted under the act of Concress of 24th May, 1624, which U construed to admit a person arriving in theStatesuodrreighteen years of age. and baring resided therein five years, to become acitizen at any time with out having prcriously filedadeclaration ofhis intention so ta do. "In tbe examination of these cases it was clearly shown that one of the men was 37 ! years of age. another about 32 years of agp, ' TrT HAHDBILLS, Of every description will be ncatly and f ishionably executed. at short notice. S2? who had each been about fire years and two nontbs in the United States: aud one ahnnt 40 years of age. who brought with him to this country seven cbildreu, Ihe oldest of whom is 13 years of aje. All these apnlicants were admi'tcd to cithseuship, and received certifi catesof naturalization. Six of thcsc were adinitted by the Court of Quarter Sess:ans of this Alleghany County.a few days previous iu me cicciions, aud tuc otncr m tne Court of Comrnon Pleas ofsaid County somo time ago. Each of these, it U fouud, was ad mitted to citizenship ou his own oath, with that of one witness otily. Four of the five were vouched for bv one rnan. aud one bv his brother, and the otbers by some other person." SOAP A IIlNT TO HoUSEWlrERV. III summer and aututnn your soap prease is apt to accumulate beyondyour immediatc wants, if put away it is devourcd by mag gots, and if made into soap, you may not have pine or other appropriatc vessels cnough to hold it. Havinrr sufTered loss from being placcd in such circutnstances, we wcro much gratificd with a piece of ititclltgence accidentially received, which relievcd us from the disagrecable dillem ma. By boiling our soft soap with salt about a quarter ofthe latter to thrce gal- ons ot tne tormcr, you can separate Icy and watcrenough to unke the soap hard. After boiling half an hour tum it into n tub to cool Cut thc cakes which swim on the top into pieces, and havin-r tcrancd ofTfroth and other impurities, mect acaiti (without the ley and watcr undcrncalh of course) and pour it into a box to cocl. You may then cut itup into parts of pro pcr dimcnsions for drying. By adding a portion of rosin, ucll pulverized at the last boiling, you will have yellow soap li'.c that made for markct. AMEntfA.v RocrwNt; Chaii.s. In are ccnt London paper we notiqe an adicr tisementof "American Ilocking Chairs," in which tho comfort and Iuxurious ease of these wooden narcotics arc most ela- boratcly ilcliucatcd. New to us is it, that the rocking chair isofexclusive American contrivaucc and use, and yet so it is. Iti fact, it is but a few years since they were known south ofNew York. In Philadel phia, they are still called "Boston Rock ing Chairs," byxwhich we infer the Yan kecs cnutrivcd tliis, as they have done most of our household artfclcs of ease and utility. Some Yankeos have opened shops in London and Liverpool for th.- cxclusive sa!e of American manufactured articIes,liketheTurk" in Eroadway, uho sells nick-nacks made in Constantinople hr on thc banks ofthe Bosphorus. Good Fortunk. A young Yankee, named Colcman, who used toplay thc ac cordion in some of ouf cities for suLsi! tance and who patented some itnprove ments on that itistiumeut, has suddenly sprung into afllucnce and fame. iu New York. SlOO.OOOhas bcen agreedtobe paid him for the improvement ofthe piano and in London, where he is now, he has become the Lion of the day, and it h said that hc will recovcr half a million of dollars for his patcnt there besides boinjf petted by !he nobilityof Great Britian, Philadelphia paper. We happen to know, and we are hap py to say, that this "young Yankee" de serves all the success he is Iikely to rc ceive, abundant and crcruhelming as it is. llis improvements on the piano, for which be is now rccciving such high rt ward and destinclion.Jis ofa most striking character, and cannot fari to be nnivcr- sally adopted. It consists in what he calls the'Eo'ian attaclimont." and convcrt the piano instantly at wiil into the softcstand swcctcst toncd rrgan we ever heard. J he pnnciple ofthe mventuni is in thcintrcductioii of air tn the strinir rf the piano, so that the sound 13 prclonged indeSnately- It makes two itistrumcnts out of one thc piano retnaininir sinirle until the preformer chooscs to couvert it into the organ, which is done by touchinrr a pedaf. One of these instruments was cxhihited at thc Scicntific Convention hc!d at Washington some months since under thc National Institutc : and it cxcited the keenest curiosity, and the mott marked delight of all who her.rd it. It has nevcr been pubficly cxhibited in this city, though a few have beeniput up in urivate parlors. The "ffioJian attachmcnt" may be applied to any piano, at a ccst of abotit one hundreu dollars: new ones made with rcference to this improvemenl, will cost about 50 additional. Mr. Co'eman is a native of Nantucket a genutne Yankee and 'full to the bnm of mechamcal and tnnsical gcntus. When a mere child he was pcrpctually astonishing histownsinen with some new contiivances " This irreat invention. which gives him fame and fortune to Ira hcart's content, was the amascment of a sick chamber to which hc was confined for some months. He has other in pcitfi which, wepredict, will give the norld cause for astonishment. llis parents re side at Saratoa. He is now in Enclaurl We heartly rjjoice in his extraordinarv success. Courier Eniprircr. Vermont and Massachuselts JRail-Eoad. Atthe adiourned raeetina of the stock- holders yesterday, the following gen'.Ie man were cVoseii Dircctors : Nathan Rice. of Cambridge. Alvah Crocker, of Fitchburgh, Jacob Forster of Charlestown , H.Timmrns, J. J. Low.and II. W. fullerof Boston. G. C. Hall. J. R. Blake, Calvtn Townsley and J. Good hue of Brattleboro", Joseph Davis of Tem plcton, Tho's Lamb of Boston, Isaac Livermore of Cambridge Boston Cour- ttr, JVor 23.